Value chains http://feed.informer.com/digests/SUCGM4EZI5/feeder Value chains Respective post owners and feed distributors Tue, 27 Nov 2018 14:34:38 +0000 Feed Informer http://feed.informer.com/ Roots, tubers and bananas: vital to the One CGIAR portfolio! https://www.rtb.cgiar.org/news/roots-tubers-and-bananas-vital-to-the-one-cgiar-portfolio/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=roots-tubers-and-bananas-vital-to-the-one-cgiar-portfolio RTB-CGIAR urn:uuid:a8189546-e7c9-bb42-58e8-44ba13847267 Fri, 10 Sep 2021 06:47:33 +0000 Roots, tubers and bananas are the foundation of food security for millions of people across Asia, Africa and Latin America. They will be increasingly important in response to climate change, population growth and urbanization. They can contribute essential micronutrients such as iron, zinc and vitamin A that are especially important for good health in children [&#8230;] <p>Roots, tubers and bananas are the foundation of food security for millions of people across Asia, Africa and Latin America. They will be increasingly important in response to climate change, population growth and urbanization. They can contribute essential micronutrients such as iron, zinc and vitamin A that are especially important for good health in children and mothers.</p> <p>A <a href="https://hdl.handle.net/10568/109915">Research Brief</a> from the CGIAR Research Program on Roots, Tubers and Bananas (RTB) makes a strong case for the fundamental importance of its mandate crops within <a href="https://www.cgiar.org/food-security-impact/one-cgiar/">One CGIAR</a>, the ongoing reformulation of CGIAR’s partnerships, knowledge, assets, and global presence.</p> <p>Graham Thiele, RTB Director, explains: “We are entering an exciting time with the design of the major initiatives for the One CGIAR. We want to make sure that RTB crops get given the attention they deserve, considering their potential contribution as this change happens, and that inspired us to put this brief together. Of course, after reading this brief, we would like all of you to become our ambassadors and help us make the case!”</p> <p>Across the humid tropics of Africa, RTB crops are the most important staples. They supply 25–57% of calories in the diet. Despite this dependence, the low productivity of RTB crops in sub-Saharan Africa reduces their contribution to addressing undernutrition in rural populations. At the same time, inefficient traditional post-harvest management and supply chain logistics for RTB value chains mean that countries import large quantities of staple grains for rapidly growing urban populations. Outside the humid tropics of Africa and in most of Asia and Latin America, RTB crops are important in rotation with cereals and legumes and in agroforestry systems. Roots, tubers and bananas enhance resilience because they often have key traits that enable them to survive shifting weather patterns, including droughts and flooding, adverse soil conditions like salinity and waterlogging, as well as catastrophic events such as tropical storms (because roots and tubers are buried safely underground).</p> <div id="attachment_53595" style="width: 1267px" class="wp-caption aligncenter"><img aria-describedby="caption-attachment-53595" loading="lazy" class="size-full wp-image-53595" src="https://www.rtb.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/09/cassava.jpg" alt="" width="1257" height="838" srcset="https://www.rtb.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/09/cassava.jpg 1257w, https://www.rtb.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/09/cassava-300x200.jpg 300w, https://www.rtb.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/09/cassava-768x512.jpg 768w, https://www.rtb.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/09/cassava-630x420.jpg 630w, https://www.rtb.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/09/cassava-480x320.jpg 480w, https://www.rtb.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/09/cassava-600x400.jpg 600w, https://www.rtb.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/09/cassava-1140x760.jpg 1140w" sizes="(max-width: 1257px) 100vw, 1257px" /><p id="caption-attachment-53595" class="wp-caption-text">Cassava being prepared by a Ugandan woman. Photo credit: S. Fernandes/RTB</p></div> <p><strong>Benefits for sustainable development</strong></p> <p>Research will be needed to equip RTB crops to play an even greater role in response to population growth, urbanization and climate change, and to contribute to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). For example, climate change means that maize may be vulnerable to more frequent droughts, while cassava and sweetpotato are more resilient under such conditions.</p> <p>Where market conditions are right and new technologies are available, as in Southeast Asia for cassava, yield increases have been considerable. Attention needs to be given to creating the right incentives for innovation. For example, some public-sector investment for early generation seed can complement the private sector in seed systems and make a difference in adoption rates and productivity. With further research and development, enhanced yields of RTB crops will help to address the SDG 1 goal of reducing poverty. To date, however, research investment in RTB crops has lagged.</p> <div id="attachment_53594" style="width: 1534px" class="wp-caption aligncenter"><img aria-describedby="caption-attachment-53594" loading="lazy" class="size-full wp-image-53594" src="https://www.rtb.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/09/banana.jpg" alt="" width="1524" height="1016" srcset="https://www.rtb.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/09/banana.jpg 1524w, https://www.rtb.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/09/banana-300x200.jpg 300w, https://www.rtb.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/09/banana-768x512.jpg 768w, https://www.rtb.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/09/banana-630x420.jpg 630w, https://www.rtb.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/09/banana-480x320.jpg 480w, https://www.rtb.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/09/banana-600x400.jpg 600w, https://www.rtb.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/09/banana-1140x760.jpg 1140w" sizes="(max-width: 1524px) 100vw, 1524px" /><p id="caption-attachment-53594" class="wp-caption-text">One of the many banana sellers at a market in Tanzania. Photo credit: unsplash</p></div> <p>Women especially stand to benefit from growing and using RTB crops. At present, yields on women-led farms are often lower as a result of gender-specific barriers. Research is needed to improve yields for women farmers and to enhance their role in the production of value-added foods for urban consumers.</p> <p>Tawanda Muzhingi, former leader of flagship project four, explains: “RTB-based products, such as <a href="https://cipotato.org/news/photostories/orange-fleshed-sweetpotato/">orange- fleshed sweetpotato</a> purée-based baked products, are already developed, promoted and being taken to scale in African markets.” Many of these efforts on OSFP purée are led by women, empowering them at the same time as showing that RTB crops can make a huge contribution to good health and well-being, the goal of SDG 3. Orange-fleshed sweetpotato, selectively bred to deliver enhanced levels of vitamin A, has already reached 6.2 million households across 15 countries in sub-Saharan Africa. This is just a start. There are now cassava and banana varieties high in vitamin A, and potatoes have been bred with significantly higher levels of iron and zinc. These efforts need to increase and be scaled up.</p> <p>RTB crops are also important to meet SDG 2, which targets zero hunger. Because they are produced, processed and traded locally, they are less susceptible to price shocks in international markets and disruptions in global trade. This can be considered another aspect of their resilience.</p> <p><strong>Looking Forward</strong></p> <p>While considerable strides have been made in demonstrating the power of RTB crops to fight hunger and nutritional insecurity, huge challenges remain. The widespread low productivity of RTB crops, their bulk and perishability, and their relative neglect by decision-makers are all preventing them from playing a bigger part. The Research Brief sets out 10 priority areas for research and scaling for RTB crops in the context of One CGIAR. These priority areas include:</p> <ul> <li>Advocacy with policymakers to help them to understand the critical role of RTB crops in local and national food systems and to encourage investment.</li> <li>Gender research integrated with biological research to improve equitable access to and benefits from RTB crop innovations.</li> <li>Sustainable intensification of RTB food systems to reduce environmental impacts while at the same time improving yields and incomes for smallholders.</li> </ul> <p>The production of RTB crops will have to almost double by 2050 to keep up with growing populations and increasing demand. The Research Brief sets out ways that One CGIAR, through continued work on roots, tubers and bananas, will make multiple contributions to meeting the Sustainable Development Goals.</p> Mali, Niger and Senegal: Local stakeholders discuss scaling up climate-smart value chains https://ccafs.cgiar.org/news/mali-niger-and-senegal-local-stakeholders-discuss-scaling-climate-smart-value-chains CGIAR Climate Blog urn:uuid:832f58d2-a68b-2e1b-c865-9bffc528c884 Tue, 07 Sep 2021 12:41:08 +0000 <div class="big-text"><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>Connecting stakeholders from diverse backgrounds is key to building resilience in value chains.</span></span></div> <p><span><span>Weather and climate conditions cause extreme challenges for smallholder farmers and other actors involved in agricultural value chains in developing countries, particularly in the West African Sahel. </span></span></p> <p><span><span>Analyzing existing value chains can help to unravel the complex relationships within a country's agricultural systems, however, the consideration of climate change in that analysis is often lacking. Many initiatives to date have focused on climate in connection to the production part of the value chain, neglecting its importance to the other key stages which relate to harvesting, storage, processing, and taking to market. </span></span></p> <p><span><span>Additionally, while much research and development of agricultural technologies has been carried out, scaling those technologies continues to be a challenge. </span></span></p> <h3><span><span><strong>How to face such challenges?</strong></span></span></h3> <p><span><span>In response, the CGIAR research program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) is implementing the project "<a href="https://cgspace.cgiar.org/bitstream/handle/10568/113005/flyer%203.pdf">Development of value chains and climate-smart landscapes to increase resilience in West Africa</a>" in Mali, Niger and Senegal. </span></span></p> <p><span><span>The project is happening in collaboration with key agricultural stakeholders - NGOs, producers' organizations, technical services, national agricultural research institute, economic actors, etc., and is made possible thanks to funding from the European Union (<a href="https://europa.eu/european-union/index_en">EU</a>) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (<a href="https://www.ifad.org/en/">IFAD</a>). </span></span></p> <p><span><span>The "Value Chain" approach has emerged as a major opportunity for scaling the most promising agricultural innovations. To achieve the objective of building and maintaining the resilience of these value chains, partnership and coordination between national level actors working along the value chains in the three countries has been crucial.</span></span></p> <p><span><span>Collaborative partnerships offer opportunities for addressing many of the constraints that arise when it comes to the adoption of climate-smart agriculture along the value chain, and will be a vehicle for the practice of climate-smart agriculture (CSA) technologies at a larger scale.</span></span></p> <h3><span><span><strong>Inclusion is key</strong></span></span></h3> <p><span><span>An initial project activity included working with actors and local development stakeholders in the regions of Segou (Mali), Tillaberi (Niger) and Kaffrine (Senegal) to identify priority value chains for the implementation of the Climate Smart Value Chains project. </span></span></p> <p><span><span>Through a participatory stakeholder process, the value chains mentioned below were prioritized on the basis of their resilience to the effects of climate change, the percentage of employees working in them, as well as their inclusive value.</span></span></p> <ul><li><span><span>Segou, Mali: <em>rice, millet, goat/sheep, cowpea and market gardening</em></span></span></li> <li><span><span>Tillaberi, Niger: <em>rice, millet and red meat </em></span></span></li> <li><span><span>Kaffrine, Senegal: <em>millet/sorghum, groundnuts, goats and non-timber forest products </em></span></span></li> </ul><blockquote><p><span><span><em>For each country, these priority value chains were selected for their current and future resilience as well as for their inclusiveness (participation of the poor, women and youth) and the high percentage of people involved.”</em></span></span></p> <p class="text-align-right"><span><span>Source: <a href="https://cgspace.cgiar.org/bitstream/handle/10568/111456/CCAFS%20Info%20Note%20Prioritising%20value%20chains%20for%20climate-smart%20%20agriculture%20promotion%20in%20WA%2018Feb2021.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y">Info Note</a></span></span></p> </blockquote> <h3><span><span><strong>Collaboration for better results</strong></span></span></h3> <p><span><span>For a better mainstreaming of climate adaptation strategies along the identified value chains, a second activity was then carried out. </span></span></p> <p><span><span>This activity involved establishing platforms to bring the stakeholders from the local sector together for collaborative discussions. Actors were able to combine their knowledge and experience, each with their own specializations and capabilities for adaptations to climate change and the value chain. These communal discussion platforms are spaces not only for learning, but also for change. </span></span></p> <p><span><span>For example, the collaborative platform in Mali brought together multiple stakeholders including farmers, the national research institute, traders, food processors, professionals from banks and agents from NGOs. </span></span></p> <p><span><span>It emerged from the platform discussions that there is a pressing need to increase knowledge of CSA techniques and practices to improve productivity. </span></span></p> <p><span><span>This need was expressed by both producers and seed sellers. Together, taking into account the capabilities of each stakeholder, participants were able to design solutions for specific problems along the priority value chains identified in Segou, Mali. </span></span></p> <p><span><span>These platforms are set up by CCAFS to be ongoing discussions focused on production quality, productivity and strategies for taking products to market. Made up of members from across the value chain, they will carry out activities with the aim of developing relevant and applicable solutions based on stakeholder input. </span></span></p> <blockquote><p><span><span>"<em>This process of establishing platforms for the scaling up of innovations in climate-smart value chains has enabled us to provide various actors working along the chain with tools</em>".</span></span></p> <p class="text-align-right"><span><span>Daou Rokia Koné, Regional Director of Agriculture in Ségou</span></span></p> </blockquote> <h3><span><span><strong>Next steps: practical cases from Climate-Smart Villages</strong></span></span></h3> <p><span><span>The discussion platforms, which operate according to principles of transparency, have the advantage not only of facilitating the integration of climate-smart agriculture techniques, but also of sharing experiences between the different sectors of activity involved in the value chain process.</span></span></p> <p><span><span>By the end of the October 2021, the actors will also have benefitted from capacity building sessions. For example, as mentioned above, platform members from the Mali team voiced a need for capacity building in Climate-Smart Villages (CSV) practices and technologies. In response to this need, a visit to the CSV in Cinzana is planned in September 2021 where members will be introduced to the relevant practices and technologies. </span></span></p> <p><span><span>These site visits are unique opportunities for platform members to come into close contact with actual CSA practices in order to apply and scale the impact of climate-smart agriculture.</span></span></p> <hr /><p>Since 2019 this initial work has been fostered by the project “<a href="https://ccafs.cgiar.org/building-livelihoods-and-resilience-climate-change-east-west-africa">Building livelihoods and resilience to climate change in East & West Africa</a>” co-funded by the European Union (<a href="https://europa.eu/european-union/index_en">EU</a>) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (<a href="https://www.ifad.org/en/">IFAD</a>). The project seeks to support large-scale adoption of climate-smart agricultural technologies and practices. </p><img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/CgiarClimateBlogs/~4/YWwWhWgoth8" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> Improving farmers’ livelihoods through upscaling best performing sorghum varieties for seed production and commercial products in western Kenya http://gldc.cgiar.org/improving-farmers-livelihoods-through-upscaling-best-performing-sorghum-varieties-for-seed-production-and-commercial-products-in-western-kenya/ Grain Legumes and Dryland Cereals urn:uuid:47735d05-8366-a7ea-ce44-f8d351595e1a Wed, 04 Aug 2021 16:33:22 +0000 <p>Farmers in Nyando, Kakamega and Vihiga, Western Kenya, are benefiting from the interventions of two seed system focused projects. The first project, Promoting open source seed systems for climate change adaptation in Kenyan, Uganda and Tanzania, led by the Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT, aimed to facilitate adaptation to climate change by introducing new [&#8230;]</p> <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="http://gldc.cgiar.org/improving-farmers-livelihoods-through-upscaling-best-performing-sorghum-varieties-for-seed-production-and-commercial-products-in-western-kenya/">Improving farmers’ livelihoods through upscaling best performing sorghum varieties for seed production and commercial products in western Kenya</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="http://gldc.cgiar.org">Grain Legumes and Dryland Cereals</a>.</p> <p>Farmers in Nyando, Kakamega and Vihiga, Western Kenya, are benefiting from the interventions of two seed system focused projects. The first project, <strong><em>Promoting open source seed systems for climate change adaptation in Kenyan, Uganda and Tanzania</em></strong>, led by the Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT, aimed to facilitate adaptation to climate change by introducing new diversity of sorghum, finger millet and common bean, sourced from the National Genebanks of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. It was funded by the Benefit Sharing Fund of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. In 2019, the project successfully introduced and tested 48 sorghum and 52 finger millet varieties in Nyando, Kenya, through a citizen science approach using crowdsourcing and participatory varietal evaluation and selection. Nyando farmers selected the best 10 sorghum and 10 finger millet varieties based on an assessment of their performance and related agronomic traits.</p> <p>After the successful selection of best performing varieties, funding from the CGIAR research program on Grain Legumes and Dryland Cereals (GLDC) supported the project, <strong><em>Upscaling best performing varieties of sorghum for seed and production and commercial products to generate incomes for farmers</em></strong>. The objective was to upscale and commercialize selected varieties of sorghum and finger millet through the establishment of production units, new product creation and establishment of product value chains. The project was led by Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT), Kenya, in collaboration with the Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT.</p> <p><strong>Sorghum multiplication and dissemination of quality seed to farmers in Nyando, Kakamega and Vihiga</strong></p> <p>Based on the variety assessment of the farmers, seed was multiplied of the 10 selected sorghum varieties; the amount was complemented by seed of three sweet sorghum varieties developed by JKUAT through its Biotechnology and Breeding programs, in collaboration with the Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Multiplication was done in two seasons in 2020 and 2021 and quality seed distributed to over 1000 farmers in the Nyando, Kakamega and Vihiga regions (Photos 1-2). The first seed multiplication was done on a two-acre piece of land in Nyando together with 100 farmers. About 1200 kg of seed was produced, some of which was donated to the Nyando community seed bank, the Vihiga Community seedbank and to more than 300 farmers in Kakamega. The second multiplication cycle was carried out in Vihiga, Kakamega and Nyando, to have a sustainable supply of high-quality seed to farmers for planting during the next planting seasons. The seed multiplication activities were always accompanied with training in sorghum production and benefited farmers from the three regions.</p> <div id="attachment_212959" style="width: 990px" class="wp-caption aligncenter"><img aria-describedby="caption-attachment-212959" class="size-large wp-image-212959" src="http://gldc.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/2-980x549.jpg" alt="On farm seed multiplication in Kakamega. Credit: Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology/S.Anami" width="980" height="549" srcset="http://gldc.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/2-980x549.jpg 980w, http://gldc.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/2-300x168.jpg 300w, http://gldc.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/2-768x430.jpg 768w, http://gldc.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/2.jpg 1029w" sizes="(max-width: 980px) 100vw, 980px" /><p id="caption-attachment-212959" class="wp-caption-text">On farm seed multiplication in Kakamega. Credit: Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology/S.Anami</p></div> <p>About two tons of the harvested and stored seed in Kakamega have been disseminated to the Shimanyiro Sorghum farmers Associations with a membership of 50 and Mukongolo Consumers Cooperative with a membership of 300, to plant in the first rainy season of 2022. These farmers will produce the varieties for home consumption, seed bulking, and sale at the local markets. In addition, farmers would like to capture new market opportunities through selling of animal feed and ethanol for fuel and for purposes of COVID-19 control in their local communities. The sweet sorghum hybrids and Likwenjeli stems will be utilized as raw material for the sustainable production of ethanol, composite flour and animal feeds. Farmers in Nyando have been connected to DashCrop LTD – a private sector company focused on resilient and sustainable agri-business and value chain development (<a href="https://dashcrop.co.ke/">https://dashcrop.co.ke/</a>) (Photo 3).  The company produces composite flour from sorghum and finger millet. In Kakamega, the farmers’ owned company Can Sen Enterprises LTD was recently registered with a focus on sustainable production of ethanol and animal feed from sorghum and to offer extension management services (<a href="http://www.cansen.co.ke">www.cansen.co.ke</a> under development).</p> <div id="attachment_212960" style="width: 990px" class="wp-caption aligncenter"><img aria-describedby="caption-attachment-212960" class="wp-image-212960 size-large" src="http://gldc.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/3-e1628092837463-980x565.jpg" alt="DashCrop LTD displaying products made from sorghum. Credit: Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT/T. Recha" width="980" height="565" srcset="http://gldc.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/3-e1628092837463-980x565.jpg 980w, http://gldc.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/3-e1628092837463-300x173.jpg 300w, http://gldc.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/3-e1628092837463-768x443.jpg 768w, http://gldc.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/3-e1628092837463-1080x622.jpg 1080w, http://gldc.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/3-e1628092837463.jpg 1083w" sizes="(max-width: 980px) 100vw, 980px" /><p id="caption-attachment-212960" class="wp-caption-text">DashCrop LTD displaying products made from sorghum. Credit: Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT/T. Recha</p></div> <p><strong>Farmer capacity development in sorghum value chains, business development, and financial management</strong></p> <p>The Alliance of Bioversity International spearheaded a number of capacity development activities (Photo 4). The aim of this capacity development was to develop new market opportunities linked to strong corporate social responsibility, whereby farmers are seen as partners rather than recipients of pre-determined technologies. To this end, several events were organized with partners and other organizations in Kenya.</p> <p>In July 4-6 2018, Hivos and Kenya Climate Innovation Centre (KCIC) hosted a so-called Disrupt Ideation in Nairobi, Kenya, bringing together ethical seed companies, organizations, and technology (IT) based enterprises; all with a revenue model for goods and service provision and a strong corporate social responsibility philosophy. The main aim of the event was to get more social entrepreneurs involved and interested in delivering products and services of quality to smallholder farmers based on their needs.  During the event, nine social entrepreneurs developed next steps in their businesses and pitched their propositions to a jury and audience at the Strathmore Business School in Nairobi. The overall winner, Dash Crop, is currently receiving mentorship support from KCIC. Dash Crop focuses on production of composite flour from sorghum and millet. It is currently working together with the Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT, and with farmers in Nyando, who are receiving guidance on quality seed production and marketing of their specific varieties of sorghum. The innovative aspect is that the company agreed to test the varieties that the farmers are growing rather than “imposing” its own varieties.</p> <p>To sharpen farmers’ abilities and understanding of local seed networks, training on Seed Business Management was held 3-4 September 2019 in Nyando. The training supported the development of vibrant and market-oriented seed banks/enterprises through enhancing income generation of the community seed banks. A total of 52 (25 men and 27 women) farmers from Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania, participated in the training and were trained on sales and marketing strategy, quality assurance, financial management, and key concepts related to seed business control (Photo 4).</p> <p>Hivos, together with PELUM Uganda and the Alliance of Bioversity and CIAT, conducted Gender Action Learning Systems training at NARO Bulindi, Uganda, from 9-13 September 2019. The training brought together 47 participants (23 men and 24 women), including community seed bank leaders from Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. The participants were taken through the Gender Action Learning approach, as a transformative household approach for gender justice. The participants were trained on developing vision journeys to economic stability, Gender/Family balance tree, and empowerment leadership maps. The community seed bank leaders were given an opportunity to share with the wider community what they had learnt. This aimed at improving the livelihoods of individual farmers, families and seed bank groups through providing opportunities to women and youth in decision-making and engagement in income generation activities.</p> <p>JKUAT and the Alliance of Bioversity and CIAT organized farmer’s training on sorghum value chain development, business development, and financial management in March 2021. Representatives of the Mukongolo Consumers Cooperative and Green Village International participated in the training with the aim to create partnerships for the production and marketing of the selected varieties. During the training, farmers were briefed about the importance of sorghum for food, feed, fodder and fuel. They learned about sorghum value addition and observed demonstrations of the making of ordinary and fortified flour, animal feeds and yeast, and the process of beer brewing (Photos 5-6). Farmers were also trained on the mechanization of value addition of sorghum-by-sorghum thresher, sorghum miller and mixer, packaging machines and aggregation of sorghum and additives.</p> <div id="attachment_212961" style="width: 608px" class="wp-caption aligncenter"><img aria-describedby="caption-attachment-212961" class="size-full wp-image-212961" src="http://gldc.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/4.jpg" alt="Training of farmers in Kakamega. Credit: Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology/S. Anami" width="598" height="277" srcset="http://gldc.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/4.jpg 598w, http://gldc.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/4-300x139.jpg 300w" sizes="(max-width: 598px) 100vw, 598px" /><p id="caption-attachment-212961" class="wp-caption-text">Training of farmers in Kakamega. Credit: Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology/S. Anami</p></div> <div id="attachment_212965" style="width: 990px" class="wp-caption aligncenter"><img aria-describedby="caption-attachment-212965" class="size-large wp-image-212965" src="http://gldc.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/56-980x372.jpg" alt="Training of farmers in seed business, quality seed production and sorghum value chains in Kakamega. Credit: Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology/S.Anami" width="980" height="372" srcset="http://gldc.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/56-980x372.jpg 980w, http://gldc.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/56-300x114.jpg 300w, http://gldc.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/56-768x292.jpg 768w, http://gldc.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/56.jpg 1000w" sizes="(max-width: 980px) 100vw, 980px" /><p id="caption-attachment-212965" class="wp-caption-text">Training of farmers in seed business, quality seed production and sorghum value chains in Kakamega. Credit: Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology/S.Anami</p></div> <p>To successfully manage their funds, they were trained in gross Margin Analysis as a reliable tool to assess the financial performance of an enterprise. They learned how to calculate the productivity of their sorghum farms and compare the performance of different technologies and practices they applied, as an input for better management of their sorghum enterprises. They were also taken through the financial management of sorghum business, including sourcing of funds, control of finances, savings and credit controls, and keeping business records.  As a result, a business model was developed based on the emerging new market for ethanol for fuel and animal feeds for livestock (Photos 7-8). The new knowledge and skills gained led to the formation of Can Sen Enterprises LTD, that will  focus on the establishment of a micro-distillery for the sustainable production of ethanol and animal feed from the stems of Likwenjeli (a local sorghum variety preferred by farmers) and from sweet sorghum hybrids. A detailed business plan has been developed and funding is actively being sought</p> <div id="attachment_212966" style="width: 990px" class="wp-caption aligncenter"><img aria-describedby="caption-attachment-212966" class="size-large wp-image-212966" src="http://gldc.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/78-980x545.jpg" alt="Animal feed produced from sorghum stems in Nyando. Credit: Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology/S.Anami" width="980" height="545" srcset="http://gldc.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/78-980x545.jpg 980w, http://gldc.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/78-300x167.jpg 300w, http://gldc.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/78-768x427.jpg 768w, http://gldc.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/78.jpg 1000w" sizes="(max-width: 980px) 100vw, 980px" /><p id="caption-attachment-212966" class="wp-caption-text">Animal feed produced from sorghum stems in Nyando. Credit: Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology/S.Anami</p></div> <p>Participatory variety selection (PVS) was conducted in June 2020 in lower Nyando, to evaluate the performance of the selected sorghum varieties and to assess farmers’ level of satisfaction in agronomic and phytomorphological attributes of the varieties for future sorghum improvement. 13 varieties of sorghum were planted in a completely randomized block design with three replications and plot sizes of 2 by 4 meters. Farmers were invited to evaluate the varieties. The results of the analysis revealed that variety GBK 045669 was the most preferred variety by farmers due to its high yield, resistance to pests and diseases, good color and attractive shape. Likwenjeli was also chosen for its high yield and Brix content. Sweet sorghum variety K16 was preferred for its resistance to pest and diseases and its potential for use as fodder; K12 for its larger head and therefore increased yield; KT1 was also among the three top preferred varieties for its large head, early maturity and for its potential use for animal feed.</p> <p>In addition to participatory varietal selection, on from 30 March to 2 April 2021, the Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT, together with JKUAT, organized and conducted a two days training and seed fair themed “Training and seed exhibition for climate change adaptation: Increasing production, improving quality and Establishing Markets for Beans, finger millet and sorghum for Smallholder Farmers in Nyando, Kenya”. This activity attracted 100 farmers from Kakamega, Vihiga and Nyando, who displayed seed of different varieties of sorghum, bean, maize, traditional vegetables, and other agricultural products, such as pumpkins and cassava (both stems and roots). The event was attended by the Africa Director of the Alliance of Bioversity and CIAT, Suzanne Ngo-Eyok, who spoke about the current and future research activities, partnerships and support towards national agricultural development, and the resilience of rural communities and seed systems (Photos 9-10). There was a launch and presentation of two seed catalogues on best performing varieties of finger millet and sorghum in Nyando, and a nutritional analysis of selected best performing varieties of bean, finger millet and sorghum in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. The seed catalogues can be found at: <u><a href="https://cgspace.cgiar.org/handle/10568/111204">https://cgspace.cgiar.org/handle/10568/111204</a></u>. The nutritional report at: <u><a href="https://cgspace.cgiar.org/handle/10568/110711">https://cgspace.cgiar.org/handle/10568/110711</a></u></p> <div id="attachment_212967" style="width: 990px" class="wp-caption aligncenter"><img aria-describedby="caption-attachment-212967" class="size-large wp-image-212967" src="http://gldc.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/910-980x458.jpg" alt="Participants and African Managing director of the Alliance during the seed fair in Nyando. Credit: Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT/T. Recha" width="980" height="458" srcset="http://gldc.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/910.jpg 980w, http://gldc.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/910-300x140.jpg 300w, http://gldc.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/910-768x359.jpg 768w" sizes="(max-width: 980px) 100vw, 980px" /><p id="caption-attachment-212967" class="wp-caption-text">Participants and African Managing director of the Alliance during the seed fair in Nyando. Credit: Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT/T. Recha</p></div> <p><strong>Current project impact and sustainability strategies</strong></p> <p>Involving farmers from Kakamega in the project for the purpose of upscaling of the best performing sorghum varieties obtained from Nyando has resulted in increased varietal diversity in farmers’ hands: farmers now can access over 20 different varieties of sorghum (compared to four in the past). This has given them the ability to choose varieties that perform well in face of low moisture, have resistance to pests and diseases and ressitance to birds etc., thus increasing the food basket at household level.</p> <p>Climate change (increased temperatures, erratic and unpredictable rainfall, flooding, and new pests and diseases) has continuously strained conventional crops such as maize in western Kenya pushing farmers to switch to more resilient crops, such as sorghum, cassava, and finger millet. Thus, the  adoption of sorghum for food has enhanced food and nutritional security for more than 100 farmers and their families. In addition, farmers with medical conditions, such as diabetes, are now on a diet based on sorghum.</p> <p>There is an enhanced exchange of knowledge in sorghum growing between farmers in Nyando and those from Kakamega and Vihiga though training and exchange visits. This exchange of knowledge and varieties has created and strengthened the farmers’ network across the western Kenya region. This networking promotes the project’s sustainability.  Some of these networks include Mukongolo consumer cooperative, Shimanyiro Sorghum Farmers’ Association, Green Village International, and the Vihiga nutritional community seed bank.</p> <p>Farmers have learned how to produce ethanol and animal feed from sorghum stems. As a result, they have registered a company (Can Sen Enterprises LTD; a website is under development<em>)</em> for the purpose of sorghum value addition and marketing. This represents a new employment and income generation opportunity.</p> <p>The project was able to establish collaboration between sorghum farmers in Kakamega and the Mukongolo Consumers Cooperative to increase the production and productivity of sorghum as raw material for the cooperative. There has also been an increase in adoption of best practices in sorghum growing in Kakamega and Nyando, in order to raise the required quantity to meet market demand.</p> <p><strong>Acknowledgement</strong></p> <p>This work was undertaken as part of, and funded by the CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes and Dryland Cereals (GLDC) and supported by<a href="https://www.cgiar.org/funders/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"> CGIAR Fund Donors</a>. <em> </em>It is a contribution to the GLDC research program, more specifically, to the work on improving the functionality of seed systems co-led by ICRISAT and the Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT.</p> <p><strong>Authors:</strong></p> <p><strong>Tobias Recha</strong> (The Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT, Uganda),<br /> <strong>Gloria Otieno</strong> (Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT), Kenya),<br /> <strong>Sylvester Anami</strong> and <strong>Ronnie Vernooy</strong> (The Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT, the Netherlands)</p> <p><em><strong>Featured Image</strong>: Production of sweet sorghum hybrids in Kakamega. The male plants were planted and after one week, the female plants were planted in the ratio of one male to four female lines. Credit: Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology/S. Anami </em></p> <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="http://gldc.cgiar.org/improving-farmers-livelihoods-through-upscaling-best-performing-sorghum-varieties-for-seed-production-and-commercial-products-in-western-kenya/">Improving farmers’ livelihoods through upscaling best performing sorghum varieties for seed production and commercial products in western Kenya</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="http://gldc.cgiar.org">Grain Legumes and Dryland Cereals</a>.</p> Going against nature https://ciat.cgiar.org/going-against-nature/ CIAT urn:uuid:e16ec4bb-8f30-dd24-6524-4097238f01ea Wed, 20 Nov 2019 20:15:20 +0000 <p><div class="et_pb_section et_pb_section_3 et_pb_fullwidth_section et_section_regular"> <section class="et_pb_module et_pb_fullwidth_header et_pb_fullwidth_header_1 et_pb_bg_layout_dark et_pb_text_align_left"> <div class="et_pb_fullwidth_header_container left"> </div> <div class="et_pb_fullwidth_header_overlay"></div> <div class="et_pb_fullwidth_header_scroll"></div> </section> </div> <!-- .et_pb_section --><div class="et_pb_section et_pb_section_4 et_section_regular"> <div class="et_pb_row et_pb_row_6"> <div class="et_pb_column et_pb_column_4_4 et_pb_column_8 et_pb_css_mix_blend_mode_passthrough et-last-child"> <div class="et_pb_module et_pb_text et_pb_text_7 et_pb_bg_layout_light et_pb_text_align_left"> <div class="et_pb_text_inner"> <h3><strong>Going against nature</strong></h3> </div> </div> <!-- .et_pb_text --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_column --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_row --><div class="et_pb_row et_pb_row_7"> <div class="et_pb_column et_pb_column_4_4 et_pb_column_9 et_pb_css_mix_blend_mode_passthrough et-last-child"> <div class="et_pb_module et_pb_text et_pb_text_8 et_pb_bg_layout_light et_pb_text_align_left"> <div class="et_pb_text_inner"> <p><strong>In his latest blog, Juan Lucas Restrepo talks about the importance of identifying collective solutions to diversify our agriculture and thus fight crop diseases such as the dreaded TR4, which originated in South East Asia and is now hitting banana farms in Colombia.</strong></p> <p>In August, the Instituto Colombiano Agropecuario (ICA) confirmed the devastating news for the banana sector in <strong>Latin America</strong>: the disease identified in some banana farms in the Colombian region of La Guajira is the <strong>dreaded Tropical race 4</strong> (TR4), a strain of the fungus <em>Fusarium oxysporum</em>.</p> <p>Although the ICA, with the support of guilds, Agrosavia and experts from Bioversity International and other institutions, have developed a timely containment and <strong>mitigation intervention</strong>, the fact that this disease, which originated in South East Asia, has managed to conquer the Americas sets off alarm bells.</p> <p>The issue is that banana production, especially for export markets, is based on one of the largest <strong>mono cultures</strong> in the world, mainly relying on a single variety called the Cavendish. This means that all the plants are genetically similar and, as such, highly vulnerable to diseases like TR4, which can easily break their poor defences.</p> </div> </div> <!-- .et_pb_text --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_column --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_row --><div class="et_pb_row et_pb_row_8"> <div class="et_pb_column et_pb_column_1_2 et_pb_column_10 et_pb_css_mix_blend_mode_passthrough"> <div class="et_pb_module et_pb_image et_pb_image_2 et_always_center_on_mobile"> <span class="et_pb_image_wrap "><img src="https://ciat.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/Fungicide_Sparying_BananaField_X_D002233_710x590.jpg" alt="" /></span> </div><div class="et_pb_module et_pb_text et_pb_text_9 et_pb_bg_layout_light et_pb_text_align_left"> <div class="et_pb_text_inner"> <p><em>Fungicide sprayed to protect bananas. While some crop diseases can be controlled by chemicals, currently there are no control measures for TR4. Credit: www.musarama.org</em></p> </div> </div> <!-- .et_pb_text --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_column --><div class="et_pb_column et_pb_column_1_2 et_pb_column_11 et_pb_css_mix_blend_mode_passthrough"> <div class="et_pb_module et_pb_text et_pb_text_10 et_pb_bg_layout_light et_pb_text_align_left"> <div class="et_pb_text_inner"> <p>The Cavendish variety is also very vulnerable to other fungi and diseases such as black Sigatoka, which can be controlled by spraying chemicals on crops, with very high economic and environmental costs. TR4, however, <strong>cannot be controlled</strong> by chemicals and, once infected, the plants will die. It can also stay in the soil for many decades, thus spelling the end of the production of susceptible cultivars in that field. Hundreds of thousands of hectares and jobs, as well as an entire value chain which is worth billions, are put <strong>at risk</strong> by adopting this monoculture model – an industrial agricultural model which underlies the production of many crops around the world.</p> <p>While we hope that the work done by the ICA in Guajira will be effective in temporarily containing the progression of the disease, the situation <strong>calls for reflection</strong> on the risk posed to society by agricultural development that goes against nature, based on populating huge areas with genetic clones such as Cavendish, or by just a few kinds of seeds.</p> </div> </div> <!-- .et_pb_text --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_column --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_row --><div class="et_pb_row et_pb_row_9"> <div class="et_pb_column et_pb_column_4_4 et_pb_column_12 et_pb_css_mix_blend_mode_passthrough et-last-child"> <div class="et_pb_module et_pb_text et_pb_text_11 et_pb_bg_layout_light et_pb_text_align_left"> <div class="et_pb_text_inner"> <p>The advance of global warming and climate variability are adding to the risks to farmers, as it goes hand in hand with the outbreak of pests and diseases. <strong>Greater agrobiodiversity</strong> can also mitigate these challenges.</p> <p>For instance, Cenicafé worked hard to generate a solution before coffee rust hit plantations in Colombia. As a result, they developed the Colombia Variety and its disease-tolerant successors. These varieties are not monoclonal but rather mixtures of a significant number of different plants, with a similar agronomic performance and almost identical fruits. This strategy in effect provides a <strong>shield</strong> to protect the crop.</p> </div> </div> <!-- .et_pb_text --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_column --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_row --><div class="et_pb_row et_pb_row_10"> <div class="et_pb_column et_pb_column_1_2 et_pb_column_13 et_pb_css_mix_blend_mode_passthrough"> <div class="et_pb_module et_pb_image et_pb_image_3 et_always_center_on_mobile"> <span class="et_pb_image_wrap "><img src="https://ciat.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/RedBananas_Market_SriLanka_D004677_710x590.jpg" alt="" /></span> </div><div class="et_pb_module et_pb_text et_pb_text_12 et_pb_bg_layout_light et_pb_text_align_left"> <div class="et_pb_text_inner"> <p><em>Red bananas for sale at a market in Sri Lanka. In the future, we should be able to find in supermarkets bananas that delight us with a wide variety of flavours and colours. Credit: Bioversity International/D.Hunter</em></p> </div> </div> <!-- .et_pb_text --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_column --><div class="et_pb_column et_pb_column_1_2 et_pb_column_14 et_pb_css_mix_blend_mode_passthrough"> <div class="et_pb_module et_pb_text et_pb_text_13 et_pb_bg_layout_light et_pb_text_align_left"> <div class="et_pb_text_inner"> <p>Countries, industry and international entities must unite against TR4 and propose <strong>structural solutions</strong>. As currently there is not a TR4-tolerant variety similar to Cavendish, we must try other varieties of bananas (and plantains) that are resistant to TR4, but whose appearance and taste are distinct. At the same time, establish a collaborative and robust platform for the genetic improvement of the Cavendish.</p> <p>In the future, we should be able to find in the fruit section of supermarkets bananas that delight us with a wide variety of flavours and colours and that come from a more <strong>diverse and resilient</strong> agriculture. Bioversity International safeguards the <strong>richest collection</strong> of edible and wild species of <strong>bananas</strong> in Leuven, Belgium, and together with CIAT we are ready to support Latin America and other regions in the design and implementation of new approaches for this and other industries.</p> </div> </div> <!-- .et_pb_text --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_column --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_row --><div class="et_pb_row et_pb_row_11"> <div class="et_pb_column et_pb_column_4_4 et_pb_column_15 et_pb_css_mix_blend_mode_passthrough et-last-child"> <div class="et_pb_module et_pb_text et_pb_text_14 et_pb_bg_layout_light et_pb_text_align_left"> <div class="et_pb_text_inner"> <div id="c22061" class="frame frame-default frame-type-text frame-background-none frame-no-backgroundimage "> <div class="frame-container"> <div class="frame-inner"> <p>Finally, it is worth taking advantage of this situation to understand in which <strong>other value chains </strong>there are similar risks generated by poor agrobiodiversity. For instance, should the avocado industry rely almost exclusively on the Hass avocado when there are more possibilities? Agrobiodiversity has many of the <strong>solutions</strong>.</p> <p><em>This article is adapted from the original ‘Contra natura’ and reproduced with kind permission from </em>Portafolio<em>. Read the original <a href="https://www.portafolio.co/opinion/juan-lucas-restrepo-ibiza/contra-natura-juan-lucas-restrepo-532834" target="_blank" rel="noopener">here</a></em></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <!-- .et_pb_text --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_column --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_row --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_section --></p> Our Biodiversity, Our Food, Our Health https://ciat.cgiar.org/our-biodiversity-our-food-our-health/ CIAT urn:uuid:5ad7ec0e-0434-d786-45f1-f907b8b80650 Thu, 13 Jun 2019 19:54:29 +0000 <p><div class="et_pb_section et_pb_section_7 et_pb_fullwidth_section et_section_regular"> <section class="et_pb_module et_pb_fullwidth_header et_pb_fullwidth_header_3 et_pb_bg_layout_dark et_pb_text_align_left"> <div class="et_pb_fullwidth_header_container left"> </div> <div class="et_pb_fullwidth_header_overlay"></div> <div class="et_pb_fullwidth_header_scroll"></div> </section> </div> <!-- .et_pb_section --><div class="et_pb_section et_pb_section_8 et_section_regular"> <div class="et_pb_row et_pb_row_14"> <div class="et_pb_column et_pb_column_4_4 et_pb_column_18 et_pb_css_mix_blend_mode_passthrough et-last-child"> <div class="et_pb_module et_pb_text et_pb_text_17 et_pb_bg_layout_light et_pb_text_align_left"> <div class="et_pb_text_inner"> <h3><strong>Our Biodiversity, Our Food, Our Health</strong></h3> </div> </div> <!-- .et_pb_text --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_column --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_row --><div class="et_pb_row et_pb_row_15"> <div class="et_pb_column et_pb_column_1_2 et_pb_column_19 et_pb_css_mix_blend_mode_passthrough"> <div class="et_pb_module et_pb_image et_pb_image_4 et_always_center_on_mobile"> <span class="et_pb_image_wrap "><img src="https://ciat.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/Farmers_Market_Indonesia_D002849_710x590.jpg" alt="" /></span> </div><div class="et_pb_module et_pb_text et_pb_text_18 et_pb_bg_layout_light et_pb_text_align_left"> <div class="et_pb_text_inner"> <p><em>Market with diverse local food in Solok, Sumatra, Indonesia. Credit: Bioversity International/G. Molin</em></p> </div> </div> <!-- .et_pb_text --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_column --><div class="et_pb_column et_pb_column_1_2 et_pb_column_20 et_pb_css_mix_blend_mode_passthrough"> <div class="et_pb_module et_pb_text et_pb_text_19 et_pb_bg_layout_light et_pb_text_align_left"> <div class="et_pb_text_inner"> <p>On the International Day for Biological Diversity, <a href="https://www.bioversityinternational.org/about-us/who-we-are/staff-bios/single-details-bios/restrepo-juan-lucas/?L=0&amp;cHash=c2e0e464d531006210adbc3d442a34e3">Juan Lucas Restrepo</a>, Director General of Bioversity International, reflects on the importance of agrobiodiversity as the foundation of food systems and the need to promote urgent changes that stop its loss.</p> <p>Today marks the <strong><a title="IDB2019" href="https://www.cbd.int/idb/2019/" target="IDB2019">International Day for Biological Diversity</a></strong>. It will not be a happy celebration but rather a day to call for reflection and promote <strong>urgent changes</strong> that stop the massive loss of biodiversity, a daily phenomenon which puts in doubt our own survival, at least as we know it.</p> </div> </div> <!-- .et_pb_text --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_column --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_row --><div class="et_pb_row et_pb_row_16"> <div class="et_pb_column et_pb_column_4_4 et_pb_column_21 et_pb_css_mix_blend_mode_passthrough et-last-child"> <div class="et_pb_module et_pb_text et_pb_text_20 et_pb_bg_layout_light et_pb_text_align_left"> <div class="et_pb_text_inner"> <p>Today marks the <strong><a title="IDB2019" href="https://www.cbd.int/idb/2019/" target="IDB2019">International Day for Biological Diversity</a></strong>. It will not be a happy celebration but rather a day to call for reflection and promote <strong>urgent changes</strong> that stop the massive loss of biodiversity, a daily phenomenon which puts in doubt our own survival, at least as we know it.</p> <p>On 6 May, the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) <a href="https://www.bioversityinternational.org/news/detail/ipbes-recognizes-why-agrobiodiversity-matters/?L=0&amp;cHash=3bbf5af9fbe7970fcd5cf1d53c81c8ea">published a report </a>where experts from 50 countries estimated that around <strong>one million</strong> animal and plant species are now <strong>threatened with extinction</strong>, many within decades. The causes are mostly anthropogenic (caused by people) and therefore solutions will also have to be people-led.</p> <p>If, for animal species, the imminent disappearance of the black rhinoceros and other symbolic species exemplifies what can happen, in the agricultural sector the situation is equally serious. The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) estimates that, over the last century, more than<strong> 90% of the cultivated seed varieties</strong> have been lost, as well as half of the diversity of domestic animals for human consumption.</p> </div> </div> <!-- .et_pb_text --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_column --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_row --><div class="et_pb_row et_pb_row_17"> <div class="et_pb_column et_pb_column_1_2 et_pb_column_22 et_pb_css_mix_blend_mode_passthrough"> <div class="et_pb_module et_pb_text et_pb_text_21 et_pb_bg_layout_light et_pb_text_align_left"> <div class="et_pb_text_inner"> <p>The <strong>theme</strong> of this year&#8217;s International Day for Biological Diversity is ‘Our Biodiversity, Our Food, Our Health,’ because the future capacity of agriculture to nourish us depends directly on the <strong>agrobiodiversity</strong> that is present in the <strong>production systems</strong> and its linkages with the market. Scientific evidence shows that a more varied diet improves health and quality of life. The Ministries of Health should be the most interested in promoting more diverse food chains.</p> <p>There is also enough evidence to show that diverse production systems are <strong>more resilient</strong> to climate pressures and help reduce crop losses caused by pests and diseases, as well as the costs to control them. It is encouraging to see how global companies like Syngenta are beginning to actively promote greater biodiversity in the field margins of commercial crops, taking steps in the right direction.</p> </div> </div> <!-- .et_pb_text --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_column --><div class="et_pb_column et_pb_column_1_2 et_pb_column_23 et_pb_css_mix_blend_mode_passthrough"> <div class="et_pb_module et_pb_image et_pb_image_5 et_always_center_on_mobile"> <span class="et_pb_image_wrap "><img src="https://ciat.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/Cook_Rice_Philippines_D005136_710x590.jpg" alt="" /></span> </div><div class="et_pb_module et_pb_text et_pb_text_22 et_pb_bg_layout_light et_pb_text_align_left"> <div class="et_pb_text_inner"> <p><em>A woman from Agoo, Philippines, showing a dish of diverse local food. Credit: Allan Jay Quesada</em></p> </div> </div> <!-- .et_pb_text --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_column --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_row --><div class="et_pb_row et_pb_row_18"> <div class="et_pb_column et_pb_column_4_4 et_pb_column_24 et_pb_css_mix_blend_mode_passthrough et-last-child"> <div class="et_pb_module et_pb_text et_pb_text_23 et_pb_bg_layout_light et_pb_text_align_left"> <div class="et_pb_text_inner"> <p>A greater agrobiodiversity of plants, animals, insects and microorganisms in production systems also provides <strong>ecosystem services</strong> and positive externalities for society, such as more pollinators, the protection and restoration of soils, and a better quality of water and air. Finally, a more biodiverse agriculture generates <strong>economic opportunities</strong> for millions of producers who do not find a dignified way of life by producing only a few staple crops, while they could devote part of their efforts to produce diverse foods of greater value that can be consumed regionally.</p> </div> </div> <!-- .et_pb_text --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_column --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_row --><div class="et_pb_row et_pb_row_19"> <div class="et_pb_column et_pb_column_1_2 et_pb_column_25 et_pb_css_mix_blend_mode_passthrough"> <div class="et_pb_module et_pb_image et_pb_image_6 et_always_center_on_mobile"> <span class="et_pb_image_wrap "><img src="https://ciat.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/Scientist_ITCLeuven_Belgium_D005226_710x590.jpg" alt="" /></span> </div><div class="et_pb_module et_pb_text et_pb_text_24 et_pb_bg_layout_light et_pb_text_align_left"> <div class="et_pb_text_inner"> <p><em>Bioversity International&#8217;s in vitro banana collection at the International Transit Centre, Leuven, Belgium. Credit: Bioversity International/N. Capozio</em></p> </div> </div> <!-- .et_pb_text --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_column --><div class="et_pb_column et_pb_column_1_2 et_pb_column_26 et_pb_css_mix_blend_mode_passthrough"> <div class="et_pb_module et_pb_text et_pb_text_25 et_pb_bg_layout_light et_pb_text_align_left"> <div class="et_pb_text_inner"> <p>As we build a <strong>structural alliance</strong> between Bioversity International and the <strong>International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT)</strong>, these are exactly the challenges we are addressing. We are joining our strengths around a <strong>common vision</strong> of ‘food systems and landscapes that sustain the planet, drive prosperity and nourish people.’</p> <p>We are convinced that, leveraging both new technologies and traditional knowledge, working closely with national innovation systems and development agencies, and providing global and local policy setting process with <strong>scientific evidence</strong> and impact pathways, we will be a small but important player that helps to &#8220;bend the curve of biodiversity loss&#8221; and leave to future generations a <strong>biodiverse planet</strong> that can sustain a peaceful and harmonious human race.</p> </div> </div> <!-- .et_pb_text --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_column --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_row --><div class="et_pb_row et_pb_row_20"> <div class="et_pb_column et_pb_column_4_4 et_pb_column_27 et_pb_css_mix_blend_mode_passthrough et-last-child"> <div class="et_pb_module et_pb_text et_pb_text_26 et_pb_bg_layout_light et_pb_text_align_left"> <div class="et_pb_text_inner"> <div id="c20833" class="frame frame-default frame-type-textpic frame-background-none frame-no-backgroundimage "> <div class="frame-container"> <div class="frame-inner"> <div class="clearfix"> <div class="text"> <p><strong><a href="https://www.bioversityinternational.org/about-us/who-we-are/staff-bios/single-details-bios/restrepo-juan-lucas/?L=0&amp;cHash=c2e0e464d531006210adbc3d442a34e3">Juan Lucas Restrepo</a><br />Director General, Bioversity International<br />CEO-Designate of the Alliance between Bioversity International and the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (<a href="https://ciat.cgiar.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CIAT</a>)</strong><br />Twitter <a href="https://twitter.com/jlucasrestrepo" target="_blank" rel="noopener">@jlucasrestrepo</a></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="c20838" class="frame frame-default frame-type-text frame-background-none frame-no-backgroundimage "> <div class="frame-container"> <div class="frame-inner"> <p><em>This article is adapted from the original ‘Nuestra Biodiversidad, nuestra comida, nuestra salud’ and reproduced with kind permission from </em>Portafolio<em>. Read the original <a href="https://www.portafolio.co/opinion/juan-lucas-restrepo-ibiza/juan-lucas-restrepo-i-nuestra-biodiversidad-nuestra-comida-nuestra-salud-529756" target="_blank" rel="noopener">here</a>.</em></p> </div> </div> </div> <div id="c20840" class="frame frame-default frame-type-div frame-background-none frame-no-backgroundimage "> <div class="frame-container"> </div> </div> </div> </div> <!-- .et_pb_text --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_column --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_row --><div class="et_pb_row et_pb_row_21"> <div class="et_pb_column et_pb_column_4_4 et_pb_column_28 et_pb_css_mix_blend_mode_passthrough et-last-child"> <div class="et_pb_module et_pb_divider et_pb_divider_0 et_pb_divider_position_ et_pb_space"><div class="et_pb_divider_internal"></div></div> </div> <!-- .et_pb_column --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_row --><div class="et_pb_row et_pb_row_22"> <div class="et_pb_column et_pb_column_1_2 et_pb_column_29 et_pb_css_mix_blend_mode_passthrough"> <div class="et_pb_module et_pb_video et_pb_video_0"> <div class="et_pb_video_box"> <iframe width="1080" height="608" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/g2F06U2HKWs?feature=oembed" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe> </div> </div> </div> <!-- .et_pb_column --><div class="et_pb_column et_pb_column_1_2 et_pb_column_30 et_pb_css_mix_blend_mode_passthrough"> <div class="et_pb_module et_pb_text et_pb_text_27 et_pb_bg_layout_light et_pb_text_align_left"> <div class="et_pb_text_inner"> <p>&#8220;There cannot be a better theme for the International Day for Biological Diversity than <em>Our Biodiversity, Our Food, Our Health</em>&#8221; says Juan Lucas Restrepo.</p> <p>Find out why in his video message to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).</p> </div> </div> <!-- .et_pb_text --><div class="et_pb_button_module_wrapper et_pb_button_1_wrapper et_pb_button_alignment_ et_pb_module "> <a class="et_pb_button et_pb_button_1 et_pb_bg_layout_light" href="https://www.cbd.int/idb/2019/">Visit the International Day for Biological Diversity&#039;s website</a> </div> </div> <!-- .et_pb_column --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_row --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_section --></p> Bioversity International and CIAT sign Memorandum of Understanding that establishes the Alliance foundations https://ciat.cgiar.org/bioversity-international-and-ciat-sign-memorandum-of-understanding-that-establishes-the-alliance-foundations/ CIAT urn:uuid:7e5bd073-bd63-342d-3489-dea21c261ea2 Wed, 22 May 2019 19:49:22 +0000 <img width="150" height="150" src="https://ciat.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/csm_Alliance_logo_710x590_blue_7b70dfc500-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /> <img width="150" height="150" src="https://ciat.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/csm_Alliance_logo_710x590_blue_7b70dfc500-150x150.png" class="attachment-thumbnail size-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="" /><div class="et_pb_section et_pb_section_10 et_section_regular"> <div class="et_pb_row et_pb_row_26"> <div class="et_pb_column et_pb_column_4_4 et_pb_column_35 et_pb_css_mix_blend_mode_passthrough et-last-child"> <div class="et_pb_module et_pb_text et_pb_text_31 et_pb_bg_layout_light et_pb_text_align_left"> <div class="et_pb_text_inner"> <h3 style="font-weight: 400;">Bioversity International and CIAT sign Memorandum of Understanding that establishes the Alliance foundations</h3> </div> </div> <!-- .et_pb_text --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_column --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_row --><div class="et_pb_row et_pb_row_27"> <div class="et_pb_column et_pb_column_1_4 et_pb_column_36 et_pb_css_mix_blend_mode_passthrough"> <div class="et_pb_module et_pb_image et_pb_image_8 et_always_center_on_mobile"> <span class="et_pb_image_wrap "><img src="https://ciat.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/csm_Alliance_logo_710x590_blue_7b70dfc500.png" alt="" /></span> </div> </div> <!-- .et_pb_column --><div class="et_pb_column et_pb_column_3_4 et_pb_column_37 et_pb_css_mix_blend_mode_passthrough"> <div class="et_pb_module et_pb_text et_pb_text_32 et_pb_bg_layout_light et_pb_text_align_left"> <div class="et_pb_text_inner"> <p><strong>Communiqué n. 5&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>Bioversity International and the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) continue&nbsp;to make progress toward the establishment of&nbsp;an Alliance focused on tackling key challenges facing our world today: malnutrition in all its forms; climate change adaptation and mitigation; declining agricultural biodiversity; rural employment and environmentally unsustainable food and agricultural systems.</p> </div> </div> <!-- .et_pb_text --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_column --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_row --><div class="et_pb_row et_pb_row_28"> <div class="et_pb_column et_pb_column_4_4 et_pb_column_38 et_pb_css_mix_blend_mode_passthrough et-last-child"> <div class="et_pb_module et_pb_text et_pb_text_33 et_pb_bg_layout_light et_pb_text_align_left"> <div class="et_pb_text_inner"> <p style="font-weight: 400;">Bioversity International and the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) came together in their first joint Board of Trustees meeting on 27–28 November in Washington, DC, USA, and signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) indicating their full support to create the Alliance, which will contribute to the achievement of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The MoU establishes the foundations of the Alliance, which will have one Board, one Chief Executive Officer (CEO), one Strategic Results Framework and one Business Plan. Signaling their commitment to the Alliance, the two Boards together appointed Juan Lucas Restrepo to lead the way as the new Director General of Bioversity International and CEO-Designate of the Alliance.</p> <ul style="font-weight: 400;"> <li style="font-weight: 400;">The Alliance will have one vision, mission and a common strategic results framework and results-based system, which are subject to change as shaping of the Alliance evolves <ul> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><b><strong>Vision: </strong></b>Food systems and landscapes that sustain the planet, drive prosperity and nourish people</li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><b><strong>Mission</strong></b>:We deliver research-based solutions that harness agricultural biodiversity and sustainably transform food systems to improve people’s lives</li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><b><strong>Strategic objectives:</strong></b> <ol> <li style="font-weight: 400;">People consume diverse, nutritious and safe foods</li> <li style="font-weight: 400;">People participate in and benefit from inclusive, innovative and diversified agri-food markets</li> <li style="font-weight: 400;">People sustainably manage farms, forests and landscapes that are productive and resilient to climate change</li> <li style="font-weight: 400;">Communities and institutions sustainably use and safeguard agricultural biodiversity</li> </ol> </li> </ul> </li> <li style="font-weight: 400;">The Alliance will have a joint Board of Trustees and will be administered by a Chief Executive Officer based in Rome, Italy</li> <li style="font-weight: 400;">The Alliance will have hubs in Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America and will build common research programmes and shared offices in these regions</li> <li style="font-weight: 400;">The two Centres will harmonize the support services across the two organizations to improve effectiveness and reduce transactions costs.</li> </ul> <p style="font-weight: 400;">The joint Board of Trustees meeting marked a key milestone for the Alliance with <a href="https://www.bioversityinternational.org/news/detail/bioversity-international-announces-appointment-of-new-director-general/">the appointment of Juan Lucas Restrepo as Director General of Bioversity International and CEO-Designate for the Alliance</a>. Juan Lucas will officially begin his role with Bioversity International in Rome, Italy on 1 March 2019 and transition to CEO of the Alliance on 1 January 2020.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">During the meeting, the Alliance invited its key partners including representatives from Canada, Colombia, Italy, the Inter-American Development Bank, USAID, US Department of Agriculture, and the World Bank to a seminar by senior Bioversity International and CIAT scientists highlighting the unique strengths of the Alliance. The presentations detailed how digital technology is transforming and optimizing solutions in nutrition and agriculture, and how novel systems approaches in research that examine trade-offs and linkages in food systems can lead to health, prosperity and sustainability.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">Juergen Voegele, Senior Director, Agriculture Global Practice, World Bank Group and Chair of the System Council of CGIAR, warmly welcomed Board members and partners and commended their efforts. Juergen Voegele averred that the Alliance was “more than historic, and more than heroic.” He added that global partners, both in the public and private sectors, are taking notice of the importance of systems approaches in the food and agriculture sphere, where the Alliance will add its unique value.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">The Alliance’s initial value proposition will encompass research on diverse markets systems and value chains; crop conservation and improvement, including long-term commitments to specific crops and related systems, and linking to complementary gene-to-fork opportunities; integrated systemic landscape approaches (across crops and scales); risk management for food system resilience; and digital design for sustainable food systems.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">The Alliance will continue to deepen its partnerships with the Rome-based UN organizations and International Financial Institutions, and above all the national agricultural research systems, government agencies, private sector and civil society organizations, which are vital to deliver science-based solutions and achieving impact at scale. The Alliance will reinforce its work on high-level policy engagement and action on genetic resources, nutrition, and climate and biodiversity policy.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">During 2018, Bioversity International and CIAT have established a strong foundation for the Alliance, that will enable continued harmonization between the Centres towards expected efficiency gains and increased effectiveness in 2019 through joint appointments, shared services, programmes and policies, all supported by several working groups – from staff-level to Board committees – that are capitalizing on quick wins, and steadily addressing larger challenges. 2019 will be a transitional year, paving the way for a formalized Alliance in 2020.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">Bioversity International and CIAT wish to thank the World Bank, as well as BMZ and GIZ Germany and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands, for hosting important dialogues this year, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation for its support to building the Alliance, as well as the CGIAR Systems Management Office for their guidance and encouragement as we chart new territory.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">For further information about the Alliance process, please contact <a href="mailto:a.tutwiler@cgiar.org">Ann Tutwiler</a> (Bioversity International) or <a href="mailto:ruben.echeverria@cgiar.org">Ruben Echeverría</a> (CIAT).</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">Julia Marton-Lefèvre, Chair, Bioversity International Board of Trustees<br />Geoffrey Hawtin, Chair, CIAT Board of Trustees</p> </div> </div> <!-- .et_pb_text --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_column --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_row --> </div> <!-- .et_pb_section -->