New mathematical framework establishes the risk of dramatic collapses of real...
Wednesday, February 28, 2018

A theoretical framework explaining the risk of rare events causing major disruptions in complex networks, such as a blackout in a power grid, has been proposed by a mathematician in a new paper. .. read more..

When ‘colder’ means ‘hotter’: Explaining the increasing temperature of coolin...
Wednesday, February 28, 2018

A mathematician has developed a theory to explain ‘heating by cooling’, where the temperature of a granular gas increases while the total energy drops down - a peculiar phenomenon which can be observed both on Earth and in space. .. read more..

How do teachers integrate STEM into K-12 classrooms?
Tuesday, February 27, 2018

Although the call for improving STEM education is widespread, there is little guidance for teachers on how to do so. A team set out to outline challenges and find best practices for teachers to better integrate science, technology, engineering and math in their classrooms. .. read more..

Novel computational biology model accurately describes dynamics of gene expre...
Wednesday, January 31, 2018

Using a simple analytical framework for random events within a predictable system, computational biologists have found a new way to accurately model certain forms of gene expression, including the body's 24-hour internal clock. This new approach of applying a piecewise deterministic Markov proces... .. read more..

Positive attitude toward math predicts math achievement in kids
Wednesday, January 24, 2018

For the first time, scientists have identified the brain pathway that links a positive attitude toward math to achievement in the subject. In a study of elementary school students, researchers found that having a positive attitude about math was connected to better function of the hippocampus, an... .. read more..

Mathematicians develop model for how new ideas emerge
Wednesday, January 24, 2018

Researchers have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. .. read more..

A centuries-old math equation used to solve a modern-day genetics challenge
Thursday, January 18, 2018

Researchers developed a new mathematical tool to validate and improve methods used by medical professionals to interpret results from clinical genetic tests. .. read more..

The Fields Medal fallacy: Why this math prize should return to its roots
Tuesday, January 16, 2018

The Fields Medal, whose origins date back to the 1930s, will be issued again this year in August to up to four of the world's most accomplished mathematicians under the age of 40. Experts now propose that the Fields Medal return to its roots as a tool intended to shape the future of mathematics, ... .. read more..

Math can predict how cancer cells evolve
Tuesday, January 16, 2018

Applied mathematics can be a powerful tool in helping predict the genesis and evolution of different types of cancers, a study has found. .. read more..

Batman's Gotham City provides test case for community resilience model
Friday, January 5, 2018

If a community is resilient, it can withstand and recover from an unanticipated disaster, like an earthquake, fire or flood. But since every disaster and every community is unique, a uniform measure for defining 'resilience' has been hard to come by for engineers and social scientists. A new stud... .. read more..

Radiation therapy algorithm could reduce side effects, maintain effect agains...
Friday, January 5, 2018

A mathematical model for computing radiation therapy treatments could substantially reduce patient side effects while delivering the same results as conventional radiation therapy. .. read more..

Tailoring cancer treatments to individual patients
Wednesday, January 3, 2018

Researchers have developed computer models to predict how cancer will progress in a specific individual, based on tissue, cellular and subcellular protein signaling responses. The models can predict how brain tumors (gliomas) will grow with much greater accuracy than previous models. Recently, th... .. read more..

Using rank order to identify complex genetic interactions
Wednesday, January 3, 2018

Genome sequencing has revolutionized genetics. It also requires new mathematical tools to help life scientists make sense of enormous amounts of data. Applying new math, experts in the area of mathematical biology show how ranking pathogen mutants can help scientists understand how mutants evolve... .. read more..

Randomness a key in spread of disease, other 'evil'
Tuesday, January 2, 2018

Working with a simple mathematical model in which chance plays a key role, researchers calculated how long it would take a bacterial infection or cancer cell to take over a network of healthy cells. The distribution of incubation times in most cases, they contend, is close to 'lognormal' -- meani... .. read more..

Tumor growth parameters predict response to anti-angiogenic therapy in mice
Thursday, December 21, 2017

Using a mathematical modeling approach, scientists have found that certain parameters of tumor growth in mice can predict the effectiveness of drugs that block formation of tumor-nourishing blood vessels. .. read more..

Cutting-edge statistics yield new insight into attributing, projecting climat...
Thursday, December 21, 2017

Projecting the future of extreme weather events across the globe remains a complex task in climate research -- and one in which statisticians are increasingly playing key roles. .. read more..

Electromagnetic emissions from smartphones analyzed for security vulnerability
Tuesday, December 19, 2017

Researchers are developing a tool that enables cell phones to be analyzed in order to determine if they could undergo a cyber-attack to obtain encryption keys through their electromagnetic emanations. .. read more..

Doing without dark energy
Thursday, December 14, 2017

Three mathematicians have a different explanation for the accelerating expansion of the universe that does without theories of 'dark energy.' Einstein's original equations for General Relativity actually predict cosmic acceleration due to an 'instability,' they argue in a new paper. .. read more..

Social media trends can predict tipping points in vaccine scares
Monday, December 11, 2017

Analyzing trends on Twitter and Google can help predict vaccine scares that can lead to disease outbreaks, according to a study from the University of Waterloo. .. read more..

Survey taps students' motivation in STEM
Monday, November 20, 2017

Researchers are learning more about undergraduates' experience in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) classes and sharing a set of survey questions that will help researchers and educators at other universities do the same. .. read more..

Mathematician's study of 'swarmalators' could direct future science
Friday, November 17, 2017

How does the Japanese tree frog figure into the latest work of a noted mathematician? As it turns out, quite prominently. Researchers used the curious mating ritual of male Japanese tree frogs as inspiration for their exploration of 'swarmalators' -- their term for systems in which both synchroni... .. read more..

What is the computational power of the universe?
Wednesday, November 15, 2017

Can a close look at the universe give us solutions to problems too difficult for a computer -- even if we built a computer larger than a planet? Physicist Stephen Jordan reflects on this question in a new NIST video, along with a scientific paper that considers one particular tough problem the un... .. read more..

Using a mathematical lens to look at disease as a whole body problem
Monday, November 13, 2017

A novel computational method allows researchers to parse how multiple organs contribute to a disease over time, giving a more holistic view of disease and potentially revealing new avenues for intervention. .. read more..

Engaging children in math at home equals a boost in more than just math skills
Friday, November 10, 2017

Preschool children who engage in math activities at home with their parents not only improve their math skills, but also their general vocabulary, according to research from Purdue University. .. read more..

No-growth economy could mean fewer crashes and higher wages, study shows
Friday, November 10, 2017

An economy based on zero growth could be more stable -- experiencing fewer crashes -- and bring higher wages, suggests a new study. .. read more..

First mathematical model that predicts immunotherapy success
Wednesday, November 8, 2017

Researchers have created the first mathematical model that can predict how a cancer patient will benefit from certain immunotherapies, according to a study. .. read more..

New quantum materials offer novel route to 3-D electronic devices
Tuesday, November 7, 2017

Researchers have shown how the principles of general relativity open the door to novel electronic applications such as a three-dimensional electron lens and electronic invisibility devices. .. read more..

Reformulation of Markowitz theorem
Tuesday, November 7, 2017

By combining concepts from landscape ecology and Markowitz's portfolio theory, researchers have developed a unified 'landscape portfolio platform' to quantify and predict the behavior of multiple stochastic populations across spatial scales. The landscape portfolio platform, however, is applicabl... .. read more..

It's mathematically impossible to beat aging, scientists say
Monday, October 30, 2017

Current understanding of the evolution of aging leaves open the possibility that aging could be stopped if only science could figure out a way to make selection between organisms perfect. However, the solution isn't that simple, researchers have found. .. read more..

You can’t tell a gerrymandered district by its shape
Thursday, October 26, 2017

When it comes to judging the fairness of electoral districts, we can’t believe our eyes. .. read more..

Self-esteem mapped in the human brain
Tuesday, October 24, 2017

A team of researchers has devised a mathematical equation that can explain how our self-esteem is shaped by what other people think of us. .. read more..

Making big data a little smaller
Thursday, October 19, 2017

Computer scientists have found that the Johnson-Lindenstrauss lemma, a 30-year-old theorem, is the best approach to pre-process large data into a manageably low dimension for algorithmic processing. .. read more..

Mathematically modeling HIV drug pharmacodynamics
Thursday, October 19, 2017

Complete elimination of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) presents a challenge due to latent viral reservoirs within the body that can help re-establish infection. In a new paper, researchers propose a mathematical model that investigates the effects of drug parameters and dosing schedules on HI... .. read more..

Shaping animal, vegetable and mineral
Monday, October 16, 2017

A new technique to grow any target shape from any starting shape has now been developed by researchers, outlines a new report. .. read more..

Computer model unravels knotty problems in DNA
Thursday, October 5, 2017

If you've ever tried to untangle a pair of earbuds, you'll understand how loops and cords can get twisted up. DNA can get tangled in the same way, and in some cases, has to be cut and reconnected to resolve the knots. Now a team of mathematicians, biologists and computer scientists has unraveled ... .. read more..

What is STEM education?
Wednesday, October 4, 2017

Everyone needs a good teacher -- including teachers. Two new studies show how digging deeper into what STEM education means and strategically designing online classrooms can enhance teaching science, technology, engineering, and math. .. read more..

On a collision course with game theory
Wednesday, September 27, 2017

How do pedestrians behave in a large crowd? How do they avoid collisions? How can their paths be modeled? A new approach developed by mathematicians provides answers to these questions. .. read more..

A beautiful wing design solution inspired by owl feathers
Wednesday, September 27, 2017

Researchers have formulated a mathematical solution that could help minimize noise, maximize aerodynamics in design of porous airfoils (2-D wings) to improve wind turbines and air vehicles. .. read more..

The 3-D selfie has arrived
Tuesday, September 26, 2017

Computer scientists have solved a complex problem that has, until now, defeated experts in vision and graphics research. They have developed technology capable of producing 3-D facial reconstruction from a single 2-D image -- the 3-D selfie. People are queuing up to try it and so far, more than 4... .. read more..

The math of doughnuts: 'Moonshine' sheds light on elliptic curves
Friday, September 22, 2017

Mathematicians have opened a new chapter in the theory of moonshine, one which begins to harness the power of the pariahs -- sporadic simple groups that previously had no known application. .. read more..

Mathematicians ask: What's in a ripple?
Wednesday, September 20, 2017

When a fluid or a gas experiences a sudden disturbance, it often gives rise to a phenomenon known as an undular bore, which consists of a series of rapid oscillations that propagate and spread. But how to describe what transpires? New mathematics research brings us closer to finding an answer. .. read more..

Mathematician and chronicler of political murders
Tuesday, September 19, 2017

Emil J. Gumbel's formulas are fundamental for extreme value theory. This statistical discipline describes extreme incidents, such as floods or storms. Little is known, however, that he was also a pioneer of modern data journalism, unveiling the patterns of political murder in the Weimar Republic.... .. read more..

Engineer develops key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments
Wednesday, September 6, 2017

For more than a decade, scientists have sought a better way for pulse design using the similarity between spins and springs by using numerical experiments. .. read more..

Equation reveals the characteristics of quantum chaos
Monday, September 4, 2017

Researchers have now succeeded in formulating a mathematical result that provides an exact answer to the question of how chaos actually behaves. The researchers have analyzed chaotic states at the atomic level. .. read more..

Brain stimulation for children with learning difficulties?
Tuesday, August 29, 2017

Applying a brain stimulation method, which was previously suggested to enhance mathematical learning in healthy adults, may improve the performance of children with mathematical learning difficulties, according to an exploratory study. .. read more..

Researchers predicted when cholera epidemic in Yemen would peak
Friday, August 25, 2017

Scientists have developed a new mathematical model which accurately forecast that a devastating cholera epidemic in Yemen would peak by early July, the 26th week of 2017 and the cumulative incidence would be the order of 700-800 thousand cases. .. read more..

Mathematical mystery of ancient Babylonian clay tablet solved
Thursday, August 24, 2017

Scientists have discovered the purpose of a famous 3,700-year old Babylonian clay tablet, revealing it is the world's oldest and most accurate trigonometric table, possibly used by ancient mathematical scribes to calculate how to construct palaces and temples and build canals. The new research sh... .. read more..

Mathematical tools improve theory, prediction in psychiatry
Thursday, August 24, 2017

Recent years have seen an explosion in the use of mathematical models to integrate insights emerging from studies of the brain and behavior. This approach has been used to develop new theoretical perspectives that can enrich data analysis, which researchers hope will help explain mechanisms behin... .. read more..

'Robin Hood effects' on motivation in math
Wednesday, August 9, 2017

Students from families with little interest in math benefit more from a school intervention program that aims at increasing math motivation than do students whose parents regard math as important. A study indicates the intervention program has a "Robin Hood effect" which reduces the "motivational... .. read more..

New model for bimolecular reactions in nanoreactors
Friday, August 4, 2017

Theoretical physicists have devised a mathematical model of two different molecules reacting within so called nanoreactors that act as catalysts. They gained surprising new insights as to what factors promote reactions and how to control and select them. The model is relevant for a wide range of ... .. read more..

Powered by Feed Informer