TAC Daily Digest http://feed.informer.com/digests/WYPPR38WMR/feeder TAC Daily Digest Respective post owners and feed distributors Fri, 13 Sep 2019 22:13:53 +0000 Feed Informer http://feed.informer.com/ Was the 10th Amendment Redundant? https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/was-the-10th-amendment-redundant/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:30f16f86-ca02-8faa-b1ec-7851cd2c6fa1 Wed, 25 May 2022 17:21:12 +0000 <p>Thomas Jefferson considered the 10th Amendment the “Foundation of the Constitution.” But he was far from alone. Even before the 10th was drafted, leading federalists repeatedly told us the Constitution was written under this same structure of delegated and reserved powers.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/was-the-10th-amendment-redundant/">Was the 10th Amendment Redundant?</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>Thomas Jefferson considered the 10th Amendment the “Foundation of the Constitution.” But he was far from alone. Even before the 10th was drafted, leading federalists repeatedly told us the Constitution was written under this same structure of delegated and reserved powers.</p> <p>Path to Liberty: May 25, 2022<span id="more-39660"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://podcasts.google.com/feed/aHR0cHM6Ly9ibG9nLnRlbnRoYW1lbmRtZW50Y2VudGVyLmNvbS9jYXRlZ29yeS92aWRlby9nb29kLW1vcm5pbmctbGliZXJ0eS9mZWVkLw?sa=X&amp;ved=0CAYQrrcFahcKEwigwITb6MrrAhUAAAAAHQAAAAAQBA" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Google</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe loading="lazy" width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/qAxy3m30ChE?start=76" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/bank-tj.asp" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Thomas Jefferson &#8211; Opinion on the Constitutionality of a National Bank (15 Feb 1791)</a></p> <p><a href="https://teachingamericanhistory.org/document/state-house-speech/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">James Wilson &#8211; State House Yard Speech (6 Oct 1787)</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/title/ramsay-pamphlets-on-the-constitution-of-the-united-states-1787-1788#lf1338_head_003" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Noah Webster (10 Oct 1787)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.consource.org/document/roger-sherman-to-___-1787-12-8/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Roger Sherman to ____ (8 Dec 1787)</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/title/elliot-the-debates-in-the-several-state-conventions-vol-4#lf1314-04_head_012" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Charles Pinckney &#8211; Speech in the South Carolina Legislature (16 Jan 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/fed45.asp" rel="noopener" target="_blank">James Madison &#8211; Federalist 45 (26 Jan 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/title/elliot-the-debates-in-the-several-state-conventions-vol-3" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Edmund Randolph &#8211; Virginia Ratifying Convention (10 June 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/title/elliot-the-debates-in-the-several-state-conventions-vol-3" rel="noopener" target="_blank">James Madison &#8211; Virginia Ratifying Convention (24 June 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Hamilton/01-05-02-0012-0040" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Alexander Hamilton &#8211; New York Ratifying Convention (28 June 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/title/elliot-the-debates-in-the-several-state-conventions-vol-4" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Archibald Maclaine &#8211; North Carolina Ratifying Convention (28 July 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/title/elliot-the-debates-in-the-several-state-conventions-vol-4" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Gov. Samuel Johnston &#8211; North Carolina Ratifying Convention (28 July 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/title/elliot-the-debates-in-the-several-state-conventions-vol-2" rel="noopener" target="_blank">John Hancock &#8211; Massachusetts Ratifying Convention (6 Feb 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/01/who-is-supposed-to-keep-the-feds-in-check/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Episode: Who is Supposed to Keep the Feds in Check?</a></p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES (links update after 1pm Pacific today)</strong></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a></p> <p>VIDEO PLATFORMS</p> <p><a href="https://odysee.com/$/invite/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Odysee</a><br /> <a href="https://www.youtube.com/user/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">YouTube</a><br /> <a href="https://hyprr.com/profile/tenthamendmentcenter?section=hypetv" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HypeTV</a><br /> <a href="https://www.brighteon.com/channels/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Brighteon</a><br /> <a href="https://tv.gab.com/channel/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Gab TV</a><br /> <a href="https://www.bitchute.com/channel/X0AJnBhWbCkx/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Bitchute</a><br /> <a href="https://bittube.tv/profile/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">BitTube</a><br /> <a href="https://dlive.tv/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">DLive</a><br /> <a href="https://www.twitch.tv/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Twitch</a><br /> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/tenthamendmentcenter/channel/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">IGTV</a></p> <p>SOCIAL PLATFORMS</p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/tenthamendment" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Twitter</a><br /> <a href="https://www.minds.com/TenthAmendmentCenter/?referrer=TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Minds</a><br /> <a href="https://www.facebook.com/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Facebook</a><br /> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/tenthamendmentcenter/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Instagram</a><br /> <a href="https://gab.com/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Gab</a><br /> <a href="https://mewe.com/p/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">MeWe</a><br /> <a href="https://www.linkedin.com/company/tenthamendmentcenter/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">LinkedIn</a><br /> <a href="https://www.pinterest.com/tenthamendment/_created/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Pinterest</a><br /> <a href="https://hyprr.com/profile/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Hyprr</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/was-the-10th-amendment-redundant/">Was the 10th Amendment Redundant?</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. 10th Amendment Audio/Video Constitution Founding Principles Path to Liberty Expressly Delegated federalists Ratification Debates Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center 26:37 Thomas Jefferson considered the 10th Amendment the “Foundation of the Constitution.” But he was far from alone. Even before the 10th was drafted, leading federalists repeatedly told us the Constitution was written under this same structure of delegated... Thomas Jefferson considered the 10th Amendment the “Foundation of the Constitution.” But he was far from alone. Even before the 10th was drafted, leading federalists repeatedly told us the Constitution was written under this same structure of delegated and reserved powers.<br /> You Don’t Have “2nd Amendment Rights” https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/you-dont-have-2nd-amendment-rights/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:a195f0d4-4135-b95b-46e8-81615f1245f7 Tue, 24 May 2022 16:09:31 +0000 <p>The right to keep and bear arms is a natural right. Not a gift from government. Not a privilege. And not something that requires a permission slip.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/you-dont-have-2nd-amendment-rights/">You Don’t Have “2nd Amendment Rights”</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>You just have rights.</p> <p>The right to keep and bear arms is a natural right. Not a gift from government. Not a privilege. And not something that requires a permission slip.<span id="more-39659"></span></p> <blockquote class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/reel/Cd30rSEDiBP/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="14" style=" background:#FFF; border:0; border-radius:3px; box-shadow:0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width:540px; min-width:326px; padding:0; width:99.375%; width:-webkit-calc(100% - 2px); width:calc(100% - 2px);"> <div style="padding:16px;"> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/reel/Cd30rSEDiBP/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" style=" background:#FFFFFF; line-height:0; padding:0 0; text-align:center; text-decoration:none; width:100%;" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> </p> <div style=" display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display:block; height:50px; margin:0 auto 12px; width:50px;"><svg width="50px" height="50px" viewBox="0 0 60 60" version="1.1" xmlns="https://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:xlink="https://www.w3.org/1999/xlink"><g stroke="none" stroke-width="1" fill="none" fill-rule="evenodd"><g transform="translate(-511.000000, -20.000000)" fill="#000000"><g><path d="M556.869,30.41 C554.814,30.41 553.148,32.076 553.148,34.131 C553.148,36.186 554.814,37.852 556.869,37.852 C558.924,37.852 560.59,36.186 560.59,34.131 C560.59,32.076 558.924,30.41 556.869,30.41 M541,60.657 C535.114,60.657 530.342,55.887 530.342,50 C530.342,44.114 535.114,39.342 541,39.342 C546.887,39.342 551.658,44.114 551.658,50 C551.658,55.887 546.887,60.657 541,60.657 M541,33.886 C532.1,33.886 524.886,41.1 524.886,50 C524.886,58.899 532.1,66.113 541,66.113 C549.9,66.113 557.115,58.899 557.115,50 C557.115,41.1 549.9,33.886 541,33.886 M565.378,62.101 C565.244,65.022 564.756,66.606 564.346,67.663 C563.803,69.06 563.154,70.057 562.106,71.106 C561.058,72.155 560.06,72.803 558.662,73.347 C557.607,73.757 556.021,74.244 553.102,74.378 C549.944,74.521 548.997,74.552 541,74.552 C533.003,74.552 532.056,74.521 528.898,74.378 C525.979,74.244 524.393,73.757 523.338,73.347 C521.94,72.803 520.942,72.155 519.894,71.106 C518.846,70.057 518.197,69.06 517.654,67.663 C517.244,66.606 516.755,65.022 516.623,62.101 C516.479,58.943 516.448,57.996 516.448,50 C516.448,42.003 516.479,41.056 516.623,37.899 C516.755,34.978 517.244,33.391 517.654,32.338 C518.197,30.938 518.846,29.942 519.894,28.894 C520.942,27.846 521.94,27.196 523.338,26.654 C524.393,26.244 525.979,25.756 528.898,25.623 C532.057,25.479 533.004,25.448 541,25.448 C548.997,25.448 549.943,25.479 553.102,25.623 C556.021,25.756 557.607,26.244 558.662,26.654 C560.06,27.196 561.058,27.846 562.106,28.894 C563.154,29.942 563.803,30.938 564.346,32.338 C564.756,33.391 565.244,34.978 565.378,37.899 C565.522,41.056 565.552,42.003 565.552,50 C565.552,57.996 565.522,58.943 565.378,62.101 M570.82,37.631 C570.674,34.438 570.167,32.258 569.425,30.349 C568.659,28.377 567.633,26.702 565.965,25.035 C564.297,23.368 562.623,22.342 560.652,21.575 C558.743,20.834 556.562,20.326 553.369,20.18 C550.169,20.033 549.148,20 541,20 C532.853,20 531.831,20.033 528.631,20.18 C525.438,20.326 523.257,20.834 521.349,21.575 C519.376,22.342 517.703,23.368 516.035,25.035 C514.368,26.702 513.342,28.377 512.574,30.349 C511.834,32.258 511.326,34.438 511.181,37.631 C511.035,40.831 511,41.851 511,50 C511,58.147 511.035,59.17 511.181,62.369 C511.326,65.562 511.834,67.743 512.574,69.651 C513.342,71.625 514.368,73.296 516.035,74.965 C517.703,76.634 519.376,77.658 521.349,78.425 C523.257,79.167 525.438,79.673 528.631,79.82 C531.831,79.965 532.853,80.001 541,80.001 C549.148,80.001 550.169,79.965 553.369,79.82 C556.562,79.673 558.743,79.167 560.652,78.425 C562.623,77.658 564.297,76.634 565.965,74.965 C567.633,73.296 568.659,71.625 569.425,69.651 C570.167,67.743 570.674,65.562 570.82,62.369 C570.966,59.17 571,58.147 571,50 C571,41.851 570.966,40.831 570.82,37.631"></path></g></g></g></svg></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style=" color:#3897f0; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:550; line-height:18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <div style="padding: 12.5% 0;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; margin-bottom: 14px; align-items: center;"> <div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; height: 12.5px; width: 12.5px; transform: translateX(0px) translateY(7px);"></div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; height: 12.5px; transform: rotate(-45deg) translateX(3px) translateY(1px); width: 12.5px; flex-grow: 0; margin-right: 14px; margin-left: 2px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; height: 12.5px; width: 12.5px; transform: translateX(9px) translateY(-18px);"></div> </div> <div style="margin-left: 8px;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 20px; width: 20px;"></div> <div style=" width: 0; height: 0; border-top: 2px solid transparent; border-left: 6px solid #f4f4f4; border-bottom: 2px solid transparent; transform: translateX(16px) translateY(-4px) rotate(30deg)"></div> </div> <div style="margin-left: auto;"> <div style=" width: 0px; border-top: 8px solid #F4F4F4; border-right: 8px solid transparent; transform: translateY(16px);"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; flex-grow: 0; height: 12px; width: 16px; transform: translateY(-4px);"></div> <div style=" width: 0; height: 0; border-top: 8px solid #F4F4F4; border-left: 8px solid transparent; transform: translateY(-4px) translateX(8px);"></div> </div> </div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center; margin-bottom: 24px;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 224px;"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 144px;"></div> </div> <p></a></p> <p style=" color:#c9c8cd; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; line-height:17px; margin-bottom:0; margin-top:8px; overflow:hidden; padding:8px 0 7px; text-align:center; text-overflow:ellipsis; white-space:nowrap;"><a href="https://www.instagram.com/reel/Cd30rSEDiBP/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" style=" color:#c9c8cd; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:normal; line-height:17px; text-decoration:none;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">A post shared by Tenth Amendment Center (@tenthamendmentcenter)</a></p> </div> </blockquote> <p> <script async src="//www.instagram.com/embed.js"></script></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/you-dont-have-2nd-amendment-rights/">You Don’t Have “2nd Amendment Rights”</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. 2nd Amendment Audio/Video Founding Principles Path to Liberty Natural Rights Right to Keep and Bear Arms Rights Samuel Adams St. George Tucker The Rights of the Colonists Michael Boldin Today in History: Fugitive Slave Anthony Burns Captured https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/today-in-history-fugitive-slave-anthony-burns-captured/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:d0d0be46-2fc5-fa37-e964-da8eee32fe69 Tue, 24 May 2022 12:25:24 +0000 <p>"We went to bed one night old-fashioned conservative compromise Union Whigs and waked up stark mad abolitionists."</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/today-in-history-fugitive-slave-anthony-burns-captured/">Today in History: Fugitive Slave Anthony Burns Captured</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>On May 24, 1854, runaway slave Anthony Burns was captured in Boston, setting the stage for a trial and attempted rescue that gave a spark to the abolitionist movement.<span id="more-39649"></span></p> <p>Burns was a slave in Virginia &#8220;owned&#8221; by Charles F. Suttle. In 1853, Suttle hired Burns out to a man named William Brent. Burns managed to escape by ship and made his way to Boston.</p> <p>But when he arrived in Boston, Burns made a mistake. He sent a letter to a brother in Virginia and it fell into the hands of Suttle. Suttle and Brent made their way to Boston and tracked Burns down. On May 24, Burns was arrested and held in the courthouse.</p> <p>The plan was to have Burns quietly appear before a U.S. commissioner the next day to sign the paperwork to place Burns into the custody of Suttle under the <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/09/18/today-in-history-fugitive-slave-act-of-1850-signed-into-law/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Fugitive Slave Act of 1850</a>. But Richard Henry Dana Jr. happened by the courtroom and realized what was happening. Dana was a prominent antislavery attorney and intervened on Burns&#8217; behalf.</p> <p>This was the beginning of a nine-day courtroom saga.</p> <p>Thousands of protesters assembled outside the courthouse. Eventually, the crowd attempted to rescue Burns, resulting in the death of a newly deputized marshall.</p> <p>In the wake of the violence, President Pierce ordered federal troops to guard the courthouse.</p> <p>Both the rescue and the legal wrangling failed and Burns was ultimately returned to Virginia. It took more than 1,500 troops to hold back the anti-slavery protestors as Burns was moved from the courthouse to the ship that would haul him back to Virginia.</p> <p>Burns spent four months chained up in a Richmond slave jail, leaving him permanently crippled and in ill health. Suttle later sold Burns to a North Carolina slave trader. In the spring of 1855, a group of free African Americans bought his freedom for $1,300.</p> <p>While his rescue failed, the protests in Boston didn&#8217;t die with Burns&#8217; return to Virginia. The incident fueled anti-slavery sentiment throughout the North. Amos Adams Lawrence was one man who thrust himself into the abolitionist movement after the Burns affair. He summed up the feelings of many,</p> <blockquote><p>&#8220;We went to bed one night old-fashioned conservative compromise Union Whigs and waked up stark mad abolitionists.&#8221;</p></blockquote> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/today-in-history-fugitive-slave-anthony-burns-captured/">Today in History: Fugitive Slave Anthony Burns Captured</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Uncategorized Anthony Burns Fugitive Slave Act History Today in History Mike Maharrey Don’t Trust These Guys If You Can’t Trust These Guys https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/dont-trust-these-guys-if-you-cant-trust-these-guys/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:84216661-630d-8f37-2dff-519a1790ecc9 Mon, 23 May 2022 19:53:32 +0000 <p>Do you trust your average politician?</p> <p>Me neither. So, why do we give them so much control over our lives?</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/dont-trust-these-guys-if-you-cant-trust-these-guys/">Don’t Trust These Guys If You Can’t Trust These Guys</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>Do you trust your average politician?</p> <p>Me neither. So, why do we give them so much control over our lives?<span id="more-39639"></span></p> <blockquote class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/reel/CdzE5ZuDk7W/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="14" style=" background:#FFF; border:0; border-radius:3px; box-shadow:0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width:540px; min-width:326px; padding:0; width:99.375%; width:-webkit-calc(100% - 2px); width:calc(100% - 2px);"> <div style="padding:16px;"> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/reel/CdzE5ZuDk7W/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" style=" background:#FFFFFF; line-height:0; padding:0 0; text-align:center; text-decoration:none; width:100%;" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> </p> <div style=" display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display:block; height:50px; margin:0 auto 12px; width:50px;"><svg width="50px" height="50px" viewBox="0 0 60 60" version="1.1" xmlns="https://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:xlink="https://www.w3.org/1999/xlink"><g stroke="none" stroke-width="1" fill="none" fill-rule="evenodd"><g transform="translate(-511.000000, -20.000000)" fill="#000000"><g><path d="M556.869,30.41 C554.814,30.41 553.148,32.076 553.148,34.131 C553.148,36.186 554.814,37.852 556.869,37.852 C558.924,37.852 560.59,36.186 560.59,34.131 C560.59,32.076 558.924,30.41 556.869,30.41 M541,60.657 C535.114,60.657 530.342,55.887 530.342,50 C530.342,44.114 535.114,39.342 541,39.342 C546.887,39.342 551.658,44.114 551.658,50 C551.658,55.887 546.887,60.657 541,60.657 M541,33.886 C532.1,33.886 524.886,41.1 524.886,50 C524.886,58.899 532.1,66.113 541,66.113 C549.9,66.113 557.115,58.899 557.115,50 C557.115,41.1 549.9,33.886 541,33.886 M565.378,62.101 C565.244,65.022 564.756,66.606 564.346,67.663 C563.803,69.06 563.154,70.057 562.106,71.106 C561.058,72.155 560.06,72.803 558.662,73.347 C557.607,73.757 556.021,74.244 553.102,74.378 C549.944,74.521 548.997,74.552 541,74.552 C533.003,74.552 532.056,74.521 528.898,74.378 C525.979,74.244 524.393,73.757 523.338,73.347 C521.94,72.803 520.942,72.155 519.894,71.106 C518.846,70.057 518.197,69.06 517.654,67.663 C517.244,66.606 516.755,65.022 516.623,62.101 C516.479,58.943 516.448,57.996 516.448,50 C516.448,42.003 516.479,41.056 516.623,37.899 C516.755,34.978 517.244,33.391 517.654,32.338 C518.197,30.938 518.846,29.942 519.894,28.894 C520.942,27.846 521.94,27.196 523.338,26.654 C524.393,26.244 525.979,25.756 528.898,25.623 C532.057,25.479 533.004,25.448 541,25.448 C548.997,25.448 549.943,25.479 553.102,25.623 C556.021,25.756 557.607,26.244 558.662,26.654 C560.06,27.196 561.058,27.846 562.106,28.894 C563.154,29.942 563.803,30.938 564.346,32.338 C564.756,33.391 565.244,34.978 565.378,37.899 C565.522,41.056 565.552,42.003 565.552,50 C565.552,57.996 565.522,58.943 565.378,62.101 M570.82,37.631 C570.674,34.438 570.167,32.258 569.425,30.349 C568.659,28.377 567.633,26.702 565.965,25.035 C564.297,23.368 562.623,22.342 560.652,21.575 C558.743,20.834 556.562,20.326 553.369,20.18 C550.169,20.033 549.148,20 541,20 C532.853,20 531.831,20.033 528.631,20.18 C525.438,20.326 523.257,20.834 521.349,21.575 C519.376,22.342 517.703,23.368 516.035,25.035 C514.368,26.702 513.342,28.377 512.574,30.349 C511.834,32.258 511.326,34.438 511.181,37.631 C511.035,40.831 511,41.851 511,50 C511,58.147 511.035,59.17 511.181,62.369 C511.326,65.562 511.834,67.743 512.574,69.651 C513.342,71.625 514.368,73.296 516.035,74.965 C517.703,76.634 519.376,77.658 521.349,78.425 C523.257,79.167 525.438,79.673 528.631,79.82 C531.831,79.965 532.853,80.001 541,80.001 C549.148,80.001 550.169,79.965 553.369,79.82 C556.562,79.673 558.743,79.167 560.652,78.425 C562.623,77.658 564.297,76.634 565.965,74.965 C567.633,73.296 568.659,71.625 569.425,69.651 C570.167,67.743 570.674,65.562 570.82,62.369 C570.966,59.17 571,58.147 571,50 C571,41.851 570.966,40.831 570.82,37.631"></path></g></g></g></svg></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style=" color:#3897f0; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:550; line-height:18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <div style="padding: 12.5% 0;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; margin-bottom: 14px; align-items: center;"> <div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; height: 12.5px; width: 12.5px; transform: translateX(0px) translateY(7px);"></div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; height: 12.5px; transform: rotate(-45deg) translateX(3px) translateY(1px); width: 12.5px; flex-grow: 0; margin-right: 14px; margin-left: 2px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; height: 12.5px; width: 12.5px; transform: translateX(9px) translateY(-18px);"></div> </div> <div style="margin-left: 8px;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 20px; width: 20px;"></div> <div style=" width: 0; height: 0; border-top: 2px solid transparent; border-left: 6px solid #f4f4f4; border-bottom: 2px solid transparent; transform: translateX(16px) translateY(-4px) rotate(30deg)"></div> </div> <div style="margin-left: auto;"> <div style=" width: 0px; border-top: 8px solid #F4F4F4; border-right: 8px solid transparent; transform: translateY(16px);"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; flex-grow: 0; height: 12px; width: 16px; transform: translateY(-4px);"></div> <div style=" width: 0; height: 0; border-top: 8px solid #F4F4F4; border-left: 8px solid transparent; transform: translateY(-4px) translateX(8px);"></div> </div> </div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center; margin-bottom: 24px;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 224px;"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 144px;"></div> </div> <p></a></p> <p style=" color:#c9c8cd; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; line-height:17px; margin-bottom:0; margin-top:8px; overflow:hidden; padding:8px 0 7px; text-align:center; text-overflow:ellipsis; white-space:nowrap;"><a href="https://www.instagram.com/reel/CdzE5ZuDk7W/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" style=" color:#c9c8cd; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:normal; line-height:17px; text-decoration:none;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">A post shared by Tenth Amendment Center (@tenthamendmentcenter)</a></p> </div> </blockquote> <p> <script async src="//www.instagram.com/embed.js"></script></p> <p><strong>For More Information</strong></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2009/03/06/jeffersons-arguments-for-nullification-and-limited-government/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Jefferson&#8217;s Arguments for Nullification and Limited Government</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/10/23/the-tenth-amendment-is-always-the-right-answer/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Tenth Amendment Is Always the Right Answer</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/dont-trust-these-guys-if-you-cant-trust-these-guys/">Don’t Trust These Guys If You Can’t Trust These Guys</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Big Government Gouverneur Morris Maharrey Minute oath of office Politicians Trust Mike Maharrey Louisiana House Committee Passes Permitless Carry Bill https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/louisiana-house-committee-passes-permitless-carry-bill/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:fae465a1-036f-5d81-2f7d-fc86725307d1 Mon, 23 May 2022 19:50:49 +0000 <p>The legislation would allow adults 21 and over who are not prohibited from possessing a firearm under state or federal law to carry a concealed firearm without a permit. Under the proposed law, the state would continue issuing conceal carry permits for residents who want to carry in other states that have CCDW reciprocity with Louisiana.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/louisiana-house-committee-passes-permitless-carry-bill/">Louisiana House Committee Passes Permitless Carry Bill</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>BATON ROUGE</strong>, La. (May 23, 2022) – Last week, a Louisiana House committee passed a bill to legalize permitless carry in the state. The enactment of a so-called “constitutional carry” bill would also foster an environment more hostile to federal gun control.<span id="more-39648"></span></p> <p>Sen. John Morris (R) and Sen. Stewart Cathey (R) introduced Senate Bill 143 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/LA/bill/SB143/2022" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SB143</a>) on March 2. The legislation would allow adults 21 and over who are not prohibited from possessing a firearm under state or federal law to carry a concealed firearm without a permit. Under the proposed law, the state would continue issuing conceal carry permits for residents who want to carry in other states that have CCDW reciprocity with Louisiana.</p> <p>On May 18, The House Committee on Administration of Criminal Justice passed SB143 by a 12-0 vote. The Senate previously passed the bill by <a href="https://legiscan.com/LA/rollcall/SB143/id/1201127" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a 28-8 vote</a>.</p> <p>A similar bill (<a href="https://legiscan.com/LA/bill/HB37/2022" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB37</a>) has passed the House and is expected to go before a Senate committee today.</p> <p>The Louisiana legislature passed permitless carry last year with supermajorities in both the House and the Senate. But several Republicans caved to law enforcement pressure and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/07/louisiana-politicians-cave-to-law-enforcement-uphold-veto-of-constitutional-carry/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">the Senate failed to override Gov. John Bel Edwards’s veto</a>.</p> <p><a href="https://www.theadvertiser.com/story/news/2022/04/12/constitutional-carry-gun-bill-advances-louisiana/7289375001/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">According to <em>The Daily Advertiser</em></a>, law enforcement opposition hasn’t gone away. Louisiana Association of Chiefs of Police Executive Director Fabian Blache called it a “very dangerous bill.”</p> <p><strong>EFFECT ON FEDERAL GUN CONTROL</strong></p> <p>While permitless carry bills do not directly affect federal gun control, the widespread passage of permitless conceal carry laws in states subtly undermines federal efforts to regulate guns. As we’ve seen with marijuana and industrial hemp, a federal regulation becomes ineffective when states ignore it and pass laws encouraging the prohibited activity anyway.</p> <p>The federal government lacks the enforcement power necessary to maintain its ban, and people will willingly take on the small risk of federal sanctions if they know the state will not interfere. This increases when the state actively encourages “the market.”</p> <p>Less restrictive state gun laws will likely have a similar impact on federal gun laws. It will make it that much more difficult for the feds to enforce any future federal gun control, and increase the likelihood that states with few limits will simply refuse to cooperate with federal enforcement efforts.</p> <p>State actions such as passing “constitutional carry” lower barriers for those wanting the option of defending themselves with firearms and encourage a “gun-friendly” environment that would make federal efforts to limit firearms that much more difficult.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>SB143 will move to the full House for further consideration.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/louisiana-house-committee-passes-permitless-carry-bill/">Louisiana House Committee Passes Permitless Carry Bill</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Right to Keep and Bear Arms State Bills Concealed Carry Constitutional Carry HB37 Louisiana Permitless Carry SB143 Mike Maharrey To the Governor: Colorado Bill Would Limit Government Use of Facial Recognition https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/to-the-governor-colorado-bill-would-limit-government-use-of-facial-recognition/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:0e6b2a23-41f1-4dc7-ec4d-756b523994e8 Mon, 23 May 2022 19:46:17 +0000 <p>The proposed law would prohibit Colorado law enforcement agencies from engaging in ongoing surveillance, conducting real-time or near real-time identification, or from starting persistent tracking using facial recognition without a warrant in most situations. In order to obtain a warrant, police would first have to establish probable cause and show that the use of facial recognition is necessary to develop leads in an investigation.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/to-the-governor-colorado-bill-would-limit-government-use-of-facial-recognition/">To the Governor: Colorado Bill Would Limit Government Use of Facial Recognition</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>DENVER</strong>, Colo. (May 23, 2022) – Last Friday, the Colorado legislature gave final approval to a bill that would place some limits on the use of facial recognition technology. The proposed law would not only help protect privacy in Colorado; it could also hinder one aspect of the federal surveillance state.<span id="more-39647"></span></p> <p>Sen. Chris Hansen (D) introduced Senate Bill 113 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/CO/bill/SB113/2022" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SB113</a>) on Feb. 3. The proposed law would prohibit Colorado law enforcement agencies from engaging in ongoing surveillance, conducting real-time or near real-time identification, or from starting persistent tracking using facial recognition without a warrant in most situations. In order to obtain a warrant, police would first have to establish probable cause and show that the use of facial recognition is necessary to develop leads in an investigation.</p> <p>SB113 would allow the use of facial recognition with a court order to locate a missing person or to identify a deceased individual.</p> <p>SB113 would prohibit the use of facial recognition on individuals based on their religious, political, or social views or activities or any other characteristic protected by law and from using facial recognition on people engaged in the “exercise of rights guaranteed by the first amendment of the United States constitution and by section 10 of Article II of the Colorado constitution.”</p> <p>Under the proposed law, police could not use facial recognition as the “sole basis” for establishing probable cause.</p> <p>Additionally, SB113 would prohibit any public school, charter school, or institute charter school from contracting with any vendor for the purchase of or for services related to a facial recognition system until January 1, 2025.</p> <p>SB113 would also create a government task force to further evaluate the use of facial recognition technology.</p> <p>The bill went through several revisions in both the House and the Senate and ultimately went to a conference committee. The House passed the final version by <a href="https://legiscan.com/CO/rollcall/SB113/id/1203109" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a 53-12 vote</a> and the Senate <a href="https://legiscan.com/CO/rollcall/SB113/id/1203469" target="_blank" rel="noopener">approved the final version 28-7</a>. It now goes to Gov. Jared Polis&#8217; desk for his consideration.</p> <p><strong>IMPACT ON FEDERAL PROGRAMS</strong></p> <p>A <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/07/12/dont-rely-on-congress-to-stop-facial-recognition-surveillance/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">2019 report revealed</a> that the federal government has turned state drivers’ license photos into a giant facial recognition database, putting virtually every driver in America in a perpetual electronic police lineup. The revelations generated widespread outrage, but the story wasn’t new. The federal government has been developing <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2016/10/31/local-state-and-federal-law-enforcement-partnering-to-create-massive-facial-recognition-system/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">a massive facial recognition system</a> for years.</p> <p>The FBI <a href="https://money.cnn.com/2014/09/16/technology/security/fbi-facial-recognition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">rolled out a nationwide facial recognition program</a> in the fall of 2014, with the goal of building a giant biometric database with pictures provided by the states and corporate friends.</p> <p>In 2016, the Center on Privacy and Technology at Georgetown Law released “The Perpetual Lineup,” a massive report on law enforcement use of facial recognition technology in the U.S. You can read the complete report at <a href="https://www.perpetuallineup.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">perpetuallineup.org</a>. The organization conducted a year-long investigation and collected more than 15,000 pages of documents through more than 100 public records requests. The report paints a disturbing picture of intense cooperation between the federal government, and state and local law enforcement to develop a massive facial recognition database.</p> <blockquote><p>“Face recognition is a powerful technology that requires strict oversight. But those controls, by and large, don’t exist today,” report co-author <a href="https://theintercept.com/2016/10/18/study-lack-of-face-recognition-oversight-threatens-privacy-of-millions/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Clare Garvie said</a>. “With only a few exceptions, there are no laws governing police use of the technology, no standards ensuring its accuracy, and no systems checking for bias. It’s a wild west.”</p></blockquote> <p>Despite the outrage generated by these reports, Congress has done nothing to roll back this facial recognition program.</p> <p>There are <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/10/whats-the-big-problem-with-facial-recognition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">many technical and legal problems</a> with facial recognition, including significant concerns about the accuracy of the technology, particularly when reading the facial features of minority populations. During a test run by the ACLU of Northern California, <a href="https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/ne8wa8/amazons-facial-recognition-misidentified-1-in-5-california-lawmakers-as-criminals" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">facial recognition misidentified 26 members of the California legislature</a> as people in a database of arrest photos.</p> <p>With facial recognition technology, police and other government officials have the capability to track individuals in real-time. These systems allow law enforcement agents to use video cameras and continually scan everybody who walks by. According to the report, several major police departments have expressed an interest in this type of real-time tracking. Documents revealed agencies in at least five major cities, including Los Angeles, either claimed to run real-time face recognition off of street cameras, bought technology with the capability, or expressed written interest in buying it.</p> <p>In all likelihood, the federal government heavily involves itself in helping state and local agencies obtain this technology. The feds provide grant money to local law enforcement agencies for a vast array of surveillance gear, including ALPRs, stingray devices and drones. The federal government essentially encourages and funds a giant nationwide surveillance net and then taps into the information via fusion centers and the Information Sharing Environment (ISE).</p> <p>Fusion centers were sold as a tool to combat terrorism, but that is not how they are being used. The ACLU pointed to a <a href="https://www.hsgac.senate.gov/subcommittees/investigations/media/investigative-report-criticizes-counterterrorism-reporting-waste-at-state-and-local-intelligence-fusion-centers" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">bipartisan congressional report</a> to demonstrate the true nature of government fusion centers: “They haven’t contributed anything meaningful to counterterrorism efforts. Instead, they have largely served as police surveillance and information sharing nodes for law enforcement efforts targeting the frequent subjects of police attention: Black and brown people, immigrants, dissidents, and the poor.”</p> <p>Fusion centers operate within the broader ISE. According to <a href="http://www.dni.gov/index.php/about/organization/information-sharing-environment-what-we-do" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">its website</a>, the ISE “provides analysts, operators, and investigators with information needed to enhance national security. These analysts, operators, and investigators…have mission needs to collaborate and share information with each other and with private sector partners and our foreign allies.” In other words, ISE serves as a conduit for the sharing of information gathered without a warrant. Known ISE partners include the Office of Director of National Intelligence which oversees 17 federal agencies and organizations, including the NSA. ISE utilizes these partnerships to collect and share data on the millions of unwitting people they track.</p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/09/30/smoking-gun-feds-partner-with-local-police-to-facilitate-warrantless-surveillance/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Reports that the Berkeley Police Department in cooperation with a federal fusion center deployed cameras</a> equipped to surveil a “free speech” rally and Antifa counterprotests provided the first solid link between the federal government and local authorities in facial recognition surveillance.</p> <p>In a nutshell, without state and local cooperation, the feds have a much more difficult time gathering information. Passage of state laws and local ordinances banning and limiting facial recognition eliminates one avenue for gathering facial recognition data. Simply put, data that doesn’t exist cannot be entered into federal databases.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>Gov. Polis will have until June 10 to sign or veto SB113. If he takes no action, it will become law without his signature.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/to-the-governor-colorado-bill-would-limit-government-use-of-facial-recognition/">To the Governor: Colorado Bill Would Limit Government Use of Facial Recognition</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Facial Recognition State Bills colorado facial recognition Privacy SB113 surveillance Mike Maharrey A Federalist Blowout: South Carolina Ratifies the Constitution https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/a-federalist-blowout-south-carolina-ratifies-the-constitution/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:d8d57720-0ad0-d33c-cac1-14059641ac5b Mon, 23 May 2022 17:34:09 +0000 <p>May 23, 1788 - South Carolina became the 8th state to ratify the Constitution, easily doing so after just a few short days of debate. But was the federalist victory representative of the people, or were the antifederalists just outmaneuvered?</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/a-federalist-blowout-south-carolina-ratifies-the-constitution/">A Federalist Blowout: South Carolina Ratifies the Constitution</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>May 23, 1788 &#8211; South Carolina became the 8th state to ratify the Constitution, easily doing so after just a few short days of debate. But was the federalist victory representative of the people, or were the antifederalists just outmaneuvered? </p> <p>Path to Liberty: May 23, 2022<span id="more-39650"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://podcasts.google.com/feed/aHR0cHM6Ly9ibG9nLnRlbnRoYW1lbmRtZW50Y2VudGVyLmNvbS9jYXRlZ29yeS92aWRlby9nb29kLW1vcm5pbmctbGliZXJ0eS9mZWVkLw?sa=X&amp;ved=0CAYQrrcFahcKEwigwITb6MrrAhUAAAAAHQAAAAAQBA" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Google</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe loading="lazy" width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/QvMXxw6Por8?start=52" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/ratsc.asp" rel="noopener" target="_blank">South Carolina Ratification and Proposed Amendments</a></p> <p><a href="https://csac.history.wisc.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/281/2017/07/SouthCarolina_website.pdf" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Vote Map</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.scencyclopedia.org/sce/entries/ratification-of-the-u-s-constitution/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">SC Encyclopedia</a></p> <p><a href="https://digicoll.library.wisc.edu/cgi-bin/History/History-idx?type=article&#038;did=History.DHRCv27.i0002&#038;id=History.DHRCv27&#038;isize=M" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Documentary History of the Ratification of the Constitution Vol 27</a></p> <p><a href="https://tigerprints.clemson.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3956&#038;context=all_theses" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Christopher Gadsden &#8211; Paper by Kelcy Eldgride at Clemson University</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.scencyclopedia.org/sce/entries/ramsay-david/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">David Ramsay overview</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/page/1787-ramsay-address-to-the-freemen-of-sth-carolina-speech" rel="noopener" target="_blank">David Ramsay Address to the Freemen of Sth. Carolina</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.monticello.org/slavery/paradox-of-liberty/thomas-jefferson-liberty-slavery/this-deplorable-entanglement/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Jefferson, Monticello</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.consource.org/document/charles-pinckney-observations-on-the-plan-of-government-submitted-to-the-federal-convention-in-philadelphia-1787-5-28/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Charles Pinckney &#8211; Observations On The Plan of Government</a></p> <p><a href="https://csac.history.wisc.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/281/2017/07/sc_pinckney.pdf" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Charles Cotesworth Pinckney</a></p> <p><a href="https://csac.history.wisc.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/281/2017/07/sc_pinckney2.pdf" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Charles Pinckney &#8211; on Article I, Section 10</a></p> <p><a href="https://csac.history.wisc.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/281/2017/07/sc_patrick_dollard.pdf" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Patrick Dollard</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.cui.edu/centers-institutes/center-for-civics-education/becoming-america-the-constitutional-convention-of-1787/post/may-23-1788" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Rawlins Lowndes</a> </p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/title/elliot-the-debates-in-the-several-state-conventions-vol-4#lf1314-04_head_005" rel="noopener" target="_blank">James Lincoln</a></p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES (links will update after 1pm today)</strong></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a></p> <p>VIDEO PLATFORMS</p> <p><a href="https://odysee.com/$/invite/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Odysee</a><br /> <a href="https://www.youtube.com/user/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">YouTube</a><br /> <a href="https://hyprr.com/profile/tenthamendmentcenter?section=hypetv" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HypeTV</a><br /> <a href="https://www.brighteon.com/channels/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Brighteon</a><br /> <a href="https://tv.gab.com/channel/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Gab TV</a><br /> <a href="https://www.bitchute.com/channel/X0AJnBhWbCkx/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Bitchute</a><br /> <a href="https://bittube.tv/profile/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">BitTube</a><br /> <a href="https://dlive.tv/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">DLive</a><br /> <a href="https://www.twitch.tv/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Twitch</a><br /> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/tenthamendmentcenter/channel/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">IGTV</a></p> <p>SOCIAL PLATFORMS</p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/tenthamendment" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Twitter</a><br /> <a href="https://www.minds.com/TenthAmendmentCenter/?referrer=TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Minds</a><br /> <a href="https://www.facebook.com/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Facebook</a><br /> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/tenthamendmentcenter/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Instagram</a><br /> <a href="https://gab.com/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Gab</a><br /> <a href="https://mewe.com/p/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">MeWe</a><br /> <a href="https://www.linkedin.com/company/tenthamendmentcenter/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">LinkedIn</a><br /> <a href="https://www.pinterest.com/tenthamendment/_created/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Pinterest</a><br /> <a href="https://hyprr.com/profile/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Hyprr</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/a-federalist-blowout-south-carolina-ratifies-the-constitution/">A Federalist Blowout: South Carolina Ratifies the Constitution</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Constitution History Path to Liberty State Ratifying Conventions Charles Cotesworth Pinckney Charles Pinckney Christopher Gadsden David Ramsay James Lincoln Patrick Dollard Ratification Rawlins Lowndes South Carolina South Carolina Ratification Today in History Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center 41:36 clean May 23, 1788 - South Carolina became the 8th state to ratify the Constitution, easily doing so after just a few short days of debate. But was the federalist victory representative of the people, or were the antifederalists just outmaneuvered? May 23, 1788 - South Carolina became the 8th state to ratify the Constitution, easily doing so after just a few short days of debate. But was the federalist victory representative of the people, or were the antifederalists just outmaneuvered? What Does “Necessary” Mean? https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/what-does-necessary-mean/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:466c1981-545a-489a-106b-bd67bbe4dabb Fri, 20 May 2022 17:04:38 +0000 <p>Necessary and Proper is one of the most misused and abused clauses in the Constitution. And much of the growth of government power is based on defining the word “necessary” as “convenient” rather than - well - necessary.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/what-does-necessary-mean/">What Does “Necessary” Mean?</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>Necessary and Proper is one of the most misused and abused clauses in the Constitution. And much of the growth of government power is based on defining the word “necessary” as “convenient” rather than &#8211; well &#8211; necessary.</p> <p>Path to Liberty, Fast Friday Edition: May 20, 2022<span id="more-39642"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://podcasts.google.com/feed/aHR0cHM6Ly9ibG9nLnRlbnRoYW1lbmRtZW50Y2VudGVyLmNvbS9jYXRlZ29yeS92aWRlby9nb29kLW1vcm5pbmctbGliZXJ0eS9mZWVkLw?sa=X&amp;ved=0CAYQrrcFahcKEwigwITb6MrrAhUAAAAAHQAAAAAQBA" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Google</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe loading="lazy" width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/_h1Z2zwDQVg" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/19/the-original-meaning-of-necessary-in-the-necessary-and-proper-clause/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">The Original Meaning of “Necessary” in the Necessary and Proper Clause</a></p> <p><a href="https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/Papers.cfm?abstract_id=410542" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Randy Barnett &#8211; The Original Meaning of the Necessary and Proper Clause</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/title/elliot-the-debates-in-the-several-state-conventions-vol-3" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Edmund Pendleton &#8211; Virginia Ratifying Convention (14 June 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/title/elliot-the-debates-in-the-several-state-conventions-vol-2" rel="noopener" target="_blank">John Williams &#8211; New York Ratifying Convention (26-27 June 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/fed33.asp" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Alexander Hamilton &#8211; Federalist No. 33</a></p> <p><a href="https://teachingamericanhistory.org/document/mcculloch-v-maryland-2/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Chief Justice John Marshall &#8211; McCulloch v Maryland</a> </p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/page/1791-madison-speech-on-the-bank-bill" rel="noopener" target="_blank">James Madison’s Speech on the Bank Bill (2 Feb 1791)</a></p> <p><a href="https://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/bank-tj.asp" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Thomas Jefferson &#8211; Opinion on the Constitutionality of a National Bank (15 Feb 1791)</a></p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES</strong><br /> <a href="https://odysee.com/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6/path-052022:9" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Odysee</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.minds.com/newsfeed/1374424551131189258" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Minds</a></p> <p><a href="https://sovren.media/video/what-does-necessary-mean-1164.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Sovren</a></p> <p><a href="https://tv.gab.com/channel/tenthamendmentcenter/view/what-does-necessary-mean-6287c51c2ec6a24442271c39" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Gab TV</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.brighteon.com/e196cd0b-11bd-480c-88cf-f3d54642d395" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Brighteon</a></p> <p><a href="https://fb.watch/d7wNx50ejA/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Facebook</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.bitchute.com/video/66RG53hvwgNv/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Bitchute</a></p> <p><a href="https://bittube.video/w/99f81778-e582-4439-86dc-d17ef11d2051" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on BitTube</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.instagram.com/tv/CdyYBKsB5EW/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Instagram</a></p> <p><a href="https://hyprr.com/hypetv/372ba588-ea73-4f68-b688-5b1d9061b06c" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Hyprr</a></p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/TenthAmendment/status/1527688134141485057" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Twitter</a></p> <p><a href="https://parler.com/feed/da1a769d-cb68-4435-961a-acb7b776b9ca" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Parler</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.linkedin.com/feed/update/urn:li:activity:6933234198547767296" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on LinkedIn</a></p> <p><a href="https://rumble.com/v15ganx-what-does-necessary-mean.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Rumble</a></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a></p> <p>VIDEO PLATFORMS</p> <p><a href="https://odysee.com/$/invite/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Odysee</a><br /> <a href="https://www.youtube.com/user/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">YouTube</a><br /> <a href="https://hyprr.com/profile/tenthamendmentcenter?section=hypetv" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HypeTV</a><br /> <a href="https://www.brighteon.com/channels/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Brighteon</a><br /> <a href="https://tv.gab.com/channel/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Gab TV</a><br /> <a href="https://www.bitchute.com/channel/X0AJnBhWbCkx/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Bitchute</a><br /> <a href="https://bittube.tv/profile/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">BitTube</a><br /> <a href="https://dlive.tv/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">DLive</a><br /> <a href="https://www.twitch.tv/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Twitch</a><br /> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/tenthamendmentcenter/channel/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">IGTV</a></p> <p>SOCIAL PLATFORMS</p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/tenthamendment" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Twitter</a><br /> <a href="https://www.minds.com/TenthAmendmentCenter/?referrer=TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Minds</a><br /> <a href="https://www.facebook.com/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Facebook</a><br /> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/tenthamendmentcenter/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Instagram</a><br /> <a href="https://gab.com/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Gab</a><br /> <a href="https://mewe.com/p/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">MeWe</a><br /> <a href="https://www.linkedin.com/company/tenthamendmentcenter/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">LinkedIn</a><br /> <a href="https://www.pinterest.com/tenthamendment/_created/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Pinterest</a><br /> <a href="https://hyprr.com/profile/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Hyprr</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/what-does-necessary-mean/">What Does “Necessary” Mean?</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Necessary and Proper Clause Path to Liberty Alexander Hamilton James Madison John Marshall Necessary necessary and proper thomas jefferson Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center 12:30 Necessary and Proper is one of the most misused and abused clauses in the Constitution. And much of the growth of government power is based on defining the word “necessary” as “convenient” rather than - well - necessary. Necessary and Proper is one of the most misused and abused clauses in the Constitution. And much of the growth of government power is based on defining the word “necessary” as “convenient” rather than - well - necessary. The Foundation https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/the-foundation/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:f9595641-af91-05ae-e14a-ac7ca3b56941 Thu, 19 May 2022 23:02:56 +0000 <p>Thomas Jefferson called the 10th Amendment the "foundation of the Constitution," because it tells us how to read the entire document. But he was far from alone. Even before the 10th was ever drafted, leading federalists - like James Wilson - repeatedly told us the constitution was written under this same structure.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/the-foundation/">The Foundation</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>Thomas Jefferson called the 10th Amendment the &#8220;foundation of the Constitution,&#8221; because it tells us how to read the entire document. But he was far from alone. Even before the 10th was ever drafted, leading federalists &#8211; like James Wilson &#8211; repeatedly told us the constitution was written under this same structure.<span id="more-39641"></span></p> <blockquote class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/reel/CdtzrGyDyno/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="14" style=" background:#FFF; border:0; border-radius:3px; box-shadow:0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width:540px; min-width:326px; padding:0; width:99.375%; width:-webkit-calc(100% - 2px); width:calc(100% - 2px);"> <div style="padding:16px;"> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/reel/CdtzrGyDyno/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" style=" background:#FFFFFF; line-height:0; padding:0 0; text-align:center; text-decoration:none; width:100%;" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> </p> <div style=" display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display:block; height:50px; margin:0 auto 12px; width:50px;"><svg width="50px" height="50px" viewBox="0 0 60 60" version="1.1" xmlns="https://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:xlink="https://www.w3.org/1999/xlink"><g stroke="none" stroke-width="1" fill="none" fill-rule="evenodd"><g transform="translate(-511.000000, -20.000000)" fill="#000000"><g><path d="M556.869,30.41 C554.814,30.41 553.148,32.076 553.148,34.131 C553.148,36.186 554.814,37.852 556.869,37.852 C558.924,37.852 560.59,36.186 560.59,34.131 C560.59,32.076 558.924,30.41 556.869,30.41 M541,60.657 C535.114,60.657 530.342,55.887 530.342,50 C530.342,44.114 535.114,39.342 541,39.342 C546.887,39.342 551.658,44.114 551.658,50 C551.658,55.887 546.887,60.657 541,60.657 M541,33.886 C532.1,33.886 524.886,41.1 524.886,50 C524.886,58.899 532.1,66.113 541,66.113 C549.9,66.113 557.115,58.899 557.115,50 C557.115,41.1 549.9,33.886 541,33.886 M565.378,62.101 C565.244,65.022 564.756,66.606 564.346,67.663 C563.803,69.06 563.154,70.057 562.106,71.106 C561.058,72.155 560.06,72.803 558.662,73.347 C557.607,73.757 556.021,74.244 553.102,74.378 C549.944,74.521 548.997,74.552 541,74.552 C533.003,74.552 532.056,74.521 528.898,74.378 C525.979,74.244 524.393,73.757 523.338,73.347 C521.94,72.803 520.942,72.155 519.894,71.106 C518.846,70.057 518.197,69.06 517.654,67.663 C517.244,66.606 516.755,65.022 516.623,62.101 C516.479,58.943 516.448,57.996 516.448,50 C516.448,42.003 516.479,41.056 516.623,37.899 C516.755,34.978 517.244,33.391 517.654,32.338 C518.197,30.938 518.846,29.942 519.894,28.894 C520.942,27.846 521.94,27.196 523.338,26.654 C524.393,26.244 525.979,25.756 528.898,25.623 C532.057,25.479 533.004,25.448 541,25.448 C548.997,25.448 549.943,25.479 553.102,25.623 C556.021,25.756 557.607,26.244 558.662,26.654 C560.06,27.196 561.058,27.846 562.106,28.894 C563.154,29.942 563.803,30.938 564.346,32.338 C564.756,33.391 565.244,34.978 565.378,37.899 C565.522,41.056 565.552,42.003 565.552,50 C565.552,57.996 565.522,58.943 565.378,62.101 M570.82,37.631 C570.674,34.438 570.167,32.258 569.425,30.349 C568.659,28.377 567.633,26.702 565.965,25.035 C564.297,23.368 562.623,22.342 560.652,21.575 C558.743,20.834 556.562,20.326 553.369,20.18 C550.169,20.033 549.148,20 541,20 C532.853,20 531.831,20.033 528.631,20.18 C525.438,20.326 523.257,20.834 521.349,21.575 C519.376,22.342 517.703,23.368 516.035,25.035 C514.368,26.702 513.342,28.377 512.574,30.349 C511.834,32.258 511.326,34.438 511.181,37.631 C511.035,40.831 511,41.851 511,50 C511,58.147 511.035,59.17 511.181,62.369 C511.326,65.562 511.834,67.743 512.574,69.651 C513.342,71.625 514.368,73.296 516.035,74.965 C517.703,76.634 519.376,77.658 521.349,78.425 C523.257,79.167 525.438,79.673 528.631,79.82 C531.831,79.965 532.853,80.001 541,80.001 C549.148,80.001 550.169,79.965 553.369,79.82 C556.562,79.673 558.743,79.167 560.652,78.425 C562.623,77.658 564.297,76.634 565.965,74.965 C567.633,73.296 568.659,71.625 569.425,69.651 C570.167,67.743 570.674,65.562 570.82,62.369 C570.966,59.17 571,58.147 571,50 C571,41.851 570.966,40.831 570.82,37.631"></path></g></g></g></svg></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style=" color:#3897f0; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:550; line-height:18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <div style="padding: 12.5% 0;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; margin-bottom: 14px; align-items: center;"> <div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; height: 12.5px; width: 12.5px; transform: translateX(0px) translateY(7px);"></div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; height: 12.5px; transform: rotate(-45deg) translateX(3px) translateY(1px); width: 12.5px; flex-grow: 0; margin-right: 14px; margin-left: 2px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; height: 12.5px; width: 12.5px; transform: translateX(9px) translateY(-18px);"></div> </div> <div style="margin-left: 8px;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 20px; width: 20px;"></div> <div style=" width: 0; height: 0; border-top: 2px solid transparent; border-left: 6px solid #f4f4f4; border-bottom: 2px solid transparent; transform: translateX(16px) translateY(-4px) rotate(30deg)"></div> </div> <div style="margin-left: auto;"> <div style=" width: 0px; border-top: 8px solid #F4F4F4; border-right: 8px solid transparent; transform: translateY(16px);"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; flex-grow: 0; height: 12px; width: 16px; transform: translateY(-4px);"></div> <div style=" width: 0; height: 0; border-top: 8px solid #F4F4F4; border-left: 8px solid transparent; transform: translateY(-4px) translateX(8px);"></div> </div> </div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center; margin-bottom: 24px;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 224px;"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 144px;"></div> </div> <p></a></p> <p style=" color:#c9c8cd; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; line-height:17px; margin-bottom:0; margin-top:8px; overflow:hidden; padding:8px 0 7px; text-align:center; text-overflow:ellipsis; white-space:nowrap;"><a href="https://www.instagram.com/reel/CdtzrGyDyno/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" style=" color:#c9c8cd; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:normal; line-height:17px; text-decoration:none;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">A post shared by Tenth Amendment Center (@tenthamendmentcenter)</a></p> </div> </blockquote> <p> <script async src="//www.instagram.com/embed.js"></script></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/the-foundation/">The Foundation</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Founding Principles Tenther Essentials 10th Amendment James Wilson Positive Grant thomas jefferson Michael Boldin Rhode Island Committees Pass Bill to Legalize Marijuana for Adult Use Despite Federal Prohibition https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/rhode-island-committees-pass-bill-to-legalize-marijuana-for-adult-use-despite-federal-prohibition/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:d0008d93-2150-4f56-72e6-37af086d4d1b Thu, 19 May 2022 16:19:35 +0000 <p>Under the proposed law, adults 21 and over could purchase and possess up to one ounce of marijuana. Individuals could also grow up to six cannabis plants for personal use. The legislation would also create a legal and tax structure for the commercial cultivation and retail sale of marijuana. The bill includes provisions for the automatic expungement of past marijuana charges.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/rhode-island-committees-pass-bill-to-legalize-marijuana-for-adult-use-despite-federal-prohibition/">Rhode Island Committees Pass Bill to Legalize Marijuana for Adult Use Despite Federal Prohibition</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>PROVIDENCE</strong>, R.I. (May 19, 2022) &#8211; Yesterday, Rhode Island House and Senate committees overwhelmingly passed bills to legalize marijuana for adult use despite ongoing federal cannabis prohibition.<span id="more-39638"></span></p> <p>Sen. Joshua Miller (D) introduced Senate Bill 2430 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/RI/bill/S2430/2022" target="_blank" rel="noopener">S2430</a>) on March 1. Rep. Scott Slater (D) introduced the companion bill, House Bill 5793 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/RI/bill/H7593/2022" target="_blank" rel="noopener">H5793</a>). Under the proposed law, adults 21 and over could purchase and possess up to one ounce of marijuana. Individuals could also grow up to six cannabis plants for personal use. The legislation would also create a legal and tax structure for the commercial cultivation and retail sale of marijuana. The bill includes provisions for the automatic expungement of past marijuana charges.</p> <p>On May 18, the House Finance Committee passed H5793 by a 12-2 vote. The Senate Judiciary Committee approved S2430 by a 9-1 vote.</p> <p><b>EFFECT ON FEDERAL PROHIBITION</b></p> <p>All of this is illegal according to the federal government.</p> <p>Under the federal Controlled Substances Act (CSA) passed in 1970, the federal government maintains a complete prohibition of marijuana. Of course, the federal government lacks any constitutional authority to ban or regulate cannabis within the borders of a state, despite the opinion of the politically connected lawyers on the Supreme Court. If you doubt this, ask yourself why it took a constitutional amendment to institute federal alcohol prohibition.</p> <p>Rhode Island legalized medical marijuana in 2006. This removed a layer of laws prohibiting the possession and use of marijuana in the state even though federal prohibition remains in effect. The legalization of cannabis for adult use would take another step and remove more state laws. This is significant because FBI statistics show that law enforcement makes approximately 99 of 100 marijuana arrests under state, not federal law. When states stop enforcing marijuana laws, they sweep away most of the basis for 99 percent of marijuana arrests.</p> <p>Furthermore, figures indicate it would take 40 percent of the DEA’s yearly budget just to investigate and raid all of the dispensaries in Los Angeles – a single city in a single state. That doesn’t include the cost of prosecution. The lesson? The feds lack the resources to enforce marijuana prohibition without state assistance.</p> <p><b>A GROWING MOVEMENT</b></p> <p>Colorado, Washington state, Oregon and Alaska were the first states to legalize recreational cannabis, and California, Nevada, Maine and Massachusetts joined them after ballot initiatives in favor of legalization passed in November 2016. Michigan followed suit when <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/11/michigan-votes-to-legalize-marijuana-nullify-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">voters legalized cannabis for general use</a> in 2018. Vermont <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/01/signed-as-law-vermont-legalizes-recreational-marijuana-foundation-to-nullify-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">became the first state</a> to legalize marijuana through a legislative act in 2018. <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/06/signed-by-the-governor-illinois-legalizes-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Illinois followed suit i</a>n 2019. New Jersey, Montana and Arizona all <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/11/04/thirty-six-and-counting-more-states-legalize-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">legalized recreational marijuana through ballot measures</a> in the 2020 election. Earlier this year, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/03/to-the-governor-new-york-bill-legalizes-marijuana-for-adult-use-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">New York</a>, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/04/signed-as-law-new-mexico-bill-legalizes-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">New Mexico</a>, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/04/virginia-legalizes-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Virginia</a> and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/06/connecticut-becomes-the-18th-state-to-legalize-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Connecticut</a> legalized marijuana through legislative action.</p> <p>With 37 states allowing cannabis for medical use, and 18 legalizing for adult recreational use, the feds find themselves in a position where they simply can’t enforce prohibition anymore.</p> <p>The lesson here is pretty straightforward. As Tenth Amendment Center Executive Director Michael Boldin noted, “When enough people say, ‘No!’ to the federal government, and enough states pass laws backing those people up, there’s not much the feds can do to shove their so-called laws, regulations, or mandates down our throats.”</p> <p>The move to legalize adult-use marijuana in Rhode Island reveals another important strategic reality. Once a state legalizes marijuana – even if only in a very limited way – the law tends to eventually expand. As the state tears down some barriers, markets develop and demand expands. That creates pressure to further relax state law. These new laws represent a further erosion of unconstitutional federal marijuana prohibition.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>S2430 and H5793 will now move to the full Senate and House for further debate. They are scheduled to be brought up in their respective chambers on Tuesday, May 24.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/rhode-island-committees-pass-bill-to-legalize-marijuana-for-adult-use-despite-federal-prohibition/">Rhode Island Committees Pass Bill to Legalize Marijuana for Adult Use Despite Federal Prohibition</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Drug War State Bills cannabis H5793 Marijuana S2430 Mike Maharrey April Budget Surplus Obscures Federal Spending Problem https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/april-budget-surplus-obscures-federal-spending-problem/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:337bee1a-be15-b3f7-48d6-02331462342d Wed, 18 May 2022 19:59:14 +0000 <p>if you strip out the pandemic programs and look at baseline outlays, it’s clear that the federal government is nowhere near getting its spending problem under control.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/april-budget-surplus-obscures-federal-spending-problem/">April Budget Surplus Obscures Federal Spending Problem</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>With a surge in April tax receipts, the federal government ran a record budget surplus last month. This seems like good news. And the mainstream spun it as such. But record government revenue is papering over a spending problem that isn’t going away.<span id="more-39619"></span></p> <p>The surplus in April was $308.2 billion. This drove the fiscal year budget deficit down to $360 billion with five months to go.</p> <p>Record tax receipts of $863.6 billion flowed into the Treasury in April with the tax filing deadline falling within the month. For comparison, March government receipts totaled $315.2 billion. December was the second-highest revenue month of fiscal 2022 with receipts totaling $486.7 billion.</p> <p>In other words, April’s record inflows into the Treasury were an anomaly that won’t likely be repeated.</p> <p>On the other hand, government spending has remained remarkably consistent throughout the year. Uncle Sam blows through about half a trillion dollars every month. In fact, the federal government spent more money in April than any previous month this fiscal year — $555.4 billion. That brings total spending this year to $3.35 trillion.</p> <p>The mainstream keeps telling us that spending is dropping with the end of many pandemic-era programs. This is true. Stimulus and other programs ballooned spending over the last two years. But if you strip out the pandemic programs and look at baseline outlays, it’s clear that the federal government is nowhere near getting its spending problem under control.</p> <p>Meanwhile, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/04/bidens-big-government-centrism/">President Joe Biden wants to keep spending</a>, and he wants to spend more. His budget raises spending on everything from domestic programs to the Pentagon.</p> <p>The bottom line is the Treasury can’t depend on record revenues every month to push the deficit lower. Next month, tax receipts will almost certainly drop back closer to the yearly average of around $300 billion. That means you can expect a return to big deficits.</p> <p>You can&#8217;t fix the debt problem without cutting spending.</p> <p>Mainstream pundits breathlessly reported that the 2022 deficit could come in under $1 trillion. This sounds like a great accomplishment until you put the numbers in context. Prior to the pandemic, the US government had only run deficits over $1 trillion four times — all in the aftermath of the 2008 financial crisis. <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/10/28/more-excuses-while-feds-run-biggest-deficit-in-seven-years/">Trump almost hit the $1 trillion mark in 2019</a> and was on pace to run a trillion-dollar deficit prior to the pandemic. The economic catastrophe caused by the government’s response to COVID-19 gave policymakers an excuse to spend with no questions asked. Now it appears the government is settling back into the status-quo – running  ’08 financial crisis-like deficits every year.</p> <p>And if the economy spins into a recession as the Fed tightens monetary policy <a href="https://schiffgold.com/peters-podcast/peter-schiff-the-fed-has-already-lost-the-inflation-fight/">to fight raging inflation</a>, you can expect revenue to tank, meaning even bigger budget shortfalls.</p> <p>Simply put, the April Treasury report does not signal an end to borrowing and spending. It’s not “problem solved.” It’s just “problem papered over.”</p> <p>The <a href="https://fiscaldata.treasury.gov/datasets/debt-to-the-penny/debt-to-the-penny" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">national debt currently stands at $30.38 trillion</a>. That’s about $10 billion higher than this time last month, even with the big surplus.</p> <p>According to <a href="https://www.usdebtclock.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">the National Debt Clock</a>, the debt to GDP ratio is 128.99%. Despite the lack of concern in the mainstream, debt has consequences. <a href="https://schiffgold.com/key-gold-news/more-government-debt-means-less-economic-growth/">More government debt means less economic growth</a>. Studies have shown that a debt to GDP ratio of over 90% retards economic growth by about 30%. This throws cold water on the conventional “spend now, worry about the debt later” mantra, along with the frequent claim that “we can grow ourselves out of the debt” now popular on both sides of the aisle in DC.</p> <p>To put the debt into perspective, every American citizen would have to write a check for $91,470 in order to pay off the national debt.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/april-budget-surplus-obscures-federal-spending-problem/">April Budget Surplus Obscures Federal Spending Problem</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Debt budget deficit government spending National Debt Mike Maharrey Signed as Law: Georgia Legalizes Some Raw Milk Sales Despite Federal Prohibition Scheme https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/signed-as-law-georgia-legalizes-some-raw-milk-sales-despite-federal-prohibition-scheme/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:f4a13af2-3734-7519-c113-bead8b3e98b4 Wed, 18 May 2022 19:51:55 +0000 <p>Under the prior law, the sale of raw milk for human consumption was illegal in Georgia.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/signed-as-law-georgia-legalizes-some-raw-milk-sales-despite-federal-prohibition-scheme/">Signed as Law: Georgia Legalizes Some Raw Milk Sales Despite Federal Prohibition Scheme</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>ATLANTA</strong>, Ga. (May 18, 2022) – Last week, Georgia Gov. Brian Kemp signed a bill into law legalizing the sale of raw milk direct from the producer to the consumer in the state. The enactment of this legislation will not only open Georgia’s raw milk market; it will also take a step toward nullifying a federal prohibition scheme in practice and effect.<span id="more-39634"></span></p> <p>A coalition of four Republicans introduced House Bill 1175 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/GA/bill/HB1175/2021" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB1175</a>) on Feb. 2. The new law establishes a licensing and regulatory structure for the production handling, transporting, and sale of raw milk and raw milk products for human consumption in the state of Georgia. Under the law, raw milk for human consumption can be sold, offered for sale, or delivered by the producer directly to the consuming public as long as the producer and distributor are licensed and conform to state law.</p> <p>The legislation includes safety and labeling standards that licensed sellers will have to follow.</p> <p>The sale of raw milk for wholesale purposes will remain illegal.</p> <p>Under the prior law, the sale of raw milk for human consumption was illegal in Georgia.</p> <p>The House passed its version of HB1175 by <a href="https://legiscan.com/GA/rollcall/HB1175/id/1162587" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a 100-62 vote</a>. The Senate followed up by passing an amended version by <a href="https://legiscan.com/GA/rollcall/HB1175/id/1182006" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a 42-10 vote</a>.  On April 5, the House concurred with the Senate amendments <a href="https://legiscan.com/GA/rollcall/HB1175/id/1182686" target="_blank" rel="noopener">110-55</a>. With Gov. Kemp’s signature, the law will go into effect on July 1, 2023.</p> <p><strong>Impact on Federal Prohibition</strong></p> <p>FDA officials insist that unpasteurized milk poses a health risk because of its susceptibility to contamination from cow manure, a source of E. coli.</p> <p>“It is the FDA’s position that raw milk should never be consumed,” agency spokeswoman Tamara N. Ward said in November 2011.</p> <p>The FDA’s position represents more than a matter of opinion. In 1987, the feds implemented 21 CFR 1240.61(a), providing that, <em>“no person shall cause to be delivered into interstate commerce or shall sell, otherwise distribute, or hold for sale or other distribution after shipment in interstate commerce any milk or milk product in final package form for direct human consumption unless the product has been pasteurized.”</em></p> <p>Not only do the feds ban the transportation of raw milk across state lines, but they also claim the authority to ban unpasteurized milk <em>within the borders of a state</em>.</p> <p>“It is within HHS’s authority…to institute an intrastate ban [on unpasteurized milk] as well,” FDA officials wrote in response to a <a href="http://www.farmtoconsumer.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Farm-to-Consumer Legal Defense Fund </a>lawsuit against the agency over the interstate ban.</p> <p>The FDA clearly wants a complete prohibition of raw milk and some insiders say it’s only a matter of time before the feds try to institute an absolute ban. Armed raids by FDA agents on companies like Rawsome Foods back in 2011 and Amish farms over the last few years also indicate this scenario may not be too far off.</p> <p>When states allow the sale of raw milk within their borders, it takes an important step toward nullifying this federal prohibition scheme.</p> <p>As we’ve seen with marijuana and industrial hemp, an intrastate ban becomes ineffective when states ignore it and pass laws encouraging the prohibited activity anyway. The federal government lacks the enforcement power necessary to maintain its ban, and people will willingly take on the small risk of federal sanctions if they know the state will not interfere. This increases when the state actively encourages the market and nullifies federal prohibition in effect.</p> <p>We’ve seen this demonstrated dramatically in states that have legalized industrial hemp. When they authorized production, farmers began growing industrial hemp, even in the face of a federal ban. Despite facing the possibility of federal prosecution, some growers were still willing to step into the void and begin cultivating the plant once the state removed its barriers.</p> <p>In the same way, removing state barriers to raw milk consumption, sale and production would undoubtedly spur the creation of new markets for unpasteurized dairy products, no matter what the feds claim the power to do.</p> <p>It could ultimately nullify the interstate ban as well. If all 50 states allow raw milk, markets within the states could easily grow to the point that local sales would render the federal ban on interstate commerce pointless. And history indicates the feds do not have the resources to stop people from transporting raw milk across state lines – especially if multiple states start legalizing it. Growing markets will quickly overwhelm any federal enforcement attempts.Sigh</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/signed-as-law-georgia-legalizes-some-raw-milk-sales-despite-federal-prohibition-scheme/">Signed as Law: Georgia Legalizes Some Raw Milk Sales Despite Federal Prohibition Scheme</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. FDA Raw Milk State Bills Georgia HB1175 unpasteurized milk Mike Maharrey America’s Longest Foreign War https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/americas-longest-foreign-war/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:9de5b3b2-c824-30a3-7dfe-52f09ef71d3e Wed, 18 May 2022 17:17:02 +0000 <p>Another ramp up in yet another 20+ year war. This time, Somalia - where the current administration will put hundreds of troops back that were withdrawn by the previous administration. After that administration put them there in the first place and ramped up the bombing to record levels.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/americas-longest-foreign-war/">America’s Longest Foreign War</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>Another ramp up in yet another 20+ year war. This time, Somalia &#8211; where the current administration will put hundreds of troops back that were withdrawn by the previous administration. After that administration put them there in the first place and ramped up the bombing to record levels.</p> <p>Path to Liberty: May 18, 2022<span id="more-39630"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://podcasts.google.com/feed/aHR0cHM6Ly9ibG9nLnRlbnRoYW1lbmRtZW50Y2VudGVyLmNvbS9jYXRlZ29yeS92aWRlby9nb29kLW1vcm5pbmctbGliZXJ0eS9mZWVkLw?sa=X&amp;ved=0CAYQrrcFahcKEwigwITb6MrrAhUAAAAAHQAAAAAQBA" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Google</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe loading="lazy" width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/hUz8EPiE5rQ?start=74" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/bank-tj.asp" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Thomas Jefferson &#8211; Opinion on the Constitutionality of a National Bank (15 Feb 1791)</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/title/hall-collected-works-of-james-wilson-vol-1#Wilson_4140_1528" rel="noopener" target="_blank">James Wilson – Pennsylvania Ratifying Convention (11 Dec 1787)</a></p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Madison/01-15-02-0070" rel="noopener" target="_blank">James Madison &#8211; Helvidius No. 4 (14 Sept 1793)</a></p> <p><a href="https://news.antiwar.com/2022/05/16/president-biden-approves-redeployment-of-troops-to-somalia/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Dave Decamp &#8211; Antiwar News</a></p> <p><a href="https://thehill.com/policy/defense/3489821-biden-set-to-redeploy-troops-to-somalia-reversing-trump-withdrawal/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Report from The Hill</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/02/war-powers-and-the-constitution-an-overview/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">War Powers and the Constitution: An Overview</a></p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/nytimes/status/1526205306086244353" rel="noopener" target="_blank">NY Times Tweet</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/17/biden-ramping-up-unconstitutional-war-in-somalia-again/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Mike Maharrey’s report</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/title/johnston-the-correspondence-and-public-papers-of-john-jay-vol-3-1782-1793" rel="noopener" target="_blank">John Jay &#8211; Letter to Gouverneur Morris (24 Sept 1783)</a></p> <p><a href="https://original.antiwar.com/scott/2021/07/07/another-failed-20-year-war-america-vs-somalia/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Scott Horton &#8211; History of the war in Somalia</a></p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES (links update after 1pm Pacific Time today)</strong></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a></p> <p>VIDEO PLATFORMS</p> <p><a href="https://odysee.com/$/invite/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Odysee</a><br /> <a href="https://www.youtube.com/user/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">YouTube</a><br /> <a href="https://hyprr.com/profile/tenthamendmentcenter?section=hypetv" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HypeTV</a><br /> <a href="https://www.brighteon.com/channels/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Brighteon</a><br /> <a href="https://tv.gab.com/channel/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Gab TV</a><br /> <a href="https://www.bitchute.com/channel/X0AJnBhWbCkx/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Bitchute</a><br /> <a href="https://bittube.tv/profile/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">BitTube</a><br /> <a href="https://dlive.tv/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">DLive</a><br /> <a href="https://www.twitch.tv/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Twitch</a><br /> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/tenthamendmentcenter/channel/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">IGTV</a></p> <p>SOCIAL PLATFORMS</p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/tenthamendment" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Twitter</a><br /> <a href="https://www.minds.com/TenthAmendmentCenter/?referrer=TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Minds</a><br /> <a href="https://www.facebook.com/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Facebook</a><br /> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/tenthamendmentcenter/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Instagram</a><br /> <a href="https://gab.com/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Gab</a><br /> <a href="https://mewe.com/p/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">MeWe</a><br /> <a href="https://www.linkedin.com/company/tenthamendmentcenter/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">LinkedIn</a><br /> <a href="https://www.pinterest.com/tenthamendment/_created/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Pinterest</a><br /> <a href="https://hyprr.com/profile/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Hyprr</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/americas-longest-foreign-war/">America’s Longest Foreign War</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Current Events Path to Liberty War Powers Donald Trump Foreign Policy James Madison James Wilson Joe Biden John Jay Somalia thomas jefferson war Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center 29:45 Another ramp up in yet another 20+ year war. This time, Somalia - where the current administration will put hundreds of troops back that were withdrawn by the previous administration. After that administration put them there in the first place and ramp... Another ramp up in yet another 20+ year war. This time, Somalia - where the current administration will put hundreds of troops back that were withdrawn by the previous administration. After that administration put them there in the first place and ramped up the bombing to record levels.<br /> The President’s Power to Terminate Treaties https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/the-presidents-power-to-terminate-treaties/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:294e88eb-2833-560e-1dc6-2563a6eda744 Wed, 18 May 2022 15:00:36 +0000 <p>the president’s executive power includes a general power over foreign affairs, and where the Constitution does not allocate specific foreign affairs powers to Congress or the Senate, those powers reside with the president. In other words, treaty termination is an exercise of the executive power of the president over foreign affairs</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/the-presidents-power-to-terminate-treaties/">The President’s Power to Terminate Treaties</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>At The American Conservative, Senator Rand Paul: <a href="https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/the-president-can-terminate-treaties-alone/"><span class="c-title-inner">The President Can Terminate Treaties Alone</span></a>.  From the introduction: <span id="more-39629"></span></p> <blockquote><p>When faced with questions relating to America’s role in the world, we would be wise to heed the advice of the Founders. George Washington urged distance from the “frequent controversies” of Europe. Thomas Jefferson pursued a course of “peace, commerce, and honest friendship with all nations, entangling alliances with none.”</p> <p>Recently, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee favorably reported a resolution that would reject those words of wisdom. Offered by Senator Tim Kaine (D-Virginia), the resolution would require the concurrence of two-thirds of the Senate or an Act of Congress to agree to any attempt to withdraw the United States from the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) alliance.</p> <p>Such a resolution would contravene historical precedence and is likely unconstitutional.</p> <p>While the Constitution provides a role for both the president and the Senate when entering a treaty, it is silent regarding how to exit a treaty. But that silence says more than some would acknowledge. In what may be considered an example of the common sense of the Constitution, our system requires deliberation before entering alliances while allowing for quick withdrawal should international agreements later prove ruinous to the nation.</p> <p>Such an occasion occurred very early in our history as an independent nation. In 1793, <a href="https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/2/essays/90/treaty-clause" target="_blank" rel="noopener">President Washington and his cabinet</a> endorsed the view that the president’s executive power included the ability to unilaterally terminate our treaty with France. Withdrawal from our treaty obligations permitted the United States to maintain neutrality in a war between France and Great Britain at a time when our republic could ill afford involvement in foreign military adventures.</p></blockquote> <p>I agree &#8212; and not just because he cites me.  (He does, though: &#8220;Similarly, as legal scholars Saikrishna Prakash and Michael Ramsey <a href="https://www.yalelawjournal.org/pdf/403_2jcixum2.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener">argue</a>, the president’s executive power includes a general power over foreign affairs, and where the Constitution does not allocate specific foreign affairs powers to Congress or the Senate, those powers reside with the president. In other words, treaty termination is an exercise of the executive power of the president over foreign affairs.&#8221;)</p> <p>I think it&#8217;s actually a bit more complicated.  As Professor Prakash and I wrote in the linked article, the President has power to withdraw from a treaty according to its terms as part of the President&#8217;s executive power in foreign affairs. That doesn&#8217;t necessarily mean Congress can&#8217;t limit that power, as in the resolution Senator Paul mentions.  That might depend on whether the President&#8217;s withdrawal power is exclusive, which it might not be.  But, as an initial matter, the question is whether Congress has an enumerated power to limit the President&#8217;s withdrawal power.</p> <p>I think Congress has no such power, at least as applied to NATO.  In particular, while I think Congress has power to implement treaties through its necessary and proper power (see <a href="https://originalismblog.typepad.com/the-originalism-blog/2022/05/judge-kethledge-on-sex-in-cambodia-part-2micahel-ramsey.html">here</a> and <a href="https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2530352">here</a>), I don&#8217;t think limiting the President&#8217;s withdrawal power is necessary and proper to implementing the treaty power (at least not if the President is withdrawing pursuant to the treaty&#8217;s term).</p> <p>So in the end I think Senator Paul is right. (And thanks for the cite.)</p> <p><strong>NOTE</strong>: <em>This post was originally published at <a href="http://originalismblog.typepad.com/">The Originalism Blog</a>, “The Blog of the Center for the Study of Constitutional Originalism at the University of San Diego School of Law,” and is reposted here with permission from the author.</em></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/the-presidents-power-to-terminate-treaties/">The President’s Power to Terminate Treaties</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Executive Treaty Power Executive Branch President Treaties Michael D. Ramsey Paper Doors https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/paper-doors/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:a42234b0-acb6-7016-5c01-90f4ae33306c Wed, 18 May 2022 14:30:53 +0000 <p>James Madison called constitutions "parchment barriers." They are like paper doors - pretty useless for stopping anything -- unless they are enforced.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/paper-doors/">Paper Doors</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>James Madison called constitutions &#8220;parchment barriers.&#8221; They are like paper doors &#8211; pretty useless for stopping anything &#8212; unless they are enforced.</p> <blockquote class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/reel/CdqhVrqDe7A/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="14" style=" background:#FFF; border:0; border-radius:3px; box-shadow:0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width:540px; min-width:326px; padding:0; width:99.375%; width:-webkit-calc(100% - 2px); width:calc(100% - 2px);"> <div style="padding:16px;"> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/reel/CdqhVrqDe7A/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" style=" background:#FFFFFF; line-height:0; padding:0 0; text-align:center; text-decoration:none; width:100%;" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> </p> <div style=" display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display:block; height:50px; margin:0 auto 12px; width:50px;"><svg width="50px" height="50px" viewBox="0 0 60 60" version="1.1" xmlns="https://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:xlink="https://www.w3.org/1999/xlink"><g stroke="none" stroke-width="1" fill="none" fill-rule="evenodd"><g transform="translate(-511.000000, -20.000000)" fill="#000000"><g><path d="M556.869,30.41 C554.814,30.41 553.148,32.076 553.148,34.131 C553.148,36.186 554.814,37.852 556.869,37.852 C558.924,37.852 560.59,36.186 560.59,34.131 C560.59,32.076 558.924,30.41 556.869,30.41 M541,60.657 C535.114,60.657 530.342,55.887 530.342,50 C530.342,44.114 535.114,39.342 541,39.342 C546.887,39.342 551.658,44.114 551.658,50 C551.658,55.887 546.887,60.657 541,60.657 M541,33.886 C532.1,33.886 524.886,41.1 524.886,50 C524.886,58.899 532.1,66.113 541,66.113 C549.9,66.113 557.115,58.899 557.115,50 C557.115,41.1 549.9,33.886 541,33.886 M565.378,62.101 C565.244,65.022 564.756,66.606 564.346,67.663 C563.803,69.06 563.154,70.057 562.106,71.106 C561.058,72.155 560.06,72.803 558.662,73.347 C557.607,73.757 556.021,74.244 553.102,74.378 C549.944,74.521 548.997,74.552 541,74.552 C533.003,74.552 532.056,74.521 528.898,74.378 C525.979,74.244 524.393,73.757 523.338,73.347 C521.94,72.803 520.942,72.155 519.894,71.106 C518.846,70.057 518.197,69.06 517.654,67.663 C517.244,66.606 516.755,65.022 516.623,62.101 C516.479,58.943 516.448,57.996 516.448,50 C516.448,42.003 516.479,41.056 516.623,37.899 C516.755,34.978 517.244,33.391 517.654,32.338 C518.197,30.938 518.846,29.942 519.894,28.894 C520.942,27.846 521.94,27.196 523.338,26.654 C524.393,26.244 525.979,25.756 528.898,25.623 C532.057,25.479 533.004,25.448 541,25.448 C548.997,25.448 549.943,25.479 553.102,25.623 C556.021,25.756 557.607,26.244 558.662,26.654 C560.06,27.196 561.058,27.846 562.106,28.894 C563.154,29.942 563.803,30.938 564.346,32.338 C564.756,33.391 565.244,34.978 565.378,37.899 C565.522,41.056 565.552,42.003 565.552,50 C565.552,57.996 565.522,58.943 565.378,62.101 M570.82,37.631 C570.674,34.438 570.167,32.258 569.425,30.349 C568.659,28.377 567.633,26.702 565.965,25.035 C564.297,23.368 562.623,22.342 560.652,21.575 C558.743,20.834 556.562,20.326 553.369,20.18 C550.169,20.033 549.148,20 541,20 C532.853,20 531.831,20.033 528.631,20.18 C525.438,20.326 523.257,20.834 521.349,21.575 C519.376,22.342 517.703,23.368 516.035,25.035 C514.368,26.702 513.342,28.377 512.574,30.349 C511.834,32.258 511.326,34.438 511.181,37.631 C511.035,40.831 511,41.851 511,50 C511,58.147 511.035,59.17 511.181,62.369 C511.326,65.562 511.834,67.743 512.574,69.651 C513.342,71.625 514.368,73.296 516.035,74.965 C517.703,76.634 519.376,77.658 521.349,78.425 C523.257,79.167 525.438,79.673 528.631,79.82 C531.831,79.965 532.853,80.001 541,80.001 C549.148,80.001 550.169,79.965 553.369,79.82 C556.562,79.673 558.743,79.167 560.652,78.425 C562.623,77.658 564.297,76.634 565.965,74.965 C567.633,73.296 568.659,71.625 569.425,69.651 C570.167,67.743 570.674,65.562 570.82,62.369 C570.966,59.17 571,58.147 571,50 C571,41.851 570.966,40.831 570.82,37.631"></path></g></g></g></svg></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style=" color:#3897f0; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:550; line-height:18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <div style="padding: 12.5% 0;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; margin-bottom: 14px; align-items: center;"> <div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; height: 12.5px; width: 12.5px; transform: translateX(0px) translateY(7px);"></div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; height: 12.5px; transform: rotate(-45deg) translateX(3px) translateY(1px); width: 12.5px; flex-grow: 0; margin-right: 14px; margin-left: 2px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; height: 12.5px; width: 12.5px; transform: translateX(9px) translateY(-18px);"></div> </div> <div style="margin-left: 8px;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 20px; width: 20px;"></div> <div style=" width: 0; height: 0; border-top: 2px solid transparent; border-left: 6px solid #f4f4f4; border-bottom: 2px solid transparent; transform: translateX(16px) translateY(-4px) rotate(30deg)"></div> </div> <div style="margin-left: auto;"> <div style=" width: 0px; border-top: 8px solid #F4F4F4; border-right: 8px solid transparent; transform: translateY(16px);"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; flex-grow: 0; height: 12px; width: 16px; transform: translateY(-4px);"></div> <div style=" width: 0; height: 0; border-top: 8px solid #F4F4F4; border-left: 8px solid transparent; transform: translateY(-4px) translateX(8px);"></div> </div> </div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center; margin-bottom: 24px;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 224px;"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 144px;"></div> </div> <p></a></p> <p style=" color:#c9c8cd; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; line-height:17px; margin-bottom:0; margin-top:8px; overflow:hidden; padding:8px 0 7px; text-align:center; text-overflow:ellipsis; white-space:nowrap;"><a href="https://www.instagram.com/reel/CdqhVrqDe7A/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" style=" color:#c9c8cd; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:normal; line-height:17px; text-decoration:none;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">A post shared by Tenth Amendment Center (@tenthamendmentcenter)</a></p> </div> </blockquote> <p> <script async src="//www.instagram.com/embed.js"></script></p> <p><strong>For Further Reading</strong></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2016/06/20/a-parchment-barrier-needs-enforcement/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">A Parchment Barrier Needs Enforcement</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2014/12/15/james-madison-how-to-stop-the-federal-government/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">James Madison: How to Stop the Federal Government</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2017/04/24/parchment-barriers-not-enough-to-stop-tyranny/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Parchment Barriers: Not Enough to Stop Tyranny</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/paper-doors/">Paper Doors</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Constitution Maharrey Minute James Madison Parchment Barriers Mike Maharrey Vermont Issues First State Marijuana Cultivation License Despite Federal Cannabis Prohibition https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/vermont-issues-first-state-marijuana-cultivation-license-despite-federal-cannabis-prohibition/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:b750c023-42c2-9a3a-2a7a-648997b54186 Tue, 17 May 2022 21:36:26 +0000 <p>This week, Vermont issued its first retail marijuana cultivation license despite ongoing federal cannabis prohibition.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/vermont-issues-first-state-marijuana-cultivation-license-despite-federal-cannabis-prohibition/">Vermont Issues First State Marijuana Cultivation License Despite Federal Cannabis Prohibition</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>MONTPELIER</strong>, Vt. (May 17, 2022) &#8211; This week, Vermont issued its first retail marijuana cultivation license despite ongoing federal cannabis prohibition.<span id="more-39622"></span></p> <p>The Vermont Cannabis Control Board was supposed to begin licensing growers by May 1, but missed that deadline. On Monday, the agency issued its first license to a small indoor cultivator in Rutland County, The board says it plans to issue more licenses in the next week.</p> <p>An agency spokesman said staffing issues have slowed the approval process. According to data from the board, 83 small growers have submitted applications for cultivation licenses.</p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/03/vermont-senate-passes-bill-to-ease-marijuana-growing-regulations-for-small-farmers/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">A bill to ease rules for small marijuana farmers and producers</a> in Vermont is pending approval from Gov. Phil Scott.</p> <p>Retail sales are set to begin in Vermont on Oct. 1.</p> <p>Retailers are getting set to enter the market despite delays. Scott Sparks currently sells CBD and plans to open a retail cannabis shop. “I’m doing everything in my power to be ready to open on October first,” he said.</p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/01/signed-as-law-vermont-legalizes-recreational-marijuana-foundation-to-nullify-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Vermont legalized the possession of one ounce or less and home cultivation of marijuana</a> by adults over 21 in 2018, but the law did not allow commercial production or distribution of cannabis for the recreational market. In 2020, Gov. Phil Scott allowed a bill to become law creating a regulatory structure for the cultivation and sale of marijuana in the state.</p> <p><b>EFFECT ON FEDERAL PROHIBITION</b></p> <p>All of this is illegal according to the federal government.</p> <p>Under the federal Controlled Substances Act (CSA) passed in 1970, the federal government maintains a complete prohibition of marijuana. Of course, the federal government lacks any constitutional authority to ban or regulate cannabis within the borders of a state, despite the opinion of the politically connected lawyers on the Supreme Court. If you doubt this, ask yourself why it took a constitutional amendment to institute federal alcohol prohibition.</p> <p>The legalization of marijuana in Vermont removed a huge layer of laws prohibiting the possession and use of marijuana in the state even though federal prohibition remains in effect. This is significant because FBI statistics show that law enforcement makes approximately 99 of 100 marijuana arrests under state, not federal law. When states stop enforcing marijuana laws, they sweep away most of the basis for 99 percent of marijuana arrests.</p> <p>Furthermore, figures indicate it would take 40 percent of the DEA’s yearly budget just to investigate and raid all of the dispensaries in Los Angeles – a single city in a single state. That doesn’t include the cost of prosecution. The lesson? The feds lack the resources to enforce marijuana prohibition without state assistance.</p> <p><b>A GROWING MOVEMENT</b></p> <p>Colorado, Washington state, Oregon and Alaska were the first states to legalize recreational cannabis, and California, Nevada, Maine and Massachusetts joined them after ballot initiatives in favor of legalization passed in November 2016. Michigan followed suit when <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/11/michigan-votes-to-legalize-marijuana-nullify-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">voters legalized cannabis for general use</a> in 2018. Vermont <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/01/signed-as-law-vermont-legalizes-recreational-marijuana-foundation-to-nullify-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">became the first state</a> to legalize marijuana through a legislative act in 2018. <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/06/signed-by-the-governor-illinois-legalizes-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Illinois followed suit i</a>n 2019. New Jersey, Montana and Arizona all <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/11/04/thirty-six-and-counting-more-states-legalize-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">legalized recreational marijuana through ballot measures</a> in the 2020 election. Earlier this year, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/03/to-the-governor-new-york-bill-legalizes-marijuana-for-adult-use-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">New York</a>, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/04/signed-as-law-new-mexico-bill-legalizes-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">New Mexico</a>, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/04/virginia-legalizes-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Virginia</a> and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/06/connecticut-becomes-the-18th-state-to-legalize-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Connecticut</a> legalized marijuana through legislative action.</p> <p>With 37 states allowing cannabis for medical use, and 18 legalizing for adult recreational use, the feds find themselves in a position where they simply can’t enforce prohibition anymore.</p> <p>The lesson here is pretty straightforward. As Tenth Amendment Center Executive Director Michael Boldin noted, “When enough people say, ‘No!’ to the federal government, and enough states pass laws backing those people up, there’s not much the feds can do to shove their so-called laws, regulations, or mandates down our throats.”</p> <p>Efforts to ease regulations on small growers in Vermont highlight another important strategic reality. Once a state legalizes marijuana – even if only in a very limited way – the law tends to eventually expand. As the state tears down some barriers, markets develop and demand expands. That creates pressure to further relax state law. These new laws represent a further erosion of unconstitutional federal marijuana prohibition.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/vermont-issues-first-state-marijuana-cultivation-license-despite-federal-cannabis-prohibition/">Vermont Issues First State Marijuana Cultivation License Despite Federal Cannabis Prohibition</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Drug War cannabis Marijuana Vermont Mike Maharrey To the Governor: New Hampshire Bill to Prohibit State Enforcement of Federal Vaccine Mandates https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/to-the-governor-new-hampshire-bill-to-prohibit-state-enforcement-of-federal-vaccine-mandates/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:679d788b-ef46-5363-a45d-67838122b9ec Tue, 17 May 2022 21:28:59 +0000 <p>On May 5, the Senate passed HB1455 by a 13-10 vote. On May 13, the House concurred with Senate amendments by a voice vote. The measure now goes to Gov. Chris Sununu's desk for his consideration.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/to-the-governor-new-hampshire-bill-to-prohibit-state-enforcement-of-federal-vaccine-mandates/">To the Governor: New Hampshire Bill to Prohibit State Enforcement of Federal Vaccine Mandates</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>CONCORD</strong>, N.H. (May 17, 2022) – Last week, the New Hampshire House gave final approval to a bill that would ban state and local enforcement of a federal COVID-19 vaccine mandate, an important first step to nullify it in practice and effect.<span id="more-39621"></span></p> <p>Introduced by Speaker Packard along with five cosponsors, House Bill 1455 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/NH/bill/HB1455/2022" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB1455</a>) would prohibit state or local enforcement or any collaboration with the enforcement of &#8220;any federal law, order, or rule that effectively requires any person as a condition of his or her employment, or as a condition of any other activity, to submit proof of vaccination against COVID-19 or any variant thereof, or to submit more than once per month a negative test for COVID-19 or any variant thereof.&#8221;</p> <p>Prohibited activities would include:</p> <ul> <li class="csF0A1D375"><span class="csDD5E5F52">Investigating the violation of, or imposing any penalty for the violation of, any law, order, or rule addressed by paragraph I;</span></li> <li class="csF0A1D375"><span class="csDD5E5F52">Providing any assistance to any federal department or agency in investigating or penalizing the violation of any law, order, or rule addressed by paragraph I, either through personnel activity or through the use of any state or local government property; or</span></li> <li class="csF0A1D375"><span class="csDD5E5F52">Providing the COVID-19 vaccination status of any named individual to any federal department or agency, or engaging in any communication with any federal department or agency regarding any investigation into a violation of a law order, or rule addressed by paragraph I.</span></li> </ul> <p>The prohibition would not apply to any healthcare facility, provider, or contraction subject to a federal vaccine mandate.</p> <p>On May 5, the Senate passed HB1455 by a 13-10 vote. On May 13, the House concurred with Senate amendments by a voice vote. The measure now goes to Gov. Chris Sununu&#8217;s desk for his consideration.</p> <p><b>VACCINE MANDATE POTENTIAL AND ENFORCEMENT</b></p> <p>Although the Supreme Court earlier this year rejected the Biden Administration’s workplace vaccine mandate for all businesses with 100 or more workers, it’s unlikely that the current or a future administration won’t modify it and try again since the <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/01/supreme-court-on-mandates-a-little-good-news-and-a-bunch-of-bad-news/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Court left open a wide path for them to do so</a>.</p> <p>While many people seem to think the threat has passed,  the door is open for another mandate down the road. States need to quit just reacting to federal overreach and acting like everything is OK when there isn’t any immediate threat. There is always a threat when it comes to the feds. That’s why it’s crucial to build a firewall against the next attempted mandate.</p> <p>Regarding any workplace mandate, OSHA has an <em>Achilles</em> heel, a serious lack of enforcement capability.</p> <p>OSHA only employs 774 inspectors for the entire country. Approximately 1,200 more work for the states but enforce OSHA rules. That small force of inspectors must cover more than 7 million businesses. Currently, it would take them <a href="https://www.politico.com/story/2019/06/17/number-of-workplace-safety-inspectors-fall-under-trump-1531659" target="_blank" rel="noopener">160 years to inspect every business under its jurisdiction just one time</a>. That’s why the feds will have to rely on snitches to have any hope of enforcing the vaccine mandate.</p> <blockquote><p>“There is no army of OSHA inspectors that is going to be knocking on employers’ doors or even calling them,” a former OSHA chief of staff <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/13/feds-cant-enforce-vaccine-mandate-without-a-lot-of-help/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">told CBS News</a>  regarding the failed workplace mandate. “They’re going to rely on workers and their union representatives to file complaints where the company is totally flouting the law.”</p></blockquote> <p>Implementation and enforcement of OSHA regulations can be done on either a state or a federal level. New Hampshire is one of <a href="https://www.osha.gov/stateplans/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">28 states</a> where OSHA has full enforcement responsibility. But even in such states, OSHA receives assistance and cooperation from state agencies and employees. The passage of HB1455 would withdraw any and all state and local support from enforcing vaccine mandates.</p> <p>This would leave OSHA in a bad position, at best.</p> <p>Here’s the dirty little secret they don’t want you to know — <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/10/partnerships-dont-work-when-half-the-team-quits/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">partnerships and “team efforts” don’t work when half the team quits</a>.</p> <p>If employees refuse to tell on their coworkers and employers, and if states refuse to help enforce the vaccine mandates, the vaccine mandates won’t be enforced.</p> <p>End of story.</p> <p>State action can set the stage to nullify the vaccine mandate in practice and effect.</p> <p>Based on <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2016/12/15/james-madison-four-steps-to-stop-federal-programs/">James Madison’s advice</a> for states and individuals in <em>Federalist #46</em>, a “refusal to cooperate with officers of the Union” is an extremely effective method to hinder the enforcement of any federal action because most enforcement relies on help, support and leadership from the states. This is true of virtually every federal law, and it will clearly be the case with the vaccine mandates.</p> <p>Human action is also key. States can ban enforcement help all they want, but if everyone still complies, there’s nothing to enforce. In order to nullify the mandate, people must reject and resist it first and foremost.</p> <p><strong>LEGAL BASIS</strong></p> <p>The state of New Hampshire can refuse to use state personnel or resources for the enforcement of any federal act whether it was first deemed constitutional or not.</p> <p>Refusal to cooperate with federal enforcement rests on a well-established legal principle known as <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2013/12/28/states-dont-have-to-comply-the-anti-comandeering-doctrine/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">the anti-commandeering doctrine</a>. Simply put, the federal government cannot force states to help implement or enforce <strong>any</strong> federal act or program. The anti-commandeering doctrine is based primarily on five Supreme Court cases dating back to 1842. <em>Printz v. U.S.</em> serves as the cornerstone.</p> <blockquote><p>“We held in New York that Congress cannot compel the States to enact or enforce a federal regulatory program. Today we hold that Congress cannot circumvent that prohibition by conscripting the States’ officers directly. The Federal Government may neither issue directives requiring the States to address particular problems, nor command the States’ officers, or those of their political subdivisions, to administer or enforce a federal regulatory program. It matters not whether policy making is involved, and no case by case weighing of the burdens or benefits is necessary; such commands are fundamentally incompatible with our constitutional system of dual sovereignty”</p></blockquote> <p><strong>No determination of constitutionality is necessary</strong> to invoke the anti-commandeering doctrine. State and local governments can refuse to enforce federal laws or implement federal programs whether they are constitutional or not.</p> <p>If New Hampshire doesn’t want to enforce vaccine mandates, it doesn’t have to — no matter what a federal court says about the constitutionality of such mandates.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>Gov. Sununu will have 5 days (excluding Sunday) from the date HB1455 is transmitted to his office to sign or veto the bill. If he takes no action, the bill will become law without his signature.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/to-the-governor-new-hampshire-bill-to-prohibit-state-enforcement-of-federal-vaccine-mandates/">To the Governor: New Hampshire Bill to Prohibit State Enforcement of Federal Vaccine Mandates</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. State Bills Vaccines HB1455 New Hampshire vaccine mandates Mike Maharrey Austin Texas Voters Decriminalize Marijuana and Ban No-Knock Warrants https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/austin-texas-voters-decriminalize-marijuana-and-ban-no-knock-warrants/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:d1e6188d-f5d9-72b8-7329-92e170e9fa0e Mon, 16 May 2022 19:54:09 +0000 <p>Austin voters overwhelmingly approved a ballot measure ending local enforcement of low-level marijuana offenses and banning no-knock warrants.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/austin-texas-voters-decriminalize-marijuana-and-ban-no-knock-warrants/">Austin Texas Voters Decriminalize Marijuana and Ban No-Knock Warrants</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>AUSTIN</strong>, Texas (May 16, 2022) &#8211; Austin voters overwhelmingly approved a ballot measure ending local enforcement of low-level marijuana offenses and banning no-knock warrants.<span id="more-39609"></span></p> <p>Under <a href="https://www.austintexas.gov/edims/document.cfm?id=379717" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Proposition A</a>, the Austin police “shall not issue citations or make arrests for Class A or Class B misdemeanor possession of marijuana offenses.&#8221; In effect, the measure decriminalizes possession of fewer than 4 ounces of cannabis. The new policy will allow police to confiscate marijuana. They can also pursue criminal charges if they can establish &#8220;a felony-level narcotics case.&#8221;</p> <p>Proposition A builds on a previous reform passed by the Austin City Council in 2020 prohibiting city funds from being used on resource lab testing for low-level marijuana possession. The lack of ability to test created the de-facto decriminalization of marijuana. Passage of  Proposition A formalizes and codifies cannabis decrim.</p> <p>The new ordinance also imposes a blanket ban on no-knock warrants. Under the policy, police will have to announce themselves before entering any premises to serve a warrant in all situations.</p> <p>Austin voters approved the measure by an 85 to 15 percent margin.</p> <p><b>EFFECT ON FEDERAL PROHIBITION</b></p> <p>Under the federal Controlled Substances Act (CSA) passed in 1970, the federal government maintains a complete prohibition of marijuana. Of course, the federal government lacks any constitutional authority to ban or regulate cannabis within the borders of a state, despite the opinion of the politically connected lawyers on the Supreme Court. If you doubt this, ask yourself why it took a constitutional amendment to institute federal alcohol prohibition.</p> <p>The decriminalization of the possession of small amounts of marijuana effectively removes a small lawyer of laws. This is significant because FBI statistics show that law enforcement makes approximately 99 of 100 marijuana arrests under state, not federal law. When states stop enforcing marijuana laws, they sweep away most of the basis for 99 percent of marijuana arrests.</p> <p>Furthermore, figures indicate it would take 40 percent of the DEA’s yearly budget just to investigate and raid all of the dispensaries in Los Angeles – a single city in a single state. That doesn’t include the cost of prosecution. The lesson? The feds lack the resources to enforce marijuana prohibition without state assistance.</p> <p><b>A GROWING MOVEMENT</b></p> <p>Colorado, Washington state, Oregon and Alaska were the first states to legalize recreational cannabis, and California, Nevada, Maine and Massachusetts joined them after ballot initiatives in favor of legalization passed in November 2016. Michigan followed suit when <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/11/michigan-votes-to-legalize-marijuana-nullify-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">voters legalized cannabis for general use</a> in 2018. Vermont <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/01/signed-as-law-vermont-legalizes-recreational-marijuana-foundation-to-nullify-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">became the first state</a> to legalize marijuana through a legislative act in 2018. <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/06/signed-by-the-governor-illinois-legalizes-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Illinois followed suit i</a>n 2019. New Jersey, Montana and Arizona all <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/11/04/thirty-six-and-counting-more-states-legalize-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">legalized recreational marijuana through ballot measures</a> in the 2020 election. Earlier this year, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/03/to-the-governor-new-york-bill-legalizes-marijuana-for-adult-use-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">New York</a>, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/04/signed-as-law-new-mexico-bill-legalizes-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">New Mexico</a>, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/04/virginia-legalizes-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Virginia</a> and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/06/connecticut-becomes-the-18th-state-to-legalize-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Connecticut</a> legalized marijuana through legislative action.</p> <p>With 37 states allowing cannabis for medical use, and 18 legalizing for adult recreational use, the feds find themselves in a position where they simply can’t enforce prohibition anymore.</p> <p>The lesson here is pretty straightforward. When enough people say, ‘No!’ to the federal government, and enough states pass laws backing those people up, there’s not much the feds can do to shove their so-called laws, regulations, or mandates down our throats.</p> <p><strong>NO-KNOCK WARRANTS</strong></p> <p>The ban on no-knock warrants takes a step toward effectively nullifying and making irrelevant several Supreme Court opinions that give police across the U.S. legal cover for conducting no-knock raids.</p> <p>In the 1995 case <em><a href="https://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=15506865603077276139&amp;hl=en&amp;as_sdt=6&amp;as_vis=1&amp;oi=scholarr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Wilson v. Arkansas</a></em>, the Supreme Court established that police must peacefully knock, announce their presence, and allow time for the occupants to open the door before entering a home to serve a warrant. But the Court allowed for “exigent circumstance” exceptions if police fear violence, if the suspect is a flight risk, or if officers fear the suspect will destroy evidence.</p> <p>As journalist <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/2020/06/03/no-knock-warrant-breonna-taylor-was-illegal/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Radley Balko notes</a>, police utilized this exception to the fullest extent, “simply declaring in search warrant affidavits that <i>all</i> drug dealers are a threat to dispose of evidence, flee or assault the officers at the door.”</p> <p>The SCOTUS eliminated this blanket exception in <a href="https://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=10920539616941250099&amp;hl=en&amp;as_sdt=6&amp;as_vis=1&amp;oi=scholarr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><i>Richards v. Wisconsin</i></a>  (1997) requiring police to show why a specific individual is a threat to dispose of evidence, commit an act of violence or flee from police. But even with the opinion, the bar for obtaining a no-knock warrant remains low.</p> <blockquote><p>“In order to justify a ‘no-knock’ entry, the police must have a <strong>reasonable suspicion</strong> that knocking and announcing their presence, under the particular circumstances, would be dangerous or futile, or that it would inhibit the effective investigation of the crime by, for example, allowing the destruction of evidence.” [Emphasis added]</p></blockquote> <p>Reasonable suspicion is an extremely low legal bar to meet. Through this exception, police can justify no-knock entry on any warrant application. In effect, the parameters in the SCOTUS ruling make no-knock the norm instead of the exception.</p> <p>A third Supreme Court ruling effectively eliminated the consequences for violating the “knock and announce” requirement even without a no-knock warrant. In <em><a href="https://www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/05pdf/04-1360.pdf">Hudson v. Michigan</a></em> (2006), the High Court held that evidence seized in violation of knock and announce was not subject to the exclusionary rule. In other words, police could still use the evidence in court even though they technically gathered it illegally.</p> <p>Significantly, were it not for the dubious “<a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/05/30/the-incorporation-doctrine-broke-the-constitutional-system/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">incorporation doctrine</a>” made up by the Supreme Court based on the 14th Amendment that purportedly empowers the federal government to apply the Bill of Rights to the states, these cases would have never gone to federal court and we wouldn’t have these blanket rules.</p> <p>Without specific restrictions from the state, police officers generally operate within the parameters set by the High Court. By passing restrictions on no-knock warrants, states and localities set standards that go beyond the Supreme Court limits and in effect, nullify the SCOTUS opinion.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/austin-texas-voters-decriminalize-marijuana-and-ban-no-knock-warrants/">Austin Texas Voters Decriminalize Marijuana and Ban No-Knock Warrants</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Ballot Measures Drug War Local No-Knock Warrants Austin Marijuana Decriminalization No Knock Warrants Police Texas Mike Maharrey To the Governor: New Hampshire Bill to End State Enforcement of Federal Gun Control With Big Loophole https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/to-the-governor-new-hampshire-bill-to-end-state-enforcement-of-federal-gun-control-with-big-loophole/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:afac6371-954d-e9b5-2bd7-52262922bf45 Mon, 16 May 2022 19:51:42 +0000 <p>The original language would have created a strong prohibition against state or local enforcement of federal gun control. But an amendment created a loophole that will significantly narrow the practical effect of the law even if enacted.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/to-the-governor-new-hampshire-bill-to-end-state-enforcement-of-federal-gun-control-with-big-loophole/">To the Governor: New Hampshire Bill to End State Enforcement of Federal Gun Control With Big Loophole</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>CONCORD</strong>, N.H. (May 16, 2022) – Last week, the New Hampshire House gave final approval to a bill that would ban state and local enforcement of federal gun control, but with a loophole that significantly narrows its scope.<span id="more-39611"></span></p> <p>A coalition of Republicans introduced House Bill 1178 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/NH/bill/HB1178/2022" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB1178</a>) on Jan. 5. As introduced, the legislation would have banned the state and its political subdivisions, or any person acting under the color of state, county, or municipal law from using any personnel or financial resources to enforce, administer, or cooperate with any law, act, rule, order, or regulation of the United States Government or <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/08/12/whats-the-deal-with-executive-orders/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Executive Order</a> of the President of the United States that is inconsistent with any New Hampshire law regarding the regulation of firearms, ammunition, magazines or the ammunition feeding devices, firearm components, firearms supplies, or knives.</p> <p>The proposed law further stipulates that “silence in the New Hampshire Revised Statutes Annotated pertaining to a matter regulated by federal law shall be construed as an inconsistency for the purposes of this chapter.”</p> <p>The original language would have created a strong prohibition against state or local enforcement of federal gun control. But an amendment created a loophole that will significantly narrow the practical effect of the law even if enacted.</p> <blockquote><p>&#8220;In light of the long-standing practice of cooperation between federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies, nothing in this chapter shall prevent a state, county, or local official from cooperating with or rendering aid or assistance to federal officials in any circumstance where there is reasonable suspicion to believe that a person who is the subject of an investigation for violation of federal firearms law covered by [this law] also has committed, is committing, or is about to commit a violation of New Hampshire law or a violation of a federal law, regulation, order, or practice not covered by [this law.]&#8221;</p></blockquote> <p>As amended, HB1178 would then only ban state and local enforcement of federal gun control, when the enforcement actions are done for federal gun control alone. But in practice, that almost never happens.</p> <p>State and local enforcement support is almost always part of some other operation in conjunction with the feds — usually prosecution of the unconstitutional war on drugs. The amendment will allow this to continue unabated. In effect, the amendment says if local police are working with the fed to enforce anything else along <em>with</em> federal gun control, they can do it as they have been all along.</p> <p>Passage of HB1178 as amended could stop a narrow range of state and local enforcement of federal gun control, representing a small first step for the state. But with the amendment, it would mostly maintain the status quo.</p> <p>The Senate passed HB1178 by <a href="https://legiscan.com/NH/rollcall/HB1178/id/1200853" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a 13-10 vote</a>. The House approved the <a href="https://legiscan.com/NH/rollcall/HB1178/id/1204169" target="_blank" rel="noopener">final version 163-143</a>. The bill now goes to Gov. Chris Sununu for his consideration.</p> <p><strong>EFFECTIVE</strong></p> <p>Absent loopholes, a ban on state and local federal gun control is an effective way to stop it in its tracks.</p> <p>The federal government relies heavily on state cooperation to implement and enforce almost all of its laws, regulations and acts – including gun control. By simply withdrawing this necessary cooperation, states and localities can nullify many federal actions in effect. As noted by the National Governors’ Association during the partial government shutdown of 2013, “states are partners with the federal government on most federal programs.”</p> <p>Based on <a href="http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2016/12/15/james-madison-four-steps-to-stop-federal-programs/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">James Madison’s advice for states and individuals</a> in Federalist #46, a “refusal to cooperate with officers of the Union” represents an extremely effective method to bring down federal gun control measures because most enforcement actions rely on help, support and leadership from state and local governments.</p> <p>Fox News senior judicial analyst Judge Andrew Napolitano agreed. In a televised discussion on the issue, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2014/08/andrew-napolitano-federal-gun-laws-nearly-impossible-to-enforce-without-state-assistance/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">he noted that a single state taking this step</a> would make federal gun laws “nearly impossible” to enforce.</p> <p>“Partnerships don’t work too well when half the team quits,” said Michael Boldin of the Tenth Amendment Center. “By withdrawing all resources and participation in federal gun control, states and even local governments can help bring these unconstitutional acts to their much-needed end.”</p> <p><strong>LEGAL BASIS</strong></p> <p>The state of New Hampshire can legally bar state agents from enforcing federal gun control. Refusal to cooperate with federal enforcement rests on a well-established legal principle known as <a href="http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2013/12/28/states-dont-have-to-comply-the-anti-comandeering-doctrine/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">the anti-commandeering doctrine</a>.</p> <p>Simply put, the federal government cannot force states to help implement or enforce any federal act or program. The anti-commandeering doctrine is based primarily on five Supreme Court cases dating back to 1842. <em>Printz v. U.S.</em> (1997) serves as the cornerstone. For the majority, Justice Scalia wrote, in part:</p> <blockquote><p>“We held in New York that Congress cannot compel the States to enact or enforce a federal regulatory program. Today we hold that Congress cannot circumvent that prohibition by conscripting the States’ officers directly. The Federal Government may neither issue directives requiring the States to address particular problems, nor command the States’ officers, or those of their political subdivisions, to administer or enforce a federal regulatory program. It matters not whether policymaking is involved, and no case by case weighing of the burdens or benefits is necessary; such commands are fundamentally incompatible with our constitutional system of dual sovereignty”</p></blockquote> <p><strong>No determination of constitutionality is necessary</strong> to invoke the anti-commandeering doctrine. State and local governments can refuse to enforce federal laws or implement federal programs whether they are constitutional or not.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>Gov. Sununu will have five days from the date HB1178 is transmitted to his office (excluding Sundays) to sign or veto the bill. If he takes no action, it will become law without his signature.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/to-the-governor-new-hampshire-bill-to-end-state-enforcement-of-federal-gun-control-with-big-loophole/">To the Governor: New Hampshire Bill to End State Enforcement of Federal Gun Control With Big Loophole</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Right to Keep and Bear Arms State Bills 2A Executive Orders firearms Gun Control New Hampshire SB154 second amendment Mike Maharrey A Federal Supremacy Theory So Bad Even the Supreme Court Disagrees https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/a-federal-supremacy-theory-so-bad-even-the-supreme-court-disagrees/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:38604568-11df-1be0-1855-aebd01159735 Mon, 16 May 2022 19:49:27 +0000 <p>"You have to do whatever the feds say because of the supremacy clause!" This is such a bad interpretation of the supremacy clause that even the Supreme Court disagrees.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/a-federal-supremacy-theory-so-bad-even-the-supreme-court-disagrees/">A Federal Supremacy Theory So Bad Even the Supreme Court Disagrees</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>&#8220;You have to do whatever the feds say because of the supremacy clause!&#8221; This is such a bad interpretation of the supremacy clause that even the Supreme Court disagrees.</p> <blockquote class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/reel/CdlgyzKp0Dl/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="14" style=" background:#FFF; border:0; border-radius:3px; box-shadow:0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width:540px; min-width:326px; padding:0; width:99.375%; width:-webkit-calc(100% - 2px); width:calc(100% - 2px);"> <div style="padding:16px;"> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/reel/CdlgyzKp0Dl/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" style=" background:#FFFFFF; line-height:0; padding:0 0; text-align:center; text-decoration:none; width:100%;" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> </p> <div style=" display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display:block; height:50px; margin:0 auto 12px; width:50px;"><svg width="50px" height="50px" viewBox="0 0 60 60" version="1.1" xmlns="https://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:xlink="https://www.w3.org/1999/xlink"><g stroke="none" stroke-width="1" fill="none" fill-rule="evenodd"><g transform="translate(-511.000000, -20.000000)" fill="#000000"><g><path d="M556.869,30.41 C554.814,30.41 553.148,32.076 553.148,34.131 C553.148,36.186 554.814,37.852 556.869,37.852 C558.924,37.852 560.59,36.186 560.59,34.131 C560.59,32.076 558.924,30.41 556.869,30.41 M541,60.657 C535.114,60.657 530.342,55.887 530.342,50 C530.342,44.114 535.114,39.342 541,39.342 C546.887,39.342 551.658,44.114 551.658,50 C551.658,55.887 546.887,60.657 541,60.657 M541,33.886 C532.1,33.886 524.886,41.1 524.886,50 C524.886,58.899 532.1,66.113 541,66.113 C549.9,66.113 557.115,58.899 557.115,50 C557.115,41.1 549.9,33.886 541,33.886 M565.378,62.101 C565.244,65.022 564.756,66.606 564.346,67.663 C563.803,69.06 563.154,70.057 562.106,71.106 C561.058,72.155 560.06,72.803 558.662,73.347 C557.607,73.757 556.021,74.244 553.102,74.378 C549.944,74.521 548.997,74.552 541,74.552 C533.003,74.552 532.056,74.521 528.898,74.378 C525.979,74.244 524.393,73.757 523.338,73.347 C521.94,72.803 520.942,72.155 519.894,71.106 C518.846,70.057 518.197,69.06 517.654,67.663 C517.244,66.606 516.755,65.022 516.623,62.101 C516.479,58.943 516.448,57.996 516.448,50 C516.448,42.003 516.479,41.056 516.623,37.899 C516.755,34.978 517.244,33.391 517.654,32.338 C518.197,30.938 518.846,29.942 519.894,28.894 C520.942,27.846 521.94,27.196 523.338,26.654 C524.393,26.244 525.979,25.756 528.898,25.623 C532.057,25.479 533.004,25.448 541,25.448 C548.997,25.448 549.943,25.479 553.102,25.623 C556.021,25.756 557.607,26.244 558.662,26.654 C560.06,27.196 561.058,27.846 562.106,28.894 C563.154,29.942 563.803,30.938 564.346,32.338 C564.756,33.391 565.244,34.978 565.378,37.899 C565.522,41.056 565.552,42.003 565.552,50 C565.552,57.996 565.522,58.943 565.378,62.101 M570.82,37.631 C570.674,34.438 570.167,32.258 569.425,30.349 C568.659,28.377 567.633,26.702 565.965,25.035 C564.297,23.368 562.623,22.342 560.652,21.575 C558.743,20.834 556.562,20.326 553.369,20.18 C550.169,20.033 549.148,20 541,20 C532.853,20 531.831,20.033 528.631,20.18 C525.438,20.326 523.257,20.834 521.349,21.575 C519.376,22.342 517.703,23.368 516.035,25.035 C514.368,26.702 513.342,28.377 512.574,30.349 C511.834,32.258 511.326,34.438 511.181,37.631 C511.035,40.831 511,41.851 511,50 C511,58.147 511.035,59.17 511.181,62.369 C511.326,65.562 511.834,67.743 512.574,69.651 C513.342,71.625 514.368,73.296 516.035,74.965 C517.703,76.634 519.376,77.658 521.349,78.425 C523.257,79.167 525.438,79.673 528.631,79.82 C531.831,79.965 532.853,80.001 541,80.001 C549.148,80.001 550.169,79.965 553.369,79.82 C556.562,79.673 558.743,79.167 560.652,78.425 C562.623,77.658 564.297,76.634 565.965,74.965 C567.633,73.296 568.659,71.625 569.425,69.651 C570.167,67.743 570.674,65.562 570.82,62.369 C570.966,59.17 571,58.147 571,50 C571,41.851 570.966,40.831 570.82,37.631"></path></g></g></g></svg></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style=" color:#3897f0; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:550; line-height:18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <div style="padding: 12.5% 0;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; margin-bottom: 14px; align-items: center;"> <div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; height: 12.5px; width: 12.5px; transform: translateX(0px) translateY(7px);"></div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; height: 12.5px; transform: rotate(-45deg) translateX(3px) translateY(1px); width: 12.5px; flex-grow: 0; margin-right: 14px; margin-left: 2px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; height: 12.5px; width: 12.5px; transform: translateX(9px) translateY(-18px);"></div> </div> <div style="margin-left: 8px;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 20px; width: 20px;"></div> <div style=" width: 0; height: 0; border-top: 2px solid transparent; border-left: 6px solid #f4f4f4; border-bottom: 2px solid transparent; transform: translateX(16px) translateY(-4px) rotate(30deg)"></div> </div> <div style="margin-left: auto;"> <div style=" width: 0px; border-top: 8px solid #F4F4F4; border-right: 8px solid transparent; transform: translateY(16px);"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; flex-grow: 0; height: 12px; width: 16px; transform: translateY(-4px);"></div> <div style=" width: 0; height: 0; border-top: 8px solid #F4F4F4; border-left: 8px solid transparent; transform: translateY(-4px) translateX(8px);"></div> </div> </div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center; margin-bottom: 24px;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 224px;"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 144px;"></div> </div> <p></a></p> <p style=" color:#c9c8cd; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; line-height:17px; margin-bottom:0; margin-top:8px; overflow:hidden; padding:8px 0 7px; text-align:center; text-overflow:ellipsis; white-space:nowrap;"><a href="https://www.instagram.com/reel/CdlgyzKp0Dl/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" style=" color:#c9c8cd; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:normal; line-height:17px; text-decoration:none;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">A post shared by Tenth Amendment Center (@tenthamendmentcenter)</a></p> </div> </blockquote> <p> <script async src="//www.instagram.com/embed.js"></script></p> <p><strong>For Further Reading</strong></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/the-supremacy-clause/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Supremacy Clause</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2013/08/07/the-blueprint-james-madisons-advice/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Blueprint: James Madison&#8217;s Advice</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/05/23/anti-commandeering-an-overview-of-five-major-supreme-court-cases/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Anti-Commandeering: An Overview of Five Major Supreme Court Cases</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/a-federal-supremacy-theory-so-bad-even-the-supreme-court-disagrees/">A Federal Supremacy Theory So Bad Even the Supreme Court Disagrees</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Anti-Commandeering Audio/Video Maharrey Minute Supremacy Clause anti-commandeering doctrine Federalist 46 James Madison Supreme court Mike Maharrey 4 Ways to Read the Constitution, 3 are Wrong https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/4-ways-to-read-the-constitution-3-are-wrong/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:16aeb2d8-d09f-0a22-9aa3-6335f52b598f Mon, 16 May 2022 17:21:45 +0000 <p>We’ve all heard the terms - strict construction, living constitution, textualism, and originalism. Learn what they are. And find out which one - and only one - is the right way to read an 18th century legal document like the Constitution for the United States.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/4-ways-to-read-the-constitution-3-are-wrong/">4 Ways to Read the Constitution, 3 are Wrong</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>We’ve all heard the terms &#8211; strict construction, living constitution, textualism, and originalism. Learn what they are. And find out which one &#8211; and only one &#8211; is the right way to read an 18th century legal document like the Constitution for the United States.</p> <p>Path to Liberty: May 16, 2022<span id="more-39610"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://podcasts.google.com/feed/aHR0cHM6Ly9ibG9nLnRlbnRoYW1lbmRtZW50Y2VudGVyLmNvbS9jYXRlZ29yeS92aWRlby9nb29kLW1vcm5pbmctbGliZXJ0eS9mZWVkLw?sa=X&amp;ved=0CAYQrrcFahcKEwigwITb6MrrAhUAAAAAHQAAAAAQBA" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Google</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe loading="lazy" width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/_vR_g9mhdTI?start=77" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strict_constructionism" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Strict Constructionism</a></p> <p><a href="https://lsolum.typepad.com/legaltheory/2011/02/legal-theory-lexicon-strict-construction-judicial-activism.html" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Larry Solum blog</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/title/tucker-view-of-the-constitution-of-the-united-states-with-selected-writings" rel="noopener" target="_blank">St. George Tucker &#8211; View of the Constitution of the United States (1803)</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/30/understanding-the-constitution-strict-construction-textualism-and-originalism/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Understanding the Constitution: Strict Construction, Textualism, and Originalism</a></p> <p><a href="https://fedsoc.org/commentary/fedsoc-blog/don-t-hear-what-i-m-not-saying-defining-strict-constructionism-to-distinguish-it" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Christopher Cooke &#8211; federalist society</a></p> <p><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Living_Constitution" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Living Constitutionalism</a></p> <p><a href="https://constitutioncenter.org/interactive-constitution/white-papers/on-originalism-in-constitutional-interpretation" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Steve Calabresi &#8211; Constitution Center</a></p> <p><a href="https://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/mass_circ_let_1768.asp" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Samuel Adams &#8211; Massachusetts Circular Letter (11 Feb 1768)</a></p> <p><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Textualism" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Textualism</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2017/08/24/a-response-to-a-living-constitutionalist/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">A Response to a Living Constitutionalist</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.founders.archives.gov/documents/Madison/04-03-02-0333" rel="noopener" target="_blank">James Madison to Henry Lee (25 June 1824)</a></p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/98-01-02-3562" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Thomas Jefferson to William Johnson (12 June 1823)</a></p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES (links update after 1pm Pacific today)</strong></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a></p> <p>VIDEO PLATFORMS</p> <p><a href="https://odysee.com/$/invite/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Odysee</a><br /> <a href="https://www.youtube.com/user/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">YouTube</a><br /> <a href="https://hyprr.com/profile/tenthamendmentcenter?section=hypetv" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HypeTV</a><br /> <a href="https://www.brighteon.com/channels/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Brighteon</a><br /> <a href="https://tv.gab.com/channel/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Gab TV</a><br /> <a href="https://www.bitchute.com/channel/X0AJnBhWbCkx/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Bitchute</a><br /> <a href="https://bittube.tv/profile/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">BitTube</a><br /> <a href="https://dlive.tv/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">DLive</a><br /> <a href="https://www.twitch.tv/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Twitch</a><br /> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/tenthamendmentcenter/channel/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">IGTV</a></p> <p>SOCIAL PLATFORMS</p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/tenthamendment" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Twitter</a><br /> <a href="https://www.minds.com/TenthAmendmentCenter/?referrer=TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Minds</a><br /> <a href="https://www.facebook.com/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Facebook</a><br /> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/tenthamendmentcenter/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Instagram</a><br /> <a href="https://gab.com/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Gab</a><br /> <a href="https://mewe.com/p/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">MeWe</a><br /> <a href="https://www.linkedin.com/company/tenthamendmentcenter/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">LinkedIn</a><br /> <a href="https://www.pinterest.com/tenthamendment/_created/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Pinterest</a><br /> <a href="https://hyprr.com/profile/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Hyprr</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/4-ways-to-read-the-constitution-3-are-wrong/">4 Ways to Read the Constitution, 3 are Wrong</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Constitution Founding Principles Path to Liberty James Madison Living Constitutionalism Originalism Strict Construction Textualism thomas jefferson Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center 30:28 We’ve all heard the terms - strict construction, living constitution, textualism, and originalism. Learn what they are. And find out which one - and only one - is the right way to read an 18th century legal document like the Constitution for the United... We’ve all heard the terms - strict construction, living constitution, textualism, and originalism. Learn what they are. And find out which one - and only one - is the right way to read an 18th century legal document like the Constitution for the United States. To the Governor: Delaware Passes Bill to Legalize Marijuana Possession Despite Federal Cannabis Prohibition https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/to-the-governor-delaware-passes-bill-to-legalize-marijuana-possession-despite-federal-cannabis-prohibition/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:b1a5b1e4-a568-35ee-de33-a00fb3bcdd43 Sun, 15 May 2022 16:37:55 +0000 <p>The legislation would remove all penalties for adult marijuana possession, allowing adults 21 and over to possess and share up to one ounce of marijuana. In effect, it would legalize possession of marijuana, but it would not allow for the sale of cannabis.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/to-the-governor-delaware-passes-bill-to-legalize-marijuana-possession-despite-federal-cannabis-prohibition/">To the Governor: Delaware Passes Bill to Legalize Marijuana Possession Despite Federal Cannabis Prohibition</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>DOVER</strong>, Del. (May 15, 2022) – On Thursday, the Delaware Senate gave final approval to a bill that would legalize marijuana for adult use in the state despite federal marijuana prohibition.<span id="more-39606"></span></p> <p>Rep. Ed Osienski (D) introduced House Bill 371 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/DE/bill/HB371/2021" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB371</a>) in March. The legislation would remove all penalties for adult marijuana possession, allowing adults 21 and over to possess and share up to one ounce of marijuana. In effect, it would legalize possession of marijuana, but it would not allow for the sale of cannabis.</p> <p>On May 12, the Senate passed HB371 with no amendments by <a href="https://legiscan.com/DE/rollcall/HB371/id/1203827" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a 13-7 vote</a>. The House <a href="https://legiscan.com/DE/rollcall/HB371/id/1200374" target="_blank" rel="noopener">approved the measure by a 26-14 vote</a> earlier this month. The bill now goes to Gov. John Carney&#8217;s desk for his consideration.</p> <p>Meanwhile, a second bill sponsored by Osienski (<a href="https://legiscan.com/DE/bill/HB372/2021" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB372</a>) that would create a licensing and regulatory program for the cultivation, manufacturing, and sale of marijuana cleared the House Appropriations Committee on May 11 and can now move to the House floor.</p> <p>Osienski sponsored a bill (<a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/02/delaware-house-committee-approves-measure-to-legalize-marijuana-despite-federal-cannabis-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB305</a>)  earlier in the session that would have accomplished both goals, but the legislation failed to garner the necessary supermajority in order to pass the House. Instead of giving up, Osienski adopted a two-track strategy. The decriminalization bill only needed a simple majority to pass. <a href="https://www.marijuanamoment.net/delaware-house-committees-approve-complementary-marijuana-legalization-and-regulations-bills/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">According to <em>Marijuana Moment</em></a>, legalizing marijuana possession would put extra pressure on legislators to advance the complementary legislation with a supermajority, rather than have legalization without regulations in place.</p> <p><b>EFFECT ON FEDERAL PROHIBITION</b></p> <p>Delaware legalized medical marijuana in 2011 and decriminalized the possession or consumption of a “personal-use quantity” of marijuana for adults 21 or over in 2015. Last year, the <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/08/signed-as-law-delaware-bill-expands-marijuana-decriminalization-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">state decriminalized marijuana possession by minors</a> despite ongoing federal cannabis prohibition.</p> <p>Under the federal Controlled Substances Act (CSA) passed in 1970, the federal government maintains complete prohibition of marijuana. Of course, the federal government lacks any constitutional authority to ban or regulate cannabis within the borders of a state, despite the opinion of the politically connected lawyers on the Supreme Court. If you doubt this, ask yourself why it took a constitutional amendment to institute federal alcohol prohibition.</p> <p>The legalization of marijuana for personal use in Delaware would take the next step and remove another layer of laws prohibiting the possession and use of marijuana in the state even though federal prohibition would remain in effect. This is significant because FBI statistics show that law enforcement makes approximately 99 of 100 marijuana arrests under state, not federal law. When states stop enforcing marijuana laws, they sweep away most of the basis for 99 percent of marijuana arrests.</p> <p>Furthermore, figures indicate it would take 40 percent of the DEA’s yearly budget just to investigate and raid all of the dispensaries in Los Angeles – a single city in a single state. That doesn’t include the cost of prosecution. The lesson? The feds lack the resources to enforce marijuana prohibition without state assistance.</p> <p><b>A GROWING MOVEMENT</b></p> <p>Colorado, Washington state, Oregon and Alaska were the first states to legalize recreational cannabis, and California, Nevada, Maine and Massachusetts joined them after ballot initiatives in favor of legalization passed in November 2016. Michigan followed suit when <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/11/michigan-votes-to-legalize-marijuana-nullify-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">voters legalized cannabis for general use</a> in 2018. Vermont <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/01/signed-as-law-vermont-legalizes-recreational-marijuana-foundation-to-nullify-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">became the first state</a> to legalize marijuana through a legislative act in 2018. <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/06/signed-by-the-governor-illinois-legalizes-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Illinois followed suit i</a>n 2019. New Jersey, Montana and Arizona all <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/11/04/thirty-six-and-counting-more-states-legalize-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">legalized recreational marijuana through ballot measures</a> in the 2020 election. Earlier this year, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/03/to-the-governor-new-york-bill-legalizes-marijuana-for-adult-use-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">New York</a>, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/04/signed-as-law-new-mexico-bill-legalizes-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">New Mexico</a>, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/04/virginia-legalizes-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Virginia</a> and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/06/connecticut-becomes-the-18th-state-to-legalize-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Connecticut</a> legalized marijuana through legislative action.</p> <p>With 37 states allowing cannabis for medical use, and 18 legalizing for adult recreational use, the feds find themselves in a position where they simply can’t enforce prohibition anymore.</p> <p>The lesson here is pretty straightforward. When enough people say, ‘No!’ to the federal government, and enough states pass laws backing those people up, there’s not much the feds can do to shove their so-called laws, regulations, or mandates down our throats.</p> <p>The move to legalize recreational marijuana in Delaware highlights another important strategic reality. Once a state legalizes marijuana – even if only in a very limited way – the law tends to eventually expand. As the state tears down some barriers, markets develop and demand expands. That creates pressure to further relax state law. These new laws represent a further erosion of unconstitutional federal marijuana prohibition.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>Gov. Carney will have 10 days from the date HB371 is transmitted to his office to sign or veto the bill. If he takes no action, it will become law without his signature.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/to-the-governor-delaware-passes-bill-to-legalize-marijuana-possession-despite-federal-cannabis-prohibition/">To the Governor: Delaware Passes Bill to Legalize Marijuana Possession Despite Federal Cannabis Prohibition</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Drug War State Bills cannabis Delaware HB371 HB372 Marijuana Mike Maharrey The TSA: Centralized Government in a Nutshell https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/the-tsa-centralized-government-in-a-nutshell/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:838cf63b-e9ec-7484-c538-2ff4746b1667 Sun, 15 May 2022 16:34:43 +0000 <p>I loath the TSA. It's dehumanizing. And it's a glaring example of what you get when you centralize power in the federal government.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/the-tsa-centralized-government-in-a-nutshell/">The TSA: Centralized Government in a Nutshell</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>I loath the TSA. It&#8217;s dehumanizing. And it&#8217;s a glaring example of what you get when you centralize power in the federal government.<span id="more-39598"></span></p> <blockquote class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/reel/CdgsaK5jQOa/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="14" style=" background:#FFF; border:0; border-radius:3px; box-shadow:0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width:540px; min-width:326px; padding:0; width:99.375%; width:-webkit-calc(100% - 2px); width:calc(100% - 2px);"> <div style="padding:16px;"> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/reel/CdgsaK5jQOa/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" style=" background:#FFFFFF; line-height:0; padding:0 0; text-align:center; text-decoration:none; width:100%;" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> </p> <div style=" display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display:block; height:50px; margin:0 auto 12px; width:50px;"><svg width="50px" height="50px" viewBox="0 0 60 60" version="1.1" xmlns="https://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:xlink="https://www.w3.org/1999/xlink"><g stroke="none" stroke-width="1" fill="none" fill-rule="evenodd"><g transform="translate(-511.000000, -20.000000)" fill="#000000"><g><path d="M556.869,30.41 C554.814,30.41 553.148,32.076 553.148,34.131 C553.148,36.186 554.814,37.852 556.869,37.852 C558.924,37.852 560.59,36.186 560.59,34.131 C560.59,32.076 558.924,30.41 556.869,30.41 M541,60.657 C535.114,60.657 530.342,55.887 530.342,50 C530.342,44.114 535.114,39.342 541,39.342 C546.887,39.342 551.658,44.114 551.658,50 C551.658,55.887 546.887,60.657 541,60.657 M541,33.886 C532.1,33.886 524.886,41.1 524.886,50 C524.886,58.899 532.1,66.113 541,66.113 C549.9,66.113 557.115,58.899 557.115,50 C557.115,41.1 549.9,33.886 541,33.886 M565.378,62.101 C565.244,65.022 564.756,66.606 564.346,67.663 C563.803,69.06 563.154,70.057 562.106,71.106 C561.058,72.155 560.06,72.803 558.662,73.347 C557.607,73.757 556.021,74.244 553.102,74.378 C549.944,74.521 548.997,74.552 541,74.552 C533.003,74.552 532.056,74.521 528.898,74.378 C525.979,74.244 524.393,73.757 523.338,73.347 C521.94,72.803 520.942,72.155 519.894,71.106 C518.846,70.057 518.197,69.06 517.654,67.663 C517.244,66.606 516.755,65.022 516.623,62.101 C516.479,58.943 516.448,57.996 516.448,50 C516.448,42.003 516.479,41.056 516.623,37.899 C516.755,34.978 517.244,33.391 517.654,32.338 C518.197,30.938 518.846,29.942 519.894,28.894 C520.942,27.846 521.94,27.196 523.338,26.654 C524.393,26.244 525.979,25.756 528.898,25.623 C532.057,25.479 533.004,25.448 541,25.448 C548.997,25.448 549.943,25.479 553.102,25.623 C556.021,25.756 557.607,26.244 558.662,26.654 C560.06,27.196 561.058,27.846 562.106,28.894 C563.154,29.942 563.803,30.938 564.346,32.338 C564.756,33.391 565.244,34.978 565.378,37.899 C565.522,41.056 565.552,42.003 565.552,50 C565.552,57.996 565.522,58.943 565.378,62.101 M570.82,37.631 C570.674,34.438 570.167,32.258 569.425,30.349 C568.659,28.377 567.633,26.702 565.965,25.035 C564.297,23.368 562.623,22.342 560.652,21.575 C558.743,20.834 556.562,20.326 553.369,20.18 C550.169,20.033 549.148,20 541,20 C532.853,20 531.831,20.033 528.631,20.18 C525.438,20.326 523.257,20.834 521.349,21.575 C519.376,22.342 517.703,23.368 516.035,25.035 C514.368,26.702 513.342,28.377 512.574,30.349 C511.834,32.258 511.326,34.438 511.181,37.631 C511.035,40.831 511,41.851 511,50 C511,58.147 511.035,59.17 511.181,62.369 C511.326,65.562 511.834,67.743 512.574,69.651 C513.342,71.625 514.368,73.296 516.035,74.965 C517.703,76.634 519.376,77.658 521.349,78.425 C523.257,79.167 525.438,79.673 528.631,79.82 C531.831,79.965 532.853,80.001 541,80.001 C549.148,80.001 550.169,79.965 553.369,79.82 C556.562,79.673 558.743,79.167 560.652,78.425 C562.623,77.658 564.297,76.634 565.965,74.965 C567.633,73.296 568.659,71.625 569.425,69.651 C570.167,67.743 570.674,65.562 570.82,62.369 C570.966,59.17 571,58.147 571,50 C571,41.851 570.966,40.831 570.82,37.631"></path></g></g></g></svg></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style=" color:#3897f0; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:550; line-height:18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <div style="padding: 12.5% 0;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; margin-bottom: 14px; align-items: center;"> <div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; height: 12.5px; width: 12.5px; transform: translateX(0px) translateY(7px);"></div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; height: 12.5px; transform: rotate(-45deg) translateX(3px) translateY(1px); width: 12.5px; flex-grow: 0; margin-right: 14px; margin-left: 2px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; height: 12.5px; width: 12.5px; transform: translateX(9px) translateY(-18px);"></div> </div> <div style="margin-left: 8px;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 20px; width: 20px;"></div> <div style=" width: 0; height: 0; border-top: 2px solid transparent; border-left: 6px solid #f4f4f4; border-bottom: 2px solid transparent; transform: translateX(16px) translateY(-4px) rotate(30deg)"></div> </div> <div style="margin-left: auto;"> <div style=" width: 0px; border-top: 8px solid #F4F4F4; border-right: 8px solid transparent; transform: translateY(16px);"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; flex-grow: 0; height: 12px; width: 16px; transform: translateY(-4px);"></div> <div style=" width: 0; height: 0; border-top: 8px solid #F4F4F4; border-left: 8px solid transparent; transform: translateY(-4px) translateX(8px);"></div> </div> </div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center; margin-bottom: 24px;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 224px;"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 144px;"></div> </div> <p></a></p> <p style=" color:#c9c8cd; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; line-height:17px; margin-bottom:0; margin-top:8px; overflow:hidden; padding:8px 0 7px; text-align:center; text-overflow:ellipsis; white-space:nowrap;"><a href="https://www.instagram.com/reel/CdgsaK5jQOa/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" style=" color:#c9c8cd; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:normal; line-height:17px; text-decoration:none;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">A post shared by Tenth Amendment Center (@tenthamendmentcenter)</a></p> </div> </blockquote> <p> <script async src="//www.instagram.com/embed.js"></script></p> <p><strong>For Further Reading</strong></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/04/tyranny-unmasked-john-taylors-warning-about-consolidation/">Tyranny Unmasked: John Taylor’s Warning About Consolidation</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/03/unlimited-centralized-power-in-all-cases-whatsoever/">Unlimited, Centralized Power: “In All Cases Whatsoever”</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/12/centralization-is-the-problem-not-the-solution/">Centralization Is the Problem, Not the Solution</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/04/21/tsa-airport-security-theater-guide/">The TSA’s Security Theater Timeline</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/the-tsa-centralized-government-in-a-nutshell/">The TSA: Centralized Government in a Nutshell</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Big Government Maharrey Minute Centralization Consolidation TSA Mike Maharrey Nullification Works: Cannabis 2022 Edition https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/nullification-works-cannabis-2022-edition/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:5c0b7887-9b78-0eb9-5b52-e080fbffa707 Fri, 13 May 2022 17:09:17 +0000 <p>With federal enforcement numbers dropping by as much as 90% in the last 6 years, it should be obvious that the feds have a resource problem. When enough people and enough states refuse to comply - there’s not much the feds can do to force their so-called laws, regulations, and mandates down our throats.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/nullification-works-cannabis-2022-edition/">Nullification Works: Cannabis 2022 Edition</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>With federal enforcement numbers dropping by as much as 90% in the last 6 years, it should be obvious that the feds have a resource problem. When enough people and enough states refuse to comply &#8211; there’s not much the feds can do to force their so-called laws, regulations, and mandates down our throats.</p> <p>Path to Liberty, Fast Friday Edition: May 13, 2022<span id="more-39603"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://podcasts.google.com/feed/aHR0cHM6Ly9ibG9nLnRlbnRoYW1lbmRtZW50Y2VudGVyLmNvbS9jYXRlZ29yeS92aWRlby9nb29kLW1vcm5pbmctbGliZXJ0eS9mZWVkLw?sa=X&amp;ved=0CAYQrrcFahcKEwigwITb6MrrAhUAAAAAHQAAAAAQBA" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Google</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe loading="lazy" width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/dVC3SvHW8iM" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/05/lessons-from-nullifornia-part-1-plants/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Lessons from Nullifornia: Part 1, Plants</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/05/winning-strategy-for-liberty-the-marijuana-story-and-why-its-important/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Winning Strategy for Liberty: The Marijuana Story and Why it’s Important</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/09/federal-marijuana-cases-drop-as-more-states-legalize-despite-federal-prohibition/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Federal Marijuana Cases Drop as More States Legalize Despite Federal Prohibition</a></p> <p><a href="https://mises.org/wire/nullification-works-republicans-look-legalize-marijuana-states-ignore-federal-drug-war" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Nullification Works: Republicans Look to Legalize Marijuana as States Ignore Federal Drug War</a></p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES (links update after 1pm Pacific today)</strong><br /> <a href="https://odysee.com/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6/path-051322:0" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Odysee</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.minds.com/newsfeed/1371887410501128198" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Minds</a></p> <p><a href="https://sovren.media/video/nullification-works-cannabis-2022-edition-1130.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Sovren</a></p> <p><a href="https://tv.gab.com/channel/tenthamendmentcenter/view/nullification-works-cannabis-2022-edition-627e8cbd13cd145f9877c245" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Gab TV</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.brighteon.com/685b30c2-f166-43ca-9063-d611174bf4db" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Brighteon</a></p> <p><a href="https://fb.watch/c_ixNPLcL6/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Facebook</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.bitchute.com/video/rokzDRnXOE73/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Bitchute</a></p> <p><a href="https://bittube.video/w/113888d9-6fe2-4f34-8f84-adc75f1da56a" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on BitTube</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.instagram.com/tv/CdgXAqcqAeE/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Instagram</a></p> <p><a href="https://hyprr.com/hypetv/3a5ab87a-43ea-4777-b603-d93484fa19c6" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Hyprr</a></p> <p><a href="https://parler.com/feed/eb2d1024-3f9b-48dc-8451-c9db70d80cab" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Parler</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.linkedin.com/feed/update/urn:li:activity:6930713141584564224" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on LinkedIn</a></p> <p><a href="https://rumble.com/v14m5t8-nullification-works-cannabis-2022-edition.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Rumble</a></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a></p> <p>VIDEO PLATFORMS</p> <p><a href="https://odysee.com/$/invite/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Odysee</a><br /> <a href="https://www.youtube.com/user/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">YouTube</a><br /> <a href="https://hyprr.com/profile/tenthamendmentcenter?section=hypetv" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HypeTV</a><br /> <a href="https://www.brighteon.com/channels/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Brighteon</a><br /> <a href="https://tv.gab.com/channel/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Gab TV</a><br /> <a href="https://www.bitchute.com/channel/X0AJnBhWbCkx/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Bitchute</a><br /> <a href="https://bittube.tv/profile/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">BitTube</a><br /> <a href="https://dlive.tv/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">DLive</a><br /> <a href="https://www.twitch.tv/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Twitch</a><br /> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/tenthamendmentcenter/channel/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">IGTV</a></p> <p>SOCIAL PLATFORMS</p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/tenthamendment" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Twitter</a><br /> <a href="https://www.minds.com/TenthAmendmentCenter/?referrer=TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Minds</a><br /> <a href="https://www.facebook.com/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Facebook</a><br /> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/tenthamendmentcenter/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Instagram</a><br /> <a href="https://gab.com/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Gab</a><br /> <a href="https://mewe.com/p/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">MeWe</a><br /> <a href="https://www.linkedin.com/company/tenthamendmentcenter/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">LinkedIn</a><br /> <a href="https://www.pinterest.com/tenthamendment/_created/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Pinterest</a><br /> <a href="https://hyprr.com/profile/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Hyprr</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/nullification-works-cannabis-2022-edition/">Nullification Works: Cannabis 2022 Edition</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Current Events Drug War Path to Liberty cannabis Legalization Marijuana Prohibition Results Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center 12:33 With federal enforcement numbers dropping by as much as 90% in the last 6 years, it should be obvious that the feds have a resource problem. When enough people and enough states refuse to comply - there’s not much the feds can do to force their so-call... With federal enforcement numbers dropping by as much as 90% in the last 6 years, it should be obvious that the feds have a resource problem. When enough people and enough states refuse to comply - there’s not much the feds can do to force their so-called laws, regulations, and mandates down our throats. Predictive AI Technology Puts a Target on Your Back https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/predictive-ai-technology-puts-a-target-on-your-back/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:bee8d34f-5b38-6fb7-c7b9-e67d842d4c6d Thu, 12 May 2022 16:36:41 +0000 <p>Before long, every household in America will be similarly flagged and assigned a threat score.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/predictive-ai-technology-puts-a-target-on-your-back/">Predictive AI Technology Puts a Target on Your Back</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>You’ve been flagged as a threat.</p> <p>Before long, every household in America will be similarly flagged and assigned a threat score.<span id="more-39601"></span></p> <p>Without having ever knowingly committed a crime or been convicted of one, you and your fellow citizens have likely been assessed for behaviors the government might consider devious, dangerous or concerning; <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/public-safety/the-new-way-police-are-surveilling-you-calculating-your-threat-score/2016/01/10/e42bccac-8e15-11e5-baf4-bdf37355da0c_story.html">assigned a threat score</a> based on your associations, activities and viewpoints; and <a href="https://pulitzercenter.org/projects/tracked">catalogued in a government database</a> according to how you should be approached by police and other government agencies based on your particular threat level.</p> <p>If you’re not unnerved over the ramifications of how such a program could be used and abused, keep reading.</p> <p>It’s just a matter of time before you find yourself wrongly accused, investigated and confronted by police based on a data-driven algorithm or risk assessment culled together by a computer program run by artificial intelligence.</p> <p>Consider <a href="https://pulitzercenter.org/stories/how-ai-powered-tech-landed-man-jail-scant-evidence">the case of Michael Williams</a>, who spent almost a year in jail for a crime he didn’t commit. Williams was behind the wheel when a passing car fired at his vehicle, killing his 25-year-old passenger Safarian Herring, who had hitched a ride.</p> <p>Despite the fact that Williams had no motive, there were no eyewitnesses to the shooting, no gun was found in the car, and Williams himself drove Herring to the hospital, police charged the 65-year-old man with first-degree murder based on <a href="https://pulitzercenter.org/stories/how-ai-powered-tech-landed-man-jail-scant-evidence">ShotSpotter</a>, a gunshot detection program that had picked up a loud bang on its network of surveillance microphones and triangulated the noise to correspond with a noiseless security video showing Williams’ car driving through an intersection. The case was eventually dismissed for lack of evidence.</p> <p>Although gunshot detection program like ShotSpotter are gaining popularity with law enforcement agencies, prosecutors and courts alike, they are <a href="https://pulitzercenter.org/stories/how-ai-powered-tech-landed-man-jail-scant-evidence">riddled with flaws</a>, mistaking “dumpsters, trucks, motorcycles, helicopters, fireworks, construction, trash pickup and church bells…for gunshots.”</p> <p>As an Associated Press investigation found, “the <a href="https://pulitzercenter.org/stories/how-ai-powered-tech-landed-man-jail-scant-evidence">system can miss live gunfire right under its microphones</a>, or misclassify the sounds of fireworks or cars backfiring as gunshots.”</p> <p>In one community, ShotSpotter <a href="https://pulitzercenter.org/stories/how-ai-powered-tech-landed-man-jail-scant-evidence">worked less than 50% of the time</a>.</p> <p>Then there’s the human element of corruption which invariably gets added to the mix. In some cases, “employees have <a href="https://pulitzercenter.org/stories/how-ai-powered-tech-landed-man-jail-scant-evidence">changed sounds</a> detected by the system to say that they are gunshots.” Forensic reports prepared by ShotSpotter’s employees have also “been used in court to <a href="https://pulitzercenter.org/stories/how-ai-powered-tech-landed-man-jail-scant-evidence">improperly claim that a defendant shot at police</a>, or provide questionable counts of the number of shots allegedly fired by defendants.”</p> <p>The same company that owns ShotSpotter also owns <a href="https://pulitzercenter.org/stories/how-ai-powered-tech-landed-man-jail-scant-evidence">a predictive policing program that aims to use gunshot detection data to “predict” crime before it happens</a>. Both Presidents Biden and Trump have pushed for greater use of these predictive programs to combat gun violence in communities, despite the fact that found they have not been found to reduce gun violence or increase community safety.</p> <p>The rationale behind this fusion of widespread surveillance, behavior prediction technologies, data mining, precognitive technology, and neighborhood and family snitch programs is purportedly to enable the government takes <em>preemptive</em> steps to combat crime (or whatever the government has chosen to outlaw at any given time).</p> <p>This is precrime, straight out of the realm of dystopian science fiction movies such as <em>Minority Report</em>, which aims to prevent crimes before they happen, but in fact, it’s just another means of getting the citizenry in the government’s crosshairs in order to lock down the nation.</p> <p>Even Social Services is getting in on the action, with <a href="https://apnews.com/article/child-welfare-algorithm-investigation-9497ee937e0053ad4144a86c68241ef1">computer algorithms attempting to predict which households might be guilty of child abuse</a> and neglect.</p> <p>All it takes is an AI bot flagging a household for <em>potential</em> neglect for a family to be investigated, found guilty and the children placed in foster care.</p> <p>Mind you, <em>potential neglect</em> can include everything from inadequate housing to poor hygiene, but is different from physical or sexual abuse.</p> <p>According to an investigative report by the Associated Press, once incidents of <em>potential neglect</em> are reported to a child protection hotline, the reports are run through a screening process that pulls together “personal data collected from birth, Medicaid, substance abuse, mental health, jail and probation records, among other government data sets.” The algorithm then calculates the child’s potential risk and assigns a score of 1 to 20 to predict <a href="https://apnews.com/article/child-welfare-algorithm-investigation-9497ee937e0053ad4144a86c68241ef1">the risk that a child will be placed in foster care in the two years after they are investigated</a>. “The higher the number, the greater the risk. <a href="https://apnews.com/article/child-welfare-algorithm-investigation-9497ee937e0053ad4144a86c68241ef1">Social workers then use their discretion to decide whether to investigate</a>.”</p> <p>Other predictive models being used across the country strive to “<a href="https://apnews.com/article/child-welfare-algorithm-investigation-9497ee937e0053ad4144a86c68241ef1">assess a child’s risk for death and severe injury</a>, whether children should be placed in foster care and if so, where.”</p> <p>Incredibly, there’s no way for a family to know if AI predictive technology was responsible for their being targeted, investigated and separated from their children. As the AP notes, “Families and their attorneys can never be sure of the algorithm’s role in their lives either because <a href="https://apnews.com/article/child-welfare-algorithm-investigation-9497ee937e0053ad4144a86c68241ef1">they aren’t allowed to know the scores</a>.”</p> <p>One thing we do know, however, is that the <a href="https://apnews.com/article/child-welfare-algorithm-investigation-9497ee937e0053ad4144a86c68241ef1">system disproportionately targets poor, black families for intervention</a>, disruption and possibly displacement, because much of the data being used is gleaned from lower income and minority communities.</p> <p>The technology is also far from infallible. In one county alone, a technical <a href="https://apnews.com/article/child-welfare-algorithm-investigation-9497ee937e0053ad4144a86c68241ef1">glitch presented social workers with the wrong scores</a>, either underestimating or overestimating a child’s risk.</p> <p>Yet fallible or not, AI predictive screening program is being used widely across the country by government agencies to surveil and target families for investigation. The fallout of this over surveillance, according to Aysha Schomburg, the associate commissioner of the U.S. Children’s Bureau, is “<a href="https://apnews.com/article/child-welfare-algorithm-investigation-9497ee937e0053ad4144a86c68241ef1">mass family separation</a>.”</p> <p>The impact of these kinds of AI predictive tools is being felt in almost every area of life.</p> <p>Under the pretext of helping overwhelmed government agencies work more efficiently, AI predictive and surveillance technologies are being used to classify, segregate and flag the populace with little concern for privacy rights or due process.</p> <p>All of this sorting, sifting and calculating is being done swiftly, secretly and incessantly with the <a href="https://pulitzercenter.org/projects/tracked">help of AI technology and a surveillance state</a> that monitors your every move.</p> <p>Where this becomes particularly dangerous is when the government takes preemptive steps to combat crime or abuse, or whatever the government has chosen to outlaw at any given time.</p> <p>In this way, government agents—with the help of automated eyes and ears, a growing arsenal of high-tech software, hardware and techniques, government propaganda urging Americans to turn into spies and snitches, as well as social media and behavior sensing software—are spinning a sticky spider-web of threat assessments, behavioral sensing warnings, flagged “words,” and “suspicious” activity reports aimed at snaring potential enemies of the state.</p> <p>Are you a military veteran suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder? Have you expressed controversial, despondent or angry views on social media? Do you associate with people who have criminal records or subscribe to conspiracy theories? Were you seen looking angry at the grocery store? Is your appearance unkempt in public? Has your driving been erratic? Did the previous occupants of your home have any run-ins with police?</p> <p>All of these details and more are being used by AI technology to create a profile of you that will impact your dealings with government.</p> <p>It’s the American police state rolled up into one oppressive pre-crime and pre-thought crime package, and the end result is the death of due process.</p> <p>In a nutshell, due process was intended as a bulwark against government abuses. Due process prohibits the government of depriving anyone of “Life, Liberty, and Property” without first ensuring that an individual’s rights have been recognized and respected and that they have been given the opportunity to know the charges against them and defend against those charges.</p> <p>With the advent of <a href="https://pulitzercenter.org/stories/senators-question-doj-funding-ai-powered-policing-tech">government-funded AI predictive policing programs</a> that surveil and flag someone as a potential threat to be investigated and treated as dangerous, there can be no assurance of due process: you have already been turned into a suspect.</p> <p>To disentangle yourself from the fallout of such a threat assessment, the burden of proof rests on you to prove your innocence.</p> <p>You see the problem?</p> <p>It used to be that every person had the right to be assumed innocent until proven guilty, and the burden of proof rested with one’s accusers. That assumption of innocence has since been turned on its head by a surveillance state that renders us all suspects and overcriminalization which renders us all potentially guilty of some wrongdoing or other.</p> <p>Combine predictive AI technology with surveillance and overcriminalization, then add militarized police crashing through doors in the middle of the night to serve a routine warrant, and you’ll be lucky to escape with your life.</p> <p>Yet be warned: once you get snagged by a surveillance camera, flagged by an AI predictive screening program, and placed on a government watch list—whether it’s a watch list for child neglect, a mental health watch list, a dissident watch list, a terrorist watch list, or a red flag gun watch list—there’s no clear-cut way to get off, whether or not you should actually be on there.</p> <p>You will be tracked wherever you go, flagged as a potential threat and dealt with accordingly.</p> <p>If you’re not scared yet, you should be.</p> <p>We’ve made it too easy for the government to identify, label, target, defuse and detain anyone it views as a potential threat for a variety of reasons that run the gamut from mental illness to having a military background to challenging its authority to just being on the government’s list of persona non grata.</p> <p>As I make clear in my book <a href="https://www.amazon.com/Battlefield-America-War-American-People/dp/1590795229/"><em>Battlefield America: The War on the American People</em></a> and in its fictional counterpart <a href="https://www.amazon.com/Erik-Blair-Diaries-Battlefield-Dead/dp/1954968027/"><em>The Erik Blair Diaries</em></a>, you don’t even have to be a dissident to get flagged by the government for surveillance, censorship and detention.</p> <p>All you really need to be is a citizen of the American police state.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/predictive-ai-technology-puts-a-target-on-your-back/">Predictive AI Technology Puts a Target on Your Back</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Police Surveillance predictive policing ShotSpotter surveillance John Whitehead New York Assembly Committee Holds Hearing on Bill to Create State Process to End Police Qualified Immunity https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/new-york-assembly-committee-holds-hearing-on-bill-to-create-state-process-to-end-police-qualified-immunity/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:48c3982a-669d-b1a5-01fe-61e61171703c Thu, 12 May 2022 16:23:38 +0000 <p>In effect, the passage of A8130 would create an alternative path to address violations of rights in state court with no qualified immunity hurdle to clear. A similar law was recently passed in Colorado.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/new-york-assembly-committee-holds-hearing-on-bill-to-create-state-process-to-end-police-qualified-immunity/">New York Assembly Committee Holds Hearing on Bill to Create State Process to End Police Qualified Immunity</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>ALBANY</strong>, N.Y. (May 12, 2022) – Earlier this week, a New York Assembly committee held a hearing on a bill that would create a process to sue police officers and government officials in state court for the deprivation of individual rights without the possibility of “qualified immunity” as a defense.<span id="more-39597"></span></p> <p>Assm. Michael Lawler (R) and two fellow Republicans introduced Assembly Bill 8130 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/NY/bill/A08130/2021" target="_blank" rel="noopener">A8130</a>) last year and it carried over to the 2022 legislative session. Under the proposed law, &#8220;An elected public official acting under color of law who subjects or causes to be subjected any other person to the deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the federal or state Constitution or laws, is liable to the injured party for legal or equitable relief or any other appropriate relief.&#8221;</p> <p>The legislation stipulates that &#8220;it shall not be a defense or immunity to any action that an elected public officer was acting in good faith, or that such public officer believed, reasonably or otherwise, that their conduct was lawful at the time when it was committed. Nor shall it be a defense or immunity that the rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the federal or state Constitution or laws were not clearly established at the time of their deprivation or interference or attempted interference by the defendant, or that the state of the law was otherwise such that the public officer could not reasonably have been expected to know whether their conduct was lawful.&#8221;</p> <p>In effect, the passage of A8130 would create an alternative path to address violations of rights in state court with no qualified immunity hurdle to clear. A similar law was recently <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/06/signed-as-law-colorado-creates-state-process-to-end-qualified-immunity-for-police/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">passed in Colorado</a>.</p> <p>On May 9, the Assembly Government Operations Committee held a hearing on A8130. They voted to hold the measure for further consideration. This means they can bring the bill up for a vote at any time, but there is likely some reticence in passing the bill as it stands.</p> <p>A8130 is one of several bills introduced in the New York legislature to address qualified immunity.</p> <p><strong>In Practice</strong></p> <p>It remains unclear how the state legal process would play out in practice.</p> <p>The first question is whether people will actually utilize the state courts instead of the federal process. Under the original constitutional system, it would have never been a federal issue to begin with. Regulation of police powers was clearly delegated to the states, not the federal government. But with the advent of the <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/05/30/the-incorporation-doctrine-broke-the-constitutional-system/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">incorporation doctrine</a>, people reflexively run to federal courts. But by removing the qualified immunity hurdle, it should incentivize people to take advantage of the state system.</p> <p>The second question is if police officers will be able to transfer cases to federal jurisdiction in order to take advantage of qualified immunity.</p> <p>A8130 could open that door. These proposed laws would allow people to sue in state court for violations of the state <em>or</em> federal Constitution. All matters regarding the U.S. Constitution or federal law will be remanded to federal courts. To avoid this, plaintiffs would have to sue based solely on the New York State Constitution and its bill of rights. The only way to avoid federal jurisdiction and ensure federal qualified immunity doesn’t come into play would be to limit the suit to <strong>state</strong> constitutional issues.</p> <p>A8130 does not only create a cause of action for violations of the state constitution. It would be much harder for attorneys to move cases under this proposed law to federal court.</p> <p>Even if the suit is focused on state law and the New York constitution, state and local law enforcement officers working <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/04/16/joint-law-enforcement-task-forces-are-creating-a-national-police-state/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">on joint state/federal task forces</a> would almost certainly be able to move the case to federal court. They are effectively treated as federal agents.</p> <p>One attorney told the Tenth Amendment Center that it might be possible for officers to have their case removed to federal court to consider U.S. constitutional ramifications. But he said even then, he thinks federal courts would have to respect the state law prohibiting qualified immunity as a defense. The federal court would likely have to apply the state law as the state intended, even though the federal court might well be able to decide whether or not a U.S. constitutional violation had taken place.</p> <p>Other lawyers we talked to said it wasn’t clear to them that the federal courts would have to honor the state statute. It is possible that the federal court could simply decide its jurisdiction supersedes state law and hear the case under the federal process, including the application of qualified immunity. Only time will tell how the process will play out in practice. Regardless, the state process will make it more difficult for police to simply side-step civil suits by declaring sovereign immunity upfront.</p> <p><strong>Moving Forward </strong></p> <p>The Supreme Court shows no interest in rolling back its qualified immunity doctrine. In fact, the High Court recently rejected several cases that would have allowed it to revisit the issue. For instance, the SCOTUS let stand an <a href="http://media.ca11.uscourts.gov/opinions/pub/files/201715566.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Eleventh Circuit decision</a> granting immunity to a police officer who shot a ten-year-old child in the back of the knee, while repeatedly attempting to shoot a pet dog that wasn’t threatening anyone.</p> <p>Congress could prohibit qualified immunity. <a href="https://amash.house.gov/media/press-releases/amash-pressley-introduce-bipartisan-legislation-end-qualified-immunity" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">A bill</a> sponsored by Rep. Justin Amash (L-Mich.) and  Ayanna Pressley (D-Mass.) during the last Congress would have done just that, but it was never taken up. Congress does not have a good track recorded on reining in government power.</p> <p>The best path forward is to bypass the federal system as Colorado has already done.</p> <p>Other states should follow their lead and create state processes to hold their police officers accountable. With the evolution of qualified immunity, the federal process is an abject failure. As Supreme Court Justice Byron White wrote in the 1986 case <em>Malley v. Briggs</em>, qualified immunity protects “all but the plainly incompetent or those who knowingly violate the law.” <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-police-immunity-scotus-snapshot/six-takeaways-from-reuters-investigation-of-police-violence-and-qualified-immunity-idUSKBN22K1AM" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><em>Reuters</em> called it</a> “a highly effective shield in thousands of lawsuits seeking to hold cops accountable for using excessive force.”</p> <p>Attorney and activist Dave Roland called on Missouri to adopt a similar process in <a href="https://www.stltoday.com/opinion/columnists/dave-roland-no-more-excuses-hold-law-enforcement-officials-accountable/article_9d627981-1950-5858-abd9-d14cf587def6.htm" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">an op-ed published by the St. Louis Post-Dispatch</a>.</p> <blockquote><p>A consensus has developed — crossing all party and ideological lines — for the proposition that qualified immunity is an evil that should be undone. At the federal level either the Supreme Court or Congress could undo it, but thus far neither has seen fit to act. Justice in Missouri, however, does not need to wait on Washington — the Legislature can and should adopt a Missouri statute that allows citizens to sue government officials who have violated citizens’ constitutional rights.</p></blockquote> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>A8130 must be brought up for a vote and passed by a majority in the Assembly Government Operations Committee before moving forward in the legislative process.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/new-york-assembly-committee-holds-hearing-on-bill-to-create-state-process-to-end-police-qualified-immunity/">New York Assembly Committee Holds Hearing on Bill to Create State Process to End Police Qualified Immunity</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Qualified Immunity State Bills A8130 Incorporation Doctrine New York Mike Maharrey Bums. Bums. And More Bums? https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/bums-bums-and-more-bums/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:33418383-8611-a5ea-47af-888bc21e9f5f Wed, 11 May 2022 19:58:23 +0000 <p>"Vote the bums out" is a bad political strategy. So, what should we do?</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/bums-bums-and-more-bums/">Bums. Bums. And More Bums?</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>What happens when you vote the bums out? You quickly realize you just elected new bums.</p> <p>&#8220;Vote the bums out&#8221; is a bad political strategy. So, what should we do?</p> <blockquote class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/reel/CdZA5L4DFW9/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="14" style=" background:#FFF; border:0; border-radius:3px; box-shadow:0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width:540px; min-width:326px; padding:0; width:99.375%; width:-webkit-calc(100% - 2px); width:calc(100% - 2px);"> <div style="padding:16px;"> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/reel/CdZA5L4DFW9/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" style=" background:#FFFFFF; line-height:0; padding:0 0; text-align:center; text-decoration:none; width:100%;" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> </p> <div style=" display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display:block; height:50px; margin:0 auto 12px; width:50px;"><svg width="50px" height="50px" viewBox="0 0 60 60" version="1.1" xmlns="https://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:xlink="https://www.w3.org/1999/xlink"><g stroke="none" stroke-width="1" fill="none" fill-rule="evenodd"><g transform="translate(-511.000000, -20.000000)" fill="#000000"><g><path d="M556.869,30.41 C554.814,30.41 553.148,32.076 553.148,34.131 C553.148,36.186 554.814,37.852 556.869,37.852 C558.924,37.852 560.59,36.186 560.59,34.131 C560.59,32.076 558.924,30.41 556.869,30.41 M541,60.657 C535.114,60.657 530.342,55.887 530.342,50 C530.342,44.114 535.114,39.342 541,39.342 C546.887,39.342 551.658,44.114 551.658,50 C551.658,55.887 546.887,60.657 541,60.657 M541,33.886 C532.1,33.886 524.886,41.1 524.886,50 C524.886,58.899 532.1,66.113 541,66.113 C549.9,66.113 557.115,58.899 557.115,50 C557.115,41.1 549.9,33.886 541,33.886 M565.378,62.101 C565.244,65.022 564.756,66.606 564.346,67.663 C563.803,69.06 563.154,70.057 562.106,71.106 C561.058,72.155 560.06,72.803 558.662,73.347 C557.607,73.757 556.021,74.244 553.102,74.378 C549.944,74.521 548.997,74.552 541,74.552 C533.003,74.552 532.056,74.521 528.898,74.378 C525.979,74.244 524.393,73.757 523.338,73.347 C521.94,72.803 520.942,72.155 519.894,71.106 C518.846,70.057 518.197,69.06 517.654,67.663 C517.244,66.606 516.755,65.022 516.623,62.101 C516.479,58.943 516.448,57.996 516.448,50 C516.448,42.003 516.479,41.056 516.623,37.899 C516.755,34.978 517.244,33.391 517.654,32.338 C518.197,30.938 518.846,29.942 519.894,28.894 C520.942,27.846 521.94,27.196 523.338,26.654 C524.393,26.244 525.979,25.756 528.898,25.623 C532.057,25.479 533.004,25.448 541,25.448 C548.997,25.448 549.943,25.479 553.102,25.623 C556.021,25.756 557.607,26.244 558.662,26.654 C560.06,27.196 561.058,27.846 562.106,28.894 C563.154,29.942 563.803,30.938 564.346,32.338 C564.756,33.391 565.244,34.978 565.378,37.899 C565.522,41.056 565.552,42.003 565.552,50 C565.552,57.996 565.522,58.943 565.378,62.101 M570.82,37.631 C570.674,34.438 570.167,32.258 569.425,30.349 C568.659,28.377 567.633,26.702 565.965,25.035 C564.297,23.368 562.623,22.342 560.652,21.575 C558.743,20.834 556.562,20.326 553.369,20.18 C550.169,20.033 549.148,20 541,20 C532.853,20 531.831,20.033 528.631,20.18 C525.438,20.326 523.257,20.834 521.349,21.575 C519.376,22.342 517.703,23.368 516.035,25.035 C514.368,26.702 513.342,28.377 512.574,30.349 C511.834,32.258 511.326,34.438 511.181,37.631 C511.035,40.831 511,41.851 511,50 C511,58.147 511.035,59.17 511.181,62.369 C511.326,65.562 511.834,67.743 512.574,69.651 C513.342,71.625 514.368,73.296 516.035,74.965 C517.703,76.634 519.376,77.658 521.349,78.425 C523.257,79.167 525.438,79.673 528.631,79.82 C531.831,79.965 532.853,80.001 541,80.001 C549.148,80.001 550.169,79.965 553.369,79.82 C556.562,79.673 558.743,79.167 560.652,78.425 C562.623,77.658 564.297,76.634 565.965,74.965 C567.633,73.296 568.659,71.625 569.425,69.651 C570.167,67.743 570.674,65.562 570.82,62.369 C570.966,59.17 571,58.147 571,50 C571,41.851 570.966,40.831 570.82,37.631"></path></g></g></g></svg></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style=" color:#3897f0; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:550; line-height:18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <div style="padding: 12.5% 0;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; margin-bottom: 14px; align-items: center;"> <div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; height: 12.5px; width: 12.5px; transform: translateX(0px) translateY(7px);"></div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; height: 12.5px; transform: rotate(-45deg) translateX(3px) translateY(1px); width: 12.5px; flex-grow: 0; margin-right: 14px; margin-left: 2px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; height: 12.5px; width: 12.5px; transform: translateX(9px) translateY(-18px);"></div> </div> <div style="margin-left: 8px;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 20px; width: 20px;"></div> <div style=" width: 0; height: 0; border-top: 2px solid transparent; border-left: 6px solid #f4f4f4; border-bottom: 2px solid transparent; transform: translateX(16px) translateY(-4px) rotate(30deg)"></div> </div> <div style="margin-left: auto;"> <div style=" width: 0px; border-top: 8px solid #F4F4F4; border-right: 8px solid transparent; transform: translateY(16px);"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; flex-grow: 0; height: 12px; width: 16px; transform: translateY(-4px);"></div> <div style=" width: 0; height: 0; border-top: 8px solid #F4F4F4; border-left: 8px solid transparent; transform: translateY(-4px) translateX(8px);"></div> </div> </div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center; margin-bottom: 24px;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 224px;"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 144px;"></div> </div> <p></a></p> <p style=" color:#c9c8cd; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; line-height:17px; margin-bottom:0; margin-top:8px; overflow:hidden; padding:8px 0 7px; text-align:center; text-overflow:ellipsis; white-space:nowrap;"><a href="https://www.instagram.com/reel/CdZA5L4DFW9/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" style=" color:#c9c8cd; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:normal; line-height:17px; text-decoration:none;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">A post shared by Tenth Amendment Center (@tenthamendmentcenter)</a></p> </div> </blockquote> <p> <script async src="//www.instagram.com/embed.js"></script></p> <p><strong>For Further Reading</strong></p> <p><a href="http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2013/08/07/the-blueprint-james-madisons-advice/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Madison&#8217;s Blueprint</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2016/05/thomas-jefferson-on-voting-the-bums-out/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Thomas Jefferson on Voting the Bums Out</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/nullification-overview/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Nullification: An Overview</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/bums-bums-and-more-bums/">Bums. Bums. And More Bums?</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Maharrey Minute Strategy Elections James Madison Vote the Bums Out Mike Maharrey 7 Truths About Government Most People Ignore https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/7-truths-about-government-most-people-ignore/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:edbc27ed-14fd-146b-c3ad-648409864b50 Wed, 11 May 2022 17:24:00 +0000 <p>As Richard Henry Lee so rightly observed, “politics is the science of fraud, and politicians are the professors of this science.” But wait, there’s more! Learn 7 essential truths about government and power that most people completely ignore, from the late Harry Browne.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/7-truths-about-government-most-people-ignore/">7 Truths About Government Most People Ignore</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>As Richard Henry Lee so rightly observed, “politics is the science of fraud, and politicians are the professors of this science.” But wait, there’s more! Learn 7 essential truths about government and power that most people completely ignore, from the late Harry Browne.</p> <p>Path to Liberty: May 11, 2022<span id="more-39587"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://podcasts.google.com/feed/aHR0cHM6Ly9ibG9nLnRlbnRoYW1lbmRtZW50Y2VudGVyLmNvbS9jYXRlZ29yeS92aWRlby9nb29kLW1vcm5pbmctbGliZXJ0eS9mZWVkLw?sa=X&amp;ved=0CAYQrrcFahcKEwigwITb6MrrAhUAAAAAHQAAAAAQBA" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Google</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe loading="lazy" title="YouTube video player" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/apY6-5d18s8?start=75" width="1280" height="720" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen"></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200125010352/https://www.harrybrowne.org/articles/PrinciplesOfGovernment.htm" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Harry Browne: The 7 Never-to-be-Forgotten Principles of Government</a></p> <p><a href="https://rotunda.upress.virginia.edu/founders/default.xqy?keys=FOEA-print-02-02-02-1924" target="_blank" rel="noopener">James Madison &#8211; Speech in Virginia Convention (2 Dec 1829)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.google.com/books/edition/The_Letters_of_Richard_Henry_Lee/2DpLAAAAYAAJ?hl=en&amp;gbpv=1&amp;dq=richard+henry+lee+politics+is+%22the+science+of+fraud%22&amp;pg=PA544&amp;printsec=frontcover" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Richard Henry Lee &#8211; to nephew &#8211; Thomas Lee Shippen (21 Sept 1791)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.masshist.org/digitaladams/archive/doc?id=L17751127aa" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Abigail Adams &#8211; letter to John Adams (27 Nov 1775)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.gutenberg.org/files/147/147-h/147-h.htm" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Thomas Paine &#8211; Common Sense</a></p> <p><a href="https://archive.csac.history.wisc.edu/2.%20Massachusetts.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Samuel Adams – with John Adams and James Bowdoin (3 Mar 1780)</a></p> <p><a href="https://jeffersonpapers.princeton.edu/selected-documents/jefferson%E2%80%99s-fair-copy" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Thomas Jefferson &#8211; Kentucky Resolutions of 1798</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/title/elliot-the-debates-in-the-several-state-conventions-vol-3#lf1314-03_head_003" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Patrick Henry Speech (June 5, 1788)</a></p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES (links update after 1pm Pacific today)</strong></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a></p> <p>VIDEO PLATFORMS</p> <p><a href="https://odysee.com/$/invite/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Odysee</a><br /> <a href="https://www.youtube.com/user/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">YouTube</a><br /> <a href="https://hyprr.com/profile/tenthamendmentcenter?section=hypetv" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HypeTV</a><br /> <a href="https://www.brighteon.com/channels/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Brighteon</a><br /> <a href="https://tv.gab.com/channel/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Gab TV</a><br /> <a href="https://www.bitchute.com/channel/X0AJnBhWbCkx/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Bitchute</a><br /> <a href="https://bittube.tv/profile/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">BitTube</a><br /> <a href="https://dlive.tv/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">DLive</a><br /> <a href="https://www.twitch.tv/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Twitch</a><br /> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/tenthamendmentcenter/channel/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">IGTV</a></p> <p>SOCIAL PLATFORMS</p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/tenthamendment" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Twitter</a><br /> <a href="https://www.minds.com/TenthAmendmentCenter/?referrer=TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Minds</a><br /> <a href="https://www.facebook.com/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Facebook</a><br /> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/tenthamendmentcenter/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Instagram</a><br /> <a href="https://gab.com/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Gab</a><br /> <a href="https://mewe.com/p/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">MeWe</a><br /> <a href="https://www.linkedin.com/company/tenthamendmentcenter/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">LinkedIn</a><br /> <a href="https://www.pinterest.com/tenthamendment/_created/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Pinterest</a><br /> <a href="https://hyprr.com/profile/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Hyprr</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/7-truths-about-government-most-people-ignore/">7 Truths About Government Most People Ignore</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Founding Principles Path to Liberty Founders Government Harry Browne Liberty Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center 28:30 As Richard Henry Lee so rightly observed, “politics is the science of fraud, and politicians are the professors of this science.” But wait, there’s more! Learn 7 essential truths about government and power that most people completely ignore, As Richard Henry Lee so rightly observed, “politics is the science of fraud, and politicians are the professors of this science.” But wait, there’s more! Learn 7 essential truths about government and power that most people completely ignore, from the late Harry Browne. Our Immigration Police State https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/our-immigration-police-state/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:e7fdc8d7-baeb-3493-675c-abcce95bd5bc Wed, 11 May 2022 10:13:40 +0000 <p>According to the Georgetown investigation, ICE spent an estimated $2.8 billion between 2008 and 2021 on surveillance. That would be U.S. taxpayer -funded money of course. And that is billions with a “b,” not millions with an “m.”</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/our-immigration-police-state/">Our Immigration Police State</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p class="p1">As I have long argued, a system of immigration controls necessarily comes with an immigration police state. Warrantless searches of farms and ranches near the border. Domestic highway checkpoints. Roving Border Patrol checkpoints. Immigration raids on private businesses. Felonies for hiring illegal immigrants. Felonies for transporting illegal immigrants. Boarding of Greyhound buses to check people’s papers. Forced deportations. Forced separation of children from parents. And on and on.<span id="more-39599"></span></p> <p>And now we learn that the immigration police state has added another weapon to its arsenal. <a href="https://www.latimes.com/california/story/2022-05-10/report-immigration-officials-spying-on-majority-of-americans"><span class="s1">According to today’s Los Angeles Times</span></a><i>,</i> “Immigration and Customs Enforcement has crafted a sophisticated surveillance dragnet designed to spy on most people living in the United States, without the need for warrants and many times circumventing state privacy laws, such as those in California, according to a two-year investigatio<span class="s1">n</span> released Tuesday by the Georgetown Law Center on Privacy &amp; Technology.”</p> <p class="p1">According to the Georgetown investigation, ICE spent an estimated $2.8 billion between 2008 and 2021 on surveillance. That would be U.S. taxpayer -funded money of course. And that is billions with a “b,” not millions with an “m.”</p> <p class="p1">The <i>Times</i> reports that “ICE officials did not respond to a <i>Times</i> request for comment.” Why should they? They are in charge of their immigration police state. Why should they have to respond to anyone? And anyway, if they did respond, they undoubtedly would just say that they’re keeping us “safe.” What’s wrong with sacrificing liberty and privacy for the sake of “security?” they’d ask.</p> <p class="p1">The <i>Times</i> writes:</p> <blockquote> <p class="p3">In California, Gov. Gavin Newsom signed a bill in 2020 that promised to protect utility customer data from exposure to federal immigration officials. But ICE officials found a way around the law, purchasing access to hundreds of millions of Americans’ utility records provided by data brokers Thomson Reuters and Equifax.”</p> </blockquote> <p class="p1">Thus, as I have long emphasized, advocates of immigration controls necessarily endorse, at the same time, an immigration police state. That’s because an immigration police state necessarily comes with a system of immigration controls, just as thunder necessarily comes with lightning. Of course, that doesn’t pose a problem for conservatives and liberals. They love police states, so long as the enforcers wear an American flag on their sleeves. But it obviously poses a problem for conservative-oriented libertarians who also favor a system of immigration controls, given that a police state is antithetical to the principles of libertarianism and a free society.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/our-immigration-police-state/">Our Immigration Police State</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Immigration Surveillance ICE surveillance Jacob Hornberger Not Much: What the Feds are Authorized to Do Under the Constitution https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/not-much-what-the-feds-are-authorized-to-do-under-the-constitution/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:9616c4cb-0d25-424d-f6aa-5d4d66b23601 Wed, 11 May 2022 01:11:33 +0000 <p>The federal government is involved in almost every area of our lives. But it wasn't supposed to be that way.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/not-much-what-the-feds-are-authorized-to-do-under-the-constitution/">Not Much: What the Feds are Authorized to Do Under the Constitution</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>The federal government is involved in almost every area of our lives. But it wasn&#8217;t supposed to be that way.</p> <p>Tench Coxe was a prominent supporter of the Constitution. During the ratification debate, he gave us a long list of things the federal government wasn&#8217;t empowered to do.</p> <p>That list is illuminating.</p> <blockquote class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/reel/CdMjZaxJ1PC/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="14" style=" background:#FFF; border:0; border-radius:3px; box-shadow:0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width:540px; min-width:326px; padding:0; width:99.375%; width:-webkit-calc(100% - 2px); width:calc(100% - 2px);"> <div style="padding:16px;"> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/reel/CdMjZaxJ1PC/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" style=" background:#FFFFFF; line-height:0; padding:0 0; text-align:center; text-decoration:none; width:100%;" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> </p> <div style=" display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display:block; height:50px; margin:0 auto 12px; width:50px;"><svg width="50px" height="50px" viewBox="0 0 60 60" version="1.1" xmlns="https://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:xlink="https://www.w3.org/1999/xlink"><g stroke="none" stroke-width="1" fill="none" fill-rule="evenodd"><g transform="translate(-511.000000, -20.000000)" fill="#000000"><g><path d="M556.869,30.41 C554.814,30.41 553.148,32.076 553.148,34.131 C553.148,36.186 554.814,37.852 556.869,37.852 C558.924,37.852 560.59,36.186 560.59,34.131 C560.59,32.076 558.924,30.41 556.869,30.41 M541,60.657 C535.114,60.657 530.342,55.887 530.342,50 C530.342,44.114 535.114,39.342 541,39.342 C546.887,39.342 551.658,44.114 551.658,50 C551.658,55.887 546.887,60.657 541,60.657 M541,33.886 C532.1,33.886 524.886,41.1 524.886,50 C524.886,58.899 532.1,66.113 541,66.113 C549.9,66.113 557.115,58.899 557.115,50 C557.115,41.1 549.9,33.886 541,33.886 M565.378,62.101 C565.244,65.022 564.756,66.606 564.346,67.663 C563.803,69.06 563.154,70.057 562.106,71.106 C561.058,72.155 560.06,72.803 558.662,73.347 C557.607,73.757 556.021,74.244 553.102,74.378 C549.944,74.521 548.997,74.552 541,74.552 C533.003,74.552 532.056,74.521 528.898,74.378 C525.979,74.244 524.393,73.757 523.338,73.347 C521.94,72.803 520.942,72.155 519.894,71.106 C518.846,70.057 518.197,69.06 517.654,67.663 C517.244,66.606 516.755,65.022 516.623,62.101 C516.479,58.943 516.448,57.996 516.448,50 C516.448,42.003 516.479,41.056 516.623,37.899 C516.755,34.978 517.244,33.391 517.654,32.338 C518.197,30.938 518.846,29.942 519.894,28.894 C520.942,27.846 521.94,27.196 523.338,26.654 C524.393,26.244 525.979,25.756 528.898,25.623 C532.057,25.479 533.004,25.448 541,25.448 C548.997,25.448 549.943,25.479 553.102,25.623 C556.021,25.756 557.607,26.244 558.662,26.654 C560.06,27.196 561.058,27.846 562.106,28.894 C563.154,29.942 563.803,30.938 564.346,32.338 C564.756,33.391 565.244,34.978 565.378,37.899 C565.522,41.056 565.552,42.003 565.552,50 C565.552,57.996 565.522,58.943 565.378,62.101 M570.82,37.631 C570.674,34.438 570.167,32.258 569.425,30.349 C568.659,28.377 567.633,26.702 565.965,25.035 C564.297,23.368 562.623,22.342 560.652,21.575 C558.743,20.834 556.562,20.326 553.369,20.18 C550.169,20.033 549.148,20 541,20 C532.853,20 531.831,20.033 528.631,20.18 C525.438,20.326 523.257,20.834 521.349,21.575 C519.376,22.342 517.703,23.368 516.035,25.035 C514.368,26.702 513.342,28.377 512.574,30.349 C511.834,32.258 511.326,34.438 511.181,37.631 C511.035,40.831 511,41.851 511,50 C511,58.147 511.035,59.17 511.181,62.369 C511.326,65.562 511.834,67.743 512.574,69.651 C513.342,71.625 514.368,73.296 516.035,74.965 C517.703,76.634 519.376,77.658 521.349,78.425 C523.257,79.167 525.438,79.673 528.631,79.82 C531.831,79.965 532.853,80.001 541,80.001 C549.148,80.001 550.169,79.965 553.369,79.82 C556.562,79.673 558.743,79.167 560.652,78.425 C562.623,77.658 564.297,76.634 565.965,74.965 C567.633,73.296 568.659,71.625 569.425,69.651 C570.167,67.743 570.674,65.562 570.82,62.369 C570.966,59.17 571,58.147 571,50 C571,41.851 570.966,40.831 570.82,37.631"></path></g></g></g></svg></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style=" color:#3897f0; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:550; line-height:18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <div style="padding: 12.5% 0;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; margin-bottom: 14px; align-items: center;"> <div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; height: 12.5px; width: 12.5px; transform: translateX(0px) translateY(7px);"></div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; height: 12.5px; transform: rotate(-45deg) translateX(3px) translateY(1px); width: 12.5px; flex-grow: 0; margin-right: 14px; margin-left: 2px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; height: 12.5px; width: 12.5px; transform: translateX(9px) translateY(-18px);"></div> </div> <div style="margin-left: 8px;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 20px; width: 20px;"></div> <div style=" width: 0; height: 0; border-top: 2px solid transparent; border-left: 6px solid #f4f4f4; border-bottom: 2px solid transparent; transform: translateX(16px) translateY(-4px) rotate(30deg)"></div> </div> <div style="margin-left: auto;"> <div style=" width: 0px; border-top: 8px solid #F4F4F4; border-right: 8px solid transparent; transform: translateY(16px);"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; flex-grow: 0; height: 12px; width: 16px; transform: translateY(-4px);"></div> <div style=" width: 0; height: 0; border-top: 8px solid #F4F4F4; border-left: 8px solid transparent; transform: translateY(-4px) translateX(8px);"></div> </div> </div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center; margin-bottom: 24px;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 224px;"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 144px;"></div> </div> <p></a></p> <p style=" color:#c9c8cd; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; line-height:17px; margin-bottom:0; margin-top:8px; overflow:hidden; padding:8px 0 7px; text-align:center; text-overflow:ellipsis; white-space:nowrap;"><a href="https://www.instagram.com/reel/CdMjZaxJ1PC/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" style=" color:#c9c8cd; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:normal; line-height:17px; text-decoration:none;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">A post shared by Tenth Amendment Center (@tenthamendmentcenter)</a></p> </div> </blockquote> <p> <script async src="//www.instagram.com/embed.js"></script></p> <p><strong>For Further Reading</strong></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2016/11/29/tench-coxe-on-state-vs-federal-power-under-the-constitution/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Tench Coxe on State vs Federal Power Under the Constitution</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/not-much-what-the-feds-are-authorized-to-do-under-the-constitution/">Not Much: What the Feds are Authorized to Do Under the Constitution</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Maharrey Minute Tench Coxe Mike Maharrey New York Senate Committee Passes Bill to End Civil Asset Forfeiture, Opt State Out of Federal Program in Most Cases https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/new-york-senate-committee-passes-bill-to-end-civil-asset-forfeiture-opt-state-out-of-federal-program-in-most-cases/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:e992f150-530f-c889-b78e-e1734b4807b4 Wed, 11 May 2022 01:09:35 +0000 <p>The legislation would replace the state’s civil asset forfeiture process with a criminal process. The proposed law would require a criminal conviction before prosecutors could proceed with asset forfeiture in most cases.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/new-york-senate-committee-passes-bill-to-end-civil-asset-forfeiture-opt-state-out-of-federal-program-in-most-cases/">New York Senate Committee Passes Bill to End Civil Asset Forfeiture, Opt State Out of Federal Program in Most Cases</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>ALBANY</strong>, N.Y. (May 10, 2022) – On Monday, a New York Senate committee passed a bill that would reform the state’s asset forfeiture laws to require a criminal conviction and opt the state out of a federal asset forfeiture program known as “equitable sharing” in most cases.<span id="more-39582"></span></p> <p>Sen. Jamaal Bailey (D) introduced Senate Bill 6440 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/NY/bill/S06440/2021" target="_blank" rel="noopener">S6440</a>) in 2021 and the bill carried over to the 2022 session. The legislation would replace the state’s civil asset forfeiture process with a criminal process. The proposed law would require a criminal conviction before prosecutors could proceed with asset forfeiture in most cases.</p> <p>S6440 would also address the “policing for profit” motive inherent in civil asset forfeiture by requiring the state treasurer to deposit forfeiture proceeds into the general fund after payment of specific allowable expenses. Under current law, police can keep up to 60 percent of forfeiture proceeds in New York.</p> <p>Passage of the bill would effectively opt New York out of a federal program that allows state and local police to get around more strict state asset forfeiture laws. This is particularly important in light of a <a href="http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2017/07/30/states-can-thwart-new-doj-asset-forfeiture-policy/">policy directive issued in July 2017 by then-Attorney General Jeff Sessions</a> for the Department of Justice (DOJ) that remains in effect today.</p> <p><strong>NECESSARY</strong></p> <p>While some people believe the Supreme Court “ended asset forfeiture, its opinion in <i>Timbs v. Indiana</i> <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/02/asset-forfeiture-was-not-ended-by-the-supreme-court-good-morning-liberty-02-25-19/">ended nothing</a>. Without further action, civil asset forfeiture remains. Additionally, as law professor <a href="https://reason.com/volokh/2019/02/20/supreme-court-rules-that-excessive-fines">Ilya Somin noted</a>, the Court left an important issue unresolved. What exactly counts as “excessive” in the civil forfeiture context?</p> <blockquote><p>“That is likely to be a hotly contested issue in the lower federal courts over the next few years. The ultimate effect of today’s decision depends in large part on how that question is resolved. If courts rule that only a few unusually extreme cases qualify as excessive, the impact of Timbs might be relatively marginal.”</p></blockquote> <p>Going forward, opponents of civil asset forfeiture could wait and see how lower federal courts will address this “over the next few years,” or they can do what a number of states have already taken steps to do, end the practice on a state level, and opt out of the federal equitable sharing program as well.</p> <p><strong>FEDERAL LOOPHOLE</strong></p> <p>A federal program known as “<a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TH6vYLXTfGI">Equitable Sharing</a>” allows prosecutors to bypass more stringent state asset forfeiture laws by passing cases off to the federal government through a process known as adoption. The DOJ directive reiterates full support for the equitable sharing program, directs federal law enforcement agencies to aggressively utilize it, and sets the stage to expand it in the future.</p> <p>Law enforcement agencies can circumvent more strict state forfeiture laws by claiming cases are federal in nature. Under these arrangements, state officials simply hand cases over to a federal agency, participate in the case, and then receive up to 80 percent of the proceeds. However, when states merely withdraw from participation, the federal directive loses its impact.</p> <p>California faced this situation. The state has some of the strongest state-level restrictions on civil asset forfeiture in the country, but state and local police were circumventing the state process by passing cases to the feds. According to a report by the Institute for Justice, <em>Policing for Profit</em>, California ranked as the worst offender of all states in the country between 2000 and 2013. In other words, California law enforcement was passing off a lot of cases to the feds and collecting the loot. The <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2016/09/signed-as-law-california-reins-in-asset-forfeiture-takes-on-federal-equitable-sharing-program/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">state closed the loophole</a> in 2016.</p> <p>S6440 directly addresses the federal equitable sharing program with the following language:</p> <blockquote><p>A law enforcement agency shall not offer for adoption any property seized under state law, to a federal agency for the purpose of forfeiture under the federal Controlled Substances Act, or other federal law unless such seized property includes United States currency that exceeds twenty thousand dollars.</p> <p>§ 480.165 Limitation on state and federal joint task forces.</p> <p>1. Except as permitted under subdivision two of this section, a joint task force of a law enforcement agency and a federal agency shall transfer seized property to the prosecuting authority for forfeiture litigation under this article.</p> <p>2. Such joint task force may transfer seized property to the federal Department of Justice for forfeiture under federal law if such seized property includes United States currency that exceeds twenty thousand dollars.</p> <p>3. A law enforcement agency shall be prohibited from accepting payment or distribution of any kind from the federal government if the federal government requires seized property that includes United States currency less than twenty thousand dollars, as established under subdivision two of this section, be transferred to the federal government for forfeiture under federal law.</p></blockquote> <p>Most forfeitures fall below the $20,000 in currency threshold.</p> <p>As the Tenth Amendment Center <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2015/09/feds-meddling-in-attempt-to-undermine-state-asset-forfeiture-reform/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">previously reported</a> the federal government inserted itself into the asset forfeiture debate in California. The feds clearly want the policy to continue.</p> <p>Why?</p> <p>We can only guess. But perhaps the feds recognize paying state and local police agencies directly in cash for handling their enforcement would reveal their weakness. After all, the federal government would find it nearly impossible to prosecute its unconstitutional “War on Drugs” without state and local assistance. Asset forfeiture “equitable sharing” provides a pipeline the feds use to incentivize state and local police to serve as de facto arms of the federal government by funneling billions of dollars into their budgets.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>S6440 will now move to the Senate Finance Committee for further consideration. It must get a hearing and pass by a majority vote before moving forward in the legislative process.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/new-york-senate-committee-passes-bill-to-end-civil-asset-forfeiture-opt-state-out-of-federal-program-in-most-cases/">New York Senate Committee Passes Bill to End Civil Asset Forfeiture, Opt State Out of Federal Program in Most Cases</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Asset Forfeiture State Bills Equitable Sharing New York Policing for Profit S6440 Mike Maharrey Today in History: Second Continental Congress Convened https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/today-in-history-second-continental-congress-convened/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:a0cca027-4e11-f655-d887-b6db99d20a62 Tue, 10 May 2022 19:34:12 +0000 <p>Today in history, on May 10, 1775, representatives from the several colonies met in Philadelphia, forming the Second Continental Congress.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/today-in-history-second-continental-congress-convened/">Today in History: Second Continental Congress Convened</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>Today in history, on May 10, 1775, representatives from the several colonies met in Philadelphia, forming the Second Continental Congress. <span id="more-39584"></span></p> <p>Its primary purpose was to determine a colonial response to controversial happenings in New England. Massachusetts recently emerged victorious in Concord, where the British confronted the colony for the first time in what would become the American War for Independence. </p> <p>With the Coercive Acts enacted as a harsh punishment against the most resistant colony, and with war in New England now unavoidable, the other colonies feared the consequences of their forthcoming decisions. Unease spread throughout the colonies, with many officials unsure of how to proceed. </p> <p>New York was particularly hesitant, facing the gradual buildup of the British navy along its coast. South Carolina was wary of involving itself in a destructive conflict, initially viewing the incident in Massachusetts as an isolated matter. Having already deemed the colonies in “open and avowed rebellion” in an attempt to create an “independent Empire,” and refusing to read any list of colonial grievances, George III had already made his views known. </p> <p>At first, primarily under the direction of John Dickinson, the delegates endeavored to make one last attempt at reconciliation with Britain, adopting the Olive Branch Petition to be sent to the king at the same time as a justification for the usage of arms at Lexington and Concord, the Declaration of Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms. </p> <p>Conservatives such as Dickinson believed the use of force in self-defense was justified, but hoped to end future hostilities and the outbreak of war.</p> <p>After the failure of the petitions, the delegates considered the ultimate question: whether the colonies should give up all they own and stake their very lives on the prospect of independence, or submit to British policy to bind them in “all cases whatsoever” – a condition Thomas Paine called slavery. </p> <p>The Massachusetts delegation, headed by John Adams, wished for a colonial military to be formed, but at first the other states were extremely reluctant to create a posture of war against the British. </p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/today-in-history-second-continental-congress-convened/">Today in History: Second Continental Congress Convened</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. American Revolution History Coercive Acts Second Continental Congress Today in History Dave Benner Delaware House Passes Bill to Legalize Marijuana Possession Despite Federal Cannabis Prohibition https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/delaware-house-passes-bill-to-legalize-marijuana-possession-despite-federal-cannabis-prohibition/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:ab000983-57fa-0d80-d68e-4a2c8bcc2e64 Mon, 09 May 2022 17:39:10 +0000 <p>The legislation would decriminalize marijuana possession, allowing adults 21 and over to possess and share up to one ounce of marijuana. In effect, it would legalize possession of marijuana, but it would not allow for the sale of cannabis.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/delaware-house-passes-bill-to-legalize-marijuana-possession-despite-federal-cannabis-prohibition/">Delaware House Passes Bill to Legalize Marijuana Possession Despite Federal Cannabis Prohibition</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>DOVER</strong>, Del. (May 9, 2022) – Last Thursday, the Delaware House passed a bill that would legalize marijuana for adult use in the state despite federal marijuana prohibition.<span id="more-39580"></span></p> <p>Rep. Ed Osienski (D) introduced House Bill 371 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/DE/bill/HB371/2021" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB371</a>) in March. The legislation would decriminalize marijuana possession, allowing adults 21 and over to possess and share up to one ounce of marijuana. In effect, it would legalize possession of marijuana, but it would not allow for the sale of cannabis.</p> <p>On May 5, the House <a href="https://legiscan.com/DE/rollcall/HB371/id/1200374" target="_blank" rel="noopener">passed HB371 by a 26-14 vote</a>.</p> <p>A second bill sponsored by Osienski (<a href="https://legiscan.com/DE/bill/HB372/2021" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB372</a>) would create a licensing and regulatory program under the state Division of Alcohol and Tobacco Enforcement for the cultivation, manufacturing, and sale of marijuana. It is still pending in the House Appropriations Committee. According to <em>Marijuana Moment</em>, it could be taken up as soon as this week.</p> <p>Osienski sponsored a bill (<a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/02/delaware-house-committee-approves-measure-to-legalize-marijuana-despite-federal-cannabis-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB305</a>)  earlier in the session that would have accomplished both goals, but the legislation failed to garner the necessary supermajority in order to pass the House. Instead of giving up, Osienski adopted a two-track strategy. The decriminalization bill only needs a simple majority to pass. <a href="https://www.marijuanamoment.net/delaware-house-committees-approve-complementary-marijuana-legalization-and-regulations-bills/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">According to <em>Marijuana Moment</em></a>, legalizing marijuana possession would put extra pressure on legislators to advance the complementary legislation with a supermajority, rather than have legalization without regulations in place.</p> <p><b>EFFECT ON FEDERAL PROHIBITION</b></p> <p>Delaware legalized medical marijuana in 2011 and decriminalized the possession or consumption of a “personal-use quantity” of marijuana for adults 21 or over in 2015. Last year, the <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/08/signed-as-law-delaware-bill-expands-marijuana-decriminalization-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">state decriminalized marijuana possession by minors</a> despite ongoing federal cannabis prohibition.</p> <p>Under the federal Controlled Substances Act (CSA) passed in 1970, the federal government maintains complete prohibition of marijuana. Of course, the federal government lacks any constitutional authority to ban or regulate cannabis within the borders of a state, despite the opinion of the politically connected lawyers on the Supreme Court. If you doubt this, ask yourself why it took a constitutional amendment to institute federal alcohol prohibition.</p> <p>The legalization of marijuana for personal use in Delaware would take the next step and remove another layer of laws prohibiting the possession and use of marijuana in the state even though federal prohibition would remain in effect. This is significant because FBI statistics show that law enforcement makes approximately 99 of 100 marijuana arrests under state, not federal law. When states stop enforcing marijuana laws, they sweep away most of the basis for 99 percent of marijuana arrests.</p> <p>Furthermore, figures indicate it would take 40 percent of the DEA’s yearly budget just to investigate and raid all of the dispensaries in Los Angeles – a single city in a single state. That doesn’t include the cost of prosecution. The lesson? The feds lack the resources to enforce marijuana prohibition without state assistance.</p> <p><b>A GROWING MOVEMENT</b></p> <p>Colorado, Washington state, Oregon and Alaska were the first states to legalize recreational cannabis, and California, Nevada, Maine and Massachusetts joined them after ballot initiatives in favor of legalization passed in November 2016. Michigan followed suit when <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/11/michigan-votes-to-legalize-marijuana-nullify-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">voters legalized cannabis for general use</a> in 2018. Vermont <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/01/signed-as-law-vermont-legalizes-recreational-marijuana-foundation-to-nullify-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">became the first state</a> to legalize marijuana through a legislative act in 2018. <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/06/signed-by-the-governor-illinois-legalizes-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Illinois followed suit i</a>n 2019. New Jersey, Montana and Arizona all <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/11/04/thirty-six-and-counting-more-states-legalize-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">legalized recreational marijuana through ballot measures</a> in the 2020 election. Earlier this year, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/03/to-the-governor-new-york-bill-legalizes-marijuana-for-adult-use-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">New York</a>, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/04/signed-as-law-new-mexico-bill-legalizes-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">New Mexico</a>, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/04/virginia-legalizes-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Virginia</a> and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/06/connecticut-becomes-the-18th-state-to-legalize-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Connecticut</a> legalized marijuana through legislative action.</p> <p>With 37 states allowing cannabis for medical use, and 18 legalizing for adult recreational use, the feds find themselves in a position where they simply can’t enforce prohibition anymore.</p> <p>The lesson here is pretty straightforward. When enough people say, ‘No!’ to the federal government, and enough states pass laws backing those people up, there’s not much the feds can do to shove their so-called laws, regulations, or mandates down our throats.</p> <p>The move to legalize recreational marijuana in Delaware highlights another important strategic reality. Once a state legalizes marijuana – even if only in a very limited way – the law tends to eventually expand. As the state tears down some barriers, markets develop and demand expands. That creates pressure to further relax state law. These new laws represent a further erosion of unconstitutional federal marijuana prohibition.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>HB371 now moves to the Senate. It was referred to the Senate Judiciary Committee where it must pass by a majority vote before moving forward in the legislative process.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/delaware-house-passes-bill-to-legalize-marijuana-possession-despite-federal-cannabis-prohibition/">Delaware House Passes Bill to Legalize Marijuana Possession Despite Federal Cannabis Prohibition</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Drug War State Bills cannabis Delaware HB371 HB372 Marijuana Mike Maharrey Rhode Island Senate Committee Holds Hearing on Bill to Put Limits on Warrantless Electronic Data Collection and Hinder Federal Surveillance https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/rhode-island-senate-committee-holds-hearing-on-bill-to-put-limits-on-warrantless-electronic-data-collection-and-hinder-federal-surveillance/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:65832224-1f90-36f7-68e2-c67e2d7ae3ad Mon, 09 May 2022 17:35:02 +0000 <p>Titled the “Electronic Information and Data Privacy Act,” the legislation would prohibit law enforcement agencies from obtaining “the location information, stored data, or transmitted data of an electronic device; or electronic information or data transmitted by the owner of the electronic information or data to a remote computing service provider without a warrant based on probable cause.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/rhode-island-senate-committee-holds-hearing-on-bill-to-put-limits-on-warrantless-electronic-data-collection-and-hinder-federal-surveillance/">Rhode Island Senate Committee Holds Hearing on Bill to Put Limits on Warrantless Electronic Data Collection and Hinder Federal Surveillance</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>PROVIDENCE</strong>, R.I. (May 9, 2022) – Last week, a Rhode Island Senate committee held a hearing on a bill that would ban the warrantless collection of electronic data and the use of “stingrays” to track the location of phones and sweep up electronic communications in most situations. Passage of the bill would not only protect privacy in Rhode Island; it would also hinder the federal surveillance state.<span id="more-39564"></span></p> <p>A bipartisan coalition of eight senators introduced Senate Bill 2212 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/RI/bill/S2212/2022">S2212</a>) on Feb. 8. The bill is a companion to House Bill 7195 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/RI/bill/H7195/2022" target="_blank" rel="noopener">H7195</a>) filed last month. Titled the “Electronic Information and Data Privacy Act,” the legislation would prohibit law enforcement agencies from obtaining “the location information, stored data, or transmitted data of an electronic device; or electronic information or data transmitted by the owner of the electronic information or data to a remote computing service provider without a warrant based on probable cause.</p> <p>Passage of S2212 would help block the use of cell-site simulators, known as “<a href="https://www.eff.org/pages/cell-site-simulatorsimsi-catchers" target="_blank" rel="noopener">stingrays</a>.” These devices essentially spoof cell phone towers, tricking any device within range into connecting to the stingray instead of the tower, allowing law enforcement to sweep up communications content, as well as locate and track the person in possession of a specific phone or other electronic device.</p> <p>The bill specifically prohibits disclosing or copying electronic data that is incidentally collected while executing a warrant and the information would have to be destroyed “as soon as reasonably possible.” Police would only be allowed to transmit or copy data collected under the warrant if the law enforcement agency “reasonably believes that the transmitted data is necessary to achieve the objective of the warrant.”</p> <p>S2212 includes some exceptions to the warrant requirement. Police would be able to collect warrantless location information if a device is reported lost or stolen by the owner, with the owner’s informed consent; if the owner or remote computing service voluntarily discloses the data; under a belief that an emergency exists involving an imminent risk to an individual of death, serious physical injury, sexual abuse, live-streamed sexual exploitation, kidnapping, or human trafficking; under judicially recognized exceptions to the warrant requirement; and in a few other specific situations.</p> <p>The bills would also require prosecutors to obtain a judicial order based on probable cause to access data held by third-party service providers including internet, cell phone and email providers.</p> <p>On May 3, the Senate Judiciary Committee held a hearing on S2212. The committee did not vote on the bill, instead, holding it “for further study.” This is a typical move in Rhode Island, giving committee members more time to consider the legislation. It can also be a maneuver to kill a bill without a vote.</p> <p>Passage of S2212 would not only protect the privacy of Rhode Islanders; it would also hinder one aspect of the federal surveillance state.</p> <p><strong>IMPACT ON FEDERAL SURVEILLANCE PROGRAMS</strong></p> <p>The federal government funds the vast majority of state and local stingray programs, attaching one important condition. The feds require agencies acquiring the technology to sign non-disclosure agreements (NDA). This throws a giant shroud over the program, even preventing judges, prosecutors and defense attorneys from getting information about the use of stingrays in court. The feds actually instruct prosecutors to withdraw evidence if judges or legislators press for information. As the <a href="http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/maryland/baltimore-city/bs-md-ci-stingray-case-20150408-story.html#page=1" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" data-et-has-event-already="true">Baltimore Sun reported</a> in April 2015, a Baltimore detective refused to answer questions on the stand during a trial, citing a federal non-disclosure agreement.</p> <p>Defense attorney Joshua Insley asked Cabreja about the agreement.</p> <p>“Does this document instruct you to withhold evidence from the state’s attorney and Circuit Court, even upon court order to produce?” he asked.</p> <p>“Yes,” Cabreja said.</p> <p>As <a href="https://privacysos.org/node/1715" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">privacysos.org</a> put it, “The FBI would rather police officers and prosecutors let ‘criminals’ go than face a possible scenario where a defendant brings a Fourth Amendment challenge to warrantless stingray spying.”</p> <p>A Deleware State Police NDA with the Harris Corporation<a href="https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20180120/06352239048/harris-stingray-nondisclosure-agreement-forbids-cops-telling-legislators-about-surveillance-tech.shtml" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"> obtained by the ACLU</a> reveals just how much secrecy surrounds stingray surveillance. The ACLU summed up the NDA.</p> <blockquote><p><em>The agreement, signed by a state police detective in 2010, stated that officers could not “discuss, publish, release or disclose any information pertaining to the (cell phone tracking) products” to the general public, to companies, to other governmental agencies, or even to other officers who do not have a “need to know.” </em><em>A letter attached to the agreement, and signed by Harris Corp.’s account manager, said police are not permitted to talk about the devices with “elected officials.” </em><em>“Stealth, quiet approach and skilled execution are the glue that transforms weapons and technology investments into capabilities and results,” Harris Corp.’s Michael E. Dillon said in the letter. “Only officers with arrest authority are permitted to use them (Stingrays) or have knowledge of how they work.”</em></p></blockquote> <p>Harris cited federal law for the conditions in the agreement, which it stated is similar to other “intelligence oriented aspects of your operations.”</p> <p>The <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2017/06/07/inside-the-secretive-and-intrusive-world-of-stingray-surveillance/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">experience of a Pinellas County, Florida, man further highlights the shroud of secrecy around the use of stingray devices</a>, along with the potential for abuse of power inherent in America’s law enforcement community.</p> <p>The feds sell the technology in the name of “anti-terrorism” efforts. With non-disclosure agreements in place, most police departments refuse to release any information on the use of stingrays. But information obtained from the Tacoma Police Department revealed that it uses the technology primarily for routine criminal investigations.</p> <p>Some privacy advocates argue that stingray use can never happen within the parameters of the Fourth Amendment because the technology necessarily connects to every electronic device within range, not just the one held by the target. And the information collected by these devices undoubtedly ends up in federal databases.</p> <p>The feds can share and tap into vast amounts of information gathered at the state and local level through fusion centers and a system known as the “information sharing environment” or ISE. In other words, stingrays and access to data held by third parties create the potential for the federal government to track the movement of millions of Americans with no warrant, no probable cause, and without the people even knowing it.</p> <p>Fusion centers were sold as a tool to combat terrorism, but that is not how they are being used. The ACLU pointed to a <a href="https://www.hsgac.senate.gov/subcommittees/investigations/media/investigative-report-criticizes-counterterrorism-reporting-waste-at-state-and-local-intelligence-fusion-centers" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">bipartisan congressional report</a> to demonstrate the true nature of government fusion centers: “They haven’t contributed anything meaningful to counterterrorism efforts. Instead, they have largely served as police surveillance and information sharing nodes for law enforcement efforts targeting the frequent subjects of police attention: Black and brown people, immigrants, dissidents, and the poor.”</p> <p>Fusion centers operate within the broader ISE. According to <a href="http://www.dni.gov/index.php/about/organization/information-sharing-environment-what-we-do" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">its website</a>, the ISE “provides analysts, operators, and investigators with information needed to enhance national security. These analysts, operators, and investigators…have mission needs to collaborate and share information with each other and with private sector partners and our foreign allies.” In other words, ISE serves as a conduit for the sharing of information gathered without a warrant. Known ISE partners include the Office of Director of National Intelligence which oversees 17 federal agencies and organizations, including the NSA. ISE utilizes these partnerships to collect and share data on the millions of unwitting people they track.</p> <p>The federal government encourages and funds stingrays at the state and local level across the U.S., thereby undoubtedly gaining access to a massive data pool on Americans without having to expend the resources to collect the information itself. By placing restrictions on stingray use, state and local governments limit the data available that the feds can access.</p> <p>In a nutshell, without state and local cooperation, the feds have a much more difficult time gathering information. The enactment of laws limiting or prohibiting the use of stingrays strikes a major blow to the surveillance state and would be a win for privacy.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>The Judiciary Committee needs to bring S2212 up for a vote and pass it by a majority before it can move forward in the legislative process.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/rhode-island-senate-committee-holds-hearing-on-bill-to-put-limits-on-warrantless-electronic-data-collection-and-hinder-federal-surveillance/">Rhode Island Senate Committee Holds Hearing on Bill to Put Limits on Warrantless Electronic Data Collection and Hinder Federal Surveillance</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. State Bills Surveillance cell site simulator electronic data Fourth Amendment Rhode Island S2212 Stingrays surveillance Mike Maharrey The Illusion of Freedom in the Land of the Free https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/the-illusion-of-freedom-in-the-land-of-the-free/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:25cae70c-5e7a-7ef6-9fe9-e86e19bdb77a Fri, 06 May 2022 17:04:08 +0000 <p>Calling these United States the “land of the free” is ignorant of what actually qualifies as a “free people” - at best. Or a dangerous state of denial that will only make things far worse in the long run. Wisdom and insight from Samuel Adams, Thomas Jefferson, John Dickinson, Mercy Otis Warren, Thomas Paine - and Lysander Spooner.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/the-illusion-of-freedom-in-the-land-of-the-free/">The Illusion of Freedom in the Land of the Free</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>Calling these United States the “land of the free” is ignorant of what actually qualifies as a “free people” &#8211; at best. Or a dangerous state of denial that will only make things far worse in the long run. Wisdom and insight from Samuel Adams, Thomas Jefferson, John Dickinson, Mercy Otis Warren, Thomas Paine &#8211; and Lysander Spooner.</p> <p>Path to Liberty, Fast Friday Edition: May 6, 2022<span id="more-39577"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://podcasts.google.com/feed/aHR0cHM6Ly9ibG9nLnRlbnRoYW1lbmRtZW50Y2VudGVyLmNvbS9jYXRlZ29yeS92aWRlby9nb29kLW1vcm5pbmctbGliZXJ0eS9mZWVkLw?sa=X&amp;ved=0CAYQrrcFahcKEwigwITb6MrrAhUAAAAAHQAAAAAQBA" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Google</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe loading="lazy" width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/wfL5MEfzD3o" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.rutherford.org/publications_resources/john_whiteheads_commentary/the_illusion_of_freedom_were_only_as_free_as_the_government_allows" rel="noopener" target="_blank">John Whitehead &#8211; Rutherford institute</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/title/spooner-a-defence-for-fugitive-slaves-1850" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Lysander Spooner &#8211; A Defense for Fugitive Slaves (1850)</a></p> <p><a href="https://archive.csac.history.wisc.edu/2.%20Massachusetts.pdf" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Samuel Adams &#8211; with John Adams and James Bowdoin (3 Mar 1780)</a></p> <p><a href="https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Declaration_of_the_Causes_and_Necessity_of_Taking_Up_Arms" rel="noopener" target="_blank">John Dickinson and Thomas Jefferson &#8211; Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking up Arms (6 Jul 1775)</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/title/lee-empire-and-nation-letters-from-a-farmer#lf0010_head_010" rel="noopener" target="_blank">John Dickinson &#8211; 7th Letter from a Farmer in Pennsylvania (1767)</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/11/what-makes-a-free-people/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Episode: What Makes a Free People?</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/title/paine-the-writings-of-thomas-paine-vol-i-1774-1779#lf0548-01_label_144" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Thomas Paine, The American Crisis IV (12 Sept 1777)</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/01/compliance-is-violence-dickinson-and-spooner-on-the-path-to-liberty/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Episode &#8211; Compliance is Violence: Dickinson and Spooner on the Path to Liberty</a></p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-16-02-0163" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Thomas Jefferson &#8211; letter to Lafayette (2 Apr 1790)</a></p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES</strong><br /> <a href="https://odysee.com/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6/path-050622:a" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Odysee</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.minds.com/newsfeed/1369351034400411661" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Minds</a></p> <p><a href="https://sovren.media/video/the-illusion-of-freedom-in-the-land-of-the-free-1099.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Sovren</a></p> <p><a href="https://tv.gab.com/channel/tenthamendmentcenter/view/the-illusion-of-freedom-in-the-6275505fb3444e8b1534a2e5" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Gab TV</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.brighteon.com/8555dc17-d44b-44f4-bcf8-257bac5f07ce" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Brighteon</a></p> <p><a href="https://fb.watch/cR3r5wZZtD/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Facebook</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.bitchute.com/video/j7cxKqwflklz/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Bitchute</a></p> <p><a href="https://bittube.video/w/877f0d03-c61e-4757-8865-d11c685b4a4c" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on BitTube</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.instagram.com/tv/CdOVCK9IzRX/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Instagram</a></p> <p><a href="https://hyprr.com/hypetv/8087cebb-aaed-402c-a3e2-425cce87230a" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Hyprr</a></p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/TenthAmendment/status/1522614724474466304" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Twitter</a></p> <p><a href="https://parler.com/feed/4a9386d6-aee6-4615-a472-dfc53fa353ed" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Parler</a></p> <p><a href="https://rumble.com/v13r69j-the-illusion-of-freedom-in-the-land-of-the-free.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Rumble</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.linkedin.com/feed/update/urn:li:activity:6928123268935663617" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on LinkedIn</a></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a></p> <p>VIDEO PLATFORMS</p> <p><a href="https://odysee.com/$/invite/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Odysee</a><br /> <a href="https://www.youtube.com/user/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">YouTube</a><br /> <a href="https://hyprr.com/profile/tenthamendmentcenter?section=hypetv" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HypeTV</a><br /> <a href="https://www.brighteon.com/channels/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Brighteon</a><br /> <a href="https://tv.gab.com/channel/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Gab TV</a><br /> <a href="https://www.bitchute.com/channel/X0AJnBhWbCkx/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Bitchute</a><br /> <a href="https://bittube.tv/profile/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">BitTube</a><br /> <a href="https://dlive.tv/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">DLive</a><br /> <a href="https://www.twitch.tv/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Twitch</a><br /> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/tenthamendmentcenter/channel/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">IGTV</a></p> <p>SOCIAL PLATFORMS</p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/tenthamendment" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Twitter</a><br /> <a href="https://www.minds.com/TenthAmendmentCenter/?referrer=TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Minds</a><br /> <a href="https://www.facebook.com/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Facebook</a><br /> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/tenthamendmentcenter/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Instagram</a><br /> <a href="https://gab.com/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Gab</a><br /> <a href="https://mewe.com/p/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">MeWe</a><br /> <a href="https://www.linkedin.com/company/tenthamendmentcenter/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">LinkedIn</a><br /> <a href="https://www.pinterest.com/tenthamendment/_created/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Pinterest</a><br /> <a href="https://hyprr.com/profile/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Hyprr</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/the-illusion-of-freedom-in-the-land-of-the-free/">The Illusion of Freedom in the Land of the Free</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Founding Fathers Founding Principles Path to Liberty Freedom John Dickinson Land of the Free Lysander Spooner Mercy Otis Warren Samuel Adams thomas jefferson Thomas Paine Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center 10:49 Calling these United States the “land of the free” is ignorant of what actually qualifies as a “free people” - at best. Or a dangerous state of denial that will only make things far worse in the long run. Wisdom and insight from Samuel Adams, Calling these United States the “land of the free” is ignorant of what actually qualifies as a “free people” - at best. Or a dangerous state of denial that will only make things far worse in the long run. Wisdom and insight from Samuel Adams, Thomas Jefferson, John Dickinson, Mercy Otis Warren, Thomas Paine - and Lysander Spooner. One Nation? https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/one-nation/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:b5e64359-9643-d663-a07b-dff74325e686 Fri, 06 May 2022 16:35:37 +0000 <p>The United States is "one nation," right? We say it every day from the time we're in kindergarten in the Pledge of Allegiance. "One nation, under God, indivisible."</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/one-nation/">One Nation?</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>The United States is &#8220;one nation,&#8221; right? We say it every day from the time we&#8217;re in kindergarten in the Pledge of Allegiance. &#8220;One nation, under God, indivisible.&#8221;</p> <p>The problem is it&#8217;s not true.<span id="more-39555"></span></p> <blockquote class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/reel/CdHlt7fDoVq/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="14" style=" background:#FFF; border:0; border-radius:3px; box-shadow:0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width:540px; min-width:326px; padding:0; width:99.375%; width:-webkit-calc(100% - 2px); width:calc(100% - 2px);"> <div style="padding:16px;"> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/reel/CdHlt7fDoVq/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" style=" background:#FFFFFF; line-height:0; padding:0 0; text-align:center; text-decoration:none; width:100%;" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> </p> <div style=" display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display:block; height:50px; margin:0 auto 12px; width:50px;"><svg width="50px" height="50px" viewBox="0 0 60 60" version="1.1" xmlns="https://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:xlink="https://www.w3.org/1999/xlink"><g stroke="none" stroke-width="1" fill="none" fill-rule="evenodd"><g transform="translate(-511.000000, -20.000000)" fill="#000000"><g><path d="M556.869,30.41 C554.814,30.41 553.148,32.076 553.148,34.131 C553.148,36.186 554.814,37.852 556.869,37.852 C558.924,37.852 560.59,36.186 560.59,34.131 C560.59,32.076 558.924,30.41 556.869,30.41 M541,60.657 C535.114,60.657 530.342,55.887 530.342,50 C530.342,44.114 535.114,39.342 541,39.342 C546.887,39.342 551.658,44.114 551.658,50 C551.658,55.887 546.887,60.657 541,60.657 M541,33.886 C532.1,33.886 524.886,41.1 524.886,50 C524.886,58.899 532.1,66.113 541,66.113 C549.9,66.113 557.115,58.899 557.115,50 C557.115,41.1 549.9,33.886 541,33.886 M565.378,62.101 C565.244,65.022 564.756,66.606 564.346,67.663 C563.803,69.06 563.154,70.057 562.106,71.106 C561.058,72.155 560.06,72.803 558.662,73.347 C557.607,73.757 556.021,74.244 553.102,74.378 C549.944,74.521 548.997,74.552 541,74.552 C533.003,74.552 532.056,74.521 528.898,74.378 C525.979,74.244 524.393,73.757 523.338,73.347 C521.94,72.803 520.942,72.155 519.894,71.106 C518.846,70.057 518.197,69.06 517.654,67.663 C517.244,66.606 516.755,65.022 516.623,62.101 C516.479,58.943 516.448,57.996 516.448,50 C516.448,42.003 516.479,41.056 516.623,37.899 C516.755,34.978 517.244,33.391 517.654,32.338 C518.197,30.938 518.846,29.942 519.894,28.894 C520.942,27.846 521.94,27.196 523.338,26.654 C524.393,26.244 525.979,25.756 528.898,25.623 C532.057,25.479 533.004,25.448 541,25.448 C548.997,25.448 549.943,25.479 553.102,25.623 C556.021,25.756 557.607,26.244 558.662,26.654 C560.06,27.196 561.058,27.846 562.106,28.894 C563.154,29.942 563.803,30.938 564.346,32.338 C564.756,33.391 565.244,34.978 565.378,37.899 C565.522,41.056 565.552,42.003 565.552,50 C565.552,57.996 565.522,58.943 565.378,62.101 M570.82,37.631 C570.674,34.438 570.167,32.258 569.425,30.349 C568.659,28.377 567.633,26.702 565.965,25.035 C564.297,23.368 562.623,22.342 560.652,21.575 C558.743,20.834 556.562,20.326 553.369,20.18 C550.169,20.033 549.148,20 541,20 C532.853,20 531.831,20.033 528.631,20.18 C525.438,20.326 523.257,20.834 521.349,21.575 C519.376,22.342 517.703,23.368 516.035,25.035 C514.368,26.702 513.342,28.377 512.574,30.349 C511.834,32.258 511.326,34.438 511.181,37.631 C511.035,40.831 511,41.851 511,50 C511,58.147 511.035,59.17 511.181,62.369 C511.326,65.562 511.834,67.743 512.574,69.651 C513.342,71.625 514.368,73.296 516.035,74.965 C517.703,76.634 519.376,77.658 521.349,78.425 C523.257,79.167 525.438,79.673 528.631,79.82 C531.831,79.965 532.853,80.001 541,80.001 C549.148,80.001 550.169,79.965 553.369,79.82 C556.562,79.673 558.743,79.167 560.652,78.425 C562.623,77.658 564.297,76.634 565.965,74.965 C567.633,73.296 568.659,71.625 569.425,69.651 C570.167,67.743 570.674,65.562 570.82,62.369 C570.966,59.17 571,58.147 571,50 C571,41.851 570.966,40.831 570.82,37.631"></path></g></g></g></svg></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style=" color:#3897f0; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:550; line-height:18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <div style="padding: 12.5% 0;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; margin-bottom: 14px; align-items: center;"> <div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; height: 12.5px; width: 12.5px; transform: translateX(0px) translateY(7px);"></div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; height: 12.5px; transform: rotate(-45deg) translateX(3px) translateY(1px); width: 12.5px; flex-grow: 0; margin-right: 14px; margin-left: 2px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; height: 12.5px; width: 12.5px; transform: translateX(9px) translateY(-18px);"></div> </div> <div style="margin-left: 8px;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 20px; width: 20px;"></div> <div style=" width: 0; height: 0; border-top: 2px solid transparent; border-left: 6px solid #f4f4f4; border-bottom: 2px solid transparent; transform: translateX(16px) translateY(-4px) rotate(30deg)"></div> </div> <div style="margin-left: auto;"> <div style=" width: 0px; border-top: 8px solid #F4F4F4; border-right: 8px solid transparent; transform: translateY(16px);"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; flex-grow: 0; height: 12px; width: 16px; transform: translateY(-4px);"></div> <div style=" width: 0; height: 0; border-top: 8px solid #F4F4F4; border-left: 8px solid transparent; transform: translateY(-4px) translateX(8px);"></div> </div> </div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center; margin-bottom: 24px;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 224px;"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 144px;"></div> </div> <p></a></p> <p style=" color:#c9c8cd; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; line-height:17px; margin-bottom:0; margin-top:8px; overflow:hidden; padding:8px 0 7px; text-align:center; text-overflow:ellipsis; white-space:nowrap;"><a href="https://www.instagram.com/reel/CdHlt7fDoVq/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" style=" color:#c9c8cd; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:normal; line-height:17px; text-decoration:none;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">A post shared by Tenth Amendment Center (@tenthamendmentcenter)</a></p> </div> </blockquote> <p> <script async src="//www.instagram.com/embed.js"></script></p> <p><strong>For Further Reading</strong></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2012/04/10/one-nation-indivisible/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">One Nation, Indivisible?</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2016/07/30/this-is-not-one-nation-and-never-was/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">This Is Not &#8220;One Nation&#8221; and Never Was</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/05/constitution-101-one-nation-indivisible/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Constitution 101: One Nation, Indivisible</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/one-nation/">One Nation?</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Federalism Maharrey Minute Constitution one nation Mike Maharrey Thomas Jefferson: The Great Object of My Fear https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/thomas-jefferson-the-great-object-of-my-fear/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:9da4d64f-ae71-5aa8-9e66-e686a8c6b16d Fri, 06 May 2022 02:23:42 +0000 <p>Thomas Jefferson warned us about an ever-expanding, increasingly powerful judiciary. He called it the "great object" of his fear.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/thomas-jefferson-the-great-object-of-my-fear/">Thomas Jefferson: The Great Object of My Fear</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>One of the worst political strategies imaginable is counting on nine politically-connected lawyers on the Supreme Court to advance your political agenda.<span id="more-39565"></span></p> <p>The federal judiciary was never intended to be this powerful.</p> <p>Thomas Jefferson warned us about an ever-expanding, increasingly powerful judiciary. He called it the &#8220;great object&#8221; of his fear.</p> <blockquote class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/reel/CdKMIfNDX-y/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="14" style=" background:#FFF; border:0; border-radius:3px; box-shadow:0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width:540px; min-width:326px; padding:0; width:99.375%; width:-webkit-calc(100% - 2px); width:calc(100% - 2px);"> <div style="padding:16px;"> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/reel/CdKMIfNDX-y/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" style=" background:#FFFFFF; line-height:0; padding:0 0; text-align:center; text-decoration:none; width:100%;" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> </p> <div style=" display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display:block; height:50px; margin:0 auto 12px; width:50px;"><svg width="50px" height="50px" viewBox="0 0 60 60" version="1.1" xmlns="https://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:xlink="https://www.w3.org/1999/xlink"><g stroke="none" stroke-width="1" fill="none" fill-rule="evenodd"><g transform="translate(-511.000000, -20.000000)" fill="#000000"><g><path d="M556.869,30.41 C554.814,30.41 553.148,32.076 553.148,34.131 C553.148,36.186 554.814,37.852 556.869,37.852 C558.924,37.852 560.59,36.186 560.59,34.131 C560.59,32.076 558.924,30.41 556.869,30.41 M541,60.657 C535.114,60.657 530.342,55.887 530.342,50 C530.342,44.114 535.114,39.342 541,39.342 C546.887,39.342 551.658,44.114 551.658,50 C551.658,55.887 546.887,60.657 541,60.657 M541,33.886 C532.1,33.886 524.886,41.1 524.886,50 C524.886,58.899 532.1,66.113 541,66.113 C549.9,66.113 557.115,58.899 557.115,50 C557.115,41.1 549.9,33.886 541,33.886 M565.378,62.101 C565.244,65.022 564.756,66.606 564.346,67.663 C563.803,69.06 563.154,70.057 562.106,71.106 C561.058,72.155 560.06,72.803 558.662,73.347 C557.607,73.757 556.021,74.244 553.102,74.378 C549.944,74.521 548.997,74.552 541,74.552 C533.003,74.552 532.056,74.521 528.898,74.378 C525.979,74.244 524.393,73.757 523.338,73.347 C521.94,72.803 520.942,72.155 519.894,71.106 C518.846,70.057 518.197,69.06 517.654,67.663 C517.244,66.606 516.755,65.022 516.623,62.101 C516.479,58.943 516.448,57.996 516.448,50 C516.448,42.003 516.479,41.056 516.623,37.899 C516.755,34.978 517.244,33.391 517.654,32.338 C518.197,30.938 518.846,29.942 519.894,28.894 C520.942,27.846 521.94,27.196 523.338,26.654 C524.393,26.244 525.979,25.756 528.898,25.623 C532.057,25.479 533.004,25.448 541,25.448 C548.997,25.448 549.943,25.479 553.102,25.623 C556.021,25.756 557.607,26.244 558.662,26.654 C560.06,27.196 561.058,27.846 562.106,28.894 C563.154,29.942 563.803,30.938 564.346,32.338 C564.756,33.391 565.244,34.978 565.378,37.899 C565.522,41.056 565.552,42.003 565.552,50 C565.552,57.996 565.522,58.943 565.378,62.101 M570.82,37.631 C570.674,34.438 570.167,32.258 569.425,30.349 C568.659,28.377 567.633,26.702 565.965,25.035 C564.297,23.368 562.623,22.342 560.652,21.575 C558.743,20.834 556.562,20.326 553.369,20.18 C550.169,20.033 549.148,20 541,20 C532.853,20 531.831,20.033 528.631,20.18 C525.438,20.326 523.257,20.834 521.349,21.575 C519.376,22.342 517.703,23.368 516.035,25.035 C514.368,26.702 513.342,28.377 512.574,30.349 C511.834,32.258 511.326,34.438 511.181,37.631 C511.035,40.831 511,41.851 511,50 C511,58.147 511.035,59.17 511.181,62.369 C511.326,65.562 511.834,67.743 512.574,69.651 C513.342,71.625 514.368,73.296 516.035,74.965 C517.703,76.634 519.376,77.658 521.349,78.425 C523.257,79.167 525.438,79.673 528.631,79.82 C531.831,79.965 532.853,80.001 541,80.001 C549.148,80.001 550.169,79.965 553.369,79.82 C556.562,79.673 558.743,79.167 560.652,78.425 C562.623,77.658 564.297,76.634 565.965,74.965 C567.633,73.296 568.659,71.625 569.425,69.651 C570.167,67.743 570.674,65.562 570.82,62.369 C570.966,59.17 571,58.147 571,50 C571,41.851 570.966,40.831 570.82,37.631"></path></g></g></g></svg></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style=" color:#3897f0; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:550; line-height:18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <div style="padding: 12.5% 0;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; margin-bottom: 14px; align-items: center;"> <div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; height: 12.5px; width: 12.5px; transform: translateX(0px) translateY(7px);"></div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; height: 12.5px; transform: rotate(-45deg) translateX(3px) translateY(1px); width: 12.5px; flex-grow: 0; margin-right: 14px; margin-left: 2px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; height: 12.5px; width: 12.5px; transform: translateX(9px) translateY(-18px);"></div> </div> <div style="margin-left: 8px;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 20px; width: 20px;"></div> <div style=" width: 0; height: 0; border-top: 2px solid transparent; border-left: 6px solid #f4f4f4; border-bottom: 2px solid transparent; transform: translateX(16px) translateY(-4px) rotate(30deg)"></div> </div> <div style="margin-left: auto;"> <div style=" width: 0px; border-top: 8px solid #F4F4F4; border-right: 8px solid transparent; transform: translateY(16px);"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; flex-grow: 0; height: 12px; width: 16px; transform: translateY(-4px);"></div> <div style=" width: 0; height: 0; border-top: 8px solid #F4F4F4; border-left: 8px solid transparent; transform: translateY(-4px) translateX(8px);"></div> </div> </div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center; margin-bottom: 24px;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 224px;"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 144px;"></div> </div> <p></a></p> <p style=" color:#c9c8cd; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; line-height:17px; margin-bottom:0; margin-top:8px; overflow:hidden; padding:8px 0 7px; text-align:center; text-overflow:ellipsis; white-space:nowrap;"><a href="https://www.instagram.com/reel/CdKMIfNDX-y/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" style=" color:#c9c8cd; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:normal; line-height:17px; text-decoration:none;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">A post shared by Tenth Amendment Center (@tenthamendmentcenter)</a></p> </div> </blockquote> <p> <script async src="//www.instagram.com/embed.js"></script></p> <p><strong>For Further Reading</strong></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/12/22/record-shows-supreme-court-overwhelmingly-protects-federal-power/">Record Shows Supreme Court Overwhelmingly Protects Federal Power</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/02/09/constitution-101-the-judiciary-and-judicial-review/">Constitution 101: The Judiciary and Judicial Review</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/05/30/the-incorporation-doctrine-broke-the-constitutional-system/">The Incorporation Doctrine Broke the Constitutional System</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/thomas-jefferson-the-great-object-of-my-fear/">Thomas Jefferson: The Great Object of My Fear</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Judiciary Maharrey Minute Consolidation Supreme court thomas jefferson Mike Maharrey Now Law: Maine Allows Home Delivery of Marijuana Despite Federal Cannabis Prohibition https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/now-law-maine-allows-home-delivery-of-marijuana-despite-federal-cannabis-prohibition/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:4fe8abd8-1d17-6c86-5375-c23669659b0b Thu, 05 May 2022 16:41:29 +0000 <p>The proposed law would allow licensed marijuana retailers to deliver cannabis products to residential buildings with some restrictions. The law would allow delivery “regardless of whether the municipality has approved the operation of marijuana stores.” This would expand access to marijuana throughout the entire state. The proposed law would also allow cannabis retailers to offer curbside pickup.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/now-law-maine-allows-home-delivery-of-marijuana-despite-federal-cannabis-prohibition/">Now Law: Maine Allows Home Delivery of Marijuana Despite Federal Cannabis Prohibition</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>AUGUSTA</strong>, Maine (May 5, 2022) – Last week, a bill that will allow retail marijuana businesses to offer home delivery and curbside pickup of cannabis products despite ongoing federal marijuana prohibition was enacted without the governor&#8217;s signature.<span id="more-39573"></span></p> <p>Rep. Joseph Perry (D) introduced House Bill 1827 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/ME/bill/LD1827/2021" target="_blank" rel="noopener">LD1827</a>) last December. The proposed law would allow licensed marijuana retailers to deliver cannabis products to residential buildings with some restrictions. The law would allow delivery “regardless of whether the municipality has approved the operation of marijuana stores.” This would expand access to marijuana throughout the entire state. The proposed law would also allow cannabis retailers to offer curbside pickup.</p> <p>The House approved the final version of LD1827by <a href="https://legiscan.com/ME/rollcall/LD1827/id/1186559" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a 72-60 vote</a>. The Senate passed the measure by <a href="https://legiscan.com/ME/rollcall/LD1827/id/1187122" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a 19-14 vote</a>. Gov. Janet Mills took no action on the measure before the signing deadline and the bill became law without her signature on April 26. The law will go into effect on July 19.</p> <p><b>EFFECT ON FEDERAL PROHIBITION</b></p> <p>Under the federal Controlled Substances Act (CSA) passed in 1970, the federal government maintains a complete prohibition of marijuana. Of course, the federal government lacks any constitutional authority to ban or regulate cannabis within the borders of a state, despite the opinion of the politically connected lawyers on the Supreme Court. If you doubt this, ask yourself why it took a constitutional amendment to institute federal alcohol prohibition.</p> <p>Maine legalized medical marijuana in 1999 and established a medical marijuana program in 2009. The state <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2016/11/maine-voters-nullify-unconstitutional-federal-prohibition-legalize-marijuana-by-passing-question-1/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">legalized recreational marijuana by voter initiative in 2016</a>. These acts removed a huge layer of laws prohibiting the possession and use of marijuana in the state even though federal prohibition remains in effect. This is significant because FBI statistics show that law enforcement makes approximately 99 of 100 marijuana arrests under state, not federal law. When states stop enforcing marijuana laws, they sweep away most of the basis for 99 percent of marijuana arrests.</p> <p>Furthermore, figures indicate it would take 40 percent of the DEA’s yearly budget just to investigate and raid all of the dispensaries in Los Angeles – a single city in a single state. That doesn’t include the cost of prosecution. The lesson? The feds lack the resources to enforce marijuana prohibition without state assistance.</p> <p><b>A GROWING MOVEMENT</b></p> <p>Colorado, Washington state, Oregon and Alaska were the first states to legalize recreational cannabis, and California, Nevada, Maine and Massachusetts joined them after ballot initiatives in favor of legalization passed in November 2016. Michigan followed suit when <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/11/michigan-votes-to-legalize-marijuana-nullify-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">voters legalized cannabis for general use</a> in 2018. Vermont <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/01/signed-as-law-vermont-legalizes-recreational-marijuana-foundation-to-nullify-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">became the first state</a> to legalize marijuana through a legislative act in 2018. <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/06/signed-by-the-governor-illinois-legalizes-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Illinois followed suit i</a>n 2019. New Jersey, Montana and Arizona all <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/11/04/thirty-six-and-counting-more-states-legalize-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">legalized recreational marijuana through ballot measures</a> in the 2020 election. Earlier this year, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/03/to-the-governor-new-york-bill-legalizes-marijuana-for-adult-use-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">New York</a>, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/04/signed-as-law-new-mexico-bill-legalizes-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">New Mexico</a>, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/04/virginia-legalizes-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Virginia</a> and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/06/connecticut-becomes-the-18th-state-to-legalize-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Connecticut</a> legalized marijuana through legislative action.</p> <p>With 37 states allowing cannabis for medical use, and 18 legalizing for adult recreational use, the feds find themselves in a position where they simply can’t enforce prohibition anymore.</p> <p>The lesson here is pretty straightforward. As Tenth Amendment Center Executive Director Michael Boldin noted, “When enough people say, ‘No!’ to the federal government, and enough states pass laws backing those people up, there’s not much the feds can do to shove their so-called laws, regulations, or mandates down our throats.</p> <p>The expansion of the law to allow delivery underscores an important strategic point. Once a state legalizes marijuana – even if only in a very limited way – the law tends to eventually expand. As the state tears down some barriers, markets develop and demand expands. That creates pressure to further relax state law. These new laws represent a further erosion of unconstitutional federal marijuana prohibition.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/now-law-maine-allows-home-delivery-of-marijuana-despite-federal-cannabis-prohibition/">Now Law: Maine Allows Home Delivery of Marijuana Despite Federal Cannabis Prohibition</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Drug War State Bills Legalization Maine Marijuana Mike Maharrey Rhode Island Senate Committee Holds Hearing on Bill to Create State Process to End Police Qualified Immunity https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/rhode-island-senate-committee-holds-hearing-on-bill-to-create-state-process-to-end-police-qualified-immunity/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:e216ebff-8005-ac86-7e9e-d6768d2018ac Wed, 04 May 2022 19:19:26 +0000 <p>The legislation would create a cause of action in state courts to sue peace officers employed by a local government “who under the color of law, subjects, or causes to be subjected, including failure to intervene, any other person to the deprivation of any individual rights that create binding obligations on government actors secured by the United States Constitution, or by the state constitution.” Qualified Immunity would not be a defense in cases brought under this statute.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/rhode-island-senate-committee-holds-hearing-on-bill-to-create-state-process-to-end-police-qualified-immunity/">Rhode Island Senate Committee Holds Hearing on Bill to Create State Process to End Police Qualified Immunity</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>PROVIDENCE, </strong>R.I. (May 4, 2022) – Yesterday, a Rhode Island Senate committee held a hearing on a bill that would create a process to sue police officers in state court for using excessive force or taking other actions that violate individual rights without the possibility of “qualified immunity” as a defense.<span id="more-39566"></span></p> <p>Sen. Jonathon Acosta (D) and six other Democrats introduced Senate bill 2379 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/RI/bill/S2379/2022" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SB2379</a>) “The Law Enforcement Integrity Act” on Feb. 15. The legislation would create a cause of action in state courts to sue peace officers employed by a local government “who under the color of law, subjects, or causes to be subjected, including failure to intervene, any other person to the deprivation of any individual rights that create binding obligations on government actors secured by the United States Constitution, or by the state constitution.” Qualified Immunity would not be a defense in cases brought under this statute.</p> <p>SB2379 would also forbid the use of chokeholds by police, and addresses other use of force, including the prohibition on the use of kinetic impact projectiles during protests.</p> <p>On May 3, the Senate Judiciary held a hearing on SB2379. The committee did not vote on the bill, instead, holding it “for further study.” This is a typical move in Rhode Island, giving committee members more time to consider the legislation. It can also be a maneuver to kill a bill without a vote.</p> <p><strong>The Process </strong></p> <p>Typically, people sue police for using excessive force or other types of misconduct through the federal court system under the U.S. Bill of Rights. But <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/06/13/how-federal-courts-gave-us-qualified-immunity/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">federal courts created a qualified immunity defense out of thin air</a>, making it nearly impossible to hold law enforcement officers responsible for actions taken in the line of duty. In order to move ahead with a suit, the plaintiff must establish that it was “clearly established” that the officer’s action was unconstitutional. The “clearly established” test erects an almost insurmountable hurdle to those trying to prove excessive force or a violation of their rights.</p> <p>Passage of S2379 would create an alternative path in state court with no qualified immunity hurdle to clear.</p> <p>A similar law <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/06/signed-as-law-colorado-creates-state-process-to-end-qualified-immunity-for-police/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">passed in Colorado</a>.</p> <p><strong>In Practice</strong></p> <p>It remains unclear how the state legal process would play out in practice.</p> <p>The first question is whether people will actually utilize the state courts instead of the federal process. Under the original constitutional system, it would have never been a federal issue to begin with. Regulation of police powers was clearly delegated to the states, not the federal government. But with the advent of the <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/05/30/the-incorporation-doctrine-broke-the-constitutional-system/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">incorporation doctrine</a>, people reflexively run to federal courts. But removing the qualified immunity hurdle should incentivize people to take advantage of the state system.</p> <p>The second question is if police officers will be able to transfer cases to federal jurisdiction in order to take advantage of qualified immunity.</p> <p>S2379 opens that door. The proposed law would allow people to sue in state court for violations of the U.S. Constitution or laws of the United States. All matters regarding the U.S. Constitution or federal law will be remanded to federal courts. To avoid this, plaintiffs would have to sue based solely on the Rhode Island State Constitution and its bill of rights. The only way to avoid federal jurisdiction and ensure federal qualified immunity doesn’t come into play would be to limit the suit to <strong>state</strong> constitutional issues.</p> <p>Even if the suit is focused on state law and the Rhode Island constitution, state and local law enforcement officers working <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/04/16/joint-law-enforcement-task-forces-are-creating-a-national-police-state/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">on joint state/federal task forces</a> would almost certainly be able to move the case to federal court. They are effectively treated as federal agents.</p> <p>One attorney told the Tenth Amendment Center that it might be possible for officers to have their case removed to federal court to consider U.S. constitutional ramifications. But he said even then, he thinks federal courts would have to respect the state law prohibiting qualified immunity as a defense. The federal court would likely have to apply the state law as the state intended, even though the federal court might well be able to decide whether or not a U.S. constitutional violation had taken place.</p> <p>Other lawyers we talked to said it wasn’t clear to them that the federal courts would have to honor the state statute. It is possible that the federal court could simply decide its jurisdiction supersedes state law and hear the case under the federal process, including the application of qualified immunity. Only time will tell how the process will play out in practice. Regardless, the state process will make it more difficult for police to simply side-step civil suits by declaring sovereign immunity upfront.</p> <p><strong>Moving Forward </strong></p> <p>The Supreme Court shows no interest in rolling back its qualified immunity doctrine. In fact, the High Court recently rejected several cases that would have allowed it to revisit the issue. For instance, the SCOTUS let stand an <a href="http://media.ca11.uscourts.gov/opinions/pub/files/201715566.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Eleventh Circuit decision</a> granting immunity to a police officer who shot a ten-year-old child in the back of the knee, while repeatedly attempting to shoot a pet dog that wasn’t threatening anyone.</p> <p>Congress could prohibit qualified immunity. <a href="https://amash.house.gov/media/press-releases/amash-pressley-introduce-bipartisan-legislation-end-qualified-immunity" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">A bill</a> sponsored by Rep. Justin Amash (L-Mich.) and  Ayanna Pressley (D-Mass.) during the last Congress would have done just that, but it was never taken up. Congress does not have a good track record on reining in government power.</p> <p>The best path forward is to bypass the federal system as Colorado has already done.</p> <p>Other states should follow their lead and create state processes to hold their police officers accountable. With the evolution of qualified immunity, the federal process is an abject failure. As Supreme Court Justice Byron White wrote in the 1986 case <em>Malley v. Briggs</em>, qualified immunity protects “all but the plainly incompetent or those who knowingly violate the law.” <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-police-immunity-scotus-snapshot/six-takeaways-from-reuters-investigation-of-police-violence-and-qualified-immunity-idUSKBN22K1AM" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><em>Reuters</em> called it</a> “a highly effective shield in thousands of lawsuits seeking to hold cops accountable for using excessive force.”</p> <p>Attorney and activist Dave Roland called on Missouri to adopt a similar process in <a href="https://www.stltoday.com/opinion/columnists/dave-roland-no-more-excuses-hold-law-enforcement-officials-accountable/article_9d627981-1950-5858-abd9-d14cf587def6.htm" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">an op-ed published by the St. Louis Post-Dispatch</a>.</p> <blockquote><p>A consensus has developed — crossing all party and ideological lines — for the proposition that qualified immunity is an evil that should be undone. At the federal level either the Supreme Court or Congress could undo it, but thus far neither has seen fit to act. Justice in Missouri, however, does not need to wait on Washington — the Legislature can and should adopt a Missouri statute that allows citizens to sue government officials who have violated citizens’ constitutional rights.</p></blockquote> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>The Judiciary Committee must bring SB2379 up for a vote and pass it by a majority before it can move forward in the legislative process.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/rhode-island-senate-committee-holds-hearing-on-bill-to-create-state-process-to-end-police-qualified-immunity/">Rhode Island Senate Committee Holds Hearing on Bill to Create State Process to End Police Qualified Immunity</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Qualified Immunity State Bills Law Enforcement Integrity Act Police Rhode Island SB2379 Mike Maharrey Liberty or Empire: Patrick Henry’s Anti-Federalist Speech No. 2 https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/liberty-or-empire-patrick-henrys-anti-federalist-speech-no-2/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:42a2b7ce-4531-0fb3-7973-3963f4b72b94 Wed, 04 May 2022 17:18:10 +0000 <p>Centralization of power, standing armies, an elected king - would lead to a mighty empire, rather than a land of liberty. That’s what Patrick Henry warned about in his 2nd speech during the Virginia Ratifying Convention - June 5, 1788.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/liberty-or-empire-patrick-henrys-anti-federalist-speech-no-2/">Liberty or Empire: Patrick Henry’s Anti-Federalist Speech No. 2</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>Centralization of power, standing armies, an elected king &#8211; would lead to a mighty empire, rather than a land of liberty. That’s what Patrick Henry warned about in his 2nd speech during the Virginia Ratifying Convention &#8211; June 5, 1788.</p> <p>Path to Liberty: May 4, 2022<span id="more-39567"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://podcasts.google.com/feed/aHR0cHM6Ly9ibG9nLnRlbnRoYW1lbmRtZW50Y2VudGVyLmNvbS9jYXRlZ29yeS92aWRlby9nb29kLW1vcm5pbmctbGliZXJ0eS9mZWVkLw?sa=X&amp;ved=0CAYQrrcFahcKEwigwITb6MrrAhUAAAAAHQAAAAAQBA" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Google</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe loading="lazy" width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/6Tu4jvM3gIM?start=78" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.cui.edu/centers-institutes/center-for-civics-education/becoming-america-the-constitutional-convention-of-1787/post/june-5-1788" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Recap of June 4</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/04/we-the-people-or-we-the-states-patrick-henrys-anti-federalist-speech-no-1/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">We the People or We the States: Patrick Henry’s Anti-Federalist Speech No. 1</a></p> <p><a href="https://teachingamericanhistory.org/resource/ratification/virginiatimeline/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Daily Overview and 10 Points &#8211; Teaching American History</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/title/elliot-the-debates-in-the-several-state-conventions-vol-3#lf1314-03_head_003" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Full speech (June 5, 1788) </a></p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES (links will update after 12p Pacific Time)</strong></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a></p> <p>VIDEO PLATFORMS</p> <p><a href="https://odysee.com/$/invite/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Odysee</a><br /> <a href="https://www.youtube.com/user/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">YouTube</a><br /> <a href="https://hyprr.com/profile/tenthamendmentcenter?section=hypetv" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HypeTV</a><br /> <a href="https://www.brighteon.com/channels/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Brighteon</a><br /> <a href="https://tv.gab.com/channel/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Gab TV</a><br /> <a href="https://www.bitchute.com/channel/X0AJnBhWbCkx/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Bitchute</a><br /> <a href="https://bittube.tv/profile/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">BitTube</a><br /> <a href="https://dlive.tv/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">DLive</a><br /> <a href="https://www.twitch.tv/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Twitch</a><br /> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/tenthamendmentcenter/channel/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">IGTV</a></p> <p>SOCIAL PLATFORMS</p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/tenthamendment" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Twitter</a><br /> <a href="https://www.minds.com/TenthAmendmentCenter/?referrer=TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Minds</a><br /> <a href="https://www.facebook.com/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Facebook</a><br /> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/tenthamendmentcenter/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Instagram</a><br /> <a href="https://gab.com/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Gab</a><br /> <a href="https://mewe.com/p/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">MeWe</a><br /> <a href="https://www.linkedin.com/company/tenthamendmentcenter/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">LinkedIn</a><br /> <a href="https://www.pinterest.com/tenthamendment/_created/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Pinterest</a><br /> <a href="https://hyprr.com/profile/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Hyprr</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/liberty-or-empire-patrick-henrys-anti-federalist-speech-no-2/">Liberty or Empire: Patrick Henry’s Anti-Federalist Speech No. 2</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Antifederalists Audio/Video Path to Liberty Patrick Henry Antifederalist Consolidation Empire Patrick Henry's Speeches President Standing Armies Virginia Ratifying Convention Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center 26:35 Centralization of power, standing armies, an elected king - would lead to a mighty empire, rather than a land of liberty. That’s what Patrick Henry warned about in his 2nd speech during the Virginia Ratifying Convention - June 5, 1788. Centralization of power, standing armies, an elected king - would lead to a mighty empire, rather than a land of liberty. That’s what Patrick Henry warned about in his 2nd speech during the Virginia Ratifying Convention - June 5, 1788. Now in Effect: Utah Law Expands Limits on Drone Surveillance https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/now-in-effect-utah-law-expands-limits-on-drone-surveillance/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:dcede47b-304f-28a5-44c3-547cbeef0da9 Wed, 04 May 2022 10:02:48 +0000 <p>Today, a Utah law that expands state limits on government drone surveillance went into effect. The legislation not only establishes important privacy protections at the state level; it will also help thwart the federal surveillance state.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/now-in-effect-utah-law-expands-limits-on-drone-surveillance/">Now in Effect: Utah Law Expands Limits on Drone Surveillance</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>SALT LAKE CITY</strong>, Utah (May 4, 2022) – Today, a Utah law that expands state limits on government drone surveillance went into effect. The legislation not only establishes important privacy protections at the state level; it will also help thwart the federal surveillance state.<span id="more-39556"></span></p> <p>Rep. Ryan Wilcox (R) introduced House Bill 259 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/UT/bill/HB0259/2022" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB259</a>) on Jan. 28. In 2014, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2014/04/utah-governor-signs-bill-to-restrict-drone-use/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Utah passed a law</a> requiring police to get a warrant before conducting drone surveillance in most situations. HB259 clarifies that the law applies “to any imaging surveillance device, as defined in <a href="https://le.utah.gov/xcode/Title77/Chapter23d/77-23d-S102.html?v=C77-23d-S102_2015051220150512" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Section 77-23d-102</a> when used in conjunction with an unmanned aircraft system.” This includes “radar, sonar, infrared, or other remote sensing or detection technology.”</p> <p>In effect, the enactment of HB259 clarifies that this type of technology cannot be used in conjunction with a drone without a warrant.</p> <p>The Senate passed HB259 by <a href="https://legiscan.com/UT/rollcall/HB0259/id/1163605" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a 23-0 vote</a>. The House approved the measure<a href="https://legiscan.com/UT/rollcall/HB0259/id/1143305" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> by a vote of 70-0</a>. With Gov. Cox’s signature, the law went into effect on May 4.</p> <p><strong>Impact on the Federal Surveillance State</strong></p> <p>Although the new law only applies to state and local drone use, it throws a high hurdle in front of some federal programs as well.</p> <p>According to <a href="https://www.eff.org/pages/dronesunmanned-aerial-vehicles" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">a report by the Electronic Frontier Foundation</a>, drones can be equipped with various types of surveillance equipment that can collect high-definition video and still images day and night. Drones can be equipped with technology allowing them to intercept cell phone calls, determine GPS locations, and gather license plate information. Drones can be used to determine whether individuals are carrying guns. Synthetic-aperture radar can identify changes in the landscape, such as footprints and tire tracks. Some drones are even equipped with facial recognition. According to research from the Center for the Study of the Drone at Bard College, 347 U.S. police, sheriff, fire, and emergency response units acquired drones between 2009 and early 2017—primarily sheriff’s offices and local police departments.</p> <p>Much of the funding for drones at the state and local level comes from the federal government, in and of itself a constitutional violation. In return, federal agencies tap into the information gathered by state and local law enforcement through fusion centers and the Information Sharing Environment (ISE).</p> <p>Fusion centers were sold as a tool to combat terrorism, but that is not how they are being used. The ACLU pointed to a <a href="https://www.hsgac.senate.gov/subcommittees/investigations/media/investigative-report-criticizes-counterterrorism-reporting-waste-at-state-and-local-intelligence-fusion-centers" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">bipartisan congressional report</a> to demonstrate the true nature of government fusion centers: “They haven’t contributed anything meaningful to counterterrorism efforts. Instead, they have largely served as police surveillance and information sharing nodes for law enforcement efforts targeting the frequent subjects of police attention: Black and brown people, immigrants, dissidents, and the poor.”</p> <p>According to <a href="http://www.dni.gov/index.php/about/organization/information-sharing-environment-what-we-do" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">its website</a>, the ISE “provides analysts, operators, and investigators with information needed to enhance national security. These analysts, operators, and investigators… have mission needs to collaborate and share information with each other and with private sector partners and our foreign allies.” In other words, ISE serves as a conduit for the sharing of information gathered without a warrant.</p> <p>The federal government encourages and funds a network of drones at the state and local level across the U.S., thereby gaining access to a massive data pool on Americans without having to expend the resources to collect the information itself. By placing restrictions on drone use, state and local governments limit the data available that the feds can access.</p> <p>The EPA has used drone surveillance to enforce the Clean Water Act. In 2012, <a href="https://thehill.com/blogs/floor-action/house/233741-gop-looks-to-block-epa-drone-surveillance-of-farms" target="_blank" rel="noopener">the agency confirmed</a>, “aerial over-flights are only one of many tools that are used as part of the compliance assurance process to identify discharging sources that may impact water quality.”</p> <p>Sources close to the Tenth Amendment Center say the EPA uses its own drones but also taps into data gathered by state and local areal surveillance. Sources also say the EPA selectively enforces the federal regulations, often imposing fines on small and medium farms while letting larger ones go.</p> <p>Currently, at least 19 states—Alaska, Florida, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Maine, Montana, Nevada, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oregon, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, and Wisconsin—require law enforcement agencies in certain circumstances to obtain a search warrant to use drones for surveillance or to conduct a search.</p> <p>In a nutshell, without state and local cooperation, the feds have a much more difficult time gathering information. This represents a major blow to the surveillance state and a win for privacy.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/now-in-effect-utah-law-expands-limits-on-drone-surveillance/">Now in Effect: Utah Law Expands Limits on Drone Surveillance</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Drones State Bills drones HB259 Privacy surveillance Utah Mike Maharrey The 2nd Amendment isn’t Your “Gun Permit” https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/the-2nd-amendment-isnt-your-gun-permit/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:d284903e-0678-f473-9ef5-5b26651318a2 Wed, 04 May 2022 02:31:51 +0000 <p>A lot of people like to call the 2nd Amendment their "gun permit." But not one single founder referred to things this way - and for good reason.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/the-2nd-amendment-isnt-your-gun-permit/">The 2nd Amendment isn’t Your “Gun Permit”</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>A lot of people like to call the 2nd Amendment their &#8220;gun permit.&#8221; But not one single founder referred to things this way &#8211; and for good reason.</p> <blockquote class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/reel/CdEh5fmDPQh/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="14" style=" background:#FFF; border:0; border-radius:3px; box-shadow:0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width:540px; min-width:326px; padding:0; width:99.375%; width:-webkit-calc(100% - 2px); width:calc(100% - 2px);"> <div style="padding:16px;"> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/reel/CdEh5fmDPQh/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" style=" background:#FFFFFF; line-height:0; padding:0 0; text-align:center; text-decoration:none; width:100%;" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> </p> <div style=" display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display:block; height:50px; margin:0 auto 12px; width:50px;"><svg width="50px" height="50px" viewBox="0 0 60 60" version="1.1" xmlns="https://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:xlink="https://www.w3.org/1999/xlink"><g stroke="none" stroke-width="1" fill="none" fill-rule="evenodd"><g transform="translate(-511.000000, -20.000000)" fill="#000000"><g><path d="M556.869,30.41 C554.814,30.41 553.148,32.076 553.148,34.131 C553.148,36.186 554.814,37.852 556.869,37.852 C558.924,37.852 560.59,36.186 560.59,34.131 C560.59,32.076 558.924,30.41 556.869,30.41 M541,60.657 C535.114,60.657 530.342,55.887 530.342,50 C530.342,44.114 535.114,39.342 541,39.342 C546.887,39.342 551.658,44.114 551.658,50 C551.658,55.887 546.887,60.657 541,60.657 M541,33.886 C532.1,33.886 524.886,41.1 524.886,50 C524.886,58.899 532.1,66.113 541,66.113 C549.9,66.113 557.115,58.899 557.115,50 C557.115,41.1 549.9,33.886 541,33.886 M565.378,62.101 C565.244,65.022 564.756,66.606 564.346,67.663 C563.803,69.06 563.154,70.057 562.106,71.106 C561.058,72.155 560.06,72.803 558.662,73.347 C557.607,73.757 556.021,74.244 553.102,74.378 C549.944,74.521 548.997,74.552 541,74.552 C533.003,74.552 532.056,74.521 528.898,74.378 C525.979,74.244 524.393,73.757 523.338,73.347 C521.94,72.803 520.942,72.155 519.894,71.106 C518.846,70.057 518.197,69.06 517.654,67.663 C517.244,66.606 516.755,65.022 516.623,62.101 C516.479,58.943 516.448,57.996 516.448,50 C516.448,42.003 516.479,41.056 516.623,37.899 C516.755,34.978 517.244,33.391 517.654,32.338 C518.197,30.938 518.846,29.942 519.894,28.894 C520.942,27.846 521.94,27.196 523.338,26.654 C524.393,26.244 525.979,25.756 528.898,25.623 C532.057,25.479 533.004,25.448 541,25.448 C548.997,25.448 549.943,25.479 553.102,25.623 C556.021,25.756 557.607,26.244 558.662,26.654 C560.06,27.196 561.058,27.846 562.106,28.894 C563.154,29.942 563.803,30.938 564.346,32.338 C564.756,33.391 565.244,34.978 565.378,37.899 C565.522,41.056 565.552,42.003 565.552,50 C565.552,57.996 565.522,58.943 565.378,62.101 M570.82,37.631 C570.674,34.438 570.167,32.258 569.425,30.349 C568.659,28.377 567.633,26.702 565.965,25.035 C564.297,23.368 562.623,22.342 560.652,21.575 C558.743,20.834 556.562,20.326 553.369,20.18 C550.169,20.033 549.148,20 541,20 C532.853,20 531.831,20.033 528.631,20.18 C525.438,20.326 523.257,20.834 521.349,21.575 C519.376,22.342 517.703,23.368 516.035,25.035 C514.368,26.702 513.342,28.377 512.574,30.349 C511.834,32.258 511.326,34.438 511.181,37.631 C511.035,40.831 511,41.851 511,50 C511,58.147 511.035,59.17 511.181,62.369 C511.326,65.562 511.834,67.743 512.574,69.651 C513.342,71.625 514.368,73.296 516.035,74.965 C517.703,76.634 519.376,77.658 521.349,78.425 C523.257,79.167 525.438,79.673 528.631,79.82 C531.831,79.965 532.853,80.001 541,80.001 C549.148,80.001 550.169,79.965 553.369,79.82 C556.562,79.673 558.743,79.167 560.652,78.425 C562.623,77.658 564.297,76.634 565.965,74.965 C567.633,73.296 568.659,71.625 569.425,69.651 C570.167,67.743 570.674,65.562 570.82,62.369 C570.966,59.17 571,58.147 571,50 C571,41.851 570.966,40.831 570.82,37.631"></path></g></g></g></svg></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style=" color:#3897f0; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:550; line-height:18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <div style="padding: 12.5% 0;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; margin-bottom: 14px; align-items: center;"> <div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; height: 12.5px; width: 12.5px; transform: translateX(0px) translateY(7px);"></div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; height: 12.5px; transform: rotate(-45deg) translateX(3px) translateY(1px); width: 12.5px; flex-grow: 0; margin-right: 14px; margin-left: 2px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; height: 12.5px; width: 12.5px; transform: translateX(9px) translateY(-18px);"></div> </div> <div style="margin-left: 8px;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 20px; width: 20px;"></div> <div style=" width: 0; height: 0; border-top: 2px solid transparent; border-left: 6px solid #f4f4f4; border-bottom: 2px solid transparent; transform: translateX(16px) translateY(-4px) rotate(30deg)"></div> </div> <div style="margin-left: auto;"> <div style=" width: 0px; border-top: 8px solid #F4F4F4; border-right: 8px solid transparent; transform: translateY(16px);"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; flex-grow: 0; height: 12px; width: 16px; transform: translateY(-4px);"></div> <div style=" width: 0; height: 0; border-top: 8px solid #F4F4F4; border-left: 8px solid transparent; transform: translateY(-4px) translateX(8px);"></div> </div> </div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center; margin-bottom: 24px;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 224px;"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 144px;"></div> </div> <p></a></p> <p style=" color:#c9c8cd; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; line-height:17px; margin-bottom:0; margin-top:8px; overflow:hidden; padding:8px 0 7px; text-align:center; text-overflow:ellipsis; white-space:nowrap;"><a href="https://www.instagram.com/reel/CdEh5fmDPQh/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" style=" color:#c9c8cd; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:normal; line-height:17px; text-decoration:none;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">A post shared by Tenth Amendment Center (@tenthamendmentcenter)</a></p> </div> </blockquote> <p> <script async src="//www.instagram.com/embed.js"></script></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/the-2nd-amendment-isnt-your-gun-permit/">The 2nd Amendment isn’t Your “Gun Permit”</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. 2nd Amendment Audio/Video Tenther Essentials Mercy Otis Warren Natural Rights Right to Keep and Bear Arms Self Defence Michael Boldin What Happened When New Mexico Ended Civil Asset Forfeiture? https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/what-happened-when-new-mexico-ended-civil-asset-forfeiture/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:4d62b2b0-11dc-7c3a-c12d-e79668e36a8a Tue, 03 May 2022 17:23:56 +0000 <p>Cops base their opposition to forfeiture reform on the notion that "we won't be able to do our jobs," and "criminals will run amuck." But the realities on the ground in New Mexico prove this to be either a gross exaggeration or an outright lie.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/what-happened-when-new-mexico-ended-civil-asset-forfeiture/">What Happened When New Mexico Ended Civil Asset Forfeiture?</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>In 2015, New Mexico scrapped its civil asset forfeiture laws and replaced them with a criminal process requiring a conviction before forfeiture can commence. Law enforcement lobbyists warned that ending civil forfeiture would cause crime to skyrocket. So, what actually happened?<span id="more-39557"></span></p> <p>In a nutshell, nothing.</p> <p>When the legislature was debating the 2015 reforms, law enforcement came out with dire warnings. The New Mexico Department of Public safety claimed that ending civil forfeiture would have “a negative impact on public safety” and could trigger a “reduction in criminal investigations.” In <a href="https://www.nmlegis.gov/Sessions/15%20Regular/firs/HB0560.PDF" target="_blank" rel="noopener">the bill analysis</a>, the department testified, &#8220;This bill directly jeopardizes the most basic and fundamental key to successful narcotics investigations.&#8221;</p> <p>The chair of the New Mexico Sheriff’s Association simply asserted, &#8220;You’ll get less law enforcement,&#8221; without civil asset forfeiture.</p> <p>It didn&#8217;t turn out that way.</p> <p>The Institute for Justice compared crime rates in neighboring Texas and Colorado for its <a href="https://ij.org/report/policing-for-profit-3/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Policing for Profit report</a> and determined that &#8220;New Mexico’s overall crime rate did not rise following the implementation of strong forfeiture reform in 2015, nor did arrest rates drop.&#8221;</p> <p>In fact, the overall trend in New Mexico&#8217;s offense rate was “even flatter than those for the control states.”</p> <p>In <a href="https://www.cato.org/multimedia/cato-daily-podcast/what-happened-after-new-mexico-ended-civil-forfeiture" target="_blank" rel="noopener">an interview on the <em>Cato Daily Podcast</em></a>, Jennifer McDonald of the Institute for Justice said she hoped other states would follow new Mexico&#8217;s lead.</p> <blockquote><p>We really want to see states follow in New Mexico&#8217;s footsteps to get rid of civil forfeiture and also direct forfeiture proceeds away from law enforcement. So, even those that come from criminal forfeiture because government agents respond to incentives, and when there is a financial incentive in play, they&#8217;re going to pursue more forfeiture.&#8221;</p></blockquote> <p>The New Mexico law also opted the state out of a federal program. “<a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TH6vYLXTfGI">Equitable Sharing</a>” allows prosecutors to bypass more stringent state civil asset forfeiture laws by passing cases off to the federal government through a process known as adoption. Under the New Mexico law, state and local police can&#8217;t pass cases off to the federal government unless the amount of the forfeiture is greater than $50,000. The vast majority of cases fall below that threshold. McDonald said this effectively ended equitable sharing in New Mexico.</p> <blockquote><p>&#8220;What we&#8217;ve seen since 2015 is equitable sharing just doesn&#8217;t happen in New Mexico with the exception of a few tribal agencies.&#8221;</p></blockquote> <p>The numbers bear this out. In fiscal 2015, New Mexico law enforcement agencies collected $2.2 million in equitable sharing proceeds. In 2016, the total plummeted to just over $202,000, all collected by the Laguna Police Department, a Native American agency.</p> <p>Cops base their opposition to forfeiture reform on the notion that &#8220;we won&#8217;t be able to do our jobs,&#8221; and &#8220;criminals will run amuck.&#8221; But the realities on the ground in New Mexico prove this to be either a gross exaggeration or an outright lie.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/what-happened-when-new-mexico-ended-civil-asset-forfeiture/">What Happened When New Mexico Ended Civil Asset Forfeiture?</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Asset Forfeiture Police Equitable Sharing New Mexico Policing for Profit Sheriff's Association Mike Maharrey The Fallacy of Lawyer-Think https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/the-fallacy-of-lawyer-think/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:2da7ae7a-0ccd-bef6-c714-bc9e905d299e Mon, 02 May 2022 23:13:06 +0000 <p>A lot of lawyers are deeply confused about nullification. That's because they are fixated on how things play out in court. But when it comes to nullification, it doesn't really matter.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/the-fallacy-of-lawyer-think/">The Fallacy of Lawyer-Think</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>A lot of lawyers are deeply confused about nullification. That&#8217;s because they are fixated on how things play out in court. But when it comes to nullification, it doesn&#8217;t really matter.<span id="more-39434"></span></p> <p>A lawyer commented on <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/04/01/10th-amendment-essentials-sovereignty-and-resistance/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a recent article about the Tenth Amendment, sovereignty and resistance</a>, arguing that the 10th is &#8220;hollow&#8221; because the federal courts hold all the power.</p> <blockquote><p>&#8220;I am a lawyer. The Tenth Amendment is hollow. Without an amendment making the Legislature of each state the court of last resort as to federal powers within its territorial jurisdiction, the powers reserved by the Tenth Amendment are meaningless. Yes, we can &#8216;nullify,&#8217; but if a federal court has power to decide the validity of the nullifying law or act, then it is an empty power, completely meaningless.&#8221;</p></blockquote> <p>This is typical lawyer-think. But it completely misses the reality of nullification.</p> <p>Simply put, at this point, it doesn&#8217;t really matter what the courts think.</p> <p>And in fact, the Supreme Court has already set the stage for successful nullification.</p> <p>James Madison gave us <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2013/08/07/the-blueprint-james-madisons-advice/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">the nullification blueprint</a> in <em>Federalist #46</em> &#8212; refuse to cooperate with officers of the union. This strategy works because the federal government relies heavily on state cooperation to implement and enforce almost all of its laws, regulations and acts. By simply withdrawing this necessary cooperation, states and localities can nullify many federal actions in effect. As noted by the National Governors’ Association during the partial government shutdown of 2013, “states are partners with the federal government on <strong>most</strong> federal programs.”</p> <p>The federal government can&#8217;t force states to enforce federal law or implement federal programs. This is cemented in federal jurisprudence by the <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/05/23/anti-commandeering-an-overview-of-five-major-supreme-court-cases/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">anti-commandeering doctrine</a>. So, it doesn&#8217;t matter what federal courts say about the constitutionality of any federal action. States and localities don&#8217;t have to cooperate.</p> <p>Federal marijuana prohibition is a perfect example. In <em>Gonzales v. Raich </em>(2004), the Supreme Court held that the federal government has the authority to regulate six marijuana plants in a person&#8217;s backyard. But that hasn&#8217;t stopped 37 states from legalizing marijuana in some fashion. When states stop enforcing cannabis laws, the federal government doesn&#8217;t have the personnel or resources to maintain prohibition within that state.</p> <p>So they don&#8217;t.</p> <p>This is nullification in practice and effect. And it doesn&#8217;t matter what any federal court says about marijuana laws.</p> <p>Lawyer-think focuses on how each case will play out in court. But it misses the big picture. The Tenth Amendment is not hollow. Nullification is happening every day.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/the-fallacy-of-lawyer-think/">The Fallacy of Lawyer-Think</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Nullification federal courts Strategy Mike Maharrey The Other 16th Amendment: Separation of Powers https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/the-other-16th-amendment-separation-of-powers/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:ec39621a-f8b0-ee0e-f098-a27dea6c8531 Mon, 02 May 2022 19:02:20 +0000 <p>James Madison considered the separation of powers so important he not only called it a “dogmatic maxim,” he expressly included it as the 16th of his proposed Amendments to include a Bill of Rights.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/the-other-16th-amendment-separation-of-powers/">The Other 16th Amendment: Separation of Powers</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>James Madison considered the separation of powers so important he not only called it a “dogmatic maxim,” he expressly included it as the 16th of his proposed Amendments to include a Bill of Rights.</p> <p>Path to Liberty: May 2, 2022<span id="more-39551"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://podcasts.google.com/feed/aHR0cHM6Ly9ibG9nLnRlbnRoYW1lbmRtZW50Y2VudGVyLmNvbS9jYXRlZ29yeS92aWRlby9nb29kLW1vcm5pbmctbGliZXJ0eS9mZWVkLw?sa=X&amp;ved=0CAYQrrcFahcKEwigwITb6MrrAhUAAAAAHQAAAAAQBA" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Google</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe loading="lazy" width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/j1N97gvfUpE?start=52" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/founders/documents/v1ch10I.html" rel="noopener" target="_blank">The Founders’ Constitution</a></p> <p><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Separation_of_powers#Montesquieu's_separation_of_powers_system" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Montesquieu</a></p> <p><a href="https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Constitution_of_the_Commonwealth_of_Massachusetts_(1780)" rel="noopener" target="_blank">John Adams &#8211; the Massachusetts Constitution of 1780</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/disp_textbook.cfm?smtID=3&#038;psid=3883" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Constitution of Virginia (1776) &#8211; George Mason</a></p> <p><a href="https://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/fed47.asp" rel="noopener" target="_blank">James Madison &#8211; Federalist No. 47</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/04/consolidation-vs-natural-liberty-antifederalist-brutus-no-2/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Brutus &#8211; Episode</a></p> <p><a href="https://teachingamericanhistory.org/document/centinel-ii/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Centinel No. 2 (24 Oct 1787)</a></p> <p><a href="https://allthingsliberty.com/2022/01/an-absent-clause-the-exclusion-of-madisons-16th-amendment/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Phoenix Dalto &#8211; Journal of the American Revolution</a></p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Adams/04-08-02-0098" rel="noopener" target="_blank">John Adams &#8211; Letter to Cotton Tufts (23 Jan 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Madison/01-12-02-0152" rel="noopener" target="_blank">James Madison &#8211; Letter to Edmund Pendleton (21 June 1789)</a></p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES (links will update after 12p Pacific Time</strong></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a></p> <p>VIDEO PLATFORMS</p> <p><a href="https://odysee.com/$/invite/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Odysee</a><br /> <a href="https://www.youtube.com/user/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">YouTube</a><br /> <a href="https://hyprr.com/profile/tenthamendmentcenter?section=hypetv" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HypeTV</a><br /> <a href="https://www.brighteon.com/channels/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Brighteon</a><br /> <a href="https://tv.gab.com/channel/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Gab TV</a><br /> <a href="https://www.bitchute.com/channel/X0AJnBhWbCkx/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Bitchute</a><br /> <a href="https://bittube.tv/profile/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">BitTube</a><br /> <a href="https://dlive.tv/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">DLive</a><br /> <a href="https://www.twitch.tv/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Twitch</a><br /> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/tenthamendmentcenter/channel/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">IGTV</a></p> <p>SOCIAL PLATFORMS</p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/tenthamendment" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Twitter</a><br /> <a href="https://www.minds.com/TenthAmendmentCenter/?referrer=TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Minds</a><br /> <a href="https://www.facebook.com/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Facebook</a><br /> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/tenthamendmentcenter/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Instagram</a><br /> <a href="https://gab.com/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Gab</a><br /> <a href="https://mewe.com/p/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">MeWe</a><br /> <a href="https://www.linkedin.com/company/tenthamendmentcenter/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">LinkedIn</a><br /> <a href="https://www.pinterest.com/tenthamendment/_created/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Pinterest</a><br /> <a href="https://hyprr.com/profile/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Hyprr</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/the-other-16th-amendment-separation-of-powers/">The Other 16th Amendment: Separation of Powers</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Bill of Rights Constitution Founding Principles James Madison Path to Liberty 10th Amendment Federalism Federalist 47 Federalist No 47 separation of powers Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center 34:49 James Madison considered the separation of powers so important he not only called it a “dogmatic maxim,” he expressly included it as the 16th of his proposed Amendments to include a Bill of Rights. James Madison considered the separation of powers so important he not only called it a “dogmatic maxim,” he expressly included it as the 16th of his proposed Amendments to include a Bill of Rights. Private ALPR Companies Turn Local Cops Into Data Collectors for the Feds https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/private-alpr-companies-turn-local-cops-into-data-collectors-for-the-feds/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:866b45e7-5d38-875e-03b3-5dd4345b58e4 Mon, 02 May 2022 01:46:44 +0000 <p>ALPRs can scan, capture and record thousands of license plates every minute and store them in massive databases, along with date, time and location information.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/private-alpr-companies-turn-local-cops-into-data-collectors-for-the-feds/">Private ALPR Companies Turn Local Cops Into Data Collectors for the Feds</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>Local police departments using automatic license plate readers (ALPRs) in conjunction with <a href="https://www.motorolasolutions.com/en_us/video-security-access-control/license-plate-recognition-camera-systems.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Vigilant Solutions</a> databases are likely sharing information with the feds.<span id="more-39532"></span></p> <p>And they might not even know it.</p> <p>A December 2020 report reveals the extent of this data sharing.</p> <p>That month, <a href="https://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/communities/south-county/chula-vista/story/2020-12-06/chula-vista-gives-immigration-officials-others-access-to-license-plate-reader-data" target="_blank" rel="noopener">the <em>San Diego Times-Tribune</em> reported</a> that the Chula Vista Police Department was sharing ALPR data with over 800 law enforcement agencies, including ICE.</p> <p>Chula Vista police chief Chief Roxana Kennedy <a href="https://voiceofsandiego.org/2021/01/20/chula-vista-police-chief-says-she-didnt-know-department-shared-data-with-feds/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">claimed she didn&#8217;t know</a> about the data sharing, saying somebody clicked a &#8220;share all&#8221; button when they set up the system.</p> <p>“I blame myself,” Kennedy said during a meeting with the Community Advisory Committee on Jan. 14. “I didn’t even realize that there was ICE and Border Patrol on there.”</p> <p>The city entered into the agreement with Vigilant Solutions in 2017. The city purchased four patrol car-mounted ALPR systems and bought a $10,000 subscription to the company’s Law Enforcement Archival Reporting Network.</p> <p>According to reporting by the <em>Times-Tribune</em>, the department shared the image, location, date and time of each vehicle photographed by the city&#8217;s ALPRs with over 800 subscribers to the Vigilant system &#8212; including federal agencies.</p> <p>“If they are part of the sharing agreement, they have access,&#8221; a Chula Vista Police Department spokesperson told the paper.</p> <p>Vigilant Solutions is owned by Motorola. It is a private company, but it is deeply embedded in the growing national surveillance state. And it&#8217;s not alone. In late 2019, <a href="https://rekorsystems.com/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Rekor Systems</a> announced that they had launched the <a href="https://rekorsystems.com/news/rekor-systems-launches-public-safety-network/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Rekor Public Safety Network</a> (RPSN) which gives law enforcement real-time access to license plates.</p> <blockquote><p>“Any state or local law enforcement agency participating in the RPSN will be able to access real-time data from any part of the network at no cost. The Company is initially launching the network by aggregating vehicle data from customers in over 30 states. With thousands of automatic license plate reading cameras currently in service that capture approximately 150 million plate reads per month, the network is expected to be live by the first quarter of 2020.”</p></blockquote> <p>These private databases turn local cops into data collectors for the feds.</p> <p>ALPRs can scan, capture and record thousands of license plates every minute and store them in massive databases, along with date, time and location information.</p> <p>Records <a href="https://www.eff.org/pages/automated-license-plate-reader-dataset" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">obtained by the Electronic Frontier Foundation</a> (EFF) through open records requests encompassed information compiled by 200 law enforcement agencies that utilize ALPRs. The data revealed more than <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/11/2-5-billion-surveillance-state-goes-wild-good-morning-liberty-11-16-18/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">2.5 billion license plate scans</a> in just two years (2016 and 2017).</p> <p>Perhaps more concerning, this gigantic sample of license plate scans reveals that 99.5 percent of this data was collected regardless of whether the vehicle or its owner were suspected of being involved in criminal activity. On average, agencies share this data with a minimum of <b>160 other agencies</b>. In some cases, agencies share this data with as many as <b>800 other agencies</b>.</p> <p>Police generally configure ALPRs to store the photograph, the license plate number, and the date, time, and location of a vehicle’s license plate, which is bad enough. But according to <a href="https://www.aclu.org/files/assets/071613-aclu-alprreport-opt-v05.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">records obtained by the ACLU</a> via a Freedom of Information Act request, these systems also capture photographs of drivers and their passengers.</p> <p>The only way to cut the flow of information into these databases is to prohibit ALPR data retention and sharing at the state and local level</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/private-alpr-companies-turn-local-cops-into-data-collectors-for-the-feds/">Private ALPR Companies Turn Local Cops Into Data Collectors for the Feds</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. License Plate Tracking Police ALPR Privacy surveillance Vigilant Solutions Mike Maharrey Resist. First. https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/resist-first/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:af4a556f-48e1-2154-134c-addf70e1d7b0 Sun, 01 May 2022 22:58:18 +0000 <p>As Mercy Otis Warren Put it - “resist the first approaches of tyranny.”</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/resist-first/">Resist. First.</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>That’s how we’re supposed to deal with unconstitutional federal acts.</p> <p>As Mercy Otis Warren Put it &#8211; “resist the first approaches of tyranny.”<span id="more-39549"></span></p> <blockquote class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/reel/Cc_Ud-LDmbs/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="14" style=" background:#FFF; border:0; border-radius:3px; box-shadow:0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width:540px; min-width:326px; padding:0; width:99.375%; width:-webkit-calc(100% - 2px); width:calc(100% - 2px);"> <div style="padding:16px;"> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/reel/Cc_Ud-LDmbs/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" style=" background:#FFFFFF; line-height:0; padding:0 0; text-align:center; text-decoration:none; width:100%;" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> </p> <div style=" display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display:block; height:50px; margin:0 auto 12px; width:50px;"><svg width="50px" height="50px" viewBox="0 0 60 60" version="1.1" xmlns="https://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:xlink="https://www.w3.org/1999/xlink"><g stroke="none" stroke-width="1" fill="none" fill-rule="evenodd"><g transform="translate(-511.000000, -20.000000)" fill="#000000"><g><path d="M556.869,30.41 C554.814,30.41 553.148,32.076 553.148,34.131 C553.148,36.186 554.814,37.852 556.869,37.852 C558.924,37.852 560.59,36.186 560.59,34.131 C560.59,32.076 558.924,30.41 556.869,30.41 M541,60.657 C535.114,60.657 530.342,55.887 530.342,50 C530.342,44.114 535.114,39.342 541,39.342 C546.887,39.342 551.658,44.114 551.658,50 C551.658,55.887 546.887,60.657 541,60.657 M541,33.886 C532.1,33.886 524.886,41.1 524.886,50 C524.886,58.899 532.1,66.113 541,66.113 C549.9,66.113 557.115,58.899 557.115,50 C557.115,41.1 549.9,33.886 541,33.886 M565.378,62.101 C565.244,65.022 564.756,66.606 564.346,67.663 C563.803,69.06 563.154,70.057 562.106,71.106 C561.058,72.155 560.06,72.803 558.662,73.347 C557.607,73.757 556.021,74.244 553.102,74.378 C549.944,74.521 548.997,74.552 541,74.552 C533.003,74.552 532.056,74.521 528.898,74.378 C525.979,74.244 524.393,73.757 523.338,73.347 C521.94,72.803 520.942,72.155 519.894,71.106 C518.846,70.057 518.197,69.06 517.654,67.663 C517.244,66.606 516.755,65.022 516.623,62.101 C516.479,58.943 516.448,57.996 516.448,50 C516.448,42.003 516.479,41.056 516.623,37.899 C516.755,34.978 517.244,33.391 517.654,32.338 C518.197,30.938 518.846,29.942 519.894,28.894 C520.942,27.846 521.94,27.196 523.338,26.654 C524.393,26.244 525.979,25.756 528.898,25.623 C532.057,25.479 533.004,25.448 541,25.448 C548.997,25.448 549.943,25.479 553.102,25.623 C556.021,25.756 557.607,26.244 558.662,26.654 C560.06,27.196 561.058,27.846 562.106,28.894 C563.154,29.942 563.803,30.938 564.346,32.338 C564.756,33.391 565.244,34.978 565.378,37.899 C565.522,41.056 565.552,42.003 565.552,50 C565.552,57.996 565.522,58.943 565.378,62.101 M570.82,37.631 C570.674,34.438 570.167,32.258 569.425,30.349 C568.659,28.377 567.633,26.702 565.965,25.035 C564.297,23.368 562.623,22.342 560.652,21.575 C558.743,20.834 556.562,20.326 553.369,20.18 C550.169,20.033 549.148,20 541,20 C532.853,20 531.831,20.033 528.631,20.18 C525.438,20.326 523.257,20.834 521.349,21.575 C519.376,22.342 517.703,23.368 516.035,25.035 C514.368,26.702 513.342,28.377 512.574,30.349 C511.834,32.258 511.326,34.438 511.181,37.631 C511.035,40.831 511,41.851 511,50 C511,58.147 511.035,59.17 511.181,62.369 C511.326,65.562 511.834,67.743 512.574,69.651 C513.342,71.625 514.368,73.296 516.035,74.965 C517.703,76.634 519.376,77.658 521.349,78.425 C523.257,79.167 525.438,79.673 528.631,79.82 C531.831,79.965 532.853,80.001 541,80.001 C549.148,80.001 550.169,79.965 553.369,79.82 C556.562,79.673 558.743,79.167 560.652,78.425 C562.623,77.658 564.297,76.634 565.965,74.965 C567.633,73.296 568.659,71.625 569.425,69.651 C570.167,67.743 570.674,65.562 570.82,62.369 C570.966,59.17 571,58.147 571,50 C571,41.851 570.966,40.831 570.82,37.631"></path></g></g></g></svg></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style=" color:#3897f0; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:550; line-height:18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <div style="padding: 12.5% 0;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; margin-bottom: 14px; align-items: center;"> <div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; height: 12.5px; width: 12.5px; transform: translateX(0px) translateY(7px);"></div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; height: 12.5px; transform: rotate(-45deg) translateX(3px) translateY(1px); width: 12.5px; flex-grow: 0; margin-right: 14px; margin-left: 2px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; height: 12.5px; width: 12.5px; transform: translateX(9px) translateY(-18px);"></div> </div> <div style="margin-left: 8px;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 20px; width: 20px;"></div> <div style=" width: 0; height: 0; border-top: 2px solid transparent; border-left: 6px solid #f4f4f4; border-bottom: 2px solid transparent; transform: translateX(16px) translateY(-4px) rotate(30deg)"></div> </div> <div style="margin-left: auto;"> <div style=" width: 0px; border-top: 8px solid #F4F4F4; border-right: 8px solid transparent; transform: translateY(16px);"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; flex-grow: 0; height: 12px; width: 16px; transform: translateY(-4px);"></div> <div style=" width: 0; height: 0; border-top: 8px solid #F4F4F4; border-left: 8px solid transparent; transform: translateY(-4px) translateX(8px);"></div> </div> </div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center; margin-bottom: 24px;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 224px;"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 144px;"></div> </div> <p></a></p> <p style=" color:#c9c8cd; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; line-height:17px; margin-bottom:0; margin-top:8px; overflow:hidden; padding:8px 0 7px; text-align:center; text-overflow:ellipsis; white-space:nowrap;"><a href="https://www.instagram.com/reel/Cc_Ud-LDmbs/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" style=" color:#c9c8cd; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:normal; line-height:17px; text-decoration:none;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">A post shared by Tenth Amendment Center (@tenthamendmentcenter)</a></p> </div> </blockquote> <p> <script async src="//www.instagram.com/embed.js"></script></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/resist-first/">Resist. First.</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Strategy Tenther Essentials James Otis Mercy Otis Warren Resist Michael Boldin Words Mean Things https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/04/words-mean-things-2/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:b8cff382-b555-3c39-02c2-64a8ef428bf4 Fri, 29 Apr 2022 17:23:41 +0000 <p>Words mean things. But the definition of words changes over time. So, how should we understand the Constitution?</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/04/words-mean-things-2/">Words Mean Things</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>Words mean things. But the definition of words changes over time. So, how should we understand the Constitution?</p> <p>Jame Madison told us. We look back to its meaning when it was ratified.</p> <blockquote class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/reel/Cc5yx3gpJB_/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="14" style=" background:#FFF; border:0; border-radius:3px; box-shadow:0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width:540px; min-width:326px; padding:0; width:99.375%; width:-webkit-calc(100% - 2px); width:calc(100% - 2px);"> <div style="padding:16px;"> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/reel/Cc5yx3gpJB_/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" style=" background:#FFFFFF; line-height:0; padding:0 0; text-align:center; text-decoration:none; width:100%;" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> </p> <div style=" display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display:block; height:50px; margin:0 auto 12px; width:50px;"><svg width="50px" height="50px" viewBox="0 0 60 60" version="1.1" xmlns="https://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:xlink="https://www.w3.org/1999/xlink"><g stroke="none" stroke-width="1" fill="none" fill-rule="evenodd"><g transform="translate(-511.000000, -20.000000)" fill="#000000"><g><path d="M556.869,30.41 C554.814,30.41 553.148,32.076 553.148,34.131 C553.148,36.186 554.814,37.852 556.869,37.852 C558.924,37.852 560.59,36.186 560.59,34.131 C560.59,32.076 558.924,30.41 556.869,30.41 M541,60.657 C535.114,60.657 530.342,55.887 530.342,50 C530.342,44.114 535.114,39.342 541,39.342 C546.887,39.342 551.658,44.114 551.658,50 C551.658,55.887 546.887,60.657 541,60.657 M541,33.886 C532.1,33.886 524.886,41.1 524.886,50 C524.886,58.899 532.1,66.113 541,66.113 C549.9,66.113 557.115,58.899 557.115,50 C557.115,41.1 549.9,33.886 541,33.886 M565.378,62.101 C565.244,65.022 564.756,66.606 564.346,67.663 C563.803,69.06 563.154,70.057 562.106,71.106 C561.058,72.155 560.06,72.803 558.662,73.347 C557.607,73.757 556.021,74.244 553.102,74.378 C549.944,74.521 548.997,74.552 541,74.552 C533.003,74.552 532.056,74.521 528.898,74.378 C525.979,74.244 524.393,73.757 523.338,73.347 C521.94,72.803 520.942,72.155 519.894,71.106 C518.846,70.057 518.197,69.06 517.654,67.663 C517.244,66.606 516.755,65.022 516.623,62.101 C516.479,58.943 516.448,57.996 516.448,50 C516.448,42.003 516.479,41.056 516.623,37.899 C516.755,34.978 517.244,33.391 517.654,32.338 C518.197,30.938 518.846,29.942 519.894,28.894 C520.942,27.846 521.94,27.196 523.338,26.654 C524.393,26.244 525.979,25.756 528.898,25.623 C532.057,25.479 533.004,25.448 541,25.448 C548.997,25.448 549.943,25.479 553.102,25.623 C556.021,25.756 557.607,26.244 558.662,26.654 C560.06,27.196 561.058,27.846 562.106,28.894 C563.154,29.942 563.803,30.938 564.346,32.338 C564.756,33.391 565.244,34.978 565.378,37.899 C565.522,41.056 565.552,42.003 565.552,50 C565.552,57.996 565.522,58.943 565.378,62.101 M570.82,37.631 C570.674,34.438 570.167,32.258 569.425,30.349 C568.659,28.377 567.633,26.702 565.965,25.035 C564.297,23.368 562.623,22.342 560.652,21.575 C558.743,20.834 556.562,20.326 553.369,20.18 C550.169,20.033 549.148,20 541,20 C532.853,20 531.831,20.033 528.631,20.18 C525.438,20.326 523.257,20.834 521.349,21.575 C519.376,22.342 517.703,23.368 516.035,25.035 C514.368,26.702 513.342,28.377 512.574,30.349 C511.834,32.258 511.326,34.438 511.181,37.631 C511.035,40.831 511,41.851 511,50 C511,58.147 511.035,59.17 511.181,62.369 C511.326,65.562 511.834,67.743 512.574,69.651 C513.342,71.625 514.368,73.296 516.035,74.965 C517.703,76.634 519.376,77.658 521.349,78.425 C523.257,79.167 525.438,79.673 528.631,79.82 C531.831,79.965 532.853,80.001 541,80.001 C549.148,80.001 550.169,79.965 553.369,79.82 C556.562,79.673 558.743,79.167 560.652,78.425 C562.623,77.658 564.297,76.634 565.965,74.965 C567.633,73.296 568.659,71.625 569.425,69.651 C570.167,67.743 570.674,65.562 570.82,62.369 C570.966,59.17 571,58.147 571,50 C571,41.851 570.966,40.831 570.82,37.631"></path></g></g></g></svg></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style=" color:#3897f0; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:550; line-height:18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <div style="padding: 12.5% 0;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; margin-bottom: 14px; align-items: center;"> <div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; height: 12.5px; width: 12.5px; transform: translateX(0px) translateY(7px);"></div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; height: 12.5px; transform: rotate(-45deg) translateX(3px) translateY(1px); width: 12.5px; flex-grow: 0; margin-right: 14px; margin-left: 2px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; height: 12.5px; width: 12.5px; transform: translateX(9px) translateY(-18px);"></div> </div> <div style="margin-left: 8px;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 20px; width: 20px;"></div> <div style=" width: 0; height: 0; border-top: 2px solid transparent; border-left: 6px solid #f4f4f4; border-bottom: 2px solid transparent; transform: translateX(16px) translateY(-4px) rotate(30deg)"></div> </div> <div style="margin-left: auto;"> <div style=" width: 0px; border-top: 8px solid #F4F4F4; border-right: 8px solid transparent; transform: translateY(16px);"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; flex-grow: 0; height: 12px; width: 16px; transform: translateY(-4px);"></div> <div style=" width: 0; height: 0; border-top: 8px solid #F4F4F4; border-left: 8px solid transparent; transform: translateY(-4px) translateX(8px);"></div> </div> </div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center; margin-bottom: 24px;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 224px;"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 144px;"></div> </div> <p></a></p> <p style=" color:#c9c8cd; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; line-height:17px; margin-bottom:0; margin-top:8px; overflow:hidden; padding:8px 0 7px; text-align:center; text-overflow:ellipsis; white-space:nowrap;"><a href="https://www.instagram.com/reel/Cc5yx3gpJB_/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" style=" color:#c9c8cd; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:normal; line-height:17px; text-decoration:none;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">A post shared by Tenth Amendment Center (@tenthamendmentcenter)</a></p> </div> </blockquote> <p> <script async src="//www.instagram.com/embed.js"></script></p> <p><strong>For Further Reading</strong></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2015/07/19/constitution-101-living-and-breathing-is-the-same-as-dead/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Constitution 101: Living and Breathing Is Dead</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/11/a-living-breathing-constitution-is-really-a-dead-one/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">A &#8220;Living Breathing Constitution&#8221; Is Really a Dead One</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/the-commerce-clause/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Commerce Clause</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/04/words-mean-things-2/">Words Mean Things</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Commerce Clause Founding Principles Maharrey Minute Constitution Interpretation James Madison Mike Maharrey We the People or We the States: Patrick Henry’s Anti-Federalist Speech No. 1 https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/04/we-the-people-or-we-the-states-patrick-henrys-anti-federalist-speech-no-1/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:1ffad3e8-e4f6-4609-732a-f8051fec2415 Fri, 29 Apr 2022 17:03:16 +0000 <p>In his first speech at the Virginia Ratifying Convention, Patrick Henry challenged the legitimacy of the Philadelphia Convention of 1787, warned against consolidation, and argued that a federal system should start with We the States.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/04/we-the-people-or-we-the-states-patrick-henrys-anti-federalist-speech-no-1/">We the People or We the States: Patrick Henry’s Anti-Federalist Speech No. 1</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>In his first speech at the Virginia Ratifying Convention, Patrick Henry challenged the legitimacy of the Philadelphia Convention of 1787, warned against consolidation, and argued that a federal system should start with We the States.</p> <p>Path to Liberty, Fast Friday Edition: April 29, 2022<span id="more-39545"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://podcasts.google.com/feed/aHR0cHM6Ly9ibG9nLnRlbnRoYW1lbmRtZW50Y2VudGVyLmNvbS9jYXRlZ29yeS92aWRlby9nb29kLW1vcm5pbmctbGliZXJ0eS9mZWVkLw?sa=X&amp;ved=0CAYQrrcFahcKEwigwITb6MrrAhUAAAAAHQAAAAAQBA" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Google</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe loading="lazy" width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/qAutZK-mfFE" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://teachingamericanhistory.org/resource/ratification/virginiatimeline/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Day-by-Day Summary of the Virginia Ratifying Convention</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.cui.edu/centers-institutes/center-for-civics-education/becoming-america-the-constitutional-convention-of-1787/post/thursday-may-10-1787" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Concordia Univ &#8211; May 10 Overview</a></p> <p><a href="https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jay–Gardoqui_Treaty" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Jay–Gardoqui Treaty</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/title/elliot-the-debates-in-the-several-state-conventions-vol-3#lf1314-03_head_003" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Debates in the Virginia Ratifying Convention</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.cui.edu/centers-institutes/center-for-civics-education/becoming-america-the-constitutional-convention-of-1787/post/june-4-1788" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Concordia Univ &#8211; June 4 Overview</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.redhill.org/primary-sources/we-the-people-or-we-the-states/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Patrick Henry &#8211; Speech of June 4, 1788</a></p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES</strong><br /> <a href="https://odysee.com/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6/path-042922:e" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Odysee</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.minds.com/newsfeed/1366814812994015241" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Minds</a></p> <p><a href="https://sovren.media/video/we-the-people-or-we-the-states-patrick-henry-s-anti-federalist-speech-no-1-1073.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Sovren</a></p> <p><a href="https://tv.gab.com/channel/tenthamendmentcenter/view/we-the-people-or-we-the-626c161ad0a8ff0aa6cb8fbc" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Gab TV</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.brighteon.com/cfe56db0-f0d6-4c2e-92cc-515b9339be41" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Brighteon</a></p> <p><a href="https://fb.watch/cHQoeGCiQK/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Facebook</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.bitchute.com/video/ZILqb7NBRZy3/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Bitchute</a></p> <p><a href="https://bittube.video/w/99f33fe6-95a8-4c0c-b549-2e065e5bbe06" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on BitTube</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.instagram.com/tv/Cc8TOpVLRVw/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Instagram</a></p> <p><a href="https://hyprr.com/hypetv/7a284b64-4a4d-41d9-82d9-a695ca381eba" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Hyprr</a></p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/TenthAmendment/status/1520078012514852865" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Twitter</a></p> <p><a href="https://parler.com/feed/a5d6f289-f5ba-4889-8853-6ccbe91e2e01" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Parler</a></p> <p><a href="https://rumble.com/v12xdj6-we-the-people-or-we-the-states-patrick-henrys-anti-federalist-speech-no.-1.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Rumble</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.linkedin.com/feed/update/urn:li:activity:6925638364536717312" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on LinkedIn</a></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a></p> <p>VIDEO PLATFORMS</p> <p><a href="https://odysee.com/$/invite/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Odysee</a><br /> <a href="https://www.youtube.com/user/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">YouTube</a><br /> <a href="https://hyprr.com/profile/tenthamendmentcenter?section=hypetv" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HypeTV</a><br /> <a href="https://www.brighteon.com/channels/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Brighteon</a><br /> <a href="https://tv.gab.com/channel/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Gab TV</a><br /> <a href="https://www.bitchute.com/channel/X0AJnBhWbCkx/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Bitchute</a><br /> <a href="https://bittube.tv/profile/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">BitTube</a><br /> <a href="https://dlive.tv/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">DLive</a><br /> <a href="https://www.twitch.tv/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Twitch</a><br /> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/tenthamendmentcenter/channel/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">IGTV</a></p> <p>SOCIAL PLATFORMS</p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/tenthamendment" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Twitter</a><br /> <a href="https://www.minds.com/TenthAmendmentCenter/?referrer=TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Minds</a><br /> <a href="https://www.facebook.com/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Facebook</a><br /> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/tenthamendmentcenter/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Instagram</a><br /> <a href="https://gab.com/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Gab</a><br /> <a href="https://mewe.com/p/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">MeWe</a><br /> <a href="https://www.linkedin.com/company/tenthamendmentcenter/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">LinkedIn</a><br /> <a href="https://www.pinterest.com/tenthamendment/_created/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Pinterest</a><br /> <a href="https://hyprr.com/profile/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Hyprr</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/04/we-the-people-or-we-the-states-patrick-henrys-anti-federalist-speech-no-1/">We the People or We the States: Patrick Henry’s Anti-Federalist Speech No. 1</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Antifederalists Audio/Video Path to Liberty Patrick Henry State Ratifying Conventions Consolidation Patrick Henry's Speeches Philadelphia Convention Virginia Ratifying Convention We the People We the States Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center 13:52 In his first speech at the Virginia Ratifying Convention, Patrick Henry challenged the legitimacy of the Philadelphia Convention of 1787, warned against consolidation, and argued that a federal system should start with We the States. In his first speech at the Virginia Ratifying Convention, Patrick Henry challenged the legitimacy of the Philadelphia Convention of 1787, warned against consolidation, and argued that a federal system should start with We the States. To the Governor: Tennessee Bill Would Take Step Toward Treating Gold and Silver as Money https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/04/to-the-governor-tennessee-bill-would-take-step-toward-treating-gold-and-silver-as-money/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:db1bfa48-236e-e2d5-92f5-a687baf237b3 Fri, 29 Apr 2022 03:07:34 +0000 <p>The proposed law would exempt certain coins, currency and bullion from the state sales tax. To qualify for the exemption, it must be manufactured in whole or in part from gold, silver, platinum, palladium, or other material; used solely as legal tender, security, or commodity in Tennessee or another state, the United States, or a foreign nation; and be sold based primarily on its intrinsic value as a precious material or collectible item rather than its representative value as a medium of exchange.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/04/to-the-governor-tennessee-bill-would-take-step-toward-treating-gold-and-silver-as-money/">To the Governor: Tennessee Bill Would Take Step Toward Treating Gold and Silver as Money</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>NASHVILLE</strong>, Tenn. (April 28, 2022) – Today, the Tennessee Senate gave final approval to a bill that would repeal the sales tax on the sale of precious metal bullion. The enactment of this legislation would eliminate one barrier to using gold and silver in everyday transactions, a foundational step for people to undermine the Federal Reserve’s monopoly on money.<span id="more-39538"></span></p> <p>Rep. Bud Hulsey (R) and Rep. William Lamberth (R) introduced House Bill 1874 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/TN/bill/HB1874/2021" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB1874</a>) on Jan. 20. Sen. Frank Nicely (R) introduced the companion, Senate Bill 1857 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/TN/bill/SB1857/2021" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SB1857</a>), in the Senate. The proposed law would exempt certain coins, currency and bullion from the state sales tax. To qualify for the exemption, it must be manufactured in whole or in part from gold, silver, platinum, palladium, or other material; used solely as legal tender, security, or commodity in Tennessee or another state, the United States, or a foreign nation; and be sold based primarily on its intrinsic value as a precious material or collectible item rather than its representative value as a medium of exchange.</p> <p>On April 27, the Senate passed SB1857 by <a href="https://legiscan.com/TN/rollcall/SB1857/id/1194860" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a 25-5 vote</a>. The House substituted the Senate bill for the House bill and <a href="https://legiscan.com/TN/rollcall/SB1857/id/1194860" target="_blank" rel="noopener">passed it 91-0</a> with a technical amendment. On April 28, the Senate concurred with the House amendment, sending the bill to Gov. Bill Lee&#8217;s desk for his consideration.</p> <p><strong>KNOCKING DOWN BARRIERS</strong></p> <p>Currently, 41 states have eliminated sales taxes on gold and silver bullion. Repealing sales taxes on precious metal bullion takes a step toward treating gold and silver as money instead of commodities. Taxes on precious metal bullion erect barriers to using gold and silver as money by raising transaction costs. As <a href="https://www.soundmoneydefense.org/">Sound Money Defense League</a> policy director Jp Cortez testified during a committee hearing on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/07/wyoming-legal-tender-act-treats-gold-and-silver-as-money-foundation-to-undermine-the-federal-reserve/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">a similar bill in Wyoming</a> in 2018, charging taxes on <em>money itself</em> is beyond the pale.</p> <blockquote><p>“In effect, states that collect taxes on purchases of precious metals are inherently saying gold and silver are not money at all.”</p></blockquote> <p>Imagine if you asked a grocery clerk to break a $5 bill and he charged you a 35 cent tax. Silly, right? After all, you were only exchanging one form of money for another. But that’s essentially what Tennessee’s sales tax on gold and silver bullion does. By eliminating this tax on the exchange of gold and silver, Tennessee would treat specie as money instead of a commodity. This represents a small step toward reestablishing gold and silver as legal tender and breaking down the Fed’s monopoly on money.</p> <p>“We ought not to tax money – and that’s a good idea. It makes no sense to tax money,” former U.S. <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2017/03/ron-paul-testimony-in-support-of-arizona-sound-money-bill-hb2014/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Rep. Ron Paul said during testimony in support an Arizona bill</a> that repealed capital gains taxes on gold and silver in that state. “Paper is not money, it’s fraud,” he continued.</p> <p>The impact of enacting this legislation will go beyond mere tax policy. During <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2017/03/ron-paul-standing-on-the-right-side-of-history/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">an event after his Senate committee testimony</a>, Paul pointed out that it’s really about the size and scope of government.</p> <blockquote><p>“If you’re for less government, you want sound money. The people who want big government, they don’t want sound money. They want to deceive you and commit fraud. They want to print the money. They want a monopoly. They want to get you conditioned, as our schools have conditioned us, to the point where deficits don’t matter.”</p></blockquote> <p>Practically speaking, eliminating taxes on the sale of gold and silver cracks open the door for people to begin using specie in regular business transactions. This marks an important small step toward currency competition.</p> <p>The effect has been most dramatic in Utah where <a href="https://upma.org/">United Precious Metals Association</a> (UMPA) was established after the passage of the Utah Specie Legal Tender Act and the elimination of all taxes on gold and silver. UPMA offers accounts denominated in U.S.-minted gold and silver dollars. The company also recently released the “Utah Goldback.” UPMA describes it as “the first local, voluntary currency to be made of a spendable, beautiful, physical gold.”</p> <p><strong>BACKGROUND</strong></p> <p>The United States Constitution states in Article I, Section 10, “No State shall…make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts.” Currently, all debts and taxes in South Carolina are either paid with Federal Reserve Notes (dollars) which were authorized as legal tender by Congress or with coins issued by the U.S. Treasury — very few of which have gold or silver in them.</p> <p>The Federal Reserve destroys this constitutional monetary system by creating a monopoly based on its fiat currency. Without the backing of gold or silver, the central bank can easily create money out of thin air. This not only devalues your purchasing power over time; it also allows the federal government to borrow and spend far beyond what would be possible in a sound money system. Without the Fed, the U.S. government wouldn’t be able to maintain all of its unconstitutional wars and programs. <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/06/17/the-federal-reserve-the-engine-that-powers-the-most-powerful-government-in-history/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">The Federal Reserve is the engine that drives the most powerful government in the history of the world</a>.</p> <p>The passage of HB1874/SB1857 would remove one of the tax barriers that hinder the use of gold and silver as money in Tennessee.</p> <p>Repealing taxes on gold and silver also takes the first step in the process of abolishing the Federal Reserve system by attacking it from the bottom up – pulling the rug out from under it by working to make its functions irrelevant at the state and local levels, and setting the stage to undermine the Federal Reserve monopoly by introducing competition into the monetary system.</p> <p>In <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2017/04/04/ending-the-federal-reserve-from-the-bottom-up/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a paper</a> presented at the Mises Institute, Constitutional tender expert Professor William Greene said when people in multiple states actually start using gold and silver instead of Federal Reserve Notes, it would effectively nullify the Federal Reserve and end the federal government’s monopoly on money.</p> <blockquote><p>“Over time, as residents of the state use both Federal Reserve notes and silver and gold coins, the fact that the coins hold their value more than Federal Reserve notes do will lead to a “reverse Gresham’s Law” effect, where good money (gold and silver coins) will drive out bad money (Federal Reserve notes). As this happens, a cascade of events can begin to occur, including the flow of real wealth toward the state’s treasury, an influx of banking business from outside of the state – as people in other states carry out their desire to bank with sound money – and an eventual outcry against the use of Federal Reserve notes for any transactions.”</p></blockquote> <p>Once things get to that point, Federal Reserve notes would become largely unwanted and irrelevant for ordinary people. Nullifying the Fed on a state-by-state level is what will get us there.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>Gov. Lee will have 10 days (excluding Sundays) from the date SB1857 is transmitted to his office to sign or veto the bill. If he takes no action, it will become law without his signature.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/04/to-the-governor-tennessee-bill-would-take-step-toward-treating-gold-and-silver-as-money/">To the Governor: Tennessee Bill Would Take Step Toward Treating Gold and Silver as Money</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Federal Reserve State Bills Gold HB1874 SB1857 Silver Sound Money Tennessee Mike Maharrey