Researchers resolve a major mystery in 2D material electronics
Monday, September 10, 2018

Researchers have discovered a one-size-fits-all master equation that shall pave the way towards better design of 2D material electronics. .. read more..

Mechanism of biological noise cancellation revealed
Tuesday, September 4, 2018

Researchers report how a particular biochemical signaling pathway cancels biological noise, ensuring the proper stem cell differentiation during development. The conclusions are based on a combination of mathematical modeling and genetic experiments on fruit flies. .. read more..

Using physics to predict crowd behavior
Thursday, August 30, 2018

Electrons whizzing around each other and humans crammed together at a political rally don't seem to have much in common, but researchers are connecting the dots. They've developed a highly accurate mathematical approach to predict the behavior of crowds of living creatures, using methods original... .. read more..

Mathematics can assist cities in addressing unstructured neighborhoods
Wednesday, August 29, 2018

New mathematical models can help guide changes to the layout of poor urban neighborhoods to improve access to resources with minimum disruption and cost. .. read more..

A better way to count boreal birds
Wednesday, August 29, 2018

Knowing approximately how many individuals of a certain species are out there is important for bird conservation efforts, but raw data from bird surveys tends to underestimate bird abundance. Researchers have now tested a new statistical method to adjust for this and confirmed several mathematica... .. read more..

More efficient security for cloud-based machine learning
Friday, August 17, 2018

A novel encryption method secures data used in online neural networks, without dramatically slowing their runtimes. This approach holds promise for using cloud-based neural networks for medical-image analysis and other applications that use sensitive data. .. read more..

Math shows how human behavior spreads infectious diseases
Thursday, August 16, 2018

Mathematics can help public health workers better understand and influence human behaviors that lead to the spread of infectious disease. .. read more..

Predicting landslide boundaries two weeks before they happen
Wednesday, August 15, 2018

Researchers have developed a software tool that uses applied mathematics and big data analytics to predict the boundary of where a landslide will occur, two weeks in advance. .. read more..

Mathematicians solve age-old spaghetti mystery
Monday, August 13, 2018

It's nearly impossible to break a dry spaghetti noodle into only two pieces. A new MIT study shows how and why it can be done. .. read more..

Why zebrafish (almost) always have stripes
Monday, August 13, 2018

A mathematical model helps explain the key role that one pigment cells plays in making sure that each stripe on a zebrafish ends up exactly where it belongs. .. read more..

Toward a universal quantum computer
Monday, August 13, 2018

Researchers have demonstrated holonomic quantum gates under zero-magnetic field at room temperature, which will enable the realization of fast and fault-tolerant universal quantum computers. .. read more..

New study views cancer treatment as a game to find strategies that improve pa...
Thursday, August 9, 2018

Game theory can be utilized to identify potential flaws in current cancer treatment approaches and suggest new strategies to improve outcomes in patients with metastatic cancer, according to a new article. The study challenges the decades old standard of treatment for metastatic cancers in which ... .. read more..

Viewing cancer treatment as a game to find strategies that improve patient ou...
Thursday, August 9, 2018

Game theory can be utilized to identify potential flaws in current cancer treatment approaches and suggest new strategies to improve outcomes in patients with metastatic cancer, according to a new article. The study challenges the decades old standard of treatment for metastatic cancers in which ... .. read more..

Math with good posture can mean better scores, study suggests
Friday, August 3, 2018

A new study finding that students perform better at math while sitting with good posture could have implications for other kinds of performance under pressure. .. read more..

New geometric shape used by nature to pack cells efficiently
Saturday, July 28, 2018

A multinational team of scientists have uncovered a previously undescribed shape -- they call the 'scutoid' -- adopted by epithelial cells during embryonic development that enables the cells to minimize energy use and maximize packing stability. .. read more..

New algorithm could help find new physics
Saturday, July 28, 2018

Scientists have developed an algorithm that could provide meaningful answers to condensed matter physicists in their searches for novel and emergent properties in materials. .. read more..

Model fuses social media, remote sensing data with goal of identifying nuclea...
Monday, July 23, 2018

A new computational model allows researchers to draw on normally incompatible data sets, such as satellite imagery and social media posts, to answer questions about what is happening in targeted locations. The researchers developed the model to serve as a tool for identifying violations of nuclea... .. read more..

Challenging the conventional wisdom on calculus
Tuesday, July 10, 2018

Contrary to widely-held opinion, taking high school calculus isn't necessary for success later in college calculus -- what's more important is mastering the prerequisites, algebra, geometry, and trigonometry -- that lead to calculus. That's according to a study of more than 6,000 college freshmen... .. read more..

Rough terrain? No problem for beaver-inspired autonomous robot
Wednesday, June 27, 2018

Researchers are using stigmergy, a biological phenomenon that has been used to explain everything from the behavior of termites and beavers to the popularity of Wikipedia, to build new problem-solving autonomous robots. .. read more..

Engineering bacteria to exhibit stochastic Turing patterns
Thursday, June 21, 2018

A new study has brought science one step closer to a molecular-level understanding of how patterns form in living tissue. The researchers engineered bacteria that, when incubated and grown, exhibited stochastic Turing patterns: a 'lawn' of synthesized bacteria in a petri dish fluoresced an irregu... .. read more..

Evaluation method for the impact of wind power fluctuation on power system qu...
Wednesday, June 20, 2018

Abrupt changes of wind power generation output are a source of severe damage to power systems. Researchers have developed a stochastic modeling method that enables to evaluate the impact of such phenomena. .. read more..

When photons spice up the energy levels of quantum particles
Tuesday, June 19, 2018

For the first time, a team of mathematical physicists, call upon supersymmetry to explain the behavior of particles that have received a photon and are subjected to particular potential energies known as shape-invariant potentials. .. read more..

Approach can help English learners improve at math word problems
Tuesday, June 19, 2018

Education professors have shown that a comprehension-based strategy can help English learners improve their math word-problem solving abilities. The approach boosts reading comprehension and problem solving as well. .. read more..

Novel method for investigating pore geometry in rocks
Friday, June 15, 2018

In a fusion of mathematics and earth science, researchers have proposed a novel method for characterizing pore geometry in rock, based on persistence diagram analysis and a newly proposed parameter, the distance parameter H. The method represents heterogeneity and differences in rock type more ef... .. read more..

Block play could improve your child's math skills, executive functioning
Tuesday, June 12, 2018

Semi-structured block play among preschool-age children has the potential to improve two skills - mathematics and executive functioning - critical to kindergarten readiness, according a new study. .. read more..

Using mathematical approaches to optimally manage public debt
Thursday, June 7, 2018

Large government debt negatively impacts long-term economic growth and the debt-to-gross domestic product (GDP) ratio is an important indicator of a country's financial leverage. Financial mathematicians propose a mathematical model that helps optimize and control the debt-to-GDP ratio. .. read more..

Options to optimize profit in broadband satellite constellations
Wednesday, June 6, 2018

Several large telecommunications companies have proposed plans to provide global broadband services by launching hundreds and even thousands of satellites into orbit. Although broadband for everyone sounds like a great idea, it also carries great financial risk, resulting in bankruptcy for some w... .. read more..

New tools reveal prelude to chaos
Wednesday, June 6, 2018

Engineers have developed tools that mathematically describe the kinetics in a system right before it dissolves into randomness. .. read more..

Beyond superstition to general causality: AI nutcracker for real-world problems
Tuesday, June 5, 2018

Real-world problems in economics and public health can be notoriously hard nuts to find causes for. Often, multiple causes are suspected but large datasets with time-sequenced data are not available. Previous models could not reliably analyze these challenges. Now researchers have tested the firs... .. read more..

New theory finds 'traffic jams' in jet stream cause abnormal weather patterns
Thursday, May 24, 2018

A study offers an explanation for a mysterious and sometimes deadly weather pattern in which the jet stream, the global air currents that circle the Earth, stalls out over a region. Much like highways, the jet stream has a capacity, researchers said, and when it's exceeded, blockages form that ar... .. read more..

Dengue: Investigating antibodies to identify at-risk individuals
Wednesday, May 23, 2018

Using an original mathematical and statistical analysis method, scientists analyzed a Thai cohort in order to help identify individuals at risk of infection. By modeling changes in antibody levels after successive infections with the different dengue serotypes, the scientists were able to establi... .. read more..

Physicists with green fingers estimate tree spanning rate in random networks
Tuesday, May 22, 2018

Scientists calculate the total number of spanning trees in randomly expanding networks. This method can be applied to modelling scale-free network models, which, as it turns out, are characterized by small-world properties. .. read more..

Driverless cars change lanes more like humans do
Tuesday, May 22, 2018

Researchers will present a new lane-change algorithm that splits the difference. It allows for more aggressive lane changes than the simple models do but relies only on immediate information about other vehicles' directions and velocities to make decisions. .. read more..

Want to help your child succeed in school? Add language to the math, reading mix
Thursday, May 17, 2018

A new study finds that a child's language skills in kindergarten can predict his or her future proficiency in other subjects. .. read more..

New computational strategy designed for more personalized cancer treatment
Monday, May 14, 2018

Mathematicians and cancer scientists have found a way to simplify complex biomolecular data about tumors, in principle making it easier to prescribe the appropriate treatment for a specific patient. .. read more..

How the power of mathematics can help assess lung function
Thursday, May 10, 2018

Researchers have developed a new computational way of analyzing X-ray images of lungs, which could herald a breakthrough in the diagnosis and assessment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and other lung diseases. .. read more..

Changing students' attitudes to mathematics improves test scores
Thursday, May 10, 2018

A new study finds a free 'massive, open, online course' (MOOC) led to students feeling more positive about math, more engaged during math class, and scoring significantly higher in mathematics assessments. This is the first of its kind to focus on changing students' mindsets and beliefs about the... .. read more..

New software, HyperTools, transforms complex data into visualizable shapes
Monday, May 7, 2018

Every dataset in the observable universe has a fundamental geometry or shape to it, but that structure can be highly complicated. To make it easier to visualize complicated datasets, a research team has created HyperTools -- an open-source software package that leverages a suite of mathematical t... .. read more..

Math sheds light on how living cells 'think'
Wednesday, May 2, 2018

How does the 'brain' of a living cell work, allowing an organism to function and thrive in changing and unfavorable environments? Researchers have developed new mathematics to solve a longstanding mystery of how the incredibly complex biological networks within cells can adapt and reset themselve... .. read more..

Using mathematical modeling and evolutionary principles important in treatmen...
Monday, April 30, 2018

Researchers are using mathematical modeling based on evolutionary principals to show that adaptive drug treatments based on tumor responses to prior treatment are more effective than maximum-tolerated dose approaches for certain tumor situations. .. read more..

New computational model enables personalized simulation of exercise's metabol...
Thursday, April 26, 2018

A new mathematical model incorporates personalized details to simulate the metabolic effects of exercise. The model can be adapted to different individual characteristics, such as age and weight, as well as different types and intensities of exercise. .. read more..

Why a robot can't yet outjump a flea
Thursday, April 26, 2018

Smashing mantis shrimp. Snapping trap-jaw ants. Stinging jellyfish. Some of the fastest living things -- at least over short distances -- are also the smallest. A new mathematical model explores how the smallest and speediest things on Earth generate their powerful jumps, snaps, strikes and punch... .. read more..

Swirling liquids work similarly to bitcoin
Monday, April 23, 2018

The physics involved with stirring a liquid operate the same way as the mathematical functions that secure digital information. This parallel could help in developing even more secure ways of protecting digital information. .. read more..

How social networking sites may discriminate against women
Friday, April 20, 2018

Using the photo-sharing site Instagram as a test case, researchers demonstrate how two common recommendation algorithms amplify a network effect known as homophily in which similar or like-minded people cluster together. They further show how algorithms turned loose on a network with homophily ef... .. read more..

The secret behind a choice cuppa or a perfect pint -- a mathematician
Friday, April 13, 2018

IF you want to know how to pour the perfect pint or create the ultimate cup of coffee, then you really need a mathematician. .. read more..

Digital penicillin production
Tuesday, April 10, 2018

Microorganisms are often used to produce chemicals. These processes are usually very complicated. It is hard to completely understand every detail of the process, when living organisms are involved. Therefore, bioreactors are often seen as 'black boxes' that can only be effectively exploited with... .. read more..

China's STEM research environment in higher education
Friday, April 6, 2018

China's President Xi Jinping has repeatedly stated his aim of transforming the country into a 'science and technology superpower.' But when it comes to China's science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) research environment, newly published research suggests that they may have a long way to... .. read more..

Lesson learned? Massive study finds lectures still dominate STEM education
Thursday, March 29, 2018

An analysis of more than 2,000 college classes in science, technology, engineering and math has found that 55 percent of STEM classroom interactions consisted mostly of conventional lecturing -- a style that prior research has identified as among the least effective at teaching and engaging stude... .. read more..

New math bridges holography and twistor theory
Thursday, March 29, 2018

A new perspective bridges two approaches to understanding quantum gravity. .. read more..

The physics of finance helps solve a century-old mystery
Wednesday, March 28, 2018

By unleashing the power of big data and statistical physics, researchers in Japan have developed a model that aids understanding of how and why financial Brownian motion arises. .. read more..

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