Making it easier to transform freeform 2D sketching into 3D Models*Thursday, November 29, 2018*

A new computational approach, built on data-driven techniques, is making it possible to turn simple 2D sketch into a realistic 3D shape, with little or no user input necessary. .. read more..

New method automatically computes realistic movement with friction from 3D de...*Wednesday, November 28, 2018*

Researchers have developed a novel algorithm that computes the shape of the surface at rest, that is, without any external force, and when this shape is deformed under gravity, contact and friction, it precisely matches the shape the user has designed. .. read more..

Single-cell asymmetries control how groups of cells form 3D shapes together*Tuesday, November 27, 2018*

A new mathematical tool shows that altering one of two asymmetries in the properties of single cells controls how they organize into folded, biological shapes, and explains how these shapes are precisely reproduced and maintained. .. read more..

Let's draw!: New deep learning technique for realistic caricature art*Monday, November 19, 2018*

Caricature portrait drawing is a distinct art form where artists sketch a person's face in an exaggerated manner, most times to elicit humor. Automating this technique poses challenges due to the amount of intricate details and shapes involved and level of professional skills it takes to transfor... .. read more..

Android child's face strikingly expressive*Thursday, November 15, 2018*

Android faces must express greater emotion if robots are to interact with humans more effectively. Researchers tackled this challenge as they upgraded their android child head, named Affetto. They precisely examined Affetto's facial surface points and the precise balancing of different forces nec... .. read more..

Codebreaker Turing's theory explains how shark scales are patterned*Wednesday, November 7, 2018*

A system proposed by world war two codebreaker Alan Turing more than 60 years ago can explain the patterning of tooth-like scales possessed by sharks, according to new research. .. read more..

New definition returns meaning to information*Tuesday, October 23, 2018*

Identifying meaningful information is a key challenge to disciplines from biology to artificial intelligence. Researchers now propose a broadly applicable, fully formal definition for this kind of semantic information. .. read more..

How does brain structure influence performance on language tasks?*Wednesday, October 17, 2018*

The architecture of each person's brain is unique, and differences may influence how quickly people can complete various cognitive tasks. But how neuroanatomy impacts performance is largely an open question. To learn more, scientists are developing a new tool -- computational models of the brain ... .. read more..

Why don't we understand statistics? Fixed mindsets may be to blame*Friday, October 12, 2018*

The first study of why people struggle to solve statistical problems reveals a preference for complicated rather than simpler, more intuitive solutions -- which often leads to failure in solving the problem altogether. The researchers suggest this is due to unfavorable methods of teaching statist... .. read more..

Songbird data yields new theory for learning sensorimotor skills*Monday, October 1, 2018*

During such trial-and-error processes of sensorimotor learning, a bird remembers not just the best possible command, but a whole suite of possibilities, suggests a new study. .. read more..

Mitigating stress, PTSD risk in warfighters*Thursday, September 27, 2018*

Researchers have developed a technique that has the potential to provide measures that facilitate the development of procedures to mitigate stress and the onset of conditions such as post-traumatic stress disorder in warfighters. .. read more..

Science learns from its mistakes too*Wednesday, September 26, 2018*

A mathematical model shows that even seemingly inconclusive studies speed up the gain in knowledge. .. read more..

Patterns in STEM grades of girls versus boys*Tuesday, September 25, 2018*

A new study has explored patterns in academic grades of 1.6 million students, showing that girls and boys perform very similarly in STEM - including at the top of the class. .. read more..

Mathematics meets biology to uncover unexpected biorhythms*Thursday, September 20, 2018*

A novel mathematical approach has uncovered that some animal cells have robust 12-hour cycles of genetic activity, in addition to circadian or 24-hour cycles. .. read more..

What your cell phone camera tells you about your brain*Wednesday, September 19, 2018*

Your brain is structured to make the best possible decision given its limited resources, according to new research that unites cognitive science and information theory -- the branch of mathematics that underlies modern communications technology. .. read more..

Researchers resolve a major mystery in 2D material electronics*Monday, September 10, 2018*

Researchers have discovered a one-size-fits-all master equation that shall pave the way towards better design of 2D material electronics. .. read more..

Mechanism of biological noise cancellation revealed*Tuesday, September 4, 2018*

Researchers report how a particular biochemical signaling pathway cancels biological noise, ensuring the proper stem cell differentiation during development. The conclusions are based on a combination of mathematical modeling and genetic experiments on fruit flies. .. read more..

Using physics to predict crowd behavior*Thursday, August 30, 2018*

Electrons whizzing around each other and humans crammed together at a political rally don't seem to have much in common, but researchers are connecting the dots. They've developed a highly accurate mathematical approach to predict the behavior of crowds of living creatures, using methods original... .. read more..

Mathematics can assist cities in addressing unstructured neighborhoods*Wednesday, August 29, 2018*

New mathematical models can help guide changes to the layout of poor urban neighborhoods to improve access to resources with minimum disruption and cost. .. read more..

A better way to count boreal birds*Wednesday, August 29, 2018*

Knowing approximately how many individuals of a certain species are out there is important for bird conservation efforts, but raw data from bird surveys tends to underestimate bird abundance. Researchers have now tested a new statistical method to adjust for this and confirmed several mathematica... .. read more..

More efficient security for cloud-based machine learning*Friday, August 17, 2018*

A novel encryption method secures data used in online neural networks, without dramatically slowing their runtimes. This approach holds promise for using cloud-based neural networks for medical-image analysis and other applications that use sensitive data. .. read more..

Math shows how human behavior spreads infectious diseases*Thursday, August 16, 2018*

Mathematics can help public health workers better understand and influence human behaviors that lead to the spread of infectious disease. .. read more..

Predicting landslide boundaries two weeks before they happen*Wednesday, August 15, 2018*

Researchers have developed a software tool that uses applied mathematics and big data analytics to predict the boundary of where a landslide will occur, two weeks in advance. .. read more..

Mathematicians solve age-old spaghetti mystery*Monday, August 13, 2018*

It's nearly impossible to break a dry spaghetti noodle into only two pieces. A new MIT study shows how and why it can be done. .. read more..

Why zebrafish (almost) always have stripes*Monday, August 13, 2018*

A mathematical model helps explain the key role that one pigment cells plays in making sure that each stripe on a zebrafish ends up exactly where it belongs. .. read more..

Toward a universal quantum computer*Monday, August 13, 2018*

Researchers have demonstrated holonomic quantum gates under zero-magnetic field at room temperature, which will enable the realization of fast and fault-tolerant universal quantum computers. .. read more..

New study views cancer treatment as a game to find strategies that improve pa...*Thursday, August 9, 2018*

Game theory can be utilized to identify potential flaws in current cancer treatment approaches and suggest new strategies to improve outcomes in patients with metastatic cancer, according to a new article. The study challenges the decades old standard of treatment for metastatic cancers in which ... .. read more..

Viewing cancer treatment as a game to find strategies that improve patient ou...*Thursday, August 9, 2018*

Game theory can be utilized to identify potential flaws in current cancer treatment approaches and suggest new strategies to improve outcomes in patients with metastatic cancer, according to a new article. The study challenges the decades old standard of treatment for metastatic cancers in which ... .. read more..

Math with good posture can mean better scores, study suggests*Friday, August 3, 2018*

A new study finding that students perform better at math while sitting with good posture could have implications for other kinds of performance under pressure. .. read more..

New geometric shape used by nature to pack cells efficiently*Saturday, July 28, 2018*

A multinational team of scientists have uncovered a previously undescribed shape -- they call the 'scutoid' -- adopted by epithelial cells during embryonic development that enables the cells to minimize energy use and maximize packing stability. .. read more..

New algorithm could help find new physics*Saturday, July 28, 2018*

Scientists have developed an algorithm that could provide meaningful answers to condensed matter physicists in their searches for novel and emergent properties in materials. .. read more..

Model fuses social media, remote sensing data with goal of identifying nuclea...*Monday, July 23, 2018*

A new computational model allows researchers to draw on normally incompatible data sets, such as satellite imagery and social media posts, to answer questions about what is happening in targeted locations. The researchers developed the model to serve as a tool for identifying violations of nuclea... .. read more..

Challenging the conventional wisdom on calculus*Tuesday, July 10, 2018*

Contrary to widely-held opinion, taking high school calculus isn't necessary for success later in college calculus -- what's more important is mastering the prerequisites, algebra, geometry, and trigonometry -- that lead to calculus. That's according to a study of more than 6,000 college freshmen... .. read more..

Rough terrain? No problem for beaver-inspired autonomous robot*Wednesday, June 27, 2018*

Researchers are using stigmergy, a biological phenomenon that has been used to explain everything from the behavior of termites and beavers to the popularity of Wikipedia, to build new problem-solving autonomous robots. .. read more..

Engineering bacteria to exhibit stochastic Turing patterns*Thursday, June 21, 2018*

A new study has brought science one step closer to a molecular-level understanding of how patterns form in living tissue. The researchers engineered bacteria that, when incubated and grown, exhibited stochastic Turing patterns: a 'lawn' of synthesized bacteria in a petri dish fluoresced an irregu... .. read more..

Evaluation method for the impact of wind power fluctuation on power system qu...*Wednesday, June 20, 2018*

Abrupt changes of wind power generation output are a source of severe damage to power systems. Researchers have developed a stochastic modeling method that enables to evaluate the impact of such phenomena. .. read more..

When photons spice up the energy levels of quantum particles*Tuesday, June 19, 2018*

For the first time, a team of mathematical physicists, call upon supersymmetry to explain the behavior of particles that have received a photon and are subjected to particular potential energies known as shape-invariant potentials. .. read more..

Approach can help English learners improve at math word problems*Tuesday, June 19, 2018*

Education professors have shown that a comprehension-based strategy can help English learners improve their math word-problem solving abilities. The approach boosts reading comprehension and problem solving as well. .. read more..

Novel method for investigating pore geometry in rocks*Friday, June 15, 2018*

In a fusion of mathematics and earth science, researchers have proposed a novel method for characterizing pore geometry in rock, based on persistence diagram analysis and a newly proposed parameter, the distance parameter H. The method represents heterogeneity and differences in rock type more ef... .. read more..

Block play could improve your child's math skills, executive functioning*Tuesday, June 12, 2018*

Semi-structured block play among preschool-age children has the potential to improve two skills - mathematics and executive functioning - critical to kindergarten readiness, according a new study. .. read more..

Using mathematical approaches to optimally manage public debt*Thursday, June 7, 2018*

Large government debt negatively impacts long-term economic growth and the debt-to-gross domestic product (GDP) ratio is an important indicator of a country's financial leverage. Financial mathematicians propose a mathematical model that helps optimize and control the debt-to-GDP ratio. .. read more..

Options to optimize profit in broadband satellite constellations*Wednesday, June 6, 2018*

Several large telecommunications companies have proposed plans to provide global broadband services by launching hundreds and even thousands of satellites into orbit. Although broadband for everyone sounds like a great idea, it also carries great financial risk, resulting in bankruptcy for some w... .. read more..

New tools reveal prelude to chaos*Wednesday, June 6, 2018*

Engineers have developed tools that mathematically describe the kinetics in a system right before it dissolves into randomness. .. read more..

Beyond superstition to general causality: AI nutcracker for real-world problems*Tuesday, June 5, 2018*

Real-world problems in economics and public health can be notoriously hard nuts to find causes for. Often, multiple causes are suspected but large datasets with time-sequenced data are not available. Previous models could not reliably analyze these challenges. Now researchers have tested the firs... .. read more..

New theory finds 'traffic jams' in jet stream cause abnormal weather patterns*Thursday, May 24, 2018*

A study offers an explanation for a mysterious and sometimes deadly weather pattern in which the jet stream, the global air currents that circle the Earth, stalls out over a region. Much like highways, the jet stream has a capacity, researchers said, and when it's exceeded, blockages form that ar... .. read more..

Dengue: Investigating antibodies to identify at-risk individuals*Wednesday, May 23, 2018*

Using an original mathematical and statistical analysis method, scientists analyzed a Thai cohort in order to help identify individuals at risk of infection. By modeling changes in antibody levels after successive infections with the different dengue serotypes, the scientists were able to establi... .. read more..

Physicists with green fingers estimate tree spanning rate in random networks*Tuesday, May 22, 2018*

Scientists calculate the total number of spanning trees in randomly expanding networks. This method can be applied to modelling scale-free network models, which, as it turns out, are characterized by small-world properties. .. read more..

Driverless cars change lanes more like humans do*Tuesday, May 22, 2018*

Researchers will present a new lane-change algorithm that splits the difference. It allows for more aggressive lane changes than the simple models do but relies only on immediate information about other vehicles' directions and velocities to make decisions. .. read more..

Want to help your child succeed in school? Add language to the math, reading mix*Thursday, May 17, 2018*

A new study finds that a child's language skills in kindergarten can predict his or her future proficiency in other subjects. .. read more..

New computational strategy designed for more personalized cancer treatment*Monday, May 14, 2018*

Mathematicians and cancer scientists have found a way to simplify complex biomolecular data about tumors, in principle making it easier to prescribe the appropriate treatment for a specific patient. .. read more..