BREAKING NEWS: History & Archaeology http://feed.informer.com/digests/UZLJILY59N/feeder BREAKING NEWS: History & Archaeology Respective post owners and feed distributors Fri, 14 Feb 2014 18:14:08 -0500 Feed Informer http://feed.informer.com/ Hebrew Inscription Found at Lithuania’s Great Synagogue https://www.archaeology.org/7845-190723-vilna-synagogue-floor Archaeological News from Archaeology Magazine - Archaeology Magazine urn:uuid:15404d83-5cc3-4e93-729e-016aa6d89003 Tue, 23 Jul 2019 23:20:29 -0400 <p><img src="https://www.archaeology.org/images/News/1907/Vilna-Synagogue-floor.jpg" alt="Vilna Synagogue floor" width="355" height="266" class="caption" style="float: left;" title=" " longdesc="(Jon Seligman, Israel Antiquities Authority)" />VILNIUS, LITHUANIA—According to a&nbsp;<em><a href="https://www.livescience.com/66009-great-synagogue-excavation.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Live Science</a></em> report, continuing excavations at&nbsp;the site of the Great Synagogue of Vilna have unearthed floor tiles with geometric designs, some 200 coins dating from the sixteenth to the twentieth centuries, a seating plaque, and a Hebrew inscription dating to the late eighteenth century. Archaeologist Jon Seligman of the Israel Antiquities Authority explained that the inscription, dedicated by two sons of a leading Lithuanian rabbinical family in memory of their parents, was part of a stone Torah reading table that stood on the synagogue’s two-story bimah, or prayer platform. Buttons found at the site are thought to have been dropped by soldiers in Napoleon’s army as they marched through Vilnius on their way to Moscow in 1812, Seligman added. To read more about the synagogue, go to "<a href="https://www.archaeology.org/issues/276-1711/world/6019-world-roundup-lithuania">World Roundup: Lithuania</a>."</p> Colonial-Era Meetinghouse Uncovered in New Hampshire https://www.archaeology.org/7844-190723-dover-second-meetinghouse Archaeological News from Archaeology Magazine - Archaeology Magazine urn:uuid:63b82763-0a58-b32a-de3a-ae2c8a7c8ec5 Tue, 23 Jul 2019 22:49:37 -0400 <p>DOVER, NEW HAMPSHIRE—The <em><a href="https://www.argus-press.com/news/state_news/article_7558f0e5-9311-583d-9f3f-9dbb19fa9b55.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Associated Press</a></em> reports that archaeologists led by Meghan Howey of the University of New Hampshire investigated the site of the Second Meetinghouse, which was built in 1654 for the congregation of the First Parish Church on New Hampshire’s Dover Point. The first meetinghouse, located further south on the tip of Dover Point, was abandoned when the colonists built a village to the north. The excavators uncovered the structure’s floor, which is thought to have been made with clay brought from nearby rivers. Two postholes detected in the soil may have been part of the structure’s foundation. Howey said that historic records indicate the structure was repaired in 1658. She thinks the second post may have been installed to shore up the first one at this time, and rocks at the site may have been moved there to stabilize the posts. The parish used the Second Meetinghouse until 1720, when all services were transferred to the third church building constructed in the new center of Dover. Church historian Diane Fiske speculates that bricks at the site may have been part of a replica meetinghouse constructed in the 1800s for a Dover Old Home Day festival. Children who visited the replica meetinghouse may have been given slate pencils like the ones discovered at the site last year, she added. &nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Engraving Identifies Roman Road Builders https://www.archaeology.org/7843-190723-netherlands-roman-road Archaeological News from Archaeology Magazine - Archaeology Magazine urn:uuid:44d3f193-0a19-4d36-8564-5b5299f19f0b Tue, 23 Jul 2019 21:45:15 -0400 <p><img src="https://www.archaeology.org/images/News/1907/Netherlands-Roman-road.jpg" alt="Netherlands Roman road" width="355" height="213" class="caption" style="float: left;" title=" " longdesc="(Courtesy Zuid Holland Provincial Council)" />VALKENBURG, THE NETHERLANDS—According to a <em><a href="https://www.dutchnews.nl/news/2019/07/the-second-cohort-was-here-roman-marker-found-near-valkenburg/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Dutch News</a></em> report, roadwork in the southeastern Netherlands, near what was once the northern border of the Roman Empire, has uncovered a pole carved with an inscription reading "COH II CR," which is short for “Cohors II Civium Romanorum.” A total of 470 wooden poles have been recovered along a 400-foot stretch of Roman road, but none of the other poles was inscribed. The inscription is thought to date to A.D. 125, and refers to a group of 500 Romans who specialized in building work. “We did not know whether the Roman road was built by soldiers, civilians, or perhaps slaves,” said Jasper de Bruin of the Dutch National Museum of Antiquities. “Now we can conclude that 2,000 years ago the second cohort of Roman civilians built the Roman road near Valkenburg, from which the present-day Rijnland Route takes its course.” De Bruin explained that the poles were created from trees grown for the purpose and driven into the ground with a pile driver. For more on archaeology of the Roman provinces, go to "<a href="https://www.archaeology.org/issues/249-1703/features/5298-germany-roman-town-waldgirmes">The Road Almost Taken</a>."</p> White-tailed deer were predominant in pre-Columbian Panama feasts https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/07/190723104051.htm ScienceDaily: Ancient Civilization News urn:uuid:09cff3ac-34c2-668e-0dee-791cefbe5032 Tue, 23 Jul 2019 10:40:51 -0400 An analysis of white-tailed deer remains at an archaeological site in Panama revealed signs of 'feasting behavior' associated with this animal among pre-Columbian populations. Age of Discovery Shipwreck Found in Baltic Sea https://www.archaeology.org/7842-190722-merchant-ship-baltic-sea Archaeological News from Archaeology Magazine - Archaeology Magazine urn:uuid:b7bdb97f-c6c5-45eb-1993-59353bd26c34 Mon, 22 Jul 2019 22:12:47 -0400 <p><img src="https://www.archaeology.org/images/News/1907/Mary-Celeste-Baltic-Sea.jpg" alt="Mary Celeste Baltic Sea" width="355" height="219" class="caption" style="float: left;" title=" " longdesc="(Deep Sea Productions/MMT)" />SOUTHAMPTON, ENGLAND—<em><a href="https://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/archaeology/shipwreck-discovery-baltic-sea-renaissance-mystery-a9016221.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Independent</a></em> reports that the wreckage of a Swedish or Danish merchant vessel, built sometime between A.D. 1490 and 1540, has been found under nearly 400 feet of water in the Baltic Sea. According to an international team of scientists led by maritime archaeologist Rodrigo Pacheco-Ruiz, the well-preserved ship could help scholars understand the construction of other European vessels dating to the Age of Discovery because the ship’s hull is intact from the keel to the top deck. Although the ship's aft-castle had been destroyed, all of her masts and some of her rigging are still in place. The ship’s guns are in the “ready to fire” positions, Pacheco-Ruiz added, which suggests the vessel may have been sunk in a previously unknown naval battle, during either Sweden’s war of independence with Denmark (1521–1523) or the Russo-Swedish War (1554–1557). “It’s almost like it sank yesterday,” Pacheco-Ruiz said. “It’s a truly astonishing sight.” To read about the recent discovery of a sixteenth-century shipwreck in the North Sea, go to "<a href="https://www.archaeology.org/issues/346-1907/trenches/7716-trenches-netherlands-copper-shipwreck">Spring Boards</a>."</p> Jet Bead Necklace Discovered in Bronze Age Grave https://www.archaeology.org/7841-190722-manx-jet-beads Archaeological News from Archaeology Magazine - Archaeology Magazine urn:uuid:7a681e5f-095d-4e69-c0f2-70783da6fcad Mon, 22 Jul 2019 21:40:01 -0400 <p>LEICESTER, ENGLAND—<em><a href="https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-isle-of-man-49052723" target="_blank" rel="noopener">BBC News</a></em> reports that 122 jet beads carved with intricate patterns have been discovered in a Bronze Age grave in one of the more than 160 Round Mounds located on the Isle of Man. The beads, thought to have been crafted in North Yorkshire, range in size from less than one-half to nearly two inches long. Researchers led by Rachel Crellin of the University of Leicester and Chris Fowler of the University of Newcastle suggest that when strung on multiple strands, the necklace formed a crescent shape. Fowler said stones that may have served as a pestle, mortar, and cutting block were also found near the skeletal remains in the grave. The objects may have been intended to represent food, productivity, and fertility, he explained. To read about a carved rosary bead uncovered in England, go to “<a href="https://www.archaeology.org/issues/264-1707/artifact/5652-artifact">Artifact</a>.”</p> Rare Roman Glass Identified in England https://www.archaeology.org/7840-190722-roman-glass-fish Archaeological News from Archaeology Magazine - Archaeology Magazine urn:uuid:dbb46a54-1343-0d7a-e5fd-6cde0125749a Mon, 22 Jul 2019 21:11:25 -0400 <p><img src="https://www.archaeology.org/images/News/1907/Roman-glass-fish.jpg" alt="Roman glass fish" width="355" height="155" class="caption" style="float: left;" title=" " longdesc="(National Trust Images, Rod Kirkpatrick)" />GLOUCESTERSHIRE, ENGLAND—According to a report in <em><a href="https://www.theguardian.com/science/2019/jul/22/mystery-of-chedworth-1800-year-old-roman-glass-shard-solved" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Guardian</a></em>, a patterned green glass fragment unearthed at the site of Chedworth Roman Villa in southwest England has been identified as an 1,800-year-old piece of a bottle shaped like a fish that was made near the Black Sea in what is now Ukraine. The bottle is thought to have held an exotic perfume. Only one other example of such a bottle is known. “To have found that it is the only one of its type so far discovered in Roman Britain adds to our knowledge of the importance of Chedworth Roman Villa,” said archaeologist Nancy Grace of Britain’s National Trust. For more on archaeology in Gloucestershire, go to “<a href="https://www.archaeology.org/issues/120-1401/letter-from/1623-england-excavations-edward-jenner-garden">Letter from England: The Scientist's Garden</a>.”</p> Scientists document late Pleistocene/early Holocene Mesoamerican stone tool tradition https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/07/190722155240.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:6bed4eaf-d88f-b48d-b236-5b0095f0681d Mon, 22 Jul 2019 15:52:40 -0400 Scientists have documented the very earliest indigenous stone tool tradition in southern Mesoamerica. Record of Sixteenth-Century Still Discovered in Scotland https://www.archaeology.org/7839-190719-scotland-scotch-whisky Archaeological News from Archaeology Magazine - Archaeology Magazine urn:uuid:e4f8c5c0-d42c-760d-8630-ddcfb2ac50ea Fri, 19 Jul 2019 22:56:27 -0400 <p>ABERDEEN, SCOTLAND—<em><a href="https://www.thedrinksbusiness.com/2019/07/uncovered-ancient-records-could-reframe-the-early-story-of-scotch-whisky/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Drinks Business</a></em> reports that Claire Hawes of the University of Aberdeen discovered a record for a still in Aberdeen’s municipal registers that dates to 1505. The still was used to make rose water and “aquavite,” or "water of life," the word used in Middle Scots for whisky. Jackson Armstrong of the University of Aberdeen noted that the reference is the earliest known record of an apparatus for distilling aquavite, and is contemporaneous with the founding of the university and the local growth of humanism, science, and medicine. Other early stills were used to prepare spirits for the preparation of gunpowder, he added, but because the Aberdeen still was also used to prepare rose water, it may have been used to produce spirits for consumption. The earliest known reference to aquavite itself dates to 1494. For more on Scottish archaeology, go to "<a href="https://www.archaeology.org/issues/141-1407/letter-from/2175-scotland-bennachie-peasant-community">Letter from Scotland: Living on the Edge</a>."</p> Roman Artifacts Found Off Coast of Southeast England https://www.archaeology.org/7837-190719-underwater-roman-artifacts Archaeological News from Archaeology Magazine - Archaeology Magazine urn:uuid:e8fa1cf5-1044-0c0c-7f35-323e27d68300 Fri, 19 Jul 2019 21:45:52 -0400 <p>KENT, ENGLAND—<em><a href="https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2019/jul/17/kayaker-finds-rare-roman-glass-and-pottery-off-kent-coast" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Guardian</a></em> reports that a kayaker paddling off the coast of southeast England spotted an intact piece of Roman cobalt-blue glassware, pottery fragments, and a terracotta roof tile in clear, shallow water during low tide. Mark Dunkley of Historic England said such materials are unknown in Britain’s waters. The artifacts could point to a Roman shipwreck, or a land site that is now underwater because of coastal erosion, he explained. The objects could even have been deposited as a votive offering to the gods as a request for safe passage, Dunkley added. He also noted that Julius Caesar and Roman troops landed in the region and built forts nearby in 54 B.C. “This potential Roman site sits on the southern end of the Wantsum Channel [which the Romans used to connect the English Channel with the Thames estuary] and the material is dated to at least the late first or early second century A.D.,” Dunkley said. “That ties with the development of [the fort at] Richborough as the gateway to Roman Britain.” When the tides allow, archaeologists will return to the site for further investigation. For more on archaeology in England, go to "<a href="https://www.archaeology.org/issues/323-1901/features/7195-a-dark-age-beacon">A Dark Age Beacon</a>."&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Archaeologists Investigate Scotland’s “Great Drain” https://www.archaeology.org/7836-190719-scotland-great-drain Archaeological News from Archaeology Magazine - Archaeology Magazine urn:uuid:ed4fc6d3-74a3-be49-9c7f-04082011f3c3 Fri, 19 Jul 2019 21:21:43 -0400 <p><img src="https://www.archaeology.org/images/News/1907/Scotland-Drain-Excavation.png" alt="Scotland Drain Excavation" width="355" height="236" class="caption" style="float: left;" title=" " longdesc="(SWNS)" />PAISLEY, SCOTLAND—<em><a href="https://www.scotsman.com/heritage/experts-solve-mystery-of-medieval-tunnel-beneath-paisley-abbey-1-4968152" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Scotsman</a></em> reports that a team of archaeologists has determined that a fourteenth-century drain beneath the 850-year-old Paisley Abbey extended some 320 feet to the banks of the River Cart. “We found the end of the drain and what was the boundary wall of the monastery,” said Bob Will of Guard Archaeology. “The river was wider and shallower in those days—much more than in the last couple of hundred years.” The drain was first unearthed in the nineteenth century, and was rediscovered in the 1990s. To read about another discovery at a Scottish monastery, go to "<a href="https://www.archaeology.org/issues/275-1711/from-the-trenches/6007-trenches-scotland-iona-saint-columba">Fit for a Saint</a>."</p> USSR had seen other Chernobyl disasters http://www.pravdareport.com/history/142535-chernobyl_disaster/ English pravda.ru - History, traditions - Articles urn:uuid:add6c25e-0138-0149-136b-cdaa6721dbdf Thu, 18 Jul 2019 13:38:00 -0400 The Chernobyl nuclear explosion was undoubtedly one of the biggest tragedies that the Soviet Union had seen. Few in the world know that there were other major disasters in the USSR, the scale of which was just as mortifying. The Kyshtym accidentIt is also known as Chelyabinsk-40 accident. Today, this town is called Ozersk; it used to be a secret settlement during the times of the Soviet Union. It was the first man-made disaster that the USSR had seen. In 1957, an explosion of tanks with radioactive waste occurred at Mayak chemical factory. No one was injured as a result of the explosion. However, there were about 270,000 people living in the affected area. The military were evacuated first - they were attracted to liquidation works. Civilian people were evacuated two weeks later.A reserve called East-Ural Radioactive Trace was created on the site of the accident many years afterwards. The site is still closed to the public - the level of radiation there is still high.Krasnoye SormovoThe radioactive accident in Red Sormovo (Krasnoye Sormovo) occurred 16 years before the Chernobyl disaster - in 1970. The accident took place during hydraulic tests on a new nuclear submarine at the plant in the Nizhny Novgorod region. The reactor started up accidentally, and the Krasnoye Sormovo workshop was filled with radioactive vapors immediately. Twelve people were killed on the spot, about 200 others received a huge dose of radiation. The workshop was isolated from external environment, which made it possible to avoid the danger of radioactive contamination of the area. The work to liquidate the consequences of the accident took four months.Only 200 out of 1,000 employees of the factory had stayed alive by January 2012. All of them became first- and second-degree disabled individuals. Explosion at Baikonur CosmodromeMore than 100 people were killed as a result of the explosion that took place on Baikonur Cosmodrome in 1960.Shortly before the accident, Soviet engineers were developing a new intercontinental ballistic missile at the facility. Marshal Nedelin was supervising the tests as the chief commander of missile forces of the USSR. Many safety rules were violated as the team was in a rush to have the report ready for the anniversary of the October Revolution. At one point, the engine of the missile was launched earlier than expected, which caused fuel to explode. The information about this tragedy has long been classified.Kurenyovskaya tragedyThis tragedy took place in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic in 1961. The causes of the accident started forming ten years earlier. The Kiev authorities decided to build a landfill of liquid waste from nearest factories and plants in Babi Yar. In 1961, the dam, which was holding the dump, burst, sending an avalanche of dirt 14 meters high and 20 meters wide. The avalanche turned as many as 81 buildings into ruins. Sixty-eight of those buildings were residential. About 1,500 people became homeless as a result of the disaster, about 200 were killed. The authorities decided not to distribute the information about the accident. The victims were buried quickly. Kiev disconnected itself from international communication the day when the tragedy occurred not to leak any information. These are just a few disasters that the USSR had seen in its history, but there were more. Ancient Roman port history unveiled https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/07/190715094844.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:5cc71241-300f-1982-aaf5-3ad3623a5d9f Mon, 15 Jul 2019 09:48:44 -0400 Researchers have applied marine geology techniques at an ancient harbor archaeological site to uncover ancient harbor technologies of the first centuries AD. Ancient genomics pinpoint origin and rapid turnover of cattle in the Fertile Crescent https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/07/190711141346.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:6588457a-9dce-498d-fdf2-feef2ac887a9 Thu, 11 Jul 2019 14:13:46 -0400 Ancient DNA has revealed how the prehistory of the Near East's largest domestic animal, the cow, chimes with the emergence of the first complex economies, cities and the rise and fall of the world earliest human empires. Lead pollution in Arctic ice shows economic impact of wars and plagues for past 1,500 years https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/07/190708154038.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:1c2a029d-2886-6a05-94d3-e6ef77a3b2ef Mon, 08 Jul 2019 15:40:38 -0400 A research team used 13 ice cores from Greenland and the Russian Arctic to measure, date, and analyze lead emissions captured in ice from 500 to 2010 CE. They found that increases in lead concentration in the ice cores track closely with periods of expansion in Europe, the advent of new technologies, and economic prosperity. Decreases in lead, on the other hand, paralleled climate disruptions, wars, plagues, and famines. Scientists develop new method for studying early life in ancient rocks https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/07/190708140055.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:eab08fdf-fc2d-dce9-07a8-9ee88526c07a Mon, 08 Jul 2019 14:00:55 -0400 Scientists have developed a new method for detecting traces of primordial life in ancient rock formations using potassium. Ancient DNA sheds light on the origins of the Biblical Philistines https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/07/190703150509.htm ScienceDaily: Ancient Civilization News urn:uuid:ae83f1db-0473-ab84-aade-fe3079bf97f6 Wed, 03 Jul 2019 15:05:09 -0400 An international team analyzed for the first time, genome-wide data from people who lived during the Bronze and Iron Age in the ancient city of Ashkelon, one of the core Philistine cities. The team found that a European derived ancestry was introduced in Ashkelon around the time of the Philistines' estimated arrival, suggesting that ancestors of the Philistines migrated across the Mediterranean. These results are a critical step toward understanding the origins of the Philistines. Neanderthals made repeated use of the ancient settlement of 'Ein Qashish, Israel https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/06/190626160703.htm Lost Treasures News -- ScienceDaily urn:uuid:899957f2-3317-e4cf-15b1-221ef626a186 Wed, 26 Jun 2019 16:07:03 -0400 The archaeological site of 'Ein Qashish in northern Israel was a place of repeated Neanderthal occupation and use during the Middle Paleolithic, according to a new study. Levänluhta jewellery links Finland to a European exchange network https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/06/190625133445.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:20d2f511-b85a-91ca-f8e4-5b580fde3f12 Tue, 25 Jun 2019 13:34:45 -0400 A recently completed study indicates that the material of the jewellery found together with human remains at the Levänluhta water burial site originates in southern Europe, contrary to what researchers had previously thought. Archaeological mystery solved with modern genetics https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/06/190620100021.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:45931946-df6d-b260-851d-dd03b26368fa Thu, 20 Jun 2019 10:00:21 -0400 Researchers have conducted a census of the Japanese population around 2,500 years ago using the Y chromosomes of men living on the main islands of modern-day Japan. This is the first time analysis of modern genomes has estimated the size of an ancient human population before they were met by a separate ancient population. Human migration in Oceania recreated through paper mulberry genetics https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/06/190619142534.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:68f30f93-df00-a323-6980-3b876c81ce28 Wed, 19 Jun 2019 14:25:34 -0400 The migration and interaction routes of prehistoric humans throughout the islands of Oceania can be retraced using genetic differences between paper mulberry plants, a tree native to Asia cultivated for fibers to make paper and introduced into the Pacific in prehistoric times to make barkcloth. Dinosaur bones are home to microscopic life https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/06/190618102708.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:062eb68c-045a-03cd-6b08-dab37e07900c Tue, 18 Jun 2019 10:27:08 -0400 Scientists went looking for preserved collagen, the protein in bone and skin, in dinosaur fossils. They didn't find the protein, but they did find huge colonies of modern bacteria living inside the dinosaur bones. Past climate change: A warning for the future? https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/06/190617164652.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:348dc0e6-ca48-9fe6-27fb-85139577ba84 Mon, 17 Jun 2019 16:46:52 -0400 A new study of climate changes and their effects on past societies offers a sobering glimpse of social upheavals that might happen in the future. The prehistoric groups studied lived in the Amazon Basin of South America hundreds of years ago, before European contact, but the disruptions that occurred may carry lessons for our time. Origins of cannabis smoking https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/06/190612165603.htm ScienceDaily: Ancient Civilization News urn:uuid:9d2c482f-ed61-4dff-cb51-47d946269ed1 Wed, 12 Jun 2019 16:56:03 -0400 A chemical residue study of incense burners from ancient burials at high elevations in western China has revealed psychoactive cannabinoids. The finding provides some of the earliest evidence for the use of cannabis for its psychoactive compounds. Rising sea levels destroyed evidence of shell middens at many prehistoric coastal sites https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/06/190612141430.htm Lost Treasures News -- ScienceDaily urn:uuid:1b3c599f-c11e-19a2-c0cf-39332930f167 Wed, 12 Jun 2019 14:14:30 -0400 In a new study, researchers confirm a theory from the 1970s that coastal hunter-gatherers processed much of their shellfish at the beach before returning with their meat to camps on higher ground, leaving the heavy shells by the water. This finding has dramatic implications for past analyses of hunter-gatherer diets -- because many beachside shell middens would now be destroyed or underwater due to past sea level rises since the last Ice Age. Diet at the docks: Living and dying at the port of ancient Rome https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/06/190612084359.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:ee54ad3a-d705-7da7-b7de-1faf9f35a75d Wed, 12 Jun 2019 08:43:59 -0400 Researchers present the results of an analysis of plant, animal and human remains, reconstructing both the diets and geographic origins of the inhabitants of Portus, the maritime port of Imperial Rome. The short life of Must Farm: The final decades of the Bronze Age in Britain https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/06/190612082628.htm ScienceDaily: Ancient Civilization News urn:uuid:91f4efff-421b-3457-1145-465423b2c096 Wed, 12 Jun 2019 08:26:28 -0400 An extraordinarily well-preserved Late Bronze Age settlement in Cambridgeshire provides exceptional opportunity to investigate the everyday lives of people in the final decades of the Bronze Age in Britain. Breakthrough in the discovery of DNA in ancient bones buried in water https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/06/190611092432.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:3bfc87fe-31fc-518e-9863-c55c605e19cb Tue, 11 Jun 2019 09:24:32 -0400 Fresh evidence rewrites the understanding of the most intriguing archaeological burial site in western Finland. New DNA technology gives significant information on the bones buried in water. The DNA matches present day Sámi people, who nowadays live far from the site. The question why the bones were buried in water remains a mystery and demands further investigation. Ancient DNA from Roman and medieval grape seeds reveal ancestry of wine making https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/06/190610111557.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:70bd4c5a-203b-7a06-0919-bb57ecce5e70 Mon, 10 Jun 2019 11:15:57 -0400 A grape variety still used in wine production in France today can be traced back 900 years to just one ancestral plant, scientists have discovered. Dramatic change in ancient nomad diets coincides with expansion of networks across Eurasia https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/06/190610100650.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:a0edca4c-c21c-ab2c-a96f-4dc355928026 Mon, 10 Jun 2019 10:06:50 -0400 Strengthening of political networks coincided with the intensification of agricultural production, resulting in the widespread adoption of millet by populations across Eurasia. Hoard of the rings: Unusual rings are a novel type of Bronze Age cereal-based product https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/06/190605142602.htm ScienceDaily: Ancient Civilization News urn:uuid:e8269adb-8252-579c-7703-cdbdb8965d48 Wed, 05 Jun 2019 14:26:02 -0400 Strange ring-shaped objects in a Bronze Age hillfort site represent a unique form of cereal-based product, according to a new study. DNA from 31,000-year-old milk teeth leads to discovery of new group of ancient Siberians https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/06/190605133524.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:937fa120-ed91-1198-a9f5-444c02615042 Wed, 05 Jun 2019 13:35:24 -0400 Two children's milk teeth buried deep in a remote archaeological site in north eastern Siberia have revealed a previously unknown group of people lived there during the last Ice Age. The finding was part of a wider study which also discovered 10,000 year-old human remains in another site in Siberia are genetically related to Native Americans -- the first time such close genetic links have been discovered outside of the US. Ancient DNA sheds light on Arctic hunter-gatherer migration to North America around 5,000 years ago https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/06/190605133522.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:2349d222-8e4f-b38d-c3df-bb9e41a42881 Wed, 05 Jun 2019 13:35:22 -0400 An ancient population of Arctic hunter-gatherers, known as Paleo-Eskimos, made a significant genetic contribution to populations living in Arctic North America today, new research shows. Details of first historically recorded plague pandemic revealed by ancient genomes https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/06/190605114620.htm ScienceDaily: Ancient Civilization News urn:uuid:d5f6ba8e-0b23-5625-11d7-bd9df52bfd0c Wed, 05 Jun 2019 11:46:20 -0400 Analysis of eight new plague genomes from the first plague pandemic reveals previously unknown levels of plague diversity, and provides the first genetic evidence of the Justinianic Plague in the British Isles. Oldest flaked stone tools point to the repeated invention of stone tools https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/06/190603151658.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:64c362d3-342b-e032-ab41-f80a655c6cf9 Mon, 03 Jun 2019 15:16:58 -0400 A new archaeological site discovered by scientists working in Ethiopia shows that the origins of stone tool production are older than 2.58 million years ago. Previously, the oldest evidence for systematic stone tool production and use was 2.58 to 2.55 million years ago. In hot pursuit of dinosaurs: Tracking extinct species on ancient Earth via biogeography https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/05/190531100554.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:f094d8c3-04cd-1ae9-e15c-6c43938a9339 Fri, 31 May 2019 10:05:54 -0400 Identifying the movements of extinct species from millions of years ago can provide insights into ancient migration routes, interaction between species, and the movement of continents. Ancient feces reveal parasites in 8,000-year-old village in Turkey https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/05/190531085417.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:dc1cf6d6-4a2f-feb9-f6b0-455db57ebd67 Fri, 31 May 2019 08:54:17 -0400 Earliest archaeological evidence of intestinal parasitic worms in the ancient inhabitants of Turkey shows whipworm infected this population of prehistoric farmers. Ancient DNA tells the story of the first herders and farmers in east Africa https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/05/190530141445.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:dcf7f6d7-741f-2ad3-221c-94f4985a92ee Thu, 30 May 2019 14:14:45 -0400 A collaborative study led by archaeologists, geneticists and museum curators is providing answers to previously unsolved questions about life in sub-Saharan Africa thousands of years ago. Early humans used northern migration routes to reach eastern Asia https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/05/190529145054.htm Lost Treasures News -- ScienceDaily urn:uuid:51346f3f-2731-f66f-6ced-cef559799ed1 Wed, 29 May 2019 14:50:54 -0400 Northern and Central Asia have been neglected in studies of early human migration, with deserts and mountains being considered uncompromising barriers. However, a new study argues that humans may have moved through these extreme settings in the past under wetter conditions. By analyzing past climate, northern Asia emerges as a potential route of human dispersal, as well as a zone of potential interaction with other hominins such as Neanderthals and Denisovans. Research reveals the link between primate knuckles and hand use https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/05/190529122145.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:5c9d5922-66f7-4c4f-16af-1243b9fcbf2c Wed, 29 May 2019 12:21:45 -0400 Researchers have found differences between the knuckle joints of primates that will enable a better understanding of ancient human hand use. Early humans deliberately recycled flint to create tiny, sharp tools https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/05/190529113105.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:15736aae-75f1-2b13-be24-fa717820c9f3 Wed, 29 May 2019 11:31:05 -0400 A new study finds that prehistoric humans 'recycled' discarded or broken flint tools 400,000 years ago to create small, sharp utensils with specific functions. The artifacts were discovered at the site of Qesem Cave, located just outside Tel Aviv. Exploring the origins of the apple https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/05/190527094118.htm Lost Treasures News -- ScienceDaily urn:uuid:8258ae60-cbb6-d3ad-91fa-3026d60e7867 Mon, 27 May 2019 09:41:18 -0400 Apples originally evolved in the wild to entice ancient megafauna to disperse their seeds. More recently, humans began spreading the trees along the Silk Road with other familiar crops. Dispersing the apple trees led to their domestication. Unique Iron Age shield gives insight into prehistoric technology https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/05/190523135541.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:986e4f96-0b5d-87d8-fac7-6deef453e503 Thu, 23 May 2019 13:55:41 -0400 A unique bark shield, thought to have been constructed with wooden laths during the Iron Age, has provided new insight into the construction and design of prehistoric weaponry. Researchers examine the age of groundwater in Egyptian aquifers https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/05/190523111410.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:4553ece1-e4cd-b69b-170f-8c42d5068c8c Thu, 23 May 2019 11:14:10 -0400 Groundwater in Egypt's aquifers may be as much as 200,000 years old, and that's important to know as officials in that country seek to increasing the use of groundwater, especially in the Eastern Desert, to mitigate growing water stress and allow for agricultural projects. Cocktails with Cleopatra? https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/05/190522120605.htm ScienceDaily: Ancient Civilization News urn:uuid:99a490bf-e292-b305-75a9-3ca4a1fd9589 Wed, 22 May 2019 12:06:05 -0400 A team of scientists in Israel has created ancient alcohol from ancient yeast. Eastern forests shaped more by Native Americans' burning than climate change https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/05/190521162443.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:0f2cb511-9a3c-2450-dbe3-7aa80dde164b Tue, 21 May 2019 16:24:43 -0400 Native Americans' use of fire to manage vegetation in what is now the Eastern United States was more profound than previously believed, according to a researcher who determined that forest composition change in the region was caused more by land use than climate change. High-quality jadeite tool discovered in underwater ancient salt works in Belize https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/05/190520115653.htm Lost Treasures News -- ScienceDaily urn:uuid:5e297e83-5c75-1582-9571-f2b82bd89e09 Mon, 20 May 2019 11:56:53 -0400 Anthropologists have discovered a tool made out of high-quality translucent jadeite with an intact rosewood handle at a site where the ancient Maya processed salt in Belize. Earliest evidence of the cooking and eating of starch https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/05/190517115142.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:cff99004-664f-eba2-2670-b5526d9799ba Fri, 17 May 2019 11:51:42 -0400 New discoveries made at the Klasies River Cave in South Africa's southern Cape, where charred food remains from hearths were found, provide the first archaeological evidence that anatomically modern humans were roasting and eating plant starches, such as those from tubers and rhizomes, as early as 120,000 years ago. Museum volunteers discover new species of extinct heron at North Florida fossil site https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/05/190517115115.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:b536c217-b415-506d-3d3c-5a4927b2d918 Fri, 17 May 2019 11:51:15 -0400 When the bones of an ancient heron were unearthed at a North Florida fossil site, the find wasn't made by researchers but by two Florida Museum of Natural History volunteers. A previously unknown genus and species, the heron has been named Taphophoyx hodgei. Chewing gums reveal the oldest Scandinavian human DNA https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/05/190515085450.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:7998970a-98b4-93c7-8581-1edbcccf6bb8 Wed, 15 May 2019 08:54:50 -0400 The first humans who settled in Scandinavia more than 10,000 years ago left their DNA behind in ancient chewing gums, which are masticated lumps made from birch bark pitch.