TAC Daily Digest http://feed.informer.com/digests/WYPPR38WMR/feeder TAC Daily Digest Respective post owners and feed distributors Fri, 13 Sep 2019 22:13:53 +0000 Feed Informer http://feed.informer.com/ Laws That Go Beyond the Constitution Aren’t Laws at All https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/laws-that-go-beyond-the-constitution-arent-laws-at-all/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:084c34ba-f738-3c5a-8492-0a7e105d07d9 Fri, 14 Jun 2024 19:57:46 +0000 <p>Federal laws that go beyond the Constitution aren’t actually laws at all. They’re what the founders called usurpations - which is just a fancy word for theft or power, and every usurpation is "void."</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/laws-that-go-beyond-the-constitution-arent-laws-at-all/">Laws That Go Beyond the Constitution Aren’t Laws at All</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>Federal laws that go beyond the Constitution aren’t actually laws at all. They’re what the founders called usurpations &#8211; which is just a fancy word for theft or power, and every usurpation is &#8220;void.&#8221;</p> <blockquote class="tiktok-embed" cite="https://www.tiktok.com/@tenthamendmentcenter/video/7380161744334867755" data-video-id="7380161744334867755" style="max-width: 605px;min-width: 325px;" > <section> <a target="_blank" title="@tenthamendmentcenter" href="https://www.tiktok.com/@tenthamendmentcenter?refer=embed" rel="noopener">@tenthamendmentcenter</a> Stealing Power: Unconstitutional Laws are VOID (founders truth) <a title="liberty" target="_blank" href="https://www.tiktok.com/tag/liberty?refer=embed" rel="noopener">#liberty</a> <a title="history" target="_blank" href="https://www.tiktok.com/tag/history?refer=embed" rel="noopener">#history</a> <a title="founders" target="_blank" href="https://www.tiktok.com/tag/founders?refer=embed" rel="noopener">#founders</a> <a title="libertarian" target="_blank" href="https://www.tiktok.com/tag/libertarian?refer=embed" rel="noopener">#libertarian</a> <a title="constitution" target="_blank" href="https://www.tiktok.com/tag/constitution?refer=embed" rel="noopener">#constitution</a> <a title="10thamendment" target="_blank" href="https://www.tiktok.com/tag/10thamendment?refer=embed" rel="noopener">#10thAmendment</a> <a title="historytok" target="_blank" href="https://www.tiktok.com/tag/historytok?refer=embed" rel="noopener">#historytok</a> <a title="quoteoftheday" target="_blank" href="https://www.tiktok.com/tag/quoteoftheday?refer=embed" rel="noopener">#quoteoftheday</a> <a target="_blank" title="♬ original sound - TenthAmendmentCenter" href="https://www.tiktok.com/music/original-sound-7380161751452830506?refer=embed" rel="noopener">♬ original sound &#8211; TenthAmendmentCenter</a> </section> </blockquote> <p> <script async src="https://www.tiktok.com/embed.js"></script></p> <p><strong>FOR MORE INFORMATION</strong></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/constitution-myth-busted-usurpations-are-void/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Constitution Myth Busted: Usurpations are Void</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/06/declaration-of-independence-usurpation-is-treason/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Declaration of Independence: Usurpation is Treason</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2010/06/16/usurpation-the-weapon-by-which-free-governments-are-destroyed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Usurpation: A Weapon By Which Free Governments Are Destroyed</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/laws-that-go-beyond-the-constitution-arent-laws-at-all/">Laws That Go Beyond the Constitution Aren’t Laws at All</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Founding Principles Maharrey Minute Constitution Usurpation Void Mike Maharrey Advancing Liberty: Rights are Not Gifts from Government https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/advancing-liberty-rights-are-not-gifts-from-government/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:683eebb5-a45a-7eff-6df3-bbab0cde493b Fri, 14 Jun 2024 19:52:25 +0000 <p>This view is almost totally lost among the general public today - but it was common among the founders and old revolutionaries. Thomas Jefferson may have summed it up best</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/advancing-liberty-rights-are-not-gifts-from-government/">Advancing Liberty: Rights are Not Gifts from Government</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Rights are not gifts from government. It’s not really “liberty” if it requires a government permission slip.</span><span id="more-43800"></span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">This view is almost totally lost among the general public today &#8211; but it was common among the founders and old revolutionaries. Thomas Jefferson may have summed it up best:</span></p> <p><i><span style="font-weight: 400;">“A free people claim their rights, as derived from the laws of nature, and not as a gift from their chief magistrate.”</span></i></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">This “natural rights” view is the foundation for all the rest. And getting the foundation right is essential for getting the solution right too &#8211; that is, going from where we are today to a real “land of the free.”</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">That’s why we focus so much time and energy on teaching people about these foundational principles from the American Revolution.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">There’s absolutely nothing that helps us roll up our sleeves every single day to reach and teach more and more people &#8211; more than the financial faith and support of our members.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">We are proud to have you as part of our community, and we humbly ask for your financial support in our mission to protect and defend the Constitution and liberty &#8211; whether the government likes it, or not.  (they don’t)</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">You can join as a member for as little as 2 bucks/month &#8211; there are also annual, 5-year and lifetime options here: </span><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/"><span style="font-weight: 400;">https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</span></a></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">If you prefer to make a one-time donation instead, you can use the link below to submit online or by mail &#8211; </span><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/donate/"><span style="font-weight: 400;">https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/donate/</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">As we approach our 18 year anniversary later this month &#8211; we couldn’t be more grateful for any consideration you can give to joining and supporting the TAC today.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">With your help, we can continue to push back against the forces that continuously work to destroy the constitution and liberty.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">As Jefferson put it: </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400;">“The ground of liberty is to be gained by inches. We must be contented to secure what we can get from time to time, and eternally press forward for what is yet to get.”</span></i></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/advancing-liberty-rights-are-not-gifts-from-government/">Advancing Liberty: Rights are Not Gifts from Government</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Announcements Strategy Freedom Liberty TAC thomas jefferson Michael Boldin The Founders on Power: 8 Essential Principles for a FREE Society https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/the-founders-on-power-8-essential-principles-for-a-free-society/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:f2974cfc-c9b7-e65d-631d-e073627283f2 Fri, 14 Jun 2024 18:03:20 +0000 <p>The Founders knew that freedom can ONLY exist when power is kept under strict limits. Anything else is arbitrary power - how they defined tyranny.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/the-founders-on-power-8-essential-principles-for-a-free-society/">The Founders on Power: 8 Essential Principles for a FREE Society</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>The Founders knew that freedom can ONLY exist when power is kept under strict limits. Anything else is arbitrary power &#8211; how they defined tyranny.</p> <p>Path to Liberty, Fast Friday Edition: June 14, 2024 <span id="more-43795"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://music.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLZyloySS5-JRy0n9f-rB2wgB7Ru1E28pK&amp;si=YA6lJdcQshShT1GJ" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Youtube Music</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/R3Fu9Hm_Pb0?si=OKa-eIwK8W06TwcE" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; web-share" referrerpolicy="strict-origin-when-cross-origin" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p>1. POWER FLOWS FROM THE PEOPLE</p> <p><a href="https://www.archives.gov/founding-docs/virginia-declaration-of-rights" rel="noopener" target="_blank">George Mason &#8211; Virginia Declaration of Rights (12 June 1776)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.consource.org/document/francis-childs-notes-of-the-new-york-ratification-debates-1788-6-19/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Robert Livingston &#8211; New York Ratifying Convention (19 June 1788)</a></p> <p>2. POWER MUST HAVE DEFINED LIMITS</p> <p><a href="https://www.consource.org/document/richard-henry-lee-to-patrick-henry-1789-5-28/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Richard Henry Lee &#8211; Letter to Patrick Henry (28 May 1789)</a></p> <p><a href="https://teachingamericanhistory.org/document/maryland-farmer-essay-no-3-part-1/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Maryland Farmer No. 3. Part 1 (7 Mar 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://teachingamericanhistory.org/document/brutus-iv/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Brutus IV (29 Nov 1787)</a></p> <p>3. POWER NOT GIVEN IS RETAINED</p> <p><a href="https://www.consource.org/document/journal-notes-of-the-virginia-ratification-convention-proceedings-1788-6-10/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">George Nicholas &#8211; Virginia Ratifying Convention (10 June 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.consource.org/document/journal-notes-of-the-virginia-ratification-convention-proceedings-1788-6-21/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Edmund Randolph &#8211; Virginia Ratifying Convention (21 June 1788)</a></p> <p>4. POWER ALWAYS SEEKS TO GROW</p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Adams/04-01-02-0218" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Abigail Adams &#8211; Letter to John Adams (27 Nov 1775)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.consource.org/document/federal-farmer-letters-to-the-republican-iv-1787-10-12/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Federal Farmer No. IV (12 Oct 1787)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.revolutionary-war-and-beyond.com/Samuel-Adams-Letter-24Oct1780.html" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Samuel Adams &#8211; Letter to James Warren (24 Oct 1780)</a></p> <p>5. ARBITRARY POWER IS TYRANNY</p> <p><a href="https://www.thomaspaine.org/works/major-works/rights-of-man-part-the-second.html" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Thomas Paine &#8211; Rights of Man, Part II (1792)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.let.rug.nl/usa/documents/1651-1700/john-locke-essay-on-government/chapter-18-of-tyranny.php" rel="noopener" target="_blank">John Locke &#8211; Chapter 18 &#8211; Tyranny</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/tucker-view-of-the-constitution-of-the-united-states-with-selected-writings" rel="noopener" target="_blank">St. George Tucker &#8211; View of the Constitution of the United States (1803)</a></p> <p>6. POWER TO DO GOOD IS THE POWER TO DO EVIL</p> <p><a href="https://www.consource.org/document/a-citizen-of-new-york-an-address-to-the-people-of-the-state-of-new-york-1788-4-15/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">John Jay &#8211; A Citizen of New York (15 Apr 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.consource.org/document/a-landholder-iii-1787-11-19/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Oliver Ellsworth &#8211; A Landholder III (19 Nov 1787)</a></p> <p>7. CONSOLIDATION IS TYRANNY</p> <p><a href="https://www.consource.org/document/journal-notes-of-the-virginia-ratification-convention-proceedings-1788-6-9/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Patrick Henry &#8211; Virginia Ratifying Convention (9 June 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/03-09-02-0286" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Thomas Jefferson &#8211; Letter to Joseph C. Cabell (2 Feb 1816)</a></p> <p>8. POWER DOESN’T LIMIT ITSELF</p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/02/constitution-101-enforcement-mechanism/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Episode &#8211; Constitution 101: Enforcement Mechanism</a></p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES</strong><br /> <a href="https://rumble.com/v51hvqb-the-founders-on-power-8-essential-principles-for-a-free-society.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Rumble</a></p> <p><a href="https://odysee.com/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6/path-061424:a" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Odysee</a></p> <p><a href="https://x.com/TenthAmendment/status/1801653348082585758" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on X</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.minds.com/newsfeed/1648403216011890698" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Minds</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.facebook.com/share/v/rw5o5N461ignsoab/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Facebook</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.bitchute.com/video/dKfynzoGW3mp/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Bitchute</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.brighteon.com/7df32b6a-aa9a-4186-bccd-d6544063a36f" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Brighteon</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.tiktok.com/@tenthamendmentcenter/video/7380417373628566826" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on TikTok</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.linkedin.com/events/thefoundersonpower-8essentialpr7207218098913857536/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on LinkedIn</a></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/the-founders-on-power-8-essential-principles-for-a-free-society/">The Founders on Power: 8 Essential Principles for a FREE Society</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Founding Fathers Founding Principles Path to Liberty Federalism Liberty Power Quotes Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center 12:06 false The Founders knew that freedom can ONLY exist when power is kept under strict limits. Anything else is arbitrary power - how they defined tyranny. The Founders knew that freedom can ONLY exist when power is kept under strict limits. Anything else is arbitrary power - how they defined tyranny. Delaware House Committee Passes Bill to Legalize Limited Raw Milk Sales https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/delaware-house-committee-passes-bill-to-legalize-limited-raw-milk-sales/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:914f598f-30fa-a64c-2307-91e908e00770 Thu, 13 Jun 2024 15:49:20 +0000 <p>On Tuesday, a Delaware House committee passed a bill that would legalize the sale of raw milk by producers directly to consumers in the state. Under current law, all raw milk sales are illegal in the state.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/delaware-house-committee-passes-bill-to-legalize-limited-raw-milk-sales/">Delaware House Committee Passes Bill to Legalize Limited Raw Milk Sales</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>DOVER</strong>, Del. (June 13, 2024) – On Tuesday, a Delaware House committee passed a bill that would legalize the sale of raw milk by producers directly to consumers in the state. Under current law, all raw milk sales are illegal in the state.<span id="more-43787"></span></p> <p>Sen. Eric Buckson and a bipartisan coalition of cosponsors introduced Senate Bill 273 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/DE/bill/SB273/2023" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SB273</a>) on May 2. The legislation would allow producers with a valid permit to sell raw milk and raw milk products directly to consumers. The legislation includes health, safety, and labeling regulations raw milk producers must adhere to.</p> <p>On June 11, the House Agriculture Committee passed SB273 by a 6-3 vote. The Senate has already approved the measure by <a href="https://legiscan.com/DE/rollcall/SB273/id/1449512">a 14-5 vote</a>.</p> <p>Passage into law would also take an important step toward further rejecting a federal prohibition scheme in practice and effect.</p> <p>The <a href="https://legis.delaware.gov/BillDetail?LegislationId=141278" target="_blank" rel="noopener">bill synopsis</a> notes that the sale of raw milk “is currently prohibited by Section 9 of the current United States Department of Health and Human Services’ Grade ‘A’ Pasteurized Milk Ordinance.</p> <blockquote><p>“However, consumers are increasingly demanding the opportunity to purchase raw milk in Delaware, rather than traveling to other states that permit raw milk sales. Allowing raw milk and products derived from raw milk to be sold in Delaware will respond to that demand while also providing new economic opportunities for Delaware dairy producers.”</p></blockquote> <p>During the 2023 legislative session, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/07/now-in-effect-idaho-law-expands-raw-milk-sales-in-the-state/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Idaho</a> and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/08/now-in-effect-north-dakota-law-expands-raw-milk-sales-in-the-state/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">North Dakota</a> expanded their raw milk sales and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/07/now-in-effect-iowa-law-legalizes-limited-raw-milk-sales/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Iowa legalized limited raw milk sales</a>. This year,<a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/03/now-law-west-virginia-legalizes-retail-raw-milk-sales/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> West Virginia legalized retail raw milk sales</a> with no restrictions.</p> <p><strong>IMPACT ON FEDERAL PROHIBITION</strong></p> <p>FDA officials insist that unpasteurized milk poses a health risk because of its susceptibility to contamination from cow manure, a source of E. coli.</p> <p>“It is the FDA’s position that raw milk should never be consumed,” agency spokeswoman Tamara N. Ward said in November 2011.</p> <p>The FDA’s position represents more than a matter of opinion. In 1987, the feds implemented 21 CFR 1240.61(a), providing that, <em>“no person shall cause to be delivered into interstate commerce or shall sell, otherwise distribute, or hold for sale or other distribution after shipment in interstate commerce any milk or milk product in final package form for direct human consumption unless the product has been pasteurized.”</em></p> <p>Not only do the feds ban the transportation of raw milk across state lines, but they also claim the authority to ban unpasteurized milk <em>within the borders of a state</em>.</p> <p>“It is within HHS’s authority…to institute an intrastate ban [on unpasteurized milk] as well,” FDA officials wrote in response to a <a href="http://www.farmtoconsumer.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Farm-to-Consumer Legal Defense Fund </a>lawsuit against the agency over the interstate ban.</p> <p>The FDA clearly wants complete prohibition of raw milk and some insiders say it’s only a matter of time before the feds try to institute an absolute ban. Armed raids by FDA agents on companies like Rawsome Foods back in 2011 and Amish farms over the last few years also indicate this scenario may not be too far off.</p> <p>When states allow the sale of raw milk within their borders, it takes an important step toward nullifying this federal prohibition scheme in practice and effect.</p> <p>As we’ve seen with marijuana and industrial hemp, an intrastate ban becomes ineffective when states ignore it and pass laws encouraging the prohibited activity anyway. The federal government lacks the enforcement power necessary to maintain its ban, and people will willingly take on the small risk of federal sanctions if they know the state will not interfere. This increases when the state actively encourages the market and nullifies federal prohibition in effect.</p> <p>We’ve seen this demonstrated dramatically in states that have legalized industrial hemp. When they authorized production, farmers began growing industrial hemp, even in the face of a federal ban. Despite facing the possibility of federal prosecution, some growers were still willing to step into the void and begin cultivating the plant once the state removed its barriers.</p> <p>In the same way, removing state barriers to raw milk consumption, sale, and production would undoubtedly spur the creation of new markets for unpasteurized dairy products, no matter what the feds claim the power to do.</p> <p>It could ultimately nullify the interstate ban as well. If all 50 states allow raw milk, markets within the states could easily grow to the point that local sales would render the federal ban on interstate commerce pointless. And history indicates the feds do not have the resources to stop people from transporting raw milk across state lines – especially if multiple states start legalizing it. Growing markets will quickly overwhelm any federal enforcement attempts.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>SB273 can now move to the full House for debate and a vote.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/delaware-house-committee-passes-bill-to-legalize-limited-raw-milk-sales/">Delaware House Committee Passes Bill to Legalize Limited Raw Milk Sales</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Raw Milk State Bills Delaware food freedom Prohibition SB273 Mike Maharrey 2nd Amendment: 8 Key Principles From the Founders Ignored Today https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/2nd-amendment-8-key-principles-from-the-founders-ignored-today/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:61145d77-0853-d9d8-6650-d41c52591d05 Wed, 12 Jun 2024 23:12:41 +0000 <p>They don’t teach this in government-run schools. In this episode, we explore 8 foundational principles from the founders about the right to keep and bear arms that are almost totally ignored today.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/2nd-amendment-8-key-principles-from-the-founders-ignored-today/">2nd Amendment: 8 Key Principles From the Founders Ignored Today</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>They don’t teach this in government-run schools. In this episode, we explore 8 foundational principles from the founders about the right to keep and bear arms that are almost totally ignored today.</p> <p>Path to Liberty: June 12, 2024 <span id="more-43786"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://music.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLZyloySS5-JRy0n9f-rB2wgB7Ru1E28pK&amp;si=YA6lJdcQshShT1GJ" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Youtube Music</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/iZu27M9kzSM?si=NEmce6nencD2jW14" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; web-share" referrerpolicy="strict-origin-when-cross-origin" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/tucker-view-of-the-constitution-of-the-united-states-with-selected-writings" rel="noopener" target="_blank">St. George Tucker &#8211; View of the Constitution of the United States (1803)</a></p> <p><a href="https://history.hanover.edu/texts/adamss.html" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Samuel Adams &#8211; The Rights of the Colonists (20 Nov 1772)</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/elliot-the-debates-in-the-several-state-conventions-vol-2" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Theophilus Parsons &#8211; Massachusetts Ratifying Convention (5 Feb 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://quod.lib.umich.edu/e/evans/N16431.0001.001/1:2?rgn=div1;view=fulltext" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Mercy Otis Warren &#8211; Observations on the New Constitution (1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://contextus.org/James_Wilson's_Lectures_on_Law_(1789_to_1791)?tab=contents" rel="noopener" target="_blank">James Wilson &#8211; Lectures on Law</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/08/4-main-reasons-for-the-2nd-amendment/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Episode &#8211; 4 Main Reasons for the 2nd Amendment</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.stephenhalbrook.com/law_review_articles/tench_coxe.pdf" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Tench Coxe &#8211; A Pennsylvanian, To The People of the United States, Philadelphia Gazette (20 Feb 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/fed46.asp" rel="noopener" target="_blank">James Madison &#8211; Federalist 46 (29 Jan 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/founders/documents/a1_8_12s27.html" rel="noopener" target="_blank">George Mason &#8211; Virginia Ratifying Convention (14 June 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://teachingamericanhistory.org/document/a-citizen-of-america-an-examination-into-the-leading-principles-of-america/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Noah Webster &#8211; An Examination of the Leading Principles of the Federal Constitution (17 Oct 1787)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.consource.org/document/north-carolina-ratification-convention-debates-1788-7-28/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">James Iredell &#8211; North Carolina Ratifying Convention (28 July 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.archives.gov/nhprc/projects/catalog/first-federal-congress" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Roger Sherman &#8211; Debate in the House of Representatives (1790)</a></p> <p><a href="https://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/let31.asp" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Thomas Jefferson &#8211; Letter to Peter Carr (19 Aug 1785)</a></p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES</strong><br /> <a href="https://rumble.com/v512edv-2nd-amendment-8-key-principles-from-the-founders-ignored-today.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Rumble</a></p> <p><a href="https://odysee.com/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6/path-061224:7" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Odysee</a></p> <p><a href="https://x.com/TenthAmendment/status/1800928386069774809" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on X</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.minds.com/newsfeed/1647696533677674516" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Minds</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.facebook.com/share/v/pCzCQnNkCk9othW8/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Facebook</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.bitchute.com/video/kKA36uev5G55/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Bitchute</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.brighteon.com/0f2b63f5-35cc-41bb-99cc-3e3d8c94673c" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Brighteon</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.tiktok.com/@tenthamendmentcenter/video/7379683622351129899" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on TikTok</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.linkedin.com/events/2ndamendment-8keyprinciplesfrom7206497508431155201/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on LinkedIn</a></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/2nd-amendment-8-key-principles-from-the-founders-ignored-today/">2nd Amendment: 8 Key Principles From the Founders Ignored Today</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Founding Principles Path to Liberty Right to Keep and Bear Arms 2nd Amendment Natural Rights Rights Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center false They don’t teach this in government-run schools. In this episode, we explore 8 foundational principles from the founders about the right to keep and bear arms that are almost totally ignored today. They don’t teach this in government-run schools. In this episode, we explore 8 foundational principles from the founders about the right to keep and bear arms that are almost totally ignored today. Pro Liberty, Anti-Empire: The Forgotten Founder Who Lived the Revolution https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/pro-liberty-anti-empire-the-forgotten-founder-who-lived-the-revolution/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:f5618402-2c48-6ff7-24b6-be128732c958 Mon, 10 Jun 2024 21:11:25 +0000 <p>Have you ever heard of Dr. Joseph Warren? He was a key figure in the American Revolution, a fiery orator who defied British tyranny, and the man who sent Paul Revere out on his famous Midnight Ride. This video dives into the incredible story of Joseph Warren, the "Pro Liberty, Anti-Empire" Founding “Grandfather” that history almost totally ignores.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/pro-liberty-anti-empire-the-forgotten-founder-who-lived-the-revolution/">Pro Liberty, Anti-Empire: The Forgotten Founder Who Lived the Revolution</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>Have you ever heard of Dr. Joseph Warren? He was a key figure in the American Revolution, a fiery orator who defied British tyranny, and the man who sent Paul Revere out on his famous Midnight Ride. This video dives into the incredible story of Joseph Warren, the &#8220;Pro Liberty, Anti-Empire&#8221; Founding “Grandfather” that history almost totally ignores.</p> <p>Path to Liberty: June 10, 2024 <span id="more-43780"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://music.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLZyloySS5-JRy0n9f-rB2wgB7Ru1E28pK&amp;si=YA6lJdcQshShT1GJ" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Youtube Music</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/JwEDQxgg9Po?si=DhpPyddghD1VMfQJ" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; web-share" referrerpolicy="strict-origin-when-cross-origin" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/06/11/remembering-patriot-and-revolutionary-war-hero-joseph-warren/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Maharrey &#8211; Remembering Patriot and Revolutionary War Hero Joseph Warren</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.google.com/books/edition/Dr_Joseph_Warren/S2nBcOoj_TIC?hl=en&amp;gbpv=1" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Book &#8211; Joseph Warren: The Boston Tea Party, Bunker Hill, and the Birth of American Liberty</a></p> <p><a href="https://theobjectivestandard.com/2018/11/dr-joseph-warren-architect-of-the-revolution/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Tom Malone &#8211; Dr. Joseph Warren: Architect of the Revolution</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.drjosephwarren.com/2015/11/the-devil-may-be-the-lord’s-anointed/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">A True Patriot (29 Feb 1768)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.drjosephwarren.com/2015/12/i-hear-the-voice-of-the-people-in-favor-of-freedom/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">A True Patriot (14 Mar 1768)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/news/features/forman-joseph-warren-book/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Harvard &#8211; Recalling Joseph Warren–physician, revolutionary, leader</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/03/remembering-boston-massacre-day-joseph-warren-edition/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Episode &#8211; Remembering Boston Massacre Day: Joseph Warren Edition</a></p> <p><a href="http://www.drjosephwarren.com/2014/02/1772-boston-massacre-oration-full-text-2/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Massacre Day Oration (5 Mar 1772)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.drjosephwarren.com/2013/04/the-mistress-we-court-is-liberty/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Joseph Warren &#8211; Letter to Samuel Adams (15 June 1774)</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/09/09/today-in-history-suffolk-resolves-calling-for-non-compliance-and-resistance-to-british-acts/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Maharrey &#8211; Suffolk Resolves Calling for Non-Compliance and Resistance to British Acts</a></p> <p><a href="https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Suffolk_Resolves" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Suffolk Resolves (17 Sept 1774)</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/09/blueprint-for-liberty-the-suffolk-resolves-of-1774/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Episode &#8211; Blueprint for Liberty: The Suffolk Resolves of 1774</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/03/freedom-is-the-prize-joseph-warrens-boston-massacre-day-oration-v2/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Episode &#8211; “Freedom is the Prize” – Joseph Warren’s Boston Massacre Day Oration v2</a></p> <p><a href="https://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=evans;cc=evans;rgn=div1;view=text;idno=N11558.0001.001;node=N11558.0001.001:4" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Massacre Day Oration (6 Mar 1775)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2626357/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">George Wildrick &#8211; Dr. Joseph Warren: leader in medicine, politics, and revolution</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.docsteach.org/documents/document/letter-joseph-warren-benjamin-franklin" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Letter to Benjamin Franklin (26 Apr 1775)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.founderoftheday.com/founder-of-the-day/joseph-warren" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Jason Mandresh &#8211; Founder of the Day</a></p> <p><a href="https://fee.org/articles/dr-joseph-warren-the-founding-father-who-fought-for-liberty-at-bunker-hill-and-paid-with-his-life/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Lawrence Reed &#8211; The Founding Father Who Fought for Liberty at Bunker Hill, and Paid With His Life</a></p> <p><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Warren#Death" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Wiki: Battle and Death</a></p> <p><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Death_of_General_Warren_at_the_Battle_of_Bunker%27s_Hill,_June_17,_1775" rel="noopener" target="_blank">The Death of General Warren</a></p> <p><a href="https://newenglandhistoricalsociety.com/joseph-warren-patriot-made-forget-george-washington/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">New England Historical Society</a></p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES</strong><br /> <a href="https://rumble.com/v50nmme-pro-liberty-anti-empire-the-forgotten-founder-who-lived-the-revolution.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Rumble</a></p> <p><a href="https://odysee.com/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6/path-061024:d" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Odysee</a></p> <p><a href="https://x.com/TenthAmendment/status/1800203077225697411" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on X</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.minds.com/newsfeed/1646961078657093648" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Minds</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.facebook.com/share/v/tRTGBx1Px1zsCfLv/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Facebook</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.bitchute.com/video/RAsP6I30BJLT/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Bitchute</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.brighteon.com/7ffa5e4f-bcc3-4083-8f7a-b70996be8608" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Brighteon</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.tiktok.com/@tenthamendmentcenter/video/7378972591979023659" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on TikTok</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.linkedin.com/events/proliberty-anti-empire-theforgo7205739599703203840/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on LinkedIn</a></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/pro-liberty-anti-empire-the-forgotten-founder-who-lived-the-revolution/">Pro Liberty, Anti-Empire: The Forgotten Founder Who Lived the Revolution</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. American Revolution Audio/Video Joseph Warren Path to Liberty History Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center false Have you ever heard of Dr. Joseph Warren? He was a key figure in the American Revolution, a fiery orator who defied British tyranny, and the man who sent Paul Revere out on his famous Midnight Ride. This video dives into the incredible story of Joseph ... Have you ever heard of Dr. Joseph Warren? He was a key figure in the American Revolution, a fiery orator who defied British tyranny, and the man who sent Paul Revere out on his famous Midnight Ride. This video dives into the incredible story of Joseph Warren, the "Pro Liberty, Anti-Empire" Founding “Grandfather” that history almost totally ignores. End the Fed from the Bottom Up: The Founders’ Plan You can Use Now https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/end-the-fed-from-the-bottom-up-the-founders-plan-you-can-use-now/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:64959b32-9fba-a3f6-1212-3de2deadc715 Fri, 07 Jun 2024 20:03:15 +0000 <p>The federal reserve is never going to end itself. And congress is not going to shut off its own private money printer. So it’s up to the people and the states - as the founders advised - to get the job done in support of the Constitution and liberty.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/end-the-fed-from-the-bottom-up-the-founders-plan-you-can-use-now/">End the Fed from the Bottom Up: The Founders’ Plan You can Use Now</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>The federal reserve is never going to end itself. And congress is not going to shut off its own private money printer. So it’s up to the people and the states &#8211; as the founders advised &#8211; to get the job done in support of the Constitution and liberty.</p> <p>Path to Liberty, Fast Friday Edition: June 7, 2024 <span id="more-43775"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://music.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLZyloySS5-JRy0n9f-rB2wgB7Ru1E28pK&amp;si=YA6lJdcQshShT1GJ" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Youtube Music</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/zGN3OiDJZmc?si=tURxop36ERUGwwfS" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; web-share" referrerpolicy="strict-origin-when-cross-origin" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/fed46.asp" target="_blank" rel="noopener">James Madison &#8211; Federalist 46 (29 Jan 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/02/constitution-101-enforcement-mechanism/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Episode &#8211; Constitution 101: Enforcement Mechanism</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/06/nullify-the-fed-from-the-bottom-up-a-step-by-step-approach/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Maharrey &#8211; Nullify the Fed from the Bottom Up: A Step by Step Approach</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.goldback.com" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Goldback</a></p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES</strong><br /> <a href="https://rumble.com/v502rq9-end-the-fed-from-the-bottom-up-the-founders-plan-you-can-use-now.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Rumble</a></p> <p><a href="https://odysee.com/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6/path-060724:9" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Odysee</a></p> <p><a href="https://x.com/TenthAmendment/status/1799116633698713618" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on X</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.minds.com/newsfeed/1645861549899780108" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Minds</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.facebook.com/share/v/SvGjqrH1qKQDRWX5/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Facebook</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.bitchute.com/video/xXb0dt0RsXHF/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Bitchute</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.brighteon.com/a9d106cb-e8b2-483f-a1a6-2aae23aa9f42" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Brighteon</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.tiktok.com/@tenthamendmentcenter/video/7377807726874807594" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on TikTok</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.linkedin.com/events/endthefedfromthebottomup-thefou7204689441599213568/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on LinkedIn</a></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/end-the-fed-from-the-bottom-up-the-founders-plan-you-can-use-now/">End the Fed from the Bottom Up: The Founders’ Plan You can Use Now</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Federal Reserve Path to Liberty Strategy End the Fed Gold Silver Sound Money Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center false The federal reserve is never going to end itself. And congress is not going to shut off its own private money printer. So it’s up to the people and the states - as the founders advised - to get the job done in support of the Constitution and liberty. The federal reserve is never going to end itself. And congress is not going to shut off its own private money printer. So it’s up to the people and the states - as the founders advised - to get the job done in support of the Constitution and liberty West Virginia Law Legalizing Retail Raw Milk Sales Now in Effect https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/west-virginia-law-legalizing-retail-raw-milk-sales-now-in-effect/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:4f6319f8-63cb-f5fa-4813-695f3d50793a Fri, 07 Jun 2024 16:43:28 +0000 <p>Under the new law, retailers can sell raw milk in the state as long as the container is clearly labeled as “unpasteurized raw milk,” and includes the name and physical address of the seller, the date of production, and the following warning: “Consuming unpasteurized raw milk may increase your risk of foodborne illness, especially for children, elderly, immunocompromised individuals, and persons with certain medical conditions.”</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/west-virginia-law-legalizing-retail-raw-milk-sales-now-in-effect/">West Virginia Law Legalizing Retail Raw Milk Sales Now in Effect</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>CHARLESTON</strong>, W.Va. (June 7, 2024) – Today, a law legalizing retail raw milk sales with no restrictions or limits beyond labeling went into effect in West Virginia. Enactment of this law also takes an important step toward further rejecting a federal prohibition scheme in practice and effect.<span id="more-43774"></span></p> <p>Del. Michael Hornby and several cosponsors introduced House Bill 4911 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/WV/bill/HB4911/2024" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB4911</a>) in January. Under the new law, retailers can sell raw milk in the state as long as the container is clearly labeled as “unpasteurized raw milk,” and includes the name and physical address of the seller, the date of production, and the following warning: “Consuming unpasteurized raw milk may increase your risk of foodborne illness, especially for children, elderly, immunocompromised individuals, and persons with certain medical conditions.”</p> <p>Under the law, the Commissioner of Agriculture has the authority to propose additional rules to regulate the sale of raw milk.</p> <p>On March 8, the Senate passed HB4911 with some amendments by <a href="https://www.wvlegislature.gov/legisdocs/2024/RS/votes/senate/03-08-0439.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a 28-5 vote</a>. The Senate version removed provisions that would have given retailers immunity from civil liability related to the consumption of raw milk, except in cases of “intentional or willful and wanton misconduct.”  The House concurred with the Senate version by a <a href="https://legiscan.com/WV/rollcall/HB4911/id/1406672" target="_blank" rel="noopener">vote of 95-1</a>. Since Gov. Jim Justice took no action on the bill before the signing deadline, the bill became law without his signature on March 28 and went into effect on June 7.</p> <p>The enactment of this legislation builds on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2016/05/west-virginia-law-taking-first-step-to-legalize-raw-milk-now-in-effect/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">a law passed in 2016</a> that legalized raw milk consumption in West Virginia under so-called herd share agreements.</p> <p>During the 2023 legislative session, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/07/now-in-effect-idaho-law-expands-raw-milk-sales-in-the-state/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Idaho</a> and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/08/now-in-effect-north-dakota-law-expands-raw-milk-sales-in-the-state/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">North Dakota</a> expanded their raw milk sales and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/07/now-in-effect-iowa-law-legalizes-limited-raw-milk-sales/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Iowa legalized limited raw milk sales</a>.</p> <p><strong>IMPACT ON FEDERAL PROHIBITION</strong></p> <p>FDA officials insist that unpasteurized milk poses a health risk because of its susceptibility to contamination from cow manure, a source of E. coli.</p> <p>“It is the FDA’s position that raw milk should never be consumed,” agency spokeswoman Tamara N. Ward said in November 2011.</p> <p>The FDA’s position represents more than a matter of opinion. In 1987, the feds implemented 21 CFR 1240.61(a), providing that, <em>“no person shall cause to be delivered into interstate commerce or shall sell, otherwise distribute, or hold for sale or other distribution after shipment in interstate commerce any milk or milk product in final package form for direct human consumption unless the product has been pasteurized.”</em></p> <p>Not only do the feds ban the transportation of raw milk across state lines, but they also claim the authority to ban unpasteurized milk <em>within the borders of a state</em>.</p> <p>“It is within HHS’s authority…to institute an intrastate ban [on unpasteurized milk] as well,” FDA officials wrote in response to a <a href="http://www.farmtoconsumer.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Farm-to-Consumer Legal Defense Fund </a>lawsuit against the agency over the interstate ban.</p> <p>The FDA clearly wants complete prohibition of raw milk and some insiders say it’s only a matter of time before the feds try to institute an absolute ban. Armed raids by FDA agents on companies like Rawsome Foods back in 2011 and Amish farms over the last few years also indicate this scenario may not be too far off.</p> <p>When states allow the sale of raw milk within their borders, it takes an important step toward nullifying this federal prohibition scheme in practice and effect.</p> <p>As we’ve seen with marijuana and industrial hemp, an intrastate ban becomes ineffective when states ignore it and pass laws encouraging the prohibited activity anyway. The federal government lacks the enforcement power necessary to maintain its ban, and people will willingly take on the small risk of federal sanctions if they know the state will not interfere. This increases when the state actively encourages the market and nullifies federal prohibition in effect.</p> <p>We’ve seen this demonstrated dramatically in states that have legalized industrial hemp. When they authorized production, farmers began growing industrial hemp, even in the face of a federal ban. Despite facing the possibility of federal prosecution, some growers were still willing to step into the void and begin cultivating the plant once the state removed its barriers.</p> <p>In the same way, removing state barriers to raw milk consumption, sale, and production would undoubtedly spur the creation of new markets for unpasteurized dairy products, no matter what the feds claim the power to do.</p> <p>It could ultimately nullify the interstate ban as well. If all 50 states allow raw milk, markets within the states could easily grow to the point that local sales would render the federal ban on interstate commerce pointless. And history indicates the feds do not have the resources to stop people from transporting raw milk across state lines – especially if multiple states start legalizing it. Growing markets will quickly overwhelm any federal enforcement attempts.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/west-virginia-law-legalizing-retail-raw-milk-sales-now-in-effect/">West Virginia Law Legalizing Retail Raw Milk Sales Now in Effect</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Raw Milk State Bills food freedom HB4911 Prohibition West Virginia Mike Maharrey Constitution Myth Busted: Usurpations are Void https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/constitution-myth-busted-usurpations-are-void/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:d63f0e1e-9d0d-e93d-ff0d-395eb706212c Wed, 05 Jun 2024 20:17:50 +0000 <p>Think all federal laws are supreme? Think again! In this episode, we'll explore how the Founders told us the Constitution is what's supreme - and everything else is a usurpation that's NULL AND VOID.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/constitution-myth-busted-usurpations-are-void/">Constitution Myth Busted: Usurpations are Void</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>Think all federal laws are supreme? Think again! In this episode, we&#8217;ll explore how the Founders told us the Constitution is what&#8217;s supreme &#8211; and everything else is a usurpation that&#8217;s NULL AND VOID.</p> <p>Path to Liberty: June 5, 2024 <span id="more-43768"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://music.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLZyloySS5-JRy0n9f-rB2wgB7Ru1E28pK&amp;si=YA6lJdcQshShT1GJ" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Youtube Music</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/6ihbsn87_CM?si=ImUi8eueW12aZWe4" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; web-share" referrerpolicy="strict-origin-when-cross-origin" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/collected-political-writings#lf1644_label_044" rel="noopener" target="_blank">James Otis Jr &#8211; Speech Against the Writs of Assistance (24 Feb 1761)</a></p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Adams/99-02-02-6977" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Boston Town Meeting, Memorial to the House of Representatives (May 1764)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.redhill.org/primary-sources/patrick-henrys-resolutions-against-the-stamp-act/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Patrick Henry &#8211; Virginia Resolves Against the Stamp Act (29 May 1765)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/2092/pg2092.html" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Samuel Adams &#8211; Candidus, Boston Gazette (27 Jan 1772)</a></p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Hamilton/01-01-02-0057" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Alexander Hamilton &#8211; The Farmer Refuted (23 Feb 1775)</a></p> <p><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supremacy_Clause" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Supremacy Clause</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/tucker-view-of-the-constitution-of-the-united-states-with-selected-writings" rel="noopener" target="_blank">St. George Tucker &#8211; View of the Constitution of the United States (1803)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.consource.org/document/north-carolina-ratification-convention-debates-1788-7-28/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Gov. Samuel Johnston &#8211; North Carolina Ratifying Convention (28 July 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/01/constitution-101-the-supremacy-clause/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Episode &#8211; Constitution 101: Supremacy Clause</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.consource.org/document/roger-sherman-to-___-1787-12-8/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Roger Sherman (8 Dec 1787)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.consource.org/document/oliver-ellsworths-speech-at-the-connecticut-ratification-convention-1788-1-7/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Oliver Ellsworth &#8211; Connecticut Ratifying Convention (7 Jan 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.consource.org/document/the-federalist-no-78-1788-6-14/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Alexander Hamilton &#8211; Federalist 78 (14 June 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/pages/1798-kentucky-resolutions-jefferson-s-draft" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Thomas Jefferson &#8211; Kentucky Resolutions of 1798</a></p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Madison/01-17-02-0202" rel="noopener" target="_blank">James Madison &#8211; Report of 1800</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.consource.org/document/journal-notes-of-the-virginia-ratification-convention-proceedings-1788-6-16/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">George Nicholas &#8211; Virginia Ratifying Convention (16 June 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/02/constitution-101-enforcement-mechanism/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Episode &#8211; Constitution 101: Enforcement Mechanism</a></p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES</strong><br /> <a href="https://rumble.com/v4znuio-constitution-myth-busted-usurpations-are-void.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Rumble</a></p> <p><a href="https://odysee.com/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6/path-060524:9" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Odysee</a></p> <p><a href="https://x.com/TenthAmendment/status/1798391616186744870" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on X</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.minds.com/newsfeed/1645164391852675074" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Minds</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.facebook.com/share/v/iTy3cWkdFmnV7MGD/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Facebook</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.bitchute.com/video/sRKWm1J4z8gt/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Bitchute</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.brighteon.com/f4914c95-4c48-4014-a77d-6e0b567dc208" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Brighteon</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.tiktok.com/@tenthamendmentcenter/video/7377111225244781870" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on TikTok</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.linkedin.com/events/7203958270003191808/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on LinkedIn</a></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/constitution-myth-busted-usurpations-are-void/">Constitution Myth Busted: Usurpations are Void</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Constitution Founding Principles Path to Liberty Supremacy Clause Founders Usurpation Void Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center false Think all federal laws are supreme? Think again! In this episode, we'll explore how the Founders told us the Constitution is what's supreme - and everything else is a usurpation that's NULL AND VOID. Think all federal laws are supreme? Think again! In this episode, we'll explore how the Founders told us the Constitution is what's supreme - and everything else is a usurpation that's NULL AND VOID. New Jersey Bill to Repeal Sales Taxes on Gold and Silver Clears Another Hurdle https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/new-jersey-bill-to-repeal-sales-taxes-on-gold-and-silver-clears-another-hurdle/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:dad2e4ed-6b4a-3be0-06ba-4c2b2b072edd Tue, 04 Jun 2024 16:00:18 +0000 <p>a New Jersey Assembly committee unanimously passed a bill that would exempt gold and silver bullion from state sales and use taxes. It previously passed the full Senate.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/new-jersey-bill-to-repeal-sales-taxes-on-gold-and-silver-clears-another-hurdle/">New Jersey Bill to Repeal Sales Taxes on Gold and Silver Clears Another Hurdle</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>TRENTON</strong>, N.J. (June 4, 2024) – Yesterday, a New Jersey Assembly committee unanimously passed a bill that would exempt gold and silver bullion from state sales and use taxes. It previously passed the full Senate.<span id="more-43765"></span></p> <p>Sen. Douglas Steinhardt and a bipartisan coalition of five cosponsors introduced Senate Bill 721 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/NJ/bill/S721/2024" target="_blank" rel="noopener">S721</a>) on Jan. 9. The legislation would exempt the sale of investment metal bullion (bars and coins) and investment coins from the state sales and use tax.</p> <p>Investment metal bullion is defined as “any elementary precious metal that has been put through a process of smelting or refining, including, but not limited to, gold, silver, platinum, and palladium, and that is in such state or condition that its value depends upon its contents and not its form.”</p> <p>“Investment coin” is defined as “any numismatic coin manufactured of gold, silver, platinum, palladium, or any other metal, including non-precious metals.”</p> <p>On June 3, the Assembly Commerce and Economic Development Committee passed S721 by <a href="https://legiscan.com/NJ/rollcall/S721/id/1452635" target="_blank" rel="noopener">an 11-0 vote</a>. The Senate previously passed the measure by <a href="https://legiscan.com/NJ/rollcall/S721/id/1411760" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a 38-0 vote</a>.</p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/01/to-the-governor-new-jersey-passes-bill-to-remove-sales-taxes-from-gold-and-silver/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Identical legislation unanimously passed both the House and Senate during the last session</a>, but Gov. Phil Murphy refused to sign it, thus &#8220;pocket vetoing&#8221; the measure.</p> <p><strong>KNOCKING DOWN BARRIERS</strong></p> <p>Enactment of this legislation would not only relieve some of the tax burdens on investors, but it would also eliminate one barrier to using gold and silver in everyday transactions, a foundational step for people to undermine the Federal Reserve’s monopoly on money.</p> <p>Currently, 45 states have eliminated sales taxes on gold and silver bullion. Repealing sales taxes on precious metal bullion takes a step toward treating gold and silver as money instead of commodities. Taxes on precious metal bullion erect barriers to using gold and silver as money by raising transaction costs. As <a href="https://www.soundmoneydefense.org/">Sound Money Defense League</a> policy director <a href="https://www.google.com/search?kgmid=/g/11h4mqt32h" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Jp Cortez</a> testified during a committee hearing on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/07/wyoming-legal-tender-act-treats-gold-and-silver-as-money-foundation-to-undermine-the-federal-reserve/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">a similar bill in Wyoming</a> in 2018, charging taxes on <em>money itself</em> is beyond the pale.</p> <blockquote><p>“In effect, states that collect taxes on purchases of precious metals are inherently saying gold and silver are not money at all.”</p></blockquote> <p>Imagine if you asked a grocery clerk to break a $5 bill and he charged you a 35-cent tax. Silly, right? After all, you were only exchanging one form of money for another. But that’s essentially what New Jersey’s sales tax on gold and silver bullion does. By eliminating this tax on the exchange of gold and silver, New Jersey would treat specie as money instead of a commodity. This represents a small step toward reestablishing gold and silver as legal tender and breaking down the Fed’s monopoly on money.</p> <p>“We ought not to tax money – and that’s a good idea. It makes no sense to tax money,” former U.S. <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2017/03/ron-paul-testimony-in-support-of-arizona-sound-money-bill-hb2014/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Rep. Ron Paul said during testimony in support of an Arizona bill</a> that repealed capital gains taxes on gold and silver in that state. “Paper is not money, it’s fraud,” he continued.</p> <p>The impact of enacting this legislation will go beyond mere tax policy. During <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2017/03/ron-paul-standing-on-the-right-side-of-history/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">an event after his Senate committee testimony</a>, Paul pointed out that it’s really about the size and scope of government.</p> <blockquote><p>“If you’re for less government, you want sound money. The people who want big government, they don’t want sound money. They want to deceive you and commit fraud. They want to print the money. They want a monopoly. They want to get you conditioned, as our schools have conditioned us, to the point where deficits don’t matter.”</p></blockquote> <p>Practically speaking, eliminating taxes on the sale of gold and silver cracks open the door for people to begin using specie in regular business transactions. This marks an important small step toward currency competition.</p> <p>The effect of treating gold and silver as money has been most dramatic in Utah where the legal tender law repealed all taxes on gold and silver bullion, opening the door for the development of a gold and silver market in the state. With some legal and tax hurdles cleared away by the state, <a href="https://upma.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">the United Precious Metal Association</a> (UPMA) in partnership with <a href="https://alpinegold.com/">Alpine Gold Exchange</a> set up the state’s first “gold bank.” The Utah Specie Legal Tender Act has also led to the creation of <a href="https://goldback.com/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Goldbacks</a>, a local, voluntary medium of exchange. Goldbacks are notes made from fractions of an ounce of physical gold. The company created a process that turns pure gold into a spendable physical form for small transactions.</p> <p><strong>BACKGROUND</strong></p> <p>The United States Constitution states in Article I, Section 10, “No State shall…make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts.” Currently, all debts and taxes in New Jersey are either paid with Federal Reserve Notes (dollars) which were authorized as legal tender by Congress, or with coins issued by the U.S. Treasury — very few of which have gold or silver in them.</p> <p>The Federal Reserve destroys this constitutional monetary system by creating a monopoly based on its fiat currency. Without the backing of gold or silver, the central bank can easily create money out of thin air. This not only devalues your purchasing power over time; it also allows the federal government to borrow and spend far beyond what would be possible in a sound money system. Without the Fed, the U.S. government wouldn’t be able to maintain all of its unconstitutional wars and programs. <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/06/17/the-federal-reserve-the-engine-that-powers-the-most-powerful-government-in-history/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">The Federal Reserve is the engine that drives the most powerful government in the history of the world</a>.</p> <p>The passage of S721 would remove one of the tax barriers that hinder the use of gold and silver as money in New Jersey.</p> <p>Repealing taxes on gold and silver also takes the first step in the process of abolishing the Federal Reserve system by attacking it from the bottom up – pulling the rug out from under it by working to make its functions irrelevant at the state and local levels, and setting the stage to undermine the Federal Reserve monopoly by introducing competition into the monetary system.</p> <p>In <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2017/04/04/ending-the-federal-reserve-from-the-bottom-up/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a paper</a> presented at the Mises Institute, Constitutional tender expert Professor William Greene said when people in multiple states actually start using gold and silver instead of Federal Reserve Notes, it would effectively nullify the Federal Reserve and end the federal government’s monopoly on money.</p> <blockquote><p>“Over time, as residents of the state use both Federal Reserve notes and silver and gold coins, the fact that the coins hold their value more than Federal Reserve notes do will lead to a “reverse Gresham’s Law” effect, where good money (gold and silver coins) will drive out bad money (Federal Reserve notes). As this happens, a cascade of events can begin to occur, including the flow of real wealth toward the state’s treasury, an influx of banking business from outside of the state – as people in other states carry out their desire to bank with sound money – and an eventual outcry against the use of Federal Reserve notes for any transactions.”</p></blockquote> <p>Once things get to that point, Federal Reserve notes would become largely unwanted and irrelevant for ordinary people. Nullifying the Fed on a state-by-state level is what will get us there.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>S721 will now move to the Assembly Appropriations Committee where it must get a hearing and pass by a majority vote before moving forward in the legislative process.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/new-jersey-bill-to-repeal-sales-taxes-on-gold-and-silver-clears-another-hurdle/">New Jersey Bill to Repeal Sales Taxes on Gold and Silver Clears Another Hurdle</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Federal Reserve State Bills Gold New Jersey S721 Silver Sound Money Taxes Mike Maharrey Chasing Votes vs Building Freedom: The Founders’ Radical Plan for Liberty https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/chasing-votes-vs-building-freedom-the-founders-radical-plan-for-liberty/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:20832129-6ecd-b3a6-6e07-1f6881132b14 Mon, 03 Jun 2024 20:19:43 +0000 <p>A lot of people in today’s liberty movement are totally wasting their time. They’re like a hamster on a wheel: running in place, getting nowhere. The problem is - they focus too much time, money and energy on elections as their primary - or only strategy for liberty. The Founders wouldn’t recognize this while living under the largest government in history.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/chasing-votes-vs-building-freedom-the-founders-radical-plan-for-liberty/">Chasing Votes vs Building Freedom: The Founders’ Radical Plan for Liberty</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>A lot of people in today’s liberty movement are totally wasting their time. They’re like a hamster on a wheel: running in place, getting nowhere. The problem is &#8211; they focus too much time, money and energy on elections as their primary &#8211; or only strategy for liberty. The Founders wouldn’t recognize this while living under the largest government in history.</p> <p>Path to Liberty: June 3, 2024 <span id="more-43760"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://music.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLZyloySS5-JRy0n9f-rB2wgB7Ru1E28pK&amp;si=YA6lJdcQshShT1GJ" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Youtube Music</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/fYmsrPhc8SM?si=uIxozscybGx2LvrG" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; web-share" referrerpolicy="strict-origin-when-cross-origin" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><strong>1 &#8211; HOW DO WE DEFINE A FREE PEOPLE?</strong></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/lee-empire-and-nation-letters-from-a-farmer#lf0010_head_010" rel="noopener" target="_blank">John Dickinson &#8211; Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania No. VII (1767)</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/tucker-view-of-the-constitution-of-the-united-states-with-selected-writings" rel="noopener" target="_blank">St. George Tucker &#8211; View of the Constitution of the United States (1803)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.consource.org/document/journal-notes-of-the-virginia-ratification-convention-proceedings-1788-6-9/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Patrick Henry &#8211; Virginia Ratifying Convention (9 June 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/12/who-are-a-free-people/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Episode &#8211; Who are a Free People?</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.thomaspaine.org/works/major-works/rights-of-man-part-the-second.html" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Thomas Paine &#8211; Rights of Man, Part 2 (1792)</a></p> <p><a href="https://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/founders/documents/v1ch14s10.html" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Thomas Jefferson &#8211; A Summary View of the Rights of British America</a></p> <p><strong>2 &#8211; HOW TO RESPOND?</strong></p> <p><a href="https://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/fed33.asp" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Alexander Hamilton &#8211; Federalist 33 (3 Jan 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/fed46.asp" rel="noopener" target="_blank">James Madison &#8211; Federalist 46 (29 Jan 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.consource.org/document/north-carolina-ratification-convention-debates-1788-7-28/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">James Iredell &#8211; North Carolina Ratifying Convention (28 July 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/12/dont-try-theyll-crush-you/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Episode &#8211; Don’t Try, They’ll Crush You!</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/pages/1798-kentucky-resolutions-jefferson-s-draft" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Thomas Jefferson &#8211; Draft for the Kentucky Resolutions of 1798</a></p> <p><strong>3 &#8211; MISSING INGREDIENTS</strong></p> <p><a href="https://www.google.com/books/edition/An_Address_to_the_Committee_of_Correspon/lb4NAAAAQAAJ?hl=en&amp;gbpv=1" rel="noopener" target="_blank">John Dickinson &#8211; A North American &#8211; Address to the Committee of Correspondence in Barbados (1766)</a></p> <p><a href="https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Declaration_of_the_Causes_and_Necessity_of_Taking_Up_Arms" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Thomas Jefferson and John Dickinson &#8211; Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms (6 July 1775)</a></p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/03-09-02-0209" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Thomas Jefferson &#8211; Letter to Charles Yancey (6 Jan 1816)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/2092/pg2092.html" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Samuel Adams &#8211; Candidus, Boston Gazette (14 Oct 1771)</a></p> <p><a href="https://quod.lib.umich.edu/e/evans/N12281.0001.001/1:2?rgn=div1;view=fulltext" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Thomas Paine &#8211; American Crisis IV (13 Sept 1777)</a></p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES</strong><br /> <a href="https://rumble.com/v4z8b5e-chasing-votes-vs-building-freedom-the-founders-radical-plan-for-liberty.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Rumble</a></p> <p><a href="https://odysee.com/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6/path-06324:c" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Odysee</a></p> <p><a href="https://x.com/TenthAmendment/status/1797667096245223452" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on X</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.minds.com/newsfeed/1644444844073947140" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Minds</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.facebook.com/share/v/scmSE5bkE97hLmMm/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Facebook</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.bitchute.com/video/fvYpz7MyI0QG/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Bitchute</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.brighteon.com/40e352a2-df42-474d-99d3-e96edb52595a" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Brighteon</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.tiktok.com/@tenthamendmentcenter/video/7376348002513947950" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on TikTok</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.linkedin.com/events/7203211223595716608/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on LinkedIn</a></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/06/chasing-votes-vs-building-freedom-the-founders-radical-plan-for-liberty/">Chasing Votes vs Building Freedom: The Founders’ Radical Plan for Liberty</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Founding Fathers Founding Principles Path to Liberty Strategy Founders Liberty Liberty Movement Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center false A lot of people in today’s liberty movement are totally wasting their time. They’re like a hamster on a wheel: running in place, getting nowhere. The problem is - they focus too much time, money and energy on elections as their primary - or only strate... A lot of people in today’s liberty movement are totally wasting their time. They’re like a hamster on a wheel: running in place, getting nowhere. The problem is - they focus too much time, money and energy on elections as their primary - or only strategy for liberty. The Founders wouldn’t recognize this while living under the largest government in history. From Banks to Big Brother: The Rise of Financial Surveillance https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/from-banks-to-big-brother-the-rise-of-financial-surveillance/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:853ff40b-dbbd-0355-2d10-6b0f07abfaf2 Fri, 31 May 2024 23:49:27 +0000 <p>Think you have financial privacy? Think again. Since Nixon, the US has increasingly turned banks and the entire financial industry into a massive surveillance network. This video dives deep into 5 of the major acts they’ve passed since 1970.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/from-banks-to-big-brother-the-rise-of-financial-surveillance/">From Banks to Big Brother: The Rise of Financial Surveillance</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>Think you have financial privacy? Think again. Since Nixon, the US has increasingly turned banks and the entire financial industry into a massive surveillance network. This video dives deep into 5 of the major acts they’ve passed since 1970.</p> <p>Path to Liberty, Fast Friday Edition: May 31, 2024 <span id="more-43750"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://music.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLZyloySS5-JRy0n9f-rB2wgB7Ru1E28pK&amp;si=YA6lJdcQshShT1GJ" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Youtube Music</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/NgPBXLufsW8?si=rplp4CGjnQfxGLSL" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; web-share" referrerpolicy="strict-origin-when-cross-origin" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.occ.treas.gov/topics/supervision-and-examination/bsa/index-bsa.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Bank Secrecy Act (1970)</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/31/from-nixon-to-biden-how-the-us-turned-banks-into-spy-networks/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Maharrey &#8211; From Nixon to Biden: How the US Turned Banks into Spy Networks</a></p> <p><a href="https://odysee.com/@NaomiBrockwell:4/Financial-surveillance:e" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Video: The TRUTH about Bank Privacy</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.congress.gov/bill/99th-congress/house-bill/5077" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Money Laundering Control Act of 1986</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.govinfo.gov/app/details/STATUTE-106/STATUTE-106-Pg3672b" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Annunzio-Wylie Anti-Money Laundering Act</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.fincen.gov/resources/statutes-regulations/usa-patriot-act" target="_blank" rel="noopener">USA P.A.T.R.I.O.T. Act</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.congress.gov/bill/117th-congress/house-bill/1319/text" target="_blank" rel="noopener">American Rescue Plan Act of 2021</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.irs.gov/newsroom/irs-announces-2023-form-1099-k-reporting-threshold-delay-for-third-party-platform-payments-plans-for-a-5000-threshold-in-2024-to-phase-in-implementation" target="_blank" rel="noopener">IRS &#8211; Delayed Implementation of $600 Rule</a></p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES</strong><br /> <a href="https://rumble.com/v4yl535-from-banks-to-big-brother-the-rise-of-financial-surveillance.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Rumble</a></p> <p><a href="https://odysee.com/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6/path-053124:9" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Odysee</a></p> <p><a href="https://x.com/TenthAmendment/status/1796579911303573576" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on X</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.minds.com/newsfeed/1643330454914338823" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Minds</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.facebook.com/share/v/68opmBBjdnY8ZRpT/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Facebook</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.bitchute.com/video/tssbZCkztsgX/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Bitchute</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.brighteon.com/22c4d3e4-a218-47d1-9f2b-535c56f98711" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Brighteon</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.tiktok.com/@tenthamendmentcenter/video/7375311976261602603" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on TikTok</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.linkedin.com/events/7202149382995992576/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on LinkedIn</a></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/from-banks-to-big-brother-the-rise-of-financial-surveillance/">From Banks to Big Brother: The Rise of Financial Surveillance</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Federal Power Federal Reserve Path to Liberty Surveillance AML Bank Secrecy Act Banks Financial Privacy Financial System KYC Patriot Act Privacy surveillance Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center false Think you have financial privacy? Think again. Since Nixon, the US has increasingly turned banks and the entire financial industry into a massive surveillance network. This video dives deep into 5 of the major acts they’ve passed since 1970. Think you have financial privacy? Think again. Since Nixon, the US has increasingly turned banks and the entire financial industry into a massive surveillance network. This video dives deep into 5 of the major acts they’ve passed since 1970. Signed as Law: Gold and Silver as Legal Tender in Louisiana https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/signed-as-law-gold-and-silver-as-legal-tender-in-louisiana/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:5e4ff6ff-c504-cc56-314c-2992956d37d7 Fri, 31 May 2024 22:27:53 +0000 <p>This week, Louisiana Gov. Jeff Landry signed a bill into law that recognizes gold and silver as legal tender in the state.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/signed-as-law-gold-and-silver-as-legal-tender-in-louisiana/">Signed as Law: Gold and Silver as Legal Tender in Louisiana</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>BATON ROUGE</strong>, La. (May 31, 2024) – This week, Louisiana Gov. Jeff Landry signed a bill into law that recognizes gold and silver as legal tender in the state. <span id="more-43755"></span></p> <p>Sen. Mark Abraham filed Senate Bill 232 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/LA/bill/SB232/2024" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SB232</a>) on March 1. Under the new law, <em>“any gold or silver coin, specie or bullion issued by any state or the United States government as legal tender shall be recognized as legal tender in the state of Louisiana.”</em></p> <p>On May 15, the House passed SB232 by a <a href="https://www.legis.la.gov/legis/ViewDocument.aspx?d=1375024">92-0 vote</a>. The Senate concurred with a vote of 38-0. With Gov. Landry&#8217;s signature, the new law goes into effect on Aug. 1, 2024.</p> <p>Beyond the provisions to make gold and silver legal tender, the bill also specifies that <em>“no person shall incur any liability for refusal to accept recognized legal tender for the payment of debts, <strong>except as provided by contract</strong>.”</em></p> <p>In practice, including this contract clause means if parties voluntarily agree to be paid, or to pay, in gold and silver coin or bullion, the Louisiana courts could not substitute any other thing, e.g. Federal Reserve Notes, as payment.</p> <p>Enactment makes Louisiana the fifth state to recognize gold and silver as legal tender, as they always should have been doing. Utah led the way, reestablishing constitutional money in 2011. <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/03/new-wyoming-legal-tender-law-treats-gold-and-silver-as-money-foundation-to-undermine-the-federal-reserve/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Wyoming,</a> <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2014/06/oklahoma-reaffirms-gold-and-silver-as-legal-tender-under-new-law/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Oklahoma</a>, and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/07/now-in-effect-arkansas-law-makes-gold-and-silver-legal-tender-in-the-state/">Arkansas</a> have since joined.</p> <p>Practically speaking, this could allow Louisiana residents to use gold or silver in various forms as <strong>money</strong> rather than just as mere investment vehicles.</p> <p>The effect has been most dramatic in Utah where the legal tender law opened the door for the development of a gold and silver market in the state. With some legal hurdles cleared away by the state’s legal tender law, <a href="https://upma.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">the United Precious Metal Association</a> (UPMA) in partnership with <a href="https://alpinegold.com/">Alpine Gold Exchange</a> set up the state’s first “gold bank.” The Utah Specie Legal Tender Act has also led to the creation of <a href="https://goldback.com/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Goldbacks</a>, a local, voluntary medium of exchange. Goldbacks are notes made from fractions of an ounce of physical gold. The company created a process that turns pure gold into a spendable physical form for small transactions.</p> <p><strong>BACKGROUND</strong></p> <p>The United States Constitution states in Article I, Section 10, “No State shall…make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts.” Currently, all debts and taxes in Louisiana are either paid with Federal Reserve Notes (dollars) which were authorized as legal tender by Congress, or with coins issued by the U.S. Treasury — very few of which have gold or silver in them.</p> <p>The Federal Reserve destroys this constitutional monetary system by creating a monopoly based on its fiat currency. Without the backing of gold or silver, the central bank can easily create money out of thin air. This not only devalues your purchasing power over time; it also allows the federal government to borrow and spend far beyond what would be possible in a sound money system. Without the Fed, the U.S. government wouldn’t be able to maintain all of its unconstitutional wars and programs. <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/06/17/the-federal-reserve-the-engine-that-powers-the-most-powerful-government-in-history/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">The Federal Reserve is the engine that drives the most powerful government in the history of the world</a>.</p> <p>Treating silver and gold as legal tender takes the first steps against the Federal Reserve system by attacking it from the bottom up – pulling the rug out from under it by working to make its functions irrelevant at the state and local levels. It also sets the stage for the people to undermine the Federal Reserve monopoly by introducing competition into the monetary system.</p> <p>The next step would be for people to start using gold and silver instead of Federal Reserve notes.</p> <p>In <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2017/04/04/ending-the-federal-reserve-from-the-bottom-up/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a paper</a> presented at the Mises Institute, Constitutional tender expert Professor William Greene said when people in multiple states actually start using gold and silver instead of Federal Reserve Notes, it would effectively nullify the Federal Reserve and end the federal government’s monopoly on money.</p> <blockquote><p>“Over time, as residents of the state use both Federal Reserve notes and silver and gold coins, the fact that the coins hold their value more than Federal Reserve notes do will lead to a “reverse Gresham’s Law” effect, where good money (gold and silver coins) will drive out bad money (Federal Reserve notes). As this happens, a cascade of events can begin to occur, including the flow of real wealth toward the state’s treasury, an influx of banking business from outside of the state – as people in other states carry out their desire to bank with sound money – and an eventual outcry against the use of Federal Reserve notes for any transactions.”</p></blockquote> <p>Once things get to that point, Federal Reserve notes would become largely unwanted and irrelevant for ordinary people. Nullifying the Fed on a state-by-state level is what will get us there.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/signed-as-law-gold-and-silver-as-legal-tender-in-louisiana/">Signed as Law: Gold and Silver as Legal Tender in Louisiana</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Federal Reserve State Bills Gold Gold Clause Louisiana Money SB232 Silver Sound Money Michael Boldin To the Governor: New Hampshire Passes Bill Prohibiting Credit Card Codes to Track Firearms Purchases https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/to-the-governor-new-hampshire-passes-bill-prohibiting-credit-card-codes-to-track-firearms-purchases/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:9b505eab-93d1-4f66-2631-e92b02495952 Fri, 31 May 2024 18:09:59 +0000 <p>the New Hampshire House gave final approval to a bill to prohibit financial institutions operating in the state from using a credit card merchant code that would enable the tracking of firearm and ammunition purchases. The legislation now moves to the governor's desk.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/to-the-governor-new-hampshire-passes-bill-prohibiting-credit-card-codes-to-track-firearms-purchases/">To the Governor: New Hampshire Passes Bill Prohibiting Credit Card Codes to Track Firearms Purchases</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>CONCORD</strong>, N.H. (May 31, 2024) – Yesterday, the New Hampshire House gave final approval to the <em>Firearm Purchaser’s Privacy Act</em>, a bill to prohibit financial institutions operating in the state from using a credit card merchant code that would enable the tracking of firearm and ammunition purchases. The legislation now moves to the governor&#8217;s desk.<span id="more-43751"></span></p> <p>Rep. Jason Janvrin and six cosponsors introduced House Bill 1186 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/NH/bill/HB1186/2024" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB1186</a>) on Nov. 27. The proposed law would prohibit a payment card network from requiring a New Hampshire merchant to use a &#8220;firearms code&#8221; defined as &#8220;<em>the merchant category code 5723, approved in September 2022 by the International Organization for Standardization, for firearms retailers.&#8221;</em></p> <p>The proposed law would also bar retailers from using such a code voluntarily.</p> <blockquote><p>&#8220;For the purposes of the sale of firearms, ammunition for use in firearms, and firearms accessories, a firearms retailer may not provide a firearms code to a payment card issuer or payment card network and may only use or be assigned a merchant category code for general merchandise retailers or sporting goods retailers.&#8221;</p></blockquote> <p>The legislation includes provisions empowering the state attorney general to enforce the law and impose civil penalties for violations.</p> <p>The House passed the bill by a <a href="https://gencourt.state.nh.us/bill_status/legacy/bs2016/Roll_calls/Billstatus_billrollcalls.aspx?lsr=2082&amp;sd=2024&amp;sy=2024&amp;txtsessionyear=2024&amp;txtbillnumber=HB1186&amp;sortoption=">vote of 203-174</a>. The Senate approved the measure with a technical amendment to further define “firearms code” by <a href="https://legiscan.com/NH/rollcall/HB1186/id/1440923" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a 14-10 vote</a>.  On May 31, the House concurred with the Senate amendment by <a href="https://legiscan.com/NH/rollcall/HB1186/id/1451816" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a 190-179 vote</a>. The bill now moves to Gov. Chris Sununu&#8217;s desk for his consideration.</p> <p><strong>IN EFFECT</strong></p> <p>Over the 2023-2024 legislative sessions, at least 13 states have passed similar legislation.</p> <p>In response to legislation like HB1186, the major credit card payment networks have “<a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/04/firearm-financial-privacy-nullification-status-report/">paused</a>” implementation of the firearms merchant code. In an <a href="https://www.reuters.com/business/finance/mastercard-pause-work-new-payments-code-firearms-sellers-2023-03-09/">email to <em>Reuters</em></a>, a Mastercard representative said such bills would cause “inconsistency” in how the code could be applied by merchants, banks, and payment networks.</p> <p>In September 2022, the International Standards Organization, based in Switzerland, approved a new merchant category code for firearm and ammunition merchants. In the letter to payment card networks, federal lawmakers stated that the new Merchant Category Code for firearms retailers would be “. . .the first step towards facilitating the collection of valuable financial data that could help law enforcement in countering the financing of terrorism efforts,” expressing a clear government expectation that networks will utilize the new Merchant Category Code to conduct mass surveillance of constitutionally protected firearms and ammunition purchases in cooperation with law enforcement.</p> <p>The more states that ban such codes, the more likely this program gets “paused” permanently.</p> <p><strong>IMPACT ON FEDERAL PROGRAMS</strong></p> <p>Data collected from this merchant code would almost certainly end up in federal government databases.</p> <p>Concern about the misuse of federal firearms databases isn’t just paranoia. The <a href="https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2023/feb/27/taliban-using-fingerprints-gun-records-track-down-/">Taliban has reportedly used a firearm ownership database created by the U.S. government</a> to track down gun owners and confiscate firearms in Afghanistan. This goes to show that even if you trust the people creating the database, it can fall into the wrong hands. In other words, the very existence of a database is a danger.</p> <p>The feds can share and tap into vast amounts of information gathered at the state and local level through fusion centers and a system known as the “information sharing environment” or ISE.</p> <p>Fusion centers were sold as a tool to combat terrorism, but that is not how they are being used. The ACLU pointed to a <a href="https://www.hsgac.senate.gov/subcommittees/investigations/media/investigative-report-criticizes-counterterrorism-reporting-waste-at-state-and-local-intelligence-fusion-centers">bipartisan congressional report</a> to demonstrate the true nature of government fusion centers: “They haven’t contributed anything meaningful to counterterrorism efforts. Instead, they have largely served as police surveillance and information sharing nodes for law enforcement efforts targeting the frequent subjects of police attention: Black and brown people, immigrants, dissidents, and the poor.”</p> <p>Fusion centers operate within the broader ISE. According to <a href="http://www.dni.gov/index.php/about/organization/information-sharing-environment-what-we-do">its website</a>, the ISE “provides analysts, operators, and investigators with information needed to enhance national security. These analysts, operators, and investigators…have mission needs to collaborate and share information with each other and with private sector partners and our foreign allies.” In other words, ISE serves as a conduit for the sharing of information gathered without a warrant. Known ISE partners include the Office of Director of National Intelligence which oversees 17 federal agencies and organizations, including the NSA. ISE utilizes these partnerships to collect and share data on the millions of unwitting people they track.</p> <p>In practice, local data collection using ALPRs, stingrays, drones and other spy technologies creates the potential for the federal government to obtain and store information on millions of Americans including phone calls, emails, web browsing history, location history, and text messages, all with no warrant, no probable cause, and without the people even knowing it.</p> <p>In a nutshell, without state and local assistance, the feds have a much more difficult time gathering information. When the state limits surveillance and data collection, it means less information the feds can tap into. This represents a major blow to the surveillance state and a win for privacy.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>Gov. Sununu will have five days from the date HB1186 is transmitted to his office to sign or veto the bill. If he takes no action, it will become law without his signature.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/to-the-governor-new-hampshire-passes-bill-prohibiting-credit-card-codes-to-track-firearms-purchases/">To the Governor: New Hampshire Passes Bill Prohibiting Credit Card Codes to Track Firearms Purchases</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Right to Keep and Bear Arms State Bills Surveillance 2nd Amendment Financial Privacy Act Financial Surveillance Hb1186 Merchant Category Code New Hampshire Mike Maharrey Signed as Law: Delaware Expands Medical Marijuana Program Despite Federal Prohibition https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/signed-law-delaware-expands-medical-marijuana-program-despite-federal-prohibition/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:55b4dae7-57d8-f76f-9b11-6dedc12cb325 Thu, 30 May 2024 18:48:22 +0000 <p>The new law eliminates the list of qualifying conditions for medical marijuana, allowing doctors to recommend it for any condition. People over 65 will be able to self-certify their need for medical cannabis.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/signed-law-delaware-expands-medical-marijuana-program-despite-federal-prohibition/">Signed as Law: Delaware Expands Medical Marijuana Program Despite Federal Prohibition</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>DOVER</strong>, Del. (May 30, 2024) &#8211; On Tuesday, Delaware Governor John Carney signed a bill that significantly expands the state&#8217;s medical marijuana program by allowing doctors to recommend cannabis for any medical condition.<span id="more-43748"></span></p> <p>Rep. Edward Osienski and a large bipartisan coalition of cosponsors introduced House Bill 285 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/DE/bill/HB285/2023" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB285</a>) in January. The new law eliminates the list of qualifying conditions for medical marijuana, allowing doctors to recommend it for any condition. People over 65 will be able to self-certify their need for medical cannabis.</p> <p>The new law also authorizes medical marijuana cards with two and three-year terms. Currently, medical cannabis cards are valid for just one year. Patients with terminal illnesses will qualify for cards with an indefinite expiration date.</p> <p>In another expansion of Delaware&#8217;s medical marijuana program under the new law, patients with cards from other states can access medicinal cannabis in the state.</p> <p>The House passed HB285 by <a href="https://legiscan.com/DE/rollcall/HB285/id/1369226" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a 26-10 vote</a>. The Senate <a href="https://legiscan.com/DE/rollcall/HB285/id/1417006" target="_blank" rel="noopener">approved the measure 16-5</a>. With Gov. Carney&#8217;s signature, the bill went into immediate effect.</p> <p>The state <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/04/delaware-legalizes-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">legalized marijuana for adult use in 2023</a> and is still working out the framework for retail sales.</p> <p><b>EFFECT ON FEDERAL PROHIBITION</b></p> <p>Under the federal Controlled Substances Act (CSA) passed in 1970, the federal government maintains a complete prohibition of marijuana. Of course, the federal government lacks any constitutional authority to ban or regulate cannabis within the borders of a state, despite the opinion of the politically connected lawyers on the Supreme Court. If you doubt this, ask yourself why it took a constitutional amendment to institute federal alcohol prohibition.</p> <p>Delaware legalized medical marijuana in 2011 and decriminalized the possession or consumption of a “personal-use quantity” of marijuana for adults 21 or over in 2015. The state legalized marijuana for adult use in 2023. These laws progressively removed a huge layer of laws prohibiting the possession and use of marijuana in the state even though federal prohibition remains in effect. This is significant because FBI statistics show that law enforcement makes approximately 99 of 100 marijuana arrests under state, not federal law. When states stop enforcing marijuana laws, they sweep away most of the basis for 99 percent of marijuana arrests.</p> <p>Furthermore, figures indicate it would take 40 percent of the DEA’s yearly budget just to investigate and raid all of the dispensaries in Los Angeles – a single city in a single state. That doesn’t include the cost of prosecution. The lesson? The feds lack the resources to enforce marijuana prohibition without state assistance.</p> <p><strong>A GROWING MOVEMENT</strong></p> <p>Colorado, Washington state, Oregon, and Alaska were the first states to legalize recreational cannabis, and California, Nevada, Maine, and Massachusetts joined them after ballot initiatives in favor of legalization passed in November 2016. Michigan followed suit when <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/11/michigan-votes-to-legalize-marijuana-nullify-federal-prohibition/">voters legalized cannabis for general use</a> in 2018. Vermont <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/01/signed-as-law-vermont-legalizes-recreational-marijuana-foundation-to-nullify-federal-prohibition/">became the first state</a> to legalize marijuana through a legislative act in 2018. <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/06/signed-by-the-governor-illinois-legalizes-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/">Illinois followed suit i</a>n 2019. New Jersey, Montana, and Arizona all <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/11/04/thirty-six-and-counting-more-states-legalize-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/">legalized recreational marijuana through ballot measures</a> in the 2020 election. In 2021, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/03/to-the-governor-new-york-bill-legalizes-marijuana-for-adult-use-despite-federal-prohibition/">New York</a>, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/04/signed-as-law-new-mexico-bill-legalizes-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/">New Mexico</a>, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/04/virginia-legalizes-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/">Virginia</a>, and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/06/connecticut-becomes-the-18th-state-to-legalize-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/">Connecticut</a> legalized marijuana through legislative action, and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/signed-as-law-rhode-island-becomes-19th-state-to-legalize-marijuana-for-adult-use-despite-federal-prohibition/">Rhode Island legalized cannabis</a> for adult use in 2022. <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/11/missouri-voters-legalize-adult-use-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Missouri</a> and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/11/maryland-voters-legalize-adult-use-marijuana-despite-ongoing-federal-cannabis-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Maryland</a> legalized marijuana in November 2022. <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/11/24-and-counting-ohio-voters-legalize-marijuana-for-adult-use-despite-ongoing-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Ohio voters approved marijuana</a> for adult use in the November election. Currently, 38 states allow cannabis for medical use, and 24 have legalized it for recreational use.</p> <p>The lesson here is pretty straightforward. As Tenth Amendment Center Executive Director Michael Boldin noted, “When enough people say, ‘No!’ to the federal government, and enough states pass laws backing those people up, there’s not much the feds can do to shove their so-called laws, regulations, or mandates down our throats.”</p> <p>The enactment of HB285 demonstrates another important reality. Once a state puts laws in place legalizing cannabis, they tend to eventually expand. As the state tears down some barriers, markets develop and demand expands. That creates pressure to further relax state law. This bill represents a further erosion of unconstitutional federal marijuana prohibition. It also demonstrates an important strategic point. Passing bills that take a step forward sets the stage, even if they aren’t perfect. Opening the door clears the way for additional steps. You can’t take the second step before you take the first.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/signed-law-delaware-expands-medical-marijuana-program-despite-federal-prohibition/">Signed as Law: Delaware Expands Medical Marijuana Program Despite Federal Prohibition</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Drug War State Bills cannabis Delaware HB285 Marijuana Mike Maharrey Signed by the Governor: Louisiana Law Seeks to End State Enforcement for UN and WHO https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/signed-by-the-governor-louisiana-law-seeks-to-end-state-enforcement-for-un-and-who/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:12be3125-2da6-750b-7ebc-7044de51ac91 Thu, 30 May 2024 15:51:29 +0000 <p>On Tuesday, Louisiana Governor Jeff Landry signed a bill into law prohibiting state and local enforcement of rules and mandates that may be imposed by international organizations, including the United Nations and the World Health Organization (WHO).</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/signed-by-the-governor-louisiana-law-seeks-to-end-state-enforcement-for-un-and-who/">Signed by the Governor: Louisiana Law Seeks to End State Enforcement for UN and WHO</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>BATON ROUGE</strong>, La. (May 30, 2024) – On Tuesday, Louisiana Governor Jeff Landry signed a bill into law prohibiting state and local enforcement of rules and mandates that may be imposed by international organizations, including the United Nations and the World Health Organization (WHO).<span id="more-43745"></span></p> <p>Sen. Thomas Pressly and two cosponsors introduced Senate Bill 133 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/LA/bill/SB133/2024" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SB133</a>) on Feb. 29. The new law declares, <em>“The World Health Organization, United Nations, and the World Economic Forum shall have no jurisdiction or power within the state of Louisiana.” </em>The law then takes a practical step that attempts to limit their impact in the state by barring state and local cooperation with their rules, regulations, and mandates.</p> <blockquote><p><em>“No rule, regulation, fee, tax, policy, or mandate of any kind of the World Health Organization, United Nations, and the World Economic Forum shall be enforced or implemented by the state of Louisiana or any agency, department, board, commission, political subdivision, governmental entity of the state, parish, municipality, or any other political entity.”</em></p></blockquote> <p>The House passed SB133 by <a href="https://legiscan.com/LA/rollcall/SB133/id/1443372" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a 69-22 vote</a>. On May 20, the Senate concurred with <a href="https://legiscan.com/LA/rollcall/SB133/id/1444939" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a 37-0 margin</a>. With Gov. Landry&#8217;s signature, the law went into immediate effect.</p> <p><strong>IN PRACTICE</strong></p> <p><strong>It remains unclear how SB133 will play out in effect.</strong> The law doesn&#8217;t include any mechanism to determine that a policy was mandated by an international agency. Additionally, there is no way to distinguish between policies recommended by these international organizations versus those voluntarily implemented by various government agencies in the U.S. – federal, state, and local. The proposed law also lacks a process to distinguish between international and U.S. government mandates or policies recommended by these international organizations but voluntarily implemented</p> <p>But there is no doubt the law will hinder the enforcement of any policy the state refuses to cooperate with.</p> <p>Based on James Madison’s advice for states and individuals in <em>Federalist #46</em>, a “refusal to cooperate with officers of the Union” provides an extremely effective method to render federal laws, effectively unenforceable because most enforcement actions rely on help, support, and leadership from the states.</p> <p>This is just as true when it comes to international bodies – probably more. These institutions have no enforcement mechanism of their own. All of their power is based on voluntary compliance and enforcement by local jurisdictions.</p> <p>Fox News senior judicial analyst Judge Andrew Napolitano agreed this type of approach would be extremely effective. In a televised discussion on federal gun laws, he noted that a single state refusing to cooperate with enforcement would make federal gun laws “nearly impossible” to enforce.</p> <p>The federal government relies heavily on state cooperation to implement and enforce almost all of its laws, regulations, and acts. By simply withdrawing this necessary cooperation, states can nullify in effect many federal actions. As noted by the National Governor’s Association during the partial government shutdown of 2013, “States are partners with the federal government on most federal programs.”</p> <p>This enforcement problem is magnified when it comes to international bodies such as the WHO and the UN.</p> <p><strong>LEGAL BASIS</strong></p> <p>Some might argue that Louisiana is obligated to enforce WHO or UN mandates due to treaties, but this doesn’t state up to legal scrutiny.</p> <p>The Supreme Court has consistently held that the federal government can’t commandeer state and local resources for its own purposes. Under the<a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/05/23/anti-commandeering-an-overview-of-five-major-supreme-court-cases/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"> anti-commandeering doctrine</a>, states are sovereign entities and can direct their resources as they see fit. It logically follows that international organizations can’t commander state and local resources either. Even if the U.S. government is obligated to enforce some U.N. mandate based on a treaty, it doesn’t follow that state and local governments must also enforce the same.</p> <p>The anti-commandeering doctrine is based primarily on five Supreme Court cases dating back to 1842. <em>Printz v. U.S.</em> serves as the cornerstone.</p> <blockquote><p>“We held in New York that Congress cannot compel the States to enact or enforce a federal regulatory program. Today we hold that Congress cannot circumvent that prohibition by conscripting the States’ officers directly. The Federal Government may neither issue directives requiring the States to address particular problems, nor command the States’ officers, or those of their political subdivisions, to administer or enforce a federal regulatory program. It matters not whether policy making is involved, and no case by case weighing of the burdens or benefits is necessary; such commands are fundamentally incompatible with our constitutional system of dual sovereignty.”</p></blockquote> <p><strong>No determination of constitutionality is necessary</strong> to invoke the anti-commandeering doctrine. State and local governments can refuse to enforce federal laws or implement federal programs whether they are constitutional or not.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/signed-by-the-governor-louisiana-law-seeks-to-end-state-enforcement-for-un-and-who/">Signed by the Governor: Louisiana Law Seeks to End State Enforcement for UN and WHO</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Health Care State Bills anti-commandeering health Louisiana SB133 UN WHO Mike Maharrey 10th Amendment OG: Patrick Henry’s Top Views (on his birthday) https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/10th-amendment-og-patrick-henrys-top-views-on-his-birthday/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:955744ed-4215-c22c-356b-973e8ddbd02f Wed, 29 May 2024 19:42:04 +0000 <p>Turns out the guy who said 'Give me Liberty or give me death!' wasn't a big fan of a giant, centralized government. Today, on Patrick Henry’s birthday, let’s see why he’s one of the real OGs of the 10th Amendment.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/10th-amendment-og-patrick-henrys-top-views-on-his-birthday/">10th Amendment OG: Patrick Henry’s Top Views (on his birthday)</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>Turns out the guy who said &#8216;Give me Liberty or give me death!&#8217; wasn&#8217;t a big fan of a giant, centralized government. Today, on Patrick Henry’s birthday, let’s see why he’s one of the real OGs of the 10th Amendment.</p> <p>Path to Liberty: May 29, 2024 <span id="more-43740"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://music.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLZyloySS5-JRy0n9f-rB2wgB7Ru1E28pK&amp;si=YA6lJdcQshShT1GJ" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Youtube Music</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/l7njtm-n_t4?si=M8OtMSrMcBscw2GX" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; web-share" referrerpolicy="strict-origin-when-cross-origin" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/05/29/voice-of-the-revolution-patrick-henry-born-today-in-history/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Dave Benner &#8211; Voice of the Revolution: Patrick Henry Born Today in History</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/07/10/patrick-henry-if-this-be-treason/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Joe Wolverton &#8211; Patrick Henry: “If This Be Treason!”</a></p> <p><a href="https://classroom.monticello.org/view/74039/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Thomas Jefferson &#8211; Letter to William Wirt</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/28/patrick-henrys-virginia-resolves-bedrock-principles-of-american-liberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Patrick Henry’s Virginia Resolves: Bedrock Principles of American Liberty</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/05/patrick-henry-vs-the-stamp-act/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Episode &#8211; Patrick Henry vs the Stamp Act</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.abbevilleinstitute.org/did-jefferson-really-hate-patrick-henry/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">M. Andrew Holowchak &#8211; Did Jefferson Really “Hate” Patrick Henry?</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/12/01/today-in-history-patrick-henry-argues-parsons-cause-court-case/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Maharrey &#8211; Patrick Henry Argues Parson’s Cause Court Case</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/12/forgotten-foundation-patrick-henry-and-the-parsons-cause/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Episode &#8211; Forgotten Foundation: Patrick Henry and the Parson’s Cause</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.consource.org/document/george-mason-to-martin-cockburn-1774-5-26/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">George Mason &#8211; Letter to Martin Cockburn (26 May 1774)</a></p> <p>S<a href="https://saffron-fennel-ern6.squarespace.com/2nd-virginia-convention" target="_blank" rel="noopener">t. John’s Church &#8211; 2nd Virginia Convention</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/03/23/today-in-history-patrick-henrys-give-me-liberty-speech/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Dave Benner &#8211; Patrick Henry’s Give Me Liberty Speech</a></p> <p><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Give_me_liberty,_or_give_me_death" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Wiki: Give me Liberty!</a></p> <p>S<a href="https://teachingamericanhistory.org/document/speech-delivered-at-the-virginia-convention-debate-of-the-ratification-of-the-constitution-june-7-1788/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">peech at the Virginia Ratification Convention (7 June 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/04/tax-battle-henry-vs-hamilton-on-the-requisition-system/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Episode &#8211; Tax Battle! Henry vs Hamilton on the Requisition System</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/09/patrick-henry-top-anti-federalist-warnings/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Episode &#8211; Patrick Henry: Top Anti-Federalist Warnings</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.consource.org/document/patrick-henry-to-richard-henry-lee-1789-8-28/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Patrick Henry &#8211; Letter to Richard Henry Lee (28 Aug 1789)</a></p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES</strong><br /> <a href="https://rumble.com/v4y3va6-10th-amendment-og-patrick-henrys-top-views-on-his-birthday.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Rumble</a></p> <p><a href="https://odysee.com/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6/path-052924:e" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Odysee</a></p> <p><a href="https://x.com/TenthAmendment/status/1795854819925926361" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on X</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.minds.com/newsfeed/1642631936742526978" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Minds</a></p> <p><a href="https://fb.watch/sndZGyxWB2/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Facebook</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.bitchute.com/video/6uYJH4rzAs3j/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Bitchute</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.brighteon.com/05f867d3-53b3-4368-a8a2-8125e1a91a7b" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Brighteon</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.tiktok.com/@tenthamendmentcenter/video/7374505010018782507" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on TikTok</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.linkedin.com/events/7201403993212768256/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on LinkedIn</a></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/10th-amendment-og-patrick-henrys-top-views-on-his-birthday/">10th Amendment OG: Patrick Henry’s Top Views (on his birthday)</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. American Revolution Audio/Video Founding Principles History Path to Liberty Patrick Henry Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center 33:10 false Turns out the guy who said 'Give me Liberty or give me death!' wasn't a big fan of a giant, centralized government. Today, on Patrick Henry’s birthday, let’s see why he’s one of the real OGs of the 10th Amendment. Turns out the guy who said 'Give me Liberty or give me death!' wasn't a big fan of a giant, centralized government. Today, on Patrick Henry’s birthday, let’s see why he’s one of the real OGs of the 10th Amendment. To the Governor: Louisiana Passes Second Amendment Financial Privacy Act https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/to-the-governor-louisiana-passes-second-amendment-financial-privacy-act/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:0a9b27b2-1296-05ca-31d8-5161cf6ec9ee Tue, 28 May 2024 23:13:21 +0000 <p>The bill would prohibit any financial institution operating in the state from requiring or permitting “the assignment of a firearms code in a way that distinguishes a firearms retailer from other retailers.”</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/to-the-governor-louisiana-passes-second-amendment-financial-privacy-act/">To the Governor: Louisiana Passes Second Amendment Financial Privacy Act</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>BATON ROUGE</strong>, LA. (May 28, 2024) – Today, the Louisiana Senate gave final approval to the “Second Amendment Financial Privacy Act,” a bill to prohibit financial institutions from using a credit card merchant code that would enable the tracking of firearm and ammunition purchases.<span id="more-43739"></span></p> <p>Sen. Blake Miguez filed Senate Bill 301 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/LA/bill/SB301/2024">SB301</a>) on March 1. The bill would prohibit any financial institution operating in the state from requiring or permitting “the assignment of a firearms code in a way that distinguishes a firearms retailer from other retailers.”</p> <p>SB301 also prohibits all state and local government entities from keeping any list, record, or registry of privately owned firearms or the owners of such firearms. Financial institutions would be prohibited from denying a transaction based on the code. Those found guilty in a court of violating the law would be subject to a fine not to exceed $1,000 per violation, with the court determining the amount by factors “including the financial resources of the violator and the harm or risk of harm to the rights under the Second Amendment to the United States Constitution and Article I, Section 11 of the Constitution of Louisiana, resulting from the violation.”</p> <p>On April 16, the Senate passed the bill by a <a href="https://legiscan.com/LA/rollcall/SB301/id/1427986">vote of 28-11</a>. Last week, the House approved the measure with some technical amendments by a <a href="https://www.legis.la.gov/legis/ViewDocument.aspx?d=1378003" target="_blank" rel="noopener">vote of 74-26</a>. Today, the Senate concurred with a <a href="https://www.legis.la.gov/legis/ViewDocument.aspx?d=1378875" target="_blank" rel="noopener">vote of 27-9</a>.</p> <p>Over the 2023-2024 legislative sessions, at least 13 states have passed similar legislation.</p> <p><strong>PAUSED</strong></p> <p>In response to legislation like SB301, the major credit card payment networks have “<a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/04/firearm-financial-privacy-nullification-status-report/">paused</a>” implementation of the firearms merchant code. In an email to <em>Reuters</em>, a Mastercard representative said such bills would cause “inconsistency” in how the code could be applied by merchants, banks, and payment networks. The more states that ban such codes, the more likely this program gets scrapped permanently.</p> <p>In September 2022, the International Standards Organization, based in Switzerland, approved a new merchant category code for firearm and ammunition merchants. In the letter to payment card networks, federal lawmakers stated that the new Merchant Category Code for firearms retailers would be “. . .the first step towards facilitating the collection of valuable financial data that could help law enforcement in countering the financing of terrorism efforts,” expressing a clear government expectation that networks will utilize the new Merchant Category Code to conduct mass surveillance of constitutionally protected firearms and ammunition purchases in cooperation with law enforcement.</p> <p>The more states that ban such codes, the more likely this program gets scrapped permanently.</p> <p><strong>IMPACT ON FEDERAL PROGRAMS</strong></p> <p>Data collected from this merchant code would almost certainly end up in federal government databases.</p> <p>Concern about the misuse of federal firearms databases isn’t just paranoia. The <a href="https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2023/feb/27/taliban-using-fingerprints-gun-records-track-down-/">Taliban has reportedly used a firearm ownership database created by the U.S. government</a> to track down gun owners and confiscate firearms in Afghanistan. This goes to show that even if you trust the people creating the database, it can fall into the wrong hands. In other words, the very existence of a database is a danger.</p> <p>The feds can share and tap into vast amounts of information gathered at the state and local level through fusion centers and a system known as the “information sharing environment” or ISE.</p> <p>Fusion centers were sold as a tool to combat terrorism, but that is not how they are being used. The ACLU pointed to a <a href="https://www.hsgac.senate.gov/subcommittees/investigations/media/investigative-report-criticizes-counterterrorism-reporting-waste-at-state-and-local-intelligence-fusion-centers">bipartisan congressional report</a> to demonstrate the true nature of government fusion centers: “They haven’t contributed anything meaningful to counterterrorism efforts. Instead, they have largely served as police surveillance and information sharing nodes for law enforcement efforts targeting the frequent subjects of police attention: Black and brown people, immigrants, dissidents, and the poor.”</p> <p>Fusion centers operate within the broader ISE. According to <a href="http://www.dni.gov/index.php/about/organization/information-sharing-environment-what-we-do">its website</a>, the ISE “provides analysts, operators, and investigators with information needed to enhance national security. These analysts, operators, and investigators…have mission needs to collaborate and share information with each other and with private sector partners and our foreign allies.” In other words, ISE serves as a conduit for the sharing of information gathered without a warrant. Known ISE partners include the Office of Director of National Intelligence which oversees 17 federal agencies and organizations, including the NSA. ISE utilizes these partnerships to collect and share data on the millions of unwitting people they track.</p> <p>In practice, local data collection using ALPRs, stingrays, drones and other spy technologies create the potential for the federal government to obtain and store information on millions of Americans including phone calls, emails, web browsing history, location history, and text messages, all with no warrant, no probable cause, and without the people even knowing it.</p> <p>In a nutshell, without state and local assistance, the feds have a much more difficult time gathering information. When the state limits surveillance and data collection, it means less information the feds can tap into. This represents a major blow to the surveillance state and a win for privacy.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>SB301 will go to Gov. Jeff Landry&#8217;s desk. He must sign or veto the bill within 10 days of transmittal, or it becomes law without his signature.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/to-the-governor-louisiana-passes-second-amendment-financial-privacy-act/">To the Governor: Louisiana Passes Second Amendment Financial Privacy Act</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Right to Keep and Bear Arms State Bills Surveillance 2nd Amendment Financial Privacy Act Banking Surveillance Financial Surveillance Louisiana Merchant Category Codes SB301 Michael Boldin 10th Amendment: Why the Supremacy Clause Doesn’t Apply When States Opt Out https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/10th-amendment-why-the-supremacy-clause-doesnt-apply-when-states-opt-out/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:ddd6b23e-b2b9-848a-66f4-a5245e92e0da Mon, 27 May 2024 21:49:10 +0000 <p>Despite what supporters of the monster state want you to believe, there are times when states push back against federal power and the supremacy clause doesn’t even apply. Learn about this powerful 10th Amendment tool called anti-commandeering.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/10th-amendment-why-the-supremacy-clause-doesnt-apply-when-states-opt-out/">10th Amendment: Why the Supremacy Clause Doesn’t Apply When States Opt Out</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>Despite what supporters of the monster state want you to believe, there are times when states push back against federal power and the supremacy clause doesn’t even apply. Learn about this powerful 10th Amendment tool called anti-commandeering.</p> <p>Path to Liberty: May 27, 2024 <span id="more-43733"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://music.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLZyloySS5-JRy0n9f-rB2wgB7Ru1E28pK&amp;si=YA6lJdcQshShT1GJ" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Youtube Music</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/Ec8zNB8BUgI?si=ty5Ak29rQR6C0oFo" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; web-share" referrerpolicy="strict-origin-when-cross-origin" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/fed16.asp" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Alexander Hamilton &#8211; Federalist 16 (4 Dec 1787)</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/04/tax-battle-henry-vs-hamilton-on-the-requisition-system/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Episode &#8211; Tax Battle! Henry vs Hamilton on the Requisition System</a></p> <p><a href="https://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/founders/documents/a1_8_1s15.html" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Oliver Ellsworth &#8211; Connecticut Ratifying Convention (7 Jan 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/05/23/anti-commandeering-an-overview-of-five-major-supreme-court-cases/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Anti-Commandeering: An overview of five major Supreme Court cases</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/01/29/constitution-101-supremacy-clause/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Constitution 101: Supremacy Clause</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/17pdf/16-476_dbfi.pdf" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Murphy v NCAA (2018)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.nga.org/advocacy-communications/letters-nga/federal-government-shutdown/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">National Governors Association (30 Sept 2013)</a></p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES</strong><br /> <a href="https://rumble.com/v4xn4ku-10th-amendment-why-the-supremacy-clause-doesnt-apply-when-states-opt-out.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Rumble</a></p> <p><a href="https://odysee.com/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6/path-052724:4" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Odysee</a></p> <p><a href="https://x.com/TenthAmendment/status/1795129853488099700" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on X</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.minds.com/newsfeed/1641914663954288644" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Minds</a></p> <p><a href="https://fb.watch/skCUCwGKIW/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Facebook</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.bitchute.com/video/FqZcjCRoROBJ/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Bitchute</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.brighteon.com/ca49ea7e-edc9-4e6f-8679-d72efa790d15" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Brighteon</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.tiktok.com/@tenthamendmentcenter/video/7373738981483400494" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Brighteon</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.linkedin.com/events/7200682307991592960/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on LinkedIn</a></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/10th-amendment-why-the-supremacy-clause-doesnt-apply-when-states-opt-out/">10th Amendment: Why the Supremacy Clause Doesn’t Apply When States Opt Out</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Anti-Commandeering Audio/Video Path to Liberty Supremacy Clause 10th Amendment anti-commandeering law Supreme court Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center 31:34 false Despite what supporters of the monster state want you to believe, there are times when states push back against federal power and the supremacy clause doesn’t even apply. Learn about this powerful 10th Amendment tool called anti-commandeering. Despite what supporters of the monster state want you to believe, there are times when states push back against federal power and the supremacy clause doesn’t even apply. Learn about this powerful 10th Amendment tool called anti-commandeering. Nullification in Action: The Shocking True Story of Fugitive Slave Anthony Burns https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/nullification-in-action-the-shocking-true-story-of-fugitive-slave-anthony-burns/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:a293284e-5e05-50fa-4373-e8b656859c90 Fri, 24 May 2024 21:39:14 +0000 <p>This is an absolutely incredible story of resistance to federal power. Anthony Burns - born into slavery, escaped, captured - and the center of a massive standoff between people in Boston and the federal government.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/nullification-in-action-the-shocking-true-story-of-fugitive-slave-anthony-burns/">Nullification in Action: The Shocking True Story of Fugitive Slave Anthony Burns</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>This is an absolutely incredible story of resistance to federal power. Anthony Burns &#8211; born into slavery, escaped, captured &#8211; and the center of a massive standoff between people in Boston and the federal government.</p> <p>Path to Liberty, Fast Friday Edition: May 24, 2024 <span id="more-43726"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://music.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLZyloySS5-JRy0n9f-rB2wgB7Ru1E28pK&amp;si=YA6lJdcQshShT1GJ" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Youtube Music</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/34AbgnHJEg0?si=RWN8QYvYJr4yBIn5" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; web-share" referrerpolicy="strict-origin-when-cross-origin" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://avalon.law.yale.edu/19th_century/csa_scarsec.asp" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Declaration of the Immediate Causes Which Induce and Justify the Secession of South Carolina from the Federal Union (20 Dec 1860)</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/09/fugitive-slave-act-of-1850-one-of-the-worst-ever/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Episode &#8211; Fugitive Slave Act of 1850: One of the Worst Ever</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/05/19/fight-for-freedom-the-anthony-burns-affair/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Fight for Freedom: The Anthony Burns Affair</a></p> <p><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthony_Burns#Flight_from_slavery_and_capture" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Flight from slavery and capture</a></p> <p><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthony_Burns#Riot_at_the_Courthouse" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Riot at the Courthouse</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.famous-trials.com/anthonyburns/2407-orders-of-president-franklin-pierce-in-the-anthony-burns-affair-1854" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Pres. Franklin Pierce’s Orders (27-31 May 1854)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.famous-trials.com/anthonyburns/2422-arguments-in-the-anthony-burns-trial" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Arguments in the Anthony Burns Trial</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.famous-trials.com/anthonyburns/2406-decision-of-commissioner-loring-in-the-anthony-burns-case" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Decision of Commissioner Loring in the Anthony Burns Case (2 June 1854)</a></p> <p><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthony_Burns#Aftermath" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Aftermath</a></p> <p><a href="https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Slavery_in_Massachusetts" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Henry David Thoreau &#8211; Slavery in Massachusetts (4 July 1854)</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2014/04/the-massachusetts-personal-liberty-law-of-1855-lessons-for-today/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Massachusetts Personal Liberty Act (1855)</a></p> <p><a href="https://encyclopediavirginia.org/entries/burns-anthony-the-trial-of-1854/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Encyclopedia Virginia &#8211; The Anthony Burns Trial</a></p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES</strong><br /> <a href="https://rumble.com/v4x2v52-nullification-in-action-the-shocking-true-story-of-fugitive-slave-anthony-b.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Rumble</a></p> <p><a href="https://odysee.com/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6/path-052424:e" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Odysee</a></p> <p><a href="https://x.com/TenthAmendment/status/1794043204377165878" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on X</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.minds.com/newsfeed/1640813947508494354" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Minds</a></p> <p><a href="https://fb.watch/sgCBWNMGZA/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Facebook</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.bitchute.com/video/oGjgfChJhec9/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Bitchute</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.brighteon.com/aa7b1727-6751-489a-bf72-e2ee5602d5fb" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Brighteon</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.tiktok.com/@tenthamendmentcenter/video/7372618961998875946" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Tiktok</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.linkedin.com/events/7199605118525136897/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on LinkedIn</a></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/nullification-in-action-the-shocking-true-story-of-fugitive-slave-anthony-burns/">Nullification in Action: The Shocking True Story of Fugitive Slave Anthony Burns</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video History Nullification Path to Liberty Personal Liberty Laws Anthony Burns Boston Franklin Pierce Fugitive Slave Act Massachusetts Massachusetts Personal Liberty Act Slavery Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center 25:57 false This is an absolutely incredible story of resistance to federal power. Anthony Burns - born into slavery, escaped, captured - and the center of a massive standoff between people in Boston and the federal government. This is an absolutely incredible story of resistance to federal power. Anthony Burns - born into slavery, escaped, captured - and the center of a massive standoff between people in Boston and the federal government. Delaware Senate Passes Bill to Legalize Limited Raw Milk Sales https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/delaware-senate-passes-bill-to-legalize-limited-raw-milk-sales/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:56b22155-cdd6-a055-2ed9-25266b6d29dc Fri, 24 May 2024 15:49:31 +0000 <p>the Delaware Senate passed a bill that would legalize the sale of raw milk by producers directly to consumers in the state. Under current law, all raw milk sales are illegal in Delaware.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/delaware-senate-passes-bill-to-legalize-limited-raw-milk-sales/">Delaware Senate Passes Bill to Legalize Limited Raw Milk Sales</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>DOVER</strong>, Del. (May 24, 2024) &#8211; Yesterday, the Delaware Senate passed a bill that would legalize the sale of raw milk by producers directly to consumers in the state. Under current law, all raw milk sales are illegal in Delaware.<span id="more-43727"></span></p> <p>Sen. Eric Buckson and a bipartisan coalition of cosponsors introduced Senate Bill 273 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/DE/bill/SB273/2023" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SB273</a>) on May 2. The legislation would allow producers with a valid permit to sell raw milk and raw milk products directly to consumers. The legislation includes health, safety, and labeling regulations raw milk producers must adhere to.</p> <p>On May 23, the Senate passed SB273 by <a href="https://legiscan.com/DE/rollcall/SB273/id/1449512">a 14-5 vote</a>.</p> <p>Passage into law would also take an important step toward further rejecting a federal prohibition scheme in practice and effect.</p> <p>The <a href="https://legis.delaware.gov/BillDetail?LegislationId=141278" target="_blank" rel="noopener">bill synopsis</a> notes that the sale of raw milk &#8220;is currently prohibited by Section 9 of the current United States Department of Health and Human Services&#8217; Grade &#8216;A&#8217; Pasteurized Milk Ordinance.</p> <blockquote><p>&#8220;However, consumers are increasingly demanding the opportunity to purchase raw milk in Delaware, rather than traveling to other states that permit raw milk sales. Allowing raw milk and products derived from raw milk to be sold in Delaware will respond to that demand while also providing new economic opportunities for Delaware dairy producers.&#8221;</p></blockquote> <p>During the 2023 legislative session, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/07/now-in-effect-idaho-law-expands-raw-milk-sales-in-the-state/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Idaho</a> and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/08/now-in-effect-north-dakota-law-expands-raw-milk-sales-in-the-state/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">North Dakota</a> expanded their raw milk sales and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/07/now-in-effect-iowa-law-legalizes-limited-raw-milk-sales/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Iowa legalized limited raw milk sales</a>. This year,<a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/03/now-law-west-virginia-legalizes-retail-raw-milk-sales/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> West Virginia legalized retail raw milk sales</a> with no restrictions.</p> <p><strong>IMPACT ON FEDERAL PROHIBITION</strong></p> <p>FDA officials insist that unpasteurized milk poses a health risk because of its susceptibility to contamination from cow manure, a source of E. coli.</p> <p>“It is the FDA’s position that raw milk should never be consumed,” agency spokeswoman Tamara N. Ward said in November 2011.</p> <p>The FDA’s position represents more than a matter of opinion. In 1987, the feds implemented 21 CFR 1240.61(a), providing that, <em>“no person shall cause to be delivered into interstate commerce or shall sell, otherwise distribute, or hold for sale or other distribution after shipment in interstate commerce any milk or milk product in final package form for direct human consumption unless the product has been pasteurized.”</em></p> <p>Not only do the feds ban the transportation of raw milk across state lines, but they also claim the authority to ban unpasteurized milk <em>within the borders of a state</em>.</p> <p>“It is within HHS’s authority…to institute an intrastate ban [on unpasteurized milk] as well,” FDA officials wrote in response to a <a href="http://www.farmtoconsumer.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Farm-to-Consumer Legal Defense Fund </a>lawsuit against the agency over the interstate ban.</p> <p>The FDA clearly wants complete prohibition of raw milk and some insiders say it’s only a matter of time before the feds try to institute an absolute ban. Armed raids by FDA agents on companies like Rawsome Foods back in 2011 and Amish farms over the last few years also indicate this scenario may not be too far off.</p> <p>When states allow the sale of raw milk within their borders, it takes an important step toward nullifying this federal prohibition scheme in practice and effect.</p> <p>As we’ve seen with marijuana and industrial hemp, an intrastate ban becomes ineffective when states ignore it and pass laws encouraging the prohibited activity anyway. The federal government lacks the enforcement power necessary to maintain its ban, and people will willingly take on the small risk of federal sanctions if they know the state will not interfere. This increases when the state actively encourages the market and nullifies federal prohibition in effect.</p> <p>We’ve seen this demonstrated dramatically in states that have legalized industrial hemp. When they authorized production, farmers began growing industrial hemp, even in the face of a federal ban. Despite facing the possibility of federal prosecution, some growers were still willing to step into the void and begin cultivating the plant once the state removed its barriers.</p> <p>In the same way, removing state barriers to raw milk consumption, sale, and production would undoubtedly spur the creation of new markets for unpasteurized dairy products, no matter what the feds claim the power to do.</p> <p>It could ultimately nullify the interstate ban as well. If all 50 states allow raw milk, markets within the states could easily grow to the point that local sales would render the federal ban on interstate commerce pointless. And history indicates the feds do not have the resources to stop people from transporting raw milk across state lines – especially if multiple states start legalizing it. Growing markets will quickly overwhelm any federal enforcement attempts.</p> <p><strong>WHAT&#8217;S NEXT</strong></p> <p>SB273 will move to the House for further consideration. Once it receives a committee assignment, it must get a hearing and pass the committee by a majority vote before moving forward in the legislative process.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/delaware-senate-passes-bill-to-legalize-limited-raw-milk-sales/">Delaware Senate Passes Bill to Legalize Limited Raw Milk Sales</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Raw Milk State Bills Delaware food freedom Prohibition SB273 Mike Maharrey Louisiana House Passes Second Amendment Financial Privacy Act https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/louisiana-house-passes-second-amendment-financial-privacy-act/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:5accab04-6097-ab1c-ffbd-69097f426310 Thu, 23 May 2024 22:51:52 +0000 <p>the Louisiana House passed the “Second Amendment Financial Privacy Act,” a bill to prohibit financial institutions from using a credit card merchant code that would enable the tracking of firearm and ammunition purchases.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/louisiana-house-passes-second-amendment-financial-privacy-act/">Louisiana House Passes Second Amendment Financial Privacy Act</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>BATON ROUGE</strong>, LA. (May 23, 2024) – Today, the Louisiana House passed the “Second Amendment Financial Privacy Act,” a bill to prohibit financial institutions from using a credit card merchant code that would enable the tracking of firearm and ammunition purchases.<span id="more-43724"></span></p> <p>Sen. Blake Miguez filed Senate Bill 301 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/LA/bill/SB301/2024">SB301</a>) on March 1. The bill would prohibit any financial institution operating in the state from requiring or permitting “the assignment of a firearms code in a way that distinguishes a firearms retailer from other retailers.”</p> <p>SB301 also prohibits all state and local government entities from keeping any list, record, or registry of privately owned firearms or the owners of such firearms. Financial institutions would be prohibited from denying a transaction based on the code. Those found guilty in a court of violating the law would be subject to a fine not to exceed $1,000 per violation, with the court determining the amount by factors “including the financial resources of the violator and the harm or risk of harm to the rights under the Second Amendment to the United States Constitution and Article I, Section 11 of the Constitution of Louisiana, resulting from the violation.”</p> <p>On April 16, the Senate passed the bill by a <a href="https://legiscan.com/LA/rollcall/SB301/id/1427986">vote of 28-11</a>. Today, the House approved the measure with some technical amendments by a <a href="https://www.legis.la.gov/legis/ViewDocument.aspx?d=1378003" target="_blank" rel="noopener">vote of 74-26</a>.</p> <p>Over the 2023-2024 legislative sessions, at least 13 states have passed similar legislation.</p> <p><strong>PAUSED</strong></p> <p>In response to legislation like SB301, the major credit card payment networks have “<a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/04/firearm-financial-privacy-nullification-status-report/">paused</a>” implementation of the firearms merchant code. In an email to <em>Reuters</em>, a Mastercard representative said such bills would cause “inconsistency” in how the code could be applied by merchants, banks, and payment networks. The more states that ban such codes, the more likely this program gets scrapped permanently.</p> <p>In September 2022, the International Standards Organization, based in Switzerland, approved a new merchant category code for firearm and ammunition merchants. In the letter to payment card networks, federal lawmakers stated that the new Merchant Category Code for firearms retailers would be “. . .the first step towards facilitating the collection of valuable financial data that could help law enforcement in countering the financing of terrorism efforts,” expressing a clear government expectation that networks will utilize the new Merchant Category Code to conduct mass surveillance of constitutionally protected firearms and ammunition purchases in cooperation with law enforcement.</p> <p>The more states that ban such codes, the more likely this program gets scrapped permanently.</p> <p><strong>IMPACT ON FEDERAL PROGRAMS</strong></p> <p>Data collected from this merchant code would almost certainly end up in federal government databases.</p> <p>Concern about the misuse of federal firearms databases isn’t just paranoia. The <a href="https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2023/feb/27/taliban-using-fingerprints-gun-records-track-down-/">Taliban has reportedly used a firearm ownership database created by the U.S. government</a> to track down gun owners and confiscate firearms in Afghanistan. This goes to show that even if you trust the people creating the database, it can fall into the wrong hands. In other words, the very existence of a database is a danger.</p> <p>The feds can share and tap into vast amounts of information gathered at the state and local level through fusion centers and a system known as the “information sharing environment” or ISE.</p> <p>Fusion centers were sold as a tool to combat terrorism, but that is not how they are being used. The ACLU pointed to a <a href="https://www.hsgac.senate.gov/subcommittees/investigations/media/investigative-report-criticizes-counterterrorism-reporting-waste-at-state-and-local-intelligence-fusion-centers">bipartisan congressional report</a> to demonstrate the true nature of government fusion centers: “They haven’t contributed anything meaningful to counterterrorism efforts. Instead, they have largely served as police surveillance and information sharing nodes for law enforcement efforts targeting the frequent subjects of police attention: Black and brown people, immigrants, dissidents, and the poor.”</p> <p>Fusion centers operate within the broader ISE. According to <a href="http://www.dni.gov/index.php/about/organization/information-sharing-environment-what-we-do">its website</a>, the ISE “provides analysts, operators, and investigators with information needed to enhance national security. These analysts, operators, and investigators…have mission needs to collaborate and share information with each other and with private sector partners and our foreign allies.” In other words, ISE serves as a conduit for the sharing of information gathered without a warrant. Known ISE partners include the Office of Director of National Intelligence which oversees 17 federal agencies and organizations, including the NSA. ISE utilizes these partnerships to collect and share data on the millions of unwitting people they track.</p> <p>In practice, local data collection using ALPRs, stingrays, drones and other spy technologies create the potential for the federal government to obtain and store information on millions of Americans including phone calls, emails, web browsing history, location history, and text messages, all with no warrant, no probable cause, and without the people even knowing it.</p> <p>In a nutshell, without state and local assistance, the feds have a much more difficult time gathering information. When the state limits surveillance and data collection, it means less information the feds can tap into. This represents a major blow to the surveillance state and a win for privacy.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>SB301 has been sent back to the Senate, where the full chamber is scheduled to consider the House version of the bill on May 28.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/louisiana-house-passes-second-amendment-financial-privacy-act/">Louisiana House Passes Second Amendment Financial Privacy Act</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Right to Keep and Bear Arms State Bills Surveillance 2nd Amendment Financial Privacy Act Financial Surveillance Louisiana Merchant Category Code SB301 surveillance Michael Boldin Caught in the Crosshairs? How Geofence Warrants Turn Innocent People into Suspects https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/caught-in-the-crosshairs-how-geofence-warrants-turn-innocent-people-into-suspects/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:8a2b94b4-bb29-4540-4c36-c0254a7f2f0e Wed, 22 May 2024 19:02:33 +0000 <p>Imagine being a suspect for simply walking near a crime scene. That's the reality of a mass, warrantless surveillance tool called a geofence warrant</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/caught-in-the-crosshairs-how-geofence-warrants-turn-innocent-people-into-suspects/">Caught in the Crosshairs? How Geofence Warrants Turn Innocent People into Suspects</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>Imagine being a suspect for simply walking near a crime scene. That&#8217;s the reality of a mass, warrantless surveillance tool called a geofence warrant</p> <p>Path to Liberty: May 22, 2024 <span id="more-43715"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://music.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLZyloySS5-JRy0n9f-rB2wgB7Ru1E28pK&amp;si=YA6lJdcQshShT1GJ" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Youtube Music</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/sSm21Uu8srQ?si=EbyGfQunZyRq7ISJ" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; web-share" referrerpolicy="strict-origin-when-cross-origin" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/22/the-dragnet-state-how-geofence-warrants-turn-everyone-into-a-suspect/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Maharrey &#8211; The Dragnet State</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.independent.org/2023/12/19/geofence-warrants-google-digital-privacy/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Jonathan Hofer &#8211; Independent Institute</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.phoenixnewtimes.com/news/google-geofence-location-data-avondale-wrongful-arrest-molina-gaeta-11426374" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Meg O’Connor &#8211; Phoenix New Times</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/google-tracked-his-bike-ride-past-burglarized-home-made-him-n1151761" rel="noopener" target="_blank">NBC &#8211; Google tracked his bike ride past a burglarized home. That made him a suspect</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2022/05/geofence-warrants-and-reverse-keyword-warrants-are-so-invasive-even-big-tech-wants" rel="noopener" target="_blank">EFF &#8211; Geofence Warrants and Reverse Keyword Warrants are So Invasive, Even Big Tech Wants to Ban Them</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.aclunc.org/blog/cops-blanketed-san-francisco-geofence-warrants-google-was-right-protect-peoples-privacy" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Jake Snow &#8211; Cops Blanketed San Francisco In Geofence Warrants</a></p> <p><a href="https://teachingamericanhistory.org/document/speech-against-writs-of-assistance/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">James Otis &#8211; Speech Against the Writs of Assistance (24 Feb 1761)</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/07/the-real-revolution-james-otis-vs-the-writs-of-assistance/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Episode &#8211; The Real Revolution James Otis vs the Writs of Assistance</a></p> <p><a href="https://services.google.com/fh/files/misc/supplemental_information_geofence_warrants_united_states.pdf" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Google &#8211; Supplemental Information on Geofence Warrants in the United States</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2019/04/googles-sensorvault-can-tell-police-where-youve-been" rel="noopener" target="_blank">EFF &#8211; Google&#8217;s Sensorvault Can Tell Police Where You&#8217;ve Been</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.aclu.org/news/privacy-technology/fight-against-reverse-warrants-victory" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Chad Marlow, Jennifer Granick &#8211; ACLU</a></p> <p><a href="https://warrantbuilder.com/warrantbuilder/geofence/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Warrant Builder</a></p> <p><a href="https://techcrunch.com/2022/05/10/google-new-york-geofence-keyword-warrant/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Google, Microsoft and Yahoo back New York ban on controversial search warrants</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2023/12/end-geofence-warrants" rel="noopener" target="_blank">EFF &#8211; Is This the End of Geofence Warrants?</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.forbes.com/sites/thomasbrewster/2024/02/23/att-t-mobile-geofence-orders/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">AT&amp;T And T-Mobile Are Giving Cops Geofenced Location Data, Even Though It’s Inaccurate</a></p> <p><a href="https://themarkup.org/the-breakdown/2020/09/01/geofence-police-warrants-smartphone-location-data" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Leila Barghouty &#8211; What are Geofence Warrants?</a></p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES</strong><br /> <a href="https://rumble.com/v4wo1xn-caught-in-the-crosshairs-how-geofence-warrants-turn-innocent-people-into-su.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Rumble</a></p> <p><a href="https://odysee.com/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6/path-052224:a" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Odysee</a></p> <p><a href="https://x.com/TenthAmendment/status/1793318418999099553" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on X</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.minds.com/newsfeed/1640084481337462797" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Minds</a></p> <p><a href="https://fb.watch/sdYWLjVNhQ/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Facebook</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.bitchute.com/video/n2F8kA872On0/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Bitchute</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.brighteon.com/6c050e50-295c-4f78-b269-93522a256ffe" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Brighteon</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.linkedin.com/events/7198876618470141952/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on LinkedIn</a></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/caught-in-the-crosshairs-how-geofence-warrants-turn-innocent-people-into-suspects/">Caught in the Crosshairs? How Geofence Warrants Turn Innocent People into Suspects</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Path to Liberty Surveillance geofence warrants Google Privacy surveillance Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center 33:26 false Imagine being a suspect for simply walking near a crime scene. That's the reality of a mass, warrantless surveillance tool called a geofence warrant Imagine being a suspect for simply walking near a crime scene. That's the reality of a mass, warrantless surveillance tool called a geofence warrant Signed as Law: Maryland Places Limits on ALPR Data Sharing https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/signed-as-law-maryland-places-limits-on-alpr-data-sharing/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:80278927-7e95-7d2b-f7f2-6803c478ca2b Wed, 22 May 2024 16:54:13 +0000 <p>The language specifically includes “the sale of subscriptions or licenses to access data.” In effect, this will prohibit third-party vendors operating ALPRs in Maryland from allowing subscribers to their services to access Maryland ALPR data.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/signed-as-law-maryland-places-limits-on-alpr-data-sharing/">Signed as Law: Maryland Places Limits on ALPR Data Sharing</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>ANNAPOLIS</strong>, Md. (May 22, 2024) – Last week, Maryland Governor Wes Moore signed a bill into law expanding current restrictions on the use of automatic license plate readers (ALPRs), and placing limits on the sharing and selling of collected data. <span id="more-43711"></span></p> <p>Del. Scott Phillps and four cosponsors introduced House Bill 1081 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/MD/bill/HB1081/2024" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB1081</a>) on Feb. 7. Current Maryland law already puts limits on the use of ALPRs. Law enforcement agencies can only use captured ALPR data for “the investigation, detection, or analysis of a crime or a violation of the Maryland vehicle laws or the operation of terrorist or missing or endangered person searches or alerts.” HB1081 takes another step by limiting the sharing of captured ALPR data.</p> <p>The new law expands the definition of historical ALPR data to include “any data collected by an automatic license plate reader system and <strong>stored through cloud computing</strong>.” This includes data collected and stored by third-party vendors.</p> <p>The bill prohibits Maryland law enforcement agencies and vendors contracted by these agencies from selling historical ALPR data. The language specifically includes “the sale of subscriptions or licenses to access data.” In effect, this will prohibit third-party vendors operating ALPRs in Maryland from allowing subscribers to their services to access Maryland ALPR data.</p> <p>Additionally, HB1081 bars vendors contracted by Maryland law enforcement agencies from accessing Maryland ALPR data unless access is “expressly requested and authorized by the law enforcement agency.”</p> <p>The law also prohibits a Maryland law enforcement agency or a vendor contracted by a Maryland law enforcement agency from uploading data to any other law enforcement agency or entity “regardless of whether the agency or entity is located inside or outside the state.”</p> <p>Law enforcement agencies around the country are increasingly using private companies such as <a href="https://www.flocksafety.com/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Flock Safety</a> to run ALPR systems for them. Not only does the contracting agency have access to data collected by these companies, but every law enforcement agency with a subscription to the service can access data from every other agency contracted with the company. In effect, these private companies create massive databases of ALPR data accessible by federal and state police departments across the country. The enactment of HB1081 specifically limits the sharing of and access to data collected by these private companies.</p> <p>The Senate passed HB1081 by <a href="https://legiscan.com/MD/rollcall/HB1081/id/1422661" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a 47-0 vote</a>. The House <a href="https://legiscan.com/MD/rollcall/HB1081/id/1411845" target="_blank" rel="noopener">passed the measure 119-17</a>. With Gov. Moore&#8217;s signature, the law will go into effect Oct. 1.</p> <p><strong>IMPACT ON FEDERAL PROGRAMS</strong></p> <p>As reported in the <a href="https://www.wsj.com/articles/u-s-spies-on-millions-of-cars-1422314779?autologin=y" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><i>Wall Street Journal</i></a>, the federal government, via the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA), tracks the location of millions of vehicles through data provided by ALPRs operated on a state and local level. They’ve engaged in this for nearly a decade, all without a warrant, or even public notice of the policy.</p> <p>State and local law enforcement agencies operate most of these tracking systems, paid for by federal grant money. The DEA then taps into the local database to track the whereabouts of millions of people – for the “crime” of driving – without having to operate a huge network itself.</p> <p>ALPRs can scan, capture, and record thousands of license plates every minute and store them in massive databases, along with date, time, and location information.</p> <p>Records <a href="https://www.eff.org/pages/automated-license-plate-reader-dataset" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">obtained by the Electronic Frontier Foundation</a> (EFF) through open records requests encompassed information compiled by 200 law enforcement agencies that utilize ALPRs. The data revealed more than <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/11/2-5-billion-surveillance-state-goes-wild-good-morning-liberty-11-16-18/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">2.5 billion license plate scans</a> in just two years (2016 and 2017). In 2019 alone, <a href="https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2021/04/data-driven-2-california-dragnet-new-dataset-shows-scale-vehicle-surveillance" target="_blank" rel="noopener">82 agencies in California collected more than 1 billion license plate scans</a> using ALPRs. Yet according to EFF, 99.9 percent of this surveillance data was not actively related to an investigation when it was collected.</p> <p>Perhaps more concerning, this gigantic sample of license plate scans reveals that 99.5 percent of this data was collected regardless of whether the vehicle or its owner was suspected of being involved in criminal activity. On average, agencies share this data with a minimum of <b>160 other agencies</b>. In some cases, agencies share this data with as many as <b>800 other agencies</b>.</p> <p>Private companies contribute to the proliferation of ALPR databases. In late 2019, <a href="https://rekorsystems.com/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Rekor Systems</a> announced that they had launched the <a href="https://rekorsystems.com/news/rekor-systems-launches-public-safety-network/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Rekor Public Safety Network</a> (RPSN) which gives law enforcement real-time access to license plates.</p> <blockquote><p>“Any state or local law enforcement agency participating in the RPSN will be able to access real-time data from any part of the network at no cost. The Company is initially launching the network by aggregating vehicle data from customers in over 30 states. With thousands of automatic license plate reading cameras currently in service that capture approximately 150 million plate reads per month, the network is expected to be live by the first quarter of 2020.”</p></blockquote> <p>ALPR systems run by <a href="https://www.flocksafety.com/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Flock Saftey</a> have also proliferated across the U.S. If there are Flock cameras in your town, every law enforcement agency in the country that subscribes to the Flock system can tap into your local data.</p> <p>Police generally configure ALPRs to store the photograph, the license plate number, and the date, time, and location of a vehicle’s license plate, which is bad enough. But according to <a href="https://www.aclu.org/files/assets/071613-aclu-alprreport-opt-v05.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">records obtained by the ACLU</a> via a Freedom of Information Act request, these systems also capture photographs of drivers and their passengers.</p> <p>With the FBI <a href="https://money.cnn.com/2014/09/16/technology/security/fbi-facial-recognition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">rolling out a nationwide facial-recognition program</a> in the fall of 2014, and the federal government building <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/07/12/dont-rely-on-congress-to-stop-facial-recognition-surveillance/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">a giant biometric database</a> with pictures provided by the states and corporate friends, the feds can potentially access stored photographs of drivers and passengers, along with detailed data revealing their location and activities. With this kind of information, government agents can easily find individuals without warrants or oversight, for any reason whatsoever.</p> <p>Since a majority of federal license plate tracking data comes from state and local law enforcement, laws banning or even restricting ALPR use are essential. As more states pass such laws, the end result becomes more clear. No data equals no federal license plate tracking program.</p> <p>The enactment of HB1081 takes a step toward putting a dent in federal plans to continue location tracking and expanding its facial recognition program. The less data that states make available to the federal government, the less ability it has to track people in Maryland and elsewhere.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/signed-as-law-maryland-places-limits-on-alpr-data-sharing/">Signed as Law: Maryland Places Limits on ALPR Data Sharing</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. License Plate Tracking State Bills ALPR automated license plate reader HB1081 Maryland Privacy surveillance Mike Maharrey California Assembly Passes Bill to Legalize Marijuana Cafes Despite Federal Cannabis Prohibition https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/california-assembly-passes-bill-to-legalize-marijuana-cafes-despite-federal-cannabis-prohibition/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:3e29410d-3dd0-d4ce-4607-7d2db00e04fe Wed, 22 May 2024 16:48:53 +0000 <p>In effect, the proposed law would legalize cannabis cafes similar to those popular in Amsterdam.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/california-assembly-passes-bill-to-legalize-marijuana-cafes-despite-federal-cannabis-prohibition/">California Assembly Passes Bill to Legalize Marijuana Cafes Despite Federal Cannabis Prohibition</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>SACRAMENTO</strong>, Calif. (May 22, 2024) &#8211; On Monday, the California Assembly passed a bill that would allow licensed cannabis cafes to sell non-marijuana foods and drinks despite ongoing federal prohibition on the entire cannabis industry.<span id="more-43716"></span></p> <p>Assm. Matt Haney introduced Assembly Bill 1775 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/CA/bill/AB1775/2023" target="_blank" rel="noopener">AB1775</a>) on Jan. 3. In effect, the proposed law would legalize cannabis cafes similar to those popular in Amsterdam.</p> <p>Under current law, licensed businesses can allow marijuana use on their premises, but they are prohibited from selling other food or beverages. Under the proposed law, local jurisdictions could allow for the preparation and sale of non-cannabis food or beverages by a licensed cannabis retailer or microbusiness in an area where the consumption of cannabis is allowed. It would also allow cannabis cafes to host live music or other performances on the premises.</p> <p>On May 20, the Assembly passed AB1775 by <a href="https://legiscan.com/CA/rollcall/AB1775/id/1445259" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a 58-6 vote</a>.</p> <p>The enactment of AB1775 would further expand the marijuana marketplace in California despite continued federal prohibition efforts.</p> <p><a href="https://cannabis.cafe/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">One such business already operates</a> in southern California. <a href="https://www.marijuanamoment.net/california-and-nevada-lawmakers-advance-marijuana-social-consumption-lounge-bills/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">According to Marijuana Moment</a>, West Hollywood approved a local ordinance in 2017 that allowed a first-of-its-kind retailer to open that serves both marijuana and non-infused foods. The business currently operates in a grey area under emergency regulations. However, according to an analysis of the Assembly-passed bill, final regulations from the state Bureau of Cannabis Control “expressly prohibit” such activity.</p> <p>In November 2016, voters in California approved a ballot measure legalizing marijuana for general use by adults and the law <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/01/marijuana-legalization-in-effect-in-california-foundation-to-nullify-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">went into effect on Jan. 1, 2018</a>. Since then, the California legislature has passed numerous laws intended to expand the state’s marijuana market despite federal prohibition. For instance, in 2021, Gov. Gavin Newsom <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/10/signed-by-the-governor-california-law-allows-terminally-ill-patients-to-use-medical-marijuana-in-healthcare-facilities/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">signed a bill</a> that requires healthcare facilities in the state to allow terminally ill patients to use medical marijuana. A few years earlier, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/10/now-in-effect-california-law-allows-marijuana-business-owners-to-deduct-expenses-from-state-taxes/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">California severed a link between state and federal tax law</a>, allowing individuals to deduct expenses from legal marijuana businesses. The state also <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/10/signed-as-law-california-to-ease-banking-rules-for-marijuana-businesses-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">relaxed baking rules for marijuana businesses</a>. The enactment of AB1775 would knock down yet another barrier to growing the state’s cannabis market. It would further mainstream marijuana, incentivize the market, and allow it to expand despite continued federal prohibition efforts.</p> <p><b>EFFECT ON FEDERAL PROHIBITION</b></p> <p>Under the federal Controlled Substances Act (CSA) passed in 1970, the federal government maintains complete prohibition of marijuana. Of course, the federal government lacks any constitutional authority to ban or regulate cannabis within the borders of a state, despite the opinion of the politically connected lawyers on the Supreme Court. If you doubt this, ask yourself why it took a constitutional amendment to institute federal alcohol prohibition.</p> <p>The legalization of marijuana in California removed a huge layer of laws prohibiting the possession and use of marijuana, but federal prohibition remains in effect. This is significant because FBI statistics show that law enforcement makes approximately 99 of 100 marijuana arrests under state, not federal law. When states stop enforcing marijuana laws, they sweep away most of the basis for 99 percent of marijuana arrests.</p> <p>Furthermore, figures indicate it would take 40 percent of the DEA’s yearly budget just to investigate and raid all of the dispensaries in Los Angeles – a single city in a single state. That doesn’t include the cost of prosecution. The lesson? The feds lack the resources to enforce marijuana prohibition without state assistance.</p> <p><strong>A GROWING MOVEMENT</strong></p> <p>Colorado, Washington State, Oregon, and Alaska were the first states to legalize recreational cannabis, and California, Nevada, Maine, and Massachusetts joined them after ballot initiatives in favor of legalization passed in November 2016. Michigan followed suit when <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/11/michigan-votes-to-legalize-marijuana-nullify-federal-prohibition/">voters legalized cannabis for general use</a> in 2018. Vermont <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/01/signed-as-law-vermont-legalizes-recreational-marijuana-foundation-to-nullify-federal-prohibition/">became the first state</a> to legalize marijuana through a legislative act in 2018. <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/06/signed-by-the-governor-illinois-legalizes-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/">Illinois followed suit i</a>n 2019. New Jersey, Montana, and Arizona all <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/11/04/thirty-six-and-counting-more-states-legalize-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/">legalized recreational marijuana through ballot measures</a> in the 2020 election. In 2021, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/03/to-the-governor-new-york-bill-legalizes-marijuana-for-adult-use-despite-federal-prohibition/">New York</a>, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/04/signed-as-law-new-mexico-bill-legalizes-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/">New Mexico</a>, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/04/virginia-legalizes-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/">Virginia</a>, and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/06/connecticut-becomes-the-18th-state-to-legalize-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/">Connecticut</a> legalized marijuana through legislative action, and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/05/signed-as-law-rhode-island-becomes-19th-state-to-legalize-marijuana-for-adult-use-despite-federal-prohibition/">Rhode Island legalized cannabis</a> for adult use in 2022. <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/11/missouri-voters-legalize-adult-use-marijuana-despite-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Missouri</a> and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/11/maryland-voters-legalize-adult-use-marijuana-despite-ongoing-federal-cannabis-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Maryland</a> legalized marijuana in November 2022. <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/11/24-and-counting-ohio-voters-legalize-marijuana-for-adult-use-despite-ongoing-federal-prohibition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Ohio voters approved marijuana</a> for adult use in the November election. Currently, 38 states allow cannabis for medical use, and 24 have legalized it for recreational use.</p> <p>The lesson here is pretty straightforward. As Tenth Amendment Center Executive Director Michael Boldin noted, “When enough people say, ‘No!’ to the federal government, and enough states pass laws backing those people up, there’s not much the feds can do to shove their so-called laws, regulations, or mandates down our throats.”</p> <p>The introduction of AB1775 demonstrates another important reality. Once a state puts laws in place legalizing cannabis, they tend to eventually expand. As the state tears down some barriers, markets develop and demand expands. That creates pressure to further relax state law. This bill represents a further erosion of unconstitutional federal marijuana prohibition. It also demonstrates an important strategic point. Passing bills that take a step forward sets the stage, even if they aren’t perfect. Opening the door clears the way for additional steps. You can’t take the second step before you take the first.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>AB1775 will move to the Senate for further consideration. Once it receives a committee assignment, it must get a hearing and pass by a majority vote before moving forward in the legislative process.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/california-assembly-passes-bill-to-legalize-marijuana-cafes-despite-federal-cannabis-prohibition/">California Assembly Passes Bill to Legalize Marijuana Cafes Despite Federal Cannabis Prohibition</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Drug War State Bills AB1775 California cannabis Marijuana Mike Maharrey To the Governor: Louisiana Passes Bill to End State Cooperation with UN and WHO https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/to-the-governor-louisiana-passes-bill-to-end-state-cooperation-with-un-and-who/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:a0f47451-fa1d-d1d2-e57f-986bdcfc375d Tue, 21 May 2024 15:33:32 +0000 <p>The proposed law declares, “The World Health Organization, United Nations, and the World Economic Forum shall have no jurisdiction or power within the state of Louisiana.”</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/to-the-governor-louisiana-passes-bill-to-end-state-cooperation-with-un-and-who/">To the Governor: Louisiana Passes Bill to End State Cooperation with UN and WHO</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>BATON ROUGE</strong>, La. (May 21, 2024) – Yesterday, the Louisiana Senate gave final approval to a bill that would prohibit state and local cooperation with rules and mandates that may be imposed by international organizations, including the United Nations and the World Health Organization (WHO). The legislation now moves to Gov. Jeff Landry&#8217;s office for his consideration.<span id="more-43708"></span></p> <p>Sen. Thomas Pressly and two cosponsors introduced Senate Bill 133 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/LA/bill/SB133/2024" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SB133</a>) on Feb. 29. The proposed law declares, <em>“The World Health Organization, United Nations, and the World Economic Forum shall have no jurisdiction or power within the state of Louisiana.”</em></p> <p>The bill then takes a practical step to attempt to limit their impact in the state by barring state and local cooperation with their rules, regulations, and mandates.</p> <blockquote><p><em>“No rule, regulation, fee, tax, policy, or mandate of any kind of the World Health Organization, United Nations, and the World Economic Forum shall be enforced or implemented by the state of Louisiana or any agency, department, board, commission, political subdivision, governmental entity of the state, parish, municipality, or any other political entity.”</em></p></blockquote> <p>On May 15, the House passed SB133 by <a href="https://legiscan.com/LA/rollcall/SB133/id/1443372" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a 69-22 vote</a> with an amendment giving the proposed law an immediate effective date. The Senate had previously passed the measure by <a href="https://legiscan.com/LA/rollcall/SB133/id/1415398" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a 37-0 vote</a>. On May 20, the Senate approved the amendment by <a href="https://legiscan.com/LA/rollcall/SB133/id/1444939" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a 37-0 margin</a>, sending the bill to the governor.</p> <p><strong>IN PRACTICE</strong></p> <p><strong>It remains unclear how SB133 would play out in effect.</strong> There is no mechanism in the legislation to determine that a policy was implemented by an international agency. The proposed law also lacks a process to distinguish between international and U.S. government mandates or policies recommended by these international organizations but voluntarily implemented vs recommended by various government agencies in the U.S. – federal, state, and local.</p> <p>But there is no doubt that the enactment of the law would hinder the enforcement of any policy the state refused to cooperate with.</p> <p>Based on James Madison’s advice for states and individuals in <em>Federalist #46</em>, a “refusal to cooperate with officers of the Union” provides an extremely effective method to render federal laws, effectively unenforceable because most enforcement actions rely on help, support, and leadership from the states.</p> <p>This is just as true when it comes to international bodies – probably more. These institutions have no enforcement mechanism of their own. All of their power is based on voluntary compliance and enforcement by local jurisdictions.</p> <p>Fox News senior judicial analyst Judge Andrew Napolitano agreed this type of approach would be extremely effective. In a televised discussion on federal gun laws, he noted that a single state refusing to cooperate with enforcement would make federal gun laws “nearly impossible” to enforce.</p> <p>The federal government relies heavily on state cooperation to implement and enforce almost all of its laws, regulations, and acts. By simply withdrawing this necessary cooperation, states can nullify in effect many federal actions. As noted by the National Governor’s Association during the partial government shutdown of 2013, “States are partners with the federal government on most federal programs.”</p> <p>This enforcement problem is magnified when it comes to international bodies such as the WHO and the UN.</p> <p><strong>LEGAL BASIS</strong></p> <p>Some might argue that Louisiana is obligated to enforce WHO or UN mandates due to treaties, but this doesn’t state up to legal scrutiny.</p> <p>The Supreme Court has consistently held that the federal government can’t commandeer state and local resources for its own purposes. Under the<a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/05/23/anti-commandeering-an-overview-of-five-major-supreme-court-cases/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"> anti-commandeering doctrine</a>, states are sovereign entities and can direct their resources as they see fit. It logically follows that international organizations can’t commander state and local resources either. Even if the U.S. government is obligated to enforce some U.N. mandate based on a treaty, it doesn’t follow that state and local governments must also enforce the same.</p> <p>The anti-commandeering doctrine is based primarily on five Supreme Court cases dating back to 1842. <em>Printz v. U.S.</em> serves as the cornerstone.</p> <blockquote><p>“We held in New York that Congress cannot compel the States to enact or enforce a federal regulatory program. Today we hold that Congress cannot circumvent that prohibition by conscripting the States’ officers directly. The Federal Government may neither issue directives requiring the States to address particular problems, nor command the States’ officers, or those of their political subdivisions, to administer or enforce a federal regulatory program. It matters not whether policy making is involved, and no case by case weighing of the burdens or benefits is necessary; such commands are fundamentally incompatible with our constitutional system of dual sovereignty.”</p></blockquote> <p><strong>No determination of constitutionality is necessary</strong> to invoke the anti-commandeering doctrine. State and local governments can refuse to enforce federal laws or implement federal programs whether they are constitutional or not.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>Gov. Landry will have 10 days to sign or veto SB133 if it is transmitted to his desk during the session, or 20 days to sign if it is transmitted with less than 10 days remaining in the session. The legislature is scheduled to adjourn no later than June 3. If he takes no action, the bill will become law without his signature.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/to-the-governor-louisiana-passes-bill-to-end-state-cooperation-with-un-and-who/">To the Governor: Louisiana Passes Bill to End State Cooperation with UN and WHO</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Health Care State Bills anti-commandeering health Louisiana SB133 UN WHO Mike Maharrey To the Governor: Louisiana Passes Bill to Make Gold and Silver Legal Tender https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/to-the-governor-louisiana-passes-bill-to-make-gold-and-silver-legal-tender/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:a931fa54-83c6-4d7f-0fa4-ce9fe6431e6a Mon, 20 May 2024 20:09:57 +0000 <p>“any gold or silver coin, specie or bullion issued by any state or the United States government as legal tender shall be recognized as legal tender in the state of Louisiana.”</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/to-the-governor-louisiana-passes-bill-to-make-gold-and-silver-legal-tender/">To the Governor: Louisiana Passes Bill to Make Gold and Silver Legal Tender</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>BATON ROUGE</strong>, La. (May 20, 2024) – By a unanimous vote today, the Louisiana Senate gave final approval to a bill to make gold and silver legal tender in the state. It now moves to the Governor&#8217;s desk.<span id="more-43705"></span></p> <p>Sen. Mark Abraham filed Senate Bill 232 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/LA/bill/SB232/2024" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SB232</a>) on March 1. Under the proposed law, <em>“any gold or silver coin, specie or bullion issued by any state or the United States government as legal tender shall be recognized as legal tender in the state of Louisiana.”</em></p> <p>On May 15, the House passed SB232 by a <a href="https://www.legis.la.gov/legis/ViewDocument.aspx?d=1375024">92-0 vote</a> with some technical amendments. The Senate previously passed the bill by <a href="https://legiscan.com/LA/rollcall/SB232/id/1422181" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a 39-0 vote</a>. Today, the Senate concurred with a vote of 38-0.</p> <p>Beyond the provisions to make gold and silver legal tender, the also bill specifies that <em>“no person shall incur any liability for refusal to accept recognized legal tender for the payment of debts, <strong>except as provided by contract</strong>.”</em> In practice, including the contract clause would mean if parties voluntarily agree to be paid, or to pay, in gold and silver coin or bullion, the Louisiana courts could not substitute any other thing, e.g. Federal Reserve Notes, as payment.</p> <p>Enactment of this law would make Louisiana the fifth state to recognize gold and silver as legal tender. Utah led the way, reestablishing constitutional money in 2011. <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/03/new-wyoming-legal-tender-law-treats-gold-and-silver-as-money-foundation-to-undermine-the-federal-reserve/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Wyoming,</a> <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2014/06/oklahoma-reaffirms-gold-and-silver-as-legal-tender-under-new-law/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Oklahoma</a>, and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/07/now-in-effect-arkansas-law-makes-gold-and-silver-legal-tender-in-the-state/">Arkansas</a> have since joined. Practically speaking, this would allow Louisianians to use gold or silver coins as money rather than just as mere investment vehicles. In effect, it would put gold and silver on the same practical footing as Federal Reserve notes.</p> <p>The effect has been most dramatic in Utah where the legal tender law opened the door for the development of a gold and silver market in the state. With some legal hurdles cleared away by the state’s legal tender law, <a href="https://upma.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">the United Precious Metal Association</a> (UPMA) in partnership with <a href="https://alpinegold.com/">Alpine Gold Exchange</a> set up the state’s first “gold bank.” The Utah Specie Legal Tender Act has also led to the creation of <a href="https://goldback.com/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Goldbacks</a>, a local, voluntary medium of exchange. Goldbacks are notes made from fractions of an ounce of physical gold. The company created a process that turns pure gold into a spendable physical form for small transactions.</p> <p><strong>BACKGROUND</strong></p> <p>The United States Constitution states in Article I, Section 10, “No State shall…make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts.” Currently, all debts and taxes in Louisiana are either paid with Federal Reserve Notes (dollars) which were authorized as legal tender by Congress, or with coins issued by the U.S. Treasury — very few of which have gold or silver in them.</p> <p>The Federal Reserve destroys this constitutional monetary system by creating a monopoly based on its fiat currency. Without the backing of gold or silver, the central bank can easily create money out of thin air. This not only devalues your purchasing power over time; it also allows the federal government to borrow and spend far beyond what would be possible in a sound money system. Without the Fed, the U.S. government wouldn’t be able to maintain all of its unconstitutional wars and programs. <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/06/17/the-federal-reserve-the-engine-that-powers-the-most-powerful-government-in-history/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">The Federal Reserve is the engine that drives the most powerful government in the history of the world</a>.</p> <p>Treating silver and gold as legal tender takes the first steps against the Federal Reserve system by attacking it from the bottom up – pulling the rug out from under it by working to make its functions irrelevant at the state and local levels. It also sets the stage for the people to undermine the Federal Reserve monopoly by introducing competition into the monetary system.</p> <p>The next step would be for people to start using gold and silver instead of Federal Reserve notes.</p> <p>In <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2017/04/04/ending-the-federal-reserve-from-the-bottom-up/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a paper</a> presented at the Mises Institute, Constitutional tender expert Professor William Greene said when people in multiple states actually start using gold and silver instead of Federal Reserve Notes, it would effectively nullify the Federal Reserve and end the federal government’s monopoly on money.</p> <blockquote><p>“Over time, as residents of the state use both Federal Reserve notes and silver and gold coins, the fact that the coins hold their value more than Federal Reserve notes do will lead to a “reverse Gresham’s Law” effect, where good money (gold and silver coins) will drive out bad money (Federal Reserve notes). As this happens, a cascade of events can begin to occur, including the flow of real wealth toward the state’s treasury, an influx of banking business from outside of the state – as people in other states carry out their desire to bank with sound money – and an eventual outcry against the use of Federal Reserve notes for any transactions.”</p></blockquote> <p>Once things get to that point, Federal Reserve notes would become largely unwanted and irrelevant for ordinary people. Nullifying the Fed on a state-by-state level is what will get us there.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>SB232 will go to Gov. Jeff Landry&#8217;s desk. He must sign or veto the bill within 10 days of transmittal, or it becomes law without his signature.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/to-the-governor-louisiana-passes-bill-to-make-gold-and-silver-legal-tender/">To the Governor: Louisiana Passes Bill to Make Gold and Silver Legal Tender</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Federal Reserve State Bills Gold Legal Tender Louisiana Money SB232 Silver Sound Money Michael Boldin 4 Biggest Threats to Liberty: Founding Fathers Warned Us https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/4-biggest-threats-to-liberty-founding-fathers-warned-us/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:8dc378aa-9d5d-f57a-d571-081b1c8c5a54 Mon, 20 May 2024 19:55:10 +0000 <p>Explore the 4 biggest threats to liberty as identified by the Founding Fathers, with quotes &#38; analysis included. Learn how history can guide us in protecting our freedoms today.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/4-biggest-threats-to-liberty-founding-fathers-warned-us/">4 Biggest Threats to Liberty: Founding Fathers Warned Us</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>Explore the 4 biggest threats to liberty as identified by the Founding Fathers, with quotes &amp; analysis included. Learn how history can guide us in protecting our freedoms today.</p> <p>Path to Liberty: May 20, 2024 <span id="more-43701"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://music.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLZyloySS5-JRy0n9f-rB2wgB7Ru1E28pK&amp;si=YA6lJdcQshShT1GJ" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Youtube Music</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/JfWD7_Vp9xQ?si=5IoyFTj1X2L-aqwT" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; web-share" referrerpolicy="strict-origin-when-cross-origin" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><strong>4. IGNORANCE</strong></p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/03-09-02-0209" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Thomas Jefferson &#8211; Letter to Charles Yancey (6 Jan 1816)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.loc.gov/resource/mgw2.013/?sp=58&amp;st=text" rel="noopener" target="_blank">George Washington, Letter to John Jay (18 May 1786)</a></p> <p><a href="https://quod.lib.umich.edu/e/evans/N25938.0001.001/1:5.1?rgn=div2;view=fulltext" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Benjamin Rush &#8211; Education Agreeable to a Republican Form of Government (1786)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/2092/pg2092.html" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Samuel Adams &#8211; Valerius Poplicola, Boston Gazette (5 Oct 1772)</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/tucker-view-of-the-constitution-of-the-united-states-with-selected-writings" rel="noopener" target="_blank">St. George Tucker &#8211; View of the Constitution of the United States (1803)</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/lee-empire-and-nation-letters-from-a-farmer#lf0010_head_009" rel="noopener" target="_blank">John Dickinson &#8211; Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania No. VI (1767)</a></p> <p><strong>3. ARBITRARY POWER</strong></p> <p><a href="https://www.archives.gov/founding-docs/declaration-transcript" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Declaration of Independence</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/paine-the-rights-of-man-part-i-1791-ed" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Thomas Paine &#8211; Rights of Man Part I (1791)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.google.com/books/edition/An_address_of_the_Convention_for_framing/RBtYAAAAcAAJ?hl=en&amp;gbpv=1" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Samuel Adams &#8211; An address to the constituents of Massachusetts Bay Colony detailing the newly completed Massachusetts constitution (1780)</a></p> <p><strong>2. CONSOLIDATION</strong></p> <p><a href="https://www.consource.org/document/journal-notes-of-the-virginia-ratification-convention-proceedings-1788-6-25/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">John Tyler, Sr &#8211; Virginia Ratifying Convention (25 June 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.consource.org/document/journal-notes-of-the-virginia-ratification-convention-proceedings-1788-6-7/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Patrick Henry &#8211; Virginia Ratifying Convention (7 June 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/03-09-02-0286" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Thomas Jefferson to Joseph C. Cabell (2 Feb 1816)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.consource.org/document/journal-notes-of-the-virginia-ratification-convention-proceedings-1788-6-11/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">William Grayson &#8211; Virginia Ratifying Convention (11 June 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.consource.org/document/journal-notes-of-the-virginia-ratification-convention-proceedings-1788-6-9/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Patrick Henry &#8211; Virginia Ratifying Convention (9 June 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/10/the-dangers-of-consolidation-brutus-no-1/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Episode &#8211; The Dangers of Consolidation: Antifederalist Brutus No. 1</a></p> <p><strong>1. COMPLIANCE</strong></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/collected-political-writings#lf1644_head_022" rel="noopener" target="_blank">James Otis, Jr (11 Jan 1762)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.consource.org/document/north-carolina-ratification-convention-debates-1788-7-28/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">James Iredell &#8211; North Carolina Ratifying Convention (28 July 1788)</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/collected-political-writings#lf1644_head_071" rel="noopener" target="_blank">James Otis, Jr &#8211; Freeborn American (27 Apr 1767)</a></p> <p><strong>2 ESSENTIAL EPISODES</strong></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/master-the-constitution-diy-guide-to-original-meaning/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Master the Constitution: DIY Guide to Original Meaning</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/02/constitution-101-enforcement-mechanism/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Constitution 101: Enforcement Mechanism</a></p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES</strong><br /> <a href="https://rumble.com/v4w83xo-4-biggest-threats-to-liberty-founding-fathers-warned-us-quotes-included.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Rumble</a></p> <p><a href="https://odysee.com/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6/path-052024:e" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Odysee</a></p> <p><a href="https://x.com/TenthAmendment/status/1792593688255955063" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on X</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.minds.com/newsfeed/1639356417741688844" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Minds</a></p> <p><a href="https://fb.watch/sbh-yMWYWl/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Facebook</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.bitchute.com/video/iBP1nu5PVB6W/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Bitchute</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.brighteon.com/f40465f0-2385-4848-a70d-c6f0c13951d0" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Brighteon</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.tiktok.com/@tenthamendmentcenter/video/7371148706525121838" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on TikTok</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.linkedin.com/events/7198132516766048256/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on LinkedIn</a></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/4-biggest-threats-to-liberty-founding-fathers-warned-us/">4 Biggest Threats to Liberty: Founding Fathers Warned Us</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Founding Fathers Founding Principles Path to Liberty Arbitrary Power Compliance Consolidation Ignorance Quotes Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center 26:12 false Explore the 4 biggest threats to liberty as identified by the Founding Fathers, with quotes & analysis included. Learn how history can guide us in protecting our freedoms today. Explore the 4 biggest threats to liberty as identified by the Founding Fathers, with quotes & analysis included. Learn how history can guide us in protecting our freedoms today. FDR’s Gold Grab: The Confiscation Most Americans Ignored https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/fdrs-gold-grab-the-confiscation-most-americans-ignored/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:3a1f4611-4f9d-a228-b826-e9970800abb1 Sat, 18 May 2024 01:44:19 +0000 <p>Executive Order 6102 - learn the truth behind the gold confiscation order, and the fact that most Americans defied it.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/fdrs-gold-grab-the-confiscation-most-americans-ignored/">FDR’s Gold Grab: The Confiscation Most Americans Ignored</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>Executive Order 6102 &#8211; learn the truth behind the gold confiscation order, and the fact that most Americans defied it.</p> <p>Path to Liberty, Fast Friday Edition: May 17, 2024 <span id="more-43693"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://music.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLZyloySS5-JRy0n9f-rB2wgB7Ru1E28pK&amp;si=YA6lJdcQshShT1GJ" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Youtube Music</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/-6nAtAWC3YA?si=BTu2ow2xJpYK5WCr" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; web-share" referrerpolicy="strict-origin-when-cross-origin" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/16/executive-order-6102-a-deep-dive-into-fdrs-gold-confiscation-program/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Maharrey &#8211; Executive Order 6102: A Deep Dive into FDR’s Gold Confiscation Program</a></p> <p><a href="https://fraser.stlouisfed.org/files/docs/historical/congressional/emergency-banking-act-1933.pdf" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Emergency Banking Act (1933)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/documents/fireside-chat-banking" rel="noopener" target="_blank">FDR: Fireside Chat on Banking (12 Mar 1933)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/documents/executive-order-6102-forbidding-the-hoarding-gold-coin-gold-bullion-and-gold-certificates" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Executive Order 6102 &#8211; Forbidding the Hoarding of Gold Coin, Gold Bullion and Gold Certificates</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/documents/executive-order-6073-reopening-banks" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Executive Order 6073 &#8211; Reopening Banks</a></p> <p><a href="https://fraser.stlouisfed.org/title/gold-reserve-act-1934-1085" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Gold Reserve Act of 1934 (30 Jan 1934)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/documents/proclamation-2072-fixing-the-weight-the-gold-dollar" rel="noopener" target="_blank">White House Statement on Proclamation 2072 (31 Jan 1934)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.econlib.org/archives/2010/01/friedman_and_sc.html" rel="noopener" target="_blank">David Henderson &#8211; Friedman and Schwartz Speak Truth about Power</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lDDJF0hHMio" rel="noopener" target="_blank">SD Bullion &#8211; How much Gold was Confiscated in 1933?</a></p> <p><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Executive_Order_6102" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Wiki: Executive Order 6102</a></p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES</strong><br /> <a href="https://rumble.com/v4volp9-fdrs-gold-grab-the-confiscation-most-americans-ignored.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Rumble</a></p> <p><a href="https://odysee.com/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6/path-051724:7" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Odysee</a></p> <p><a href="https://x.com/TenthAmendment/status/1791506487103414443" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on X</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.minds.com/newsfeed/1638357682836475918" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Minds</a></p> <p><a href="https://fb.watch/s7GFBzXDaw/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Facebook</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.bitchute.com/video/muYCQP8cQG6A/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Bitchute</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.brighteon.com/ec80137c-c77f-4203-8903-c4d75ac3c37f" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Brighteon</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.tiktok.com/@tenthamendmentcenter/video/7370030737371860270" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on TikTok</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.linkedin.com/events/fdr-sgoldgrab-theconfiscationmo7197064330016690177/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on LinkedIn</a></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/fdrs-gold-grab-the-confiscation-most-americans-ignored/">FDR’s Gold Grab: The Confiscation Most Americans Ignored</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Federal Reserve History Path to Liberty Emergency Banking Act EO6102 FDR Gold Confiscation Sound Money Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center 20:23 false Executive Order 6102 - learn the truth behind the gold confiscation order, and the fact that most Americans defied it. Executive Order 6102 - learn the truth behind the gold confiscation order, and the fact that most Americans defied it. Signed as Law: Alabama Repeals State Capital Gains Taxes on Gold and Silver https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/signed-as-law-alabama-repeals-state-capital-gains-taxes-on-gold-and-silver/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:92ad910c-417c-8fb6-697a-9d09bdcf29d7 Fri, 17 May 2024 21:34:35 +0000 <p>Under the law, individuals selling gold or silver bullion, or utilizing gold and silver in a transaction, can deduct any net capital gain derived from the exchange from their income for state income tax purposes.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/signed-as-law-alabama-repeals-state-capital-gains-taxes-on-gold-and-silver/">Signed as Law: Alabama Repeals State Capital Gains Taxes on Gold and Silver</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>MONTGOMERY</strong>, Ala. (May 17, 2024) – Today, Alabama Governor Kay Ivey signed a bill into law repealing the state capital gains tax on gold and silver bullion.<span id="more-43678"></span></p> <p>Sen. Tim Melson introduced Senate Bill 297 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/AL/bill/SB297/2024" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SB297</a>) on April 4. Alabama repealed the state <strong>sales tax</strong> on gold, silver, platinum, and palladium bullion in 2018 and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/04/signed-as-law-alabama-extends-sales-tax-exemption-on-gold-and-silver-and-encourages-sound-money/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">extended the exemption last year</a>. The enactment of SB297 takes another step by effectively repealing the state <strong>capital gains tax</strong> on the exchange of gold and silver. Under the law, individuals selling gold or silver bullion, or utilizing gold and silver in a transaction, can deduct any net capital gain derived from the exchange from their income for state income tax purposes.</p> <p>Precious metal bullion is defined as “coins, bars or rounds containing primarily refined gold, silver, platinum, or palladium that is marked and valued primarily by its weight, purity, and content.”</p> <p>The Senate passed SB297 by <a href="https://legiscan.com/AL/rollcall/SB297/id/1436962" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a vote of 34-0</a>. The House <a href="https://legiscan.com/AL/rollcall/SB297/id/1440402" target="_blank" rel="noopener">approved the measure 100-1</a>. With Gov. Ivey&#8217;s <a href="https://arc-sos.state.al.us/cgi/actdetail.mbr/detail?year=2024&amp;act=%20447&amp;page=year">signature</a>, the law goes into effect on Jan. 1, 2025.</p> <p><strong>IMPACT</strong></p> <p>Taxes on precious metal bullion erect barriers to using gold and silver as money by raising transaction costs. As <a href="https://www.soundmoneydefense.org/">Sound Money Defense League</a> policy director Jp Cortez testified during a committee hearing on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/07/wyoming-legal-tender-act-treats-gold-and-silver-as-money-foundation-to-undermine-the-federal-reserve/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">a similar bill in Wyoming</a> in 2018, charging taxes on <em>money itself</em> is beyond the pale.</p> <blockquote><p>“In effect, states that collect taxes on the sale of precious metals are inherently saying gold and silver are not money at all.”</p></blockquote> <p>Imagine if you asked a grocery clerk to break a $5 bill and he charged you a 35-cent tax. Silly, right? After all, you were only exchanging one form of money for another. But that’s essentially what taxes on gold and silver bullion do. By repealing the capital gains tax on the exchange of gold and silver, Alabama would take another step to treat specie as money instead of a commodity. This represents a step toward reestablishing gold and silver as legal tender and breaking down the Fed’s monopoly on money.</p> <p>“We ought not to tax money – and that’s a good idea. It makes no sense to tax money,” former U.S. <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2017/03/ron-paul-testimony-in-support-of-arizona-sound-money-bill-hb2014/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Rep. Ron Paul said during testimony in support of an Arizona bill</a> that repealed capital gains taxes on gold and silver in that state. “Paper is not money, it’s fraud,” he continued.</p> <p>The impact of enacting this legislation will go beyond mere tax policy. During <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2017/03/ron-paul-standing-on-the-right-side-of-history/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">an event after his Senate committee testimony</a>, Paul pointed out that it’s really about the size and scope of government.</p> <blockquote><p>“If you’re for less government, you want sound money. The people who want big government, they don’t want sound money. They want to deceive you and commit fraud. They want to print the money. They want a monopoly. They want to get you conditioned, as our schools have conditioned us, to the point where deficits don’t matter.”</p></blockquote> <p><strong>BACKGROUND</strong></p> <p>The United States Constitution states in Article I, Section 10, “No State shall…make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts.” Currently, all debts and taxes in Alabama are either paid with Federal Reserve Notes (dollars) authorized as legal tender by Congress or with coins issued by the U.S. Treasury — very few of which have gold or silver in them.</p> <p>The Federal Reserve destroys this constitutional monetary system by creating a monopoly based on its fiat currency. Without the backing of gold or silver, the central bank can easily create money out of thin air. This not only devalues your purchasing power over time; it also allows the federal government to borrow and spend far beyond what would be possible in a sound money system. Without the Fed, the U.S. government wouldn’t be able to maintain all of its unconstitutional wars and programs. <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/06/17/the-federal-reserve-the-engine-that-powers-the-most-powerful-government-in-history/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">The Federal Reserve is the engine that drives the most powerful government in the history of the world</a>.</p> <p>The passage of SB297 would remove another tax barrier that hinders the use of gold and silver as money in Alabama.</p> <p>Repealing taxes on gold and silver also takes the first step in the process of abolishing the Federal Reserve system by attacking it from the bottom up – pulling the rug out from under it by working to make its functions irrelevant at the state and local levels, and setting the stage to undermine the Federal Reserve monopoly by introducing competition into the monetary system.</p> <p>In <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2017/04/04/ending-the-federal-reserve-from-the-bottom-up/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a paper</a> presented at the Mises Institute, Constitutional tender expert Professor William Greene said when people in multiple states actually start using gold and silver instead of Federal Reserve Notes, it would effectively nullify the Federal Reserve and end the federal government’s monopoly on money.</p> <blockquote><p>“Over time, as residents of the state use both Federal Reserve notes and silver and gold coins, the fact that the coins hold their value more than Federal Reserve notes do will lead to a “reverse Gresham’s Law” effect, where good money (gold and silver coins) will drive out bad money (Federal Reserve notes). As this happens, a cascade of events can begin to occur, including the flow of real wealth toward the state’s treasury, an influx of banking business from outside of the state – as people in other states carry out their desire to bank with sound money – and an eventual outcry against the use of Federal Reserve notes for any transactions.”</p></blockquote> <p>Once things get to that point, Federal Reserve notes would become largely unwanted and irrelevant for ordinary people. Nullifying the Fed on a state-by-state level is what will get us there.</p> <p><strong>WHAT&#8217;S NEXT?</strong></p> <p>SB297 will go into effect on Jan 1, 2025. The next step would be for the state to pass legislation to treat gold and silver as legal tender, further treating it as money rather than a mere investment vehicle.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/signed-as-law-alabama-repeals-state-capital-gains-taxes-on-gold-and-silver/">Signed as Law: Alabama Repeals State Capital Gains Taxes on Gold and Silver</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Federal Reserve State Bills Alabama Capital Gains Gold SB297 Silver Sound Money Taxes Mike Maharrey Signed by the Governor: Maryland Puts Some Limits on Police Use of Facial Recognition https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/signed-by-the-governor-maryland-puts-some-limits-on-police-use-of-facial-recognition/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:5c96eee9-4dd9-156a-7e12-38d9c047b86c Fri, 17 May 2024 21:30:30 +0000 <p>The new law will ban the use of facial recognition for live or real-time identification. It will also ban its use on a sketch or manually produced image, and on individuals “engaged in activity protected under the United States Constitution, the Maryland Constitution, or the Maryland Declaration of Rights” unless there is reasonable suspicion to believe the individual has committed a crime. </p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/signed-by-the-governor-maryland-puts-some-limits-on-police-use-of-facial-recognition/">Signed by the Governor: Maryland Puts Some Limits on Police Use of Facial Recognition</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>ANNAPOLIS</strong>, Md. (May 17, 2024) – Yesterday, Maryland Gov. Wes Moore signed a bill into law to place some limits on government use of facial recognition surveillance.<span id="more-43695"></span></p> <p>Sen. Charles Sydnor introduced Senate Bill 193 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/MD/bill/SB182/2024" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SB182</a>) on Jan. 10. Rep. David Moon introduced the companion bill, House Bill 338 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/MD/bill/HB338/2024" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB338</a>), a week later. The new law will ban the use of facial recognition for live or real-time identification. It will also ban its use on a sketch or manually produced image, and on individuals “engaged in activity protected under the United States Constitution, the Maryland Constitution, or the Maryland Declaration of Rights” unless there is reasonable suspicion to believe the individual has committed a crime.</p> <p>Once in effect, it will also limit the use of facial recognition to the investigation of certain crimes, including “crimes of violence,” human trafficking, child abuse, child pornography, certain weapons crimes, and a criminal act “involving circumstances presenting a substantial and ongoing threat to public safety or national security.” When used in such an investigation, facial recognition could not be used as the sole basis to establish probable cause.</p> <p>Results generated by facial recognition could only be introduced as evidence in a criminal proceeding to establish probable cause or a positive identification in connection with a warrant or at a preliminary hearing.</p> <p>While the law will not end government use of facial recognition in Maryland, it sets the foundation by placing limits on the technology and preventing ongoing surveillance using facial recognition.</p> <p>It goes into effect on Oct. 1, 2024.</p> <p><strong>IMPACT ON FEDERAL PROGRAMS</strong></p> <p>A <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/07/12/dont-rely-on-congress-to-stop-facial-recognition-surveillance/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2019 report revealed</a> that the federal government has turned state driver’s license photos into a giant facial recognition database, putting virtually every driver in America in a perpetual electronic police lineup. The revelations generated widespread outrage, but the story wasn’t new. The federal government has been developing <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2016/10/31/local-state-and-federal-law-enforcement-partnering-to-create-massive-facial-recognition-system/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a massive facial recognition system</a> for years.</p> <p>The FBI <a href="https://money.cnn.com/2014/09/16/technology/security/fbi-facial-recognition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">rolled out a nationwide facial recognition program</a> in the fall of 2014, with the goal of building a giant biometric database with pictures provided by the states and corporate friends.</p> <p>In 2016, the Center on Privacy and Technology at Georgetown Law released “The Perpetual Lineup,” a massive report on law enforcement use of facial recognition technology in the U.S. You can read the complete report at <a href="https://www.perpetuallineup.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">perpetuallineup.org</a>. The organization conducted a year-long investigation and collected more than 15,000 pages of documents through more than 100 public records requests. The report paints a disturbing picture of intense cooperation between the federal government, and state and local law enforcement to develop a massive facial recognition database.</p> <p>“Face recognition is a powerful technology that requires strict oversight. But those controls, by and large, don’t exist today,” report co-author <a href="https://theintercept.com/2016/10/18/study-lack-of-face-recognition-oversight-threatens-privacy-of-millions/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Clare Garvie said</a>. “With only a few exceptions, there are no laws governing police use of the technology, no standards ensuring its accuracy, and no systems checking for bias. It’s a wild west.”</p> <p>Despite the outrage generated by these reports, Congress has done nothing to roll back this facial recognition program.</p> <p>There are <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/10/whats-the-big-problem-with-facial-recognition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">many technical and legal problems</a> with facial recognition, including significant concerns about the accuracy of the technology, particularly when reading the facial features of minority populations. During a test run by the ACLU of Northern California, <a href="https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/ne8wa8/amazons-facial-recognition-misidentified-1-in-5-california-lawmakers-as-criminals" target="_blank" rel="noopener">facial recognition misidentified 26 members of the California legislature</a> as people in a database of arrest photos.</p> <p>With facial recognition technology, police and other government officials can track individuals in real time. These systems allow law enforcement agents to use video cameras and continually scan everybody who walks by. According to the report, several major police departments have expressed an interest in this type of real-time tracking. Documents revealed agencies in at least five major cities, including Los Angeles, either claimed to run real-time face recognition off of street cameras, bought technology with the capability, or expressed written interest in buying it.</p> <p>In all likelihood, the federal government heavily involves itself in helping state and local agencies obtain this technology. The feds provide grant money to local law enforcement agencies for a vast array of surveillance gear, including ALPRs, stingray devices, and drones. The federal government essentially encourages and funds a giant nationwide surveillance net and then taps into the information via fusion centers and the Information Sharing Environment (ISE).</p> <p>Fusion centers were sold as a tool to combat terrorism, but that is not how they are being used. The ACLU pointed to a <a href="https://www.hsgac.senate.gov/subcommittees/investigations/media/investigative-report-criticizes-counterterrorism-reporting-waste-at-state-and-local-intelligence-fusion-centers" target="_blank" rel="noopener">bipartisan congressional report</a> to demonstrate the true nature of government fusion centers: “They haven’t contributed anything meaningful to counterterrorism efforts. Instead, they have largely served as police surveillance and information sharing nodes for law enforcement efforts targeting the frequent subjects of police attention: Black and brown people, immigrants, dissidents, and the poor.”</p> <p>Fusion centers operate within the broader ISE. According to <a href="http://www.dni.gov/index.php/about/organization/information-sharing-environment-what-we-do" target="_blank" rel="noopener">its website</a>, the ISE “provides analysts, operators, and investigators with information needed to enhance national security. These analysts, operators, and investigators…have mission needs to collaborate and share information with each other and with private sector partners and our foreign allies.” In other words, ISE serves as a conduit for the sharing of information gathered without a warrant. Known ISE partners include the Office of Director of National Intelligence which oversees 17 federal agencies and organizations, including the NSA. ISE utilizes these partnerships to collect and share data on the millions of unwitting people they track.</p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/09/30/smoking-gun-feds-partner-with-local-police-to-facilitate-warrantless-surveillance/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Reports that the Berkeley Police Department in cooperation with a federal fusion center deployed cameras</a> equipped to surveil a “free speech” rally and Antifa counterprotests provided the first solid link between the federal government and local authorities in facial recognition surveillance.</p> <p>In a nutshell, without state and local cooperation, the feds have a much more difficult time gathering information. The passage of state laws and local ordinances banning and limiting facial recognition eliminates one avenue for gathering facial recognition data. Simply put, data that doesn’t exist cannot be entered into federal databases.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/signed-by-the-governor-maryland-puts-some-limits-on-police-use-of-facial-recognition/">Signed by the Governor: Maryland Puts Some Limits on Police Use of Facial Recognition</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Facial Recognition State Bills Surveillance Biometrics facial recognition HB338 Maryland Privacy SB182 surveillance Mike Maharrey New Hampshire Senate Passes Firearm Purchaser’s Privacy Act https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/new-hampshire-senate-passes-firearm-purchasers-privacy-act/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:956c6dc7-158c-33ac-5a32-b8effbc406bb Fri, 17 May 2024 17:06:51 +0000 <p>Titled the Firearm Purchaser’s Privacy Act, the proposed law would prohibit a payment card network from requiring a New Hampshire merchant to use a “firearms code” defined as “the merchant category code established by the International Organization for Standardization for firearms retailers.”</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/new-hampshire-senate-passes-firearm-purchasers-privacy-act/">New Hampshire Senate Passes Firearm Purchaser’s Privacy Act</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>CONCORD</strong>, N.H. (May 17, 2024) – On Wednesday, the New Hampshire Senate passed a bill to prohibit financial institutions operating in the state from using a credit card merchant code that would enable the tracking of firearm and ammunition purchases.<span id="more-43692"></span></p> <p>Rep. Jason Janvrin and six cosponsors introduced House Bill 1186 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/NH/bill/HB1186/2024">HB1186</a>) on Nov. 27. Titled the <em>Firearm Purchaser’s Privacy Act</em>, the proposed law would prohibit a payment card network from requiring a New Hampshire merchant to use a “firearms code” defined as<em> “the merchant category code established by the International Organization for Standardization for firearms retailers.”</em></p> <p>The proposed law would also bar retailers from using such a code voluntarily.</p> <p><em>For the purposes of the sale of firearms, ammunition for use in firearms, and firearms accessories, a firearms retailer may not provide a firearms code to a payment card issuer or payment card network and may only use or be assigned a merchant category code for general merchandise retailers or sporting goods retailers.</em></p> <p>The legislation includes provisions empowering the state attorney general to enforce the law and impose civil penalties for violations.</p> <p>The full House passed the bill with a <a href="https://gencourt.state.nh.us/bill_status/legacy/bs2016/Roll_calls/Billstatus_billrollcalls.aspx?lsr=2082&amp;sd=2024&amp;sy=2024&amp;txtsessionyear=2024&amp;txtbillnumber=HB1186&amp;sortoption=">vote of 203-174</a> on Feb. 22. At the <a href="https://www.facebook.com/jason.a.janvrin/posts/pfbid02epWpBzKJFoHughXzAkF37tBruaurbzwZanUkBsDJwWVehAcTPTP4VdJCp4KvfJDql" target="_blank" rel="noopener">request of the Janvrin</a>, a technical amendment to further define &#8220;firearms code&#8221; was added in the Senate committee process.  On May 15, the full chamber passed that updated version of the bill by a voice vote. It will now move back to the House for a final concurrence vote.</p> <p>If signed as law, HB1168 would take effect on Jan. 1, 2025.</p> <p><strong>IN EFFECT</strong></p> <p>Over the 2023-2024 legislative sessions, at least 13 states have passed similar legislation.</p> <p>In response to legislation like HB1186, the major credit card payment networks have “<a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/04/firearm-financial-privacy-nullification-status-report/">paused</a>” implementation of the firearms merchant code. In an <a href="https://www.reuters.com/business/finance/mastercard-pause-work-new-payments-code-firearms-sellers-2023-03-09/">email to <em>Reuters</em></a>, a Mastercard representative said such bills would cause “inconsistency” in how the code could be applied by merchants, banks, and payment networks.</p> <p>In September 2022, the International Standards Organization, based in Switzerland, approved a new merchant category code for firearm and ammunition merchants. In the letter to payment card networks, federal lawmakers stated that the new Merchant Category Code for firearms retailers would be “. . .the first step towards facilitating the collection of valuable financial data that could help law enforcement in countering the financing of terrorism efforts,” expressing a clear government expectation that networks will utilize the new Merchant Category Code to conduct mass surveillance of constitutionally protected firearms and ammunition purchases in cooperation with law enforcement.</p> <p>The more states that ban such codes, the more likely this program gets “paused” permanently.</p> <p><strong>IMPACT ON FEDERAL PROGRAMS</strong></p> <p>Data collected from this merchant code would almost certainly end up in federal government databases.</p> <p>Concern about the misuse of federal firearms databases isn’t just paranoia. The <a href="https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2023/feb/27/taliban-using-fingerprints-gun-records-track-down-/">Taliban has reportedly used a firearm ownership database created by the U.S. government</a> to track down gun owners and confiscate firearms in Afghanistan. This goes to show that even if you trust the people creating the database, it can fall into the wrong hands. In other words, the very existence of a database is a danger.</p> <p>The feds can share and tap into vast amounts of information gathered at the state and local level through fusion centers and a system known as the “information sharing environment” or ISE.</p> <p>Fusion centers were sold as a tool to combat terrorism, but that is not how they are being used. The ACLU pointed to a <a href="https://www.hsgac.senate.gov/subcommittees/investigations/media/investigative-report-criticizes-counterterrorism-reporting-waste-at-state-and-local-intelligence-fusion-centers">bipartisan congressional report</a> to demonstrate the true nature of government fusion centers: “They haven’t contributed anything meaningful to counterterrorism efforts. Instead, they have largely served as police surveillance and information sharing nodes for law enforcement efforts targeting the frequent subjects of police attention: Black and brown people, immigrants, dissidents, and the poor.”</p> <p>Fusion centers operate within the broader ISE. According to <a href="http://www.dni.gov/index.php/about/organization/information-sharing-environment-what-we-do">its website</a>, the ISE “provides analysts, operators, and investigators with information needed to enhance national security. These analysts, operators, and investigators…have mission needs to collaborate and share information with each other and with private sector partners and our foreign allies.” In other words, ISE serves as a conduit for the sharing of information gathered without a warrant. Known ISE partners include the Office of Director of National Intelligence which oversees 17 federal agencies and organizations, including the NSA. ISE utilizes these partnerships to collect and share data on the millions of unwitting people they track.</p> <p>In practice, local data collection using ALPRs, stingrays, drones and other spy technologies creates the potential for the federal government to obtain and store information on millions of Americans including phone calls, emails, web browsing history, location history, and text messages, all with no warrant, no probable cause, and without the people even knowing it.</p> <p>In a nutshell, without state and local assistance, the feds have a much more difficult time gathering information. When the state limits surveillance and data collection, it means less information the feds can tap into. This represents a major blow to the surveillance state and a win for privacy.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>HB1186 will be taken up for a concurrence vote in the House in the coming weeks. If passed, it will be sent to Gov. Chris Sununu&#8217;s desk for signing. He will have five days from the time of the bill&#8217;s arrival to veto it, sign it into law or else it will go into effect without a signature. If the bill is vetoed, a two-thirds vote of both chambers will be necessary for an override.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/new-hampshire-senate-passes-firearm-purchasers-privacy-act/">New Hampshire Senate Passes Firearm Purchaser’s Privacy Act</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Right to Keep and Bear Arms State Bills Surveillance Financial Surveillance Hb1186 Merchan New Hampshire Second Amendment Financial Privacy Act TJ Martinell Louisiana House Passes Bill to Make Gold and Silver Legal Tender https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/louisiana-house-passes-bill-to-make-gold-and-silver-legal-tender/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:0e83c813-a72c-0c63-b5d3-150038d5b4a1 Wed, 15 May 2024 20:44:31 +0000 <p>Under the proposed law, “any gold or silver coin, specie or bullion issued by any state or the United States government as legal tender shall be recognized as legal tender in the state of Louisiana.”</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/louisiana-house-passes-bill-to-make-gold-and-silver-legal-tender/">Louisiana House Passes Bill to Make Gold and Silver Legal Tender</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>BATON ROUGE</strong>, La. (May 15, 2024) – Today, the Louisiana House unanimously passed a bill that would make gold and silver legal tender in the state.<span id="more-43677"></span></p> <p>Sen. Mark Abraham filed Senate Bill 232 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/LA/bill/SB232/2024" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SB232</a>) on March 1. Under the proposed law, “any gold or silver coin, specie or bullion issued by any state or the United States government as legal tender shall be recognized as legal tender in the state of Louisiana.”</p> <p>On May 15, the House passed SB232 by a <a href="https://www.legis.la.gov/legis/ViewDocument.aspx?d=1375024">92-0 vote</a> with some technical amendments. The Senate previously passed the bill by <a href="https://legiscan.com/LA/rollcall/SB232/id/1422181" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a 39-0 vote</a>. It now goes back to the Senate for final consideration.</p> <p>Beyond the provisions to make gold and silver legal tender, the also bill specifies that <em>“no person shall incur any liability for refusal to accept recognized legal tender for the payment of debts, <strong>except as provided by contract</strong>.”</em> In practice, including the contract clause would mean if parties voluntarily agree to be paid, or to pay, in gold and silver coin or bullion, the Louisiana courts could not substitute any other thing, e.g. Federal Reserve Notes, as payment.</p> <p>Enactment of this law would make Louisiana the fifth state to recognize gold and silver as legal tender. Utah led the way, reestablishing constitutional money in 2011. <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/03/new-wyoming-legal-tender-law-treats-gold-and-silver-as-money-foundation-to-undermine-the-federal-reserve/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Wyoming,</a> <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2014/06/oklahoma-reaffirms-gold-and-silver-as-legal-tender-under-new-law/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Oklahoma</a>, and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/07/now-in-effect-arkansas-law-makes-gold-and-silver-legal-tender-in-the-state/">Arkansas</a> have since joined. Practically speaking, this would allow Louisianians to use gold or silver coins as money rather than just as mere investment vehicles. In effect, it would put gold and silver on the same practical footing as Federal Reserve notes.</p> <p>The effect has been most dramatic in Utah where the legal tender law opened the door for the development of a gold and silver market in the state. With some legal hurdles cleared away by the state’s legal tender law, <a href="https://upma.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">the United Precious Metal Association</a> (UPMA) in partnership with <a href="https://alpinegold.com/">Alpine Gold Exchange</a> set up the state’s first “gold bank.” The Utah Specie Legal Tender Act has also led to the creation of <a href="https://goldback.com/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Goldbacks</a>, a local, voluntary medium of exchange. Goldbacks are notes made from fractions of an ounce of physical gold. The company created a process that turns pure gold into a spendable physical form for small transactions.</p> <p><strong>BACKGROUND</strong></p> <p>The United States Constitution states in Article I, Section 10, “No State shall…make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts.” Currently, all debts and taxes in Louisiana are either paid with Federal Reserve Notes (dollars) which were authorized as legal tender by Congress, or with coins issued by the U.S. Treasury — very few of which have gold or silver in them.</p> <p>The Federal Reserve destroys this constitutional monetary system by creating a monopoly based on its fiat currency. Without the backing of gold or silver, the central bank can easily create money out of thin air. This not only devalues your purchasing power over time; it also allows the federal government to borrow and spend far beyond what would be possible in a sound money system. Without the Fed, the U.S. government wouldn’t be able to maintain all of its unconstitutional wars and programs. <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/06/17/the-federal-reserve-the-engine-that-powers-the-most-powerful-government-in-history/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">The Federal Reserve is the engine that drives the most powerful government in the history of the world</a>.</p> <p>Treating silver and gold as legal tender takes the first steps against the Federal Reserve system by attacking it from the bottom up – pulling the rug out from under it by working to make its functions irrelevant at the state and local levels. It also sets the stage for the people to undermine the Federal Reserve monopoly by introducing competition into the monetary system.</p> <p>The next step would be for people to start using gold and silver instead of Federal Reserve notes.</p> <p>In <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2017/04/04/ending-the-federal-reserve-from-the-bottom-up/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a paper</a> presented at the Mises Institute, Constitutional tender expert Professor William Greene said when people in multiple states actually start using gold and silver instead of Federal Reserve Notes, it would effectively nullify the Federal Reserve and end the federal government’s monopoly on money.</p> <blockquote><p>“Over time, as residents of the state use both Federal Reserve notes and silver and gold coins, the fact that the coins hold their value more than Federal Reserve notes do will lead to a “reverse Gresham’s Law” effect, where good money (gold and silver coins) will drive out bad money (Federal Reserve notes). As this happens, a cascade of events can begin to occur, including the flow of real wealth toward the state’s treasury, an influx of banking business from outside of the state – as people in other states carry out their desire to bank with sound money – and an eventual outcry against the use of Federal Reserve notes for any transactions.”</p></blockquote> <p>Once things get to that point, Federal Reserve notes would become largely unwanted and irrelevant for ordinary people. Nullifying the Fed on a state-by-state level is what will get us there.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>SB232 will go back to the Senate for concurrence with the House amendments.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/louisiana-house-passes-bill-to-make-gold-and-silver-legal-tender/">Louisiana House Passes Bill to Make Gold and Silver Legal Tender</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Federal Reserve State Bills Gold Legal Tender Louisiana Money SB232 Silver Sound Money Mike Maharrey What is Liberty? 3 Views From Divine Right to Individual Rights https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/what-is-liberty-3-views-from-divine-right-to-individual-rights/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:20fb7c2b-6e30-d70e-7e9e-2667c0940994 Wed, 15 May 2024 20:20:17 +0000 <p>What does "liberty" truly mean? We explore 3 schools of thought, from Filmer's "divine right" to Locke &#38; the Founding Fathers' individual rights. Plus, modern thinkers like Rothbard and more! Discover the historical roots of your freedom.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/what-is-liberty-3-views-from-divine-right-to-individual-rights/">What is Liberty? 3 Views From Divine Right to Individual Rights</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>What does &#8220;liberty&#8221; truly mean? We explore 3 schools of thought, from Filmer&#8217;s &#8220;divine right&#8221; to Locke &amp; the Founding Fathers&#8217; individual rights. Plus, modern thinkers like Rothbard and more! Discover the historical roots of your freedom.</p> <p>Path to Liberty: May 15, 2024 <span id="more-43680"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://music.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLZyloySS5-JRy0n9f-rB2wgB7Ru1E28pK&amp;si=YA6lJdcQshShT1GJ" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Youtube Music</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/mYnf3sB8wH8?si=UyyFF73_JnQuQpHa" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; web-share" referrerpolicy="strict-origin-when-cross-origin" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Franklin_to_David_Hartley" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Benjamin Franklin &#8211; Letter to David Hartley (4 Dec 1789)</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/filmer-patriarcha-or-the-natural-power-of-kings#lf0140_label_005" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Robert Filmer &#8211; Patriarcha: The Natural Power of Kings</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/sidney-discourses-concerning-government#lf0019_label_159" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Algernon Sidney &#8211; Discourses Concerning Government</a></p> <p><a href="https://teachingamericanhistory.org/document/the-american-crisis-2/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Thomas Paine &#8211; The American Crisis (23 Dec 1776)</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/hollis-the-two-treatises-of-civil-government-hollis-ed#lf0057_label_223" target="_blank" rel="noopener">John Locke: Two Treatises Chap IV, Of Slavery</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/lee-empire-and-nation-letters-from-a-farmer#lf0010_head_010" target="_blank" rel="noopener">John Dickinson &#8211; Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania No VII (1767)</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/tucker-view-of-the-constitution-of-the-united-states-with-selected-writings" target="_blank" rel="noopener">St. George Tucker &#8211; View of the Constitution of the United States (1803)</a></p> <p><a href="https://history.hanover.edu/texts/adamss.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Samuel Adams &#8211; The Rights of the Colonists (20 Nov 1772)</a></p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Madison/01-14-02-0238" target="_blank" rel="noopener">James Madison &#8211; Property (27 Mar 1792)</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/10/property-rights-are-the-foundation-of-all-the-rest/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Episode &#8211; Property Rights are the Foundation of all the Rest</a></p> <p><a href="https://cdn.mises.org/The%20Ethics%20of%20Liberty%2020191108.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Murray Rothbard &#8211; The Ethics of Liberty (pdf)</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/gordon-cato-s-letters-vol-2-june-24-1721-to-march-3-1722-lf-ed#lf0226-02_head_032" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Cato’s Letters, No. 62 &#8211; Thomas Gordon (20 Jan 1722)</a></p> <p><a href="https://theanarchistlibrary.org/library/josiah-warren-equitable-commerce" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Josiah Warren &#8211; Equitable Commerce (1852)</a></p> <p><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/For_a_New_Liberty" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Wiki: For a New Liberty</a></p> <p><a href="https://mises.org/mises-wire/liberty-defined-0" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Ron Paul &#8211; Liberty Defined</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/bastiat-the-law#lf0180_head_054" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Frederic Bastiat &#8211; The Law</a></p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/03-14-02-0191" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Thomas Jefferson &#8211; Letter to Isaac H. Tiffany (4 Apr 1819)</a></p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES</strong><br /> <a href="https://rumble.com/v4v84t3-liberty-3-schools-of-thought-from-divine-right-to-individual-rights.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Rumble</a></p> <p><a href="https://odysee.com/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6/path-051524:5" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Odysee</a></p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/TenthAmendment/status/1790781664697946540" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on X</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.minds.com/newsfeed/1637534230542028805" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Minds</a></p> <p><a href="https://fb.watch/s4DMHYeYYm/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Facebook</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.bitchute.com/video/Ql1TWZbFjFXj/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Bitchute</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.brighteon.com/1125dc4d-6e08-414b-a1ec-b85700d24783" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Brighteon</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.tiktok.com/@tenthamendmentcenter/video/7369317082179145002" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on TikTok</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.linkedin.com/events/7196353117502799872/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on LinkedIn</a></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/what-is-liberty-3-views-from-divine-right-to-individual-rights/">What is Liberty? 3 Views From Divine Right to Individual Rights</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Founding Principles Liberty Path to Liberty Algernon Sidney Bastiat John Locke Josiah Warren Libertarian Murray Rothbard Robert Filmer thomas jefferson Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center 31:11 false What does "liberty" truly mean? We explore 3 schools of thought, from Filmer's "divine right" to Locke & the Founding Fathers' individual rights. Plus, modern thinkers like Rothbard and more! Discover the historical roots of your freedom. What does "liberty" truly mean? We explore 3 schools of thought, from Filmer's "divine right" to Locke & the Founding Fathers' individual rights. Plus, modern thinkers like Rothbard and more! Discover the historical roots of your freedom. To the Governor: New Hampshire Passes Bill to Ban AI Facial Recognition Surveillance https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/to-the-governor-new-hampshire-passes-bill-to-ban-ai-facial-recognition-surveillance/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:db5ca7ef-3342-1de6-93d0-b12973334c1b Wed, 15 May 2024 19:49:35 +0000 <p>Provisions in the legislation would prohibit "AI used with real-time and remote biometric identification systems used for surveillance in public spaces." This includes facial recognition systems. The proposed law would expressly ban AI biometric surveillance by law enforcement without a warrant.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/to-the-governor-new-hampshire-passes-bill-to-ban-ai-facial-recognition-surveillance/">To the Governor: New Hampshire Passes Bill to Ban AI Facial Recognition Surveillance</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>CONCORD</strong>, N.H. (May 15, 2024) – Today, the New Hampshire Senate gave final approval to a bill that would effectively ban warrantless police surveillance using facial recognition in the state. The legislation now moves to the Governor&#8217;s desk.<span id="more-43684"></span></p> <p>Rep. Thomas Cormen along with a bipartisan coalition of 10 legislators introduced House Bill 1688 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/NH/bill/HB1688/2024" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB1688</a>) on Jan 3. Provisions in the legislation would prohibit &#8220;AI used with real-time and remote biometric identification systems used for surveillance in public spaces.&#8221; This includes facial recognition systems. The proposed law would expressly ban AI biometric surveillance by law enforcement without a warrant.</p> <p>In effect, the passage of HB1688 would prohibit law enforcement agencies from using virtually any facial recognition systems for surveillance in public spaces without a warrant.</p> <p>AI is an important aspect of all current facial recognition systems. ReFaces is a biometrics company that sells facial recognition systems. According to <a href="https://recfaces.com/articles/ai-facial-recognition" target="_blank" rel="noopener">its website</a>, “<strong>the majority</strong> of modern facial recognition algorithms have some semblance of integrated deep learning and neural network.” [Emphasis added]</p> <blockquote><p>“Intelligent, AI-based software can instantaneously search databases of faces and compare them to one or multiple faces that are detected in a scene. In an instant, you can get highly accurate results.”</p></blockquote> <p>On March 28, the House passed HB1688 on a voice vote. Today, the Senate concurred. HB1688 will now move to Gov. Chris Sununu&#8217;s desk, where he must sign or veto the bill within 5 days after transmittal, or it becomes law without his signature.</p> <p><strong>IMPACT ON FEDERAL PROGRAMS</strong></p> <p>A <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/07/12/dont-rely-on-congress-to-stop-facial-recognition-surveillance/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2019 report revealed</a> that the federal government has turned state driver’s license photos into a giant facial recognition database, putting virtually every driver in America in a perpetual electronic police lineup. The revelations generated widespread outrage, but the story wasn’t new. The federal government has been developing <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2016/10/31/local-state-and-federal-law-enforcement-partnering-to-create-massive-facial-recognition-system/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a massive facial recognition system</a> for years.</p> <p>The FBI <a href="https://money.cnn.com/2014/09/16/technology/security/fbi-facial-recognition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">rolled out a nationwide facial recognition program</a> in the fall of 2014, with the goal of building a giant biometric database with pictures provided by the states and corporate friends.</p> <p>In 2016, the Center on Privacy and Technology at Georgetown Law released “The Perpetual Lineup,” a massive report on law enforcement use of facial recognition technology in the U.S. You can read the complete report at <a href="https://www.perpetuallineup.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">perpetuallineup.org</a>. The organization conducted a year-long investigation and collected more than 15,000 pages of documents through more than 100 public records requests. The report paints a disturbing picture of intense cooperation between the federal government, and state and local law enforcement to develop a massive facial recognition database.</p> <p>“Face recognition is a powerful technology that requires strict oversight. But those controls, by and large, don’t exist today,” report co-author <a href="https://theintercept.com/2016/10/18/study-lack-of-face-recognition-oversight-threatens-privacy-of-millions/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Clare Garvie said</a>. “With only a few exceptions, there are no laws governing police use of the technology, no standards ensuring its accuracy, and no systems checking for bias. It’s a wild west.”</p> <p>Despite the outrage generated by these reports, Congress has done nothing to roll back this facial recognition program.</p> <p>There are <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/10/whats-the-big-problem-with-facial-recognition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">many technical and legal problems</a> with facial recognition, including significant concerns about the accuracy of the technology, particularly when reading the facial features of minority populations. During a test run by the ACLU of Northern California, <a href="https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/ne8wa8/amazons-facial-recognition-misidentified-1-in-5-california-lawmakers-as-criminals" target="_blank" rel="noopener">facial recognition misidentified 26 members of the California legislature</a> as people in a database of arrest photos.</p> <p>With facial recognition technology, police and other government officials can track individuals in real time. These systems allow law enforcement agents to use video cameras and continually scan everybody who walks by. According to the report, several major police departments have expressed an interest in this type of real-time tracking. Documents revealed agencies in at least five major cities, including Los Angeles, either claimed to run real-time face recognition off of street cameras, bought technology with the capability, or expressed written interest in buying it.</p> <p>In all likelihood, the federal government heavily involves itself in helping state and local agencies obtain this technology. The feds provide grant money to local law enforcement agencies for a vast array of surveillance gear, including ALPRs, stingray devices, and drones. The federal government essentially encourages and funds a giant nationwide surveillance net and then taps into the information via fusion centers and the Information Sharing Environment (ISE).</p> <p>Fusion centers were sold as a tool to combat terrorism, but that is not how they are being used. The ACLU pointed to a <a href="https://www.hsgac.senate.gov/subcommittees/investigations/media/investigative-report-criticizes-counterterrorism-reporting-waste-at-state-and-local-intelligence-fusion-centers" target="_blank" rel="noopener">bipartisan congressional report</a> to demonstrate the true nature of government fusion centers: “They haven’t contributed anything meaningful to counterterrorism efforts. Instead, they have largely served as police surveillance and information sharing nodes for law enforcement efforts targeting the frequent subjects of police attention: Black and brown people, immigrants, dissidents, and the poor.”</p> <p>Fusion centers operate within the broader ISE. According to <a href="http://www.dni.gov/index.php/about/organization/information-sharing-environment-what-we-do" target="_blank" rel="noopener">its website</a>, the ISE “provides analysts, operators, and investigators with information needed to enhance national security. These analysts, operators, and investigators…have mission needs to collaborate and share information with each other and with private sector partners and our foreign allies.” In other words, ISE serves as a conduit for the sharing of information gathered without a warrant. Known ISE partners include the Office of Director of National Intelligence which oversees 17 federal agencies and organizations, including the NSA. ISE utilizes these partnerships to collect and share data on the millions of unwitting people they track.</p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2019/09/30/smoking-gun-feds-partner-with-local-police-to-facilitate-warrantless-surveillance/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Reports that the Berkeley Police Department in cooperation with a federal fusion center deployed cameras</a> equipped to surveil a “free speech” rally and Antifa counterprotests provided the first solid link between the federal government and local authorities in facial recognition surveillance.</p> <p>In a nutshell, without state and local cooperation, the feds have a much more difficult time gathering information. The passage of state laws and local ordinances banning and limiting facial recognition eliminates one avenue for gathering facial recognition data. Simply put, data that doesn’t exist cannot be entered into federal databases.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/to-the-governor-new-hampshire-passes-bill-to-ban-ai-facial-recognition-surveillance/">To the Governor: New Hampshire Passes Bill to Ban AI Facial Recognition Surveillance</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Facial Recognition State Bills Surveillance AI Artificial Intelligence facial recognition HB1688 New Hampshire surveillance Mike Maharrey John Marshall Refuted Claims that the Feds Have “Inherent Sovereign Authority” https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/john-marshall-refuted-claims-that-the-feds-have-inherent-sovereign-authority/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:e39ab149-dc49-e7cb-2f35-893d2ef879ba Wed, 15 May 2024 18:43:29 +0000 <p>He knew that the Confederation Congress had no sovereign authority, inherent or otherwise, that it could pass onto the federal government.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/john-marshall-refuted-claims-that-the-feds-have-inherent-sovereign-authority/">John Marshall Refuted Claims that the Feds Have “Inherent Sovereign Authority”</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>On October 20, 2023, I posted <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/11/08/federal-power-outside-the-constitution/">an essay on this website</a> addressing the claim that the federal government has powers outside those enumerated in the Constitution. The usual basis for this claim of “inherent sovereign authority” is that upon Independence, sovereign power over foreign affairs, and perhaps other issues, was vested in the Second Continental Congress, which passed it to the Confederation Congress, which passed it directly to the federal government.</p> <p>My article, and a <a href="https://i2i.org/wp-content/uploads/ISA-final.pdf">scholarly research publication</a> on which it was based, notes several problems with this theory. One is that neither the Continental nor the Confederation Congress actually held sovereign power. Congress was a mere collection of ambassadors, and the Articles of Confederation did not form a true “constitution,” but a treaty or league somewhat comparable to NATO today. If the Confederation Congress did not have sovereign power, it could not pass it to the federal government.</p> <p>In 1819, Chief Justice John Marshall wrote a series of newspaper essays defending his court’s decision in McCulloch v. Maryland. Here is what he said about the Confederation:</p> <blockquote><p>“The confederation was, essentially, a league; and congress was a corps of ambassadors, to be recalled at the will of their masters. This corps could do nothing but declare war or make peace. They could neither carry on a war nor execute the articles of peace. They had a right to propose certain things to their sovereigns, and to require a compliance with their resolution; but they could, by their own power, execute nothing.”</p></blockquote> <p>Remember that Marshall was not only Chief Justice of the United States. He had served in the Revolution, lived through the time of the Confederation, and helped adopt the Constitution through his leadership at the 1788 Virginia ratifying convention. He knew that the Confederation Congress had no sovereign authority, inherent or otherwise, that it could pass onto the federal government.</p> <p>A better authority on this point could hardly be found.</p> <p><em>This article was originally published at the <a href="https://i2i.org/author/rob/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Independence Institute</a>, and is reposted here with permission of the author.</em></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/john-marshall-refuted-claims-that-the-feds-have-inherent-sovereign-authority/">John Marshall Refuted Claims that the Feds Have “Inherent Sovereign Authority”</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Founding Principles John Marshall Inherent Sovereign Authority Rob Natelson Master the Constitution: DIY Guide to Original Meaning https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/master-the-constitution-diy-guide-to-original-meaning/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:247a7d8e-8d11-df92-cd62-e1cb11210ed8 Mon, 13 May 2024 19:12:12 +0000 <p>Do you ever wonder what the Constitution really means? This video will show you how to learn the Constitution the way the Founding Fathers told us to. We'll explore a process called "originalism" to determine the original meaning of the Constitution's clauses and phrases.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/master-the-constitution-diy-guide-to-original-meaning/">Master the Constitution: DIY Guide to Original Meaning</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>Do you ever wonder what the Constitution really means? This video will show you how to learn the Constitution the way the Founding Fathers told us to. We&#8217;ll explore a process called &#8220;originalism&#8221; to determine the original meaning of the Constitution&#8217;s clauses and phrases.</p> <p>Path to Liberty: May 13, 2024 <span id="more-43671"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://music.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLZyloySS5-JRy0n9f-rB2wgB7Ru1E28pK&amp;si=YA6lJdcQshShT1GJ" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Youtube Music</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/qhf-SQdp94A?si=09HOF_v5doj791I7" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; web-share" referrerpolicy="strict-origin-when-cross-origin" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/12/beyond-the-text-understanding-the-constitutions-original-meaning/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Maharrey &#8211; Beyond the Text: Understanding the Constitution’s Original Meaning</a></p> <p><a href="https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Constitution_of_the_United_States_of_America" rel="noopener" target="_blank">The Constitution for the United States: A Transcription</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/05/06/the-ideas-that-formed-the-constitution-vattel-and-the-law-of-nations/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Natelson &#8211; The ideas that formed the Constitution: Vattel and the Law of Nations</a></p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Madison/04-03-02-0333" rel="noopener" target="_blank">James Madison &#8211; Letter to Henry Lee (25 June 1824)</a></p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/98-01-02-3562" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Thomas Jefferson &#8211; Letter to William Johnson (12 June 1823)</a></p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Madison/04-02-02-0321" rel="noopener" target="_blank">James Madison &#8211; Letter to Thomas Ritchie (15 Sept 1821)</a></p> <p><a href="https://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Samuel Johnson &#8211; Dictionary of the English Language</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.google.com/books/edition/A_Complete_Dictionary_of_the_English_Lan/AFUv59Oo9i8C?hl=en&amp;gbpv=0" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Thomas Sheridan &#8211; A Complete Dictionary of the English Language</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.google.com/books/edition/An_Universal_Etymological_English_Dictio/tWPSE_KC24AC?hl=en&amp;gbpv=1" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Nathan Bailey &#8211; An Universal Etymological English Dictionary</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/elliot-the-debates-in-the-several-state-conventions-5-vols" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Elliot’s Debates</a></p> <p><a href="https://csac.history.wisc.edu/publications-2/dhrc/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Documentary History of the Ratification of the Constitution</a></p> <p><a href="https://guides.loc.gov/federalist-papers/text-1-10" rel="noopener" target="_blank">The Federalist</a></p> <p><a href="https://teachingamericanhistory.org/document/state-house-speech/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">James Wilson &#8211; State House Yard Speech</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.consource.org/library/?typ=&amp;collections=&amp;topics=&amp;deep=&amp;date=1788&amp;authors=&amp;q=Fabius" rel="noopener" target="_blank">John Dickinson &#8211; Fabius Letters</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/war-and-foreign-policy-top-5-influences-on-the-founders/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Episode &#8211; War and Foreign Policy: Top-5 Influences on the Founders</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/08/jeffersons-favorite-book-on-government/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Episode &#8211; Jefferson’s Favorite Book on Government?</a></p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Adams/04-03-02-0240" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Abigail Adams &#8211; Letter to John Quincy Adams (20 Mar 1780)</a></p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES</strong><br /> <a href="https://rumble.com/v4usrsl-master-the-constitution-diy-guide-to-original-meaning.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Rumble</a></p> <p><a href="https://odysee.com/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6/path-051324:2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Odysee</a></p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/TenthAmendment/status/1790056840409268686" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on X</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.minds.com/newsfeed/1636810320699723784" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Minds</a></p> <p><a href="https://fb.watch/s22ELM7-S6/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Facebook</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.bitchute.com/video/DO4ffRiWdaFV/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Bitchute</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.brighteon.com/f3b57a4f-ca3a-4a3c-b79c-19e2feffcc3a" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Brighteon</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.tiktok.com/@tenthamendmentcenter/video/7368562326775139627" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on TikTok</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.linkedin.com/events/mastertheconstitution-diyguidet7195627235997851649/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on LinkedIn</a></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/master-the-constitution-diy-guide-to-original-meaning/">Master the Constitution: DIY Guide to Original Meaning</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Constitution Founding Principles Path to Liberty constitution research guide Guide Original Meaning Originalism Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center 31:11 false Do you ever wonder what the Constitution really means? This video will show you how to learn the Constitution the way the Founding Fathers told us to. We'll explore a process called "originalism" to determine the original meaning of the Constitution's ... Do you ever wonder what the Constitution really means? This video will show you how to learn the Constitution the way the Founding Fathers told us to. We'll explore a process called "originalism" to determine the original meaning of the Constitution's clauses and phrases. Nullification News: Key Wins on Sound Money, Firearms and Privacy https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/nullification-news-key-wins-on-sound-money-firearms-and-privacy/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:d86fd128-2798-159c-43a4-3ee5f77c9fd4 Fri, 10 May 2024 21:44:50 +0000 <p>Gold and Silver, CBDC, Biometric Surveillance and 2nd Amendment Financial Privacy. We break down the bills and new laws &#38; what they mean for you.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/nullification-news-key-wins-on-sound-money-firearms-and-privacy/">Nullification News: Key Wins on Sound Money, Firearms and Privacy</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>Gold and Silver, CBDC, Biometric Surveillance and 2nd Amendment Financial Privacy. We break down the bills and new laws &amp; what they mean for YOU.</p> <p>Path to Liberty, Fast Friday Edition: May 10, 2024 <span id="more-43664"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://music.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLZyloySS5-JRy0n9f-rB2wgB7Ru1E28pK&amp;si=YA6lJdcQshShT1GJ" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Youtube Music</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/2DXceczlV5U?si=aW4At1r8My4pPdU-" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; web-share" referrerpolicy="strict-origin-when-cross-origin" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.consource.org/document/roger-sherman-to-___-1787-12-8/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Roger Sherman (8 Dec 1787)</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/02/constitution-101-enforcement-mechanism/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Episode &#8211; Constitution 101: Enforcement Mechanism</a></p> <p>CBDC</p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/now-in-effect-utah-law-excludes-cbdc-from-state-definition-of-legal-tender/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Utah</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/04/signed-by-the-governor-tennessee-law-excludes-cbdc-from-definition-of-money-and-deposit-account/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Tennessee</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/signed-as-law-georgia-takes-step-against-a-potential-cbdc/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Georgia</a></p> <p>SOUND MONEY</p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/missouri-house-committee-passes-bill-to-treat-gold-silver-as-legal-tender/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Missouri</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/04/louisiana-house-committee-passes-bill-to-make-gold-and-silver-legal-tender/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Louisiana</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/04/alaska-senate-committee-passes-bill-to-make-gold-and-silver-legal-tender-in-the-state/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Alaska</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/now-in-effect-utah-law-authorizes-state-gold-and-silver-reserves/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Utah</a></p> <p>FIREARMS FINANCIAL PRIVACY</p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/04/firearm-financial-privacy-nullification-status-report/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Episode &#8211; Firearm Financial Privacy: Nullification Status Report</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/04/tennessee-governor-signs-second-amendment-financial-privacy-act-into-law/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Tennessee</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/04/iowa-governor-signs-bill-that-prohibits-credit-card-codes-to-track-firearms-purchases/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Iowa</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/signed-by-the-governor-alabama-law-prohibits-credit-card-codes-to-track-firearms-purchases/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Alabama</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/04/new-hampshire-committee-advances-bill-to-prohibit-credit-card-codes-to-track-firearms-purchases/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">New Hampshire</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/04/louisiana-senate-passes-second-amendment-financial-privacy-act/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Louisiana</a></p> <p>SURVEILLANCE</p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/now-in-effect-utah-law-limits-warrantless-biometric-surveillance/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Utah</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/04/new-hampshire-senate-passes-bill-to-would-ban-ai-facial-recognition-surveillance/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">New Hampshire</a></p> <p>T<a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-16-02-0074" rel="noopener" target="_blank">homas Jefferson &#8211; Letter to Charles Clay (27 Jan 1790)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/2092/pg2092.html" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Samuel Adams &#8211; Candidus, Boston Gazette (14 Oct 1771)</a></p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES</strong><br /> <a href="https://rumble.com/v4u8v5f-nullification-news-key-wins-on-sound-money-firearms-and-privacy.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Rumble</a></p> <p><a href="https://odysee.com/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6/path-051024:5" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Odysee</a></p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/TenthAmendment/status/1788969766159601830" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on X</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.minds.com/newsfeed/1635723693512462348" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Minds</a></p> <p><a href="https://fb.watch/r_5v1fyj3K/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Facebook</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.bitchute.com/video/4HRAwHVVvwl0/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Bitchute</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.brighteon.com/5467a8ff-2d43-4d6d-908a-9fdf69c631bd" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Brighteon</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.tiktok.com/@tenthamendmentcenter/video/7367417513631567147" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on TikTok</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.linkedin.com/events/nullificationnews-keywinsonsoun7194537502173540352/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on LinkedIn</a></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/nullification-news-key-wins-on-sound-money-firearms-and-privacy/">Nullification News: Key Wins on Sound Money, Firearms and Privacy</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Nullification Path to Liberty State Bills 2nd Amendment Financial Privacy biometric surveillance CBDC News Sound Money Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center 19:36 false Gold and Silver, CBDC, Biometric Surveillance and 2nd Amendment Financial Privacy. We break down the bills and new laws & what they mean for you. Gold and Silver, CBDC, Biometric Surveillance and 2nd Amendment Financial Privacy. We break down the bills and new laws & what they mean for you. Now in Effect: Utah Law Prohibits Credit Card Codes to Track Firearms Purchases https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/now-in-effect-utah-law-prohibits-credit-card-codes-to-track-firearms-purchases/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:4f210fe0-1c5e-7dab-4512-aaed523d9e54 Fri, 10 May 2024 18:10:37 +0000 <p>The new law prohibits a “financial entity” operating in the state such as a credit card network from assigning a “firearms code” to a firearms retailer or requiring it to use one.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/now-in-effect-utah-law-prohibits-credit-card-codes-to-track-firearms-purchases/">Now in Effect: Utah Law Prohibits Credit Card Codes to Track Firearms Purchases</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>SALT LAKE CITY, </strong>Utah. (May 10, 2024) – Last week, a Utah went into effect to prohibit financial institutions from using a credit card merchant code that would enable the tracking of firearm and ammunition purchases.<span id="more-43665"></span></p> <p>Rep. Cory Maloy introduced House Bill 406 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/UT/bill/HB406/2024">HB406</a>) on Jan. 26. Sen. Chris Wilson sponsored the bill in the Senate. The new law prohibits a “financial entity” operating in the state such as a credit card network from assigning a “firearms code” to a firearms retailer or requiring it to use one. “Firearms code” is defined as the “merchant category code 5723, approved in September 2022 by the International Organization for Standardization, for firearms retailers.”</p> <p>The law also bars a firearms retailer in Utah from providing a firearms code to a financial entity for the purpose of selling a firearm, a firearm accessory or component, ammunition, or reloading supplies.</p> <p>The legislation includes provisions empowering the state attorney general to enforce the law and impose civil penalties for violations.</p> <p>The Senate <a href="https://legiscan.com/UT/rollcall/HB0406/id/1397445">passed</a> the bill 21-6. The House passed the legislation by <a href="https://legiscan.com/UT/rollcall/HB0406/id/1384031">a 68-4 vote</a>.  With Gov. Cox&#8217;s signature, the law went into effect May 1.</p> <p>Over the 2023-2024 legislative sessions, at least 13 states have passed similar legislation.</p> <p><strong>IN EFFECT</strong></p> <p>In response to legislation like HB406, the major credit card payment networks have “<a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/04/nullification-win-2nd-amendment-financial-privacy-act/">paused</a>” implementation of the firearms merchant code. In an <a href="https://www.reuters.com/business/finance/mastercard-pause-work-new-payments-code-firearms-sellers-2023-03-09/">email to <em>Reuters</em></a>, a Mastercard representative said such bills would cause “inconsistency” in how the code could be applied by merchants, banks, and payment networks.</p> <p>In September 2022, the International Standards Organization, based in Switzerland, approved a new merchant category code for firearm and ammunition merchants. In the letter to payment card networks, federal lawmakers stated that the new Merchant Category Code for firearms retailers would be “. . .the first step towards facilitating the collection of valuable financial data that could help law enforcement in countering the financing of terrorism efforts,” expressing a clear government expectation that networks will utilize the new Merchant Category Code to conduct mass surveillance of constitutionally protected firearms and ammunition purchases in cooperation with law enforcement.</p> <p>The more states that ban such codes, the more likely this program gets scrapped permanently.</p> <p><strong>IMPACT ON FEDERAL PROGRAMS</strong></p> <p>Data collected from this merchant code would almost certainly end up in federal government databases.</p> <p>Concern about the misuse of federal firearms databases isn’t just paranoia. The <a href="https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2023/feb/27/taliban-using-fingerprints-gun-records-track-down-/">Taliban has reportedly used a firearm ownership database created by the U.S. government</a> to track down gun owners and confiscate firearms in Afghanistan. This goes to show that even if you trust the people creating the database, it can fall into the wrong hands. In other words, the very existence of a database is a danger.</p> <p>The feds can share and tap into vast amounts of information gathered at the state and local level through fusion centers and a system known as the “information sharing environment” or ISE.</p> <p>Fusion centers were sold as a tool to combat terrorism, but that is not how they are being used. The ACLU pointed to a <a href="https://www.hsgac.senate.gov/subcommittees/investigations/media/investigative-report-criticizes-counterterrorism-reporting-waste-at-state-and-local-intelligence-fusion-centers">bipartisan congressional report</a> to demonstrate the true nature of government fusion centers: “They haven’t contributed anything meaningful to counterterrorism efforts. Instead, they have largely served as police surveillance and information sharing nodes for law enforcement efforts targeting the frequent subjects of police attention: Black and brown people, immigrants, dissidents, and the poor.”</p> <p>Fusion centers operate within the broader ISE. According to <a href="http://www.dni.gov/index.php/about/organization/information-sharing-environment-what-we-do">its website</a>, the ISE “provides analysts, operators, and investigators with information needed to enhance national security. These analysts, operators, and investigators…have mission needs to collaborate and share information with each other and with private sector partners and our foreign allies.” In other words, ISE serves as a conduit for the sharing of information gathered without a warrant. Known ISE partners include the Office of Director of National Intelligence which oversees 17 federal agencies and organizations, including the NSA. ISE utilizes these partnerships to collect and share data on the millions of unwitting people they track.</p> <p>In practice, local data collection using ALPRs, stingrays, drones and other spy technologies creates the potential for the federal government to obtain and store information on millions of Americans including phone calls, emails, web browsing history, location history, and text messages, all with no warrant, no probable cause, and without the people even knowing it.</p> <p>In a nutshell, without state and local assistance, the feds have a much more difficult time gathering information. When the state limits surveillance and data collection, it means less information the feds can tap into. This represents a major blow to the surveillance state and a win for privacy.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/now-in-effect-utah-law-prohibits-credit-card-codes-to-track-firearms-purchases/">Now in Effect: Utah Law Prohibits Credit Card Codes to Track Firearms Purchases</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Right to Keep and Bear Arms State Bills Surveillance 2nd Amendment Financial Privacy Act Financial Surveillance HB406 Merchant Category Code Utah Michael Boldin Signed as Law: Georgia Takes Step Against a Potential CBDC https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/signed-as-law-georgia-takes-step-against-a-potential-cbdc/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:ee9a3f31-7fb8-5cb8-a71a-cbd664f85a91 Thu, 09 May 2024 15:56:25 +0000 <p>The new law prohibits a state governmental agency from accepting a payment using central bank digital currency. It also bars all state governmental agencies from participating in any test of central bank digital currency.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/signed-as-law-georgia-takes-step-against-a-potential-cbdc/">Signed as Law: Georgia Takes Step Against a Potential CBDC</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><b>ATLANTA, </b>Ga. (May 9, 2024) –On Monday, Georgia Governor Brian Kemp signed a bill that would take a small step toward limiting the impact of any potential future central bank digital currency (CBDC) in the state. <span id="more-43662"></span></p> <p>Rep. Carter Barrett and five cosponsors introduced House Bill 1053 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/GA/bill/HB1053/2023" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB1053</a>) on Jan. 26. The new law prohibits a state governmental agency from accepting a payment using central bank digital currency. It also bars all state governmental agencies from participating in any test of central bank digital currency.</p> <p>The legislative findings in HB1053 state, “A CBDC would be an unacceptable expansion of federal authority by giving the federal government unprecedented control of the lives, freedoms, choices, and sovereignty of the people of Georgia.”</p> <p>The Senate passed HB1053 by <a href="https://legiscan.com/GA/rollcall/HB1053/id/1400213" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a 38-11 vote</a>. The House approved the measure <a href="https://legiscan.com/GA/rollcall/HB1053/id/1413896" target="_blank" rel="noopener">136-32</a>. With Gov. Kemp’s signature, the law will go into effect on July 1.</p> <p>HB1053 is similar to <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/09/now-in-effect-alabama-law-takes-small-step-against-a-potential-cbdc/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a law passed in Alabama</a> in 2023 and in <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/03/signed-as-law-indiana-takes-additional-steps-against-a-cbdc/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Indiana</a> and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/02/signed-by-the-governor-two-south-dakota-laws-take-steps-against-a-central-bank-digital-currency/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">South Dakota</a> in 2024.</p> <p><strong>IN PRACTICE</strong></p> <p>In the spirit of <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2013/08/07/the-blueprint-james-madisons-advice/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">James Madison’s blueprint in <em>Federalist #46</em></a>, the enactment of HB1053 would create “impediments” to the implementation of a CBDC in Georgia. Madison said “a refusal to cooperate with officers of the union” along with “the embarrassments created by legislative devices,” would “oppose, in any State, difficulties not to be despised.”</p> <p>Other states have also taken steps to block the use of CBDCs. <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/07/now-in-effect-indiana-law-bans-use-of-a-cbdc-as-money-in-the-state/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Indiana</a>, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/07/now-in-effect-florida-law-removes-cbdc-from-the-definition-of-money/">Florida</a>, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/02/signed-by-the-governor-two-south-dakota-laws-take-steps-against-a-central-bank-digital-currency/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">South Dakota</a>, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/04/signed-by-the-governor-tennessee-law-excludes-cbdc-from-definition-of-money-and-deposit-account/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Tennessee</a>, and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/03/signed-as-law-utah-excludes-cbdc-from-state-definition-of-legal-tender/">Utah</a> have enacted laws that ban the use of a central bank digital currency (CBDC) as money in the state.</p> <p>How such legislation will play out in practice against a CBDC, should the federal government attempt to implement one, is unknown.</p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/05/states-vs-cbdc-here-comes-the-opposition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Opponents of the legislation</a> generally take the position that states can’t do <strong>anything</strong> to stop a CBDC, since – <a href="https://www.coindesk.com/policy/2023/05/17/floridas-desantis-waging-toothless-campaign-against-digital-dollars-lawyers-say/?utm_medium=referral&amp;utm_source=rss&amp;utm_campaign=headlines" target="_blank" rel="noopener">according to their view</a> – under the supremacy clause <em>“any federal law on this point will automatically override state law.”</em></p> <p>We’ve heard this song and dance on other issues before.</p> <p>In the ramp-up to the 1996 vote on Proposition 215 in California, voters were repeatedly told that legalization of marijuana, even for limited medical purposes, was a fruitless effort, since, under the supremacy clause, any such state law would be automatically overridden by the Controlled Substances Act of 1970 (CSA). At best, opponents told Californians, the state would end up in a costly, and losing court effort.</p> <p>But despite those warnings, Californians voted yes, setting in motion the massive state-level movement we see today, where a growing majority of states have legalized what the federal government prohibits. Ultimately, the federal government will likely have to back down, even if just to save face, because it has become impossible to fully enforce its federal prohibition over this massive state and individual resistance.</p> <p>A similar scenario played out in response to the REAL ID Act of 2005. The <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/05/11/real-id-15-years-on-and-still-not-in-full-effect/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">national ID system still isn’t fully up and running</a> more than 17 years after the “final deadline” for full implementation.</p> <p>Why not?</p> <p>Because a significant number of states decided not to participate, drug their feet, or in some cases, simply provide residents with a choice to opt out. Federal officials have confirmed that state-level roadblocks to implementation are the primary reason for the continuing delays.</p> <p>“Roadblock” is likely the way this legislation to oppose a CBDC could play out, and it’s <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/05/james-madison-vs-a-central-bank-digital-currency/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">part of James Madison’s four-step blueprint</a> for how states can stop federal programs.</p> <p>But, as can be seen so far with issues like marijuana and the REAL ID Act, whether a federal program is implemented or not ultimately gets down to the number of roadblocks put up by states, and the <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/01/compliance-is-violence-dickinson-and-spooner-on-the-path-to-liberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">willingness of the people to participate, or not</a>.</p> <p><strong>CENTRAL BANK DIGITAL CURRENCIES (CBDC)</strong></p> <p>Digital currencies exist as virtual banknotes or coins held in a digital wallet on your computer or smartphone. The difference between a central bank (government) digital currency and peer-to-peer electronic cash such as bitcoin is that the value of the digital currency is backed and controlled by the government, just like traditional fiat currency.</p> <p>Government-issued digital currencies are sold on the promise of providing a safe, convenient, and more secure alternative to physical cash. We’re also told it will help stop dangerous criminals who like the intractability of cash. But there is a darker side – the promise of control.</p> <p>At the root of the move toward government digital currency is “the war on cash.” The elimination of cash creates the potential for the government to track and even control consumer spending.</p> <p>Imagine if there was no cash. It would be impossible to hide even the smallest transaction from the government’s eyes. Something as simple as your morning trip to Starbucks wouldn’t be a secret from government officials. As <a href="https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-06-01/china-is-making-cryptocurrency-to-challenge-bitcoin-and-dollar" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><em>Bloomberg</em> put it</a> in an article published when China launched a digital yuan pilot program in 2020, digital currency “offers China’s authorities a degree of control never possible with physical money.”</p> <p>The government could even “turn off” an individual’s ability to make purchases. <em>Bloomberg</em> described just how much control a digital currency could give Chinese officials.</p> <blockquote><p>The PBOC has also indicated that it could put limits on the sizes of some transactions, or even require an appointment to make large ones. Some observers wonder whether payments could be linked to the emerging social-credit system, wherein citizens with exemplary behavior are ‘whitelisted’ for privileges, while those with criminal and other infractions find themselves left out. ‘China’s goal is not to make payments more convenient but to replace cash, so it can keep closer tabs on people than it already does,’ argues Aaron Brown, a crypto investor who writes for Bloomberg Opinion.”</p></blockquote> <p>Economist Thorsten Polleit outlined the potential for Big Brother-like government control with the advent of a digital euro in <a href="https://mises.org/wire/dangers-lurking-behind-digital-euro" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">an article published by the Mises Wire</a>. As he put it, “the path to becoming a surveillance state regime will accelerate considerably” if and when a digital currency is issued.</p> <p>In 2022, the Federal Reserve released a “discussion paper” examining the pros and cons of a potential US central bank digital dollar. According to <a href="https://www.federalreserve.gov/central-bank-digital-currency.htm" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">the central bank’s website</a>, there has been no decision on implementing a digital currency, but this pilot program reveals the idea is further along than most people realized.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/signed-as-law-georgia-takes-step-against-a-potential-cbdc/">Signed as Law: Georgia Takes Step Against a Potential CBDC</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Federal Reserve State Bills CBDC central bank digital currency Georgia HB1053 Money Mike Maharrey To the Governor: Vermont Bill Would Authorize Overdose Prevention Centers Despite Federal Prohibition https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/to-the-governor-vermont-bill-would-authorize-overdose-prevention-centers-despite-federal-prohibition/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:8428df21-9ba3-6624-6390-bb7a49945c9d Wed, 08 May 2024 22:27:26 +0000 <p>the Vermont House gave final approval to a bill that would authorize the establishment of "overdose prevention centers" in the state despite federal law prohibiting the same.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/to-the-governor-vermont-bill-would-authorize-overdose-prevention-centers-despite-federal-prohibition/">To the Governor: Vermont Bill Would Authorize Overdose Prevention Centers Despite Federal Prohibition</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>MONTPELIER</strong>, Vt. (May 8, 2024) &#8211; Yesterday, the Vermont House gave final approval to a bill that would authorize the establishment of &#8220;overdose prevention centers&#8221; in the state despite federal law prohibiting the same.<span id="more-43660"></span></p> <p>Rep. Taylor Small and a large coalition of cosponsors introduced House Bill 72 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/VT/bill/H0072/2023" target="_blank" rel="noopener">H72</a>) in January. The bill would authorize the establishment of overdose prevention centers (OPC) in the state if approved by the municipal government.</p> <p>Also known as &#8220;safe injection sites,&#8221; the centers would provide a safe place for substance abusers to seek help, treatment, and resources. Drug users would be able to legally possess and use prohibited substances in the centers under medical supervision. OPCs would also provide resources such as clean needles to addicts. Staff on site would be trained to reverse an overdose if needed.</p> <p>H72 would grant amnesty to individuals in possession of a regulated drug in violation of state law while at an overdose prevention center.</p> <p>The House initially passed H72 by <a href="https://legiscan.com/VT/rollcall/H0072/id/1363920" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a 96-35 vote</a>. The Senate approved the measure by <a href="https://legiscan.com/VT/rollcall/H0072/id/1437247" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a 21-8 vote</a>. On May 7, the House approved a Senate amendment, sending the bill to Gov. Phil Scott&#8217;s desk.</p> <p>According to <a href="https://www.cato.org/blog/will-vermont-be-next-state-permit-overdose-prevention-centers" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a paper by the Cato Institute</a>,<em> &#8220;OPCs have been preventing overdose deaths and the spread of infections for more than 40 years. In 2023, there were 147 OPCs operating in 91 communities and 16 countries. Two have been saving lives in New York City since December 2021 and had reversed more than 1,000 overdoses by the summer of 2023.&#8221;</em></p> <p>City officials in Burlington have already indicated they would approve the establishment of an OPC in that city. It would serve as a pilot program. The bill would allocate $1.1 million to establish the OPC in Burlington.</p> <p>Gov. Scott has publicly opposed the bill, calling OPCs &#8220;unproven injection sites,&#8221; but the bill passed both chambers with veto-proof majorities.</p> <p><strong>IMPACT ON FEDERAL PROHIBITION</strong></p> <p>If enacted, H72 would ignore federal law prohibiting OPCs.</p> <p>Known as the &#8220;crackhouse statute,&#8221; <a href="https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/21/856" target="_blank" rel="noopener">21 U.S.C. Section 856</a> makes it illegal to “knowingly open, lease, rent, use, or maintain any place, whether permanently or temporarily, for the purpose of manufacturing, distributing, or using any controlled substance.”</p> <p>Two OPCs already operate in New York City, and Rhode Island passed a law authorizing them in 2022. As the Cato Institute put it, <em>&#8220;New York City and Rhode Island are defying federal law.&#8221;</em></p> <p>Minnesota has also authorized OPCs, but the Minnesota Department of Health has not opened any because “federal law has been interpreted as prohibiting safer use spaces.”</p> <p>But as Cato pointed out, <em>&#8220;As more state and local governments defy federal law and embrace OPCs, it might move Congress to repeal or amend the “crackhouse statute.”</em></p> <p>This is <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2013/08/07/the-blueprint-james-madisons-advice/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">the strategy laid out by James Madison</a> in <em>Federalist #46. </em>A “refusal to cooperate with officers of the Union” provides an extremely effective method to render federal laws, effectively unenforceable because most enforcement actions rely on help, support, and leadership from the states. This legislation could effectively end enforcement of any federal laws deemed to violate the Constitution.</p> <p><strong>LEGAL BASIS</strong></p> <p>States do not have to enforce federal laws and can take action that conflicts with them. This fact rests on a well-established legal principle known as <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/05/23/anti-commandeering-an-overview-of-five-major-supreme-court-cases/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">the anti-commandeering doctrine</a>. Simply put, the federal government cannot force states to help implement or enforce any federal act or program – whether constitutional or not. The anti-commandeering doctrine is based primarily on five Supreme Court cases dating back to 1842.</p> <p>In <strong><em>Murphy v. NCAA</em></strong> (2018), the Court held that Congress can’t take any action that “dictates what a state legislature may and may not do” even when the state action conflicts with federal law. Samuel Alito wrote, “A more direct affront to state sovereignty is not easy to imagine.” He continued:</p> <blockquote><p>The anticommandeering doctrine may sound arcane, but it is simply the expression of a fundamental structural decision incorporated into the Constitution, i.e., the decision to withhold from Congress the power to issue orders directly to the States … Conspicuously absent from the list of powers given to Congress is the power to issue direct orders to the governments of the States. The anticommandeering doctrine simply represents the recognition of this limit on congressional authority.</p></blockquote> <p><strong>No determination of constitutionality is necessary</strong> to invoke the anti-commandeering doctrine. State and local governments can refuse to enforce federal laws or implement federal programs whether they are constitutional or not.</p> <p><strong>WHAT&#8217;S NEXT</strong></p> <p>Gov. Scott will have five days (excluding Sunday) from the date the legislature transmits H72 to his office to sign or veto the law. If he takes no action, it will become law without his signature.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/to-the-governor-vermont-bill-would-authorize-overdose-prevention-centers-despite-federal-prohibition/">To the Governor: Vermont Bill Would Authorize Overdose Prevention Centers Despite Federal Prohibition</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Drug War State Bills H72 overdose prevention centers Vermont Mike Maharrey Missouri House Committee Passes Bill to Treat Gold and Silver as Legal Tender https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/missouri-house-committee-passes-bill-to-treat-gold-silver-as-legal-tender/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:73935983-bdc8-85af-2015-e09f6db8ec4a Wed, 08 May 2024 20:04:37 +0000 <p>Under the proposed law, gold and silver in physical or electronic form would be accepted as legal tender and would be receivable in payment of all debts contracted for in the state of Missouri. The state would be required to accept gold and silver for the payment of public debts. Private debts could be settled in gold and silver at the parties’ discretion.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/missouri-house-committee-passes-bill-to-treat-gold-silver-as-legal-tender/">Missouri House Committee Passes Bill to Treat Gold and Silver as Legal Tender</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>JEFFERSON CITY</strong>, Mo. (May 8, 2024) – Today, a Missouri House committee passed the “Constitutional Money Act,” a bill that would treat gold and silver as legal tender, and eliminate state capital gains tax on the same.<span id="more-43654"></span></p> <p>Sen. William Eigel along with Sen. Mike Moon filed Senate Bill 735 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/MO/bill/SB735/2024" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SB735</a>) on Dec. 1. Under the proposed law, gold and silver in physical or electronic form would be accepted as legal tender and would be receivable in payment of all debts contracted for in the state of Missouri. The state would be <strong>required</strong> to accept gold and silver for the payment of public debts. Private debts could be settled in gold and silver <strong>at the parties’ discretion</strong>.</p> <p>On May 8, the House Emerging Issues Committee passed SB735 by a 10-3 vote. Last month, the Senate approved the measure by a <a href="https://www.senate.mo.gov/24info/pdf-jrnl/DAY57.pdf#page=3" target="_blank" rel="noopener">21-10 vote</a>.</p> <p>The Director of the Department of Revenue would be tasked with “promulgating rules on the methods of acceptance of specie legal tender as payment for any debt, tax, fee, or obligation owed.”</p> <p>Practically speaking, this would allow Missourians to use gold or silver as money rather than just as mere investment vehicles. In effect, it would put gold and silver on the same footing as Federal Reserve notes.</p> <p>Passage into law would make Missouri the fifth state to recognize gold and silver as legal tender. Utah led the way, reestablishing constitutional money in 2011. <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/03/new-wyoming-legal-tender-law-treats-gold-and-silver-as-money-foundation-to-undermine-the-federal-reserve/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Wyoming,</a> <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2014/06/oklahoma-reaffirms-gold-and-silver-as-legal-tender-under-new-law/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Oklahoma</a>, and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/07/now-in-effect-arkansas-law-makes-gold-and-silver-legal-tender-in-the-state/">Arkansas</a> have since joined.</p> <p>The effect has been most dramatic in Utah where the legal tender law opened the door for the development of a gold and silver market in the state. With some legal hurdles cleared away by the state, <a href="https://upma.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">the United Precious Metal Association</a> (UPMA) in partnership with <a href="https://alpinegold.com/">Alpine Gold Exchange</a> set up the state’s first “gold bank.” The Utah Specie Legal Tender Act has also led to the creation of <a href="https://goldback.com/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Goldbacks</a>, a local, voluntary medium of exchange. Goldbacks are notes made from fractions of an ounce of physical gold. The company created a process that turns pure gold into a spendable physical form for small transactions.</p> <p><strong>REMOVING TAXES AND FUNCTIONAL MONEY</strong></p> <p>SB735 would also exempt the sale of gold and silver bullion from the state’s capital gains tax.</p> <p>Missouri is already one of 45 states that do not levy <strong>sales</strong> tax on gold and silver bullion. Exempting the sale of bullion from <strong>capital gains taxes</strong> takes another step toward treating gold and silver as money instead of commodities. Taxes on precious metal bullion erect barriers to using gold and silver as money by raising transaction costs. As <a href="https://www.soundmoneydefense.org/">Sound Money Defense League</a> policy director Jp Cortez testified during a committee hearing on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/07/wyoming-legal-tender-act-treats-gold-and-silver-as-money-foundation-to-undermine-the-federal-reserve/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">a similar bill in Wyoming</a> in 2018, charging taxes on <em>money itself</em> is beyond the pale.</p> <blockquote><p>“In effect, states that collect taxes on purchases of precious metals are inherently saying gold and silver are not money at all.”</p></blockquote> <p>Imagine if you asked a grocery clerk to break a $5 bill and he charged you a 35-cent tax. Silly, right? After all, you were only exchanging one form of money for another. But that’s essentially what a sales tax on gold and silver bullion does. By eliminating this tax on the exchange of gold and silver, Missouri would treat specie as money instead of a commodity. This represents a small step toward reestablishing gold and silver as legal tender and breaking down the Fed’s monopoly on money.</p> <p>“We ought not to tax money – and that’s a good idea. It makes no sense to tax money,” former U.S. <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2017/03/ron-paul-testimony-in-support-of-arizona-sound-money-bill-hb2014/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Rep. Ron Paul said during testimony in support of an Arizona bill</a> that repealed capital gains taxes on gold and silver in that state. “Paper is not money, it’s fraud,” he continued.</p> <p>Additional provisions to include the electronic transfer of 100 percent-backed gold and silver are crucial in this digital age. It would make gold and silver “functional money.” According to <a href="https://www.citizens4soundmoney.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Citizens for Sound Money</a>, a grassroots group supporting the bill, accepting electronic gold and silver for payment of goods and services would save business owners between 200 and 400 percent on credit card transaction fees.</p> <p><strong>FEDERAL CONFISCATION SCHEMES</strong></p> <p>SB735 includes provisions prohibiting any state or local cooperation with federal actions to confiscate gold or silver or that interfere with a person&#8217;s right to use legal tender in Missouri.</p> <blockquote><p>&#8220;Under no circumstance shall the state of Missouri or any department, agency, court, political subdivision, or instrumentality thereof enforce or attempt to enforce any federal acts, laws, executive orders, administrative orders, rules, regulations, statutes, or ordinances infringing on the right of a person to keep and use specie legal tender and electronic currency as provided in this section.&#8221;</p></blockquote> <p>Based on James Madison’s advice for states and individuals in <em>Federalist #46</em>, a “refusal to cooperate with officers of the Union” provides an extremely effective method to render federal laws, effectively unenforceable because most enforcement actions rely on help, support, and leadership from the states. This legislation could effectively end enforcement of any federal laws deemed to violate the Constitution.</p> <p>Fox News senior judicial analyst Judge Andrew Napolitano agreed this type of approach would be extremely effective. In a televised discussion on federal gun laws, he noted that a single state refusing to cooperate with enforcement would make federal gun laws “nearly impossible” to enforce.</p> <p>The federal government relies heavily on state cooperation to implement and enforce almost all of its laws, regulations, and acts. By simply withdrawing this necessary cooperation, states can nullify in effect many federal actions. As noted by the National Governor’s Association during the partial government shutdown of 2013, “States are partners with the federal government on most federal programs.”</p> <p>The provisions prohibiting the state from enforcing or implementing certain federal acts rest on a well-established legal principle known as <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/05/23/anti-commandeering-an-overview-of-five-major-supreme-court-cases/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">the anti-commandeering doctrine</a>. Simply put, the federal government cannot force states to help implement or enforce any federal act or program – whether constitutional or not. The anti-commandeering doctrine is based primarily on five Supreme Court cases dating back to 1842.</p> <p><strong>BACKGROUND</strong></p> <p>The provisions in SB735 would treat gold and silver more like money instead of commodities. They would also lower barriers to using gold and silver in transactions, and they would help undermine the Federal Reserve’s monopoly on money.</p> <p>The United States Constitution states in Article I, Section 10, “No State shall…make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts.” Currently, all debts and taxes in Missouri are either paid with Federal Reserve Notes (dollars) authorized as legal tender by Congress or with coins issued by the U.S. Treasury — very few of which have gold or silver in them. Passage of SB735 would allow Missourians to pay state obligations with gold and silver.</p> <p>The Federal Reserve destroys this constitutional monetary system by creating a monopoly based on its fiat currency. Without the backing of gold or silver, the central bank can easily create money out of thin air. This not only devalues your purchasing power over time; it also allows the federal government to borrow and spend far beyond what would be possible in a sound money system. Without the Fed, the U.S. government wouldn’t be able to maintain all of its unconstitutional wars and programs. <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/06/17/the-federal-reserve-the-engine-that-powers-the-most-powerful-government-in-history/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">The Federal Reserve is the engine that drives the most powerful government in the history of the world</a>.</p> <p>In <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2017/04/04/ending-the-federal-reserve-from-the-bottom-up/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a paper</a> presented at the Mises Institute, Constitutional tender expert Professor William Greene said when people in multiple states actually start using gold and silver instead of Federal Reserve Notes, it would effectively nullify the Federal Reserve and end the federal government’s monopoly on money.</p> <blockquote><p>“Over time, as residents of the state use both Federal Reserve notes and silver and gold coins, the fact that the coins hold their value more than Federal Reserve notes do will lead to a “reverse Gresham’s Law” effect, where good money (gold and silver coins) will drive out bad money (Federal Reserve notes). As this happens, a cascade of events can begin to occur, including the flow of real wealth toward the state’s treasury, an influx of banking business from outside of the state – as people in other states carry out their desire to bank with sound money – and an eventual outcry against the use of Federal Reserve notes for any transactions.”</p></blockquote> <p>Once things get to that point, Federal Reserve notes would become largely unwanted and irrelevant for ordinary people. Nullifying the Fed on a state-by-state level is what will get us there.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>SB735 can now move to the full House for further consideration. Should it pass without amendment, it will go to the Governor&#8217;s desk.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/missouri-house-committee-passes-bill-to-treat-gold-silver-as-legal-tender/">Missouri House Committee Passes Bill to Treat Gold and Silver as Legal Tender</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Federal Reserve State Bills Gold Legal Tender Missouri Money SB735 Silver Sound Money Mike Maharrey War and Foreign Policy: Top-5 Influences on the Founders https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/war-and-foreign-policy-top-5-influences-on-the-founders/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:a0d5bbdf-fb46-676f-b763-6cd0b67b9efd Wed, 08 May 2024 19:58:52 +0000 <p>They’re mostly ignored or forgotten today. But, to the founders, these five formed an international law and foreign policy pantheon.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/war-and-foreign-policy-top-5-influences-on-the-founders/">War and Foreign Policy: Top-5 Influences on the Founders</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>They’re mostly ignored or forgotten today. But, to the founders, these five formed an international law and foreign policy pantheon.</p> <p>Path to Liberty: May 8, 2024 <span id="more-43653"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://music.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLZyloySS5-JRy0n9f-rB2wgB7Ru1E28pK&amp;si=YA6lJdcQshShT1GJ" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Youtube Music</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/iFmYq6ScAt8?si=Sa7fhkPIZ_38WwGQ" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; web-share" referrerpolicy="strict-origin-when-cross-origin" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/05/06/the-ideas-that-formed-the-constitution-vattel-and-the-law-of-nations/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Natelson &#8211; The ideas that formed the Constitution: Vattel and the Law of Nations</a></p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Adams/04-03-02-0240" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Abigail Adams &#8211; Letter to John Quincy Adams (20 Mar 1780)</a></p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/search/Date%3A1783-01-23" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Report on Books for Congress (23 Jan 1783)</a></p> <p><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugo_Grotius#De_Jure_Belli_ac_Pacis" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Hugo Grotius</a></p> <p><a href="https://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/founders/documents/v1ch7s17.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener">James Wilson &#8211; Pennsylvania Ratifying Convention (11 Dec 1787)</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/grotius-the-rights-of-war-and-peace-1901-ed" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Grotius &#8211; The Rights of War and Peace</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/johnston-the-correspondence-and-public-papers-of-john-jay-vol-3-1782-1793#lf1530-03_head_280" target="_blank" rel="noopener">John Jay &#8211; Charge to Grandy Jury, Richmond Virginia</a></p> <p><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_von_Pufendorf#De_iure_naturae_et_gentium" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Wiki: Samuel von Pufendorf &#8211; The Law of Nature and Nations</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/11/03/samuel-von-pufendorf-a-lasting-though-forgotten-influence-on-our-founding-fathers/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Joe Wolverton &#8211; Samuel von Pufendorf: A Lasting, Though Forgotten, Influence on Our Founding Fathers</a></p> <p><a href="https://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/washing.asp" target="_blank" rel="noopener">George Washington &#8211; Farewell Address (19 Sept 1796)</a></p> <p><a href="https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=njp.32101077778114&amp;seq=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Pufendorf &#8211; The Law of Nature and Nations &#8211; full text</a></p> <p><a href="https://i2i.org/wp-content/uploads/Immigration-BJALS-final.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Natelson &#8211; Define and Punish Clause</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/08/09/forgotten-influences-of-the-founders/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Joe Wolverton &#8211; Forgotten Influences of the Founders</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/korkman-the-principles-of-natural-and-politic-law" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Burlamaqui &#8211; The Principles of Natural and Politic Law</a></p> <p><a href="https://avalon.law.yale.edu/19th_century/jefinau1.asp" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Thomas Jefferson &#8211; First Inaugural (4 Mar 1801)</a></p> <p><a href="https://teachingamericanhistory.org/document/the-american-crisis-2/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Thomas Paine &#8211; The American Crisis (23 Dec 1776)</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.libertyfund.org/books/the-law-of-nations-treated-according-to-the-scientific-method/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Christian Wolff &#8211; The Law of Nations Treated According to the Scientific Method</a></p> <p><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emer_de_Vattel" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Wiki &#8211; Emer de Vattel</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/pages/vattel-life-and-works" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Vattel &#8211; Life and Works</a></p> <p><a href="https://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/whatmore-the-law-of-nations-lf-ed" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Emer de Vattel &#8211; The Law of Nations</a></p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Madison/01-15-02-0423" target="_blank" rel="noopener">James Madison &#8211; Political Observations (20 Apr 1795)</a></p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES</strong><br /> <a href="https://rumble.com/v4tv5cq-war-and-foreign-policy-top-5-influences-on-the-founders.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Rumble</a></p> <p><a href="https://odysee.com/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6/path-050824:a" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Odysee</a></p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/TenthAmendment/status/1788244900666044590" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on X</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.minds.com/newsfeed/1635019395006730248" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Minds</a></p> <p><a href="https://fb.watch/rXxutc_uCj/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Facebook</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.bitchute.com/video/uwHnY9Mzl3ud/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Bitchute</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.brighteon.com/849d964a-5436-44f5-81ea-dd847d8333ab" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Brighteon</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.tiktok.com/@tenthamendmentcenter/video/7366719212745755946" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on TikTok</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.linkedin.com/events/warandforeignpolicy-top-5influe7193817209125679106/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on LinkedIn</a></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/war-and-foreign-policy-top-5-influences-on-the-founders/">War and Foreign Policy: Top-5 Influences on the Founders</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Foreign Policy Founding Principles Path to Liberty War Powers Emer de Vattel Hugo Grotius International Law Jean Jacque Burlamaqui Law of Nations Peace Samuel von Pufendorf war Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center 37:23 false They’re mostly ignored or forgotten today. But, to the founders, these five formed an international law and foreign policy pantheon. They’re mostly ignored or forgotten today. But, to the founders, these five formed an international law and foreign policy pantheon. Signed by the Governor: Alabama Law Prohibits Credit Card Codes to Track Firearms Purchases https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/signed-by-the-governor-alabama-law-prohibits-credit-card-codes-to-track-firearms-purchases/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:4ea40389-c69c-d9cb-290d-1e1dd282f5f4 Tue, 07 May 2024 17:20:10 +0000 <p>The new law will “prohibit a financial institution from requiring merchants to use a merchant category code (MCC) to distinguish a firearms retailer from a general merchandise retailer or a sporting goods retailer during a firearms transaction amounting to financial surveillance and from disclosing financial information regarding the transaction.”</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/signed-by-the-governor-alabama-law-prohibits-credit-card-codes-to-track-firearms-purchases/">Signed by the Governor: Alabama Law Prohibits Credit Card Codes to Track Firearms Purchases</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>MONTGOMERY, </strong>Ala. (May 7, 2024) – Yesterday, Alabama Gov. Kay Ivey signed the Second Amendment Financial Privacy Act into law. It prohibits financial institutions operating in the state from using a credit card merchant code to enable the tracking of firearm and ammunition purchases.<span id="more-43651"></span></p> <p>Sen. Tim Melson introduced Senate Bill 281 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/AL/bill/SB281/2024">SB281</a>). The new law will <em>“prohibit a financial institution from requiring merchants to use a merchant category code (MCC) to distinguish a firearms retailer from a general merchandise retailer or a sporting goods retailer during a firearms transaction amounting to financial surveillance and from disclosing financial information regarding the transaction.”</em></p> <p>The House passed the measure by a vote of 85-5. It passed the Senate unanimously, 32-0. With <a href="https://arc-sos.state.al.us/cgi/actdetail.mbr/detail?year=2024&amp;act=%20232&amp;page=year" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Gov. Ivey&#8217;s signature</a> the new law goes into effect on Oct. 1, 2024.</p> <p>Under the law, a financial institution can only disclose “protected financial information” if they get written authorization from the customer or if a court-issued subpoena requires disclosure.</p> <p>Protected financial information is defined as “Any record of sale, purchase, return, or refund involving a payment card that is retrieved, characterized, generated, labeled, sorted, or grouped based on the assignment of a firearms code.”</p> <p>The State Attorney General is also authorized to investigate alleged violations. Those found guilty in a court of law will be subject to a fine of no more than $10,000 per violation.</p> <p>In response to legislation like SB281, the major credit card payment networks have “<a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/04/firearm-financial-privacy-nullification-status-report/">paused</a>” implementation of the firearms merchant code. In an email to Reuters, a Mastercard representative said such bills would cause “inconsistency” in how the code could be applied by merchants, banks, and payment networks. The more states that ban such codes, the more likely this program gets scrapped permanently.</p> <p><strong>IMPACT ON FEDERAL PROGRAMS</strong></p> <p>Concern about the misuse of firearms databases isn’t just paranoia. The <a href="https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2023/feb/27/taliban-using-fingerprints-gun-records-track-down-/">Taliban has reportedly used a firearm ownership database created by the U.S. government</a> to track down gun owners and confiscate firearms in Afghanistan. This goes to show that even if you trust the people creating the database, it can fall into the wrong hands. In other words, the very existence of a database is a danger.</p> <p>The feds can share and tap into vast amounts of information gathered at the state and local level through fusion centers and a system known as the “information sharing environment” or ISE.</p> <p>Fusion centers were sold as a tool to combat terrorism, but that is not how they are being used. The ACLU pointed to a <a href="https://www.hsgac.senate.gov/subcommittees/investigations/media/investigative-report-criticizes-counterterrorism-reporting-waste-at-state-and-local-intelligence-fusion-centers">bipartisan congressional report</a> to demonstrate the true nature of government fusion centers: “They haven’t contributed anything meaningful to counterterrorism efforts. Instead, they have largely served as police surveillance and information sharing nodes for law enforcement efforts targeting the frequent subjects of police attention: Black and brown people, immigrants, dissidents, and the poor.”</p> <p>Fusion centers operate within the broader ISE. According to <a href="http://www.dni.gov/index.php/about/organization/information-sharing-environment-what-we-do">its website</a>, the ISE “provides analysts, operators, and investigators with information needed to enhance national security. These analysts, operators, and investigators…have mission needs to collaborate and share information with each other and with private sector partners and our foreign allies.” In other words, ISE serves as a conduit for the sharing of information gathered without a warrant. Known ISE partners include the Office of Director of National Intelligence which oversees 17 federal agencies and organizations, including the NSA. ISE utilizes these partnerships to collect and share data on the millions of unwitting people they track.</p> <p>In practice, local data collection using ALPRs, stingrays, drones and other spy technologies create the potential for the federal government to obtain and store information on millions of Americans including phone calls, emails, web browsing history, location history, and text messages, all with no warrant, no probable cause, and without the people even knowing it.</p> <p>In a nutshell, without state and local assistance, the feds have a much more difficult time gathering information. When the state limits surveillance and data collection, it means less information the feds can tap into. This represents a major blow to the surveillance state and a win for privacy.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/signed-by-the-governor-alabama-law-prohibits-credit-card-codes-to-track-firearms-purchases/">Signed by the Governor: Alabama Law Prohibits Credit Card Codes to Track Firearms Purchases</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Right to Keep and Bear Arms State Bills Surveillance 2nd Amendment Financial Privacy Act Alabama Financial Surveillance HB389 Merchant Category Codes SB281 surveillance Michael Boldin No Deal for Gun Control: North Carolina Rejects British Offer from General Clinton https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/no-deal-for-gun-control-north-carolina-rejects-british-offer-from-general-clinton/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:96a928cc-e4d2-067d-53e8-c184ba30d624 Mon, 06 May 2024 20:15:49 +0000 <p>No deal. That’s pretty much how North Carolina patriots responded to British Major General Henry Clinton’s proclamation condemning what he called their “wicked rebellion” along with his offer of amnesty for everyone, but two, in exchange for giving up their arms, and more.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/no-deal-for-gun-control-north-carolina-rejects-british-offer-from-general-clinton/">No Deal for Gun Control: North Carolina Rejects British Offer from General Clinton</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>No deal. That’s pretty much how North Carolina patriots responded to British Major General Henry Clinton’s proclamation condemning what he called their “wicked rebellion” along with his offer of amnesty for everyone, but two, in exchange for giving up their arms, and more.</p> <p>Path to Liberty: May 6, 2024 <span id="more-43644"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://music.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLZyloySS5-JRy0n9f-rB2wgB7Ru1E28pK&amp;si=YA6lJdcQshShT1GJ" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Youtube Music</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/X4vxWvMFVYY?si=iffvzw6CwH1USJQf" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; web-share" referrerpolicy="strict-origin-when-cross-origin" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/SWOConnell/status/1654538950080593945" rel="noopener" target="_blank">SW O’Connell on X</a></p> <p><a href="https://docsouth.unc.edu/csr/index.php/document/csr10-0252" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Proclamation by Henry Clinton concerning loyalty to Great Britain (5 May 1776)</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/07/01/no-deal-when-the-british-offered-amnesty-for-gun-control/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">TJ Martinell &#8211; No Deal: When the British Offered Amnesty in Exchange for Gun Control</a></p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Hamilton/01-01-02-0054" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Alexander Hamilton &#8211; A Full Vindication of the Measures of the Congress (15 Dec 1774)</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/07/18/today-in-history-fairfax-resolves-condemning-british-constitutional-violations-adopted/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Maharrey &#8211; Fairfax Resolves Condemning British Constitutional Violations Adopted</a></p> <p><a href="https://davekopel.org/2A/LawRev/american-revolution-against-british-gun-control.html" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Dave Kopel &#8211; The American Revolution against British Gun Control</a></p> <p><a href="https://digital.tcl.sc.edu/digital/collection/wtj/id/320" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Rev. William Tennent &#8211; Letter to the Editor (23 Aug 1774)</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2015/08/12/how-the-british-gun-control-program-precipitated-the-american-revolution/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">TJ Martinell &#8211; How the British Gun Control Program Precipitated the American Revolution</a></p> <p><a href="https://deliverypdf.ssrn.com/delivery.php?ID=529106093087072001122066080005015126029069029053059024023104080010118064109097104023033010062037057098105109082080124105003000005049053081003082107122125112104003075039086087025125112087117073017085096094068084090007113087015005074085084127072116&amp;EXT=pdf&amp;INDEX=TRUE" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Dave Kopel &#8211; British Gun Control</a></p> <p><a href="https://digital.lib.niu.edu/islandora/object/niu-amarch%3A79032" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Order of the King (19 Oct 1774)</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/04/it-was-gun-control-what-started-the-war-for-independence/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Episode &#8211; It Was Gun Control: What Started the War for Independence</a></p> <p><a href="https://docsouth.unc.edu/csr/index.php/document/csr09-0412" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Letters concerning news of the Battle of Lexington in Massachusetts (20 Apr-09 May 1775)</a></p> <p><a href="https://allthingsliberty.com/2021/07/north-carolinas-response-to-the-battles-of-lexington-and-concord/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Travis Copeland &#8211; North Carolina’s Response to Lexington and Concord</a></p> <p><a href="https://guncite.com/journals/halvt.html" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Stephen Halbrook &#8211; The Right To Bear Arms In The First State Bills Of Rights: Pennsylvania, North Carolina, Vermont, And Massachusetts</a></p> <p><a href="https://docsouth.unc.edu/csr/index.php/document/csr09-0424" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Gov. Josiah Martin &#8211; Letter to Earl of Dartmouth (18 May 1775)</a> </p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/05/the-wicked-rebellion-general-clintons-amnesty-offer-and-north-carolinas-rejection/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Maharrey &#8211; The Wicked Rebellion: General Clinton’s Amnesty Offer and North Carolina’s Rejection</a></p> <p><a href="https://docsouth.unc.edu/csr/index.php/document/csr10-0011" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Circular letter from William Hooper, Joseph Hewes, and Richard Caswell to the inhabitants of North Carolina (19 June 1775)</a></p> <p><a href="https://docsouth.unc.edu/csr/index.php/document/csr10-0081" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Josiah Martin &#8211; “Fiery Proclamation”</a> </p> <p><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Moore%27s_Creek_Bridge" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Battle of Moore’s Creek Bridge</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/04/first-for-independence-the-halifax-resolves-of-1776/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Episode &#8211; First for Independence: The Halifax Resolves of 1776</a></p> <p><a href="https://docsouth.unc.edu/csr/index.php/document/csr10-0252" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Proclamation by Henry Clinton concerning loyalty to Great Britain (5 May 1776)</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/06/no-deal-for-gun-control/" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Episode &#8211; No Deal for Gun Control</a></p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES</strong><br /> <a href="https://rumble.com/v4tg0dr-no-deal-for-gun-control-north-carolina-rejects-british-offer-from-general-c.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Rumble</a></p> <p><a href="https://odysee.com/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6/path-050624:9" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Odysee</a></p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/TenthAmendment/status/1787520274419876029" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on X</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.minds.com/newsfeed/1634286305472942097" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Minds</a></p> <p><a href="https://fb.watch/rUSECM4_HV/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Facebook</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.bitchute.com/video/zdEwD4zZh3WM/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Bitchute</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.brighteon.com/62189573-da24-4365-bcc1-ff7d0e214d1d" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Brighteon</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.linkedin.com/events/nodealforguncontrol-northcaroli7193023514814173184/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on LinkedIn</a></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/no-deal-for-gun-control-north-carolina-rejects-british-offer-from-general-clinton/">No Deal for Gun Control: North Carolina Rejects British Offer from General Clinton</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. American Revolution Audio/Video Path to Liberty Right to Keep and Bear Arms British Gun Control Cornelius Harnett Henry Clinton Josiah Martin North Carolina Robert Howe Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center 42:21 false No deal. That’s pretty much how North Carolina patriots responded to British Major General Henry Clinton’s proclamation condemning what he called their “wicked rebellion” along with his offer of amnesty for everyone, but two, No deal. That’s pretty much how North Carolina patriots responded to British Major General Henry Clinton’s proclamation condemning what he called their “wicked rebellion” along with his offer of amnesty for everyone, but two, in exchange for giving up their arms, and more. Now In Effect: Utah Law Limits Warrantless Biometric Surveillance https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/now-in-effect-utah-law-limits-warrantless-biometric-surveillance/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:085348cf-c6da-34c6-3d3d-123564eaaf84 Mon, 06 May 2024 18:45:14 +0000 <p>SALT LAKE CITY, Utah (May 6, 2024) – Last week, a Utah law putting limits on warrantless biometric surveillance went into effect. This is another advance in Utah’s step-by-step approach to protect privacy and limit the surveillance state. Sen. Daniel McCay and Rep. Ryan Wilcox introduced Senate Bill 231 (SB231) on Feb. 12. The new [&#8230;]</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/now-in-effect-utah-law-limits-warrantless-biometric-surveillance/">Now In Effect: Utah Law Limits Warrantless Biometric Surveillance</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>SALT LAKE CITY</strong>, Utah (May 6, 2024) – Last week, a Utah law putting limits on warrantless biometric surveillance went into effect. This is another advance in Utah’s <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/04/01/utahs-step-by-step-strategy-against-the-surveillance-state/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">step-by-step approach</a> to protect privacy and limit the surveillance state.<span id="more-43640"></span></p> <p>Sen. Daniel McCay and Rep. Ryan Wilcox introduced Senate Bill 231 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/UT/bill/SB0231/2024" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SB231</a>) on Feb. 12. The new law prohibits government entities, including law enforcement agencies, from obtaining biometric surveillance information without a warrant and a publicly available written policy outlining the agency’s use of such biometric surveillance.</p> <p>Biometric surveillance is defined as “the analysis of surveillance information using biometric software to identify an individual’s identity or location using the individual’s physical attributes or manner.”</p> <p>This includes iris scans, voice recognition, heart rate scanners, software that analyzes a person’s gait or distinctive movements, etc. The law explicitly excludes facial recognition from the definition of biometric surveillance.</p> <p>The new law allows warrantless biometric surveillance on “authorized property” including police stations, correction facilities, elementary and secondary schools, courthouses, airports, and other “critical infrastructure.” The law also allows warrantless biometric surveillance in accordance with a judicially recognized exception to the warrant requirement, or if there is a “public safety threat” defined as “a documented reasonable articulable suspicion of a threat to commit a violent felony by a specific individual towards a person, a group of people, or a place; or a threat by a specific individual to commit an offense under Section 76-5-107, Threat of Violence.”</p> <p>The Senate passed SB231 by <a href="https://legiscan.com/UT/rollcall/SB0231/id/1396157" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a 25-0 vote</a>. The House approved the measure <a href="https://legiscan.com/UT/rollcall/SB0231/id/1400641" target="_blank" rel="noopener">65-3</a>. With Gov. Spencer Cox’s signature, the law went into effect on May 1.</p> <p><strong>IMPACT ON FEDERAL SURVEILLANCE PROGRAMS</strong></p> <p>The feds can share and tap into vast amounts of information gathered at the state and local level through fusion centers and a system known as the “information sharing environment” or ISE. In other words, stingrays create the potential for the federal government to track the movement of millions of Americans with no warrant, no probable cause, and without the people even knowing it.</p> <p>Fusion centers were sold as a tool to combat terrorism, but that is not how they are being used. The ACLU pointed to a <a href="https://www.hsgac.senate.gov/subcommittees/investigations/media/investigative-report-criticizes-counterterrorism-reporting-waste-at-state-and-local-intelligence-fusion-centers" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">bipartisan congressional report</a> to demonstrate the true nature of government fusion centers: “They haven’t contributed anything meaningful to counterterrorism efforts. Instead, they have largely served as police surveillance and information sharing nodes for law enforcement efforts targeting the frequent subjects of police attention: Black and brown people, immigrants, dissidents, and the poor.”</p> <p>Fusion centers operate within the broader ISE. According to <a href="http://www.dni.gov/index.php/about/organization/information-sharing-environment-what-we-do" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">its website</a>, the ISE “provides analysts, operators, and investigators with information needed to enhance national security. These analysts, operators, and investigators…have mission needs to collaborate and share information with each other and with private sector partners and our foreign allies.” In other words, ISE serves as a conduit for the sharing of information gathered without a warrant. Known ISE partners include the Office of Director of National Intelligence which oversees 17 federal agencies and organizations, including the NSA. ISE utilizes these partnerships to collect and share data on the millions of unwitting people they track.</p> <p>Limiting information collected by state and local law enforcement agencies limits the amount of information that can flow into federal databases through fusion centers and the ISE.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/now-in-effect-utah-law-limits-warrantless-biometric-surveillance/">Now In Effect: Utah Law Limits Warrantless Biometric Surveillance</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. State Bills Surveillance biometric surveillance Privacy SB231 surveillance Utah Mike Maharrey The Constitution vs the National Bank: Edmund Randolph’s Analysis https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/the-constitution-vs-the-national-bank-edmund-randolphs-analysis/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:87d04175-3667-9678-376e-f4297747ee2a Fri, 03 May 2024 22:16:05 +0000 <p>George Washington asked his attorney general to give his opinion on whether he felt Alexander Hamilton’s Bank Bill was constitutional. The answer was a resounding no.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/the-constitution-vs-the-national-bank-edmund-randolphs-analysis/">The Constitution vs the National Bank: Edmund Randolph’s Analysis</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p>George Washington asked his attorney general to give his opinion on whether he felt Alexander Hamilton’s Bank Bill was constitutional. The answer was a resounding no.</p> <p>Path to Liberty, Fast Friday Edition: May 3, 2024 <span id="more-43639"></span></p> <p>Subscribe: <a href="https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/path-to-liberty/id1440549211?app=podcast&amp;mt=2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Apple</a> | <a href="https://open.spotify.com/show/7iRUIPjKQLyfKbunOuYIBq" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Spotify</a> | <a href="https://www.podbean.com/podcast-detail/b4yrd-92c48/Path-to-Liberty-Podcast" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Podbean</a> | <a href="https://music.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLZyloySS5-JRy0n9f-rB2wgB7Ru1E28pK&amp;si=YA6lJdcQshShT1GJ" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Youtube Music</a> | <a href="https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=340324&amp;refid=stpr" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Stitcher</a> | <a href="https://tunein.com/podcasts/News--Politics-Podcasts/Path-to-Liberty-p1357275/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">TuneIn</a> | <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/category/video/good-morning-liberty/feed/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">RSS</a> | <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">More Platforms Here</a></p> <p><iframe width="1280" height="720" src="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/U0MwG0DPOyM?si=DIYYqDglFMRhdLSv" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; web-share" referrerpolicy="strict-origin-when-cross-origin" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><strong>SHOW LINKS:</strong><br /> <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">JOIN TAC</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/pathtoliberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Show Archives</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2021/04/james-madison-the-constitution-vs-the-national-bank/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Episode &#8211; James Madison: The Constitution vs the National Bank</a></p> <p><a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/02/edmund-randolph-vs-the-national-bank/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Maharrey: Edmund Randolph vs the National Bank</a></p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/05-07-02-0200-0001" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Edmund Randolph &#8211; Letter to George Washington (12 Feb 1791)</a></p> <p><a href="https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/05-07-02-0200-0002" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Edmund Randolph &#8211; Opinion on the Constitutionality of the Bank (12 Feb 1791)</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/03/constitution-101-necessary-and-proper-clause/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Episode &#8211; Constitution 101: Necessary and Proper Clause</a></p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/10/thomas-jefferson-the-constitution-vs-the-national-bank/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Episode: Thomas Jefferson &#8211; The Constitution vs the National Bank</a></p> <p><strong>MORE VIDEO SOURCES</strong><br /> <a href="https://rumble.com/v4sy1xb-the-constitution-vs-the-national-bank-edmund-randolphs-analysis.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Rumble</a></p> <p><a href="https://odysee.com/@TenthAmendmentCenter:6/path-050324:3" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Odysee</a></p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/TenthAmendment/status/1786433055550484790" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on X</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.minds.com/newsfeed/1633192260839411723" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Minds</a></p> <p><a href="https://fb.watch/rQU5CplFyW/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Facebook</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.bitchute.com/video/B4SVhhHud9Ch/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Bitchute</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.brighteon.com/391fc496-4666-40ac-882f-8c5c80f86cdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on Brighteon</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.tiktok.com/@tenthamendmentcenter/video/7364899846513233195" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on TikTok</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.linkedin.com/events/theconstitutionvsthenationalban7191975848218910720/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Watch on LinkedIn</a></p> <p><strong>FOLLOW and SUPPORT TAC:</strong></p> <p>Become a Member: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/members/</a><br /> Email Newsletter: <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register">http://tenthamendmentcenter.com/register</a><br /> RSS: <a href="http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest">http://feeds.feedburner.com/tacdailydigest</a></p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/the-constitution-vs-the-national-bank-edmund-randolphs-analysis/">The Constitution vs the National Bank: Edmund Randolph’s Analysis</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Audio/Video Edmund Randolph Federal Reserve History Path to Liberty Bank Bill End the Fed First Bank of the United States Implied Powers Necessary and Proper Clause Michael Boldin Tenth Amendment Center 16:34 false George Washington asked his attorney general to give his opinion on whether he felt Alexander Hamilton’s Bank Bill was constitutional. The answer was a resounding no. George Washington asked his attorney general to give his opinion on whether he felt Alexander Hamilton’s Bank Bill was constitutional. The answer was a resounding no. Now in Effect: Utah Law Authorizes State Gold and Silver Reserves https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/now-in-effect-utah-law-authorizes-state-gold-and-silver-reserves/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:5462dd18-6450-2340-1d57-e75835dd5c9e Fri, 03 May 2024 12:46:37 +0000 <p>SALT LAKE CITY, Utah (May 3, 2024) – On Wednesday, a Utah law creating a process for the state to invest in and hold precious metals in reserve accounts went into effect. This sets a foundation for the Beehive State to achieve more financial independence and take a small step toward undermining the Federal Reserve’s [&#8230;]</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/now-in-effect-utah-law-authorizes-state-gold-and-silver-reserves/">Now in Effect: Utah Law Authorizes State Gold and Silver Reserves</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>SALT LAKE CITY</strong>, Utah (May 3, 2024) – On Wednesday, a Utah law creating a process for the state to invest in and hold precious metals in reserve accounts went into effect. This sets a foundation for the Beehive State to achieve more financial independence and take a small step toward undermining the Federal Reserve’s monopoly on money.<span id="more-43637"></span></p> <p>Rep. Ken Ivory introduced House Bill 348 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/UT/bill/HB0348/2024" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB348</a>) on Jan. 19.  Under the new law, the state treasurer is authorized to invest up to 10 percent of certain funds in silver, gold, platinum, copper, or palladium. The following funds qualify.</p> <ul> <li>(i) the State Disaster Recovery Restricted Account, created in Section 53-2a-603;</li> <li>(ii) the General Fund Budget Reserve Account, created in Section 63J-1-312;</li> <li>(iii) the Income Tax Fund Budget Reserve Account, created in Section 63J-1-313; and</li> <li>(iv) the Medicaid Growth Reduction and Budget Stabilization Account, created in Section 63J-1-315.</li> </ul> <p>The Senate approved HB348 by <a href="https://legiscan.com/UT/rollcall/HB0348/id/1398797" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a 25-2 vote</a>. The House approved the bill by a <a href="https://legiscan.com/UT/rollcall/HB0348/id/1392945" target="_blank" rel="noopener">vote of 52-18</a>. With Gov. Spencer Cox’s signature, the law went into effect on May 1.</p> <p>The new law also requires the treasurer to “conduct a study analyzing the role of precious metals in augmenting, stabilizing, and ensuring the economic security and prosperity of the state, the families and residents of the state, and businesses in the state.”</p> <p>The enactment of HB348 builds on <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/04/09/utahs-step-by-step-strategy-in-support-of-sound-money/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a number of previous incremental steps Utah has taken to support sound money</a>.</p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/03/signed-as-law-tennessee-authorizes-state-gold-and-silver-reserves/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Tennessee enacted similar legislation</a> last year.</p> <p><strong>IMPACT</strong></p> <p>Holding gold and silver will allow the state of Utah to shield its assets and hedge against rapidly depreciating Federal Reserve notes. Adding gold and silver in reserve could also create a pathway for Utah to maintain financial independence should the U.S. dollar collapse, a very real possibility as the world moves away from the greenback as its reserve currency.</p> <p>In a press release following the passage of HB348, Ivory commented that the law <em>“will position Utah to weather the economic turbulence and inflation resulting from decades of federal fiscal recklessness. Gold and silver have been the best rainy-day investments since Noah. Utahns know a nation cannot print prosperity. Sound money is the key to a sound economy and real, sound wealth.”</em></p> <p>In fact, central banks around the world have been buying gold to limit their dependence on the U.S. dollar. Last year, <a href="https://www.moneymetals.com/news/2024/02/08/central-bank-gold-buying-topped-1000-tons-last-year-fell-just-short-of-2022-record-002978" target="_blank" rel="noopener">central bank net gold purchases totaled 1,037 tons</a>, just 45 tons shy of 2022’s all-time record dating back to the 1950s. According to the World Gold Council, there are two main drivers behind central bank gold buying — its performance during times of crisis and its role as a long-term store of value.</p> <blockquote><p>It’s hardly surprising then that in a year scarred by geopolitical uncertainty and rampant inflation, central banks opted to continue adding gold to their coffers and at an accelerated pace.”</p></blockquote> <p>These factors are as relevant to Utah as they are to India.</p> <p>When Texas <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/06/07/texas-bullion-depository-open-for-business/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">opened its gold depository in 2018</a>, University of Houston political science professor Brandon Rottinghaus made a similar point.</p> <blockquote><p>“This is another in a long line of ways to make Texas more self-reliant and less tethered to the federal government. The financial impact is small but the political impact is telling, Many conservatives are interested in returning to the gold standard and circumvent the Federal reserve in whatever small way they can.”</p></blockquote> <p><strong>BACKGROUND</strong></p> <p>The United States Constitution states in Article I, Section 10, “No State shall…make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts.” Utah has already made gold and silver legal tender in the state, setting the stage for people to use sound money in everyday transactions.</p> <p>The legal tender law opened the door for the development of a gold and silver market in the state. With some legal hurdles cleared away by the state, <a href="https://upma.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">the United Precious Metal Association</a> (UPMA) in partnership with <a href="https://alpinegold.com/">Alpine Gold Exchange</a> set up the state’s first “gold bank.” The Utah Specie Legal Tender Act has also led to the creation of <a href="https://goldback.com/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Goldbacks</a>, a local, voluntary medium of exchange. Goldbacks are notes made from fractions of an ounce of physical gold. The company created a process that turns pure gold into a spendable physical form for small transactions.</p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2018/03/new-wyoming-legal-tender-law-treats-gold-and-silver-as-money-foundation-to-undermine-the-federal-reserve/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Wyoming,</a> <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2014/06/oklahoma-reaffirms-gold-and-silver-as-legal-tender-under-new-law/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Oklahoma</a>, and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/07/now-in-effect-arkansas-law-makes-gold-and-silver-legal-tender-in-the-state/">Arkansas</a> have taken this step, along with Utah</p> <p>Currently, most debts and taxes in most states are either paid with Federal Reserve Notes (dollars) authorized as legal tender by Congress, or with coins issued by the U.S. Treasury — very few of which have gold or silver in them.</p> <p>The Federal Reserve destroys this constitutional monetary system by creating a monopoly based on its fiat currency. Without the backing of gold or silver, the central bank can easily create money out of thin air. This not only devalues your purchasing power over time; it also allows the federal government to borrow and spend far beyond what would be possible in a sound money system. Without the Fed, the U.S. government wouldn’t be able to maintain all of its unconstitutional wars and programs. <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2020/06/17/the-federal-reserve-the-engine-that-powers-the-most-powerful-government-in-history/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Federal Reserve is the engine that drives the most powerful government in the history of the world</a>.</p> <p>HB348 can expand the foundation for sound money in Utah.</p> <p>It would also take another step in the process of abolishing the Federal Reserve system by attacking it from the bottom up – pulling the rug out from under it by working to make its functions irrelevant at the state and local levels and setting the stage to undermine the Federal Reserve monopoly by introducing competition into the monetary system.</p> <p>In <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2017/04/04/ending-the-federal-reserve-from-the-bottom-up/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a paper</a> presented at the Mises Institute, Constitutional tender expert Professor William Greene said when people in multiple states actually start using gold and silver instead of Federal Reserve Notes, it would effectively nullify the Federal Reserve and end the federal government’s monopoly on money.</p> <p>“Over time, as residents of the state use both Federal Reserve notes and silver and gold coins, the fact that the coins hold their value more than Federal Reserve notes do will lead to a “reverse Gresham’s Law” effect, where good money (gold and silver coins) will drive out bad money (Federal Reserve notes). As this happens, a cascade of events can begin to occur, including the flow of real wealth toward the state’s treasury, an influx of banking business from outside of the state – as people in other states carry out their desire to bank with sound money – and an eventual outcry against the use of Federal Reserve notes for any transactions.”</p> <p>Once things get to that point, Federal Reserve notes would become largely unwanted and irrelevant for ordinary people. Nullifying the Fed on a state-by-state level is what will get us there.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/now-in-effect-utah-law-authorizes-state-gold-and-silver-reserves/">Now in Effect: Utah Law Authorizes State Gold and Silver Reserves</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Federal Reserve State Bills Gold HB348 Reserves Silver Sound Money Utah Mike Maharrey Now in Effect: Utah Law Excludes CBDC from State Definition of Legal Tender https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/now-in-effect-utah-law-excludes-cbdc-from-state-definition-of-legal-tender/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:7857d64e-3801-7273-fdf8-9c916ae11933 Thu, 02 May 2024 15:27:53 +0000 <p>The new law specifies that “a central bank digital currency is not specie legal tender and is not legal tender in the state,” effectively excluding CBDC from the state’s definition of money under the Utah Specie Legal Tender Act.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/now-in-effect-utah-law-excludes-cbdc-from-state-definition-of-legal-tender/">Now in Effect: Utah Law Excludes CBDC from State Definition of Legal Tender</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>SALT LAKE CITY</strong>, Utah (May 2, 2024) – Yesterday, a Utah law that expressly excludes a central bank digital currency (CBDC) from the state definitions of legal tender and money went into effect, creating potentially significant roadblocks to its use as such in the state.<span id="more-43632"></span></p> <p>Rep. Tyler Clancy introduced House Bill 164 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/UT/bill/HB0164/2024" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB164</a>) on Jan. 4. Sen. Michael Kennedy sponsored the bill on the Senate side. The new law specifies that “a central bank digital currency is not specie legal tender and is not legal tender in the state,” effectively excluding CBDC from the state’s definition of money under the Utah Specie Legal Tender Act.</p> <p>HB164 also changes the definition of money under the state’s Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) to specify that “Money does not include a central bank digital currency.”</p> <p>The Senate passed HB164 by a <a href="https://le.utah.gov/DynaBill/svotes.jsp?sessionid=2024GS&amp;voteid=594&amp;house=S">27-1 vote</a>. The House approved the measure by <a href="https://legiscan.com/UT/rollcall/HB0164/id/1372165" target="_blank" rel="noopener">a vote of 68-0</a>. With Gov. Spencer Cox&#8217;s signature in March, the new law went into effect on May 1.</p> <p>The new law defines central bank digital currency as “a digital currency, a digital medium of exchange, or a digital monetary unit of account issued by the United States Federal Reserve System, a federal agency, a foreign government, a foreign central bank, or a foreign reserve system, that is made directly available to a consumer by such entities, or processed or validated directly by such entities.”</p> <p>The UCC is a set of uniformly adopted state laws governing commercial transactions in the U.S. According to the <a href="https://www.uniformlaws.org/acts/ucc" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Uniform Law Commission</a>, “Because the UCC has been universally adopted, businesses can enter into contracts with confidence that the terms will be enforced in the same way by the courts of every American jurisdiction. The resulting certainty of business relationships allows businesses to grow and the American economy to thrive. For this reason, the UCC has been called ‘the backbone of American commerce.’</p> <p>Similar legislation has been signed as law in  <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/07/now-in-effect-indiana-law-bans-use-of-a-cbdc-as-money-in-the-state/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Indiana</a>, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/07/now-in-effect-florida-law-removes-cbdc-from-the-definition-of-money/">Florida</a>, <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/02/signed-by-the-governor-two-south-dakota-laws-take-steps-against-a-central-bank-digital-currency/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">South Dakota</a>, and <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/04/signed-by-the-governor-tennessee-law-excludes-cbdc-from-definition-of-money-and-deposit-account/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Tennessee</a>.</p> <p><strong>IN PRACTICE</strong></p> <p>How such legislation would play out in practice against a CBDC, should the federal government attempt to implement one, is unknown.</p> <p><a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/05/states-vs-cbdc-here-comes-the-opposition/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Opponents of the legislation</a> generally take the position that states can’t do <strong>anything</strong> to stop a CBDC, since – <a href="https://www.coindesk.com/policy/2023/05/17/floridas-desantis-waging-toothless-campaign-against-digital-dollars-lawyers-say/?utm_medium=referral&amp;utm_source=rss&amp;utm_campaign=headlines" target="_blank" rel="noopener">according to their view</a> – under the supremacy clause <em>“any federal law on this point will automatically override state law.”</em></p> <p>We’ve heard this song and dance on other issues before.</p> <p>In the ramp-up to the 1996 vote on Proposition 215 in California, voters were repeatedly told that legalization of marijuana, even for limited medical purposes, was a fruitless effort, since, under the supremacy clause, any such state law would be automatically overridden by the Controlled Substances Act of 1970 (CSA). At best, opponents told Californians, the state would end up in a costly, losing court effort.</p> <p>But despite those warnings, Californians voted yes, setting the massive state-level movement we see today into motion. As of today, a growing majority of states have legalized what the federal government prohibits. Ultimately, the federal government will likely have to back down, even if just to save face, because it has become impossible to fully enforce its federal prohibition over this massive state and individual resistance.</p> <p>A similar situation has played out in response to the REAL ID Act of 2005, <a href="https://tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/05/11/real-id-15-years-on-and-still-not-in-full-effect/">already more than 17 years late on full implementation</a> because a significant number of states have decided not to participate, or in some cases, just provide residents with a choice to opt out. There, federal officials have confirmed that state-level roadblocks to implementation are the primary reason for the continuing delays.</p> <p>“Roadblock” is likely how this legislation to oppose a CBDC could play out, and it’s <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2023/05/james-madison-vs-a-central-bank-digital-currency/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">part of James Madison’s four-step blueprint</a> for how states can stop federal programs. Passage would, as <a href="https://www.coindesk.com/policy/2023/05/17/floridas-desantis-waging-toothless-campaign-against-digital-dollars-lawyers-say/?utm_medium=referral&amp;utm_source=rss&amp;utm_campaign=headlines">noted by one opponent of the legislation</a>, put a CBDC <em>“into the bucket of ‘general intangibles’”</em> – rather than money, and wouldn’t ban its use completely.</p> <p>But, as can be seen so far with issues like marijuana and the REAL ID Act, whether a federal program is implemented or not ultimately gets down to the number of roadblocks put up by states, and the <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2022/01/compliance-is-violence-dickinson-and-spooner-on-the-path-to-liberty/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">willingness of the people to participate, or not</a>.</p> <p><strong>CENTRAL BANK DIGITAL CURRENCIES (CBDC)</strong></p> <p>Digital currencies exist as virtual banknotes or coins held in a digital wallet on your computer or smartphone. The difference between a central bank (government) digital currency and peer-to-peer electronic cash such as bitcoin is that the value of the digital currency is backed and controlled by the government, just like traditional fiat currency.</p> <p>Government-issued digital currencies are sold on the promise of providing a safe, convenient, and more secure alternative to physical cash. We’re also told it will help stop dangerous criminals who like the intractability of cash. But there is a darker side – the promise of control.</p> <p>At the root of the move toward government digital currency is “the war on cash.” The elimination of cash creates the potential for the government to track and even control consumer spending.</p> <p>Imagine if there was no cash. It would be impossible to hide even the smallest transaction from the government’s eyes. Something as simple as your morning trip to Starbucks wouldn’t be a secret from government officials. As <a href="https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-06-01/china-is-making-cryptocurrency-to-challenge-bitcoin-and-dollar" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><em>Bloomberg</em> put it</a> in an article published when China launched a digital yuan pilot program in 2020, digital currency “offers China’s authorities a degree of control never possible with physical money.”</p> <p>The government could even “turn off” an individual’s ability to make purchases. <em>Bloomberg</em> described just how much control a digital currency could give Chinese officials.</p> <blockquote><p>The PBOC has also indicated that it could put limits on the sizes of some transactions, or even require an appointment to make large ones. Some observers wonder whether payments could be linked to the emerging social-credit system, wherein citizens with exemplary behavior are ‘whitelisted’ for privileges, while those with criminal and other infractions find themselves left out. ‘China’s goal is not to make payments more convenient but to replace cash, so it can keep closer tabs on people than it already does,’ argues Aaron Brown, a crypto investor who writes for Bloomberg Opinion.”</p></blockquote> <p>Economist Thorsten Polleit outlined the potential for Big Brother-like government control with the advent of a digital euro in <a href="https://mises.org/wire/dangers-lurking-behind-digital-euro" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">an article published by the Mises Wire</a>. As he put it, “the path to becoming a surveillance state regime will accelerate considerably” if and when a digital currency is issued.</p> <p>In 2022, the Federal Reserve released a “discussion paper” examining the pros and cons of a potential US central bank digital dollar. According to <a href="https://www.federalreserve.gov/central-bank-digital-currency.htm" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">the central bank’s website</a>, there has been no decision on implementing a digital currency, but this pilot program reveals the idea is further along than most people realized.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/now-in-effect-utah-law-excludes-cbdc-from-state-definition-of-legal-tender/">Now in Effect: Utah Law Excludes CBDC from State Definition of Legal Tender</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Federal Reserve State Bills CBDC central bank digital currency HB164 Legal Tender Money Specie Legal Tender Act UCC Uniform Commercial Code Utah Mike Maharrey Louisiana House Unanimously Passes Bill To Legalize Limited Raw Milk Sales https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/louisiana-house-unanimously-passes-bill-to-legalize-limited-raw-milk-sales/ Tenth Amendment Center Blog urn:uuid:5dee5690-a6b1-ee69-03f7-aa368c6eabf9 Thu, 02 May 2024 02:53:44 +0000 <p>The legislation would allow farmers to sell unpasteurized cow and goat milk directly to consumers. However, the law would limit raw milk sales to an average of 500 gallons per month.</p> The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/louisiana-house-unanimously-passes-bill-to-legalize-limited-raw-milk-sales/">Louisiana House Unanimously Passes Bill To Legalize Limited Raw Milk Sales</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. <p><strong>BATON ROUGE</strong>, LA. (May 1, 2024) – On Wednesday, the Louisiana House passed a bill that would legalize limited raw milk sales in the state, taking an important step toward nullifying a federal prohibition scheme in practice and effect.<span id="more-43630"></span></p> <p>Rep. Kimberly Coates introduced House Bill 467 (<a href="https://legiscan.com/LA/bill/HB467/2024" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HB467</a>) on Feb. 29. The legislation would allow farmers to sell unpasteurized cow and goat milk directly to consumers. However, the law would limit raw milk sales to an average of 500 gallons per month.</p> <p>Current Louisiana law imposes a complete ban on the sale, transport, and importation of raw milk or raw milk products.</p> <p>On May 1, the Louisiana House passed the bill by <a href="https://www.legis.la.gov/Legis/BillInfo.aspx?s=24RS&amp;b=HB467&amp;sbi=y">a 94-0 vote</a>.</p> <p>HB467 would establish labeling requirements, and sellers would have to meet extensive and strict sanitary regulations under the law.</p> <p>In 2016, a similar bill passed the Louisiana Senate but never received a committee hearing in the House.</p> <p><strong>IMPACT ON FEDERAL PROHIBITION</strong></p> <p>FDA officials insist that unpasteurized milk poses a health risk because of its susceptibility to contamination from cow manure, a source of E. coli.</p> <p>“It is the FDA’s position that raw milk should never be consumed,” agency spokeswoman Tamara N. Ward said in November 2011.</p> <p>The FDA’s position represents more than a matter of opinion. In 1987, the feds implemented 21 CFR 1240.61(a), providing that, <em>“no person shall cause to be delivered into interstate commerce or shall sell, otherwise distribute, or hold for sale or other distribution after shipment in interstate commerce any milk or milk product in final package form for direct human consumption unless the product has been pasteurized.”</em></p> <p>Not only do the feds ban the transportation of raw milk across state lines, but they also claim the authority to ban unpasteurized milk <em>within the borders of a state</em>.</p> <p>“It is within HHS’s authority…to institute an intrastate ban [on unpasteurized milk] as well,” FDA officials wrote in response to a <a href="http://www.farmtoconsumer.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Farm-to-Consumer Legal Defense Fund </a>lawsuit against the agency over the interstate ban.</p> <p>The FDA clearly wants complete prohibition of raw milk and some insiders say it’s only a matter of time before the feds try to institute an absolute ban. Armed raids by FDA agents on companies like Rawsome Foods back in 2011 and Amish farms over the last few years also indicate this scenario may not be too far off.</p> <p>When states allow the sale of raw milk within their borders, it takes an important step toward nullifying this federal prohibition scheme in practice and effect.</p> <p>As we’ve seen with marijuana and industrial hemp, an intrastate ban becomes ineffective when states ignore it and pass laws encouraging the prohibited activity anyway. The federal government lacks the enforcement power necessary to maintain its ban, and people will willingly take on the small risk of federal sanctions if they know the state will not interfere. This increases when the state actively encourages the market and nullifies federal prohibition in effect.</p> <p>We’ve seen this demonstrated dramatically in states that have legalized industrial hemp. When they authorized production, farmers began growing industrial hemp, even in the face of a federal ban. Despite facing the possibility of federal prosecution, some growers were still willing to step into the void and begin cultivating the plant once the state removed its barriers.</p> <p>In the same way, removing state barriers to raw milk consumption, sale, and production would undoubtedly spur the creation of new markets for unpasteurized dairy products, no matter what the feds claim the power to do.</p> <p>It could ultimately nullify the interstate ban as well. If all 50 states allow raw milk, markets within the states could easily grow to the point that local sales would render the federal ban on interstate commerce pointless. And history indicates the feds do not have the resources to stop people from transporting raw milk across state lines – especially if multiple states start legalizing it. Growing markets will quickly overwhelm any federal enforcement attempts.</p> <p><strong>WHAT’S NEXT</strong></p> <p>HB467 will move to the Louisiana Senate for further consideration.</p> <div class='ctx-module-container ctx_default_placement ctx-clearfix'></div><span class="ctx-article-root"><!-- --></span>The post <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com/2024/05/louisiana-house-unanimously-passes-bill-to-legalize-limited-raw-milk-sales/">Louisiana House Unanimously Passes Bill To Legalize Limited Raw Milk Sales</a> first appeared on <a href="https://blog.tenthamendmentcenter.com">Tenth Amendment Center</a>. Food Freedom Raw Milk food freedom HB467 Louisiana Alan Mosley