Math sheds light on how living cells 'think'
Wednesday, May 2, 2018

How does the 'brain' of a living cell work, allowing an organism to function and thrive in changing and unfavorable environments? Researchers have developed new mathematics to solve a longstanding mystery of how the incredibly complex biological networks within cells can adapt and reset themselve... .. read more..

Using mathematical modeling and evolutionary principles important in treatmen...
Monday, April 30, 2018

Researchers are using mathematical modeling based on evolutionary principals to show that adaptive drug treatments based on tumor responses to prior treatment are more effective than maximum-tolerated dose approaches for certain tumor situations. .. read more..

New computational model enables personalized simulation of exercise's metabol...
Thursday, April 26, 2018

A new mathematical model incorporates personalized details to simulate the metabolic effects of exercise. The model can be adapted to different individual characteristics, such as age and weight, as well as different types and intensities of exercise. .. read more..

Why a robot can't yet outjump a flea
Thursday, April 26, 2018

Smashing mantis shrimp. Snapping trap-jaw ants. Stinging jellyfish. Some of the fastest living things -- at least over short distances -- are also the smallest. A new mathematical model explores how the smallest and speediest things on Earth generate their powerful jumps, snaps, strikes and punch... .. read more..

Swirling liquids work similarly to bitcoin
Monday, April 23, 2018

The physics involved with stirring a liquid operate the same way as the mathematical functions that secure digital information. This parallel could help in developing even more secure ways of protecting digital information. .. read more..

How social networking sites may discriminate against women
Friday, April 20, 2018

Using the photo-sharing site Instagram as a test case, researchers demonstrate how two common recommendation algorithms amplify a network effect known as homophily in which similar or like-minded people cluster together. They further show how algorithms turned loose on a network with homophily ef... .. read more..

The secret behind a choice cuppa or a perfect pint -- a mathematician
Friday, April 13, 2018

IF you want to know how to pour the perfect pint or create the ultimate cup of coffee, then you really need a mathematician. .. read more..

Digital penicillin production
Tuesday, April 10, 2018

Microorganisms are often used to produce chemicals. These processes are usually very complicated. It is hard to completely understand every detail of the process, when living organisms are involved. Therefore, bioreactors are often seen as 'black boxes' that can only be effectively exploited with... .. read more..

China's STEM research environment in higher education
Friday, April 6, 2018

China's President Xi Jinping has repeatedly stated his aim of transforming the country into a 'science and technology superpower.' But when it comes to China's science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) research environment, newly published research suggests that they may have a long way to... .. read more..

Lesson learned? Massive study finds lectures still dominate STEM education
Thursday, March 29, 2018

An analysis of more than 2,000 college classes in science, technology, engineering and math has found that 55 percent of STEM classroom interactions consisted mostly of conventional lecturing -- a style that prior research has identified as among the least effective at teaching and engaging stude... .. read more..

New math bridges holography and twistor theory
Thursday, March 29, 2018

A new perspective bridges two approaches to understanding quantum gravity. .. read more..

The physics of finance helps solve a century-old mystery
Wednesday, March 28, 2018

By unleashing the power of big data and statistical physics, researchers in Japan have developed a model that aids understanding of how and why financial Brownian motion arises. .. read more..

AI improves touchscreen interfaces for users with impairments
Tuesday, March 27, 2018

A new AI method adapts touchscreen interfaces to make more out of the capabilities of aging users and users with disabilities. People with tremor, dyslexia, Alzheimer's, or poor eyesight can improve efficiency of smartphone use without expensive devices. .. read more..

Early numeracy performance of young kids linked to specific math activities a...
Thursday, March 22, 2018

New research finds links between certain math skills in young children and specific numerical activities undertaken at home with parents. The study also finds that the more parents engage in mathematical activities with their children, the higher their early numeracy performance. .. read more..

A new angle on gerrymanders
Wednesday, March 21, 2018

A mathematician has developed a new tool to identify gerrymandered voting districts. The research shows Pennsylvania, Ohio and North Carolina strongly gerrymandered for Republicans, while Maryland's and California's voting districts have been strongly tipped in favor of Democrats. The new tool co... .. read more..

Sound new technique tunes into the shifting shapes of biology
Tuesday, March 20, 2018

Scientists have come up with a novel way of quantifying cell shapes -- with a lot of mathematics and a little musical inspiration. .. read more..

Single-cell imaging and math models used to determine effective drug properties
Tuesday, March 13, 2018

Drug therapies that target a specific molecule have changed the way patients are treated for cancer and greatly improved survival rates. However, some patients do not respond to these therapies because the drug is not reaching the tumor cells effectively. In a new study, researchers combined sing... .. read more..

New mathematical framework establishes the risk of dramatic collapses of real...
Wednesday, February 28, 2018

A theoretical framework explaining the risk of rare events causing major disruptions in complex networks, such as a blackout in a power grid, has been proposed by a mathematician in a new paper. .. read more..

When ‘colder’ means ‘hotter’: Explaining the increasing temperature of coolin...
Wednesday, February 28, 2018

A mathematician has developed a theory to explain ‘heating by cooling’, where the temperature of a granular gas increases while the total energy drops down - a peculiar phenomenon which can be observed both on Earth and in space. .. read more..

How do teachers integrate STEM into K-12 classrooms?
Tuesday, February 27, 2018

Although the call for improving STEM education is widespread, there is little guidance for teachers on how to do so. A team set out to outline challenges and find best practices for teachers to better integrate science, technology, engineering and math in their classrooms. .. read more..

Novel computational biology model accurately describes dynamics of gene expre...
Wednesday, January 31, 2018

Using a simple analytical framework for random events within a predictable system, computational biologists have found a new way to accurately model certain forms of gene expression, including the body's 24-hour internal clock. This new approach of applying a piecewise deterministic Markov proces... .. read more..

Positive attitude toward math predicts math achievement in kids
Wednesday, January 24, 2018

For the first time, scientists have identified the brain pathway that links a positive attitude toward math to achievement in the subject. In a study of elementary school students, researchers found that having a positive attitude about math was connected to better function of the hippocampus, an... .. read more..

Mathematicians develop model for how new ideas emerge
Wednesday, January 24, 2018

Researchers have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. .. read more..

A centuries-old math equation used to solve a modern-day genetics challenge
Thursday, January 18, 2018

Researchers developed a new mathematical tool to validate and improve methods used by medical professionals to interpret results from clinical genetic tests. .. read more..

The Fields Medal fallacy: Why this math prize should return to its roots
Tuesday, January 16, 2018

The Fields Medal, whose origins date back to the 1930s, will be issued again this year in August to up to four of the world's most accomplished mathematicians under the age of 40. Experts now propose that the Fields Medal return to its roots as a tool intended to shape the future of mathematics, ... .. read more..

Math can predict how cancer cells evolve
Tuesday, January 16, 2018

Applied mathematics can be a powerful tool in helping predict the genesis and evolution of different types of cancers, a study has found. .. read more..

Batman's Gotham City provides test case for community resilience model
Friday, January 5, 2018

If a community is resilient, it can withstand and recover from an unanticipated disaster, like an earthquake, fire or flood. But since every disaster and every community is unique, a uniform measure for defining 'resilience' has been hard to come by for engineers and social scientists. A new stud... .. read more..

Radiation therapy algorithm could reduce side effects, maintain effect agains...
Friday, January 5, 2018

A mathematical model for computing radiation therapy treatments could substantially reduce patient side effects while delivering the same results as conventional radiation therapy. .. read more..

Tailoring cancer treatments to individual patients
Wednesday, January 3, 2018

Researchers have developed computer models to predict how cancer will progress in a specific individual, based on tissue, cellular and subcellular protein signaling responses. The models can predict how brain tumors (gliomas) will grow with much greater accuracy than previous models. Recently, th... .. read more..

Using rank order to identify complex genetic interactions
Wednesday, January 3, 2018

Genome sequencing has revolutionized genetics. It also requires new mathematical tools to help life scientists make sense of enormous amounts of data. Applying new math, experts in the area of mathematical biology show how ranking pathogen mutants can help scientists understand how mutants evolve... .. read more..

Randomness a key in spread of disease, other 'evil'
Tuesday, January 2, 2018

Working with a simple mathematical model in which chance plays a key role, researchers calculated how long it would take a bacterial infection or cancer cell to take over a network of healthy cells. The distribution of incubation times in most cases, they contend, is close to 'lognormal' -- meani... .. read more..

Tumor growth parameters predict response to anti-angiogenic therapy in mice
Thursday, December 21, 2017

Using a mathematical modeling approach, scientists have found that certain parameters of tumor growth in mice can predict the effectiveness of drugs that block formation of tumor-nourishing blood vessels. .. read more..

Cutting-edge statistics yield new insight into attributing, projecting climat...
Thursday, December 21, 2017

Projecting the future of extreme weather events across the globe remains a complex task in climate research -- and one in which statisticians are increasingly playing key roles. .. read more..

Electromagnetic emissions from smartphones analyzed for security vulnerability
Tuesday, December 19, 2017

Researchers are developing a tool that enables cell phones to be analyzed in order to determine if they could undergo a cyber-attack to obtain encryption keys through their electromagnetic emanations. .. read more..

Doing without dark energy
Thursday, December 14, 2017

Three mathematicians have a different explanation for the accelerating expansion of the universe that does without theories of 'dark energy.' Einstein's original equations for General Relativity actually predict cosmic acceleration due to an 'instability,' they argue in a new paper. .. read more..

Social media trends can predict tipping points in vaccine scares
Monday, December 11, 2017

Analyzing trends on Twitter and Google can help predict vaccine scares that can lead to disease outbreaks, according to a study from the University of Waterloo. .. read more..

Survey taps students' motivation in STEM
Monday, November 20, 2017

Researchers are learning more about undergraduates' experience in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) classes and sharing a set of survey questions that will help researchers and educators at other universities do the same. .. read more..

Mathematician's study of 'swarmalators' could direct future science
Friday, November 17, 2017

How does the Japanese tree frog figure into the latest work of a noted mathematician? As it turns out, quite prominently. Researchers used the curious mating ritual of male Japanese tree frogs as inspiration for their exploration of 'swarmalators' -- their term for systems in which both synchroni... .. read more..

What is the computational power of the universe?
Wednesday, November 15, 2017

Can a close look at the universe give us solutions to problems too difficult for a computer -- even if we built a computer larger than a planet? Physicist Stephen Jordan reflects on this question in a new NIST video, along with a scientific paper that considers one particular tough problem the un... .. read more..

Using a mathematical lens to look at disease as a whole body problem
Monday, November 13, 2017

A novel computational method allows researchers to parse how multiple organs contribute to a disease over time, giving a more holistic view of disease and potentially revealing new avenues for intervention. .. read more..

Engaging children in math at home equals a boost in more than just math skills
Friday, November 10, 2017

Preschool children who engage in math activities at home with their parents not only improve their math skills, but also their general vocabulary, according to research from Purdue University. .. read more..

No-growth economy could mean fewer crashes and higher wages, study shows
Friday, November 10, 2017

An economy based on zero growth could be more stable -- experiencing fewer crashes -- and bring higher wages, suggests a new study. .. read more..

First mathematical model that predicts immunotherapy success
Wednesday, November 8, 2017

Researchers have created the first mathematical model that can predict how a cancer patient will benefit from certain immunotherapies, according to a study. .. read more..

New quantum materials offer novel route to 3-D electronic devices
Tuesday, November 7, 2017

Researchers have shown how the principles of general relativity open the door to novel electronic applications such as a three-dimensional electron lens and electronic invisibility devices. .. read more..

Reformulation of Markowitz theorem
Tuesday, November 7, 2017

By combining concepts from landscape ecology and Markowitz's portfolio theory, researchers have developed a unified 'landscape portfolio platform' to quantify and predict the behavior of multiple stochastic populations across spatial scales. The landscape portfolio platform, however, is applicabl... .. read more..

It's mathematically impossible to beat aging, scientists say
Monday, October 30, 2017

Current understanding of the evolution of aging leaves open the possibility that aging could be stopped if only science could figure out a way to make selection between organisms perfect. However, the solution isn't that simple, researchers have found. .. read more..

You can’t tell a gerrymandered district by its shape
Thursday, October 26, 2017

When it comes to judging the fairness of electoral districts, we can’t believe our eyes. .. read more..

Self-esteem mapped in the human brain
Tuesday, October 24, 2017

A team of researchers has devised a mathematical equation that can explain how our self-esteem is shaped by what other people think of us. .. read more..

Making big data a little smaller
Thursday, October 19, 2017

Computer scientists have found that the Johnson-Lindenstrauss lemma, a 30-year-old theorem, is the best approach to pre-process large data into a manageably low dimension for algorithmic processing. .. read more..

Mathematically modeling HIV drug pharmacodynamics
Thursday, October 19, 2017

Complete elimination of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) presents a challenge due to latent viral reservoirs within the body that can help re-establish infection. In a new paper, researchers propose a mathematical model that investigates the effects of drug parameters and dosing schedules on HI... .. read more..

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