Blue Brain solves a century-old neuroscience problem
Thursday, March 21, 2019
New research explains how the shapes of neurons can be classified using mathematical methods from the field of algebraic topology. Neuroscientists can now start building a formal catalogue for all the types of cells in the brain. Onto this catalogue of cells, they can systematically map the funct... .. read more..
Origins and nature of 'math anxiety'
Thursday, March 14, 2019
A report out today examines the factors that influence 'math anxiety' among primary and secondary school students, showing that teachers and parents may inadvertently play a role in a child's development of the condition, and that girls tend to be more affected than boys. .. read more..
Probability of catastrophic geomagnetic storm lower than estimated
Tuesday, March 12, 2019
According to a group of mathematics researchers, the probability in the following decade of the sun causing a storm strong enough to affect electrical and communication infrastructures around the globe 'only' reaches 1.9 percent maximum. Nevertheless, the event would produce severe consequences a... .. read more..
For infection-fighting cells, a guideline for expanding the troops
Monday, March 11, 2019
A new study uses mathematical modeling to explain how T cells, part of the body's key defenses against pathogens, expand to fight a new infection. The team found that the amount of T-cell expansion is related to the quantity of infectious material, or antigen, as well as the stickiness with which... .. read more..
Mathematics of sea slug movement points to future robots
Thursday, March 7, 2019
Mathematicians recently discovered a lot of new, powerful geometries involved in frilly surfaces. They developed the mathematics to describe these surfaces -- inflected nonsmooth surfaces, which change the direction in which they bend -- and the combination of new geometry insights and age-old sl... .. read more..
Mathematical rules underlie the ancient art of knitting
Wednesday, March 6, 2019
Knitting may be an ancient manufacturing method, but one researcher believes that understanding how different stitch types determine shape and mechanical strength will be invaluable for designing materials for future technologies, and a more detailed understanding of the knitting 'code' could ben... .. read more..
Do all networks obey the scale-free law? Maybe not
Monday, March 4, 2019
A new study debunks a popular, two-decade-old theory about the shape of networks. .. read more..
Light pulses provide a new route to enhance superconductivity
Monday, March 4, 2019
Scientists have shown that pulses of light could be used to turn materials into superconductors through an unconventional type of superconductivity known as 'eta pairing.' .. read more..
Parenthood contributes to gender imbalance in STEM employment, but it's not j...
Monday, February 18, 2019
Nearly half of new moms and a quarter of new dads leave their full-time STEM jobs after they have their first child, according to a new study. .. read more..
Chirality of Weyl fermions
Monday, February 11, 2019
Quasiparticles that behave like massless fermions, known as Weyl fermions, have been in recent years at the center of a string of exciting findings in condensed matter physics. Physicists now report experiments in which they got a handle on one of the defining properties of Weyl fermions -- their... .. read more..
Famous 'sandpile model' shown to move like a traveling sand dune
Friday, February 8, 2019
The so-called Abelian sandpile model has been studied by scientists for more than 30 years. Even though the sandpile model serves as the archetypical model to study self-organized criticality, questions about its characteristics are still open and remain an active field of research. Researchers h... .. read more..
Positive thinking during pregnancy may help children's ability in math and sc...
Friday, February 8, 2019
Your attitude during pregnancy could have an effect on your child's ability in math and science, according to a new study. .. read more..
Bees can do basic arithmetic
Thursday, February 7, 2019
Researchers set out to test whether bees could do math, building on a groundbreaking finding that bees understand the concept of zero. The new study shows bees can be taught to recognize colors as symbolic representations for addition and subtraction, and use this information to solve arithmetic ... .. read more..
Variations in seafloor create freak ocean waves
Friday, February 1, 2019
Researchers have found that abrupt variations in the seafloor can cause dangerous ocean waves known as rogue or freak waves -- waves so catastrophic that they were once thought to be the figments of seafarers' imaginations. .. read more..
Researchers wing it in mimicking evolution to discover best shape for flight
Wednesday, January 30, 2019
A team of mathematicians has determined the ideal wing shape for fast flapping flight -- a discovery that offers promise for better methods for harvesting energy from water as well as for enhancing air speed. .. read more..
Static electricity could charge our electronics
Friday, January 25, 2019
Static electricity is one of the most common, yet poorly understand, forms of power generation. A new study suggests the cause of this hair-raising phenomenon is tiny structural changes that occur at the surface of materials when they come into contact with each other. The finding could someday h... .. read more..
3D human epidermal equivalent created using math
Thursday, January 24, 2019
Scientists have successfully constructed a three-dimensional human epidermis based on predictions made by their mathematical model of epidermal homeostasis, providing a new tool for basic research and drug development. .. read more..
Multi-hop communication: Frog choruses inspire wireless sensor networks
Tuesday, January 22, 2019
Researchers looked to nature for inspiration in designing more effective wireless sensor networks. First, they recorded the vocal interplay of neighboring tree frog calls, which they found allowed trade-off time for individual communication, though this is interspersed with more random collective... .. read more..
On Facebook and Twitter your privacy is at risk -- even if you don't have an ...
Monday, January 21, 2019
New research shows that on social media, like Facebook, privacy can be at risk, even if a person doesn't have an account. Scientists demonstrated that a person's identity and actions can be predicted from their friend's posts and writings online. .. read more..
Measuring ability of artificial intelligence to learn is difficult
Thursday, January 17, 2019
Organizations looking to benefit from the artificial intelligence (AI) revolution should be cautious about putting all their eggs in one basket, a study has found. .. read more..
'Statistics anxiety' is real, and new research suggests targeted ways to hand...
Wednesday, January 16, 2019
A new study uses an analytical technique called 'network science' to determine factors contributing to statistics anxiety among psychology majors. .. read more..
Mathematical model can improve our knowledge on cancer
Tuesday, January 15, 2019
Researchers have developed a new mathematical tool, which can improve our understanding of what happens when cells lose their polarity (direction) in diseases such as cancer. The result is advancing our understanding of how the fertilized egg cell develops into a complete organism. Biological sha... .. read more..
Multimaterial 3D printing used to develop fast response stiffness-tunable sof...
Tuesday, January 15, 2019
Researchers have designed and fabricated a fast-response, stiffness tunable (FRST) soft actuator which is able to complete a softening-stiffening cycle within 32 seconds. .. read more..
New mathematical model can help save endangered species
Friday, January 11, 2019
One of the greatest challenges in saving endangered species is to predict if an animal population will die out. Accurate and reliable models are crucial for conservationists. .. read more..
Immigrant kids in U.S. deliberately build STEM skills
Tuesday, January 8, 2019
US immigrant children study more math and science in high school and college, which leads to their greater presence in STEM careers, according to new findings. .. read more..
Better security achieved with randomly generating biological encryption keys
Wednesday, December 19, 2018
Data breaches, hacked systems and hostage malware are frequently topics of evening news casts -- including stories of department store, hospital, government and bank data leaking into unsavory hands -- but now a team of engineers has an encryption key approach that is unclonable and not reverse-e... .. read more..
Mathematical solver for analog computers
Wednesday, December 12, 2018
Scientists have been working toward developing a novel mathematical approach that will help advance computation beyond the digital framework. .. read more..
Clue to epidemics in 'bursty' social behavior
Wednesday, December 12, 2018
Researchers have developed a mathematical model that could cure the potential to underestimate how quickly diseases spread. The team discovered that current predictive models may miss the influence of a critical aspect of the social behavior of individuals called 'burstiness.' .. read more..
What can a snowflake teach us about how cancer spreads in the body?
Thursday, December 6, 2018
What can seashells, lightning and the coastline of Britain teach us about new drugs for cancer? The answer, according to a team of researchers, may revolve around fractals, the infinitely complex patterns found in nature. .. read more..
Mathematical model offers new strategies for urban burglary prevention
Tuesday, December 4, 2018
As with most crime, the highest rates of burglary occur in urban communities. However, existing mathematical models typically examine burglaries in residential, suburban environments. In a new article, researchers present a nonlinear model of urban burglary dynamics that accounts for the deterrin... .. read more..
Making it easier to transform freeform 2D sketching into 3D Models
Thursday, November 29, 2018
A new computational approach, built on data-driven techniques, is making it possible to turn simple 2D sketch into a realistic 3D shape, with little or no user input necessary. .. read more..
New method automatically computes realistic movement with friction from 3D de...
Wednesday, November 28, 2018
Researchers have developed a novel algorithm that computes the shape of the surface at rest, that is, without any external force, and when this shape is deformed under gravity, contact and friction, it precisely matches the shape the user has designed. .. read more..
Single-cell asymmetries control how groups of cells form 3D shapes together
Tuesday, November 27, 2018
A new mathematical tool shows that altering one of two asymmetries in the properties of single cells controls how they organize into folded, biological shapes, and explains how these shapes are precisely reproduced and maintained. .. read more..
Let's draw!: New deep learning technique for realistic caricature art
Monday, November 19, 2018
Caricature portrait drawing is a distinct art form where artists sketch a person's face in an exaggerated manner, most times to elicit humor. Automating this technique poses challenges due to the amount of intricate details and shapes involved and level of professional skills it takes to transfor... .. read more..
Android child's face strikingly expressive
Thursday, November 15, 2018
Android faces must express greater emotion if robots are to interact with humans more effectively. Researchers tackled this challenge as they upgraded their android child head, named Affetto. They precisely examined Affetto's facial surface points and the precise balancing of different forces nec... .. read more..
Codebreaker Turing's theory explains how shark scales are patterned
Wednesday, November 7, 2018
A system proposed by world war two codebreaker Alan Turing more than 60 years ago can explain the patterning of tooth-like scales possessed by sharks, according to new research. .. read more..
New definition returns meaning to information
Tuesday, October 23, 2018
Identifying meaningful information is a key challenge to disciplines from biology to artificial intelligence. Researchers now propose a broadly applicable, fully formal definition for this kind of semantic information. .. read more..
How does brain structure influence performance on language tasks?
Wednesday, October 17, 2018
The architecture of each person's brain is unique, and differences may influence how quickly people can complete various cognitive tasks. But how neuroanatomy impacts performance is largely an open question. To learn more, scientists are developing a new tool -- computational models of the brain ... .. read more..
Why don't we understand statistics? Fixed mindsets may be to blame
Friday, October 12, 2018
The first study of why people struggle to solve statistical problems reveals a preference for complicated rather than simpler, more intuitive solutions -- which often leads to failure in solving the problem altogether. The researchers suggest this is due to unfavorable methods of teaching statist... .. read more..
Songbird data yields new theory for learning sensorimotor skills
Monday, October 1, 2018
During such trial-and-error processes of sensorimotor learning, a bird remembers not just the best possible command, but a whole suite of possibilities, suggests a new study. .. read more..
Mitigating stress, PTSD risk in warfighters
Thursday, September 27, 2018
Researchers have developed a technique that has the potential to provide measures that facilitate the development of procedures to mitigate stress and the onset of conditions such as post-traumatic stress disorder in warfighters. .. read more..
Science learns from its mistakes too
Wednesday, September 26, 2018
A mathematical model shows that even seemingly inconclusive studies speed up the gain in knowledge. .. read more..
Patterns in STEM grades of girls versus boys
Tuesday, September 25, 2018
A new study has explored patterns in academic grades of 1.6 million students, showing that girls and boys perform very similarly in STEM - including at the top of the class. .. read more..
Mathematics meets biology to uncover unexpected biorhythms
Thursday, September 20, 2018
A novel mathematical approach has uncovered that some animal cells have robust 12-hour cycles of genetic activity, in addition to circadian or 24-hour cycles. .. read more..
What your cell phone camera tells you about your brain
Wednesday, September 19, 2018
Your brain is structured to make the best possible decision given its limited resources, according to new research that unites cognitive science and information theory -- the branch of mathematics that underlies modern communications technology. .. read more..
Researchers resolve a major mystery in 2D material electronics
Monday, September 10, 2018
Researchers have discovered a one-size-fits-all master equation that shall pave the way towards better design of 2D material electronics. .. read more..
Mechanism of biological noise cancellation revealed
Tuesday, September 4, 2018
Researchers report how a particular biochemical signaling pathway cancels biological noise, ensuring the proper stem cell differentiation during development. The conclusions are based on a combination of mathematical modeling and genetic experiments on fruit flies. .. read more..
Using physics to predict crowd behavior
Thursday, August 30, 2018
Electrons whizzing around each other and humans crammed together at a political rally don't seem to have much in common, but researchers are connecting the dots. They've developed a highly accurate mathematical approach to predict the behavior of crowds of living creatures, using methods original... .. read more..
Mathematics can assist cities in addressing unstructured neighborhoods
Wednesday, August 29, 2018
New mathematical models can help guide changes to the layout of poor urban neighborhoods to improve access to resources with minimum disruption and cost. .. read more..
A better way to count boreal birds
Wednesday, August 29, 2018
Knowing approximately how many individuals of a certain species are out there is important for bird conservation efforts, but raw data from bird surveys tends to underestimate bird abundance. Researchers have now tested a new statistical method to adjust for this and confirmed several mathematica... .. read more..