TAC Daily Digest http://feed.informer.com/digests/WYPPR38WMR/feeder TAC Daily Digest Respective post owners and feed distributors Fri, 13 Sep 2019 22:13:53 +0000 Feed Informer http://feed.informer.com/ Missouri Bill Would Opt the State Out of Federal Asset Forfeiture Program https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/missouri-bill-opt-state-out-of-federal-asset-forfeiture-program/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:b4196a28-e40b-5adc-91c0-81419bd2f0cb Mon, 06 Dec 2021 21:16:10 +0000 <p>The proposed law would prohibit Missouri law enforcement agencies or prosecutors from entering into agreements to transfer seized property to a federal agency by way of adoption or other means for the purpose of the property’s forfeiture under federal law.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/missouri-bill-opt-state-out-of-federal-asset-forfeiture-program/">Missouri Bill Would Opt the State Out of Federal Asset Forfeiture Program</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>JEFFERSON CITY</strong>, Mo. (Dec. 6, 2021) – A bill prefiled in the Missouri House for the 2022 legislative session would close a loophole allowing state and local police to circumvent stringent state asset forfeiture laws by passing cases off to the federal government.<span id="more-38456"></span></p> <p>Rep. Tony Lovasco (R-O’Fallon) filed House Bill 1613 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/MO/bill/HB1613/2022" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB1613</a>) on Dec. 1. The proposed law would prohibit Missouri law enforcement agencies or prosecutors from entering into agreements to transfer seized property to a federal agency by way of adoption or other means for the purpose of the property’s forfeiture under federal law.</p> <p>The proposed law would also require any Missouri law enforcement agency participating in a joint task force with federal agencies to transfer responsibility for the seized property to a state prosecutor for forfeiture under state law unless the seizure includes over $100,000 in U.S. currency. Additionally, if a federal agency prohibits the transfer of the property to the state, the law enforcement agency would be fully “prohibited from accepting payment of any kind or distribution of forfeiture proceeds from the federal agency.”</p> <p>In effect, HB1613 would withdraw Missouri from the federal program known as <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/12/federal-asset-forfeiture-program-helps-local-police-steal/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">equitable sharing</a>. This is particularly important in light of a <a href="http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2017/07/30/states-can-thwart-new-doj-asset-forfeiture-policy/">policy directive issued in July 2017 by then-Attorney General Jeff Sessions</a> for the Department of Justice (DOJ) that remains in effect today.</p> <p><strong>NECESSARY</strong></p> <p>While some people believe the Supreme Court “ended asset forfeiture,” the Supreme Court opinion in <i>Timbs v. Indiana</i> ended nothing. Without further action, civil asset forfeiture remains. Additionally, as law professor <a href="https://reason.com/volokh/2019/02/20/supreme-court-rules-that-excessive-fines">Ilya Somin noted</a>, the Court left an important issue unresolved. What exactly counts as “excessive” in the civil forfeiture context?</p> <blockquote><p>“That is likely to be a hotly contested issue in the lower federal courts over the next few years. The ultimate effect of today’s decision depends in large part on how that question is resolved. If courts rule that only a few unusually extreme cases qualify as excessive, the impact of Timbs might be relatively marginal.”</p></blockquote> <p>Going forward, opponents of civil asset forfeiture could wait and see how lower federal courts will address this “over the next few years,” or they can do what a number of states have already taken steps to do, end the practice on a state level, and opt out of the federal equitable sharing program as well.</p> <p><strong>IN EFFECT</strong></p> <p>Missouri has some of the best state-level forfeiture restrictions in the country, <a href="http://ij.org/pfp-state-pages/pfp-missouri/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">according to the Institute for Justice</a>. The state requires a criminal conviction before prosecutors can proceed with forfeiture, and law enforcement agencies don’t get a cut of the proceeds. But federal asset forfeiture standards are much lower. As a result, state and local police often pass cases to the feds to avoid the more stringent state laws.</p> <p>The situation in California was similar. The Golden State state also has some of the strongest state-level restrictions on civil asset forfeiture in the country, but until <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2016/09/signed-as-law-california-reins-in-asset-forfeiture-takes-on-federal-equitable-sharing-program/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">the state closed the loophole</a>, law enforcement agencies would often bypass the state restrictions by partnering with the federal government through the equitable sharing asset forfeiture program.</p> <p>Under these arrangements, state officials can simply hand over forfeiture prosecutions to the federal government and then receive up to 80 percent of the proceeds—even when state law banned or limited the practice. According to a report by the Institute for Justice, <em>Policing for Profit</em>, California ranked as the worst offender of all states in the country between 2000 and 2013. In other words, California law enforcement was passing off a lot of cases to the feds and collecting the loot. During the 2016 legislative session, the state closed the loophole.</p> <p>Like California, Missouri was also among the states with the highest level of federal forfeiture between 2000 and 2013, raking in $126 million in Department of Justice equitable sharing proceeds during that time.</p> <p>Passage of HB1613 would close the loophole and significantly increase protections for Missouri property owners.</p> <p>As the Tenth Amendment Center <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2015/09/feds-meddling-in-attempt-to-undermine-state-asset-forfeiture-reform/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">previously reported</a> the federal government inserted itself into the asset forfeiture debate in California. The feds clearly want the policy to continue.</p> <p>Why?</p> <p>We can only guess. But perhaps the feds recognize paying state and local police agencies directly in cash for handling their enforcement would reveal their weakness. After all, the federal government would find it nearly impossible to prosecute its unconstitutional “War on Drugs” without state and local assistance. Asset forfeiture “equitable sharing” provides a pipeline the feds use to incentivize state and local police to serve as de facto arms of the federal government by funneling billions of dollars into their budgets.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>HB1613 will be officially introduced when the Missouri legislature convenes on Jan. 5. It will need to receive a committee assignment and then a hearing and a vote. It must pass the committee by a majority vote before moving forward in the legislative session.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/missouri-bill-opt-state-out-of-federal-asset-forfeiture-program/">Missouri Bill Would Opt the State Out of Federal Asset Forfeiture Program</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Asset Forfeiture State Bills Equitable Sharing HB1613 Missouri Policing for Profit Mike Maharrey Pennsylvania Bills Would Legalize Marijuana Despite Federal Prohibition https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/pennsylvania-bills-would-legalize-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:e438784e-bee9-611b-c3bf-592ec7803162 Mon, 06 Dec 2021 21:13:22 +0000 <p>The proposed law would make cannabis use legal for adults age 21 and over to purchase and possess up to an ounce of cannabis. It would also create a permitting system for home cultivation. Permit holders could grow up to three mature and three immature plants. HB2050 includes provisions to expunge prior convictions for possession and cultivation activities made legal under the new law.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/pennsylvania-bills-would-legalize-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/">Pennsylvania Bills Would Legalize Marijuana Despite Federal Prohibition</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>PHILADELPHIA</strong>, PA (Dec. 6, 2021) – Two bills filed in the Pennsylvania legislature would legalize the adult use of marijuana despite ongoing federal cannabis prohibition.<span id="more-38423"></span></p> <p>Rep. Jake Wheatley (D) and Rep.Dan Frankel (D), along with a large coalition of democrats, introduced House Bill 2050 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/PA/bill/HB2050/2021" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB2050</a>) on Oct. 27. The proposed law would make cannabis use legal for adults age 21 and over to purchase and possess up to an ounce of cannabis. It would also create a permitting system for home cultivation. Permit holders could grow up to three mature and three immature plants. HB2050 includes provisions to expunge prior convictions for possession and cultivation activities made legal under the new law.</p> <blockquote><p>“Not only would it create jobs and generate much-needed revenue, but it contains important social justice provisions that would eliminate the aggressive enforcement of simple marijuana possession laws in marginalized communities,&#8221; Wheatley said.</p></blockquote> <p>The legislation would also create a regulatory framework, establishing the Pennsylvania Cannabis Regulatory Control Board for licensing purposes, commercial cultivation and retail sale of marijuana.</p> <p>Sen. Dan Laughlin (R) and Sen. Sharif Street (D) introduced Senate Bill 473 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/PA/bill/SB473/2021" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SB473</a>) in October. Under the proposed law, adults 21 and older could purchase and possess up to 30 grams of cannabis, five grams of marijuana concentrate products and 500 milligrams of THC contained in cannabis-infused products. The law includes provisions that would allow medical Pennsylvanians with medial marijuana cards to home grow cannabis.</p> <p><b>EFFECT ON FEDERAL PROHIBITION</b></p> <p>Pennsylvania legalized medical marijuana 5 years ago and recently <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/07/signed-as-law-pennsylvania-expands-medical-marijuana-program-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">expanded its program</a>.</p> <p>Under the federal Controlled Substances Act (CSA) passed in 1970, the federal government maintains complete prohibition of marijuana. Of course, the federal government lacks any constitutional authority to ban or regulate cannabis within the borders of a state, despite the opinion of the politically connected lawyers on the Supreme Court. If you doubt this, ask yourself why it took a constitutional amendment to institute federal alcohol prohibition.</p> <p>The legalization of marijuana for personal use in Pennsylvania would take the next step and remove another layer of laws prohibiting the possession and use of marijuana in the state even though federal prohibition would remain in effect. This is significant because FBI statistics show that law enforcement makes approximately 99 of 100 marijuana arrests under state, not federal law. When states stop enforcing marijuana laws, they sweep away most of the basis for 99 percent of marijuana arrests.</p> <p>Furthermore, figures indicate it would take 40 percent of the DEA’s yearly budget just to investigate and raid all of the dispensaries in Los Angeles – a single city in a single state. That doesn’t include the cost of prosecution. The lesson? The feds lack the resources to enforce marijuana prohibition without state assistance.</p> <p><b>A GROWING MOVEMENT</b></p> <p>Colorado, Washington state, Oregon and Alaska were the first states to legalize recreational cannabis, and California, Nevada, Maine and Massachusetts joined them after ballot initiatives in favor of legalization passed in November 2016. Michigan followed suit when <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/11/michigan-votes-to-legalize-marijuana-nullify-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">voters legalized cannabis for general use</a> in 2018. Vermont <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/01/signed-as-law-vermont-legalizes-recreational-marijuana-foundation-to-nullify-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">became the first state</a> to legalize marijuana through a legislative act in 2018. <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/06/signed-by-the-governor-illinois-legalizes-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Illinois followed suit i</a>n 2019. New Jersey, Montana and Arizona all <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/11/04/thirty-six-and-counting-more-states-legalize-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">legalized recreational marijuana through ballot measures</a> in the 2020 election. Earlier this year, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/03/to-the-governor-new-york-bill-legalizes-marijuana-for-adult-use-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">New York</a>, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/04/signed-as-law-new-mexico-bill-legalizes-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">New Mexico</a>, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/04/virginia-legalizes-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Virginia</a> and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/06/connecticut-becomes-the-18th-state-to-legalize-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Connecticut</a> legalized marijuana through legislative action.</p> <p>With 36 states allowing cannabis for medical use, and 18 legalizing for adult recreational use, the feds find themselves in a position where they simply can’t enforce prohibition anymore.</p> <p>The lesson here is pretty straightforward. When enough people say, ‘No!’ to the federal government, and enough states pass laws backing those people up, there’s not much the feds can do to shove their so-called laws, regulations, or mandates down our throats.</p> <p>The move to legalize recreational marijuana in Pennsylvania highlights another important strategic reality. Once a state legalizes marijuana – even if only in a very limited way – the law tends to eventually expand. As the state tears down some barriers, markets develop and demand expands. That creates pressure to further relax state law. These new laws represent a further erosion of unconstitutional federal marijuana prohibition.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>HB2050 has been referred to the <a href="https://www.legis.state.pa.us/cfdocs/cteeInfo/Index.cfm?Code=24&amp;CteeBody=H" target="_blank" rel="noopener">House Judiciary Committee</a>. SB473 was referred to the Senate <a href="https://www.legis.state.pa.us/cfdocs/CteeInfo/index.cfm?Code=29&amp;CteeBody=S&amp;SessYear=2021" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Law and Justice Committee</a>. The bills must receive a hearing and pass out of committee with a majority vote to continue on in the legislative process.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/pennsylvania-bills-would-legalize-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/">Pennsylvania Bills Would Legalize Marijuana Despite Federal Prohibition</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Drug War State Bills cannabis HB2050 Marijuana Pennsylvania SB473 Amanda Bowers Oklahoma Bill Would Take on Federal Vaccine Mandates https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/oklahoma-bill-would-take-on-federal-vaccine-mandates/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:9f221089-4d26-e50a-e186-da93d63f22d6 Mon, 06 Dec 2021 21:09:52 +0000 <p>The legislation declares that "forcing a vaccination mandate as a condition of employment against or upon a citizen of Oklahoma, which would infringe upon a citizen’s Constitutionally-protected rights, shall be null, void, unenforceable and of no effect in the state of Oklahoma."</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/oklahoma-bill-would-take-on-federal-vaccine-mandates/">Oklahoma Bill Would Take on Federal Vaccine Mandates</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>OKLAHOMA CITY</strong>, Okla. (Dec. 6, 2021) &#8211; A bill prefiled in the Oklahoma House would set the stage to take on and nullify federal vaccine mandates, but it needs additional provisions to make it effective in practice.<span id="more-38451"></span></p> <p>Rep. Jim Olsen (R-Roland) prefiled House Bill 2981 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/OK/bill/HB2981/2022" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB2981</a>). The legislation declares that &#8220;forcing a vaccination mandate as a condition of employment against or upon a citizen of Oklahoma, which would infringe upon a citizen’s Constitutionally-protected rights, shall be null, void, unenforceable and of no effect in the state of Oklahoma.&#8221;</p> <p>HB2981 also creates a cause of action in state court for Oklahoma employees to sue employers if they are forced to get a vaccine as a condition of employment and suffer &#8220;adverse effects.&#8221;</p> <blockquote><p>&#8220;Any public or private employer who requires employees to be vaccinated as a condition of their employment shall be liable for any adverse events suffered by employees as a result of such vaccination.&#8221;</p></blockquote> <p>This would force employers to consider the risks associated with mandated vaccines and could deter them from enforcing the federal mandate.</p> <p><strong>NULLIFICATION IN PRACTICE AND EFFECT</strong></p> <p>HB2981 features a declaration of nullification, but it lacks language that will have this effect in practice.</p> <p>Language calling vaccine mandates &#8220;null, void and unenforceable&#8221; sets a foundation for further action, but it will not end the state or local enforcement of vaccine mandates. The bill does not specifically prohibit state or local enforcement of anything. It does say an &#8220;infringement on constitutionally-protected rights&#8221; is &#8220;unenforcible,&#8221; but there is no definition of infringement and it doesn&#8217;t prohibit state or local agencies from taking any specific actions. That would leave it to state agents to determine the issue of constitutionality and then end enforcement on their own &#8212; something that won&#8217;t happen. In practice, a court would have to find that a given federal action is &#8220;an infringement&#8221; before enforcement would end. This almost certainly wouldn&#8217;t happen.</p> <p>Amending HB2981 with a provision that specifically bans the use of state personnel and resources from enforcing a vaccine mandate would take the first step toward nullifying such mandates in practice and effect. As explained below, a determination of constitutionality isn&#8217;t necessary. A state can refuse to enforce any federal law regardless of constitutionality.</p> <p><b>VACCINE MANDATE ENFORCEMENT IN PRACTICE</b></p> <p>The 490-page federal vaccine regulation requires every person employed by businesses with 100 or more workers to be vaccinated or undergo weekly COVID-19 testing. According to <em>CBS News</em>, that includes 84 million employees. The mandate also covers all federal workers and contractors. Companies that fail to comply will face fines of nearly $14,000 per “serious” violation. OSHA will serve as the primary enforcement agency for the mandate.</p> <p>Implementation and enforcement of OSHA regulations can be done on either a state or a federal level. Oklahoma is one of <a href="https://www.osha.gov/stateplans/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">28 states</a> where OSHA has full enforcement responsibility. But even in such states, OSHA receives assistance and cooperation from state agencies and employees. That&#8217;s why it&#8217;s imperative for Oklahoma to withdraw any and all state and local support from enforcing vaccine mandates.</p> <p>This would leave OSHA in a bad position because it has a significant personnel problem. OSHA only employs 774 inspectors. Another 1,200 work for the states but enforce OSHA rules. That small force of inspectors must cover more than 7 million businesses. Currently, it would take them <a href="https://www.politico.com/story/2019/06/17/number-of-workplace-safety-inspectors-fall-under-trump-1531659" target="_blank" rel="noopener">160 years to inspect every business under its jurisdiction just one time</a>. That’s why the feds will have to rely on snitches to have any hope of enforcing the vaccine mandate.</p> <blockquote><p>“There is no army of OSHA inspectors that is going to be knocking on employers’ doors or even calling them,” a former OSHA chief of staff <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/13/feds-cant-enforce-vaccine-mandate-without-a-lot-of-help/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">told CBS News</a> “They’re going to rely on workers and their union representatives to file complaints where the company is totally flouting the law.”</p></blockquote> <p>OSHA will also rely on state cooperation to enforce the mandate. It’s a “team effort.”</p> <p>Here’s the dirty little secret they don’t want you to know — <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/10/partnerships-dont-work-when-half-the-team-quits/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">partnerships and “team efforts” don’t work when half the team quits</a>.</p> <p>If employees refuse to tell on their coworkers and employers, and if states refuse to help enforce the vaccine mandates, the vaccine mandates won’t be enforced.</p> <p>End of story.</p> <p>State action can set the stage to nullify the vaccine mandate in practice and effect.</p> <p>Based on <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2016/12/15/james-madison-four-steps-to-stop-federal-programs/">James Madison’s advice</a> for states and individuals in <em>Federalist #46</em>, a “refusal to cooperate with officers of the Union” is an extremely effective method to hinder the enforcement of any federal action because most enforcement relies on help, support and leadership from the states. This is true of virtually every federal law, and it will clearly be the case with the vaccine mandates.</p> <p>Human action is also key. States can ban enforcement help all they want, but if everyone still complies, there’s nothing to enforce. In order to nullify the mandate, people must reject and resist it first and foremost.</p> <p><strong>LEGAL BASIS</strong></p> <p>As mentioned earlier, the state of Oklahoma can refuse to use state personnel or resources for the enforcement of any federal act whether constitutional or not.</p> <p>Refusal to cooperate with federal enforcement rests on a well-established legal principle known as <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2013/12/28/states-dont-have-to-comply-the-anti-comandeering-doctrine/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">the anti-commandeering doctrine</a>. Simply put, the federal government cannot force states to help implement or enforce <strong>any</strong> federal act or program. The anti-commandeering doctrine is based primarily on five Supreme Court cases dating back to 1842. <em>Printz v. U.S.</em> serves as the cornerstone.</p> <blockquote><p>“We held in New York that Congress cannot compel the States to enact or enforce a federal regulatory program. Today we hold that Congress cannot circumvent that prohibition by conscripting the States’ officers directly. The Federal Government may neither issue directives requiring the States to address particular problems, nor command the States’ officers, or those of their political subdivisions, to administer or enforce a federal regulatory program. It matters not whether policy making is involved, and no case by case weighing of the burdens or benefits is necessary; such commands are fundamentally incompatible with our constitutional system of dual sovereignty”</p></blockquote> <p><strong>No determination of constitutionality is necessary</strong> to invoke the anti-commandeering doctrine. State and local governments can refuse to enforce federal laws or implement federal programs whether they are constitutional or not.</p> <p>If Oklahoma doesn’t want to enforce vaccine mandates, it doesn’t have to — no matter what a federal court says about the constitutionality of such mandates.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>HB2981 will be officially introduced when the Oklahoma legislature convenes on Feb. 7. At that time, it will be referred to a House committee where it must receive a hearing and pass by a majority vote before moving forward in the legislative process.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/oklahoma-bill-would-take-on-federal-vaccine-mandates/">Oklahoma Bill Would Take on Federal Vaccine Mandates</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. OSHA State Bills Vaccines HB2981 Mandates Oklahoma Vaccine Mandate Mike Maharrey New Hampshire Bill Would End State Enforcement of Most Federal Gun Control https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/new-hampshire-bill-would-end-state-enforcement-of-most-federal-gun-control/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:96a71515-f15c-769e-b42b-311a766bc622 Mon, 06 Dec 2021 20:55:48 +0000 <p>The legislation would ban the state and its political subdivisions, or any person acting under the color of state, county, or municipal law from using any personnel or financial resources to enforce, administer, or cooperate with any law, act, rule, order, or regulation of the United States Government or Executive Order of the President of the United States that is inconsistent with any New Hampshire law regarding the regulation of firearms, ammunition, magazines or the ammunition feeding devices, firearm components, firearms supplies, or knives.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/new-hampshire-bill-would-end-state-enforcement-of-most-federal-gun-control/">New Hampshire Bill Would End State Enforcement of Most Federal Gun Control</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>CONCORD</strong>, N.H. (Dec. 6, 2021) – A bill prefiled in the New Hampshire House for the 2022 legislative session would ban state and local enforcement of most federal gun control; past, present and future.  The enactment into law would represent an important first step toward bringing those measures to an end within the state.<span id="more-38455"></span></p> <p>A coalition of Republicans filed House Bill 1178 (<a href="http://www.gencourt.state.nh.us/lsr_search/billText.aspx?id=1445&amp;type=4" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB1178</a>). The legislation would ban the state and its political subdivisions, or any person acting under the color of state, county, or municipal law from using any personnel or financial resources to enforce, administer, or cooperate with any law, act, rule, order, or regulation of the United States Government or <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/08/12/whats-the-deal-with-executive-orders/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Executive Order</a> of the President of the United States that is inconsistent with any New Hampshire law regarding the regulation of firearms, ammunition, magazines or the ammunition feeding devices, firearm components, firearms supplies, or knives.</p> <p>The proposed law further stipulates that “silence in the New Hampshire Revised Statutes Annotated pertaining to a matter regulated by federal law shall be construed as an inconsistency for the purposes of this chapter.”</p> <p><strong>STRATEGY</strong></p> <p>While passage into law wouldn’t end all gun control in New Hampshire today, it would represent a  massive shift in strategy going forward.  Once in effect, HB1178 would immediately do the following:</p> <ol> <li>Ban state and local enforcement of any federal gun control measures on the books that don’t have concurrent measures in law in the state of New Hampshire.</li> <li>Ban state and local enforcement of any new gun control measures that might come from Washington D.C. in the future that aren’t on the books in New Hampshire.</li> <li>Shift the focus and attention to any remaining gun control measures on the books in state law</li> <li>Encourage gun rights activists to work in future legislative sessions to repeal those state-level gun control measures as a follow-up.</li> </ol> <p>Each state-level gun control repeal would then represent a one-two punch, not only ending state enforcement but automatically ending support for any concurrent federal gun control measure as soon as the state law repeal went into effect.</p> <p><strong>New Hampshire Laws</strong></p> <p>New Hampshire has some of the least stringent state firearms laws in the U.S. <a href="https://www.nraila.org/gun-laws/state-gun-laws/arizona/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">According to NRA-ILA</a>, under New Hampshire law, there is no licensing requirement for ownership of rifles, shotguns, or handguns. And no permit to carry or registration of firearms is on the books either. In fact, the state doesn’t even ban machine guns. According to the NRA, “In the absence of any state law governing automatic weapons, federal law controls the registration and regulation of machine guns in New Hampshire.”</p> <p>The ATF has a pdf document that lists and details <a href="https://www.atf.gov/file/117296/download" target="_blank" rel="noopener">all state-level gun control measures in New Hampshire</a> and would act as a handy guide for what could be repealed in the future.</p> <p>The right to keep and bear arms in the state constitution is listed in <span class="overlaySource">Part 1, Article 2-a:</span></p> <blockquote><p><span class="overlayText">“All persons have the right to keep and bear arms in defense of themselves, their families, their property, and the state.”</span></p></blockquote> <p><strong>EFFECTIVE</strong></p> <p>The federal government relies heavily on state cooperation to implement and enforce almost all of its laws, regulations and acts – including gun control. By simply withdrawing this necessary cooperation, states and localities can nullify many federal actions in effect. As noted by the National Governors’ Association during the partial government shutdown of 2013, “states are partners with the federal government on most federal programs.”</p> <p>Based on <a href="http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2016/12/15/james-madison-four-steps-to-stop-federal-programs/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">James Madison’s advice for states and individuals</a> in Federalist #46, a “refusal to cooperate with officers of the Union” represents an extremely effective method to bring down federal gun control measures because most enforcement actions rely on help, support and leadership from state and local governments.</p> <p>Fox News senior judicial analyst Judge Andrew Napolitano agreed. In a televised discussion on the issue, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2014/08/andrew-napolitano-federal-gun-laws-nearly-impossible-to-enforce-without-state-assistance/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">he noted that a single state taking this step</a> would make federal gun laws “nearly impossible” to enforce.</p> <p>“Partnerships don’t work too well when half the team quits,” said Michael Boldin of the Tenth Amendment Center. “By withdrawing all resources and participation in federal gun control, states and even local governments can help bring these unconstitutional acts to their much-needed end.”</p> <p><strong>LEGAL BASIS</strong></p> <p>The state of New Hampshire can legally bar state agents from enforcing federal gun control. Refusal to cooperate with federal enforcement rests on a well-established legal principle known as <a href="http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2013/12/28/states-dont-have-to-comply-the-anti-comandeering-doctrine/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">the anti-commandeering doctrine</a>.</p> <p>Simply put, the federal government cannot force states to help implement or enforce any federal act or program. The anti-commandeering doctrine is based primarily on five Supreme Court cases dating back to 1842. <em>Printz v. U.S.</em> (1997) serves as the cornerstone. For the majority, Justice Scalia wrote, in part:</p> <blockquote><p>“We held in New York that Congress cannot compel the States to enact or enforce a federal regulatory program. Today we hold that Congress cannot circumvent that prohibition by conscripting the States’ officers directly. The Federal Government may neither issue directives requiring the States to address particular problems, nor command the States’ officers, or those of their political subdivisions, to administer or enforce a federal regulatory program. It matters not whether policymaking is involved, and no case by case weighing of the burdens or benefits is necessary; such commands are fundamentally incompatible with our constitutional system of dual sovereignty”</p></blockquote> <p><strong>No determination of constitutionality is necessary</strong> to invoke the anti-commandeering doctrine. State and local governments can refuse to enforce federal laws or implement federal programs whether they are constitutional or not.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>HB1178 will be officially introduced when the New Hampshire legislature convenes on Jan. 6. At that time, it will receive a committee assignment. A do-pass recommendation by the committee will increase its chances for passage in the full House.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/new-hampshire-bill-would-end-state-enforcement-of-most-federal-gun-control/">New Hampshire Bill Would End State Enforcement of Most Federal Gun Control</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Right to Keep and Bear Arms State Bills 2A Executive Orders firearms Gun Control New Hampshire SB154 second amendment Mike Maharrey Legal Theory Lexicon on Formalism and Instrumentalism https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/legal-theory-lexicon-on-formalism-and-instrumentalism/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:4ecd6b53-c965-0b7b-e518-0cc88b018a54 Mon, 06 Dec 2021 18:18:07 +0000 <p>At Larry Solum&#8217;s Legal Theory Lexicon: Formalism and Instrumentalism.  From the description of formalism: The core idea of formalism is that the law (constitutions, statutes, regulations, rules of procedure, and precedent) provide rules and that these rules can, do, and should provide a public standard for what is lawful (or not). That is, the core of [&#8230;]</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/legal-theory-lexicon-on-formalism-and-instrumentalism/">Legal Theory Lexicon on Formalism and Instrumentalism</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>At Larry Solum&#8217;s Legal Theory Lexicon: <a href="https://lsolum.typepad.com/legaltheory/2021/12/legal-theory-lexicon-formalism-and-instrumentalism.html">Formalism and Instrumentalism</a>.  From the description of formalism:</p> <blockquote><p>The core idea of formalism is that the law (constitutions, statutes, regulations, rules of procedure, and precedent) provide rules and that these rules can, do, and should provide a public standard for what is lawful (or not).</p> <p>That is, the core of legal formalism entails a commitment to a set of ideas that more or less includes the following:</p> <p>1. The law consists (at least in part) of rules that are derived from the linguistic meaning (or communicative content) of authoritative legal texts.</p> <p>2. Legal rules can be applied to particular facts.</p> <p>3. Some actions accord with meaningful legal rules; other actions do not.</p> <p>4. The standard for what constitutes following a rule (or not) can be publicly knowable and the focus of intersubjective agreement.</p> <p>Contemporary legal formalism is particularly prominent in two areas, constitutional law and statutory interpretation. In constitutional law, formalism is associated with “originalism,” the view that the constitution should be interpreted in accord with its “original meaning.” In statutory interpretation, formalism is associated with the “plain meaning” theory—that statutes should be interpreted so that the words and phrases have their ordinary meaning. Plain meaning approaches are also associated with the view that legislative history should not be used, especially if it would result in an interpretation that differs from the text of the statute.  Of course, plain-meaning theories of statutory interpretation could (and should) adopt the originalist thesis that &#8220;meaning&#8221; (or &#8220;plain meaning&#8221;) is fixed at the time the text is drafted and promulgated.</p></blockquote> <p>Agreed, although I would clarify (a) that &#8220;plain&#8221; meaning is not literal meaning abstracted from context, but rather takes context into account [I know Professor Solum agrees], and (b) that at least in my view, &#8220;ordinary meaning&#8221; can and indeed often does have a specialized legal meaning derived from its context [I&#8217;m less sure Professor Solum agrees].</p> <p>On instrumentalism:</p> <blockquote><p>Legal instrumentalism is one of the ideas that are strongly associated with American legal realism—the great movement in legal thought that is usually associated with Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.—as a sort of parent—and with figures like Roscoe Pound, Karl Llewellyn, Felix Cohen, and Jerome Frank. Like formalism, instrumentalism is often ill defined, but most instrumentalists would agree on the idea that legal rules should be interpreted in light of their purposes. When applying the letter of the law would undermine its purpose, then the rule should be interpreted so that it does not apply. And likewise, if the spirit of the law would be served by its application, then judges should give the rule an expansive interpretation. Some instrumentalists may go beyond this, and argue that judges should sometimes nullify statutes that are bad policy or create judge-made rules, when that would serve the ends of good policymaking.</p></blockquote> <p>I think my quick definition of instrumentalism would be something like interpreting statutes to reach good policy results wherever fairly possible, at least where the text is not crystal clear, and sometimes even when it is.</p> <p><strong>NOTE</strong>: <em>This post was originally published at <a href="http://originalismblog.typepad.com/">The Originalism Blog</a>, “The Blog of the Center for the Study of Constitutional Originalism at the University of San Diego School of Law,” and is reposted here with permission from the author.</em></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/legal-theory-lexicon-on-formalism-and-instrumentalism/">Legal Theory Lexicon on Formalism and Instrumentalism</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Law formalism instrumentalism law Michael D. Ramsey Jefferson was Torn Down Long Ago https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/jefferson-was-torn-down-long-ago/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:f9c6f5a3-6c8f-4d87-1b05-88106af6aeaf Mon, 06 Dec 2021 18:14:35 +0000 <p>An outrage? Or par for the course? Either way it shouldn’t be a surprise as even most of the people upset about the statue removal have totally ignored or rejected Jeffersonian principles for government - for ages.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/jefferson-was-torn-down-long-ago/">Jefferson was Torn Down Long Ago</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>An outrage? Or par for the course? Either way it shouldn’t be a surprise as even most of the people upset about the statue removal have totally ignored or rejected Jeffersonian principles for government &#8211; for ages.</p> <p>Path to Liberty: December 6, 2021 <span id="more-38452"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://podcasts.google.com/feed/aHR0cHM6Ly9ibG9nLnRlbnRoYW1lbmRtZW50Y2VudGVyLmNvbS9jYXRlZ29yeS92aWRlby9nb29kLW1vcm5pbmctbGliZXJ0eS9mZWVkLw?sa=X&amp;ved=0CAYQrrcFahcKEwigwITb6MrrAhUAAAAAHQAAAAAQBA" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Google</a> | <a 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ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/jefferson-was-torn-down-long-ago/">Jefferson was Torn Down Long Ago</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Path to Liberty Thomas Jefferson 10th Amendment Jefferson's First Inaugural Jeffersonian Principles Peace thomas jefferson Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center 20:23 An outrage? Or par for the course? Either way it shouldn’t be a surprise as even most of the people upset about the statue removal have totally ignored or rejected Jeffersonian principles for government - for ages. An outrage? Or par for the course? Either way it shouldn’t be a surprise as even most of the people upset about the statue removal have totally ignored or rejected Jeffersonian principles for government - for ages.<br /> South Carolina Bill Would Take First Step Toward Limiting Militarization of Police https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/south-carolina-bill-would-take-first-step-toward-limiting-militarization-of-police/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:b47a3156-2d79-c3dd-4af0-31132e7eac73 Mon, 06 Dec 2021 12:05:40 +0000 <p>The proposed law would bar law enforcement agencies from acquiring banned military equipment from any source, including the well-known federal 1033 program along with any other military surplus program operated by the federal government.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/south-carolina-bill-would-take-first-step-toward-limiting-militarization-of-police/">South Carolina Bill Would Take First Step Toward Limiting Militarization of Police</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>COLUMBIA</strong>, S.C. (Dec. 6, 2021) &#8211; A bill prefiled in the South Carolina House for the 2022 legislative session would take the first step toward limiting federal militarization of state and local police.<span id="more-38421"></span></p> <p>A bipartisan coalition of three representatives prefiled House Bill 4542 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/SC/bill/H4542/2021" target="_blank" rel="noopener">H4542</a>) on Nov. 10. The legislation would ban law enforcement agencies from acquiring or purchasing certain military equipment. The list of banned equipment includes:</p> <ul> <li>Weaponized unmanned aerial vehicles;</li> <li>Aircraft that are configured for combat or are combat-coded and do not have an established flight application</li> <li>Grenades or similar explosives or grenade launchers from a surplus program operated by the federal government</li> <li>Armored-multi wheeled vehicles that are mine-resistant, ambush-protected, and configured for combat, also known as MRAPs, from a surplus program operated by the federal government</li> <li>Bayonets</li> <li>Firearms of .50 caliber or higher</li> <li>Ammunition of .50 caliber or higher</li> <li>Weaponized tracked armored vehicles</li> </ul> <p>The bill stipulates that it would not prohibit law enforcement agencies from acquiring &#8220;armored high-mobility multipurpose-wheeled vehicle, also known as an HMMWV.&#8221;</p> <p>A law enforcement agency already in possession of any banned item would have to immediately stop using it until getting a waiver from the South Carolina Law Enforcement Division (SLED).</p> <p>The proposed law would bar law enforcement agencies from acquiring banned military equipment from any source, including the well-known federal 1033 program along with any other military surplus program operated by the federal government.</p> <p>While the passage of H4542 would not end police militarization in South Carolina, it would prohibit police from acquiring some of the most powerful weapons and equipment available to law enforcement from the feds, and it would set the stage for further limits in the future.</p> <p><strong>FEDERAL SURPLUS AND GRANT MONEY</strong></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/05/war-on-liberty-an-overview-of-federal-programs-that-militarize-and-nationalize-local-police/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Police can get military-grade weapons through a number of federal programs</a>, including the 1033 program, and via the Department of Homeland Security through the (DHS) “Homeland Security Grant Program.” The DHS <a href="https://www.dhs.gov/news/2019/04/12/dhs-announces-funding-opportunity-fiscal-year-2019-preparedness-grants#:~:text=Homeland%20Security%20Grant%20Program%20(HSGP,of%20terrorism%20and%20other%20threats." data-et-has-event-already="true">doles out over $1 billion in counterterrorism funds</a> to state and local police each year. According to a 2012 Senate report, this money has been used to purchase tactical vehicles, drones, and even tanks with little obvious benefit to public safety. And, according to ProPublica, “In 1994, the Justice Department and the Pentagon-funded a five-year program to adapt military security and surveillance technology for local police departments that they would otherwise not be able to afford.”</p> <p>According to the Law Enforcement Support Office (LESO), As of 2020, the 1033 program alone has transferred more than $7.4 billion in military equipment to some 8,000 state and local law enforcement agencies.</p> <p>A 2017 <a href="https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/2053168017712885" target="_blank" rel="noopener">study by the University of Tampa</a> showed that loading up police with military gear tends to escalate police violence.</p> <blockquote><p>&#8220;Our research suggests that officers with military hardware and mindsets will resort to violence more quickly and often. Other research shows that when governmental responses are violent, dissidents and protestors are more likely to act violently at the site and in the future. Of course, that leads to more violence from the government creating a spiral that is hard to escape.”</p></blockquote> <p>In August 2017, President Trump issued an executive order that <a href="http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2017/08/28/executive-order-takes-window-dressing-off-police-militarization-program/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">gave a push to local police militarization</a>. Trump’s action rescinded an <a href="https://www.bja.gov/publications/LEEWG_Report_Final.pdf">Obama-era policy </a>meant to provide greater transparency and oversight around the Department of Defense 1033 program and other federal resources that provide military weapons to local police. Biden was reportedly planning to reinstitute the Obama policy, but to date <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/09/02/joe-biden-still-hasnt-gotten-around-to-limiting-police-militarization/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">has not followed through</a>. Regardless, the Biden “reform” was nothing more than window-dressing. In practice, the Obama EO did little to stem the flow of military equipment to state and local law enforcement agencies.</p> <p>Even if Biden eventually gets around to putting the Obama-era limits back in place, the 1033 program would remain essentially intact. Military gear would continue to pour into local police agencies, just as it did when Obama was in the White House.</p> <p>The multiple federal flip-flops underscore the importance of putting limits on police militarization at the state and local levels. Federal policy tends to change depending on the party in power. Whatever limits Biden imposes through executive order can be undone with a stroke of the next president’s pen. The only way to effectively end police militarization for good is permanently withdrawing the state from these federal programs.</p> <p>While the passage of H4542 wouldn’t end police militarization or stop government surveillance, it would take the first step by creating a framework for accountability and transparency for programs in South Carolina. It would also create a foundation for the public to stop their local police from obtaining this type of gear.</p> <p><strong>COMMAND AND CONTROL</strong></p> <p>Arming ‘peace officers’ like they’re ready to occupy an enemy city is totally contrary to the society envisioned by the founders. They’ve turned ‘protect and serve’ into ‘command and control.’</p> <p>In the 1980s, the federal government began arming, funding and training local police forces, turning peace officers into soldiers to fight in its unconstitutional “War on Drugs.” The militarization went into hyper-drive after 9/11 when a second front opened up – the “War on Terror.”</p> <p>Limiting police access to military-grade gear and surveillance technology makes them less likely to cooperate with the feds and removes incentives for partnerships. Passage of H4542 would take a first step toward limiting police militarization in South Carolina.</p> <p><strong>WHAT&#8217;S NEXT</strong></p> <p>H4542 will be officially introduced when the 2022 South Carolina legislative session begins on Jan. 11. It will be referred to the House Committee on Judiciary where it must receive a hearing and pass by a majority vote before moving forward in the legislative process.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/south-carolina-bill-would-take-first-step-toward-limiting-militarization-of-police/">South Carolina Bill Would Take First Step Toward Limiting Militarization of Police</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Police State Bills 1033 Program H4542 Police Militarization Police-State South Carolina Mike Maharrey Once Again We See Federal Reserve “Independence” is a Total Crock https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/once-again-we-see-federal-reserve-independence-is-a-total-crock/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:ce80f4bb-2ca4-dd9c-6b56-33a8347ce9d8 Sun, 05 Dec 2021 23:53:19 +0000 <p>The Fed is supposedly an "independent" institution above the political fray. This is clearly a bunch of BS!</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/once-again-we-see-federal-reserve-independence-is-a-total-crock/">Once Again We See Federal Reserve “Independence” is a Total Crock</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>The Fed is supposedly an &#8220;independent&#8221; institution above the political fray. This is clearly a bunch of BS!</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-width="550" data-dnt="true"> <p lang="en" dir="ltr">Without the Fed, the largest government in history wouldn&#39;t be able to do much of what it does today. <a href="https://twitter.com/mmaharrey10th?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">@mmaharrey10th</a><a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/EndTheFed?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#EndTheFed</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/liberty?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#liberty</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/constitution?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#constitution</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/politics?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#politics</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/libertarian?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#libertarian</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/10thAmendment?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#10thAmendment</a> <a href="https://t.co/SXgLQvOWsm">pic.twitter.com/SXgLQvOWsm</a></p> <p>&mdash; TenthAmendmentCenter (@TenthAmendment) <a href="https://twitter.com/TenthAmendment/status/1467182099568357377?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">December 4, 2021</a></p></blockquote> <p><script async src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script></p> <p><strong>For Further Reading</strong></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/05/23/how-the-fed-wrecks-the-economy/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">How the Fed Wrecks the Economy</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/09/18/the-constitutionality-of-a-national-bank-hamilton-vs-jefferson/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Constitutionality of a National Bank: Hamilton vs. Jefferson</a></p> <p><a class="_blank cvplbd" href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/15/federal-reserve-failure/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Federal Reserve Failure</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/once-again-we-see-federal-reserve-independence-is-a-total-crock/">Once Again We See Federal Reserve “Independence” is a Total Crock</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Federal Reserve Maharrey Minute Debt government spending Jerome Powell Mike Maharrey The Constitution vs OSHA and What to do About it https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/the-constitution-vs-osha-and-what-to-do-about-it/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:7c8b0c39-d798-512d-6c56-e6e51e2f4a9b Sun, 05 Dec 2021 14:12:03 +0000 <p>I appeared on It's Too Late, with Alan Mosley to talk about the federal vaccine mandate and what we can do about it.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/the-constitution-vs-osha-and-what-to-do-about-it/">The Constitution vs OSHA and What to do About it</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>I appeared on <em>It&#8217;s Too Late</em>, with Alan Mosley to talk about the federal vaccine mandate and what we can do about it.<span id="more-38427"></span></p> <p><iframe loading="lazy" title="YouTube video player" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/KlK2eajN4_c" width="560" height="315" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen"></iframe></p> <p>During the interview, Alan and I talk about the constitutional ramifications of the mandate. Then we cover what we can do about it. I discuss the not-so-good strategy of waiting for the federal courts to sort it all out and the much better strategy of non-cooperation, both by state and local governments, and by private actors.</p> <p><strong>For Further Reading</strong></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/03/does-bidens-osha-vaccination-mandate-exceed-federal-authority/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Does Biden’s OSHA vaccination mandate exceed federal authority?</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/13/feds-cant-enforce-vaccine-mandate-without-a-lot-of-help/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Feds Can’t Enforce Vaccine Mandate Without “A Lot of Help”</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/the-constitution-vs-osha-and-what-to-do-about-it/">The Constitution vs OSHA and What to do About it</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Interviews OSHA Constitution federal courts Nullification vaccine mandates Mike Maharrey The Power of “No!” https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/rosa-parks-day-the-power-of-no/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:d8c52bc0-0b4d-c6d7-8612-8b683a0fd327 Sat, 04 Dec 2021 18:41:12 +0000 <p>December 1 marked the anniversary of Rosa Parks refusing to give up her seat on the bus.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/rosa-parks-day-the-power-of-no/">The Power of “No!”</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>December 1 marked the anniversary of Rosa Parks refusing to give up her seat on the bus.</p> <p>Rosa teaches us a very important lesson. The power of saying, &#8220;No!&#8221;</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-width="550" data-dnt="true"> <p lang="en" dir="ltr">Sometimes we have to take a stand even when the odds seem insurmountable. <a href="https://twitter.com/mmaharrey10th?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">@mmaharrey10th</a><a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/resist?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#resist</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/rosaparksday?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#rosaparksday</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/courage?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#courage</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/liberty?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#liberty</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/truth?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#truth</a> <a href="https://t.co/yQNoRypf3x">pic.twitter.com/yQNoRypf3x</a></p> <p>&mdash; TenthAmendmentCenter (@TenthAmendment) <a href="https://twitter.com/TenthAmendment/status/1466474747798032384?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">December 2, 2021</a></p></blockquote> <p><script async src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script></p> <p><strong>For Further Reading</strong></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/12/nullification-lessons-from-rosa-parks/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Nullification Lessons from Rosa Parks</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2012/05/16/the-rosa-parks-method-for-liberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Rosa Parks Method for Liberty</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2013/03/27/the-power-of-no/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Power of No!</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/rosa-parks-day-the-power-of-no/">The Power of “No!”</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Maharrey Minute History No Nullification Resistance Rosa Parks Mike Maharrey Abusing the Constitution https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/abusing-the-constitution/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:d0fc03ad-2088-e38f-c08f-d2ff5e0b2603 Sat, 04 Dec 2021 12:48:50 +0000 <p>I appeared on Outbreak News with Robert Herriman to talk about the most misunderstood and abused clauses of the Constitution.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/abusing-the-constitution/">Abusing the Constitution</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>I appeared on Outbreak News with Robert Herriman to talk about the most misunderstood and abused clauses of the Constitution.<span id="more-38432"></span></p> <p><iframe loading="lazy" title="Constitution: A look at the most misunderstood parts with Mike Maharrey" width="1080" height="608" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/LnVTQfvBRWs?feature=oembed" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p>This interview is basically a Constitution 101 class.</p> <p>During our discussion, I talk about the philosophical roots of the U.S. Constitution and how it differed from the governmental systems that preceded it. Then we talk about the most-abused clauses in the Constitution and what they really mean, including the General Welfare Clause, the Supremacy Clause, the Necessary and Proper Clause, and the Commerce Clause. I also touch on the Tenth Amendment and nullification.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/abusing-the-constitution/">Abusing the Constitution</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Constitution Interviews Commerce Clause General Welfare Clause Necessary and Proper Clause nullfication Supremacy Clause Mike Maharrey Changing With the Times? https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/changing-with-the-times/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:3297abe9-2c04-94f4-5efb-0bfc0a42c345 Fri, 03 Dec 2021 21:38:00 +0000 <p>Government isn't supposed to just willy-nilly change the Constitution. That's why the founders included an amendment process.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/changing-with-the-times/">Changing With the Times?</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>Government isn&#8217;t supposed to just willy-nilly change the Constitution. That&#8217;s why the founders included an amendment process.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-width="550" data-dnt="true"> <p lang="en" dir="ltr">There IS a process for changing the <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/constitution?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#constitution</a> &#8211; and it&#39;s not through judges and politicians making things up as they go <a href="https://twitter.com/mmaharrey10th?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">@mmaharrey10th</a> <a href="https://t.co/NL38CC42Pd">pic.twitter.com/NL38CC42Pd</a></p> <p>&mdash; TenthAmendmentCenter (@TenthAmendment) <a href="https://twitter.com/TenthAmendment/status/1465731973100412932?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">November 30, 2021</a></p></blockquote> <p><script async src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script></p> <p><strong>For Further Reading</strong></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2015/07/19/constitution-101-living-and-breathing-is-the-same-as-dead/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Constitution 101: Living and Breathing is the Same as Dead</a></p> <p><a class="_blank cvplbd" href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/19/constitutional-sleight-of-hand-the-evolution-of-implied-powers/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Constitutional Sleight of Hand: The Evolution of Implied Powers</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/changing-with-the-times/">Changing With the Times?</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Constitution Maharrey Minute amendment political power Mike Maharrey Ohio House Passes “Constitutional Carry” Bill https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/ohio-house-passes-constitutional-carry-bill/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:4852bfb6-34ea-3e44-4105-bdc7d2572c9a Fri, 03 Dec 2021 21:04:36 +0000 <p>Under the proposed law, adults 21 and over who can legally possess a handgun in the state of Ohio could carry a concealed firearm without a state-issued permit. The legislation would retain the current permitting process for those who wish to obtain a license in order to carry concealed in other states with CCDW reciprocity with Ohio.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/ohio-house-passes-constitutional-carry-bill/">Ohio House Passes “Constitutional Carry” Bill</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>COLUMBUS</strong>, Ohio (Dec. 3, 2021) – The Ohio House has passed a &#8220;constitutional carry&#8221; bill that would make it legal for individuals over 21 years of age to carry a concealed handgun without a permit. The enactment of the bill would also foster an environment more hostile to federal gun control.<span id="more-38420"></span></p> <p>Rep. Thomas Brinkman (R) and Rep. Kris Jordan (R), along with 42 cosponsors, introduced House Bill 227 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/OH/bill/HB227/2021" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB227</a>) in March. Under the proposed law, adults 21 and over who can legally possess a handgun in the state of Ohio could carry a concealed firearm without a state-issued permit. The legislation would retain the current permitting process for those who wish to obtain a license in order to carry concealed in other states with CCDW reciprocity with Ohio.</p> <p>On Nov. 17. the Ohio House passed HB227 by <a href="https://legiscan.com/OH/rollcall/HB227/id/1116257" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a 60-32 vote</a>.</p> <p>HB227 would also clarify the Ohio &#8220;duty to inform&#8221; law. Under current law, a person carrying a concealed firearm must inform a law enforcement officer &#8220;promptly&#8221; upon encountering the officer. HB227 would remove the burden of notification from the individual. A person carrying a concealed firearm would only have to inform the officer if asked.</p> <p><strong>EFFECT ON FEDERAL GUN CONTROL</strong></p> <p>While permitless carry bills do not directly affect federal gun control, the widespread passage of permitless conceal carry laws in states subtly undermines federal efforts to regulate guns. As we’ve seen with marijuana and industrial hemp, a federal regulation becomes ineffective when states ignore it and pass laws encouraging the prohibited activity anyway.</p> <p>The federal government lacks the enforcement power necessary to maintain its ban, and people will willingly take on the small risk of federal sanctions if they know the state will not interfere. This increases when the state actively encourages “the market.”</p> <p>Less restrictive state gun laws will likely have a similar impact on federal gun laws. It will make it that much more difficult for the feds to enforce any future federal gun control, and increase the likelihood that states with few limits will simply refuse to cooperate with federal enforcement efforts.</p> <p>State actions such as passing “constitutional carry” lower barriers for those wanting the option of defending themselves with firearms and encourage a “gun-friendly” environment that would make federal efforts to limit firearms that much more difficult.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>HB227 now moves to the Senate for further consideration. At the time of this report, it had not been referred to a Senate committee. Once it receives a committee assignment, it must get a hearing and pass by a majority vote before moving forward in the legislative process.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/ohio-house-passes-constitutional-carry-bill/">Ohio House Passes “Constitutional Carry” Bill</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Right to Keep and Bear Arms State Bills 2nd Amendment Concealed Carry Constitutional Carry firearms HB227 Ohio Mike Maharrey Government Welfare Makes Things Worse https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/government-welfare-makes-things-worse/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:32c79f49-8dc1-bcc6-92cb-aa18bead9023 Fri, 03 Dec 2021 18:04:19 +0000 <p>In 1766, Benjamin Franklin knew what most people seem totally clueless about today. Government welfare programs effectively subsidize poverty and ultimately make things worse. Incentives matter.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/government-welfare-makes-things-worse/">Government Welfare Makes Things Worse</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>In 1766, Benjamin Franklin knew what most people seem totally clueless about today. Government welfare programs effectively subsidize poverty and ultimately make things worse. Incentives matter. </p> <p>Path to Liberty, Fast Friday Edition: December 3, 2021 <span id="more-38429"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://podcasts.google.com/feed/aHR0cHM6Ly9ibG9nLnRlbnRoYW1lbmRtZW50Y2VudGVyLmNvbS9jYXRlZ29yeS92aWRlby9nb29kLW1vcm5pbmctbGliZXJ0eS9mZWVkLw?sa=X&amp;ved=0CAYQrrcFahcKEwigwITb6MrrAhUAAAAAHQAAAAAQBA" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Google</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a 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href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/01/benjamin-franklin-on-doing-good-to-the-poor/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Benjamin Franklin on “Doing Good to the Poor”</a></p> <p><a href="https://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/fed41.asp" rel="noopener" target="_blank">James Madison &#8211; Federalist No 41</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/the-general-welfare-clause-an-introduction/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">The general Welfare Clause: An Introduction</a></p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Madison/01-15-02-0117" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Santo Domingan Refugees (10 Jan 1794)</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/title/elliot-the-debates-in-the-several-state-conventions-vol-4#lf1314-04_head_035" rel="noopener" target="_blank">James Madison &#8211; Speech in the House of Representatives (10 Jan 1794)</a> </p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Franklin/01-13-02-0194" rel="noopener" target="_blank">“Arator”: On the Price of Corn, and Management of the Poor</a></p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-3338" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Thomas Jefferson to William Rogers (2 Mar 1806)</a> </p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES</strong><br /> <a href="https://odysee.com/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6/path-120321:0" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Odysee</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.minds.com/newsfeed/1313558688522309651" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Minds</a></p> <p><a href="https://tv.gab.com/channel/tenthamendmentcenter/view/government-welfare-makes-things-worse-61aa58b191bd86272729dcaa" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Gab TV</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.brighteon.com/87b3d2e9-10b6-48d3-b066-aa35e95cf78e" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Brighteon</a></p> <p><a href="https://fb.watch/9G4YvXLjed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on 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ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/government-welfare-makes-things-worse/">Government Welfare Makes Things Worse</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Ben Franklin Federal Funding James Madison Path to Liberty Arator Benjamin Franklin General Welfare Clause poverty Welfare Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center 18:29 In 1766, Benjamin Franklin knew what most people seem totally clueless about today. Government welfare programs effectively subsidize poverty and ultimately make things worse. Incentives matter. In 1766, Benjamin Franklin knew what most people seem totally clueless about today. Government welfare programs effectively subsidize poverty and ultimately make things worse. Incentives matter. <br /> Massachusetts Committee Holds Hearing on Bill to Limit Police Use of Facial Recognition https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/massachusetts-committee-holds-hearing-on-bill-to-limit-police-use-of-facial-recognition/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:7593ff34-2159-1c08-8300-f1c7dc818fa9 Thu, 02 Dec 2021 12:47:08 +0000 <p>The legislation would tighten restrictions on the use of facial recognition passed in a police reform bill last year. Under the proposed law, public agencies and public officials would be prohibited from accessing, possessing, using, or assisting with the use of any biometric surveillance system, absent an express authorization in state law, which currently doesn't exist</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/massachusetts-committee-holds-hearing-on-bill-to-limit-police-use-of-facial-recognition/">Massachusetts Committee Holds Hearing on Bill to Limit Police Use of Facial Recognition</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>BOSTON</strong>, Mass. (Dec. 2, 2021) – Last week, a joint Massachusetts legislative committee held a hearing on a bill that would limit law enforcement use of facial recognition systems. The growing movement to prohibit the use of facial recognition at the state and local levels could hinder the operation of a growing national facial recognition network.<span id="more-38408"></span></p> <p>Rep. David Rogers (D-Cambridge) and Rep. Orland Ramos (D-Springfield) filed House Bill 135 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/MA/bill/H135/2021" target="_blank" rel="noopener">H135</a>) on March 29. Since then, a bipartisan coalition of 51 senators and representatives has signed on as cosponsors. The legislation would tighten restrictions on the use of facial recognition passed in a police reform bill last year. Under the proposed law, public agencies and public officials would be prohibited from accessing, possessing, using, or assisting with the use of any biometric surveillance system, absent an express authorization in state law, which currently doesn&#8217;t exist. It would also bar state agencies from entering into a contract with or making a request from a third party, including federal agencies, to access biometric surveillance technology or data.</p> <p>In effect, the legislation would ban facial recognition until the legislature changes its mind and passes laws authorizing it.</p> <p>On Nov. 23, the Joint Committee on the Judiciary held a hearing on H135. This is an important first step in the legislative process.</p> <p>H135 defines a biometric system as “any computer software that performs facial recognition or other remote biometric recognition.” This would include systems that identify individuals based on gait, voice, or other biometric characteristics.</p> <p>The proposed law would allow the department of state police to perform a facial recognition search through the state registrar of motor vehicles or request the FBI conduct a facial recognition search with a warrant; upon reasonable belief that an emergency involving immediate danger of death or serious physical injury to any individual or group of people requires the performance of a facial recognition search without delay; to identify a deceased person; or on behalf of another law enforcement agency with a warrant.</p> <p>Any facial recognition information collected in violation of the law would be inadmissible in any criminal, civil, or administrative proceeding.</p> <p>Similar provisions were included in a police reform bill passed last year, but the governor requested amendments that significantly watered down the restrictions on facial recognition. Under <a href="https://malegislature.gov/Laws/SessionLaws/Acts/2020/Chapter253" target="_blank" rel="noopener">the current law</a>, police can do facial recognition searches through the registrar of motor vehicles or the FBI with a written request in certain situations. It does not ban police from using their own facial recognition technology. The passage of H135 would place significant limits on law enforcement’s use of facial recognition technology and information.</p> <p>At least seven Massachusetts cities have already banned facial recognition – <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/07/easthampton-massachusetts-bans-facial-recognition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Easthampton</a>, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/06/second-in-the-nation-somerville-city-council-passes-facial-recognition-ban/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Somerville</a>, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/three-and-counting-northampton-massachusetts-passes-facial-recognition-ban/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Northampton</a>, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/brookline-massachusetts-passes-facial-recognition-ban/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Brookline</a>, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/01/seven-and-counting-cambridge-massachusetts-passes-facial-recognition-ban/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Cambridge</a>, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/10/springfield-massachusetts-considering-facial-recognition-technology-ban/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Springfield</a>, and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/07/boston-ordinance-bans-government-facial-recognition-technology/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Boston</a>.</p> <p><strong>IMPACT ON FEDERAL PROGRAMS</strong></p> <p>A <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/07/12/dont-rely-on-congress-to-stop-facial-recognition-surveillance/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">2019 report revealed</a> that the federal government has turned state drivers’ license photos into a giant facial recognition database, putting virtually every driver in America in a perpetual electronic police lineup. The revelations generated widespread outrage, but the story wasn’t new. The federal government has been developing <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2016/10/31/local-state-and-federal-law-enforcement-partnering-to-create-massive-facial-recognition-system/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">a massive facial recognition system</a> for years.</p> <p>The FBI <a href="https://money.cnn.com/2014/09/16/technology/security/fbi-facial-recognition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">rolled out a nationwide facial recognition program</a> in the fall of 2014, with the goal of building a giant biometric database with pictures provided by the states and corporate friends.</p> <p>In 2016, the Center on Privacy and Technology at Georgetown Law released “The Perpetual Lineup,” a massive report on law enforcement use of facial recognition technology in the U.S. You can read the complete report at <a href="https://www.perpetuallineup.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">perpetuallineup.org</a>. The organization conducted a year-long investigation and collected more than 15,000 pages of documents through more than 100 public records requests. The report paints a disturbing picture of intense cooperation between the federal government, and state and local law enforcement to develop a massive facial recognition database.</p> <blockquote><p>“Face recognition is a powerful technology that requires strict oversight. But those controls, by and large, don’t exist today,” report co-author <a href="https://theintercept.com/2016/10/18/study-lack-of-face-recognition-oversight-threatens-privacy-of-millions/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Clare Garvie said</a>. “With only a few exceptions, there are no laws governing police use of the technology, no standards ensuring its accuracy, and no systems checking for bias. It’s a wild west.”</p></blockquote> <p>Despite the outrage generated by these reports, Congress has done nothing to roll back this facial recognition program.</p> <p>There are <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/10/whats-the-big-problem-with-facial-recognition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">many technical and legal problems</a> with facial recognition, including significant concerns about the accuracy of the technology, particularly when reading the facial features of minority populations. During a test run by the ACLU of Northern California, <a href="https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/ne8wa8/amazons-facial-recognition-misidentified-1-in-5-california-lawmakers-as-criminals" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">facial recognition misidentified 26 members of the California legislature</a> as people in a database of arrest photos.</p> <p>With facial recognition technology, police and other government officials have the capability to track individuals in real-time. These systems allow law enforcement agents to use video cameras and continually scan everybody who walks by. According to the report, several major police departments have expressed an interest in this type of real-time tracking. Documents revealed agencies in at least five major cities, including Los Angeles, either claimed to run real-time face recognition off of street cameras, bought technology with the capability, or expressed written interest in buying it.</p> <p>In all likelihood, the federal government heavily involves itself in helping state and local agencies obtain this technology. The feds provide grant money to local law enforcement agencies for a vast array of surveillance gear, including ALPRs, stingray devices and drones. The federal government essentially encourages and funds a giant nationwide surveillance net and then taps into the information via fusion centers and the Information Sharing Environment (ISE).</p> <p>Fusion centers were sold as a tool to combat terrorism, but that is not how they are being used. The ACLU pointed to a <a href="https://www.hsgac.senate.gov/subcommittees/investigations/media/investigative-report-criticizes-counterterrorism-reporting-waste-at-state-and-local-intelligence-fusion-centers" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">bipartisan congressional report</a> to demonstrate the true nature of government fusion centers: “They haven’t contributed anything meaningful to counterterrorism efforts. Instead, they have largely served as police surveillance and information sharing nodes for law enforcement efforts targeting the frequent subjects of police attention: Black and brown people, immigrants, dissidents, and the poor.”</p> <p>Fusion centers operate within the broader ISE. According to <a href="http://www.dni.gov/index.php/about/organization/information-sharing-environment-what-we-do" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">its website</a>, the ISE “provides analysts, operators, and investigators with information needed to enhance national security. These analysts, operators, and investigators…have mission needs to collaborate and share information with each other and with private sector partners and our foreign allies.” In other words, ISE serves as a conduit for the sharing of information gathered without a warrant. Known ISE partners include the Office of Director of National Intelligence which oversees 17 federal agencies and organizations, including the NSA. ISE utilizes these partnerships to collect and share data on the millions of unwitting people they track.</p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/09/30/smoking-gun-feds-partner-with-local-police-to-facilitate-warrantless-surveillance/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Reports that the Berkeley Police Department in cooperation with a federal fusion center deployed cameras</a> equipped to surveil a “free speech” rally and Antifa counterprotests provided the first solid link between the federal government and local authorities in facial recognition surveillance.</p> <p>In a nutshell, without state and local cooperation, the feds have a much more difficult time gathering information. Passage of state laws and local ordinances banning and limiting facial recognition eliminates one avenue for gathering facial recognition data. Simply put, data that doesn’t exist cannot be entered into federal databases.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>The Joint Committee on The Judiciary has a number of options. It can pass the bill as-is. It can amend it. Or it can even combine it with another bill and create a new piece of legislation. If it passes out of committee, it will move to both the House and the Senate for further consideration.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/massachusetts-committee-holds-hearing-on-bill-to-limit-police-use-of-facial-recognition/">Massachusetts Committee Holds Hearing on Bill to Limit Police Use of Facial Recognition</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Facial Recognition State Bills facial recognition Fourth Amendment H135 Massachusetts Privacy surveillance Mike Maharrey Five Bills Taking on Federal Gun Control Prefiled in Alabama https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/five-bills-taking-on-federal-gun-control-prefiled-in-alabama/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:5e71ad39-6d21-8d84-4868-e9007bf23bfb Wed, 01 Dec 2021 23:46:00 +0000 <p>At least five bills have been profiled in the Alabama legislature that would end or limit state and local enforcement of federal gun control. Enactment of one or more of these bills into law would represent a step toward ending federal acts that infringe on the right to keep and bear arms within the state.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/five-bills-taking-on-federal-gun-control-prefiled-in-alabama/">Five Bills Taking on Federal Gun Control Prefiled in Alabama</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>MONTGOMERY</strong>. Ala. (Dec. 1, 2021) &#8211; At least five bills have been profiled in the Alabama legislature that would end or limit state and local enforcement of federal gun control. Enactment of one or more of these bills into law would represent a step toward ending federal acts that infringe on the right to keep and bear arms within the state.<span id="more-38412"></span></p> <p>The <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/08/2nd-amendment-preservation-act-prefiled-in-alabama/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">first two bills prefiled were HB7 and SB2</a>. While taking slightly different approaches, both bills would end state and local enforcement of most federal gun control; past, present and future.</p> <p>On Nov. 11, Rep. Parker Moore (R), Rep. Craig Lipscomb and Rep. Ed Oliver (R) prefiled House Bill 13 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/AL/bill/HB13/2022" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB13</a>) and would also take on most federal gun control; past, present and future. The legislation would prohibit appointed or elected officials, officers, employees, or agents of the state, or any political subdivision of the state from enforcing a presidential executive order or congressional act &#8220;that regulates the ownership, use, or possession of  firearms, ammunition, or firearm accessories.&#8221; It also bans the use of public funds or property of the state or its political subdivisions for enforcement of the same. State officials in violation of the law would be subject to misdemeanor criminal penalties.</p> <p>HB13 also declares that any firearm or firearm accessory made in Alabama that remains within the state &#8220;is not subject to federal law or regulation, including registration, under the authority of the United States Congress to regulate interstate commerce, as the item has not traveled in interstate commerce.&#8221; The state attorney general would be required to defend any Alabama resident from federal prosecution under this law. These provisions are similar to the Kansas Second Amendment Protection Act passed in 2013. The <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/06/the-supreme-court-demonstrates-again-why-it-cant-be-trusted-to-defend-our-gun-rights/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">feds successfully prosecuted</a> two individuals despite the Kansas law. Depending on the courts for protection is not a good strategy, but the anti-commandeering provisions in this bill would prove effective in blocking enforcement of future federal gun control.</p> <p>Lipscomb and Moore also prefiled House Bill 14 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/AL/bill/HB14/2022" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB14</a>) the same day. The provisions in this legislation are very similar to HB13 but would only prohibit enforcement of <em>future</em> presidential executive orders or congressional acts &#8220;that regulate the ownership, use, or possession of firearms, ammunition, or firearm accessories.&#8221;</p> <p>Sen. Gerald Allen (R) introduced Senate Bill 8 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/AL/bill/SB8/2022" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SB8</a>). The legislation would place a constitutional amendment on the ballot. The proposed amendment would provide that no public funds of the state or any political subdivision of the state could be allocated for the enforcement of any executive order issued by the President of the United States that becomes effective after January 23 1, 2021, which limits or restricts the ownership, use, or possession of firearms, ammunition, or firearm accessories by law-abiding residents of the state.&#8221; It would also bar any official, officer, or employee of the state or its political subdivisions when acting in an official capacity to enforce the same.</p> <p><strong>EFFECTIVE</strong></p> <p>The federal government relies heavily on state cooperation to implement and enforce almost all of its laws, regulations and acts – including gun control. By simply withdrawing this necessary cooperation, states and localities can nullify many federal actions in effect. As noted by the National Governors’ Association during the partial government shutdown of 2013, “states are partners with the federal government on <strong>most</strong> federal programs.”</p> <p>Based on <a href="http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2016/12/15/james-madison-four-steps-to-stop-federal-programs/">James Madison’s advice for states and individuals</a> in <em>Federalist #46</em>, a “refusal to cooperate with officers of the Union” represents an extremely effective method to bring down federal gun control measures because most enforcement actions rely on help, support and leadership from state and local governments.</p> <p>Fox News senior judicial analyst Judge Andrew Napolitano agreed. In a televised discussion on the issue, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2014/08/andrew-napolitano-federal-gun-laws-nearly-impossible-to-enforce-without-state-assistance/">he noted that a single state taking this step</a> would make federal gun laws “nearly impossible” to enforce.</p> <p>“Partnerships don’t work too well when half the team quits,” said Michael Boldin of the Tenth Amendment Center. “By withdrawing all resources and participation in federal gun control, states and even local governments can help bring these unconstitutional acts to their much-needed end.”</p> <p><strong>LEGAL BASIS</strong></p> <p>The state of Alabama can legally bar state agents from enforcing federal gun control. Refusal to cooperate with federal enforcement rests on a well-established legal principle known as the <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/05/23/anti-commandeering-an-overview-of-five-major-supreme-court-cases/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">anti-commandeering doctrine</a>.</p> <p>Simply put, the federal government cannot force states to help implement or enforce any federal act or program. The anti-commandeering doctrine is based primarily on five Supreme Court cases dating back to 1842. <em>Printz v. U.S.</em> serves as the cornerstone.</p> <blockquote><p>“We held in New York that Congress cannot compel the States to enact or enforce a federal regulatory program. Today we hold that Congress cannot circumvent that prohibition by conscripting the States’ officers directly. The Federal Government may neither issue directives requiring the States to address particular problems, nor command the States’ officers, or those of their political subdivisions, to administer or enforce a federal regulatory program. It matters not whether policy making is involved, and no case by case weighing of the burdens or benefits is necessary; such commands are fundamentally incompatible with our constitutional system of dual sovereignty”</p></blockquote> <p><strong>No determination of constitutionality is necessary</strong> to invoke the anti-commandeering doctrine. State and local governments can refuse to enforce federal laws or implement federal programs whether they are constitutional or not.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>All five bills will be officially introduced on Jan. 11, 2022. HB7 will be referred to the House Public Safety and Homeland Security Committee. HB13 and HB14 will be referred to the House Judiciary Committee. SB7 and SB8 will be referred to the Senate Judiciary Committee. Each bill must come up for a vote and pass out with a majority to continue on in the legislative process.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/five-bills-taking-on-federal-gun-control-prefiled-in-alabama/">Five Bills Taking on Federal Gun Control Prefiled in Alabama</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Right to Keep and Bear Arms State Bills 2nd Amendment Preservation Act Alabama Federal Gun Control firearms HB13 HB14 HB7 SB7 SB8 Mike Maharrey Ohio Bill Would Limit Police use of Drones, Help Thwart Federal Surveillance Program https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/ohio-bill-would-put-limit-on-police-use-of-drones-help-thwart-federal-surveillance-program/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:06abc34e-97ea-2c53-a80b-e701fc8818dc Wed, 01 Dec 2021 23:43:03 +0000 <p>The legislation would require police to get a warrant before initiating drone surveillance or engaging in any law enforcement activities using an unmanned aircraft in most situations.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/ohio-bill-would-put-limit-on-police-use-of-drones-help-thwart-federal-surveillance-program/">Ohio Bill Would Limit Police use of Drones, Help Thwart Federal Surveillance Program</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>COLUMBUS</strong>, OH. (Dec 1, 2021) – A bill introduced in the Ohio House would ban warrantless drone surveillance in most situations. Passage of this legislation would not only establish important privacy protections at the state level; it would also help thwart the federal surveillance state.<span id="more-38397"></span></p> <p>Rep. Adam Holmes (R) and a coalition of Republicans, introduced House Bill 486 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/OH/bill/HB486/2021" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB486</a>) on Nov. 9. The legislation would require police to get a warrant before initiating drone surveillance or engaging in any law enforcement activities using an unmanned aircraft in most situations.</p> <p>It would also ban arming drones with lethal weapons.</p> <p>The proposed law would allow warrantless drone surveillance in order to patrol within 25 miles of a national border for purposes of policing that border, after weather-related catastrophes, for research, education, and training purposes, and for exigent circumstances where the agency reasonably suspects that absent swift, preventative action, there is an imminent danger to the life of an individual or bodily harm to an individual. It would also allow the use of a drone without a warrant with the written consent of a property owner and for locating missing persons.</p> <p>Under the proposed law, evidence illegally derived by a law enforcement agency from the use of a drone is prohibited from being used as evidence in a criminal prosecution or disclosed in any other judicial proceeding, administrative proceeding, an arbitration proceeding, or legislative proceeding, and may not be used to establish reasonable suspicion or probable cause that an offense has been, is being, or is about to be committed.</p> <p><strong>Impact on the Federal Surveillance State</strong></p> <p>Although the proposed law would only apply to state and local drone use, it throws a high hurdle in front of some federal programs.</p> <p>According to <a href="https://www.eff.org/pages/dronesunmanned-aerial-vehicles" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a report by the Electronic Frontier Foundation</a>, drones can be equipped with various types of surveillance equipment that can collect high-definition video and still images day and night. Drones can be equipped with technology allowing them to intercept cell phone calls, determine GPS locations, and gather license plate information. Drones can be used to determine whether individuals are carrying guns. Synthetic-aperture radar can identify changes in the landscape, such as footprints and tire tracks. Some drones are even equipped with facial recognition. According to research from the Center for the Study of the Drone at Bard College, 347 U.S. police, sheriff, fire, and emergency response units acquired drones between 2009 and early 2017—primarily sheriff’s offices and local police departments.</p> <p>Much of the funding for drones at the state and local level comes from the federal government, in and of itself a constitutional violation. In return, federal agencies tap into the information gathered by state and local law enforcement through fusion centers and a federal program known as the information sharing environment.</p> <p>According to <a href="http://www.dni.gov/index.php/about/organization/information-sharing-environment-what-we-do" target="_blank" rel="noopener">its website</a>, the ISE “provides analysts, operators, and investigators with information needed to enhance national security. These analysts, operators, and investigators… have mission needs to collaborate and share information with each other and with private sector partners and our foreign allies.” In other words, ISE serves as a conduit for the sharing of information gathered without a warrant.</p> <p>The federal government encourages and funds a network of drones at the state and local level across the U.S., thereby gaining access to a massive data pool on Americans without having to expend the resources to collect the information itself. By placing restrictions on drone use, state and local governments limit the data available that the feds can access.</p> <p>Currently, 18 states—Alaska, Florida, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Maine, Montana, Nevada, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oregon, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, and Wisconsin—require law enforcement agencies in certain circumstances to obtain a search warrant to use drones for surveillance or to conduct a search.</p> <p>In a nutshell, without state and local cooperation, the feds have a much more difficult time gathering information. This represents a major blow to the surveillance state and a win for privacy.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p><a href="https://legiscan.com/OH/bill/HB486/2021" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB486</a> was referred to the <a href="https://www.ohiohouse.gov/committees/criminal-justice" target="_blank" rel="noopener">House Criminal Justice Committee</a>. It must have a hearing and pass with a majority vote in order to continue on in the legislative process.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/ohio-bill-would-put-limit-on-police-use-of-drones-help-thwart-federal-surveillance-program/">Ohio Bill Would Limit Police use of Drones, Help Thwart Federal Surveillance Program</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Drones State Bills drones HB486 Privacy surveillance unmanned aerial vehicle Amanda Bowers We Need a Fixed Reference Point https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/we-need-a-fixed-reference-point/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:2659c874-d38b-b9da-2e52-dadc7ce3ec58 Wed, 01 Dec 2021 23:34:05 +0000 <p>A living breathing Constitution is useless. We need the fixed reference point that the Constitution provides. It provides a clear outline of principles that make up our political creed.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/we-need-a-fixed-reference-point/">We Need a Fixed Reference Point</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>A living breathing Constitution is useless. We need the fixed reference point that the Constitution provides. It provides a clear outline of principles that make up our political creed.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-width="550" data-dnt="true"> <p lang="en" dir="ltr">There IS a process for changing the <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/constitution?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#constitution</a> &#8211; and it&#39;s not through judges and politicians making things up as they go <a href="https://twitter.com/mmaharrey10th?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">@mmaharrey10th</a> <a href="https://t.co/NL38CC42Pd">pic.twitter.com/NL38CC42Pd</a></p> <p>&mdash; TenthAmendmentCenter (@TenthAmendment) <a href="https://twitter.com/TenthAmendment/status/1465731973100412932?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">November 30, 2021</a></p></blockquote> <p><script async src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script></p> <p><strong>For Further Reading</strong></p> <p><em>&#8220;Though written constitutions may be violated in moments of</em><br /> <em>passion or delusion, yet they furnish a text to which those who</em><br /> <em>are watchful may again rally and recall the people. They fix,</em><br /> <em>too, for the people the principles of their political creed.&#8221;</em><br /> &#8211;Thomas Jefferson to Joseph Priestley, 1802.</p> <p><a class="_blank cvplbd" href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/19/constitutional-sleight-of-hand-the-evolution-of-implied-powers/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Constitutional Sleight of Hand: The Evolution of Implied Powers</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2015/07/19/constitution-101-living-and-breathing-is-the-same-as-dead/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Constitution 101: Living and Breathing is the Same as Dead</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/we-need-a-fixed-reference-point/">We Need a Fixed Reference Point</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Constitution Maharrey Minute political philosophy thomas jefferson Mike Maharrey Lexington, Kentucky Judge Upholds No-Knock Warrant Ordinance https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/lexington-kentucky-judge-upholds-no-knock-warrant-ordinance/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:e6c3cb03-5d16-4ead-3460-8cff922b3ee8 Tue, 30 Nov 2021 11:57:50 +0000 <p>A Fayette County judge has dismissed a lawsuit filed by a local police union attempting to block a ban on no-nock warrants passed by the Lexington Fayette Urban County Council earlier this year.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/lexington-kentucky-judge-upholds-no-knock-warrant-ordinance/">Lexington, Kentucky Judge Upholds No-Knock Warrant Ordinance</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>LEXINGTON</strong>, Ky. (Nov. 30, 2021) &#8211; A Fayette County judge has dismissed a lawsuit filed by a local police union attempting to block a ban on no-nock warrants passed by the Lexington Fayette Urban County Council earlier this year.<span id="more-38381"></span></p> <p>The <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/06/lexington-kentucky-bans-no-knock-warrants/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">city ordinance bans</a> the use of “no-knock” warrants and creates a set of standards police must follow when exercising search/arrest warrants. Law enforcement officers serving warrants in the city are now required to knock on the door and clearly and loudly announce their presence – waiting at least 15 seconds before entering premises. They must also wear body cameras during the execution of the warrant.</p> <p>The Lexington Fayette Urban County Council passed the ordinance by a 10-5 vote last June.</p> <p>Fraternal Order of Police Bluegrass Lodge #4 filed suit in an attempt to strike down the ordinance. The lawsuit alleges the ordinance violates the city’s collective bargaining agreement with police officers. According to the suit, officers have a right to bargain when it comes to changes in police department policy. The suit also claimed the ban on no-knock warrants could jeopardize the health and safety of officers and that a state law passed this year that limits but doesn’t ban no-knock warrants supersedes the county ordinance. The union’s attorneys argued it is mandatory to collectively bargain any issues relating to officer health and safety.</p> <p>On Nov. 19, Fayette Circuit Judge Kimberly Bunnell held that elected officials have the power to enact public policy without an agreement with the police union.</p> <p>“Whether or not I agree with the entirety of the ordinance doesn’t matter, but in terms of what comes under the collective bargaining agreement &#8230; I think that our elected officials have acted within their authority and I don’t think they’re required to do anything else,” she said during the hearing.</p> <p>The FOP lodge president said the union may appeal the decision. Jeremy Russell <a href="https://www.kentucky.com/news/local/counties/fayette-county/article256033662.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener">told the Herald-Leader</a> the union “respectfully disagrees with Judge Bunnell’s analysis and opinion.” “Our lodge strongly believes that the no-knock ban, regardless of the known danger, creates an unnecessary risk of serious bodily harm or death to our members and members of this community,” he said. “It remains our position that this is a mandatory subject for collective bargaining.”</p> <p>Police unions and lobbyists almost always appeal to &#8220;officer safety&#8221; when battling policies that restrict their power and violate the rights of individuals in the community.</p> <p><strong>No-Knock Warrants</strong></p> <p>Police claim they need “no-knock” warrants to pursue murderers and violent criminals. But, this <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/07/police-are-lying-about-no-knock-warrants/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">rarely seems to be the case</a>. In reality, no-knock warrants are a tool that law enforcement used to beef up the war on drugs in the 1980s, and cops have continued to use them mainly for that purpose ever since.</p> <p>Local ordinances like the one passed in Lexington take a big step toward effectively nullifying and making irrelevant several Supreme Court opinions that give police across the U.S. legal cover for conducting no-knock raids.</p> <p>In the 1995 case <em><a href="https://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=15506865603077276139&amp;hl=en&amp;as_sdt=6&amp;as_vis=1&amp;oi=scholarr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Wilson v. Arkansas</a></em>, the Supreme Court established that police must peacefully knock, announce their presence, and allow time for the occupants to open the door before entering a home to serve a warrant. But the Court allowed for “exigent circumstance” exceptions if police fear violence, if the suspect is a flight risk, or if officers fear the suspect will destroy evidence.</p> <p>As journalist <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/2020/06/03/no-knock-warrant-breonna-taylor-was-illegal/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Radley Balko notes</a>, police utilized this exception to the fullest extent, “simply declaring in search warrant affidavits that <i>all</i> drug dealers are a threat to dispose of evidence, flee or assault the officers at the door.”</p> <p>The SCOTUS eliminated this blanket exception in <a href="https://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=10920539616941250099&amp;hl=en&amp;as_sdt=6&amp;as_vis=1&amp;oi=scholarr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><i>Richards v. Wisconsin</i></a>  (1997) requiring police to show why a specific individual is a threat to dispose of evidence, commit an act of violence or flee from police. But even with the opinion, the bar for obtaining a no-knock warrant remains low.</p> <blockquote><p>“In order to justify a ‘no-knock’ entry, the police must have a <strong>reasonable suspicion</strong> that knocking and announcing their presence, under the particular circumstances, would be dangerous or futile, or that it would inhibit the effective investigation of the crime by, for example, allowing the destruction of evidence.” [Emphasis added]</p></blockquote> <p>Reasonable suspicion is an extremely low legal bar to meet. Through this exception, police can justify no-knock entry on any warrant application. In effect, the parameters in the SCOTUS ruling make no-knock the norm instead of the exception.</p> <p>A third Supreme Court ruling effectively eliminated the consequences for violating the “knock and announce” requirement even without a no-knock warrant. In <em><a href="https://www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/05pdf/04-1360.pdf">Hudson v. Michigan</a></em> (2006), the High Court held that evidence seized in violation of knock and announce was not subject to the exclusionary rule. In other words, police could still use the evidence in court even though they technically gathered it illegally.</p> <p>Significantly, were it not for the dubious “<a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/05/30/the-incorporation-doctrine-broke-the-constitutional-system/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">incorporation doctrine</a>” made up by the Supreme Court based on the 14th Amendment that purportedly empowers the federal government to apply the Bill of Rights to the states, these cases would have never gone to federal court and we wouldn’t have these blanket rules.</p> <p>Without specific restrictions from the state, police officers generally operate within the parameters set by the High Court. By passing restrictions on no-knock warrants, states set standards that go beyond the Supreme Court limits and in effect, nullify the SCOTUS opinion.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/lexington-kentucky-judge-upholds-no-knock-warrant-ordinance/">Lexington, Kentucky Judge Upholds No-Knock Warrant Ordinance</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Local No-Knock Warrants Lexington local ordinance No Knock Warrants Police Mike Maharrey State of the Nullification Movement 2021 https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/state-of-the-nullification-movement-2021/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:78cbd6d7-59c0-25c4-9c7f-24dd65681c6a Mon, 29 Nov 2021 18:58:56 +0000 <p>We were warned. Relying on the federal government to magically limit its own power would guarantee that power would always grow. As a result, we live under the largest government in history today. But there’s an awakening - more and more people are recognizing that the path to liberty lies not in D.C., but in resistance to it on a state, local and individual level.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/state-of-the-nullification-movement-2021/">State of the Nullification Movement 2021</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>We were warned. Relying on the federal government to magically limit its own power would guarantee that power would always grow. As a result, we live under the largest government in history today. But there’s an awakening &#8211; more and more people are recognizing that the path to liberty lies not in D.C., but in resistance to it on a state, local and individual level. </p> <p>Path to Liberty: November 29, 2021 <span id="more-38405"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://podcasts.google.com/feed/aHR0cHM6Ly9ibG9nLnRlbnRoYW1lbmRtZW50Y2VudGVyLmNvbS9jYXRlZ29yeS92aWRlby9nb29kLW1vcm5pbmctbGliZXJ0eS9mZWVkLw?sa=X&amp;ved=0CAYQrrcFahcKEwigwITb6MrrAhUAAAAAHQAAAAAQBA" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Google</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe loading="lazy" width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/9zVzW6d54H4?start=69" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/report/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">State of the Nullification Movement Report</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/06/blame-the-constitution-words-on-paper-dont-enforce-themselves/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Blame the Constitution? 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Announcements Audio/Video Nullification Path to Liberty Annual Report Founders Resist SOTNM State of the Nullification Movement Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center 34:59 We were warned. Relying on the federal government to magically limit its own power would guarantee that power would always grow. As a result, we live under the largest government in history today. But there’s an awakening - more and more people are rec... We were warned. Relying on the federal government to magically limit its own power would guarantee that power would always grow. As a result, we live under the largest government in history today. But there’s an awakening - more and more people are recognizing that the path to liberty lies not in D.C., but in resistance to it on a state, local and individual level. <br /> New Jersey Bill Would Create State Process to Limit Police Qualified Immunity https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/new-jersey-bill-would-create-state-process-to-limit-police-qualified-immunity/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:b48a42d5-c35c-28a3-df92-44b73de6d325 Mon, 29 Nov 2021 18:57:48 +0000 <p>This would create an alternate pathway to hold police officers accountable for their actions without qualified immunity as a defense. The weakness in the New Jersey state process is that it requires the AG, a government official, to initiate the lawsuit. Individuals cannot file suit under the law on their own.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/new-jersey-bill-would-create-state-process-to-limit-police-qualified-immunity/">New Jersey Bill Would Create State Process to Limit Police Qualified Immunity</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>TRENTON</strong>, N.J. (Nov. 29, 2021) &#8211; A bill introduced in the New Jersey Senate would eliminate qualified immunity as a defense for police officers sued in state court for using excessive force or taking other actions that violate individual rights.<span id="more-38382"></span></p> <p>Sen. Nia Gill (D-Montclair) introduced Senate Bill 4046 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/NJ/bill/S4046/2020" target="_blank" rel="noopener">S4046</a>) on Nov. 8. Under <a href="https://law.justia.com/codes/new-jersey/2009/title-10/section-10-6/10-6-2/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">New Jersey law</a>, the state attorney general can sue a police officer, or other government officials, who cause &#8220;the deprivation of any substantive due process or equal protection rights, privileges or immunities secured by the Constitution or laws of the United States, or any substantive rights, privileges or immunities secured by the Constitution or laws of this State&#8221; on behalf of an injured party. S4046 would eliminate qualified immunity as a defense in such cases.</p> <blockquote> <p style="font-weight: 400;">It shall not be a defense to any action brought under P.L.2004, c.143 (C.10:6-1 et seq.) that:</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">     (1) the defendant was acting in good faith or that the defendant believed, reasonably or otherwise, that the defendant&#8217;s conduct was lawful at the time the conduct was committed; or</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">     (2) the rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the United States Constitution or laws of the United States, or any rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the New Jersey Constitution or laws of this State were not clearly established at the time of their deprivation by the defendant, or that at that time, the state of the law was otherwise such that the defendant could not reasonably have been expected to know whether the defendant&#8217;s conduct was lawful.</p> </blockquote> <p>This would create an alternate pathway to hold police officers accountable for their actions without qualified immunity as a defense. The weakness in the New Jersey state process is that it requires the AG, a government official, to initiate the lawsuit. Individuals cannot file suit under the law on their own.</p> <p><strong>The Process </strong></p> <p>Typically, people sue police for using excessive force or other types of misconduct through the federal court system under the U.S. Bill of Rights. But <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/06/13/how-federal-courts-gave-us-qualified-immunity/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">federal courts created a qualified immunity defense out of thin air</a>, making it nearly impossible to hold law enforcement officers responsible for actions taken in the line of duty. In order to move ahead with a suit, the plaintiff must establish that it was “clearly established” that the officer’s action was unconstitutional. The “clearly established” test erects an almost insurmountable hurdle to those trying to prove excessive force or a violation of their rights.</p> <p>New Jersey law creates an alternative path. With the passage of S4046, there would no longer be a qualified immunity hurdle to clear.</p> <p><strong>In Practice</strong></p> <p>It remains unclear how the state legal process will play out in practice.</p> <p>The first question is whether people will actually utilize the state courts instead of the federal process. Under the original constitutional system, it would have never been a federal issue to begin with. Regulation of police powers was clearly delegated to the states, not the federal government. But with the advent of the <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/05/30/the-incorporation-doctrine-broke-the-constitutional-system/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">incorporation doctrine</a>, people reflexively run to federal courts. But by removing the qualified immunity hurdle, it should incentivize people to take advantage of the state system.</p> <p>The second question is if police officers will be able to have cases removed to federal jurisdiction in order to take advantage of qualified immunity.</p> <p>Language in New Jersey’s law opens that door. People can sue in state court for violations of the U.S. Constitution or laws of the United States, as well as the New Jersey state constitution. All matters regarding the U.S. Constitution or federal law will be remanded to federal courts. To avoid this, plaintiffs would have to sue based solely on the Louisiana Constitution and its bill of rights. The only way to avoid federal jurisdiction and ensure federal qualified immunity doesn’t come into play would be to limit the suit to <strong>state</strong> constitutional issues.</p> <p>Even if the suit is focused on state law and the New Jersey constitution, state and local law enforcement officers working <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/04/16/joint-law-enforcement-task-forces-are-creating-a-national-police-state/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">on joint state/federal task forces</a> would almost certainly be able to move the case to federal court. They are effectively treated as federal agents.</p> <p>One attorney told the Tenth Amendment Center that it might be possible for officers to have their case removed to federal court to consider U.S. constitutional ramifications. But he said even then, he thinks federal courts would have to respect the state law prohibiting qualified immunity as a defense. The federal court would likely have to apply the state law as the state intended, even though the federal court might well be able to decide whether or not a U.S. constitutional violation had taken place.</p> <p>Other lawyers we talked to said it wasn’t clear to them that the federal courts would have to honor the state statute. It is possible that the federal court could simply decide its jurisdiction supersedes state law and hear the case under the federal process, including the application of qualified immunity. Only time will tell how the process will play out in practice. Regardless, the state process will make it more difficult for police to simply side-step civil suits by declaring sovereign immunity upfront.</p> <p><strong>Moving Forward </strong></p> <p>The Supreme Court shows no interest in rolling back its qualified immunity doctrine. In fact, the High Court rejected several cases that would have allowed it to revisit the issue. For instance, the SCOTUS let stand an <a href="http://media.ca11.uscourts.gov/opinions/pub/files/201715566.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Eleventh Circuit decision</a> granting immunity to a police officer who shot a ten-year-old child in the back of the knee, while repeatedly attempting to shoot a pet dog that wasn’t threatening anyone.</p> <p>Congress could prohibit qualified immunity. <a href="https://amash.house.gov/media/press-releases/amash-pressley-introduce-bipartisan-legislation-end-qualified-immunity" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">A bill</a> sponsored by Rep. Justin Amash (L-Mich.) and  Ayanna Pressley (D-Mass.) during the last Congress would have done just that, but it was never taken up. Congress does not have a good track record of reining in government power.</p> <p>The best path forward is to bypass the federal system completely.</p> <p>Other states should follow their lead and create state processes to hold their police officers accountable. With the evolution of qualified immunity, the federal process is an abject failure. As Supreme Court Justice Byron White wrote in the 1986 case <em>Malley v. Briggs</em>, qualified immunity protects “all but the plainly incompetent or those who knowingly violate the law.” <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-police-immunity-scotus-snapshot/six-takeaways-from-reuters-investigation-of-police-violence-and-qualified-immunity-idUSKBN22K1AM" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><em>Reuters</em> called it</a> “a highly effective shield in thousands of lawsuits seeking to hold cops accountable for using excessive force.”</p> <p>Attorney and activist Dave Roland called on Missouri to adopt a similar process in <a href="https://www.stltoday.com/opinion/columnists/dave-roland-no-more-excuses-hold-law-enforcement-officials-accountable/article_9d627981-1950-5858-abd9-d14cf587def6.htm" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">an op-ed published by the St. Louis Post-Dispatch</a>.</p> <blockquote><p>A consensus has developed — crossing all party and ideological lines — for the proposition that qualified immunity is an evil that should be undone. At the federal level either the Supreme Court or Congress could undo it, but thus far neither has seen fit to act. Justice in Missouri, however, does not need to wait on Washington — the Legislature can and should adopt a Missouri statute that allows citizens to sue government officials who have violated citizens’ constitutional rights.</p></blockquote> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>S4046 was referred to the <a href="https://www.njleg.state.nj.us/committees/Committees.asp?House=S" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Senate Law and Public Safety Committee</a> where it must pass by a majority vote before moving forward in the legislative process.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/new-jersey-bill-would-create-state-process-to-limit-police-qualified-immunity/">New Jersey Bill Would Create State Process to Limit Police Qualified Immunity</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Qualified Immunity State Bills Incorporation Doctrine New Jersey Police S4046 Mike Maharrey Nearly 200 State Legislators from 30 States Sign Letter Committing to Fight Unconstitutional Federal Vaccine Mandates https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/nearly-200-state-legislators-from-30-states-sign-letter-committing-to-fight-unconstitutional-federal-vaccine-mandates/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:159a5829-0479-8da2-8cf6-718afcd18531 Mon, 29 Nov 2021 05:00:57 +0000 <p>A group of state legislators dubbing itself the "Tenth Amendment Coalition" sent a letter to President Biden calling the federal vaccine mandate "unconstitutional, immoral, and void," and committing to reinsert the states "between the federal government and the People of the United States in order to defend the freedoms and jobs of all Americans."</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/nearly-200-state-legislators-from-30-states-sign-letter-committing-to-fight-unconstitutional-federal-vaccine-mandates/">Nearly 200 State Legislators from 30 States Sign Letter Committing to Fight Unconstitutional Federal Vaccine Mandates</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>A group of state legislators dubbing itself the &#8220;Tenth Amendment Coalition&#8221; sent a letter to President Biden calling the federal vaccine mandate &#8220;unconstitutional, immoral, and void,&#8221; and committing to reinsert the states &#8220;between the federal government and the People of the United States in order to defend the freedoms and jobs of all Americans.&#8221;<span id="more-38394"></span></p> <blockquote><p>&#8220;Please know that we will use every lawful means at our disposal to obstruct, frustrate, and reject your illegal mandate.&#8221;</p></blockquote> <p>Rep. Stewart Jones (R- S.C), Rep. Tatum Lee (R-Kan.), and Rep. Josiah Magnuson (R-S.C.) penned the letter. Nearly 200 legislators from 30 states signed it.</p> <p>Jones said as more legislators join the effort to stop the federal COVID-19 vaccine mandates, the coalition plans to send a second letter in the next week or two with even more states represented.</p> <p>If you’d like to sign the petition, you can visit <a href="http://tentherstates.com/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">TentherStates.com</a>.</p> <p>State legislators interested in signing the next letter should contact. Rep. Stewart Jones at <a title="">stewart@votestew.com</a>  or text 803-250-1135.</p> <p><strong>Full Text of the Letter</strong></p> <p>President Joseph Biden, November 25, 2021</p> <p>On December 4th, 2020 you were asked in front of America on national television, “do you want vaccines to be mandatory?” You responded, “No, I don’t think it should be mandatory. I wouldn’t demand it be mandatory&#8230;”</p> <p>But on September 9th, 2021 you did just that. You issued unconstitutional and immoral edicts to force employers and employees to take a COVID vaccine. Your actions strike at the very heart of our system of governance, as you are attempting to bypass not only the consent of the governed through the will of the People but the foundational limitations on federal power enshrined in our Constitution itself. Your edicts go against everything our country stands for.</p> <p>We cannot and will not stand by while Americans are being forced to choose between a jab and a job. No one should be forced to take a COVID vaccine against their will. And no President has the power to require that American citizens undergo a medical procedure of his whim. This brazen assault on our freedom is to be taken in the most serious terms. Therefore, we demand you immediately cease and desist all efforts to mandate the COVID vaccination.</p> <p>We applaud and stand by the recent rulings of the Fifth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals as they called the vaccine requirement “fatally flawed” and “staggeringly overbroad.” As they said, it is a “one-size-fits-all sledgehammer that makes hardly any attempt to account for differences in workplaces.” But since that ruling you have directed federal agencies to essentially ignore the hold issued by the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals.</p> <p>Attorneys General and Governors across our country have taken legal action and other measures to stop your egregious acts against the People of the United States of America. We stand alongside them to oppose your lawlessness.</p> <p>Americans losing their jobs is completely unnecessary. It is especially cruel to do this to people during the Thanksgiving and Christmas season. Many are set to lose their jobs if they don’t comply with your edicts by the first week in December.</p> <p>We are calling for businesses and healthcare facilities to ignore your unconstitutional acts. While the federal government controls CMS (Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services), you must realize that the funds which Medicare and Medicaid use ultimately come from the American people. As Americans, we all pay into those services. To deny the reimbursement of those funds is evil and will have dire consequences on patient care. It will cause even more people to die. How can you say this mandate is for the safety and health of our country, when it places our medical system in the balances?</p> <p>Our healthcare heroes have worked tirelessly through the COVID pandemic with limited staffing. Healthcare facilities including nursing homes and hospitals stand to lose around 40%-60% of their staff in some of our respective states because of your mandates. We simply will not stand by and allow this to happen.</p> <p>This also could become an issue of national security as military, guard members, and contractors of national security and nuclear sites are being forced to choose between a vaccine and their job. It could potentially leave nuclear materials vulnerable in our country. We are already seeing compromised situations.</p> <p>Many of our state governments have encouraged economic development by supporting companies that retain and hire employees and building and expanding business. Now both employers and employees are under attack. No free person should have to take this vaccine against their religion, their medical decisions for their own bodies, and their natural rights which are enshrined in the United States Bill of Rights and in our State Constitutions.</p> <p>There are undoubtedly limitations on terms of employment. We have laws in society to protect free individuals. What may be legal is not always right. Our laws recognize for example that there are certain discriminatory practices in which a business must not engage. If people have certain unalienable rights and there is inherent value in humanity, then slavery is morally wrong. It is in this same sense that holding someone slave to a vaccine in order to provide for their family is fundamentally flawed.</p> <p>The Ninth and Tenth Amendments to the United States Constitution recognize that powers not enumerated in the Constitution are retained by the States and the People thereof. These amendments are arguably the most important parts of the United States Constitution because they recognize that authority rests with the States. In response to the Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798, Thomas Jefferson wrote the Kentucky Resolutions, which argued that states have the right to void federal legislation that goes beyond the limits of the Constitution. In 1799, James Madison wrote similar legislation known as the Virginia Resolutions.</p> <p>As Americans, we should remember the spirit of the men who defended Fort Sullivan from the British bombardment in June of 1776. One patriot, Sgt. McDaniel was hit in the torso by a cannonball. His last dying words were “&#8230;do not let liberty expire with me today!” The events in South Carolina would inspire the signing of the Declaration of Independence, and ultimately our country&#8217;s victory in the American Revolution. Our ancestors obtained our liberty on these shores; it is up to us to preserve it.</p> <p>The Declaration of Independence states, “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness. To secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed&#8230;”</p> <p>What does the “consent of the governed” actually mean? If ‘We the People’ are being forced to make a medical decision against our own volition, then these actions are no longer about consent. They are about force. Not only that, but force from a federal executive authority &#8211; unnecessary force that has not only bypassed our representation in Congress, but also bypassed our humanity.</p> <p>Both Thomas Jefferson and James Madison advised the States to use interposition as a mechanism to defend liberty from federal tyranny. In Federalist #46 James Madison described this “anti-commandeering” principle as a “refusal to cooperate with officers of the Union.” Simply put, the States can bar agents from enforcing or assisting in unconstitutional federal acts. The concept of the “anti-commandeering doctrine” has a solid legal basis with five U.S. Supreme Court cases dating back to 1842. In 1997, the “anti-commandeering doctrine” was notably articulated by Justice Scalia in Printz v. United States, and was most recently upheld as of 2012 in NFIB v. Sebelius.</p> <p>In the 1905 case of Jacobson v. Massachusetts, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that “it is within the police power of a State to enact a compulsory vaccination law, and it is for the legislature&#8230;to determine.” This matter is not for the federal government to decide, if anything it is a State and local issue. We would go further to say that it is an individual decision.</p> <p>Therefore, we wish to inform you that we hold your vaccination mandate as void. We put you on notice that the States are reinserting themselves between the federal government and the People of the United States in order to defend the freedoms and jobs of all Americans. Please know that we will use every lawful means at our disposal to obstruct, frustrate, and reject your illegal mandate.</p> <p>Be it Resolved, We as members of the State Legislatures demand that you immediately rescind the aforementioned orders, restoring the proper resolution of these matters to the States in respect for the many intricacies of their jurisdictions, the framework of the United States Constitution, and the personal freedom of every American.</p> <p>For the future of liberty,<br /> -UNITED STATE LEGISLATORS OF AMERICA</p> <p><strong>South Carolina</strong><br /> Rep. Stewart Jones Rep. Josiah Magnuson Rep. Cal Forrest<br /> Rep. Bobby Cox<br /> Rep. Ashley Trantham Rep. Davey Hiott<br /> Rep. Steven Long Rep. Jonathon Hill Rep. Vic Dabney<br /> Rep. Melissa Oremus Rep. Bill Chumley Rep. Mike Burns<br /> Rep. RJ May<br /> Rep. Ryan McCabe Rep. Chip Huggins Rep. Lin Bennett<br /> Rep. Rick Martin<br /> Rep. Chris Wooten Rep. Richard Yow Rep. Rita Allison<br /> Rep. Mark Willis<br /> Rep. Garry Smith<br /> Rep. Bill Taylor<br /> Rep. Adam Morgan Rep. Sandy McGarry Rep. Steve Moss<br /> Rep. Patrick Haddon Rep. Joe Bustos<br /> Rep. Doug Gilliam Rep. Tommy Pope Rep. Anne Thayer Rep. John McCravy Rep. Craig Gagnon Rep. Bruce Bryant Sen. Tom Corbin<br /> Sen. Danny Verdin Sen. Brian Adams Sen. Richard Cash Sen. Dwight Loftis</p> <p><strong>Wyoming:</strong><br /> Sen. Cheri Steinmetz<br /> Rep. Chip Neiman<br /> Rep. Mark Jennings<br /> Rep. Chuck Gray<br /> Rep.Rachel Rodriguez-Williams</p> <p><strong>Kansas:</strong><br /> Rep. Tatum Lee<br /> Rep. Trevor Jacobs<br /> Rep. Bill Rhiley<br /> Rep. Cheryl Helmer<br /> Rep. John Toplikar<br /> Rep. Randy Garber<br /> Sen. Mark Steffen<br /> Sen. Alicia Straub</p> <p><strong>Virginia:</strong><br /> Del. Nick Freitas<br /> Sen. Amanda Chase</p> <p><strong>Florida:</strong><br /> Rep. Anthony Sabatini<br /> Rep. David Borrero</p> <p><strong>Nebraska:</strong><br /> Sen. Tom Brewer</p> <p><strong>Arizona:</strong><br /> Sen. Wendy Rogers<br /> Sen. Sonny Borrelli<br /> Sen. Kelly Townsend<br /> Rep. Leo Biasiucci<br /> Rep. Mark Finchem<br /> Rep. Joseph Chaplik</p> <p><strong>Oklahoma:</strong><br /> Sen. Nathan Dahm<br /> Rep. Justin JJ Humphrey<br /> Rep. Tammy Townley<br /> Sen. Rob Standridge<br /> Sen. Sean Roberts</p> <p><strong>Iowa: </strong><br /> Rep. Jeff Shipley</p> <p><strong>Kentucky:</strong><br /> Rep. Savannah Maddox<br /> Rep. Bill Wesley<br /> Sen. Adrienne Southworth</p> <p><strong>Georgia:</strong><br /> Rep. Philip Singleton<br /> Rep. Charlice Byrd<br /> Rep. Emory Dunnahoo</p> <p><strong>New Hampshire: </strong><br /> Rep. Tim Baxter<br /> Rep. Steve Carra<br /> Rep. Hershel Nunez<br /> Rep. James Spillane<br /> Rep. Jeanine Notter<br /> Rep. David Love<br /> Rep. Mark Warden<br /> Rep. Tina Harley<br /> Rep. David Binford<br /> Rep. Erica Layon<br /> Rep. Louise Andrus<br /> Rep. Tony Lekas<br /> Rep. Alicia Lekas<br /> Rep. Melissa Blasek<br /> Rep. Diane Pauer<br /> Rep. Leah Cushman<br /> en. John Reagan</p> <p><strong>Pennsylvania:</strong><br /> Rep. Andrew Lewis<br /> Rep. David Rowe<br /> Sen. Doug Mastriano</p> <p><strong>Minnesota:</strong><br /> Rep. Jeremy Munson<br /> Rep. Cal Bahr<br /> Rep. Steve Drazkowski<br /> Rep. Eric Lucero<br /> Rep. Tim Miller<br /> Rep. Glenn Gruenhagen<br /> Rep. Erik Mortensen<br /> Rep. Mary Franson</p> <p><strong>Wisconsin:</strong><br /> Rep. Shae Shortwell<br /> Rep. Clint Moses</p> <p><strong>Maine:</strong><br /> Rep. Billy Bob Faulkingham<br /> Rep. John Andrews<br /> Rep. Heidi Sampson</p> <p><strong>Indiana:</strong><br /> Rep. John Jacob<br /> Rep. Zach Payne<br /> Rep. Curt Nisly</p> <p><strong>Mississippi:</strong><br /> Rep. Joel Bomgar<br /> Rep. Dan Eubanks<br /> Rep. Steve Hopkins<br /> Rep. Dana Criswell<br /> Rep. Brady Williamson<br /> Rep. Chris Brown<br /> Rep. Jansen Owen<br /> Rep. Hank Zuber<br /> Rep. Shane Aguirre<br /> Rep. Becky Currie<br /> Rep. Stacey Wilkes<br /> Rep. Mark Tullos<br /> Rep. Bubba Carpenter<br /> Rep. Donnie Scoggin<br /> Rep. Price Wallace<br /> Rep. Randy Boyd<br /> Rep. Jill Ford<br /> Rep. Carolyn Crawford<br /> Rep. Dana Underwood<br /> Rep. Tom Weathersby<br /> Rep. Charles Busby<br /> Rep. Bill Kinkade<br /> Rep. Vince Mangold<br /> Rep. Billy Adam Calvert<br /> Rep. Troy Smith<br /> Rep. Tracy Arnold<br /> Rep. Shane Barnett<br /> Rep. Dale Goodin<br /> Sen. Angela Hill<br /> Sen. Mike McClendon</p> <p><strong>Alaska:</strong><br /> Rep. Christopher Kurka</p> <p><strong>Ohio:</strong><br /> Rep. Ron Ferguson</p> <p><strong>West Virginia:</strong><br /> Rep.Pat McGeehan</p> <p><strong>Colorada:</strong><br /> Rep. Richard Holtorf</p> <p><strong>Nevada:</strong><br /> Asm. Jill Dickman<br /> Asm. Jim Wheeler</p> <p><strong>Idaho:</strong><br /> Rep. Tammy Nichols<br /> Sen. Christy Zito<br /> Rep. Ron Nate<br /> Rep. Karey Hanks<br /> Rep. Greg Ferch<br /> Rep. Priscilla Giddings<br /> Rep. Chad Christensen<br /> Rep. Tony Wisniewski</p> <p><strong>Louisiana</strong><br /> Rep. Danny McCormick<br /> Rep. Larry Frieman</p> <p><strong>Washington: </strong><br /> Rep. Brad Klippert</p> <p><strong>Missouri:</strong><br /> Sen. Mike Moon</p> <p><strong>South Dakota:</strong><br /> Sen. Julie Frye-Mueller<br /> Rep. Taffy Howard<br /> Rep. Tom Pischke<br /> Rep. Aaron Aylward<br /> Rep. Bethany Soye<br /> Rep. Steve Haugaard</p> <p><strong>Montana:</strong><br /> Rep. Steven Galloway<br /> Rep. Sue Vinton<br /> Rep. Brad Tschida<br /> Rep. Paul C Fielder<br /> Rep. Steve Gunderson<br /> Rep. Mark Noland Rep. Derek Skees<br /> Rep. Fred Anderson<br /> Rep. Lola Sheldon-Galloway<br /> Rep. Bob Phalen<br /> Rep. Jerry Schilinger<br /> Rep. Barry Usher<br /> Rep. Marty Malone<br /> Rep. Jedediah Hinkle<br /> Rep. Jennifer Carlson<br /> Sen. Bob Keenan<br /> Sen. Greg Hertz<br /> Sen. Steve Hinebauch<br /> Sen. Tom McGillvray<br /> Sen. John Esp<br /> Sen. Gordy Vance<br /> Sen. Terry Gauthier<br /> Sen. Theresa Manzella</p> <p><strong>North Dakota: </strong><br /> Rep. Rick Becker<br /> Rep. Jeff Magrum<br /> Rep. Sebastian Ertelt</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/nearly-200-state-legislators-from-30-states-sign-letter-committing-to-fight-unconstitutional-federal-vaccine-mandates/">Nearly 200 State Legislators from 30 States Sign Letter Committing to Fight Unconstitutional Federal Vaccine Mandates</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Coalitions OSHA Vaccine Mandate Mike Maharrey Federal Reserve Independence Is a Silly Myth https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/federal-reserve-independence-is-a-silly-myth/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:629847e1-163d-5ee2-1681-087134cf9df1 Sat, 27 Nov 2021 17:27:24 +0000 <p>President Joe Biden recently announced he is appointing Jerome Powell for a second term as chairman of the Federal Reserve. Biden said he valued Powell's "independence."</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/federal-reserve-independence-is-a-silly-myth/">Federal Reserve Independence Is a Silly Myth</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>President Joe Biden recently announced he is appointing Jerome Powell for a second term as chairman of the Federal Reserve. Biden said he valued Powell&#8217;s &#8220;independence.&#8221;</p> <p>This perpetuates a silly myth &#8211; that the Fed is an &#8220;independent institution&#8221; above the political fray.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-width="550" data-dnt="true"> <p lang="en" dir="ltr">If you think for one second that the federal reserve is an &quot;independent institution,&quot; I&#39;ve got some mountaintop property here in Florida to sell you. <a href="https://twitter.com/mmaharrey10th?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">@mmaharrey10th</a><a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/EndtheFed?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#EndtheFed</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/liberty?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#liberty</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/10thAmendment?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#10thAmendment</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/politics?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#politics</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/libertarian?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#libertarian</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/truth?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#truth</a> <a href="https://t.co/L7s22qWnvS">pic.twitter.com/L7s22qWnvS</a></p> <p>&mdash; TenthAmendmentCenter (@TenthAmendment) <a href="https://twitter.com/TenthAmendment/status/1464284260743856136?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">November 26, 2021</a></p></blockquote> <p><script async src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script></p> <p><strong>For Further Reading</strong></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/05/23/how-the-fed-wrecks-the-economy/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">How the Fed Wrecks the Economy</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/09/18/the-constitutionality-of-a-national-bank-hamilton-vs-jefferson/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Constitutionality of a National Bank: Hamilton vs. Jefferson</a></p> <p><a class="_blank cvplbd" href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/15/federal-reserve-failure/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Federal Reserve Failure</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/federal-reserve-independence-is-a-silly-myth/">Federal Reserve Independence Is a Silly Myth</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Current Events Federal Reserve Maharrey Minute Central Bank Independence Jerome Powell Joe Biden Mike Maharrey Rights are Not Gifts from Government https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/rights-not-gifts-government/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:f91b9226-bfb7-89d4-2c5e-fb465534adad Fri, 26 Nov 2021 23:29:29 +0000 <p>This is a message I believe is so incredibly important to cover - again and again and again. Because as long as people continue to incorrectly refer to their rights as being "granted" by a document - then those who claim the power to "define" them will continue to restrict and attack them.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/rights-not-gifts-government/">Rights are Not Gifts from Government</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p dir="ltr"><em>“A free people claim their rights as derived from the laws of nature, and not as the gift of their chief magistrate.”</em></p> <p dir="ltr">That’s how Thomas Jefferson put it in 1774. And it truly stands the test of time.</p> <p dir="ltr"><strong>Rights are not gifts from government.</strong></p> <p dir="ltr">They don’t come from documents, or courts, or legislation &#8211; or anything of the like.</p> <p>Thomas Paine called them “imprescriptible rights.” Richard Henry Lee said they came from the “law of nature.”</p> <p>And as John Dickinson put it in 1776, <em>&#8220;Our liberties do not come from charters, for these are only the declaration of pre-existing rights.&#8221;</em></p> <p>Paine agreed when he wrote that <em>&#8220;it is a perversion of terms to say that a charter gives rights.&#8221;</em></p> <p dir="ltr">But this essential principle is increasingly lost on a general public more concerned with the political soap opera of the day rather than the fact that both major parties have aggressively attacked the Constitution and liberty for decades.</p> <p dir="ltr">And what they’ve left behind, they treat as government-granted privileges &#8211; not rights.</p> <p dir="ltr"><strong>It’s not liberty if it comes with a government permission slip.</strong></p> <p dir="ltr">This is a message I believe is so incredibly important to cover &#8211; again and again and again. Because as long as people continue to incorrectly refer to their rights as being &#8220;granted&#8221; by a document &#8211; then those who claim the power to &#8220;define&#8221; them will continue to restrict and attack them.</p> <p dir="ltr">As the great revolutionary leader James Otis, Jr. put it,<em> “When our rights are invaded, it is high time to throw aside prudence.”</em></p> <p>James Iredell &#8211; one of the first Associate Justices of the Supreme Court &#8211; said the people should &#8220;resist&#8221; when the government &#8220;usurp powers&#8221; not delegated to them.</p> <p>Mercy Otis Warren said it was our duty to &#8220;resist the first approaches of tyranny.&#8221;</p> <p>And Jefferson told us that nullification is &#8220;the rightful remedy&#8221; for all federal acts outside the delegated powers in the Constitution.</p> <p><strong>That&#8217;s a LOT of resistance and nullification that needs to happen.</strong></p> <p dir="ltr">We are so thankful to have this wisdom from the Founders and Old Revolutionaries available to us today &#8211; and for the ability to share this kind of information with more and more people every day.</p> <p dir="ltr">We couldn’t be more grateful for the opportunity to stand for the constitution and liberty at its time of maximum danger.</p> <p dir="ltr">Thank you so much for being here. We are so incredibly grateful for your support &#8211; large or small &#8211; it all helps us make a difference:<br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener" data-cke-saved-href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/"><strong>https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</strong></a></p> <p dir="ltr"><em>Concordia res parvae crescunt</em><br /> (small things grow great by concord)</p> <p><em>This post is featured in is today&#8217;s Tenther newsletter, which everyone in the nullification movement gets daily or weekly. <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register/">Be one of them</a> – and <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">Become a member here</a> to support the TAC.</em></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/rights-not-gifts-government/">Rights are Not Gifts from Government</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Founding Fathers Founding Principles Newsletter Founders Liberties Liberty Quotes Rights Michael Boldin A Living Breathing Constitution Is a Dead Constitution https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/a-living-breathing-constitution-is-a-dead-constitution/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:b7f2c5d8-acee-504f-6dc5-337d4ab79350 Wed, 24 Nov 2021 19:48:25 +0000 <p>The words of the commerce clause have not changed in over 200 years. But the Supreme Court has reinterpreted those words to mean something different.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/a-living-breathing-constitution-is-a-dead-constitution/">A Living Breathing Constitution Is a Dead Constitution</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>The words of the commerce clause have not changed in over 200 years. But the Supreme Court has reinterpreted those words to mean something different.</p> <p>James Madison warned us about this.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-width="550" data-dnt="true"> <p lang="en" dir="ltr">A &quot;living and breathing&quot; <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/Constitution?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#Constitution</a> is really a dead one. <a href="https://twitter.com/mmaharrey10th?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">@mmaharrey10th</a><a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/truth?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#truth</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/politics?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#politics</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/liberty?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#liberty</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/10thAmendment?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#10thAmendment</a> <a href="https://t.co/NaFvB7SaH3">pic.twitter.com/NaFvB7SaH3</a></p> <p>&mdash; TenthAmendmentCenter (@TenthAmendment) <a href="https://twitter.com/TenthAmendment/status/1463192123205771269?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">November 23, 2021</a></p></blockquote> <p><script async src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script></p> <p><strong>For Further Reading</strong></p> <p><a class="_blank cvplbd" href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/19/constitutional-sleight-of-hand-the-evolution-of-implied-powers/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Constitutional Sleight of Hand: The Evolution of Implied Powers</a></p> <p><a class="_blank cvplbd" href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/the-commerce-clause/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Commerce Clause</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2015/07/19/constitution-101-living-and-breathing-is-the-same-as-dead/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Constitution 101: Living and Breathing is the Same as Dead</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/a-living-breathing-constitution-is-a-dead-constitution/">A Living Breathing Constitution Is a Dead Constitution</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Commerce Clause Maharrey Minute Constitution James Madison Mike Maharrey Finding Perspective: Thanks to the Founders https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/finding-perspective-thanks-to-the-founders/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:305f4f66-a30b-1a90-ec96-708c718851bd Wed, 24 Nov 2021 18:53:11 +0000 <p>Living under the largest government in the history of the planet, it’s not always easy to see the light at the end of the tunnel, even in this season of thanks - and giving. But thanks to the timeless wisdom and advice from the Founders and Old Revolutionaries - we can stay on the path to liberty.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/finding-perspective-thanks-to-the-founders/">Finding Perspective: Thanks to the Founders</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>Living under the largest government in the history of the planet, it’s not always easy to see the light at the end of the tunnel, even in this season of thanks &#8211; and giving. But thanks to the timeless wisdom and advice from the Founders and Old Revolutionaries &#8211; we can stay on the path to liberty.</p> <p>Path to Liberty: November 24, 2021<span id="more-38388"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://podcasts.google.com/feed/aHR0cHM6Ly9ibG9nLnRlbnRoYW1lbmRtZW50Y2VudGVyLmNvbS9jYXRlZ29yeS92aWRlby9nb29kLW1vcm5pbmctbGliZXJ0eS9mZWVkLw?sa=X&amp;ved=0CAYQrrcFahcKEwigwITb6MrrAhUAAAAAHQAAAAAQBA" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Google</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe loading="lazy" width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/5l_xoTKyuHA?start=49" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/title/paine-the-writings-of-thomas-paine-vol-i-1774-1779#Paine_0548-01_500" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Thomas Paine &#8211; The Crisis I (23 Dec 1776)</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/title/lee-empire-and-nation-letters-from-a-farmer#Mcdonald_0010_69" rel="noopener" target="_blank">John Dickinson &#8211; Letter I from a Farmer in Pennsylvania (5 Nov 1767)</a></p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-16-02-0074" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Thomas Jefferson to Rev. Charles Clay (27 Jan 1790)</a></p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Adams/04-03-02-0240" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Abigail Adams to John Quincy Adams (20 Mar 1780)</a> </p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-10-02-0341" rel="noopener" target="_blank">John Jay to Thomas Jefferson (27 Oct 1786)</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/title/tucker-view-of-the-constitution-of-the-united-states-with-selected-writings#Tucker_0023_155" rel="noopener" target="_blank">St. George Tucker &#8211; View of the Constitution of the United States (1803)</a></p> <p><a href="http://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/2092/pg2092.html" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Samuel Adams &#8211; Candidus &#8211; Boston Gazette (14 Oct 1771) </a></p> <p><a href="https://ahp.gatech.edu/boston_mass_orat_1774.html" rel="noopener" target="_blank">John Hancock &#8211; Massacre Day Oration (5 Mar 1774)</a></p> <p><a href="http://www.drjosephwarren.com/2014/02/1772-boston-massacre-oration-full-text-2/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Joseph Warren &#8211; Massacre Day Oration (5 Mar 1772)</a></p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Franklin/01-41-02-0327" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Benjamin Franklin “Letter” to Sarah Bache (26 Jan 1784)</a></p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES</strong><br /> <a href="https://odysee.com/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6/path-112421:e" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Odysee</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.minds.com/newsfeed/1310309517283561482" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Minds</a></p> <p><a href="https://tv.gab.com/channel/tenthamendmentcenter/view/finding-perspective-thanks-to-the-founders-619e85aa91bd86272727ebea" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Gab TV</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.brighteon.com/8e19826d-e999-4320-9e0c-4c86d2cf0fb1" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Brighteon</a></p> <p><a href="https://fb.watch/9ugk4oje_u/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Facebook</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.bitchute.com/video/oEBjD0yRvyuH/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Bitchute</a></p> <p><a href="https://bittube.tv/post/cdd854f8-d14c-4130-8043-d9c125a2d211" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Bittube</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.instagram.com/tv/CWqzpSzB58X/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Instagram</a></p> <p><a href="https://hyprr.com/hypetv/eb0fe661-fc7c-4615-b4c0-4f31743ff5e5" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Hyprr</a></p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/TenthAmendment/status/1463560623845883905" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Twitter</a></p> <p><a href="https://rumble.com/vpqvlg-finding-perspective-thanks-to-the-founders.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Rumble</a></p> <p><a href="https://mewe.com/p/tenthamendmentcenter/show/619e88a06bb2cb08f66721c2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on MeWe</a></p> <p><a href="https://sovren.media/video/finding-perspective-thanks-to-the-founders-397.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Sovren</a></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a></p> <p>VIDEO PLATFORMS</p> <p><a href="https://odysee.com/$/invite/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Odysee</a><br /> <a href="https://www.youtube.com/user/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">YouTube</a><br /> <a href="https://hyprr.com/profile/tenthamendmentcenter?section=hypetv" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HypeTV</a><br /> <a href="https://www.brighteon.com/channels/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Brighteon</a><br /> <a href="https://tv.gab.com/channel/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Gab TV</a><br /> <a href="https://www.bitchute.com/channel/X0AJnBhWbCkx/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Bitchute</a><br /> <a href="https://bittube.tv/profile/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">BitTube</a><br /> <a href="https://dlive.tv/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">DLive</a><br /> <a href="https://www.twitch.tv/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Twitch</a><br /> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/tenthamendmentcenter/channel/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">IGTV</a></p> <p>SOCIAL PLATFORMS</p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/tenthamendment" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Twitter</a><br /> <a href="https://www.minds.com/TenthAmendmentCenter/?referrer=TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Minds</a><br /> <a href="https://www.facebook.com/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Facebook</a><br /> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/tenthamendmentcenter/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Instagram</a><br /> <a href="https://gab.com/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Gab</a><br /> <a href="https://mewe.com/p/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">MeWe</a><br /> <a href="https://www.linkedin.com/company/tenthamendmentcenter/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">LinkedIn</a><br /> <a href="https://www.pinterest.com/tenthamendment/_created/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Pinterest</a><br /> <a href="https://hyprr.com/profile/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Hyprr</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/finding-perspective-thanks-to-the-founders/">Finding Perspective: Thanks to the Founders</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Founding Fathers Founding Principles Path to Liberty American Revolution Founders Inspiration Liberty Old Revolutionaries Quotes Thanks Thanksgiving Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center 28:46 Living under the largest government in the history of the planet, it’s not always easy to see the light at the end of the tunnel, even in this season of thanks - and giving. But thanks to the timeless wisdom and advice from the Founders and Old Revolut... Living under the largest government in the history of the planet, it’s not always easy to see the light at the end of the tunnel, even in this season of thanks - and giving. But thanks to the timeless wisdom and advice from the Founders and Old Revolutionaries - we can stay on the path to liberty.<br /> Feds Buying Their Way Around the Fourth Amendment https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/feds-buying-their-way-around-the-fourth-amendment/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:15fc8082-51d4-40cc-fc38-33148596d007 Tue, 23 Nov 2021 17:55:15 +0000 <p>The feds are buying access to private data collection companies as a way to gather information on people without a warrant.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/feds-buying-their-way-around-the-fourth-amendment/">Feds Buying Their Way Around the Fourth Amendment</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>The feds are buying access to private data collection companies as a way to gather information on people without a warrant.<span id="more-38341"></span></p> <p>According to <a href="https://theintercept.com/2021/11/04/treasury-surveillance-location-data-babel-street/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a report by <em>The Intercept</em></a>, the U.S. Treasury Department bought two data feeds from a company called Babel Street. <a href="https://techinquiry.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Tech Inquiry</a> obtained the information through a FOIA request and shared it with <em>The Intercept</em>.</p> <p>The Treasury Department&#8217;s sanctions enforcement branch will use one of the data feeds, and the IRS will have access to the second. According to The Intercept, &#8220;both feeds enable government use of sensitive data collected by private corporations not subject to due process restrictions.&#8221;</p> <p>Through Bable Street, the Treasury Department will reportedly have access to sensitive location data and other information harvested from smartphone apps.</p> <p>It&#8217;s almost certain other federal agencies use a similar strategy.</p> <p>The <a href="https://theintercept.com/document/2021/11/04/babel-street-treasury-ofac-contract-2021" target="_blank" rel="noopener">first contract</a> was executed in July 2021 by the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control. This agency enforces U.S. economic sanctions. Documents obtained by <em>The Intercept</em> reveal OFAC investigators can use a Babel Street tool called Locate X to track the movements of individuals without a search warrant. It will facilitate the “analysis of cellphone ad-tech data … to research malign activity and identify malign actors, conduct network exploitation, examine corporate structures, and determine beneficial ownership,”</p> <p>Locate X collects geolocational data pulled from mobile phone apps. While the information is anonymized, according to <em>The Intercept</em>, &#8220;researchers have found time and time again that deanonymizing precise historical location data is trivial.&#8221; A company source <a href="https://www.vice.com/en/article/jgqm5x/us-military-location-data-xmode-locate-x" target="_blank" rel="noopener">told Motherboard</a> “we could absolutely deanonymize a person” and the company admitted that employees “play with it, to be honest.”</p> <p>The <a href="https://theintercept.com/document/2021/11/04/babel-street-u-s-treasury-irs-contract-2021" target="_blank" rel="noopener">IRS contract</a> was finalized on Sept. 30, 2021. Babel Street will provide the agency with software that “captures information from public-facing digital media records.&#8221; In other words, Babel Street will scrape social media sites and send information to the IRS in order to catch &#8220;tax-dodgers.&#8221;</p> <p>A <a href="https://www.vice.com/en/article/gv7g3m/meet-babel-street-the-powerful-social-media-surveillance-used-by-police-secret-service-and-sports-stadiums" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2017 Motherboard report</a> on Babel Street revealed that the company offers clients “access to over 25 social media sites, including Facebook, Instagram, and to Twitter’s firehose. … Babel Street’s filtering options are extremely precise, and allow for the user to screen for dates, times, data type, language, and—interestingly enough—sentiment.”</p> <p>Babel Street&#8217;s capabilities go beyond scanning social media posts. In its initial request for a contract, IRS asked for significant services, including the collection of “available bio-metric data, such as photos, current address, or changes to marital status” for people targeted by the agency, and the ability to “provide publicly available information of taxpayers’ past or present locations,” as well as “reports showing that a taxpayer participated in an online chat room, blog, or forum, and reports showing the chat room or blog conversation threads.”</p> <p>These tools effectively provide the government a pathway to avoid Fourth Amendment warrant requirements. Even the Supreme Court has held government agencies need a warrant to track cell phone location data (<em>Carpenter v. United States</em>). Under these agreements, the government has Babel do the dirty work of legally collecting the data and then accesses it without a warrant.</p> <p>“It is clear that multiple federal agencies have turned to purchasing Americans’ data to buy their way around Americans’ Fourth Amendment rights,” Sen. Ron Wyden (D-Ore.) told <em>The Intercept</em>.</p> <p>This is yet another example of the growing federal surveillance states and the government&#8217;s complete disregard of limits on its actions.</p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/10/12/status-report-nullifying-the-national-surveillance-state/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">State action can help limit federal spying</a>.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/feds-buying-their-way-around-the-fourth-amendment/">Feds Buying Their Way Around the Fourth Amendment</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Federal Agencies Surveillance Fourth Amendment location data Privacy Spying surveillance Mike Maharrey Biden’s Inflation Malarky https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/bidens-inflation-malarky/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:ba221906-6ab0-948c-f0e8-08c813ad289d Tue, 23 Nov 2021 17:44:17 +0000 <p>Let’s just hope that this time around, more people recognize that it’s the Federal Reserve that is the culprit, not the private sector. In that way, we get closer to restoring a sound free-market monetary system, one that necessarily entails abolishing the Fed.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/bidens-inflation-malarky/">Biden’s Inflation Malarky</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p class="p1">Just recently I was thinking that at the very least, libertarians have made progress in causing people to see that inflation is caused by the government — specifically the Federal Reserve — and not by the private sector.</p> <p class="p1">And then President Biden comes forward and damages my optimism!<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></p> <p class="p1">According to an article in the <i>Washington Post,</i> Biden is “considering whether to escalate an attack on parts of corporate America over rising prices…. The administration would amplify criticisms of large firms in heavily concentrated industries for passing higher prices on to consumers as they benefit from high profits”</p> <p class="p1">According to the article, “The White House took a step in this direction earlier this week, with Biden urging the Federal Trade Commission to escalate its investigation of anti-competitive behavior in the oil and gas industry, which the president alleged was leading to higher prices for drivers at the pump.”</p> <p class="p1">All we need now are Richard Nixon-era wage and price controls and Gerald Ford-era “Whip Inflation Now” buttons and the inflation problem will be resolved. And just think — we can have those long lines at the gas stations all over again, just like in the 1970s.<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></p> <p class="p1">Does Biden really believe that people will fall for this nonsense? Yep!</p> <p class="p1">Ever since he became president, Biden has been spending money like there was no tomorrow. Like his predecessor Donald Trump, he has been spending much more than what the federal government brings in with taxes. That means the government has to borrow the difference.</p> <p class="p1">That means an ever-increasing debt load for the federal government. The federal government’s debt is now almost $29 trillion.</p> <p class="p1">To repay that debt, one option would be to tax everyone. According to <a href="http://u.s.debtclock.org/"><span class="s1">U.S.debtclock.org</span></a> (an impressive website I recommend looking at), that would amount to $229,705 per taxpayer.</p> <p class="p1">Obviously, taxing people to pay off that debt would not be a popular thing to do. So, that’s where the Federal Reserve comes into play. It pays off that debt in cheapened, debased dollars.<span class="Apple-converted-space"> In the process, prices rise to reflect the debased value of everyone’s money. Inflation is a government’s surreptitious, fraudulent way to tax people. </span></p> <p>That’s what the Fed has done ever since it was established in 1913. That’s why silver coins no longer circulate. The Fed printed so much paper money that it drove them out of circulation, leaving us with cheap alloyed coins.</p> <p class="p1">That’s why the Fed was established in the first place — to accommodate the massive amounts of money that were to be spent on the welfare-warfare state in the decades ahead.</p> <p class="p1">It’s nothing new. Government officials have been inflating the money supply for centuries as a way to finance out-of-control federal spending. It’s actually a fantastic way to plunder the citizenry. When prices start rising, public officials can blame greedy, profit-seeking entrepreneurs in the private sector, just as Biden is now doing. Since people don’t understand that rising prices are the result of a debased currency, they go along with the scam and support wage and price controls and enthusiastically wear WIN buttons.</p> <p class="p1">When public officials were sending people those stimulus checks, they were saying that it was “free” money.” Here at FFF, we rained on that parade by saying that it wasn’t going to be free in the long run. Today, with prices soaring at the gas pump, the grocery store, and most everywhere else, people are figuring out that we were right — that those stimulus checks weren’t free after all.<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></p> <p class="p1">Let’s just hope that this time around, more people recognize that it’s the Federal Reserve that is the culprit, not the private sector. In that way, we get closer to restoring a sound free-market monetary system, one that necessarily entails abolishing the Fed.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/bidens-inflation-malarky/">Biden’s Inflation Malarky</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Current Events Economics Inflation Joe Biden Jacob Hornberger Thomas Paine: The Evils of Paper Money https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/thomas-paine-the-evils-of-paper-money/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:f91c737b-9308-370f-0edc-2a4cd88b4f0f Mon, 22 Nov 2021 19:04:14 +0000 <p>While most people associate support for sound money with founders like Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, in 1786 Thomas Paine issued a blistering attack on fiat money, writing that the “evils of paper money have no end.”</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/thomas-paine-the-evils-of-paper-money/">Thomas Paine: The Evils of Paper Money</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>While most people associate support for sound money with founders like Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, in 1786 Thomas Paine issued a blistering attack on fiat money, writing that the “evils of paper money have no end.”</p> <p>Path to Liberty: November 22, 2021 <span id="more-38377"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://podcasts.google.com/feed/aHR0cHM6Ly9ibG9nLnRlbnRoYW1lbmRtZW50Y2VudGVyLmNvbS9jYXRlZ29yeS92aWRlby9nb29kLW1vcm5pbmctbGliZXJ0eS9mZWVkLw?sa=X&amp;ved=0CAYQrrcFahcKEwigwITb6MrrAhUAAAAAHQAAAAAQBA" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Google</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe loading="lazy" width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/zEmqeZoV_R0?start=44" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.cato.org/blog/thomas-paine-advocate-sound-money-banking" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Thomas Paine, Advocate of Sound Money and Banking</a></p> <p><a href="https://goldback.com/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Goldback.com</a></p> <p><a href="https://thomaspaine.org/essays/american-politics-&#038;-government/dissertations-on-government.html?two" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Paine: Dissertations on Government (18 Feb 1786)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.thomaspaine.org/essays/american-politics-&#038;-government/letters-on-the-bank.html" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Letter to the Pennsylvania Packet, April 4, 1786 </a> </p> <p><a href="https://thomaspaine.org/recently-discovered/attack-on-paper-money-laws.html" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Attack on Paper Money Laws &#8211; 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Articles of Confederation Audio/Video Federal Reserve Path to Liberty Thomas Paine Bank of North America fiat money Paper Money Sound Money Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center 36:31 While most people associate support for sound money with founders like Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, in 1786 Thomas Paine issued a blistering attack on fiat money, writing that the “evils of paper money have no end.” While most people associate support for sound money with founders like Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, in 1786 Thomas Paine issued a blistering attack on fiat money, writing that the “evils of paper money have no end.”<br /> Remember — I Told You So! https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/remember-i-told-you-so/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:281f0a14-d1c4-0988-d632-278329233a1e Mon, 22 Nov 2021 16:30:02 +0000 <p>The U.S. government ran another huge budget deficit to kick of fiscal 2022. I know most people don't care about budget deficits anymore. They don't think it's a problem. But nothing is a crisis until it's a crisis.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/remember-i-told-you-so/">Remember — I Told You So!</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>The U.S. government ran another huge budget deficit to kick of fiscal 2022. I know most people don&#8217;t care about budget deficits anymore. They don&#8217;t think it&#8217;s a problem. But nothing is a crisis until it&#8217;s a crisis.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-width="550" data-dnt="true"> <p lang="en" dir="ltr">This kind of insane borrowing and spending can&#39;t go on forever without a massive crisis. <a href="https://twitter.com/mmaharrey10th?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">@mmaharrey10th</a> <a href="https://t.co/JAGKd9yRHw">pic.twitter.com/JAGKd9yRHw</a></p> <p>&mdash; TenthAmendmentCenter (@TenthAmendment) <a href="https://twitter.com/TenthAmendment/status/1462103444530110474?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">November 20, 2021</a></p></blockquote> <p><script async src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script></p> <p><strong>For Further Reading</strong></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/new-fiscal-year-same-old-federal-deficits/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">New Fiscal Year; Same Old Federal Deficits</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/02/feds-set-spending-record-in-fiscal-2021-ran-second-largest-budget-deficit-in-history/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Feds Set Spending Record in Fiscal 2021; Ran Second-Largest Budget Deficit in History</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/10/28/more-excuses-while-feds-run-biggest-deficit-in-seven-years/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Trump administration Approached a $1 trillion Deficit in 2019</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/remember-i-told-you-so/">Remember — I Told You So!</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Federal Funding Maharrey Minute budget deficit government spending National Debt Mike Maharrey Today in History: North Carolina Ratifies the Constitution https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/today-in-history-north-carolina-ratifies-the-constitution/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:7b259a13-1580-0b29-7746-19da79272493 Mon, 22 Nov 2021 06:17:17 +0000 <p>Today in 1789, North Carolina ratified the Constitution, becoming the 12th state to do so. Prior to this, the state had held a first convention in Hillsborough that decided not to ratify, but left open the possibility of doing so in the future.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/today-in-history-north-carolina-ratifies-the-constitution/">Today in History: North Carolina Ratifies the Constitution</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <div class="kvgmc6g5 cxmmr5t8 oygrvhab hcukyx3x c1et5uql ii04i59q"> <div dir="auto">Today in 1789, North Carolina ratified the Constitution, becoming the 12th state to do so. Prior to this, the state had held a first convention in Hillsborough that decided not to ratify, but left open the possibility of doing so in the future.</div> <div dir="auto"></div> </div> <div class="o9v6fnle cxmmr5t8 oygrvhab hcukyx3x c1et5uql ii04i59q"> <div dir="auto">Prior to North Carolina’s decision to ratify, and while North Carolina was an independent republic, Hugh Williamson served as North Carolina’s ambassador to the new United States government in Philadelphia. While he was there, Williamson actively encouraged the government to amend the Constitution so that it would be suitable to his own state’s interests.</div> <div dir="auto"></div> <div dir="auto">He made it known that the state remained fearful that an “energetic government” would trample upon the state’s sovereignty and the individual liberty of its inhabitants. While making this clear, the two republics established a cordial, well-mannered relationship.</div> <div dir="auto"></div> </div> <div class="o9v6fnle cxmmr5t8 oygrvhab hcukyx3x c1et5uql ii04i59q"> <div dir="auto">During this time, the sovereignty of North Carolina was not threatened by the United States, and the two governments remained amiable.</div> <div dir="auto"></div> <div dir="auto">Peace, friendship, and a mutual understanding helped pave the way for North Carolina’s eventual ratification.</div> </div> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/today-in-history-north-carolina-ratifies-the-constitution/">Today in History: North Carolina Ratifies the Constitution</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. History State Ratifying Conventions Uncategorized Constitution Hugh Williamson North Carolina Ratification Today in History Dave Benner Signed by the Governor: Florida Takes First Step Toward Withdrawing from OSHA https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/signed-by-the-governor-florida-takes-first-step-toward-withdrawing-from-osha/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:8832f05e-e8db-8d17-6631-7f55158e99e7 Sat, 20 Nov 2021 17:20:03 +0000 <p>Gov. Ron DeSantis signed a bill into law that takes the first step toward withdrawing the state from the federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), setting the stage to implement a "state plan" in its place.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/signed-by-the-governor-florida-takes-first-step-toward-withdrawing-from-osha/">Signed by the Governor: Florida Takes First Step Toward Withdrawing from OSHA</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>TALLAHASSEE</strong>, Fla. (Nov. 20, 2021) &#8211; On Thursday, Gov. Ron DeSantis signed a bill into law that takes the first step toward withdrawing the state from the federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), setting the stage to implement a &#8220;state plan&#8221; in its place.<span id="more-38371"></span></p> <p>Rep. Ardian Zika (R-Land O’Lakes) filed House Bill 5 (<a href="https://www.myfloridahouse.gov/Sections/Bills/billsdetail.aspx?BillId=74090" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB5-B</a>) and Sen. Travis Hutson (R-St. Augustine) filed the companion Senate Bill 6 (<a href="https://www.flsenate.gov/Session/Bill/2021B/6B" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SB6-B</a>).  Stating that it is &#8220;the intent of the Legislature to provide for the establishment of the Florida Occupational Safety and Health State Plan,&#8221; the new law requires the office of Gov. DeSantis to &#8220;develop a proposal for a state plan to assert state jurisdiction over occupational safety and health issues for government and private employees.&#8221;</p> <p>It also appropriates $1 million to the Executive Office of the Governor from the General Revenue Fund for the purpose of implementing the act, and gives the Office until Jan. 17, 2022 to submit a status report to leadership of the legislature that includes, at a minimum:</p> <blockquote><p>1. Timelines for the completion of the proposal and for the completion of the state plan, including the establishment of an agency to oversee the state plan, legislation necessary to implement the state plan, and the scope of coverage with respect to employees covered under, and excluded from, the state plan.</p> <p>2. An explanation of whether additional employees, consultants, or contractors need to be hired to assist with the development of the proposal and the state plan and whether additional funds need to be appropriated for that purpose.</p></blockquote> <p>“If OSHA, the Department of Labor and OSHA, is going to be weaponized as a way to hold hostage businesses throughout the state of Florida, no problem. We want a different plan,” said House Speaker Chris Sprowls (R-Palm Harbor). “We want out of OSHA. We&#8217;ll submit our own regulatory authority and say goodbye to the federal government.”</p> <p><strong>THE PROCESS</strong></p> <p>Under OSHA regulations, implementation and enforcement can be done on either a state or a federal level, and should Florida successfully withdraw from the federal program, it would join <a href="https://www.osha.gov/stateplans/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">22 other states that are currently on a &#8220;state plan.&#8221;</a></p> <p>Once a state plan is formulated, it&#8217;s then sent to the federal government, which must give it approval before OSHA withdraws its own resources. Some experts have suggested that the process could take multiple years. Additionally, when the state submits its plans to OSHA for approval, it must make sure it follows the policies and procedures outlined by OSHA, and must be able to <a href="https://www.osha.gov/sites/default/files/enforcement/directives/CSP_01-00-005.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noreferrer noopener">conform to the necessary criteria</a> within three years of its start date.</p> <p>And even once a state plan is approved, OSHA monitors those plans and requires them to be at least as strict as OSHA’s guidelines and regulations. According to OSHA, the agency <em>&#8220;monitors and evaluates State Plans <strong>annually</strong> through the Federal Annual Monitoring Evaluation (FAME) process. This process is used to: determine whether the State Plan is continuing to operate at least as effectively as OSHA, track a State Plan&#8217;s progress in achieving its strategic and annual performance goals, and ensure that the State Plan is meeting its mandated responsibilities under the Act and other relevant regulations.&#8221;</em> [emphasis added]</p> <p><strong>ENFORCEMENT</strong></p> <p>With just under 800 inspectors working for OSHA, and another 1200 administering the remaining state plans, federal officials have repeatedly noted that it would take the agency approximately 160 <strong>years</strong> <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/09/can-states-nullify-the-new-federal-mandates/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">to inspect every business under its jurisdiction just one time</a>.</p> <p>With that achilles heel in mind, sources close to the Tenth Amendment Center have indicated that multiple states are likely to consider legislation to not just set up a state plan, but ban the state from participating in the enforcement of the new mandates, relying on the fact that the person power and resources available on the federal level will make those mandates nearly impossible to enforce should there be widespread resistance on a business and individual level.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/signed-by-the-governor-florida-takes-first-step-toward-withdrawing-from-osha/">Signed by the Governor: Florida Takes First Step Toward Withdrawing from OSHA</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. OSHA State Bills Vaccines Florida HB5 State Plan Michael Boldin Idaho Bill Would Prohibit State Enforcement of Federal Vaccine Mandate https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/idaho-bill-would-prohibit-state-enforcement-of-federal-vaccine-mandate/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:fa8714f2-89f1-239e-45f7-8f508ec483f0 Fri, 19 Nov 2021 23:05:09 +0000 <p>The legislation would amend existing state statutes to prohibit public officials, employees, or agents of the state or any of its political subdivisions from enforcing or providing resources to enforce a federal vaccine mandate. The proposed law includes civil penalties for any person violating the law.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/idaho-bill-would-prohibit-state-enforcement-of-federal-vaccine-mandate/">Idaho Bill Would Prohibit State Enforcement of Federal Vaccine Mandate</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>BOISE</strong>, Idaho (Nov. 19, 2021) &#8211; A bill introduced in the Idaho House would prohibit state enforcement of the federal vaccine mandate, an important first step to nullify it in practice and effect.<span id="more-38364"></span></p> <p>The House Ways and Means Committee introduced House Bill 435 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/ID/bill/H0435/2021" target="_blank" rel="noopener">H435</a>) on Nov. 15. The legislation would amend existing state statutes to prohibit public officials, employees, or agents of the state or any of its political subdivisions from enforcing or providing resources to enforce a federal vaccine mandate. The proposed law includes civil penalties for any person violating the law.</p> <p><b>VACCINE MANDATE ENFORCEMENT IN PRACTICE</b></p> <p>The 490-page federal vaccine regulation requires every person employed by businesses with 100 or more workers to be vaccinated or undergo weekly COVID-19 testing. According to <em>CBS News</em>, that includes 84 million employees. The mandate also covers all federal workers and contractors. Companies that fail to comply will face fines of nearly $14,000 per “serious” violation. OSHA will serve as the primary enforcement agency for the mandate.</p> <p>Implementation and enforcement of OSHA regulations can be done on either a state or a federal level. Idaho is one of <a href="https://www.osha.gov/stateplans/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">28 states</a> where OSHA has full enforcement responsibility. But even in such states, OSHA receives assistance and cooperation from state agencies and employees. The passage of H435 would withdraw any and all state and local support from enforcing vaccine mandates.</p> <p>This leaves OSHA in a bad position because it has a significant personnel problem. OSHA only employs 774 inspectors. Another 1,200 work for the states but enforce OSHA rules. That small force of inspectors must cover more than 7 million businesses. Currently, it would take them <a href="https://www.politico.com/story/2019/06/17/number-of-workplace-safety-inspectors-fall-under-trump-1531659" target="_blank" rel="noopener">160 years to inspect every business under its jurisdiction just one time</a>. That’s why the feds will have to rely on snitches to have any hope of enforcing the vaccine mandate.</p> <blockquote><p>“There is no army of OSHA inspectors that is going to be knocking on employers’ doors or even calling them,” a former OSHA chief of staff <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/13/feds-cant-enforce-vaccine-mandate-without-a-lot-of-help/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">told CBS News</a> “They’re going to rely on workers and their union representatives to file complaints where the company is totally flouting the law.”</p></blockquote> <p>OSHA will also rely on state cooperation to enforce the mandate. It’s a “team effort.”</p> <p>Here’s the dirty little secret they don’t want you to know — <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/10/partnerships-dont-work-when-half-the-team-quits/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">partnerships and “team efforts” don’t work when half the team quits</a>.</p> <p>If employees refuse to tell on their coworkers and employers, and if states refuse to help enforce the vaccine mandates, the vaccine mandates won’t be enforced.</p> <p>End of story.</p> <p>State action can set the stage to nullify the vaccine mandate in practice and effect.</p> <p>Based on <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2016/12/15/james-madison-four-steps-to-stop-federal-programs/">James Madison’s advice</a> for states and individuals in <em>Federalist #46</em>, a “refusal to cooperate with officers of the Union” is an extremely effective method to hinder the enforcement of any federal action because most enforcement relies on help, support and leadership from the states. This is true of virtually every federal law, and it will clearly be the case with the vaccine mandates.</p> <p>Human action is also key. States can ban enforcement help all they want, but if everyone still complies, there’s nothing to enforce. In order to nullify the mandate, people must reject and resist it first and foremost.</p> <p><strong>LEGAL BASIS</strong></p> <p>The state of Idaho can refuse to use state personnel or resources for the enforcement of any federal act whether constitutional or not.</p> <p>Refusal to cooperate with federal enforcement rests on a well-established legal principle known as <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2013/12/28/states-dont-have-to-comply-the-anti-comandeering-doctrine/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">the anti-commandeering doctrine</a>. Simply put, the federal government cannot force states to help implement or enforce <strong>any</strong> federal act or program. The anti-commandeering doctrine is based primarily on five Supreme Court cases dating back to 1842. <em>Printz v. U.S.</em> serves as the cornerstone.</p> <blockquote><p>“We held in New York that Congress cannot compel the States to enact or enforce a federal regulatory program. Today we hold that Congress cannot circumvent that prohibition by conscripting the States’ officers directly. The Federal Government may neither issue directives requiring the States to address particular problems, nor command the States’ officers, or those of their political subdivisions, to administer or enforce a federal regulatory program. It matters not whether policy making is involved, and no case by case weighing of the burdens or benefits is necessary; such commands are fundamentally incompatible with our constitutional system of dual sovereignty”</p></blockquote> <p><strong>No determination of constitutionality is necessary</strong> to invoke the anti-commandeering doctrine. State and local governments can refuse to enforce federal laws or implement federal programs whether they are constitutional or not.</p> <p>If Idaho doesn’t want to enforce vaccine mandates, it doesn’t have to — no matter what a federal court says about the constitutionality of such mandates.</p> <p><strong>WHAT&#8217;S NEXT</strong></p> <p>H435 was referred to <a href="https://legislature.idaho.gov/committees/housecommittees/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">House Health &amp; Welfare Committee</a> where it must pass by a majority vote before moving forward in the legislative process.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/idaho-bill-would-prohibit-state-enforcement-of-federal-vaccine-mandate/">Idaho Bill Would Prohibit State Enforcement of Federal Vaccine Mandate</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. OSHA State Bills Vaccines H435 idaho Mandates Mike Maharrey To the Governor: Pennsylvania Passes “Constitutional Carry” Bill https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/to-the-governor-pennsylvania-passes-constitutional-carry-bill/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:33c91a44-1795-73f8-2c92-1816d22037b0 Fri, 19 Nov 2021 21:18:56 +0000 <p>On Tuesday, the Pennsylvania House gave final approval to a “constitutional carry” bill that would make it legal for people in the state to carry a firearm – concealed or open – without a permit. Passage of this legislation would also create an environment hostile to federal gun control.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/to-the-governor-pennsylvania-passes-constitutional-carry-bill/">To the Governor: Pennsylvania Passes “Constitutional Carry” Bill</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>HARRISBURG</strong>, Pa. (Nov. 19, 2021) – On Tuesday, the Pennsylvania House gave final approval to a “constitutional carry” bill that would make it legal for people in the state to carry a firearm – concealed or open – without a permit. Passage of this legislation would also create an environment hostile to federal gun control.<span id="more-38363"></span></p> <p>Sen. Cris Dush (R) and a coalition of 19 Republicans introduced Senate Bill 565 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/PA/bill/SB565/2021" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SB565</a>) last April. The legislation would repeal current law requiring a state-issued license to carry a concealed firearm. Under the proposed law, “every person present in this Commonwealth WHO IS NOT PROHIBITED FROM POSSESSING FIREARMS UNDER FEDERAL LAW OR THE LAWS OF THIS COMMONWEALTH shall have an affirmative, fundamental and constitutional right to keep and bear firearms, including the right to carry openly or concealed, carry loaded or unloaded, train with, transport, possess, use, acquire, purchase, transfer, inherit, buy, sell, give or otherwise dispose of or receive any firearm.”</p> <p>The state’s concealed carry permitting program would continue for those wanting a permit to carry in a state with CCDW permit reciprocity with Pennsylvania.</p> <p>On Nov. 16, the House passed SB565 <a href="https://legiscan.com/PA/rollcall/SB565/id/1116202" target="_blank" rel="noopener">by a 107-92 vote</a>. The Senate passed the measure by <a href="https://legiscan.com/PA/rollcall/SB565/id/1115724" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a 29-21 vote</a> earlier in the month. The legislation now goes to Gov. Tom Wolf&#8217;s desk for his consideration.</p> <p><strong>EFFECT ON FEDERAL GUN CONTROL</strong></p> <p>While permitless carry bills do not directly affect federal gun control, the widespread passage of permitless conceal carry laws in states subtly undermines federal efforts to regulate guns. As we’ve seen with marijuana and industrial hemp, a federal regulation becomes ineffective when states ignore it and pass laws encouraging the prohibited activity anyway.</p> <p>The federal government lacks the enforcement power necessary to maintain its ban, and people will willingly take on the small risk of federal sanctions if they know the state will not interfere. This increases when the state actively encourages “the market.”</p> <p>Less restrictive state gun laws will likely have a similar impact on federal gun laws. It will make it that much more difficult for the feds to enforce any future federal gun control, and increase the likelihood that states with few limits will simply refuse to cooperate with federal enforcement efforts.</p> <p>State actions such as passing “constitutional carry” lower barriers for those wanting the option of defending themselves with firearms and encourage a “gun-friendly” environment that would make federal efforts to limit firearms that much more difficult.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>Gov. Wolf will have 10 days from the date SB565 is transmitted to his desk to sign or veto the bill. If he takes no action, it will become law without his signature.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/to-the-governor-pennsylvania-passes-constitutional-carry-bill/">To the Governor: Pennsylvania Passes “Constitutional Carry” Bill</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Right to Keep and Bear Arms State Bills 2nd Amendment Concealed Carry Constitutional Carry firearms Pennsylvania SB565 Mike Maharrey Top-4 Myths About Nullification https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/top-4-myths-about-nullification/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:f58c3dc1-a889-c8e3-c825-0f7f56d6eae0 Fri, 19 Nov 2021 18:03:08 +0000 <p>We hear them every single day - the leading reasons and excuses to not use nullification. They’re all based on myths.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/top-4-myths-about-nullification/">Top-4 Myths About Nullification</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>We hear them every single day &#8211; the leading reasons and excuses to not use nullification. They’re all based on myths.</p> <p>Path to Liberty. Fast Friday Edition: November 19, 2021 <span id="more-38366"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://podcasts.google.com/feed/aHR0cHM6Ly9ibG9nLnRlbnRoYW1lbmRtZW50Y2VudGVyLmNvbS9jYXRlZ29yeS92aWRlby9nb29kLW1vcm5pbmctbGliZXJ0eS9mZWVkLw?sa=X&amp;ved=0CAYQrrcFahcKEwigwITb6MrrAhUAAAAAHQAAAAAQBA" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Google</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener 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href="https://www.minds.com/TenthAmendmentCenter/?referrer=TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Minds</a><br /> <a href="https://www.facebook.com/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Facebook</a><br /> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/tenthamendmentcenter/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Instagram</a><br /> <a href="https://gab.com/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Gab</a><br /> <a href="https://mewe.com/p/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">MeWe</a><br /> <a href="https://www.linkedin.com/company/tenthamendmentcenter/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">LinkedIn</a><br /> <a href="https://www.pinterest.com/tenthamendment/_created/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Pinterest</a><br /> <a href="https://hyprr.com/profile/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Hyprr</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/top-4-myths-about-nullification/">Top-4 Myths About Nullification</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Nullification Path to Liberty James Madison Myths Nullify! Strategy thomas jefferson Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center 17:38 We hear them every single day - the leading reasons and excuses to not use nullification. They’re all based on myths. We hear them every single day - the leading reasons and excuses to not use nullification. They’re all based on myths.<br /> They’re Mad Because I Won’t Push Their Dumb Strategy https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/theyre-mad-because-i-wont-push-their-dumb-strategy/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:f1e86cce-b002-1660-f7e6-f2e261898263 Fri, 19 Nov 2021 17:29:40 +0000 <p>They are angry that I'm not pushing their preferred strategy - sue in federal courts. Of course, we've seen how that works out.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/theyre-mad-because-i-wont-push-their-dumb-strategy/">They’re Mad Because I Won’t Push Their Dumb Strategy</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>I recently wrote an article explaining the state and individual action can effectively nullify the vaccine mandate. OSHA doesn&#8217;t have the personnel or resources to enforce it.</p> <p>But I actually got some pushback from Republicans. They are angry that I&#8217;m not pushing their preferred strategy &#8211; sue in federal courts. Of course, we&#8217;ve seen how that works out.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-width="550" data-dnt="true"> <p lang="en" dir="ltr">Relying on federal courts to stop a federal mandate isn&#39;t a good strategy, even if you get lucky every few decades. <a href="https://twitter.com/mmaharrey10th?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">@mmaharrey10th</a><a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/OSHA?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#OSHA</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/mandate?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#mandate</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/liberty?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#liberty</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/constitution?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#constitution</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/resist?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#resist</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/nullify?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#nullify</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/10thAmendment?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#10thAmendment</a> <a href="https://t.co/ybyqzz3jj4">pic.twitter.com/ybyqzz3jj4</a></p> <p>&mdash; TenthAmendmentCenter (@TenthAmendment) <a href="https://twitter.com/TenthAmendment/status/1461381987705311232?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">November 18, 2021</a></p></blockquote> <p><script async src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script></p> <p><strong>For Further Reading</strong></p> <p><a class="_blank cvplbd" href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/13/feds-cant-enforce-vaccine-mandate-without-a-lot-of-help/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Feds Can’t Enforce Vaccine Mandate Without “A Lot of Help”</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/10/04/federal-courts-fail-again-in-washington-gun-case/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Federal Courts Fail Again in Washington Gun Case</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/05/11/another-case-shows-the-supreme-court-doesnt-protect-liberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Another Case Shows the Supreme Court Doesn’t Protect Liberty</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/theyre-mad-because-i-wont-push-their-dumb-strategy/">They’re Mad Because I Won’t Push Their Dumb Strategy</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Maharrey Minute OSHA federal courts Nullification Strategy Vaccine Mandate Mike Maharrey Ohio Bill Would Expand State’s Medical Marijuana Program Despite Federal Prohibition https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/ohio-bill-would-expand-states-medical-marijuana-program-despite-federal-prohibition/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:8a1504f3-548b-984d-642e-090b4b8dee8f Thu, 18 Nov 2021 12:18:03 +0000 <p>A bill introduced in the Ohio Senate would significantly expand the state's medical marijuana program despite federal prohibition on the same</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/ohio-bill-would-expand-states-medical-marijuana-program-despite-federal-prohibition/">Ohio Bill Would Expand State’s Medical Marijuana Program Despite Federal Prohibition</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>COLUMBUS</strong>, Ohio (Nov. 18, 2021) &#8211; A bill introduced in the Ohio Senate would significantly expand the state&#8217;s medical marijuana program despite federal prohibition on the same.<span id="more-38347"></span></p> <p>Sen. Steve Huffman (R), and Sen. Kenny Yuko (D) introduced Senate Bill 261 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/OH/bill/SB261/2021" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SB261</a>) on Nov. 9. The legislation would expand access to medical marijuana to any patient if a physician “reasonably” believes cannabis would relieve their symptoms or if they would otherwise benefit from marijuana.</p> <p><a href="https://www.marijuanamoment.net/ohio-senate-bill-would-allow-medical-marijuana-for-any-patient-who-can-reasonably-be-expected-to-benefit/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Marijuana Moment</a> called it a potentially &#8220;massive expansion of eligibility.&#8221;</p> <p>SB261 would also broadly revise Ohio&#8217;s medical marijuana regulatory system. Huffman said the goal is to streamline the regulatory structure. The bill will create the Division of Marijuana Control housed in the Commerce Department. Huffman said he thinks streamlining the regulatory structure will encourage more licenses as the market grows and put pressure on license holders to bring products to market rapidly.</p> <p><b>EFFECT ON FEDERAL PROHIBITION</b></p> <p>While marijuana has become more widely accepted across the U.S., under federal law, it remains illegal. As we’ve seen with immigration sanctuary cities, when state and local enforcement ends, the federal government has an extremely difficult time enforcing their acts.</p> <p>Under the federal Controlled Substances Act (CSA) passed in 1970, the federal government maintains complete prohibition of marijuana. Of course, the federal government lacks any constitutional authority to ban or regulate cannabis within the borders of a state, despite the opinion of the politically connected lawyers on the Supreme Court. If you doubt this, ask yourself why it took a constitutional amendment to institute federal alcohol prohibition.</p> <p>Ohio <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/10/signed-by-the-governor-california-law-allows-terminally-ill-patients-to-use-medical-marijuana-in-healthcare-facilities/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">legalized medical marijuana in 2016</a>, removing a layer of laws punishing the possession and use of marijuana in the state. But federal prohibition remains in effect. This is significant because FBI statistics show that law enforcement makes approximately 99 of 100 marijuana arrests under state, not federal law. When states stop enforcing marijuana laws, they sweep away most of the basis for 99 percent of marijuana arrests.</p> <p>Furthermore, figures indicate it would take 40 percent of the DEA’s yearly budget just to investigate and raid all of the dispensaries in Los Angeles – a single city in a single state. That doesn’t include the cost of prosecution. The lesson? The feds lack the resources to enforce marijuana prohibition without state assistance.</p> <p><b>A GROWING MOVEMENT</b></p> <p>Colorado, Washington state, Oregon and Alaska were the first states to legalize recreational cannabis, and California, Nevada, Maine and Massachusetts joined them after ballot initiatives in favor of legalization passed in November 2016. Michigan followed suit when <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/11/michigan-votes-to-legalize-marijuana-nullify-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">voters legalized cannabis for general use</a> in 2018. Vermont <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/01/signed-as-law-vermont-legalizes-recreational-marijuana-foundation-to-nullify-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">became the first state</a> to legalize marijuana through a legislative act in 2018. <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/06/signed-by-the-governor-illinois-legalizes-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Illinois followed suit i</a>n 2019. New Jersey, Montana and Arizona all <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/11/04/thirty-six-and-counting-more-states-legalize-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">legalized recreational marijuana through ballot measures</a> in the 2020 election. Earlier this year, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/03/to-the-governor-new-york-bill-legalizes-marijuana-for-adult-use-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">New York</a>, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/04/signed-as-law-new-mexico-bill-legalizes-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">New Mexico</a>, and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/04/virginia-legalizes-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Virginia</a>. <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/06/connecticut-becomes-the-18th-state-to-legalize-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Connecticut</a> became the 18th state to legalize adult-use marijuana earlier this year.</p> <p>With 36 states allowing cannabis for medical use, and 18 legalizing for adult recreational use, the feds find themselves in a position where they simply can’t enforce prohibition anymore.</p> <p>The lesson here is pretty straightforward. When enough people say, ‘No!’ to the federal government, and enough states pass laws backing those people up, there’s not much the feds can do to shove their so-called laws, regulations, or mandates down our throats.</p> <p>Efforts to expand the medical marijuana program in Ohio highlights another important strategic reality. Once a state legalizes marijuana – even if only in a very limited way – the law tends to eventually expand. As the state tears down some barriers, markets develop and demand expands. That creates pressure to further relax state law. These new laws represent a further erosion of unconstitutional federal marijuana prohibition.</p> <p><strong>WHAT&#8217;S NEXT</strong></p> <p>SB261 was referred to the <a href="https://ohiosenate.gov/committees/small-business-and-economic-opportunity" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Senate Small Business and Economic Opportunity Committee</a> where it must pass by a majority vote before moving forward in the legislative process.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/ohio-bill-would-expand-states-medical-marijuana-program-despite-federal-prohibition/">Ohio Bill Would Expand State’s Medical Marijuana Program Despite Federal Prohibition</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Drug War State Bills cannabis Marijuana Ohio SB261 Mike Maharrey New Fiscal Year; Same Old Federal Deficits https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/new-fiscal-year-same-old-federal-deficits/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:05720e6b-ae67-c9f9-1fdf-cec4e227410b Wed, 17 Nov 2021 20:28:55 +0000 <p>The federal government started fiscal 2022 the same way it ended fiscal 2021 — spending itself into a massive budget shortfall.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/new-fiscal-year-same-old-federal-deficits/">New Fiscal Year; Same Old Federal Deficits</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>The federal government started fiscal 2022 the same way it ended fiscal 2021 — spending itself into a massive budget shortfall.</p> <p>The budget deficit for October came in at $165.1 billion, according to the <a href="https://fiscal.treasury.gov/files/reports-statements/mts/mts1021.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener">most recent monthly Treasury statement</a>.<span id="more-38351"></span><span id="more-30327"></span></p> <p>This comes on the heels of the <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/02/feds-set-spending-record-in-fiscal-2021-ran-second-largest-budget-deficit-in-history/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">second-largest annual budget deficit in history</a>. The federal government spent $2.77 trillion more than he took in during fiscal 2021.</p> <p>Of course, the spending isn’t slowing down.</p> <p>The Biden administration blew through nearly half a trillion in October. Spending came in at $449 billion. That <a href="https://schiffgold.com/exploring-finance/budget-deficit-represents-greater-than-35-of-total-expenditures/">represented 36.8 percent of total expenditures</a> for the month.</p> <p>As of Nov. 10, <a href="https://fiscaldata.treasury.gov/datasets/debt-to-the-penny/debt-to-the-penny" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">the national debt</a> hovered just shy of $29 trillion at $28.91 trillion.</p> <p>The U.S. government added $480 billion to the debt in October after Congress passed a bill increasing the federal debt ceiling by that amount. The federal government has already run up against the new borrowing limit. It can limp along with the current ceiling in place temporarily using “<a href="https://schiffgold.com/videos/peter-schiff-the-debt-ceiling-is-really-a-debt-floor/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">extraordinary measures</a>.” Uncle Sam will reportedly run out of money in early December.</p> <p>Congress will almost certainly run the <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/07/22/time-for-another-fake-debt-ceiling-fight/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">debt ceiling saga</a> to the brink, but it will undoubtedly raise the spending limit. When it does, the Treasury Department will go on another massive borrowing binge.</p> <p>And there is no end in sight to the spending. Congress has already passed a massive infrastructure bill and it continues to haggle over the “Build Back Better” bill.  Supporters of these big spending plans promise tax increases and government savings will “pay for” the spending. But it’s almost certain tax receipts will fall short of projections and spending will be even higher than budgeted. That’s hove government always works.</p> <p>A lot of Republicans want to blame Joe Biden for all of the spending. Of course, he&#8217;s part of the problem. But the <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/10/28/more-excuses-while-feds-run-biggest-deficit-in-seven-years/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Trump administration approached a $1 trillion deficit in 2019</a>, before COVID-19. Spending is a bipartisan passion.</p> <p>This prospect of continued spending raises an important question: how will the U.S. Treasury Department continue to borrow at this pace with the <a href="https://schiffgold.com/peters-podcast/the-taper-is-on/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Federal Reserve tapering</a> its bond purchases? In an <a href="https://schiffgold.com/interviews/peter-schiff-double-barrel-inflation-is-locked-and-loaded/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">interview on <em>RT Boom Bust</em></a>, financial expert Peter Schiff said it can’t. The Fed will “back the truck up” and do even more <a href="https://schiffgold.com/faq/what-is-quantitative-easing/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">quantitative easing</a>.</p> <blockquote><p>The Fed is going to have to expand its asset purchase program to buy up all these bonds that are going to be sold to finance all this spending.”</p></blockquote> <p>This doesn’t bode well with <a href="https://schiffgold.com/key-gold-news/they-expected-inflation-to-come-in-hot-in-october-it-came-in-sizzling/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">inflation already sizzling hot</a>.</p> <p>According to <a href="https://www.usdebtclock.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">the National Debt Clock</a>, the debt to GDP ratio is 125.94 percent. Despite the lack of concern in the mainstream, debt has consequences. <a href="https://schiffgold.com/key-gold-news/more-government-debt-means-less-economic-growth/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">More government debt means less economic growth</a>. Studies have shown that a debt to GDP ratio of over 90 percent retards economic growth by about 30 percent. This throws cold water on the conventional “spend now, worry about the debt later” mantra, along with the frequent claim that “we can grow ourselves out of the debt” now popular on both sides of the aisle in D.C.</p> <p>Every American citizen would have to write a check for $86,985 in order to pay off the national debt. That’s $164 more than last month.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/new-fiscal-year-same-old-federal-deficits/">New Fiscal Year; Same Old Federal Deficits</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Current Events Economics budget deficit government spending National Debt Mike Maharrey Joe Biden Has a Little Problem https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/joe-biden-has-a-little-problem/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:3eb9bd87-6bbe-566b-dac1-eb14b912b5d4 Wed, 17 Nov 2021 20:24:30 +0000 <p>OSHA doesn't have the personnel or resources to do its job now, much less enforce this massive new mandate.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/joe-biden-has-a-little-problem/">Joe Biden Has a Little Problem</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>OSHA doesn&#8217;t have the personnel or resources to do its job now, much less enforce this massive new mandate.</p> <p><strong>For Further Reading</strong></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/13/feds-cant-enforce-vaccine-mandate-without-a-lot-of-help/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Feds Can’t Enforce Vaccine Mandate Without “A Lot of Help”</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/first-steps-to-nullify-osha-mandates-in-two-states/">First Steps to Nullify OSHA Mandates in Two States</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/09/can-states-nullify-the-new-federal-mandates/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Can States Nullify the New Federal Mandates?</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2016/12/15/james-madison-four-steps-to-stop-federal-programs/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">James Madison’s Advice</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/joe-biden-has-a-little-problem/">Joe Biden Has a Little Problem</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Maharrey Minute OSHA Vaccine Mandate Mike Maharrey The general Welfare Clause: An Introduction https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/the-general-welfare-clause-an-introduction/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:695cecf8-56b5-78b8-538f-1d4d608a47e7 Wed, 17 Nov 2021 19:23:22 +0000 <p>Supporters of the monster state want you to believe that the general Welfare clause in the Constitution gives the federal government the power to do pretty much anything and everything. And since the federal courts have adopted the Hamiltonian view over the Madisonian one, that’s pretty much how it has played out in practice.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/the-general-welfare-clause-an-introduction/">The general Welfare Clause: An Introduction</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>Supporters of the monster state want you to believe that the general Welfare clause in the Constitution gives the federal government the power to do pretty much anything and everything. And since the federal courts have adopted the Hamiltonian view over the Madisonian one, that’s pretty much how it has played out in practice.</p> <p>Path to Liberty: November 17, 2021 <span id="more-38357"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://podcasts.google.com/feed/aHR0cHM6Ly9ibG9nLnRlbnRoYW1lbmRtZW50Y2VudGVyLmNvbS9jYXRlZ29yeS92aWRlby9nb29kLW1vcm5pbmctbGliZXJ0eS9mZWVkLw?sa=X&amp;ved=0CAYQrrcFahcKEwigwITb6MrrAhUAAAAAHQAAAAAQBA" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Google</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener 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Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1979015" rel="noopener" target="_blank">The General Welfare Clause and the Public Trust: An Essay in Original Understanding</a> (pdf)</p> <p><a href="https://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=false&#038;doc=3&#038;page=transcript" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Articles of Confederation</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.huffpost.com/entry/congresss-first-power-dem_b_833393" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Paul Abrams HuffPo</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2013/03/18/the-virginia-plan-and-the-general-welfare-clause/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">The Virginia Plan and the General Welfare Clause</a></p> <p><a href="https://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/debates_825.asp" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Madison Debate Notes Aug 25</a></p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Madison/99-02-02-2332" rel="noopener" target="_blank">James Madison to James Robertson, Jr. (20 Apr 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Audio/Video General Welfare Clause Path to Liberty Alexander Hamilton articles of confederation Federalist 17 Federalist 41 Federalist 45 Federalist 83 General Welfare James Madison John Dickinson Joseph Story Report on Manufactures Roger Sherman Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center 39:58 Supporters of the monster state want you to believe that the general Welfare clause in the Constitution gives the federal government the power to do pretty much anything and everything. And since the federal courts have adopted the Hamiltonian view ove... Supporters of the monster state want you to believe that the general Welfare clause in the Constitution gives the federal government the power to do pretty much anything and everything. And since the federal courts have adopted the Hamiltonian view over the Madisonian one, that’s pretty much how it has played out in practice.<br /> Subject to no Control: Antifederalist Brutus No. 13 and 14 https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/subject-to-no-control-antifederalist-brutus-no-13-and-14/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:81429bbb-960f-7045-d7fa-f4d913607d90 Mon, 15 Nov 2021 19:22:09 +0000 <p>Continuing his warnings about the power of the federal judiciary, Brutus not only opposes appellate jurisdiction as one of the “most objectionable parts” of the Constitution, but raises additional concerns that are extremely similar to what ended up in the 5th and 6th Amendments.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/subject-to-no-control-antifederalist-brutus-no-13-and-14/">Subject to no Control: Antifederalist Brutus No. 13 and 14</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>Continuing his warnings about the power of the federal judiciary, Brutus not only opposes appellate jurisdiction as one of the “most objectionable parts” of the Constitution, but raises additional concerns that are extremely similar to what ended up in the 5th and 6th Amendments. </p> <p>Path to Liberty: November 15, 2021 <span id="more-38348"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://podcasts.google.com/feed/aHR0cHM6Ly9ibG9nLnRlbnRoYW1lbmRtZW50Y2VudGVyLmNvbS9jYXRlZ29yeS92aWRlby9nb29kLW1vcm5pbmctbGliZXJ0eS9mZWVkLw?sa=X&amp;ved=0CAYQrrcFahcKEwigwITb6MrrAhUAAAAAHQAAAAAQBA" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Google</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe loading="lazy" width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/ewyO7DNRdPg?start=69" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://teachingamericanhistory.org/document/brutus-xiii/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Brutus XIII (21 Feb 1788)</a><br /> <a href="https://teachingamericanhistory.org/document/brutus-xiv-part-1/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Brutus XIV Part 1 (28 Feb 1788)</a><br /> <a href="https://teachingamericanhistory.org/document/brutus-xiv-part-2/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Part 2 (6 Mar 1788)</a> </p> <p><a href="https://www.founderoftheday.com/founder-of-the-day/brutus-xiii" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Founder of the Day 13</a></p> <p><a href="https://scholar.smu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1939&#038;context=smulr" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Paul E. McGreal &#8211; 2002 SMU Law Review</a> </p> <p><a href="https://www.founderoftheday.com/founder-of-the-day/brutus-xiv" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Founder of the Day 14</a></p> <p><a href="https://constitution.congress.gov/constitution/amendment-6/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">6th Amendment text</a></p> <p><a href="https://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1372&#038;context=yjlh" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Saul Cornell &#8211; 2011 Yale Journal of Law &#038; the Humanities</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.law.georgetown.edu/public-policy-journal/wp-content/uploads/sites/23/2018/05/16-1-Return-of-the-Skeptics.pdf" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Nils Gilbertson &#8211; 2018 Georgetown Law</a> </p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES</strong><br /> <a href="https://odysee.com/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6/path-111521:6" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Odysee</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.minds.com/newsfeed/1307050611153309711" target="_blank" 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raises additional concerns that are extremely similar to what ended up in... Continuing his warnings about the power of the federal judiciary, Brutus not only opposes appellate jurisdiction as one of the “most objectionable parts” of the Constitution, but raises additional concerns that are extremely similar to what ended up in the 5th and 6th Amendments. <br /> Wyoming Legislature Approves Fake Resistance to Vaccine Mandates https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/wyoming-legislature-approves-fake-resistance-to-vaccine-mandates/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:f160771b-26a1-6a6d-32bf-54d105b1a7f3 Sun, 14 Nov 2021 20:18:50 +0000 <p>In effect, the state is asking for federal permission to refuse to enforce a federal mandate.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/wyoming-legislature-approves-fake-resistance-to-vaccine-mandates/">Wyoming Legislature Approves Fake Resistance to Vaccine Mandates</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>CHEYENNE</strong>, Wyo. (Nov. 14, 2021) &#8211; Earlier this month, the Wyoming legislature passed a bill purporting to take a stand against federal COVID-19 vaccine mandates that will have virtually no practical effect.<span id="more-38331"></span></p> <p>Rep. Albert Sommers (R-Pinedale), along with seven fellow Republicans, introduced House Bill 1002 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/WY/bill/HB1002/2021/X1" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB1002</a>) in a special legislative session on Oct. 27. Under the proposed law, &#8220;No public entity shall enforce any mandate or standard of the federal government, whether emergency, temporary or permanent, that requires an employer to ensure or mandate that an employee shall receive a COVID-19 vaccination.&#8221; [Subsection (b)]</p> <p>This sounds great so far. But other sections in the bill render the ban on enforcement utterly toothless.</p> <p>In the first place, as the bill defines it, a&#8221;public entity&#8221; does <strong>not</strong> include &#8220;an entity receiving federal funding that by complying with subsection (b) of this section would lose that federal funding.&#8221; In other words, under the proposed law, any agency that believes it might lose funding would continue enforcing a vaccine mandate notwithstanding any other provision in the law.</p> <p>Furthermore, the ban ends when a federal vaccine mandate takes &#8220;legal effect.&#8221;</p> <p>Practically speaking, Wyoming&#8217;s ban on enforcing a vaccine mandate would only remain in effect as long as the mandate was subject to a federal judicial stay applicable in Wyoming or it was otherwise repealed, withdrawn, superseded, or declared by a federal court of competent jurisdiction to be unlawful or unenforceable. In other words, unless the federal courts strike the vaccine mandate down, Wyoming would enforce the law after all legal challenges were exhausted. In effect, the state is asking for federal permission to refuse to enforce a federal mandate.</p> <p>HB1002 also sets up Wyoming to participate in or initiate litigation against a vaccine mandate in federal court, including the appropriation of $4 million for that purpose.</p> <p>The House passed HB1002 by <a href="https://legiscan.com/WY/rollcall/HB1002/id/1115486" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a 40-17 vote</a>. The Senate approved the measure by a <a href="https://legiscan.com/WY/rollcall/HB1002/id/1115487" target="_blank" rel="noopener">20-7 margin</a>. It now goes to Gov. Mark Gordon&#8217;s desk for his consideration.</p> <p><strong>Asking Permission Where None Is Required</strong></p> <p>By depending on federal court rulings to determine whether the state will enforce a federal vaccine mandate is asking permission where none is required.</p> <p>The state of Wyoming can refuse to use state personnel or resources for the enforcement of any federal act whether constitutional or not.</p> <p>Refusal to cooperate with federal enforcement rests on a well-established legal principle known as <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2013/12/28/states-dont-have-to-comply-the-anti-comandeering-doctrine/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">the anti-commandeering doctrine</a>. Simply put, the federal government cannot force states to help implement or enforce <strong>any</strong> federal act or program. The anti-commandeering doctrine is based primarily on five Supreme Court cases dating back to 1842. <em>Printz v. U.S.</em> serves as the cornerstone.</p> <blockquote><p>“We held in New York that Congress cannot compel the States to enact or enforce a federal regulatory program. Today we hold that Congress cannot circumvent that prohibition by conscripting the States’ officers directly. The Federal Government may neither issue directives requiring the States to address particular problems, nor command the States’ officers, or those of their political subdivisions, to administer or enforce a federal regulatory program. It matters not whether policy making is involved, and no case by case weighing of the burdens or benefits is necessary; such commands are fundamentally incompatible with our constitutional system of dual sovereignty”</p></blockquote> <p><strong>No determination of constitutionality is necessary</strong> to invoke the anti-commandeering doctrine. State and local governments can refuse to enforce federal laws or implement federal programs whether they are constitutional or not.</p> <p>If Wyoming doesn&#8217;t want to enforce vaccine mandates, it doesn&#8217;t have to &#8212; no matter what a federal court says about the constitutionality of such mandates. One has to wonder exactly why the Wyoming legislature passed such a bill making enforcement contingent on federal court opinions.</p> <p>The Wyoming legislature <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/03/wyoming-senate-republicans-gut-bill-to-ban-federal-gun-control-enforcement/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">pulled a similar stunt during the regular session</a> when 21 Republicans voted to turn a bill that would have banned state enforcement of all federal gun control into a ban on absolutely nothing.  The amendment was so bad, the bill sponsor voted against it, and on the final read, he voted no on his own bill.</p> <p><strong>In Practice</strong></p> <p>State refusal to enforce vaccine mandates could take a step toward stopping them in their tracks. OSHA lacks the personnel to enforce the order itself.</p> <p>Based on <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2016/12/15/james-madison-four-steps-to-stop-federal-programs/">James Madison’s advice</a> for states and individuals in <em>Federalist #46</em>, a “refusal to cooperate with officers of the Union” is an extremely effective method to hinder the enforcement of any federal act because most enforcement actions rely on help, support and leadership from the states. Simply put, partnerships don’t work too well when half the team quits. Fox News senior judicial analyst Judge Andrew Napolitano agreed. In a televised discussion on gun control, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2014/08/andrew-napolitano-federal-gun-laws-nearly-impossible-to-enforce-without-state-assistance/">he noted that a single state taking this step</a> would make federal gun laws “nearly impossible” to enforce.</p> <p>The bottom line is states do have significant power to hinder and even nullify in practice any federal vaccine mandate. But you should <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/09/beware-of-fake-resistance-to-mandates/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">beware of fake &#8220;resistance&#8221; to mandates</a> such as this Wyoming bill. Politicians are apt to trumpet resistance that has no practical impact.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/wyoming-legislature-approves-fake-resistance-to-vaccine-mandates/">Wyoming Legislature Approves Fake Resistance to Vaccine Mandates</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. OSHA State Bills Vaccines HB1002 vaccine mandates Wyoming Mike Maharrey Nothing the Government Gives You Is “Free” https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/nothing-the-government-gives-you-is-free/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:1d9056f2-f9e8-7596-60e2-c7bcf6cd9b9b Sun, 14 Nov 2021 19:54:12 +0000 <p>When the feds started handing out stimulus checks, a lot of people were really excited. They thought they were getting free money.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/nothing-the-government-gives-you-is-free/">Nothing the Government Gives You Is “Free”</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>When the feds started handing out stimulus checks, a lot of people were really excited. They thought they were getting free money.</p> <p>Now they&#8217;re learning the hard lesson. What every you get from government you eventually pay for.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-width="550" data-dnt="true"> <p lang="en" dir="ltr">When the government &quot;gives&quot; you stuff, you end up paying for it &#8211; through taxes, or inflation &#8211; or both. <a href="https://twitter.com/mmaharrey10th?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">@mmaharrey10th</a><a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/truth?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#truth</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/endthefed?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#endthefed</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/constitution?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#constitution</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/libertarian?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#libertarian</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/politics?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#politics</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/10thAmendment?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#10thAmendment</a> <a href="https://t.co/hNdTleV5Wj">pic.twitter.com/hNdTleV5Wj</a></p> <p>&mdash; TenthAmendmentCenter (@TenthAmendment) <a href="https://twitter.com/TenthAmendment/status/1459587483239260162?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">November 13, 2021</a></p></blockquote> <p><script async src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script></p> <p><strong>For Further Reading</strong></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/09/28/the-biggest-federal-reserve-scandal/">The Biggest Federal Reserve Scandal</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/08/31/fed-shifts-inflation-policy-to-steal-more-of-your-wealth/">Fed Shifts Inflation Policy to Steal More of Your Wealth</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/08/03/a-dark-side-of-inflation/">A Dark Side of Inflation</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/nothing-the-government-gives-you-is-free/">Nothing the Government Gives You Is “Free”</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Federal Funding Maharrey Minute Mike Maharrey Ending Government Overreach Is Up to You https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/ending-government-overreach-is-up-to-you/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:955976f0-845e-0c30-7193-c90bfbc62ca4 Fri, 12 Nov 2021 18:25:59 +0000 <p>If you don't take action to help stop federal programs, the pro-government lobby groups will almost always win.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/ending-government-overreach-is-up-to-you/">Ending Government Overreach Is Up to You</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>If you don&#8217;t take action to help stop federal programs, the pro-government lobby groups will almost always win.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-width="550" data-dnt="true"> <p lang="en" dir="ltr">If you want to get government overreach, YOU have to be willing to step up and take action. <a href="https://twitter.com/mmaharrey10th?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">@mmaharrey10th</a><a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/abolishqi?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#abolishqi</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/qualifiedimmunity?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#qualifiedimmunity</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/10thAmendment?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#10thAmendment</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/libertarian?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#libertarian</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/endqualifiedimmunity?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#endqualifiedimmunity</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/constitution?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#constitution</a> <a href="https://t.co/afxxE33n5g">pic.twitter.com/afxxE33n5g</a></p> <p>&mdash; TenthAmendmentCenter (@TenthAmendment) <a href="https://twitter.com/TenthAmendment/status/1458829106531868676?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">November 11, 2021</a></p></blockquote> <p><script async src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script></p> <p><strong>For Further Reading</strong></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/10/police-killing-qualified-immunity-reforms-across-the-country/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Police Killing Qualified Immunity Reforms Across the Country</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/04/09/police-opposition-to-asset-forfeiture-reform-reveals-its-all-about-the-money/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Police Opposition to Asset Forfeiture Reform Reveals It&#8217;s All About the Money</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/03/29/missouri-sheriffs-association-working-to-kill-2nd-amendment-preservation-act/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Missouri Sheriffs’ Association Working to Kill 2nd Amendment Preservation Act</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/ending-government-overreach-is-up-to-you/">Ending Government Overreach Is Up to You</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Maharrey Minute Qualified Immunity Strategy Activism Law Enforcement Lobbying Police Mike Maharrey Resistance Should be the First Response, Not the Last https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/resistance-should-be-the-first-response-not-the-last/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:8a546739-edc3-a026-66bb-0972c1932b28 Fri, 12 Nov 2021 17:59:30 +0000 <p>To the founders and old revolutionaries, resistance to attacks on liberty was an essential part of the system, and essential for the maintenance of freedom. But resisting government usurpations isn’t supposed to be the last thing a people do - it should be “instantaneous.”</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/resistance-should-be-the-first-response-not-the-last/">Resistance Should be the First Response, Not the Last</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>To the founders and old revolutionaries, resistance to attacks on liberty was an essential part of the system, and essential for the maintenance of freedom. But resisting government usurpations isn’t supposed to be the last thing a people do &#8211; it should be “instantaneous.”</p> <p>Path to Liberty. Fast Friday Edition: November 12, 2021 <span id="more-38337"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&#038;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://podcasts.google.com/feed/aHR0cHM6Ly9ibG9nLnRlbnRoYW1lbmRtZW50Y2VudGVyLmNvbS9jYXRlZ29yeS92aWRlby9nb29kLW1vcm5pbmctbGliZXJ0eS9mZWVkLw?sa=X&#038;ved=0CAYQrrcFahcKEwigwITb6MrrAhUAAAAAHQAAAAAQBA" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Google</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&#038;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe loading="lazy" width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/oXcKGr6Akig" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/title/ramsay-pamphlets-on-the-constitution-of-the-united-states-1787-1788#Ford_1338_32" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Mercy Otis Warren &#8211; Observations on the New Constitution (1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://teachingamericanhistory.org/document/a-citizen-of-america-an-examination-into-the-leading-principles-of-america/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Noah Webster &#8211; An Examination Into the Leading Principles of America (17 Oct 1787)</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/title/collected-political-writings#Otis_1644_1092" rel="noopener" target="_blank">James Otis &#8211; Freeborn American (27 Apr 1767)</a> </p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/title/hall-collected-works-of-james-wilson-vol-1#Wilson_4140_2433" rel="noopener" target="_blank">James Wilson &#8211; Lectures on Law (1790-91)</a></p> <p><a href="http://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/2092/pg2092.html" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Samuel Adams &#8211; Essay in the Boston Gazette (14 Oct 1771)</a></p> <p><a href="https://teachingamericanhistory.org/document/a-citizen-of-america-an-examination-into-the-leading-principles-of-america/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Noah Webster &#8211; An Examination Into the Leading Principles of America (17 Oct 1787)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.redhill.org/primary-sources/patrick-henrys-resolutions-against-the-stamp-act/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Patrick Henry &#8211; Resolutions Against the Stamp Act (May 29, 1765)</a> </p> <p><a href="https://jeffersonpapers.princeton.edu/selected-documents/jefferson%E2%80%99s-fair-copy" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Thomas Jefferson &#8211; Fair Copy of Kentucky Resolution (Before 4 Oct 1798)</a></p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES</strong><br /> <a href="https://odysee.com/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6/path-111221:f" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Odysee</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.minds.com/newsfeed/1305948773918183437" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Minds</a></p> <p><a href="https://tv.gab.com/channel/tenthamendmentcenter/view/resistance-should-be-the-first-response-618ea8fa8fa113bf00cc1927" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Gab TV</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.brighteon.com/1432671e-7a3b-4838-b94c-d4e49c4a362d" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Brighteon</a></p> <p><a href="https://fb.watch/9eo-PKW20B/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Facebook</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.bitchute.com/channel/X0AJnBhWbCkx/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Bitchute</a></p> <p><a href="https://bittube.tv/post/f2983548-5c6f-4901-a8f6-47fe83d1a3c5" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Bittube</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.instagram.com/tv/CWL04DlLFRD/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Instagram</a></p> <p><a href="https://hyprr.com/hypetv/e3e60f0e-5fd6-4cfe-91d6-767ea1249a2b" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Hyprr</a></p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/TenthAmendment/status/1459211971991986178" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Twitter</a></p> <p><a href="https://rumble.com/vp4no8-resistance-should-be-the-first-response-not-the-last.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Rumble</a></p> <p><a href="https://sovren.media/video/resistance-should-be-the-first-response-not-the-last-316.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Sovren</a></p> <p><a href="https://mewe.com/p/tenthamendmentcenter/show/618eab11f438515ee2c5bae1" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on MeWe</a></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a></p> <p>VIDEO PLATFORMS</p> <p><a href="https://odysee.com/$/invite/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Odysee</a><br /> <a href="https://www.youtube.com/user/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">YouTube</a><br /> <a href="https://hyprr.com/profile/tenthamendmentcenter?section=hypetv" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HypeTV</a><br /> <a href="https://www.brighteon.com/channels/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Brighteon</a><br /> <a href="https://tv.gab.com/channel/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Gab TV</a><br /> <a href="https://www.bitchute.com/channel/X0AJnBhWbCkx/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Bitchute</a><br /> <a href="https://bittube.tv/profile/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">BitTube</a><br /> <a href="https://dlive.tv/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">DLive</a><br /> <a href="https://www.twitch.tv/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Twitch</a><br /> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/tenthamendmentcenter/channel/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">IGTV</a></p> <p>SOCIAL PLATFORMS</p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/tenthamendment" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Twitter</a><br /> <a href="https://www.minds.com/TenthAmendmentCenter/?referrer=TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Minds</a><br /> <a href="https://www.facebook.com/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Facebook</a><br /> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/tenthamendmentcenter/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Instagram</a><br /> <a href="https://gab.com/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Gab</a><br /> <a href="https://mewe.com/p/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">MeWe</a><br /> <a href="https://www.linkedin.com/company/tenthamendmentcenter/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">LinkedIn</a><br /> <a href="https://www.pinterest.com/tenthamendment/_created/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Pinterest</a><br /> <a href="https://hyprr.com/profile/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Hyprr</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/resistance-should-be-the-first-response-not-the-last/">Resistance Should be the First Response, Not the Last</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Founding Fathers Founding Principles Path to Liberty Strategy Mercy Otis Warren Nullify! Resist Resistance thomas jefferson Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center 15:41 To the founders and old revolutionaries, resistance to attacks on liberty was an essential part of the system, and essential for the maintenance of freedom. But resisting government usurpations isn’t supposed to be the last thing a people do - it shoul... To the founders and old revolutionaries, resistance to attacks on liberty was an essential part of the system, and essential for the maintenance of freedom. But resisting government usurpations isn’t supposed to be the last thing a people do - it should be “instantaneous.”<br /> Pennsylvania Senate Passes “Constitutional Carry” Bill https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/pennsylvania-senate-passes-constitutional-carry-bill/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:62d8bb0f-b634-3e27-b3b2-f883544de409 Wed, 10 Nov 2021 21:00:50 +0000 <p>The legislation would repeal current law requiring a state-issued license to carry a concealed firearm. Under the proposed law, "every person present in this Commonwealth WHO IS NOT PROHIBITED FROM POSSESSING FIREARMS UNDER FEDERAL LAW OR THE LAWS OF THIS COMMONWEALTH shall have an affirmative, fundamental and constitutional right to keep and bear firearms, including the right to carry openly or concealed, carry loaded or unloaded, train with, transport, possess, use, acquire, purchase, transfer, inherit, buy, sell, give or otherwise dispose of or receive any firearm."</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/pennsylvania-senate-passes-constitutional-carry-bill/">Pennsylvania Senate Passes “Constitutional Carry” Bill</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>HARRISBURG</strong>, Pa. (Nov. 10, 2021) &#8211; Yesterday, the Pennsylvania Senate passed a &#8220;constitutional carry&#8221; bill that would make it legal for people in the state to carry a firearm &#8211; concealed or open &#8211; without a permit. Passage of this legislation would also create an environment hostile to federal gun control.<span id="more-38322"></span></p> <p>Sen. Cris Dush (R) and a coalition of 19 Republicans introduced Senate Bill 565 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/PA/bill/SB565/2021" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SB565</a>) last April. The legislation would repeal current law requiring a state-issued license to carry a concealed firearm. Under the proposed law, &#8220;every person present in this Commonwealth WHO IS NOT PROHIBITED FROM POSSESSING FIREARMS UNDER FEDERAL LAW OR THE LAWS OF THIS COMMONWEALTH shall have an affirmative, fundamental and constitutional right to keep and bear firearms, including the right to carry openly or concealed, carry loaded or unloaded, train with, transport, possess, use, acquire, purchase, transfer, inherit, buy, sell, give or otherwise dispose of or receive any firearm.&#8221;</p> <p>The state’s concealed carry permitting program would continue for those wanting a permit to carry in a state with CCDW permit reciprocity with Pennsylvania.</p> <p>On Nov. 9, the Senate passed SB565 by <a href="https://legiscan.com/PA/rollcall/SB565/id/1115724" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a 29-21 vote.</a></p> <p><strong>EFFECT ON FEDERAL GUN CONTROL</strong></p> <p>While permitless carry bills do not directly affect federal gun control, the widespread passage of permitless conceal carry laws in states subtly undermines federal efforts to regulate guns. As we’ve seen with marijuana and industrial hemp, a federal regulation becomes ineffective when states ignore it and pass laws encouraging the prohibited activity anyway.</p> <p>The federal government lacks the enforcement power necessary to maintain its ban, and people will willingly take on the small risk of federal sanctions if they know the state will not interfere. This increases when the state actively encourages “the market.”</p> <p>Less restrictive state gun laws will likely have a similar impact on federal gun laws. It will make it that much more difficult for the feds to enforce any future federal gun control, and increase the likelihood that states with few limits will simply refuse to cooperate with federal enforcement efforts.</p> <p>State actions such as passing “constitutional carry” lower barriers for those wanting the option of defending themselves with firearms and encourage a “gun-friendly” environment that would make federal efforts to limit firearms that much more difficult.</p> <p><strong>WHAT&#8217;S NEXT</strong></p> <p>SB565 will move to the House. At the time of this report, it had not received a committee assignment. Once it is referred to a House committee, it must pass by a majority vote before moving forward in the legislative process.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/pennsylvania-senate-passes-constitutional-carry-bill/">Pennsylvania Senate Passes “Constitutional Carry” Bill</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Right to Keep and Bear Arms State Bills 2nd Amendment Concealed Carry Constitutional Carry firearms Pennsylvania SB565 Mike Maharrey Blinded By Partisan Hackery https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/blinded-by-partisan-hackery/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:688fd49a-bb8b-5948-6c05-faf670454a07 Wed, 10 Nov 2021 20:55:28 +0000 <p>It's not just a matter of getting the right party or person in power. The problems we face are systemic and tend to continue no matter what party is in power.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/blinded-by-partisan-hackery/">Blinded By Partisan Hackery</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>It&#8217;s not just a matter of getting the right party or person in power. The problems we face are systemic and tend to continue no matter what party is in power.</p> <p>Inflation is a perfect example.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-width="550" data-dnt="true"> <p lang="en" dir="ltr">Partisan hackery blinds people to the deeper and more fundamental problems in American politics. <a href="https://twitter.com/mmaharrey10th?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">@mmaharrey10th</a><a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/truth?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#truth</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/politics?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#politics</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/liberty?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#liberty</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/constitution?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#constitution</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/libertarian?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#libertarian</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/10thAmendment?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#10thAmendment</a> <a href="https://t.co/wCgmpxy5N7">pic.twitter.com/wCgmpxy5N7</a></p> <p>&mdash; TenthAmendmentCenter (@TenthAmendment) <a href="https://twitter.com/TenthAmendment/status/1458120127614894080?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">November 9, 2021</a></p></blockquote> <p><script async src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script></p> <p><strong>For Further Reading</strong></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/09/a-warning-on-factions-from-cato-to-washington/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">A Warning on Factions</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/09/the-danger-of-factions-nothing-new-under-the-sun/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Danger of Factions: Nothing New Under the Sun</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/07/10/partisan-hackery-blinds-people-to-the-real-problem/">Partisan Hackery Blinds People to the Real Problem</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/blinded-by-partisan-hackery/">Blinded By Partisan Hackery</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Federal Reserve Maharrey Minute Republocrats Democrats Factions Partisanship Political Parties Republicans Mike Maharrey First Steps to Nullify OSHA Mandates in Two States https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/first-steps-to-nullify-osha-mandates-in-two-states/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:ce237612-50ec-a053-e8d9-4d1c6bff78df Wed, 10 Nov 2021 19:07:28 +0000 <p>Nullifying OSHA mandates won’t be easy - but we’re already seeing action on the first essential steps in two states. And sources close to the Tenth Amendment Center tell us to expect a number more in the coming weeks.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/first-steps-to-nullify-osha-mandates-in-two-states/">First Steps to Nullify OSHA Mandates in Two States</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>Nullifying OSHA mandates won’t be easy &#8211; but we’re already seeing action on the first essential steps in two states. And sources close to the Tenth Amendment Center tell us to expect a number more in the coming weeks.</p> <p>Path to Liberty: November 10, 2021 <span id="more-38323"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&#038;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://podcasts.google.com/feed/aHR0cHM6Ly9ibG9nLnRlbnRoYW1lbmRtZW50Y2VudGVyLmNvbS9jYXRlZ29yeS92aWRlby9nb29kLW1vcm5pbmctbGliZXJ0eS9mZWVkLw?sa=X&#038;ved=0CAYQrrcFahcKEwigwITb6MrrAhUAAAAAHQAAAAAQBA" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Google</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&#038;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe loading="lazy" width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/-RUNHzRgQ1s?start=69" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2016/12/15/james-madison-four-steps-to-stop-federal-programs/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">James Madison: Four Steps to Stop Federal Programs</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2013/09/02/the-influence-of-the-state-and-federal-governments-compared/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Federalist 46: The Influence of the State and Federal Governments Compared</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/10/partnerships-dont-work-when-half-the-team-quits/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Partnerships Don’t Work When Half the Team Quits</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/09/can-states-nullify-the-new-federal-mandates/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Can States Nullify the New Federal Mandates?</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/florida-legislation-would-take-first-steps-toward-withdrawing-from-osha/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Florida Legislation Would Take First Steps Toward Withdrawing from OSHA</a></p> <p><a href="https://jeffersonpapers.princeton.edu/selected-documents/resolutions-adopted-kentucky-general-assembly" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Kentucky Resolutions of 1798</a></p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Madison/01-17-02-0122" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Thomas Jefferson to James Madison (17 Nov 1798)</a></p> <p><a href="https://s3.amazonaws.com/TAClegislation/osha-anti-commandeering-nh.pdf" rel="noopener" target="_blank">New Hampshire LSR &#8211; 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Audio/Video OSHA Path to Liberty State Bills anti-commandeering Federalist 46 Florida James Madison New Hampshire Vaccine Mandate Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center 35:18 Nullifying OSHA mandates won’t be easy - but we’re already seeing action on the first essential steps in two states. And sources close to the Tenth Amendment Center tell us to expect a number more in the coming weeks. Nullifying OSHA mandates won’t be easy - but we’re already seeing action on the first essential steps in two states. And sources close to the Tenth Amendment Center tell us to expect a number more in the coming weeks.<br /> Riding the Red and Blue Waves https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/riding-the-red-and-blue-waves/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:a08586db-9d42-d58b-852d-14055a5f437b Tue, 09 Nov 2021 18:29:08 +0000 <p>I don't care about the red wave or the blue wave. I care about the Constitution and liberty. I'm going to keep fighting for both -- issue by issue -- no matter what horrible politician is in office.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/riding-the-red-and-blue-waves/">Riding the Red and Blue Waves</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>A lot of people were very excited about Republican electoral victories in the November election, particularly in Virginia. But if your priority is liberty and the Constitution, it would be wise not to get too caught up in the red wave, or the blue wave for that matter.</p> <p>When it comes to the Constitution, Democrats and Republicans are both awful. Granted, Republicans are better on some issues. But Democrats tend to be better on others. So instead of getting caught up in either the red or blue wave, I just try to ride whichever one is rolling at the time.</p> <p>Over the last two years in Virginia, we saw a number of bills move through the legislature that Republicans would have blocked including <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/07/now-in-effect-virginia-law-is-a-de-facto-ban-on-facial-recognition-surveillance/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a ban on government facial recognition</a>, legislation<a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/12/signed-as-law-virginia-limits-federal-militarization-of-police/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> limiting the militarization of police</a>, a <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/11/signed-as-law-virginia-prohibits-no-knock-warrants/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">measure limiting no-knock warrants</a>, and a bill <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/07/virginia-legalizes-recreational-marijuana/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">legalizing marijuana</a>.</p> <p>With the Republicans retaking the Virginia governor&#8217;s office and flipping the legislature, there will almost certainly be constitutional issues we can push that Democrats would have blocked. But Republicans will undoubtedly throw up roadblocks on other issues.</p> <p>That&#8217;s why I don&#8217;t get caught up in electoral politics. I can fight for liberty and the Constitution no matter which party is in control. I might have to shift my strategy and the issues I focus on somehwhate based on the party in power. But I don&#8217;t have to throw up my hands and quit when Democrats win elections &#8211; or vice versa.</p> <p>I can ride either wave.</p> <p><strong>The Danger of Faction</strong></p> <p>The national focus on the Virginia gubernatorial race reveals how pretty much everything is now a federal issue. People look at state elections and a litmus test for the next federal election. Most people don&#8217;t really care who serves as governor of Virginia &#8212; particularly people who live outside the state. They&#8217;re excited about the Republican victory because they view it as a blow to the &#8220;Biden agenda.&#8221; But as I&#8217;ve said over and over, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/never-ever-call-the-202-area-code/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">fighting for liberty through Washington D.C. is a failed strategy</a>.</p> <p>Sadly, American politics has been taken captive by factions. People are more interested in defeating the other team than they are about the Constitution or liberty. George Washington warned us about this in <a href="https://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/washing.asp" target="_blank" rel="noopener">his farewell address</a>.</p> <blockquote><p>“The alternate domination of one faction over another, sharpened by the spirit of revenge, natural to party dissension, which in different ages and countries has perpetrated the most horrid enormities, is itself a frightful despotism. But this leads at length to a more formal and permanent despotism. The disorders and miseries, which result, gradually incline the minds of men to seek security and repose in the absolute power of an individual; and sooner or later the chief of some prevailing faction, more able or more fortunate than his competitors, turns this disposition to the purposes of his own elevation, on the ruins of Public Liberty.”</p></blockquote> <p>It has played out exactly as Washington predicted. It&#8217;s all about defeating the other team &#8212; and then propping up your team &#8212; no matter what. Republicans loathed Obama but turned a blind eye to Trump&#8217;s violations of the Constitution. Democrats were terrified of Trump&#8217;s power, but they want to further empower Biden now that he holds the presidency. Republicans are enraged by Biden&#8217;s exercise of power, but they&#8217;ll certainly want to further empower the next Republican to hold office. We have an ever-escalating battle of power rooted in partisanship and centered on whoever sits in the Oval Office. And this will lead &#8211; if it hasn&#8217;t already &#8211; to a &#8220;permanent despotism&#8221;</p> <p>More and more, people &#8220;seek security and repose in the absolute power of an individual&#8221; &#8212; a president. It&#8217;s an all-or-nothing game for control of the White House.  And at some point, as Washington warned, somebody will seize the reins of power and &#8220;turn this disposition to the purposes of his own elevation, on the ruins of Public Liberty.&#8221;</p> <p>We&#8217;re already far down this road.</p> <p>I don&#8217;t care about the red wave or the blue wave. I care about the Constitution and liberty. I&#8217;m going to keep fighting for both &#8212; issue by issue &#8212; no matter what horrible politician is in office.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/riding-the-red-and-blue-waves/">Riding the Red and Blue Waves</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Elections Strategy Democrats Partisanship Political Parties Republicans Virginia Mike Maharrey Florida Legislation Would Take First Steps Toward Withdrawing from OSHA https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/florida-legislation-would-take-first-steps-toward-withdrawing-from-osha/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:a1d4eed7-be9d-a740-9a47-2deba4a1fd3e Tue, 09 Nov 2021 01:02:40 +0000 <p>Bills filed in the Florida House and Senate would require the governor to take the first steps toward withdrawing the state from the federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), setting the state to implement a "state plan" in its place.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/florida-legislation-would-take-first-steps-toward-withdrawing-from-osha/">Florida Legislation Would Take First Steps Toward Withdrawing from OSHA</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>TALLAHASSEE</strong>, Fla. (Nov. 8, 2021) &#8211; Bills filed in the Florida House and Senate would require the governor to take the first steps toward withdrawing the state from the federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), setting the stage to implement a &#8220;state plan&#8221; in its place.<span id="more-38315"></span></p> <p>Today, Sen. Travis Hutson (R-St. Augustine) filed Senate Bill 6 (<a href="https://www.flsenate.gov/Session/Bill/2021B/6B" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SB6-B</a>) and Rep. Ardian Zika (R-Land O’Lakes) filed House Bill 5 (<a href="https://www.myfloridahouse.gov/Sections/Bills/billsdetail.aspx?BillId=74090" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB5-B</a>) . The legislation would take the first step toward developing a proposal to withdraw from OSHA and assert state jurisdiction over occupational safety and health issues. The bills are part of the joint “Keep Florida Free” agenda that their respective chambers will pursue during the Florida Legislature’s upcoming special session.</p> <p>Stating that it is &#8220;the intent of the Legislature to provide for the establishment of the Florida Occupational Safety and Health State Plan,&#8221; the legislation would require the office of Gov. DeSantis to &#8220;develop a proposal for a state plan to assert state jurisdiction over occupational safety and health issues for government and private employees.&#8221;</p> <p>The legislation would appropriate $1 million to the Executive Office of the Governor from the General Revenue Fund for the purpose of implementing the act, and would give Office until Jan. 17, 2022 to submit a status report to leadership of the legislature that includes, at a minimum:</p> <blockquote><p>1. Timelines for the completion of the proposal and for the completion of the state plan, including the establishment of an agency to oversee the state plan, legislation necessary to implement the state plan, and the scope of coverage with respect to employees covered under, and excluded from, the state plan.</p> <p>2. An explanation of whether additional employees, consultants, or contractors need to be hired to assist with the development of the proposal and the state plan and whether additional funds need to be appropriated for that purpose.</p></blockquote> <p>“If OSHA, the Department of Labor and OSHA, is going to be weaponized as a way to hold hostage businesses throughout the state of Florida, no problem. We want a different plan,” said House Speaker Chris Sprowls (R-Palm Harbor). “We want out of OSHA. We&#8217;ll submit our own regulatory authority and say goodbye to the federal government.”</p> <p><strong>THE PROCESS</strong></p> <p>Under OSHA regulations, implementation and enforcement can be done on either a state or a federal level, and should Florida successfully withdraw from the federal program, it would join <a href="https://www.osha.gov/stateplans/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">22 other states that are currently on a &#8220;state plan.&#8221;</a></p> <p>Once a state plan is formulated, it&#8217;s then sent to the federal government, which must give it approval before OSHA withdraws its own resources. Some experts have suggested that the process could take multiple years.</p> <p>And even once a state plan is approved, OSHA monitors those plans and requires them to be at least as strict as OSHA’s guidelines and regulations. According to OSHA, the agency <em>&#8220;monitors and evaluates State Plans <strong>annually</strong> through the Federal Annual Monitoring Evaluation (FAME) process. This process is used to: determine whether the State Plan is continuing to operate at least as effectively as OSHA, track a State Plan&#8217;s progress in achieving its strategic and annual performance goals, and ensure that the State Plan is meeting its mandated responsibilities under the Act and other relevant regulations.&#8221;</em> [emphasis added]</p> <p><strong>ENFORCEMENT</strong></p> <p>With just under 800 inspectors working for OSHA, and another 1200 administering the remaining state plans, federal officials have repeatedly noted that it would take the agency approximately 160 <strong>years</strong> <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/09/can-states-nullify-the-new-federal-mandates/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">to inspect every business under its jurisdiction just one time</a>.</p> <p>With that achilles heel in mind, sources close to the Tenth Amendment Center have indicated that multiple states are likely to consider legislation to not just set up a state plan, but ban the state from participating in the enforcement of the new mandates, relying on the fact that the person power and resources available on the federal level will make those mandates nearly impossible to enforce should there be widespread resistance on a business and individual level.</p> <p><strong>NEXT UP</strong></p> <p>SB6 has been referred to the Senate committees on Judiciary and Appropriations. HB5 has been referred to the House Pandemics &amp; Public Emergencies Committee. Both will need to pass by a majority vote through those committees before the full chambers will have an opportunity to consider them.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/florida-legislation-would-take-first-steps-toward-withdrawing-from-osha/">Florida Legislation Would Take First Steps Toward Withdrawing from OSHA</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Health Care State Bills Florida HB5-B Mandates OSHA SB6-B State Plan Michael Boldin