Mathematical noodling leads to new insights into an old fusion problem
Tuesday, June 30, 2020

Scientists have gained new insight into a common type of plasma hiccup that interferes with fusion reactions. These findings could help bring fusion energy closer to reality. .. read more..

An ethical eye on AI
Tuesday, June 30, 2020

Researchers have found a mathematical means of helping regulators and business manage and police Artificial Intelligence systems' biases towards making unethical, and potentially very costly and damaging commercial choices - an ethical eye on AI. .. read more..

Smokers good at math are more likely to want to quit
Monday, June 22, 2020

For smokers who are better at math, the decision to quit just adds up, a new study suggests. Researchers found that smokers who scored higher on a test of math ability were more likely than others to say they intended to quit smoking. .. read more..

An ant-inspired approach to mathematical sampling
Friday, June 19, 2020

Researchers have observed the exploratory behavior of ants to inform the development of a more efficient mathematical sampling technique. .. read more..

Achievement isn't why more men are majoring in physics, engineering and compu...
Thursday, June 18, 2020

Researchers have found that the reason there are more undergraduate men than women majoring in physics, engineering and computer science is not because men are higher achievers. On the contrary, the scholars found that men with very low high-school GPAs in math and science and very low SAT math s... .. read more..

Artificial intelligence makes blurry faces look more than 60 times sharper
Friday, June 12, 2020

Researchers have developed an AI tool that can turn blurry faces into eerily convincing computer-generated portraits, in finer detail than ever before. Previous methods can scale an image to eight times its original resolution. But a team has come up with a way to take a handful of pixels and cre... .. read more..

New tool automatically turns math into pictures
Tuesday, June 2, 2020

Some people look at an equation and see a bunch of numbers and symbols; others see beauty. Thanks to a new tool, anyone can now translate the abstractions of mathematics into beautiful and instructive illustrations. The tool enables users to create diagrams simply by typing an ordinary mathematic... .. read more..

Scientists develop method to help epidemiologists map spread of COVID-19
Friday, May 29, 2020

Scientists have developed a method they believe will help epidemiologists more efficiently predict the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic. Their new study outlines a solution to the SIR epidemic model, which is commonly used to predict how many people are susceptible to, infected by, and recovered f... .. read more..

Limits on evolution revealed by statistical physics
Friday, May 29, 2020

What is and is not possible for natural evolution may be explained using models and calculations from theoretical physics, say researchers. To explain this the limits of evolution, researchers simplified the natural world to fit idealized physics models and searched for any mathematical structure... .. read more..

Solution to century-old math problem could predict transmission of infectious...
Friday, May 29, 2020

An academic has achieved a milestone in statistical/mathematical physics by solving a 100-year-old physics problem -- the discrete diffusion equation in finite space. .. read more..

New model predicts the peaks of the COVID-19 pandemic
Friday, May 29, 2020

Researchers describe a single function that accurately describes all existing available data on active COVID-19 cases and deaths -- and predicts forthcoming peaks. .. read more..

Topology sheds new light on synchronization in higher-order networks
Thursday, May 28, 2020

Research proposes a novel 'higher-order' Kuramoto model that combines topology with dynamical systems and characterizes synchronization in higher-order networks for the first time. .. read more..

Mathematics can save lives at sea
Tuesday, May 26, 2020

An international research collaboration has developed a mathematical method that can speed up search and rescue operations at sea. The new algorithm accurately predicts locations to which objects and people floating in water will drift. .. read more..

Novel insight reveals topological tangle in unexpected corner of the universe
Tuesday, May 26, 2020

In a recent theoretical study, scientists discovered the presence of the Hopfion topological structure in nano-sized particles of ferroelectrics -- materials with promising applications in microelectronics and information technology. .. read more..

Parents with degrees give their children significant advantage in math
Wednesday, May 20, 2020

Children of parents with a degree are almost a year of schooling ahead in math by the age 11 than peers whose parents have just GCSEs, a new study has discovered. .. read more..

Decoding the massively complex gut microbiome
Thursday, May 14, 2020

For something that has evolved with us over millions of years, and remains part of our physiology over our entire lives, our gut microbiome, oddly, remains somewhat of a mystery. Comprised of trillions of microbes of at least a thousand different species, this community of bacteria, viruses, prot... .. read more..

All disease models are 'wrong,' but scientists are working to fix that
Tuesday, May 5, 2020

What can researchers do when their mathematical models of the spread of infectious diseases don't match real-world data? One research team is working on a solution. .. read more..

A new way to accurately estimate COVID-19 death toll
Thursday, April 30, 2020

A new mathematical model has been created to estimate the death toll linked to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States and could be used around the world. .. read more..

Game theory suggests more efficient cancer therapy
Thursday, April 23, 2020

Mathematicians are using game theory to model how this competition could be leveraged, so cancer treatment -- which also takes a toll on the patient's body -- might be administered more sparingly, with maximized effect. .. read more..

A breakthrough in estimating the size of a (mostly hidden) network
Wednesday, April 22, 2020

A newly discovered connection between control theory and network dynamical systems could help estimate the size of a network even when a small portion is accessible. Understanding the spread of coronavirus may be the most alarming recent example of a problem that could benefit from fuller knowled... .. read more..

Researchers challenge accuracy of methods that analyze trees of life
Wednesday, April 15, 2020

When species under a taxonomic umbrella have faced forks in the road, leading to extinction or adaptation, the path taken has been difficult to follow. Scientists now argue that long-used approaches for reconstructing these paths are deeply flawed. They also offer a a mathematical model as a way ... .. read more..

STEM students learn as well online as in classrooms
Wednesday, April 8, 2020

Students learned just as much in online STEM college courses as they did in traditional classroom settings, and at a fraction of the cost, according to a first-of-its-kind study. .. read more..

Researchers hope to improve future epidemic predictions
Monday, April 6, 2020

As the world grapples with the COVID-19 pandemic, a new mathematical model could offer insights on how to improve future epidemic predictions based on how information mutates as it is transmitted from person to person and group to group. .. read more..

How to break new records in the 200 meters
Wednesday, March 25, 2020

Usain Bolt's 200m record has not been beaten for ten years and Florence Griffith Joyner's for more than thirty years. And what about if the secret behind beating records was to use mathematics? Thanks to a mathematical model, researchers have proved that the geometry of athletic tracks could be o... .. read more..

New mathematical model can more effectively track epidemics
Wednesday, March 25, 2020

As COVID-19 spreads worldwide, leaders are relying on mathematical models to make public health and economic decisions. A new model improves tracking of epidemics by accounting for mutations in diseases. Now, the researchers are working to apply their model to allow leaders to evaluate the effect... .. read more..

Mathematicians develop new theory to explain real-world randomness
Wednesday, March 18, 2020

Brownian motion describes the random movement of particles in fluids, however, this revolutionary model only works when a fluid is static, or at equilibrium. In real-life, fluids often contain particles that move by themselves, which can cause stirring in the fluid, driving it away from equilibri... .. read more..

Inverse design software automates design process for optical, nanophotonic st...
Tuesday, March 10, 2020

Researchers created an inverse design codebase called SPINS that can help researchers explore different design methodologies to find fabricable optical and nanophotonic structures. .. read more..

How drones can hear walls
Friday, March 6, 2020

One drone, four microphones and a loudspeaker: nothing more is needed to determine the position of walls and other flat surfaces within a room. .. read more..

To predict an epidemic, evolution can't be ignored
Monday, March 2, 2020

Whether it's coronavirus or misinformation, scientists can use mathematical models to predict how something will spread across populations. But what happens if a pathogen mutates, or information becomes modified, changing the speed at which it spreads? Researchers now show for the first time how ... .. read more..

Not a 'math person'? You may be better at learning to code than you think
Monday, March 2, 2020

New research finds that a natural aptitude for learning languages is a stronger predictor of learning to program than basic math knowledge. .. read more..

How do zebrafish get their stripes? New data analysis tool could provide an a...
Friday, February 28, 2020

A new mathematical tool could help scientists better understand how zebrafish get their stripes as well as other self-assembled patterns in nature. .. read more..

A novel processor that solves a notoriously complex mathematical problem
Thursday, February 27, 2020

Scientists have designed a novel processor architecture that can solve combinatorial optimization problems much faster than existing ones. Combinatorial optimization are complex problems that show up across many different fields of science and engineering and are difficult for conventional comput... .. read more..

10,000 times faster calculations of many-body quantum dynamics possible
Thursday, February 20, 2020

How an electron behaves in an atom, or how it moves in a solid, can be predicted precisely with the equations of quantum mechanics. These theoretical calculations agree with the results from experiments. But complex quantum systems, which contain many electrons or elementary particles can current... .. read more..

New mathematical model reveals how major groups arise in evolution
Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Researchers presents a new mathematical model of patterns of diversity in the fossil record, which offers a solution to Darwin's ''abominable mystery'' and strengthens our understanding of how modern groups originate. .. read more..

Simple, fuel-efficient rocket engine could enable cheaper, lighter spacecraft
Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Researchers have developed a mathematical model that describes how rotating detonation engines work. .. read more..

Leaking away essential resources isn't wasteful, actually helps cells grow
Friday, February 14, 2020

Experts have been unable to explain why cells from bacteria to humans leak essential chemicals necessary for growth into their environment. New mathematical models reveal that leaking metabolites -- substances involved in the chemical processes to sustain life with production of complex molecules... .. read more..

Fragile topology: Strange electron flow in future materials
Thursday, February 13, 2020

Crystalline materials known as topological insulators conduct surface current perfectly, except when they don't. In two new studies published in the journal Science, researchers explain how these 'fragile' poorly conducting topological states form, and how conductivity can be restored. .. read more..

Mathematical model reveals behavior of cellular enzymes
Thursday, February 13, 2020

Mathematical modeling helps researchers to understand how enzymes in the body work to ensure normal functioning. The models also can show how genetic mutations alter the enzymes' behavior in ways that cause disease, including cancer. .. read more..

Researchers rank 'smartest' schools of fish when it comes to travel formations
Wednesday, January 29, 2020

A research team has showcased a new mathematical model capable of determining what formations give a school's swimmers the biggest advantage when it comes to energy efficiency and speeds, particularly when compared to school-less fishes. .. read more..

New mathematical model for amyloid formation
Tuesday, January 28, 2020

Scientists report on a mathematical model for the formation of amyloid fibrils. The model sheds light on how the aggregation process can occur in a catalytic manner, something that has not been previously well understood. .. read more..

How moon jellyfish get about
Thursday, January 23, 2020

With their translucent bells, moon jellyfish (Aurelia aurita) move around the oceans in a very efficient way. Scientists have now used a mathematical model to investigate how these cnidarians manage to use their neural networks to control their locomotion even when they are injured. The results m... .. read more..

Brewing a better espresso, with a shot of math
Wednesday, January 22, 2020

Researchers are challenging common espresso wisdom, finding that fewer coffee beans, ground more coarsely, are the key to a drink that is cheaper to make, more consistent from shot to shot, and just as strong. .. read more..

How human social structures emerge
Tuesday, January 21, 2020

What rules shaped humanity's original social networks? The earliest social networks were tightly knit cultural groups made of multiple biologically related families. That single group would then develop relationships with other cultural groups in their local area. Researchers used statistical phy... .. read more..

Creating learning resources for blind students
Thursday, January 16, 2020

Mathematics and science Braille textbooks are expensive and require an enormous effort to produce -- until now. A team of researchers has developed a method for easily creating textbooks in Braille, with an initial focus on math textbooks. The new process is made possible by a new authoring syste... .. read more..

Mathematicians put famous Battle of Britain 'what if' scenarios to the test
Thursday, January 9, 2020

Mathematicians have developed a new model to explore what the impact of changes to Luftwaffe tactics would actually have been. Their approach uses statistical modelling to calculate how the Battle might have played out if history had followed one of several alternative courses. .. read more..

New mathematical model shows how diversity speeds consensus
Wednesday, January 8, 2020

Scientific literature abounds with examples of ways in which member diversity can benefit a group -- whether spider colonies' ability to forage or an industrial company's financial performance. Now, a newly published mathematical framework substantiates the seemingly counterintuitive observations... .. read more..

Indeterminist physics for an open world
Tuesday, January 7, 2020

Classical physics is characterized by the equations describing the world. Yet our day-to-day experience is struck by this deterministic vision of the world. A physicist has been analyzing the classical mathematical language used in modern physics. He has thrown light on a contradiction between th... .. read more..

A new method for boosting the learning of mathematics
Monday, December 23, 2019

How can mathematics learning in primary school be facilitated? Scientists have developed an intervention to promote the learning of math in school. Named ACE-ArithmEcole, the program is designed to help schoolchildren surpass their intuitions and rely instead on the use of arithmetic principles. ... .. read more..

Fireballs: mail from space
Thursday, December 19, 2019

The analysis of fireball observations in large datasets can be made much quicker with the help of a neat mathematical formula. .. read more..

Efficient methods developed to simulate how electromagnetic waves interact wi...
Wednesday, December 18, 2019

It takes a tremendous amount of computer simulations to create a device like an MRI scanner that can image your brain by detecting electromagnetic waves propagating through tissue. The tricky part is figuring out how electromagnetic waves will react when they come in contact with the materials in... .. read more..

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