Qaecologist Posts http://feed.informer.com/digests/T57DVXB9YH/feeder Qaecologist Posts Respective post owners and feed distributors Mon, 15 Feb 2016 08:40:04 +0000 Feed Informer http://feed.informer.com/ Worth a read: Perverse metrics and lost scientific integrity https://hkujalaresearch.wordpress.com/2017/04/05/worth-a-read-perverse-metrics-and-lost-scientific-integrity/ Heini Kujala urn:uuid:57d7ae77-f712-7ac9-b58e-84049bc7cccc Wed, 05 Apr 2017 04:15:20 +0000 Last week it was my turn to suggest a paper for our lab&#8217;s Reading Group. I chose this excellent piece by Edwards and Roy (2017) on the importance of maintaining scientific integrity in the 21st century climate of perverse incentives &#8230; <a href="https://hkujalaresearch.wordpress.com/2017/04/05/worth-a-read-perverse-metrics-and-lost-scientific-integrity/">Continue reading <span class="meta-nav">&#8594;</span></a><img alt="" border="0" src="https://pixel.wp.com/b.gif?host=hkujalaresearch.wordpress.com&#038;blog=39886639&#038;post=315&#038;subd=hkujalaresearch&#038;ref=&#038;feed=1" width="1" height="1" /> <p>Last week it was my turn to suggest a paper for our lab&#8217;s Reading Group. I chose <a href="http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.1089/ees.2016.0223" target="_blank">this</a> excellent piece by Edwards and Roy (2017) on the importance of maintaining scientific integrity in the 21<sup>st</sup> century climate of perverse incentives and hyper-competition. <span id="more-315"></span>I&#8217;m sure we all come across with stories about scientific misconduct at some point of our academic careers. And every now and there are public <a href="http://www.nature.com/news/halt-the-avalanche-of-performance-metrics-1.13553" target="_blank">discussions</a> about how harmful it is to use simple metrics such as the number of publications and various <a href="http://www.phdcomics.com/comics/archive.php?comicid=1108" target="_blank">citation metrics</a> to measure the performance of scientists and institutions. But what I particularly liked about this paper was that it really succeeded in painting the bigger picture. That misconduct is not restricted to just few incidental cases but that it is an actual increasing problem that has ramifications far beyond the academic bubble we scientists like to wrap ourselves into. It was an excellent, shocking and thought-provoking read, and I highly recommend it to everyone working in research.</p> <p>As usual, the discussion about the topic and this paper is difficult to summarize into a short blog post, but if you&#8217;re interested, check out the <a href="https://qaeco.com/2017/04/05/life-in-corrupt-science-when-metrics-become-targets/#more-4370" target="_blank">post</a> I wrote on QAECO&#8217;s pages. The points made in this article resonated strongly with many of us, myself very much included. It is quite hard to grasp how much academia has changed in just few decades. It is also hard to understand why it is so difficult to change the way academia works, given the accumulating amount of evidence on the flaws of the current metric-based systems. Surely we should be able to come up with something better than this?</p> <p>&#8212;</p> <p><a href="http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.1089/ees.2016.0223">Edwards M.A. and Roy S. (2017) Academic Research in the 21st Century: Maintaining Scientific Integrity in a Climate of Perverse Incentives and Hypercompetition. <em>Environmental Engineering Science</em>, 34(1): 51-61. doi:10.1089/ees.2016.0223.</a></p><br /> <a rel="nofollow" href="http://feeds.wordpress.com/1.0/gocomments/hkujalaresearch.wordpress.com/315/"><img alt="" border="0" src="http://feeds.wordpress.com/1.0/comments/hkujalaresearch.wordpress.com/315/" /></a> <img alt="" border="0" src="https://pixel.wp.com/b.gif?host=hkujalaresearch.wordpress.com&#038;blog=39886639&#038;post=315&#038;subd=hkujalaresearch&#038;ref=&#038;feed=1" width="1" height="1" /> Publication: Tiny terminological disagreements with far reaching consequences for global bird trends https://hsfraser.wordpress.com/2017/03/24/publication-tiny-terminological-disagreements-with-far-reaching-consequences-for-global-bird-trends/ Hannah Fraser Research urn:uuid:097c17e1-b24f-c351-5c98-13b9d92d5da5 Fri, 24 Mar 2017 02:32:26 +0000 In February, the second chapter of my PhD was published in Ecological Indicators. This paper looks at how sensitive our understanding of global bird trends is to how we classify bird groups. It&#8217;s common practice to use composite indices to try &#8230; <a href="https://hsfraser.wordpress.com/2017/03/24/publication-tiny-terminological-disagreements-with-far-reaching-consequences-for-global-bird-trends/">Continue reading <span class="meta-nav">&#8594;</span></a><img alt="" border="0" src="https://pixel.wp.com/b.gif?host=hsfraser.wordpress.com&#038;blog=94796466&#038;post=232&#038;subd=hsfraser&#038;ref=&#038;feed=1" width="1" height="1" /> <p>In February, the second chapter of my PhD was published in Ecological Indicators. <a href="http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1470160X16305647">This paper</a> looks at how sensitive our understanding of global bird trends is to how we classify bird groups.</p> <p>It&#8217;s common practice to use composite indices to try and understand global biodiversity trends. The <a href="http://www.ebcc.info/index.php?ID=613">European Bird Census Council</a> is just one institution that does this, calculating an index of temporal trends in farmland and forest bird species. These bird groups (farmland and forest/woodland) are studied by many researchers and institutions, though in each case different combinations of species are assigned to the different groups.</p> <p>In this paper I looked at how sensitive the trends in composite bird indices of farmland, forest/woodland and generalist birds are to which species are included in each group. We find that the trends we calculate in these bird groups can change drastically depending on which species are included (using actual, published lists of species assigned to these groups). In some cases, this effect is severe enough that under some definitions a positive trend is seen and under others the trend appears to be negative.</p> <p>Our results question the current practice of idiosyncratically classifying indicators in scientific research and conservation. This inconsistency is making it more difficult to infer whether and when to preserve bird groups, potentially leading to sub-optimal conservation outcomes.</p><br /> <a rel="nofollow" href="http://feeds.wordpress.com/1.0/gocomments/hsfraser.wordpress.com/232/"><img alt="" border="0" src="http://feeds.wordpress.com/1.0/comments/hsfraser.wordpress.com/232/" /></a> <img alt="" border="0" src="https://pixel.wp.com/b.gif?host=hsfraser.wordpress.com&#038;blog=94796466&#038;post=232&#038;subd=hsfraser&#038;ref=&#038;feed=1" width="1" height="1" /> Publication: The value of virtual conferencing for ecology and conservation https://hsfraser.wordpress.com/2017/03/24/publication-the-value-of-virtual-conferencing-for-ecology-and-conservation/ Hannah Fraser Research urn:uuid:4381d8cf-dae0-25d4-31fa-0d958c81f382 Fri, 24 Mar 2017 02:05:40 +0000 I am ecstatic to say that the final version of my recent publication is now available at Conservation Biology. Some co-authors and I from the Centre of Excellence for Biosecurity Risk Analysis and the Quantitative and Applied Ecology group got &#8230; <a href="https://hsfraser.wordpress.com/2017/03/24/publication-the-value-of-virtual-conferencing-for-ecology-and-conservation/">Continue reading <span class="meta-nav">&#8594;</span></a><img alt="" border="0" src="https://pixel.wp.com/b.gif?host=hsfraser.wordpress.com&#038;blog=94796466&#038;post=187&#038;subd=hsfraser&#038;ref=&#038;feed=1" width="1" height="1" /> <p>I am ecstatic to say that the final version of my recent publication is now available at Conservation Biology. Some co-authors and I from the Centre of Excellence for Biosecurity Risk Analysis and the Quantitative and Applied Ecology group got together a couple of years ago to write about <a href="http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/cobi.12837/full">the value of virtual conferencing for ecology and conservation</a>. I&#8217;ve <a href="https://hpearsonresearch.wordpress.com/2014/11/26/flying-is-bad-but-how-can-we-avoid-it/">written a bit about this process</a> in the past under my old name Hannah Pearson. It was a fantastic experience working with <a href="https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Matt_Malishev/">Matthew Malishev</a>, <a href="https://ksoanesresearch.wordpress.com/">Kylie Soanes</a>, Stuart Jones and Chris Jones on the project.</p> <p><strong>In a nutshell</strong></p> <p>Ecologists and conservation researchers often research and express concern about climate change. These same researchers travel long distances to conferences contributing substantively to global carbon emissions that cause climate change.</p> <p>Many of the world&#8217;s biodiversity hotspots and most pressing conservation problems happen in the developing world but the financial cost of travelling to conferences means that many of these researchers are unable to communicate their research or learn from recent research at international conferences.</p> <p>Holding virtual conferences have the potential to overcome both problems: reducing researchers&#8217; carbon footprint and increasing the accessibility of conferences from more poorly funded institutions such as those in developing countries.</p><br /> <a rel="nofollow" href="http://feeds.wordpress.com/1.0/gocomments/hsfraser.wordpress.com/187/"><img alt="" border="0" src="http://feeds.wordpress.com/1.0/comments/hsfraser.wordpress.com/187/" /></a> <img alt="" border="0" src="https://pixel.wp.com/b.gif?host=hsfraser.wordpress.com&#038;blog=94796466&#038;post=187&#038;subd=hsfraser&#038;ref=&#038;feed=1" width="1" height="1" /> Online subject on Species Distribution Modelling! Interested? https://gguilleraresearch.wordpress.com/2017/03/23/online-subject-on-species-distribution-modelling-interested/ gurutzeta's research urn:uuid:c9eae518-3058-e50a-30fb-91abd407184e Thu, 23 Mar 2017 06:24:15 +0000 Are you interested in modelling? Are you a graduate student, and your project involves studying species distributions? Or maybe you are a research professional or a manager wanting to expand your quantitative skills? Species distribution modelling is one of the &#8230; <a href="https://gguilleraresearch.wordpress.com/2017/03/23/online-subject-on-species-distribution-modelling-interested/">Continue reading <span class="meta-nav">&#8594;</span></a><img alt="" border="0" src="https://pixel.wp.com/b.gif?host=gguilleraresearch.wordpress.com&#038;blog=41104168&#038;post=662&#038;subd=gguilleraresearch&#038;ref=&#038;feed=1" width="1" height="1" /> <blockquote><p>Are you interested in modelling? Are you a graduate student, and your project involves studying species distributions? Or maybe you are a research professional or a manager wanting to expand your quantitative skills? Species distribution modelling is one of the most highly cited areas of ecological research. And it is not just about research […]</p></blockquote> <p>via <a href="http://qaeco.com/2017/03/23/wanting-to-learn-species-distribution-modelling-consider-enrolling-in-our-online-subject/">Wanting to learn Species Distribution Modelling? Consider enrolling in our online subject! — The Quantitative &amp; Applied Ecology Group</a></p> <p><img class="aligncenter" src="https://qaecology.files.wordpress.com/2017/03/all4.jpg?quality=80&amp;strip=info&amp;w=800" width="578" height="136" /></p><br /> <a rel="nofollow" href="http://feeds.wordpress.com/1.0/gocomments/gguilleraresearch.wordpress.com/662/"><img alt="" border="0" src="http://feeds.wordpress.com/1.0/comments/gguilleraresearch.wordpress.com/662/" /></a> <img alt="" border="0" src="https://pixel.wp.com/b.gif?host=gguilleraresearch.wordpress.com&#038;blog=41104168&#038;post=662&#038;subd=gguilleraresearch&#038;ref=&#038;feed=1" width="1" height="1" /> Estimating detectability to address alien plant incursions https://cindyehauser.wordpress.com/2017/03/13/estimating-detectability-to-address-alien-plant-incursions/ Cindy E Hauser urn:uuid:b4f89ff6-5a9e-9c7b-5e02-67f353899c1f Sun, 12 Mar 2017 23:59:38 +0000 I&#8217;ve contributed a small section to the recently published Detecting and Responding to Alien Plant Incursions. This volume addresses the full continuum of management from pre-border efforts through early detection to selecting management options and overarching governance. It&#8217;s a synthesis of the literature that will be of value to researchers. More importantly, it&#8217;s framed as guidance &#8230; <a class="more-link" href="https://cindyehauser.wordpress.com/2017/03/13/estimating-detectability-to-address-alien-plant-incursions/">More <span class="screen-reader-text">Estimating detectability to address alien plant&#160;incursions</span></a><img alt="" border="0" src="https://pixel.wp.com/b.gif?host=cindyehauser.wordpress.com&#038;blog=34509439&#038;post=1554&#038;subd=cindyehauser&#038;ref=&#038;feed=1" width="1" height="1" /> <p><img data-attachment-id="1739" data-permalink="https://cindyehauser.wordpress.com/2017/03/13/estimating-detectability-to-address-alien-plant-incursions/20170105_123738_crop/" data-orig-file="https://cindyehauser.files.wordpress.com/2016/11/20170105_123738_crop.jpg" data-orig-size="2988,4216" data-comments-opened="1" data-image-meta="{&quot;aperture&quot;:&quot;2.2&quot;,&quot;credit&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;camera&quot;:&quot;SM-G900I&quot;,&quot;caption&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;created_timestamp&quot;:&quot;1483619858&quot;,&quot;copyright&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;focal_length&quot;:&quot;4.8&quot;,&quot;iso&quot;:&quot;250&quot;,&quot;shutter_speed&quot;:&quot;0.03030303030303&quot;,&quot;title&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;orientation&quot;:&quot;1&quot;}" data-image-title="20170105_123738_crop" data-image-description="" data-medium-file="https://cindyehauser.files.wordpress.com/2016/11/20170105_123738_crop.jpg?w=213" data-large-file="https://cindyehauser.files.wordpress.com/2016/11/20170105_123738_crop.jpg?w=726" class="aligncenter size-large wp-image-1739" src="https://cindyehauser.files.wordpress.com/2016/11/20170105_123738_crop.jpg?w=726&#038;h=1024" alt="20170105_123738_crop" width="726" height="1024" srcset="https://cindyehauser.files.wordpress.com/2016/11/20170105_123738_crop.jpg?w=726&amp;h=1024 726w, https://cindyehauser.files.wordpress.com/2016/11/20170105_123738_crop.jpg?w=1452&amp;h=2048 1452w, https://cindyehauser.files.wordpress.com/2016/11/20170105_123738_crop.jpg?w=106&amp;h=150 106w, https://cindyehauser.files.wordpress.com/2016/11/20170105_123738_crop.jpg?w=213&amp;h=300 213w, https://cindyehauser.files.wordpress.com/2016/11/20170105_123738_crop.jpg?w=768&amp;h=1084 768w" sizes="(max-width: 726px) 100vw, 726px" /></p> <p>I&#8217;ve contributed a small section to the recently published <em>Detecting and Responding to Alien Plant Incursions</em>. This volume addresses the full continuum of management from pre-border efforts through early detection to selecting management options and overarching governance. It&#8217;s a synthesis of the literature that will be of value to researchers. More importantly, it&#8217;s framed as guidance to the land managers and policy makers who are responsible for addressing these threats.</p> <p><img data-attachment-id="1740" data-permalink="https://cindyehauser.wordpress.com/2017/03/13/estimating-detectability-to-address-alien-plant-incursions/20170105_123907/" data-orig-file="https://cindyehauser.files.wordpress.com/2016/11/20170105_123907.jpg?w=748" data-orig-size="5312,2988" data-comments-opened="1" data-image-meta="{&quot;aperture&quot;:&quot;2.2&quot;,&quot;credit&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;camera&quot;:&quot;SM-G900I&quot;,&quot;caption&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;created_timestamp&quot;:&quot;1483619947&quot;,&quot;copyright&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;focal_length&quot;:&quot;4.8&quot;,&quot;iso&quot;:&quot;200&quot;,&quot;shutter_speed&quot;:&quot;0.03030303030303&quot;,&quot;title&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;orientation&quot;:&quot;1&quot;}" data-image-title="20170105_123907" data-image-description="" data-medium-file="https://cindyehauser.files.wordpress.com/2016/11/20170105_123907.jpg?w=748?w=300" data-large-file="https://cindyehauser.files.wordpress.com/2016/11/20170105_123907.jpg?w=748?w=748" class="alignnone size-full wp-image-1740" src="https://cindyehauser.files.wordpress.com/2016/11/20170105_123907.jpg?w=748" alt="20170105_123907" srcset="https://cindyehauser.files.wordpress.com/2016/11/20170105_123907.jpg?w=748 748w, https://cindyehauser.files.wordpress.com/2016/11/20170105_123907.jpg?w=1496 1496w, https://cindyehauser.files.wordpress.com/2016/11/20170105_123907.jpg?w=150 150w, https://cindyehauser.files.wordpress.com/2016/11/20170105_123907.jpg?w=300 300w, https://cindyehauser.files.wordpress.com/2016/11/20170105_123907.jpg?w=768 768w, https://cindyehauser.files.wordpress.com/2016/11/20170105_123907.jpg?w=1024 1024w" sizes="(max-width: 748px) 100vw, 748px" /></p> <p>The break-out box that <a href="https://joslinmooreresearch.wordpress.com/">Joslin Moore</a> and I were invited to write regards detectability, and how we can go about estimating it experimentally. This process calls on statistics and experimental design, tempered with biosecurity concerns and our desire to accurately simulate real survey conditions. Throughout, we&#8217;ve used examples from our hawkweed detection experiments to demonstrate how we&#8217;ve made these trade-offs ourselves. We were also able to include a couple of lovely photographs taken by <a href="http://cousenslab.wixsite.com/invasionbiol">Roger Cousens</a> during our field work.</p> <p style="text-align:center;">.</p> <p><strong>Hauser C.E.</strong> &amp; Moore J.L. (2016) Estimating detectability using search experiments, in <em>Detecting and Responding to Alien Plant Incursions</em>, eds Wilson, J., Panetta, F.D. &amp; Lindgren, C. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, <a href="http://tm1-live.eu.aws.cambridge.org/nu/academic/subjects/life-sciences/ecology-and-conservation/detecting-and-responding-alien-plant-incursions?format=PB">pp 71-75</a>.</p><img alt="" border="0" src="https://pixel.wp.com/b.gif?host=cindyehauser.wordpress.com&#038;blog=34509439&#038;post=1554&#038;subd=cindyehauser&#038;ref=&#038;feed=1" width="1" height="1" />