Natural Appetite Suppressant http://feed.informer.com/digests/XYBIYOZBCT/feeder Natural Appetite Suppressant Respective post owners and feed distributors Fri, 16 Sep 2016 18:40:07 -0700 Feed Informer http://feed.informer.com/ Flavorful Fermented Foods Have Healing Properties http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/07/06/fermented-foods-health-benefits.aspx Articles urn:uuid:2d55dceb-52ce-ba20-0df6-82d1988b2fc4 Sun, 05 Jul 2020 22:00:00 -0700 <p>Scientists have learned that the variety of microbes that live in your gut are as unique to you as your fingerprint. This population of microbial flora can be rapidly altered after exposure to foods, toxins, antibiotics and even lifestyle choices. Each microbe performs a function and must be balanced for you to maintain optimal health.</p> <p>Potentially harmful microbes are only dangerous when they overwhelm beneficial ones. Essentially, this means living in a sterile environment is not ideal since the loss of your gut microbiome and the microbes living on your skin will adversely affect your health; this happens when we use antibacterial soaps and antibiotics.</p> <p>Researchers understand that diseases are likely influenced by what happens in the gut microbiome. Some of the conditions identified thus far are cancer, autoimmune disorders, autism, cardiovascular disease and obesity.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn1" data-hash="#ednref1">1</span>,</sup><sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn2" data-hash="#ednref2">2</span>,</sup><sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn3" data-hash="#ednref3">3</span></sup> Your gut microbiome can also influence the effectiveness of certain drugs, including those prescribed for mental health.</p> <p>Since your gut can undergo rapid change based on your actions, you have the ability to positively or negatively affect its health and diversity by making simple alterations to the food you eat.</p> <h2>Fermentation Creates Health-Promoting Components</h2> <p>Historically, the primary reason for fermenting was to preserve food. Over time, many cultures incorporated fermented foods into their daily diets and some were credited with a selection of foods they shared with the world. For example, Japanese natto, Korean <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2018/01/03/gut-microbiome-probiotics.aspx">kimchi</a> and German sauerkraut are popular in many areas outside their respective places of origin.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn4" data-hash="#ednref4">4</span></sup></p> <p>The process of fermenting food is controlled by the microorganisms involved and the type of food. Yeast produces alcohol and carbon dioxide, while lactic acid bacterium produces more lactic acid. Most fermented foods from the grocery don't contain live cultures, which are a primary benefit of the food. Instead, before packaging, they may be smoked, baked, pasteurized or filtered.</p> <p>There is a growing consensus that the fermentation process adds nutritional benefits by transforming the food and forming bioavailable end products, including an increasing density of vitamins. Some of the plant toxins may also be removed.</p> <p>During the process, biologically active peptides are formed. In one paper published in Clinical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, the authors listed some of those peptides and their multiple health benefits:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn5" data-hash="#ednref5">5</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"Among these peptides, conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) have a blood pressure lowering effect, exopolysaccharides exhibit prebiotic properties, bacteriocins show anti-microbial effects, sphingolipids have anti-carcinogenic and anti-microbial properties, and bioactive peptides exhibit anti-oxidant, anti-microbial, opioid antagonist, anti-allergenic, and blood pressure lowering effects.</em></p> </blockquote> <blockquote> <p><em>As a result, fermented foods provide many health benefits such as anti-oxidant, anti-microbial, anti-fungal, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic and anti-atherosclerotic activity."</em></p> </blockquote> <p>During fermentation, different foods are found to increase certain activities, thus conferring a number of benefits. In a paper published in Nutrients, the writers explained:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn6" data-hash="#ednref6">6</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"Fermentation was found to increase antioxidant activity of milks, cereals, fruit and vegetables, meat and fish. Anti-hypertensive peptides are detected in fermented milk and cereals. Changes in vitamin content are mainly observed in fermented milk and fruits.</em></p> </blockquote> <blockquote> <p><em>Fermented milk and fruit juice were found to have probiotic activity. Other effects such as anti-diabetic properties, FODMAP reduction, and changes in fatty acid profile are peculiar of specific food categories."</em></p> </blockquote> <h2>Fermented Foods Are High in Beneficial Bacteria</h2> <p>The transformation of the end product is not the only benefit associated with fermentation. The microorganisms responsible for fermenting are a focus of attention, as many are beneficial to your <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2018/06/11/gut-microbiome-game-changer.aspx">gut microbiome</a>. In one study, researchers analyzed the microbial growth in “organically fermented vegetables, using a salt brine, which is a common ‘at-home’ method of food fermentation.”<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn7" data-hash="#ednref7">7</span></sup></p> <p>The researchers studied the microbial fermentation of beets, carrots, peppers and radishes. After collecting the data, they found the highest change in diversity of microbes was after two to three days. At the beginning of the process the microbiome of the food was similar to what would be found in the soil.</p> <p>However, by the end of the first day, the microbes that dominated the fermented food were Enterobacteriaceae. As the process continued, the population of Lactobacillales grew. The microbes were compared to a sample that were first autoclaved and sterilized before the fermentation process. These samples showed little change. The authors wrote:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn8" data-hash="#ednref8">8</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>“Spontaneous fermentations are known to be more challenging to control and many industrialized fermented food producers use starter cultures to directly manipulate fermentation outcomes … Our results indicate that the presumed nutritive and probiotic value of this process is highly dependent on the vegetable and microbiome that comes to dominate the process.”</em></p> </blockquote> <p>The microbes living in your gut microbiome, both beneficial and pathogenic, are important to the stimulation of your immune system. Your gut has a strong impact on its stability. Researchers have found that dysbiosis can increase your “susceptibility to infections, hypersensitivity reactions, autoimmunity, chronic inflammation and cancer.”<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn9" data-hash="#ednref9">9</span></sup></p> <p>Your diet and the medications you take play a significant role in the development of <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2019/06/23/glyphosate-exposure-health-hazards.aspx">dysbiosis</a>. At the same time, <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/vitamins-supplements/probiotics.aspx">probiotics</a> have the potential to restore stability. I believe one of the best ways to get probiotic bacteria is through eating properly fermented foods.</p> <h2>Health Benefits of Fermented Foods</h2> <p>The health benefits associated with fermented foods are many. In fact, the yogurt industry has advertised that eating a container a day may be helpful in maintaining digestive health. However, while the product may have probiotics, it also contains an abundance of sugar that feeds the harmful bacteria in your gut. This is just one reason why store-bought yogurt is typically not beneficial.</p> <p>Fermented foods promote bowel regularity and may be easier to digest. For instance, researchers have found that sourdough-fermented breads digest more easily than yeast breads. The authors of one study found that for those who ate the sour dough form, gastric emptying was faster, as was the transit time through the intestinal tract.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn10" data-hash="#ednref10">10</span></sup></p> <p>Others discovered that bakery products made with sourdough promoted better gastrointestinal function then those that were prepared with brewer's yeast.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn11" data-hash="#ednref11">11</span></sup> Fermented foods may help by reducing inflammation in the body and the gut. They also increase the bioaccessibility of polyphenols,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn12" data-hash="#ednref12">12</span></sup> which has a significant impact on mental health.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn13" data-hash="#ednref13">13</span></sup></p> <p>Researchers have found fermented milk products to be helpful with certain conditions related to disease. In a study published in the BMJ, scientists evaluated two large groups of individuals from Sweden.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn14" data-hash="#ednref14">14</span></sup> There were 61,433 women and 45,339 men who responded to questionnaires. The researchers noted that a high intake of milk was associated with higher rates of mortality in men and women. However:</p> <blockquote> <p><em>“Consumption of fermented milk products (soured milk and yogurt) indicated a negative relation with both the oxidative stress and the inflammatory markers …”</em><sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn15" data-hash="#ednref15">15</span></sup></p> </blockquote> <p>Fermented foods may additionally play a role in the prevention of cancer.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn16" data-hash="#ednref16">16</span></sup> In lab studies, kombucha has shown the ability to preserve normal epithelial cells while selectively working against colon cancer. The researchers concluded:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn17" data-hash="#ednref17">17</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>“Therefore, kombucha tea could be considered as a potential source of the antioxidation, inhibition of pathogenic enteric bacteria, and toxicity on colorectal cancer cells.”</em></p> </blockquote> <p>As Chris Kresser, licensed integrative medicine clinician and co-director of the California Center for Functional Medicine writes, there are several more benefits to fermented foods. These include supporting skin health, protecting against food toxins and helping with weight management.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn18" data-hash="#ednref18">18</span></sup></p> <h2>Soy: Fermented or Unfermented?</h2> <p>Fermenting soybeans helps reduce their phytic acid levels. Phytic acid is a type of antinutrient that reduces your body’s ability to absorb minerals from your food. It binds to metal ions, preventing the absorption of certain minerals, including calcium, magnesium, iron and zinc<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn19" data-hash="#ednref19">19</span></sup> — all of which are cofactors for optimal biochemistry in your body.</p> <p>Zinc is especially important during flu season, as it helps suppress the replication of influenza. While unfermented soy products contain phytic acid, fermented soybeans have the ability to reduce mild cognitive impairment and raise brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF).<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn20" data-hash="#ednref20">20</span></sup></p> <p> <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/02/10/fermented-soy-and-dairy.aspx">Fermented soy</a> may also help lower the rate of death from cardiovascular disease in men and women. In one study using data conducted over the course of 14.8 years, researchers engaged 92,915 participants.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn21" data-hash="#ednref21">21</span></sup> They found those who had a lower risk of mortality consumed more fermented soy.</p> <p>But the data did not reveal a statistically significant association between the total amount of soy products the participants ate and all-cause mortality. The researchers cautioned that the association may be reduced by factors that were not accounted for in the study. They hypothesize fermented soy is higher in fiber and potassium than non-fermented soy, which may help explain the difference in rates of heart disease.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn22" data-hash="#ednref22">22</span></sup></p> <h2>Tips for Making Fermented Foods at Home</h2> <p>In the U.S., it’s becoming more popular to eat fermented foods at home. Yet, preparing them is largely a lost art. One of the quickest and easiest ways to raise the level of your gut health is through your diet. For example, sugar is the preferred source of food for fungi and harmful bacteria.</p> <p>On the other hand, probiotic-rich foods, such as fermented vegetables, will boost the population of beneficial bacteria, which then reduce the potentially pathogenic colonies. Making your own yogurt at home is an easy way to start with fermented foods.</p> <p>Many of the yogurts sold on grocery store shelves are fruit flavored and sweetened with sugar. You’ll want to steer clear of commercial brands as they likely will not help promote an overall healthy gut flora. To make yogurt at home you only need a high-quality starter culture and raw, grass fed milk. You'll find simple step-by-step instructions in “<a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2017/02/27/homemade-yogurt-benefits.aspx">Benefits of Homemade Yogurt Versus Commercial</a>.”</p> <p>You can also experiment with fermenting almost any vegetable. Cucumbers (pickles) and cabbage (sauerkraut) are among the most popular. Although it might seem intimidating at first, once you have the basic method down, it’s not difficult. In the video below, Julie and I review how to do this.</p> <p>As I discuss in “<a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2015/09/14/fermenting-foods-at-home.aspx">Tips for Fermenting at Home</a>,” there are several steps you can take to make the process a little easier. Begin with fresh, organic ingredients and be sure to wash them properly under cold running water. The idea is to remove bacteria, enzymes and other debris as this can affect the outcome. Never use plastic because it can leach chemicals into the food.</p> <p>Don't use metal, since the salt that’s used in the fermentation process can corrode the container. Instead, choose glass Mason jars with self-sealing lids. Most fermented vegetables will need to be covered with brine.</p> <p>The process of wild fermentation is not consistent so you may want to use a starter culture on its own or in addition to salt. I recommend using a vitamin K2-rich starter culture dissolved in celery juice.</p> <p>Allow the jars to sit in a relatively warm area for several days. The temperature should ideally be around 72 degrees Fahrenheit. During the summer months, vegetables are typically finished in three to four days. In the winter, they may need up to seven days. The only way to tell when the fermentation process is complete is to open the jar and have a taste.</p> <p>When you're happy with the flavor and consistency, move the jars into the refrigerator. Refrigeration will slow fermentation and the vegetables can keep for many months. Remember not to eat out of the jar because you’ll contaminate the rest of the batch with the bacteria from your mouth. Make sure the vegetables are covered with brine before replacing the lid.</p> <div class="video-rwd"> <figure class="op-interactive aspect-ratio"> <iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/05lVOmj1Pqg?wmode=transparent&amp;rel=0" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen=""></iframe> </figure> </div><img src="http://articles.mercola.com/aggbug.aspx?PostID=1009863" width="1" height="1"> Weekly Health Quiz: Viral Shedding and Exercise http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/07/06/week-137-health-quiz.aspx Articles urn:uuid:59686685-8e80-eff0-f61c-0e4ff4479556 Sun, 05 Jul 2020 22:00:00 -0700 <div class="quiz-panel"> <div class="quiz-item"> <p class="title"><span class="number">1 </span><span>Which of the following is a major risk factor for vitamin D deficiency and severe COVID-19?</span></p> <ul class="options"><li class="option-item correct"><span>High melanin density (darker skin)</span> <span class="explanation"><p>Darker skin requires far more sun exposure to produce adequate vitamin D, so much so that dark-skinned individuals living north of the equator are virtually guaranteed to be chronically deficient, which also increases their risk of severe COVID-19 illness and death. <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/06/29/dark-skin-and-vitamin-d-deficiency.aspx" target="_blank">Learn more.</a></p></span></li> <li class="option-item"><span>Low melanin density (lighter skin)</span></li> <li class="option-item"><span>Low body weight</span></li> <li class="option-item"><span>Being under the age of 20</span></li> </ul></div> <div class="quiz-item"> <p class="title"><span class="number">2 </span><span>What percentage of the general population that has not been exposed to SARS-CoV-2 is still believed to be immune to the virus?</span></p> <ul class="options"><li class="option-item"><span>70-90%</span></li> <li class="option-item correct"><span>40-60%</span> <span class="explanation"><p>Between 40% and 60% of people who have not been exposed to SARS-CoV-2 still have resistance to the virus on the T-cell level. <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/06/30/can-your-immune-system-fight-off-coronavirus.aspx" target="_blank">Learn more.</a></p></span></li> <li class="option-item"><span>20-30%</span></li> <li class="option-item"><span>0-10%</span></li> </ul></div> <div class="quiz-item"> <p class="title"><span class="number">3 </span><span>Which of the following nasal irrigation mixtures can help reduce the duration of the common cold and reduce transmission within the household by reducing viral shedding?</span></p> <ul class="options"><li class="option-item"><span>Cold water only</span></li> <li class="option-item"><span>Warm sugar water</span></li> <li class="option-item correct"><span>Lukewarm water with table salt</span> <span class="explanation"><p>Nasal irrigation with hypertonic saline has been shown to reduce the duration of the common cold by 1.9 days and reduce transmission within the household by 35% by reducing viral shedding when done within 48 hours of symptom onset. <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/07/01/nasal-irrigation-benefits.aspx" target="_blank">Learn more.</a></p></span></li> <li class="option-item"><span>Hot water with rubbing alcohol</span></li> </ul></div> <div class="quiz-item"> <p class="title"><span class="number">4 </span><span>Low levels of these two compounds may increase the risk of depression among children and adolescents:</span></p> <ul class="options"><li class="option-item"><span>Sugar and fructose</span></li> <li class="option-item"><span>Fluoride and aluminum</span></li> <li class="option-item"><span>Vegetable oil and trans fats</span></li> <li class="option-item correct"><span>Vitamin B12 and vitamin D</span> <span class="explanation"> <p>Further, among the depression group vitamin B12 and vitamin D levels were "clearly low." <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/07/02/high-homocysteine-and-depression-in-children.aspx" target="_blank">Learn more.</a></p></span></li></ul></div> <div class="quiz-item"> <p class="title"><span class="number">5 </span><span>An exercise session lasting just eight to 12 minutes leads to changes in biological processes related to:</span></p> <ul class="options"><li class="option-item correct"><span>Energy metabolism, oxidative stress and inflammation</span> <span class="explanation"><p>In other words, in what is the most comprehensive study to date of the molecular changes that occur in your body due to exercise, providing an unprecedented glimpse into the details of the body's physiological response, it's demonstrated that "an orchestrated choreography of biological processes" occur, including those relating to energy metabolism, oxidative stress and inflammation. <a href="https://fitness.mercola.com/sites/fitness/archive/2020/07/03/exercise-to-improve-resilience-against-coronavirus.aspx" target="_blank">Learn more.</a></p></span></li> <li class="option-item"><span>Heavy metal detoxification</span></li> <li class="option-item"><span>Vitamin D production</span></li> <li class="option-item"><span>Nutrient intake</span></li> </ul></div> <div class="quiz-item"> <p class="title"><span class="number">6 </span><span>Which of the following supplements are given to National Health Service workers in the U.K. to help boost and regulate their immune function, thus lowering their risk of COVID-19?</span></p> <ul class="options"><li class="option-item"><span>Vitamin K, calcium and magnesium</span></li> <li class="option-item correct"><span>Vitamins C, D and zinc</span> <span class="explanation"><p>The British Frontline Immune Support Team is providing U.K. National Health Service workers with free liposomal vitamin C, vitamin D and zinc to bolster their immune function and lower their risk of COVID-19. <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/07/04/coronavirus-prevention-vitamin-d.aspx" target="_blank">Learn more.</a></p></span></li> <li class="option-item"><span>Curcumin, vitamin K2 and zinc</span></li> <li class="option-item"><span>Resveratrol and glutathione</span></li> </ul></div> <div class="quiz-item"> <p class="title"><span class="number">7 </span><span>Which of the following is the primary driver of macular degeneration and many other chronic diseases?</span></p> <ul class="options"><li class="option-item"><span>Fluoridated water</span></li> <li class="option-item"><span>EMFs</span></li> <li class="option-item correct"><span>Industrially processed omega-6 vegetable oils</span> <span class="explanation"><p>There's compelling evidence that macular degeneration is not caused by aging or genetics but by processed foods. The four toxic ingredients in processed foods that cause mitochondrial dysfunction and chronic disease are refined wheat flour, refined added sugars, polyunsaturated vegetable oils and trans fats. <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/07/05/macular-degeneration-foods-to-avoid.aspx" target="_blank">Learn more.</a></p></span></li> <li class="option-item"><span>Glyphosate</span></li> </ul></div> </div> <p class="NLQuizscore" style="display: none;">&nbsp;</p><img src="http://articles.mercola.com/aggbug.aspx?PostID=1009095" width="1" height="1"> Eucalyptus Oil May Reduce Inflammatory Reactions in Lungs http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/07/06/eucalyptus-essential-oil.aspx Articles urn:uuid:c9b4efdc-8a52-57c2-3c7e-879d3c030805 Sun, 05 Jul 2020 22:00:00 -0700 <p>Eucalyptus is a genus of plants that contains more than 900 species.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn1" data-hash="#ednref1">1</span></sup> The plants are native to Australia and come in a number of sizes, from shrubs to tall trees. They’re known for growing rapidly: One of the largest is the giant gum tree that can grow to up to 300 feet.</p> <p>A distinctive feature of eucalyptus is its bark, which the tree sheds as it grows. Some will shed much of their bark while others are completely covered with it. Although they grow tall, some thrive in containers. They can also be planted annually.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn2" data-hash="#ednref2">2</span></sup> Each part of the eucalyptus plant can produce essential oils, but it's the leaves that are the richest source.</p> <p>Better Homes and Gardens writes that on extremely hot days, a stand of trees may appear as if a fog is hanging over them. This is caused by the oil vaporizing in the heat. The eucalyptus offers diverse medical benefits, almost as wide and divergent as the varieties.</p> <h2>Eucalyptus Oil Reduces Inflammation in Lung Tissue</h2> <p>Your mom knew best when she rubbed eucalyptus oil on your chest when you had a cold or cough. This is because researchers have found that the essential oils have antiviral activity and may reduce inflammation in the lungs.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn3" data-hash="#ednref3">3</span></sup> Eucalyptus contains 1,8-cineol, also known as eucalyptol, which is the major monoterpene responsible for suppressing cytokine production in human monocytes.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn4" data-hash="#ednref4">4</span></sup></p> <p>The authors of one study looked at the anti-inflammatory effect of 1,8-cineol in comparison to prednisolone that was equal in potency. They tested it on 32 patients who had severe asthma, using a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. The researchers found that 75% of those receiving cineol from eucalyptus versus 25% who got a placebo were able to reduce their oral steroids.</p> <p>When measured against pulmonary inflammation in an animal model, other researchers found that eucalyptol could reduce the number of inflammatory cells and decrease protein content in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, providing “evidence … [for] its potential for the treatment of acute lung injury.”<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn5" data-hash="#ednref5">5</span></sup></p> <p>Still other investigators found that <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/herbal-oils/eucalyptus-oil.aspx">eucalyptus oil</a> could attenuate induced lung injury and inhibit pro-inflammatory cytokine production, offering evidence that it may have potential as a drug treatment for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn6" data-hash="#ednref6">6</span></sup></p> <p>Clinical evidence supports these theories; however, the mechanism of action and the bioactive compounds that are responsible have not been well studied. This prompted one team to look into the primary component of the oil, 1,8-cineol, in a lab study.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn7" data-hash="#ednref7">7</span></sup></p> <p>They found that the anti-inflammatory activity is due to down-regulating pattern recognition receptors, which play an important role in <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/01/29/sepsis-death-rate.aspx">systemic infections</a>.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn8" data-hash="#ednref8">8</span></sup></p> <p>Each of these actions are important in supporting the body’s efforts in fighting viral infections. A second benefit may be the plant’s ability to suppress inflammatory cytokine production in an infection where hyperactive immune responses and cytokine storms trigger lung and organ damage that may lead to death.</p> <h2>Eucalyptus Reduces Inflammation and Pain</h2> <p>The effects of eucalyptus oil on inflammation and pain have also been of interest to the medical community. One group analyzed the physiological and psychological parameters of 32 individuals. They found that a combination of peppermint oil, eucalyptus oil and ethanol could induce muscle and mental relaxation, but it did not influence pain sensitivity.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn9" data-hash="#ednref9">9</span></sup></p> <p>Researchers have had different results depending on the genus of <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/herbs-spices/eucalyptus.aspx">eucalyptus</a> used. In Brazilian folk medicine, a variety are included in treatment for conditions such as bronchial infections, colds, <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/05/02/how-does-covid-19-compare-to-the-spanish-flu.aspx">flu</a> and fever. In one study, a team of researchers used an animal model to look at the anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of three species.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn10" data-hash="#ednref10">10</span></sup></p> <p>Eucalyptus induced both effects, suggesting that the essential oil exerted central and peripheral reductions in pain. This supports further investigation for the possible development of pain medications derived from eucalyptus essential oils.</p> <p>Eucalyptus oil has also been evaluated in the treatment of pain after a total knee replacement.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn11" data-hash="#ednref11">11</span></sup> A group of individuals were given either eucalyptus inhalation treatments or almond oil inhalation treatments. Researchers measured blood pressure, heart rate and pain ratings before and after the inhalation therapy. On all three days the ones who inhaled eucalyptus reported less pain.</p> <p>Additionally, on the second day, the intervention group — the ones receiving eucalyptus — had significantly lower blood pressure. Researchers noted that this suggested that aromatherapy involving eucalyptus may be an effective intervention for pain relief after a total knee replacement.</p> <h2>More Benefits to Eucalyptus Essential Oil</h2> <p>The essential oil from the eucalyptus tree is produced from dry leaves. In past decades, diluted oil has been used for a number of reasons, including addressing inflammatory conditions such as bronchitis and respiratory infections.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn12" data-hash="#ednref12">12</span></sup> Traditional Aboriginal medicine involved the use of eucalyptus to heal wounds and fungal infections.</p> <p>In one study, researchers evaluated the effects of eight eucalyptus species found in Tunisia. They were interested in its antimicrobial properties for treating bacterial isolates such as, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus, Hemophilus influenza and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn13" data-hash="#ednref13">13</span></sup></p> <p>Eucalyptus odorata had the strongest activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Hemophilus influenzae and streptococcus pneumoniae. It also had the most cytotoxic effect. However, the eucalyptus variety with the best <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/04/19/vitamin-c-dosage-for-viral-infection.aspx">antiviral</a> activity was eucalyptus bicostata.</p> <p>It’s important to know that eucalyptus essential oil may be used topically or in a vaporizer, but it should not be ingested. Some mouthwashes contain eucalyptus with other essential oil to help reduce the buildup of plaque and to treat gingivitis. Its antiseptic properties help kill oral bacteria that lead to the buildup of plaque.</p> <p>The oils have also demonstrated positive effects against headaches and neuralgia, as well as in the treatment of skin conditions such as herpes, lice and insect bites.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn14" data-hash="#ednref14">14</span></sup> In general, eucalyptus essential oil is safe to use, but you must follow specific precautions.</p> <p>Do a patch test to be sure you don't have an allergic reaction. The oil should never be given to children under age 2 or used as a chest rub or on the nose of a baby.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn15" data-hash="#ednref15">15</span></sup> Women who are pregnant and breastfeeding should avoid eucalyptus because there’s not enough evidence regarding its safety in that population.</p> <h2>Weakened Immune System Raises Your Risk of Viral Infections</h2> <p>When you spend more time indoors, being inactive and munching on foods that don’t support your immune system, you may experience an increase in your risk of infections and chronic disease. This can happen even if you don’t have a primary immune deficiency.</p> <p>Primary immune deficiency disorders allow infection to happen more frequently and more easily.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn16" data-hash="#ednref16">16</span></sup> Some forms are mild and may be undiagnosed for years. People who have a weaker immune system, whether from a primary condition or as a result of lifestyle choices, will have more difficulty clearing infections.</p> <p>Those who have chronic diseases such as diabetes, liver or kidney disease, as well as those who’ve undergone organ transplants and those receiving chemotherapy or radiation treatments, also have weakened immune systems that can lead to longer illnesses and hospitalizations.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn17" data-hash="#ednref17">17</span></sup> Your food choices and eating patterns have a significant impact on your ability to withstand infection, however.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn18" data-hash="#ednref18">18</span></sup></p> <p>There are a few things you might unknowingly be doing that impact your body’s defenses. These include sitting for long periods of time, which has been linked to diabetes, heart disease and early death.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn19" data-hash="#ednref19">19</span></sup></p> <p>However, just as inactivity is a problem, overtraining or getting too much exercise without enough recovery, can also impact your immune system. A lack of stress management, excessive alcohol use and sleep deprivation are additional factors that impact your body’s ability to fight infections.</p> <h2>Take Care to Support Optimal Health</h2> <p>I've been writing for many years about the strategies you can use to help support your immune system. You'll find a list of specific ways to do so on my <a href="https://www.mercola.com/coronavirus-resources.htm">Coronavirus Resource Page</a>.</p> <p>Simple things like frequently washing your hands using the proper technique help reduce the spread of any infection and reduce your exposure to bacteria, viruses and fungi. Researchers have found that individuals with <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/04/24/could-fasting-lower-high-blood-pressure.aspx">high blood pressure</a> and diabetes have a higher risk of severe disease, so it is essential to look into these and take steps to gain control over them in your overall health management.</p> <p>Many comorbidities are the result of metabolic dysfunction. This means that when you address insulin resistance, you will likely have a positive impact over many other chronic conditions.</p> <p>During all times of the year, it’s necessary to get plenty of sleep to support your gut microbiota and brain health. You also need to get enough daily exercise because it has a positive effect on the immune system, helps promote better sleep and improves mood.</p> <p>Another vital strategy in protecting yourself from COVID-19 and other infectious diseases is to raise your vitamin D levels to between 60 ng/mL and 80 ng/mL. On May 11, 2020, Medscape.com released a video featuring Dr. JoAnn E. Manson from Harvard Medical School, in which she discussed the protective role that vitamin D has against COVID-19.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn20" data-hash="#ednref20">20</span></sup></p> <p>She is not alone in her recommendations for attaining and maintaining adequate levels of the vitamin, as researchers suggest it plays an important role in the risk of getting the infection as well as the severity of an illness.</p> <p>In my article, “<a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/05/28/vitamin-d-levels-at-home.aspx">Are Stay-at-Home Orders Decimating Vitamin D Levels?</a>” you'll find further evidence relating to the higher mortality rates researchers are finding in those who have a vitamin D deficiency. For an in-depth discussion of the impact that <a href="https://shop.mercola.com/product/1090/1/vitamin-d-test-kit-for-consumer-sponsored-research">vitamin D levels</a> have on risk and how to optimize those levels, see “<a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/06/01/vitamin-d-level-to-reach-before-covid-19-second-wave.aspx">Your Vitamin D Level Must Reach 60ng/mL Before the Second Wave</a>.”</p><img src="http://articles.mercola.com/aggbug.aspx?PostID=1007357" width="1" height="1"> Curcumin Inhibits Virus-Induced Cytokine Storm http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/07/06/curcumin-cytokine-storm.aspx Articles urn:uuid:7c80e74f-78ca-c02c-3f43-fb6d8b5cf350 Sun, 05 Jul 2020 22:00:00 -0700 <p>Curcumin, the active ingredient in <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2015/09/21/golden-milk.aspx">the spice turmeric</a>, has a solid foundation in science with numerous studies vouching for its anti-inflammatory effects.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn1" data-hash="#ednref1">1</span></sup> As noted in a 2017 review in the journal Foods:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn2" data-hash="#ednref2">2</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"[Curcumin] aids in the management of oxidative and inflammatory conditions, metabolic syndrome, arthritis, anxiety, and hyperlipidemia … Most of these benefits can be attributed to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects."</em></p> </blockquote> <p> Along with several other supplements, <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/vitamins-supplements/curcumin.aspx">curcumin</a> has also been identified as having particular benefit against COVID-19. </p> <p>According to the paper,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn3" data-hash="#ednref3">3</span></sup> "Potential Inhibitor of COVID-19 Main Protease (M<sup>pro</sup>) From Several Medicinal Plant Compounds by Molecular Docking Study," posted March 13, 2020, on preprints.org, curcumin and demethoxycurcumin were two compounds among several that were found to inhibit COVID-19 M<sup>pro</sup>. </p> <p>As noted in "Designing of Improved Drugs for COVID-19,"<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn4" data-hash="#ednref4">4</span></sup> COVID-19 M<sup>pro</sup> is a potential drug target because "the crystal structure of M<sup>pro</sup> provides a basis for designing of a potent inhibitor to the protease with a marked tropism to the lung." </p> <p>Studies have also shown curcumin has an inhibitory effect on virus-induced <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/05/11/how-to-prevent-a-cytokine-storm.aspx">cytokine storms</a>, which occur as a result of an overproduction of immune cells and pro-inflammatory cytokines. This too suggests it may be of particular use against COVID-19, considering the cytokine storm triggered in severe and critical COVID-19 infection is what ends up killing these patients.</p> <h2>Curcumin Is a Potential Therapeutic Against COVID-19 </h2> <p>Most recently, a scientific review<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn5" data-hash="#ednref5">5</span></sup> in Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology, published June 12, 2020, reports curcumin might be useful in cases of severe viral pneumonia such as COVID-19. According to the authors:</p> <blockquote> <p><em>"Coronavirus infection, including SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV, and SARS-CoV2, causes daunting diseases that can be fatal because of lung failure and systemic cytokine storm. </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p> <em>The development of coronavirus-evoked pneumonia is associated with excessive inflammatory responses in the lung, known as 'cytokine storms,' which results in pulmonary edema, atelectasis, and acute lung injury (ALI) or fatal acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p> <em>No drugs are available to suppress overly immune response-mediated lung injury effectively. In light of the low toxicity and its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiviral activity, it is plausible to speculate that curcumin could be used as a therapeutic drug for viral pneumonia and ALI/ARDS. </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p> <em>Therefore, in this review, we summarize the mounting evidence obtained from preclinical studies using animal models of lethal pneumonia where curcumin exerts protective effects by regulating the expression of both pro- and anti-inflammatory factors … promoting the apoptosis of PMN cells, and scavenging the reactive oxygen species (ROS), which exacerbates the inflammatory response. </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p> <em>These studies provide a rationale that curcumin can be used as a therapeutic agent against pneumonia and ALI/ARDS in humans resulting from coronaviral infection."</em></p> </blockquote> <h2>Curcumin Inhibits Cytokine Storm </h2> <p>As discussed in that Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology review,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn6" data-hash="#ednref6">6</span></sup> curcumin has a long history of medicinal use, without overt side effects. Studies have demonstrated it has potent antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer and antidiabetic activity, and clinical trials have shown efficacy in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, metabolic syndrome, Type 2 diabetes and infectious diseases — especially viral infections.</p> <aside class="takeaway tamiddle"><p>In light of and its preventative and therapeutic role in viral infection and cytokine storms common to all viral infections, curcumin could conceivably be considered as an attractive agent for the management of coronavirus infections.</p></aside> <p>One important mechanism behind curcumin's beneficial effects is its ability to modulate immune responses, meaning it can both upregulate and downregulate immune responses as needed. According to the authors, at least four studies, published between 2018 and 2020, suggest curcumin inhibits virus-induced cytokine storms. These include:</p> <ul> <li>A 2018 study<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn7" data-hash="#ednref7">7</span></sup> in the International Immunopharmacology journal, which showed curcumin inhibits influenza A virus replication and influenza-induced pneumonia. It also activates the Nrf2 signaling pathway, inhibits oxidative stress and improves influenza-induced ALI in vivo. </li> <li>A 2018 study<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn8" data-hash="#ednref8">8</span></sup> in the Journal of Food and Drug Analysis, which found curcumin effectively inhibits influenza A infection. </li> <li>A 2019 study<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn9" data-hash="#ednref9">9</span></sup> in Frontiers in Microbiology, which highlighted curcumin's antiviral activity against the influenza virus, hepatitis C virus and HIV. </li> <li>A 2020 study<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn10" data-hash="#ednref10">10</span></sup> in the International Journal of Molecular Sciences that reported curcumin has the ability to block herpes simplex virus Type 2 (HSV-2) infection and inhibit production of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines in vitro. </li> </ul> <h2>Curcumin's Mechanisms of Action</h2> <p>As for how curcumin inhibits the cytokine storm and modulates immune function, the Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology review explains:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn11" data-hash="#ednref11">11</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"There is clear evidence from coronavirus infected patients with both high cytokine levels and pathological changes in the lung. For example, in plasma of COVID-19 patients, high concentrations of IL-2, IL-6, and IL-7 have been observed.</em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p> <em>In particular, IL-6 was significantly elevated in critically ill patients with ARDS compared to patients without ARDS and was statistically significantly correlated with death …</em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p> <em>Numerous in vivo and in vitro studies have been shown that curcumin and its analogs markedly inhibit the production and release of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-1, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α … </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p> <em> Curcumin also decreases expression of many other inflammatory mediators … which regulate the activity of immune cells and inflammatory responses and promote fibrosis in the lung after infection.</em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p> <em>The mechanism underlying curcumin modulation of inflammation has been extensively investigated and engages diverse signaling pathways, among which NF-κB plays an essential role. It was reported that curcumin effectively regulates NF-κB signaling through multiple mechanisms (Figure 2):</em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p> <em> First, curcumin inhibits activation of IKKβ … Second, curcumin enhances the expression or stability of IκBα … Third, curcumin activates AMPK. It has been documented that curcumin blocks NF-κB signaling upon infection with Influenza A virus (IAV) as a consequence of AMPK activation. Fourth, curcumin acts on p65 to disturb the NF-κB pathway. </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p> <em> Infection with IAV led to a decrease of p65 in the cytosol of macrophages and a corresponding increase in the nucleus, where it forms a functional complex with NF-κB, ultimately upregulating transcription of pro-inflammatory cytokines. In contrast, the use of curcumin blocks the nuclear translocation of NF-κB and p65, downregulating transcription of the cytokine genes …</em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p> <em> In contrast to its negative effect on pro-inflammatory molecules, curcumin has been shown to regulate anti-inflammatory cytokines positively, in particular IL-10. The latter is an essential negative regulator for inflammatory responses … </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p> <em>IL-10 acts on inflammatory monocytes to reduce the release of TNF-α, IL-6, and ROS, thereby alleviating tissue damage caused by the continuous inflammatory response … Curcumin noticeably attenuates lung injury by inducing the differentiation of regulatory T cells (Tregs) and upregulating IL-10 production." </em></p> </blockquote> <p><strong>Figure 2.</strong></p> <figure class="center-img"> <img alt="curcumin multiple mechanisms" src="https://media.mercola.com/ImageServer/public/2020/June/curcumin-multiple-mechanisms.jpg" style="max-width:500px;width:100%!important;"> </figure> <h2>Curcumin Has Antiviral Activity </h2> <p>Curcumin also has direct antiviral activity — including against SARS-CoV (the coronavirus responsible for SARS), as demonstrated in a 2007 study.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn12" data-hash="#ednref12">12</span></sup> Several studies have elaborated on its antiviral mechanisms, which Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology lists as:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn13" data-hash="#ednref13">13</span></sup></p> <ul> <li>Directly targeting viral proteins </li> <li>Inhibiting particle production and gene expression </li> <li>Blocking viral attachment to cells (possibly by disrupting the fluidity of the viral envelope) </li> <li>Blocking viral entry into the cell </li> <li>Blocking viral replication </li> </ul> <p>Curcumin binds strongly to hemagglutinin (HA), a glycoprotein that allows the influenza virus to attach to the cell. Research has shown curcumin interacts with HA, thus disturbing the integrity of the viral membrane. This is what blocks viral binding to the host cell and prevents the virus from entering the cell. Curcumin has also been shown to directly inactivate certain strains of influenza virus. </p> <h2> Other Pulmonary Benefits of Curcumin</h2> <p>Other beneficial effects that suggest curcumin may be suitable in the treatment of COVID-19 include:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn14" data-hash="#ednref14">14</span></sup></p> <table class="generic-table left-align"> <tbody> <tr> <td valign="top"><p>Alleviating exudation of proteins to alveoli spaces </p></td> <td valign="top"><p>Alleviating lung edema triggered by inflammation</p></td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top"><p>Attenuating lung injury</p></td> <td valign="top"><p>Reducing the degree of airway inflammation </p></td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top"><p>Disrupting airway remodeling by inhibiting the proliferation of bronchial epithelial cells </p></td> <td valign="top"><p>Improving pneumonia and preventing development of severe pneumonia </p></td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top"><p>Alleviating ALI-induced pulmonary fibrosis </p></td> <td valign="top"><p>Improving lung index </p></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p>According to the Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology review,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn15" data-hash="#ednref15">15</span></sup> the available research "suggest that curcumin administration could have both prophylactic and therapeutic effects on virus-induced pneumonia and mortality." Furthermore, while human trials on curcumin for coronaviruses are still lacking:</p> <blockquote> <p><em>"… in light of and its preventative and therapeutic role in viral infection and cytokine storms common to all viral infections, curcumin could conceivably be considered as an attractive agent for the management of coronavirus infections."</em></p> </blockquote> <p>Research published in 2015 further supports the conclusions in the Cell and Developmental Biology review. That study,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn16" data-hash="#ednref16">16</span></sup> "Curcumin Suppression of Cytokine Release and Cytokine Storm," found curcumin could be a potential therapy for patients infected with Ebola and other dangerous viruses. According to the authors:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn17" data-hash="#ednref17">17</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"The activity of curcumin in suppressing multiple cytokines, and its activity in experimental models of diseases and conditions associated with cytokine storm, suggest it may be useful in the treatment of patients with Ebola and cytokine storm. </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>Curcumin is poorly absorbed from the intestinal tract; however, intravenous formulations may allow therapeutic blood levels of curcumin to be achieved in patients diagnosed with cytokine storm."</em></p> </blockquote> <h2>How to Get the Most Out of Your Curcumin Supplement </h2> <p>If you want to use curcumin, be aware that its poor absorption rate is one of its greatest drawbacks. While IV formulations may solve the problem in clinical settings, that would be rather impractical for home use. </p> <p>Researchers have investigated a variety of different delivery methods, including oral, intravenous, subcutaneous and intraperitoneal delivery, as well as a variety of formulations, to optimize bioavailability. The following methods were all found to improve the absorption rate of curcumin:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn18" data-hash="#ednref18">18</span></sup></p> <ul> <li>When delivered as a nanoparticle </li> <li>Combined with polylactic-co-glycolic acid </li> <li>Liposomal encapsulation </li> </ul> <p>Since curcumin is fat-soluble, you might be able to further increase absorption by making a microemulsion. To do that, combine 1 tablespoon of curcumin powder with one or two egg yolks and 1 to 2 teaspoons of melted coconut oil, then use a hand blender on high speed to emulsify the powder.</p> <p>Timing is another important variable. One of the ways curcumin works is to activate AMPK and autophagy. Both of these occur during the fasted state. So, it would best to take curcumin at least three hours after a meal and/or right before you go to bed. This would be similar for another powerful anti-COVID supplement, <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/06/01/quercetin-lowers-your-viral-infections-risk.aspx">quercetin</a>, which should also be taken while fasting and preferably with <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/04/20/zinc-dosage-for-immune-system.aspx">zinc</a>.</p><img src="http://articles.mercola.com/aggbug.aspx?PostID=1008733" width="1" height="1"> This Fat Impairs Immune System and Increases Risk of COVID http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/07/05/macular-degeneration-foods-to-avoid.aspx Articles urn:uuid:2fda7116-48ca-d3ae-6b1d-3a83871cf0c1 Sat, 04 Jul 2020 22:00:00 -0700 <iframe width="640" height="360" scrolling="no" frameborder="0" style="border: none;" src="https://www.bitchute.com/embed/vmx3g04OcgjM/"></iframe><p>In this interview, Dr. Chris Knobbe, an ophthalmologist, discusses some of the eye-opening information found in his book, “Ancestral Dietary Strategy to Prevent and Treat Macular Degeneration.”<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn1" data-hash="#ednref1">1</span></sup></p> <p>Knobbe is the founder and president of the Cure AMD Foundation, a nonprofit dedicated to the prevention of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), which is the No. 1 cause of blindness among the elderly. His book is a comprehensive treatise on the historical progression of AMD and provides compelling evidence that this is a disease caused by processed foods. </p> <blockquote> <p><em>“It is manmade, processed, nutrient-deficient and toxic foods that are driving all the chronic diseases,” </em>he says<em>. “They're driving heart disease, stroke, hypertension, cancer, metabolic syndrome, obesity [and] macular degeneration …</em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>When I say processed, manmade, nutrient-deficient, toxic, or processed foods, that is really just four things. It's really fairly simple. It's the nutrient-deficient foods which are refined: Wheat flour, refined added sugars, polyunsaturated vegetable oils and trans fats.”</em></p> </blockquote> <p>Although we did not discuss these dietary issues and its connection to COVID-19 risk because the interview was done before March, it is still very relevant. We now know that eating processed foods, especially vegetable oils, will <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/05/04/insulin-resistance-the-real-pandemic.aspx">increase insulin resistance </a>and metabolic inflexibility, which is one of the two largest risk factors for COVID-19, the other being vitamin D insufficiency. </p> <h2>Vegetable Oils Responsible for Emergence of Heart Disease</h2> <p>Refined flour, sugar, trans fats and vegetable oils are relatively recent additions to our food supply. <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2015/07/25/sugar-industry-secrets.aspx">Refined sugar</a> has been around for a few hundred years, but it was consumed in really low amounts until the late 19th century. <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2019/11/25/effects-of-vegetable-oil-on-our-health.aspx">Vegetable oils</a> emerged after the American Civil War. Refined white wheat flour came about in 1880 and <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2019/11/07/trans-fats-and-alzheimers.aspx">trans fats</a> in 1911.</p> <blockquote> <p><em>“Those foods are what is driving almost all of our chronic metabolic and degenerative diseases,” </em>Knobbe says<em>. “Over the past year or two, I really dug into the history of most of these chronic diseases. For example, heart disease was an extreme medical rarity in the 19th century. </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>We have data from a paper by Jones and colleagues [published] in 2011. What they showed was that in the town of Boston in 1811, there were no known heart attacks. </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>Only 2.6% of that population in Boston died of sudden death. So even if we thought every single one of those was heart disease, which they weren't, but even if you wanted to say that they were, it's only 2.6% … </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>Sir William Osler, a famed physician, was one of the founding members of Johns Hopkins Medical Center. In 1897, he published a paper in which he reviewed his previous 21 years of hospital experience, and he noted maybe around a half a dozen cases of angina — chest pain that might be related to heart disease — but not a single myocardial infarction, not a single heart attack. </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>Some 13 years later, in 1910, he recounted 208 additional cases of angina, which he attributed to the stress of modern day life. In 1900, from the Jones paper, heart disease accounted for 12.5% of deaths, but that was known not to be coronary artery disease … That was cardiac valvular disease, which is driven by infectious diseases like rheumatic fever, syphilis and endocarditis. It wasn't heart attacks. </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>In fact, 1912, James Herrick published a paper on the first known heart attack in the United States with documented autopsy evidence. What's staggering is that 30 years later, in the 1930s, heart disease became the leading cause of death. It was virtually unknown in 1900. Nobody knew what a heart attack was in 1900. Nobody had seen one …</em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>By 2010, 32.3% of people in the United States are dying of heart disease. But if you go back, what we're going to notice is that vegetable oils and trans fats, margarines, those things were replacing animal fats. That is the major driver of this, I believe.” </em></p> </blockquote> <h2>Diet Has Increased Cancer and Diabetes</h2> <p>Knobbe also reviews the historical data on cancer. Of the 942 people who died during 1811 in Boston, only five died of cancer. That’s 1 in 188 deaths. By 1900, cancer killed 1 in 17 people. Today, cancer accounts for 31.2% of deaths in the U.S., or nearly 1 in 3.</p> <p>The same exponential growth can be seen in Type 2 diabetes. In the 19th century, any form of diabetes was extremely rare. One of the first studies on diabetes was published in 1935. In 1935-1936, 0.37% of Americans had diabetes. By 2015, that rate had risen to 9.4%. That's a 25-fold increase in 80 years.</p> <aside class="takeaway tamiddle"><p>Between 1851 and 1930, there were no more than 50 cases of AMD reported in all the world's medical literature. It was virtually unknown. As of 2020, estimates put prevalence at 196 million. In 20 more years, it’s expected to hit 288 million.</p></aside> <p>The situation may actually be even worse than that, though, as the 9.4% rate refers to documented full-blown clinical diabetes. If you add in prediabetes and insulin resistance, then nearly 9 in 10 Americans are affected. According to recent NHANES data,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn2" data-hash="#ednref2">2</span></sup> 87.8% of Americans are unhealthy based on five parameters of metabolic health, so virtually the entire population is at risk for and headed toward Type 2 diabetes.</p> <h2>Shocking Rise in AMD Prevalence</h2> <p><a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2019/07/14/meal-plan-to-prevent-macular-degeneration.aspx">Macular degeneration</a> became discoverable following the invention of the ophthalmoscope in 1851. The ophthalmoscope was in broad use by 1880. By 1900, there was 140 versions available. By 1914, there was over 200 versions of ophthalmoscope in use around the world. </p> <p>Yet, between 1851 and 1930, there were no more than 50 cases of AMD reported in all the world's medical literature. It was virtually unknown. Prevalence began to increase in the 1930s, and by 1975, an estimated 4.5 million Americans suddenly had macular degeneration. By 1994, 15 million had it, and as of 2020, estimates put worldwide prevalence at 196 million. In 20 more years, it’s expected to hit 288 million.</p> <blockquote> <p><em>“I've done the same thing with metabolic syndrome and with myopia, nearsightedness. They all track essentially the same. We see all of these go from rarity in the 19th century and early 20th century to staggering numbers today, and the prevalence continues to increase,”</em> Knobbe says.</p> </blockquote> <h2>Metabolic Dysfunction Is Common Denominator</h2> <div class="video-rwd"> <figure class="op-interactive aspect-ratio"> <iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/pHnPinYI2Yc?wmode=transparent&amp;rel=0" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen=""></iframe> </figure> </div> <p>The common denominator that all of these diseases share is mitochondrial dysfunction caused by processed foods. Hopefully, knowing this will inspire and motivate you to change your eating habits. Once you realize what these foods are doing to you at the molecular level, you’ll be more excited about healthy choices. </p> <blockquote> <p><em>“As I mentioned, what's happened is we have replaced nutrient-dense, healthy, safe, organic foods with nutrient-deficient, toxic, dangerous ultra-processed foods. As of 2009, 63% of the American diet was made up of those four foods — added sugars, refined white wheat flour, vegetable oils and trans fats …</em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>In the year 1900, when everybody was healthy, 99% of added fats in the diet were animal fat — lard, butter and beef tallow. But by 2005, 105 years later, 86% of the added fats in the diet of Americans are vegetable oil-derived. They include vegetable oils, margarine [and] butter substitutes. Ultimately, all of those come from these dangerous vegetable oils that don't provide healthy fat-soluble vitamins, and are extraordinarily toxic. </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>What we now understand is that it is mitochondrial dysfunction that ties together all of these chronic diseases — heart disease, cancer, stroke, hypertension, obesity, metabolic syndrome, macular degeneration … </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>When you consume a whole lot of these edible seed oils, vegetable oils or omega-6 — that's all the same thing — then those oils, those omega-6s, oxidize and break down into toxic aldehydes. So, when we try to metabolize these, when we try to burn these for fuel, or we store them, what happens is they create a catastrophic peroxidation cascade. </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>They cause oxidation in fats, proteins [and] carbohydrates in your cells and cellular membranes everywhere. Ultimately, what this does is it damages a molecule called cardiolipin … a phospholipid in your mitochondria. It's a scaffold upon which the electron transport chain of your mitochondria depends. When cardiolipin is altered … it damages it. </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>What happens is that the mitochondria are no longer able to hold a proton gradient. They lose that proton gradient, and this causes loss of energy. The mitochondria then become sick; they’re not producing energy properly. Well, without energy, everything begins to fail. One of the first things that happen is that you can't properly burn fats for fuel, and you become more carbohydrate-dependent.” </em></p> </blockquote> <p>The cardiolipin is only found in the inner mitochondrial membrane. In the lecture above, Knobbe illustrates the chain of events that result in mitochondrial dysfunction. </p> <h2>High-PUFA Diet Triggers Catastrophic Peroxidation Cascade</h2> <p>Paradoxically, the cardiolipin molecule depends on linoleic acid, and linoleic acid is the primary omega-6 in our diets. However, in a high-linoleic acid diet, the linoleic acid in the cardiolipin molecule ends up being destroyed. So, what gives? Knobbe explains:</p> <blockquote> <p><em>“When you're consuming a high-PUFA diet, it's like having a house full of little tiny papers, and when you're welding or something, sparks are flying. You're going to catch the house on fire when you consume all these vegetable oils because you're going to be filling up your fat cells, tissues and membranes with linoleic acid, these omega-6s, and they're very fragile.</em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>You're going to start this catastrophic peroxidation cascade, and you're also going to destroy the linoleic acid in the cardiolipin molecules where it is critical. Subsequently, you lose energy in your mitochondria, make your mitochondria sick, and then you become sick. This is how we become tired, fatigued, and we're gaining weight all at the same time. </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>I think most people are interested in how to lose weight. But by far, a million times more important is to be healthy, and this is how we get healthy. The same things that make you healthy also make you leaner.”</em></p> </blockquote> <p>Another important variable here is the influence of carnosine, a dipeptide — two amino acids put together — made up of beta-alanine and histidine. Carnosine is only found animal products. It serves as a scavenger or sink for reactive carbonyl groups, intermediaries that go on to form advanced lipoxidation end-products and emulsification end-products. </p> <p>If you can grab these carbonyls before they attack proteins and fats, you can essentially stop the vicious cycle resulting in catastrophic peroxidation. This is yet another reason why I do not recommend diets that exclude <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/04/05/carnivore-code.aspx">animal products and meat</a>, as they will lower your carnosine level, and carnosine is a really important nutrient to limit the damage from oxidation products. It's also important for mitochondrial function. </p> <h2>Toxic Aldehydes</h2> <p>Knobbe has been studying the toxic aldehydes that result from these omega-6 fats. When you consume an omega-6 fat, it first reacts with a hydroxyl radical or peroxide radical, producing a lipid hydroperoxide. This lipid hydroperoxide then rapidly degenerates into <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2014/08/31/trans-fat-saturated-fat.aspx">toxic aldehydes</a>, of which there are many. </p> <p>Examples include 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) and malondialdehyde (MDA), as well as oxidized linoleic acid metabolites such as 9-HODE, 13-HODE, carboxyethylpyrrole and acrolein. </p> <blockquote> <p><em>“Most of my research in terms of what these do is focused on what's going on in the eye,” </em>Knobbe says<em>, “but these are extraordinarily dangerous molecules. For example, HNE has been tied to virtually every single chronic disease there is, including heart disease, atherosclerotic disease, Alzheimer's, macular degeneration, obesity, Type 2 diabetes. </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>All of those have been connected to HNE, and it’s been called a causal factor. It is that powerful. These are extraordinarily dangerous molecules at very low concentrations. MDA is an extreme toxin. It’s cytotoxic. It is mutagenic. It's carcinogenic. </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>The oxidized linoleic acid metabolites, like the 9- and 13-HODE, they are driving oxidized LDL, for example, which is a huge player in atherosclerosis. Carboxyethylpyrrole, in the eye, induces autoantibodies … They attack the retina directly. We see these more than double the numbers in people with macular degeneration. So, we have a major driver there. </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>Acrolein is the toxic aldehyde that is in cigarette smoke and vegetable oils. To give you an idea, an average cigarette produces 18 to 98 micrograms of acrolein when you smoke it. A large french fries, roughly, 154 grams of french fries from a fast food restaurant … produce 1 to 1.5 milligrams of acrolein. </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>So, let me put this in perspective. Eating a large french fries can give you the same amount of acrolein as smoking 17 to 26 average cigarettes or up to 83 cigarettes lowest in acrolein. Now, they both can cause lung cancer, for example. </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>Here we can see that you're getting a much larger dose of acrolein from eating french fries than you're ever going to get from even being near smoke.”</em></p> </blockquote> <p>Knobbe also points out what you lose out on when eating vegetable oils, namely fat-soluble vitamins. Animal fats such as <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2019/11/04/lard-nutritional-benefits.aspx">lard</a>, butter and beef tallow provide not only healthy fats but also essential vitamins such as vitamins A, D and K2. “Let's face it, meat is the most densely nutritious food that most anybody in the United States ever gets,” Knobbe says. </p> <p>One of the benefits of eating meat is that it is loaded with carnosine, which is a dipeptide consisting of beta-alanine and histidine. This is a terrific scavenging agent for advanced lipoxidation endproducts (ALEs) like the fats discussed above.</p> <p>If you’re excluding meat from your diet and consume large amounts of industrial processed oils, you’re setting yourself up for metabolic disaster. Without a doubt, low carnosine and high aldehydes is a prescription for premature death from chronic disease. At the very least it would be wise to take a carnosine or beta-alanine supplement.</p> <h2>Your Body Can Recover </h2> <p>While the good news is that you can recover your health by eliminating these unhealthy omega-6-rich oils from your diet — essentially ditching processed foods — the bad news is they have a rather long half-life. </p> <p>According to Knobbe, polyunsaturated fats from vegetable oils, seed oils and trans fats are mostly stored (opposed to being used for fuel), and have a half-life of 600 to 680 days. That means it will take quite a few years to empty your body stores of these damaging omega-6 fats.</p> <blockquote> <p><em>“I quit consuming these fats in 2011,” </em>Knobbe says<em>, “and I think it was 2015 or 2016 before I started hitting a lot better health. But now, at age 59, I can weightlift, sprint, run stairs. </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>I do so many of the things I could do when I was in my 20s. I wasn't headed that way back in 2011. I was headed for absolute disaster. I mean, I may have not even been alive today if it weren't for beginning to understand all this and changing my diet.”</em></p> </blockquote> <p>In the interview, Knobbe also discusses how his arthritis was traced back to <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2019/11/10/oxalic-toxicity.aspx">oxalates</a>, which are found exclusively in plants. Ironically, many of the plant foods that are praised for their healthiness have the highest amounts of oxalates and can wreak havoc on those with arthritis or other autoimmune conditions.</p> <blockquote> <p><em>“Oxalates can precipitate out in your joints, tendons, muscles, perhaps arteries and drive all sorts of chronic inflammation, so arthritis, myalgias, chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, all of these disorders may be driven by oxalates,” </em>he says.</p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>“In 2011, when I was 50 years old, my arthritis was so severe. I was in a devastated condition … [Dr. Mercola] referred me to Sally K. Norton, who is perhaps the world's expert in this area. I’m now … changing my diet to get lower in oxalates, and I'm doing better and better all the time. I really believe that it may not be long before I am arthritis-free …</em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>I think I would eat 1 or 2 cups of spinach in salads three or four times a week. That’s massive doses [of oxalates]. Most people shouldn't get more than 150 milligrams of oxalates in a day. Many days, I would be getting 1 to 1.5 grams, so maybe about 10 times as much as what's recommended. </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>Over decades, you accumulate these [oxalates]. They're stored in your tissues. The good news is that they're water soluble, and they can leach back out, but it too can take years. So, I'm apparently on a slow recovery, kind of like getting rid of polyunsaturated oils in your body. It'll happen, but it's not going to happen overnight.”</em></p> </blockquote> <h2>Macular Degeneration Strongly Linked to Processed Food Diet</h2> <p>Aside from improving your overall health and avoiding chronic diseases like Type 2 diabetes and heart disease, avoiding sugars, refined wheat flour, vegetable oils and trans fats is also crucial for the prevention of AMD. Knobbe reviews research showing the connections between a processed food diet and AMD. </p> <p>In Southwestern rural Nigeria, 0.1% of the adult population over the age of 50 have macular degeneration. A mere 240 miles away in Onitsha, Nigeria, the prevalence is 3.2%. The difference between these two populations is their food supply. </p> <p>The people in Southwestern rural Nigeria do not have access to processed foods. They live off native traditional foods. The people in Onitsha, Nigeria, do have access to processed foods, but at far lower amounts than what we get in the U.S.</p> <p>Barbados, meanwhile, has a macular degeneration rate of 24.3% — 243 times higher than the Africans of Southwestern rural Nigeria. What stands out about Barbados is the fact that it’s known by nutrition researchers all around the world as a Mecca for processed food. They import almost all of their food. </p> <blockquote> <p><em>“You and I know what that means. It means it's all sugar, refined flour and vegetable oils. That's what you can package up and send across continents, people can eat it months later, and it's still called food,” </em>Knobbe says. </p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>“That's what these people are eating, and they have a ‘world profile’ of metabolic disease in Barbados, metabolic syndrome, obesity, heart disease, cancer, Type 2 diabetes and 24.3% macular degeneration prevalence — 243 times greater than the Africans of Southwestern rural Nigeria who can't get processed foods. </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>All three [populations have] the same West African heritage. How could we in any possible way conclude Vitamin D in the Prevention of COVID-19 http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/07/04/coronavirus-prevention-vitamin-d.aspx Articles urn:uuid:d86a118b-359b-8234-3f71-4acbef3aefc9 Fri, 03 Jul 2020 22:00:00 -0700 <iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/_fIMkigtnk4?wmode=transparent&rel=0" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe><p>As noted by retired nursing teacher John Campbell<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn1" data-hash="#ednref1">1</span></sup> in the video above, vitamin D is "an important immunological molecule" that likely plays role in the COVID-19 pandemic. </p> <p>In his video commentary, Campbell reviews a number of recent papers stressing the importance of vitamin D, starting with a press release<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn2" data-hash="#ednref2">2</span></sup> from the French National Academy of Medicine, dated May 22, 2020. </p> <p>The press release correctly points out that vitamin D is a prohormone, meaning it acts as an endocrine hormone. As such, it has wide-ranging influence on health. There are vitamin D receptors throughout your body, in every tissue and organ. Campbell reviews some of the basics of where and how vitamin D is synthesized in the body. </p> <p>In summary, vitamin D is synthesized in the dermis of your skin in response to ultraviolet light from the sun. From there, it is transported to your liver and kidneys, where it is converted into an active hormone that is then circulated throughout your body. People with liver or kidney problems may have a reduced ability to synthesize vitamin D. As noted by the French National Academy of Medicine, vitamin D:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn3" data-hash="#ednref3">3</span></sup></p> <ul> <li>Modulates (meaning it can upregulate and downregulate as needed) the function of your immune system by stimulating dendritic cells (which detect the presence of antigens such as viruses or bacteria) and macrophages (responsible for triggering immune responses and destroying pathogens) </li> <li>Regulates and suppresses the cytokine inflammatory response.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn4" data-hash="#ednref4">4</span></sup> The ability to downregulate the inflammatory response is particularly important for COVID-19, as out of control inflammation (cytokine storm) is a primary cause of death</li> </ul> <h2>Vitamin D — An Excellent Adjunct to Any Therapy</h2> <p>The French medical authority points out there's "a significant correlation between low serum vitamin D levels and mortality from COVID-19" — which one would expect considering its modulating and regulatory influence on immune function — and that "by mitigating the inflammatory storm and its consequences," vitamin D "could be considered as an adjunct to any form of therapy."</p> <p>They cite research showing the inverse correlation between vitamin D and COVID-19 infection and mortality (the lower your vitamin D the greater your risk of infection and death) in European countries has a confidence value of 95.4%, meaning there's only a 4.6% chance that this correlation is due to chance alone. </p> <p>The press release ends by recommending the French population take supplemental vitamin D, as it is a "simple and inexpensive measure." The French authority also recommends "rapid serum vitamin D testing in people over 60 years of age with COVID-19." </p> <aside class="takeaway tamiddle"><p>Vitamin D can reduce the risk of infection by lowering the rate at which the virus replicates and reduce the pro-inflammatory cytokines that damage the lungs, leading to pneumonia. It also helps increase concentrations of anti-inflammatory cytokines that may help protect the lungs.</p></aside> <p>As noted by Campbell, this is "a remarkably good idea." In those who are found to be deficient in vitamin D, the French National Academy of Medicine recommends an initial bolus dose of 50,000 IUs to 100,000 IUs. </p> <p>And, while vitamin D testing is not stressed for those under the age of 60, they do recommend that anyone under the age of 60 who receives a positive COVID-19 test start taking 800 IUs to 1,000 IUs of vitamin D per day anyway.</p> <h2>Prospective Vitamin D for COVID-19 Studies Are Underway </h2> <p>The French recommendations are in stark contrast to the U.S., where Big Pharma-controlled health authorities and media are still trying to frighten people away from vitamin D supplementation. One reason for this could be because a healthier population is less likely to line up for inoculation with a fast-tracked vaccine. </p> <p>It's worth noting that while the French National Academy of Medicine and Campbell state there are no randomized controlled trials looking at vitamin D supplementation and COVID-19, this is not true. There are many such trials currently underway. They just haven't been completed and published yet, but you can find them (and may be able to enroll in them) by searching ClinicalTrials.gov.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn5" data-hash="#ednref5">5</span></sup> </p> <p>In the UK, there's the Covidence UK Study,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn6" data-hash="#ednref6">6</span></sup> an effort to collect data about how vitamin D deficiency impacts your COVID-19 risk. If you live in the U.K., you can <a href="https://www.qmul.ac.uk/covidence/">sign up for the Covidence UK study here</a>. According to Adrian Martineau, a professor of respiratory infection and immunity at Queen Mary University of London, who is leading the Covidence study:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn7" data-hash="#ednref7">7</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"Vitamin D could almost be thought of as a designer drug for helping the body to handle viral respiratory infections. It boosts the ability of cells to kill and resist viruses and simultaneously dampens down harmful inflammation, which is one of the big problems with Covid."</em></p> </blockquote> <h2>British Health Care Workers Get Free Vitamin D </h2> <p>Aside from the French, Scotland and the U.K. are also starting to take vitamin D optimization more seriously. For example, the British Frontline Immune Support Team is providing U.K. National Health Service workers with free liposomal vitamin C, vitamin D and zinc packs to bolster and regulate their immune function.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn8" data-hash="#ednref8">8</span></sup> As noted by The Frontline Immune Support Team, vitamin D:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn9" data-hash="#ednref9">9</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"… plays a critical role in your immune defense system, both in reducing flu-like days of illness if your blood level is sufficient, and in helping your immune system respond when under viral attack. It speeds up recovery from pneumonia.</em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>Two in five adults have a level of vitamin D below 25nmol/l, especially in late winter months such as February and March, that is likely to almost double their risk of flu. A vitamin D level above 100 nmol/l correlates with the lowest numbers of flu-like days. The moral of the story is to get your level up as quickly as possible."</em></p> </blockquote> <p>The British NHS is also assessing the evidence to determine whether vitamin D should be prescribed to hospitalized COVID-19 patients and as a prevention to high-risk groups.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn10" data-hash="#ednref10">10</span></sup></p> <h2>Scottish Government Recommends Daily Vitamin D Supplement</h2> <p>As of June 3, 2020, Scottish government COVID-19 guidance includes taking a daily vitamin D supplement. As reported by the Scotland Herald:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn11" data-hash="#ednref11">11</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"Official Scottish Government guidance issued on June 3 states that everyone, including children, 'should consider taking a daily supplement containing 10 micrograms of vitamin D.' </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>However, it is 'specifically recommended' to all pregnant and breastfeeding women; infants and children under five years old; people from minority ethnic groups with dark skin such as those of African, African-Caribbean and South Asian origin, who require more sun exposure to make as much vitamin D; and people who are confined indoors."</em></p> </blockquote> <h2>Data Support Role of Vitamin D in COVID-19</h2> <p>Several studies have noted the inverse relationship between low vitamin D and a higher risk for COVID-19-positive test results,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn12" data-hash="#ednref12">12</span></sup> severity of infection<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn13" data-hash="#ednref13">13</span>,</sup><sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn14" data-hash="#ednref14">14</span></sup> and mortality.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn15" data-hash="#ednref15">15</span></sup> These studies are correlation studies and do not confirm causation, but studies that will be able to prove causation are currently underway.</p> <p>Examples of these correlation studies include The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA),<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn16" data-hash="#ednref16">16</span>,</sup><sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn17" data-hash="#ednref17">17</span></sup> which suggests vitamin D deficiency could have serious implications for COVID-19. The researchers recommend adults over 50 take a vitamin D supplement year-round if they don't get enough sun exposure to optimize their levels. </p> <p>Another Irish paper,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn18" data-hash="#ednref18">18</span></sup> "Vitamin D and Inflammation: Potential Implications for Severity of COVID-19," concluded there is "a strong plausible biological hypothesis and evolving epidemiological data supporting a role for vitamin D in COVID-19."</p> <p>Some of those biological mechanisms have already been summarized above. Other mechanisms of action that can impact your risk of COVID-19 include the following:</p> <table class="generic-table left-align"> <tbody> <tr> <td valign="top"><p>SARS-CoV-2 is an enveloped virus, which means it's more difficult for your immune system to identify and destroy it. However, higher vitamin D levels are inversely associated with infection by many other enveloped viruses, including dengue, hepatitis, herpes, HIV, rotavirus, respiratory syncytial virus and influenza.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn19" data-hash="#ednref19">19</span>,</sup><sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn20" data-hash="#ednref20">20</span></sup> We'll have to wait and see if the same holds true for SARS-CoV-2, but chances are it will. </p></td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top"><p>Vitamin D strengthens cellular junctions, thereby making it more difficult for viruses to gain entry through your eyes, ears, lungs and mucus membranes. This in turn makes the infection less likely to migrate down into your lungs.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn21" data-hash="#ednref21">21</span></sup></p></td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top"><p>Vitamin D can reduce the risk of infection by lowering the rate at which the virus replicates and can reduce the pro-inflammatory cytokines that damage the lungs, leading to pneumonia. It also helps increase concentrations of anti-inflammatory cytokines that may help protect the lungs. For these reasons, researchers suggest people who are at risk for COVID-19 should take:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn22" data-hash="#ednref22">22</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"… 10,000 IU/d of vitamin D3 for a few weeks to rapidly raise 25(OH)D concentrations, followed by 5000 IU/d. The goal should be to raise 25(OH)D concentrations above 40-60 ng/mL (100-150 nmol/L)."</em></p> </blockquote></td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top"><p>Vitamin D is an important component in the prevention and treatment of influenza<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn23" data-hash="#ednref23">23</span></sup> and upper respiratory tract infections.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn24" data-hash="#ednref24">24</span></sup> While vitamin D does not appear to have a direct effect on the virus itself, it strengthens immune function, thus allowing the host body to combat the virus more effectively.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn25" data-hash="#ednref25">25</span></sup></p> <p>As detailed in "<a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2016/11/28/vitamin-d-prevents-infections-cancer-risk.aspx">Vitamin D Prevents Infections</a>," research shows high-dose vitamin D supplementation lowers the risk of respiratory illnesses and lung infections in the elderly by 40%. As noted by an author of that study, "Vitamin D can improve the immune system's ability to fight infections because it bolsters the first line of defense of the immune system." </p> <p>As mentioned earlier, vitamin D also suppresses inflammatory processes and inhibits excessive production of proinflammatory cytokines that give rise to a cytokine storm.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn26" data-hash="#ednref26">26</span></sup> Taken together, this might make vitamin D quite useful against COVID-19, because while robust immune function is required for your body to combat the virus, an overactivated immune system is also responsible for the cytokine storm we see in COVID-19 infection that can lead to death. </p></td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top"><p>Vitamin D upregulates production of human cathelicidin, LL-37, which has antimicrobial and antiendotoxin activities.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn27" data-hash="#ednref27">27</span></sup></p></td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top"><p>Vitamin D supplementation has been shown to protect against acute respiratory infections.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn28" data-hash="#ednref28">28</span></sup> Daily or weekly supplementation (opposed to infrequent bolus doses) of vitamin D had the greatest protective effect in those with the lowest vitamin D levels.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn29" data-hash="#ednref29">29</span></sup></p> <p>In one study,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn30" data-hash="#ednref30">30</span></sup> those with severe vitamin D deficiency who took a daily or weekly supplement cut their respiratory infection risk in half, whereas the acute administration of high bolus doses of vitamin D had no significant impact on infection risk. </p></td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top"><p>Data analysis<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn31" data-hash="#ednref31">31</span></sup> by GrassrootsHealth shows people with a vitamin D level of at least 40 ng/mL reduced their risk of colds by 15% and flu by 41%, compared to those with a level below 20 ng/mL.</p></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <h2>COVID-19-Specific Papers</h2> <p>In addition to the Irish papers cited above, several others have come to the same or similar conclusions. Additional examples include:</p> <table class="generic-table left-align"> <tbody> <tr> <td valign="top"><p>The vitamin D review paper<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn32" data-hash="#ednref32">32</span></sup> "Evidence That Vitamin D Supplementation Could Reduce Risk of Influenza and COVID-19 Infections and Death," published in the journal Nutrients, April 2, 2020, which states that: </p><blockquote> <p><em>"To reduce the risk of infection, it is recommended that people at risk of influenza and/or COVID-19 consider taking 10,000 IU/d of vitamin D<sub>3</sub> for a few weeks to rapidly raise 25(OH)D concentrations, followed by 5000 IU/d. </em></p> </blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>The goal should be to raise 25(OH)D concentrations above 40–60 ng/mL (100–150 nmol/L). For treatment of people who become infected with COVID-19, higher vitamin D<sub>3</sub> doses might be useful."</em></p> </blockquote> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top"><p>A GrassrootsHealth review<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn33" data-hash="#ednref33">33</span></sup> of an observational study involving 212 COVID-19 patients in Southeast Asia identified a correlation between vitamin D levels and disease severity. Those with the mildest disease had the highest vitamin D levels, and vice versa. </p> <p>In the initial study group of 212 patients (see Table 1 below), 55 had normal vitamin D levels, which was defined as greater than 30 ng/ml; 80 had insufficient levels of 21 to 29 ng/ml and 77 had deficient levels of less than 20 ng/ml. </p> <p>According to the research done by GrassrootsHealth, 40 ng/mL is the lower edge of optimal, with 60 ng/mL to 80 ng/mL being ideal for health and disease prevention. Despite that, the benefit of having a vitamin D level above 30 ng/mL was clear. </p> <figure class="center-img"> <img style="width: 100%; max-width: 550px !important;" alt="vitamin d covid-19 severity" src="https://media.mercola.com/ImageServer/Public/2020/April/vitamin-d-covid-19-severity.jpg"></figure></td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top"><p>In a study<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn34" data-hash="#ednref34">34</span></sup> that looked at data from 780 COVID-19 patients in Indonesia, those with a vitamin D level between 20 ng/mL and 30 ng/mL had a sevenfold higher risk of death than those with a level above 30 ng/mL. Having a level below 20 ng/mL was associated with a 12 times higher risk of death. </p></td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top"><p>Research<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn35" data-hash="#ednref35">35</span>,</sup><sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn36" data-hash="#ednref36">36</span></sup> posted on the preprint server MedRxiv June 10, 2020, reports a combination of vitamin D3, B12 and magnesium inhibited the progression of COVID-19 in patients over the age of 50, resulting in "a significant reduction in proportion of patients with clinical deterioration requiring oxygen support and/or intensive care support." </p></td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top"><p>"The Role of Vitamin D in the Prevention of Coronavirus Disease 2019 Infection and Mortality"<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn37" data-hash="#ednref37">37</span></sup> — which looked at the average vitamin D levels and the number of COVID-19 cases and death rates in 20 European countries — found lower vitamin D levels correlated with higher caseloads and mortality. The authors concluded, "We believe that we can advise vitamin D supplementation to protect against SARS-CoV2 infection." </p></td> </tr> <tr><td valign="top"><p> Northwestern University researchers report finding an inverse relationship between vitamin D and CRP, a marker for inflammation. Those with higher CRP had lower vitamin D and vice versa. According to the authors:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn38" data-hash="#ednref38">38</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"COVID-19 patient-level data shows a notable OR of 3.4 … for high CRP in severe COVID-19 patients. </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>Given that CRP is a surrogate marker for cytokine storm and is associated with Vit D deficiency, based on retrospective data and indirect evidence we see a possible role of Vit D in reducing complications attributed to unregulated inflammation and cytokine storm. </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>Further research is needed to account for other factors through direct measurement of Vit D levels in COVID-19 patients."</em></p> </blockquote> </td> </tr> <tr><td valign="top"><p> "The Possible Role of Vitamin D in Suppressing Cytokine Storm and Associated Mortality in COVID-19 Patients,"<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn39" data-hash="#ednref39">39</span>,</sup><sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn40" data-hash="#ednref40">40</span></sup> posted on the preprint portal medRxiv May 18, 2020, reports finding a strong correlation between severe vitamin D deficiency and higher mortality rates in countries across the globe. </p><p>The researchers attribute this to a connection between low vitamin D and high risk for cytokine storms. The analysis suggests higher vitamin D levels among the general population could cut mortality in half by reducing complications.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn41" data-hash="#ednref41">41</span></sup></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <h2>Now Is the Time to Optimize Your Vitamin D </h2> <p>Health experts are warning we're likely to see a second wave of COVID-19 this fall, as temperatures drop. This means the time to start optimizing your vitamin D is now. </p> <p>Data from GrassrootsHealth's D*Action studies suggest the optimal level for health and disease prevention is between 60 ng/mL and 80 ng/mL, while the cutoff for sufficiency appears to be around 40 ng/mL. In Europe, the measurements you're looking for are 150 to 200 nmol/L and 100 nmol/L respectively.</p> <p>I recently published a comprehensive vitamin D report in which I detail vitamin D's mechanisms of action and how to ensure optimal levels. I recommend downloading and sharing that report with everyone you know. </p> <a href="https://www.mercola.com/vitamin-d-covid-19.htm" target="_blank"> <figure class="center-img"> <img style="border: 0px currentColor; border-image: none; width: 100%; max-width: 350px !important;" alt="dr. mercola's report" src="https://media.mercola.com/assets/images/drmercola-report-btn Can UV Light Inactivate Airborne Human Coronavirus? http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/07/04/can-uv-light-inactivate-airborne-human-coronavirus.aspx Articles urn:uuid:d3d7be97-2a66-e26c-f335-7823d2fa54bd Fri, 03 Jul 2020 22:00:00 -0700 <p>December 31, 2019, China reported a case of pneumonia from an unknown cause to the World Health Organization.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn1" data-hash="#ednref1">1</span></sup> It wasn't long afterward that it became apparent that the "unknown cause" would create global havoc.</p> <p>Immediately, scientists began scrambling to find ways to kill the SARS-CoV-2 virus, treat the infection and develop public health policies to contain the spread. Historically, scientists identified coronaviruses responsible for human infection in the mid-1960s.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn2" data-hash="#ednref2">2</span></sup> By 2003 when SARS first appeared, researchers had only identified four subgroups of coronavirus that could infect humans.</p> <p>But then, also in 2003, SARS-CoV appeared and joined the list. In 2012, the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) was identified in Saudi Arabia. And, finally, the most recent addition to this list is SARS-CoV-2.</p> <p>When it comes to fighting them, one method of disinfecting bacteria and viruses, including coronaviruses, in hospitals has been ultraviolet light. This is one wavelength in the light spectrum that's found in light from the sun, which provides the primary means of killing pathogens in the environment through UV radiation.</p> <p>In 2005, a team of researchers reviewed the estimated amount of time it took to inactivate viruses using exposure to UVA and UVB radiation from the sun.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn3" data-hash="#ednref3">3</span></sup> They developed a predictive model that they concluded "should be a useful step to understanding and eventually predicting the survival of viruses after their release in the environment."</p> <h2>Company Claims New Lightbulb Can Kill Coronavirus</h2> <p>In a recent development, one of the largest lighting companies in the world, Signify, says they have developed a new light bulb they believe can kill 96% of coronavirus in just three seconds.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn4" data-hash="#ednref4">4</span></sup> The organization partnered with Boston University to test the effectiveness of the lightbulb to inactivate the virus.</p> <p>Eric Rondolat, CEO, spoke to CNBC, telling the reporter that after six seconds of exposure, the rate of pathogen death goes up to 99%.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn5" data-hash="#ednref5">5</span></sup> In a press release on Signify's website, Anthony Griffiths, Ph.D., from Boston University School of Medicine is cited:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn6" data-hash="#ednref6">6</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"Our test results show that above a specific dose of UV-C radiation, viruses were completely inactivated: in a matter of seconds we could no longer detect any virus. We're very excited about these findings and hope that this will accelerate the development of products that can help limit the spread of COVID-19."</em></p> </blockquote> <p>Rondolat believes the light bulbs are a preventive measure that may be useful in all types of public places. The notice from Signify follows research from Columbia University, where researchers found low doses of far-UVC light "inactivated 99.9% of aerosolized alpha coronavirus 229E and beta coronavirus OC43."<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn7" data-hash="#ednref7">7</span></sup></p> <p>These scientists found that viral inactivation took approximately 25 minutes. They believe that by doubling the intensity, they may be able to cut the disinfection time in half and still maintain safety.</p> <h2>Researchers Using Far-UVC to Reduce Potential Damage</h2> <p>There are three major types of <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2019/11/02/sunglasses-and-eye-health.aspx">ultraviolet light</a>: UVA, UVB and UVC. UVA and UVB penetrate the atmosphere and reach the Earth. UVA can penetrate the skin while high levels of exposure to UVB can damage the skin's DNA.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn8" data-hash="#ednref8">8</span></sup></p> <p>UVC, however, is the most damaging. The wavelengths are between 100 and 290 nanometers, which are almost completely absorbed in the atmosphere.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn9" data-hash="#ednref9">9</span></sup> The wavelength is highly energized and effective as a decontaminant since it destroys the molecular bonds in bacterial and viral DNA.</p> <p>In one study using UVC to decontaminate hospital rooms and surgical tools, Duke University researchers found that sanitizing a room with UVC light in addition to traditional cleaning reduced the transmission of drug-resistant bacteria by 30%.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn10" data-hash="#ednref10">10</span></sup></p> <p>The danger in working with UVC light is that it not only kills bacteria and viruses, but also damages human DNA. Dan Arnold works for UV Light Technology providing UV disinfecting equipment in the U.K. He spoke with BBC about the potential for using UVC light to disinfect skin and clothing, saying, "You would literally be frying people."<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn11" data-hash="#ednref11">11</span></sup></p> <p>A study from Columbia University, however, published in Scientific Reports in 2018, generated excitement about the potential for reducing the spread of influenza by using far-UVC.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn12" data-hash="#ednref12">12</span></sup> Researchers used continuous low dose far-UVC light and found results which suggested that using this technique in public places may reduce the number impacted by flu, without penetrating human skin or eyes.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn13" data-hash="#ednref13">13</span></sup></p> <h2>Doorway Portal Douses Patrons in UVC Light</h2> <p>Before the results of the light tests from Boston University were published, one bakery announced plans to install far-UVC light bulbs in the stores and at a portal above the doorway. The New York Post reported that Magnolia Bakery "is installing futuristic-looking portals and purple-hued ceiling lights that will drench patrons and workers in potentially disease-destroying far-ultraviolet light."<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn14" data-hash="#ednref14">14</span></sup>&nbsp;</p> <p>The chief baking officer called their store "experiential," saying their customers enjoy spending time in their shop in the Upper West Side. In an attempt to accommodate the needs of their customers and possibly reduce airborne SARS-CoV-2, they are also replacing the indoor lighting with far-UVC light bulbs.</p> <p>This move has caught some experts by surprise. In March 2020, the Food and Drug Administration released guidelines on the use of disinfectant devices, sterilizers and air purifiers during the pandemic.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn15" data-hash="#ednref15">15</span></sup> Karl Linden, environmental engineer, spoke to a reporter at Discover Magazine, saying:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn16" data-hash="#ednref16">16</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"I was quite shocked to see this portal come out … my excitement [is] tempered with the concern that it could be an application that could have some dangerous side effects or direct effects."</em></p> </blockquote> <p>It appears that <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/04/06/can-uv-light-kill-coronavirus.aspx">far-UVC lights</a> do not have the immediate and direct effects that regular UVC light has on mammal skin. David Brenner, Ph.D., from Columbia University is one of the scientists in the study showing that low dose far-UVC light inactivates human coronavirus. He spoke with a reporter from the New York Post about the safety of the lights.</p> <p>Thus far they have tested far-UVC lights on hairless mice for eight months and have not seen any evidence of damage, he said.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn17" data-hash="#ednref17">17</span></sup> However, while concentrated forms of UVC are being used to clean city buses in China, hospital floors and even money,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn18" data-hash="#ednref18">18</span></sup> the long-term effects of far-UVC light on human skin may require a lengthier test period than just eight months.&nbsp;</p> <h2>What About Sunlight?</h2> <p> <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2019/11/11/sunlight-improves-gut-health.aspx">Sunlight</a> is used in developing countries to help sterilize water. The World Health Organization recommends using a process pioneered in the 1980s that involves the sun, a bottle and a black surface. A transparent bottle is placed horizontally for five hours.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn19" data-hash="#ednref19">19</span></sup></p> <p>Field studies in China, Columbia, Bolivia and elsewhere show it helps kill pathogens and reduce the incidence of diarrhea. How long sunlight may take to disinfect surfaces or viruses suspended in the air is still under investigation, though.</p> <p>During a press conference, William Bryan from the Department of Homeland Security presented results from a study evaluating how long sunlight might take to kill SARS-CoV-2, or if it could. It was found that under ordinary circumstances, when humidity was low at 20% and the temperature was 70 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit, it took about an hour for the virus to be inactivated.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn20" data-hash="#ednref20">20</span></sup></p> <p>When sunlight was added to the experiment, it took about 1.5 minutes. The final results of this study have not been made public as yet, nor have they been peer reviewed. However, a report of the results was leaked and picked up by Yahoo! News.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn21" data-hash="#ednref21">21</span></sup> The briefing on the results was marked for "official use only." Yahoo! News reported:</p> <blockquote> <p><em>"The study found that the risk of 'transmission from surfaces outdoors is lower during daylight' and under higher temperature and humidity conditions. 'Sunlight destroys the virus quickly,' reads the briefing."</em></p> </blockquote> <p>The Department of Homeland Security did not answer a reporter's questions from Yahoo! News and cautioned the public against making a conclusion based on the data from the National Biodefense Analysis and Countermeasures Center, which is a lab that was developed to address bioterrorism after the 9/11 attack. A statement from the Department of Homeland Security read:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn22" data-hash="#ednref22">22</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"The department is dedicated to the fight against COVID-19, and the health and safety of the American people is its top priority. As policy, the department does not comment on allegedly leaked documents. It would be irresponsible to speculate, draw conclusions, or to inadvertently try to influence the public based upon a document that has not yet been peer-reviewed or subjected to the rigorous scientific validation approach."</em></p> </blockquote> <h2>Vitamin D Level Must Reach 60ng/mL Before Fall</h2> <p>Sunlight is necessary to support optimal health. Scientists have now found those who are deficient in <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/06/21/vitamin-d-combats-viral-infections-boosts-immune-system.aspx">vitamin D</a>, which your body makes with exposure to the sun, have a far higher risk of severe disease from SARS-CoV-2. There is also evidence that SARS-CoV-2 responds to humidity and temperature, causing different scientists to expect another wave of illness in the fall.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn23" data-hash="#ednref23">23</span></sup></p> <p>This means there is a "deadline" before which it is important to optimize your <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2010/04/20/the-vitamin-d-solution.aspx">vitamin D levels</a>. To improve your immune function and lower your risk of viral infections, I suggest raising your vitamin D to a level between 60 nanograms per milliliter (ng/mL) and 80 ng/mL by fall. In Europe, the measurements you're looking for are 150 nanomoles per liter (nmol/L) and 200 nmol/L.</p> <p>To determine if you need to use a supplement, it's important to test your vitamin D levels first. This easy-to-use, at-home <a href="https://shop.mercola.com/product/1090/vitamin-d-test-kit-for-consumer-sponsored-research">vitamin D test kit</a> from GrassrootsHealth can help identify if you need a supplement. I provide this kit as a convenience for my readers; I don't make any money from the sale of this kit.</p> <p>As I've written before, low levels of vitamin D are commonly found in those with comorbid health conditions or dark skin. This raises the potential risk from COVID-19 and other infectious diseases. To learn more and develop a plan to raise your vitamin D levels by fall, see "<a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/06/01/vitamin-d-level-to-reach-before-covid-19-second-wave.aspx">Your Vitamin D Level Must Reach 60ng/mL Before the Second Wave</a>."</p><img src="http://articles.mercola.com/aggbug.aspx?PostID=1008262" width="1" height="1"> Low Levels of Vitamins B12 and D Linked to Depression http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/07/02/high-homocysteine-and-depression-in-children.aspx Articles urn:uuid:b38b2066-4258-ee7b-f337-b0963c82f5f7 Wed, 01 Jul 2020 22:00:00 -0700 <p>Up to 2.5% of children and 8.3% of adolescents suffer from depression, a condition that’s associated with significant complications later in life, including an increased risk of suicide, substance abuse, physical diseases and problems with work, academic and psychosocial functioning.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn1" data-hash="#ednref1">1</span></sup></p> <p>It’s believed that both genetic and environmental factors play a role in why some children develop depression, and increasing attention has been placed on the role of dietary factors and nutrients such as vitamin D, which is ideally obtained via sun exposure. </p> <p>Further, one-carbon metabolism, which includes vitamin B12, folate and homocysteine and which plays a role in many biological processes and maintaining cellular homeostasis, has been investigated for its role in psychiatric disorders, including depression in adults.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn2" data-hash="#ednref2">2</span></sup></p> <p>After exploring the link further, researchers from Ordu University in Turkey revealed that low vitamin B12 and vitamin D levels, along with increased homocysteine, may play a role in depression among children and adolescents.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn3" data-hash="#ednref3">3</span></sup></p> <h2>Childhood Depression Linked to Low Vitamin B12, Maybe Folate</h2> <p>The study involved 89 children and adolescents with depression, along with 43 subjects without depression to serve as controls. The volunteers completed testing for childhood depression and anxiety and had their levels of folate, vitamin B12, homocysteine and vitamin D measured. </p> <p>While there was no significant difference in folate levels between the groups, 11.23% of those with depression had low levels of folate. Further, among the depression group vitamin B12 and vitamin D levels were “clearly low.” As for how this might contribute to depression, the researchers explained:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn4" data-hash="#ednref4">4</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>“One-carbon metabolism has a basic role in methylation processes of neurotransmitters, proteins, and membrane phospholipids. Additionally, it is necessary for DNA synthesis. </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>With vitamin B12 and folate deficiency, methylation processes are hindered and neurotransmitter levels fall. Also linked to vitamin B12 and folate deficiency, there is an increase in the levels of the extremely neurotoxic metabolite of homocysteine.”</em></p> </blockquote> <p>Both vitamin B12 and folate have previously been described as antidepressant nutrients.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn5" data-hash="#ednref5">5</span></sup> Folate, found in dark leafy greens like spinach, avocados and other fresh vegetables, is involved in your body’s production of mood-regulating neurotransmitters. In one study, people who consumed the most folate had a lower risk of depression than those who ate the least.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn6" data-hash="#ednref6">6</span></sup></p> <p>Vitamin B12 is found only in animal foods such as grass fed meat, eggs, dairy and wild-caught seafood. As such, vegetarians and vegans are especially susceptible to B12 deficiency, and this is one likely reason why <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2017/09/14/vegetarian-depression-risk.aspx">vegetarians</a> may be nearly twice as likely to suffer from depression as meat eaters, even after adjusting for variables like job status, family history and number of children.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn7" data-hash="#ednref7">7</span></sup></p> <p>It’s widely known that people with a vitamin B12 deficiency are at an increased risk of depression,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn8" data-hash="#ednref8">8</span></sup> which could be, in part, due to resulting alterations in the level of DNA methylation in the brain, leading to neurologic impairment.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn9" data-hash="#ednref9">9</span></sup> Vitamin B12 also helps regulate homocysteine levels, and increased homocysteine is linked to B12 deficiency as well as depression.</p> <h2>Folate, Vitamin B12 Suggested for Treatment of Depression</h2> <p>Considering the extensive research linking depression with low levels of vitamin B12 and folate, researchers with the MRC Neuropsychiatric Research Laboratory in Epsom, Surrey, U.K., suggested that folate and vitamin B12 should be considered in the treatment of depression. </p> <p>“On the basis of current data, we suggest that oral doses of both folic acid (800 mcg daily) and vitamin B12 (1,000 mcg daily) should be tried to improve treatment outcome in depression,” they noted.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn10" data-hash="#ednref10">10</span></sup></p> <p>Folic acid is the synthetic version of folate, or vitamin B9, and while it may have a place in depression treatment, the best way to increase your levels is to eat foods rich in folate, such as asparagus, avocados, Brussels sprouts, broccoli and spinach. As for why folate and vitamin B12 are so important for mental health, they explained:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn11" data-hash="#ednref11">11</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>“Folate and vitamin B12 are major determinants of one-carbon metabolism, in which S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) is formed. SAM donates methyl groups that are crucial for neurological function. Increased plasma homocysteine is a functional marker of both folate and vitamin B12 deficiency. Increased homocysteine levels are found in depressive patients.”</em></p> </blockquote> <h2>Depressed Children Had ‘Remarkably High’ Homocysteine Levels</h2> <p>The connection between low vitamin B12 and increased homocysteine levels is notable, as the featured study found “remarkably high” homocysteine levels in the children and adolescents with depression. </p> <p>“Increased homocysteine increases the flow of calcium within cells through the NMDA [N-methyl D-aspartic acid] receptor activation pathway. Within the cell, oxidative stress increases and apoptotic signals are activated. Increased homocysteine causes DNA damage, mitochondrial dysfunction, and endoplasmic reticulum stress,” the researchers noted, suggesting that this is likely one mechanism behind homocysteine’s depression connection.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn12" data-hash="#ednref12">12</span></sup></p> <p>Separate research has also linked higher homocysteine levels with increased rates of depression and anxiety among 12- and 13-year-old boys in Taiwan.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn13" data-hash="#ednref13">13</span></sup> Higher levels of homocysteine, along with significantly lower levels of vitamin B12 and vitamin D, are also associated with other mental health conditions, including obsessive compulsive disorder, in which it’s believed to play a causative role.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn14" data-hash="#ednref14">14</span></sup></p> <p>Homocysteine is an amino acid in your body and blood obtained primarily from meat consumption. Vitamins B6, B9 and B12 help convert homocysteine into methionine — a building block for proteins. If you don't get enough of these B vitamins, this conversion process is impaired and results in higher homocysteine. Conversely, when you increase intake of B6, folate and B12, your homocysteine level decreases.</p> <p>As such, <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2018/09/24/overlooked-lab-tests.aspx">checking your homocysteine level</a> is a great way to identify a vitamin B6, folate and B12 deficiency. The researchers also noted that “vitamin deficiencies and elevated homocysteine should be investigated in terms of cause-effect relationships” in terms of depression in youth, especially since depression may contribute to poor appetite and irregular eating habits.</p> <h2>Vitamin D Levels Also Low Among Depressed Youth</h2> <p>The Ordu University researchers also found vitamin D levels to be low among the children and adolescents with depression, a connection that’s been revealed in the past. In the study, the depressed group had a median vitamin D level of 11 ng/ml, compared to 24.85 ng/ml in the control group. Both of these values are low, but 11 ng/ml is dangerously low and will radically increase the risk of rickets.</p> <p>It’s important to note that for optimal health and disease prevention, a level between 60 and 80 ng/mL (150 to 200 nm/L) appears to be ideal, so all of the study participants were very low by this measure. Vitamin D receptors exist in the human brain,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn15" data-hash="#ednref15">15</span></sup> hinting at the importance of this vitamin in mental and emotional health. </p> <a href="https://www.mercola.com/vitamin-d-covid-19.htm" target="_blank"> <figure class="center-img"> <img style="border: 0px currentColor; border-image: none; width: 100%; max-width: 350px !important;" alt="dr. mercola's report" src="https://media.mercola.com/assets/images/drmercola-report-btn.jpg"> </figure> </a> <p class="hide-figcap"><strong>&gt;&gt;&gt;&gt;&gt; <a href="https://www.mercola.com/vitamin-d-covid-19.htm" target="_blank">Click Here</a> &lt;&lt;&lt;&lt;&lt;</strong> </p> <p>It’s believed that vitamin D regulates more than 200 different genes by binding to vitamin D receptors that are responsible for driving a number of biological processes.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn16" data-hash="#ednref16">16</span></sup> Low levels of vitamin D have, in fact, been linked to a number of psychological disorders, including anxiety, depression and schizophrenia. </p> <p>It likely influences <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2019/09/05/low-vitamin-d-linked-to-behavior-problems.aspx">psychological health</a> in a number of ways, including by modulating inflammation, regulating proteins that fight free radicals and increasing the synthesis of brain-derived neurotrophic factor, which may play a role in schizophrenia. </p> <p>Writing in the journal Children, Dr. Joy Weydert of the department of pediatrics at the University of Kansas Medical Center explained, “Vitamin D deficiency decreases the expression of the enzyme catechol-O-methyl transferase (COMT), required for dopamine and serotonin metabolism.”<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn17" data-hash="#ednref17">17</span></sup> Further, adolescents with low levels of vitamin D had improved depressive symptoms after vitamin D supplementation.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn18" data-hash="#ednref18">18</span></sup></p> <p>Vitamin D deficiency in children is “very common,”<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn19" data-hash="#ednref19">19</span></sup> and children, like adults, should obtain regular sun exposure or take vitamin D3 supplements to ensure their levels are in the optimal range. It’s important to note that vitamin D supplementation must be balanced with other nutrients, namely vitamin K2 (to avoid complications associated with excessive calcification in your arteries), calcium and <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2018/03/12/magnesium-vitamin-d-supplementation.aspx">magnesium</a>.</p> <p>The best way to gauge whether you might need to supplement, and how much, is to get your level tested, ideally twice a year, in the early spring and early fall when your level is at its low point and peak. Optimizing vitamin D levels may be a simple way to significantly improve mental health. As noted in Issues in Mental Health Nursing:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn20" data-hash="#ednref20">20</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>“Effective detection and treatment of inadequate vitamin D levels in persons with depression and other mental disorders may be an easy and cost-effective therapy which could improve patients’ long-term health outcomes as well as their quality of life.”</em></p> </blockquote> <p>Once you have your vitamin D level tested you can use the Vitamin D Calculator developed by GrassRootsHealth to determine your ideal vitamin D dose.</p> <iframe style="text-align: center; width: 100%; max-width: 850px !important;" src="https://www.grassrootshealth.net/embed/dcalculator/" frameborder="0" scrolling="no"> </iframe> <h2>Poor Diet Linked to Depression; Healthy Diet Fixes It</h2> <p>It’s been proven time and again that what you eat influences mental health, and this is certainly true among teenagers. Researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham looked into the role two dietary factors play in symptoms of depression among adolescents, in this case African-American teens who may be at an increased risk of both unhealthy diet and depression.</p> <p>They analyzed the excretion of sodium and potassium in the urine in 84 urban, low‐income adolescents. Higher levels of sodium in the urine can be an indication of a diet high in sodium, such as <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2019/09/12/link-between-fast-food-and-depression.aspx">processed fast foods</a> and salty snacks. A low level of potassium, meanwhile, is indicative of a diet lacking in fruits, vegetables and other healthy potassium-rich foods.</p> <p>As might be expected, higher sodium and lower potassium excretion rates were associated with more frequent symptoms of depression at follow up 1.5 years later.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn21" data-hash="#ednref21">21</span></sup> Past studies have also confirmed the diet-depression link among children and teens. </p> <p>When researchers systematically reviewed 12 studies involving children and adolescents, an association was revealed between unhealthy diet and poorer mental health, as well as between a good-quality diet and better mental health.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn22" data-hash="#ednref22">22</span></sup></p> <p>Likewise, researchers from Macquarie University, Australia, studied 76 students between the ages of 17 and 35 who followed a poor diet and had moderate to high levels of depression symptoms.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn23" data-hash="#ednref23">23</span></sup> One group of the participants was asked to improve their diets by cutting back on refined carbohydrates, sugar, processed meats and soft drinks, while eating more vegetables, fruits, dairy products, nuts seeds, healthy fats and anti-inflammatory spices such as turmeric and cinnamon.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn24" data-hash="#ednref24">24</span></sup></p> <p>After only three weeks of healthier eating, those in the <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2019/11/14/healthy-foods-reduce-depression.aspx">healthy diet</a> group had significant improvements in mood and their depression scores even went into the normal range. While teens and young adults aren’t always known for their healthy food choices, this is a crucial period in which lifelong healthy eating patterns are established.</p> <p>Ensuring youth are eating healthy diets rich in folate and vitamin B12, as well as optimizing their vitamin D levels, may go a long way toward bolstering mental health and avoiding conditions like depression. </p> <p>If a child or teen is already struggling with depression, eating real food is equally important. In addition to limiting the intake of processed foods, fast foods and sweets, including sugary beverages, increasing consumption of foods rich in <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2019/09/09/how-much-omega-3-do-you-need-daily.aspx">omega-3 fats</a>, such as sardines and wild-caught salmon, should be encouraged.</p><img src="http://articles.mercola.com/aggbug.aspx?PostID=1009661" width="1" height="1"> Fragmented Sleep Linked to Atherosclerosis and Inflammation http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/07/02/how-fragmented-sleep-contribute-to-atherosclerosis.aspx Articles urn:uuid:4364a580-f5be-07c5-52f6-f3fb8ac795f1 Wed, 01 Jul 2020 22:00:00 -0700 <p>The importance of good sleep — sleep that is not fragmented, disturbed or insufficient — is recognized as a cornerstone of wellbeing by almost all health professionals. Scientific studies have shown that fragmented sleep causes chronic inflammation and can contribute to mental health and neurological disorders such as major depression and Alzheimer's disease, a Berkeley News release said.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn1" data-hash="#ednref1">1</span></sup></p> <p>Lack of sleep also affects your immune system by decreasing protective cytokines, according to Mayo Clinic.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn2" data-hash="#ednref2">2</span></sup></p> <p>Fragmented sleep is associated with atherosclerosis,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn3" data-hash="#ednref3">3</span></sup> a buildup of fatty plaque in the arteries often called "clogged” or “hardened” arteries that can result in fatal heart disease.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn4" data-hash="#ednref4">4</span></sup> Cardiovascular disease kills 12,000 Americans a week, which is far more than the reported COVID-19 toll of 1,000 people a day.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn5" data-hash="#ednref5">5</span></sup></p> <p>Still, the exact way that poor sleep induces atherosclerosis has not been clear.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn6" data-hash="#ednref6">6</span></sup> Now, U.C. Berkeley sleep scientists have published an article in PLOS Biology that clarifies some of the mechanisms through which fragmented sleep can cause atherosclerosis.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn7" data-hash="#ednref7">7</span></sup></p> <h2>Broken Sleep Predicts Hardened Blood Vessels</h2> <p>Broken or fragmented sleep is characterized by awakening during the night, difficulty falling back to sleep and a sense of not being rested upon rising, or "nonrestful sleep." There are many possible causes of fragmented sleep, from stress and anxiety to excessive caffeine and <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/03/07/alcohol-accelerates-brain-aging.aspx">alcohol consumption</a> and other lifestyle factors. Fragmented sleep is also associated with assorted illnesses.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn8" data-hash="#ednref8">8</span></sup></p> <p>Recently, sleep specialists from U.C. Berkeley, studying 1,600 subjects, were able to separate the effect of fragmented sleep on atherosclerosis from other common contributors to atherosclerosis such as age, sex, ethnicity, body mass index (BMI), smoking status, blood pressure, use of antihypertensive medication, sleep apnea and insomnia. In the new study the researchers:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn9" data-hash="#ednref9">9</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"… test the hypothesis that the impact of fragmented sleep on atherosclerotic pathology is governed, in part, through the novel mediating influence of increased neutrophil and monocyte levels and, furthermore, that this sleep-related disease pathway is robust when multiple alternate cofactors (disease mechanisms) are being controlled for.</em></p> </blockquote> <blockquote> <p><em>To do so, we examined the association between sleep fragmentation (measured using 2 independent sources of objective data: polysomnography [PSG] and multiple nights of wrist-based actigraphy), white blood cell count, and in vivo measures of subclinical atherosclerosis in a diverse sample of the population."</em></p> </blockquote> <p>The study is important, the authors wrote, because improving sleep quality may "represent one preventive strategy for lowering inflammatory status and thus atherosclerosis risk, reinforcing public health policies focused on sleep health."<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn10" data-hash="#ednref10">10</span></sup></p> <p>The study's lead author Raphael Vallat, a postdoctoral researcher at the UC Berkeley sleep center, states, "To the best of our knowledge, these data are the first to associate sleep fragmentation, inflammation and atherosclerosis in humans.”<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn11" data-hash="#ednref11">11</span></sup></p> <h2>Atherosclerosis Begins Before Older Age</h2> <p>According to an editorial in the American Journal of Medicine, <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/06/19/should-aspirin-be-prescribed-for-heart-health.aspx">heart disease</a> is the leading cause of American adults' deaths, mostly due to atherosclerosis involving the heart and cardiovascular systems:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn12" data-hash="#ednref12">12</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"Atherosclerosis is a disease that is associated with living in a modern, industrialized nation. When countries such as China rapidly acquire this lifestyle, the incidence of atherosclerotic vascular disease increases strikingly … Arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease is now the most common cause of death in the entire world.</em></p> </blockquote> <blockquote> <p><em>Not surprisingly, risk factors for the development of atherosclerotic disease are widespread in the United States and in other resource-rich, technically advanced countries … approximately 30% of Americans aged 20 years or more were diagnosed with hypertension or were taking antihypertensive medications."</em></p> </blockquote> <p>Among the risk factors for cardiovascular disease are obesity, poor diet, lack of exercise, <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/04/24/could-fasting-lower-high-blood-pressure.aspx">high blood pressure</a> and <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2015/01/14/effects-smoking-cigarettes.aspx">smoking</a>.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn13" data-hash="#ednref13">13</span></sup> Vallat agrees that atherosclerosis begins before older age, though few may be aware of it, according to News Medical Life Sciences:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn14" data-hash="#ednref14">14</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"Unfortunately, this process goes largely unnoticed until the plaque buildup, in middle or old age, suddenly blocks arterial blood flow to the heart, lungs, brain and/or other organs, hence its moniker, 'silent killer,' said Vallat."</em></p> </blockquote> <p>Awareness of the risk of atherosclerosis should begin earlier, the study authors explain. "The insidious nature of the disease requires that we pay attention to our sleep hygiene, even starting in early to midlife," Vyoma Shah, a co-lead author of the PLOS study, told News Medical Life Sciences.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn15" data-hash="#ednref15">15</span></sup></p> <h2>How Does Fragmented Sleep Contribute to Atherosclerosis?</h2> <p>Both clogged arteries and fragmented sleep are correlated with older age.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn16" data-hash="#ednref16">16</span></sup> For some, the quality and duration of sleep often degrade with age from health conditions such as chronic pain and limb motion conditions, medication usage and sleep conditions like apnea and <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2019/09/05/insomnia-and-heart-disease.aspx">insomnia</a>.</p> <p>The aim of the PLOS study was to discover the relationship between the two phenomena and to separate them from other factors that might contribute to atherosclerosis. Here is what the researchers found:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn17" data-hash="#ednref17">17</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"Our findings confirm recent seminal work in mice demonstrating that experimentally induced sleep fragmentation, associated with increases in blood levels of monocytes and neutrophils, results in larger atherosclerotic lesions.</em></p> </blockquote> <blockquote> <p><em>Furthermore, these rodent data added mechanistic insight, with sleep fragmentation reducing hypocretin levels in the hypothalamus, signaling bone marrow-related increases in the production of monocytes and neutrophils.</em></p> </blockquote> <blockquote> <p><em>Advancing this research, we establish a sleep fragmentation — white blood cell — atherosclerosis association in a population-based sample of human adults and demonstrate that these effects remained robust when accounting for multiple other common atherosclerosis risk factors.</em></p> </blockquote> <blockquote> <p><em>Finally, we show that this indirect pathway can be quantified with objective sleep metrics, either using 1 week of wristwatch actigraphy or a single night of PSG [polysomnography] recording."</em></p> </blockquote> <p>In summation, the researchers write that their findings affirm "a pathway in which the quality of human sleep, specifically the degree of fragmentation, raises inflammatory-related white blood cells, thereby conferring increased risk for atherosclerosis."<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn18" data-hash="#ednref18">18</span></sup></p> <h2>Inflammation Is at the Core of Atherosclerosis Development</h2> <p>Inflammation is at the heart of many negative health conditions, so it is not surprising that the researchers also identify it as part of the atherosclerosis process.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn19" data-hash="#ednref19">19</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"[O]ne candidate pathway through which sleep fragmentation can raise atherosclerotic risk in humans may be through raised levels of inflammatory-associated neutrophil and monocyte counts.</em></p> </blockquote> <blockquote> <p><em>This proposal is consistent with findings that insufficient sleep (acute and prolonged) triggers low-grade inflammation, decreases and increases in discrete immune factors, and enhanced upstream signaling mechanisms of inflammation, including those regulated by monocytes.</em></p> </blockquote> <blockquote> <p><em>Moreover, both monocytes and neutrophils have a recognized role in atherosclerosis, including the modulation of proatherogenic reactive oxygen species and neutrophil extracellular traps that encourage monocyte accumulation to the plaque site."</em></p> </blockquote> <p>What biochemical actions from fragmented sleep contribute to inflammation? The PLOS authors wrote:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn20" data-hash="#ednref20">20</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"What it is about fragmentated human sleep that triggers inflammatory blood cell pathway continues to be defined. Beyond the inhibition of hypocretin production, sleep fragmentation results in hypercortisolemia.</em></p> </blockquote> <blockquote> <p><em>The state of raised cortisol can prevent the inhibition of granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GCSF) that otherwise limits neutrophil levels, and may therefore further increase neutrophil production."</em></p> </blockquote> <p><a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2017/09/13/inflammation-linked-to-cardiac-disease.aspx">Inflammation</a> is a pressing issue that affects people of all age groups and should not be ignored. U.S. adults with obesity, estimated to be around 36.5%, and children with skin and respiratory allergies struggle with high degrees of inflammation.</p> <p>Common conventional treatments for inflammation include <a href="https://www.mercola.com/infographics/nsaids.htm">NSAIDs</a> (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) but they are associated with undesirable side effects like unwanted weight gain, blurred vision, stomach pain, fatigue and sensitivity to light. Luckily, foods like tomatoes, berries, fatty wild-caught fish, grapes, dark chocolate, broccoli, avocados and peppers fight inflammation naturally.</p> <p>Other natural treatments for inflammation include the supplements pycnogenol, <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/vitamins-supplements/krill-oil.aspx">krill oil</a>, ginger, curcumin, resveratrol and spirulina, the herbs cinnamon, geranium, turmeric, oregano, rosemary and thyme and oils made from clove, rose, eucalyptus, fennel, bergamot and thyme. <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2018/06/18/green-tea-boosts-heart-brain-health.aspx">Green tea</a> and other teas made from ginger, sage, turmeric and oregano also fight inflammation.</p> <h2>Ways to Improve Your Sleep</h2> <p>In addition to its newly described links to atherosclerosis, sleep is crucial for the health of each and every organ in the human body. While once regarded as a waste of time, we now know that every cell in the body has its own biological clock. These <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2017/11/02/circadian-rhythm-sleep-quality.aspx">cellular clocks</a>, all of which work in tandem to control and maintain biological homeostasis, regulate everything from metabolism to psychological functioning. <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2019/01/03/tips-to-a-good-night-sleep.aspx">Here are 33 ways to improve your sleep</a>:</p> <div class="indent"> <p><strong><span class="bullet">1. </span>Sleep in complete darkness, or as close to it as possible —</strong> Even the tiniest bit of light in the room, such as that from a clock radio LCD screen, can disrupt your internal clock.</p> <p><strong><span class="bullet">2. </span>Keep the temperature in your bedroom no higher than 70 degrees F —</strong> The optimal room temperature for sleep is 60 to 68 degrees F.</p> <p><strong><span class="bullet">3. </span>Eliminate electric and electromagnetic fields in your bedroom —</strong> EMFs can disrupt your pineal gland's production of melatonin and serotonin and harm your mitochondria, producing excessive oxidative damage.</p> <p><strong><span class="bullet">4. </span>Move alarm clocks and other electrical devices away from your bed —</strong> Shut down your phone or move it far away from the bed.</p> <p><strong><span class="bullet">5. </span>Adopt a neutral sleeping position —</strong> Find your <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2017/10/12/best-sleeping-position.aspx">natural sleep position</a> and stick to it.</p> <p><strong><span class="bullet">6. </span>Reserve your bed for sleeping —</strong> Avoid working or watching TV in bed.</p> <p><strong><span class="bullet">7. </span>Consider separate bedrooms —</strong> A bed partner can impair sleep.</p> <p><strong><span class="bullet">8. </span>Get to bed as early as possible —</strong> Your body (particularly your adrenal system) does a majority of its recharging between the hours of 11 p.m. and 1 a.m.</p> <p><strong><span class="bullet">9. </span>Maintain a consistent bedtime</strong>, even on the weekends.</p> <p><strong><span class="bullet">10. </span>Establish a relaxing bedtime routine —</strong> Meditation, deep breathing, aromatherapy or a massage from your partner are all helpful.</p> <p><strong><span class="bullet">11. </span>Avoid drinking fluids within two hours of going to bed —</strong> This will reduce needing to go to the bathroom during the night.</p> <p><strong><span class="bullet">12. </span>Go to the bathroom right before bed —</strong> This will reduce chances that you'll wake up.</p> <p><strong><span class="bullet">13. </span>Avoid eating at least three hours before bedtime —</strong> Particularly avoid grains and sugars.</p> <p><strong><span class="bullet">14. </span>Minimize use of electronics, during day and night —</strong> The more time you spend on electronic devices, the longer it takes to fall asleep.</p> <p><strong><span class="bullet">15. </span>Try controlled breathing before sleep —</strong> Slow, deep and steady breathing activates your parasympathetic response.</p> <p><strong><span class="bullet">16. </span>Take a hot bath or shower before bed —</strong> A raised body temperature facilitates sleep.</p> <p><strong><span class="bullet">17. </span>Wear socks to bed —</strong> Feet have poor circulation and can be cold.</p> <p><strong><span class="bullet">18. </span>Wear an eye mask —</strong> Sleeping in complete darkness is important.</p> <p><strong><span class="bullet">19. </span>Put your work away at least one hour before bed —</strong> Give your mind a chance to unwind.</p> <p><strong><span class="bullet">20. </span>Avoid TV right before bed —</strong> Even better, get the TV out of the bedroom.</p> <p><strong><span class="bullet">21. </span>Listen to relaxation CDs —</strong> White noise and nature sounds are helpful.</p> <p><strong><span class="bullet">22. </span>Read something spiritual or uplifting —</strong> Avoid anything stimulating.</p> <p><strong><span class="bullet">23. </span>Journal —</strong> If you often lie in bed with your mind racing, it might be helpful to keep a journal and write down your thoughts before bed.</p> <p><strong><span class="bullet">24. </span>Reduce or avoid as many drugs as possible —</strong> Both prescription and over-the-counter drugs can affect sleep.</p> <p><strong><span class="bullet">25. </span>Avoid caffeine —</strong> This is a no-brainer.</p> <p><strong><span class="bullet">26. </span>Avoid alcohol —</strong> It disrupts deeper stages of sleep.</p> <p><strong><span class="bullet">27. </span>Exercise regularly, but not within three hours of bedtime —</strong> Exercising for at least 30 minutes per day can improve your sleep.</p> <p><strong><span class="bullet">28. </span>Lose excess weight —</strong> Being overweight can increase your risk of sleep apnea.</p> <p><strong><span class="bullet">29. </span>Avoid foods you may be sensitive to —</strong> This is particularly true for sugar, grains and pasteurized dairy. Sensitivity reactions can cause excess congestion, gastrointestinal upset, gas and both.</p> <p><strong><span class="bullet">30. </span>Have your adrenals checked by a good natural medicine clinician —</strong> Insomnia may be caused by adrenal stress.</p> <p><strong><span class="bullet">31. </span>If you are menopausal or perimenopausal, get checked out by a good natural medicine physician —</strong> The hormonal changes at this time may cause sleep problems if not properly addressed.</p> <p><strong><span class="bullet">32. </span>Emotional Freedom Techniques —</strong> EFT can help balance your body's bioenergy system and is definitely worth a try.</p> <p><strong><span class="bullet">33. </span>Boost your melatonin —</strong> Ideally you should increase your levels naturally with exposure to bright sunlight in the daytime (along with full spectrum fluorescent bulbs in the winter) and complete darkness at night.</p> </div><img src="http://articles.mercola.com/aggbug.aspx?PostID=1009086" width="1" height="1"> GMO Mosquitoes To Be Released in Florida http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/07/01/gmo-mosquitoes-to-be-released-in-florida.aspx Articles urn:uuid:aca74888-546c-507f-da0f-b5fdac920ce8 Tue, 30 Jun 2020 22:00:00 -0700 <p>In June 2020, the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services gave the go-ahead to a plan to release millions of genetically engineered mosquitoes in the Florida Keys this summer to fight mosquito-borne illnesses.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn1" data-hash="#ednref1">1</span></sup> The plan follows the EPA's recent granting of an experimental use permit (EUP) for the GMO (genetically modified organism) mosquitoes so they can be released in Florida in 2020 and in Texas in 2021.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn2" data-hash="#ednref2">2</span></sup></p> <p>The mosquitoes, engineered from the Aedes aegypti mosquito species,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn3" data-hash="#ednref3">3</span></sup> were created by the U.S.-owned, Britain-based company Oxitec, which originated as a spin-off company from Oxford University and subsidiary of Intrexon.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn4" data-hash="#ednref4">4</span></sup> The company has also <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2015/03/03/genetically-modified-mosquitoes.aspx">created genetically modified pink bollworm moths</a> and GMO cabbage moths.</p> <p>The Aedes aegypti mosquito species,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn5" data-hash="#ednref5">5</span></sup> also called A. aegypti, carries yellow fever, dengue fever, chikungunya, Zika, West Nile and Mayaro,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn6" data-hash="#ednref6">6</span></sup> a dengue-like disease. (Malaria is transmitted by a different mosquito, Anopheles.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn7" data-hash="#ednref7">7</span></sup>) In the U.S., Oxitec<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn8" data-hash="#ednref8">8</span></sup> is marketing the insects as Oxitec Friendly™ mosquitoes that are a "safe, targeted vector control technology" to combat mosquito-transmitted diseases.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn9" data-hash="#ednref9">9</span></sup></p> <h2>Citizens Question GMO Mosquito Release</h2> <p>Despite the previous release of Oxitec's GMO mosquitos in the Cayman Islands, Malaysia, Panama and Brazil,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn10" data-hash="#ednref10">10</span></sup> questions remain about the GMO mosquitoes' effect on wildlife as well as unforeseen and uncontrollable "Jurassic Park-like" events that are feared once the insects are released and can't be "called back."</p> <p>During the public comment period before the EPA's EUP authorization, 31,000 written comments were received. Many expressed concern about the GMO mosquito's effect on food webs and ecosystems and fears that the released mosquitoes could interbreed with wild insects, creating dangerous hybrid mosquitoes.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn11" data-hash="#ednref11">11</span></sup></p> <p>A similar concern about interbreeding with wild organisms accompanied the approval of <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2019/07/09/genetically-engineered-salmon-to-be-labeled-bioengineered.aspx">GMO salmon</a> by the FDA in 2015.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn12" data-hash="#ednref12">12</span></sup> In 2016, residents of Key Haven, Florida, voted against the release of Oxitec GMO mosquitoes<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn13" data-hash="#ednref13">13</span></sup> and the Florida Keys Mosquito Control District board abided by their wishes.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn14" data-hash="#ednref14">14</span></sup></p> <h2>Reclassification Gives Oxitec Mosquitoes a Boost</h2> <p>The history behind this is a tale of moves and countermoves. Originally, Oxitec had submitted their <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2019/09/24/genetically-engineered-mosquitoes.aspx">genetically-engineered mosquitoes</a> for approval to APHIS, the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service division of the USDA.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn15" data-hash="#ednref15">15</span></sup> But since mosquitoes aren’t considered to be pests on plants, the FDA took over Oxitec’s review under its regulations for GE animals.</p> <p>Oxitec followed up with a petition to the FDA to release its mosquitoes in Florida.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn16" data-hash="#ednref16">16</span></sup> But, after Key Haven’s citizens rejected Oxitec’s request in November 2016, the FDA decided a few weeks later, in January 2017, to hand over the regulation of GE mosquitoes to the EPA — basically reclassifying the mosquitoes as an insecticide, a product the EPA oversees.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn17" data-hash="#ednref17">17</span></sup></p> <p>The transfer was a huge win for Oxitec, as the EPA is required to review new pesticides quickly, within 12 months of submission. (The FDA, on the other hand, has no time lines on its approval process — something that Oxitec officials admitted had frustrated them for years.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn18" data-hash="#ednref18">18</span></sup>) Oxitec got another boost in 2018 when the Bill &amp; Melinda Gates Foundation decided to fund one of its other mosquitoes, for malaria, to the tune of $4.1 million.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn19" data-hash="#ednref19">19</span></sup></p> <p>After the hand over to the EPA, Oxitec wasted no time in resubmitting its request to release mosquitoes in Florida, as well as Texas — and won the EPA’s approval. Now, as a GMO mosquito release again approaches, angry Florida residents say they refuse to be treated as "guinea pigs" for a "superbug," "Robo-Frankenstein" mosquito.</p> <p>Well-funded GMO-backed PR campaigns are rushing to assure Floridians that the GMO mosquito doesn't bite.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn20" data-hash="#ednref20">20</span></sup></p> <h2>Mosquitoes Kill More People Than Any Other Creature</h2> <p>There was a time when people who lived in the U.S. thought of mosquitoes as just annoying insects whose itchy bites could be an impediment to enjoying summer nights. But with the emergence of West Nile, <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2016/07/05/zika-virus-bill.aspx">Zika</a> and the spreading of Saint Louis encephalitis<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn21" data-hash="#ednref21">21</span></sup> in the U.S., Americans now realize, like their counterparts in warmer nations, that mosquitoes can and do kill.</p> <p>In addition to the diseases caused by A. aegypti, other mosquitoes transmit chikungunya,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn22" data-hash="#ednref22">22</span></sup> which can cause debilitating joint pain,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn23" data-hash="#ednref23">23</span></sup> and lymphatic filariasis, a disease that dwells in the human lymph system.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn24" data-hash="#ednref24">24</span></sup> Taken together, mosquitoes kill more people than any other creature in the world.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn25" data-hash="#ednref25">25</span></sup> According to the Independent:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn26" data-hash="#ednref26">26</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"Yes, mosquitoes — the pesky bugs that suck blood and transmit viruses from person to person — are responsible for the most animal-related deaths (830,000 per year to be exact). For comparison, humans are responsible for 580,000 human deaths per year, snakes account for 60,000 deaths per year and sharks claimed just six lives per year."</em></p> </blockquote> <p>In 2015, dengue sickened 1.5 million people in Brazil alone, including 1,600 in the city of Piracicaba located in the Brazilian state of São Paulo.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn27" data-hash="#ednref27">27</span></sup> The United Nations estimated that in Africa, mosquito nets could save 500,000 lives a year.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn28" data-hash="#ednref28">28</span></sup></p> <p>Deadly mosquito-borne diseases are also getting worse, in part because of climate change, according to an article in Yale Environment 360, a publication of the Yale School of Forestry &amp; Environmental Studies.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn29" data-hash="#ednref29">29</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"[A]n international team of researchers has found that by 2050, two key disease-spreading mosquitoes — Aedes aegypti [the species that Oxitec engineered] and Aedes albopictus — will significantly expand their range, posing a threat to 49 percent of the world’s population.</em></p> </blockquote> <blockquote> <p><em>'If no action is taken to reduce the current rate at which the climate is warming, pockets of habitat will open up across many urban areas with vast amounts of individuals susceptible to infection,' said Moritz Kraemer, an infectious disease scientist at Boston Children’s Hospital and the University of Oxford and a co-author of the new research."</em></p> </blockquote> <h2>Oxitec's GMO Mosquitoes Are Not New</h2> <p>Oxitec's first release of GMO mosquitoes was in the Cayman Islands in 2009.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn30" data-hash="#ednref30">30</span></sup> Critics charged that the company rushed a GMO organism into use without informing or consulting the public, but Oxitec reported a 96% reduction in the mosquito population in a small release area in the islands.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn31" data-hash="#ednref31">31</span></sup></p> <p>Oxitec also conducted GMO mosquito tests in Panama and Malaysia, but its showcase project was in Brazil, resulting from a collaboration with the University of São Paulo and the nonprofit research facility Moscamed.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn32" data-hash="#ednref32">32</span></sup> In three treated Brazilian neighborhoods, Oxitec reported a 90% mosquito population reduction.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn33" data-hash="#ednref33">33</span></sup></p> <p>Brazil was chosen as a primary location for "a major scale-up" and "proving ground for tailored mosquitoes" because of the nation's high dengue fever rates and the ineffectiveness of pesticides against the Aedes aegypti mosquito, wrote Science magazine.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn34" data-hash="#ednref34">34</span></sup></p> <p>Pesticide resistance in Brazil was verified when some of Oxitec's lab-grown GMO mosquitoes perished in Brazil upon release because they "had never been exposed to insecticides [and were] so much less resistant to them than wild mosquitoes." wrote the magazine.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn35" data-hash="#ednref35">35</span></sup></p> <p>The GMO mosquitoes, all male, have an inserted gene in their DNA that contains a "self-destruct mechanism."<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn36" data-hash="#ednref36">36</span></sup> The gene creates "tetracycline repressible activator variant," or tTAV, a protein that inhibits other genes in the insect and causes it to die before it reaches adulthood if it does not receive tetracycline.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn37" data-hash="#ednref37">37</span></sup></p> <p>However, because the GMO mosquitoes are given the antibiotic tetracycline in the lab, they survive to maturity and can mate with wild female mosquitoes and pass along the self-destruct genes so future females will not survive to breed.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn38" data-hash="#ednref38">38</span></sup> According to Oxitec:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn39" data-hash="#ednref39">39</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"… when Friendly™ mosquito males mate with wild females, their offspring inherit a copy of this gene, which prevents females from surviving to adulthood. Since these females do not mature to reproduce, there is a reduction in the wild pest population."</em></p> </blockquote> <p>According to the EPA, the effects of the Friendly mosquito should be "multigenerational" and reduce the Aedes aegypti mosquito populations in areas where it is released.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn40" data-hash="#ednref40">40</span></sup> The EPA insists it won’t pose risks:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn41" data-hash="#ednref41">41</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"Since only male mosquitoes will be released into the environment and they do not bite people, they will not pose a risk to people. It is also anticipated that there would be no adverse effects to animals such as bats and fish in the environment."</em></p> </blockquote> <h2>Many See Risks With Genetically Engineered Mosquitoes</h2> <p>Because the mosquitoes need tetracycline to survive, doctors addressing the Florida Keys Mosquito Control Board expressed concern that the insects could promote tetracycline-resistant organisms. Key West physician Dr. John Norris said:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn42" data-hash="#ednref42">42</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>“These insects are designed to get into people’s houses and cause the extinction of whatever Aedes live there, but the bacteria they leave behind is left to breed because it has no death chain.</em></p> </blockquote> <blockquote> <p><em>No physician is going to stand in front of you and speak negatively against the GMs, but … [t]here was a real mistake made, in my humble opinion, when they used an antibiotic as the maturation factor to an organism designed to get into people’s houses and deposit whatever else was along for the ride.”</em></p> </blockquote> <p>Dr. Norris is right. Moreover, since the GMO mosquitoes were designed to die in the absence of tetracycline and the assumption was that they would not have access to the antibiotic in the wild, there is another problem.</p> <p>Tetracycline and other antibiotics are now often found in soil and surface water because of their overuse, especially in farming. This could potentially create a nightmarish scenario — especially since the EPA has approved Florida and Texas citrus growers’ use of tetracycline to fight invasive bacterial infections in their groves.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn43" data-hash="#ednref43">43</span></sup></p> <p>Writing in the Boston Globe, Natalie Kofler, founder of Editing Nature and an adviser for the Scientific Citizenship Initiative at Harvard Medical School, and Jennifer Kuzma, professor in the School of Public and International Affairs and co-director of the Genetic Engineering and Society Center, stated the GMO mosquito should not be released until much more thorough study is conducted:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn44" data-hash="#ednref44">44</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"For starters, an external independent group of experts should be convened to review the first GM mosquitoes … To address the complexity of such a decision, this group should consist of interdisciplinary experts representing diverse identities with expertise in ecology, genetics, vector biology, risk assessment, entomology, public health, ethics, and social science.</em></p> </blockquote> <blockquote> <p><em>External peer review is a cornerstone of good science and could ensure that all necessary risks are being addressed."</em></p> </blockquote> <h2>Environmental Groups Plan to Sue</h2> <p>The EPA has said it will have Oxitec monitor the GMO mosquito release to assure safety.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn45" data-hash="#ednref45">45</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"Oxitec is required to monitor and sample the mosquito population weekly in the treatment areas to determine how well the product works for mosquito control and to confirm that the modified genetic traits disappear from the male Aedes aegypti mosquito population over time.</em></p> </blockquote> <blockquote> <p><em>EPA has also maintained the right to cancel the EUP at any point during the 24-month period if unforeseen outcomes occur."</em></p> </blockquote> <p>Of course, canceling the EUP won't remove the already released GMO mosquitoes. Meanwhile, the Center for Food Safety, the International Center for Technology Assessment and Friends of the Earth say they plan to sue the EPA for failing to consult with wildlife agencies before determining the mosquitoes to be risk-free.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn46" data-hash="#ednref46">46</span></sup></p> <p>In a letter to the heads of the U.S. EPA, the Department of Commerce, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the Department of the Interior and the Fish and Wildlife Service, the groups wrote:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn47" data-hash="#ednref47">47</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"EPA’s 'no effect' findings and failure to consult are arbitrary and capricious and violate the ESA [Endangered Species Act] because they fail to follow the ESA’s mandated procedures, fail to use the best scientific and commercial data available, fail to consider significant aspects of the issue, and offer an explanation that runs counter to the evidence."</em></p> </blockquote> <p>There is a reason that careful study is part of the Endangered Species Act. Mutations and behavioral adaptations to human interventions occur in nature and cannot be predicted.</p> <p>For example, National Geographic recounted that "different species of mosquitoes have changed their predatory behavior to outside and earlier in the day in the Solomon Islands, Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu, and Tanzania," as a response to insecticides.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn48" data-hash="#ednref48">48</span></sup> In another instance, wrote National Geographic:</p> <blockquote> <p><em>"… a fascinating study in behavioral resistance is the corn rootworm, an insect that lays its eggs in cornfields so larvae will come up the next year and feast on the roots. Farmers evaded it by rotating crops so what was a cornfield one year will be soybeans the next.</em></p> </blockquote> <blockquote> <p><em>By the 1990s, however … rootworms had changed — instead of hatching every year, one species was hatching every other year, to be there when the corn returned. Another species was leaping into neighboring soybean fields to wait for them to take their turn as cornfields in the next season."</em></p> </blockquote> <h2>The GMO Mosquito Plan Is Too Dangerous</h2> <p>While engineering insects to stop the spread of mosquito-transmitted diseases might sound preferable to insecticides and vaccines, there are too many unknowns.</p> <p>At present, the use of GMO insects is in its infancy. Not only are there no precedents from which to draw potential ecological consequences, proper risk assessments have not been done — and quite possibly might be impossible to conduct, considering the many unknown aspects of tinkering with DNA and allowing it to mingle with other species.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn49" data-hash="#ednref49">49</span></sup></p> <p>What will be the effect on native species like Florida Keys bats that eat mosquitoes? Are any studies investigating whether the GMO mosquitoes will harm the native bat population? Will the more virulent Asian tiger mosquito, that also carries dengue, fill the void left by reductions in A. aegypti caused by the GMO mosquito and become even more dangerous? Serious questions remain.</p> <p>In a study published in the journal Ecology and Evolution, researchers attempted to identify potential ecological effects of GMO insects and cited concerning developments that could occur.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn50" data-hash="#ednref50">50</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"For instance, if vector populations were suppressed, a reduction in acquired immunity could cause a transient increase in disease incidence, a phenomenon which is not necessarily unique to GE control strategies. Disease incidence may ultimately subside, but a transient increase could have significant implications for risk management and communication.</em></p> </blockquote> <blockquote> <p><em>Conversely, identifying effects occurring in the steady state phase highlighted effects that might result as the ecosystem adjusts to the changed population. For GE mosquitoes, this might include evolution of increased vector capacity, or knock-on effects through the ecosystem, which might harm valued ecological interactions."</em></p> </blockquote> <p>The authors conclude there are disturbing unknowns about GMO mosquitoes.</p> <blockquote> <p><em>"[I]n evaluating GE mosquitoes, the knowledge gaps in mosquito ecology are striking … particularly with respect to mosquito effects on consumer and resource species. Data and theory on ecological hysteresis in insect communities are also lacking, which makes it difficult to assess whether any changes are irreversible."</em></p> </blockquote> <p>Genetic engineering of plants and animals is a dangerous prospect. We’re already seeing "super weeds" and resistance drift arising from the use of GMO crops, an unintended consequence that GMO critics predicted and that could easily have been foreseen. Similarly, resistant super pests are spreading across American farmland and wreaking havoc, while the human health concerns keep mounting.</p> <p>Genetic engineering of plants and animals may be lucrative to the biotech companies that invent and patent them but they are no answer to farm pests or, in this case, the prevention of mosquito-transmitted diseases.</p><img src="http://articles.mercola.com/aggbug.aspx?PostID=1008511" width="1" height="1"> Is Nasal Irrigation More Important Than Hand-Washing? http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/07/01/nasal-irrigation-benefits.aspx Articles urn:uuid:a00f7a59-21e4-44b4-8cb8-707471e0b3ea Tue, 30 Jun 2020 22:00:00 -0700 <p>By now, you probably understand the importance of <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2017/02/06/handwashing-prevent-spread-contagious-disease.aspx">hand-washing to prevent the spread of infectious illness</a>. But did you know flushing your sinuses might be an even better way to inhibit the progression of a viral illness such as COVID-19? In an April 20, 2020, article,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn1" data-hash="#ednref1">1</span></sup> MSN’s Best Life features the recommendations of Dr. Amy Baxter, a pediatric emergency medicine physician in Atlanta, Georgia.</p> <p>Nasal irrigation, she says, is a rarely discussed strategy that can help reduce the progression of illness in those who have tested positive for <a href="https://www.mercola.com/coronavirus-resources.htm">COVID-19 infection</a>. In an April 2, 2020, response<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn2" data-hash="#ednref2">2</span></sup> to a BMJ paper about the lack of personal protection equipment on COVID-19 frontlines, professor Robert Matthews also brought up the importance and potential usefulness of oropharyngeal washing to protect health care workers from infection. As reported by MSN Best Life:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn3" data-hash="#ednref3">3</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>“Nasal irrigation, or a nasal wash, has long been considered an effective way to remove viruses or bacteria from sinus cavities. Baxter has multiple reasons for believing that this approach can be effective in preventing the spread of coronavirus from worsening in a sick patient.”</em></p> </blockquote> <h2> Why Nasal Irrigation?</h2> <p>As noted by Baxter, researchers have found that the viral load of SARS-CoV-2 tends to be heaviest in the sinuses and nasal cavity. Regularly rinsing your sinuses therefore makes sense since it would help clear out the pathogen and prevent it from gaining a strong foothold and migrating into your lungs. </p> <p>The age and gender discrepancies observed in COVID-19 also supports nasal irrigation. Children are at virtually no risk from COVID-19, while death rates among the elderly are at their highest. More men than women also die from the infection.&nbsp; </p> <blockquote> <p><em>“Children don't develop full sinuses until teens; males have larger cavities than women, and the cavities are largest [in those] over 70 years,”</em> Baxter notes.</p> </blockquote> <p>Research has previously demonstrated that nasal irrigation reduces the symptoms and duration of other viral illnesses such as the seasonal flu and common cold. </p> <p>In one randomized controlled trial,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn4" data-hash="#ednref4">4</span></sup> nasal irrigation and gargling with hypertonic saline were found to reduce the duration of the common cold by 1.9 days and reduce transmission within the household by 35% by reducing viral shedding when done within 48 hours of symptom onset.</p> <p>While it has not yet been studied as a preventive method for COVID-19 specifically, there’s reason to suspect nasal irrigation might be helpful. </p> <p>Baxter points out that COVID-19 death rates in Southeast Asian countries such as Thailand, Vietnam and Laos have been surprisingly low, and nasal irrigation is common practice in those areas. According to Baxter, some 80% of the Southeast Asian population do it. </p> <h2>How to Irrigate Your Sinuses </h2> <p>Baxter suggests irrigating your sinuses any time you’ve been exposed to an infected individual or test positive for COVID-19. She recommends flushing your sinuses in the morning using a mixture of boiled lukewarm water (8 ounces) and povidone-iodine (half a teaspoon). </p> <p>Povidone-iodine has been shown to effectively kill not only Klebsiella pneumoniae and Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria, but to also rapidly inactivate SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV, H1N1 influenza virus A and rotavirus after 15 seconds of exposure.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn5" data-hash="#ednref5">5</span></sup></p> <p>The mixture used in this study — 7% povidone-iodine diluted 1-to-30, which equates to a total concentration of 0.23% povidone-iodine — inactivated over 99% of the coronaviruses causing SARS and MERS.</p> <p>Either a neti pot or NeilMed sinus rinse bottle can be used. The water pressure you get from a sinus rinse bottle can provide a more effective flush. If higher pressure is uncomfortable, a neti pot, which relies on gravity, may be a more comfortable choice. In the evening, Baxter recommends flushing your sinuses again with a mixture of:</p> <ul> <li>8 ounces of boiled lukewarm water</li> <li>0.5 teaspoon baking soda</li> <li>1 teaspoon table salt </li> </ul> <h2>Gargling May Also Be Helpful</h2> <p>You may also be able to reduce the risk of SARS-CoV-2 migrating into your lungs by <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/06/11/can-mouthwash-prevent-covid-19.aspx">gargling</a>. As noted by Dr. Neal Naito in a March 29, 2020, New York Times article,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn6" data-hash="#ednref6">6</span></sup> while there’s “no firm proof” that gargling can prevent COVID-19, there are virtually no downsides to the advice. </p> <p>Like Baxter, Naito points out that many East Asian countries such as Japan see gargling as a commonsense hygiene practice. </p> <blockquote> <p><em>“In East Asia, particularly in Japan, gargling is strongly encouraged by the national government, along with other practices like hand-washing, wearing face masks and social distancing, as a matter of routine hygiene during the regular cold and flu season. </em></p> </blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>(Not everyone, though, can gargle effectively, including some people with neck pain, stroke or dementia, as well as children generally under the age of 8.) Most of the early studies<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn7" data-hash="#ednref7">7</span></sup> suggesting that gargling may help to prevent and treat upper and lower respiratory infections, not surprisingly, come from Japan,” </em>Naito writes. </p> </blockquote> <p>An over-the-counter povidone-iodine<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn8" data-hash="#ednref8">8</span></sup> oral gargle solution, used for decades by the Japanese for the treatment of sore throat, appears most useful. One small study<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn9" data-hash="#ednref9">9</span></sup> from Japan, published in 2002, found patients diagnosed with chronic respiratory disease who gargled with a povidone-iodine solution at least four times a day reduced their incidence of acute respiratory infection by about 50%.</p> <h2>Do Not Use Iodine-Based Skin Disinfectant for Gargling</h2> <p>Importantly, Naito stresses that povidone-iodine solutions sold as skin disinfectants are NOT suitable for gargling as they contain potentially harmful ingredients that should not be ingested.</p> <p>“It’s critical that people not gargle with skin disinfectant solutions, including those that contain povidone-iodine,” he says. So, when using povidone-iodine for gargling, be sure to look for solutions such as Betadine formulated specifically as a sore throat gargle, not products intended for cuts and wound care. </p> <h2>Nebulized Hydrogen Peroxide — Another Prevention Strategy </h2> <div class="video-rwd"> <figure class="op-interactive aspect-ratio"> <iframe width="640" height="360" src="https://www.bitchute.com/embed/CBSYke2jV1Sx/" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" style="border: none;"></iframe></figure> </div> <p>While gargling and nasal irrigation may certainly be useful, I believe nebulizing hydrogen peroxide or colloidal silver may be even more effective. Dr. Thomas Levy<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn10" data-hash="#ednref10">10</span></sup> has issued guidance<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn11" data-hash="#ednref11">11</span></sup> on how to use nebulized hydrogen peroxide for the prevention and treatment of viral respiratory infections, including COVID-19.</p> <aside class="takeaway tamiddle"><p>0.5% hydrogen peroxide effectively inactivated a range of human coronaviruses, including those responsible for SARS and MERS, within one minute of exposure.</p></aside> <p>To inactivate viruses with hydrogen peroxide, all you need is a face mask that covers your mouth and nose and a nebulizer that emits a fine mist with properly diluted food grade hydrogen peroxide. </p> <p>Typically, food grade peroxide comes in concentrations of 12%, which must be diluted down to 1% or less before use, as described in the chart below and video above. If you are using 3% hydrogen peroxide, then you would multiply the number in the first column by 4, or divide the second column by 4.</p> <figure class="center-img has-figcaption"> <img style="max-width:500px;width:100%!important;" alt="coronavirus" src="https://media.mercola.com/ImageServer/public/2020/April/peroxide-dilution-1-percent-chart-v2.jpg"></figure> <p>The microscopic mist, similar to smoke or vapor, can be comfortably inhaled deep into your nostrils, sinuses and lungs. Hydrogen peroxide (H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub>) consists of a water molecule (H<sub>2</sub>O) with an extra oxygen atom, and it is the additional oxygen atom that allows it to inactivate viral pathogens. </p> <p>Coronaviruses are held together by a lipid (fat) envelope. Soap, being amphipathic<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn12" data-hash="#ednref12">12</span></sup> — meaning it can dissolve most molecules — dissolves this fat membrane, causing the virus to fall apart and become harmless. </p> <p>Hydrogen peroxide works in a similar way. You can find more details about the mechanism of action in my previous article, “<a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/04/09/hydrogen-peroxide-therapy.aspx">Could Hydrogen Peroxide Treat Coronavirus?</a>”</p> <p>Some of your immune cells actually produce hydrogen peroxide to destroy pathogens. By killing the infected cell, viral reproduction is stopped. So, hydrogen peroxide therapy is in essence only aiding your immune cells to perform their natural function more effectively.</p> <p>Hydrogen peroxide is also a key redox signaling agent that creates oxidative eustress.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn13" data-hash="#ednref13">13</span></sup> Contrary to oxidative stress or oxidative distress, oxidative eustress denotes an oxidative challenge that has positive or beneficial effects and is essential in redox signaling. </p> <p>Many studies have looked into the use of hydrogen peroxide against different pathogens. One of the most relevant is a review<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn14" data-hash="#ednref14">14</span></sup> of 22 studies, published in March 2020 in the Journal of Hospital Infection. They found 0.5% hydrogen peroxide effectively inactivated a range of human coronaviruses, including those responsible for SARS and MERS, within one minute of exposure. </p> <p>If you’re already presenting with a runny nose or <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/03/16/sore-throat-natural-remedies.aspx">sore throat</a>, Levy recommends using the nebulizer for 10 to 15 minutes four times a day until your symptoms are relieved. You can also use nebulized hydrogen peroxide for prevention and maintenance, which may be advisable during <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2018/10/29/cold-and-flu-prevention.aspx">flu season</a>, or while the COVID-19 pandemic is in full swing. According to Levy:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn15" data-hash="#ednref15">15</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>“As it is a completely non-toxic therapy, nebulization can be administered as often as desired. If done on a daily basis at least once, a very positive impact on bowel and gut function will often be realized as killing the chronic pathogen colonization present in most noses and throats stops the 24/7 swallowing of these pathogens and their associated toxins.</em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>If daily prevention is not a practical option, the effectiveness of this treatment is optimized when somebody sneezes in your face or you finally get off of the plane after a trans-Atlantic flight. Don’t wait for initial symptoms. Just nebulize at your first opportunity.”</em></p> </blockquote><img src="http://articles.mercola.com/aggbug.aspx?PostID=1008515" width="1" height="1"> Hidden Funds Lead to Massive Layoffs at Health Department http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/06/30/scientists-undisclosed-ties-to-foreign-institutions.aspx Articles urn:uuid:960c5496-462c-d561-d0f1-53467a59bf02 Mon, 29 Jun 2020 22:00:00 -0700 <p>A concerning proportion of scientists — so far 54 in all — have been fired or resigned due to an investigation by the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH), which is looking into the researchers’ undisclosed ties to foreign institutions.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn1" data-hash="#ednref1">1</span></sup></p> <p>While Charles Lieber, the former head of Harvard’s chemistry department, is one of the highest profile names in the investigation, NIH has been investigating a total of 189 scientists from 87 institutions.</p> <p>Among them, 93% received undisclosed support from China, and many had active NIH grants while accepting foreign grants that were not disclosed. About 75% of those being investigated had received an active NIH grant, and close to half had at least two of them. In all, 285 active grants totaling $164 million were counted among those being investigated.</p> <p>NIH director Francis Collins described the information as “sobering,” noting, “It’s not what we had hoped, and it’s not a fun task.”<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn2" data-hash="#ednref2">2</span></sup></p> <h2>70% of Researchers Did Not Disclose Foreign Grants</h2> <p>In an astonishing glimpse into what appears to be a covert recruitment program, 133, or 70%, of the researchers being investigated did not disclose to the NIH that they had received foreign grants. More than half (54%) also did not disclose their participation in a foreign talent program, while 9% hid ties to a foreign company and 4% did not disclose a foreign patent.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn3" data-hash="#ednref3">3</span>,</sup><sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn4" data-hash="#ednref4">4</span></sup></p> <p>The investigation is part of larger efforts to limit threats to the U.S. economy and national security, as cutting-edge technologies and other information at the forefront of new industries that are being supported by federally funded research could be flowing into the wrong hands. A broader investigation is also ongoing, with NIH highlighting 399 scientists “of possible concern,” 121 of which the Federal Bureau of Investigation is also investigating.</p> <p>According to Dr. Michael Lauer, NIH’s deputy director for extramural research, after the NIH looked into the scientists “of possible concern,” 63% of the investigations came back positive, revealing the true scope of the underhanded dealings.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn5" data-hash="#ednref5">5</span></sup></p> <h2>China’s ‘Thousand Talent Plan’</h2> <p>In an “integrity update” to a senior advisory panel working on foreign influences on research, Lauer highlighted China’s talent recruitment plans as a threat to the U.S. research enterprise.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn6" data-hash="#ednref6">6</span></sup> The Thousand Talents Plan (TTP), created by the Chinese Communist Party in 2008, was said to be a method to create an innovative society, but has raised red flags for posing a threat to U.S. technology endeavors.</p> <p>“[O]ver the years, the program, which is estimated to have had approximately 7,000 participants, has become extremely controversial, generating deep concern within the U.S. government about Chinese IP theft,” the Center for Strategic &amp; International Studies (CSIS) explained.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn7" data-hash="#ednref7">7</span></sup></p> <p>Lauer’s presentation also homed in on the risks of the TPP, quoting a committee hearing from the Department of Homeland Security &amp; Government Affairs Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, which noted in November 2019:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn8" data-hash="#ednref8">8</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>“Thousand Talent Plan members sign legally binding contracts with Chinese institutions, like universities and research institutions. The contracts can incentivize members to lie on [US] grant applications, set up ‘shadow labs’ in China … and, in some cases, transfer U.S. scientists’ hard-earned intellectual capital.</em></p> </blockquote> <blockquote> <p><em>Some of the contracts also contain nondisclosure provisions and require the Chinese government’s permission to terminate the agreement … These provisions are in stark contrast to the U.S. research community’s basic norms, values, and principles.”</em><sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn9" data-hash="#ednref9">9</span></sup></p> </blockquote> <p>In December 2019, Van Andel Research Institute (VARI) in Grand Rapids, Michigan, agreed to pay a $5.5 million settlement amid allegations that it violated the False Claims Act by submitting federal grant applications to NIH that failed to disclose Chinese government grants received by two VARI researchers.</p> <p>Allegations also included that VARI intentionally “made certain factual representations to NIH with deliberate ignorance or reckless disregard for the truth regarding the Chinese grants.”<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn10" data-hash="#ednref10">10</span></sup></p> <h2>Bioweapons Lab Collaborated With Wuhan Lab</h2> <p>Dr. Francis Collins, director of the NIH, sent a warning to 10,000 academic institutions warning of foreign threats to U.S. biomedical research in 2018. In the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, even more scrutiny is being placed on the ties between China, including Wuhan, and U.S. academia, especially as the idea that SARS-CoV-2 originated in a <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/05/12/shut-down-bioweapon-labs-prosecute-scientists.aspx">bioweapons laboratory in Wuhan, China</a>, gains traction.</p> <p>The Galveston National Laboratory (GNL), which is part of the University of Texas, is a level 4 laboratory that studies highly dangerous pathogens.</p> <p>It is now being investigated, as it had approximately 24 contracts with Chinese universities and technology companies, along with ties to the Wuhan Institute of Virology and exchanges between national security scientists and research sharing. This could be a red flag, as Stephane Segal, a political economist at CSIS, told Fox News:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn11" data-hash="#ednref11">11</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"Increased collaboration between the United States and China is consistent with a general trend toward greater cross-border collaboration in science globally; however, the data also show a heavier reliance on bilateral collaboration with one another than with any other single country.</em></p> </blockquote> <blockquote> <p><em>At the same time, the U.S. intelligence community has accused China of exploiting scientific collaboration and 'stealing innovation.'"</em></p> </blockquote> <p>Patrick Cronin, Asia-Pacific security chair for the Hudson Institute, further told Fox News that, due to the FBI and NIH investigations, "The scope of China's exploitation of our open universities, including medical, biology and other scientific labs, is only recently coming into focus.”<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn12" data-hash="#ednref12">12</span></sup> Further:</p> <blockquote> <p><em>“In almost all cases, the alleged theft of biomedical research information was done by Chinese citizens or Americans of Chinese descent. Bit by bit, China found ways into government scientific labs.”</em></p> </blockquote> <h2>Former Harvard Chemist Charged for Ties to China</h2> <p>The former chairman of the Harvard department of chemistry, nanoscience expert Charles Lieber, Ph.D., was arrested in early 2020 by federal agencies, suspected of illegal dealings with China.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn13" data-hash="#ednref13">13</span></sup></p> <p>Lieber joined Chin’s TTP in 2012 and allegedly oversaw the Nano Key Laboratory, a joint collaboration by the Wuhan University of Technology (WUT) and Harvard, although Harvard officials claimed they had no knowledge of the lab before 2015. In my <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/03/22/dr-francis-boyle-bioterrorism.aspx">interview with bioweapons expert Francis Boyle</a>, Boyle dismissed the idea that Harvard was unaware Lieber was working on nanotechnology for biological materials with the Chinese as “preposterous.”</p> <p>In February 2020, Andrew Lelling, U.S. attorney for the Massachusetts district, said that Lieber isn’t being prosecuted because he was a world-renowned Harvard chemist or because the Department of Justice thinks he’s a spy. Rather, the concern came from the allegation that Lieber was paid to perform research for China, then failed to disclose the relationship, making it possible that he could succumb to pressure from China in the future.</p> <p>Reportedly, Lieber received more than $1.5 million from China for research purposes along with $50,000 a month in salary and about $158,000 in living expenses,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn14" data-hash="#ednref14">14</span></sup> all while “brazenly” hiding the connection. “That is a corrupting level of money,” Lelling said. “When people begin to hide things, that’s when law enforcement authorities get all excited.”<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn15" data-hash="#ednref15">15</span></sup></p> <p>Lieber had also received more than $15 million in grant funding from NIH and the Department of Defense — grants that require the disclosure of any foreign financial conflicts of interest.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn16" data-hash="#ednref16">16</span></sup> In January 2020, the U.S. Attorney’s Office charged Lieber with “making a false statement to federal investigators about his financial ties to a university and foreign talent recruitment program in China.”<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn17" data-hash="#ednref17">17</span></sup> According to the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ):</p> <blockquote> <p><em>“The complaint alleges that in 2018 and 2019, Lieber lied about his involvement in the Thousand Talents Plan and affiliation with WUT. On or about, April 24, 2018, during an interview with investigators, Lieber stated that he was never asked to participate in the Thousand Talents Program, but he ‘wasn’t sure’ how China categorized him.</em></p> </blockquote> <blockquote> <p><em>In November 2018, NIH inquired of Harvard whether Lieber had failed to disclose his then-suspected relationship with WUT and China’s Thousand Talents Plan. Lieber caused Harvard to falsely tell NIH that Lieber ‘had no formal association with WUT’ after 2012, that ‘WUT continued to falsely exaggerate’ his involvement with WUT in subsequent years, and that Lieber ‘is not and has never been a participant in’ China’s Thousand Talents Plan.”</em><sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn18" data-hash="#ednref18">18</span></sup></p> </blockquote> <p>Two Chinese nationals who were engaged in research programs at Massachusetts universities were also charged. This included Yanqing Ye, who was charged with visa fraud, making false statements, acting as an agent of a foreign government and conspiracy, and Zaosong Zheng, who was charged with attempting to smuggle 21 vials of biological research to China, along with making false, fictitious or fraudulent statements.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn19" data-hash="#ednref19">19</span></sup></p> <h2>The Ongoing ‘China Initiative’ Began in 2018</h2> <p>The DOJ’s ongoing campaign to identify and stop so-called “nontraditional collaborators” — known as the China Initiative — began in November 2018. Most of the cases involve scientists in academia or high-tech industries, with varying levels of allegations.</p> <p>In some cases, prosecutors ask universities to reign in researchers who have stepped out of bounds without actually committing a felony. In other cases, official charges are filed. In deciding who to prosecute, Lelling told Science they evaluate several factors, asking, “Is there deception? How much money was involved? What kind of technology was transferred? And what other steps did a researcher take to develop the relationship?”<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn20" data-hash="#ednref20">20</span></sup></p> <p>It’s important to keep in mind, NIH noted, that U.S. scientists routinely collaborate with researchers from foreign countries, and such collaborations are essential for productive research. “We must not reject brilliant minds working honestly and collaboratively to provide hope and healing,” NIH’s integrity update explained.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn21" data-hash="#ednref21">21</span></sup></p> <p>Still, Lelling described U.S. researchers accepting support from Chinese researchers while also receiving federal funding as a “dangerous game” that could easily backfire, telling Science:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn22" data-hash="#ednref22">22</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>“The Chinese government has a very strategic approach to obtaining technology. It targets researchers who specialize in areas where the Chinese are deficient, in the hopes that they can piggyback on their expertise to close that strategic gap.</em></p> </blockquote> <blockquote> <p><em>What concerns us … is that a scientist who accepts their support becomes dependent on it to the point where they are willing to accept [an assignment] from the Chinese government or a Chinese university for whatever it is they need.</em></p> </blockquote> <blockquote> <p><em>Those of us that work on public corruption cases develop a radar for when person or entity A is attempting to coopt or corrupt person or entity B. And a large enough amount of money can shift loyalties.”</em></p> </blockquote><img src="http://articles.mercola.com/aggbug.aspx?PostID=1008483" width="1" height="1"> Tracking Vaccination Status by Phone Is Now Active http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/06/30/tracking-vaccination-status-via-phone-app.aspx Articles urn:uuid:2deb4002-25fa-1ade-563c-947d0a3f00b1 Mon, 29 Jun 2020 22:00:00 -0700 <p>You may soon be living in a world where your personal health data — including results from COVID-19 testing and data proving whether or not you've received certain vaccines — must be shared and authenticated before you're able to enter a sports arena, travel by air or even enter your workplace.</p> <p>The technology behind such innovations, which many are calling a threat to civil liberties and privacy, is already available to the general public in the App Store and Google Play via Civic Technologies' Civic Wallet. Civic Technologies, which bills itself as a "leading innovator in digital identity solutions,"<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn1" data-hash="#ednref1">1</span></sup> released its "Civic Wallet" app June 16, 2020. Previously it was only available in private beta mode.</p> <p>In addition to offering a way for users to send and receive digital currency, including bitcoin, ethereum, CVC and USDC, which are U.S. dollars converted to assets on the ethereum blockchain,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn2" data-hash="#ednref2">2</span></sup> Civic Wallet will also offer proof-of-health verifications via its so-called Health Key.</p> <p>This, according to a news release, "will offer the ability to provide secure and regulation-compliant health checks for employers,"<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn3" data-hash="#ednref3">3</span></sup> which means your employer may one day require you to prove you're COVID negative and/or vaccinated in order to hold a job and earn a living.</p> <h2>Hundreds of Employees Will Have Health Data Verified by Phone</h2> <p>Civic Technologies has partnered with Circle Medical, an affiliate of San Francisco-based hospital UCSF Health, which will use the app so 500 of its employees can prove their health and vaccination status. First, the employees will be tested for COVID-19 at a Circle Medical facility in the San Francisco Bay area — more facilities are also expected to be coming soon.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn4" data-hash="#ednref4">4</span></sup> As noted by Forbes, the partnership:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn5" data-hash="#ednref5">5</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"… will let employees prove to their employers the results of their most recent Covid-19 tests, and when a vaccine is developed, whether or not they've received it.</em></p> </blockquote> <blockquote> <p><em>Far from a theoretical blockchain application that might be of value at some future date, the app, which lets users prove a wide range of personal information, as well as spend bitcoin, ether, a version of the U.S. dollar issued on the ethereum blockchain, and Civic's own token is available … on both Apple's App Store and Google Play."</em></p> </blockquote> <p>Civic plans to roll out its proof-of-health verification for companies with more than 500 employees. When an employee signs up, they will be verified as a real person using a mix of artificial intelligence (AI) and blockchain-based technology, then have the option to share their "Health Key" with third parties.</p> <p>Vinny Lingham, Civic's co-founder and CEO, told Forbes, "You don't have to transmit your name, or anything like that … So you can walk into a stadium anonymously like you do today, but just prove that as you walk through the gates that you'd been vaccinated."<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn6" data-hash="#ednref6">6</span></sup></p> <p>As for those who may feel that having to "prove" they've been vaccinated to enter a stadium or other facility is a violation of their privacy and right to informed consent, Lingham stated, "If you're part of a society where the majority of the people want everyone to be vaccinated, and you don't want to be part of that society change countries, move somewhere else."<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn7" data-hash="#ednref7">7</span></sup></p> <p>The app had more than 100,000 people signed up on its waiting list, and more than 12,000 downloads occurred on the first day of its launch.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn8" data-hash="#ednref8">8</span></sup> Circle Medical's founder and CEO told Forbes, "I think with COVID there is a real need on the part of the employer to be able to screen and assess COVID risk before they let people back into the workplace."<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn9" data-hash="#ednref9">9</span></sup></p> <h2>Vending Machines, Buildings Could Require Data Verification</h2> <p>In addition to employers, services like vending machines and building security services could be among those that would require people to provide certain information prior to using the machine or entering the building. The data exists on an ethereum-powered decentralized identity network, in which the user owns the identity of the information, which is requested by a service. At that point, Forbes reported:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn10" data-hash="#ednref10">10</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"An agreed-upon fee paid for in Civic's native token (CVC) is placed into an escrow account and the validator software scans the requester's required personally identifiable information (for example, age or vaccine status). CVC now sells for $$0.0327, according to Messari, with a total market value of $29 million.</em></p> </blockquote> <blockquote> <p><em>If the user meets the criteria and the requester is satisfied access is granted and the fee in escrow is released. Thanks to cutting-edge mathematical breakthroughs called zero-knowledge proofs, not even the validator actually has the information, but just knows whether or not the requirement is met."</em></p> </blockquote> <p>In early testing phases, Civic partnered with beer giant Anheuser-Busch Inbev to create vending machines for beer, with users proving their age using a version of Civic Wallet. Since then, 12 companies have contracted with Civic to sell age-restricted products via vending machines.</p> <p>What's more, "Civic is currently in conversations with health care companies and government agencies under terms of a nondisclosure agreement," Forbes noted, in addition to plans by Johnson Controls International (JCI) to use the technology as part of its credentials for building access.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn11" data-hash="#ednref11">11</span></sup></p> <h2>Another Move Toward Global Currency?</h2> <p>In addition to its proof-of-health verification, Civic Wallet is intended to allow users an "easy way to pay friends and family around the world" using digital currency, which can be "sent globally with low fees for a limited time." Funds can be sent to usernames, addresses or QR codes using the app, and Civic Wallet offers a $1 million cryptocurrency protection guarantee insured by Lloyd's of London underwriters.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn12" data-hash="#ednref12">12</span></sup></p> <p>"If you have up to a million dollars in your wallet," Lingham told Forbes, "you lose your phone, you break your phone, you're fleeing your country in some part of the world and your phone falls in the ocean, you will get your funds on the other side."<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn13" data-hash="#ednref13">13</span></sup></p> <p>Cryptocurrencies are developed for a variety of reasons. For instance, Bitcoins are used to buy and sell products and services. However, some companies are using cryptocurrency to give buyers access to a product or service that the company is offering or plans to offer.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn14" data-hash="#ednref14">14</span></sup></p> <p>It's a way of raising money but, unlike stock where you own part of the company that's offering it, during an initial coin offering (ICO) you are buying a future service or product — Civic Technologies raised $43 million in a 2017 ICO.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn15" data-hash="#ednref15">15</span></sup></p> <p>The backbone of cryptocurrency systems is meant to be decentralized. However, Google, the Bill &amp; Melinda Gates Foundation and the Rockefeller Foundation formed <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/06/03/mojaloop.aspx">Mojaloop</a>, which is open-source software designed to be used for financial transactions that is intended to be hosted by a government or financial institution authorities.</p> <p>Mojaloop is poised to create a platform that allows people from all over the world to send money to each other with low transaction fees, similar to Civic Wallet. Ripple, a payment cryptocurrency and platform currently used by some banks, will be the foundation of payment processing for Mojaloop.</p> <p>Unlike other cryptocurrencies that rely on blockchain to encrypt and safeguard the transactions, Ripple uses a patented technology called Ripple protocol consensus algorithm (RPCA). Included in their network, called RippleNet, are several institutional payment providers that people use to send money around the world.</p> <p>These providers include American Express, PNC Bank, Interbank and MoneyGram.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn16" data-hash="#ednref16">16</span></sup> Together with Google, Gates and other large tech companies in the coalition, Ripple is positioned to potentially gain control of a created global currency and drive down the value of country-based currency.</p> <h2>First <strong>State Hands Over Vaccine Mandate Power to ACIP</strong></h2> <p>Meanwhile, as Civic Technologies quietly released an app to track your vaccination status, the Virginia legislature passed H.B.1090 earlier in 2020, which amended a law requiring children attending day care and public and private schools in the state to receive vaccines.</p> <p>The bill proposed that children enrolled in Virginia day care or schools automatically be required to receive all vaccines recommended by the federal Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) as a condition for getting a school education.</p> <p>The final bill gives the Virginia Board of Health the legal authority to add any vaccines recommended by ACIP, except for the annual influenza vaccination, to the list of vaccines required for children to attend school without holding public hearings or a vote by elected state legislators.</p> <p>In so doing, Virginia citizens have been blocked from participating in the vaccine law-making process and legislators have turned over their law-making authority to unelected members of the board of health and a federal advisory committee. The Vaccine Reaction reported:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn17" data-hash="#ednref17">17</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"In handing the power to make vaccine laws to unelected members of a federal advisory committee and state Board of Health, the Virginia legislature has abdicated responsibility and accountability to constituents by cutting out elected representatives and the voters who elected them from the vaccine law making process. </em></p> <p><em>Although the new law provides for a 60-day public comment period after the Board of Health issues a Notice of Intended Regulatory Action to add a new vaccine to the required list for daycare and school attendance, the legislature will never again hold a public hearing where citizens can testify for or against the addition of a new vaccine mandate for children."</em></p> </blockquote> <p>What's more, in a legislative committee public hearing on the proposed law that was held January 21, 2020, no time restrictions were placed on those speaking in favor of the bill, but a 10-minute cap — total — was placed on those speaking in opposition. This meant the majority of those waiting to testify in opposition were prevented from speaking, blocking their right to participate in the democratic law-making process. </p> <p>The same pattern occurred again when the bill moved to the House Appropriations Subcommittee, with no time limit place for those in favor of the bill and a 10-minute cap placed on those speaking against it. The bill's passing is even more concerning in light of the current race to develop <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/06/02/expect-coronavirus-vaccine-failure-and-reactions.aspx">COVID-19 vaccines</a>, which are being fast-tracked and will likely be mandated despite legitimate concerns about potential risks and concerns about effectiveness. According to The Vaccine Reaction:</p> <blockquote> <p><em>"The automatic adoption by state public health officials of all new federally recommended vaccines to the required list for children to attend school in the Commonwealth without input from citizens and elected representatives is even more concerning because COVID-19 vaccines are being fast tracked to licensure. </em></p> <p><em>While it normally takes 15 to 20 years to develop a vaccine, a vaccine for COVD-19 may be on the market by this September and federally recommended for use by all children and adults in 2021."<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn18" data-hash="#ednref18">18</span></sup></em></p> </blockquote> <p>Now that Virginia has handed over its vaccine law-making power to the CDC and ACIP, others are likely to follow, just as more employers are likely to adopt Civic Technologies' proof-of-health verification app and others like it. </p> <p>Ultimately, this and other privacy violations, like <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/05/15/contact-tracing-app.aspx">contact tracing apps</a>, could lead to a future in which a vaccine certificate or "unique patient ID number" replaces personal identifications such as your driver's license, state ID card, Social Security card and passport, and is tied not only to your medical records in total, but also your finances.</p> <p>If you may soon be required to "prove" that you've passed certain medical tests and received certain vaccines just to enter a building or go to work, what other information may also be required one day? Will state governments continue to take away additional freedoms and eliminate your right to privacy in the name of public health?</p> <p>If you're concerned about preserving your rights to vaccine choice and would like more information on how to proactively protect those rights, please visit the National Vaccine Information Center (NVIC) website, where you can find an illustrated and fully referenced "<a href="https://www.nvic.org/CMSTemplates/NVIC/pdf/NVIC_Referenced_Vaccine_Law_Reform_Guide.pdf" target="_blank">A Guide to Reforming Vaccine Policy &amp; Law</a>," which is an excellent vaccine education tool for you, legislators and friends and family, too.</p> <p>The challenges are great, but so are the opportunities to educate and empower legislators and residents of every state to defend vaccine freedom of choice. NVIC is committed to continuing to make that happen and they look forward to working with you through the <a href="http://NVICAdvocacy.org">NVIC Advocacy Portal</a> to help you protect vaccine informed consent rights in your state in 2020 and beyond.</p><img src="http://articles.mercola.com/aggbug.aspx?PostID=1008673" width="1" height="1"> Majority of People Are Already Resistant to SARS-CoV-2 http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/06/30/can-your-immune-system-fight-off-coronavirus.aspx Articles urn:uuid:2b6b0ec2-830b-b560-6c3a-e3ac0488e95a Mon, 29 Jun 2020 22:00:00 -0700 <p>According to research<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn1" data-hash="#ednref1">1</span></sup> conducted in Switzerland, SARS-CoV-2-specific antibodies are only found in the most severe cases — about 1 in 5. That suggests COVID-19 may in fact be five times more prevalent than suspected. It also means it may be five times less deadly than predicted.</p> <p>The study,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn2" data-hash="#ednref2">2</span></sup> “Systemic and Mucosal Antibody Secretion Specific to SARS-CoV-2 During Mild Versus Severe COVID-19,” was posted on the prepublication server bioRxiv, May 23, 2020. According to the authors:</p> <blockquote> <p><em>“When symptomatic, COVID-19 can range from a mild flu-like illness in about 81% to a severe and critical disease in about 14% and 5% of affected patients, respectively.” </em> </p> </blockquote> <p>The Swiss study,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn3" data-hash="#ednref3">3</span></sup> which sought to investigate SARS-CoV-2-specific antibody responses, found that even though people who had been exposed to infected individuals had SARS-CoV-2-specific immunoglobulin A (IgA) antibodies in their mucosa, there were no virus-specific antibodies in their blood.</p> <p>IgA is an antibody that plays a crucial role in the immune function of your mucous membranes, while IgG is the most common antibody that protects against bacterial and viral infections and is found in blood and other bodily fluids. As explained by the authors:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn4" data-hash="#ednref4">4</span></sup> </p> <blockquote> <p><em>“As with other coronaviruses, symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 disease causes an acute infection with activation of the innate and adaptive immune systems. The former leads to the release of several pro-inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin-6 … </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>Subsequently, B and T cells become activated, resulting in the production of SARS-CoV-2-specific antibodies, comprising immunoglobulin M (IgM), immunoglobulin A (IgA), and immunoglobulin G (IgG).</em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>Whereas coronavirus-specific IgM production is transient and leads to isotype switch to IgA and IgG, these latter antibody subtypes can persist for extended periods in the serum and in nasal fluids. Whether SARS-CoV-2-specific IgG antibodies correlate with virus control is a matter of intense discussions.”</em></p> </blockquote> <h2>Antibody Response Dependent on Severity</h2> <p>In COVID-19-positive patients with mild symptoms, SARS-CoV-2-specific IgA titers turned positive an average of eight days after onset of symptoms and were mostly transient. In some cases, however, IgA were completely absent. Serum IgG levels either remained negative, or reached positive values nine to 10 days after symptom onset.</p> <p>In patients with severe symptoms, a “highly significant” increase of both SARS-CoV-2-specific serum IgA titers were found on day three or four, and even more pronounced IgG titers were present on day four or five. Both were independent of age or comorbidities. Only in severe cases of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) were “very high” levels of IgA found. According to the authors:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn5" data-hash="#ednref5">5</span></sup> </p> <blockquote> <p><em>“Interestingly, some of the SARS-CoV-2-exposed healthcare workers with negative SARS-CoV-2-specific IgA and IgG serum titers had detectable SARS-CoV-2-specific IgA antibodies in their nasal fluids and tears. Moreover, SARS-CoV-2-specific IgA levels in nasal fluids of these healthcare workers were inversely correlated with patient age. </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>T</em><em>hese data show that systemic IgA and IgG production against SARS-CoV-2 develops mainly in severe COVID-19, with very high IgA levels seen in patients with severe ARDS, whereas mild disease may be associated with transient serum titers of SARS-CoV-2-specific antibodies but stimulate mucosal SARS-CoV-2-specific IgA secretion. The findings suggest four grades of antibody responses dependent on COVID-19 severity …</em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>We think these findings suggest a model where the extent and duration of SARS-CoV-2-related clinical symptoms, which likely correlates with virus replication, dictates the level of virus-specific humoral immunity. </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>This hypothesis is consistent with previous publications demonstrating that the magnitude of the humoral response toward SARS-CoV-2 is dependent on the duration and magnitude of viral antigen exposure. </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>Low antigen exposure will elicit mucosal IgA-mediated responses, which can be accompanied by systemic IgA production; however, systemic virus-specific IgA responses can also be absent, transient or delayed. This type of ‘mucosal IgA’ antibody response seemed to be particularly prevalent in younger individuals with mild SARS-CoV-2 infection without evidence of pneumonia.”</em></p> </blockquote> <h2>The Young Have Greater Mucosal Immunity Than the Old</h2> <p>The Swiss researchers suggest these findings could be “a reflection of increased mucosal immunity in the young or decreased mucosal immunity in the old.” They point out previous data showing HKU1-specific IgG — antibodies responding to another type of coronavirus that causes the common cold — are absent in people under the age of 20, while higher levels of these antibodies are found in older people.</p> <aside class="takeaway tamiddle"><p>Your humoral immune system can kick in if there’s cross-reactivity with another very similar pathogen. In the case of COVID-19, there’s evidence to suggest exposure to other coronaviruses that cause the common cold can confer immunity against SARS-CoV-2.</p></aside> <p>Extrapolation suggests infants and children “have primed mucosal innate and IgA antibody responses due to their frequent upper respiratory tract infections and, therefore, respond preferentially in this manner to SARS-CoV-2 infection,” the researchers state. </p> <p>On the other hand, studies have shown the strength of antiviral immune responses, including T cell activation and proliferation, slows with age. This can partially explain why older people are vastly more susceptible to severe COVID-19 illness and death. Other factors like vitamin D levels and immunosenescence that increases in the elderly are also likely important.</p> <h2>Mortality Is a Fraction of What Was Predicted</h2> <p>As noted in an article on Off-Guardian.com, which reported the results of the Swiss study:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn6" data-hash="#ednref6">6</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>“… if the authors are indeed correct in their estimation, this might mean SARS-COV-2’s infection rate (IFR) would need to be revised downward yet again. If 80% of those infected really do not produce antibodies then there is a live possibility the virus is present in many more people than usually supposed. Which would in turn potentially reduce the IFR, possibly considerably.</em></p> </blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>In the early stages, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimated the virus’ IFR to be as high as 3.4%. The models based on those numbers have, however, been shown to be wildly inaccurate … </em></p> </blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>Dissenting experts<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn7" data-hash="#ednref7">7</span></sup> appear to have been vindicated by the serological studies, using blood tests looking for Sars-Cov-2 antibodies done across different populations all over the world, which routinely suggest that the IFR is closer to 0.3%<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn8" data-hash="#ednref8">8</span></sup> than the WHO’s initial figure of 3.4%.</em></p> </blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>From Japan to Iceland to Los Angeles, the numbers returned were between 0.06 and 0.4. Within the range of seasonal influenza. As a result of these studies, the U.S. CDC’s most recent ‘estimated IFR’ is between 0.26% and 0.4%.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn9" data-hash="#ednref9">9</span></sup> Roughly 1/10th of the initial estimates.”</em></p> </blockquote> <h2>Innate and Adaptive Immunity</h2> <p>For clarity, it’s important to realize you have two types of immunity. Your innate immune system is primed and ready to attack foreign invaders at any moment and is your first line of defense. Your adaptive immune system,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn10" data-hash="#ednref10">10</span></sup> on the other hand, “remembers” previous exposure to a pathogen and mounts a response when an old foe is recognized. </p> <p>Your adaptive immune system is further divided into two arms: humoral immunity (B cells) and cell mediated immunity (T cells). The B cells and T cells are manufactured as needed from specialized stem cells. The graphs below are from my Vitamin D document and will help you understand the components of these systems and their timing.</p> <figure class="center-img"> <img style="max-width:500px;width:100%!important;" alt="immunity diagram" src="https://media.mercola.com/ImageServer/public/2020/June/immunity-diagram.jpg"> </figure> <figure class="center-img"> <img style="max-width:500px;width:100%!important;" alt="immunity graph" src="https://media.mercola.com/ImageServer/public/2020/June/immunity-graph.jpg"> </figure> <p>If you have never been exposed to a disease but are given antibodies from someone who got sick and recovered, you can gain humoral immunity against that disease. Your humoral immune system can also kick in if there’s cross-reactivity with another very similar pathogen. </p> <p>In the case of COVID-19, there’s evidence<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn11" data-hash="#ednref11">11</span></sup> to suggest exposure to other coronaviruses that cause the common cold can confer immunity against SARS-CoV-2.&nbsp; </p> <h2>Majority Resistant to COVID-19 Even Without Exposure</h2> <p>One such study<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn12" data-hash="#ednref12">12</span>,</sup><sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn13" data-hash="#ednref13">13</span></sup> was published May 14, 2020, in the journal Cell. It found 70% of samples obtained by the La Jolla Institute for Immunology from patients who had recovered from mild cases of COVID-19 had resistance to SARS-CoV-2 on the T-cell level. </p> <p>Curiously, 40% to 60% of people who had not been exposed to SARS-CoV-2 also had resistance to the virus on the T-cell level. According to the authors, this suggests there’s “cross-reactive T cell recognition between circulating ‘common cold’ coronaviruses and SARS-CoV-2.” In other words, if you’ve recovered from a common cold caused by a particular coronavirus, your humoral immune system may activate when you encounter SARS-CoV-2, thus rendering you resistant to COVID-19. </p> <p>May 14, 2020, Science magazine reported<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn14" data-hash="#ednref14">14</span></sup> these Cell findings, drawing parallels to another earlier paper<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn15" data-hash="#ednref15">15</span></sup> by German investigators that had come to a similar conclusion. That German paper,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn16" data-hash="#ednref16">16</span></sup> the preprint of which was posted April 22, 2020, on Medrxiv, found helper T cells that targeted the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein in 15 of 18 patients hospitalized with COVID-19. As reported by Science:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn17" data-hash="#ednref17">17</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>“The teams also asked whether people who haven’t been infected with SARS-CoV-2 also produce cells that combat it. Thiel and colleagues</em><sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn18" data-hash="#ednref18">18</span></sup><em> analyzed blood from 68 uninfected people and found that 34% hosted helper T cells that recognized SARS-CoV-2. </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>The La Jolla team</em><sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn19" data-hash="#ednref19">19</span></sup> <em>detected this crossreactivity in about half of stored blood samples collected between 2015 and 2018, well before the current pandemic began …</em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>The results suggest ‘one reason that a large chunk of the population may be able to deal with the virus is that we may have some small residual immunity from our exposure to common cold viruses,’ says viral immunologist Steven Varga of the University of Iowa. However, neither of the studies attempted to establish that people with crossreactivity don’t become as ill from COVID-19.</em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>Before these studies, researchers didn’t know whether T cells played a role in eliminating SARS-CoV-2, or even whether they could provoke a dangerous immune system overreaction. ‘These papers are really helpful because they start to define the T cell component of the immune response,’</em> <em>[Columbia University virologist Angela]</em> <em>Rasmussen says.” </em></p> </blockquote> <h2>Herd Immunity Theory May Need Revision</h2> <p>Now, if it’s true that a majority are already resistant to COVID-19 due to previous exposure to other coronaviruses, then we’ve probably already reached the threshold for herd immunity, and vaccinating every human on the planet (or close to it) will not be necessary. In fact, it’s starting to look as though a vaccine may be entirely moot. </p> <p>This research also hints at the possibility that herd immunity isn’t what we think it is. The cross-reactivity on the T cell level seen with SARS-CoV-2 and other coronaviruses may also exist for other viruses. </p> <p>On the flip side, there’s a phenomenon known as viral interference, where exposure to one virus makes you more susceptible to another virus. Research<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn20" data-hash="#ednref20">20</span></sup> has found that those who received the influenza vaccine were 36% more susceptible to coronavirus infection. This too may be playing a role in COVID-19 deaths among the elderly, since most who reside in nursing homes are given the flu vaccine each year. </p> <h2>Long-Term Immunity Against COVID-19 Appears Prevalent</h2> <p>Yet another study,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn21" data-hash="#ednref21">21</span>,</sup><sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn22" data-hash="#ednref22">22</span>,</sup><sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn23" data-hash="#ednref23">23</span></sup> this one by researchers in Singapore, found common colds caused by the betacoronaviruses OC43 and HKU1 might make you more resistant to SARS-CoV-2 infection, and that the resulting immunity might last as long as 17 years.</p> <p>In addition to the common cold, OC43 and HKU1 — two of the most commonly encountered betacoronaviruses<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn24" data-hash="#ednref24">24</span></sup> — are also known to cause bronchitis, acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and pneumonia in all age groups.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn25" data-hash="#ednref25">25</span></sup> As reported by the Daily Mail:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn26" data-hash="#ednref26">26</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>“They share many genetic features with the coronaviruses Covid-19, MERS and SARS, all of which passed from animals to humans. Coronaviruses are thought to account for up to 30 percent of all colds but it is not known specifically how many are caused by the betacoronavirus types. </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>Now scientists have found evidence that some immunity may be present for many years due to the body's 'memory' T-cells from attacks by previous viruses with a similar genetic make-up — even among people who have had no known exposure to Covid-19 or SARS …</em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>Blood was taken from 24 patients who had recovered from Covid-19, 23 who had become ill from SARS and 18 who had never been exposed to either SARS or Covid-19 … </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>Half of patients in the group with no exposure to either Covid-19 or SARS possessed T-cells which showed immune response to the animal betacoronaviruses, Covid-19 and SARS. This suggested patients' immunity developed after exposure to common colds caused by betacoronavirus or possibly from other as yet unknown pathogens.”</em></p> </blockquote> <p>In other words, if you’ve beat a common cold caused by a OC43 or HKU1 betacoronavirus in the past, you may have a 50/50 chance of having defensive T-cells that can recognize and help defend against SARS-CoV-2, the novel coronavirus that causes COVID-19. According to the researchers:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn27" data-hash="#ednref27">27</span></sup> </p> <blockquote> <p><em>“These findings demonstrate that virus-specific memory T-cells induced by betacoronavirus infection are long-lasting, which supports the notion that Covid-19 patients would develop long-term T-cell immunity. Our findings also raise the intriguing possibility that infection with related viruses can also protect from or modify the pathology caused by SARS-Cov-2.” </em></p> </blockquote> <h2>Support Offered by Updated Statistical Models </h2> <div class="video-rwd"> <figure class="op-interactive aspect-ratio"> <iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/dUOFeVIrOPg?wmode=transparent&amp;rel=0" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen="" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture"></iframe></figure> </div> <p>All of these studies add support to the latest COVID-19 mortality models suggesting there is in fact widespread resistance and prior immunity. Freddie Sayers, executive editor of UnHerd, recently interviewed professor Karl Friston, a statistician whose expertise is mathematical modeling, who believes prior immunity across the global population might be as high as 80%.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn28" data-hash="#ednref28">28</span></sup></p> <p>Friston is credited with inventing the statistical parametric mapping technique, which is now the standard for understanding brain imaging. As the pandemic erupted, he began applying this method of analysis (which he refers to as “dynamic causal modelling”) to COVID-19 data, coming up with a model that predicts far lower mortality rates than earlier models.</p> <p>The reason for this is because the “effective susceptible population,” meaning those who are not already immune to COVID-19 and therefore at risk of infection, was never 100%. At most, it was 50% and most likely only around 20%.</p> <p>Friston’s model effectively vaporizes claims that social distancing is necessary, because once sensible behaviors such as staying home when sick are entered into it, the positive effect of lockdown efforts on “flattening the curve” simply vanish. In all likelihood, the global lockdowns were completely unnecessary, and certainly should not continue, now or in the future.</p> <h2>COVID-19 Growth Projections Were All Wrong</h2> <div class="video-rwd"> <figure class="op-interactive aspect-ratio"> <iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/bl-sZdfLcEk?wmode=transparent&amp;rel=0" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen="" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture"></iframe> </figure> </div> <p>Support for Friston’s model comes from Michael Levitt,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn29" data-hash="#ednref29">29</span></sup> a professor of structural biology at the Stanford School of Medicine who received the Nobel Prize in 2013 for his development of multiscale models for complex chemical systems. </p> <p>According to Levitt, statistical data reveal a mathematical pattern that has stayed consistent regardless of the government interventions implemented. While early models predicted an exponential explosion of COVID-19 deaths, those predictions never materialized. As reported by Sayers in the video above:</p> <blockquote> <p><em>“After around a two-week exponential growth of cases (and, subsequently, deaths) some kind of break kicks in, and growth starts slowing down. The curve quickly becomes ‘sub-exponential.’ This may seem like a technical distinction, but its implications are profound. </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>The ‘unmitigated’ scenarios modelled by (among others) Imperial College, and which tilted governments across the world into drastic action, relied on a presumption of continued exponential growth … </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>But Professor Levitt’s point is that that hasn’t actually happened anywhere, even in countries that have been relatively lax in their responses.”</em></p> </blockquote> <p>Levitt believes prior immunity plays a significant role in why we simply don’t see an exponential growth pattern of COVID-19 deaths, and that certainly seems to make sense in light of the studies reviewed above. A majority of people simply aren’t (and weren’t) susceptible to COVID-19. </p> <p>According to Levitt, the indiscriminate lockdowns implemented around the world were “a huge mistake.” He believes a more rational approach would have been to protect and isolate the elderly, who are by far the most vulnerable and make up the bulk of COVID-19 deaths around the worl Have You Tried Box Breathing? http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/06/29/box-breathing.aspx Articles urn:uuid:384b96ea-7fb7-229d-6099-8d9cd31c9724 Sun, 28 Jun 2020 22:00:00 -0700 <p>Breathing is universal, habitual and nearly always automatic. When you get stressed, your breathing pattern and rate change. This often results in more chest breathing in response to a "fight or flight" situation, a response triggered by the autonomic nervous system.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn1" data-hash="#ednref1">1</span></sup></p> <p>In April 2019, a headline in The New York Times announced, "Americans Are Among the Most Stressed People in the World …"<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn2" data-hash="#ednref2">2</span></sup> This was slightly less than one year before the COVID-19 pandemic raised stress levels even further.</p> <p>Americans are no strangers to stress. A poll was conducted in 2007 by the American Psychological Association (APA). In a press release they noted that one-third reported they were living with "extreme stress" and 48% thought their stress had "increased over the past five years."<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn3" data-hash="#ednref3">3</span></sup> Russ Newman, APA executive director for professional practice, commented:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn4" data-hash="#ednref4">4</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"Stress in America continues to escalate and is affecting every aspect of people's lives — from work to personal relationships to sleep patterns and eating habits, as well as their health.</em></p> </blockquote> <blockquote> <p><em>We know that stress is a fact of life and some stress can have a positive impact, however, the high stress levels that many Americans report experiencing can have long-term health consequences, ranging from fatigue to obesity and heart disease."</em></p> </blockquote> <p>Fortunately, your breathing is not completely automatic. Controlled breathing is one strategy that has proven effective in reducing physiological stress indicators and improving feelings of being calm.</p> <p>This means you can control your breath to help manage stress, improve relaxation and make greater strides to take control of your health. Let's start with a short explanation of some of the different parts of the nervous system.</p> <h2>Functions of the Sympathetic and Parasympathetic Systems</h2> <p>Stress and your body's reactions to environmental stimuli that cause stress are survival mechanisms. However, chronic activation of the system causes the consistent release of hormones that produce harmful physiological changes.</p> <p>While the fight-or-flight response is critical if you're facing down a bear or running from an assailant, ongoing exposure to societal stress can raise your risk of chronic disease and death.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn5" data-hash="#ednref5">5</span></sup> Your response to a stressful situation begins in the amygdala of your brain, which plays a role in how you handle the emotions associated with stress, joy and other scenarios.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn6" data-hash="#ednref6">6</span></sup></p> <p>The amygdala sends a signal to the hypothalamus, which communicates to the body through the autonomic nervous system. This system controls functions in the body that happen automatically, such as your heart rate, <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/04/24/could-fasting-lower-high-blood-pressure.aspx">blood pressure</a> and breathing.</p> <p>The autonomic nervous system has two parts, one that raises the alarm and another that helps calm you down. The sympathetic nervous system signals the fight-or-flight response to begin. This gives you the energy and focus you need to flee from a risky situation. Once the danger has passed, the parasympathetic nervous system helps apply the brakes to the release of hormones so that the body can rest.</p> <p>Each of these changes happen quickly and without any input from you. This is why you can jump out of the way of a snake in the grass before you fully recognize there's anything in your path.</p> <p>Keeping the sympathetic nervous system revved up and ready has a detrimental effect on your health. By using controlled breathing, you can calm yourself and create real physiological changes, including:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn7" data-hash="#ednref7">7</span></sup></p> <ul> <li>Lowering your heart rate and blood pressure</li> <li>Lowering levels of stress hormones</li> <li>Balancing carbon dioxide and oxygen blood levels</li> <li>Improving immune functioning and energy levels</li> <li>Increasing feeling of being calm</li> </ul> <h2>Box Breathing Reduces Stress and Promotes Health</h2> <div class="video-rwd"> <figure class="op-interactive aspect-ratio"> <iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/GZzhk9jEkkI?wmode=transparent&amp;rel=0" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen="" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture"></iframe> </figure> </div> <p>The technique of box breathing is what SEALS use. In this video, Mark Divine of SEALFIT demonstrates box breathing and tactical breathing. He explains tactical breathing is used during performance to calm the mind when you're under duress. For those of us not in combat situations, this might happen in the boardroom, during an athletic competition or while taking a test.</p> <p>SEALS use box breathing as the practice technique, so tactical breathing is effective when it's needed. There are four steps and each is done for the same amount of time. Breathing affects how you think and feel.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn8" data-hash="#ednref8">8</span></sup> Lynne Everatt is an author, personal trainer and wellness expert from Toronto. She spoke to a reporter from Forbes, saying:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn9" data-hash="#ednref9">9</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"Stress and anxiety trigger neurocircuitry that was designed to be used sparingly to deal with life-or-death threats, not on a daily basis as a response to gnarled traffic, a toxic boss or work overload.</em></p> </blockquote> <blockquote> <p><em>Chronic stress has a corrosive effect on the brain that has been linked to degeneration of the hippocampus (the brain's memory center) and impaired functioning of the prefrontal cortex that can manifest in our lives as depression, dementia and impaired executive function."</em></p> </blockquote> <p>To begin practicing box breathing, get in a quiet place where you can concentrate and maintain good posture. Ideally, you'll want to measure how many cycles or minutes you can do the technique and work up to five minutes.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn10" data-hash="#ednref10">10</span></sup></p> <p>Do each step below with focus and intention on your actions. Most people who use this technique recommend inhaling and exhaling to a count of four or five. Either is acceptable as long as each phase takes same the length of time.</p> <div class="indent"> <p><span class="bullet">• </span>Step 1 — Begin by exhaling the air out of your lungs to a slow count of four. Some recommend exhaling through your mouth; Divine recommends exhaling through your nose.</p> <p><span class="bullet">• </span>Step 2 — Hold your breath for a slow count of four.</p> <p><span class="bullet">• </span>Step 3 — Inhale slowly to a slow count of four through your nose, keeping your back straight and breathing through your abdomen so your shoulders do not rise.</p> <p><span class="bullet">• </span>Step 4 — Hold your breath for a slow count of four and return to step 1.</p> </div> <h2>Nose Breathing Offers Many Advantages</h2> <p>Breathing through your nose offers specific health benefits. Researchers have found that people who usually breathe through their mouth have a higher risk of <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2019/01/03/tips-to-a-good-night-sleep.aspx">sleep problems</a> and attention deficit disorders.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn11" data-hash="#ednref11">11</span></sup> One theory for this is the difference in brain oxygenation.</p> <p>Individuals who mouth breathe tend to hyperventilate or get more oxygen than is needed.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn12" data-hash="#ednref12">12</span></sup> This lowers the level of CO2 in the body, which is important since you need a balance of oxygen and CO2 to function optimally. <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2019/04/25/inspiratory-muscle-strength-training.aspx">Nose breathing</a> helps accomplish this.</p> <p>Your vagus nerve is the major part of the parasympathetic nervous system.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn13" data-hash="#ednref13">13</span></sup> Diaphragmatic breathing, which you may have heard as slow abdominal breathing, triggers the vagus nerve and stimulates the parasympathetic nervous system. Since the 1970s, deep breathing has become a central part of helping reduce stress and anxiety, widely accepted by Western clinicians.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn14" data-hash="#ednref14">14</span></sup></p> <p>By stimulating the vagus nerve and thus the parasympathetic nervous system, nose breathing can help reduce stress, anxiety and the release of stress hormones. Breathing through your nose helps you to breathe less.</p> <p>This might sound like a bad recommendation, yet many people chronically over-breathe and deplete their carbon dioxide reserves. Chronic mouth breathing has been associated with several health problems, including:</p> <ul> <li>Sleep apnea<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn15" data-hash="#ednref15">15</span></sup></li> <li>&nbsp;Bronchoconstriction with exercised-induced asthma<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn16" data-hash="#ednref16">16</span>,</sup><sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn17" data-hash="#ednref17">17</span></sup></li> <li>Abnormal facial development<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn18" data-hash="#ednref18">18</span>,</sup><sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn19" data-hash="#ednref19">19</span></sup></li> <li>Poor dental health<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn20" data-hash="#ednref20">20</span></sup></li> <li>Hyperventilation, which results in reduced oxygen to your brain and heart<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn21" data-hash="#ednref21">21</span>,</sup><sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn22" data-hash="#ednref22">22</span></sup></li> </ul> <h2>More Breathing Techniques to Improve Health</h2> <p>As I've written before in "<a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2019/01/31/best-breathing-techniques.aspx">Top Breathing Techniques for Better Health</a>," the function behind box breathing that reduces stress, raises your CO2 level and signals your parasympathetic system is diaphragmatic breathing. You can easily assess your body's tolerance for CO2 at home, using a technique developed by Dr. Konstantin Pavlovich Buteyko.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn23" data-hash="#ednref23">23</span></sup></p> <p>This Russian physician discovered that the level of CO2 in your lungs correlates with your ability to hold your breath after a normal exhalation. Begin by sitting straight with your feet flat to the floor. Take a small breath in and out through your nose. After exhaling, pinch your nose to keep air from entering and then start your stopwatch. Hold your breath until you feel the first desire to breathe. When you feel that urge, resume breathing and note the time.</p> <p>Your first breath should be calm and controlled through your nose. If you feel like you had to take a deep breath, then you held your breath too long. What you just measured is called the "control pause," or CP. This is a reflection of the tolerance your body has for carbon dioxide. Most people can hold it 20 to 40 seconds, but 40 to 60 is optimal. Anything lower than 40 may be reason for concern.</p> <p>One strategy for improving your CP is to raise your fitness and endurance levels. Another is to improve your breathing technique by expanding your abdomen rather than lifting your shoulders. When your shoulders lift during inhalation, it's called vertical breathing.</p> <p>This can make you feel taller and it does not involve extending your stomach. However, correct breathing causes your midsection to widen and is called horizontal breathing. This engages your diaphragm, which allows you to take a more complete breath and stimulate your vagus nerve.</p> <h2>Nose Breathing Nitric Oxide May Have Antiviral Properties</h2> <p>Another reason to breathe through your nose is to raise the production of nitric oxide (NO).<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn24" data-hash="#ednref24">24</span></sup> Your body produces NO in other places as well, including your endothelial cells. This is a soluble gas that has some exceptional health benefits, some of which I discuss in "<a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2018/07/23/importance-of-healthy-bacteria-in-nitric-oxide-production.aspx">The Importance of Healthy Bacteria in Nitric Oxide Production</a>."</p> <p>Many of those benefits may be a result of NO being a signaling molecule. Doctors use the gas in a number of clinical settings, including to help reverse pulmonary high blood pressure in newborns. NO produced by your endothelium helps to relax arteries and reduce blood pressure. This helps to promote oxygenation to all your organs.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn25" data-hash="#ednref25">25</span></sup></p> <p>Another benefit of inhaled nitric oxide has been in the treatment of viral infection. Clinical trials are currently underway for the treatment of people infected with SARS-CoV-2. The principal actions that could help combat COVID-19 include:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn26" data-hash="#ednref26">26</span></sup></p> <ul> <li>Dilating pulmonary arteries to help the lungs get more blood</li> <li>Opening bronchial airways to increase oxygen delivery</li> <li>Directly eliciting antiviral activity against the virus</li> </ul> <p>Louis J. Ignarro, Ph.D., author of the article in The Conversation, was one of three recipients of the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine in 1998. The group of pharmacologists discovered how nitric oxide was produced and how it functions in the body.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn27" data-hash="#ednref27">27</span></sup> Nitric oxide is produced in the nasal cavity, but not in the mouth.</p> <p>This means that those who chronically breathe through their mouth are bypassing production that can be inhaled into the lungs.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn28" data-hash="#ednref28">28</span></sup> This direct delivery helps increase air flow and blood flow within the lung tissue, and it inhibits the growth and replication of viruses and other microorganisms. There is a clinical trial currently underway to:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn29" data-hash="#ednref29">29</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"… determine whether inhaled NO improves short term respiratory status, prevents future hospitalization, and improves the clinical course in patients diagnosed with COVID-19 specifically in the emergency department."</em></p> </blockquote> <p>You can help boost your NO production at home using a simple, four-minute exercise three times a day. Dr. Zach Bush, whose triple-board certification includes expertise in internal medicine, endocrinology and metabolism, named the exercise the Nitric Oxide Dump. He says it is anaerobically efficient and the more you do it, the better it works.</p> <p>The exercise can be done at home with no equipment and can accommodate every fitness level. It works by stimulating the release of nitric oxide. You'll find more about the exercise, how to do it and why it's so beneficial at "<a href="https://fitness.mercola.com/sites/fitness/archive/2018/08/10/why-you-need-to-try-the-nitric-oxide-dump-workout.aspx">Fitness Checkup: Why You Need to Try the Nitric Oxide Dump Workout</a>."</p><img src="http://articles.mercola.com/aggbug.aspx?PostID=1008244" width="1" height="1"> Bold Action Required to Defeat Second Wave of COVID-19 http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/06/29/dark-skin-and-vitamin-d-deficiency.aspx Articles urn:uuid:f2a3e2a2-aa89-14bc-c6d1-990703fce41b Sun, 28 Jun 2020 22:00:00 -0700 <p>As health officials continue to expect a second wave of COVID-19 this fall, spreading information about how to prevent it is becoming crucial. One of the most important strategies in this regard is to optimize your vitamin D level.</p> <p>Vitamin D not only helps regulate immune function and prevent respiratory illnesses in general, but mounting data analyses show clear parallels between vitamin D levels and the risk of infection, severity and mortality from COVID-19 as well. </p> <p>While U.S. authorities are still trying to debunk (and even instill fear) of vitamin D supplementation, British and Scottish authorities appear to be embracing a more sensible approach. </p> <p>The British Frontline Immune Support Team, founded "to make available some of the best quality immune supportive products … to help keep those on the NHS (UK National Health Service) frontline resilient and strong," is already providing health care workers with free nutritional supplements known to bolster and regulate immune function. </p> <p>This includes liposomal vitamin C, vitamin D and zinc. As noted on frontlineimmunesupport.com, the group's fundraiser page:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn1" data-hash="#ednref1">1</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"Immune supportive packs are sent directly to each individual NHS healthcare worker who signs up for this initiative — and they receive all products for FREE. We currently have hundreds of NHS staff already signed up ready to go; and with your contributions we can supply and reach thousands more."</em></p> </blockquote> <p>The Frontline Immune Support Team point out that vitamin D:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn2" data-hash="#ednref2">2</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"… plays a critical role in your immune defense system, both in reducing flu-like days of illness if your blood level is sufficient, and in helping your immune system respond when under viral attack. It speeds up recovery from pneumonia.</em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>Two in five adults have a level of vitamin D below 25nmol/l, especially in late winter months such as February and March, that is likely to almost double their risk of flu. A vitamin D level above 100 nmol/l correlates with the lowest numbers of flu-like days. The moral of the story is to get your level up as quickly as possible."</em></p> </blockquote> <p>Public Health Scotland and the British NHS are also assessing the evidence to determine whether vitamin D should be prescribed to in-hospital patients and as a prevention to high-risk groups.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn3" data-hash="#ednref3">3</span></sup></p> <h2>Vitamin D Level Correlates With Risk of Respiratory Infection</h2> <p>Clinical trials using vitamin D against COVID-19 are currently underway,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn4" data-hash="#ednref4">4</span></sup> but we don't need to wait for results to know that vitamin D optimization is a good idea. SARS-CoV-2 is an enveloped virus, which means it's more difficult for your immune system to identify and destroy it. </p> <aside class="takeaway tamiddle"><p>Vitamin D could almost be thought of as a designer drug for helping the body to handle viral respiratory infections. It boosts the ability of cells to kill and resist viruses and simultaneously dampens down harmful inflammation, which is one of the big problems with Covid. — Adrian Martineau, professor of respiratory infection and immunity. </p></aside> <p>However, as noted by The Frontline Support Team, we already know higher vitamin D levels are inversely associated with infection by many other enveloped viruses, including dengue, hepatitis, herpes, HIV, rotavirus, respiratory syncytial virus and influenza.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn5" data-hash="#ednref5">5</span>,</sup><sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn6" data-hash="#ednref6">6</span></sup></p> <p>Vitamin D also strengthens cellular junctions, thereby making it more difficult for viruses to gain entry through your eyes, ears, lungs and mucus membranes. This in turn makes the infection less likely to migrate down into your lungs.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn7" data-hash="#ednref7">7</span></sup> Importantly, vitamin D also strengthens the adaptive arm of your immune system, and its ability to produce antibodies.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn8" data-hash="#ednref8">8</span></sup> According to a June 17, 2020, report by The Guardian:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn9" data-hash="#ednref9">9</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"Public health officials are urgently reviewing the potential ability of vitamin D to reduce the risk of coronavirus. It comes amid growing concern over the disproportionate number of black, Asian and minority ethnic people contracting and dying from the disease,&nbsp;including a reported<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn10" data-hash="#ednref10">10</span></sup> 94% of all doctors&nbsp;killed by the virus …</em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>The Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (SACN) began this work last month and is considering recent evidence on vitamin D and acute respiratory tract infection in the general population. Evidence will be considered on specific population groups, including those of different ages and BAME [black, Asian, minority ethnic] groups.</em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em> In a parallel development, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (Nice) is conducting a 'rapid' evidence review on vitamin D 'in the context of Covid-19' with support from Public Health England (PHE)."</em></p> </blockquote> <h2>Vitamin D — 'Designer Drug' Against Viral Infections </h2> <p>Adrian Martineau, a professor of respiratory infection and immunity at Queen Mary University of London, is currently leading the "Covidence UK Study,"<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn11" data-hash="#ednref11">11</span></sup> an effort to collect data about how vitamin D deficiency impacts your COVID-19 risk. If you live in the UK, you can <a href="https://www.qmul.ac.uk/covidence/">sign up for the Covidence UK study here</a>. </p> <p>Martineau tells The Guardian that COVID-19 deaths among black, Asian and minority ethnic (BAME) staff within the NHS raises important questions about vitamin D status.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn12" data-hash="#ednref12">12</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"Vitamin D could almost be thought of as a designer drug for helping the body to handle viral respiratory infections. It boosts the ability of cells to kill and resist viruses and simultaneously dampens down harmful inflammation, which is one of the big problems with Covid,"</em> he told the paper.</p> </blockquote> <h2>Why People of Color Are at Increased Risk</h2> <p>There's a simple reason why BAME groups are more susceptible to COVID-19. Darker skin requires far more sun exposure to produce adequate vitamin D, so much so that dark-skinned individuals living north of the equator are virtually guaranteed to be chronically deficient. </p> <p>According to data collected by the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) between 2005 and 2006, and published in 2018, 82.1% of black American adults and 62.9% of Hispanic adults are deficient in vitamin D.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn13" data-hash="#ednref13">13</span></sup> As noted in that paper, lower melanin levels are protective of vitamin D deficiency, and the darker your skin, the more likely you are of having a low vitamin D level. </p> <p>The good news is that this predisposition is easily and inexpensively remedied. The Frontline Support Team has made good strides toward protecting health care workers, so far supplying about 750 NHS frontline staff with free supplement packs. But the general public also needs it, too. At bare minimum, the public needs the information. </p> <h2>Scotland Issues Guidance on Vitamin D</h2> <p>In Scotland, government COVID-19 guidance now includes taking a daily vitamin D supplement. As reported by the Scotland Herald:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn14" data-hash="#ednref14">14</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"</em><em>Official Scottish Government guidance issued on June 3 states that everyone, including children, 'should consider taking a daily supplement containing 10 micrograms of vitamin D.'</em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>However, it is 'specifically recommended' to all pregnant and breastfeeding women; infants and children under five years old; people from minority ethnic groups with dark skin such as those of African, African-Caribbean and South Asian origin, who require more sun exposure to make as much vitamin D; and people who are confined indoors."</em></p> </blockquote> <h2>US Ignores Vitamin D Impact</h2> <p>In stark contrast, U.S. health agencies appear to have little interest in helping the public support their immune system through appropriate nutrition, but would rather have you rely on drugs and vaccines.</p> <p>The U.S. National Institutes of Health recommends<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn15" data-hash="#ednref15">15</span></sup> getting your vitamin D from food and beverages only, despite the fact that dietary intake of vitamin D is insufficient to reach and maintain the level required to prevent viral illnesses and other chronic diseases.</p> <p>That said, some health experts are speaking out. Among them is former CDC director Dr. Tom Frieden, who wrote an opinion piece for Fox News in which he suggests vitamin D may reduce COVID-19 mortality rates, especially in those who are deficient.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn16" data-hash="#ednref16">16</span></sup></p> <p>He goes on to say supplementation has reduced the "risk of respiratory infections, regulates cytokine production and can limit the risk of other viruses such as influenza." Much of the damage from COVID-19 occurs with a "cytokine storm," during which the body's inflammatory system goes into high gear, damaging organs and increasing mortality rates. He writes:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn17" data-hash="#ednref17">17</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"We can do lots of things to improve our resistance to infection. These include getting regular physical activity, getting enough sleep, stopping smoking and other tobacco use, and, for people living with diabetes, getting it under control. </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>Taking a multivitamin that includes Vitamin D, or a Vitamin D supplement, probably can't hurt, and it might help. As we continue to work to mitigate the impact of COVID-19, anything we can do to strengthen our resistance is a step in the right direction."</em></p> </blockquote> <p>Similarly, Dr. John C. Umhau, a public health specialist at the NIH, has argued that vitamin D is one of the "most studied and most important host factor impacting survival from COVID-19."<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn18" data-hash="#ednref18">18</span></sup> He also points out that "A government-sponsored research strategy to address this issue has not been developed, as officials explained that there was no mandate to explore an alternative to the existing vaccination program." </p> <p>Considering the hazards inherent in fast-tracking a COVID-19 vaccine, and seeing how previous attempts at creating a safe and effective coronavirus vaccine have all failed, putting all of the public health eggs in the vaccine basket is questionable in the extreme.</p> <h2>What Science Says About Vitamin D </h2> <div class="video-rwd"> <figure class="op-interactive aspect-ratio"> <iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/aXw3XqwSZFo?wmode=transparent&amp;rel=0" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen="" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture"></iframe> </figure> </div> <p>By now, there's a very long list of scientific evidences pointing toward vitamin D optimization as being a crucial component for preventing another spike in COVID-19 deaths. </p> <p>In the video above, Ivor Cummins, chief program officer for Irish Heart Disease Awareness, explains how higher levels of vitamin D may reduce your risk of negative outcomes from COVID-19. Studies supporting this view include but are not limited to the following: </p> <table class="generic-table left-align"> <tbody> <tr> <td valign="top"><p>A scientific review<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn19" data-hash="#ednref19">19</span></sup> in the journal Nutrients concluded vitamin D can reduce the risk of infection by lowering the rate at which the virus replicates and reduce the pro-inflammatory cytokines that damage the lungs, leading to pneumonia. <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/04/07/coronavirus-treatment.aspx">Vitamin D</a> also helps increase concentrations of anti-inflammatory cytokines that may help protect the lungs. The researchers recommended those at risk take:</p> <blockquote> <p><em>"… 10,000 IU/d of vitamin D3 for a few weeks to rapidly raise 25(OH)D concentrations, followed by 5000 IU/d. The goal should be to raise 25(OH)D concentrations above 40–60 ng/mL (100–150 nmol/L)."</em></p> </blockquote></td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top"><p>Vitamin D is an important component in the prevention and treatment of influenza<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn20" data-hash="#ednref20">20</span></sup> and upper respiratory tract infections<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn21" data-hash="#ednref21">21</span></sup> — While vitamin D does not appear to have a direct effect on the virus itself, it strengthens immune function, thus allowing the host body to combat the virus more effectively.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn22" data-hash="#ednref22">22</span></sup></p> <p>As detailed in "<a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2016/11/28/vitamin-d-prevents-infections-cancer-risk.aspx">Vitamin D Prevents Infections</a>," research shows high-dose vitamin D supplementation lowers the risk of respiratory illnesses and lung infections in the elderly by 40%. As noted by an author of that study, "Vitamin D can improve the immune system's ability to fight infections because it bolsters the first line of defense of the immune system." </p> <p>Importantly, vitamin D also suppresses inflammatory processes. Taken together, this might make vitamin D quite useful against COVID-19, because while robust immune function is required for your body to combat the virus, an overactivated immune system is also responsible for the cytokine storm we see in COVID-19 infection that can lead to death. As noted by pulmonologist Dr. Roger Seheult in the video below:</p> <blockquote> <p><em>"What we want is a smart immune system — an immune system that takes care of the virus but doesn't put us into an inflammatory condition that could put us on a ventilator."</em></p> </blockquote> <div class="video-rwd"> <figure class="op-interactive aspect-ratio"> <iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/gmqgGwT6bw0?start=122&amp;wmode=transparent&amp;rel=0" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen="" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture"></iframe> </figure> </div> </td></tr> <tr> <td valign="top"><p>Research<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn23" data-hash="#ednref23">23</span></sup> published in 2009 suggests fatality rates during the 1918-1919 influenza pandemic were influenced by season, with greater numbers of people dying during the winter (when vitamin D levels are at their lowest) than the summer. According to the authors:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn24" data-hash="#ednref24">24</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"Substantial correlations were found for associations of July UVB dose with case fatality rates and rates of pneumonia as a complication of influenza. Similar results were found for wintertime UVB.</em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em> Vitamin D upregulates production of human cathelicidin, LL-37, which has both antimicrobial and antiendotoxin activities. Vitamin D also reduces the production of proinflammatory cytokines, which could also explain some of the benefit of vitamin D since H1N1 infection gives rise to a cytokine storm."</em></p> </blockquote> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top"><p>Research<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn25" data-hash="#ednref25">25</span></sup> published in 2017 — a meta-analysis of 25 randomized controlled trials — confirmed that vitamin D supplementation helps protect against acute respiratory infections. </p> <p>Importantly, this analysis also discovered daily or weekly supplementation of vitamin D had the greatest protective effect in those with the lowest vitamin D levels.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn26" data-hash="#ednref26">26</span></sup> In other words, large, infrequent bolus doses do not work well. </p> <p>Those with severe vitamin D deficiency who took a daily or weekly supplement cut their respiratory infection risk in half, whereas the acute administration of high bolus doses of vitamin D had no significant impact on infection risk. </p></td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top"><p>Data analysis<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn27" data-hash="#ednref27">27</span></sup> by GrassrootsHealth shows people with a vitamin D level of at least 40 ng/mL reduced their risk of colds by 15% and flu by 41%, compared to those with a level below 20 ng/mL.</p></td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top"><p>Findings from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA)<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn28" data-hash="#ednref28">28</span>,</sup><sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn29" data-hash="#ednref29">29</span></sup> suggest vitamin D deficiency could have serious implications for COVID-19. The researchers recommend adults over 50 take a vitamin D supplement year-round (not just in winter) if they don't get enough sun exposure to optimize their levels. </p></td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top"><p>According to the vitamin D review paper<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn30" data-hash="#ednref30">30</span></sup> "Evidence That Vitamin D Supplementation Could Reduce Risk of Influenza and COVID-19 Infections and Death," published in the journal Nutrients, April 2, 2020: </p> <blockquote> <p><em>"Through several mechanisms, vitamin D can reduce risk of infections. Those mechanisms include inducing cathelicidins and defensins that can lower viral replication rates and reducing concentrations of pro-inflammatory cytokines that produce the inflammation that injures the lining of the lungs, leading to pneumonia, as well as increasing concentrations of anti-inflammatory cytokines …</em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>To reduce the risk of infection, it is recommended that people at risk of influenza and/or COVID-19 consider taking 10,000 IU/d of vitamin D<sub>3</sub> for a few weeks to rapidly raise 25(OH)D concentrations, followed by 5000 IU/d. </em></p></blockquote><blockquote> <p><em>The goal should be to raise 25(OH)D concentrations above 40–60 ng/mL (100–150 nmol/L). For treatment of people who become infected with COVID-19, higher vitamin D<sub>3</sub> doses might be useful."</em></p> </blockquote> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top"><p>A GrassrootsHealth review of an observational study involving 212 COVID-19 patients in Southeast Asia identified a correlation between vitamin D levels and disease severity. Those with the mildest disease had the highest vitamin D levels, and vice versa. </p> <p>In the initial study group of 212 patients (see Table 1 below), 55 had normal vitamin D levels, which was defined as greater than 30 ng/ml; 80 had insufficient levels of 21 to 29 ng/ml and 77 had deficient levels of less than 20 ng/ml. </p> <p>According to the research done by GrassrootsHealth, 40 ng/mL is the lower edge of optimal, with 60 ng/mL to 80 ng/mL being ideal for health and disease prevention. Despite that, the benefit of having a vitamin D level above 30 ng/mL was clear. </p> <figure class="center-img"> <img style="width: 100%; max-width: 550px !important;" alt="vitamin d covid-19 severity" src="https://media.mercola.com/ImageServer/Public/2020/April/vitamin-d-covid-19-severity.jpg"></figure> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top"><p>In a study<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn31" data-hash="#ednref31">31</span>,</sup><sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn32" data-hash="#ednref32">32</span></sup> that looked at data from 780 COVID-19 patients in Indonesia, those with a vitamin D level between 20 ng/mL and 30 ng/mL had a sevenfold higher risk of death than those with a level above 30 ng/mL. Having a level below 20 ng/mL was associated with a 12 times higher risk of death. </p></td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top"><p>Research<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn33" data-hash="#ednref33">33</span>,</sup><sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn34" data-hash="#ednref34">34</span></sup> posted on the preprint server MedRxiv June 10, 2020, reports a combination of vitamin D3, B12 and magnesium inhibited the progressio Weekly Health Quiz: Pathogens, Molecules and Infections http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/06/29/week-136-health-quiz.aspx Articles urn:uuid:1238e0a2-759d-7440-7383-69eb04f87b40 Sun, 28 Jun 2020 22:00:00 -0700 <div class="quiz-panel"> <div class="quiz-item"> <p class="title"><span class="number">1 </span><span>Which of the following groups are at greatest risk for both vitamin D deficiency and severe COVID-19 infection and death?</span></p> <ul class="options"><li class="option-item"><span>Caucasians</span></li> <li class="option-item"><span>The elderly</span></li> <li class="option-item correct"><span>Both the elderly and people of color</span> <span class="explanation"><p>The elderly and people of color are the two groups that are at greatest risk for both vitamin D deficiency and severe COVID-19 infection and death. Compelling research shows vitamin D deficiency is driving COVID-19 mortality, so helping these populations optimize their vitamin D levels may prevent tens of thousands of deaths should a second wave of COVID-19 emerge. <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/06/22/vitamin-d-deficiency-research-paper.aspx" target="_blank">Learn more.</a></p></span></li> <li class="option-item"><span>People of color</span></li> </ul></div> <div class="quiz-item"> <p class="title"><span class="number">2 </span><span>What is the most problematic hurdle facing COVID-19 vaccine developers?</span></p> <ul class="options"><li class="option-item"><span>Pain caused by the quantum dot delivery method</span></li> <li class="option-item"><span>Low profit projections</span></li> <li class="option-item"><span>Complicated vaccine delivery</span></li> <li class="option-item correct"><span>Paradoxical immune enhancement</span> <span class="explanation"><p>The most hazardous hurdle for any COVID-19 vaccine is the potential for paradoxical immune enhancement. Past attempts at creating coronavirus vaccines have failed, as both animal and human subjects would develop robust antibody responses but then become gravely ill when exposed to the wild virus. In some animal studies, all the animals died upon exposure to the wild virus. <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/06/23/moderna-vaccine-coronavirus.aspx" target="_blank">Learn more.</a></p></span></li></ul></div> <div class="quiz-item"> <p class="title"><span class="number">3 </span><span>Which of the following publications was recently caught altering an article about the origin of SARS-CoV-2, from presenting evidence the virus was lab-created, to dismissing that evidence as conspiracy and rumor?</span></p> <ul class="options"><li class="option-item correct"><span>Forbes</span> <span class="explanation"><p>Forbes' June 7, 2020, article on a Norwegian report that claims to present proof that SARS-CoV-2 is a laboratory creation was almost immediately altered to reflect the opposing view. <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/06/24/forbes-censorship-of-coronavirus.aspx" target="_blank">Learn more.</a></p></span></li> <li class="option-item"><span>The Wall Street Journal</span></li> <li class="option-item"><span>The New York Times</span></li> <li class="option-item"><span>The HuffPost</span></li> </ul></div> <div class="quiz-item"> <p class="title"><span class="number">4 </span><span>According to recent research, what percentage of the population may be resistant or have prior immunity to SARS-CoV-2 on the T-cell level?</span></p> <ul class="options"><li class="option-item"><span>0-5%</span></li> <li class="option-item"><span>10-15%</span></li> <li class="option-item correct"><span>40-60%</span> <span class="explanation"><p>Evidence for resistance to SARS-CoV-2 is emerging. One recent study found 40% to 60% of people who had not been exposed to SARS-CoV-2 still had resistance to the virus on the T-cell level. According to the authors, this suggests there's cross-reactive T cell recognition between circulating 'common cold' coronaviruses and SARS-CoV-2. <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/06/25/social-distancing.aspx" target="_blank">Learn more.</a></p></span></li> <li class="option-item"><span>90-95%</span></li> </ul></div> <div class="quiz-item"> <p class="title"><span class="number">5 </span><span>Exposure to which pathogen appears to also provide resistance against SARS-CoV-2?</span></p> <ul class="options"><li class="option-item"><span>Measles virus</span></li> <li class="option-item correct"><span>Betacoronaviruses OC43 and HKU1</span> <span class="explanation"><p>If you've beat a common cold caused by a OC43 or HKU1 betacoronavirus in the past, you may have a 50/50 chance of having defensive T-cells that can recognize and help defend against SARS-CoV-2. <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/06/26/what-is-vaccine-uptake.aspx" target="_blank">Learn more.</a></p></span></li> <li class="option-item"><span>Mumps virus</span></li> <li class="option-item"><span>HIV virus</span></li> </ul></div> <div class="quiz-item"> <p class="title"><span class="number">6 </span><span>Which of the following hospitals — accused by one nurse of providing Third-World level medical care — is the epicenter of the epicenter of the COVID-19 pandemic in the U.S.?</span></p> <ul class="options"><li class="option-item"><span>NYU Langone Hospital, New York, New York</span></li> <li class="option-item"><span>Abbott Northwestern Hospital, Minneapolis, Minnesota</span></li> <li class="option-item correct"><span>Elmhurst Hospital Center, Queens, New York</span> <span class="explanation"><p>In a heavily censored video interview, nurse Erin Olszewski reveals the horrific maltreatment of COVID-19 patients at Elmhurst Hospital Center, the public hospital in Queens, New York, that is "the epicenter of the epicenter" of the COVID-19 pandemic in the U.S. <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/06/27/elmhurst-hospital-coronavirus.aspx" target="_blank">Learn more.</a></p></span></li> <li class="option-item"><span>OhioHealth Riverside Methodist Hospital, Columbus, Ohio</span></li> </ul></div> <div class="quiz-item"> <p class="title"><span class="number">7 </span><span>Which is the smallest molecule in the universe?</span></p> <ul class="options"><li class="option-item"><span>Oxygen</span></li> <li class="option-item"><span>Helium</span></li> <li class="option-item"><span>Water</span></li> <li class="option-item correct"><span>Hydrogen</span> <span class="explanation"><p>The hydrogen molecule is the smallest in the universe, which allows it to diffuse through all cell membranes, including the blood-brain barrier and subcellular compartments, such as the mitochondria. It also has no charge or polarity. All of this gives it superior bioavailability. <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/06/28/tyler-lebaron-molecular-hydrogen.aspx" target="_blank">Learn more.</a></p></span></li></ul></div> <p class="NLQuizscore" style="display: none;">&nbsp;</p></div><img src="http://articles.mercola.com/aggbug.aspx?PostID=1008068" width="1" height="1"> Milk Thistle: Multiple Benefits but Not a Good Garden Plant http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/06/29/milk-thistle-health-benefits.aspx Articles urn:uuid:0e6dae28-6651-77e9-590c-6200d66cfab1 Sun, 28 Jun 2020 22:00:00 -0700 <p>Milk thistle (Silybum marianum) is a member of the asteraceae family and has a large purple flower.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn1" data-hash="#ednref1">1</span></sup> It comes from the Mediterranean region, but after having been introduced to other parts of the world, it's become naturalized in South America, North America and Southern Australia.</p> <p>The plants can grow up to 5 feet tall and are covered in spines. They have a long history of being used as an edible, medicinal plant. The earliest record of milk thistle was made by Dioscorides, who thought it helped snake bite.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn2" data-hash="#ednref2">2</span></sup> Pliny the Elder wrote about its use in supporting liver health.</p> <p>In the following decades, others also wrote about using milk thistle, including herbalist Nicholas Culpepper and late-19th century physicians Harvey Wickes Felter and John Uri Lloyd. Native Americans used the plant to treat skin conditions and boils. Homeopathic practitioners have used the seeds to treat liver conditions such as jaundice, as well as <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2018/02/15/inclined-bed-therapy.aspx">varicose veins</a> and gallstones.</p> <p>In Germany, herbal medications are used and researched under the guidance of the German Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices Commission E, which is often referred to as the German Commission E.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn3" data-hash="#ednref3">3</span></sup> The group "recommends it [silymarin] for treatment of toxin-induced liver problems and liver cirrhosis, and as a supportive treatment for chronic diseases of the liver."<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn4" data-hash="#ednref4">4</span></sup></p> <h2>Basics of Milk Thistle Benefits</h2> <p>The largest bioactive components in milk thistle are flavonolignans.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn5" data-hash="#ednref5">5</span></sup> These compounds can modulate cell-signaling pathways and reduce inflammation. The active component in milk thistle is silymarin, which is a group of flavonolignans that work together and can be isolated from the seeds.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn6" data-hash="#ednref6">6</span></sup></p> <p>Silymarin has several components, including <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2019/08/03/edible-insects-has-more-antioxidants-than-orange-juice.aspx">antioxidants</a> and several other biological properties, which are derived from the seeds.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn7" data-hash="#ednref7">7</span></sup> They include silybins A and B, isosilybin A and B, silychristin (silichristin) and silydiamin. When combined, silybins A and B are called silibinin.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn8" data-hash="#ednref8">8</span></sup></p> <p>The terms milk thistle and silymarin have been used interchangeably, although this is technically inaccurate. Lab studies have shown that silymarin can stimulate detoxification and regeneration of liver tissue. In fact, silymarin's effect on the liver is so great that some researchers have called it "the most potential drug to treat almost all kind of liver diseases."<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn9" data-hash="#ednref9">9</span></sup></p> <h2>Silyman's Role in Cancer</h2> <p>Milk thistle stabilizes cellular membranes and inhibits the growth of certain cancers. In some instances, it has been found to potentially increase the effectiveness of specific chemotherapeutic drugs while protecting the liver.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn10" data-hash="#ednref10">10</span></sup> Since those drugs can also be toxic to the liver, finding a way to protect liver function while under chemotherapy can help improve a patient's health.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn11" data-hash="#ednref11">11</span></sup></p> <p>Scientists also have found that silymarin can help protect the liver from oxidative stress driven by reactive oxygen species and cytokines. In one study<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn12" data-hash="#ednref12">12</span></sup> with children being treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia, researchers divided the participants into two groups. One received silymarin in three divided doses for one week after each dose of methotrexate, and the second received a placebo.</p> <p>Before the research began, there was no significant difference in the children's liver and renal function. After chemotherapy, the group receiving silymarin showed improved liver and kidney function.</p> <p>Silibinin is one component of silymarin. It has demonstrated significant effects against a variety of malignancies. In one study,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn13" data-hash="#ednref13">13</span></sup> it showed the ability to down-regulate two pathways to suppress the growth of cancer cells.</p> <p>In another lab study,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn14" data-hash="#ednref14">14</span></sup> cells from estrogen-dependent breast carcinoma were cultured and treated with silymarin, doxorubicin or a combination of doxorubicin and silymarin. Researchers found that silymarin had a synergistic effect on doxorubicin, a chemotherapeutic agent used in breast cancer.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn15" data-hash="#ednref15">15</span></sup></p> <p>But, that doesn't mean silymarin should be taken automatically as an adjunct to all cancer treatment, as it can negatively interact with some chemotherapy agents. For example, since silymarin has estrogenic effects, it can counteract hormone inhibitors given for hormone-receptive breast cancer.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn16" data-hash="#ednref16">16</span></sup> So, always check with your physician first, if you want to use silymarin in conjunction with your cancer treatment.</p> <p>Currently, milk thistle can be purchased as a dietary supplement. However, Siteman Cancer Center warns that taking the supplement may introduce a few adverse side effects. For example, some side effects can include anorexia, gastrointestinal disturbances and nausea.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn17" data-hash="#ednref17">17</span></sup> And, as mentioned, use caution with Western medicine chemotherapeutic agents.</p> <h2>Milk Thistle Supports Liver Health and Repair</h2> <p>In lab studies and animal models, silymarin has demonstrated the ability to prevent or reduce liver injury after exposure to certain toxins, including acetaminophen and Amanita phalloides, a type of poisonous fungus.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn18" data-hash="#ednref18">18</span></sup> However, in human studies on milk thistle's benefit to your liver, some data have been inconclusive.</p> <p>For example, some studies found no benefits to support milk thistle's use for chronic hepatitis C or <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2019/05/08/why-children-are-getting-fatty-liver-disease.aspx">nonalcoholic fatty liver disease</a> (NAFLD). On the other hand, in at least one animal study,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn19" data-hash="#ednref19">19</span></sup> researchers combined taurine and silymarin and found that, together, they could effectively reduce both lipid accumulation in the liver and insulin resistance.</p> <p>And, <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2020/04/19/vitamin-c-dosage-for-viral-infection.aspx">antiviral</a> activity has been documented with the intravenous use of silibinin against hepatitis C. In one case report of an individual who was infected with both hepatitis C and HIV, two weeks of silibinin administered intraveneously cleared both hepatitis C and HIV.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn20" data-hash="#ednref20">20</span></sup></p> <p>The Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn21" data-hash="#ednref21">21</span></sup> also writes that silymarin has an effect against nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), a more advanced form of NAFLD. It can also help alleviate cirrhosis of the liver and boost liver function.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn22" data-hash="#ednref22">22</span></sup></p> <p>Data published in the European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences support the finding that treatment with silymarin plus vitamin E could help patients with NAFLD. The study team concluded:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn23" data-hash="#ednref23">23</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"Silymarin can be an alternative valid therapeutic option particularly when other drugs are not indicated or have failed or as a complementary treatment associated with other therapeutic programs."</em></p> </blockquote> <h2>Silymarin Is Hepatoprotective Against Certain Poisons</h2> <p>Silymarin has demonstrated the ability to protect the liver against acute alcohol poisoning (alcohol-induced hepatotoxicity) in a study involving animals.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn24" data-hash="#ednref24">24</span></sup> As already mentioned, it may also offer some hope to those who accidentally eat the amanita mushroom, also known as the death cap.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn25" data-hash="#ednref25">25</span></sup></p> <p>To give you an idea of just how deadly the death cap mushroom is, just one can kill a healthy adult and its compounds are extremely stable.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn26" data-hash="#ednref26">26</span></sup> This means soaking, cooking or drying does not remove the poison from the mushroom. Symptoms start six to 16 hours after eating, depending upon how much was consumed and the health of the person who ate it.</p> <p>Symptoms begin with stomach pain, vomiting and diarrhea that continues for one to two days. In the following two to three days the person appears as if they've recovered. After this is the terminal phase, in which the stomach pain, vomiting and diarrhea are accompanied by evidence of <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2018/08/01/liver-damage-growing-epidemic.aspx">liver damage</a>, which then leads to death.</p> <p>But, even so, a review in Lancet Oncology suggests that silymarin given intravenously may very well save your life if you ingest this mushroom:<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn27" data-hash="#ednref27">27</span></sup></p> <blockquote> <p><em>"A review of more than 2000 patients exposed to amanita mushrooms in Europe and North America suggested that intravenous silybinin was the most effective therapy available against this toxin." </em></p> </blockquote> <h2>More Health Benefits of Milk Thistle</h2> <p>Milk thistle can also increase milk production in lactating mothers.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn28" data-hash="#ednref28">28</span></sup> In the past, silymarin has been used to improve milk production in dairy cows. With humans, one research group undertook a study to evaluate the effect it may have on postpartum women.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn29" data-hash="#ednref29">29</span></sup> Fifty healthy women were enrolled and given silymarin for 63 days. At the end of the study the researchers found that milk production had increased by 85.94%.</p> <p>This was much higher than the group receiving the placebo, who increased milk production by 32.09%. None of the participants dropped out during the study and no women reported unwanted side effects.</p> <p>Milk thistle is also a bacteria-fighter: Data have shown that it may inhibit bacterial growth and biofilm formation.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn30" data-hash="#ednref30">30</span></sup> In one study published in the Journal of Clinical Immunology,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn31" data-hash="#ednref31">31</span></sup> researchers evaluated the effects of silymarin and found it could reduce biofilm viability and that it had antibacterial activity against standard bacterial strains.</p> <p>Researchers believe milk thistle's anti-inflammatory effects may be in part due to a two-phase process, similar to that used by curcumin and epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), which is an antioxidant found in green tea.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn32" data-hash="#ednref32">32</span></sup> In the first phase there is an increase in the expression of genes associated with cellular stress. The second phase involves a longer suppression of gene expression and inhibition of inflammatory signaling pathways.</p> <p>Silymarin can also activate AMP activated protein kinase (AMPK), which is an enzyme sometimes called the "metabolic master switch."<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn33" data-hash="#ednref33">33</span></sup> This is because AMPK plays an important role in regulating metabolism.</p> <p>Silymarin can also inhibit mammalian target of rapamycin (mTor), which is beneficial since activation increases your risk of cancer. Historically, milk thistle had been used to treat those who had mental health conditions. Recently, it has been found silymarin has neuroprotective effects and may help address memory loss triggered by oxidative stress.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn34" data-hash="#ednref34">34</span></sup></p> <h2>Effects on Neurological System and Blood Sugar</h2> <p>Animal models have been used to test the effects of silymarin on <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2014/05/22/alzheimers-disease-prevention.aspx">Alzheimer's disease</a>,<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn35" data-hash="#ednref35">35</span></sup> <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2019/02/28/parkinsons-gut-bacteria.aspx">Parkinson's disease</a><sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn36" data-hash="#ednref36">36</span></sup> and cerebral ischemia.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn37" data-hash="#ednref37">37</span></sup> In each study the researchers found that the test animals benefited from using supplementation to reduce the effects of the condition.</p> <p>Unfortunately, there are few, if any, studies on whether silymarin might also be useful for other neurological diseases such as Hungtington's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2015/12/21/vitamin-d-multiple-sclerosis.aspx">multiple sclerosis</a>.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn38" data-hash="#ednref38">38</span></sup></p> <p>The compound has known effects on blood sugar.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn39" data-hash="#ednref39">39</span></sup> Taking it daily can lower hemoglobin A1c levels, which means that for people with Type 2 diabetes and taking insulin, extra care has to be taken because it can cause your blood sugar to drop too low.</p> <h2>Take Care if You Plant Milk Thistle at Home</h2> <p>Before you consider <a href="https://articles.mercola.com/gardening/how-to-grow-milk-thistle.aspx">planting milk thistle</a> in your backyard, be forewarned: It's a highly invasive, quickly-spreading weed. You may not mind having it all over your yard, but it is no respecter of boundaries. This means it'll likely end up in your neighbor's yard as well.</p> <p>Milk thistle is also toxic to livestock, so don't plant it outside if you have grazing animals nearby. It has adapted to growing just about anywhere, even in poor-quality soil. Ideally, the seeds should be planted in an area that gets full sun. Once the flowers have started to dry, they'll be ready for harvest.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn40" data-hash="#ednref40">40</span></sup></p> <p>Cut the flowers from the plant and place them in a paper bag. Store the bag in a dry place to allow the flower heads to dry. Once you're certain all the moisture is gone, shake the bag to separate the seeds from the flower head.<sup style="font-size: 10px;"><span id="edn41" data-hash="#ednref41">41</span></sup> The seeds are best kept in a dry, airtight container. Only remove them when you're ready to use them.</p> <p>There are several ways to incorporate milk thistle seeds into your food. They can be powdered in a coffee grinder and sprinkled on salads, added to smoothies or raw juice. You can also use the seeds to make your own tea. You'll find a recipe for milk thistle tea in my past article "<a href="https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2015/09/14/milk-thistle-benefits.aspx">Magnificent Milk Thistle</a>."</p><img src="http://articles.mercola.com/aggbug.aspx?PostID=1003967" width="1" height="1"> Hey team. I always see you guys asking how to stream my app to your tv. Well, if you have a Samsung TV it just got even easier, but if you don’t, you can still use find me on the apple tv app or just mirror play or cast the old fashioned way https://www. https://twitter.com/JillianMichaels/status/1266453392320131072 Twitter Search / jillianmichaels urn:uuid:a60c73c5-1f59-76cc-47e2-0c38e7fc0ce0 Fri, 29 May 2020 12:36:32 -0700 <p class="TweetTextSize TweetTextSize--normal js-tweet-text tweet-text" lang="en">Hey team. I always see you guys asking how to stream my app to your tv. Well, if you have a Samsung TV it just got even easier, but if you don&rsquo;t, you can still use find me on the apple tv app or just mirror play or cast the old fashioned way <img alt="&#x1F60A;" aria-label="Emoji: Smiling face with smiling eyes" class="Emoji Emoji--forText" draggable="false" src="https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f60a.png" title="Smiling face with smiling eyes"></img> <a href="https://www.jillianmichaels.com/blog/health-and-fitness/my-fitness-app-now-samsung-tvs">https://www.jillianmichaels.com/blog/health-and-fitness/my-fitness-app-now-samsung-tvs&nbsp;&hellip;</a></p> 5 Reasons Why Water is Your Best Friend https://www.hydroxycut.com/nutrition/5-reasons-water-is-your-best-friend/ Hydroxycut urn:uuid:095e04b7-7abd-9c96-fbe9-9b08d3f7ed49 Mon, 25 May 2020 08:13:51 -0700 <p>Here are five benefits of drinking water, plus tips for staying on track with your daily hydration goals. </p> <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com/nutrition/5-reasons-water-is-your-best-friend/">5 Reasons Why Water is Your Best Friend</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com">Hydroxycut</a>.</p> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-12 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class=" vc_custom_1590497411038"> <div id="text-block-2" class="mk-text-block "> <p>Of all the things that you do throughout the day, hydration is one of the most important. Our bodies are made up of about 60% water and literally can’t function without it. But, beyond keeping us alive, there are several additional reasons to make sure that you’re getting your daily dose of H<sub>2</sub>O. For example, water can support weight loss and workout performance. Here are five benefits of drinking water, plus tips for staying on track with your daily hydration goals.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-4 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class="mk-image mk-image-4 align-left simple-frame inside-image " style="margin-bottom:10px"><div class="mk-image-container" style="max-width: 450px;"><div class="mk-image-holder" style="max-width: 450px;"><div class="mk-image-inner "><img class="lightbox-false" alt="Supports workouts" title="Supports workouts" width="450" height="300" src="https://www.hydroxycut.com/wp-content/uploads/hydroxycut-water-supports-workouts.jpg" /></div></div><div class="clearboth"></div></div></div></div> <div class="vc_col-sm-8 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class="wpb_raw_code wpb_content_element wpb_raw_html" > <div class="wpb_wrapper"> <h3>It supports your workouts.</h3> </div> </div> <div class=" vc_custom_1590497479436"> <div id="text-block-6" class="mk-text-block "> <p>Did you know that in just one hour of exercise, your body can lose up to an entire quart of water? It may seem like a no-brainer that you need to be properly hydrated for your workouts, ­­but you may not know <em>why</em> it’s so important. Even a small amount of water loss can impact your ability to perform your workout at the highest level. According to <a href="https://www.acefitness.org/education-and-resources/lifestyle/blog/6675/healthy-hydration/">ACE Fitness</a>, dehydration can not only cause muscle fatigue and cramping, loss of coordination, a lack of energy and exhaustion, but it can also result in heat stroke in extreme cases.</p> <p>Don’t wait until you’re thirsty or gasping for breath after a set of burpees to start hydrating. The most important time to hydrate is actually in the 24 hours before your workout if you’re active. Drink about 20 oz. of water 2 hours before you exercise, about 10 oz. of water every 10 to 20 minutes of your workout (drinking too much water during exercise has its own drawbacks), and then another 20 oz. or so after. Increase these amounts if it’s an especially hot day or you’re engaging in vigorous, high-intensity exercise. The more you sweat, the more water your body needs to be replenished.</p> <p>Water can even help you show off the muscle tone that you’ve worked so hard for. By lubricating your joints and muscles, it helps fight soreness and cramping.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-4 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class="mk-image mk-image-8 align-left simple-frame inside-image " style="margin-bottom:10px"><div class="mk-image-container" style="max-width: 450px;"><div class="mk-image-holder" style="max-width: 450px;"><div class="mk-image-inner "><img class="lightbox-false" alt="Yoga" title="Yoga" width="450" height="300" src="https://www.hydroxycut.com/wp-content/uploads/hydroxycut-indoor-workout.jpg" /></div></div><div class="clearboth"></div></div></div></div> <div class="vc_col-sm-8 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class="wpb_raw_code wpb_content_element wpb_raw_html" > <div class="wpb_wrapper"> <h3>It helps with weight loss.</h3> </div> </div> <div class=" vc_custom_1590497505130"> <div id="text-block-10" class="mk-text-block "> <p>If you need some extra motivation to stay hydrated, drinking water can also help you with your weight loss efforts. Water often makes your stomach feel full, and therefore, it can help reduce your appetite or curb cravings. One popular trick is drinking water right before a meal, so that you’re likely to eat smaller portions and consume fewer calories. Drinking more water than average has also been linked to weight loss over time, and you could see significant results by simply replacing other beverages that are higher in sugar and calories (like soda or alcohol) with water.</p> <p>There’s even <a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/drinking-water-helps-with-weight-loss#section1">evidence</a> that drinking water can help you burn more calories throughout the day. Studies have shown that increased water consumption can increase the body’s resting energy expenditure – the rate at which your body burns calories while it’s resting. These studies also suggest that drinking half a liter of water can result in an extra 23 calories burned. Pro tip: if you drink your water cold, your body will burn additional calories heating it to body temperature.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-4 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class="mk-image mk-image-12 align-left simple-frame inside-image " style="margin-bottom:10px"><div class="mk-image-container" style="max-width: 450px;"><div class="mk-image-holder" style="max-width: 450px;"><div class="mk-image-inner "><img class="lightbox-false" alt="Infused water" title="Infused water" width="450" height="300" src="https://www.hydroxycut.com/wp-content/uploads/hydroxycut-infused-water.jpg" /></div></div><div class="clearboth"></div></div></div></div> <div class="vc_col-sm-8 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class="wpb_raw_code wpb_content_element wpb_raw_html" > <div class="wpb_wrapper"> <h3>It keeps your health in check.</h3> </div> </div> <div class=" vc_custom_1590497565376"> <div id="text-block-14" class="mk-text-block "> <p>Water is a great preventative measure and has <a href="https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/290814#benefits">many positive benefits</a>. Among them, water is known to help <a href="https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/317511#What-is-a-dehydration-headache">prevent dehydration headaches</a>, avoid constipation, keep blood pressure from rising and help prevent kidney stones. Water can also help reduce the risk of a hangover from alcohol consumption (have some water between drinks and before you go to bed).</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-12 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div id="padding-16" class="mk-padding-divider hidden-sm clearfix"></div> </div> </div> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-4 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class="mk-image mk-image-18 align-left simple-frame inside-image " style="margin-bottom:10px"><div class="mk-image-container" style="max-width: 450px;"><div class="mk-image-holder" style="max-width: 450px;"><div class="mk-image-inner "><img class="lightbox-false" alt="Skincare" title="Skincare" width="450" height="300" src="https://www.hydroxycut.com/wp-content/uploads/hydroxycut-water-for-skincare.jpg" /></div></div><div class="clearboth"></div></div></div></div> <div class="vc_col-sm-8 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class="wpb_raw_code wpb_content_element wpb_raw_html" > <div class="wpb_wrapper"> <h3>It may or may not help you improve the look of your skin.</h3> </div> </div> <div class=" vc_custom_1590497733751"> <div id="text-block-20" class="mk-text-block "> <p>You’ve seen celebrities swear by H<sub>2</sub>O for improving their skin tone, physique and overall well-being, but the jury is still out on the science behind those claims. As Rachel Nazarian, M.D. – a board-certified dermatologist at the Schweiger Dermatology Group in NYC and an assistant clinical professor of dermatology at Mount Sinai Hospital – told <a href="https://www.womenshealthmag.com/health/a19900889/drinking-water-for-better-skin/">Women’s Health</a>, “Since pharmaceutical companies can’t really patent and sell water, researchers are hard-pressed to find anyone to actually fund studies on its benefit.” Anecdotally speaking, Nazarian’s patients mention benefits including fewer cases of acne. <a href="https://www.wellandgood.com/good-looks/does-drinking-water-help-your-skin/">According to Dr. Dendy Engelman</a>, “Adequate hydration helps the skin to optimize circulation to the skin and toxin removal from the skin, but only in extreme cases does it correlate with skin hydration levels.”</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-4 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class="mk-image mk-image-22 align-left simple-frame inside-image " style="margin-bottom:10px"><div class="mk-image-container" style="max-width: 450px;"><div class="mk-image-holder" style="max-width: 450px;"><div class="mk-image-inner "><img class="lightbox-false" alt="Hydrate with water" title="Hydrate with water" width="450" height="300" src="https://www.hydroxycut.com/wp-content/uploads/hydroxycut-hydrate-with-water.jpg" /></div></div><div class="clearboth"></div></div></div></div> <div class="vc_col-sm-8 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class="wpb_raw_code wpb_content_element wpb_raw_html" > <div class="wpb_wrapper"> <h3>It helps with your energy levels</h3> </div> </div> <div class=" vc_custom_1590497785445"> <div id="text-block-24" class="mk-text-block "> <p>Water may not be able to replace the jolt you get from your morning coffee, but it can help <a href="https://www.webmd.com/balance/guide/boost-energy#1">boost your energy</a> and staying on top of your hydration may stop you from needing that second or third dose of caffeine. <a href="https://www.healthline.com/health-news/2-hours-dehydration-can-affect-body-and-brain#1">Dehydration, on the other hand, and can cause fatigue and exhaustion</a>. If you find yourself in a midday slump, try drinking a glass of water to see if it gives you a boost.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-12 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div id="padding-26" class="mk-padding-divider hidden-sm clearfix"></div> </div> </div> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-12 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class="wpb_raw_code wpb_content_element wpb_raw_html" > <div class="wpb_wrapper"> <h2>Tips for Staying Hydrated</h2> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-12 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class=" vc_custom_1590497828211"> <div id="text-block-29" class="mk-text-block "> <p>It’s commonly recommended that you drink eight 8 oz. glasses of water each day, but that’s easier said than done. Work, family and other priorities can distract you from properly hydrating throughout the day. So, here are a few hacks to keeping on top of your water intake.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-4 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class="mk-image mk-image-31 align-left simple-frame inside-image " style="margin-bottom:10px"><div class="mk-image-container" style="max-width: 450px;"><div class="mk-image-holder" style="max-width: 450px;"><div class="mk-image-inner "><img class="lightbox-false" alt="Water bottle" title="Water bottle" width="450" height="300" src="https://www.hydroxycut.com/wp-content/uploads/hydroxycut-water-bottle.jpg" /></div></div><div class="clearboth"></div></div></div></div> <div class="vc_col-sm-8 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class="wpb_raw_code wpb_content_element wpb_raw_html" > <div class="wpb_wrapper"> <h3>Find the perfect water bottle.</h3> </div> </div> <div class=" vc_custom_1590497848683"> <div id="text-block-33" class="mk-text-block "> <p>Always have a water bottle with you – by your bedside, your desk, etc. – as a helpful reminder to drink water. It also pays to purchase a water bottle that you love. The water bottle has evolved significantly in recent years to encourage more efficient hydration. Today, tech and design-savvy <a href="https://www.entrepreneur.com/article/312377">water bottles</a> come in appealing shapes and colors, are travel friendly and can keep water cold for 24 hours. There’s even a smart water bottle that connects to your phone to track your hydration progress and alert you when it’s time to drink more.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-12 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div id="padding-35" class="mk-padding-divider hidden-sm clearfix"></div> </div> </div> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-4 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class="mk-image mk-image-37 align-left simple-frame inside-image " style="margin-bottom:10px"><div class="mk-image-container" style="max-width: 450px;"><div class="mk-image-holder" style="max-width: 450px;"><div class="mk-image-inner "><img class="lightbox-false" alt="Water Tracking App" title="Water Tracking App" width="450" height="300" src="https://www.hydroxycut.com/wp-content/uploads/hydroxycut-water-app.jpg" /></div></div><div class="clearboth"></div></div></div></div> <div class="vc_col-sm-8 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class="wpb_raw_code wpb_content_element wpb_raw_html" > <div class="wpb_wrapper"> <h3>Download an app.</h3> </div> </div> <div class=" vc_custom_1590497884358"> <div id="text-block-39" class="mk-text-block "> <p>There’s an app for everything these days, including <a href="https://www.healthline.com/health/hydration-top-iphone-android-apps-drinking-water#daily-water-tracker">apps to keep you hydrated</a>. These apps can help you stay on track to achieving a daily water goal by logging your intake and reminding you when it’s time to drink.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-12 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div id="padding-41" class="mk-padding-divider hidden-sm clearfix"></div> </div> </div> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-4 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class="mk-image mk-image-43 align-left simple-frame inside-image " style="margin-bottom:10px"><div class="mk-image-container" style="max-width: 450px;"><div class="mk-image-holder" style="max-width: 450px;"><div class="mk-image-inner "><img class="lightbox-false" alt="Infused Water" title="Infused Water" width="450" height="300" src="https://www.hydroxycut.com/wp-content/uploads/hydroxycut-infused-water-.jpg" /></div></div><div class="clearboth"></div></div></div></div> <div class="vc_col-sm-8 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class="wpb_raw_code wpb_content_element wpb_raw_html" > <div class="wpb_wrapper"> <h3>Add some flavor.</h3> </div> </div> <div class=" vc_custom_1590497936515"> <div id="text-block-45" class="mk-text-block "> <p>One of the biggest complaints about water is that it doesn’t taste like anything. You can add fruits, like lemon or cucumber, or pour in a packet of <a href="https://shop.hydroxycut.com/products/hydroxycut-drink-mix/?&amp;utm_source=google&amp;utm_medium=cpc&amp;utm_campaign=DrinkMix_BRA_EX_2020&amp;utm_term=hydroxycut+drink&amp;gclid=CjwKCAjw7-P1BRA2EiwAXoPWAwKJIqAy6S4ViciAiUKuJH8sb_DXLaN_-sLo205N2LncOPd4KJEyLRoCKuAQAvD_BwE&amp;gclsrc=aw.ds">Hydroxycut Drink Mix</a> to give your water some flavor. With zero sugar and just 10 calories per serving, these packets contain an electrolyte and vitamins. The formula also helps boost energy and burn calories with caffeine, as well as metabolize carbs, proteins and fats with B vitamins – all while adding a delicious wildberry flavor to your glass or bottle.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-12 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div id="padding-47" class="mk-padding-divider hidden-sm clearfix"></div> </div> </div> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-4 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class="mk-image mk-image-49 align-left simple-frame inside-image " style="margin-bottom:10px"><div class="mk-image-container" style="max-width: 450px;"><div class="mk-image-holder" style="max-width: 450px;"><div class="mk-image-inner "><img class="lightbox-false" alt="Water Rich Foods" title="Water Rich Foods" width="450" height="300" src="https://www.hydroxycut.com/wp-content/uploads/hydroxycut-water-rich-foods.jpg" /></div></div><div class="clearboth"></div></div></div></div> <div class="vc_col-sm-8 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class="wpb_raw_code wpb_content_element wpb_raw_html" > <div class="wpb_wrapper"> <h3>Eat water-rich foods</h3> </div> </div> <div class=" vc_custom_1590498027775"> <div id="text-block-51" class="mk-text-block "> <p>You don’t have to simply drink water to hydrate, as one-fifth of our <a href="https://www.eatthis.com/hydrating-foods/">water consumption actually comes from food</a>. Snack on <a href="https://www.eatthis.com/hydrating-foods/">healthy fruits and veggies</a> that are high in water content, like watermelon, tomatoes, cucumber, celery, strawberries, zucchini, carrots and grapefruit. Plain yogurt and soup are also great options.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-12 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class=" vc_custom_1590498038587"> <div id="text-block-53" class="mk-text-block "> <p><em>This article is for informational purposes only and is not meant as a source of medical advice.</em></p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com/nutrition/5-reasons-water-is-your-best-friend/">5 Reasons Why Water is Your Best Friend</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com">Hydroxycut</a>.</p> It’s time for a reset. Join @YahooLife for expert tips and strategies for finding moments of peace, joy and meaning during these unprecedented times. #ResetYourMindset starts now! http://www.yahoo.com/resetyourmindset …pic.twitter.com/KsqUo0eZVx https://twitter.com/JillianMichaels/status/1263192343131222016 Twitter Search / jillianmichaels urn:uuid:58cd9147-ba2e-92ca-6ca5-2a191582abf3 Wed, 20 May 2020 12:38:18 -0700 <p class="TweetTextSize TweetTextSize--normal js-tweet-text tweet-text" lang="en">It&rsquo;s time for a reset. Join <a class="twitter-atreply pretty-link js-nav" dir="ltr" href="https://twitter.com/yahoolife">@<b>YahooLife</b></a> for expert tips and strategies for finding moments of peace, joy and meaning during these unprecedented times. <a class="twitter-hashtag pretty-link js-nav" dir="ltr" href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/ResetYourMindset?src=hash">#<b>ResetYourMindset</b></a> starts now! <img alt="&#x27A1;&#xFE0F;" aria-label="Emoji: Right-pointing arrow" class="Emoji Emoji--forText" draggable="false" src="https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/27a1.png" title="Right-pointing arrow"></img> <a href="http://www.yahoo.com/resetyourmindset">http://www.yahoo.com/resetyourmindset&nbsp;&hellip;</a> <a class="twitter-timeline-link u-hidden" dir="ltr" href="https://pic.twitter.com/KsqUo0eZVx">pic.twitter.com/KsqUo0eZVx</a></a></p> <img src="https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EYfCu7kUwAEG-Ap.png" width="250" /> At home training tips from meeeeee and @GraziaUK https://graziadaily.co.uk/life/health-fitness/jillian-michaels-fitness-tips/ … https://twitter.com/JillianMichaels/status/1263131605926703110 Twitter Search / jillianmichaels urn:uuid:01118fb8-331d-e7b4-18f5-1f79bdfdfe2f Wed, 20 May 2020 08:36:57 -0700 <p class="TweetTextSize TweetTextSize--normal js-tweet-text tweet-text" lang="en">At home training tips from meeeeee and <a class="twitter-atreply pretty-link js-nav" dir="ltr" href="https://twitter.com/GraziaUK">@<b>GraziaUK</b></a> <a href="https://graziadaily.co.uk/life/health-fitness/jillian-michaels-fitness-tips/">https://graziadaily.co.uk/life/health-fitness/jillian-michaels-fitness-tips/&nbsp;&hellip;</a></p> One of my fave new recipes from my fitness app Protein Packed Banana Bread! Enjoy and have a great Sunday! https://www.jillianmichaels.com/blog/food-and-nutrition/protein-packed-banana-bread … https://twitter.com/JillianMichaels/status/1262044829728423936 Twitter Search / jillianmichaels urn:uuid:08a3cab0-bfe0-50dd-60f2-73a3cd0ee561 Sun, 17 May 2020 08:38:29 -0700 <p class="TweetTextSize TweetTextSize--normal js-tweet-text tweet-text" lang="en">One of my fave new recipes from my fitness app <img alt="&#x1F924;" aria-label="Emoji: Drooling face&#x3164;" class="Emoji Emoji--forText" draggable="false" src="https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f924.png" title="Drooling face&#x3164;"></img> Protein Packed Banana Bread! Enjoy and have a great Sunday! <a href="https://www.jillianmichaels.com/blog/food-and-nutrition/protein-packed-banana-bread">https://www.jillianmichaels.com/blog/food-and-nutrition/protein-packed-banana-bread&nbsp;&hellip;</a></p> Happy almost mom’s day! I have two different offers for you $19.99/quarterly (regularly $29.99) And the current $69.99/annual we did for Covid still stands until this lockdown is over! Sending you guys love and respect xoxoxo http://www.jillianmichaels.c https://twitter.com/JillianMichaels/status/1257384068766928903 Twitter Search / jillianmichaels urn:uuid:937122b1-37fc-1fd0-2761-64fd57adb54c Mon, 04 May 2020 11:58:17 -0700 <p class="TweetTextSize TweetTextSize--normal js-tweet-text tweet-text" lang="en">Happy almost mom&rsquo;s day! I have two different offers for you $19.99/quarterly (regularly $29.99) And the current $69.99/annual we did for Covid still stands until this lockdown is over! Sending you guys love and respect xoxoxo <img alt="&hearts;&#xFE0F;" aria-label="Emoji: Hearts suit symbol" class="Emoji Emoji--forText" draggable="false" src="https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2665.png" title="Hearts suit symbol"></img> <a href="http://www.jillianmichaels.com/moms">http://www.jillianmichaels.com/moms&nbsp;</a> <a class="twitter-timeline-link u-hidden" dir="ltr" href="https://pic.twitter.com/a7aae0eC5q">pic.twitter.com/a7aae0eC5q</a></a></p> <img src="https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EXMgJNzUYAAobN9.jpg" width="250" /> when and how to do cardio... by meeeeeee https://www.weightwatchers.com/ca/en/article/how-ease-cardio-routine … https://twitter.com/JillianMichaels/status/1257376987280269312 Twitter Search / jillianmichaels urn:uuid:1c3cba32-5f47-c63a-9e03-890055f1bfa9 Mon, 04 May 2020 11:30:09 -0700 <p class="TweetTextSize TweetTextSize--normal js-tweet-text tweet-text" lang="en">when and how to do cardio... by meeeeeee <a href="https://www.weightwatchers.com/ca/en/article/how-ease-cardio-routine">https://www.weightwatchers.com/ca/en/article/how-ease-cardio-routine&nbsp;&hellip;</a></p> Egg Muffins https://www.hydroxycut.com/recipes/egg-muffins/ Hydroxycut urn:uuid:4175b622-87d7-ea41-1def-3876606e9d55 Fri, 01 May 2020 08:48:51 -0700 <p>This egg muffin recipe is easy, healthy, and will take care of your breakfast for an entire week!</p> <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com/recipes/egg-muffins/">Egg Muffins</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com">Hydroxycut</a>.</p> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-12 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div id="text-block-2" class="mk-text-block "> <style> table tr td {text-align:left;} table {outline:1px solid #4a4a4a;} table .tableHeader {background:#d2000f; color:#FFF;} .red strong {color:#d2000f !important;} h3 {margin-bottom:0px;} .ingredients {position:relative; width:48%; float:left; } .ingredients ul { margin: 0.75em 0; padding: 0 1em; } .ingredients ul li { margin-bottom: 0.25em; } .ingredients ul li:before { display: block; height: 0; width: 0; left: -1em; top: 1em; position: relative; } .directions ol{margin: 0.75em 0 0.75em 1em; } .directions ol li{ margin-bottom: 0.25em; } .directions {position:relative; width:48%; float:left; } .single-post-tags {clear:both; } @media (max-width: 600px) { .ingredients, .directions { display: block; clear:both; width:100%; } table td {display:block; width:100%;} } </style> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> </div> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-12 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class=" vc_custom_1588348541106"> <div id="text-block-4" class="mk-text-block "> <p><strong>Servings:</strong> 6</p> <p>This egg muffin recipe is easy, healthy, and will take care of your breakfast for an entire week!</p> <table border="1" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="3"> <tbody> <tr> <td class="tableHeader" colspan="4">Nutritional Facts Per Serving &#8211; 2 egg muffins</td> </tr> <tr> <td><strong>Total Calories: </strong>164</td> <td><strong>Protein</strong>: 12g</td> <td><strong>Carbs:</strong> 2g</td> <td><strong>Fat:</strong> 10g</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <article class="ingredients"> <h3>Ingredients:</h3> <ul> <li>6 large eggs</li> <li>1 small yellow onion, chopped</li> <li>1 bell pepper, chopped (any color!)</li> <li>2 cups chopped spinach</li> <li>3 slices bacon</li> <li>3 tbsp. milk</li> <li>1/2 tsp garlic powder</li> <li>Salt, to taste</li> <li>Pepper, to taste</li> <li>1/2 cup shredded cheese (of your choice)</li> </ul> <p>*Note: for a vegetarian option, omit the bacon.</p> </article> <article class="directions"> <h3>Directions:</h3> <ol> <li>Preheat the oven to 350°F. Grease a 12-cup muffin tin with butter, cooking spray or coconut oil.</li> <li>In a non-stick pan, cook the bacon over medium-high heat until crispy. Dry the bacon on a plate lined with paper towel, then chop it up or crumble it.</li> <li>In the same bacon pan, cook the onion and peppers until soft, then add the spinach and cook until its wilted.</li> <li>In a bowl, whisk the eggs, milk, garlic powder, salt and pepper. Fold in the bacon, veggies and cheese, then pour the mixture into the individual muffin tins.</li> <li>Bake until golden, about 30 to 35 minutes.</li> <li>Let it cool, then store it in the fridge or freezer and you have breakfast for the foreseeable future!</li> </ol> </article> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com/recipes/egg-muffins/">Egg Muffins</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com">Hydroxycut</a>.</p> Frozen Food Guide https://www.hydroxycut.com/nutrition/frozen-food-guide/ Hydroxycut urn:uuid:3f7120e4-4d65-f37e-4307-87a2be9a2b73 Fri, 01 May 2020 08:45:10 -0700 <p>Here are a few simple tips to help you make the most of your freezer and prolong the life of some of your favorite fresh foods.</p> <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com/nutrition/frozen-food-guide/">Frozen Food Guide</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com">Hydroxycut</a>.</p> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-12 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class=" vc_custom_1588347723726"> <div id="text-block-6" class="mk-text-block "> <p>These days, grocery store runs are few and far between. We’re all trying to make the most of each trip, but sometimes that means we’re grabbing more than we need in the short-term. Fear not – here are a few simple tips to help you make the most of your freezer and prolong the life of some of your favorite fresh foods.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-4 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class="mk-image mk-image-8 align-center simple-frame inside-image " style="margin-bottom:10px"><div class="mk-image-container" style="max-width: 350px;"><div class="mk-image-holder" style="max-width: 350px;"><div class="mk-image-inner "><img class="lightbox-false" alt="Frozen Vegetables" title="Frozen Vegetables" width="350" height="250" src="https://www.hydroxycut.com/wp-content/uploads/hydroxycut-frozen-veggies.jpg" /></div></div><div class="clearboth"></div></div></div></div> <div class="vc_col-sm-8 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class="wpb_raw_code wpb_content_element wpb_raw_html" > <div class="wpb_wrapper"> <h3>1. How to properly freeze fresh vegetables</h3> <p>Vegetables are usually the first thing in your fridge to go bad, so freezing them is a great way to ensure you’ll have them for weeks to come. But, here’s a tip – blanch your veggies before you freeze them.</p> <p>Blanching prevents oxidization, which means your veggies won’t turn brown (have you ever seen what happens to a frozen banana?) and they’ll last much longer in the freezer.</p> <p>This is also a great way to preserve flavor, so your veggies taste just as good as they did when they were fresh! Veggies that are best for blanching pre-freeze include Brussels sprouts, carrots, zucchini, squash, dark leafy greens, corn (off the cob) and peas.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-4 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class="mk-image mk-image-11 align-center simple-frame inside-image " style="margin-bottom:10px"><div class="mk-image-container" style="max-width: 350px;"><div class="mk-image-holder" style="max-width: 350px;"><div class="mk-image-inner "><img class="lightbox-false" alt="Frozen Fruits" title="Frozen Fruits" width="350" height="250" src="https://www.hydroxycut.com/wp-content/uploads/hydroxycut-frozen-fruits.jpg" /></div></div><div class="clearboth"></div></div></div></div> <div class="vc_col-sm-8 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class="wpb_raw_code wpb_content_element wpb_raw_html" > <div class="wpb_wrapper"> <h3>2. How to properly freeze fresh fruits</h3> <p>Freezing fresh fruit is generally the most common thing to freeze (smoothies, duh). When you’re freezing fruit, make sure you wash everything thoroughly and let it dry before freezing it. This will prevent little ice crystals from forming all around it.</p> <p>When it comes to bananas, make sure you’re removing the banana from the peel, then slicing it up. From there, you can put it in a baggy to freeze. If you just toss the banana into the freezer whole, it will oxidize and lose a lot of that nice banana-y flavor. Plus, if you want to use the banana frozen (again – smoothies, duh), cutting it ahead of time makes it easier to work with. Have you ever tried to peel a frozen banana? Not pretty.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-4 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class="mk-image mk-image-14 align-center simple-frame inside-image " style="margin-bottom:10px"><div class="mk-image-container" style="max-width: 350px;"><div class="mk-image-holder" style="max-width: 350px;"><div class="mk-image-inner "><img class="lightbox-false" alt="Sliced Bread" title="Sliced Bread" width="350" height="250" src="https://www.hydroxycut.com/wp-content/uploads/hydroxycut-sliced-bread.jpg" /></div></div><div class="clearboth"></div></div></div></div> <div class="vc_col-sm-8 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class="wpb_raw_code wpb_content_element wpb_raw_html" > <div class="wpb_wrapper"> <h3>3. How to freeze your grains</h3> <p>There are a few missteps you might be making when it comes to freezing grains. For bread, make sure it’s sliced <em>before</em> it goes into the freezer. If you do this, you don’t even have to bother thawing out a loaf – just grab a couple of frozen slices, pop them in the toaster and voila!</p> <p>For rice, if you decide to make a huge batch to last you the week, consider freezing it instead of putting it in the refrigerator. It’ll defrost easily in the microwave day-to-day, and this ensures that nothing is wasted.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-4 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class="mk-image mk-image-17 align-center simple-frame inside-image " style="margin-bottom:10px"><div class="mk-image-container" style="max-width: 350px;"><div class="mk-image-holder" style="max-width: 350px;"><div class="mk-image-inner "><img class="lightbox-false" alt="Yogurt ice cubes" title="Yogurt ice cubes" width="350" height="250" src="https://www.hydroxycut.com/wp-content/uploads/hydroxycut-frozen-yogurt.jpg" /></div></div><div class="clearboth"></div></div></div></div> <div class="vc_col-sm-8 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class="wpb_raw_code wpb_content_element wpb_raw_html" > <div class="wpb_wrapper"> <h3>4. Yogurt ice cubes</h3> <p>Freezing yogurt is a great smoothie hack. Instead of adding ice to your smoothie, freeze some yogurt cubes in your ice tray and add them straight from the freezer to your blender! This ensures your yogurt doesn’t go bad before you’re done with it, plus it adds great texture to your smoothie.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-4 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class="mk-image mk-image-20 align-left simple-frame inside-image " style="margin-bottom:10px"><div class="mk-image-container" style="max-width: 350px;"><div class="mk-image-holder" style="max-width: 350px;"><div class="mk-image-inner "><img class="lightbox-false" alt="Egg Muffins" title="Egg Muffins" width="350" height="250" src="https://www.hydroxycut.com/wp-content/uploads/hydroxycut-egg-muffins-thumb.jpg" /></div></div><div class="clearboth"></div></div></div></div> <div class="vc_col-sm-8 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class="wpb_raw_code wpb_content_element wpb_raw_html" > <div class="wpb_wrapper"> <h3>5. Egg muffins</h3> <p>Crack your eggs and scramble them like you normally would, then divvy up the scramble into muffin tins – you can leave them as is or jazz them up a bit. Take them out of the freezer and plop them straight into the oven, then you’re set for breakfast for the whole week!</p> <p>You can also put your raw scramble into any freezer-safe container, defrost it, then cook your eggs as you normally would. <a href="/recipes/egg-muffins/">Egg muffins are just way more fun</a>!</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-4 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class="mk-image mk-image-23 align-center simple-frame inside-image " style="margin-bottom:10px"><div class="mk-image-container" style="max-width: 350px;"><div class="mk-image-holder" style="max-width: 350px;"><div class="mk-image-inner "><img class="lightbox-false" alt="Raw Potatoes" title="Raw Potatoes" width="350" height="250" src="https://www.hydroxycut.com/wp-content/uploads/hydroxycut-raw-potatoes.jpg" /></div></div><div class="clearboth"></div></div></div></div> <div class="vc_col-sm-8 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class="wpb_raw_code wpb_content_element wpb_raw_html" > <div class="wpb_wrapper"> <h3>6. What NOT to freeze</h3> <p>Unfortunately, you just can’t freeze everything. Don’t freeze anything with a high moisture content, like raw potatoes or lettuce. It won’t keep a nice texture and it’ll just be blah.</p> <p>When it comes to meat, stick to freezing it raw. Avoid freezing cooked meat, unless it’s something like ground beef. Also, if you’ve taken raw meat out of the freezer and defrosted it, don’t put it back in the freezer if you don’t end up using it that day – it’s a recipe for bacteria. </p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com/nutrition/frozen-food-guide/">Frozen Food Guide</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com">Hydroxycut</a>.</p> .@Delta thank you for listening, caring, and reaching out. https://twitter.com/JillianMichaels/status/1254960382499672064 Twitter Search / jillianmichaels urn:uuid:7455c24a-c62f-c302-0d8f-c896c3b42ebf Mon, 27 Apr 2020 19:27:25 -0700 <p class="TweetTextSize TweetTextSize--normal js-tweet-text tweet-text" lang="en">. <a class="twitter-atreply pretty-link js-nav" dir="ltr" href="https://twitter.com/Delta">@<b>Delta</b></a> thank you for listening, caring, and reaching out.</p> https://www.jillianmichaels.com/blog/food-and-nutrition/delicious-greens-recipes … Check out this weeks blog for super tasty recipes that are healthy, quick, and easy! https://twitter.com/JillianMichaels/status/1250622420337061888 Twitter Search / jillianmichaels urn:uuid:43534f55-b97c-98d4-f04f-ea84bf276c6c Wed, 15 Apr 2020 20:09:55 -0700 <p class="TweetTextSize TweetTextSize--normal js-tweet-text tweet-text" lang="en"> <a href="https://www.jillianmichaels.com/blog/food-and-nutrition/delicious-greens-recipes">https://www.jillianmichaels.com/blog/food-and-nutrition/delicious-greens-recipes&nbsp;&hellip;</a> Check out this weeks blog for super tasty recipes that are healthy, quick, and easy!</p> https://www.jillianmichaels.com/blog/food-and-nutrition/curb-your-appetite-during-covid-19-quarantine … Top tips to curb appetite, combat emotional eating, and avoid the "Covid Quarantine 15lb" https://twitter.com/JillianMichaels/status/1248028258521600000 Twitter Search / jillianmichaels urn:uuid:3d3a7711-d98b-b5b1-cd96-03fa2280781c Wed, 08 Apr 2020 16:21:38 -0700 <p class="TweetTextSize TweetTextSize--normal js-tweet-text tweet-text" lang="en"> <a href="https://www.jillianmichaels.com/blog/food-and-nutrition/curb-your-appetite-during-covid-19-quarantine">https://www.jillianmichaels.com/blog/food-and-nutrition/curb-your-appetite-during-covid-19-quarantine&nbsp;&hellip;</a> Top tips to curb appetite, combat emotional eating, and avoid the "Covid Quarantine 15lb"</p> https://www.jillianmichaels.com/blog/health-and-fitness/working-out-home …pic.twitter.com/L66C51lITz https://twitter.com/JillianMichaels/status/1245035156974350338 Twitter Search / jillianmichaels urn:uuid:ede01c77-2d12-8181-b154-614a8daae784 Tue, 31 Mar 2020 10:08:07 -0700 <p class="TweetTextSize TweetTextSize--normal js-tweet-text tweet-text" lang="und"> <a href="https://www.jillianmichaels.com/blog/health-and-fitness/working-out-home">https://www.jillianmichaels.com/blog/health-and-fitness/working-out-home&nbsp;&hellip;</a> <a class="twitter-timeline-link u-hidden" dir="ltr" href="https://pic.twitter.com/L66C51lITz">pic.twitter.com/L66C51lITz</a></a></p> <img src="https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EUdA37DUYAEOSF9.jpg" width="250" /> Tomorrow - You and Me - IG live workout. 10:30 pst. Be there pic.twitter.com/qXvk1FQcz8 https://twitter.com/JillianMichaels/status/1241435969443647488 Twitter Search / jillianmichaels urn:uuid:0f766868-4dfb-9f9a-bdb7-13a3b97e9731 Sat, 21 Mar 2020 11:46:14 -0700 <p class="TweetTextSize TweetTextSize--normal js-tweet-text tweet-text" lang="en">Tomorrow - You and Me - IG live workout. 10:30 pst. Be there <img alt="&#x1F4AA;&#x1F3FD;" aria-label="Emoji: Flexed biceps (Medium skin tone)" class="Emoji Emoji--forText" draggable="false" src="https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4aa-1f3fd.png" title="Flexed biceps (Medium skin tone)"></img> <a class="twitter-timeline-link u-hidden" dir="ltr" href="https://pic.twitter.com/qXvk1FQcz8">pic.twitter.com/qXvk1FQcz8</a></a></p> A 15-minute workout you’ll love! https://www.hydroxycut.com/fitness/a-15-minute-workout-youll-love/ Hydroxycut urn:uuid:40bb837f-60e6-db2d-cc04-7de276232eff Thu, 19 Mar 2020 06:39:20 -0700 <p>With social distancing becoming the new reality, your gym or fitness studio has most likely shuttered its doors for now. If you want to keep your activity level up or even just add a little break to your day, here’s a quickie at-home routine. Perfect for any time of the day.</p> <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com/fitness/a-15-minute-workout-youll-love/">A 15-minute workout you’ll love!</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com">Hydroxycut</a>.</p> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-12 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class=" vc_custom_1584620801125"> <div id="text-block-2" class="mk-text-block "> <p>With social distancing becoming the new reality, your gym or fitness studio has most likely shuttered its doors for now. If you want to keep your activity level up or even just add a little break to your day, here’s a quickie at-home routine. Perfect for any time of the day.</p> <p><strong>1 minute, Push-Ups</strong></p> <p>Rest 15 seconds.</p> <p><strong>1 minute, Jumping Jacks</strong></p> <p>Rest 15 seconds.</p> <p><strong>1 minute, Step-Ups </strong></p> <p>Rest 15 seconds.</p> <p><strong>1 minute, Walking Lunges</strong></p> <p>Rest 15 seconds.</p> <p><strong>Repeat this circuit three times. </strong></p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com/fitness/a-15-minute-workout-youll-love/">A 15-minute workout you’ll love!</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com">Hydroxycut</a>.</p> Ditch These Toxic Habits and You’ll Be on Your Way to a Happier You https://www.hydroxycut.com/lifestyle/ditch-these-toxic-habits-and-youll-be-on-your-way-to-a-happier-you/ Hydroxycut urn:uuid:26a306b3-aa5f-714f-c148-e34031b32dcf Thu, 19 Mar 2020 06:38:48 -0700 <p>It’s common after holiday indulgences to get back on track by getting rid of the things that are bad for you: alcohol, fast food and sweets. Now, while this is good for your physical self, why not remove the things that can be a drain on your mental health? </p> <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com/lifestyle/ditch-these-toxic-habits-and-youll-be-on-your-way-to-a-happier-you/">Ditch These Toxic Habits and You’ll Be on Your Way to a Happier You</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com">Hydroxycut</a>.</p> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-12 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class="wpb_raw_code wpb_content_element wpb_raw_html" > <div class="wpb_wrapper"> <p>It’s common after holiday indulgences to get back on track by getting rid of the things that are bad for you: alcohol, fast food and sweets. Now, while this is good for your physical self, why not remove the things that can be a drain on your mental health? If this list sounds like you, time to clean house. </p> <h3>Past Dweller.</h3> <p>Are you constantly living in the past? Do the words “woulda, coulda, shoulda” play on repeat in your vocabulary? Focus on the now and life will be so much breezier. </p> <h3>Sleep Much?</h3> <p>Are you getting enough Z’s? It may sound simple, but a good night’s sleep can make a huge difference to your day. You’ll have more energy, be more productive and basically make better decisions. You won’t be craving those comfort donuts nearly as much. </p> <h3>No Judgement.</h3> <p>This is a tough one and will test the steeliest of resolves. But, next time you feel compelled to negatively comment on someone else’s success or failure, turn the focus on you. What are you doing that you’re proud of? What areas could do with a little improvement? </p> <h3>Goodbye to the Binge.</h3> <p>This applies to food, drink and (gasp) television. Sure, there’s no lack of streaming services or series to sink into (with a bowl of chips beside you). But, take a breather between episodes. Go for a walk, prepare a healthy snack or call Grandma. </p> <h3>And of Course, Positive Vibes Only.</h3> <p>Create a vision board, start a journal or surround yourself with your most positive friends. Here’s to a brighter year ahead!</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com/lifestyle/ditch-these-toxic-habits-and-youll-be-on-your-way-to-a-happier-you/">Ditch These Toxic Habits and You’ll Be on Your Way to a Happier You</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com">Hydroxycut</a>.</p> Chickpea and Spinach Stew https://www.hydroxycut.com/recipes/chickpea-and-spinach-stew/ Hydroxycut urn:uuid:befd9791-1c03-8b5b-6321-98d97862143f Thu, 19 Mar 2020 06:37:07 -0700 <p>Low on ingredients and high on taste, this quick and easy stew screams clean comfort. </p> <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com/recipes/chickpea-and-spinach-stew/">Chickpea and Spinach Stew</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com">Hydroxycut</a>.</p> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-12 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div id="text-block-5" class="mk-text-block "> <style> table tr td {text-align:left;} table {outline:1px solid #4a4a4a;} table .tableHeader {background:#d2000f; color:#FFF;} .red strong {color:#d2000f !important;} h3 {margin-bottom:0px;} .ingredients {position:relative; width:48%; float:left; } .ingredients ul { margin: 0.75em 0; padding: 0 1em; } .ingredients ul li { margin-bottom: 0.25em; } .ingredients ul li:before { display: block; height: 0; width: 0; left: -1em; top: 1em; position: relative; } .directions ol{margin: 0.75em 0 0.75em 1em; } .directions ol li{ margin-bottom: 0.25em; } .directions {position:relative; width:48%; float:left; } .single-post-tags {clear:both; } @media (max-width: 600px) { .ingredients, .directions { display: block; clear:both; width:100%; } table td {display:block; width:100%;} } </style> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> </div> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-12 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class=" vc_custom_1584453319001"> <div id="text-block-7" class="mk-text-block "> <p><strong>Servings:</strong> 4</p> <p>Low on ingredients and high on taste, this quick and easy stew screams clean comfort.</p> <table border="1" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="3"> <tbody> <tr> <td class="tableHeader" colspan="4">Nutritional Facts Per Serving*</td> </tr> <tr> <td><strong>Total Calories: </strong>226</td> <td><strong>Protein</strong>: 8.5g</td> <td><strong>Carbs:</strong> 29g</td> <td><strong>Fat:</strong> 9g</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <article class="ingredients"> <h3>Ingredients:</h3> <ul> <li>2 tbsp. olive oil</li> <li>1 medium onion, diced</li> <li>2 garlic cloves, finely chopped</li> <li>2 cups chopped tomatoes</li> <li>2 cups canned chickpeas, drained</li> <li>2/3 cups spinach</li> <li>1/2 tsp. turmeric</li> <li>1/2 tsp. cumin</li> <li>1/2 tsp. cayenne pepper</li> <li>1/2 tsp. paprika</li> <li>Salt and pepper to taste</li> </ul> </article> <article class="directions"> <h3>Directions:</h3> <ol> <li>Heat olive oil in a large pan. Add onion and garlic and cook for 2 minutes. Add spices and stir well.</li> <li>Add tomatoes, chickpeas, salt and pepper, and simmer for 7 to 8 minutes.</li> <li>Add the spinach, give it a good stir and cook until spinach is wilted.</li> <li>Enjoy on its own or add to bed of basmati rice.</li> </ol> </article> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com/recipes/chickpea-and-spinach-stew/">Chickpea and Spinach Stew</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com">Hydroxycut</a>.</p> Hey team. I'm seeing gyms close and people get more and more anxious. So for now, we have free mini at home workouts available every day via my app. And - if you want more we have cut the price pretty much in half for the annual subscription. Just go to https://twitter.com/JillianMichaels/status/1239593659139420160 Twitter Search / jillianmichaels urn:uuid:03735b43-fd3a-0d42-f6c5-d027d95ef40a Mon, 16 Mar 2020 09:45:33 -0700 <p class="TweetTextSize TweetTextSize--normal js-tweet-text tweet-text" lang="en">Hey team. I'm seeing gyms close and people get more and more anxious. So for now, we have free mini at home workouts available every day via my app. And - if you want more we have cut the price pretty much in half for the annual subscription. Just go to <a href="http://www.jillianmichaels.com/athome">http://www.jillianmichaels.com/athome&nbsp;</a> <a class="twitter-timeline-link u-hidden" dir="ltr" href="https://pic.twitter.com/SJTdxd5FJO">pic.twitter.com/SJTdxd5FJO</a></a></p> <img src="https://pbs.twimg.com/media/ETPr3OIUcAUJhmF.jpg" width="250" /> https://www.understandably.com/p/culturally-clueless-or-the-big-break … https://twitter.com/JillianMichaels/status/1235667574668419072 Twitter Search / jillianmichaels urn:uuid:26226bbf-a577-ba90-212b-82827b199b5d Thu, 05 Mar 2020 13:44:42 -0700 <p class="TweetTextSize TweetTextSize--normal js-tweet-text tweet-text" lang="und"> <a href="https://www.understandably.com/p/culturally-clueless-or-the-big-break">https://www.understandably.com/p/culturally-clueless-or-the-big-break&nbsp;&hellip;</a></p> Are there foods and nutrients that can help us fend off corona virus... Check out these powerful foods with potential anti viral benefits! https://www.jillianmichaels.com/blog/food-and-nutrition/are-there-foods-could-fight-coronavirus … https://twitter.com/JillianMichaels/status/1235610810283483141 Twitter Search / jillianmichaels urn:uuid:c7dabf43-911e-0948-9371-4441ccaba4ad Thu, 05 Mar 2020 09:59:08 -0700 <p class="TweetTextSize TweetTextSize--normal js-tweet-text tweet-text" lang="en">Are there foods and nutrients that can help us fend off corona virus... Check out these powerful foods with potential anti viral benefits! <a href="https://www.jillianmichaels.com/blog/food-and-nutrition/are-there-foods-could-fight-coronavirus">https://www.jillianmichaels.com/blog/food-and-nutrition/are-there-foods-could-fight-coronavirus&nbsp;&hellip;</a></p> Check out my super tasty cauliflower crust pizza! Better for you, lower in calories, and no processed carbs! https://www.jillianmichaels.com/blog/food-and-nutrition/cauliflower-crust-pizza-recipe … https://twitter.com/JillianMichaels/status/1234638597996740608 Twitter Search / jillianmichaels urn:uuid:0a333ab6-4abf-0a26-2c21-3cf2351990b3 Mon, 02 Mar 2020 17:35:54 -0700 <p class="TweetTextSize TweetTextSize--normal js-tweet-text tweet-text" lang="en">Check out my super tasty cauliflower crust pizza! Better for you, lower in calories, and no processed carbs! <a href="https://www.jillianmichaels.com/blog/food-and-nutrition/cauliflower-crust-pizza-recipe">https://www.jillianmichaels.com/blog/food-and-nutrition/cauliflower-crust-pizza-recipe&nbsp;&hellip;</a></p> I'ma need some company London! Come hang and train with MEEEEEEE on April 5th!! https://hearstlive.co.uk/womenshealth/  I even have a discount code jillian10 #whlivepic.twitter.com/56W2WqWkCS https://twitter.com/JillianMichaels/status/1223371067709784064 Twitter Search / jillianmichaels urn:uuid:2d5d1f93-aacf-15b2-8233-9ff8a60b5953 Fri, 31 Jan 2020 15:22:46 -0700 <p class="TweetTextSize TweetTextSize--normal js-tweet-text tweet-text" lang="en">I'ma need some company London! Come hang and train with MEEEEEEE on April 5th!! <a href="https://hearstlive.co.uk/womenshealth/">https://hearstlive.co.uk/womenshealth/&nbsp;</a> I even have a discount code jillian10 <a class="twitter-hashtag pretty-link js-nav" dir="ltr" href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/whlive?src=hash">#<b>whlive</b></a> <a class="twitter-timeline-link u-hidden" dir="ltr" href="https://pic.twitter.com/56W2WqWkCS">pic.twitter.com/56W2WqWkCS</a></a></p> <img src="https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EPpJgDpUYAA3OOQ.jpg" width="250" /> Fun parenting piece I got to contribute to :) What would your top quote on parenting be ? https://parade.com/985505/leighweingus/parents-quotes/ … https://twitter.com/JillianMichaels/status/1223312068092157952 Twitter Search / jillianmichaels urn:uuid:2d3578be-4260-6611-7210-82a69dab00e1 Fri, 31 Jan 2020 11:28:19 -0700 <p class="TweetTextSize TweetTextSize--normal js-tweet-text tweet-text" lang="en">Fun parenting piece I got to contribute to :) What would your top quote on parenting be <img alt="&#x1F642;" aria-label="Emoji: Slightly smiling face" class="Emoji Emoji--forText" draggable="false" src="https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f642.png" title="Slightly smiling face"></img>? <a href="https://parade.com/985505/leighweingus/parents-quotes/">https://parade.com/985505/leighweingus/parents-quotes/&nbsp;&hellip;</a></p> Quick Plank circuit for ya to condition your total body :) https://www.besthealthmag.ca/best-you/workout-routines/jillian-michaels-plank-variations/ … https://twitter.com/JillianMichaels/status/1222312385966309377 Twitter Search / jillianmichaels urn:uuid:a7766682-9136-d3db-3b45-d715134a09b8 Tue, 28 Jan 2020 17:15:56 -0700 <p class="TweetTextSize TweetTextSize--normal js-tweet-text tweet-text" lang="en">Quick Plank circuit for ya to condition your total body :) <a href="https://www.besthealthmag.ca/best-you/workout-routines/jillian-michaels-plank-variations/">https://www.besthealthmag.ca/best-you/workout-routines/jillian-michaels-plank-variations/&nbsp;&hellip;</a></p> Three Super-Easy Valentine’s Day Sweets to Keep it All in Check https://www.hydroxycut.com/nutrition/three-super-easy-valentines-day-sweets-to-keep-it-all-in-check/ Hydroxycut urn:uuid:d26ae480-f3d1-9af3-6594-73d4d88d5625 Tue, 28 Jan 2020 11:52:11 -0700 <p>Celebrating V-Day doesn’t have to derail your goals. These dark chocolate treats will satisfy your sweet tooth and keep you on track!</p> <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com/nutrition/three-super-easy-valentines-day-sweets-to-keep-it-all-in-check/">Three Super-Easy Valentine’s Day Sweets to Keep it All in Check</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com">Hydroxycut</a>.</p> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-12 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class=" vc_custom_1580236925353"> <div id="text-block-2" class="mk-text-block "> <p>Celebrating V-Day doesn’t have to derail your goals. These dark chocolate treats will satisfy your sweet tooth and keep you on track!</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> <h3 id="fancy-title-3" class="mk-fancy-title simple-style color-single"> <span> <p>Strawberries Dipped in Dark Chocolate</p> </span> </h3> <div class="clearboth"></div> <div class=" vc_custom_1580237467543"> <div id="text-block-4" class="mk-text-block "> <p>Two ingredients, so simple. Melt the chocolate in the microwave (go slow, being careful not to burn it), dip the strawberries and lay them on a cookie sheet lined with wax paper. Put them in the fridge to chill.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> <h3 id="fancy-title-5" class="mk-fancy-title simple-style color-single"> <span> <p>Mixed Berry Yogurt Parfait</p> </span> </h3> <div class="clearboth"></div> <div class=" vc_custom_1580153388673"> <div id="text-block-6" class="mk-text-block "> <p>Pick three of your favorite berries, then alternate layering them with either Greek or plain yogurt. Grab a bar of dark chocolate (70% quality or higher) and use a cheese grater to grate it on top of your parfait.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> <h3 id="fancy-title-7" class="mk-fancy-title simple-style color-single"> <span> <p>Chocolate Popcorn</p> </span> </h3> <div class="clearboth"></div> <div class=" vc_custom_1580153393689"> <div id="text-block-8" class="mk-text-block "> <p>If a rom-com is on the itinerary, then popcorn is a must. Dust off the air popper and pop a large bowlful. Put the butter away, and instead, melt 4 oz. of dark chocolate chips in the microwave, adding 1/2 tsp. of salt. Spread the popcorn on a cookie sheet, evenly drizzle the chocolate over it and let it settle for about an hour.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com/nutrition/three-super-easy-valentines-day-sweets-to-keep-it-all-in-check/">Three Super-Easy Valentine’s Day Sweets to Keep it All in Check</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com">Hydroxycut</a>.</p> I know everyone has a "kobe story" and for good reason... He was an incredible human being. My story with him is the same - one of generosity and kindness. He went out of his way for me and so many others. Heartbroken. You and your entire family are in ou https://twitter.com/JillianMichaels/status/1221558120670846976 Twitter Search / jillianmichaels urn:uuid:ce8e33a8-c739-a13c-02e7-345969d4a869 Sun, 26 Jan 2020 15:18:46 -0700 <p class="TweetTextSize TweetTextSize--normal js-tweet-text tweet-text" lang="en">I know everyone has a "kobe story" and for good reason... He was an incredible human being. My story with him is the same - one of generosity and kindness. He went out of his way for me and so many others. Heartbroken. You and your entire family are in our thoughts and prayers. <a class="twitter-timeline-link u-hidden" dir="ltr" href="https://pic.twitter.com/SE62GN66Yc">pic.twitter.com/SE62GN66Yc</a></a></p> <img src="https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EPPYoq9U0AAfAP0.jpg" width="250" /> A few manageable strategies for getting more fitness in at work! https://www.futureofbusinessandtech.com/workplace-health-and-safety/planning-a-healthy-workday-with-help-from-jillian-michaels/# … https://twitter.com/JillianMichaels/status/1220794439427190784 Twitter Search / jillianmichaels urn:uuid:3ef49ed8-294e-080b-0564-9dc28acb6749 Fri, 24 Jan 2020 12:44:10 -0700 <p class="TweetTextSize TweetTextSize--normal js-tweet-text tweet-text" lang="en">A few manageable strategies for getting more fitness in at work! <a href="https://www.futureofbusinessandtech.com/workplace-health-and-safety/planning-a-healthy-workday-with-help-from-jillian-michaels/#">https://www.futureofbusinessandtech.com/workplace-health-and-safety/planning-a-healthy-workday-with-help-from-jillian-michaels/#&nbsp;&hellip;</a></p> Take it Inside: Ways to Stay Fit Over the Winter https://www.hydroxycut.com/fitness/take-it-inside-ways-to-stay-fit-over-the-winter/ Hydroxycut urn:uuid:df92b9c9-7e62-39cd-4940-3456af0c417d Fri, 03 Jan 2020 08:34:31 -0700 <p>Unless you love the snow, your outdoor fitness routine is on hold until further notice. However, just because outside is on pause, it doesn’t mean that your workouts have to be.</p> <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com/fitness/take-it-inside-ways-to-stay-fit-over-the-winter/">Take it Inside: Ways to Stay Fit Over the Winter</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com">Hydroxycut</a>.</p> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-12 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class=" vc_custom_1578065637955"> <div id="text-block-2" class="mk-text-block "> <p>Let’s state the obvious: it’s cold outside.</p> <p>Unless you love the snow, your outdoor fitness routine is on hold until further notice. However, just because outside is on pause, it doesn’t mean that your workouts have to be. Luckily, there’s no shortage of indoor options to explore this winter. Add a few of these to your list.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> <h3 id="fancy-title-3" class="mk-fancy-title simple-style color-single"> <span> <p>Hit the treadmill or stationary bike.</p> </span> </h3> <div class="clearboth"></div> <div class=" vc_custom_1574108277314"> <div id="text-block-4" class="mk-text-block "> <p>Some avid runners and cyclers will stay outside, but you don’t have to. When you start to feel a chill, head to the gym and spend your time on a treadmill or a bike. If you really want to speed things up, join a spin class. We think you’re up for the challenge.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> <h3 id="fancy-title-5" class="mk-fancy-title simple-style color-single"> <span> <p>Do some circuit training.</p> </span> </h3> <div class="clearboth"></div> <div class=" vc_custom_1574108297554"> <div id="text-block-6" class="mk-text-block "> <p>You can fight winter boredom by keeping your workouts new and fresh – and guess what? You don’t even have to leave your house to reap the benefits. Start with some quick and easy bodyweight training, or flip on your favourite show and do a 30-minute workout while you watch.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> <h3 id="fancy-title-7" class="mk-fancy-title simple-style color-single"> <span> <p>Roll out a mat.</p> </span> </h3> <div class="clearboth"></div> <div class=" vc_custom_1574108314226"> <div id="text-block-8" class="mk-text-block "> <p>We could all use some more mindfulness in our lives, and yoga is perfect for when you want to unwind and stretch. Start things off right with a morning yoga sequence, or if you’re in the mood to sweat, try some hot yoga or Pilates after a hard day of work.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> <h3 id="fancy-title-9" class="mk-fancy-title simple-style color-single"> <span> <p>Grab the gloves.</p> </span> </h3> <div class="clearboth"></div> <div class=" vc_custom_1574108329415"> <div id="text-block-10" class="mk-text-block "> <p>Boxing, kickboxing, Muay Thai… you have options. A combat sport like boxing is a great way to get a full-body workout and relieve stress. It’ll also train you to stay alert, keep balance and maintain strong posture.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> <h3 id="fancy-title-11" class="mk-fancy-title simple-style color-single"> <span> <p>Bring your favorites indoors.</p> </span> </h3> <div class="clearboth"></div> <div class=" vc_custom_1574108344726"> <div id="text-block-12" class="mk-text-block "> <p>Missing your usual soccer and basketball games? Get your friends together and find a place to play inside. Even better, sign up for a league and keep your game strong until it’s time to get back under the sun.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> <h3 id="fancy-title-13" class="mk-fancy-title simple-style color-single"> <span> <p>Climb those rocks.</p> </span> </h3> <div class="clearboth"></div> <div class=" vc_custom_1574108366290"> <div id="text-block-14" class="mk-text-block "> <p>Rock climbing is a personal puzzle that’ll flex both your muscles and your mind. Use strength and logic to move from rock to rock without slipping. You’ll reach the top in no time.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> <h3 id="fancy-title-15" class="mk-fancy-title simple-style color-single"> <span> <p>Take the stairs.</p> </span> </h3> <div class="clearboth"></div> <div class=" vc_custom_1574108382492"> <div id="text-block-16" class="mk-text-block "> <p>What do your home and your office have in common? That’s right, they both have stairs. At first, keep it simple by lunging or squatting into your steps. Next, set a goal for how many you can climb, then continuously strive to break that record. There’s nowhere to go but up.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> <h3 id="fancy-title-17" class="mk-fancy-title simple-style color-single"> <span> <p>Prep your meals.</p> </span> </h3> <div class="clearboth"></div> <div class=" vc_custom_1574108399332"> <div id="text-block-18" class="mk-text-block "> <p>Since you’ll be spending so much time inside, you might as well take advantage. Plan and prep healthy meals in advance, so that you’re covered for the next few days. You can also stick a few containers in the freezer for future convenience.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com/fitness/take-it-inside-ways-to-stay-fit-over-the-winter/">Take it Inside: Ways to Stay Fit Over the Winter</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com">Hydroxycut</a>.</p> How to Snack Responsibly at the Office https://www.hydroxycut.com/nutrition/how-to-snack-responsibly-at-the-office/ Hydroxycut urn:uuid:aedd1c44-728e-2d6c-011e-25c20d38539b Fri, 03 Jan 2020 08:32:51 -0700 <p>Whether it be a colleague’s birthday cake or a snack table that contains everything your heart desires, it’s easy to make the wrong choice, and often.</p> <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com/nutrition/how-to-snack-responsibly-at-the-office/">How to Snack Responsibly at the Office</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com">Hydroxycut</a>.</p> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-12 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class=" vc_custom_1574106684946"> <div id="text-block-20" class="mk-text-block "> <p>Whether you’re working hard or hardly working, everyone gets hit with hunger at their desk. Whether it be a colleague’s birthday cake or a snack table that contains everything your heart desires, it’s easy to make the wrong choice, and often. But, we’re here to help you find a way around those sinful snacks. Below are some great ways to help you control your cravings.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> <h3 id="fancy-title-21" class="mk-fancy-title simple-style color-single"> <span> <p>1. Maintain a well-balanced diet.</p> </span> </h3> <div class="clearboth"></div> <div class=" vc_custom_1574106203305"> <div id="text-block-22" class="mk-text-block "> <p>Ensure that your main meals are stacked with nutrients that will not only give you energy, but also keep you full throughout the day. Think protein and fiber – they’ll provide you with the fuel you need to keep going until the next one.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> <h3 id="fancy-title-23" class="mk-fancy-title simple-style color-single"> <span> <p>2. Hold off on the temptations.</p> </span> </h3> <div class="clearboth"></div> <div class=" vc_custom_1578065514274"> <div id="text-block-24" class="mk-text-block "> <p>Didn’t you just eat? Put it off for a bit longer. Your food may still be working its way through, so you don’t want to double down. By telling yourself you’ll eat later, you may not even want whatever it was in the first place.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> <h3 id="fancy-title-25" class="mk-fancy-title simple-style color-single"> <span> <p>3. Drink water.</p> </span> </h3> <div class="clearboth"></div> <div class=" vc_custom_1574106363158"> <div id="text-block-26" class="mk-text-block "> <p>An oldie, but a goodie. Water will keep you full and force you to get up regularly, so you won’t fall into a snacking trance out of boredom.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> <h3 id="fancy-title-27" class="mk-fancy-title simple-style color-single"> <span> <p>4. Stay minty fresh.</p> </span> </h3> <div class="clearboth"></div> <div class=" vc_custom_1574106457062"> <div id="text-block-28" class="mk-text-block "> <p>Brush your teeth or pop a piece of gum after you eat. If the satisfaction of being clean won’t deter you, the awful taste will.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> <h3 id="fancy-title-29" class="mk-fancy-title simple-style color-single"> <span> <p>5. Be prepared.</p> </span> </h3> <div class="clearboth"></div> <div class=" vc_custom_1578065547530"> <div id="text-block-30" class="mk-text-block "> <p>Pack your own food and keep it in your desk. This will hold you accountable for making healthier choices and help you perfect your portions.</p> <p>Here are some great options to have on hand:</p> <ul> <li>Whole grain crackers and hummus</li> <li>Nut or seed butter and fruit</li> <li>Protein bars or shakes</li> <li>Dark chocolate</li> <li>Popcorn</li> </ul> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com/nutrition/how-to-snack-responsibly-at-the-office/">How to Snack Responsibly at the Office</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com">Hydroxycut</a>.</p> True or False? Diet and Training Myths Decoded https://www.hydroxycut.com/lifestyle/true-or-false-diet-and-training-myths-decoded/ Hydroxycut urn:uuid:d77b7056-c3e2-07ae-c777-b423538c59cb Fri, 03 Jan 2020 08:29:35 -0700 <p>You’ve heard them before. Facts about dieting and exercise that are repeated so often, they must be true. Right? Well, not necessarily. Some of the answers might surprise you.</p> <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com/lifestyle/true-or-false-diet-and-training-myths-decoded/">True or False? Diet and Training Myths Decoded</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com">Hydroxycut</a>.</p> <div data-mk-stretch-content="true" class="wpb_row vc_row vc_row-fluid mk-fullwidth-false attched-false js-master-row mk-grid"> <div class="vc_col-sm-12 wpb_column column_container _ height-full"> <div class=" vc_custom_1577462593669"> <div id="text-block-32" class="mk-text-block "> <p>You’ve heard them before. Facts about dieting and exercise that are repeated so often, they must be true. Right? Well, not necessarily. Some of the answers might surprise you.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> <h3 id="fancy-title-33" class="mk-fancy-title simple-style color-single"> <span> <p><strong>All fats are bad for you.</strong></p> </span> </h3> <div class="clearboth"></div> <div class=" vc_custom_1577462608529"> <div id="text-block-34" class="mk-text-block "> <p>False.</p> <p>You should never stop consuming fats altogether, but you need to make sure that you choose the good ones to incorporate into your diet. Avocado, fish, nuts, flax and olive oil are great sources of healthy fat that will keep your body going!</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> <h3 id="fancy-title-35" class="mk-fancy-title simple-style color-single"> <span> <p><strong>You should avoid eating carbs.</strong></p> </span> </h3> <div class="clearboth"></div> <div class=" vc_custom_1577462625002"> <div id="text-block-36" class="mk-text-block "> <p>Somewhat true… somewhat false.</p> <p>While the carbs that come from white bread, white rice and processed foods aren’t that great for you, there are certain sources of good carbs that you shouldn’t overlook. Beans, fruits, vegetables and whole grains are excellent sources that’ll give you the energy and nutrients you need, without all the extras.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> <h3 id="fancy-title-37" class="mk-fancy-title simple-style color-single"> <span> <p><strong>Drinking water helps you lose weight.</strong></p> </span> </h3> <div class="clearboth"></div> <div class=" vc_custom_1578065345386"> <div id="text-block-38" class="mk-text-block "> <p>False.</p> <p>Drinking water may fill you up, but it doesn’t help you shed pounds. That’s because the mechanisms of hunger and thirst are completely different. However, you should still be drinking at least 8 glasses of water a day.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> <h3 id="fancy-title-39" class="mk-fancy-title simple-style color-single"> <span> <p><strong>As long as you exercise, you can eat whatever you want.</strong></p> </span> </h3> <div class="clearboth"></div> <div class=" vc_custom_1577462668528"> <div id="text-block-40" class="mk-text-block "> <p>False.</p> <p>What’s that modern adage? Oh, right! “Abs are made in the kitchen.” Most of your progress in the gym depends on the nutrients that you consume. You’re allowed to have a cheat meal every now and then, but it’s in your best interest to rein in your eating habits if you want to see results.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> <h3 id="fancy-title-41" class="mk-fancy-title simple-style color-single"> <span> <p><strong>You can reduce fat in one area.</strong></p> </span> </h3> <div class="clearboth"></div> <div class=" vc_custom_1577462682061"> <div id="text-block-42" class="mk-text-block "> <p>False.</p> <p>Spot reduction doesn’t work. Unfortunately, doing a thousand crunches or 20 minutes of bicep curls a day isn’t going to get you the desired definition in that one muscle group. A better plan is a combination of total body resistance training and cardio, and of course a clean diet, to get you the results you want.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> <h3 id="fancy-title-43" class="mk-fancy-title simple-style color-single"> <span> <p><strong>Machines are better than free weights. </strong></p> </span> </h3> <div class="clearboth"></div> <div class=" vc_custom_1577462699524"> <div id="text-block-44" class="mk-text-block "> <p>Somewhat true… somewhat false.</p> <p>While they can be great for beginners or people with injuries, machines only focus on specific areas of the body. They’ve also been designed for men, which makes it harder for women to reap the same benefits. Free weights provide a wider range of motion and burn more calories than a machine workout.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> <h3 id="fancy-title-45" class="mk-fancy-title simple-style color-single"> <span> <p><strong>You sweat a lot when you’re out of shape.</strong></p> </span> </h3> <div class="clearboth"></div> <div class=" vc_custom_1577462713988"> <div id="text-block-46" class="mk-text-block "> <p>False.</p> <p>You actually sweat sooner and more frequently when you’re at a higher fitness level. This is because your body’s heat-regulating system is consistently being used and improved upon with every workout. The more you sweat, the quicker you can cool down, which means you can work even harder as you go.</p> <div class="clearboth"></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com/lifestyle/true-or-false-diet-and-training-myths-decoded/">True or False? Diet and Training Myths Decoded</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.hydroxycut.com">Hydroxycut</a>.</p> What Are Thylakoids That Are in Appethyl? | All Natural Appetite suppressants https://allnaturalappetitesuppressants.wordpress.com/2016/09/21/what-are-thylakoids-in-appethyl/ Delicious/NatAppetiteSupp urn:uuid:6daf95c3-881a-e1ff-86a6-a150b0d86334 Wed, 21 Sep 2016 02:48:05 -0700 via All Natural Appetite suppressants https://allnaturalappetitesuppressants.wordpress.com What Are Thylakoids That Are in Appethyl? https://allnaturalappetitesuppressants.wordpress.com/2016/09/21/what-are-thylakoids-in-appethyl/ all natural appetite suppressants urn:uuid:ab6f35a7-5aa4-f964-34e4-6e9a199a245f Wed, 21 Sep 2016 02:31:09 -0700 Have You Ever Asked What Thylakoids Are? I have been asked so many times over the past many months about Thylakoids and what they really are and how they work.  So much so that I considered making an audio recording and playing it for anyone who asked!  Even putting an audio file on my website! &#8230; <a href="https://allnaturalappetitesuppressants.wordpress.com/2016/09/21/what-are-thylakoids-in-appethyl/" class="more-link">Continue reading <span class="screen-reader-text">What Are Thylakoids That Are in&#160;Appethyl?</span></a><img alt="" border="0" src="https://pixel.wp.com/b.gif?host=allnaturalappetitesuppressants.wordpress.com&#038;blog=81924039&#038;post=52&#038;subd=allnaturalappetitesuppressants&#038;ref=&#038;feed=1" width="1" height="1" /> <p><em><span style="color:#800080;"><strong>Have You Ever Asked What Thylakoids Are?</strong></span></em><br /> I have been asked so many times over the past many months about Thylakoids and what they really are and how they work.  So much so that I considered making an audio recording and playing it for anyone who asked!  Even putting an audio file on my website! Ok, not really but almost.</p> <p>So if you are wondering what those strange sounding little green things are and what they do – stick around.  That is what we will quickly discuss today.</p> <p><em><span style="color:#800080;"><strong>So what are they?</strong></span></em></p> <p><img src="https://thylakoids.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/thylakloid-image.png" /></p> <p>Thylakoids are small parts of the chloroplasts in the green cells of the spinach. They are actually part of a lot of plants and vegetables. But spinach for some reason is loaded with them.  A lot more than any other vegetable.  So for this reason this particular vegetable was chosen to yield the ingredients for an appetite control product (the one that worked beautifully for me).</p> <p>Here is a short clear explanation of the part they play in curbing appetite taken from the website of thylakoids.com itself :</p> <blockquote><p>HOW DO THYLAKOIDS PLAY A PART IN APPETITE CONTROL?</p> <p>Clinical studies have shown that Appethyl® helps reduce hunger and cravings by giving the body’s own satiety signals time to work*, thereby helping you make healthy food choices and stick to a healthy diet.</p> <p>The thylakoids’ profound effects on appetite control were first discovered by Charlotte Erlanson-Albertsson, Professor of Medicine and Physiological Chemistry at Lund University in Sweden. In her own words:</p> <p>“It is about making use of the time it takes to digest our food. There is nothing wrong with our digestive system, but it doesn’t work well with the modern ‘pre-chewed’ food. The thylakoids extend the digestion, producing a feeling of satiety and reducing hedonic hunger. This means that we are able to stick to the diet we are meant for without snacks and unnecessary foods like sweets, crisps and such”.</p> <p>The above section and below photo were obtained from Thylakoids.com website and all credits go to this page : <a href="https://thylakoids.com/faq/" rel="nofollow">https://thylakoids.com/faq/</a></p></blockquote> <p><img src="https://i1.wp.com/thylakoids.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/MoA-1024x584.jpg" /></p> <p><em><span style="color:#800080;"><strong>Maybe I can just eat Spinach?</strong></span></em></p> <p>Nope.  It’s too bad, really, but these little vegetable parts are not released by just chewing the green leaves. They are, in fact, released but not in a very negligible quantity.  So pounds and pounds of the leaves would need to be eaten to get a small amount of benefit.</p> <p>The studies I have looked up show that the greens are taken through a very delicate and through process to crush the leaves into a powder in a way that releases the thylakoids in abundance.  It is this reason that the researchers in Sweden took years to develop this and that the ingredient was awarded the <span style="color:#800080;"><a style="color:#800080;" href="http://gl-medical.com/media/press-releases/" target="_blank">ingredient of the year</a></span> award in 2013 from Nutracon group.</p> <p>It is also why normal spinach powder will not provide any noticeable benefit at all.  In fact that was one of the primary reasons I decided to try it for myself.</p> <p><em><strong><span style="color:#800080;">Will You Benefit from them?</span></strong></em></p> <p>Studies have shown that when taken correctly, every study participant lost weight. Sounds great so far.  They work by affecting a couple hormones in the body.  But in a natural normal way, remaining safe. Part of the reason for them working is that by delaying the digestion a bit, they tell the brain that they body is full sooner than would normally happen.  In fact, they just allow the normal hormone process to function properly.</p> <p>In today’s world, our normal digestion is off balance and off from its normal timing. This allows us to eat far too much before enough of these “I am full” hormones are released. Thylakoids restart the normal processes.  But most seem to report that even from the first dose or two, they can tell that their hunger has been curbed.</p> <p>It seems an important addition, according to that same website and others, is to make sure you eat some type of fat with supplement. Without this you will lose much of the benefit as fat is need to have the activation take place.  Just a little butter or some olive oil.  You know which fats you like.  Just make sure to have a little.</p> <p>So thylkaoids, while sounding like something from a high shcool biology class (well, in fact they are) are simply a normal substance that is available to help us when unbound from the spinach. Currently they have only been used the past 2 years in <span style="color:#800080;"><a style="color:#800080;" href="https://allnaturalappetitesuppressants.wordpress.com/" target="_blank">Appethyl Spinach Extract</a></span>.  However, Appethyl itself is now begin added to other appetite suppressants such as one line of Hydroxycut and a couple others. Unfortunately, those others also ramp up the body, possibly causing jitters.</p> <p><span style="color:#800080;">I like things that are clean and simple, without a lot of ingredients that have differing effects</span>.</p> <p>So there it is.  A basic primer on the little chloroplasts that help us say no to unhealthy snacks or just plain over-eating.  If you struggle with craving foods even you know you should already feel full.  Or you can’t seem to ignore those donuts on a co-worker’s desk, then chug down some thylakoids and see if they will help you.</p> <p>I still believe this was the biggest part of my being able to lose almost 30 pounds during a traumatic time in life that could normally have caused me to put the pounds on instead.</p> <p>For that I am very thankful.  Woohoo!  Rock on Spinach!</p> <p>&nbsp;</p><img alt="" border="0" src="https://pixel.wp.com/b.gif?host=allnaturalappetitesuppressants.wordpress.com&#038;blog=81924039&#038;post=52&#038;subd=allnaturalappetitesuppressants&#038;ref=&#038;feed=1" width="1" height="1" />