Foam offers way to manipulate light
Monday, November 18, 2019
Scientists have shown that a type of foam long studied by scientists is able to block particular wavelengths of light, a coveted property for next-generation information technology that uses light instead of electricity. .. read more..
A new parallel strategy for tackling turbulence on Summit
Wednesday, November 13, 2019
A team developed an algorithm for simulating turbulence on Summit, the world's most powerful and smartest supercomputer. The team distributed the problem in such a way that the algorithm reached a performance of less than 15 seconds of wall-clock time per time step for more than 6 trillion grid p... .. read more..
Brains of girls and boys are similar, producing equal math ability
Friday, November 8, 2019
New research comprehensively examined the brain development of young boys and girls. Their research shows no gender difference in brain function or math ability. .. read more..
Could mathematics help to better treat cancer?
Tuesday, October 29, 2019
Impaired information processing may prevent cells from perceiving their environment correctly; they then start acting in an uncontrolled way and this can lead to the development of cancer. To better understand how impaired information transmission influences the activity of diseased cells, resear... .. read more..
Mathematics reveals new insights into Marangoni flows
Monday, October 28, 2019
Scientists have discovered new mathematical laws governing the properties of Marangoni flows. The new theory better matches experimental observations of the well-known effect. .. read more..
Determining the shapes of atomic clusters
Friday, October 25, 2019
Researchers propose a new method of identifying the morphologies of atomic clusters. They have confirmed that the distinctive geometric shapes of some clusters, as well as the irregularity of amorphous structures, can be fully identified mathematically. .. read more..
Novel method turns any 3D object into a cubic style
Monday, October 21, 2019
Computer scientists have developed a computational method to quantify an abstract cubic style. Additionally, their method also enables users to create new shapes that resemble the input shape and exhibit the cubic style. .. read more..
Mathematical modeling vital to tackling disease outbreaks
Thursday, October 17, 2019
Predicting and controlling disease outbreaks would be easier and more reliable with the wider application of mathematical modelling, according to a new study. .. read more..
Information theory as a forensics tool for investigating climate mysteries
Thursday, October 17, 2019
During Earth's last glacial period, temperatures on the planet periodically spiked dramatically and rapidly. A new article suggests that mathematics from information theory could offer a powerful tool for analyzing and understanding these mysterious events. .. read more..
Experiment measures velocity in 3D
Tuesday, October 15, 2019
Many of today's scientific processes are simulated using computer-driven mathematical models. But for a model to accurately predict how air flow behaves at high speeds, for example, scientists need supplemental real life data. Providing validation data, using up-to-date methods, was a key motivat... .. read more..
Algorithm personalizes which cancer mutations are best targets for immunotherapy
Thursday, October 10, 2019
As tumor cells multiply, they often spawn tens of thousands of genetic mutations. Figuring out which ones are the most promising to target with immunotherapy is like finding a few needles in a haystack. Now a new model hand-picks those needles so they can be leveraged in more effective, customize... .. read more..
Revamped crew scheduling model cuts airline delays by as much as 30%
Monday, October 7, 2019
Delays and disruptions in airline operations annually result in billions of dollars of additional costs to airlines, passengers and the economy. Airlines strive to mitigate these costs by creating schedules that are less likely to get disrupted or schedules that are easy to repair when there are ... .. read more..
Computer kidney sheds light on proper hydration
Monday, October 7, 2019
A new computer kidney could tell researchers more about the impacts of medicines taken by people who don't drink enough water. .. read more..
Curved nanochannels allow independent tuning of charge and spin currents
Monday, September 30, 2019
To increase the efficiency of microchips, 3D structures are now being investigated. However, spintronic components, which rely on electron spin rather than charge, are always flat. To investigate how to connect these to 3D electronics, physicists have created curved spin transport channels. They ... .. read more..
Using math to blend musical notes seamlessly
Friday, September 27, 2019
Researchers have invented an algorithm that produces a real-time portamento effect, gliding a note at one pitch into a note of another pitch, between any two audio signals, such as a piano note gliding into a human voice. .. read more..
Better way to teach physics to university students
Wednesday, September 25, 2019
Physicists and educators have developed a curriculum for college-level students that shows promise in helping students in introductory physics classes further practice and develop their calculus skills. .. read more..
Numbers limit how accurately digital computers model chaos
Tuesday, September 24, 2019
Digital computers use numbers based on flawed representations of real numbers, which may lead to inaccuracies when simulating the motion of molecules, weather systems and fluids, find scientists. .. read more..
Hyperbolic paraboloid origami harnesses bistability to enable new applications
Tuesday, September 17, 2019
Researchers are looking the 'hypar' origami for ways to leverage its structural properties. .. read more..
Focusing on key sustainable development goals would boost progress across all...
Wednesday, September 11, 2019
The world could make greater progress towards the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals by prioritizing a subset of the goals rather than pursuing them all equally, a first-of-its-kind mathematical study reveals. .. read more..
Mathematical model could help correct bias in measuring bacterial communities
Tuesday, September 10, 2019
A mathematical model shows how bias distorts results when measuring bacterial communities through metagenomic sequencing. The proof-of-concept model could be the first step toward developing calibration methods that could make metagenomic measurements more accurate. .. read more..
Good at math? It means little if you're not confident
Monday, September 9, 2019
Being good at math relates to better financial and medical outcomes -- unless you don't have confidence in your own abilities with numbers, new research suggests. In two studies, researchers found that the key to success in personal finances and dealing with a complex disease was a match between ... .. read more..
The ever-winning lottery ticket: Mathematicians solve a dusty mystery
Monday, September 9, 2019
After years of work, mathematics researchers have answered a mysterious half-century-old riddle. The mystery was all but forgotten until a Danish researcher heard about, and then decided to tackle it. .. read more..
Sum of three cubes for 42 finally solved -- using real life planetary computer
Friday, September 6, 2019
Hot on the heels of the ground-breaking 'Sum-Of-Three-Cubes' solution for the number 33, mathematicians have solved the final piece of the famous 65-year-old math puzzle with an answer for the most elusive number of all - 42. .. read more..
People can see beauty in complex mathematics
Thursday, September 5, 2019
Ordinary people see beauty in complex mathematical arguments in the same way they can appreciate a beautiful landscape painting or a piano sonata. .. read more..
Analytical tool designs corkscrew-shaped nano-antennae
Friday, August 23, 2019
Researchers have derived analytically how corkscrew-shaped nano-antennas interact with light. .. read more..
Helping NASA spacecraft travel faster and farther with math
Thursday, August 22, 2019
By combining cutting-edge machine learning with 19th-century mathematics, a mathematician is working to make NASA spacecraft lighter and more damage tolerant by developing methods to detect imperfections in carbon nanomaterials used to make composite rocket fuel tanks and other spacecraft structu... .. read more..
New technique could streamline design of intricate fusion device
Wednesday, August 21, 2019
Stellarators, twisty machines that house fusion reactions, rely on complex magnetic coils that are challenging to design and build. Now, a physicist has developed a mathematical technique to help simplify the design of the coils. .. read more..
Mathematical framework turns any sheet of material into any shape using kirig...
Tuesday, August 20, 2019
Researchers have developed a mathematical framework that can turn any sheet of material into any prescribed shape, inspired by the paper craft termed kirigami (from the Japanese, kiri, meaning to cut and kami, meaning paper). .. read more..
Facial recognition technique could improve hail forecasts
Monday, August 19, 2019
The same artificial intelligence technique typically used in facial recognition systems could help improve prediction of hailstorms and their severity, according to a new study. .. read more..
Using Wall Street secrets to reduce the cost of cloud infrastructure
Friday, August 16, 2019
Researchers have developed a 'risk-aware' model that improves the performance of cloud-computing infrastructure used across the globe. .. read more..
AI used to test evolution's oldest mathematical model
Wednesday, August 14, 2019
Researchers have used artificial intelligence to make new discoveries, and confirm old ones, about one of nature's best-known mimics, opening up whole new directions of research in evolutionary biology. .. read more..
We like our math like we like our art: Beautiful
Friday, August 9, 2019
A beautiful landscape painting, a beautiful piano sonata -- art and music are almost exclusively described in terms of aesthetics, but what about math? Beyond useful or brilliant, can an abstract idea be considered beautiful? .. read more..
Mathematicians develop new statistical indicator
Friday, August 9, 2019
Up to now, it has taken a great deal of computational effort to detect dependencies between more than two high-dimensional variables, in particular when complicated non-linear relationships are involved. Mathematicians have now developed a dependence measure called 'distance multivariance'. .. read more..
Wednesday, August 7, 2019
Occasionally we come across a problem in classical mechanics that poses particular difficulties for translation into the quantum world. A new mathematical model has provided some insights into one of them: momentum. The model uses another classical concept, that of time-of-flight. .. read more..
Novel school improvement program can raise teaching quality while reducing in...
Tuesday, August 6, 2019
A multi-national European study, looking at over 5,500 students, has found that a novel school intervention program can not only improve the mathematics scores of primary school children from disadvantaged areas, but can also lessen the achievement gap caused by socioeconomic status. .. read more..
Lessons of conventional imaging let scientists see around corners
Monday, August 5, 2019
Scientists, drawing on the lessons of classical optics, have shown that it is possible to image complex hidden scenes using a projected 'virtual camera' to see around barriers. .. read more..
AI-powered tool predicts cell behaviors during disease and treatment
Monday, July 29, 2019
Scientists have developed a tool that promises to reshape the way we study disease and disease treatment on a cellular level. Scientists have developed scGen, an AI-powered tool for predicting a cell's behavior in silico. scGen will help map and study cellular response to disease and treatment be... .. read more..
Advancing quantum materials, efficient communication networks
Wednesday, July 24, 2019
A new project exploring novel applications of superconducting resonators has discovered these systems may be used to simulate quantum materials impossible to otherwise fabricate. Additionally, they may provide insights to open and fundamental questions in quantum mechanics and gravity. .. read more..
Maintaining shelf-stable drugs
Monday, July 22, 2019
A new mathematical model describes how highly concentrated antibody solutions separate into different phases, similar to an oil and water mixture, which can reduce the stability and shelf-life of some drugs. .. read more..
Crunching the numbers of cancer metastasis
Wednesday, July 17, 2019
While revealing that metastatic breast cancer cells alter their shape to spread to other regions of the body, researchers develop a mathematical model that can be applied to study similar cellular systems. .. read more..
Modeling tool addresses uncertainty in military logistics planning
Wednesday, July 17, 2019
Military deployments to austere environments -- whether humanitarian missions or combat operations -- involve extensive logistical planning, which is often complicated by unforeseen events. Researchers have now created a model aimed at helping military leaders better account for logistical risk a... .. read more..
Take flight! Automating complex design of universal controller for hybrid drones
Tuesday, July 16, 2019
Hybrid unmanned aerial vehicles, or UAVs, are drones that combine the advantages of multi-copters and fixed-wing planes. These drones are equipped to vertically take off and land like multi-copters, yet also have the strong aerodynamic performance and energy-saving capabilities of traditional pla... .. read more..
'The way you move': Body structure brings coordinated movement
Friday, July 12, 2019
A computer model shows that a starfish-like animal can coordinate rhythmic motion based on body structure without the brain telling them to do so. This provides insights useful for physiology and robotics. .. read more..
Strange warping geometry helps to push scientific boundaries
Thursday, July 11, 2019
Researchers have built an electronic array on a microchip that simulates particle interactions in a hyperbolic plane, a geometric surface in which space curves away from itself at every point. .. read more..
Puzzling on a quantum chessboard
Wednesday, July 10, 2019
Physicists are proposing a new model that could demonstrate the supremacy of quantum computers over classical supercomputers in solving optimization problems. They demonstrate that just a few quantum particles would be sufficient to solve the mathematically difficult N-queens problem in chess eve... .. read more..
Expert mathematicians stumped by simple subtractions
Wednesday, July 10, 2019
Mathematics is seen as the pinnacle of abstract thinking. But are we capable of filtering out our knowledge about the world to prevent it from interfering with our calculations? Researchers have demonstrated that our ability to solve mathematical problems is influenced by non-mathematical knowled... .. read more..
Mathematical modeling for translational research of new CRSD medication
Tuesday, July 9, 2019
Mathematicians' new modeling has identified major sources of interspecies and inter-individual variations in the clinical efficacy of a clock-modulating drug: photosensitivity and PER2 level. This enabled precision medicine for circadian disruption. .. read more..
Can mathematics help us understand the complexity of our microbiome?
Wednesday, July 3, 2019
In humans, the gut microbiome is an ecosystem of hundreds to thousands of microbial species living within the gastrointestinal tract, influencing health and even longevity. As interest in studying the microbiome continues to increase, understanding this complexity will give us predictive power to... .. read more..
Equations help predict the behavior of water in rivers
Tuesday, July 2, 2019
Researchers developed a mathematical model that allows for anticipating the failure of dikes that hold in overflowing river water. .. read more..
Optimal models of thermodynamic properties
Wednesday, June 26, 2019
Researchers are beginning to employ Bayesian methods in developing optimal models of thermodynamic properties. Research focused on hafnium (Hf), a metal emerging as a key component in computer electronics. .. read more..