Challenging the conventional wisdom on calculus
Tuesday, July 10, 2018

Contrary to widely-held opinion, taking high school calculus isn't necessary for success later in college calculus -- what's more important is mastering the prerequisites, algebra, geometry, and trigonometry -- that lead to calculus. That's according to a study of more than 6,000 college freshmen... .. read more..

Rough terrain? No problem for beaver-inspired autonomous robot
Wednesday, June 27, 2018

Researchers are using stigmergy, a biological phenomenon that has been used to explain everything from the behavior of termites and beavers to the popularity of Wikipedia, to build new problem-solving autonomous robots. .. read more..

Engineering bacteria to exhibit stochastic Turing patterns
Thursday, June 21, 2018

A new study has brought science one step closer to a molecular-level understanding of how patterns form in living tissue. The researchers engineered bacteria that, when incubated and grown, exhibited stochastic Turing patterns: a 'lawn' of synthesized bacteria in a petri dish fluoresced an irregu... .. read more..

Evaluation method for the impact of wind power fluctuation on power system qu...
Wednesday, June 20, 2018

Abrupt changes of wind power generation output are a source of severe damage to power systems. Researchers have developed a stochastic modeling method that enables to evaluate the impact of such phenomena. .. read more..

When photons spice up the energy levels of quantum particles
Tuesday, June 19, 2018

For the first time, a team of mathematical physicists, call upon supersymmetry to explain the behavior of particles that have received a photon and are subjected to particular potential energies known as shape-invariant potentials. .. read more..

Approach can help English learners improve at math word problems
Tuesday, June 19, 2018

Education professors have shown that a comprehension-based strategy can help English learners improve their math word-problem solving abilities. The approach boosts reading comprehension and problem solving as well. .. read more..

Novel method for investigating pore geometry in rocks
Friday, June 15, 2018

In a fusion of mathematics and earth science, researchers have proposed a novel method for characterizing pore geometry in rock, based on persistence diagram analysis and a newly proposed parameter, the distance parameter H. The method represents heterogeneity and differences in rock type more ef... .. read more..

Block play could improve your child's math skills, executive functioning
Tuesday, June 12, 2018

Semi-structured block play among preschool-age children has the potential to improve two skills - mathematics and executive functioning - critical to kindergarten readiness, according a new study. .. read more..

Using mathematical approaches to optimally manage public debt
Thursday, June 7, 2018

Large government debt negatively impacts long-term economic growth and the debt-to-gross domestic product (GDP) ratio is an important indicator of a country's financial leverage. Financial mathematicians propose a mathematical model that helps optimize and control the debt-to-GDP ratio. .. read more..

Options to optimize profit in broadband satellite constellations
Wednesday, June 6, 2018

Several large telecommunications companies have proposed plans to provide global broadband services by launching hundreds and even thousands of satellites into orbit. Although broadband for everyone sounds like a great idea, it also carries great financial risk, resulting in bankruptcy for some w... .. read more..

New tools reveal prelude to chaos
Wednesday, June 6, 2018

Engineers have developed tools that mathematically describe the kinetics in a system right before it dissolves into randomness. .. read more..

Beyond superstition to general causality: AI nutcracker for real-world problems
Tuesday, June 5, 2018

Real-world problems in economics and public health can be notoriously hard nuts to find causes for. Often, multiple causes are suspected but large datasets with time-sequenced data are not available. Previous models could not reliably analyze these challenges. Now researchers have tested the firs... .. read more..

New theory finds 'traffic jams' in jet stream cause abnormal weather patterns
Thursday, May 24, 2018

A study offers an explanation for a mysterious and sometimes deadly weather pattern in which the jet stream, the global air currents that circle the Earth, stalls out over a region. Much like highways, the jet stream has a capacity, researchers said, and when it's exceeded, blockages form that ar... .. read more..

Dengue: Investigating antibodies to identify at-risk individuals
Wednesday, May 23, 2018

Using an original mathematical and statistical analysis method, scientists analyzed a Thai cohort in order to help identify individuals at risk of infection. By modeling changes in antibody levels after successive infections with the different dengue serotypes, the scientists were able to establi... .. read more..

Physicists with green fingers estimate tree spanning rate in random networks
Tuesday, May 22, 2018

Scientists calculate the total number of spanning trees in randomly expanding networks. This method can be applied to modelling scale-free network models, which, as it turns out, are characterized by small-world properties. .. read more..

Driverless cars change lanes more like humans do
Tuesday, May 22, 2018

Researchers will present a new lane-change algorithm that splits the difference. It allows for more aggressive lane changes than the simple models do but relies only on immediate information about other vehicles' directions and velocities to make decisions. .. read more..

Want to help your child succeed in school? Add language to the math, reading mix
Thursday, May 17, 2018

A new study finds that a child's language skills in kindergarten can predict his or her future proficiency in other subjects. .. read more..

New computational strategy designed for more personalized cancer treatment
Monday, May 14, 2018

Mathematicians and cancer scientists have found a way to simplify complex biomolecular data about tumors, in principle making it easier to prescribe the appropriate treatment for a specific patient. .. read more..

How the power of mathematics can help assess lung function
Thursday, May 10, 2018

Researchers have developed a new computational way of analyzing X-ray images of lungs, which could herald a breakthrough in the diagnosis and assessment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and other lung diseases. .. read more..

Changing students' attitudes to mathematics improves test scores
Thursday, May 10, 2018

A new study finds a free 'massive, open, online course' (MOOC) led to students feeling more positive about math, more engaged during math class, and scoring significantly higher in mathematics assessments. This is the first of its kind to focus on changing students' mindsets and beliefs about the... .. read more..

New software, HyperTools, transforms complex data into visualizable shapes
Monday, May 7, 2018

Every dataset in the observable universe has a fundamental geometry or shape to it, but that structure can be highly complicated. To make it easier to visualize complicated datasets, a research team has created HyperTools -- an open-source software package that leverages a suite of mathematical t... .. read more..

Math sheds light on how living cells 'think'
Wednesday, May 2, 2018

How does the 'brain' of a living cell work, allowing an organism to function and thrive in changing and unfavorable environments? Researchers have developed new mathematics to solve a longstanding mystery of how the incredibly complex biological networks within cells can adapt and reset themselve... .. read more..

Using mathematical modeling and evolutionary principles important in treatmen...
Monday, April 30, 2018

Researchers are using mathematical modeling based on evolutionary principals to show that adaptive drug treatments based on tumor responses to prior treatment are more effective than maximum-tolerated dose approaches for certain tumor situations. .. read more..

New computational model enables personalized simulation of exercise's metabol...
Thursday, April 26, 2018

A new mathematical model incorporates personalized details to simulate the metabolic effects of exercise. The model can be adapted to different individual characteristics, such as age and weight, as well as different types and intensities of exercise. .. read more..

Why a robot can't yet outjump a flea
Thursday, April 26, 2018

Smashing mantis shrimp. Snapping trap-jaw ants. Stinging jellyfish. Some of the fastest living things -- at least over short distances -- are also the smallest. A new mathematical model explores how the smallest and speediest things on Earth generate their powerful jumps, snaps, strikes and punch... .. read more..

Swirling liquids work similarly to bitcoin
Monday, April 23, 2018

The physics involved with stirring a liquid operate the same way as the mathematical functions that secure digital information. This parallel could help in developing even more secure ways of protecting digital information. .. read more..

How social networking sites may discriminate against women
Friday, April 20, 2018

Using the photo-sharing site Instagram as a test case, researchers demonstrate how two common recommendation algorithms amplify a network effect known as homophily in which similar or like-minded people cluster together. They further show how algorithms turned loose on a network with homophily ef... .. read more..

The secret behind a choice cuppa or a perfect pint -- a mathematician
Friday, April 13, 2018

IF you want to know how to pour the perfect pint or create the ultimate cup of coffee, then you really need a mathematician. .. read more..

Digital penicillin production
Tuesday, April 10, 2018

Microorganisms are often used to produce chemicals. These processes are usually very complicated. It is hard to completely understand every detail of the process, when living organisms are involved. Therefore, bioreactors are often seen as 'black boxes' that can only be effectively exploited with... .. read more..

China's STEM research environment in higher education
Friday, April 6, 2018

China's President Xi Jinping has repeatedly stated his aim of transforming the country into a 'science and technology superpower.' But when it comes to China's science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) research environment, newly published research suggests that they may have a long way to... .. read more..

Lesson learned? Massive study finds lectures still dominate STEM education
Thursday, March 29, 2018

An analysis of more than 2,000 college classes in science, technology, engineering and math has found that 55 percent of STEM classroom interactions consisted mostly of conventional lecturing -- a style that prior research has identified as among the least effective at teaching and engaging stude... .. read more..

New math bridges holography and twistor theory
Thursday, March 29, 2018

A new perspective bridges two approaches to understanding quantum gravity. .. read more..

The physics of finance helps solve a century-old mystery
Wednesday, March 28, 2018

By unleashing the power of big data and statistical physics, researchers in Japan have developed a model that aids understanding of how and why financial Brownian motion arises. .. read more..

AI improves touchscreen interfaces for users with impairments
Tuesday, March 27, 2018

A new AI method adapts touchscreen interfaces to make more out of the capabilities of aging users and users with disabilities. People with tremor, dyslexia, Alzheimer's, or poor eyesight can improve efficiency of smartphone use without expensive devices. .. read more..

Early numeracy performance of young kids linked to specific math activities a...
Thursday, March 22, 2018

New research finds links between certain math skills in young children and specific numerical activities undertaken at home with parents. The study also finds that the more parents engage in mathematical activities with their children, the higher their early numeracy performance. .. read more..

A new angle on gerrymanders
Wednesday, March 21, 2018

A mathematician has developed a new tool to identify gerrymandered voting districts. The research shows Pennsylvania, Ohio and North Carolina strongly gerrymandered for Republicans, while Maryland's and California's voting districts have been strongly tipped in favor of Democrats. The new tool co... .. read more..

Sound new technique tunes into the shifting shapes of biology
Tuesday, March 20, 2018

Scientists have come up with a novel way of quantifying cell shapes -- with a lot of mathematics and a little musical inspiration. .. read more..

Single-cell imaging and math models used to determine effective drug properties
Tuesday, March 13, 2018

Drug therapies that target a specific molecule have changed the way patients are treated for cancer and greatly improved survival rates. However, some patients do not respond to these therapies because the drug is not reaching the tumor cells effectively. In a new study, researchers combined sing... .. read more..

New mathematical framework establishes the risk of dramatic collapses of real...
Wednesday, February 28, 2018

A theoretical framework explaining the risk of rare events causing major disruptions in complex networks, such as a blackout in a power grid, has been proposed by a mathematician in a new paper. .. read more..

When ‘colder’ means ‘hotter’: Explaining the increasing temperature of coolin...
Wednesday, February 28, 2018

A mathematician has developed a theory to explain ‘heating by cooling’, where the temperature of a granular gas increases while the total energy drops down - a peculiar phenomenon which can be observed both on Earth and in space. .. read more..

How do teachers integrate STEM into K-12 classrooms?
Tuesday, February 27, 2018

Although the call for improving STEM education is widespread, there is little guidance for teachers on how to do so. A team set out to outline challenges and find best practices for teachers to better integrate science, technology, engineering and math in their classrooms. .. read more..

Novel computational biology model accurately describes dynamics of gene expre...
Wednesday, January 31, 2018

Using a simple analytical framework for random events within a predictable system, computational biologists have found a new way to accurately model certain forms of gene expression, including the body's 24-hour internal clock. This new approach of applying a piecewise deterministic Markov proces... .. read more..

Positive attitude toward math predicts math achievement in kids
Wednesday, January 24, 2018

For the first time, scientists have identified the brain pathway that links a positive attitude toward math to achievement in the subject. In a study of elementary school students, researchers found that having a positive attitude about math was connected to better function of the hippocampus, an... .. read more..

Mathematicians develop model for how new ideas emerge
Wednesday, January 24, 2018

Researchers have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. .. read more..

A centuries-old math equation used to solve a modern-day genetics challenge
Thursday, January 18, 2018

Researchers developed a new mathematical tool to validate and improve methods used by medical professionals to interpret results from clinical genetic tests. .. read more..

The Fields Medal fallacy: Why this math prize should return to its roots
Tuesday, January 16, 2018

The Fields Medal, whose origins date back to the 1930s, will be issued again this year in August to up to four of the world's most accomplished mathematicians under the age of 40. Experts now propose that the Fields Medal return to its roots as a tool intended to shape the future of mathematics, ... .. read more..

Math can predict how cancer cells evolve
Tuesday, January 16, 2018

Applied mathematics can be a powerful tool in helping predict the genesis and evolution of different types of cancers, a study has found. .. read more..

Batman's Gotham City provides test case for community resilience model
Friday, January 5, 2018

If a community is resilient, it can withstand and recover from an unanticipated disaster, like an earthquake, fire or flood. But since every disaster and every community is unique, a uniform measure for defining 'resilience' has been hard to come by for engineers and social scientists. A new stud... .. read more..

Radiation therapy algorithm could reduce side effects, maintain effect agains...
Friday, January 5, 2018

A mathematical model for computing radiation therapy treatments could substantially reduce patient side effects while delivering the same results as conventional radiation therapy. .. read more..

Tailoring cancer treatments to individual patients
Wednesday, January 3, 2018

Researchers have developed computer models to predict how cancer will progress in a specific individual, based on tissue, cellular and subcellular protein signaling responses. The models can predict how brain tumors (gliomas) will grow with much greater accuracy than previous models. Recently, th... .. read more..

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