TAC Daily Digest http://feed.informer.com/digests/WYPPR38WMR/feeder TAC Daily Digest Respective post owners and feed distributors Fri, 13 Sep 2019 22:13:53 +0000 Feed Informer http://feed.informer.com/ Today in History: Moving to Philadelphia and the Compromise of 1790 https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/today-in-history-moving-to-philadelphia-and-the-compromise-of-1790/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:af5db0a0-2ce7-8156-d5b3-061318f80a32 Fri, 06 Dec 2019 23:40:06 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/today-in-history-moving-to-philadelphia-and-the-compromise-of-1790/" title="Today in History: Moving to Philadelphia and the Compromise of 1790" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/12/shutterstock_242818111-philadelphia-1848-1280.jpg" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/shutterstock_242818111-philadelphia-1848-1280.jpg 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/shutterstock_242818111-philadelphia-1848-1280-279x157.jpg 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/shutterstock_242818111-philadelphia-1848-1280-1024x576.jpg 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/shutterstock_242818111-philadelphia-1848-1280-768x432.jpg 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/shutterstock_242818111-philadelphia-1848-1280-1080x608.jpg 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/shutterstock_242818111-philadelphia-1848-1280-980x551.jpg 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/shutterstock_242818111-philadelphia-1848-1280-480x270.jpg 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/12/shutterstock_242818111-philadelphia-1848-1280-150x150.jpg" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />Today in 1790, Congress moved the seat of government from New York to Philadelphia. The transition was the product of a political compromise, a 10-year interim solution before the capitol would be moved to the South. The deal for the placement of the capitol was struck at a dinner party between Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/today-in-history-moving-to-philadelphia-and-the-compromise-of-1790/" title="Today in History: Moving to Philadelphia and the Compromise of 1790" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/12/shutterstock_242818111-philadelphia-1848-1280.jpg" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/shutterstock_242818111-philadelphia-1848-1280.jpg 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/shutterstock_242818111-philadelphia-1848-1280-279x157.jpg 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/shutterstock_242818111-philadelphia-1848-1280-1024x576.jpg 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/shutterstock_242818111-philadelphia-1848-1280-768x432.jpg 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/shutterstock_242818111-philadelphia-1848-1280-1080x608.jpg 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/shutterstock_242818111-philadelphia-1848-1280-980x551.jpg 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/shutterstock_242818111-philadelphia-1848-1280-480x270.jpg 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/12/shutterstock_242818111-philadelphia-1848-1280-150x150.jpg" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>Today in 1790, Congress moved the seat of government from New York to Philadelphia. The transition was the product of a political compromise, a 10-year interim solution before the capitol would be moved to the South.</p> <p>The deal for the placement of the capitol was struck at a dinner party between Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and Alexander Hamilton. Frustrated with the lack of success in convincing Congress to have the state debts assumed into a singular federal debt, Hamilt<span class="text_exposed_show">on pleaded with Madison to refrain from obstructing his proposal.</span></p> <div class="text_exposed_show"> <p>Madison had by this time assembled a faction of representatives that generally voted alongside himself on a variety of issues. Madison’s compatriots generally apprehended that moneyed interests in the North would come to dominate the fledgling government, and hoped to impede a northern capitol. With Jefferson as the faction’s ideological figurehead, the faction would grow in popularity throughout the next several decades and come to be known as Republicans.</p> <p>At the dinner, the two general sides eventually reached an agreement – Madison and his political allies would support Hamilton’s Assumption Bill, and Hamilton’s friends in Congress would allow the capitol move South. As part of the resultant Residence Act of 1790, Philadelphia would be a temporary capitol for 10 years.</p> <p>At Philadelphia, the Congress Hall on Sixth and Chestnut served as the seat of government until the middle of 1800. It was there that some of the most important and controversial legislation in the early republic was passed, including the Bank Bill, the Whiskey Excise, and the Sedition Act. President George Washington lived in a modest house.</p> <p>Shortly thereafter, James Monroe warned that such backroom deals would enrage Virginia, tarnish the integrity of the government, and serve as a negative precedent.</p> <p>Coming to regret the deal just two years later, Jefferson lamented that the “dinner deal” was the worst mistake of his political career. Feeling swindled by Hamilton, Jefferson confessed the agreement was “oppressive to the states.” He chagrined that the compromise “enabled Hamilton so to strengthen himself by corrupt services to many” so that he could “carry his bank scheme” and “change the political complexion of the government.”</p> </div> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Alexander Hamilton History James Madison Thomas Jefferson Compromise of 1790 Dinner Table Bargain Dave Benner Michigan Senate Passes Bill to Ban Warrantless Stingray Spying and Electronic Data Collection https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/michigan-senate-passes-bill-to-ban-warrantless-stingray-spying-and-electronic-data-collection/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:bcbf84b6-d2fe-5a3a-27de-735eda11c880 Fri, 06 Dec 2019 22:45:41 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/michigan-senate-passes-bill-to-ban-warrantless-stingray-spying-and-electronic-data-collection/" title="Michigan Senate Passes Bill to Ban Warrantless Stingray Spying and Electronic Data Collection" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/12/stingray-michigan-120619.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/stingray-michigan-120619.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/stingray-michigan-120619-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/stingray-michigan-120619-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/stingray-michigan-120619-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/stingray-michigan-120619-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/stingray-michigan-120619-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/stingray-michigan-120619-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/12/stingray-michigan-120619-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />LANSING, Mich. (Dec. 6, 2019) – On Wednesday, the Michigan Senate passed a bill that would prohibit the warrantless use of stingray devices and the collection of electronic data stored by service providers in most situations. Enactment into law would not only protect privacy in Michigan; it would also hinder the federal surveillance state. Sen. [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/michigan-senate-passes-bill-to-ban-warrantless-stingray-spying-and-electronic-data-collection/" title="Michigan Senate Passes Bill to Ban Warrantless Stingray Spying and Electronic Data Collection" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/12/stingray-michigan-120619.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/stingray-michigan-120619.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/stingray-michigan-120619-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/stingray-michigan-120619-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/stingray-michigan-120619-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/stingray-michigan-120619-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/stingray-michigan-120619-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/stingray-michigan-120619-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/12/stingray-michigan-120619-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p><strong>LANSING</strong>, Mich. (Dec. 6, 2019) – On Wednesday, the Michigan Senate passed a bill that would prohibit the warrantless use of stingray devices and the collection of electronic data stored by service providers in most situations. Enactment into law would not only protect privacy in Michigan; it would also hinder the federal surveillance state.<span id="more-33864"></span></p> <p>Sen. Pete Lucido (R) introduced Senate Bill 341 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/MI/bill/SB0341/2019" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">SB341</a>) on May 22. Titled <em>The Electronic Information and Data Privacy Act</em>, the legislation would help block the use of cell-site simulators, known as “<a href="https://www.eff.org/pages/cell-site-simulatorsimsi-catchers" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">stingrays</a>.” These devices essentially spoof cell phone towers, tricking any device within range into connecting to the stingray instead of the tower, allowing law enforcement to sweep up communications content, as well as locate and track the person in possession of a specific phone or other electronic device.</p> <p>Under the proposed law, police would have to get a warrant based on probable cause before using a stingray, or any other method, to obtain the location information, stored data, or transmitted data of an electronic device in most situations. Law enforcement agents would also have to get a warrant before obtaining information and data uploaded to a remote computing service (i.e. the cloud) or from service providers. The legislation would also require police to destroy any incidentally collected data not covered under the warrant.</p> <p>SB341 includes some exceptions to the warrant requirement, including certain emergency situations, if the device is reported stolen by the owner, informed consent by the owner or the user of the device, and in accordance with judicially recognized exceptions to the warrant requirement.</p> <p>Under the proposed law, any data illegally gathered would be inadmissible in court.</p> <blockquote><p>“All electronic information or data and records of a provider of an electronic communications service or remote computing service pertaining to a subscriber or customer that are obtained in violation of the provisions of this act are subject to the rules governing exclusion as if the records were obtained in violation of Amendment IV to the Constitution of the United States and section 11 of article I of the state constitution of 1963.”</p></blockquote> <p>In October, the Senate Committee on Judiciary and Public Safety passed SB341 by <a href="https://legiscan.com/MI/rollcall/SB0341/id/895083" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">a 6-1 vote</a> with some technical amendments. This week, the full Senate passed it by a vote of 35-1.</p> <p><strong>IMPACT ON FEDERAL SURVEILLANCE PROGRAMS</strong></p> <p>The federal government funds the vast majority of state and local stingray programs, attaching one important condition. The feds require agencies acquiring the technology to sign non-disclosure agreements. This throws a giant shroud over the program, even preventing judges, prosecutors and defense attorneys from getting information about the use of stingrays in court. The feds actually instruct prosecutors to withdraw evidence if judges or legislators press for information. As the <a href="http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/maryland/baltimore-city/bs-md-ci-stingray-case-20150408-story.html#page=1" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Baltimore Sun reported</a> in April 2015, a Baltimore detective refused to answer questions on the stand during a trial, citing a federal non-disclosure agreement.</p> <p>Defense attorney Joshua Insley asked Cabreja about the agreement.</p> <p>“Does this document instruct you to withhold evidence from the state’s attorney and Circuit Court, even upon court order to produce?” he asked.</p> <p>“Yes,” Cabreja said.</p> <p>As <a href="https://privacysos.org/node/1715" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">privacysos.org</a> put it, “The FBI would rather police officers and prosecutors let ‘criminals’ go than face a possible scenario where a defendant brings a Fourth Amendment challenge to warrantless stingray spying.”</p> <p>The <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2017/06/07/inside-the-secretive-and-intrusive-world-of-stingray-surveillance/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">experience of a Pinellas County, Florida, man further highlights the shroud of secrecy around the use of stingray devices</a>, along with the potential for abuse of power inherent in America’s law enforcement community.</p> <p>The feds sell the technology in the name of “anti-terrorism” efforts. With non-disclosure agreements in place, most police departments refuse to release any information on the use of stingrays. But information obtained from the Tacoma Police Department revealed that it uses the technology primarily for routine criminal investigations.</p> <p>Some privacy advocates argue that stingray use can never happen within the parameters of the Fourth Amendment because the technology necessarily connects to every electronic device within range, not just the one held by the target. And the information collected by these devices undoubtedly ends up in federal databases.</p> <p>The feds can share and tap into vast amounts of information gathered at the state and local level through fusion centers and a system known as the “information sharing environment” or ISE. In other words, stingrays create the potential for the federal government to track the movement of millions of Americans with no warrant, no probable cause, and without the people even knowing it.</p> <p>Fusion centers were sold as a tool to combat terrorism, but that is not how they are being used. The ACLU pointed to a <a href="https://www.hsgac.senate.gov/subcommittees/investigations/media/investigative-report-criticizes-counterterrorism-reporting-waste-at-state-and-local-intelligence-fusion-centers" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">bipartisan congressional report</a> to demonstrate the true nature of government fusion centers: “They haven’t contributed anything meaningful to counterterrorism efforts. Instead, they have largely served as police surveillance and information sharing nodes for law enforcement efforts targeting the frequent subjects of police attention: Black and brown people, immigrants, dissidents, and the poor.”</p> <p>Fusion centers operate within the broader ISE. According to <a href="http://www.dni.gov/index.php/about/organization/information-sharing-environment-what-we-do" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">its website</a>, the ISE “provides analysts, operators, and investigators with information needed to enhance national security. These analysts, operators, and investigators…have mission needs to collaborate and share information with each other and with private sector partners and our foreign allies.” In other words, ISE serves as a conduit for the sharing of information gathered without a warrant. Known ISE partners include the Office of Director of National Intelligence which oversees 17 federal agencies and organizations, including the NSA. ISE utilizes these partnerships to collect and share data on the millions of unwitting people they track.</p> <p>The federal government encourages and funds stingrays at the state and local level across the U.S., thereby undoubtedly gaining access to a massive data pool on Americans without having to expend the resources to collect the information itself. By placing restrictions on stingray use, state and local governments limit the data available that the feds can access.</p> <p>In a nutshell, without state and local cooperation, the feds have a much more difficult time gathering information. Enactment of SB341 would strike a major blow to the surveillance state and would be a win for privacy.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>SB341 will now move to the House for further consideration.</p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> State Bills Stingrays Surveillance cell site simulators Michigan SB341 stingray surveillance Mike Maharrey Principle over Party: The Founders Warned us About Factions https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/principle-over-party-the-founders-warned-us-about-factions/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:4b014e1b-4208-2010-d840-1971c1e848d4 Fri, 06 Dec 2019 18:16:23 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/principle-over-party-the-founders-warned-us-about-factions/" title="Principle over Party: The Founders Warned us About Factions" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/12/fast-friday-120619.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/fast-friday-120619.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/fast-friday-120619-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/fast-friday-120619-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/fast-friday-120619-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/fast-friday-120619-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/fast-friday-120619-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/fast-friday-120619-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/12/fast-friday-120619-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />A &#8220;frightful despotism&#8221; describes what we face today &#8211; and what the founders warned us about when it comes to rule by 2 political parties. Path to Liberty, Fast Friday Edition: December 6, 2019 PODCAST VERSION Subscribe: iTunes &#124; Google Play &#124; Stitcher &#124; Spotify &#124; RSS SHOW LINKS: JOIN TAC Show Archives Subscribe and [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/principle-over-party-the-founders-warned-us-about-factions/" title="Principle over Party: The Founders Warned us About Factions" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/12/fast-friday-120619.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/fast-friday-120619.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/fast-friday-120619-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/fast-friday-120619-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/fast-friday-120619-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/fast-friday-120619-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/fast-friday-120619-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/fast-friday-120619-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/12/fast-friday-120619-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>A &#8220;frightful despotism&#8221; describes what we face today &#8211; and what the founders warned us about when it comes to rule by 2 political parties.</p> <p>Path to Liberty, Fast Friday Edition: December 6, 2019<span id="more-33862"></span></p> <p><iframe width="1280" height="720" 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ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Audio/Video Founding Fathers Path to Liberty Factions Political Parties Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center Blog 13:02 A “frightful despotism” describes what we face today – and what the founders warned us about when it comes to rule by 2 political parties. Path to Liberty, Fast Friday Edition: December 6, 2019 PODCAST VERSION Subscribe: iTunes | Google Play | Stitcher... A “frightful despotism” describes what we face today – and what the founders warned us about when it comes to rule by 2 political parties. Path to Liberty, Fast Friday Edition: December 6, 2019 PODCAST VERSION Subscribe: iTunes | Google Play | Stitcher | Spotify | RSS SHOW LINKS: JOIN TAC Show Archives Subscribe and […] Medicare and Medicaid Destroyed Healthcare https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/medicare-and-medicaid-destroyed-healthcare/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:4b906122-d9cd-7af2-2e61-2bc4fc7d54f3 Fri, 06 Dec 2019 16:16:56 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/medicare-and-medicaid-destroyed-healthcare/" title="Medicare and Medicaid Destroyed Healthcare" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/12/health-steth-1280.jpg" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/health-steth-1280.jpg 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/health-steth-1280-279x157.jpg 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/health-steth-1280-1024x576.jpg 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/health-steth-1280-768x432.jpg 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/health-steth-1280-1080x608.jpg 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/health-steth-1280-980x551.jpg 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/health-steth-1280-480x270.jpg 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/12/health-steth-1280-150x150.jpg" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />In a December 1 Washington Post article entitled “Yes, Americans are Feeling the Squeeze. It’s Coming from Health Care,” Post columnist Robert Samuelson points out, “In the early 1960s, before Medicare and Medicaid, which were enacted in 1965, health spending was about 2 percent of federal outlays. Now it is nearly one-third, at $1.3 trillion.” Samuelson goes on to observe: Government can’t [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/medicare-and-medicaid-destroyed-healthcare/" title="Medicare and Medicaid Destroyed Healthcare" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/12/health-steth-1280.jpg" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/health-steth-1280.jpg 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/health-steth-1280-279x157.jpg 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/health-steth-1280-1024x576.jpg 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/health-steth-1280-768x432.jpg 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/health-steth-1280-1080x608.jpg 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/health-steth-1280-980x551.jpg 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/health-steth-1280-480x270.jpg 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/12/health-steth-1280-150x150.jpg" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p class="p1"><span class="s1">In a December 1 <i>Washington Post </i>article entitled “<a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/yes-americans-are-feeling-the-squeeze-its-coming-from-health-care/2019/12/01/b66b42f0-12c5-11ea-9cd7-a1becbc82f5e_story.html"><span class="s2">Yes, Americans are Feeling the Squeeze. It’s Coming from Health Care</span></a>,” <i>Post</i> columnist Robert Samuelson points out, “In the early 1960s, before Medicare and Medicaid, <a href="https://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=false&amp;doc=99"><span class="s3">which were enacted in 1965</span></a>, health spending was about 2 percent of federal outlays. Now it is nearly one-third, at $1.3 trillion.”</span></p> <p class="p1"><span class="s1">Samuelson goes on to observe:</span></p> <blockquote> <p class="p3"><span class="s1">Government can’t cut health spending, so new spending reduces spending on other programs, raises taxes or bloats deficits. The effects are felt keenly by middle-income Americans and the poor, because the high cost of modern medicine consumes more of their incomes. We have created a monster, inspired by good intentions, that is slowly and menacingly taking charge of our future.</span></p> </blockquote> <p class="p3"><span class="s1">Unfortunately, Samuelson doesn’t wrap up his article with the obvious conclusion: that the only possible solution to America’s healthcare crisis lies with repealing Medicare and Medicaid and, in a larger context, ending all governmental involvement in healthcare.</span></p> <p class="p3"><span class="s1">Before Medicare and Medicaid, the United States had the finest healthcare system in history. Healthcare costs were low and stable, to such an extent that most people didn’t even have major-medical insurance. That’s because they didn’t need it. Going to the doctor was like going to the grocery store. How many people have grocery insurance to protect them from soaring grocery prices? That’s why they didn’t need major medical insurance. Healthcare costs were just as low and stable as grocery store prices.</span></p> <p class="p3"><span class="s1">At the same time, healthcare inventions and innovations were skyrocketing. Doctors loved what they were doing in life. Equally important, the poor were being treated by both doctors and hospitals, purely on a voluntary basis.</span></p> <p class="p3"><span class="s1">I grew up in Laredo, Texas, which is on the Texas-Mexico border. When I was a kid, we were told that the Census Bureau had named Laredo the poorest city in the United States. Every day, the doctors’ offices in Laredo were filled to capacity, sometimes including people from Nuevo Laredo, Mexico. Doctors knew that a large percentage of them could not pay. Yet, I never heard of one single doctor turning anyone away. They were knowingly providing free medical treatment to the poor on a purely voluntary basis.</span></p> <p class="p3"><span class="s1">A modern-day example of this phenomenon was with my dentist here in Virginia. There is no Medicare or Medicaid for dental services. Several years ago, he told me that he and other dentists had gotten together and, on a rotating basis, were providing free dental care to the poor one day a week.</span></p> <p class="p3"><span class="s1">Everything changed with the enactment of Medicare and Medicaid. Over time, healthcare costs began soaring. Doctors and hospitals began entering into all sorts of complex and convoluted arrangements to deal with the increasing crisis. Consumers started buying major-medical insurance. The federal government embarked on a series of never-ending reforms. Doctors began hating what they do in life and began retiring early. The drive toward medical inventions and innovations lost its vitality. Today, many consumers are being sent into bankruptcy owing to enormous medical bills.</span></p> <p class="p3"><span class="s1">Medicare and Medicaid ended up destroying the finest healthcare system in history, and the healthcare crisis has become a permanent part of American life. Perhaps worst of all is the mindset of dependency that it has inculcated within the American people, many of whom are convinced that without Medicare and Medicaid, people would be dying in the streets. These two socialist programs have contributed to the lack of faith that modern-day Americans have in freedom, free markets, and voluntary charity.</span></p> <p class="p3"><span class="s1">In the process, what so many people simply to not want to confront is that there is but one solution to this never-ending crisis — the repeal of the original cause of the crisis — the repeal of both Medicare and Medicaid. Most everyone just keeps coming up with minor reforms or looking for some sort of “comprehensive healthcare reform” that will finally make the system work.</span></p> <p class="p3"><span class="s1">The’ll never find it, and they are just wasting their time, money, and energy looking for it. If we learned anything in the 20th century, it is that socialism is an inherently defective paradigm. That means that it is incapable of working and that it produces crises. And the worst thing that Americans could ever do is to double down by making their healthcare socialism even larger.</span></p> <p class="p3"><span class="s1">When a patient has cancer, the recommended treatment is to remove the cancer if possible. Medicare and Medicaid are cancers on the body politic. It is still possible to remove them through repeal. The longer they are permitted to remain and grow, the bigger the chance the patient will die. </span></p> <p><em>Originally published at <a href="https://www.fff.org/2019/12/06/medicare-and-medicaid-destroyed-healthcare/">FFF.org</a> and reposted with permission.</em></p> <div class="article-icons-bottom d-flex align-items-center mt-4"> <div class="print-button d-flex align-items-center pr-2 pb-1 noprint"></div> </div> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Health Care Healthcare Medicaid Medicare Jacob Hornberger Fed Paper Admits Federal Reserve Policies Can Lead to “Economic Ruin” https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/06/fed-paper-admits-federal-reserve-policies-can-lead-to-economic-ruin/ Tenth Amendment Center urn:uuid:13524262-84ed-1def-7332-4352e4a84daa Fri, 06 Dec 2019 10:49:38 +0000 <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/06/fed-paper-admits-federal-reserve-policies-can-lead-to-economic-ruin/" title="Fed Paper Admits Federal Reserve Policies Can Lead to &#8220;Economic Ruin&#8221;" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/shutterstock_238058275-recession-depression-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/shutterstock_238058275-recession-depression-1280.png 1280w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/shutterstock_238058275-recession-depression-1280-300x169.png 300w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/shutterstock_238058275-recession-depression-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/shutterstock_238058275-recession-depression-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/shutterstock_238058275-recession-depression-1280-1080x608.png 1080w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/shutterstock_238058275-recession-depression-1280-980x551.png 980w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/shutterstock_238058275-recession-depression-1280-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/shutterstock_238058275-recession-depression-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />The national debt crossed the $23 trillion mark in November. When you include unfunded liabilities in the equation, the real debt number comes in at over $126 trillion. But even when confronted with this staggering number, most people just shrug. America has been running up debt for decades. Nothing bad has happened yet. Right? Well, [&#8230;] <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/06/fed-paper-admits-federal-reserve-policies-can-lead-to-economic-ruin/" title="Fed Paper Admits Federal Reserve Policies Can Lead to &#8220;Economic Ruin&#8221;" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/shutterstock_238058275-recession-depression-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/shutterstock_238058275-recession-depression-1280.png 1280w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/shutterstock_238058275-recession-depression-1280-300x169.png 300w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/shutterstock_238058275-recession-depression-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/shutterstock_238058275-recession-depression-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/shutterstock_238058275-recession-depression-1280-1080x608.png 1080w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/shutterstock_238058275-recession-depression-1280-980x551.png 980w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/shutterstock_238058275-recession-depression-1280-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/shutterstock_238058275-recession-depression-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>The national debt crossed the $23 trillion mark in November. When you include unfunded liabilities in the equation, the real debt number <a href="https://www.usdebtclock.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">comes in at over $126 trillion</a>. But even when confronted with this staggering number, most people just shrug. America has been running up debt for decades. Nothing bad has happened yet. Right?</p> <p>Well, it&#8217;s true. The massive national debt isn&#8217;t a problem.</p> <p>Until it is.</p> <p>Even the Federal Reserve admits runaway deficit spending can become a problem. A paper by Scott A. Wolla and Kaitlyn Frerking for the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis did just that.</p> <p>Ironically, the central banks are a big part of the problem.</p> <p>In a nutshell, the paper warns that the Fed’s own policy could lead to “economic ruin.”</p> <p>The paper titled “<a href="https://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/page1-econ/2019/11/01/making-sense-of-the-national-debt" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Making Sense of National Debt</a>” explains the pros and cons of national borrowing in typical Keynesian fashion. In a nutshell, a little debt is a good thing, but too much debt can become an issue. But in the process of explaining national debt, Wolla and Frerking stumble into an ugly truth — central bank money printing can destroy a country’s economy.<span id="more-23809"></span></p> <p>So, when does the national debt truly become a problem?</p> <p>According to Wolla and Frerking, debt only becomes an issue when it outpaces GDP, or national income, as they call it. If debt grows at a faster rate than national income, eventually the debt will become unsustainable.</p> <p>They note that according to the GAO, the U.S national debt is, in fact, already on <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/10/28/more-excuses-while-feds-run-biggest-deficit-in-seven-years/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">an unsustainable path</a>.</p> <blockquote><p>The federal debt is projected to grow at a faster rate than GDP for the foreseeable future. A significant portion of the growth in projected debt is to fund social programs such as Medicare and Social Security. Using debt held by the public (instead of total public debt), the debt-to-GDP ratio averaged 46 percent from 1946 to 2018 but reached 77 percent by the end of 2018. It is projected to exceed 100 percent within 20 years.”</p></blockquote> <p>Note the GAO only uses &#8220;debt held by the public&#8221; to calculate its debt-to-GDP ratio. This basically equals the total of outstanding bonds held by investors. The total national debt is higher. Most analysts put the current total <a href="https://www.usdebtclock.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">debt to GDP ratio at around 106 percent</a>.</p> <p>As Wolla and Frerking point out, rising levels of debt elevate the risk of default. When that happens, investors become wary of buying riskier government bonds. In order to incentivize buyers to take on this risk, interest rates must naturally rise.</p> <p>Central banks first intervene in the process by holding interest rates artificially low. This shields the overspending government from higher borrowing costs. Low interest rates also artificially &#8220;stimulate&#8221; the economy. But if interest rates don&#8217;t rise, foreign and domestic investors will be less inclined to buy bonds.</p> <p>Enter the central bank. Wolla and Frerking explain how it can step in and “print money” in an effort to rescue the overleveraged government.</p> <blockquote><p>While governments never have to entirely pay off debt, there are debt levels that investors might perceive as unsustainable. A solution some countries with high levels of unsustainable debt have tried is printing money. In this scenario, the government borrows money by issuing bonds and then orders the central bank to buy those bonds by creating (printing) money. History has taught us, however, that this type of policy leads to extremely high rates of inflation (hyperinflation) and often ends in economic ruin.”</p></blockquote> <p>We&#8217;ve seen this economic ruin play out in all its ugliness in the German Weimar Republic between 1921 and 1923, and more recently in Zimbabwe and Venezuela.</p> <p>The process that Wolla and Frerking describe &#8212; buying government bonds with money created out of thin air&#8211; is called debt monetization. And it’s exactly what the Federal Reserve is doing today.</p> <p>Last month, <a href="https://schiffgold.com/key-gold-news/fed-set-to-launch-massive-bond-buying-program-in-other-words-qe/">the Fed announced a massive bond-buying program</a>. The Federal Reserve plans to buy $60 billion in short-term Treasury bills each month. According to a statement, the purchases will continue, “at least into the second quarter of next year.” That would amount to around $400 billion worth of Treasurys added to the Fed’s balance sheet.<span id="more-23428"></span></p> <p>But the balance sheet will likely expand more than that. The Fed also plans to use interest it earns off its portfolio to buy more Treasurys. And as they mature, it will take that money and buy more bonds, thus pumping up the balance sheet even faster.</p> <p>Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell insists this is not quantitative easing. When he announced the plan, Powell said, “This is not QE. In no sense is this QE.” But this is precisely QE – no matter what you call it.</p> <p>In effect, quantitative easing is a fancy term for printing money. The Fed doesn’t literally have a printing press in the basement of the Eccles Building running off dollar bills, but it generates the same practical effect. The Federal Reserve digitally creates money out of thin air and uses the new dollars to buy securities and government bonds, thereby putting “cash” directly into circulation. QE not only boosts the amount of money in the economy; it also has a secondary function. As the Federal Reserve buys U.S. Treasury bonds, it monetizes government debt &#8212; the exact policy Wolla and Frerking say leads to &#8220;economic ruin.&#8221;</p> <p>We’ve seen this song and dance before. The Federal Reserve ran three rounds of quantitative easing in the wake of the 2008 Financial Crisis.</p> <p>When then-Fed-chair Ben Bernanke launched QE, he insisted the Fed was <em>not</em> monetizing debt. He said the difference between debt monetization and the Fed’s policy was that the central bank was not providing a permanent source of financing. He said the Treasurys would only remain on the Fed’s balance sheet temporarily. He assured Congress that once the crisis was over, the Federal Reserve would sell the bonds it bought during the emergency.</p> <p>That didn’t happen. And now we’re back to QE. In fact, the Fed balance sheet is currently expanding faster than it did during the rounds of quantitative easing after the great recession.</p> <p>Wolla and Frerking assure us everything will be fine here in the U.S. We don’t have to worry about hyperinflation because we have an “independent” central bank. The government can&#8217;t force the Fed to buy Treasurys. You can decide for yourself whether you believe in the political independence of the Fed. In the end, it doesn&#8217;t matter if the Fed monetizes the debt due to political pressure or just because the central bankers decide to do it in their own infinite wisdom. The effect of the policy is the same. And political pressure or no &#8211; the Fed is all-in on debt monetization.</p> <p>The quantitative easing programs the Fed ran during the Great Recession didn&#8217;t impact the markets to the degree one might expect because everybody believed that the central bank policy was temporary. It was an emergency measure. The central bank would roll it back after the crisis was over. But it&#8217;s becoming increasingly clear that the Federal Reserve will never shrink its balance sheet. Quantitative easing is a permanent policy. At some point, the markets will figure this out. When that happens, it will become more and more difficult to finance the debt without hyperinflation. At that point, the economy is on the road to ruin.</p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Current Events Economy Federal Reserve debt monetization Monetary Policy national debt Mike Maharrey Project Guardian: Another Big Attack on the Constitution and Liberty https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/project-guardian-another-big-attack-on-the-constitution-and-liberty/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:4c4455e1-994e-f9c5-9354-afdb80ddd97d Wed, 04 Dec 2019 19:42:25 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/project-guardian-another-big-attack-on-the-constitution-and-liberty/" title="Project Guardian: Another Big Attack on the Constitution and Liberty" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/12/path-120419.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/path-120419.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/path-120419-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/path-120419-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/path-120419-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/path-120419-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/path-120419-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/path-120419-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/12/path-120419-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />Frustrated with a lack of new laws coming from Congress, the administration is taking a new path to increase federal violations of the 2nd Amendment &#8211; Project Guardian. Path to Liberty: December 4, 2019 PODCAST VERSION Subscribe: iTunes &#124; Google Play &#124; Stitcher &#124; Spotify &#124; RSS SHOW LINKS: JOIN TAC Show Archives Subscribe and [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/project-guardian-another-big-attack-on-the-constitution-and-liberty/" title="Project Guardian: Another Big Attack on the Constitution and Liberty" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/12/path-120419.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/path-120419.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/path-120419-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/path-120419-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/path-120419-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/path-120419-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/path-120419-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/path-120419-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/12/path-120419-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>Frustrated with a lack of new laws coming from Congress, the administration is taking a new path to increase federal violations of the 2nd Amendment &#8211; Project Guardian.</p> <p>Path to Liberty: December 4, 2019<span id="more-33855"></span></p> <p><iframe width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/mBURhwaqF0w?start=56" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>PODCAST VERSION</strong></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">iTunes</a> | <a href="https://playmusic.app.goo.gl/?ibi=com.google.PlayMusic&amp;isi=691797987&amp;ius=googleplaymusic&amp;apn=com.google.android.music&amp;link=https://play.google.com/music/m/Ic7vaa26zzqtt2zmxovxwkxktem?t%3DPath_to_Liberty%26pcampaignid%3DMKT-na-all-co-pr-mu-pod-16" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Google Play</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Subscribe and Review on iTunes</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/ag-barr-announces-project-guardian-to-prevent-unapproved-gun-purchases/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">AG Barr Announces Project Guardian to Prevent Unapproved Gun Purchases</a></p> <p><a href="https://americanindependent.com/william-barr-gun-violence-donald-trump-nra-impeachment-mass-shootings-attorney-general/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">Barr claims impeachment is blocking efforts to address gun violence</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2019/nov/28/project-guardian-will-enforce-current-gun-laws-to-/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">Project Guardian will enforce current gun laws to combat gun crime</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/attorney-general-william-p-barr-announces-launch-project-guardian-nationwide-strategic-plan" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">DOJ Press Release: 5 Principles of Project Guardian</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/08/the-taps-act-predictive-policing-and-a-precrime-dystopian-nightmare/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">The TAPS Act, Predictive Policing, and a PreCrime Dystopian Nightmare?</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/08/red-flag-oppose-a-disease-at-its-beginning/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">Red Flag: “Oppose a Disease at its Beginning”</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/08/05/report-trump-ramps-up-enforcement-of-federal-second-straight-year/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">Report: Trump Ramps up Enforcement</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.atf.gov/resource-center/fact-sheet/fact-sheet-facts-and-figures-fiscal-year-2018" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">ATF Fact Sheet &#8211; 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Path to Liberty: December 4, 2019 PODCAST VERSION Subscribe: iTunes | Google Play |... Frustrated with a lack of new laws coming from Congress, the administration is taking a new path to increase federal violations of the 2nd Amendment – Project Guardian. Path to Liberty: December 4, 2019 PODCAST VERSION Subscribe: iTunes | Google Play | Stitcher | Spotify | RSS SHOW LINKS: JOIN TAC Show Archives Subscribe and […] Betraying the Constitution: Who Will Protect Us from an Unpatriotic Patriot Act? https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/04/betraying-the-constitution-who-will-protect-us-from-an-unpatriotic-patriot-act/ Tenth Amendment Center urn:uuid:52fae907-4852-3c62-292f-1da92b2cc384 Wed, 04 Dec 2019 11:20:32 +0000 <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/04/betraying-the-constitution-who-will-protect-us-from-an-unpatriotic-patriot-act/" title="Betraying the Constitution: Who Will Protect Us from an Unpatriotic Patriot Act?" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/surveillance-stencil-1280-b.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/surveillance-stencil-1280-b.png 1280w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/surveillance-stencil-1280-b-300x169.png 300w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/surveillance-stencil-1280-b-768x432.png 768w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/surveillance-stencil-1280-b-1024x576.png 1024w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/surveillance-stencil-1280-b-1080x608.png 1080w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/surveillance-stencil-1280-b-980x551.png 980w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/surveillance-stencil-1280-b-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/surveillance-stencil-1280-b-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />While Congress subjects the nation to its impeachment-flavored brand of bread-and-circus politics, our civil liberties continue to die a slow, painful death by a thousand cuts. Case in point: while Americans have been fixated on the carefully orchestrated impeachment drama that continues to monopolize headlines, Congress passed and President Trump signed into law legislation extending three [&#8230;] <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/04/betraying-the-constitution-who-will-protect-us-from-an-unpatriotic-patriot-act/" title="Betraying the Constitution: Who Will Protect Us from an Unpatriotic Patriot Act?" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/surveillance-stencil-1280-b.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/surveillance-stencil-1280-b.png 1280w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/surveillance-stencil-1280-b-300x169.png 300w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/surveillance-stencil-1280-b-768x432.png 768w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/surveillance-stencil-1280-b-1024x576.png 1024w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/surveillance-stencil-1280-b-1080x608.png 1080w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/surveillance-stencil-1280-b-980x551.png 980w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/surveillance-stencil-1280-b-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/surveillance-stencil-1280-b-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>While Congress subjects the nation to its impeachment-flavored brand of bread-and-circus politics, our civil liberties continue to die a slow, painful death by a thousand cuts.<span id="more-28951"></span></p> <p>Case in point: while Americans have been fixated on the carefully orchestrated impeachment drama that continues to monopolize headlines, <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/us-policy/2019/11/21/senate-passes-short-term-spending-bill-sending-legislation-trump-hours-ahead-shutdown-deadline/">Congress passed and President Trump signed into law legislation extending three key provisions of the USA Patriot Act</a>, which had been set to expire on December 15, 2019.</p> <p>Once again, to no one’s surprise, the bureaucrats <em>on both sides of the aisle</em>—Democrats and Republicans alike—prioritized political grandstanding over principle and their oath of office to protect and defend the Constitution.</p> <p>As Congressman Thomas Massie (R-Ky.) <a href="https://www.foxnews.com/politics/house-bill-to-fund-government-also-extends-patriot-act-data-collection-provisions-despite-opposition">predicted</a>:</p> <blockquote><p>Today, while everyone is distracted by the impeachment drama, Congress will vote to extend warrantless data collection provisions of the #PatriotAct, by hiding this language on page 25 of the Continuing Resolution (CR) that temporarily funds the government. To sneak this through, Congress will first vote to suspend the rule which otherwise gives us (and the people) 72 hours to consider a bill. The <a href="https://www.foxnews.com/politics/house-bill-to-fund-government-also-extends-patriot-act-data-collection-provisions-despite-opposition">scam here is that Democrats are alleging abuse of Presidential power, while simultaneously reauthorizing warrantless power to spy on citizens that no President should have</a>&#8230; in a bill that continues to fund EVERYTHING the President does&#8230; and waiving their own rules to do it. I predict Democrats will vote on a party line to suspend the 72 hour rule. But after the rule is suspended, I suspect many Republicans will join most Democrats to pass the CR with the Patriot Act extension embedded in it.</p></blockquote> <p>Massie was right: Republicans and Democrats have no problem joining forces in order to maintain their joint stranglehold on power.</p> <p>The legislation passed the Senate with a <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/us-policy/2019/11/21/senate-passes-short-term-spending-bill-sending-legislation-trump-hours-ahead-shutdown-deadline/">bipartisan 74-to-20 vote</a>. It squeaked through the House of Representatives with a <a href="https://www.salon.com/2019/11/26/progressives-in-congress-just-capitulated-on-the-patriot-act-its-time-to-push-back/">231-192 margin</a>. And it was <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/us-policy/2019/11/21/senate-passes-short-term-spending-bill-sending-legislation-trump-hours-ahead-shutdown-deadline/">signed by President Trump</a>—who earlier this year <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/white-house-has-signaled-it-may-seek-permanent-renewal-of-controversial-surveillance-power/2019/04/30/b4407af2-67a5-11e9-8985-4cf30147bdca_story.html">floated the idea of making the government’s surveillance powers permanent</a>—with nary a protest from anyone about its impact on the rights of the American people.</p> <p>Spending bill or not, it didn’t have to shake down this way, even with the threat of yet another government shutdown looming.</p> <p>Congress <em>could</em> have voted to separate the Patriot Act extension from the funding bill, as <a href="https://newrepublic.com/article/155793/hell-democrats-just-extend-patriot-act">suggested by Rep. Justin Amash</a>, but that didn’t fly. Instead as journalist Norman Solomon writes for <em>Salon</em>, “The cave-in was <a href="https://www.salon.com/2019/11/26/progressives-in-congress-just-capitulated-on-the-patriot-act-its-time-to-push-back/">another bow to normalizing the U.S. government’s mass surveillance powers</a>.”</p> <p>That, right there, is the key to all of this: <em>normalizing the U.S. government’s mass surveillance powers</em>.</p> <p>In the 18 years since the USA Patriot Act—a massive 342-page wish list of expanded powers for the FBI and CIA—was rammed through Congress in the wake of the so-called 9/11 terror attacks, it has snowballed into the eradication of every vital safeguard against government overreach, corruption and abuse.</p> <p>The Patriot Act drove a stake through the heart of the Bill of Rights, violating at least six of the ten original amendments—the First, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Seventh and Eighth Amendments—and possibly the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments, as well.</p> <p>The Patriot Act also redefined terrorism so broadly that many non-terrorist political activities such as protest marches, demonstrations and civil disobedience are now considered potential terrorist acts, thereby rendering anyone desiring to engage in protected First Amendment expressive activities as suspects of the surveillance state.</p> <p>The Patriot Act justified broader domestic surveillance, the logic being that if government agents knew more about each American, they could distinguish the terrorists from law-abiding citizens—no doubt a reflexive impulse shared by small-town police and federal agents alike.</p> <p>This, according to <em>Washington Post</em> reporter Robert O’Harrow, Jr., was a fantasy that “had been brewing in the law enforcement world for a long time.” And 9/11 provided the government with the perfect excuse for conducting far-reaching surveillance and collecting mountains of information on even the most law-abiding citizen.</p> <p>Federal agents and police officers are now authorized to conduct covert black bag “sneak-and-peak” searches of homes and offices while you are away and confiscate your personal property without first notifying you of their intent or their presence.</p> <p>The law also granted the FBI the right to come to your place of employment, demand your personal records and question your supervisors and fellow employees, all without notifying you; allowed the government access to your medical records, school records and practically every personal record about you; and allowed the government to secretly demand to see records of books or magazines you’ve checked out in any public library and Internet sites you’ve visited (at least 545 libraries received such demands in the first year following passage of the Patriot Act).</p> <p>In the name of fighting terrorism, government officials are now permitted to monitor religious and political institutions with no suspicion of criminal wrongdoing; prosecute librarians or keepers of any other records if they tell anyone that the government has subpoenaed information related to a terror investigation; monitor conversations between attorneys and clients; search and seize Americans’ papers and effects without showing probable cause; and jail Americans indefinitely without a trial, among other things.</p> <p>The federal government also made liberal use of its new powers, especially through the use (and abuse) of the nefarious national security letters, which allow the FBI to demand personal customer records from Internet Service Providers, financial institutions and credit companies at the mere say-so of the government agent in charge of a local FBI office and without prior court approval.</p> <p>In fact, since 9/11, we’ve been spied on by surveillance cameras, eavesdropped on by government agents, had our belongings searched, our phones tapped, our mail opened, our email monitored, our opinions questioned, our purchases scrutinized (under the USA Patriot Act, banks are required to analyze your transactions for any patterns that raise suspicion and to see if you are connected to any objectionable people), and our activities watched.</p> <p>We’re also being subjected to invasive patdowns and whole-body scans of our persons and seizures of our electronic devices in the nation’s airports. We can’t even purchase certain cold medicines at the pharmacy anymore without it being reported to the government and our names being placed on a watch list.</p> <p>It’s only getting worse, folks.</p> <p>Largely due to the continuous noise from television news’ talking heads, most Americans have been lulled into thinking that the pressing issues are voting in the next election, but the real issue is simply this: the freedoms in the Bill of Rights are being eviscerated.</p> <p>The Constitution has been steadily chipped away at, undermined, eroded, whittled down, and generally discarded to such an extent that what we are left with today is but a shadow of the robust document adopted more than two centuries ago. Most of the damage has been inflicted upon the Bill of Rights—the first ten amendments to the Constitution—which historically served as the bulwark from government abuse.</p> <p>Set against a backdrop of government surveillance, militarized police, SWAT team raids, asset forfeiture, eminent domain, overcriminalization, armed surveillance drones, whole body scanners, stop and frisk searches and the like—all sanctioned by Congress, the White House and the courts—a recitation of the Bill of Rights would understandably sound more like a eulogy to freedoms lost than an affirmation of rights we truly possess.</p> <p>We can pretend that the Constitution, which was written to hold the government accountable, is still our governing document. However, the reality we must come to terms with is that in the America we live in today, the government does whatever it wants, freedom be damned.</p> <p>What once were considered inalienable, fundamental “rights”  are now mere privileges to be taken away on a government bureaucrat’s say-so.</p> <p>To those who have been paying attention, this should come as no real surprise.</p> <p>As I make clear in my book <a href="https://www.amazon.com/Battlefield-America-War-American-People/dp/1590793099"><em>Battlefield America: The War on the American People</em></a>, the Constitution has been on life support for some time now, and is drawing its final breaths.</p> <p>The American government, never a staunch advocate of civil liberties, has been writing its own orders for some time now. Indeed, as the McCarthy era and the wiretapping of Martin Luther King Jr. and others illustrates, the government’s amassing of power, especially in relation to its ability to spy on Americans, predates the passage of the Patriot Act in 2001.</p> <p>What the Patriot Act and its subsequent incarnations did was legitimize what had previously been covert and frowned upon as a violation of Americans’ long-cherished privacy rights.</p> <p>After all, the history of governments is that they inevitably overreach.</p> <p>Thus, enabled by a paper tiger Congress, the president and other agencies of the federal government have repeatedly laid claim to a host of powers, among them the ability to use the military as a police force, spy on Americans and detain individuals without granting them access to an attorney or the courts. And as the government’s powers have grown, unchecked, the American people have gradually become used to these relentless intrusions into their lives.</p> <p>In turn, the American people have become the proverbial boiling frogs, so desensitized to the government’s steady encroachments on their rights that civil liberties abuses have become par for the course.</p> <p>Yet as long as government agencies are allowed to make a mockery of the very laws intended to limit their reach, curtail their activities, and guard against the very abuses to which we are being subjected on a daily basis, our individual freedoms will continue to be eviscerated so that the government’s powers can be expanded, the Constitution be damned.</p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Current Events Surveillance Patriot Act John Whitehead Denver Activists Working to Put Facial Recognition Ban on the Ballot https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/denver-activists-working-to-put-facial-recognition-ban-on-the-ballot/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:0c59e341-11bf-d5cf-27d6-3ef98e8f9060 Tue, 03 Dec 2019 14:39:52 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/denver-activists-working-to-put-facial-recognition-ban-on-the-ballot/" title="Denver Activists Working to Put Facial Recognition Ban on the Ballot" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/07/facial-recognition-general-july-2019-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/07/facial-recognition-general-july-2019-1280.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/07/facial-recognition-general-july-2019-1280-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/07/facial-recognition-general-july-2019-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/07/facial-recognition-general-july-2019-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/07/facial-recognition-general-july-2019-1280-1080x608.png 1080w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/07/facial-recognition-general-july-2019-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />DENVER, Colo. (Dec. 3, 2019) &#8211; Activists in Denver are working to get a complete ban on facial recognition technology in the city on the ballot in 2020. The growing movement to prohibit the use of facial recognition at the state and local levels could hinder the operation of a growing national facial recognition network. [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/denver-activists-working-to-put-facial-recognition-ban-on-the-ballot/" title="Denver Activists Working to Put Facial Recognition Ban on the Ballot" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/07/facial-recognition-general-july-2019-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/07/facial-recognition-general-july-2019-1280.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/07/facial-recognition-general-july-2019-1280-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/07/facial-recognition-general-july-2019-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/07/facial-recognition-general-july-2019-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/07/facial-recognition-general-july-2019-1280-1080x608.png 1080w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/07/facial-recognition-general-july-2019-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p><strong>DENVER</strong>, Colo. (Dec. 3, 2019) &#8211; Activists in Denver are working to get a complete ban on facial recognition technology in the city on the ballot in 2020. The growing movement to prohibit the use of facial recognition at the state and local levels could hinder the operation of a growing national facial recognition network.<span id="more-33801"></span></p> <p>Earlier this fall, Denver resident Connor Swatling introduced a ballot measure that would ban the Denver Police Department and any other city government entity from using facial recognition technology and data gathered with it for law enforcement purposes. The Denver Elections Commission approved the petition language earlier this month and activists can now begin gathering signatures. They will have until May 4 to collect 8,265 valid signatures from registered Denver voters in order to place the measure on the November 2020 ballot.</p> <p>Swatling said he modeled <a href="https://5280not1984.com/files/Petition%20for%20initiated%20ordinance%20-%20facial%20recognition%202019.11.05.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">his ordinance</a> on a similar measure <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/06/second-in-the-nation-somerville-city-council-passes-facial-recognition-ban/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">recently passed by Somerville, Massachusetts, City Council</a>.</p> <p>Scott Kilgore serves on the “<a href="https://5280not1984.com/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">5280 not 1984 Initiative</a>&#8221; committee. In a statement, he said facial recognition infringes on civil liberties.</p> <blockquote><p>“Facial recognition software allows for the invasion of every citizen’s privacy, The technology could allow individuals to be tracked at any time for any reason without a warrant. There are also grave equity concerns about the accuracy of facial recognition, as the technology has been shown repeatedly to be less accurate at identifying people of color.&#8221;</p></blockquote> <p>There is a growing movement to limit or ban the use of facial recognition technology and the local and state level. <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/05/first-in-the-nation-san-francisco-passes-ordinance-to-ban-facial-recognition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">San Francisco</a>, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/07/oakland-city-council-unanimously-approves-ordinance-to-ban-facial-recognition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Oakland</a>, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/10/four-and-counting-berkeley-passes-facial-recognition-ban/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Berkeley</a> and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/06/second-in-the-nation-somerville-city-council-passes-facial-recognition-ban/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Somerville, Mass.</a> have all prohibited government use of facial recognition technology. <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/09/portland-oregon-considering-facial-recognition-technology-ban/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Portland, Oregon</a>, and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/10/springfield-massachusetts-considering-facial-recognition-technology-ban/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Springfield, Massachusetts</a>, are considering similar bans, The California governor recently <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/10/signed-as-law-california-bans-facial-recognition-on-police-body-cameras/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">signed a bill</a> that imposes a 3-year ban on the use of the tech in conjunction with police body-worn cameras. The New York Assembly is considering <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/06/new-york-assembly-passes-bill-to-ban-facial-recognition-schools/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">a bill to ban facial recognition in schools</a> and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/10/new-york-bill-would-ban-facial-recognition-on-police-body-cameras/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">on police body cameras</a>.</p> <p><strong>IMPACT ON FEDERAL PROGRAMS</strong></p> <p>A <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/07/12/dont-rely-on-congress-to-stop-facial-recognition-surveillance/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">recent report revealed</a> that the federal government has turned state drivers’ license photos into a giant facial recognition database, putting virtually every driver in America in a perpetual electronic police lineup. The revelations generated widespread outrage, but this story isn’t new. The federal government has been developing <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2016/10/31/local-state-and-federal-law-enforcement-partnering-to-create-massive-facial-recognition-system/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">a massive, nationwide facial recognition system</a> for years.</p> <p>The FBI <a href="https://money.cnn.com/2014/09/16/technology/security/fbi-facial-recognition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">rolled out a nationwide facial-recognition program</a> in the fall of 2014, with the goal of building a giant biometric database with pictures provided by the states and corporate friends.</p> <p>In 2016, the Center on Privacy and Technology at Georgetown Law released “The Perpetual Lineup,” a massive report on law enforcement use of facial recognition technology in the U.S. You can read the complete report at <a href="https://www.perpetuallineup.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">perpetuallineup.org</a>. The organization conducted a year-long investigation and collected more than 15,000 pages of documents through more than 100 public records requests. The report paints a disturbing picture of intense cooperation between the federal government, and state and local law enforcement to develop a massive facial recognition database.</p> <blockquote><p>“Face recognition is a powerful technology that requires strict oversight. But those controls, by and large, don’t exist today,” report co-author <a href="https://theintercept.com/2016/10/18/study-lack-of-face-recognition-oversight-threatens-privacy-of-millions/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Clare Garvie said</a>. “With only a few exceptions, there are no laws governing police use of the technology, no standards ensuring its accuracy, and no systems checking for bias. It’s a wild west.”</p></blockquote> <p>There are <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/10/whats-the-big-problem-with-facial-recognition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">many technical and legal problems</a> with facial recognition, including significant concerns about the accuracy of the technology, particularly when reading the facial features of minority populations. During a test run by the ACLU of Northern California, <a href="https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/ne8wa8/amazons-facial-recognition-misidentified-1-in-5-california-lawmakers-as-criminals" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">facial recognition misidentified 26 members of the California legislature</a> as people in a database of arrest photos.</p> <p>With facial recognition technology, police and other government officials have the capability to track individuals in real-time. These systems allow law enforcement agents to use video cameras and continually scan everybody who walks by. According to the report, several major police departments have expressed an interest in this type of real-time tracking. Documents revealed agencies in at least five major cities, including Los Angeles, either claimed to run real-time face recognition off of street cameras, bought technology with the capability, or expressed written interest in buying it.</p> <p>In all likelihood, the federal government heavily involves itself in helping state and local agencies obtain this technology. The feds provide grant money to local law enforcement agencies for a vast array of surveillance gear, including ALPRs, stingray devices and drones. The federal government essentially encourages and funds a giant nationwide surveillance net and then taps into the information via fusion centers and the Information Sharing Environment (ISE).</p> <p>Fusion centers were sold as a tool to combat terrorism, but that is not how they are being used. The ACLU pointed to a <a href="https://www.hsgac.senate.gov/subcommittees/investigations/media/investigative-report-criticizes-counterterrorism-reporting-waste-at-state-and-local-intelligence-fusion-centers" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">bipartisan congressional report</a> to demonstrate the true nature of government fusion centers: “They haven’t contributed anything meaningful to counterterrorism efforts. Instead, they have largely served as police surveillance and information sharing nodes for law enforcement efforts targeting the frequent subjects of police attention: Black and brown people, immigrants, dissidents, and the poor.”</p> <p>Fusion centers operate within the broader ISE. According to <a href="http://www.dni.gov/index.php/about/organization/information-sharing-environment-what-we-do" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">its website</a>, the ISE “provides analysts, operators, and investigators with information needed to enhance national security. These analysts, operators, and investigators…have mission needs to collaborate and share information with each other and with private sector partners and our foreign allies.” In other words, ISE serves as a conduit for the sharing of information gathered without a warrant. Known ISE partners include the Office of Director of National Intelligence which oversees 17 federal agencies and organizations, including the NSA. ISE utilizes these partnerships to collect and share data on the millions of unwitting people they track.</p> <p>In a nutshell, without state and local cooperation, the feds have a much more difficult time gathering information. Passage of local ordinances banning facial recognition eliminates one avenue for gathering facial recognition data. Simply put, data that doesn’t exist cannot be entered into federal databases.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Ballot Measures Facial Recognition Local colorado Denver facial recognition Fourth Amendment Privacy surveillance Mike Maharrey New Jersey Bill Would Allow Customers to Opt Out of Smart Meter Technology, Undermine Federal Program https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/new-jersey-bill-would-allow-customers-to-opt-out-of-smart-meter-technology-undermine-federal-program/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:7966323a-c191-ad59-ce7a-f7c7e6aba097 Tue, 03 Dec 2019 11:39:48 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/new-jersey-bill-would-allow-customers-to-opt-out-of-smart-meter-technology-undermine-federal-program/" title="New Jersey Bill Would Allow Customers to Opt Out of Smart Meter Technology, Undermine Federal Program" rel="nofollow"><img width="1200" height="628" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2018/01/smart-meter-1200-C.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/01/smart-meter-1200-C.png 1200w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/01/smart-meter-1200-C-300x157.png 300w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/01/smart-meter-1200-C-768x402.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/01/smart-meter-1200-C-1024x536.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/01/smart-meter-1200-C-1080x565.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/01/smart-meter-1200-C-980x513.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/01/smart-meter-1200-C-480x251.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1200px) 100vw, 1200px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2018/01/smart-meter-1200-C-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />TRENTON, N.J. (Dec. 3, 2019) – A bill filed in the New Jersey Assembly would allow utility customers in the sate to opt-out of installing “smart meter” technology on homes and businesses. Passage of this bill would enable New Jersey residents to protect their own privacy, and it would take a step toward blocking a [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/new-jersey-bill-would-allow-customers-to-opt-out-of-smart-meter-technology-undermine-federal-program/" title="New Jersey Bill Would Allow Customers to Opt Out of Smart Meter Technology, Undermine Federal Program" rel="nofollow"><img width="1200" height="628" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2018/01/smart-meter-1200-C.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/01/smart-meter-1200-C.png 1200w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/01/smart-meter-1200-C-300x157.png 300w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/01/smart-meter-1200-C-768x402.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/01/smart-meter-1200-C-1024x536.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/01/smart-meter-1200-C-1080x565.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/01/smart-meter-1200-C-980x513.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/01/smart-meter-1200-C-480x251.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1200px) 100vw, 1200px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2018/01/smart-meter-1200-C-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p><strong>TRENTON</strong>, N.J. (Dec. 3, 2019) – A bill filed in the New Jersey Assembly would allow utility customers in the sate to opt-out of installing “smart meter” technology on homes and businesses. Passage of this bill would enable New Jersey residents to protect their own privacy, and it would take a step toward blocking a federal program in effect.<span id="more-33831"></span></p> <p>A bipartisan coalition of three assemblymembers introduced Assembly Bill 5884 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/NJ/bill/A5884/2018" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">A5884</a>) on Nov. 14. The legislation would create an option for New Jersey utility customers to opt-out of any utility company smart meter program with no penalty.</p> <p>Smart meters monitor home energy usage in minute detail in real-time. The devices transmit data to the utility company where it gets stored in databases. Anybody with access to the data can download it for analysts. Without specific criteria limiting access to the data, these devices create significant privacy issues. Smart meters can also be used to remotely limit power usage during peak hours.</p> <p>A5884 would require utility companies to provide written notice to customers at least 90 days before installing a smart meter. Customers would have an option to decline the installation of a smart meter within 30 after receiving written notice with no fee or penalty. Customers declining installation after 30 days but not later than 90 days after the notice could be charged a fee of no more than $100.</p> <p><strong>Privacy Concerns</strong></p> <p>The proliferation of smart meters creates significant privacy concerns. The data collected can tell anybody who holds it a great deal about what goes on inside a home. It can reveal when residents are at home, asleep or on vacation. It can also pinpoint “unusual” energy use, and could someday serve to help enforce “energy usage” regulations. The ACLU <a href="https://www.acluvt.org/issues/smart_meters.php" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">summarized the privacy issues</a> surrounding smart meters in a report.</p> <blockquote><p>“The temptation to use the information that will be collected from customers for something other than managing electrical loads will be strong – as it has been for cell phone tracking data and GPS information. Police may want to know your general comings and goings or whether you’re growing marijuana in your basement under grow lights. Advertisers will want the information to sell you a new washing machine to replace the energy hog you got as a wedding present 20 years ago. Information flowing in a smart grid will become more and more ‘granular’ as the system develops.”</p></blockquote> <p>The privacy issues aren’t merely theoretical. According to information obtained by the California ACLU, utility companies in the state have disclosed information gathered by smart meters on thousands of customers. San Diego Gas and Electric alone disclosed data on more than 4,000 customers. The vast majority of disclosures were in response to subpoenas by government agencies “often in drug enforcement cases or efforts to find specific individuals,” <a href="http://www.sfgate.com/business/article/Calif-utilities-yield-energy-use-data-4611159.php" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">according to SFGate</a>.</p> <blockquote><p>“Mark Toney, executive director of the Utility Reform Network watchdog group, said the sheer number of data disclosures made by SDG&amp;E raised the possibility that government agencies wanted to sift through large amounts of data looking for patterns, rather than conducting targeted investigations.”</p></blockquote> <p>Federal courts have held that government collection of smart meter data <a href="https://smartgridawareness.org/2018/08/18/federal-court-rules-against-consumers-on-smart-meters/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">does not violate individual privacy rights</a>. In 2018, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit held that data collection by smart meters is reasonable and therefore permissible.</p> <p><strong>No Smart Meter, No Data</strong></p> <p>Refusing to allow a smart meter on your property is the only sure-fire way to ensure your energy use data won’t fall into the hands of government agents or private marketers, or end up stored in some kind of government database. Passage of A5884 would make opting out a legal option for New Jerseyites and give them control over their own privacy.</p> <p><strong>Impact on Federal Program</strong></p> <p>The federal government serves as <a href="http://energy.gov/oe/technology-development/smart-grid/recovery-act-smart-grid-investment-grants" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">a major source of funding for smart meters</a>. A 2009 program through the U.S. Department of Energy distributed $4.5 billion for smart grid technology. The initial projects were expected to fund the installation of 1.8 million smart meters over three years.</p> <p>The federal government lacks any constitutional authority to fund smart grid technology. The easiest way to nullify such programs is to simply not participate. A5884 would make that possible. If enough states pass similar legislation, and enough people opt out, the program will go nowhere.</p> <p>We’ve seen a <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2016/04/new-york-common-core-opt-out-movement-gains-steam-support-from-teachers/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">similar opt-out movement undermining Common Core in New York</a>. Opting out follows a strategy James Madison advised in <i>Federalist #46</i>. “Refusal to cooperate with officers of the Union” provides a powerful means to fight back against government overreach. Such actions in multiple states would likely be effective in bringing down federal smart meter programs.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>A5884 was referred to the Assembly Telecommunications and Utilities Committee where it must pass by a majority vote before moving forward in the legislative process.</p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Smart Meters State Bills A5884 New Jersey Privacy smart meters surveillance Mike Maharrey Asset Forfeiture and the Destruction of American Liberty https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/02/asset-forfeiture-and-the-destruction-of-american-liberty/ Tenth Amendment Center urn:uuid:2a90adf4-26fc-bff5-68aa-76ce091da0a4 Tue, 03 Dec 2019 02:53:46 +0000 <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/02/asset-forfeiture-and-the-destruction-of-american-liberty/" title="Asset Forfeiture and the Destruction of American Liberty" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/police-forfeiture-1280.jpg" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/police-forfeiture-1280.jpg 1280w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/police-forfeiture-1280-300x169.jpg 300w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/police-forfeiture-1280-768x432.jpg 768w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/police-forfeiture-1280-1024x576.jpg 1024w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/police-forfeiture-1280-1080x608.jpg 1080w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/police-forfeiture-1280-150x150.jpg" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />For centuries, it has been an established tenet of Western jurisprudence that a person cannot be punished for a crime unless the government first convicts him of the crime in a court of law. After the Constitution called the federal government into existence, our American ancestors demanded that this principle be enshrined in the Bill [&#8230;] <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/02/asset-forfeiture-and-the-destruction-of-american-liberty/" title="Asset Forfeiture and the Destruction of American Liberty" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/police-forfeiture-1280.jpg" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/police-forfeiture-1280.jpg 1280w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/police-forfeiture-1280-300x169.jpg 300w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/police-forfeiture-1280-768x432.jpg 768w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/police-forfeiture-1280-1024x576.jpg 1024w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/police-forfeiture-1280-1080x608.jpg 1080w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/police-forfeiture-1280-150x150.jpg" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p class="p1"><span class="s1">For centuries, it has been an established tenet of Western jurisprudence that a person cannot be punished for a crime unless the government first convicts him of the crime in a court of law. After the Constitution called the federal government into existence, our American ancestors demanded that this principle be enshrined in the Bill of Rights because they were convinced that federal officials would end up violating it.</span><span id="more-28939"></span></p> <p class="p1"><span class="s1">The Fifth Amendment states in part: “No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury…. nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law.”</span></p> <p class="p1"><span class="s1">What is “due process of law”? It is a phrase whose origin stretches all the way to Magna Carta in the year 1215. It means “notice and hearing.” In a criminal case, that means the federal government is prohibited from depriving a person of life, liberty, and property without a formally issued grand-jury indictment and a formal trial, where the government must prove a person’s guilt beyond a reasonable doubt. In a civil case, it means that the government must provide advance notice and a formal hearing or trial before it can deprive a person of his property.</span></p> <p class="p1"><span class="s1">The centuries-old judicial principle of due process of law was destroyed when Congress enacted what are called asset-forfeiture laws, which are part of the decades-long federal effort to win the war on drugs, which is arguably the most failed, deadly, destructive, and racially bigoted government program in our nation’s history.</span></p> <p class="p1"><span class="s1">Realizing that all of their previous efforts to “win” the war on drugs had failed, the feds came up with what they considered was a brilliant idea, but one that actually has turned out to be one great big crooked and corrupt racket that forcibly takes money out of the pockets of law-abiding citizens and puts it in the coffers of state cops and the federal Drug Enforcement Administration, in direct contravention of the due process clause of the Fifth Amendment.</span></p> <p class="p1"><span class="s1">Here is how the system works. The state police decide to stop a late-model car traveling down the highway that is being driven, say, by an African-American. The cop might come up with some excuse for the stop, such as a defective tail light. After asking for a driver’s license and car registration, the cop will ask the driver if it’s okay if he searches the vehicle. The driver, who has nothing to hide, says yes. The cop finds a case containing $10,000 in cash. The driver explains that he is on his way to buy a used car for his son.</span></p> <p class="p1"><span class="s1">What happens then? Under traditional rules of jurisprudence, nothing should happen except to let driver proceed on his way, with, at most, a citation for a defective tail light. The driver has not committed any other offenses. Under our system of justice, he should be free to be on his way.</span></p> <p class="p1"><span class="s1">But that’s not what happens under the asset-forfeiture law. The law permits the cops to assume that the cash must be “drug money.” Thus, the law now permits the cop to just take the driver’s money and transport it back to the police station, where the loot is divided up between the police department and the DEA.</span></p> <p class="p1"><span class="s1">Notice something important about this process: There are no criminal charges filed against the driver. There is no advance notice of the seizure. There is no hearing or trial before the seizure. People, especially poorer people, are having their money seized and taken from them by the cops in direct violation of the due process clause of the Fifth Amendment (as well as the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment).</span></p> <p class="p1"><span class="s1">The cops say to their victim: If you don’t like what we are doing to you, you can sue us. And they can. But as a practical<span class="Apple-converted-space">  </span>matter, most don’t. They just resign themselves to the theft of their money. After all, most of them don’t have the money to hire a lawyer to file a lawsuit in the hope of getting their money back. Even if they do, they know that they’ll have to pay the lawyer $300-$500 an hour, with no assurance that they will prevail in the litigation. It’s just not worth it to most people, especially most poorer people.</span></p> <p class="p1"><span class="s1">It’s a classic case of highway robbery at the hands of the state. It’s also a classic example of how Americans have had their liberty destroyed by their own government, which was precisely what our ancestors were trying to prevent when they enacted the Bill of Rights.</span></p> <p><em>Originally published at the <a href="https://www.fff.org/2019/12/02/asset-forfeiture-and-the-destruction-of-american-liberty/">Future of Freedom Foundation</a> and reposted here with permission of the author.</em></p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Asset Forfeiture Due Process Jacob Hornberger Top 10 Founders Quotes on the Constitution and Liberty https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/top-10-founders-quotes-on-the-constitution-and-liberty/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:cfdf7635-07b6-75e0-5dc7-0762148f3d19 Mon, 02 Dec 2019 18:39:10 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/top-10-founders-quotes-on-the-constitution-and-liberty/" title="Top 10 Founders Quotes on the Constitution and Liberty" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/12/path-120219.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/path-120219.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/path-120219-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/path-120219-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/path-120219-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/path-120219-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/path-120219-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/path-120219-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/12/path-120219-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />Adams, Jefferson, Dickinson, Parsons and more &#8211; TAC&#8217;s Michael Boldin shares his personal top-10 favorite quotes, and the stories behind each. Path to Liberty: December 2, 2019 PODCAST VERSION Subscribe: iTunes &#124; Google Play &#124; Stitcher &#124; Spotify &#124; RSS SHOW LINKS: JOIN TAC Show Archives Subscribe and Review on iTunes Dickinson Letter 6 Washington [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/top-10-founders-quotes-on-the-constitution-and-liberty/" title="Top 10 Founders Quotes on the Constitution and Liberty" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/12/path-120219.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/path-120219.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/path-120219-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/path-120219-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/path-120219-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/path-120219-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/path-120219-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/12/path-120219-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/12/path-120219-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>Adams, Jefferson, Dickinson, Parsons and more &#8211; TAC&#8217;s Michael Boldin shares his personal top-10 favorite quotes, and the stories behind each.</p> <p>Path to Liberty: December 2, 2019<span id="more-33852"></span></p> <p><iframe width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/PhvY3eAYMmk?start=56" frameborder="0" 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Browser for Privacy and Help Support TAC</a></p> <p>YouTube: <a href="https://www.youtube.com/user/TenthAmendmentCenter">https://www.youtube.com/user/TenthAmendmentCenter</a><br /> Twitter: <a href="http://twitter.com/tenthamendment">http://twitter.com/tenthamendment</a><br /> Instagram: <a href="https://www.instagram.com/tenthamendmentcenter/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">https://www.instagram.com/tenthamendmentcenter/</a><br /> Periscope: <a href="https://www.periscope.tv/TenthAmendment/1zqKVOPPnZMGB" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">https://www.periscope.tv/TenthAmendment/</a><br /> Twitch: <a href="https://www.twitch.tv/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">https://www.twitch.tv/tenthamendmentcenter</a><br /> DLive: <a href="https://dlive.tv/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">https://dlive.tv/TenthAmendmentCenter</a><br /> Facebook: <a href="https://www.facebook.com/tenthamendmentcenter">https://www.facebook.com/tenthamendmentcenter</a><br /> Bitchute: <a href="https://www.bitchute.com/channel/X0AJnBhWbCkx/">https://www.bitchute.com/channel/X0AJnBhWbCkx/</a><br /> Minds: <a href="https://www.minds.com/TenthAmendmentCenter?referrer=TenthAmendmentCenter">https://www.minds.com/TenthAmendmentCenter</a></p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Audio/Video Founding Fathers Path to Liberty Founders Quotes Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center Blog 36:00 Adams, Jefferson, Dickinson, Parsons and more – TAC’s Michael Boldin shares his personal top-10 favorite quotes, and the stories behind each. Path to Liberty: December 2, 2019 PODCAST VERSION Subscribe: iTunes | Google Play | Stitcher | Spotify | RSS S... Adams, Jefferson, Dickinson, Parsons and more – TAC’s Michael Boldin shares his personal top-10 favorite quotes, and the stories behind each. Path to Liberty: December 2, 2019 PODCAST VERSION Subscribe: iTunes | Google Play | Stitcher | Spotify | RSS SHOW LINKS: JOIN TAC Show Archives Subscribe and Review on iTunes Dickinson Letter 6 Washington […] Facial Recognition “Robocops” See Through Our Clothes and Listen to Our Phone Calls https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/facial-recognition-robocops-see-through-our-clothes-and-listen-to-our-phone-calls/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:dbce6bb1-050f-16fa-7ade-f0f4e1becea1 Mon, 02 Dec 2019 11:39:47 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/facial-recognition-robocops-see-through-our-clothes-and-listen-to-our-phone-calls/" title="Facial Recognition &#8220;Robocops&#8221; See Through Our Clothes and Listen to Our Phone Calls" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/robot-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/robot-1280.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/robot-1280-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/robot-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/robot-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/robot-1280-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/robot-1280-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/robot-1280-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/robot-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />It has been six months since I informed the public about the dangers of police Knightscope robots that look an awful lot like Doctor Who&#8217;s infamous Dalek&#8217;s. At the time, I warned people that police would use Knightscope&#8217;s thermal imaging cameras to identify what is under everyone&#8217;s clothes. Now, a recent article in One Zero revealed that Knightscope has turned their [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/12/facial-recognition-robocops-see-through-our-clothes-and-listen-to-our-phone-calls/" title="Facial Recognition &#8220;Robocops&#8221; See Through Our Clothes and Listen to Our Phone Calls" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/robot-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/robot-1280.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/robot-1280-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/robot-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/robot-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/robot-1280-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/robot-1280-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/robot-1280-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/robot-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>It has been six months since I informed the public about the dangers of police <a href="https://www.knightscope.com/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Knightscope robots</a> that look an awful lot like Doctor Who&#8217;s infamous <a href="https://massprivatei.blogspot.com/2013/12/daleks-coming-to-school-near-you-may.html?q=Knightscope" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Dalek&#8217;s</a>. At the time, I warned people that police would use Knightscope&#8217;s thermal imaging cameras to identify what is under everyone&#8217;s clothes. Now, a recent <a href="https://onezero.medium.com/heres-how-knightscope-s-security-robots-surveil-the-public-c2c6d14ee2c2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">article</a> in <i>One Zero</i> revealed that Knightscope has turned their Robocops into mobile facial recognition devices that can also blacklist people.<span id="more-33836"></span></p> <blockquote><p>&#8220;One presentation slide features the company’s facial recognition capabilities, indicating that the company can surface a known person’s name, the similarity of the person’s face compared to a known image, and a log of other identities that the robot has seen.&#8221;</p></blockquote> <p>It is bad enough that the Feds and police use secret blacklists but it is an entirely different story when private companies like Knightscope use facial recognition to do the same thing.</p> <p>What we are seeing is a total transformation of our legal system run by corporate interests.</p> <p><i>One Zero</i> revealed that Knightscope can label someone a person of interest with terms like, &#8220;causes trouble or sketchy dude.&#8221;</p> <p>Thesaurus.com describes &#8217;causes trouble&#8217; as, &#8220;challenging the status quo, to disagree or to protest.&#8221;</p> <p>If law enforcement is using Robocops to blacklist people for challenging the status quo or disagreeing with our government then everyone should stand up and take notice.</p> <p>The article also indicated that Knightscope has access to things like domestic violence records, drivers license suspensions, custody disputes, and of course hostile terminations.</p> <p>Giving corporations access to court records and license plate information at the touch of a button is like opening all the flood gates of the Panama Canal at once and hoping nothing catastrophic happens.</p> <p>Right now, companies like Knightscope, the Digital Recognition Network, Vigilant Solutions, Rekor Systems, CLEAR, IdentoGo, and Lexis Nexis are collecting and storing vast amounts of personal data on everyone.</p> <p><i>WBUR</i> <a href="https://www.wbur.org/news/2019/11/25/boston-dynamics-robot-dog-massachusetts-state-police" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">revealed</a> that the Massachusetts State Police used General Dynamics, Robot Dog &#8220;as a mobile remote observation device to provide troopers with images of suspicious devices or potentially hazardous locations.&#8221;</p> <p>Police Robocops and Robot Dogs are doing much more than flagging people that cause trouble and taking images of suspicious devices.</p> <p><b>Robocops are listening to everyone&#8217;s phone calls</b></p> <p><i>One Zero&#8217;s</i> article also revealed that Knightscope&#8217;s Robocops can discreetly scan wireless devices and match a person&#8217;s face to their cell phone.</p> <blockquote><p>&#8220;This capability allows the robot to discreetly track individuals in its proximity, regardless of whether it can identify their faces. The presentation details how a person’s cell phone can be matched to their identity, and be used to track every time they come in proximity of a Knightscope robot over the course of several days.&#8221;</p></blockquote> <p>This is flabbergasting, not only are police using Stingray devices to intercept everyone&#8217;s cell phone calls, texts and pictures, but now can use they can use Robocops to secretly identify people&#8217;s phones</p> <p>The North Central Texas College Police Department <a href="http://www.nctc.edu/news/2019/08/nctc-welcomes-the-future-of-security.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">claims</a> their Robocop &#8220;will help minimize parking lot incidents&#8221; and it can use strobe LED lights on people.</p> <blockquote><p>&#8220;Knightscope’s ADM uses a powerful LED strobe effect, and continuous patrol sound to deter potential criminals. It uses face recognition, and thermal imaging sensors to automatically detect suspicious persons, or unauthorized vehicles.&#8221;</p></blockquote> <p>Knightscope&#8217;s reach into our private lives appears to be growing; they recently announced that their <a href="https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20191118005328/en/Knightscope-Kicks-Federal-Government-Initiative" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Federal Government Initiative</a> would put Robocops in the Pentagon, Intelligence Community and U.S. Military Forces.</p> <blockquote><p>“After years of developing Knightscope’s security robot technologies, we are excited to leverage our expertise to help the Nation better secure federal facilities, bases, and assets, which we view as a significant growth opportunity in the coming years,&#8221; said William Santana Li, chairman and chief executive officer, Knightscope, Inc.</p></blockquote> <p>Companies like Knightscope, <a href="https://ring.com/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Ring Doorbells</a>, and Amazon&#8217;s <a href="https://aws.amazon.com/rekognition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Rekognition</a> are a few examples of corporations profiting from monitoring the public.</p> <p>The Urban Dictionary&#8217;s <a href="https://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=sketchy" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">6th. example</a> of sketchy, is a perfect example of how corporations view profits versus privacy, &#8220;someone&#8217;s whose true intentions are at best, questionable.&#8221;</p> <p>And that is exactly how we should view law enforcement&#8217;s claims that Robocops and Robot Dogs are needed for public safety: questionable.</p> <p><em>This article was <a href="https://massprivatei.blogspot.com/2019/11/facial-recognition-robocops-see-through.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">originally published at MassPrivatei</a>.</em></p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Facial Recognition facial recognition Fourth Amendment Privacy robocop Spying surveillance jprivate Foiling the Feds: Interview with Erase the State https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/foiling-the-feds-interview-with-erase-the-state/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:ee09b3a3-5e94-3a67-f5cf-af3002444454 Sat, 30 Nov 2019 20:56:51 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/foiling-the-feds-interview-with-erase-the-state/" title="Foiling the Feds: Interview with Erase the State" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/chess-strategy-castle-yellow-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/chess-strategy-castle-yellow-1280.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/chess-strategy-castle-yellow-1280-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/chess-strategy-castle-yellow-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/chess-strategy-castle-yellow-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/chess-strategy-castle-yellow-1280-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/chess-strategy-castle-yellow-1280-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/chess-strategy-castle-yellow-1280-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/chess-strategy-castle-yellow-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />I recently appeared on the Erase the State podcast to talk about political decentralization and foiling the feds through nullification. In this interview, I make the case that centralized power is the biggest threat to our liberty. That means it&#8217;s imperative that we devolve power away from Washington D.C. How do we do it? Nullify. [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/foiling-the-feds-interview-with-erase-the-state/" title="Foiling the Feds: Interview with Erase the State" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/chess-strategy-castle-yellow-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/chess-strategy-castle-yellow-1280.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/chess-strategy-castle-yellow-1280-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/chess-strategy-castle-yellow-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/chess-strategy-castle-yellow-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/chess-strategy-castle-yellow-1280-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/chess-strategy-castle-yellow-1280-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/chess-strategy-castle-yellow-1280-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/chess-strategy-castle-yellow-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>I recently appeared on the Erase the State podcast to talk about political decentralization and foiling the feds through nullification.<span id="more-33824"></span></p> <p><iframe src="https://anchor.fm/erasethestate/embed/episodes/26--Foiling-the-Feds-with-Mike-Maharrey-e93tkp/a-aqtqo9" height="102px" width="400px" frameborder="0" scrolling="no"></iframe></p> <p>In this interview, I make the case that centralized power is the biggest threat to our liberty. That means it&#8217;s imperative that we devolve power away from Washington D.C. How do we do it? Nullify. I also explain why it&#8217;s important to understand the original meaning of the Constitution, even if you&#8217;re a hard-core libertarian who isn&#8217;t interested in a &#8220;statist document.&#8221;</p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Audio/Video Interviews Constitution Decentralization Nullification Mike Maharrey Elizabeth Warren’s wealth tax is unconstitutional – and why you shouldn’t believe law professors’ claims to the contrary https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/30/elizabeth-warrens-wealth-tax-is-unconstitutional-and-why-you-shouldnt-believe-law-professors-claims-to-the-contrary/ Tenth Amendment Center urn:uuid:cf294b82-04d7-d5d1-f7ca-5420a1407bd7 Sat, 30 Nov 2019 10:14:36 +0000 <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/30/elizabeth-warrens-wealth-tax-is-unconstitutional-and-why-you-shouldnt-believe-law-professors-claims-to-the-contrary/" title="Elizabeth Warren’s wealth tax is unconstitutional &#8211; and why you shouldn’t believe law professors&#8217; claims to the contrary" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Single-Glass-Jar-On-Wooden-She-86621576-tax-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Single-Glass-Jar-On-Wooden-She-86621576-tax-1280.png 1280w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Single-Glass-Jar-On-Wooden-She-86621576-tax-1280-300x169.png 300w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Single-Glass-Jar-On-Wooden-She-86621576-tax-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Single-Glass-Jar-On-Wooden-She-86621576-tax-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Single-Glass-Jar-On-Wooden-She-86621576-tax-1280-1080x608.png 1080w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Single-Glass-Jar-On-Wooden-She-86621576-tax-1280-980x551.png 980w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Single-Glass-Jar-On-Wooden-She-86621576-tax-1280-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Single-Glass-Jar-On-Wooden-She-86621576-tax-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />Democratic presidential candidate Sen. Elizabeth Warren’s (D-Mass.) proposal for a federal wealth tax is flatly unconstitutional. This is despite two letters of support from 17 law professors, who apparently signed their names without fully investigating the subject. The Constitution distinguishes between direct and indirect taxes. Indirect taxes must be uniform throughout the country. Congress must impose the same tax [&#8230;] <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/30/elizabeth-warrens-wealth-tax-is-unconstitutional-and-why-you-shouldnt-believe-law-professors-claims-to-the-contrary/" title="Elizabeth Warren’s wealth tax is unconstitutional &#8211; and why you shouldn’t believe law professors&#8217; claims to the contrary" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Single-Glass-Jar-On-Wooden-She-86621576-tax-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Single-Glass-Jar-On-Wooden-She-86621576-tax-1280.png 1280w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Single-Glass-Jar-On-Wooden-She-86621576-tax-1280-300x169.png 300w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Single-Glass-Jar-On-Wooden-She-86621576-tax-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Single-Glass-Jar-On-Wooden-She-86621576-tax-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Single-Glass-Jar-On-Wooden-She-86621576-tax-1280-1080x608.png 1080w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Single-Glass-Jar-On-Wooden-She-86621576-tax-1280-980x551.png 980w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Single-Glass-Jar-On-Wooden-She-86621576-tax-1280-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Single-Glass-Jar-On-Wooden-She-86621576-tax-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>Democratic presidential candidate Sen. Elizabeth Warren’s (D-Mass.) proposal for a federal <a href="https://www.theepochtimes.com/t-wealth-tax" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">wealth tax</a> is flatly unconstitutional. This is despite two letters of support from 17 law professors, who apparently signed their names without fully investigating the subject.</p> <div class="cover_container"> <div class="cover_container_static"> <p>The <a href="https://www.theepochtimes.com/t-constitution" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Constitution</a> distinguishes between direct and indirect taxes. Indirect taxes must be uniform throughout the country. Congress must impose the same tax rates on citizens of all states.</p> <p>But Congress must draft direct tax laws so their revenue is “apportioned” among states by population. Because wealth varies among the states, federal direct tax statutes must feature different rate schedules for each state. The 16th Amendment waived that requirement for income taxes, but not for other direct levies.</p> <p>Warren’s proposed wealth tax is a classic example of a direct tax. However, it would impose the same rates everywhere without regard to state boundaries, thereby violating the Constitution’s “apportionment” mandate.</p> <p>Why, then, would law professors sign <a class="" href="https://i2i.org/wp-content/uploads/Constitutionality-Letters.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">letters</a> certifying that her proposal is constitutional?</p> <p>It’s clear from their letters that the signers largely accept two myths about the Constitution’s taxation clauses: (1) the founders didn’t understand the difference between direct and indirect taxes; and (2) almost the only direct taxes are head taxes (which the Constitution calls “Capitations”) and levies on real estate.</p> <p>The first conclusion is commonly based on an incident at the Constitutional Convention. According to James Madison, Massachusetts delegate Rufus King asked the precise meaning of “direct taxation,” and no one answered him.</p> <p>But this silence didn’t necessarily stem from ignorance, and Madison never says it did. Ignorance would be unlikely, because the founding-era record shows very wide agreement on the differences between direct and indirect taxes.</p> <p>References to direct and indirect taxes appear in founding-era newspapers and pamphlets, government documents, economics treatises, the debates over the Constitution’s ratification, and British and American statutes.</p> <p>The direct/indirect distinction was central to 18th-century tax statutes. Indirect tax statutes placed “duties” on certain luxury items, such as carriages, and on discrete events. The principal “duties” were levies on imports and exports, domestic excises (essentially sales taxes), and charges on legal transactions, such as Parliament’s notorious 1765 Stamp Act.</p> <p>In addition to indirect tax laws, most jurisdictions enacted separate statutes imposing direct tax schemes. People sometimes referred to a scheme of direct levies as “the land tax.” That label may have confused some modern readers into thinking direct taxes were primarily those laid on real estate. In fact, direct tax or “land tax” statutes usually were levied on much more than land.</p> <p>Specifically, these statutes typically imposed levies on some or all of the following: annuities, loan proceeds, and other income; livestock, tools, machinery, and other business property; listed trades and occupations (“faculties”); household items—and wealth. Direct tax statutes frequently required that revenue be apportioned among local governments, such as towns and counties.</p> <p>The record of the constitutional debates shows a keen understanding of these facts. For example, John Marshall, the future chief justice, noted at the Virginia ratifying convention, “The objects of direct taxes are well understood,” and then proceeded to enumerate several of them.</p> <p>Oliver Ellsworth, a Constitutional Convention delegate and another future chief justice, emphasized the distinction when promoting the Constitution in Connecticut. Many of the Constitution’s opponents also discussed the distinction between direct and indirect impositions.</p> <p>The founding generation noted the vast number of items subject to direct taxes. They addressed how direct taxes caused hardship and how politicians might use them to target unpopular minorities—just as Warren is seeking to do. Many argued that Congress shouldn’t have the power to impose direct taxes at all. Ultimately, the framers added that power because it might be necessary to fund wartime revenue needs.</p> <p>As noted above, apportionment among smaller units of government was common. That fact encouraged the Constitution’s framers to require that federal direct taxes be apportioned among the states. They also hoped apportionment would protect minorities from being plundered by a ruling coalition. Further, the complexity of apportionment would discourage Congress from adopting direct levies when indirect ones were sufficient. (Some writers add that apportionment was designed partly to punish or accommodate slavery, but there is little evidence for this.)</p> <p>The facts about direct and indirect taxes are now readily available. They are laid out in a series of studies published over the past two decades, <a class="" href="https://i2i.org/wp-content/uploads/tax-article-pdf-final.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">including one I authored</a>. So why would 17 law professors sign letters claiming wealth taxes are indirect?</p> <p>Some people are tempted by political considerations—and in my long academic career, I learned that many law professors are among them. The fact that many of America’s law schools are one-sided political hothouses further encourages leftist passion at the expense of curiosity and care.</p> <p>When you are passionate, you prefer to expound before you investigate, and apparently, that occurred in this instance. The law professors’ letters show no familiarity with any of the major studies of the Constitution’s financial provisions. To the extent they contain any analysis, the letters merely extrapolate from some <a href="https://www.theepochtimes.com/t-supreme-court" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Supreme Court</a> cases issued before those studies were published.</p> <p>Even the treatment of the cases is flawed. For example, one letter deduces that wealth taxes are indirect from the Supreme Court’s holding that estate taxes are indirect. But wealth and estate taxes are different, and a primary factor behind the court’s estate tax conclusion is missing from wealth taxes.</p> <p>One of the two letters does cite a short, recent article defending the constitutionality of wealth taxes. But that article largely ignores the founding-era record, other than to repeat the discredited claim that the meaning of direct tax “was unclear to the Framers themselves.”</p> <p>My experience in legal academia taught me that most law professors don’t perform high-quality constitutional analysis. The political bias prevailing on law faculties discourages independent thinking. Moreover, most law professors don’t have the necessary skills: Most are hired with little experience beyond law school and are ignorant of historical method, and of the language, customs, ideas, and jurisprudence of the founding era.</p> <p>Not surprisingly, they have produced a great deal of nonsense. I have written <a href="https://i2i.org/constitution/articles-books-by-rob-natelson/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">elsewhere</a> about how law professors promulgated misinformation about the Constitution’s amendment process and many other constitutional provisions—and even about such non-political topics such as the <a class="" href="https://i2i.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/Comments-on-the-Historiography-of-Condominium-The-Myth-of-Roman-Origin-2.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">origins</a> of condominium ownership.  Their pronouncements about Warren’s wealth tax comprise yet another example.</p> <p>Whatever the Supreme Court has said in the past, the evidence is now compelling that wealth taxes are “direct” as the Constitution uses the term. Today’s Supreme Court justices all show considerable respect for the Constitution’s original meaning. Before this court, Warren’s wealth tax would be unlikely to survive.</p> <p><strong>This article <a href="https://www.theepochtimes.com/elizabeth-warrens-wealth-tax-proposal-is-unconstitutional-and-why-you-shouldnt-believe-law-professors-claims-to-the-contrary_3129095.html">first appeared</a> in the October 30, 2019 <em>Epoch Times</em>.</strong></p> </div> </div> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Current Events Direct Taxes Apportionment Elizabeth Warren Wealth Tax Rob Natelson Rights are Not Gifts from Government https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/rights-not-from-government/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:2e5d0df7-1309-23bf-0cde-f73dd39de39e Fri, 29 Nov 2019 23:25:29 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/rights-not-from-government/" title="Rights are Not Gifts from Government" rel="nofollow"><img width="1200" height="629" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2018/11/rights-not-gifts-from-government-red.jpg" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/11/rights-not-gifts-from-government-red.jpg 1200w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/11/rights-not-gifts-from-government-red-300x157.jpg 300w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/11/rights-not-gifts-from-government-red-768x403.jpg 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/11/rights-not-gifts-from-government-red-1024x537.jpg 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/11/rights-not-gifts-from-government-red-1080x566.jpg 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/11/rights-not-gifts-from-government-red-980x514.jpg 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/11/rights-not-gifts-from-government-red-480x252.jpg 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1200px) 100vw, 1200px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2018/11/rights-not-gifts-from-government-red-150x150.jpg" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />“A free people claim their rights as derived from the laws of nature, and not as the gift of their chief magistrate.” That’s how Thomas Jefferson put it in 1774. And it truly stands the test of time. Rights are not gifts from government. They don’t come from documents, or courts, or legislation &#8211; or [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/rights-not-from-government/" title="Rights are Not Gifts from Government" rel="nofollow"><img width="1200" height="629" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2018/11/rights-not-gifts-from-government-red.jpg" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/11/rights-not-gifts-from-government-red.jpg 1200w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/11/rights-not-gifts-from-government-red-300x157.jpg 300w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/11/rights-not-gifts-from-government-red-768x403.jpg 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/11/rights-not-gifts-from-government-red-1024x537.jpg 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/11/rights-not-gifts-from-government-red-1080x566.jpg 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/11/rights-not-gifts-from-government-red-980x514.jpg 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/11/rights-not-gifts-from-government-red-480x252.jpg 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1200px) 100vw, 1200px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2018/11/rights-not-gifts-from-government-red-150x150.jpg" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“A free people claim their rights as derived from the laws of nature, and not as the gift of their chief magistrate.”</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">That’s how Thomas Jefferson put it in 1774. And it truly stands the test of time.</span></p> <p><b>Rights are not gifts from government.</b></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">They don’t come from documents, or courts, or legislation &#8211; or anything of the like.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">But this essential principle is increasingly lost on a general public more concerned with the political soap opera of the day rather than the fact that both major parties have aggressively attacked the Constitution and liberty for decades.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">And what they’ve left, they treat as government-granted privileges &#8211; not rights.</span></p> <p><b>It’s not liberty if it comes with a government permission slip.</b></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">As the great revolutionary leader James Otis, Jr. put it, “When our rights are invaded, it is high time to throw aside prudence.”</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">We are so thankful to have the Founders’ wisdom available to us today &#8211; and for the ability to share this kind of information with more and more people every day.</span></p> <p><b>We couldn’t be more grateful for the opportunity to defend liberty at its time of maximum danger.</b></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Thank you so much for being here. We are so incredibly grateful for your support! </span>Our memberships start as little as 2 bucks a month. Seriously &#8211; we make 2 bucks go a long way.</p> <p>**Here&#8217;s a link for you to sign up, you know what to do!<br /> <strong><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a></strong></p> <p>We&#8217;ve got a LOT of work yet to do, but with your help, we can continue building a strong foundation for the Constitution and Liberty.</p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> James Otis Thomas Jefferson Rights thomas jefferson Michael Boldin Washington D.C. is Like a Broken Down Car https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/washington-d-c-is-like-a-broken-down-car/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:caa625ce-bac2-506c-8577-c11ff1c7c9d3 Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:39:43 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/washington-d-c-is-like-a-broken-down-car/" title="Washington D.C. is Like a Broken Down Car" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/shutterstock_56310223-uncle-sam-poster-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/shutterstock_56310223-uncle-sam-poster-1280.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/shutterstock_56310223-uncle-sam-poster-1280-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/shutterstock_56310223-uncle-sam-poster-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/shutterstock_56310223-uncle-sam-poster-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/shutterstock_56310223-uncle-sam-poster-1280-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/shutterstock_56310223-uncle-sam-poster-1280-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/shutterstock_56310223-uncle-sam-poster-1280-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/shutterstock_56310223-uncle-sam-poster-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />If you have a car that&#8217;s up on blocks without any wheels and a rusted out engine, you&#8217;re not going to get it running by switching out drivers. And yet this is the strategy most people use when it comes to politics. They focus all of their time, energy, and money on getting the &#8220;right [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/washington-d-c-is-like-a-broken-down-car/" title="Washington D.C. is Like a Broken Down Car" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/shutterstock_56310223-uncle-sam-poster-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/shutterstock_56310223-uncle-sam-poster-1280.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/shutterstock_56310223-uncle-sam-poster-1280-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/shutterstock_56310223-uncle-sam-poster-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/shutterstock_56310223-uncle-sam-poster-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/shutterstock_56310223-uncle-sam-poster-1280-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/shutterstock_56310223-uncle-sam-poster-1280-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/shutterstock_56310223-uncle-sam-poster-1280-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/shutterstock_56310223-uncle-sam-poster-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>If you have a car that&#8217;s up on blocks without any wheels and a rusted out engine, you&#8217;re not going to get it running by switching out drivers.<span id="more-33829"></span></p> <p>And yet this is the strategy most people use when it comes to politics. They focus all of their time, energy, and money on getting the &#8220;right people&#8221; elected to go to D.C.</p> <p>And nothing ever changes.</p> <p>Between you and me, I suspect there is no such thing as the &#8220;right people.&#8221; Not when it comes to liberty. I mean, there are obviously some people who are better than others. But the right people? I doubt it. Not in the world of national politics.</p> <p>The real problem is even the best people can&#8217;t fix a system that is as hopelessly broken as the federal government. It is so far from the Constitutional system the founding generation established, I doubt any of the founding fathers would even recognize it.</p> <p>The bottom line is Washington D.C. is never going to limit the power of Washington D.C. I don&#8217;t care who you send there. Just like a new driver isn&#8217;t going to fix our broken down car.</p> <p>This is why I focus my energy on state and local solutions. We need other power centers to undermine overreaching federal authority. States, and in some cases even localities, are those power centers.</p> <p>Don&#8217;t get me wrong. State and local governments are broken too. But you can have more impact within those smaller spheres. My work at that Tenth Amendment Center has proved that. And when it comes to issue-oriented politics, we&#8217;ve had successes in states as different as Oklahoma and California.</p> <p>I believe centralized authority is the biggest threat to liberty. That means decentralization is the biggest hope. We&#8217;re certainly not getting anywhere changing out drivers in the broken-down car.</p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Federal Power Decentralization Elections Politics Mike Maharrey Oppose a Disease at its Beginning https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/27/oppose-disease-at-its-beginning/ Tenth Amendment Center urn:uuid:07f69287-cc80-f878-7dd8-d624c8403676 Wed, 27 Nov 2019 21:44:30 +0000 <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/27/oppose-disease-at-its-beginning/" title="Oppose a Disease at its Beginning" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/john-dickinson-oppose-a-disease-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/john-dickinson-oppose-a-disease-1280.png 1280w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/john-dickinson-oppose-a-disease-1280-300x169.png 300w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/john-dickinson-oppose-a-disease-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/john-dickinson-oppose-a-disease-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/john-dickinson-oppose-a-disease-1280-1080x608.png 1080w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/john-dickinson-oppose-a-disease-1280-980x551.png 980w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/john-dickinson-oppose-a-disease-1280-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/john-dickinson-oppose-a-disease-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />If you give politicians an inch, they&#8217;ll take a mile. John Dickinson was one of the leading writers in the early days of the conflict. He insisted that the colonists needed to &#8220;oppose a disease at its beginning,&#8221; before the sickness could spread. Writing under the penname “A Farmer in Pennsylvania,” Dickinson published a series [&#8230;] <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/27/oppose-disease-at-its-beginning/" title="Oppose a Disease at its Beginning" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/john-dickinson-oppose-a-disease-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/john-dickinson-oppose-a-disease-1280.png 1280w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/john-dickinson-oppose-a-disease-1280-300x169.png 300w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/john-dickinson-oppose-a-disease-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/john-dickinson-oppose-a-disease-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/john-dickinson-oppose-a-disease-1280-1080x608.png 1080w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/john-dickinson-oppose-a-disease-1280-980x551.png 980w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/john-dickinson-oppose-a-disease-1280-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/john-dickinson-oppose-a-disease-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>If you give politicians an inch, they&#8217;ll take a mile.</p> <p>John Dickinson was one of the leading writers in the early days of the conflict. He insisted that the colonists needed to &#8220;oppose a disease at its beginning,&#8221; before the sickness could spread.</p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Writing under the penname “A Farmer in Pennsylvania,” Dickinson published a series of essays now known as  <a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/dickinson-empire-and-nation-letters-from-a-farmer" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><em>Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania</em></a> in a Philadelphia newspaper. Dickinson used his pen to vigorously oppose the Declaratory and Townshend Acts. </span></p> <p>The American colonist had effectively <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2017/02/15/nullifying-the-stamp-act/">nullified the hated Stamp Act</a> by refusing to enforce it and actively resisting its implementation. They defeated the mighty British empire utilizing virtually every strategy and direction available – from resolutions and declarations, to protest, resistance and even non-compliance by government officials. But the British weren&#8217;t about to concede their authority over the colonies. When Parliament repealed the Stamp Act, it passed the Declaratory Act declaring its absolute political superiority over the colonies. This Declaratory Act asserted that Parliament could make any laws binding the colonies “in all cases whatsoever.&#8221;</p> <p>A year later, Parliament put its words into action with the passage of the Townshend Acts. These laws imposed new taxes on the importation of paper, paint, lead, glass, and tea, and expanded the British government&#8217;s power to fight smuggling. The Townshend Acts included the<span style="font-weight: 400;"> New York Restraining Act. suspending the Assembly of New York&#8217;s legislative powers as punishment for failing to fully comply with orders from the crown.</span></p> <p>Dickinson warned that failure to confront this assertion of British power then and there would lead to dire consequences and loss of liberty down the road. In the sixth Letter from a Farmer, he argued that letting the government take on even a little bit of new power would eventually lead to bigger and bigger usurpations in the future.</p> <blockquote><p><em>“All artful rulers, who strive to extend their power beyond its just limits, endeavor to give to their attempts as much semblance of legality as possible. Those who succeed them may venture to go a little further; for each new encroachment will be strengthened by a former. ‘That which is now supported by examples, growing old, will become an example itself,’ and thus support fresh usurpations.”</em></p></blockquote> <p>He continued with this theme in the ninth essay, <span style="font-weight: 400;">chronicling the ways that the British Parliament, the Crown, and English judges were expanding their authority over the colonies. He concluded the essay with a warning in the form of a Spanish history lesson. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Spain, Dickinson said, was once free. Its governance was similar to that of the colonies. No money could be raised without the people’s’ consent. But an ongoing war against the Moores required funding. The king received a grant of money to fund the fight, but he was concerned it might not be a sufficient amount to pay for the war effort long-term. So, the king asked that “he might be allowed, </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400;">for that emergency only</span></i><span style="font-weight: 400;">, to raise more money without assembling the Cortes.” The Cortes was the Spanish representative body &#8212; similar to the Parliament. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Dickinson noted that the proposal was “violently opposed by the best and wisest men in the assembly.&#8221; But the majority approved the measure. And thus began a slide down a slippery slope. As Dickinson described it “this single concession was a PRECEDENT for other concessions of the like kind, until at last the crown obtained a general power of raising money, in cases of necessity.”</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The legislature gave an inch and the king took a mile. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Dickinson wrote:</span></p> <blockquote><p><span style="font-weight: 400;"> “From that period the Cortes ceased to be useful—the people ceased to be free.”</span></p></blockquote> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">He closed the letter with these Latin words of instruction: </span></p> <blockquote><p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Venienti occurrite morbo.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Oppose a disease at its beginning.</span></p></blockquote> <p>John Adams made <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/09/27/obsta-principiis-nip-the-shoots-of-arbitrary-power-in-the-bud/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">a similar argument</a> also using a Latin phrase: “Obsta principiis.” which means withstand beginnings, or resist the first approaches or encroachments. Colloquially, we would say, “nip it in the bud,” which is exactly the phraseology Adams used.</p> <blockquote><p><em>“Nip the shoots of arbitrary power in the bud, is the only maxim which can ever preserve the liberties of any people.”</em></p></blockquote> <p>Adams and Dickinson both recognized an important truth. When you allow a government to chip away at the limits on its power, eventually the dam will burst. You will end up with a government exercising virtually unlimited authority – arbitrary power. At that point, it becomes difficult, if not impossible, to rein it back in. Adams wrote:</p> <blockquote><p><em>“When the people give way, their deceivers, betrayers, and destroyers press upon them so fast, that there is no resisting afterwards.”</em></p></blockquote> <p>You can&#8217;t tear down a fence and then expect the animals to stay in the field. Once the fence is gone, the animals will wander. The same thing happens when we tear down fences around government power. The government will wander further and further away from its restraints and accumulate more and more power for itself. As Dickinson wrote, &#8220;Each new encroachment will be strengthened by a former.&#8221;</p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Politicians love to use emergencies as an excuse to expand their own power. But once the new policy is in place, it never goes away &#8211; even after the emergency has long passed. In fact, the new policy almost always becomes a springboard to expand government power even more. </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">The <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/patriot-act-on-steroids-surveillance-state-beyond-section-215/">Patriot Act is a perfect example</a>. Nearly two decades after 9/11 the federal government is still using that act to justify spying on all of us all the time.</span></p> <p>This is why we must hold the line on the Constitution: Every issue, every time. No exceptions, no excuses.</p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> John Adams John Dickinson government power john adams Letters from a Farmer Stamp Act Townshend Acts Mike Maharrey Top-8 Lies About the Constitution https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/top-8-lies-about-the-constitution/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:8737564e-72e3-684d-a47e-75f7cef09e87 Wed, 27 Nov 2019 15:08:32 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/top-8-lies-about-the-constitution/" title="Top-8 Lies About the Constitution" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/video-thumbnail-more-constitution-3.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/video-thumbnail-more-constitution-3.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/video-thumbnail-more-constitution-3-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/video-thumbnail-more-constitution-3-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/video-thumbnail-more-constitution-3-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/video-thumbnail-more-constitution-3-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/video-thumbnail-more-constitution-3-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/video-thumbnail-more-constitution-3-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/video-thumbnail-more-constitution-3-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />Supporters of the monster state count on people being unaware of the original, legal meaning of the Constitution. They push so many lies that I can hardly keep track of them all. Here are the top-8 that came to mind first. (1) Federal law is always supreme over conflicting state laws (2) Only the Supreme [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/top-8-lies-about-the-constitution/" title="Top-8 Lies About the Constitution" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/video-thumbnail-more-constitution-3.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/video-thumbnail-more-constitution-3.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/video-thumbnail-more-constitution-3-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/video-thumbnail-more-constitution-3-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/video-thumbnail-more-constitution-3-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/video-thumbnail-more-constitution-3-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/video-thumbnail-more-constitution-3-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/video-thumbnail-more-constitution-3-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/video-thumbnail-more-constitution-3-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>Supporters of the monster state count on people being unaware of the original, legal meaning of the Constitution. They push so many lies that I can hardly keep track of them all.</p> <p>Here are the top-8 that came to mind first.</p> <p>(1) Federal law is always supreme over conflicting state laws</p> <p>(2) Only the Supreme Court determines if something violates the Constitution. And their decision is final.</p> <p>(3) The &#8220;general Welfare&#8221; clause means Congress can pass whatever it wants to supposedly &#8220;help&#8221; people around the country.</p> <p>(4) The way to deal with unconstitutional federal programs is “vote the bums out” or sue in federal court.</p> <p>(5) The &#8220;necessary and proper&#8221; clause means the feds can do just about anything.</p> <p>(6) The Constitution is “living and breathing,” and it must be interpreted differently now to change with the times.</p> <p>(7) Every problem has a federal solution.</p> <p>(8) The &#8220;commerce clause&#8221; empowers the feds to regulate or even prohibit things that in any way “have an effect” on interstate commerce.</p> <p>I&#8217;m pretty sure that you can probably give a strong answer to most, if not all of these. But even if you can, I&#8217;m sure you know someone else who can&#8217;t.</p> <p>Either way, we&#8217;ve published over TEN THOUSAND articles, blogs, news reports, podcasts and videos to smash these kinds of lies to bits.</p> <p>We work to educate people on the proper role of government under the Constitution and activate them to reject, resist and nullify all unconstitutional acts.</p> <p><strong>Nothing helps us get this work done more than the support of our members. </strong></p> <p>Our memberships start as little as 2 bucks a month. Seriously &#8211; we make 2 bucks go a long way.</p> <p>**Here&#8217;s a link for you to sign up, you know what to do!<br /> <strong><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a></strong></p> <p>We&#8217;ve got a LOT of work yet to do, but with your help, we can continue building a strong foundation for the Constitution and Liberty.</p> <p><strong>Wishing you and yours a Happy Thanksgiving!</strong></p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Constitution The Opposition Lies Michael Boldin South Carolina Bill Would Ban Facial Recognition on Police Body Cameras https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/south-carolina-bill-would-ban-facial-recognition-on-police-body-cameras/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:4fc06355-32cf-72a2-9a6a-da21d77ba692 Tue, 26 Nov 2019 20:45:58 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/south-carolina-bill-would-ban-facial-recognition-on-police-body-cameras/" title="South Carolina Bill Would Ban Facial Recognition on Police Body Cameras" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/04/police-body-camera-1280.jpg" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/04/police-body-camera-1280.jpg 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/04/police-body-camera-1280-279x157.jpg 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/04/police-body-camera-1280-768x432.jpg 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/04/police-body-camera-1280-1024x576.jpg 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/04/police-body-camera-1280-1080x608.jpg 1080w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/04/police-body-camera-1280-150x150.jpg" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />COLUMBIA, S.C. (Nov. 26, 2019) &#8211; A bill prefiled in the South Carolina House would ban police from using facial recognition and biometric surveillance technology in conjunction with body-worn cameras. The law would not only help protect privacy in the Palmetto State, but it would also hinder one aspect of the federal surveillance state. Rep. [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/south-carolina-bill-would-ban-facial-recognition-on-police-body-cameras/" title="South Carolina Bill Would Ban Facial Recognition on Police Body Cameras" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/04/police-body-camera-1280.jpg" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/04/police-body-camera-1280.jpg 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/04/police-body-camera-1280-279x157.jpg 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/04/police-body-camera-1280-768x432.jpg 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/04/police-body-camera-1280-1024x576.jpg 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/04/police-body-camera-1280-1080x608.jpg 1080w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/04/police-body-camera-1280-150x150.jpg" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p><strong>COLUMBIA</strong>, S.C. (Nov. 26, 2019) &#8211; A bill prefiled in the South Carolina House would ban police from using facial recognition and biometric surveillance technology in conjunction with body-worn cameras. The law would not only help protect privacy in the Palmetto State, but it would also hinder one aspect of the federal surveillance state.<span id="more-33830"></span></p> <p>Rep. Leon Stavrinakis (D-Charleston) and Rep. Todd Rutherford (D-Richland) introduced House Bill 4709 (<a href="https://www.scstatehouse.gov/billsearch.php?billnumbers=4709&amp;session=123&amp;summary=B" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">H4709</a>) on Nov. 20. The legislation would prohibit police from installing, activating, or using any biometric surveillance system, including facial recognition, with an officer body-worn camera or on information collected by an officer&#8217;s camera.</p> <p>The bill defines a biometric surveillance system as any system that gathers &#8220;physiological, biological, or behavioral characteristics that can be used, singly or in combination with each other or with other information, to establish individual identity,&#8221; including facial recognition technology.</p> <p>H4709 would make any evidence gathered in violation of the law inadmissible in any trial, hearing or proceeding in state court.</p> <p>California <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/10/signed-as-law-california-bans-facial-recognition-on-police-body-cameras/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Gov. Gavin Newsom recently signed a bill</a> into law that institutes a similar ban for three years despite intense law enforcement opposition.</p> <p><strong>IMPACT ON FEDERAL PROGRAMS</strong></p> <p>A <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/07/12/dont-rely-on-congress-to-stop-facial-recognition-surveillance/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">recent report revealed</a> that the federal government has turned state drivers’ license photos into a giant facial recognition database, putting virtually every driver in America in a perpetual electronic police lineup. The revelations generated widespread outrage, but this story isn’t new. The federal government has been developing <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2016/10/31/local-state-and-federal-law-enforcement-partnering-to-create-massive-facial-recognition-system/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">a massive, nationwide facial recognition system</a> for years.</p> <p>The FBI <a href="https://money.cnn.com/2014/09/16/technology/security/fbi-facial-recognition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">rolled out a nationwide facial-recognition program</a> in the fall of 2014, with the goal of building a giant biometric database with pictures provided by the states and corporate friends.</p> <p>In 2016, the Center on Privacy and Technology at Georgetown Law released “The Perpetual Lineup,” a massive report on law enforcement use of facial recognition technology in the U.S. You can read the complete report at <a href="https://www.perpetuallineup.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">perpetuallineup.org</a>. The organization conducted a year-long investigation and collected more than 15,000 pages of documents through more than 100 public records requests. The report paints a disturbing picture of intense cooperation between the federal government, and state and local law enforcement to develop a massive facial recognition database.</p> <blockquote><p>“Face recognition is a powerful technology that requires strict oversight. But those controls, by and large, don’t exist today,” report co-author <a href="https://theintercept.com/2016/10/18/study-lack-of-face-recognition-oversight-threatens-privacy-of-millions/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Clare Garvie said</a>. “With only a few exceptions, there are no laws governing police use of the technology, no standards ensuring its accuracy, and no systems checking for bias. It’s a wild west.”</p></blockquote> <p>There are <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/10/whats-the-big-problem-with-facial-recognition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">many technical and legal problems</a> with facial recognition, including significant concerns about the accuracy of the technology, particularly when reading the facial features of minority populations. During a test run by the ACLU of Northern California, <a href="https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/ne8wa8/amazons-facial-recognition-misidentified-1-in-5-california-lawmakers-as-criminals" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">facial recognition misidentified 26 members of the California legislature</a> as people in a database of arrest photos.</p> <p>With facial recognition technology, police and other government officials have the capability to track individuals in real-time. These systems allow law enforcement agents to use video cameras and continually scan everybody who walks by. According to the report, several major police departments have expressed an interest in this type of real-time tracking. Documents revealed agencies in at least five major cities, including Los Angeles, either claimed to run real-time face recognition off of street cameras, bought technology with the capability, or expressed written interest in buying it.</p> <p>In all likelihood, the federal government heavily involves itself in helping state and local agencies obtain this technology. The feds provide grant money to local law enforcement agencies for a vast array of surveillance gear, including ALPRs, stingray devices and drones. The federal government essentially encourages and funds a giant nationwide surveillance net and then taps into the information via fusion centers and the Information Sharing Environment (ISE).</p> <p>Fusion centers were sold as a tool to combat terrorism, but that is not how they are being used. The ACLU pointed to a <a href="https://www.hsgac.senate.gov/subcommittees/investigations/media/investigative-report-criticizes-counterterrorism-reporting-waste-at-state-and-local-intelligence-fusion-centers" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">bipartisan congressional report</a> to demonstrate the true nature of government fusion centers: “They haven’t contributed anything meaningful to counterterrorism efforts. Instead, they have largely served as police surveillance and information sharing nodes for law enforcement efforts targeting the frequent subjects of police attention: Black and brown people, immigrants, dissidents, and the poor.”</p> <p>Fusion centers operate within the broader ISE. According to <a href="http://www.dni.gov/index.php/about/organization/information-sharing-environment-what-we-do" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">its website</a>, the ISE “provides analysts, operators, and investigators with information needed to enhance national security. These analysts, operators, and investigators…have mission needs to collaborate and share information with each other and with private sector partners and our foreign allies.” In other words, ISE serves as a conduit for the sharing of information gathered without a warrant. Known ISE partners include the Office of Director of National Intelligence which oversees 17 federal agencies and organizations, including the NSA. ISE utilizes these partnerships to collect and share data on the millions of unwitting people they track.</p> <p>In a nutshell, without state and local cooperation, the feds have a much more difficult time gathering information. Passage of state laws limiting facial recognition eliminates one avenue for gathering facial recognition data. Simply put, data that doesn’t exist cannot be entered into federal databases.</p> <p><strong>WHAT&#8217;S NEXT</strong></p> <p>H709 will be officially introduced and referred to the <a href="https://www.scstatehouse.gov/committee.php?chamber=H" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">House Judiciary Committee</a> when the regular session convenes on Jan. 13, 2020.</p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Facial Recognition State Bills facial recognition Fourth Amendment H4709 Privacy South Carolina surveillance Mike Maharrey Second Amendment Sanctuaries: Rhetoric vs. Reality https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/26/second-amendment-sanctuaries-rhetoric-vs-reality/ Tenth Amendment Center urn:uuid:6b43164c-33a0-282c-b2f5-fb11744772eb Tue, 26 Nov 2019 15:48:07 +0000 <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/26/second-amendment-sanctuaries-rhetoric-vs-reality/" title="Second Amendment Sanctuaries: Rhetoric vs. Reality" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Bullets-and-gun-on-a-Gadsden-f-7692437-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Bullets-and-gun-on-a-Gadsden-f-7692437-1280.png 1280w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Bullets-and-gun-on-a-Gadsden-f-7692437-1280-300x169.png 300w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Bullets-and-gun-on-a-Gadsden-f-7692437-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Bullets-and-gun-on-a-Gadsden-f-7692437-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Bullets-and-gun-on-a-Gadsden-f-7692437-1280-1080x608.png 1080w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Bullets-and-gun-on-a-Gadsden-f-7692437-1280-980x551.png 980w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Bullets-and-gun-on-a-Gadsden-f-7692437-1280-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Bullets-and-gun-on-a-Gadsden-f-7692437-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />Politicians in a growing number of local governments are claiming to have created “2nd Amendment Sanctuaries.” But, so far they&#8217;ve missed the mark by a wide margin. Contrary to the rhetoric being spread in support of these efforts, virtually none of these jurisdictions have passed laws equivalent to even the most modest immigration &#8220;sanctuary city&#8221; [&#8230;] <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/26/second-amendment-sanctuaries-rhetoric-vs-reality/" title="Second Amendment Sanctuaries: Rhetoric vs. Reality" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Bullets-and-gun-on-a-Gadsden-f-7692437-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Bullets-and-gun-on-a-Gadsden-f-7692437-1280.png 1280w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Bullets-and-gun-on-a-Gadsden-f-7692437-1280-300x169.png 300w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Bullets-and-gun-on-a-Gadsden-f-7692437-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Bullets-and-gun-on-a-Gadsden-f-7692437-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Bullets-and-gun-on-a-Gadsden-f-7692437-1280-1080x608.png 1080w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Bullets-and-gun-on-a-Gadsden-f-7692437-1280-980x551.png 980w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Bullets-and-gun-on-a-Gadsden-f-7692437-1280-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/bigstock-Bullets-and-gun-on-a-Gadsden-f-7692437-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>Politicians in a growing number of local governments are claiming to have created “2nd Amendment Sanctuaries.” But, so far they&#8217;ve missed the mark by a wide margin.</p> <p>Contrary to the rhetoric being spread in support of these efforts, virtually none of these jurisdictions have passed laws equivalent to even the most modest immigration &#8220;sanctuary city&#8221; policy. In fact, most of them aren’t passing laws at all.</p> <p>While there is no concrete, legal definition of a sanctuary city, when it comes to immigration, the generally-accepted view is that the local government refuses to participate in the enforcement of a narrow to wide range of federal immigration laws.</p> <p>San Francisco might be the most prominent of these. The “City and County of Refuge” Ordinance, also known as the Sanctuary Ordinance, was first passed there in 1989 and was amended as recently as 2013.</p> <p><a href="https://sfgov.org/oceia/sanctuary-city-ordinance-0" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">According to the city government website</a>, it “generally prohibits City employees from using City funds or resources to assist Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) in the enforcement of federal immigration law unless such assistance is required by federal or state law.”</p> <p>On the narrower end of the spectrum, a number of counties in Iowa have found themselves on lists of sanctuaries because county sheriffs decided that without first getting a warrant or court order, they would not honor detainer requests from ICE and hold individuals suspected of being in the country illegally.</p> <p>In reviewing recently-passed “2nd Amendment Sanctuary” measures in Texas, Illinois, Oregon, Florida, Arizona and elsewhere, none of them prohibit any local government employees from using funds or resources to assist in the enforcement of federal or even state gun laws or regulations. And other than a few outliers, almost none of them have passed any laws at all, despite making public claims to have created a “sanctuary” for gun owners.</p> <p>In Hood County, Texas, for example, Sheriff Roger Deeds has been outspoken in recent months about his desire for a sanctuary there, and the Commissioners Court obliged by <a href="https://www.scribd.com/document/434070041/Hood-County-Texas-2nd-Amendment-Sanctuary-Resolution" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">unanimously passing a resolution </a>sponsored by Commissioner James Deaver.</p> <p>It specifically declares Hood to be a “Second Amendment Sanctuary County,” and states that it will not “appropriate government funds, resources, employees, agencies, contractors, building, detention centers or offices for the purpose of enforcing a law that unconstitutionally infringes on the right of people to keep and bear arms.”</p> <p>The problem with this effort, and for those claiming to have created a sanctuary for gun owners, is the fact that Hood County passed a resolution — not an ordinance.</p> <p>According to the <a href="https://www.tmcec.com/files/2515/4335/6688/00_-_Henry_BINDER_Ordinances_Beginning_Judges_TMCEC_2014.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Texas Municipal Courts Education Center </a>(TMCEC), local governing bodies make law by passing an ordinance. A resolution “does not have the force of law” and is used as “an expression of an opinion of the legislative body.”</p> <p>Despite Hood County’s claim to be a “Second Amendment Sanctuary County,” its resolution doesn’t stop the enforcement of any gun measure. It is merely the opinion of those who voted to pass it — and nothing more.</p> <p>This problem isn’t exclusive to Hood County.</p> <p>At the time of this writing, at least a dozen other Texas counties have also claimed “Second Amendment Sanctuary” status. All of them have passed non-binding resolutions that don’t prohibit the enforcement of anything.</p> <p>The same has happened in dozens of counties in Illinois, along with <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/08/lake-county-florida-falsely-claims-to-be-a-2nd-amendment-sanctuary/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Lake County</a>, Florida, <a href="https://www.phoenixnewtimes.com/news/second-amendment-sanctuary-undocumented-mohave-tucson-vote-election-11384051" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Mohave County</a>, Arizona, and elsewhere.</p> <p>This doesn&#8217;t mean that resolutions don&#8217;t have a place in a strategy to defend the right to keep and bear arms. Thomas Jefferson famously drafted resolutions in response to the Alien and Sedition Acts, and the Kentucky legislature passed them in November, 1798. But supporters there <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2hQsEarVDvE" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">didn&#8217;t claim they nullified </a>the hated federal acts, even though they called on all states to do just that.</p> <p>In Oregon, <a href="https://www.scribd.com/document/434070521/Columbia-County-Oregon-2nd-Amendment-Preservation-Ordinance" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">where voters last November passed </a>eight county-level “Second Amendment Preservation Ordinances” rather than mere resolutions, the laws only prohibit the use of local resources for the enforcement of gun laws or regulations if it’s first determined that they are unconstitutional.</p> <p>In other words, enforcement assistance continues until a law or regulation is struck down.</p> <p>That approach is the exact opposite of what’s happening in San Francisco and other immigration sanctuaries around the country.</p> <p>While those cities have drawn a growing ire from many conservatives and republicans, it’s almost certain these self-styled Second Amendment Sanctuaries won’t get the same treatment from their ideological opponents unless they dramatically change their strategy and pass laws that <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/legislation/2nd-amendment-preservation-act/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">actually do something</a>.</p> <p><em>Originally published at <a href="https://mises.org/wire/second-amendment-sanctuaries-rhetoric-vs-reality">Mises.org</a> and reposted here under a <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/">Creative Commons 4.0</a> License</em></p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Local Right to Keep and Bear Arms Strategy Gun Rights Sanctuary Immigration Sanctuary Ordinance Resolutions Sanctuary Cities Michael Boldin Principle over Party: We Were Warned About “Factions” https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/principle-over-party-we-were-warned-about-factions/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:2c74884f-dff0-021e-09a2-b401df35db89 Tue, 26 Nov 2019 01:31:38 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/principle-over-party-we-were-warned-about-factions/" title="Principle over Party: We Were Warned About &#8220;Factions&#8221;" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/principle-over-party-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/principle-over-party-1280.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/principle-over-party-1280-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/principle-over-party-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/principle-over-party-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/principle-over-party-1280-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/principle-over-party-1280-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/principle-over-party-1280-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/principle-over-party-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />This is why you’ll never see the TAC pandering to a political party, or changing our positions based on which team is in charge in Washington D.C.  <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/principle-over-party-we-were-warned-about-factions/" title="Principle over Party: We Were Warned About &#8220;Factions&#8221;" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/principle-over-party-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/principle-over-party-1280.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/principle-over-party-1280-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/principle-over-party-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/principle-over-party-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/principle-over-party-1280-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/principle-over-party-1280-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/principle-over-party-1280-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/principle-over-party-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“I would quarrel with both parties, and with every individual of each,” John Adams wrote in 1763, “before I would subjugate my understanding, or prostitute my tongue or pen to either.”</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">He sure didn’t mince words. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">And neither did many other leading founders who warned us of the dangers of rule by party, or what they more commonly called “factions.”</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Adams himself repeated the warning in a 1780 letter to Jonathan Jackson.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">“There is nothing I dread So much, as a Division of the Republick into two great Parties.”</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">He was far from alone. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">In his Farewell Address, George Washington warned us that rule by faction would lead to “a more formal and permanent despotism.”</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">He put it this way. “The alternate domination of one faction over another, sharpened by the spirit of revenge, natural to party dissension, which in different ages and countries has perpetrated the most horrid enormities, is itself a frightful despotism.”</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">If we aren’t there already, things are pretty darn close.</span></p> <p><b>But none of this should be a surprise. This is the nature of government and power.</b></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">As Patrick Henry put it in a 1788 speech, “That Government is no more than a choice among evils &#8230; has been a standing maxim for ages.”</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">This is why you’ll never see the TAC pandering to a political party, or changing our positions based on which team is in charge in Washington D.C. </span></p> <p><b>For us, it’s principle over party &#8211; all the time.</b><span style="font-weight: 400;"> And that means we stand for the Constitution: Every issue, every time. No exceptions, no excuses.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">We are extremely grateful for <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/donate/"><strong>your support</strong></a>.</span></p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> George Washington John Adams Patrick Henry Republocrats Factions Political Parties Michael Boldin South Carolina Bill Would Set the Foundation to Block Federal Gun Control https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/south-carolina-bill-would-set-the-foundation-to-block-federal-gun-control/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:9c326380-812e-bfd6-de5c-75c30b220b39 Mon, 25 Nov 2019 20:50:37 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/south-carolina-bill-would-set-the-foundation-to-block-federal-gun-control/" title="South Carolina Bill Would Set the Foundation to Block Federal Gun Control" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/02/2a-bear-arms-far-1280.jpg" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/02/2a-bear-arms-far-1280.jpg 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/02/2a-bear-arms-far-1280-279x157.jpg 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/02/2a-bear-arms-far-1280-768x432.jpg 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/02/2a-bear-arms-far-1280-1024x576.jpg 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/02/2a-bear-arms-far-1280-1080x608.jpg 1080w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/02/2a-bear-arms-far-1280-150x150.jpg" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />COLUMBIA, S.C. (Nov. 25, 2019) &#8211; A bill prefiled in the South Carolina House would take a step toward creating a “gun rights sanctuary state” by banning state and local enforcement of any future federal gun control. Passage into law would represent an important foundational step toward undermining federal acts that infringe on the right [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/south-carolina-bill-would-set-the-foundation-to-block-federal-gun-control/" title="South Carolina Bill Would Set the Foundation to Block Federal Gun Control" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/02/2a-bear-arms-far-1280.jpg" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/02/2a-bear-arms-far-1280.jpg 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/02/2a-bear-arms-far-1280-279x157.jpg 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/02/2a-bear-arms-far-1280-768x432.jpg 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/02/2a-bear-arms-far-1280-1024x576.jpg 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/02/2a-bear-arms-far-1280-1080x608.jpg 1080w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/02/2a-bear-arms-far-1280-150x150.jpg" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p><strong>COLUMBIA</strong>, S.C. (Nov. 25, 2019) &#8211; A bill prefiled in the South Carolina House would take a step toward creating a “gun rights sanctuary state” by banning state and local enforcement of any future federal gun control. Passage into law would represent an important foundational step toward undermining federal acts that infringe on the right to keep and bear arms within the state.<span id="more-33794"></span></p> <p>Rep. Stewart Jones (R-Laurens) filed House Bill 4704 (<a href="https://www.scstatehouse.gov/billsearch.php?billnumbers=4704&amp;session=123&amp;summary=B" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">H.4704</a>) on Nov. 20. Titled the “Second Amendment Preservation Act,” the legislation would ban the allocation of public funds, personnel, or property for the implementation, regulation, or enforcement of any executive orders, presidential directives or acts of the United States Congress passed after Jan. 1, 2020, that regulate the ownership, use, or possession of firearms, ammunition, or firearm accessories.</p> <p>In August, Jones and 40 of his colleagues in the South Carolina General Assembly sent a <a href="https://www.thestate.com/news/politics-government/article234709507.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.thestate.com/news/politics-government/article234709507.html&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1569591446481000&amp;usg=AFQjCNFGH_Bj0NNYF8ZpHQezUSQGlhMrTw">letter</a> to President Trump and the South Carolina congressional delegation warning about the dangers of Red Flag legislation. While the administration seems to have backed off from federal red flag laws, there are now plans being floated to incentivize states to enforce their own red flag laws.</p> <blockquote><p>&#8220;Unfortunately, there is now talk about pushing federal funding to states that will enforce red flag laws and potentially other gun confiscation methods. I am calling on state legislators across the United States to send a message to the federal government by passing the Second Amendment Preservation Act in order to prohibit any infringement on our right to keep and bear arms &#8230; The Founding Fathers warned us to never trade liberty for security, but that is exactly what is happening before our very eyes.&#8221;</p></blockquote> <p>On March 20, 2014, Idaho Gov. Butch Otter <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2014/03/new-idaho-law-effectively-nullifies-future-federal-gun-control/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">signed a similar bill</a> that effectively nullifies any federal gun laws passed after that date.</p> <p><strong>EFFECTIVE</strong></p> <p>The federal government relies heavily on state cooperation to implement and enforce almost all of its laws, regulations and acts – including gun control. By simply withdrawing this necessary cooperation, states and localities can nullify in effect many federal actions. As noted by the National Governors’ Association during the partial government shutdown of 2013, “states are partners with the federal government on most federal programs.”</p> <p>Based on <a href="http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2016/12/15/james-madison-four-steps-to-stop-federal-programs/">James Madison’s advice for states and individuals</a> in <em>Federalist #46</em>, a “refusal to cooperate with officers of the Union” represents an extremely effective method to bring down federal gun control measures because most enforcement actions rely on help, support and leadership from state and local governments.</p> <p>Fox News senior judicial analyst Judge Andrew Napolitano agreed. In a televised discussion on the issue, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2014/08/andrew-napolitano-federal-gun-laws-nearly-impossible-to-enforce-without-state-assistance/">he noted that a single state taking this step</a> would make federal gun laws “nearly impossible” to enforce.</p> <p>“Partnerships don’t work too well when half the team quits,” said Michael Boldin of the Tenth Amendment Center. “By withdrawing all resources and participation in federal gun control, states and even local governments can help bring these unconstitutional act to their much-needed end.”</p> <p>Some gun-rights supporters have argued that such a measure is “unnecessary” because it addresses a nonexistent problem with an NRA-backed president. Trump’s bump stock ban obliterates this fallacy. Furthermore, the Trump administration actually <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/07/29/report-trump-administration-ramps-up-enforcement-of-federal-gun-laws/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">ramped up enforcement of federal gun laws in 2017</a>.</p> <p><strong>LEGAL BASIS</strong></p> <p>The state of South Carolina can legally bar state agents from enforcing federal gun control. Refusal to cooperate with federal enforcement rests on a well-established legal principle known as the <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/05/23/anti-commandeering-an-overview-of-five-major-supreme-court-cases/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">anti-commandeering doctrine</a>.</p> <p>Simply put, the federal government cannot force states to help implement or enforce any federal act or program. The anti-commandeering doctrine is based primarily on five Supreme Court cases dating back to 1842. <em>Printz v. U.S.</em> serves as the cornerstone.</p> <blockquote><p>“We held in New York that Congress cannot compel the States to enact or enforce a federal regulatory program. Today we hold that Congress cannot circumvent that prohibition by conscripting the States’ officers directly. The Federal Government may neither issue directives requiring the States to address particular problems, nor command the States’ officers, or those of their political subdivisions, to administer or enforce a federal regulatory program. It matters not whether policy making is involved, and no case by case weighing of the burdens or benefits is necessary; such commands are fundamentally incompatible with our constitutional system of dual sovereignty”</p></blockquote> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>H.4704 will be officially introduced and referred to the <a href="https://www.scstatehouse.gov/committee.php?chamber=H#jud" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">House Judiciary Committee</a> when the regular session begins Jan. 13, 2020. It will need to pass by a majority vote before moving forward in the legislative process.</p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Right to Keep and Bear Arms State Bills 2nd Amendment Preservation Act anti-commandeering firearms second amendment South Carolina Mike Maharrey Patriot Act on Steroids: Surveillance State Beyond Section 215 https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/patriot-act-on-steroids-surveillance-state-beyond-section-215/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:66232df1-dd5e-4305-73a1-8cc9cb0ea785 Mon, 25 Nov 2019 18:47:32 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/patriot-act-on-steroids-surveillance-state-beyond-section-215/" title="Patriot Act on Steroids: Surveillance State Beyond Section 215" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/path-112519-b.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-112519-b.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-112519-b-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-112519-b-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-112519-b-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-112519-b-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-112519-b-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-112519-b-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/path-112519-b-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />While Constitution supporters are outraged about the latest extension of parts of the P.A.T.R.I.O.T. Act, there is much more that was permanent from day one. Everything from fusion centers and information sharing, to national security letters, TSA enhanced screening and the growth of facial recognition &#8211; all come from Patriot &#8211; and its successor. Path [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/patriot-act-on-steroids-surveillance-state-beyond-section-215/" title="Patriot Act on Steroids: Surveillance State Beyond Section 215" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/path-112519-b.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-112519-b.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-112519-b-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-112519-b-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-112519-b-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-112519-b-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-112519-b-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-112519-b-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/path-112519-b-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>While Constitution supporters are outraged about the latest extension of parts of the P.A.T.R.I.O.T. Act, there is much more that was permanent from day one. Everything from fusion centers and information sharing, to national security letters, TSA enhanced screening and the growth of facial recognition &#8211; all come from Patriot &#8211; and its successor.</p> <p>Path to Liberty: November 25, 2019<span id="more-33832"></span></p> <p><iframe width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/5ZTIXMa0xFg?start=57" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>PODCAST VERSION</strong></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">iTunes</a> | <a href="https://playmusic.app.goo.gl/?ibi=com.google.PlayMusic&amp;isi=691797987&amp;ius=googleplaymusic&amp;apn=com.google.android.music&amp;link=https://play.google.com/music/m/Ic7vaa26zzqtt2zmxovxwkxktem?t%3DPath_to_Liberty%26pcampaignid%3DMKT-na-all-co-pr-mu-pod-16" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Google Play</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Subscribe and Review on iTunes</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/patriot-act-renewal-a-bipartisan-attack-on-liberty-since-day-one/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">Patriot Act Renewal: A Bipartisan Attack on Liberty Since Day One</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2001/11/let-sun-set-patriot" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">Let the Sun Set on Patriot</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.aclu.org/other/patriot-act-sunsets" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">Understanding the Patriot Act &#8220;Sunsets&#8221;</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/11/2-5-billion-surveillance-state-goes-wild-good-morning-liberty-11-16-18/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">2.5 Billion. Surveillance State Goes Wild</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/22/real-id-soon-inescapable-extension-of-the-federal-surveillance-state/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">REAL ID Soon: Inescapable Extension of the Federal Surveillance State</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/03/feds-ramp-up-facial-recognition-as-a-convenience-at-airports-good-morning-liberty-03-13-19/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">Feds Ramp up Facial Recognition as a “Convenience” at Airports</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/03/feds-ramp-up-facial-recognition-as-a-convenience-at-airports-good-morning-liberty-03-13-19/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">Warning: TSA Facial Recognition Plan Likely to Become Part of Growing Biometric Surveillance System</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.aclu.org/blog/national-security/privacy-and-surveillance/biggest-new-spying-program-youve-probably-never" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">The Biggest New Spying Program You’ve Probably Never Heard Of</a></p> <p><strong>ALTERNATE VIDEO SOURCES</strong><br /> <a href="https://www.brighteon.com/811570d6-af85-4707-9683-6cb01b16bc3c" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Brighteon</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.bitchute.com/video/qp1lYbOaSfe9/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Bitchute</a></p> <p><a href="https://bittubers.com/post/b6cc79e2-8189-44f6-81ce-8498c7fd0687" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Bittubers</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.twitch.tv/videos/513182316" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Twitch.tv</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.periscope.tv/w/1djxXRdZdkLGZ" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Periscope</a></p> <p><a href="https://dlive.tv/p/dlive-05196520+Xv0ibfbZR" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on DLive</a></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a><br /> Brave: <a href="https://brave.com/ten992" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Use Brave Browser for Privacy and Help Support TAC</a></p> <p>YouTube: <a href="https://www.youtube.com/user/TenthAmendmentCenter">https://www.youtube.com/user/TenthAmendmentCenter</a><br /> Twitter: <a href="http://twitter.com/tenthamendment">http://twitter.com/tenthamendment</a><br /> Instagram: <a href="https://www.instagram.com/tenthamendmentcenter/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">https://www.instagram.com/tenthamendmentcenter/</a><br /> Periscope: <a href="https://www.periscope.tv/TenthAmendment/1zqKVOPPnZMGB" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">https://www.periscope.tv/TenthAmendment/</a><br /> Twitch: <a href="https://www.twitch.tv/tenthamendmentcenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">https://www.twitch.tv/tenthamendmentcenter</a><br /> DLive: <a href="https://dlive.tv/TenthAmendmentCenter" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">https://dlive.tv/TenthAmendmentCenter</a><br /> Facebook: <a href="https://www.facebook.com/tenthamendmentcenter">https://www.facebook.com/tenthamendmentcenter</a><br /> Bitchute: <a href="https://www.bitchute.com/channel/X0AJnBhWbCkx/">https://www.bitchute.com/channel/X0AJnBhWbCkx/</a><br /> Minds: <a href="https://www.minds.com/TenthAmendmentCenter?referrer=TenthAmendmentCenter">https://www.minds.com/TenthAmendmentCenter</a></p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Audio/Video Path to Liberty Surveillance facial recognition fusion centers Information Sharing Environment Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act NCTC Patriot Act Real ID Act surveillance Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center Blog 38:57 While Constitution supporters are outraged about the latest extension of parts of the P.A.T.R.I.O.T. Act, there is much more that was permanent from day one. Everything from fusion centers and information sharing, to national security letters, While Constitution supporters are outraged about the latest extension of parts of the P.A.T.R.I.O.T. Act, there is much more that was permanent from day one. Everything from fusion centers and information sharing, to national security letters, TSA enhanced screening and the growth of facial recognition – all come from Patriot – and its successor. Path […] Samuel Adams: The Truth is All Might be Free https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/samuel-adams-the-truth-is-all-might-be-free/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:04171251-00c5-bb88-e3fb-b24995ac4d1b Sun, 24 Nov 2019 16:02:45 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/samuel-adams-the-truth-is-all-might-be-free/" title="Samuel Adams: The Truth is All Might be Free" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/iStock_49465716_XXXLARGE-samuel-adams-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/iStock_49465716_XXXLARGE-samuel-adams-1280.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/iStock_49465716_XXXLARGE-samuel-adams-1280-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/iStock_49465716_XXXLARGE-samuel-adams-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/iStock_49465716_XXXLARGE-samuel-adams-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/iStock_49465716_XXXLARGE-samuel-adams-1280-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/iStock_49465716_XXXLARGE-samuel-adams-1280-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/iStock_49465716_XXXLARGE-samuel-adams-1280-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/iStock_49465716_XXXLARGE-samuel-adams-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />&#8220;The truth is,&#8221; Samuel Adams once wrote, &#8220;all might be free if they valued freedom, and defended it as they ought.&#8221; The more I reflect on this great quote from the &#8220;Father of the American Revolution,&#8221; the more I think it almost perfectly sums up our work here at the TAC. We take a two-phase [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/samuel-adams-the-truth-is-all-might-be-free/" title="Samuel Adams: The Truth is All Might be Free" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/iStock_49465716_XXXLARGE-samuel-adams-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/iStock_49465716_XXXLARGE-samuel-adams-1280.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/iStock_49465716_XXXLARGE-samuel-adams-1280-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/iStock_49465716_XXXLARGE-samuel-adams-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/iStock_49465716_XXXLARGE-samuel-adams-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/iStock_49465716_XXXLARGE-samuel-adams-1280-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/iStock_49465716_XXXLARGE-samuel-adams-1280-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/iStock_49465716_XXXLARGE-samuel-adams-1280-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/iStock_49465716_XXXLARGE-samuel-adams-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p><span style="font-weight: 400;">&#8220;The truth is,&#8221; Samuel Adams once wrote, &#8220;all might be free if they valued freedom, and defended it as they ought.&#8221;</span><span id="more-33826"></span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The more I reflect on this great quote from the &#8220;Father of the American Revolution,&#8221; the more I think it almost perfectly sums up our work here at the TAC.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">We take a two-phase approach in our stand for the Constitution and liberty. First, we work to educate people on the proper role of government under the Constitution. And equally, if not more, importantly, we work to take action that advances the Founders&#8217; vision in concrete and practical ways.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">But, we&#8217;re under no delusions here. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">What we face – the most powerful government in the history of the world – is not something that will give way easily. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">As Thomas Jefferson put it, “we are not to expect to be translated from despotism to liberty, in a feather-bed.”</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">No matter what the odds &#8211; and we truly face a David vs Goliath situation here &#8211; we believe it&#8217;s essential to do what&#8217;s right.  As the old saying goes, “Duty is ours…”</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">And for us at the TAC, that duty is pretty clear. It’s the Constitution: Every issue, every time. No exceptions, no excuses.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">We couldn’t be more grateful for <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/donate/">your support</a>.</span></p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Samuel Adams Quotes Michael Boldin Federal Reserve: Enemy of Liberty and Prosperity https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/24/federal-reserve-enemy-of-liberty-and-prosperity/ Tenth Amendment Center urn:uuid:ce8f727b-9f90-da7b-89c3-75fb2f977952 Sun, 24 Nov 2019 12:49:51 +0000 <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/24/federal-reserve-enemy-of-liberty-and-prosperity/" title="Federal Reserve: Enemy of Liberty and Prosperity" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/end-the-fed-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/end-the-fed-1280.png 1280w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/end-the-fed-1280-300x169.png 300w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/end-the-fed-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/end-the-fed-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/end-the-fed-1280-1080x608.png 1080w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/end-the-fed-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />Lost in the media’s obsession with the impeachment circus was Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell’s recent testimony on the state of the economy before the Joint Economic Committee. In his testimony, Chairman Powell warned that when the next recession inevitably occurs, the US Government’s over $23 trillion debt would prevent Congress from increasing spending to [&#8230;] <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/24/federal-reserve-enemy-of-liberty-and-prosperity/" title="Federal Reserve: Enemy of Liberty and Prosperity" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/end-the-fed-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/end-the-fed-1280.png 1280w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/end-the-fed-1280-300x169.png 300w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/end-the-fed-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/end-the-fed-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/end-the-fed-1280-1080x608.png 1080w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/end-the-fed-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>Lost in the media’s obsession with the impeachment circus was Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell’s recent testimony on the state of the economy before the Joint Economic Committee. In his testimony, Chairman Powell warned that when the next recession inevitably occurs, the US Government’s over $23 trillion debt would prevent Congress from increasing spending to revive the economy.<span id="more-28924"></span></p> <p>Powell also said that the Fed’s current low interest rate policies would prevent the Fed from using its traditional methods of increasing the money supply and further lowering interest rates to jump-start economic growth in a recession. Hopefully, Powell is correct that when the next recession hits the Federal Reserve and Congress will be unable to “stimulate” the economy with cheap money and new spending.</p> <p>Interest rates are the price of money and, as with all prices, government manipulation of interest rates distorts the signals regarding market conditions. Artificially low interest rates lead to malinvestment and the creation of bubbles. Recessions are a painful but necessary correction that allows the economy to cleanse itself of these distortions. When the Federal Reserve and Congress try to stimulate the economy, they introduce new distortions, making it impossible for the economy to heal itself. Fiscal and monetary stimulus may temporally create the illusions of prosperity, but in reality they merely create another bubble that will eventually burst starting the boom-and-bust cycle all over again. So, the best thing Congress and the Federal Reserve can do to help the economy recover from a recession is nothing.</p> <p>Powell is the latest Federal Reserve Chair to warn of the dangers of government debt, which is ironic since the Federal Reserve is the great enabler of deficit spending. Government manipulation of the value of money allows politicians to hide the true costs of their warfare and welfare. This is why throughout history governments have sought the power to dictate what is and is not money and determine the value of the monetary unit. Today’s central bankers are the heirs of the medieval kings who shaved off the edges of gold coins, then ordered the people to pretend that shaved coins were just as valuable as unshaved coins.</p> <p>Instead of shaving gold coins, today’s central bankers facilitate the growth of government by purchasing government securities in order to keep interest rates—and thus the government’s borrowing costs— low. The Federal Reserve’s interventions enable the expansion of government well beyond what would be politically palatable if politicians had to finance the entire welfare-warfare state through direct taxation or borrowing at market interest rates, which would increase interest rates for private sector borrowers, lower growth, and increase unemployment.</p> <p>Since the creation of the Federal Reserve, the US dollar has lost over 96 percent of its value. The Federal Reserve-caused decline in purchasing power is a stealth tax. This inflation tax does not affect the financial elites—who receive new money created by the Federal Reserve before the Fed’s actions have diminished the dollar’s purchasing power—but has hurt middle-and-working class Americans whose purchasing power is continuously reduced by the Federal Reserve. The inflation tax is not just the most hidden, but the most regressive of taxes.</p> <p>The Federal Reserve is responsible for the growth of government, the loss of liberty, the rise in income inequality, and the boom-and-bust economic cycle. All those who support liberty, peace, and prosperity should join the effort to audit and end the Fed.</p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Current Events Economy Federal Reserve interest rates Jerome Powell Ron Paul South Carolina Legal Tender Act Would Treat Gold and Silver as Money https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/south-carolina-legal-tender-act-would-treat-gold-and-silver-as-money/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:b2292455-fce5-c407-3611-893186aad281 Fri, 22 Nov 2019 20:15:33 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/south-carolina-legal-tender-act-would-treat-gold-and-silver-as-money/" title="South Carolina Legal Tender Act Would Treat Gold and Silver as Money" rel="nofollow"><img width="1200" height="627" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2017/01/gold-eagle-iStock_98429549_MEDIUM-1200-e1548088481990.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2017/01/gold-eagle-iStock_98429549_MEDIUM-1200-e1548088481990.png 1200w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2017/01/gold-eagle-iStock_98429549_MEDIUM-1200-e1548088481990-300x157.png 300w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2017/01/gold-eagle-iStock_98429549_MEDIUM-1200-e1548088481990-768x401.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2017/01/gold-eagle-iStock_98429549_MEDIUM-1200-e1548088481990-1024x535.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2017/01/gold-eagle-iStock_98429549_MEDIUM-1200-e1548088481990-1080x564.png 1080w" sizes="(max-width: 1200px) 100vw, 1200px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2017/01/gold-eagle-iStock_98429549_MEDIUM-1200-e1548088481990-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />COLUMBIA, S.C. (Nov. 22, 2019) &#8211; A bill prefiled in the South Carolina House would make gold and silver coins legal tender in the state. Passage of this bill would take a step toward creating currency competition in South Carolina and undermine the Federal Reserve&#8217;s monopoly on money. Rep. Stewart Jones filed House Bill 4678 [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/south-carolina-legal-tender-act-would-treat-gold-and-silver-as-money/" title="South Carolina Legal Tender Act Would Treat Gold and Silver as Money" rel="nofollow"><img width="1200" height="627" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2017/01/gold-eagle-iStock_98429549_MEDIUM-1200-e1548088481990.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2017/01/gold-eagle-iStock_98429549_MEDIUM-1200-e1548088481990.png 1200w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2017/01/gold-eagle-iStock_98429549_MEDIUM-1200-e1548088481990-300x157.png 300w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2017/01/gold-eagle-iStock_98429549_MEDIUM-1200-e1548088481990-768x401.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2017/01/gold-eagle-iStock_98429549_MEDIUM-1200-e1548088481990-1024x535.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2017/01/gold-eagle-iStock_98429549_MEDIUM-1200-e1548088481990-1080x564.png 1080w" sizes="(max-width: 1200px) 100vw, 1200px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2017/01/gold-eagle-iStock_98429549_MEDIUM-1200-e1548088481990-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p><strong>COLUMBIA</strong>, S.C. (Nov. 22, 2019) &#8211; A bill prefiled in the South Carolina House would make gold and silver coins legal tender in the state. Passage of this bill would take a step toward creating currency competition in South Carolina and undermine the Federal Reserve&#8217;s monopoly on money. <span id="more-33813"></span></p> <p>Rep. Stewart Jones filed House Bill 4678 (<a href="https://www.scstatehouse.gov/billsearch.php?billnumbers=4678&amp;session=123&amp;summary=B" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">H.4678</a>) on Nov. 20. Under the proposed law, &#8220;gold and silver coins minted foreign or domestic shall be legal tender in the State of South Carolina under the laws of this State. No person or other entity may compel another person or other entity to tender or accept gold or silver coin unless agreed upon by the parties.&#8221;</p> <p>Practically speaking, this would allow South Carolina residents to use gold or silver coins to pay taxes and other debts owed to the state. In effect, it would put gold and silver on the same footing as Federal Reserve notes.</p> <p>The phrase, “unless agreed upon by the parties” has important legal ramifications. This wording reaffirms the court’s ability, and constitutional responsibility according to Article I, Section 10, to require <em>specific performance</em> when enforcing such contracts. If voluntary parties agree to be paid, or to pay, in gold and silver coin, South Carolina courts could not substitute any other thing, e.g. Federal Reserve Notes, as payment.</p> <p>South Carolina could become the fourth state to recognize gold and silver as legal tender. Utah led the way, reestablishing constitutional money in 2011. <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/03/new-wyoming-legal-tender-law-treats-gold-and-silver-as-money-foundation-to-undermine-the-federal-reserve/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Wyoming</a> and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2014/06/oklahoma-reaffirms-gold-and-silver-as-legal-tender-under-new-law/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Oklahoma</a> have since joined.</p> <p>In Utah, the effect has been the most dramatic, where <a href="https://upma.org/">United Precious Metals Association</a> (UMPA) was established in response to the passage of the Utah Specie Legal Tender Act. Since that time. They offer accounts denominated in U.S. minted gold and silver dollars. They also recently released the &#8220;Utah Goldback,&#8221; which UPMA describes as &#8220;the first local, voluntary currency to be made of a spendable, beautiful, physical gold.&#8221;</p> <p>As the <a href="https://www.soundmoneydefense.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Sound Money Defence League</a> explains, &#8220;Practically speaking, state laws that recognize gold and silver as money restore a government view of precious metals as the favored form of money – a currency rather than a piece of property or other asset. Using this logic, it would be inappropriate for a state to levy taxes when the precious metals are used or exchanged.&#8221;</p> <p>South Carolina has already repealed the sales tax on gold and silver. That removed one barrier to using gold and silver in everyday transactions. Capital gains taxes are still imposed on gold and silver for state income tax purposes.</p> <p>The United States Constitution states in Article I, Section 10, “No State shall…make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts.” Currently, all debts and taxes in South Carolina are either paid with Federal Reserve Notes (dollars) which were authorized as legal tender by Congress or with coins issued by the U.S. Treasury — very few of which have gold or silver in them.</p> <p>Passage of H.4678 would reestablish gold and silver as legal tender in the state and take a step toward that constitutional requirement, ignored for decades in every state. It would also begin the process of abolishing the Federal Reserve system by attacking it from the bottom up – pulling the rug out from under it by working to make its functions irrelevant at the state and local levels, and setting the stage to undermine the Federal Reserve monopoly by introducing competition into the monetary system.</p> <p>Constitutional tender expert Professor William Greene said when people in multiple states actually start using gold and silver instead of Federal Reserve Notes, it would effectively nullify the Federal Reserve and end the federal government’s monopoly on money.</p> <blockquote><p>“Over time, as residents of the state use both Federal Reserve notes and silver and gold coins, the fact that the coins hold their value more than Federal Reserve notes do will lead to a “reverse Gresham’s Law” effect, where good money (gold and silver coins) will drive out bad money (Federal Reserve notes). As this happens, a cascade of events can begin to occur, including the flow of real wealth toward the state’s treasury, an influx of banking business from outside of the state – as people in other states carry out their desire to bank with sound money – and an eventual outcry against the use of Federal Reserve notes for any transactions.”</p></blockquote> <p>Once things get to that point, Federal Reserve notes would become largely unwanted and irrelevant for ordinary people. Nullifying the Fed on a state by state level is what will get us there.</p> <p><strong>WHAT&#8217;S NEXT</strong></p> <p>H.4678 will be officially introduced and referred to the House Judiciary Committee when the regular session adjourns on Jan. 13, 2020. It will have to pass committee by a majority vote before moving forward in the legislative process.</p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Federal Reserve State Bills Constitutional Tender Gold H.4678 Silver Sound Money South Carolina Mike Maharrey Thomas Paine on War (and other Founders too) https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/thomas-paine-on-war-and-other-founders-too/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:a8842fcf-6fca-1964-7876-55603010ca8a Fri, 22 Nov 2019 17:59:06 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/thomas-paine-on-war-and-other-founders-too/" title="Thomas Paine on War (and other Founders too)" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-112219-paine-war-art-conquering-at-home-b.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-112219-paine-war-art-conquering-at-home-b.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-112219-paine-war-art-conquering-at-home-b-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-112219-paine-war-art-conquering-at-home-b-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-112219-paine-war-art-conquering-at-home-b-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-112219-paine-war-art-conquering-at-home-b-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-112219-paine-war-art-conquering-at-home-b-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-112219-paine-war-art-conquering-at-home-b-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-112219-paine-war-art-conquering-at-home-b-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />Outspoken and famous for writing “The Crisis,” “Common Sense,” and “The Rights of Man,” Thomas Paine had some choice words about war that people would do well to read and heed today. Path to Liberty, Fast Friday Edition: November 22, 2019 PODCAST VERSION Subscribe: iTunes &#124; Google Play &#124; Stitcher &#124; Spotify &#124; RSS SHOW [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/thomas-paine-on-war-and-other-founders-too/" title="Thomas Paine on War (and other Founders too)" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-112219-paine-war-art-conquering-at-home-b.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-112219-paine-war-art-conquering-at-home-b.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-112219-paine-war-art-conquering-at-home-b-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-112219-paine-war-art-conquering-at-home-b-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-112219-paine-war-art-conquering-at-home-b-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-112219-paine-war-art-conquering-at-home-b-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-112219-paine-war-art-conquering-at-home-b-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-112219-paine-war-art-conquering-at-home-b-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-112219-paine-war-art-conquering-at-home-b-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>Outspoken and famous for writing “The Crisis,” “Common Sense,” and “The Rights of Man,” Thomas Paine had some choice words about war that people would do well to read and heed today.</p> <p>Path to Liberty, Fast Friday Edition: November 22, 2019<span id="more-33819"></span></p> <p><iframe width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/eerjR3VJ7vA" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>PODCAST VERSION</strong></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">iTunes</a> | <a href="https://playmusic.app.goo.gl/?ibi=com.google.PlayMusic&amp;isi=691797987&amp;ius=googleplaymusic&amp;apn=com.google.android.music&amp;link=https://play.google.com/music/m/Ic7vaa26zzqtt2zmxovxwkxktem?t%3DPath_to_Liberty%26pcampaignid%3DMKT-na-all-co-pr-mu-pod-16" target="_blank" rel="noopener 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writing “The Crisis,” “Common Sense,” and “The Rights of Man,” Thomas Paine had some choice words about war that people would do well to read and heed today. Path to Liberty, Fast Friday Edition: November 22, Outspoken and famous for writing “The Crisis,” “Common Sense,” and “The Rights of Man,” Thomas Paine had some choice words about war that people would do well to read and heed today. Path to Liberty, Fast Friday Edition: November 22, 2019 PODCAST VERSION Subscribe: iTunes | Google Play | Stitcher | Spotify | RSS SHOW […] REAL ID Soon: Inescapable Extension of the Federal Surveillance State https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/22/real-id-soon-inescapable-extension-of-the-federal-surveillance-state/ Tenth Amendment Center urn:uuid:9d496b21-b871-4320-d7df-d5a1f59bb4e2 Fri, 22 Nov 2019 17:45:42 +0000 <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/22/real-id-soon-inescapable-extension-of-the-federal-surveillance-state/" title="REAL ID Soon: Inescapable Extension of the Federal Surveillance State" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/shutterstock_213777280-us-license-real-id-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/shutterstock_213777280-us-license-real-id-1280.png 1280w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/shutterstock_213777280-us-license-real-id-1280-300x169.png 300w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/shutterstock_213777280-us-license-real-id-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/shutterstock_213777280-us-license-real-id-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/shutterstock_213777280-us-license-real-id-1280-1080x608.png 1080w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/shutterstock_213777280-us-license-real-id-1280-980x551.png 980w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/shutterstock_213777280-us-license-real-id-1280-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/shutterstock_213777280-us-license-real-id-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />“Your papers, please.” What image just came into your head? Something straight out of Casablanca? A jack-booted, uniform-clad, Nazi stopping someone on the street? Well, a similar scene is about to be played out in the airports of the United States of America. What will bring this dystopian drama to life? REAL ID. The Department of [&#8230;] <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/22/real-id-soon-inescapable-extension-of-the-federal-surveillance-state/" title="REAL ID Soon: Inescapable Extension of the Federal Surveillance State" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/shutterstock_213777280-us-license-real-id-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/shutterstock_213777280-us-license-real-id-1280.png 1280w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/shutterstock_213777280-us-license-real-id-1280-300x169.png 300w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/shutterstock_213777280-us-license-real-id-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/shutterstock_213777280-us-license-real-id-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/shutterstock_213777280-us-license-real-id-1280-1080x608.png 1080w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/shutterstock_213777280-us-license-real-id-1280-980x551.png 980w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/shutterstock_213777280-us-license-real-id-1280-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/shutterstock_213777280-us-license-real-id-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>“Your papers, please.”</p> <p>What image just came into your head? Something straight out of <em>Casablanca</em>? A jack-booted, uniform-clad, Nazi stopping someone on the street?<span id="more-28919"></span></p> <p>Well, a similar scene is about to be played out in the airports of the United States of America.</p> <p>What will bring this dystopian drama to life? REAL ID.</p> <p>The Department of Homeland Security has issued a notice to all travelers that “beginning October 1, 2020 not only must all states be issuing Real ID-compliant licenses or IDs, but individuals must also have visited their state’s driver’s licensing agency and obtained a REAL ID compliant card, or acceptable alternative such as a U.S. passport, if they wish to fly on commercial aircrafts or access federal facilities.”</p> <p>What happens on that fateful date of October 1, 2020? Again, from DHS:</p> <blockquote><p>Federal agencies, including DHS and TSA, may only accept state-issued driver’s licenses and identification cards as identification for purposes of accessing federal facilities — including TSA airport security checkpoints — if the license or card was issued by a REAL ID compliant state in accordance with the REAL ID security standards (meaning the license or card must include the REAL ID compliant star marking).  Enhanced Driver’s Licenses (EDL) issued by Washington, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, and Vermont are considered acceptable alternatives to REAL ID-compliant cards and will also be accepted for official REAL ID purposes. Most EDLs do not contain the star marking and this is acceptable.</p></blockquote> <p>For those of you who’ve forgotten what REAL ID is, here’s DHS’s definition:</p> <blockquote><p>Passed by Congress in 2005, the REAL ID Act enacted the 9/11 Commission&#8217;s recommendation that the Federal Government “set standards for the issuance of sources of identification, such as driver&#8217;s licenses.” The Act established minimum security standards for state-issued driver&#8217;s licenses and identification cards and prohibits Federal agencies from accepting for official purposes licenses and identification cards from states that do not meet these standards.</p></blockquote> <p>Constitutionalists will immediately recognize the real problems with REAL ID.</p> <p>First, the federal government has no authority to mandate such national identification documents. This federal overreach is such an obvious act of usurpation that all state legislators should stand shoulder-to-shoulder in their resistance to such despotic designs. Sadly, few did and we are approaching the day when all the debates will stop, and if anyone wants to travel on an airplane, he must have REAL ID-compliant identification or he will be denied boarding.</p> <p>Next, there is another aspect of the federal REAL ID program that is perhaps more pernicious than the requirement of carrying paper’s proving you have the government’s permission to travel. This threat to liberty comes through the connection of REAL ID to the growing federal surveillance apparatus.</p> <p>As reported by the American Institute for Economic Research (AIER):</p> <blockquote><p>The Real ID also represents the “last mile” in the ability of the state to track individuals in real time. With various electronic, social media, and cellphone tracking measures, there is always a delay; and one can choose not to use social media, not to own a cellphone, and opt into other methods of extricating oneself from the prying eyes of the NSA or other government agencies. But the Real ID — in particular, coupled with biometrics — fulfills Orwellian conceptions of the total surveillance state.</p></blockquote> <p>Beyond spreading the federal dragnet to a record width, REAL ID will put nearly every public act of every private individual within the view of the federal government. Imagine having employers ask you about books you’ve checked out that he considers questionable. Imagine potential employers asking why you are a month behind on your mortgage payment. Imagine potential employers asking you why you are in a dispute with the IRS. Consider the program’s potential scope as described in the AIER article:</p> <blockquote><p>Expect it, over time, to be leveraged against individuals with outstanding traffic tickets, tax disputes, child or spousal support arrears, or behind on loan payments. Access to national parks and historic sites may be tied to it. Recent proposals pushing compulsory voting are a step closer to realization and enforcement with the establishment of a mandatory government ID card. Census data, drug prescriptions, and even library borrowing choices and habits are likely to eventually be linked with personal data associated with the new ID requirement. And if the Real ID is eventually accessible by the private sector, many individuals with innocuously-tainted personal histories may become effectively unemployable.</p></blockquote> <p>How is it possible, you may ask, for the federal government to put so much of human existence under the never-blinking eye of the federal Leviathan?</p> <p>The answer is that the states for decades have refused to be the barricade to tyranny that the Framers of the Constitution believed they would be. States have been bought by the feds and have been bribed into funding every federal act of tyranny for decades.</p> <p>Of course, such a relationship violates the principles of federalism and state sovereignty that are built into the Constitution, namely the 10th Amendment and the related anti-commandeering doctrine.</p> <p>Put simply, anti-commandeering prohibits the federal government from forcing states to participate in any federal program that does not concern “international and interstate matters.”</p> <p>While this expression of federalism (“dual sovereignty,” as it was named by Justice Antonin Scalia) was first set forth in the case of <em>New York v. United States</em> (1992); most recently it was reaffirmed by the high court in the case of <em><a href="http://www.apple.com/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Mack and Printz v. United States</a> </em>(1997).</p> <p>Writing for the majority in the <em>Printz</em> opinion, the late Justice Antonin Scalia explained:</p> <blockquote><p>As Madison expressed it: &#8220;The local or municipal authorities form distinct and independent portions of the supremacy, no more subject, within their respective spheres, to the general authority than the general authority is subject to them, within its own sphere.&#8221; <em>The Federalist</em> No. 39, at 245. [n.11]</p> <p>This separation of the two spheres is one of the Constitution&#8217;s structural protections of liberty.</p> <p>&#8220;Just as the separation and independence of the coordinate branches of the Federal Government serve to prevent the accumulation of excessive power in any one branch, a healthy balance of power between the States and the Federal Government will reduce the risk of tyranny and abuse from either front.”</p></blockquote> <p>When the federal government assumes powers not explicitly granted to it in the Constitution, it puts the states on the road toward obliteration and citizens on the road to enslavement.</p> <p>The Founding Fathers understood this. For example, speaking at the convention considering ratification of the new Constitution in New York, part-time Constitutional Convention attendee Alexander Hamilton, a witness at the creation of the Constitution, declared:</p> <blockquote><p>I maintain that the word supreme imports no more than this — that the Constitution, and laws made in pursuance thereof, cannot be controlled or defeated by any other law. The acts of the United States, therefore, will be absolutely obligatory as to all the proper objects and powers of the general government &#8230; but the laws of Congress are restricted to a certain sphere, and when they depart from this sphere, they are no longer supreme or binding.</p></blockquote> <p>There are fewer than 11 months left until REAL ID is enforced. The situation is desperate, and Americans committed to the Constitution and to the goal of making America STATES again must demand that their state legislatures refuse to act as nothing more than subdivisions of the federal empire, just as they are required to do under Article VI of the U.S. Constitution.</p> <p>I’ll give James Madison the last word on the role states should play in scotching all unconstitutional acts of the federal government. From <em>Federalist</em>, No. 46:</p> <blockquote><p>On the other hand, should an unwarrantable measure of the federal government be unpopular in particular States, which would seldom fail to be the case, or even a warrantable measure be so, which may sometimes be the case, the means of opposition to it are powerful and at hand. The disquietude of the people; their repugnance and, perhaps, refusal to co-operate with the officers of the Union; the frowns of the executive magistracy of the State; the embarrassments created by legislative devices, which would often be added on such occasions, would oppose, in any State, difficulties not to be despised; would form, in a large State, very serious impediments; and where the sentiments of several adjoining States happened to be in unison, would present obstructions which the federal government would hardly be willing to encounter.</p></blockquote> <p>It’s time to make REAL ID repugnant!</p> <p><strong>EDITOR&#8217;S NOTE:</strong> This article was originally published at <em><a href="https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/constitution/item/31368-details-of-fusion-center-surveillance-revealed" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">The New American Magazine</a></em> and reposted here with permission from the author.</p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Real ID Act REAL ID Act Joe Wolverton, II Arizona Bill Would End Civil Asset Forfeiture by the State https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/arizona-bill-would-end-civil-asset-forfeiture-by-the-state/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:036ef3b8-99a2-2083-6e9d-36653b24f41f Fri, 22 Nov 2019 04:33:13 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/arizona-bill-would-end-civil-asset-forfeiture-by-the-state/" title="Arizona Bill Would End Civil Asset Forfeiture by the State" rel="nofollow"><img width="1200" height="627" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2017/03/bigstock-Arizona-Us-State-Flag-Thumb-Up-32022854-small-e1548175705846.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2017/03/bigstock-Arizona-Us-State-Flag-Thumb-Up-32022854-small-e1548175705846.png 1200w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2017/03/bigstock-Arizona-Us-State-Flag-Thumb-Up-32022854-small-e1548175705846-300x157.png 300w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2017/03/bigstock-Arizona-Us-State-Flag-Thumb-Up-32022854-small-e1548175705846-768x401.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2017/03/bigstock-Arizona-Us-State-Flag-Thumb-Up-32022854-small-e1548175705846-1024x535.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2017/03/bigstock-Arizona-Us-State-Flag-Thumb-Up-32022854-small-e1548175705846-1080x564.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2017/03/bigstock-Arizona-Us-State-Flag-Thumb-Up-32022854-small-e1548175705846-980x512.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2017/03/bigstock-Arizona-Us-State-Flag-Thumb-Up-32022854-small-e1548175705846-480x251.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1200px) 100vw, 1200px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2017/03/bigstock-Arizona-Us-State-Flag-Thumb-Up-32022854-small-e1548175705846-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />PHOENIX, Ariz. (Nov. 21, 2019) – A bill prefiled in the Arizona House would reform the state’s asset forfeiture laws to prohibit the state from taking a person’s property without a criminal conviction in most situations. The proposed legislation would build on important reforms signed into law in 2017. Rep. John Fillmore (R-Apache Junction) prefiled [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/arizona-bill-would-end-civil-asset-forfeiture-by-the-state/" title="Arizona Bill Would End Civil Asset Forfeiture by the State" rel="nofollow"><img width="1200" height="627" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2017/03/bigstock-Arizona-Us-State-Flag-Thumb-Up-32022854-small-e1548175705846.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2017/03/bigstock-Arizona-Us-State-Flag-Thumb-Up-32022854-small-e1548175705846.png 1200w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2017/03/bigstock-Arizona-Us-State-Flag-Thumb-Up-32022854-small-e1548175705846-300x157.png 300w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2017/03/bigstock-Arizona-Us-State-Flag-Thumb-Up-32022854-small-e1548175705846-768x401.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2017/03/bigstock-Arizona-Us-State-Flag-Thumb-Up-32022854-small-e1548175705846-1024x535.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2017/03/bigstock-Arizona-Us-State-Flag-Thumb-Up-32022854-small-e1548175705846-1080x564.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2017/03/bigstock-Arizona-Us-State-Flag-Thumb-Up-32022854-small-e1548175705846-980x512.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2017/03/bigstock-Arizona-Us-State-Flag-Thumb-Up-32022854-small-e1548175705846-480x251.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1200px) 100vw, 1200px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2017/03/bigstock-Arizona-Us-State-Flag-Thumb-Up-32022854-small-e1548175705846-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p><strong>PHOENIX</strong>, Ariz. (Nov. 21, 2019) – A bill prefiled in the Arizona House would reform the state’s asset forfeiture laws to prohibit the state from taking a person’s property without a criminal conviction in most situations. The proposed legislation would build on important reforms signed into law in 2017.<span id="more-33816"></span></p> <p>Rep. John Fillmore (R-Apache Junction) prefiled House Bill 2032 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/AZ/bill/HB2032/2020" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">HB2032</a>) on Nov. 19. Under the proposed law, Arizona prosecutors would not be able to proceed with the asset forfeiture process without a criminal conviction.</p> <p>An <a href="http://azcir.org/news/2017/01/10/arizona-asset-rico-seizures-net-200m-in-past-five-years/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">AZCIR</a> analysis in 2017 found that Arizona agencies seized nearly $200 million in property between 2011 and 2015 from people who may never have been charged or convicted of a crime.</p> <p>In 2017, Gov. Doug Ducey <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2017/08/now-in-effect-new-arizona-law-takes-on-state-federal-asset-forfeiture/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">signed a bill into law</a> that enacted modest reforms to the state’s forfeiture laws and closed a loophole that enabled prosecutors to circumvent state laws by passing cases off to the feds. HB2032 would build on the foundation set in that law and further reform the state’s asset forfeiture process.</p> <p>In 2017, the legislature increased the evidentiary standard necessary for the state to win a forfeiture case. It also took a big step toward closing a loophole that allows state and local police to get around more strict state asset forfeiture laws in a vast majority of situations. This is particularly important in light of a <a href="http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2017/07/30/states-can-thwart-new-doj-asset-forfeiture-policy/">policy directive issued in July 2017 by then-Attorney General Jeff Sessions</a> for the Department of Justice (DOJ).</p> <p><strong>FEDERAL LOOPHOLE</strong></p> <p>A federal program known as “<a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/12/federal-asset-forfeiture-program-helps-local-police-steal/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Equitable Sharing</a>” allows prosecutors to bypass more stringent state asset forfeiture laws by passing cases off to the federal government through a process known as adoption. The DOJ directive reiterates full support for the equitable sharing program, directs federal law enforcement agencies to aggressively utilize it, and sets the stage to expand it in the future.</p> <p>Law enforcement agencies can circumvent more strict state forfeiture laws by claiming cases are federal in nature. Under these arrangements, state officials simply hand cases over to a federal agency, participate in the case, and then receive up to 80 percent of the proceeds. However, when states merely withdraw from participation, the federal directive loses its impact.</p> <p>Until recently, California faced this situation. The state has some of the strongest state-level restrictions on civil asset forfeiture in the country, but state and local police were circumventing the state process by passing cases to the feds. According to a report by the Institute for Justice, <em>Policing for Profit</em>, California ranked as the worst offender of all states in the country between 2000 and 2013. In other words, California law enforcement was passing off a lot of cases to the feds and collecting the loot. The <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2016/09/signed-as-law-california-reins-in-asset-forfeiture-takes-on-federal-equitable-sharing-program/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">state closed the loophole</a> in 2016.</p> <p>According to an <a href="http://ij.org/pfp-state-pages/pfp-Arizona/">Institute for Justice report</a>, Arizona has been one of the worst offenders of this program:</p> <blockquote><p><em>Arizona law enforcement’s use of the Department of Justice’s equitable sharing program results in a ranking of 32<sup>nd</sup> nationally. In calendar years 2000 to 2013, Arizona law enforcement agencies received nearly $70 million in DOJ equitable sharing proceeds, averaging just under $5 million per year.</em></p></blockquote> <p>The 2017 reforms effectively close this loophole. The law reads in part:</p> <blockquote><p>The seizing agency or the attorney for the state may not enter into any agreement to transfer or refer seized property to a federal agency for the purpose of forfeiture if the property was seized pursuant to an investigation that either:</p> <p>1.  Did not involve a federal agency.</p> <p>2.  Involves a violation of a state law and no violation of a federal law is alleged.</p> <p>Property that is seized in a joint investigation may not be transferred or referred to a federal agency for the purpose of forfeiture unless the gross estimated value of the seized property is more than seventy‑five thousand dollars.</p></blockquote> <p>Reporting in some areas has revealed that 85 percent of seizures received by law enforcement agencies through the federal equitable sharing program did not meet a $50,000 threshold. Supporters view the aw’s higher requirement as significant.</p> <p>“While we’d like to see Arizona and every other state completely opt-out of this federal program, an 80-85 percent reduction in seizures through this federal scheme is a huge step forward to nullify it in practice and effect,” Tenth Amendment Center executive director Michael Boldin said.</p> <p>Requiring a criminal conviction is the next logical step. With the federal loophole closed, the passage of HB2032 would make it virtually impossible for police to take a person’s assets without first establishing their guilt.</p> <p><strong>OPPOSITION</strong></p> <p>HB2032 will likely face stiff opposition from law enforcement lobbyists. This was the case for the more modest reforms. Activists obtained letters sent to representatives from at least three police departments opposing the 2017 bill. (<a href="https://www.scribd.com/document/339535680/Law-Enforcement-Letters-Opposing-Asset-Forfeiture-Reform-in-Arizona">click here to read the documents</a>)</p> <p>Grassroots activists in the state, including Arizona Tenth Amendment Center volunteers Joel Alcott and Michael Gibbs, put in long hours opposing law enforcement lobbying efforts and nursing the 2017 reforms through the process. Boldin called the grassroots efforts “a difference-maker.”</p> <blockquote><p>“The law enforcement lobby in Arizona is extremely powerful. I believe the volunteers and activists on the ground in Arizona were the difference between this billing passing and failing. There were a couple of times it looked dead. I can’t praise them enough for what they pulled off. It goes to show just how effective grassroots activism is at the state level.”</p></blockquote> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>HB2032 will be officially introduced and referred to a committee when the Arizona legislature convenes for its 2020 session in January.</p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Asset Forfeiture State Bills Arizona Equitable Sharing H2032 Policing for Profit Mike Maharrey Constitutional Carry Bill Filed in Alabama https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/constitutional-carry-bill-filed-in-alabama/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:6217f9be-f4f4-93c9-3401-a64af8d81a25 Fri, 22 Nov 2019 04:27:32 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/constitutional-carry-bill-filed-in-alabama/" title="Constitutional Carry Bill Filed in Alabama" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/02/carry-1280.jpg" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/02/carry-1280.jpg 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/02/carry-1280-279x157.jpg 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/02/carry-1280-768x432.jpg 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/02/carry-1280-1024x576.jpg 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/02/carry-1280-1080x608.jpg 1080w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/02/carry-1280-150x150.jpg" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />MONTGOMERY, Ala. (Nov. 21, 2019) A “Constitutional Carry” bill filed for the 2020 legislative session would make it legal for Alabama residents to carry a firearm without a license in the state, fostering an environment hostile to federal gun control. Sen. Gerald Allen (R- Tuscaloosa) prefiled Senate Bill 1 (SB1) on Oct. 1. Alabama state [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/constitutional-carry-bill-filed-in-alabama/" title="Constitutional Carry Bill Filed in Alabama" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/02/carry-1280.jpg" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/02/carry-1280.jpg 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/02/carry-1280-279x157.jpg 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/02/carry-1280-768x432.jpg 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/02/carry-1280-1024x576.jpg 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/02/carry-1280-1080x608.jpg 1080w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/02/carry-1280-150x150.jpg" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p><strong>MONTGOMERY</strong>, Ala. (Nov. 21, 2019) A “Constitutional Carry” bill filed for the 2020 legislative session would make it legal for Alabama residents to carry a firearm without a license in the state, fostering an environment hostile to federal gun control.<span id="more-33811"></span></p> <p>Sen. Gerald Allen (R- Tuscaloosa) prefiled Senate Bill 1 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/AL/bill/SB1/2020" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">SB1</a>) on Oct. 1. Alabama state law currently allows residents 19 or older to apply for permits at the county level. Under the proposed law, anyone who is legally allowed to own a gun could carry it concealed without a state-issued license. However, gun owners would still be restricted from bringing weapons to certain places already prohibited by state and federal law.</p> <p>Alabama residents would still be able to acquire a concealed carry permit in order to carry in states that maintain CCDW reciprocity with Alabama.</p> <p>If approved by the state legislature and signed into law, the change would take effect three months later.</p> <p><strong>EFFECT ON FEDERAL GUN CONTROL</strong></p> <p>While permitless carry bills do not directly affect federal gun control, the widespread passage of permitless conceal carry laws in states subtly undermines federal efforts to regulate guns. As we’ve seen with marijuana and industrial hemp, a federal regulation becomes ineffective when states ignore it and pass laws encouraging the prohibited activity anyway.</p> <p>The federal government lacks the enforcement power necessary to maintain its ban, and people will willingly take on the small risk of federal sanctions if they know the state will not interfere. This increases when the state actively encourages “the market.”</p> <p>Less restrictive state gun laws will likely have a similar impact on federal gun laws. It will make it that much more difficult for the feds to enforce any future federal gun control, and increase the likelihood that states with few limits will simply refuse to cooperate with federal enforcement efforts.</p> <p>State actions such as passing SB1 would lower barriers for those wanting to the option of defending themselves with firearms and encourages a “gun-friendly” environment that would make federal efforts to limit firearms that much more difficult.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>SB1 will be officially introduced and referred to the Senate Committee on Judiciary when the session begins on Feb 4, 2020. It will have to receive a majority vote in committee in order to advance to the House floor.</p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Right to Keep and Bear Arms State Bills Alabama Concealed Carry firearms SB! second amendment TJ Martinell South Carolina Bill Would Block Unconstitutional National Guard Deployments https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/south-carolina-bill-would-block-unconstitutional-national-guard-deployments/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:c436f4b5-58ed-9ab1-5004-c2adafcc618d Thu, 21 Nov 2019 15:12:35 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/south-carolina-bill-would-block-unconstitutional-national-guard-deployments/" title="South Carolina Bill Would Block Unconstitutional National Guard Deployments" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/defend-the-guard-b-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/defend-the-guard-b-1280.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/defend-the-guard-b-1280-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/defend-the-guard-b-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/defend-the-guard-b-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/defend-the-guard-b-1280-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/defend-the-guard-b-1280-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/defend-the-guard-b-1280-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/defend-the-guard-b-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />COLUMBIA, S.C. (Nov. 21, 2019) &#8211; A bill prefiled in the South Carolina House would prohibit unconstitutional foreign deployments of the state’s National Guard troops. Passage into law would effectively restore the founders’ framework for a state-federal balance with the state militia. Rep. Stewart Jones (R-Laurens) filed House Bill 4728 (H.4728) on Nov. 20. The [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/south-carolina-bill-would-block-unconstitutional-national-guard-deployments/" title="South Carolina Bill Would Block Unconstitutional National Guard Deployments" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/defend-the-guard-b-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/defend-the-guard-b-1280.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/defend-the-guard-b-1280-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/defend-the-guard-b-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/defend-the-guard-b-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/defend-the-guard-b-1280-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/defend-the-guard-b-1280-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/defend-the-guard-b-1280-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/defend-the-guard-b-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p><strong>COLUMBIA</strong>, S.C. (Nov. 21, 2019) &#8211; A bill prefiled in the South Carolina House would prohibit unconstitutional foreign deployments of the state’s National Guard troops. Passage into law would effectively restore the founders’ framework for a state-federal balance with the state militia.<span id="more-33800"></span></p> <p>Rep. Stewart Jones (R-Laurens) filed House Bill 4728 (<a href="https://www.scstatehouse.gov/billsearch.php?billnumbers=4728&amp;session=123&amp;summary=B" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">H.4728</a>) on Nov. 20. The legislation would prohibit placing South Carolina National Guard troops under federal control unless the governor determines they are being deployed in a manner consistent with the U.S. Constitution. The bill reads in part:</p> <blockquote><p>Notwithstanding another provision of law, upon completion of the legal review required pursuant to this article, the Governor immediately shall withhold, withdraw, or revoke, or cause to be withheld, withdrawn, or revoked all state approvals, authorizations, or orders relating to the call, transfer, or placement of the South Carolina National Guard, or any of its subordinate commands, units, or personnel on federal active duty or under federal control in the absence of:</p> <p>(1)    a military invasion of the United States;</p> <p>(2)    an insurrection; or</p> <p>(3)    a calling forth of the South Carolina National Guard by the federal government in a manner provided for by the U.S. Congress to execute the laws of the United States, provided that these laws were made pursuant to powers delegated to the United States by the U.S. Constitution.</p></blockquote> <p><strong>IN PRACTICE</strong></p> <p>Guard troops have played significant roles in all modern overseas conflicts, with over 650,000 deployed since 2001. <em>Military.com</em> <a href="https://www.military.com/national-guard-birthday/national-guard-service-in-the-war-on-terror.html">reports</a> that &#8220;Guard and Reserve units made up about 45 percent of the total force sent to Iraq and Afghanistan, and received about 18.4 percent of the casualties.&#8221; More specifically, South Carolina National Guard troops have participated in missions in Iraq, Afghanistan, Syria, Kuwait, Kosovo and elsewhere.</p> <p>Since none of these missions have been accompanied by a Constitutional declaration of war, the Defend the Guard Act would have prohibited those deployments. Such declarations have only happened five times in U.S. history, with the last being in World War II.</p> <p><b>BACKGROUND</b></p> <p>Article I, Section 8, Clauses 15 and 16 make up the “militia clauses” of the Constitution. Clause 16 authorizes Congress to “provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the Militia.” In the Dick Act of 1903, Congress organized the militia into today’s National Guard, limiting the part of the militia that could be called into federal service rather than the “entire body of people,” which makes up the totality of the “militia.” Thus, today’s National Guard is governed by the “militia clauses” of the Constitution, and this view is <a href="https://www.hsdl.org/?abstract&amp;did=439888">confirmed by the National Guard</a> itself.</p> <p>Clause 15 delegates to the Congress the power to provide for “calling forth the militia” in three situations only: 1) to execute the laws of the union, 2) to suppress insurrections, and 3) to repel invasions.</p> <p>During state ratifying conventions, proponents of the Constitution, including James Madison and Edmund Randolph, repeatedly assured the people that this power to call forth the militia into federal service would be limited to those very specific situations, and not for general purposes, like helping victims of a disease outbreak or engaging in “kinetic military actions.”</p> <p><b>RETURNING TO THE CONSTITUTION</b></p> <p>It is this limited Constitutional structure that advocates of the Defend the Guard Act seek to restore. That is, use of the Guard for the three expressly-delegated purposes in the Constitution, and at other times to remain where the Guard belongs, at home, supporting and protecting their home state.</p> <p>West Virginia Rep. Pat McGeehan served as an Air Force intelligence officer in Afghanistan and has sponsored similar legislation in his state.</p> <blockquote><p>“For decades, the power of war has long been abused by this supreme executive, and unfortunately our men and women in uniform have been sent off into harm’s way over and over,&#8221; he said. “If the U.S. Congress is unwilling to reclaim its constitutional obligation, then the states themselves must act to correct the erosion of constitutional law.”</p></blockquote> <p>Tenth Amendment Center National Communications Director, Mike Maharrey agreed. “While getting this bill passed isn’t going to be easy, it certainly is, as Daniel Webster once noted, one of the reasons state governments even exist.”</p> <p>Maharrey referenced an 1814 speech on the floor of Congress where Webster urged similar actions to the South Carolina Defend the Guard Act. He said, “The operation of measures thus unconstitutional and illegal ought to be prevented by a resort to other measures which are both constitutional and legal. It will be the solemn duty of the State governments to protect their own authority over their own militia, and to interpose between their citizens and arbitrary power. These are among the objects for which the State governments exist.”</p> <p><b>WHAT&#8217;S NEXT</b></p> <p>H.4728 will be officially introduced and referred to the <a href="https://www.scstatehouse.gov/committee.php?chamber=H" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">House Judiciary Committee</a> when the regular session convenes on Jan. 13, 2020.</p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Militia State Bills War Defend the Guard Militia Clauses National Guard South Carolina War Powers Michael Boldin AG Barr Announces Project Guardian to Prevent Unapproved Gun Purchases https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/ag-barr-announces-project-guardian-to-prevent-unapproved-gun-purchases/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:2d0bfb8e-286e-d44d-fb7d-13db8da3ba49 Thu, 21 Nov 2019 12:19:19 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/ag-barr-announces-project-guardian-to-prevent-unapproved-gun-purchases/" title="AG Barr Announces Project Guardian to Prevent Unapproved Gun Purchases" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/02/2a-bear-arms-far-1280.jpg" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/02/2a-bear-arms-far-1280.jpg 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/02/2a-bear-arms-far-1280-279x157.jpg 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/02/2a-bear-arms-far-1280-768x432.jpg 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/02/2a-bear-arms-far-1280-1024x576.jpg 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/02/2a-bear-arms-far-1280-1080x608.jpg 1080w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/02/2a-bear-arms-far-1280-150x150.jpg" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />U.S. Attorney General William Barr was in Memphis last Wednesday to announce the launch of a new federal gun control program, Project Guardian. The AG promises to enforce federal gun regulations “with a vengeance.” As President Trump is facing mostly manufactured charges of committing impeachable offenses, his attorney general is committing actual offenses against the Constitution, [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/ag-barr-announces-project-guardian-to-prevent-unapproved-gun-purchases/" title="AG Barr Announces Project Guardian to Prevent Unapproved Gun Purchases" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/02/2a-bear-arms-far-1280.jpg" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/02/2a-bear-arms-far-1280.jpg 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/02/2a-bear-arms-far-1280-279x157.jpg 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/02/2a-bear-arms-far-1280-768x432.jpg 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/02/2a-bear-arms-far-1280-1024x576.jpg 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/02/2a-bear-arms-far-1280-1080x608.jpg 1080w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/02/2a-bear-arms-far-1280-150x150.jpg" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>U.S. Attorney General William Barr was in Memphis last Wednesday <a href="https://www.ksl.com/article/46673093/justice-dept-rolls-out-new-program-to-combat-gun-violence" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">to announce the launch</a> of a new federal gun control program, Project Guardian. The AG promises to enforce federal gun regulations “with a vengeance.”<span id="more-33798"></span></p> <p>As President Trump is facing mostly manufactured charges of committing impeachable offenses, his attorney general is committing actual offenses against the Constitution, namely infringing on the right of the people to keep and bear arms, as protected by the Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.</p> <p>“I have long believed that the first duty of government is to protect the safety of our citizens,” Barr told the press gathered to cover the kick-off of the gun buying crackdown.</p> <p>Actually, Mr. Barr, the federal government was NOT given the power by the states to protect the citizens of those states.</p> <p>The scope of federal authority was very succinctly explained by James Madison in Federalist 45:</p> <blockquote><p>The powers delegated by the proposed Constitution to the federal government are few and defined. Those which are to remain in the State governments are numerous and indefinite. The former will be exercised principally on external objects, as war, peace, negotiation, and foreign commerce.</p></blockquote> <p>Notice that among the “few” powers granted by the states to its agent, the federal government, you will not find the power to disarm civilians.</p> <p>In fact, the Second Amendment to the Constitution explicitly forbids the federal government from trespassing on the right of the people to keep and bear arms.</p> <p>Consider this: If the federal government is going to prosecute “with a vengeance” its plan to prevent the purchase of firearms by those it considers unsafe, is that not tacit admission that the government fears an armed populace?</p> <p>When one takes into account that many of those being denied the right to purchase firearms and ammunition are veterans, it makes sense that a tyrannical federal government would want to take the weapons out of the hands of those who have experience wielding them in battle, no?</p> <p>Attorney General Barr is undaunted, though, in his zealous pursuit of a country where certain civilians must obtain permission of the federal government to own weapons.</p> <p>Referring to a gun control measure he oversaw in the early 1990s, Barr described Project Guardian as an expansion of that early effort — Project Triggerlock.</p> <p>Barr rehearsed the successes of the previous program and then promised that this new federal firearm restriction would “revamp this program, resuscitate it, and double down on it nationwide.”</p> <p>That’s right: The attorney general of the United States is promising to “double down” on the federal government’s infringement on the right to keep and bear arms.</p> <p>Could there be a clearer admission of the administration’s intent to deny the natural, God-given right of self-protection to Americans, based solely on the federal government’s evaluation of their worthiness?</p> <p>Would any one of the men who voted to ratify the federal Constitution have done so had they known that the government being created by that document would someday usurp the power to decide who could and could not purchase weapons?</p> <p>The simple and undeniable fact is that there is no constitutional authority given to the federal government to restrict purchase of firearms, ammunition, or component parts. In fact, the Second Amendment explicitly proscribes any attempt by the federal government to infringe on the people’s right to keep and bear arms.</p> <p>Therefore, any attempt to curtail the right of civilians to own and use weapons — of any sort — is an act of tyranny, no matter how “reasonable” the attorney general tries to make it sound.</p> <p>Besides, reasonable people understand that the ready availability of guns is no more responsible for any armed massacre than an all-you-can-eat buffet is responsible for obesity.</p> <p>Barr believes that Project Guardian will be successful based on the “success” of the federal government’s “initiatives focused on drug organizations, gangs, and gun offenders.”</p> <p>Everybody knows that the federal government’s “War on Drugs” has not ended drug abuse and drug-related crime. And gangs? Just as much of a problem, if not more, than they’ve always been.</p> <p>Finally, regardless of the federal government’s message to “dangerous” people who try to buy guns — “We’re coming to get you” — there is no way that the imperial forces could accomplish such an ambitious enterprise without help.</p> <p>The federal agencies tasked with taking away the right of the citizens of the states to purchase firearms and ammunition must have help; the help of the state governments.</p> <p>In the case of executing the exclusions of Project Guardian, AG Barr says that “It will involve all federal law enforcement agencies working closely with our state and local colleagues.”</p> <p>In 2014, Judge Andrew Napolitano discussed this pernicious partnership and how to prevent its formation.</p> <p>“The federal government does not have the person power and resources to enforce all federal laws on its own,” he said. “It needs the assistance of state and local police as well. They don’t have that in Washington and Colorado because marijuana is lawful there, so it might be impractical and be too costly for the feds to enforce there.”</p> <p>“Our home state of New Jersey could not, for example, use the police to frustrate federal law enforcement. What it could say to state and local police [is] ‘you will not cooperate.’ That will make federal enforcement of tighter federal gun laws nearly impossible,” Napolitano added.</p> <p>“If the federal government limits guns in a state, will it need the assistance of state police to enforce those limitations?” the judge asked rhetorically. “Yes, they will. And do the states have the right to refuse to enforce federal law that’s against state public policy? Yes, they do. That’s where we are on this.”</p> <p>And that’s how states can follow James Madison’s direction that states facing “unwarrantable measures” of the federal government should declare their “refusal to co-operate with the officers of the Union” to stop the federal government’s “long train of abuses” in its tracks.</p> <p>Project Guardian is underway. It appears that this latest federal encroachment into the natural liberties of the people is in pursuit of the promise AG Barr made to “disrupt individuals who are mobilizing toward violence.”</p> <p>One wonders: Will that same standard — “mobilizing toward violence” — for gun banning be applied to the federal government?</p> <p><strong>Originally published at <a href="https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/constitution/item/33968-nsa-official-refuses-to-reveal-the-success-or-failure-of-phone-surveillance"><em>The New American Magazine</em></a></strong></p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Current Events Right to Keep and Bear Arms Federal Gun Control Project Guardian William Barr Joe Wolverton, II Should we interpret the Constitution so the feds can oversee everything affecting more than one state? https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/20/should-we-interpret-the-constitution-so-the-feds-can-oversee-everything-affecting-more-than-one-state/ Tenth Amendment Center urn:uuid:c5faf584-172f-468c-9052-e161f39a53ae Thu, 21 Nov 2019 00:24:27 +0000 <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/20/should-we-interpret-the-constitution-so-the-feds-can-oversee-everything-affecting-more-than-one-state/" title="Should we interpret the Constitution so the feds can oversee everything affecting more than one state?" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/congress-dark-1280.jpg" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/congress-dark-1280.jpg 1280w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/congress-dark-1280-300x169.jpg 300w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/congress-dark-1280-768x432.jpg 768w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/congress-dark-1280-1024x576.jpg 1024w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/congress-dark-1280-1080x608.jpg 1080w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/congress-dark-1280-150x150.jpg" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />The Constitution lists powers it grants to the federal government, reserving the rest in the states and the people. Over the last few decades, some federal powers—particularly those embodied in the Commerce Clause, Taxation Clause, Necessary and Proper Clause, and Property and Enclave Clauses—have become stretched out of recognition. The power to regulate interstate commerce, [&#8230;] <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/20/should-we-interpret-the-constitution-so-the-feds-can-oversee-everything-affecting-more-than-one-state/" title="Should we interpret the Constitution so the feds can oversee everything affecting more than one state?" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/congress-dark-1280.jpg" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/congress-dark-1280.jpg 1280w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/congress-dark-1280-300x169.jpg 300w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/congress-dark-1280-768x432.jpg 768w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/congress-dark-1280-1024x576.jpg 1024w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/congress-dark-1280-1080x608.jpg 1080w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/congress-dark-1280-150x150.jpg" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>The Constitution lists powers it grants to the federal government, reserving the rest in the states and the people. Over the last few decades, some federal powers—particularly those embodied in the Commerce Clause, Taxation Clause, Necessary and Proper Clause, and Property and Enclave Clauses—have become stretched out of recognition. The power to regulate interstate commerce, for example, has become authority to regulate the entire economy. The power to tax has become authority to spend on anything Congress wishes. And the Property and Enclave Clauses have been expanded into federal authority to hold as much land as the government wishes, for any purpose and any length of time.</p> <p>Some liberal constitutional commentators defend this development with this argument: One of the Founders’ goals was to deal with spillover effects—externalities—among the states. They designed the Constitution, therefore, to give the federal government almost all power necessary to do so. Over the years, those spillover effects have become greater and greater, as the country has become more and more interdependent. Therefore, construing the enumerated powers expansively serves the purpose for which the Constitution was written.</p> <p>In support, they cite the wording of the <a href="https://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/vatexta.asp">Virginia Plan</a>, an outline for a constitution submitted early in the 1787 convention. The Virginia Plan would have granted the Congress power “to legislate in all cases to which the separate States are incompetent, or in which the harmony of the United States may be interrupted by the exercise of individual Legislation.”</p> <p>There are several problems in relying on this wording. First, the framers ultimately rejected it in favor of a specific enumeration of federal powers. Indeed, late in the convention they rejected several attempts to add powers to the list. Second, they excluded many activities from the federal enumeration even though they recognized that they were tightly tied up with activities within the enumeration. The Founders often spoke about how commerce, for example, affected manufacturing, agriculture, and even religion and demographics. But only the regulation of commerce was given to the federal government; regulating the other activities was left to the states.</p> <p>Third, when the framers did want the federal government to regulate connected areas, they listed each separately. For example, they listed distinctly the tightly connected realms of commerce, patent, and copyright.  Fourth, in Article I, Section 10, they recognized the power of states to deal with spillovers themselves by entering into interstate compacts.</p> <p>Fifth, leading founders <a href="https://i2i.org/wp-content/uploads/enum-III-final.pdf">specifically represented</a> that certain activities with interstate spillovers would remain outside central control.</p> <p>And sixth, the argument that the central government ought to have power to control all activities with spillover effects proves too much. “Externality federalism” is inherently unstable. Because everything ultimately affects everything else, the central government can always make a case for central regulation.</p> <p>But liberal commentators have an response: If the enumeration was a narrowing of federal power rather than just a clarification, then why did some pro-Constitution Founders claim that the document gave the federal government general authority to deal with spillovers? For example, speaking on November 26, 1787 at the Pennsylvania ratifying convention, James Wilson said:</p> <blockquote><p>Whatever object of government is confined in its operation and effects within the bounds of a particular state, should be considered as belonging to the government of that state; whatever object of government extends in its operation or effects beyond the bounds of a particular state, should be considered as belonging to the government of the United States.</p></blockquote> <p>Taken in isolation, however, this comment overstates the case. And it can’t be taken in isolation, because avoiding interstate spillovers wasn’t the framers’ only goal. In allocating power between the federal and state government, they considered but other factors as well.  Wilson admits this immediately after the last quoted remark, in which he mentions the competing values of clarity and certainty:</p> <blockquote><p>But though this principle be sound and satisfactory, its application to particular cases would be accompanied with much difficulty; because, in its application, room must be allowed for great discretionary latitude of construction of the principle. In order to lessen or remove the difficulty arising from discretionary construction on this subject, an enumeration of particular instances, in which the application of the principle ought to take place, has been attempted with much industry and care. It is only in mathematical science, that a line can be described with mathematical precision. But I flatter myself that, upon the strictest investigation, the enumeration will be found to be safe and unexceptionable; and accurate too, in as great a degree as accuracy can be expected in a subject of this nature.</p></blockquote> <p>In other words, if we used words such as those in the Virginia Plan, there would be endless debates and uncertainties. So we listed specific federal powers instead. We did the best we could to give the national government power over national matters. But where the enumeration falls short of giving the national government power over all externalities, then we sacrificed that value for clarity and certainty.</p> <p>That’s not all. The framers also sacrificed the “externality federalism” value to another at least as important. Wilson recognized this, too. But first some explanation:</p> <p>Very often it is better to tolerate bad spillovers than to incur the cost of suppressing them. If your neighbor’s dog happens to wake you with its barking one night, you do not immediately run out to challenge your neighbor.  You don’t call the police or kill the dog. The costs of such unkind and unneighborly behavior are too high. As long as nocturnal barking does not become a persistent nuisance, you tolerate it.</p> <p>Similarly, state autonomy has benefits that outweigh the costs of most bad spillovers.  Wilson recognized this later in his speech:</p> <blockquote><p>When a confederate republick is instituted, the communities of which it is composed surrender to it a part of their political independence, which they before enjoyed as states. .  . .  <em>The states should resign to the national government that part, and that part only, of their political liberty, which, placed in that government, will produce more good to the whole, than if it had remained in the several states.</em> While they resign this part of their political liberty, they retain the free and generous exercise of all their other faculties as states, so far as it is compatible with the welfare of the general and superintending confederacy.</p></blockquote> <p>Of course, the “good of the whole” consists of many more elements than merely suppressing spillovers: Allowing the people of individual states to govern themselves makes people happy. It improves the responsiveness of government. It gives people choices of different “policy packages” in different states.  It greatly reduces the chances of centralized tyranny. Values like that generally far outweigh the inconvenience of, for example, differing traffic laws, tax schemes, and insurance regulations.</p> <p>As the framers did so often, in allocating authority between states and federal government they balanced competing values. The need for central regulation of interstate spillovers was only one of those values. It should not trump the others.</p> <p>I discuss this subject in the context of the Commerce Power<a href="https://i2i.org/wp-content/uploads/Commerce.pdf"> in this academic article</a>.</p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Constitution Founding Fathers Founding Principles federal-power Federalism Virginia Plan Rob Natelson Patriot Act Renewal: A Bipartisan Attack on Liberty Since Day One https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/patriot-act-renewal-a-bipartisan-attack-on-liberty-since-day-one/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:12ba86de-115c-68db-446e-d257e329f7f9 Wed, 20 Nov 2019 19:34:56 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/patriot-act-renewal-a-bipartisan-attack-on-liberty-since-day-one/" title="Patriot Act Renewal: A Bipartisan Attack on Liberty Since Day One" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/path-112019-patriot-act.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-112019-patriot-act.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-112019-patriot-act-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-112019-patriot-act-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-112019-patriot-act-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-112019-patriot-act-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-112019-patriot-act-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-112019-patriot-act-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/path-112019-patriot-act-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />With another so-called federal &#8220;shutdown&#8221; looming, a measure to fund the feds for another 3 months just passed the House. Expect it to pass the Senate and get signed. Included near the very end of the legislation is a clean and full reauthorization of the Patriot Act &#8211; one of the most unconstitutional acts in [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/patriot-act-renewal-a-bipartisan-attack-on-liberty-since-day-one/" title="Patriot Act Renewal: A Bipartisan Attack on Liberty Since Day One" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/path-112019-patriot-act.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-112019-patriot-act.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-112019-patriot-act-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-112019-patriot-act-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-112019-patriot-act-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-112019-patriot-act-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-112019-patriot-act-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-112019-patriot-act-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/path-112019-patriot-act-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>With another so-called federal &#8220;shutdown&#8221; looming, a measure to fund the feds for another 3 months just passed the House. Expect it to pass the Senate and get signed. Included near the very end of the legislation is a clean and full reauthorization of the Patriot Act &#8211; one of the most unconstitutional acts in US history.</p> <p>Path to Liberty: November 20, 2019<span id="more-33803"></span></p> <p><iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/kXNbFFOZ7XE?start=56" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>PODCAST VERSION</strong></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">iTunes</a> | <a href="https://playmusic.app.goo.gl/?ibi=com.google.PlayMusic&amp;isi=691797987&amp;ius=googleplaymusic&amp;apn=com.google.android.music&amp;link=https://play.google.com/music/m/Ic7vaa26zzqtt2zmxovxwkxktem?t%3DPath_to_Liberty%26pcampaignid%3DMKT-na-all-co-pr-mu-pod-16" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Google 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href="https://www.minds.com/TenthAmendmentCenter?referrer=TenthAmendmentCenter">https://www.minds.com/TenthAmendmentCenter</a></p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Audio/Video Congress Current Events Path to Liberty Surveillance Patriot Act Spying surveillance Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center Blog 31:33 With another so-called federal “shutdown” looming, a measure to fund the feds for another 3 months just passed the House. Expect it to pass the Senate and get signed. Included near the very end of the legislation is a clean and full reauthorization of ... With another so-called federal “shutdown” looming, a measure to fund the feds for another 3 months just passed the House. Expect it to pass the Senate and get signed. Included near the very end of the legislation is a clean and full reauthorization of the Patriot Act – one of the most unconstitutional acts in […] Portland, Maine Considering Facial Recognition Technology Ban https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/portland-maine-considering-facial-recognition-technology-ban/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:8fdec398-064a-eacd-d6f3-0f1875717956 Wed, 20 Nov 2019 15:05:53 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/portland-maine-considering-facial-recognition-technology-ban/" title="Portland, Maine Considering Facial Recognition Technology Ban" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/09/facial-recognition-local-oakland-sept-2019-b.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/facial-recognition-local-oakland-sept-2019-b.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/facial-recognition-local-oakland-sept-2019-b-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/facial-recognition-local-oakland-sept-2019-b-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/facial-recognition-local-oakland-sept-2019-b-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/facial-recognition-local-oakland-sept-2019-b-1080x608.png 1080w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/09/facial-recognition-local-oakland-sept-2019-b-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />PORTLAND, Maine (Nov. 20, 2019) &#8211; A proposed ordinance in Portland, Maine, would ban the use of facial recognition technology in the city. The growing movement to prohibit the use of facial recognition at the state and local levels could hinder the operation of a growing national facial recognition network. Portland City Council members Pious [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/portland-maine-considering-facial-recognition-technology-ban/" title="Portland, Maine Considering Facial Recognition Technology Ban" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/09/facial-recognition-local-oakland-sept-2019-b.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/facial-recognition-local-oakland-sept-2019-b.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/facial-recognition-local-oakland-sept-2019-b-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/facial-recognition-local-oakland-sept-2019-b-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/facial-recognition-local-oakland-sept-2019-b-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/facial-recognition-local-oakland-sept-2019-b-1080x608.png 1080w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/09/facial-recognition-local-oakland-sept-2019-b-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p><strong>PORTLAND</strong>, Maine (Nov. 20, 2019) &#8211; A proposed ordinance in Portland, Maine, would ban the use of facial recognition technology in the city. The growing movement to prohibit the use of facial recognition at the state and local levels could hinder the operation of a growing national facial recognition network.<span id="more-33795"></span></p> <p>Portland City Council members Pious Ali and Brian Batson introduced <a href="https://portlandme.civicclerk.com/web/GenFile.aspx?ad=3715&amp;isPDF_A=1" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">the ordinance</a> on Nov. 18. Under the proposed law, &#8220;No city official or employee shall obtain, retain, access, or use any facial recognition technology or information provided by any facial recognition technology.&#8221;</p> <p>According to the language of the ordinance, it&#8217;s purpose is &#8220;to protect the privacy and civil liberties of the residents of the City of Portland.&#8221;</p> <p>The council referred the measure to a committee for future consideration.</p> <p>There is a growing movement to limit or ban the use of facial recognition technology and the local and state level. <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/05/first-in-the-nation-san-francisco-passes-ordinance-to-ban-facial-recognition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">San Francisco</a>, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/07/oakland-city-council-unanimously-approves-ordinance-to-ban-facial-recognition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Oakland</a>, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/10/four-and-counting-berkeley-passes-facial-recognition-ban/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Berkeley</a> and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/06/second-in-the-nation-somerville-city-council-passes-facial-recognition-ban/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Somerville, Mass.</a> have all prohibited government use of facial recognition technology. <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/09/portland-oregon-considering-facial-recognition-technology-ban/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Portland, Oregon</a>, and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/10/springfield-massachusetts-considering-facial-recognition-technology-ban/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Springfield, Massachusetts</a>, are considering similar bans, The California governor recently <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/10/signed-as-law-california-bans-facial-recognition-on-police-body-cameras/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">signed a bill</a> that imposes a 3-year ban on the use of the tech in conjunction with police body-worn cameras. The New York Assembly is considering <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/06/new-york-assembly-passes-bill-to-ban-facial-recognition-schools/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">a bill to ban facial recognition in schools</a> and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/10/new-york-bill-would-ban-facial-recognition-on-police-body-cameras/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">on police body cameras</a>.</p> <p><strong>IMPACT ON FEDERAL PROGRAMS</strong></p> <p>A <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/07/12/dont-rely-on-congress-to-stop-facial-recognition-surveillance/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">recent report revealed</a> that the federal government has turned state drivers’ license photos into a giant facial recognition database, putting virtually every driver in America in a perpetual electronic police lineup. The revelations generated widespread outrage, but this story isn’t new. The federal government has been developing <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2016/10/31/local-state-and-federal-law-enforcement-partnering-to-create-massive-facial-recognition-system/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">a massive, nationwide facial recognition system</a> for years.</p> <p>The FBI <a href="https://money.cnn.com/2014/09/16/technology/security/fbi-facial-recognition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">rolled out a nationwide facial-recognition program</a> in the fall of 2014, with the goal of building a giant biometric database with pictures provided by the states and corporate friends.</p> <p>In 2016, the Center on Privacy and Technology at Georgetown Law released “The Perpetual Lineup,” a massive report on law enforcement use of facial recognition technology in the U.S. You can read the complete report at <a href="https://www.perpetuallineup.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">perpetuallineup.org</a>. The organization conducted a year-long investigation and collected more than 15,000 pages of documents through more than 100 public records requests. The report paints a disturbing picture of intense cooperation between the federal government, and state and local law enforcement to develop a massive facial recognition database.</p> <blockquote><p>“Face recognition is a powerful technology that requires strict oversight. But those controls, by and large, don’t exist today,” report co-author <a href="https://theintercept.com/2016/10/18/study-lack-of-face-recognition-oversight-threatens-privacy-of-millions/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Clare Garvie said</a>. “With only a few exceptions, there are no laws governing police use of the technology, no standards ensuring its accuracy, and no systems checking for bias. It’s a wild west.”</p></blockquote> <p>There are <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/10/whats-the-big-problem-with-facial-recognition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">many technical and legal problems</a> with facial recognition, including significant concerns about the accuracy of the technology, particularly when reading the facial features of minority populations. During a test run by the ACLU of Northern California, <a href="https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/ne8wa8/amazons-facial-recognition-misidentified-1-in-5-california-lawmakers-as-criminals" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">facial recognition misidentified 26 members of the California legislature</a> as people in a database of arrest photos.</p> <p>With facial recognition technology, police and other government officials have the capability to track individuals in real-time. These systems allow law enforcement agents to use video cameras and continually scan everybody who walks by. According to the report, several major police departments have expressed an interest in this type of real-time tracking. Documents revealed agencies in at least five major cities, including Los Angeles, either claimed to run real-time face recognition off of street cameras, bought technology with the capability, or expressed written interest in buying it.</p> <p>In all likelihood, the federal government heavily involves itself in helping state and local agencies obtain this technology. The feds provide grant money to local law enforcement agencies for a vast array of surveillance gear, including ALPRs, stingray devices and drones. The federal government essentially encourages and funds a giant nationwide surveillance net and then taps into the information via fusion centers and the Information Sharing Environment (ISE).</p> <p>Fusion centers were sold as a tool to combat terrorism, but that is not how they are being used. The ACLU pointed to a <a href="https://www.hsgac.senate.gov/subcommittees/investigations/media/investigative-report-criticizes-counterterrorism-reporting-waste-at-state-and-local-intelligence-fusion-centers" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">bipartisan congressional report</a> to demonstrate the true nature of government fusion centers: “They haven’t contributed anything meaningful to counterterrorism efforts. Instead, they have largely served as police surveillance and information sharing nodes for law enforcement efforts targeting the frequent subjects of police attention: Black and brown people, immigrants, dissidents, and the poor.”</p> <p>Fusion centers operate within the broader ISE. According to <a href="http://www.dni.gov/index.php/about/organization/information-sharing-environment-what-we-do" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">its website</a>, the ISE “provides analysts, operators, and investigators with information needed to enhance national security. These analysts, operators, and investigators…have mission needs to collaborate and share information with each other and with private sector partners and our foreign allies.” In other words, ISE serves as a conduit for the sharing of information gathered without a warrant. Known ISE partners include the Office of Director of National Intelligence which oversees 17 federal agencies and organizations, including the NSA. ISE utilizes these partnerships to collect and share data on the millions of unwitting people they track.</p> <p>In a nutshell, without state and local cooperation, the feds have a much more difficult time gathering information. Passage of local ordinances banning facial recognition eliminates one avenue for gathering facial recognition data. Simply put, data that doesn’t exist cannot be entered into federal databases.</p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Facial Recognition Local facial recognition Fourth Amendment Maine Portland Privacy surveillance Mike Maharrey Today in History: Lincoln Delivers the Gettysburg Address https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/19/today-in-history-lincoln-delivers-the-gettysburg-address/ Tenth Amendment Center urn:uuid:0ea0dd33-c9b1-3578-6add-7577df061aa0 Tue, 19 Nov 2019 18:34:44 +0000 <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/19/today-in-history-lincoln-delivers-the-gettysburg-address/" title="Today in History: Lincoln Delivers the Gettysburg Address" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/lincoln-gettysburg-1280.jpg" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/lincoln-gettysburg-1280.jpg 1280w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/lincoln-gettysburg-1280-300x169.jpg 300w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/lincoln-gettysburg-1280-768x432.jpg 768w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/lincoln-gettysburg-1280-1024x576.jpg 1024w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/lincoln-gettysburg-1280-1080x608.jpg 1080w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/lincoln-gettysburg-1280-980x551.jpg 980w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/lincoln-gettysburg-1280-480x270.jpg 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/lincoln-gettysburg-1280-150x150.jpg" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />Today in 1863, Abraham Lincoln gave his famous Gettysburg Address, a speech widely considered as the most recognizable and commonly recited pieces of English text. Truthfully, Lincoln’s oratory served as an erroneous reinvention of the union that conflicted greatly with the widespread understanding reached by the founding generation. While Lincoln declared that in 1776 our [&#8230;] <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/19/today-in-history-lincoln-delivers-the-gettysburg-address/" title="Today in History: Lincoln Delivers the Gettysburg Address" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/lincoln-gettysburg-1280.jpg" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/lincoln-gettysburg-1280.jpg 1280w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/lincoln-gettysburg-1280-300x169.jpg 300w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/lincoln-gettysburg-1280-768x432.jpg 768w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/lincoln-gettysburg-1280-1024x576.jpg 1024w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/lincoln-gettysburg-1280-1080x608.jpg 1080w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/lincoln-gettysburg-1280-980x551.jpg 980w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/lincoln-gettysburg-1280-480x270.jpg 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/lincoln-gettysburg-1280-150x150.jpg" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>Today in 1863, Abraham Lincoln gave his famous Gettysburg Address, a speech widely considered as the most recognizable and commonly recited pieces of English text.<span id="more-28910"></span></p> <p>Truthfully, Lincoln’s oratory served as an erroneous reinvention of the union that conflicted greatly with the widespread understanding reached by the founding generation. While Lincoln declared that in 1776 our fathers “brought forth a new nation,” they did not. In reality, no union of states existed until the Articles of Confederation were ratified in 1781. This union, which was voluntary in nature, was perpetuated in 1788, through the Constitution’s ratification by nine requisite member states.</p> <p>In 1776, independence was declared as a common cause of the states, and the Declaration of Independence noted that “Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do.” The states were compared to the “State of Great Britain,” making it obvious they existed and functioned and independent countries. Prior to this declaration, two states, Virginia and Rhode Island, and various other regions declared independence prior to the adoption of the famous document and the corresponding Lee resolution that severed all ties with Britain.</p> <p>Contrary to Lincoln’s perception, the American states functioned as drastically different entities, through the War for Independence and long into the 1780s. Instead of the nationalist dictum, the Declaration of Independence was, in fact, a declaration of secession that enumerated the reasons for which the Lee Resolution of July 2 passed the Continental Congress. That generation staked their lives, fortunes, and sacred honors on severance from Britain, not the consolidation of a national government as Lincoln espoused.</p> <p>Lincoln honored “brave men” in the collective; he spoke of a “nation” several times but avoided reference to the federal framework the Constitution acknowledged. He associated the war with an obligatory religious battle, using verbatim biblical language and allusions, and ascribed a sacred association to the union which had not existed before.</p> <p>Many opposed Lincoln’s desire to suppress northern dissent, rejected wide-ranging conscription efforts, disavowed the forced closure of northern press, renounced the blockade of southern ports, protested the suspension of habeas corpus, and deemed the war as wholly unnecessary. Without question, his deeds failed to persuade many that a cause that left about 800,000 dead was a glorious one. Still, Lincoln suggested that the union men that died upon the battlefield “nobly advanced” his vision for the union – the ultimate centralization and nationalization of political power. To Lincoln, the men “gave their lives that the nation might live.”</p> <p>If Lincoln looked elsewhere in the same document he used to bolster his claims, he would have recognized Jefferson’s defense of secession and self-government in overt Lockean terms. Lacking a government that protects the lives, liberty, and property of its citizens, “it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government.”</p> <p>While Lincoln’s speech is possibly the most memorable American exposition in the contemporary, it failed to appreciate the original maxims widely considered to be inherent to the American republic. Lincoln conceived of the union as a sacred, superlative, national state, whereas Jefferson considered it as a utilitarian, federally-oriented league of states.</p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Federalism History Abraham Lincoln Gettysburg Address Today in History Dave Benner Memphis Mayor Wants Ban on Mass Public Surveillance Lifted https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/memphis-mayor-wants-ban-on-mass-public-surveillance-lifted/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:088c5879-b2a2-5036-3e20-956565a7d07f Tue, 19 Nov 2019 12:43:32 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/memphis-mayor-wants-ban-on-mass-public-surveillance-lifted/" title="Memphis Mayor Wants Ban on Mass Public Surveillance Lifted" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/09/shutterstock_95111584-surveillance-cameras-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/shutterstock_95111584-surveillance-cameras-1280.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/shutterstock_95111584-surveillance-cameras-1280-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/shutterstock_95111584-surveillance-cameras-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/shutterstock_95111584-surveillance-cameras-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/shutterstock_95111584-surveillance-cameras-1280-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/shutterstock_95111584-surveillance-cameras-1280-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/shutterstock_95111584-surveillance-cameras-1280-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/09/shutterstock_95111584-surveillance-cameras-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />The Memphis mayor wants a ban on public surveillance lifted, and what should be headline news across the country is relegated to a single local newspaper fighting back against illegal government spying. This should serve as a warning sign as the American surveillance state continues to expand. Over the past two years, Memphis, Tennessee, Mayor [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/memphis-mayor-wants-ban-on-mass-public-surveillance-lifted/" title="Memphis Mayor Wants Ban on Mass Public Surveillance Lifted" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/09/shutterstock_95111584-surveillance-cameras-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/shutterstock_95111584-surveillance-cameras-1280.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/shutterstock_95111584-surveillance-cameras-1280-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/shutterstock_95111584-surveillance-cameras-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/shutterstock_95111584-surveillance-cameras-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/shutterstock_95111584-surveillance-cameras-1280-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/shutterstock_95111584-surveillance-cameras-1280-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/shutterstock_95111584-surveillance-cameras-1280-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/09/shutterstock_95111584-surveillance-cameras-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>The Memphis mayor wants a ban on public surveillance lifted, and what should be headline news across the country is relegated to a single local newspaper fighting back against illegal government spying. This should serve as a warning sign as the American surveillance state continues to expand.<span id="more-33772"></span></p> <p>Over the past two years, Memphis, Tennessee, Mayor Jim Strickland and the Memphis Police Department have claimed that a 1978 consent decree barring them from conducting political surveillance limits their ability to fight crime.</p> <p>The<i> Commercial Appeal</i> <a href="https://www.commercialappeal.com/story/news/2019/11/05/strickland-says-consent-decree-limits-memphis-polices-ability-fight-crime/4151811002/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">warns</a> that Strickland wants to destroy the 41-year-old ban on public surveillance without a warrant.</p> <blockquote><p>&#8220;Before the Memphis municipal election, Strickland’s administration filed documents under seal in federal court asking to modify the 1978 Kendrick consent decree — the court order in question. That order keeps the Memphis Police Department from keeping people under surveillance unless they&#8217;re believed to be committing a crime.&#8221;</p></blockquote> <p>How much shadier can things get?</p> <p>Memphis Police Director Michael W. Rallings said, <a href="https://www.citylab.com/equity/2018/08/memphis-spying-on-activists-is-just-good-police-work/567101/">&#8220;that m</a><a href="https://www.citylab.com/equity/2018/08/memphis-spying-on-activists-is-just-good-police-work/567101/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">onitoring these public social media posts is simply good police work.&#8221;</a>  And Mayor Strickland claimed two years ago, &#8220;<a href="https://www.memphisdailynews.com/news/2017/feb/22/city-hall-list-controversy-deepens-with-questions-about-police-surveillance/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">that several dozen names he signed a trespassing arrest authorization for were done without his knowledge.</a>&#8221;</p> <p><i>Memphis Daily News</i> reporter Bill Nies asked if the City Hall list of active protesters was a result of police surveillance. Strickland said, “I don’t know. I didn’t create the list. I didn’t even know it existed as of 10 days ago.”</p> <p>Strickland claims he didn&#8217;t create a government blacklist but signed off on it anyway? Nothing shady about that right?</p> <p>The ACLU <a href="https://www.aclu-tn.org/memphis-police-surveillance-of-activists-is-a-betrayal-and-a-reminder/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">notes</a> that the police department and Homeland Security decided to ignore the consent decree three years ago and secretly monitored activists and protesters.</p> <blockquote><p>&#8220;In 2016 and 2017, Memphis Police Department’s Office of Homeland Security decided it was legally appropriate and a good use of resources to create a fraudulent Facebook profile whose purpose was to deceive activists and gather information from them, including information from private posts.&#8221;</p></blockquote> <p>They even went so far as to create a PowerPoint presentation about BLM activists who protested police shootings. (To view the timeline of police surveillance click<a href="https://www.aclu-tn.org/blacklisted-memphis-police-surveillance-and-kendrick-v-chandler-a-timeline/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"> here</a>.)</p> <p>Why does the mayor want the feds to allow them to surveil the public again?</p> <p>Because, public safety of course,</p> <blockquote><p>“It also may restrict MPD’s ability to coordinate with other agencies in providing public safety, like the Multiagency Gang Unit, Strickland said. To put it in more (everyday) terms – it may restrict the use of Sky Cops, traffic cameras, interstate cameras and publicly available social media post, which may provide a warning of a public safety threat.”</p></blockquote> <p>Interestingly, the mayor makes no mention of the University of Memphis Public Safety Institute&#8217;s 2018 <a href="https://localtvwreg.files.wordpress.com/2019/01/december-2018-4th-qtr-2018-media-release-crime-stats.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">report</a> which shows that violent crime has dropped 4.2 percent compared to the previous year, and domestic crimes have dropped by 10.4 percent.</p> <p>So if violent crime in Memphis and the rest of the country is at record lows, why do police keep insisting they need to surveil the public and monitor their social media activity?</p> <p>Farrah Bara&#8217;s recent whitepaper called, <a href="https://scholarship.law.duke.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3992&amp;context=dlj">&#8220;</a><a href="https://scholarship.law.duke.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3992&amp;context=dlj" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">From Memphis, With Love: A Model To Protect Protestors In The Age Of Surveillance,&#8221;</a> said it best.</p> <blockquote><p>&#8220;First, the sheer growth of technology allows officers to track vast quantities of information about protesters, making surveillance seamless. Social media, in particular, plays a direct role in this surveillance because social media accounts can access an individual’s location, which new technologies might be able to gather and analyze. <b>For example, in 2017 and 2018, the federal government was granted two patents that endow it with the ability to use social media-enabled technology to predict when the next protest will occur.&#8221;</b></p></blockquote> <p>That is the real reason DHS, politicians, and law enforcement want to have access to CCTV cameras and social media: to identify activists and squelch dissent.</p> <p><i>WMC Action News</i> also <a href="https://www.wmcactionnews5.com/story/34536181/mpd-releases-list-of-those-on-memphis-city-halls-blacklist/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">described</a> how DHS and the Memphis police used surveillance to target activists and protesters and place them on secret government blacklists.</p> <p>&#8220;This is why people do not trust government. This is why people do not trust law enforcement; it&#8217;s because of this,&#8221; Paul Garner with Mid-South Peace and Justice said.</p> <p>Our country has a history of surveilling and targeting activists, protesters, and union workers. So please do not take the governments word that they need to secretly monitor the public to keep everyone safe.</p> <p><em>This article was <a href="https://massprivatei.blogspot.com/2019/11/mayor-wants-ban-on-surveilling-public.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">originally published at MassPrivatel</a></em></p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Surveillance Fourth Amendment Memphis Privacy surveillance jprivate New Jersey Bill Would Put Restrictions on Facial Recognition Technology https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/new-jersey-bill-would-put-restrictions-on-facial-recognition-technology/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:dd8dd0cb-9aa4-8e07-699d-8e66982fa81f Mon, 18 Nov 2019 21:48:51 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/new-jersey-bill-would-put-restrictions-on-facial-recognition-technology/" title="New Jersey Bill Would Put Restrictions on Facial Recognition Technology" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/09/facial-recognition-selfie-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/facial-recognition-selfie-1280.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/facial-recognition-selfie-1280-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/facial-recognition-selfie-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/facial-recognition-selfie-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/facial-recognition-selfie-1280-1080x608.png 1080w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/09/facial-recognition-selfie-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />TRENTON, N.J. (Nov. 18, 2019) &#8211; A bill introduced in the New Jersey Senate would put restrictions on the use of facial and other biometric recognition technology. The proposed law would not only help protect privacy in New Jersey, but it would also hinder one aspect of the federal surveillance state. Sen. Nia Gill (D-Montclair) [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/new-jersey-bill-would-put-restrictions-on-facial-recognition-technology/" title="New Jersey Bill Would Put Restrictions on Facial Recognition Technology" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/09/facial-recognition-selfie-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/facial-recognition-selfie-1280.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/facial-recognition-selfie-1280-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/facial-recognition-selfie-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/facial-recognition-selfie-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/09/facial-recognition-selfie-1280-1080x608.png 1080w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/09/facial-recognition-selfie-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p><strong>TRENTON</strong>, N.J. (Nov. 18, 2019) &#8211; A bill introduced in the New Jersey Senate would put restrictions on the use of facial and other biometric recognition technology. The proposed law would not only help protect privacy in New Jersey, but it would also hinder one aspect of the federal surveillance state.<span id="more-33788"></span></p> <p>Sen. Nia Gill (D-Montclair) introduced Senate Bill 4216 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/NJ/bill/S4216/2018" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">S4216</a>) on Nov. 14. Under the proposed law, New Jersey government agencies, including law enforcement, would be barred from acquiring, possessing, accessing, or using any biometric surveillance system, along with any information derived from a biometric surveillance system operated by another entity, unless specific conditions were met. Biometric surveillance includes facial recognition and any technology that assists in identifying a person based on the characteristics of their gait, voice, or other immutable characteristics.</p> <p>The condition that government agencies would have to meet before acquiring biometric surveillance systems under the proposed law would include specifically identifying those entities permitted to use the biometric surveillance system and for what purpose; promulgating standards for the use and management of the information, including data retention, sharing, access, and audit trails; developing auditing practices to ensure the accuracy of biometric surveillance system technologies, standards for minimum accuracy rates, and accuracy rates by gender, skin color, and age; instituting rigorous protections for due process, privacy, free speech and association, and racial, gender, and religious equity; and establishing mechanisms to ensure compliance. Other agencies giving biometric data to New Jersey government agencies would also have to meet these criteria.</p> <p>Any biometric information obtained in violation of the law would not be admissible in any criminal, civil, administrative, or other proceeding.</p> <p>While S4126 would not end the use of facial recognition technology in New Jersey, it would create a layer of oversight and transparency and would be an improvement over the status quo, which is unlimited use of biometric surveillance with no restrictions.</p> <p><strong>IMPACT ON FEDERAL PROGRAMS</strong></p> <p>A <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/07/12/dont-rely-on-congress-to-stop-facial-recognition-surveillance/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">recent report revealed</a> that the federal government has turned state drivers’ license photos into a giant facial recognition database, putting virtually every driver in America in a perpetual electronic police lineup. The revelations generated widespread outrage, but this story isn’t new. The federal government has been developing <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2016/10/31/local-state-and-federal-law-enforcement-partnering-to-create-massive-facial-recognition-system/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">a massive, nationwide facial recognition system</a> for years.</p> <p>The FBI <a href="https://money.cnn.com/2014/09/16/technology/security/fbi-facial-recognition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">rolled out a nationwide facial-recognition program</a> in the fall of 2014, with the goal of building a giant biometric database with pictures provided by the states and corporate friends.</p> <p>In 2016, the Center on Privacy and Technology at Georgetown Law released “The Perpetual Lineup,” a massive report on law enforcement use of facial recognition technology in the U.S. You can read the complete report at <a href="https://www.perpetuallineup.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">perpetuallineup.org</a>. The organization conducted a year-long investigation and collected more than 15,000 pages of documents through more than 100 public records requests. The report paints a disturbing picture of intense cooperation between the federal government, and state and local law enforcement to develop a massive facial recognition database.</p> <blockquote><p>“Face recognition is a powerful technology that requires strict oversight. But those controls, by and large, don’t exist today,” report co-author <a href="https://theintercept.com/2016/10/18/study-lack-of-face-recognition-oversight-threatens-privacy-of-millions/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Clare Garvie said</a>. “With only a few exceptions, there are no laws governing police use of the technology, no standards ensuring its accuracy, and no systems checking for bias. It’s a wild west.”</p></blockquote> <p>There are <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/10/whats-the-big-problem-with-facial-recognition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">many technical and legal problems</a> with facial recognition, including significant concerns about the accuracy of the technology, particularly when reading the facial features of minority populations. During a test run by the ACLU of Northern California, <a href="https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/ne8wa8/amazons-facial-recognition-misidentified-1-in-5-california-lawmakers-as-criminals" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">facial recognition misidentified 26 members of the California legislature</a> as people in a database of arrest photos.</p> <p>With facial recognition technology, police and other government officials have the capability to track individuals in real-time. These systems allow law enforcement agents to use video cameras and continually scan everybody who walks by. According to the report, several major police departments have expressed an interest in this type of real-time tracking. Documents revealed agencies in at least five major cities, including Los Angeles, either claimed to run real-time face recognition off of street cameras, bought technology with the capability, or expressed written interest in buying it.</p> <p>In all likelihood, the federal government heavily involves itself in helping state and local agencies obtain this technology. The feds provide grant money to local law enforcement agencies for a vast array of surveillance gear, including ALPRs, stingray devices and drones. The federal government essentially encourages and funds a giant nationwide surveillance net and then taps into the information via fusion centers and the Information Sharing Environment (ISE).</p> <p>Fusion centers were sold as a tool to combat terrorism, but that is not how they are being used. The ACLU pointed to a <a href="https://www.hsgac.senate.gov/subcommittees/investigations/media/investigative-report-criticizes-counterterrorism-reporting-waste-at-state-and-local-intelligence-fusion-centers" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">bipartisan congressional report</a> to demonstrate the true nature of government fusion centers: “They haven’t contributed anything meaningful to counterterrorism efforts. Instead, they have largely served as police surveillance and information sharing nodes for law enforcement efforts targeting the frequent subjects of police attention: Black and brown people, immigrants, dissidents, and the poor.”</p> <p>Fusion centers operate within the broader ISE. According to <a href="http://www.dni.gov/index.php/about/organization/information-sharing-environment-what-we-do" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">its website</a>, the ISE “provides analysts, operators, and investigators with information needed to enhance national security. These analysts, operators, and investigators…have mission needs to collaborate and share information with each other and with private sector partners and our foreign allies.” In other words, ISE serves as a conduit for the sharing of information gathered without a warrant. Known ISE partners include the Office of Director of National Intelligence which oversees 17 federal agencies and organizations, including the NSA. ISE utilizes these partnerships to collect and share data on the millions of unwitting people they track.</p> <p>In a nutshell, without state and local cooperation, the feds have a much more difficult time gathering information. Limiting facial recognition eliminates one avenue for gathering facial recognition data. Simply put, data that doesn’t exist cannot be entered into federal databases.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>S4216 was referred to the Senate Judiciary Committee where it must pass by a majority vote before moving forward in the legislative process.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Facial Recognition State Bills biometric surveillance facial recognition Fourth Amendment New Jersey Privacy S4216 Mike Maharrey Fiat “Money” is Backed by Nothing: End the Fed from the Bottom Up https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/fiat-money-is-backed-by-nothing-end-the-fed-from-the-bottom-up/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:04ed3845-35a5-e3c0-e32c-228b15d2f6f6 Mon, 18 Nov 2019 19:03:02 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/fiat-money-is-backed-by-nothing-end-the-fed-from-the-bottom-up/" title="Fiat &#8220;Money&#8221; is Backed by Nothing: End the Fed from the Bottom Up" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/path-111819-b.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-111819-b.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-111819-b-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-111819-b-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-111819-b-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-111819-b-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-111819-b-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-111819-b-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/path-111819-b-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />At one time, the U.S. monetary system was backed by gold. Now it’s not backed by anything. A recent poll shows that only 7% of people go this right. So there&#8217;s a lot of educating to do. Plus efforts on the state level to end the fed from the bottom up. Path to Liberty: November [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/fiat-money-is-backed-by-nothing-end-the-fed-from-the-bottom-up/" title="Fiat &#8220;Money&#8221; is Backed by Nothing: End the Fed from the Bottom Up" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/path-111819-b.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-111819-b.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-111819-b-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-111819-b-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-111819-b-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-111819-b-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-111819-b-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-111819-b-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/path-111819-b-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>At one time, the U.S. monetary system was backed by gold. Now it’s not backed by anything. A recent poll shows that only 7% of people go this right. So there&#8217;s a lot of educating to do. Plus efforts on the state level to end the fed from the bottom up.</p> <p>Path to Liberty: November 18, 2019<span id="more-33789"></span></p> <p><iframe width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/cnCduH4Za_M?start=56" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>PODCAST VERSION</strong></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">iTunes</a> | <a href="https://playmusic.app.goo.gl/?ibi=com.google.PlayMusic&amp;isi=691797987&amp;ius=googleplaymusic&amp;apn=com.google.android.music&amp;link=https://play.google.com/music/m/Ic7vaa26zzqtt2zmxovxwkxktem?t%3DPath_to_Liberty%26pcampaignid%3DMKT-na-all-co-pr-mu-pod-16" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Google Play</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" 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href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/?p=28895" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">U.S. Federal Reserve Notes: “Money” Backed By Nothing</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.soundmoneydefense.org/state-legal-tender-movement" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">Sound Money Defense League Tracking Map</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.upma.org/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">UPMA Utah</a></p> <p><a href="https://goldback.com/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">Utah Goldbacks</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/texas-voters-approve-state-constitutional-amendment-to-facilitate-use-of-bullion-depository/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">Texas Voters Approve State Constitutional Amendment to Facilitate Use of Bullion Depository</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.forbes.com/sites/caitlinlong/2019/03/04/what-do-wyomings-new-blockchain-laws-mean/#5126016b5fde" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">What Do Wyoming&#8217;s 13 New 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ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Audio/Video Federal Reserve Path to Liberty End the Fed Ron Paul Sound Money Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center Blog 40:26 At one time, the U.S. monetary system was backed by gold. Now it’s not backed by anything. A recent poll shows that only 7% of people go this right. So there’s a lot of educating to do. Plus efforts on the state level to end the fed from the bottom up.... At one time, the U.S. monetary system was backed by gold. Now it’s not backed by anything. A recent poll shows that only 7% of people go this right. So there’s a lot of educating to do. Plus efforts on the state level to end the fed from the bottom up. Path to Liberty: November […] Trump Administration Starts Fiscal Year 2020 With an Even Bigger Deficit https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/trump-administration-starts-fiscal-year-2020-with-an-even-bigger-deficit/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:09d9d64f-d705-34f7-9bfd-3b5051787a51 Mon, 18 Nov 2019 12:43:31 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/trump-administration-starts-fiscal-year-2020-with-an-even-bigger-deficit/" title="Trump Administration Starts Fiscal Year 2020 With an Even Bigger Deficit" rel="nofollow"><img width="1200" height="627" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2018/06/money-plants-pexels-photo-164474-e1544467654878.jpeg" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/06/money-plants-pexels-photo-164474-e1544467654878.jpeg 1200w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/06/money-plants-pexels-photo-164474-e1544467654878-300x157.jpeg 300w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/06/money-plants-pexels-photo-164474-e1544467654878-768x401.jpeg 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/06/money-plants-pexels-photo-164474-e1544467654878-1024x535.jpeg 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/06/money-plants-pexels-photo-164474-e1544467654878-1080x564.jpeg 1080w" sizes="(max-width: 1200px) 100vw, 1200px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2018/06/money-plants-pexels-photo-164474-e1544467654878-150x150.jpeg" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />If you hoped the Trump administration would take some kind of action to slow down spending after running the biggest budget deficit in seven years in FY2019, you&#8217;ll be disappointed. In fact, the administration ramped up spending in the first month of FY2020. The federal government is on track for a $1-trillion-plus budget shortfall this [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/trump-administration-starts-fiscal-year-2020-with-an-even-bigger-deficit/" title="Trump Administration Starts Fiscal Year 2020 With an Even Bigger Deficit" rel="nofollow"><img width="1200" height="627" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2018/06/money-plants-pexels-photo-164474-e1544467654878.jpeg" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/06/money-plants-pexels-photo-164474-e1544467654878.jpeg 1200w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/06/money-plants-pexels-photo-164474-e1544467654878-300x157.jpeg 300w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/06/money-plants-pexels-photo-164474-e1544467654878-768x401.jpeg 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/06/money-plants-pexels-photo-164474-e1544467654878-1024x535.jpeg 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2018/06/money-plants-pexels-photo-164474-e1544467654878-1080x564.jpeg 1080w" sizes="(max-width: 1200px) 100vw, 1200px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2018/06/money-plants-pexels-photo-164474-e1544467654878-150x150.jpeg" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>If you hoped the Trump administration would take some kind of action to slow down spending after <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/10/28/more-excuses-while-feds-run-biggest-deficit-in-seven-years/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">running the biggest budget deficit in seven years in FY2019</a>, you&#8217;ll be disappointed. In fact, the administration ramped up spending in the first month of FY2020. The federal government is on track for a $1-trillion-plus budget shortfall this year.<span id="more-33771"></span></p> <p>The budget deficit last month was 34 percent higher than the October 2018 shortfall, coming in at $134.5 billion, <a href="https://www.fiscal.treasury.gov/files/reports-statements/mts/mts1019.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">according to the latest Treasury Department report</a>.</p> <p>The October deficit continues a well-established trend. The FY2019 deficit was $984 billion and ranked as the largest budget shortfall since 2012. The federal deficit has only eclipsed $1 trillion four times, all in the aftermath of the 2008 financial crisis.</p> <p>The $984 billion deficit in fiscal 2019 amounted to 4.7 percent of GDP. That’s the highest percentage since 2012 &#8211; in the aftermath of the great recession. FY2019 was the fourth consecutive year in which the deficit increased as a percentage of GDP. The debt-to-GDP ratio is estimated to have increased a hefty 26 percent over last year.</p> <p>The Trump administration continues to spend enormous amounts of money. In October alone, the Federal government blew through $380 billion. That was an 8 percent increase over October 2018.  Federal outlays were higher for defense, education, healthcare and Social Security.</p> <p>This should come as no surprise. President Trump inked his signature on a <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/07/bipartisan-fiscal-suicide-donald-and-nancy-team-up-for-more-spending-insanity/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">bipartisan budget deal</a><strong> </strong>over the summer that suspended the borrowing limit for two years and increases discretionary spending from $1.32 trillion in FY2019 to $1.37 trillion in fiscal 2020. The deal then boosts spending again to $1.375 trillion the year after that. The spending plan &#8211; that Trump signed &#8211; increases both domestic and military outlays.</p> <p>During the presidential campaign, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/10/trumps-broken-campaign-promise-on-the-debt/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Trump promised to deal with the skyrocketing national debt</a>. In fact, he said he could take care of it “fairly quickly.”</p> <p>Stay tuned for more excuses from Trump supporters.</p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Debt Federal Funding budget deficit Donald Trump National Debt Mike Maharrey U.S. Federal Reserve Notes: “Money” Backed By Nothing https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/18/u-s-federal-reserve-notes-money-backed-by-nothing/ Tenth Amendment Center urn:uuid:568da83e-68c2-95b3-04f9-78618a564f6d Mon, 18 Nov 2019 11:43:18 +0000 <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/18/u-s-federal-reserve-notes-money-backed-by-nothing/" title="U.S. Federal Reserve Notes: &#8220;Money&#8221; Backed By Nothing" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/money-toilet-flush-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/money-toilet-flush-1280.png 1280w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/money-toilet-flush-1280-300x169.png 300w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/money-toilet-flush-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/money-toilet-flush-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/money-toilet-flush-1280-1080x608.png 1080w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/money-toilet-flush-1280-980x551.png 980w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/money-toilet-flush-1280-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/money-toilet-flush-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />At one time, the U.S. monetary system was backed by gold. Now it&#8217;s not backed by anything. But most Americans don&#8217;t realize this. In fact, nearly a third of respondents to a recent survey believe the U.S. dollar is still backed by gold. Only 7 percent of the people polled got the answer right &#8211; the [&#8230;] <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/18/u-s-federal-reserve-notes-money-backed-by-nothing/" title="U.S. Federal Reserve Notes: &#8220;Money&#8221; Backed By Nothing" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/money-toilet-flush-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/money-toilet-flush-1280.png 1280w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/money-toilet-flush-1280-300x169.png 300w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/money-toilet-flush-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/money-toilet-flush-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/money-toilet-flush-1280-1080x608.png 1080w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/money-toilet-flush-1280-980x551.png 980w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/money-toilet-flush-1280-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/money-toilet-flush-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>At one time, the U.S. monetary system was backed by gold. Now it&#8217;s not backed by anything.<span id="more-28895"></span></p> <p>But most Americans don&#8217;t realize this. In fact, nearly a third of respondents <a href="https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/new-genesis-mining-study-finds-29-of-americans-believe-the-us-dollar-is-still-backed-by-gold-300947883.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">to a recent survey</a> believe the U.S. dollar is still backed by gold. Only 7 percent of the people polled got the answer right &#8211; the dollar isn&#8217;t actually backed by anything.</p> <p>Meanwhile, 29.3 percent said the dollar was backed by gold, 4.1 percent said it was backed by oil, 5.8 percent said it was backed by bonds and 23.6 percent confessed that they simply didn&#8217;t know.</p> <p>Thirty percent of those polled answered that the dollar is backed by the U.S. government. While technically correct, that&#8217;s a distinction without a difference. When you strip away the semantics, this still means it&#8217;s not backed by anything.</p> <p>The dollar is what is known as a fiat currency. That means it is not backed by a physical commodity such as gold or silver. Fiat currencies derive their value from the fact that the issuing governments say they have value. They sustain their value because the government maintains monopoly power over money &#8211; dictating that only its fiat currency can serve as &#8220;legal tender.&#8221;</p> <p>Currency in the United States used to be backed by gold. You could exchange your dollars for a fixed weight of metal. But under Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt in the 1930s, the government began to move away from gold-backed currency. In 1971, <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/08/15/today-in-history-nixon-slams-shut-the-gold-window/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Pres. Nixon severed the tie altogether</a>.</p> <p>Why?</p> <p>Because gold or silver-backed money poses problems for governments. They cannot easily inflate the money supply. There always has to be a sufficient amount of metal to back the currency in circulation. But governments and central banks can print fiat currencies at will. In a nutshell, fiat currencies allow governments to create money out of thin air to fund their vast expenditures. The warfare and welfare state in America would be impossible with the fiat currency and the central bank facilitating debt monetization.</p> <p>When he announced the closing of the gold window, Nixon said, “Let me lay to rest the bugaboo of what is called devaluation,” and promised, “your dollar will be worth just as much as it is today.”</p> <p>This was also a lie.</p> <p>According to the Consumer Price Index data <a href="https://www.bls.gov/cpi/#" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">released by the Bureau Labor of Statistics</a>, the dollar has lost more than 80 percent of its value since Nixon’s fateful decision. Meanwhile, the dollar value of gold has gone from $35 an ounce to about $1,500.</p> <p>The purchasing power of the dollar continues to diminish every day, but this is just a shadow cast by the real truth &#8212; the dollar is effectively valueless.</p> <p>Paul Krugman stumbled on this truth in a rant against bitcoin. The Keynesian economist <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/31/opinion/transaction-costs-and-tethers-why-im-a-crypto-skeptic.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">said cryptocurrency was actually a step back in the evolution of money</a> because its value isn’t “tethered to anything.” In other words, there is nothing underlying its value.</p> <p>But as a fiat currency, the dollar isn’t tethered to anything either. It has value because people have faith that it has value. When you boil it all down, dollars are nothing more than pieces of paper and numbers in computers.</p> <p>When Krugman bashed bitcoin because it isn&#8217;t &#8220;tethered to anything,&#8221; he must have realized he was backing himself into a corner, because he went out of his way to emphasize dollars are backed by the “full faith and credit” of the U.S. government and we need dollars to pay our taxes.</p> <blockquote><p>The value of a dollar doesn’t come entirely from self-fulfilling expectations: ultimately, it’s backstopped by the fact that the U.S. government will accept dollars as payment of tax liabilities — liabilities it’s able to enforce because it’s a government. If you like, fiat currencies have underlying value because men with guns say they do. And this means that their value isn’t a bubble that can collapse if people lose faith.”</p></blockquote> <p>But this is demonstrably false as the Germans learned during hyper-inflation of Weimer Republic and more recently experienced by the people of Venezuela.</p> <p>In effect, there is no floor on how weak the dollar can become in terms of purchasing power merely because the IRS insists on receiving dollars for its tax bills. Economist Robert Murphy explained why the value of fiat currencies can fall to near-zero in <a href="https://contrakrugman.com/ep-151-krugman-is-a-crypto-skeptic-and-for-lousy-reasons/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">an episode of the Contra Krugman podcast</a>.</p> <blockquote><p>If by assumption, the dollar’s very weak, then that means you could sell one hour of your labor to get a trillion dollar bills. So, the fact that you need to hand over to the IRS a bunch of dollar bills, by itself does not tell me any information about the relative strength of the dollar. That’s consistent with the dollar being worth, you know, $1 gets you a loaf of bread or you need a quadrillion dollars to get a loaf of bread. That’s equally consistent with the fact that I have to pay my taxes in dollars.”</p></blockquote> <p>The “lack of tethering” argument Krugman makes against crypto applies equally to fiat dollars. Despite men with guns, the dollar’s value can still decline virtually zero. Again, we just have to look at countries like Venezuela and Zimbabwe as they suffer through hyperinflation to see this truth. Government backing does not guarantee value.</p> <p>And unlike government-created fiat money, a cryptocurrency like Bitcoin has a limited supply of 21 million coins, so its purchasing power cannot be reduced like the US dollar by printing more.</p> <p>Financial guru <a href="https://www.wsj.com/articles/goodbye-yellow-brick-road-1497643771" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Jim Grant wrote</a> that the reason the gold standard is so often demeaned by modern economists and politicians is because, “The modern sensibility quakes at the rigor of such a system.”</p> <p>But those &#8220;rigors&#8221; are exactly what we need. Sound money forces governments to maintain fiscal discipline. It limits spending and ultimately, the growth of government itself. It&#8217;s no wonder that the political class rejects any kind of commodity-based money.</p> <p>Instead, politicians have replaced the gold standard with another standard. Grant calls it the “Ph.D. standard,” a system run by politicians and central planners.</p> <blockquote><p>That system features monetary oversight by former university economics faculty — the Ph.D. standard, let’s call it. The ex-professors buy bonds with money they whistle into existence (“quantitative easing”), tinker with interest rates, and give speeches about their intentions to buy bonds and tinker with interest rates (“forward guidance”).</p></blockquote> <p>This is exactly what politicians like Nixon, Ford, Carter, Reagan, Bush I, Clinton, Bush II, Obama and Trump wanted — the ability to spend without restraint and grow government with no limits. The result: massive national debt and devalued currency that buys the average person less and less every year.</p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Federal Reserve dollar gold silver sound money Mike Maharrey A Blow to Gun Manufacturers But a Win for Federalism https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/16/a-blow-to-gun-manufacturers-but-a-win-for-federalism/ Tenth Amendment Center urn:uuid:767021b1-33c6-962c-e837-8aca250d064b Sat, 16 Nov 2019 11:39:07 +0000 <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/16/a-blow-to-gun-manufacturers-but-a-win-for-federalism/" title="A Blow to Gun Manufacturers But a Win for Federalism" rel="nofollow"><img width="1200" height="628" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/bigstock-Keep-And-Bear-Arms-4635797-1200.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/bigstock-Keep-And-Bear-Arms-4635797-1200.png 1200w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/bigstock-Keep-And-Bear-Arms-4635797-1200-300x157.png 300w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/bigstock-Keep-And-Bear-Arms-4635797-1200-768x402.png 768w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/bigstock-Keep-And-Bear-Arms-4635797-1200-1024x536.png 1024w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/bigstock-Keep-And-Bear-Arms-4635797-1200-191x100.png 191w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/bigstock-Keep-And-Bear-Arms-4635797-1200-50x26.png 50w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/bigstock-Keep-And-Bear-Arms-4635797-1200-75x39.png 75w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/bigstock-Keep-And-Bear-Arms-4635797-1200-1080x565.png 1080w" sizes="(max-width: 1200px) 100vw, 1200px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/bigstock-Keep-And-Bear-Arms-4635797-1200-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />The Second Amendment, then, is a restriction upon the general government, not a right conferred upon the People subject to regulation -- “reasonable," "common sense,” or otherwise. <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/16/a-blow-to-gun-manufacturers-but-a-win-for-federalism/" title="A Blow to Gun Manufacturers But a Win for Federalism" rel="nofollow"><img width="1200" height="628" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/bigstock-Keep-And-Bear-Arms-4635797-1200.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/bigstock-Keep-And-Bear-Arms-4635797-1200.png 1200w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/bigstock-Keep-And-Bear-Arms-4635797-1200-300x157.png 300w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/bigstock-Keep-And-Bear-Arms-4635797-1200-768x402.png 768w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/bigstock-Keep-And-Bear-Arms-4635797-1200-1024x536.png 1024w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/bigstock-Keep-And-Bear-Arms-4635797-1200-191x100.png 191w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/bigstock-Keep-And-Bear-Arms-4635797-1200-50x26.png 50w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/bigstock-Keep-And-Bear-Arms-4635797-1200-75x39.png 75w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/bigstock-Keep-And-Bear-Arms-4635797-1200-1080x565.png 1080w" sizes="(max-width: 1200px) 100vw, 1200px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/bigstock-Keep-And-Bear-Arms-4635797-1200-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>In one fell swoop, the Supreme Court of the United States struck a blow to gun manufacturers and a victory for federalism.<span id="more-28902"></span></p> <p>On Nov. 12, the High Court rejected an appeal from Remington Arms. The company sought dismissal of a civil suit filed in Connecticut state court arising from the Sandy Hook Elementary School massacre, in which 20 students and 6 adults were killed. The Supreme Court did not comment on its decision not to hear the case.</p> <p>Remington, based in Madison, North Carolina, asserted that the company should be shielded from liability after Adam Lanza took an AR-15, owned by his mother, and went on a shooting spree at the Newton, Connecticut school. Remington based its appeal to the SCOTUS on a congressional act &#8211; specifically the <a href="https://crooksandliars.com/susie-madrak/bush-signed-2005-law-protecting-gun-m" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">2005 Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act</a>, also known as the “Gun Protection Act,” signed into law by President George W. Bush.</p> <p>The SCOTUS was correct to reject the case as it is not a federal matter.</p> <p>Erwin Chemerinsky, a respected <a href="https://www.abbevilleinstitute.org/blog/the-problem-with-lawyers-and-the-constitution/?fbclid=IwAR3LZVOAULT_UbFxzScaD8SQxKyCPGPylciCXybPjKDGjCMyaVQUpMGn1Co" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">constitutional scholar and law professor</a>, explains that the purpose of the 2005 law is “To prohibit causes of action against manufacturers, distributors, dealers, and importers of firearms or ammunition products, and their trade associations, for the harm caused solely by the criminal or unlawful misuse of firearm products or ammunition products by others <em>when the product functioned as designed or intended</em>.” (Emphasis added.)</p> <p>Mr. Chemerinsky feels that the law should revert back to the 10-year “Assault Rifle” Ban, signed into law by Bill Clinton in 1994, which expired in 2004. Such a ban, he argues, is not a violation of the Second Amendment, and he cites District of Columbia et al .v. Heller, (2008) to support his position. As <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/08/22/how-heller-botched-the-second-amendment/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">I have argued</a>,<em> Heller </em>opened the door to more, rather than less, gun control. <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/04/21/muskets-to-ar-15s-weapons-of-war-or-enemies-of-tyranny/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">I previously explained</a> that any ban in the AR-15 is unconstitutional when it emanates from Congress.</p> <p>Citing the landmark case, Chemerinsky asserts that “(t)he court was very clear that this (the right of individuals to have handguns for personal defense) is not an absolute right, and nothing in the court&#8217;s opinion implies that there is a right to have all forms of weapons.”</p> <p>Where both the law professor and the conservative jurists run astray of constitutional originalism is in the fact that the Second Amendment is merely a reaffirmation that, other than the power to arm the militia (Article I, sec. 8, cl. 16), Congress has no constitutional authority to regulate or infringe upon the preexisting right to keep and bear arms &#8212; at all. The Second Amendment, then, is a restriction upon the general government, not a right conferred upon the People subject to regulation &#8212; “reasonable,&#8221; &#8220;common sense,” or otherwise.</p> <p>The immediate effect of the decision is that families of the shooting victims can proceed with their lawsuit against the gun manufacturer in Connecticut courts. Earlier this year Connecticut&#8217;s State Supreme Court held that family members are “entitled to have their opportunity to prove their wrongful marketing allegation.” In other words, the U.S. Supreme Court&#8217;s refusal to take the case means the people of the state of Connecticut are not prevented by an act of Congress, of dubious Constitutional nature, from having their claims adjudicated.</p> <p>The “Gun Protection Act” affected the rights people to have their cases heard by Congressional decree, a power not within their delegated authority, but justified by perhaps a misinterpretation of one of the “elastic clauses,” for instance, the Commerce Clause (Article I, sec. 8 clause 3) or the Supremacy Clause (Article VI, sec. 2).</p> <p>The Tenth Amendment states the following: “The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.”</p> <p>Determining who has a cause of action in civil cases (tort law) is a matter properly remains with the states. Occasionally, federalism results in outcomes we don&#8217;t like. The proposed <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2017/08/14/national-concealed-carry-reciprocity-bill-is-a-trojan-horse/">National Concealed Carry Reciprocity Act</a> is one such example. While it appears to be a “win” for gun owners, it is an assault on the States&#8217; powers to determine the issuance of permits based on the desires of state residents. Seeking top-down solutions will result in fewer rights, not more, particularly given the increasing anti-gun sentiment among the population, legislatures and judges, federal and state.</p> <p>The claims of the families rest in tort law and hinge on an alleged violation of a law of the state of Connecticut intended to protect consumers. In typical product liability cases, one of the threshold inquiries is whether the product at issue was fit for its intended use, or was defective. The plaintiffs here claim that Remington&#8217;s marketing targeted younger “at-risk” males partly from product placement in video games inspired Adam Lanza to commit his atrocious act; they also claim that such marketing was made in violation of a Connecticut state consumer protection law that prohibits advertisements promoting criminal behavior.  Further, they claim that Remington should never had made weapons as dangerous AR-15 available to the public, the rationale being that the weapons are highly lethal whose sole purpose is to commit the illegal act of killing other human beings.</p> <p>Ignored in all of this is the history of why the Second Amendment was ratified. While those seeking to ban these weapons label them “weapons of war,” having no lawful use in the hands of civilians, the founding generation held a very different view on the issue, and that view was the prevailing attitude when the states ratified the Constitution and the Bill of Rights.</p> <p>St. George Tucker wrote the first systematic commentary on the Constitution, and provided context to the right to keep and bear arms and its role in preventing standing armies: “Wherever standing armies are kept up, and when the right of the people to keep and bear arms is, under any color or pretext whatsoever, prohibited, liberty, if not already annihilated, is on the brink of destruction.”</p> <p>Rather than respecting the admonitions of men like Mr. Tucker, gun control advocates resort to ad hominem arguments like the one stated above; if AR-15s have no legitimate purpose other than unlawfully killing human beings, then clearly these instruments of death must be removed from all levels of law enforcement. Herein lies the great contradiction among this contingency; a firearm in the hands of a law-abiding citizen is an instrument of death, but is perfectly acceptable in the hands of government employees.</p> <p>In attempting to take this case to the Supreme Court, a tactic backed by the National Rifle Association, Remington ran the risk of the High Court giving its blessing to such lawsuits, and there would be no challenges available to the defense for such liability at the state level; unfortunately, challenges as the state level also make firearms manufacturers vulnerable to some very large judgments against them, and it will only take a few to bankrupt them. That is the point of these lawsuits &#8212; to bankrupt the manufacturers and ultimately make these firearms no longer available to the public. Perhaps they will eventually escape liability when the only customer they have is the government, a scenario our founding generation fought a war to avoid.</p> <p>Gun control enthusiasts can also take advantage of the federal system to attack firearms manufacturers under the auspices of consumer protection, as is the case here. Ultimately, the solution that would respect our federal system of government would be to have the Supreme Court recognize that this case should be properly adjudicated respecting state laws, with an unbiased jury pool rejecting claims such as the ones set forth in this case. Ultimately, this is the only way gun manufacturers and owners will emerge victoriously. Defeat these cases at the state level when appropriate, as is the case here. The folly of such lawsuits should be recognized, but the right to decide and argue them belongs in the appropriate forum and not be arbitrarily limited by congressional fiat.</p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> 2nd Amendment Court Cases Federalism Gun Protection Act Remington Arms Remington Arms Co. v. Soto Sandy Hook Second Amendment supreme-court Suzanne Sherman Defend the Guard: 10th Amendment Check on Unconstitutional War Powers https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/defend-the-guard-10th-amendment-check-on-unconstitutional-war-powers/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:8801be02-6861-5ddd-0370-03f6b244b766 Fri, 15 Nov 2019 18:03:33 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/defend-the-guard-10th-amendment-check-on-unconstitutional-war-powers/" title="Defend the Guard: 10th Amendment Check on Unconstitutional War Powers" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-111519.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-111519.png 1280w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-111519-279x157.png 279w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-111519-768x432.png 768w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-111519-1024x576.png 1024w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-111519-1080x608.png 1080w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-111519-980x551.png 980w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-111519-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-111519-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />A group of legislators in as many as 20 states are expected to introduce the &#8220;Defend the Guard Act&#8221; in the coming months. Led by veterans in West Virginia and Wyoming, the legislation would ban the deployment of Guard troops without a declaration of war as required by the Constitution. Path to Liberty, Fast Friday [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/defend-the-guard-10th-amendment-check-on-unconstitutional-war-powers/" title="Defend the Guard: 10th Amendment Check on Unconstitutional War Powers" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-111519.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-111519.png 1280w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-111519-279x157.png 279w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-111519-768x432.png 768w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-111519-1024x576.png 1024w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-111519-1080x608.png 1080w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-111519-980x551.png 980w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-111519-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/fast-friday-111519-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>A group of legislators in as many as 20 states are expected to introduce the &#8220;Defend the Guard Act&#8221; in the coming months. Led by veterans in West Virginia and Wyoming, the legislation would ban the deployment of Guard troops without a declaration of war as required by the Constitution.</p> <p>Path to Liberty, Fast Friday Edition: November 15, 2019<span id="more-33780"></span></p> <p><iframe width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/7kK5ptKrnos" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>PODCAST VERSION</strong></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">iTunes</a> | <a href="https://playmusic.app.goo.gl/?ibi=com.google.PlayMusic&amp;isi=691797987&amp;ius=googleplaymusic&amp;apn=com.google.android.music&amp;link=https://play.google.com/music/m/Ic7vaa26zzqtt2zmxovxwkxktem?t%3DPath_to_Liberty%26pcampaignid%3DMKT-na-all-co-pr-mu-pod-16" target="_blank" rel="noopener 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href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2014/08/09/under-the-constitution-limited-strikes-qualify-as-war/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">Under the Constitution: Limited Strikes Qualify as War</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/04/unconstitutional-the-war-powers-resolution-of-1973/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">Unconstitutional: The War Powers Resolution of 1973</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/webster-daniel-webster-on-the-draft-text-of-a-speech-delivered-in-congress-december-9-1814" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">Daniel Webster on the Draft: Text of a Speech delivered in Congress</a></p> <p><a href="https://thesheridanpress.com/115392/groups-rally-to-convince-lawmakers-to-retreat-from-foreign-fighting/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">Groups rally to convince lawmakers to retreat from foreign fighting</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/defend-the-guard-what-if-this-idea-spreads/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">Defend the Guard: What If This Idea Spreads?</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/09/25/uphold-the-constitution-bring-our-troops-home/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">Uphold the Constitution, Bring Our Troops Home</a></p> <p><strong>ALTERNATE VIDEO SOURCES</strong><br /> <a href="https://www.brighteon.com/0e395da6-bb32-4c60-96b8-38640334af8a" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Brighteon</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.bitchute.com/video/sIhD6CZqm5Pn/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Bitchute</a></p> <p><a href="https://bittubers.com/post/7019b09b-7541-4148-b165-fc293654b3c7" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">Watch on Bittubers</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.twitch.tv/videos/508697580" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Twitch.tv</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.periscope.tv/w/1MYxNPXzZgOGw" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Periscope</a></p> <p><a href="https://dlive.tv/p/dlive-05196520+r1kW_l1Zg" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on DLive</a></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a><br /> Brave: <a href="https://brave.com/ten992" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Use Brave Browser for Privacy and Help Support TAC</a></p> <p>YouTube: <a href="https://www.youtube.com/user/TenthAmendmentCenter">https://www.youtube.com/user/TenthAmendmentCenter</a><br /> Twitter: <a 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href="https://www.minds.com/TenthAmendmentCenter?referrer=TenthAmendmentCenter">https://www.minds.com/TenthAmendmentCenter</a></p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Audio/Video Path to Liberty State Bills War War Powers Constitution Dan McKnight Daniel Webster Defend the Guard James Madison Pat McGeehan Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center Blog 16:30 A group of legislators in as many as 20 states are expected to introduce the “Defend the Guard Act” in the coming months. Led by veterans in West Virginia and Wyoming, the legislation would ban the deployment of Guard troops without a declaration of wa... A group of legislators in as many as 20 states are expected to introduce the “Defend the Guard Act” in the coming months. Led by veterans in West Virginia and Wyoming, the legislation would ban the deployment of Guard troops without a declaration of war as required by the Constitution. Path to Liberty, Fast Friday […] Defend the Guard: What If This Idea Spreads? https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/defend-the-guard-what-if-this-idea-spreads/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:fca14753-872c-7970-0b1b-f59bddfe0b50 Thu, 14 Nov 2019 21:30:49 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/defend-the-guard-what-if-this-idea-spreads/" title="Defend the Guard: What If This Idea Spreads?" rel="nofollow"><img width="1200" height="629" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2018/09/bigstock-Freedom-is-not-free-Dog-tag-29181590-1200.jpg" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2018/09/bigstock-Freedom-is-not-free-Dog-tag-29181590-1200.jpg 1200w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2018/09/bigstock-Freedom-is-not-free-Dog-tag-29181590-1200-300x157.jpg 300w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2018/09/bigstock-Freedom-is-not-free-Dog-tag-29181590-1200-768x403.jpg 768w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2018/09/bigstock-Freedom-is-not-free-Dog-tag-29181590-1200-1024x537.jpg 1024w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2018/09/bigstock-Freedom-is-not-free-Dog-tag-29181590-1200-1080x566.jpg 1080w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2018/09/bigstock-Freedom-is-not-free-Dog-tag-29181590-1200-980x514.jpg 980w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2018/09/bigstock-Freedom-is-not-free-Dog-tag-29181590-1200-480x252.jpg 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1200px) 100vw, 1200px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2018/09/bigstock-Freedom-is-not-free-Dog-tag-29181590-1200-150x150.jpg" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />West Virginia state Rep. Pat McGeehan participated on a panel with Wyoming state Reps. Tyler Lindholm and Andi Clifford to talk about the Defend the Guard Act during the Bring Our Troops Home National Press Club event in Washington D.C. He asked a compelling question: what if this idea spreads? Defend the Guard legislation would [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/defend-the-guard-what-if-this-idea-spreads/" title="Defend the Guard: What If This Idea Spreads?" rel="nofollow"><img width="1200" height="629" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2018/09/bigstock-Freedom-is-not-free-Dog-tag-29181590-1200.jpg" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2018/09/bigstock-Freedom-is-not-free-Dog-tag-29181590-1200.jpg 1200w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2018/09/bigstock-Freedom-is-not-free-Dog-tag-29181590-1200-300x157.jpg 300w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2018/09/bigstock-Freedom-is-not-free-Dog-tag-29181590-1200-768x403.jpg 768w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2018/09/bigstock-Freedom-is-not-free-Dog-tag-29181590-1200-1024x537.jpg 1024w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2018/09/bigstock-Freedom-is-not-free-Dog-tag-29181590-1200-1080x566.jpg 1080w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2018/09/bigstock-Freedom-is-not-free-Dog-tag-29181590-1200-980x514.jpg 980w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2018/09/bigstock-Freedom-is-not-free-Dog-tag-29181590-1200-480x252.jpg 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1200px) 100vw, 1200px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2018/09/bigstock-Freedom-is-not-free-Dog-tag-29181590-1200-150x150.jpg" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>West Virginia state Rep. Pat McGeehan participated on a panel with Wyoming state Reps. Tyler Lindholm and Andi Clifford to talk about the Defend the Guard Act during the Bring Our Troops Home National Press Club event in Washington D.C. He asked a compelling question: what if this idea spreads? <span id="more-33775"></span></p> <p><iframe src="https://www.facebook.com/plugins/video.php?href=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.facebook.com%2Fpat.mcgeehan.52%2Fvideos%2F3106032436079245%2F&#038;width=500&#038;show_text=false&#038;appId=209321279376&#038;height=280" width="500" height="280" style="border:none;overflow:hidden" scrolling="no" frameborder="0" allowTransparency="true" allow="encrypted-media" allowFullScreen="true"></iframe></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/02/west-virginia-committee-passes-bill-to-block-unconstitutional-national-guard-deployments/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Defend the Guard legislation</a> would ban the overseas deployment of National Guard troops by the federal government without a congressional declaration of war. McGeehan has introduced a Defend the Guard bill in the West Virginia House every year since 2015. The coalition hopes to have the bill introduced in 20 states this year.</p> <p>During the panel discussion, McGeehan explained the pushback he&#8217;s gotten on the bill. He said the opposition tells him the bill would be effective.</p> <p>McGeehan talked about the first time he got the bill on the House agenda. He said there was this &#8220;frantic chaos that sort of broke out.&#8221; The Adjutant General of the West Virginia National Guard called the speaker of the House and demanded an immediate meeting. McGeehan said the adjutant general showed up to that meeting in &#8220;full military get-up&#8221; &#8211; as McGeehan describes it, &#8220;Sort of looking like Jack Nicholson did in a Few Good Men.&#8221; The general claimed he got a call from the Pentagon threatening to put all of the West Virginia National Guard bases on the Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) list.</p> <blockquote><p>&#8220;One thing that really signaled to me though is that kind of overreaction is very disproportionate. I think they don&#8217;t like this idea. And what if this idea was to spread?&#8221;</p></blockquote> <p>McGeehan went on to say, &#8220;I don&#8217;t believe they can maintain the sort of military &#8217;empire&#8217; around the world without this reserve force, resting in part on the Guard. So, if you have enough states that are refusing to relinquish their state militias&#8230;&#8221;</p> <p>McGeehan also defended the constitutional basis of the legislation. He pointed out that the Constitution only authorizes the federal government to activate state militias for enumerated purposes &#8212; to repel an invasion, to put down an insurrection or to enforce the laws of the union.</p> <blockquote><p>&#8220;I don&#8217;t believe any one of those categories covers invading sovereign nations.&#8221;</p></blockquote> <p>At the end of the discussion, McGeehan spent some time explaining the difference between a congressional declaration of war and an authorization to use military force (AUMF), saying it&#8217;s more than just semantics.</p> <p>He said the declaration of war has a long history in Western tradition. The just war doctrine culminated with Thomas Aquinas. In order for a war to be just, he said there had to be a declaration from a lawful authority &#8211; in the U.S. that&#8217;s Congress. The declaration should be very specific and spell out the reasons for the war. McGeehan compared the specificity of a declaration of war to the requirements for a search warrant. In a nutshell, there are certain specifics that go with a declaration of war that a mere authorization for the president to use force at his discretion doesn&#8217;t meet. McGeehan said politicians today have abandoned the just war doctrine because it just isn&#8217;t convenient.</p> <blockquote><p>&#8220;I don&#8217;t think any conflict since the Second World War has actually met all the criteria for traditional Western just war doctrine. There is a very big difference between a declaration of war and these authorizations for military force, which can sometimes &#8230; just last forever.&#8221;</p></blockquote> <p>&nbsp;</p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Audio/Video Other Voices State Bills War Defend the Guard National Guard Pat McGeehan War Powers Mike Maharrey The 6th Amendment and the Impeachment Process https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/the-6th-amendment-and-the-impeachment-process/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:36165e3f-9c52-46ba-0df1-7d0772d51c79 Thu, 14 Nov 2019 17:29:01 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/the-6th-amendment-and-the-impeachment-process/" title="The 6th Amendment and the Impeachment Process" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/06/gavel-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/06/gavel-1280.png 1280w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/06/gavel-1280-279x157.png 279w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/06/gavel-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/06/gavel-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/06/gavel-1280-1080x608.png 1080w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/06/gavel-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />At the Daily Caller, Steven Calabresi (Northwestern):  House Democrats Violate The 6th Amendment By Denying Trump A Public Trial.  The &#8220;public trial&#8221; point has been a bit overtaken by events as the House process is now public, but the essential claim remains relevant &#8212; that the Sixth Amendment requires the procedures of a criminal trial.  For [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/the-6th-amendment-and-the-impeachment-process/" title="The 6th Amendment and the Impeachment Process" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/06/gavel-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/06/gavel-1280.png 1280w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/06/gavel-1280-279x157.png 279w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/06/gavel-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/06/gavel-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/06/gavel-1280-1080x608.png 1080w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/06/gavel-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>At the Daily Caller, Steven Calabresi (Northwestern):  <a href="https://dailycaller.com/2019/11/08/calabresi-trump-public-trial/">House Democrats Violate The 6th Amendment By Denying Trump A Public Trial</a>.  The &#8220;public trial&#8221; point has been a bit overtaken by events as the House process is now public, but the essential claim remains relevant &#8212; that the Sixth Amendment requires the procedures of a criminal trial.  For example:<span id="more-33773"></span></p> <blockquote><p>Moreover, the Sixth Amendment guarantees Trump the right “to confront the witnesses against him”, which right House Democrats are denying to Trump. The president has a right under current Supreme Court case law to have a public face-to-face confrontation with the witnesses against and to testify in his own defense. House Democrats are denying the president that very basic constitutional right.</p></blockquote> <p>Commentators have pushed back hard, including David Post at Volokh Conspiracy &#8212; <a href="https://reason.com/2019/11/12/impeachment-and-the-sixth-amendment/">Impeachment and the Sixth Amendment</a> &#8212; and Steven Lubet at the Faculty Lounge and the American Prospect:  <a href="https://www.thefacultylounge.org/2019/11/no-the-house-impeachment-proceeding-is-not-unconstitutional.html">No, The House Impeachment Proceeding Is Not Unconstitutional</a>.  From the latter:</p> <div class="entry-body"> <blockquote><p>Calabresi argues that “Impeachment is a legal proceeding, and just as criminal defendants have constitutional rights in criminal trials so too does Trump have constitutional rights, which House Democrats are denying him.” He then sets out the basic rights afforded to criminal defendants under the Sixth Amendment, and asserts that these rights have been denied to the president by the House of Representatives.</p> <p>The opening words of the Sixth Amendment—“In all criminal prosecutions”—make it unmistakable that its provisions do not apply to impeachments, which are clearly noncriminal in nature. Impeachment by the House and conviction by the Senate cannot result in imprisonment, fine, or any other criminal penalty. Rather, the only allowable consequences are removal from office and disqualification from future office-holding.</p></blockquote> </div> <div class="entry-more"> <blockquote><p>A full reading of the Sixth Amendment makes it even more obvious that it cannot, by its own terms, apply to congressional impeachments. Calabresi complains that the House of Representatives has denied Trump the rights of confrontation and public trial, but another provision of the Sixth Amendment guarantees trial by “an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed.” Impeachments, of course, are tried by the Senate, per Article I, Section 3, with no requirement of impartiality. &#8230;</p></blockquote> <p>Professor Calabresi is a highly respected originalist scholar, so I hate to pile on &#8212; but I think the critics are right, at least as to the Sixth Amendment.  Impeachment is not a &#8220;criminal prosecution&#8221; so the Sixth Amendment does not apply.  In addition to the points made by Professor Lubet, I&#8217;d add that Article I, Section 3, in the final paragraph, makes clear that persons convicted in an impeachment proceeding remain &#8220;subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgment and Punishment, according to Law&#8221; &#8212; that is, subject to a separate criminal prosecution.  Double jeopardy does not bar the second prosecution because the first prosecution (the impeachment) isn&#8217;t a criminal prosecution.</p> <p>If there is anything to Professor Calabresi&#8217;s argument, it doesn&#8217;t come from the Sixth Amendment.  Rather it comes from the word &#8220;impeachment.&#8221;  It&#8217;s possible that historically &#8220;impeachment&#8221; was understood to carry the same procedural rights as an ordinary criminal trial (or at least the core ones such as confrontation, though not &#8212; obviously &#8212; a jury).  One would need to look at procedures under English impeachment law and practice, the American reaction to them, and American commentary and practice after ratification.  Professor Calabresi does not provide any of this, and I doubt (but without having looked into it closely) that such an argument could be sustained.</p> <p>Rather, I think the House impeachment process is entirely political; the Constitution doesn&#8217;t require anything apart from a majority vote.  From the Constitution&#8217;s text, anyway, it appears the House could impeach a President merely on the basis of something its members read in the <em>New York Times</em>, without any hearings at all.  (The modern fetish for hearings is just that &#8212; a modern fetish).  Of course the integrity and fairness of the process (or lack thereof) may influence the Senate and popular opinion as to whether to take the impeachment seriously.  And commentators and defenders of the President are free to point out any lack of integrity and fairness.  But that does not make it a constitutional question.</p> <p>In the Senate, it may well be a different matter.  Article I, Section 3 refers to the Senate&#8217;s power to &#8220;try&#8221; impeachments with the potential outcome being a &#8220;Conviction.&#8221;  This is the language of a criminal trial.  That does not mean the process in the Senate <em>is</em> a criminal trial; the stated remedies are not criminal penalties.  But the parallel language may suggest that the framers understood the basic procedures of a criminal trial to also apply in an impeachment trial.  As indicted above, a complete argument in this direction would include an examination of pre- and post-ratification history.  It seems much more promising, however, than the argument regarding House procedures.</p> <p>(As an aside, I wonder if Professor Calabresi is more clever than his critics realize.  By taking the position that the House impeachment process is akin to a criminal prosecution, with the attendant protections, he leads critics such as Professors Post and Lubet [and me] to state clearly that it is <em>not </em>such a proceeding, and in fact is it instead wholly political.  Perhaps that is the point he really wants to make: that the House process, lacking the procedural protections we typically expect, is indeed wholly political and should not be given the respect we accord a criminal inquiry.)</p> <p>UPDATE:  Professor Calabresi responds to critics in an update to his post.  His main arguments are (a) that Sixth Amendment type procedures were used in the Nixon and Clinton impeachment hearings, and (b) impeachment trials in eighteenth-century England had criminal punishments (including execution).</p> <p>These points do not seem to add much, as (a) that such procedures were used does not shown (especially as an original matter) that they are constitutionally required, and (b) the English situation is obviously different as the Constitution specifically precludes criminal punishments in impeachment trials.</p> <p>Via <a href="https://reason.com/2019/11/13/steve-calabresi-responds-and-updates-his-arguments-on-impeachment-hearings/">Jim Lindgren at Volokh Conspiracy</a>, who adds:</p> <blockquote><p>&#8230; [T]he question whether these hearings are fundamentally unfair is different from the question whether full 5th and 6th amendment rights are <em>legally</em> required.</p> <p>We have an established tradition in the Clinton and Nixon impeachment proceedings for how to conduct fair hearings of this type, a tradition that is being ignored today.  Further, a presidential impeachment is important enough that the protections should be exemplary, not sub-normal.  One should also remember that grand juries are often criticized as being fundamentally unfair (e.g., &#8220;ham sandwich&#8221;)–and with grand juries, proceedings are secret and leaking testimony is a crime.</p> <p>Here having public hearings, while allowing only one side of the story and prohibiting the Republicans from calling their own witnesses, makes the hearings less like a trial or a grand jury and more like a show trial.</p></blockquote> <p><strong>NOTE</strong>: <em>This post was originally published at <a href="http://originalismblog.typepad.com/">The Originalism Blog</a>, “The Blog of the Center for the Study of Constitutional Originalism at the University of San Diego School of Law,” and is reposted here with permission from the author.</em></p> </div> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> 6th Amendment Impeachment Section 4: Impeachment Michael D. Ramsey NSA Official Refuses to Reveal the Success – or Failure – of Phone Surveillance https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/nsa-official-refuses-to-reveal-the-success-or-failure-of-phone-surveillance/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:7da78983-cfe1-388d-7bbb-a23df03e7b47 Thu, 14 Nov 2019 12:30:58 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/nsa-official-refuses-to-reveal-the-success-or-failure-of-phone-surveillance/" title="NSA Official Refuses to Reveal the Success &#8211; or Failure &#8211; of Phone Surveillance" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-NSA-is-watching-you-92802824-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-NSA-is-watching-you-92802824-1280.png 1280w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-NSA-is-watching-you-92802824-1280-279x157.png 279w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-NSA-is-watching-you-92802824-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-NSA-is-watching-you-92802824-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-NSA-is-watching-you-92802824-1280-1080x608.png 1080w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-NSA-is-watching-you-92802824-1280-980x551.png 980w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-NSA-is-watching-you-92802824-1280-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-NSA-is-watching-you-92802824-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />Members of the Senate Judiciary Committee from both sides of the aisle are questioning the necessity of renewing one of the NSA’s many telephone surveillance programs. During a hearing on Wednesday, Republican Lindsey Graham of South Carolina and Democrat Dianne Feinstein of California each peppered an NSA representative regarding that organization’s drive to continue its [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/nsa-official-refuses-to-reveal-the-success-or-failure-of-phone-surveillance/" title="NSA Official Refuses to Reveal the Success &#8211; or Failure &#8211; of Phone Surveillance" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-NSA-is-watching-you-92802824-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-NSA-is-watching-you-92802824-1280.png 1280w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-NSA-is-watching-you-92802824-1280-279x157.png 279w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-NSA-is-watching-you-92802824-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-NSA-is-watching-you-92802824-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-NSA-is-watching-you-92802824-1280-1080x608.png 1080w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-NSA-is-watching-you-92802824-1280-980x551.png 980w, https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-NSA-is-watching-you-92802824-1280-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-NSA-is-watching-you-92802824-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>Members of the Senate Judiciary Committee from both sides of the aisle are questioning the necessity of renewing one of the NSA’s many telephone surveillance programs.</p> <p>During a hearing on Wednesday, Republican Lindsey Graham of South Carolina and Democrat Dianne Feinstein of California each peppered an NSA representative regarding that organization’s drive to continue its unconstitutional collection of Call Detail Records (CDR) of Americans, records that reveal personal data of millions of citizens.</p> <p><em>The Hill</em> offered the following summary of the surveillance program being debated:</p> <blockquote><p>The call detail records program gathered information on incoming and outgoing domestic text messages and phone calls to aid the government in terrorism investigations. Civil liberties advocates are pressing Congress to allow the program to sunset entirely, claiming that privacy concerns outweigh any national security benefits.</p></blockquote> <p>&#8220;Why should we reauthorize it?&#8221; Graham, the chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee, asked NSA official Susan Morgan.</p> <p>Feinstein followed suit. &#8220;It’s really not clear to me why a program with limited intelligence value and clear compliance problems should be reauthorized,&#8221; the California Democrat said. &#8220;And unless there is good reason to believe that it should, I do not believe we should reauthorize it.”</p> <p>Morgan parried the one-two combination calmly. She said the NSA &#8220;supports reauthorization of the &#8230; provision so the government will retain this potentially valuable tool should it prove useful in the future.&#8221; She told the senators that the surveillance program in question is &#8220;dynamic,&#8221; and warned lawmakers that if the collection program is not renewed, the NSA would lose a valuable &#8220;tool in our toolbox.”</p> <p>That vague warning and dire prediction of putting the NSA at a disadvantage when it comes to “fighting terrorism,” was all that was offered by Morgan in defense of the program.</p> <p>“Can the NSA provide an example of information obtained by the [call detail records] program that resulted in discovery of previously unknown terrorist plot?&#8221; Feinstein asked, not content to rubber-stamp the surveillance program without at least a little evidence that it is “preventing terror.”</p> <p>Of course, Morgan demurred, claiming that such sensitive information could not be safely revealed “in an open setting.”</p> <p>Such stonewalling didn’t sit well with Senator Mike Lee (R-Utah), and he called Morgan’s bluff, offering to “go there right now,” referring to a secure room near the Senate chamber.</p> <p>Not surprisingly, Morgan sat still, refusing to take Lee up on his offer.</p> <p>Ben Sasse (R-Neb.) renewed the offer to run off to a secure location. “If you can’t answer this question, why don’t we go to a [sensitive compartmented information facility] right now?” Sasse offered. Again, Morgan didn’t budge.</p> <p>After the hearing, civil rights watchdog Demand Progress’s policy counsel Sean Vitka issued a statement criticizing the data collection program and questioning its constitutionality and necessity,</p> <blockquote><p>Today’s hearing further proves the urgent need for Congress to end the Trump administration’s ability to spy on millions of innocent people in the United States. Despite this administration’s claims that it is concerned about unlawful surveillance and the ‘Deep State,’ it is fighting for the permanent reauthorization of a notorious mass surveillance authority that has never proven useful, and has rarely, if ever, been operated in full compliance with the laws and rules governing surveillance of call records.</p> <p>However, repeal of the ‘Call Detail Records’ (CDR) program alone is not enough. Congress must prevent this government from using Section 215 to target First Amendment-protected activity and to collect location information without a warrant, and it must put an end to the government’s use of Section 215-derived information in court without giving notice to defendants.</p></blockquote> <p>Freedom Works and Demand Progress have partnered to publish information about the insidiousness and the unconstitutionality of Section 215. Here are a few highlights from the many documents the organization provides: The FBI and NSA use Section 215 to collect vast amounts of information about U.S. persons without a warrant. In 2018, under only one of two Section 215 provisions, the government collected 434,238,543 call records. The vast majority of those records relate to people who are not the targets of any investigations or suspected of wrongdoing.</p> <p>Section 215 is scheduled to sunset on December 15, 2019.</p> <p>The government’s extreme interpretation of Section 215 was the first subject of the Snowden revelations that shocked the country, most notably the &#8220;bulk telephone metadata program,&#8221; under which the government ordered major telephone providers to hand over records of all calls made by all customers.</p> <p>Section 215 orders do not require a warrant based on a showing of probable cause, but rather a statement of facts to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court. It is similar to an administrative subpoena.</p> <p>Call Detail Records orders collect all of a target’s records, as well as all records of everyone who has communicated with that target, and does so on an ongoing basis. This ongoing, two-degree collection means the majority of records collected under the CDR program are not those of a target or anyone suspected of wrongdoing, or even of people in contact with someone who is.</p> <p>Senators and bureaucrats can cavil over whether Section 215 — the Call Detail Records program — has proven successful in catching terrorists before they, well, terrorize, but the truth of the matter is that the program could have put hundreds of terrorists out of business, but that wouldn’t make the program any more constitutional and when it comes to the authority of the federal government, the enumerated powers of the Constitution is the alpha and omega.</p> <p>In fact, the Framers abhorred the British practice of entering a man’s house without a warrant and rifling through his private papers to try and find a pretext for putting him in prison. They believed that &#8220;papers are often the dearest property a man can have&#8221; and that permitting the government to &#8220;sweep away all papers whatsoever,&#8221; without any legal justification, &#8220;would destroy all the comforts of society.”</p> <p>In 1776, George Mason, the principal author of the Virginia Declaration of Rights — a document of profound influence on the construction of the federal Bill of Rights — upheld the right to be free from such searches, as well: &#8220;That general warrants, whereby any officer or messenger may be commanded to search suspected places without evidence of a fact committed, or to seize any person or persons not named, or whose offence [<em>sic</em>] is not particularly described and supported by evidence, are grievous and oppressive, and ought not to be granted.”</p> <p>Thus, the Fourth Amendment: “The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.”</p> <p>The rights guaranteed by the Fourth Amendment are under nearly constant assault by the forces of the federal government. From NSA surveillance to IRS use of tax records as a political tool, the papers, effects, and homes of all Americans are now de facto denied the protections our Founders held so dear.</p> <p>The undeniable truth is that not a single one of our Founding Fathers, not even the most ardent advocate of a powerful central government, would have remained even one day at the Philadelphia Convention if he had believed that the government they were creating would become the instrument of tyranny that it has become.</p> <p>Taken together, the federal government’s consolidation of control and cognizance reduces every American to the status of “suspect.&#8221;</p> <p>These historical and constitutional facts should be all the evidence the Senate needs to permanently shut down Section 215.</p> <p><strong>Originally published at <a href="https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/constitution/item/33968-nsa-official-refuses-to-reveal-the-success-or-failure-of-phone-surveillance"><em>The New American Magazine</em></a></strong></p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Uncategorized NSA Patriot Act Section 215 surveillance Joe Wolverton, II Did Founder James Wilson oppose the Electoral College and favor “National Popular Vote?” https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/14/did-founder-james-wilson-oppose-the-electoral-college-and-favor-national-popular-vote/ Tenth Amendment Center urn:uuid:5e0fc52f-3b80-9c6f-53a6-e9534cbfdb28 Thu, 14 Nov 2019 11:23:43 +0000 <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/14/did-founder-james-wilson-oppose-the-electoral-college-and-favor-national-popular-vote/" title="Did Founder James Wilson oppose the Electoral College and favor &#8220;National Popular Vote?&#8221;" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/james-wilson-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/james-wilson-1280.png 1280w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/james-wilson-1280-300x169.png 300w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/james-wilson-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/james-wilson-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/james-wilson-1280-1080x608.png 1080w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/james-wilson-1280-980x551.png 980w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/james-wilson-1280-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/james-wilson-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />James Wilson of Pennsylvania (1742-98) was one of the most influential of the Constitution’s framers. Some scholars rank him as second only to James Madison.  Wilson was a distinguished lawyer who eventually served on the U.S. Supreme Court. Advocates of direct popular election of the president have long claimed James Wilson as one of their [&#8230;] <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/14/did-founder-james-wilson-oppose-the-electoral-college-and-favor-national-popular-vote/" title="Did Founder James Wilson oppose the Electoral College and favor &#8220;National Popular Vote?&#8221;" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/james-wilson-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/james-wilson-1280.png 1280w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/james-wilson-1280-300x169.png 300w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/james-wilson-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/james-wilson-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/james-wilson-1280-1080x608.png 1080w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/james-wilson-1280-980x551.png 980w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/james-wilson-1280-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/james-wilson-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>James Wilson of Pennsylvania (1742-98) was one of the most influential of the Constitution’s framers. Some scholars rank him as second only to James Madison.  Wilson was a distinguished lawyer who eventually served on the U.S. Supreme Court.<span id="more-28898"></span></p> <p>Advocates of direct popular election of the president have long claimed James Wilson as one of their own. And a casual glance at Madison’s notes of the Constitutional Convention seem to show Wilson arguing for direct popular election.</p> <p>But a fuller understanding of the historical record shows that while Wilson flirted with the idea of direct election, he never strongly advocated it. In the end he firmly supported the Constitution’s plan for indirect election through the Electoral College.</p> <p>Here is the story:</p> <p>Soon after the Constitutional Convention met in May, 1787, it became obvious that choosing a presidential election procedure would be a tough job.  Wilson later called it “the most difficult of all on which we have had to decide.”</p> <p>When the delegates embarked on that task, Wilson had main two priorities: (1) assure the president could act independently of Congress and of the states, and (2) assure the president enjoyed popular support.</p> <p>So Wilson rejected a proposal to have Congress choose the president. He also rejected a proposal for state governors to make the choice. But Wilson was uncertain what the alternative should be. Later in the convention he confessed that “He had never made up an opinion on it entirely to his own satisfaction.”</p> <p>That uncertainty was clear when, on June 1 Wilson ventured that “At least . . . in theory he was for an election by the people.” After Wilson sat down, George Mason of Virginia responded that direct election was impractical, but he invited Wilson to encapsulate his ideas in a specific proposal.</p> <p>Wilson offered his proposal the following day. It did NOT call for direct election. It called for the voters in fixed districts to choose electors, who then would choose the president.</p> <p>Was Wilson being inconsistent? Why would he advocate “election by the people” but propose indirect election instead?</p> <p>No, he was not being inconsistent. Wilson considered both direct and indirect election as forms of “election by the people.” As he phrased it in remarks on July 19, “he perceived with pleasure that the idea was gaining ground, of an election mediately [indirectly] or immediately [directly] by the people.”</p> <p>Many writers have missed this point because they don’t know the significance of Wilson’s background. He was born, raised, and educated in Scotland. In England qualified voters chose members of the British House of Commons directly. But Scotland employed a system of indirect election: voters and popularly-elected local councils chose electors (called “commissioners”) who in turn designated their representatives in Parliament. To the Scottish way of thinking, this was a form of “election by the people.”</p> <p>At the time, Maryland also was using an indirect election procedure for choosing state senators. Many of the convention delegates admired the Maryland system.</p> <p>After months of debate, the Convention send the presidential election issue to a committee of eleven of the most distinguished delegates. That committee recommended that the president be elected by presidential electors chosen in the states. If no presidential candidate received a majority of electors, then there would be a runoff in the Senate.</p> <p>This was clearly not direct election, but on September 4 Wilson delivered a speech to the convention supporting it. However, he suggested that runoffs be transferred away from the Senate (which he considered too aristocratic) to Congress as a whole. The convention partly agreed: It moved the runoff election to the House of Representatives.</p> <p>After the convention adjourned on September 17, 1787 Wilson continued to praise the Constitution’s presidential election system. At the Pennsylvania ratifying convention late in the year, he said the president “will be chosen in such a manner that he may be justly styled the man of the people.” Although he acknowledged that direct election might be a good method also, it was only his second favorite: “next after the one prescribed in this Constitution.”</p> <p>He also acknowledged that “it was the opinion of a great majority in Convention, that [direct election] was impracticable,” and that “The choice of [the president] is brought as nearly home to the people as is practicable. With the approbation of the state legislatures, the people may elect with only one remove”—in other words, with state legislative approval (now granted in every state) the people themselves may select those who elect the president.</p> <p>Wilson’s views were unchanged four years later, when he <a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/wilson-collected-works-of-james-wilson-vol-2">praised</a> the Constitution’s presidential election system lavishly in his famous Lectures on Law.</p> <p>Thus, the historical record shows that those who claim Wilson supported “national popular vote” are mistaken. Although Wilson toyed with the idea of direct election, when all was said and done he preferred the presidential system featured in our Constitution.</p> <p><strong>This article <a href="https://www.theepochtimes.com/did-founder-james-wilson-oppose-the-electoral-college-and-favor-national-popular-vote_3110992.html">originally appeared</a> in the <em>Epoch Times</em>, Oct. 11, 2019</strong></p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Constitution Elections Electoral College James Wilson National Popular Vote Rob Natelson Nullification: Thomas Jefferson’s Kentucky Resolutions of 1798 https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/nullification-thomas-jeffersons-kentucky-resolutions-of-1798/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:41cedee0-2c15-2a3b-7502-1890eac32d4f Wed, 13 Nov 2019 18:48:20 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/nullification-thomas-jeffersons-kentucky-resolutions-of-1798/" title="Nullification: Thomas Jefferson&#8217;s Kentucky Resolutions of 1798" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/path-111319.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-111319.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-111319-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-111319-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-111319-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-111319-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-111319-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-111319-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/path-111319-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />On this day in history &#8211; November 13, 1798 &#8211; the Kentucky Senate passed Jefferson&#8217;s resolutions against the Alien and Sedition Acts. The House passed the measure 3 days prior, sending it to Gov. James Garrard. Recognizing long-standing foundational principles, the resolutions &#8211; along with similar ones passed the following month in Virginia &#8211; became [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/nullification-thomas-jeffersons-kentucky-resolutions-of-1798/" title="Nullification: Thomas Jefferson&#8217;s Kentucky Resolutions of 1798" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/path-111319.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-111319.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-111319-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-111319-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-111319-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-111319-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-111319-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/path-111319-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/path-111319-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>On this day in history &#8211; November 13, 1798 &#8211; the Kentucky Senate passed Jefferson&#8217;s resolutions against the Alien and Sedition Acts. The House passed the measure 3 days prior, sending it to Gov. James Garrard. Recognizing long-standing foundational principles, the resolutions &#8211; along with similar ones passed the following month in Virginia &#8211; became the documents to first formalize the principle of nullification.</p> <p>Path to Liberty: November 13, 2019<span id="more-33766"></span></p> <p><iframe width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/GG-_fsEWw4c?start=57" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>PODCAST VERSION</strong></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">iTunes</a> | <a href="https://playmusic.app.goo.gl/?ibi=com.google.PlayMusic&amp;isi=691797987&amp;ius=googleplaymusic&amp;apn=com.google.android.music&amp;link=https://play.google.com/music/m/Ic7vaa26zzqtt2zmxovxwkxktem?t%3DPath_to_Liberty%26pcampaignid%3DMKT-na-all-co-pr-mu-pod-16" 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rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">Today in History: Kentucky Resolutions Passed on Nov. 10, 1798</a></p> <p><a href="https://jeffersonpapers.princeton.edu/selected-documents/jefferson%E2%80%99s-draft" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">Jefferson’s Draft</a></p> <p><a href="https://jeffersonpapers.princeton.edu/selected-documents/kentucky-resolutions-1798" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">The Kentucky Resolutions of 1798</a></p> <p><a href="https://jeffersonpapers.princeton.edu/selected-documents/resolutions-adopted-kentucky-general-assembly" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">Resolutions Adopted by the Kentucky General Assembly</a></p> <p><strong>ALTERNATE VIDEO SOURCES</strong><br /> <a href="https://www.brighteon.com/0a05ebd2-d96c-4e8f-b09c-090ba2fec900" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Brighteon</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.bitchute.com/video/5fdMq5obU1T2/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Bitchute</a></p> <p><a 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resolutions against the Alien and Sedition Acts. The House passed the measure 3 days prior, sending it to Gov. James Garrard. On this day in history – November 13, 1798 – the Kentucky Senate passed Jefferson’s resolutions against the Alien and Sedition Acts. The House passed the measure 3 days prior, sending it to Gov. James Garrard. Recognizing long-standing foundational principles, the resolutions – along with similar ones passed the following month in Virginia – became […] Will Nullification Lead to Civil War? https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/will-nullification-lead-to-civil-war/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:2b993270-68f7-df11-df45-347bf82cbe1f Wed, 13 Nov 2019 18:47:01 +0000 <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/will-nullification-lead-to-civil-war/" title="Will Nullification Lead to Civil War?" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-Fighting-62463998-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-Fighting-62463998-1280.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-Fighting-62463998-1280-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-Fighting-62463998-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-Fighting-62463998-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-Fighting-62463998-1280-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-Fighting-62463998-1280-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-Fighting-62463998-1280-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-Fighting-62463998-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />Does nullification naturally lead to civil war? If you listen to the establishment then the answer would be yes. These people believe that nullification clearly created the climate for &#8220;civil war&#8221; in 1861. There is one problem with this narrative. It does not contain a shred of truth. A new piece at the American Conservative [&#8230;] <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/will-nullification-lead-to-civil-war/" title="Will Nullification Lead to Civil War?" rel="nofollow"><img width="1280" height="720" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-Fighting-62463998-1280.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-Fighting-62463998-1280.png 1280w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-Fighting-62463998-1280-279x157.png 279w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-Fighting-62463998-1280-768x432.png 768w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-Fighting-62463998-1280-1024x576.png 1024w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-Fighting-62463998-1280-1080x608.png 1080w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-Fighting-62463998-1280-980x551.png 980w, https://3jc9u229pdq31afjhhp0b1lf-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-Fighting-62463998-1280-480x270.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1280px) 100vw, 1280px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/files/2019/11/bigstock-Fighting-62463998-1280-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>Does nullification naturally lead to civil war? If you listen to the establishment then the answer would be yes.<span id="more-33742"></span><br /> These people believe that nullification clearly created the climate for &#8220;civil war&#8221; in 1861.</p> <p>There is one problem with this narrative. It does not contain a shred of truth.</p> <p><a href="https://brionmcclanahan.us6.list-manage.com/track/click?u=2b15bd6bbcb269d0f89d9c259&amp;id=dec5a86477&amp;e=8691a76b34" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">A new piece at the <em>American Conservative</em></a> warns that civil war is on the horizon and that nullification might be a catalyst.</p> <p>It would be better to file this article under hyperbole and hysteria than commentary. Michael Vlahos correctly defines a civil war as a war between two distinct legitimacies, but he fails to understand the origin of political legitimacy and the American political tradition of self-determination.</p> <p>Neither the American War for Independence nor the War for Southern Independence was a &#8220;civil war.&#8221; Both were independence movements, meaning neither were waged for the control of a central government. The American colonists were not trying to control the Parliament and Crown, and no one in the South argued that they needed to topple King Lincoln and the Congress.</p> <p>But what does nullification have to do with this?</p> <p>Nothing, though Vlahos thinks that if the American political climate does not improve, nullification remains a real possibility for the left and the right except Vlahos thinks that if the right is forced to nullify federal gun laws, they will raise a citizen militia to oppose gun confiscation.</p> <p>That won&#8217;t happen for a variety of reasons, but not the least of which is that nullification has always been a <em>peaceful</em> response to unconstitutional legislation and a move to <em>save</em> not destroy the political center.</p> <p>Calhoun insisted he was always a Union man and that his efforts were driven by a love for Union rather than a disdain for it.</p> <p>Vlahos&#8217;s article exemplifies the real obstacles facing those who want to &#8220;think locally and act locally:&#8221; both the Left and the Right think it is a path to violence and oppression.</p> <p>We see it as an act of peace and self-determination.</p> <p>I discuss Vlahos and his article in Episode 268 of The Brion McClanahan Show.</p> <p><iframe title="The Brion McClanahan Show Episode 268: Does Nullification Naturally Lead to “Civil War?”" width="1080" height="608" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/J1qpUyehvXc?feature=oembed" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Audio/Video Nullification Other Voices Civil War Brion McClanahan Is The ‘Mother of all Bubbles’ About to Pop? https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/12/is-the-mother-of-all-bubbles-about-to-pop/ Tenth Amendment Center urn:uuid:1a44ff5f-581b-18bf-22e6-d6958884eafd Tue, 12 Nov 2019 18:41:49 +0000 <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/12/is-the-mother-of-all-bubbles-about-to-pop/" title="Is The &#8216;Mother of all Bubbles&#8217; About to Pop?" rel="nofollow"><img width="1200" height="628" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/federal-reserve-1200.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/federal-reserve-1200.png 1200w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/federal-reserve-1200-300x157.png 300w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/federal-reserve-1200-768x402.png 768w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/federal-reserve-1200-1024x536.png 1024w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/federal-reserve-1200-1080x565.png 1080w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/federal-reserve-1200-980x513.png 980w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/federal-reserve-1200-480x251.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1200px) 100vw, 1200px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/federal-reserve-1200-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" />When the New York Federal Reserve began pumping billions of dollars a day into the repurchasing (repo) markets (the market banks use to make short-term loans to each other) in September, they said this would only be necessary for a few weeks. Yet, last Wednesday, almost two months after the Fed’s initial intervention, the New [&#8230;] <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/11/12/is-the-mother-of-all-bubbles-about-to-pop/" title="Is The &#8216;Mother of all Bubbles&#8217; About to Pop?" rel="nofollow"><img width="1200" height="628" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/federal-reserve-1200.png" class="webfeedsFeaturedVisual wp-post-image" alt="" style="display: block; margin: auto; margin-bottom: 5px;max-width: 100%;" link_thumbnail="1" srcset="https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/federal-reserve-1200.png 1200w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/federal-reserve-1200-300x157.png 300w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/federal-reserve-1200-768x402.png 768w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/federal-reserve-1200-1024x536.png 1024w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/federal-reserve-1200-1080x565.png 1080w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/federal-reserve-1200-980x513.png 980w, https://tenthamendment-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/federal-reserve-1200-480x251.png 480w" sizes="(max-width: 1200px) 100vw, 1200px" /></a><img width="150" height="150" src="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/federal-reserve-1200-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><p>When the New York Federal Reserve began pumping billions of dollars a day into the repurchasing (repo) markets (the market banks use to make short-term loans to each other) in September, they said this would only be necessary for a few weeks. Yet, last Wednesday, almost two months after the Fed’s initial intervention, the New York Federal Reserve pumped 62.5 billion dollars into the repo market.<span id="more-28891"></span></p> <p>The New York Fed continues these emergency interventions to ensure “cash shortages” among banks don’t ever again cause interest rates for overnight loans to rise to over 10 percent, well above the Fed’s target rate.</p> <p>The Federal Reserve’s bailout operations have increased its balance sheet by over 200 billion dollars since September. Investment advisor Michael Pento describes the Fed’s recent actions as Quantitative Easing (QE) “on steroids.”</p> <p>One cause of the repo market’s sudden cash shortage was the large amount of debt instruments issued by the Treasury Department in late summer and early fall. Banks used resources they would normally devote to private sector lending and overnight loans to purchase these Treasury securities. This scenario will likely keep recurring as the Treasury Department will have to continue issuing new debt instruments to finance continuing increases in in government spending.</p> <p>Even though the federal deficit is already over one trillion dollars (and growing), President Trump and Congress have no interest in cutting spending, especially in an election year. Should he win reelection, President Trump is unlikely to reverse course and champion fiscal restraint. Instead, he will likely take his victory as a sign that the people support big federal budgets and huge deficits. None of the leading Democratic candidates are even pretending to care about the deficit. Instead they are proposing increasing spending by trillions on new government programs.</p> <p>Joseph Zidle, a strategist with the Blackstone investment firm, has called the government — or “sovereign” — debt bubble the “mother of all bubbles.” When the sovereign debt bubble inevitably busts, it will cause a meltdown bigger than the 2008 crash.</p> <p>US consumer debt — which includes credit cards, student loans, auto loans, and mortgages — now totals over 14 trillion dollars. This massive government and private debts put tremendous pressure on the Federal Reserve to keep interest rates low or even to “experiment” with negative rates. But, the Fed can only keep interest rates, which are the price of money, artificially low for so long without serious economic consequences.</p> <p>According to Michael Pento, the Fed is panicking in an effort to prevent economic trouble much worse than occurred in 2008. “It’s not just QE,” says Pento, “it’s QE on steroids because everybody knows that this QE is permanent just like any banana republic would do, or has done in the past.”</p> <p>Congress will not cut spending until either a critical mass of Americans demand they do so, or there is a major economic crisis. In the event of a crisis, Congress will try to avoid directly cutting spending, instead letting the Federal Reserve do its dirty work via currency depreciation. This will deepen the crisis and increase support for authoritarian demagogues. The only way to avoid this is for those of us who know the truth to spread the message of, and grow the movement for, peace, free markets, limited government, and sound money.</p> <p><em>Originally published at the <a href="http://ronpaulinstitute.org/archives/featured-articles/2019/november/11/is-the-mother-of-all-bubbles-about-to-pop/">Ron Paul Institute</a></em></p> <div class='ctx-subscribe-container ctx-personalization-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-social-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span> Current Events Economy Federal Reserve QE Ron Paul