Science News Science News Respective post owners and feed distributors Tue, 22 Jan 2013 09:53:08 -0600 Feed Informer After skyrocketing, opioid abuse plateaus but remains too high, national analysis shows ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:1fe22192-588d-6c19-d086-769b223ff9b1 Sun, 22 Oct 2017 16:49:10 -0500 While the breakneck upswing in opioid abuse has leveled off, it remains disturbingly high and does not appear to continue its decline, according to an analysis of national data. Risk factors for Duchenne muscular dystrophy identified ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:528ccd3b-02c1-c446-e538-926e6ce1af77 Sun, 22 Oct 2017 08:29:02 -0500 A new study suggests that more people with Duchenne muscular dystrophy could live longer by identifying and more aggressively treating patients with certain risk factors. Women who give birth in winter or spring less likely to have postpartum depression ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:ba3ba362-d9e2-1556-dc61-f4d3cc70ab6d Sun, 22 Oct 2017 08:27:39 -0500 Women who give birth in winter or spring are less likely than women who deliver in the fall or summer to suffer from postpartum depression (PPD), suggests a study of more than 20,000 women. The study also found that women who delivered babies at a higher gestational age (further along in their pregnancy) were less likely to develop PPD, and women who did not have anesthesia, such as an epidural, during delivery had an increased risk. Bizarre Blue 'Flashes and Glows' May Reveal Thunderstorm Secrets urn:uuid:a28b83dd-1038-34b2-7e29-43ac0f1a79d3 Sun, 22 Oct 2017 07:53:00 -0500 Bright, blue flashes stretch from the tops of powerful thunderstorms toward the edge of space, providing a fascinating celestial show for astronauts on the International Space Station. Supermoon 2017: When and How to See December’s 'Full Cold Moon' urn:uuid:647b5e05-86b2-2e95-3d3c-d62ce3a9f8f3 Sun, 22 Oct 2017 07:51:00 -0500 When the "Full Cold Moon" rises on Dec. 3, it will also be the first and last "supermoon" of 2017. NASA Moon Probe Celebrates 100th Lunar Day urn:uuid:1add8378-666c-19ee-0d28-e6a5060fd82b Sun, 22 Oct 2017 07:51:00 -0500 October means baseball playoffs, Halloween and, for NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, 100 lunar days on the moon. Ketamine may help treat migraine pain unresponsive to other therapies ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:a3a9b4b3-33a8-b866-7d82-719be9f11c79 Sat, 21 Oct 2017 13:39:28 -0500 Ketamine may help alleviate migraine pain in patients who have not been helped by other treatments, suggests a new study. Acetaminophen may help reduce postoperative shivering ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:b0c235e2-ac01-f23b-98a4-c2ecd7fe58bc Sat, 21 Oct 2017 13:39:25 -0500 Administering acetaminophen, such as Tylenol, during surgery may reduce the incidence of postoperative shivering, suggests a new study. Martian Missive: 'Others Will Follow' Film Explores Last Message from Mars urn:uuid:52d03b6e-24a3-1920-205b-f679b6fefd27 Sat, 21 Oct 2017 07:00:00 -0500 A new sci-fi short explores the message that the (fictional) last human to survive a Mars mission sends back to Earth. NASA Satellites Captured Rapid Intensification of 4 Recent Hurricanes urn:uuid:ff11b53a-6fa1-e114-9c77-97583496940f Sat, 21 Oct 2017 07:00:00 -0500 Rapid intensification occurs when hurricanes strengthen in a short period of time — much like the recent hurricanes Maria, Irma, Harvey and Jose. Using NASA satellites, scientists hope to learn more about how these storms grow and intensify. The Most Amazing Space Stories of the Week! urn:uuid:459997c8-ba10-61cc-7d35-7b6ac19be973 Sat, 21 Oct 2017 07:00:00 -0500 Growing plants in space might soothe astronauts' minds, a meteor shower could mean shooting stars before dawn this weekend, companies plan to collaborate on an inflatable, orbiting moon base, and two ultra-dense neutron stars merge. The Most Amazing Space Photos This Week! urn:uuid:e163ca90-2b97-2cd8-eca7-8e2af96db820 Sat, 21 Oct 2017 07:00:00 -0500 Here are our picks for the most amazing space photos of the week. Blue Origin Conducts First Test of BE-4 Engine urn:uuid:7d8541bc-6ef5-1c6f-76d2-0ac84ed3bdc2 Sat, 21 Oct 2017 02:30:00 -0500 Blue Origin announced Oct. 19 that it conducted the first successful test of its BE-4 engine, a major milestone for both the company's launch vehicle plans as well as for United Launch Alliance. City-Size Lunar Lava Tube Could House Future Astronaut Residents urn:uuid:91307f30-8a57-ac9e-79b2-a62345ccaedf Sat, 21 Oct 2017 02:23:00 -0500 A city-size lava tube has been discovered on the moon, and researchers say it could serve as a shelter for lunar astronauts. Breast cancer risk quantified based on rare variants and background risk ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:ec9f6463-fad3-8d4c-18a6-b741fc994dcd Fri, 20 Oct 2017 17:25:50 -0500 Rare variants combined with background genetic risk factors may account for many unexplained cases of familial breast cancer, and knowing the specific genes involved could inform choice of prevention and treatment strategies, according to new findings. Exploring how herpes simplex virus changes when passed between family members ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:d8588bb2-061b-8b1c-9eb6-78a6227026ba Fri, 20 Oct 2017 17:25:47 -0500 A new study offers a rare glimpse into the genetics of a herpes simplex virus transmission event -- information that may prove useful in future development of therapeutics and vaccines. The study reveals nearly perfect genetic transmission of the virus from a father to his son and lays the foundation for future studies exploring the genetic diversity of this virus. Pollution responsible for 16 percent of early deaths globally ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:0ab08407-8c96-7d8f-fafd-44400ae7e9a0 Fri, 20 Oct 2017 17:25:13 -0500 Diseases caused by pollution were responsible in 2015 for an estimated 9 million premature deaths -- 16 percent of all deaths worldwide, according to a report. Mountain glaciers shrinking across Western U.S. ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:8f180e66-8e9f-99c3-0731-cd73da8f2f80 Fri, 20 Oct 2017 17:25:01 -0500 A technique using satellites to create twice-yearly elevation maps of US mountain glaciers provides new insight into thinning of glaciers in the lower 48 states. Health: New protein aggregation measurement tool ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:36d39a09-f6f3-6725-ae35-0f6adde7b3fb Fri, 20 Oct 2017 15:00:18 -0500 A team of scientists have described the synthetic genetic tool they built to quantitatively sense, measure and manipulate protein aggregation in live cells. This may open the door to greater understanding and treatment of a range of maladies from Alzheimer's to type II diabetes. The skinny on lipid immunology ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:22f77086-2343-9ec8-6109-1d494cd400d4 Fri, 20 Oct 2017 13:38:14 -0500 Scientists reveal new insights into the basis for T cell receptor (TCR) autoreactivity to self-phospholipids, with implications for autoimmune diseases. The end of pneumonia? New vaccine offers hope ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:b7e2f1f8-a466-06f4-d611-c76995270156 Fri, 20 Oct 2017 13:38:11 -0500 A new vaccine under development provoked an immune response to 72 forms of the bacteria that's responsible for pneumonia, sepsis and meningitis. That's up from the 23 forms of bacteria covered by current immunizations. The new vaccine, which represents the 'most comprehensive' coverage of pneumococcal disease to date, could greatly reduce the number of deaths from the disease. Prozac in ocean water a possible threat to sea life ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:f5491333-ff65-74d9-fdf4-1847174ea4d4 Fri, 20 Oct 2017 11:58:09 -0500 Oregon shore crabs exhibit risky behavior when they're exposed to the antidepressant Prozac, making it easier for predators to catch them, according to a new study. Parents' alcohol use can set the stage for teenage dating violence, study finds ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:7b44e2c8-0c68-2005-a987-183919cc2426 Fri, 20 Oct 2017 11:58:05 -0500 Having a parent with an alcohol use disorder increases the risk for dating violence among teenagers, according to a study. Microfluidics probe 'cholesterol' of the oil industry ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:55164702-c5d4-9a5d-45fb-fce581434f2f Fri, 20 Oct 2017 11:58:02 -0500 Researchers employ microfluidic devices to show how and why dispersants are able to break up deposits of asphaltene that hinder the flow of crude oil in wellheads and pipelines. US ocean observation critical to understanding climate change, but lacks long-term national planning ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:3bf559d6-2a87-f0fb-f709-eeacecb6ea65 Fri, 20 Oct 2017 11:57:58 -0500 Ocean observing systems are important as they provide information essential for monitoring and forecasting changes in Earth's climate on timescales ranging from days to centuries. A new report finds that continuity of ocean observations is vital to gain an accurate understanding of the climate, and calls for a decadal, national plan that is adequately resourced and implemented to ensure critical ocean information is available to understand and predict future changes. Creation of coherent states in molecules by incoherent electrons ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:31401033-1222-2ea5-2db3-fb4f24a3dfd9 Fri, 20 Oct 2017 11:57:55 -0500 Coherent states of negative ion resonances in electron-molecule interaction are observed in experiments on e -- H2 and e -- D2 reactions. A forward-backward asymmetry is observed in the ejection of H- ions from H2 in this reaction, whereas the asymmetry in D- from D2 is weaker, but changes direction with electron energy. These results arise from attachment of a single electron to a molecule forming coherent superposition of odd and even parity states of negative ions. Increase in inflammatory bowel disease in developing world predicted ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:bed4a9b2-e630-be45-7950-72e5443de207 Fri, 20 Oct 2017 11:57:52 -0500 For the last century, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been a challenge for patients and the medical community in the western world. New research shows that countries outside the western world may now be facing the same pattern of increasing IBD rates. Metacognition training boosts gen chem exam scores ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:046d0c2a-ecdb-98c2-1713-2efe1660fa7e Fri, 20 Oct 2017 11:56:50 -0500 Students, and people in general, can tend to overestimate their own abilities. But new research shows that students who overcome this tendency score better on final exams. The boost is strongest for students in the lower 25 percent of the class. By thinking about their thinking, a practice called metacognition, these students raised their final exam scores by 10 percent on average -- a full letter grade. Audit uncovers concerns about the use of electroconvulsive therapy in England ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:5f300e86-4d13-0934-9e2b-44579716c236 Fri, 20 Oct 2017 09:53:52 -0500 Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) continues to be used in England without comprehensive national auditing. Personal omics data informative for precision health and preventive care ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:2d782933-8ed8-d4fc-64db-f28027a2855b Fri, 20 Oct 2017 09:53:49 -0500 Multi-omics profiling, the measurement and analysis of a person's genome along with other biomolecular traits, is an important step toward personal health management that provides valuable, actionable information, according to new findings. To vape or not to vape? Probably: Not to vape ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:c096f7a7-4689-8005-9760-3237e557e923 Fri, 20 Oct 2017 09:53:46 -0500 E-cigarettes appear to trigger unique immune responses as well as the same ones triggered by regular cigarettes, according to new research. New quantum simulation protocol developed ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:7f05f8d9-83ad-8d11-c1c1-e22a71c3f9dc Fri, 20 Oct 2017 09:53:43 -0500 Researchers are a step closer to understanding quantum mechanics after developing a new quantum simulation protocol. Global CO2 emissions stalled for the third year in a row ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:3cd22834-d667-86d8-d6d5-cc1a45ab989f Fri, 20 Oct 2017 09:53:41 -0500 The annual assessment of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by the JRC and the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL) confirms that CO2 emissions have stalled for the third year in a row. What is a Wormhole? urn:uuid:221a6c00-3179-6616-8731-b98854629af0 Fri, 20 Oct 2017 09:53:00 -0500 A wormhole is a theoretical passage through space-time that could create shortcuts for long journeys across the universe. How Long Does It Take to Get to Mars? urn:uuid:be76d235-ef8d-409c-b7d5-2c799a00c98c Fri, 20 Oct 2017 09:27:00 -0500 If you wanted to pay a visit to the red planet, how long would it take? The answer depends on a number of things … Orionid Meteor Shower 2017: When, Where & How to See It This Weekend urn:uuid:943a827e-fe8c-368e-ad9d-f0acb837199a Fri, 20 Oct 2017 09:20:00 -0500 Some of the brightest and swiftest shooting stars will bedazzle the night sky this year during the Orionid meteor shower, which will peak between Oct. 20 and 22 and continue through early November. Innovative smart watch and smart ring ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:b032f09f-00b5-5813-34dc-dfd5e6deebd3 Fri, 20 Oct 2017 09:17:15 -0500 Researchers have developed a smart watch that takes the user to another dimension and a smart ring that provides powerful feedback. Researchers use novel imaging to predict spinal degeneration ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:dc902cc1-9b4f-8c20-1452-cc8a3f799591 Fri, 20 Oct 2017 09:17:12 -0500 A main cause for spinal disc degeneration is thought to be a change in the water content in the intervertebral disk. A research team used a novel magnetic resonance imaging technique, called apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps, which directly assessed the movements and dynamics of the water in the intervertebral disk and other spinal structures. The ADC maps provided precise assessments and correlations with degeneration. RANKL expressed by osteocytes has an important role in orthodontic tooth movement ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:3f7d0fef-fab2-41e7-5295-0098d6abfa97 Fri, 20 Oct 2017 09:17:09 -0500 Researchers have revealed that RANKL expressed by osteocytes is essential for the bone remodeling during orthodontic tooth movement. This result can facilitate the development of novel therapeutic strategies in orthodontics. Gamma rays will reach beyond the limits of light ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:d0f15f6d-4bdf-2b3f-930f-eb4a2acab57e Fri, 20 Oct 2017 09:16:34 -0500 Researchers have discovered a new way to produce high energy photon beams. The new method makes it possible to produce these gamma rays in a highly efficient way, compared with today's technique. The obtained energy is a billion times higher than the energy of photons in visible light. These high intensity gamma rays significantly exceed all known limits, and pave the way towards new fundamental studies. How obesity promotes breast cancer ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:27dfee55-45a9-ac18-3dd3-ffe72a4ca025 Fri, 20 Oct 2017 09:16:31 -0500 Obesity leads to the release of cytokines into the bloodstream which impact the metabolism of breast cancer cells, making them more aggressive as a result. The research team has already been able to halt this mechanism with an antibody treatment. How the smallest bacterial pathogens outwit host immune defenses by stealth mechanisms ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:c30961d4-fb25-2052-66d3-aa1990ffb42d Fri, 20 Oct 2017 09:16:24 -0500 Despite their relatively small genome, mycoplasmas can cause persistent and difficult-to-treat infections in humans and animals. A study has shown how mycoplasmas escape the immune response. Mycoplasmas 'mask' themselves: They use their small genome in a clever way and compensate for the loss of an enzyme that is important for this process. This could be shown for the first time in vivo, thus representing a breakthrough in the research of bacterial pathogens. 'Antelope perfume' keeps flies away from cows ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:e379c4f8-42c1-9489-aad5-3ec5540155e5 Fri, 20 Oct 2017 09:16:21 -0500 In Africa, tsetse flies transfer the sleeping sickness also to cattle. The damage is estimated to be about 4.6 billion US dollars each year. Experts have developed an innovative way of preventing the disease. Tsetse flies avoid waterbucks, a widespread antelope species in Africa. The scientists imitated the smell of these antelopes. Chromosomes may be knotted ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:ab1ccb7c-f5ff-0110-db07-1ca64a869b25 Fri, 20 Oct 2017 09:16:18 -0500 Little is known about the structures of our genetic material, chromosomes, which consist of long strings that -- according to our experience -- should be likely to become knotted. However, up to now it has not been possible to study this experimentally. Researchers have now found that chromosomes may indeed be knotted. Carbon coating gives biochar its garden-greening power ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:775e8771-7ab3-db02-dba7-e72c0905d56c Fri, 20 Oct 2017 09:16:15 -0500 New research has demonstrated how composting of biochar creates a very thin organic coating that significantly improves the biochar's fertilizing capabilities. 2017 Orionid Meteor Shower Peaks This Weekend: What to Expect urn:uuid:0e32c7c4-46db-fdab-abf3-1406ec889fe1 Fri, 20 Oct 2017 08:57:00 -0500 Over the next several days, you may get a chance to glimpse a "shooting star" in the predawn hours, as the Orionid meteor shower will be at its peak. Can an aspirin a day keep liver cancer away? ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:c8efef60-fe59-a55a-6c23-3c1a2f8b1d78 Fri, 20 Oct 2017 08:30:40 -0500 A new study found that daily aspirin therapy was significantly associated with a reduced risk in hepatitis B related liver cancer. Logged tropical rainforests still support biodiversity even when the heat is on ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:259b7c86-425b-aa3d-d942-eb2d08e53f57 Fri, 20 Oct 2017 08:22:42 -0500 Tropical rainforests continue to buffer wildlife from extreme temperatures even after logging, a new study has revealed. Physical inactivity and restless sleep exacerbate genetic risk of obesity ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:2ff42b52-ef3f-813c-c4eb-21172210f602 Fri, 20 Oct 2017 08:22:40 -0500 Low levels of physical activity and inefficient sleep patterns intensify the effects of genetic risk factors for obesity, according to new results. Novel 'converter' heralds breakthrough in ultra-fast data processing at nanoscale ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:1b26ed53-66aa-2b5e-e616-ca450d74fe83 Fri, 20 Oct 2017 08:22:37 -0500 Scientists have recently invented a novel 'converter' that can harness the speed and small size of plasmons for high frequency data processing and transmission in nanoelectronics.