BREAKING NEWS: History & Archaeology http://feed.informer.com/digests/UZLJILY59N/feeder BREAKING NEWS: History & Archaeology Respective post owners and feed distributors Fri, 14 Feb 2014 18:14:08 -0500 Feed Informer http://feed.informer.com/ Obsidian Trade in Poland Dates Back At Least 20,000 Years https://www.archaeology.org/7428-190222-paleolithic-poland-obsidian Archaeological News from Archaeology Magazine - Archaeology Magazine urn:uuid:fec13976-43a7-2951-d49e-03182fafaac1 Fri, 22 Feb 2019 23:03:52 -0500 <p>WARSAW, POLAND—According to a <em><a href="http://scienceinpoland.pap.pl/en/news/news%2C32919%2Cdragon-glass-territories-present-day-poland-was-already-known-over-20-thousand" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Science in Poland</a></em> report, obsidian was used for making tools and weapons in what is now Poland at least 20,000 years ago, even though volcanic glass is not known to occur naturally anywhere in the country. “People [have] always paid special attention to exotic products and raw materials from distant lands,” said Dagmara H. Werra of the Polish Academy of Sciences. “It must have been similar with shiny obsidian.” During the Paleolithic period, Werra explained, obsidian was probably imported in the form of finished tools from what is now Slovakia on the Vistula River, which extends from the western Carpathian Mountains across Poland to the Baltic Sea. And, analysis of obsidian samples revealed some of them originated as far away as southeastern Turkey. Obsidian tools were used to scrape leather and wood, and for processing meat. Marks on some of the blades suggest they were attached to wooden shafts with leather strips to make spears. Werra added that few obsidian processing sites have been found in Poland, but there is some evidence that raw obsidian may have been imported during the Neolithic period and fashioned into tools locally. For more, go to&nbsp;“<a href="https://www.archaeology.org/issues/60-1301/trenches/319-urkesh-syria-akkadian-empire-trading">Obsidian and Empire</a>.”</p> Additional Ardipithecus ramidus Fossils Studied https://www.archaeology.org/7427-190222-ardipithecus-ramidus-fossils Archaeological News from Archaeology Magazine - Archaeology Magazine urn:uuid:d144856e-8090-4c61-075d-8d3224fb6d07 Fri, 22 Feb 2019 20:42:04 -0500 <p>CLEVELAND, OHIO—<em><a href="https://www.sciencenews.org/article/african-hominid-ardipithecus-ramidus-fossils-upright-walking" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Science News </a></em>reports that a collection of <em>Ardipithecus ramidus</em> fossils, including 42 from the lower body, two jaw fragments, and a large number of teeth, have been discovered in Ethiopia’s Gona Project area, about 60 miles from the spot where 110 fossils from the same species were first discovered in the 1990s. At the time, an examination of the remains of one individual, who was dubbed “Ardi,” concluded that she walked with an upright gait. Among the recently discovered fossils, which are estimated to be between 4.8 and 4.3 million years old, Scott Simpson of Case Western Reserve University and his colleagues found the bones of an individual equipped with ankle bones that may have provided better support for its legs and trunk than Ardi is thought to have enjoyed. This hominin found at Gona also had a big toe that would have propelled its stride, Simpson explained. All of the <em>A. ramidus</em> individuals, however, are only thought to have been able to walk slowly over short distances. They also shared traits such as skeletal features that made them capable tree climbers, flat feet, and grasping, opposable toes. Simpson and his colleagues suggest the possible improvements in walking ability seen in the <em>A. ramidus</em> fossils could link them to the evolution of <em>Australopithecus</em> species, and the earliest known evidence of a human-like gait, some 4.2 million years ago. For more, go to “<a href="https://www.archaeology.org/issues/182-1507/trenches/3371-trenches-cosmic-rays-and-australopithecines">Cosmic Rays and Australopithecines</a>.”</p> Medieval Terracotta Well Discovered in Southern India https://www.archaeology.org/7426-190222-india-terracotta-well Archaeological News from Archaeology Magazine - Archaeology Magazine urn:uuid:3fe6220a-f49e-2ddb-e2c1-571c5dee624a Fri, 22 Feb 2019 20:40:02 -0500 <p>TAMIL NADU, INDIA—<em><a href="https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/madurai/ancient-terracotta-ring-well-found-near-ramanad/articleshow/68103573.cms" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Times of India</a></em> reports that an eleventh-century well has been discovered near a temple dedicated to Shiva located close to the Pambaru River in southwest India. The well was constructed with two terracotta rings measuring seven feet across and six inches tall that were placed one on top of the other and sealed with clay. Archaeologist V. Rajaguru of the Ramanathapuram Archaeological Research Foundation said the well was connected to a tank, and explained that when the tank was full, overflow would travel to the terracotta well. The excavation team also recovered pieces of Chinese pottery, a spout, iron ore, terracotta roof tiles, and pieces of conch shells. Some of the pottery dated to earlier than the rest of the Chola-period site, and may have been brought to the surface when the well was dug. To read about other recent excavations in Tamil Nadu, go to “<a href="https://www.archaeology.org/issues/332-1903/trenches/7374-trenches-india-srirangam-island">India's Temple Island</a>.”</p> Australian Museum Repatriates Ancient Egyptian Carving https://www.archaeology.org/7425-190221-egypt-relief-recovered Archaeological News from Archaeology Magazine - Archaeology Magazine urn:uuid:e02dab25-8786-9201-7c4b-8082196d750b Thu, 21 Feb 2019 22:30:25 -0500 <p><img src="https://www.archaeology.org/images/News/1902/Egypt-relief-recovered.jpg" alt="Egypt relief recovered" width="355" height="337" class="caption" style="float: left;" title=" " longdesc="(Courtesy Egypt’s Ministry of Antiquities)" />CAIRO, EGYPT—One of four fragments of a relief thought to have been smuggled out of Egypt in the 1990s has been found in Australia’s Macquarie Museum, according to an <em><a href="http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/9/40/325951/Heritage/Ancient-Egypt/Last-piece-of-stolen-ancient-Egyptian-relief-recov.aspx" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Ahram Online</a></em> report. The relief, which belonged to an official named Seshen Nefertum, was unearthed in the El-Assasif necropolis on Luxor’s West Bank by an Italian archaeological mission sometime between 1976 and 1988. An inventory of an antiquities storehouse revealed it was missing in 1995, explained Shanan Abdel-Gawad of Egypt’s Antiquities Repatriation Department. The other three pieces of the carved stone were recovered in Switzerland in 2017. To read in-depth about excavations at Heliopolis, once the most sacred site on the Nile, go to “<a href="https://www.archaeology.org/issues/331-1903/features/7371-egypt-heliopolis-excavations">Egypt's Eternal City</a>.”</p> Scientists Revisit Woman Warrior’s Remains https://www.archaeology.org/7424-190221-sweden-woman-warrior Archaeological News from Archaeology Magazine - Archaeology Magazine urn:uuid:f87a661b-b740-dbdf-e69d-454e62dc5101 Thu, 21 Feb 2019 22:14:47 -0500 <p>UPPSALA, SWEDEN—<em><a href="https://www.livescience.com/64816-woman-viking-warrior-burial.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Live Science</a></em> reports that a new study conducted by Charlotte Hedenstierna-Jonson of Uppsala University and her colleagues reaffirms the conclusion that the remains of the person discovered in what is thought to be a Viking grave in east-central Sweden was a woman carrying XX chromosomes, rather than male XY chromosomes. The wood-lined tomb was discovered in the late nineteenth century at Birka, a medieval hill fort settlement, next to other graves containing weapons. The body was dressed in clothing typical of the Eurasian steppe, and was assumed have belonged to a man because the artifacts in the tomb are usually associated with males. These include gaming pieces, the remains of a mare and a stallion, and weapons including a sheathed sword, an ax, a fighting knife, two spears, two shields, a quiver of armor-piercing arrows, and a small iron knife. The researchers reviewed the notes and diagrams made in the nineteenth century, during the original&nbsp;excavation, to be sure that the warrior’s carefully labeled bones had not been mixed with bones from another burial, and tested DNA from an arm bone and a tooth, concluding they were female and came from the same person. She is thought to have died between the ages of 30 and 40. For more on Viking warriors, go to “<a href="https://www.archaeology.org/issues/289-1803/features/6355-viking-great-army">The Viking Great Army</a>.”</p> Dental Plaque Hints at Diet in Ancient Mongolia https://www.archaeology.org/7423-190221-yak-milk-drinkers Archaeological News from Archaeology Magazine - Archaeology Magazine urn:uuid:0453f406-4a21-9497-335b-02af0a1892c4 Thu, 21 Feb 2019 21:37:41 -0500 <p><img src="https://www.archaeology.org/images/News/1902/yak-milk-drinkers.jpg" alt="yak milk drinkers" width="355" height="237" class="caption" style="float: left;" title=" " longdesc="(travelwayoflife, via Wikimedia Commons)" />JENA, GERMANY—According to a <em><a href="https://www.sciencenews.org/article/tooth-plaque-shows-drinking-milk-goes-back-3000-years-mongolia" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Science News </a></em>report, adults who lived in what is now Mongolia some 3,000 years ago drank the milk of cows, yaks, and sheep, even though they did not possess genes for digesting lactose. Christina Warinner of the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History and her colleagues found milk proteins in dental plaque obtained from skeletons recovered from 22 burial mounds left by the Deer Stone people of Mongolia’s eastern steppes. The Deer Stone people may have been able to digest milk due to bacteria in the gut, just as present-day Mongolians are, Warinner explained. To read in-depth about Warinner's research on ancient dental plaque, go to “<a href="https://www.archaeology.org/issues/226-1609/features/4757-microbiome-ancient-dna">Worlds Within Us</a>.”</p> Foxes were domesticated by humans in the Bronze Age https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/02/190221122922.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:fd514733-ba3f-e719-ee8c-3c0ee1e9723e Thu, 21 Feb 2019 12:29:22 -0500 In the northeast of the Iberian Peninsula, between the third and second millennium BC, a widespread funeral practice consisted in burying humans with animals. Scientists have discovered that both foxes and dogs were domesticated, as their diet was similar to that of their owners. Origins of giant extinct New Zealand bird traced to Africa https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/02/190221110359.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:46c505ea-ba42-ce84-ec60-a82402f4d35d Thu, 21 Feb 2019 11:03:59 -0500 Scientists have revealed the African origins of New Zealand's most mysterious giant flightless bird -- the now extinct adzebill -- showing that some of its closest living relatives are the pint-sized flufftails from Madagascar and Africa. Scientists Examine Stab Wounds in Medieval Skeleton from Sicily https://www.archaeology.org/7422-190220-medieval-skeleton-sicily Archaeological News from Archaeology Magazine - Archaeology Magazine urn:uuid:c69d52df-a19f-9b29-53da-d9d40be95f9a Wed, 20 Feb 2019 23:20:33 -0500 <p>PALERMO, SICILY—A team of researchers has attempted to determine the cause of death for a man who was buried facedown in a shallow grave in central Sicily in the eleventh century, according to a <em><a href="https://www.livescience.com/64788-medieval-sicily-stabbing.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Live Science</a></em> report. Roberto Miccichè of the University of Palermo and his colleagues examined the bones with CT scans and created 3-D reconstructions of the skeleton. They found six cuts on the man’s sternum that were probably inflicted with a knife or dagger through his back. A twisting motion with the weapon is thought to be responsible for a piece of bone missing from the right side of the sternum. When inflicted, the cuts probably pierced the man’s lungs and heart, killing him quickly, Miccichè explained. He added that the angles of the cuts in the bone suggest the man was in a kneeling position when he was killed, and may have been bound, since the cuts were smooth and precise, suggesting he was not able to fight back. In fact, the man’s feet were so close together in the grave they may have still been bound when he was buried. To read about a warrior buried in northern Italy who appears to have work a prosthetic weapon, go to “<a href="https://www.archaeology.org/issues/304-1807/from-the-trenches/6691-trenches-italy-lombard-prosthetic-weapon">Late Antique TLC</a>.”</p> Possible African-American Cemetery Mapped in Delaware https://www.archaeology.org/7421-190220-delaware-historic-cemetery Archaeological News from Archaeology Magazine - Archaeology Magazine urn:uuid:58ce7127-a7fc-59e7-4f14-43730d43bf2d Wed, 20 Feb 2019 22:52:08 -0500 <p>FRANKFORD, DELAWARE—According to a <em><a href="https://www.delawarepublic.org/post/needle-haystack-archeologists-find-11-graves-frankford-site" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Delaware Public Media</a></em> report, local citizens alerted county officials to the presence of a possible historic African-American cemetery on 37 acres of private land slated for development in southern Delaware. Archaeologist Ed Otter and his colleagues have so far confirmed traces of 11 burials at the site. One headstone, which is no longer correlated with a specific grave, records the name of C.S. Hall, an African-American veteran of the Civil War. Otter explained that the site will be mapped and preserved. Tim Slavin, director of the Delaware Division of Historical and Cultural Affairs, said state officials will also search property records, deeds, church records, and cemetery records to try to identify the people who were buried in the cemetery. It is unclear whether any of those buried at the site had been enslaved. To read about evidence of surgery carried out during a Civil War battle in Virginia, go to “<a href="https://www.archaeology.org/issues/310-1809/trenches/6865-trenches-manassas-civil-war-surgery">Do No Harm</a>.”</p> Archaeologists Excavate Looted Inca Tomb in Peru https://www.archaeology.org/7420-190220-peru-inca-tomb Archaeological News from Archaeology Magazine - Archaeology Magazine urn:uuid:49c1f96d-a4b6-61a5-e278-fa9a57274859 Wed, 20 Feb 2019 22:20:24 -0500 <p>LAMBAYEQUE, PERU—According to an <a href="https://phys.org/news/2019-02-archaeologists-incan-tomb-peru.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>AFP</em></a> report, a tomb containing a collection of spondylus shells, items usually reserved for the Inca elite, has been discovered in northern Peru. Archaeologist Luis Chero said the tomb was looted more than once, but still contains artifacts such as the shells and pottery. The tomb walls were outfitted with niches for holding sculptures, he added. To read about another recent discovery in Peru, go to “<a href="https://www.archaeology.org/issues/310-1809/trenches/6879-trenches-peru-pachacamac-mummy">All Bundled Up</a>.”</p> Quarrying of Stonehenge 'bluestones' dated to 3000 BC https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/02/190219080737.htm Lost Treasures News -- ScienceDaily urn:uuid:393ecf05-037e-9704-1342-57f65d1881e8 Tue, 19 Feb 2019 08:07:37 -0500 Excavations at two quarries in Wales, known to be the source of the Stonehenge 'bluestones', provide new evidence of megalith quarrying 5,000 years ago. Biodiversity on land is not higher today than in the past, study shows https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/02/190218123129.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:0f95b721-9040-a15f-4931-8170e402509d Mon, 18 Feb 2019 12:31:29 -0500 The rich levels of biodiversity on land seen across the globe today are not a recent phenomenon: diversity on land has been similar for at least the last 60 million years, since soon after the extinction of the dinosaurs. Indigenous hunters have positive impacts on food webs in desert Australia https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/02/190217142522.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:81431dbf-0989-6f80-061a-4b39ef3d8de7 Sun, 17 Feb 2019 14:25:22 -0500 Australia has the highest rate of mammal extinction in the world. Resettlement of indigenous communities resulted in the spread of invasive species, the absence of human-set fires, and a general cascade in the interconnected food web that led to the largest mammalian extinction event ever recorded. In this case, the absence of direct human activity on the landscape may be the cause of the extinctions, according to an anthropologist. Biocolonizer species are putting the conservation of the granite at Machu Picchu at risk https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/02/190214100044.htm Lost Treasures News -- ScienceDaily urn:uuid:ab89cc0d-fd9b-4d7c-ae12-1b98974e7d21 Thu, 14 Feb 2019 10:00:44 -0500 A research group has used a non-destructive methodology to determine the role of specific algae, lichens, mosses, cyanobacteria, etc. that may be causing exfoliation and delamination, which are degrading the Sacred Rock of Machu Picchu, one of the most important symbols in the Peruvian archaeological city. New dinosaur with heart-shaped tail provides evolutionary clues for African continent https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/02/190213142720.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:a11b1d1d-5d86-bbc9-d333-468039e59349 Wed, 13 Feb 2019 14:27:20 -0500 A new dinosaur that wears its 'heart' on its tail provides new clues to how ecosystems evolved on the African continent during the Cretaceous period. 'X-ray gun' helps researchers pinpoint the origins of pottery found on ancient shipwreck https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/02/190208124708.htm Lost Treasures News -- ScienceDaily urn:uuid:06b981ba-0968-2d1f-b73a-0752aee29b96 Fri, 08 Feb 2019 12:47:08 -0500 About 800 years ago, a ship sank in the Java Sea. There are no written records saying where the ship was going or where it came from -- the only clues are the mostly-disintegrated structure of the vessel and its cargo. But archaeologists have found a new way to tell where the ceramic cargo of the ship originally came from: by zapping it with an X-ray gun. Earliest known seed-eating perching bird discovered in Fossil Lake, Wyoming https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/02/190207115003.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:8d4e030b-0b39-ce0e-e588-3aaec3199264 Thu, 07 Feb 2019 11:50:03 -0500 The 'perching birds,' or passerines, are the most common birds in the world today -- they include sparrows, robins, and finches. They used to be very rare. Scientists have just discovered some of the earliest relatives of the passerines, including a 52-million-year-old fossil with a thick, curved beak for eating seeds. Medieval inks for heritage conservation https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/02/190205102547.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:f340cc9c-d14c-8363-c7a9-ef7f02b2e8d5 Tue, 05 Feb 2019 10:25:47 -0500 Researchers have replicated five medieval inks using 15th and 16th century recipes. The Caucasus: Complex interplay of genes and cultures https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/02/190204085933.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:e2cde530-0837-7254-8ecb-bd3f4e0d60d0 Mon, 04 Feb 2019 08:59:33 -0500 In the Bronze Age, the Caucasus Mountains region was a cultural and genetic contact zone. Here, cultures that originated in Mesopotamia interacted with local hunter-gatherers, Anatolian farmers, and steppe populations from just north of the mountain ranges. Here, pastoralism was developed and technologies such as the wheeled wagon and advanced metal weapons were spread to neighbouring cultures. A new study, examines new genetic evidence in concert with archaeological evidence to paint a more complete picture of the region. Sexing ancient cremated human remains is possible through skeletal measurements https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/01/190130161654.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:e8e21911-ec1a-6dcf-4d60-7bee16879a1f Wed, 30 Jan 2019 16:16:54 -0500 Ancient cremated human remains, despite being deformed, still retain sexually diagnostic physical features, according to a new study. The authors provide a statistical approach for identifying traits that distinguish male and female remains within a population. Deep history of archaic humans in southern Siberia https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/01/190130133032.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:3fe726c4-65f6-84b0-4cd7-80dc31195fc2 Wed, 30 Jan 2019 13:30:32 -0500 Scientists have identified the earliest evidence of some of the first known humans -- Denisovans and Neanderthals, in southern Siberia. Challenges of curating ancient biomolecules https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/01/190129162356.htm ScienceDaily: Ancient Civilization News urn:uuid:6b7a339b-00d7-3668-f06a-adc922544961 Tue, 29 Jan 2019 16:23:56 -0500 Researchers are addressing the challenges of curating ancient biomolecules and working toward the development and dissemination of best practices. A recent article suggest museums play a critical role among stakeholders in ancient biomolecules research and should be responsive to these concerns. Genetic study provides novel insights into the evolution of skin color https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/01/190121103338.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:374e6605-b665-7f7e-0b9d-69bff7317d84 Mon, 21 Jan 2019 10:33:38 -0500 Skin color is one of the most visible and variable traits among humans and scientists have always been curious about how this variation evolved. Now, a study of diverse Latin American populations has identified new genetic variations associated with skin color. 11,500-year-old animal bones in Jordan suggest early dogs helped humans hunt https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/01/190115132904.htm Lost Treasures News -- ScienceDaily urn:uuid:4205e2e8-5253-4cad-9088-bc0b47d8d0e5 Tue, 15 Jan 2019 13:29:04 -0500 11,500 years ago in what is now northeast Jordan, people began to live alongside dogs and may also have used them for hunting, a new study shows. The archaeologists suggest that the introduction of dogs as hunting aids may explain the dramatic increase of hares and other small prey in the archaeological remains at the site. 3,000-year-old eastern North American quinoa discovered in Ontario https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/01/190115111930.htm ScienceDaily: Ancient Civilization News urn:uuid:223e1e27-ddc3-d408-437a-01046b50bb37 Tue, 15 Jan 2019 11:19:30 -0500 A mass of charred seeds found while clearing a home construction site in Brantford, Ontario, has been identified as ancient, domesticated goosefoot (C. berlandieri spp. jonesianum), a form of quinoa native to Eastern North America. The seeds date back to 900 B.C., and have never previously been found north of Kentucky this early in history. DNA tool allows you to trace your ancient ancestry https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/01/190114082850.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:c3520cbe-62b5-493d-6f95-97a77aa44cf8 Mon, 14 Jan 2019 08:28:50 -0500 Scientists at the University of Sheffield studying ancient DNA have created a tool allowing them to more accurately identify ancient Eurasian populations, which can be used to test an individual's similarity to ancient people who once roamed the earth. 15-meter-long ancient whale Basilosaurus isis was top marine predator https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/01/190109142626.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:5b23c32e-1bdd-2ea2-64cb-d712442ef5f5 Wed, 09 Jan 2019 14:26:26 -0500 The stomach contents of ancient whale Basilosaurus isis suggest it was an apex predator, according to a new study. Illuminating women's role in the creation of medieval manuscripts https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/01/190109142616.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:45f0e9e6-42d5-4e5a-bb7c-4936aa47badb Wed, 09 Jan 2019 14:26:16 -0500 Researchers have revealed direct evidence of medieval women's involvement in the production of illuminated manuscripts. Lapis lazuli in the dental calculus of a woman buried at a 12th-century German monastery suggests that she created richly illustrated religious texts. Genetic study reveals how citrus became the Med's favorite squeeze https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/12/181220141103.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:70aabc6a-65f1-066b-3dbf-972f70b2f954 Thu, 20 Dec 2018 14:11:03 -0500 Genetic detective work has illuminated the important role of Jewish culture in the widespread adoption of citrus fruit by early Mediterranean societies. Peering into Little Foot's 3.67-million-year-old brain https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/12/181218115137.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:bec6aee1-9257-8ea5-9faf-7eb6fbba6c3c Tue, 18 Dec 2018 11:51:37 -0500 MicroCT scans of the Australopithecus fossil known as Little Foot shows that the brain of this ancient human relative was small and shows features that are similar to our own brain and others that are closer to our ancestor shared with living chimpanzees. Ancient Japanese pottery includes an estimated 500 maize weevils https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/12/181218092959.htm ScienceDaily: Ancient Civilization News urn:uuid:d7753b2e-6b19-00fa-c0a8-6e20520f6678 Tue, 18 Dec 2018 09:29:59 -0500 Researchers have discovered an ancient Japanese pottery vessel from the late Jomon period (4500-3300 BP) with an estimated 500 maize weevils incorporated into its design. The vessel was discovered in February 2016 from ruins in Hokkaido, Japan. This extremely rare discovery provides clues on the cultivation and distribution of chestnuts, food in the Jomon era, and the spirituality of ancient Japanese people. Satellite data exposes looting of archaeological sites https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/12/181217105856.htm ScienceDaily: Ancient Civilization News urn:uuid:946ef4ba-2609-f580-2f6a-11aaf3d09329 Mon, 17 Dec 2018 10:58:56 -0500 Globally archaeological heritage is under threat by looting. The destruction of archaeological sites obliterates the basis for our understanding of ancient cultures and we lose our shared human past. Research shows that satellite data provide a mean to monitor the destruction of archaeological sites. It is now possible to understand activities by looters in remote regions and take measures to protect the sites. Early animals: Death near the shoreline, not life on land https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/12/181213131251.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:4c499e52-cb35-7281-be22-3afec4be09d4 Thu, 13 Dec 2018 13:12:51 -0500 Our understanding of when the very first animals started living on land is helped by identifying trace fossils -- the tracks and trails left by ancient animals -- in sedimentary rocks that were deposited on the continents. Oldest known plant virus found at ancient settlement https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/12/181213112111.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:211f3292-169f-274f-50bc-7fd05564ca61 Thu, 13 Dec 2018 11:21:11 -0500 Researchers studying ancient corncobs found at a Native American archeological site have recovered a 1,000-year-old virus, the oldest plant virus ever reported. 3D-printed reconstructions provide clues to ancient site https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/12/181212200743.htm Lost Treasures News -- ScienceDaily urn:uuid:0c9f287d-2f3a-d58e-7ab6-fced393c440b Wed, 12 Dec 2018 20:07:43 -0500 Part of the ancient archaeological site of Tiwanaku, Bolivia, believed by Incans to be where the world was created has been reconstructed using 3D printed models of fragments of an ancient building. First-ever look at complete skeleton of Thylacoleo, Australia's extinct 'marsupial lion' https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/12/181212140743.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:13929850-02c6-1470-fa4e-8f037bb46609 Wed, 12 Dec 2018 14:07:43 -0500 Thyalacoleo carnifex, the 'marsupial lion' of Pleistocene Australia, was an adept hunter that got around with the help of a strong tail, according to a new study. These insights come after newly discovered remains, including one nearly complete fossil specimen, allowed these researchers to reconstruct this animal's entire skeleton for the first time. Chickens to be marker of Anthropocene https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/12/181212121851.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:c696601a-12f6-4c86-36c4-0c6f97318008 Wed, 12 Dec 2018 12:18:51 -0500 New research shows the age of man -- the Anthropocene -- will be defined by the chicken. An ancient strain of plague may have led to the decline of Neolithic Europeans https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/12/181206120035.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:f030d1df-9b50-5625-9e47-696c273bb58b Thu, 06 Dec 2018 12:00:35 -0500 Researchers have identified a new strain of Yersinia pestis, the bacteria that causes plague, in DNA extracted from 5,000-year-old human remains. Their analyses suggest that this strain is the closest ever identified to the genetic origin of plague. Their work also suggests that plague may have been spread among Neolithic European settlements by traders, contributing to their decline. New archaeological site revises human habitation timeline on Tibetan plateau https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/11/181129142426.htm Lost Treasures News -- ScienceDaily urn:uuid:b4bdc789-dd0a-b899-315b-826afeb36e5d Thu, 29 Nov 2018 14:24:26 -0500 Human ancestors first set foot on the interior of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau around 30,000-40,000 years ago, according to new research. This new finding moves back the earliest data of habitation in the interior by 20,000 years or more. The whole of Africa was the cradle of humankind https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/11/181129142407.htm Lost Treasures News -- ScienceDaily urn:uuid:2bd63662-5987-570c-8117-47f80c1b1f43 Thu, 29 Nov 2018 14:24:07 -0500 A new study breaks with the paradigm that the cradle of humankind lies in East Africa, based on the archaeological remains found at sites in the region of Ain Hanech (Algeria), the oldest currently known in the north of Africa. New research shows that ancestral hominins actually made stone tools in North Africa that are near contemporary with the earliest known stone tools in East Africa dated to 2.6 million years. Prehistoric cave art suggests ancient use of complex astronomy https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/11/181127111025.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:f06c4793-3c44-8bb4-1ae0-60e9859e8dfb Tue, 27 Nov 2018 11:10:25 -0500 As far back as 40,000 years ago, humans kept track of time using relatively sophisticated knowledge of the stars, new research shows. First ancient DNA from mainland Finland reveals origins of Siberian ancestry in region https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/11/181127092535.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:2302b4bd-0602-a7b7-f7d9-41a1dce74370 Tue, 27 Nov 2018 09:25:35 -0500 A new study shows that the genetic makeup of northern Europe traces back to migrations from Siberia that began at least 3,500 years ago and that, as recently as the Iron Age, ancestors of the Saami lived in a larger area of Finland than today. The 'Swiss Army knife of prehistoric tools' found in Asia, suggests homegrown technology https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/11/181119160256.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:16208250-1141-3942-80ce-f2f512d25d8d Mon, 19 Nov 2018 16:02:56 -0500 A study by an international team of researchers have determines that carved stone tools, also known as Levallois cores, were used in Asia 80,000 to 170,000 years ago. With the find -- and absent human fossils linking the tools to migrating populations -- researchers believe people in Asia developed the technology independently, evidence of similar sets of skills evolving throughout different parts of the ancient world. Climate change likely caused migration, demise of ancient Indus Valley civilization https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/11/181114234855.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:4d73432c-aa2f-4a8f-0abb-d86ddfef0861 Wed, 14 Nov 2018 23:48:55 -0500 A new study found evidence that climate change likely drove the Harappans to resettle far away from the floodplains of the Indus. Late Miocene ape maxilla (upper jaw) discovered in western India https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/11/181114160036.htm ScienceDaily: Ancient Civilization News urn:uuid:81a4efd5-65b7-ef6c-6a60-bef7f52a6b0d Wed, 14 Nov 2018 16:00:36 -0500 An ape maxilla (upper jaw) from the Late Miocene found in the Kutch basin, in western India, significantly extends the southern range of ancient apes in the Indian Peninsula, according to a new study. Primates of the Caribbean: Ancient DNA reveals history of mystery monkey https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/11/181112191645.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:97ce67e5-dcc4-d115-b663-0d0071be913f Mon, 12 Nov 2018 19:16:45 -0500 Analysis of ancient DNA of a mysterious extinct monkey named Xenothrix -- which displays bizarre body characteristics very different to any living monkey -- has revealed that it was in fact most closely related to South America's titi monkeys (Callicebinae). Having made their way overwater to Jamaica, probably on floating vegetation, their bones reveal they subsequently underwent remarkable evolutionary change. New light cast on fishing throughout history https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/11/181112095942.htm ScienceDaily: Ancient Civilization News urn:uuid:3dd35960-8803-b8ed-9e37-50a598fdf7e4 Mon, 12 Nov 2018 09:59:42 -0500 A new study has revealed new insights into ancient fishing throughout history, including what type of fish people were regularly eating as part of their diet. The whole tooth: New method to find biological sex from a single tooth https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/11/181112095931.htm Lost Treasures News -- ScienceDaily urn:uuid:44df2aad-c14e-a88a-4c6c-a9b3dc541aed Mon, 12 Nov 2018 09:59:31 -0500 Researchers have come up with a new way to estimate the biological sex of human skeletal remains based on protein traces from teeth. The new face of South American people https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/11/181109155524.htm ScienceDaily: Archaeology News urn:uuid:8c7e47b4-3a5e-7c9e-d0ab-8b9f0cfb89d2 Fri, 09 Nov 2018 15:55:24 -0500 Study by 72 researchers from eight countries concludes that the Lagoa Santa people are descendants of Clovis culture migrants from North America. Distinctly African features attributed to Luzia were wrong.