BREAKING NEWS: History & Archaeology BREAKING NEWS: History & Archaeology Respective post owners and feed distributors Fri, 14 Feb 2014 18:14:08 -0500 Feed Informer Rabbit Bone Dated to First Century A.D. Found in England Archaeological News from Archaeology Magazine - Archaeology Magazine urn:uuid:97cbf9b9-027b-4405-37e5-0c675ee9cf6f Thu, 18 Apr 2019 22:03:55 -0400 <p><img src="" alt="England Roman rabbit" width="355" height="508" class="caption" style="float: left;" title=" " longdesc="(© Judith Dobie, Historic England)" />WEST SUSSEX, ENGLAND—<em><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Guardian</a></em> reports that zooarchaeologist Fay Worley of Historic England spotted a small fragment of a rabbit’s tibia bone in a box of artifacts that were unearthed in 1964 at Fishbourne Palace in southeast England. This was the site of a Roman villa whose wealthy inhabitants are known to have kept a varied menagerie. Worley said the bone, dated to the first century A.D., bears no butchery marks and appears to have been part of the earliest known rabbit in England. Further analysis suggests the rabbit was kept in confinement, she added, and may have been an exotic pet. Rabbits are native to Spain and Portugal, and it had been previously thought they were first introduced to Britain in the eleventh century by the Normans. To read about another recent discovery dating to the Roman period in England, go to <a href="">Foreign Funeral Rites</a>.”</p> 13,500-Year-Old Burial Unearthed in China Archaeological News from Archaeology Magazine - Archaeology Magazine urn:uuid:99627068-e84a-6336-79da-e4a44c30473b Thu, 18 Apr 2019 21:26:11 -0400 <p>GUANGZHOU, CHINA—<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>Xinhua</em></a> reports that a 13,500-year-old tomb at the site of the Qingtang ruins in southeastern China has yielded the remains of a young woman who died between the ages of 13 and 18 and was buried, without her head, in a squatting position. Liu Suoqiang of the Guangdong Institute of Cultural Heritage and Archaeology said the woman was deliberately put in a squatting posture. “It points to the emergence of the concepts of life and death and of primitive religious beliefs,” Liu explained. Researchers are also trying to determine whether the woman’s head was missing due to natural causes, or whether it was removed. Burials containing remains arranged in a squatting posture have been found in other prehistoric tombs in southern China and Southeast Asia, though the symbolism of the posture is unclear. A bone pin was also found in the young woman's grave. For more on archaeology in China, go to&nbsp;“<a href="">Early Signs of Empire</a>.”</p> Urine Salts in Soil May Mark Advent of Herding Archaeological News from Archaeology Magazine - Archaeology Magazine urn:uuid:748b5e95-6f7e-4b2b-522e-6091f958ca73 Thu, 18 Apr 2019 21:04:47 -0400 <p><img src="" alt="Turkey herding urine" width="355" height="228" class="caption" style="float: left;" title=" " longdesc="(Güneş Duru)" />NEW YORK, NEW YORK—According to a report in <em><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Atlantic</a></em>, Jordan Abell of Columbia University and his colleagues were able to detect a possible shift from hunting and gathering to herding at the site of Aşıklı Höyük, in Turkey’s central Anatolia region. Because the area is dry, Abell hypothesized that the sodium, nitrate, and chlorine salts contained in the urine of people and animals would not have been washed away from the soil by rain. The scientists analyzed soil samples from trash heaps, bricks, and hearths from different layers of the site, and found that between 10,000 and 9,700 years ago, the salt concentrations rose dramatically. This possible increase in urine output corresponds with archaeological evidence suggesting that the hunter-gatherers began to keep sheep and goats, but it appears that the shift toward herding may have occurred more rapidly than had been previously thought. Over a period of about 1,000 years, the researchers estimate that on average, some 1,800 people and animals lived at the settlement. That’s many more individuals than archaeologists estimate the housing for people at the site would have accommodated, suggesting that the number of goats or sheep living there had increased. The team members are now looking for a way to distinguish between human and animal urine salts as their research continues. For more on archaeology in Turkey dating to the Neolithic period, go to&nbsp;“<a href="">Skull Cult at Göbekli Tepe</a>.”</p> A history of the Crusades, as told by crusaders' DNA ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:24f9fc12-99ac-9714-ec19-7ad362cfbc2a Thu, 18 Apr 2019 13:14:10 -0400 History can tell us a lot about the Crusades, the series of religious wars fought between 1095 and 1291, in which Christian invaders tried to claim the Near East. But the DNA of nine 13th century Crusaders buried in a pit in Lebanon shows that there's more to learn about who the Crusaders were and their interactions with the populations they encountered. Scientists Analyze 2,000-Year-Old Remains in Poland Archaeological News from Archaeology Magazine - Archaeology Magazine urn:uuid:33580892-bcab-b6cd-d92e-69a8c194e9d7 Wed, 17 Apr 2019 22:10:09 -0400 <p>BAGICZ, POLAND—According to a <em><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Science in Poland</a></em> report, scientists from the University of Szczecin and the University of Warsaw examined the remains of a woman that eroded out of a cliff in northwestern Poland in the late nineteenth century. Estimated to have been between the ages of 20 and 35 at the time of her death, the woman suffered from osteoarthritis that may have been caused by hard physical labor. She was buried in a wooden log with a bone pin, a wooden stool, and a clasp, a bead necklace, and bracelets, all made of bronze. Fragments of woolen clothing and leather were also recovered. Radiocarbon dating of the woman’s skeleton indicates she died around A.D. 30, or about 100 years earlier than had been previously thought based on the style of the grave goods. The researchers looked for evidence of the woman’s diet in the chemical make-up of her teeth, since a diet heavy in ocean fish can skew the results of radiocarbon testing. “We didn’t find any traces of Baltic fish in her diet,” said Rafał Fetner of the University of Warsaw, “but she had consumed many animal products, as evidenced by the type of proteins preserved in her teeth.” This result surprised the team members because the woman was buried near the Baltic Sea coast. To read about an investigation into a much more recent period of Polish history, go to&nbsp;“<a href="">Cold War Storage</a>.”</p> Who Was Buried in Megalithic Tombs? Archaeological News from Archaeology Magazine - Archaeology Magazine urn:uuid:c31cf253-edb7-cb61-ef7c-691b5177ede9 Wed, 17 Apr 2019 20:56:32 -0400 <p><img src="" alt="megalithic tomb kinship" width="355" height="197" class="caption" style="float: left;" title=" " longdesc="(Göran Burenhult)" />UPPSALA, SWEDEN—Paleogenomicist Federico Sánchez-Quinto of Uppsala University and his colleagues suggest European megalithic societies may have invested social power in male family lines across multiple generations, according to a <em><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Science Magazine</a></em> report. The researchers investigated possible relationships among 18 men and six women buried in four megalithic tombs in Scotland, Ireland, and Sweden between 4500 and 3000 B.C. Analysis of nuclear DNA samples obtained from the remains suggests there were close kinship ties among the men buried at the Scottish site and among those buried at the Swedish site. In addition, at least six of the nine men buried in the Primrose Grange tomb, on the northwest coast of Ireland, may have descended from the same paternal line over as many as 12 generations. One of these men may also have been the father of a man whose remains were found in another megalithic tomb about a mile away. Critics of the study note the small number of individuals in the test sample, the fact that women received identical high-status burials when interred in megalithic tombs, and a separate genetic study that found a lack of close kinship ties among individuals buried at another megalithic tomb in Ireland. To read about new insights into a standard of measurement that appears to have been used at Stonehenge, go to “<a href="">Epic Proportions</a>.”</p> Bronze Age Cremation Burials Found in Slovakia Archaeological News from Archaeology Magazine - Archaeology Magazine urn:uuid:b1cbc8ca-ba89-7061-6a92-6dc33a9eafa2 Wed, 17 Apr 2019 19:59:39 -0400 <p>RIMAVSKÁ SOBOTA, SLOVAKIA—<em><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Slovak Spectator</a></em> reports that 17 graves containing cremated human remains were discovered during archaeological investigation ahead of a construction project in the town of Rimavská Sobota, in southern Slovakia. Archaeologist Alexander Botoš of the Gemersko-Malohontské Museum said the burial site was used for about 800 years during the Bronze Age by members of the Piliny culture. The cemetery site was eventually covered over by construction of the town during the medieval period. The burials will be studied at the Gemersko-Malohontské Museum, where Botoš thinks researchers may find Bronze Age jewelry during restoration work. To read about another discovery from the same period, go to&nbsp;“<a href="">Bronze Age Plague</a>.”</p> Switch from hunting to herding recorded in ancient urine Lost Treasures News -- ScienceDaily urn:uuid:d74f70ee-7601-2bc3-da30-eaf8f0f6e48f Wed, 17 Apr 2019 15:37:39 -0400 A new study begins to resolve the scale and pace of change during the first phases of animal domestication beyond the Fertile Crescent. To reconstruct this history, the authors turned to an unusual source: urine salts left behind by humans and animals. Possible Ritual Burials Discovered in Oxfordshire Archaeological News from Archaeology Magazine - Archaeology Magazine urn:uuid:05cd9d17-b68b-f580-84b5-e017f3865d94 Tue, 16 Apr 2019 21:13:21 -0400 <p><img src="" alt="England pit burials" width="355" height="237" class="caption" style="float: left;" title=" " longdesc="(Thames Water)" />OXFORD, ENGLAND—<em><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">BBC News</a></em> reports that 26 skeletons have been uncovered in southern England during excavation work for a new water pipeline. The oldest burials are nearly 3,000 years old and may be associated with the people who built monumental hillforts and created the Uffington White Horse, a 360-foot-long figure carved into a nearby hillside. Neil Holbrook of Cotswold Archaeology said some of the graves resemble Iron Age pit burials known to contain human sacrifices. In addition to human remains, the site also contained traces of dwellings, animal remains, pottery, cutting implements, and a decorative comb. For more on the Uffington White Horse, go to&nbsp;“<a href="">White Horse of the Sun</a>.”</p> Patent Medicine Bottles and Specimen Jars Found in Arkansas Archaeological News from Archaeology Magazine - Archaeology Magazine urn:uuid:d351fda6-e16b-351f-5138-b02cb6823d89 Tue, 16 Apr 2019 20:43:18 -0400 <p>EUREKA SPRINGS, ARKANSAS—The <em><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Northwest Arkansas Democrat-Gazette</a></em> reports that more than 400 glass bottles were uncovered in what may have been a root cellar located behind a building that housed the Baker Hospital and Health Resort over a period of 20 months between 1938 and 1940. The so-called hospital was owned by Norman Baker, an entrepreneur, former vaudeville performer, broadcaster, and failed politician who claimed to have found a cure for cancer. Archaeologist Mike Evans of the Arkansas Archeological Survey said printed advertisements for the hospital featured pictures of tumor specimens kept in alcohol in bottles resembling those found in the bottle dump. Some of the bottles still contain alcohol and what appears to be tissue. Evans said the samples will be analyzed by scientists at the state crime laboratory and the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences. The team also recovered bottles that may have held Baker’s cancer-cure elixir, which contained a mixture of brown corn silk, red clover, ground watermelon seeds, peppermint, glycerin, and carbolic acid. The hospital was closed in 1940 after Baker was convicted of mail fraud. For more on archaeology in Arkansas, go to “<a href="">Off the Grid: Rock House Cave</a>.”</p> Migrant Farmers May Have Replaced Britain’s Hunter-Gatherers Archaeological News from Archaeology Magazine - Archaeology Magazine urn:uuid:cb18d0a3-f20e-6a45-e0b1-42f59abc085e Tue, 16 Apr 2019 20:36:20 -0400 <p><img src="" alt="Britain early farmers" width="355" height="183" class="caption" style="float: left;" title=" " longdesc="(London’s Natural History Museum)" />LONDON, ENGLAND—According to an <em><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Associated Press</a></em> report, a genetic study of human remains dating to as early as 8500 B.C. indicates that early farmers from the region around the Aegean Sea arrived in Britain some 6,000 years ago and replaced the local hunter-gather population. Previous studies have suggested these same early farmers mixed with local populations as they dispersed across continental Europe, and those who reached Britain were genetically similar to those living in Spain and Portugal. It appears, however, that the farmers did not mix with the Britons. “It is difficult to say why this is, but it may be that those last British hunter-gatherers were relatively few in number,” said Mark G. Thomas of University College London. “Even if these two populations had mixed completely, the ability of adept continental farmers and their descendants to maintain larger population sizes would produce a significant diminishing of hunter-gatherer ancestry over time.” For more on Europe's early farmers, go to&nbsp;“<a href="">The Neolithic Toolkit</a>.”</p> Ancient 'Texas Serengeti' had elephant-like animals, rhinos, alligators and more ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:78bf37b9-9073-fa4b-72bc-3f7f3c850d2a Thu, 11 Apr 2019 10:18:24 -0400 During the Great Depression, Texans were put to work as fossil hunters. The workers retrieved tens of thousands of specimens that have been studied in small bits and pieces while stored in the state collections of The University of Texas at Austin for the past 80 years. Now, decades after they were first collected, a researcher has studied and identified an extensive collection of fossils from dig sites near Beeville, Texas, and found that the fauna make up a veritable 'Texas Serengeti.' New species of early human found in the Philippines ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:6d54e938-5f20-0682-b2ea-cc7aa3d4a5a2 Wed, 10 Apr 2019 14:18:25 -0400 Researchers have uncovered the remains of a new species of human in the Philippines, proving the region played a key role in hominin evolutionary history. Archaeologists identify first prehistoric figurative cave art in Balkans ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:a8220c0b-09d2-f5f3-f724-678bf144980f Wed, 10 Apr 2019 12:06:04 -0400 Archaeologist have revealed the first example of Paleolithic figurative cave art found in the Balkan Peninsula. Cherokee inscriptions in Alabama cave interpreted ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:3ff327b8-464e-9eb6-633b-f5319871aeaf Wed, 10 Apr 2019 12:00:16 -0400 For the first time, a team of scholars and archaeologists has recorded and interpreted Cherokee inscriptions in Manitou Cave, Alabama. These inscriptions reveal evidence of secluded ceremonial activities at a time of crisis for the Cherokee, who were displaced from their ancestral lands and sent westward on the Trail of Tears in the 1830s. Declassified U2 spy plane images reveal bygone Middle Eastern archaeological features ScienceDaily: Ancient Civilization News urn:uuid:f41548ef-07ea-2823-2df7-6ebc345fa623 Mon, 08 Apr 2019 16:16:17 -0400 By analyzing thousands of declassified images from Cold War-era U2 spy missions, scientists have discovered archaeological features like prehistoric hunting traps, 3,000-year-old irrigation canals, and hidden 60-year-old marsh villages. They also created an online tool that allows other researchers to identify and access the photos for the first time. Woolly mammoths and Neanderthals may have shared genetic traits ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:2efc9e8f-8928-3c37-5301-230a0472083d Mon, 08 Apr 2019 12:32:40 -0400 A new study suggests that the genetic profiles of two extinct mammals with African ancestry -- woolly mammoths and Neanderthals -- shared molecular characteristics of adaptation to cold environments. Digging ancient signals out of modern human genomes ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:f61f08c6-a5fb-68e7-c1c6-f9a7a78f7d08 Fri, 05 Apr 2019 18:39:01 -0400 Trying to find ancient DNA, let alone prove that the ancient DNA is ancestral to a population living today, is extremely challenging. A new study adds to this understanding by reconstructing artificial genomes with the analyses of the genome of 565 contemporary South Asian individuals to extract ancient signals that recapitulate the long history of human migration and admixture in the region. Jurassic crocodile discovery sheds light on reptiles' family tree ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:d48815e7-1177-5ef9-f8bd-33be62f1685c Thu, 04 Apr 2019 12:47:55 -0400 A 150 million-year-old fossil has been identified as a previously unseen species of ancient crocodile that developed a tail fin and paddle-like limbs for life in the sea. Ancient, four-legged whale with otter-like features found along the coast of Peru ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:a7372e7d-6bcd-f245-b8ec-e5293b03a446 Thu, 04 Apr 2019 11:44:55 -0400 Cetaceans, the group including whales and dolphins, originated in south Asia more than 50 million years ago from a small, four-legged, hoofed ancestor. Now, researchers reporting the discovery of an ancient four-legged whale -- found in 42.6-million-year-old marine sediments along the coast of Peru -- have new insight into whales' evolution and their dispersal to other parts of the world. Scientists shed light on preservation mystery of Terracotta Army weapons ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:f415a589-31c8-183a-1664-0c81609c7bc4 Thu, 04 Apr 2019 09:48:39 -0400 The chrome plating on the Terracotta Army bronze weapons -- once thought to be the earliest form of anti-rust technology -- derives from a decorative varnish rather than a preservation technique, finds a new study. A 5,000-year-old barley grain discovered in Finland changes understanding of livelihoods ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:171f59e2-64b9-2ec3-49e0-9de655510c60 Wed, 03 Apr 2019 11:39:31 -0400 A 5,000-year-old barley grain discovered in Aland, southern Finland, turns researchers' understanding of ancient Northern livelihoods upside down. New findings reveal that hunter-gatherers took to farming already 5,000 years ago in eastern Sweden, and on the Aland Islands, located on the southwest coast of Finland. Rise of religion pre-dates Incas at Lake Titicaca Lost Treasures News -- ScienceDaily urn:uuid:00ee9f7c-37c0-25be-4d16-708146f8bb0e Mon, 01 Apr 2019 17:13:48 -0400 An ancient group of people made ritual offerings to supernatural deities near the Island of the Sun in Lake Titicaca, Bolivia, about 500 years earlier than the Incas, according to an international team of researchers. The team's findings suggest that organized religion emerged much earlier in the region than previously thought. Uncovering the secrets of ancient rock art using 'X-ray vision' ScienceDaily: Ancient Civilization News urn:uuid:1ec92df2-cf9d-b9db-766d-723cf6b422ba Mon, 01 Apr 2019 07:51:46 -0400 Prehistoric rock paintings are a source of fascination. Aside from their beauty, there's deep meaning in these strokes, which depict ancient rituals and important symbols. Scientists now describe use of 'X-ray vision' to gain brand-new insights about the layers of paint in rock art in Texas without needless damage. Researchers find ancient Maya farms in Mexican wetlands ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:850a0fd9-b090-1491-32d6-4e58e48b64a2 Fri, 29 Mar 2019 13:01:58 -0400 Archaeologists used the latest technology to find evidence suggesting ancient Maya people grew surplus crops to support an active trade with neighbors up and down the Yucatan Peninsula. The extensive croplands suggest the ancient Maya could grow surplus crops, especially the cotton responsible for the renowned textiles that were traded throughout Mesoamerica. The sword of a Hispano-Muslim warlord is digitized in 3D Lost Treasures News -- ScienceDaily urn:uuid:05adcb35-fcc7-40c7-a5ee-41076c379c35 Wed, 27 Mar 2019 11:26:15 -0400 At age 90, Ali Atar, one of the main military chiefs of King Boabdil of Granada, fought to his death in the Battle of Lucena in 1483. It was there that his magnificent Nasrid sword was taken away from him, and researchers have now modeled it in order to graphically document and present it on the web. Ancient Caribbean children helped with grocery shopping in AD 400 ScienceDaily: Ancient Civilization News urn:uuid:ed03a45f-d619-3553-c016-fbeb6b4e6952 Tue, 26 Mar 2019 13:27:15 -0400 Researchers have long thought that snail and clam shells found at Caribbean archaeological sites were evidence of 'starvation food' eaten in times when other resources were lacking. Now, a study suggests these shells may be evidence of children helping with the grocery shopping -- AD 400 style. Paleontologists report world's biggest Tyrannosaurus rex ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:40abba7d-33e4-dbe3-e087-910b30c2ed3a Fri, 22 Mar 2019 16:33:31 -0400 Paleontologists have just reported the world's biggest Tyrannosaurus rex and the largest dinosaur skeleton ever found in Canada. The 13-metre-long T. rex, nicknamed 'Scotty,' lived in prehistoric Saskatchewan 66 million years ago. North Africans were among the first to colonize the Canary Islands ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:206fcdc5-84c2-aa70-1731-2d1ae23e4345 Wed, 20 Mar 2019 14:10:27 -0400 People from North Africa are likely the main group that founded the indigenous population on the Canary Islands, arriving by 1000 CE, reports a new study. New light on origins of modern humans ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:05d30e78-18c0-8cd8-f07a-9451e7e7b251 Wed, 20 Mar 2019 10:19:57 -0400 The work confirms a dispersal of Homo sapiens from southern to eastern Africa immediately preceded the out-of-Africa migration. Underwater surveys in Emerald Bay reveal the nature and activity of Lake Tahoe faults Lost Treasures News -- ScienceDaily urn:uuid:fabb3204-5178-44a1-5f05-9f0918c1abe0 Tue, 19 Mar 2019 13:50:53 -0400 Emerald Bay, California, a beautiful location on the southwestern shore of Lake Tahoe, is surrounded by rugged landscape, including rocky cliffs and remnants of mountain glaciers. Scenic as it may be, the area is also a complex structural puzzle. Understanding the history of fault movement in the Lake Tahoe basin is important to assessing earthquake hazards for regional policy planners. Hepatitis B virus sheds light on ancient human population movements into Australia ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:06edcf48-c026-9367-4276-c08440e22c67 Mon, 18 Mar 2019 13:26:52 -0400 Australian researchers have used hepatitis B virus genome sequences to deduce that the mainland Aboriginal population separated from other early humans at least 59,000 years ago. Unique diversity of the genetic history of the Iberian Peninsula revealed by dual studies ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:b337756d-ae6d-d589-e42f-16863fdae57b Thu, 14 Mar 2019 15:15:51 -0400 Researchers have analyzed ancient DNA from almost 300 individuals from the Iberian Peninsula, spanning more than 12,000 years. The first study looked at hunter-gatherers and early farmers living in Iberia between 13,000 and 6,000 years ago. The second looked at individuals from the region over the last 8000 years. Together, the two papers greatly increase our knowledge about the population history of this unique region. Sea otters' tool use leaves behind distinctive archaeological evidence Lost Treasures News -- ScienceDaily urn:uuid:e123be8e-59c2-b2d0-a11f-d621dbb8ae96 Thu, 14 Mar 2019 11:09:59 -0400 Researchers have analyzed the use by sea otters of large, shoreline rocks as 'anvils' to break open shells, as well as the resulting shell middens. The researchers used ecological and archaeological approaches to identify patterns that are characteristic of sea otter use of such locations. By looking at evidence of past anvil stone use, scientists could better understand sea otter habitat use. Strontium isotope maps are disturbed by agricultural lime ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:b62e1c6e-f166-5e77-78f8-f06a6c0c1db7 Wed, 13 Mar 2019 14:32:57 -0400 Strontium isotopes are frequently used in archaeological studies to establish the provenance and migration history of prehistoric people and artifacts. Many of these studies may be based on incorrect data. A new study shows that agricultural lime can alter the composition of strontium isotopes dramatically, so that the modern isotopic signature of an area may be very different from the prehistoric signature. Major cosmic impact 12,800 years ago Lost Treasures News -- ScienceDaily urn:uuid:2902d84f-b746-56bf-e50f-ad13d2be4aa9 Wed, 13 Mar 2019 14:06:16 -0400 When geologists set out years ago to examine signs of a major cosmic impact that occurred toward the end of the Pleistocene epoch, little did they know just how far-reaching the projected climatic effect would be. Prehistoric Britons rack up food miles for feasts near Stonehenge ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:e8bfc680-f69e-9789-89e4-73bb4d5905e6 Wed, 13 Mar 2019 14:05:53 -0400 Archaeologists have unearthed evidence of the earliest large-scale celebrations in Britain - with people and animals traveling hundreds of miles for prehistoric feasting rituals. The study is the most comprehensive to date and examined the bones of 131 pigs, the prime feasting animals, from four Late Neolithic complexes. Serving the world-famous monuments of Stonehenge and Avebury, the four sites hosted the very first pan-British events. Changes in rat size reveal habitat of 'Hobbit' hominin ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:87717fca-6f0c-efda-d11f-c634ba8d2c68 Wed, 13 Mar 2019 11:47:54 -0400 A study of rat body sizes shifting over time gives a glimpse into the habitat of the mysterious hominin Homo floresiensis -- nicknamed the 'Hobbit' due to its diminutive stature. From Stone Age chips to microchips: How tiny tools may have made us human ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:612112a5-f37f-194f-de41-440895d85f91 Tue, 12 Mar 2019 12:37:33 -0400 Anthropologists have long made the case that tool-making is one of the key behaviors that separated our human ancestors from other primates. A new article, however, argues that it was not tool-making that set hominins apart -- it was the miniaturization of tools. Palaeolithic art featuring birds and humans discovered ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:37e4de28-2d1e-0616-6895-20db0e57567d Mon, 11 Mar 2019 12:52:15 -0400 A new article tells how researchers found -- in the site of Hort de la Bequera (Margalef de Montsant, Priorat) -- an artistic piece from 12,500 years ago in which humans and birds try to interact in a pictorial scene with exceptional traits: figures seem to star a narration on hunting and motherhood. Hundreds of children and llamas sacrificed in a ritual event in 15th century Peru Lost Treasures News -- ScienceDaily urn:uuid:81ba8122-c533-bd2d-f234-0429717230b6 Wed, 06 Mar 2019 14:29:02 -0500 A mass sacrifice at a 15th century archaeological site in Peru saw the ritual killing of over 140 children and over 200 llamas, according to a new study. This is the largest known mass sacrifice of children -- and of llamas -- in the New World. Vast record of past climate fluctuations now available thanks to laser imaging of shells Lost Treasures News -- ScienceDaily urn:uuid:e4b08f68-2dba-e4c1-621b-9e7aba2c7065 Wed, 06 Mar 2019 08:17:06 -0500 An international team has developed newly refined techniques for obtaining past climate data from mollusc shells. Mollusc shells are abundant in archaeological sites spanning the last 160,000 years. Using laser imaging, researchers have now found new ways of reconstructing how climate changed during a mollusc's lifetime, down to the seasonal level. Their technique makes it cheaper and faster to analyze these shells, opening the door to accurately map past climate in coastal areas all over the world. Modern beer yeast emerged from mix of European grape wine, Asian rice wine yeast ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:be8fbecf-75ce-a482-8e20-ebcfac94a2a7 Tue, 05 Mar 2019 15:36:48 -0500 For thousands of years brewers made beer using specialized strains of the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. A new study shows that modern brewing strains were derived from a mixture of European grape wine and Asian rice wine strains. This finding points to the emergence of beer yeast from a historical East-West transfer of fermentation technology. Oldest tattoo tool in western North America ScienceDaily: Ancient Civilization News urn:uuid:f877f979-c6e0-735f-1e78-9ffc6d6566d9 Thu, 28 Feb 2019 09:36:12 -0500 Archaeologists have discovered the oldest tattooing artifact in western North America. The tool was made around 2,000 years ago by the Ancestral Pueblo people of the Basketmaker II period in what is now southeastern Utah. High-tech laser scans uncover hidden military traverse at Alcatraz Island Lost Treasures News -- ScienceDaily urn:uuid:017726fa-2a8d-0d15-973c-cdd652ac8d57 Wed, 27 Feb 2019 09:23:37 -0500 High-tech radar and laser scans have uncovered a hidden military traverse underneath the infamous Alcatraz penitentiary. New research casts doubt on cause of Angkor's collapse ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:b8a36b97-bfa2-3b3a-70f1-af6cbe3c9717 Mon, 25 Feb 2019 19:21:44 -0500 Research has revealed the ancient Cambodian city of Angkor underwent a gradual decline in occupation rather than an abrupt collapse. Climate change contributed to fall of Cahokia Lost Treasures News -- ScienceDaily urn:uuid:272c70c0-3ad3-df14-faba-ddef1c8f4be6 Mon, 25 Feb 2019 17:02:39 -0500 A new study shows climate change may have contributed to the decline of Cahokia, a famed prehistoric city near present-day St. Louis. And it involves ancient human feces. Ancient rocks provide clues to Earth's early history ScienceDaily: Ancient Civilization News urn:uuid:6ca9b5ce-ca59-e2eb-62ad-54a4515d0195 Mon, 25 Feb 2019 11:23:11 -0500 A research team has provided compelling evidence for significant ocean oxygenation before the GOE, on a larger scale and to greater depths than previously recognized. Foxes were domesticated by humans in the Bronze Age ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:fd514733-ba3f-e719-ee8c-3c0ee1e9723e Thu, 21 Feb 2019 12:29:22 -0500 In the northeast of the Iberian Peninsula, between the third and second millennium BC, a widespread funeral practice consisted in burying humans with animals. Scientists have discovered that both foxes and dogs were domesticated, as their diet was similar to that of their owners. Origins of giant extinct New Zealand bird traced to Africa ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:46c505ea-ba42-ce84-ec60-a82402f4d35d Thu, 21 Feb 2019 11:03:59 -0500 Scientists have revealed the African origins of New Zealand's most mysterious giant flightless bird -- the now extinct adzebill -- showing that some of its closest living relatives are the pint-sized flufftails from Madagascar and Africa.