Science News Science News Respective post owners and feed distributors Tue, 22 Jan 2013 09:53:08 -0600 Feed Informer The Best ISO-Certified Gear to See the 2017 Solar Eclipse urn:uuid:84bb9046-c5f0-2915-935c-acd3c11d15c9 Fri, 23 Jun 2017 11:30:00 -0500 When the "Great American" total solar eclipse sweeps across the U.S. on Aug. 21, you'll need some safety-rated gear to watch it safely. Here are's picks for the best eclipse-viewing gear, including glasses, binoculars, telescopes and more! 'Hyperloop Hotel' Could Be the Future of Luxury Travel urn:uuid:0e83404b-f152-9551-a9a6-d5b99c683219 Fri, 23 Jun 2017 11:00:00 -0500 The mobile hotel concept combines high-speed rail with luxury accommodations. The Missing Link: Where Are Medium-Size Black Holes? urn:uuid:a2f41288-ee3e-f5ee-0442-e0621454b9c6 Fri, 23 Jun 2017 11:00:00 -0500 For decades, while astronomers have detected black holes equal in mass either to a few suns or to millions of suns, the missing-link black holes in between have eluded discovery. Space Calendar 2017: Launches, Sky Events & More urn:uuid:43ed65f5-a00a-add5-cdbe-6c080ab8dea0 Fri, 23 Jun 2017 10:24:00 -0500 Here's a guide to the major astronomical events of the next year, as well as space launches and milestones for spacecrafts already in travel. Image of the Day urn:uuid:2129d439-dfff-e9f1-f7d9-90d0787b0210 Fri, 23 Jun 2017 10:00:00 -0500 NASA's James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) entered a testing facility at Johnson Space Center in Houston on Tuesday (June 20), where it will spend the next three months in a freezing-cold vacuum. 'We Don't Planet' Episode 9: The Cosmic Distance Ladder urn:uuid:af21dafc-3fc4-6c00-b867-d99801784939 Fri, 23 Jun 2017 10:00:00 -0500 Astronomers use a variety of methods to determine how far away celestial objects are from Earth. Learn about this "cosmic distance ladder" in the ninth episode of "We Don't Planet." Putting others first can cost lives in emergencies ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:bff54bdc-ea0b-10fa-db08-1373e643a2ab Fri, 23 Jun 2017 07:52:38 -0500 Selfless heroism isn't the best strategy in life-and-death disaster situations involving groups of people, a new study suggests. Guided self-help approach to graded exercise program is safe, may reduce fatigue for patients with chronic fatigue syndrome ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:6ed18fb6-74f1-abdf-4e95-8b81b1465092 Fri, 23 Jun 2017 07:50:57 -0500 A self-help approach to a graded exercise program, supervised by a specialist physiotherapist, is safe and may reduce fatigue for some people with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), according to a new trial of 200 people. A unique amino acid for brain cancer therapy ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:37a01ebf-ca8b-56f9-347e-cc60c052b082 Fri, 23 Jun 2017 07:50:53 -0500 Photodynamic therapy is often used to treat brain tumors because of its specificity — it can target very small regions containing cancerous cells while sparing the normal cells around it from damage. It works by injecting a drug called a photosensitizer into the bloodstream, where it gathers in cells, and then exposing the drug-filled cells to light. When the photosensitizer is exposed to this light, it emits what is known as a reactive oxygen species (ROS) that causes the cells to die. Protein mingling under blue light ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:2d23c6f9-bf52-e1ae-2e97-2d8bca1b849a Fri, 23 Jun 2017 07:50:06 -0500 One of the current challenges in biology is to understand rapidly-changing phenomena. Interestingly, only a small fraction of them is due to proteins acting in isolation, the majority of biological events are regulated by proteins acting together in clusters. Researchers have developed a new tool, called "CRY2clust", to trigger protein cluster formation in response to blue light. This new technique has a much faster response rate and higher sensitivity to light than existent methods. Today in Space! June 23, 1949: XS-1 Supersonic Plane Takes Flight urn:uuid:c0e626de-6306-dbd7-8c04-ccd142f6626f Fri, 23 Jun 2017 06:30:00 -0500 Find out what happened today in space on June 23, 1949 when test pilot Robert Champine took the XS-1 spacecraft out for its 117th flight. Newborn Star Gorges on a 'Space Hamburger,' Belching Spinning Jets urn:uuid:a53c523d-18ec-a57b-64fd-8a94f581ea5c Fri, 23 Jun 2017 06:00:00 -0500 Astronomers have observed the eating habits of a protostar — and like any youngster, it has an affinity for fast food. Here's Where Staffers Will View the 2017 Solar Eclipse urn:uuid:c812fea8-0c7c-e555-46a4-9ad0faf1faca Fri, 23 Jun 2017 06:00:00 -0500 Here's where the staff of will be viewing the total solar eclipse on Aug. 21, 2017, and the reasons why we selected our individual viewing sites. Watch SpaceX Rocket Re-Launch, Kicking Off Double Header urn:uuid:de1234d2-0653-0f97-54ff-e7f31832f000 Fri, 23 Jun 2017 05:59:00 -0500 After a slight delay, a used SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket is scheduled to make its second trip to space today (June 23) to orbit the first communications satellite for Bulgaria. Life on TRAPPIST-1 Planets? Rock-Swapping May Boost Odds urn:uuid:795a076b-736c-b475-4168-ca38c1d17a8e Fri, 23 Jun 2017 05:57:00 -0500 The three potentially habitable Earth-size planets in the TRAPPIST-1 system may be even more promising abodes for life than scientists had thought. How a single chemical bond balances cells between life and death ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:e1af0c63-ae2f-e523-9aab-6a3c043676d8 Thu, 22 Jun 2017 17:28:32 -0500 With SLAC's X-ray laser and synchrotron, scientists measured exactly how much energy goes into keeping a crucial chemical bond from triggering a cell's death spiral. Origins of Sun's swirling spicules discovered ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:21886ed4-051f-39bc-8488-f5b4f6a679d7 Thu, 22 Jun 2017 16:14:16 -0500 For the first time, a computer simulation -- so detailed it took a full year to run -- shows how spicules form, helping scientists understand how spicules can break free of the sun's surface and surge upward so quickly. Peroxisomal biogenesis disorder: New link to sugar metabolism ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:256f4cd3-d478-ab00-41cb-f281f71e98f6 Thu, 22 Jun 2017 16:14:13 -0500 Peroxisomal biogenesis disorder, which has been linked only to lipid metabolism, is also associated with sugar metabolism. Spinal cord injury: Using cortical targets to improve motor function ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:93a40f6c-c363-c5b1-f537-1e0743396784 Thu, 22 Jun 2017 16:14:10 -0500 New research provides the first evidence that cortical targets could represent a novel therapeutic site for improving motor function in humans paralyzed by spinal cord injury. Interventions to prevent cognitive decline, dementia ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:3f8cbc16-8c78-9cc0-10c5-63551142c3f0 Thu, 22 Jun 2017 16:14:07 -0500 Cognitive training, blood pressure management for people with hypertension, and increased physical activity all show modest but inconclusive evidence that they can help prevent cognitive decline and dementia, but there is insufficient evidence to support a public health campaign encouraging their adoption, says a new report. Flexible wearable electronics use body heat for energy ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:3ff9dcf0-362a-a425-31f2-fc1810999140 Thu, 22 Jun 2017 13:31:23 -0500 In a proof-of-concept study, engineers have designed a flexible thermoelectric energy harvester that has the potential to rival the effectiveness of existing power wearable electronic devices using body heat as the only source of energy. Quantum thermometer or optical refrigerator? ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:13612df7-af5a-00ce-e15e-b5d88d3dd0ed Thu, 22 Jun 2017 13:30:55 -0500 In an arranged marriage of optics and mechanics, physicists have created microscopic structural beams that have a variety of powerful uses when light strikes them. How eggs got their shapes ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:977ad5df-d880-54c7-fdda-d00f34a0e182 Thu, 22 Jun 2017 13:30:53 -0500 The evolution of the amniotic egg -- complete with membrane and shell -- was key to vertebrates leaving the oceans and colonizing the land and air but how bird eggs evolved into so many different shapes and sizes has long been a mystery. Now, an international team of scientists took a quantitative approach to that question and found that adaptations for flight may have been critical drivers of egg-shape variation in birds. Catalyst mimics the z-scheme of photosynthesis ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:346c6361-af53-42b7-965e-70d57fb4a564 Thu, 22 Jun 2017 13:30:47 -0500 A new study demonstrates a process with great potential for developing technologies for reducing CO2 levels. Previously unknown pine marten diversity discovered ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:1429f3b7-e6b5-8a8f-9a83-2954a93661ee Thu, 22 Jun 2017 13:30:40 -0500 The elusive American pine marten, a little-studied member of the weasel family, might be more diverse than originally thought, according to new research. How do genes get new jobs? Wasp venom offers new insights ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:95a543c1-cfa4-10fb-44ba-620d2a21bbce Thu, 22 Jun 2017 13:30:35 -0500 A new study describes how four closely related species of parasitic wasps change their venoms rapidly in order to adapt to new hosts, and proposes that co-option of single copy genes may be a common but relatively understudied mechanism of evolution for new gene functions, particularly under conditions of rapid evolutionary change. First Chikungunya-infected Aedes aegypti mosquitoes found in Brazil ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:71f2049a-08b7-3901-4d66-87af984fe4f3 Thu, 22 Jun 2017 13:30:24 -0500 While more than 13,000 cases of Chikungunya viral disease were reported in Brazil in 2015, scientists had never before detected the virus in a captured mosquito in this country. Now, researchers have identified a mosquito -- caught in the Brazilian city of Aracaju -- that's naturally infected with the East-Central-South-African (ECSA) genotype of Chikungunya. Simulated honeybees can use simple brain circuits for complex learning ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:ecd07a57-58e3-6eb0-36fc-fabb6ec24aac Thu, 22 Jun 2017 13:30:21 -0500 Honeybees may not need key brain structures known as mushroom bodies in order to learn complex associations between odors and rewards, according to new research. Human genes for coronary artery disease make them more prolific parents ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:964c07a9-57b2-14c5-4ff8-3543e03db125 Thu, 22 Jun 2017 13:30:18 -0500 Coronary artery disease may have persisted in human populations because the genes that cause this late-striking disease also contribute to having a greater numbers of children. New efficient, low-temperature catalyst for hydrogen production ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:09efee23-6b8d-6f68-fe48-53ee6db8e9eb Thu, 22 Jun 2017 13:29:56 -0500 Scientists have developed a new low-temperature catalyst for producing high-purity hydrogen gas while simultaneously using up carbon monoxide (CO). The discovery could improve the performance of fuel cells that run on hydrogen fuel but can be poisoned by CO. How bacterial organelles assemble ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:2ccca3aa-b796-c7ec-b2ba-c7a641161446 Thu, 22 Jun 2017 13:29:37 -0500 Scientists are providing the clearest view yet of an intact bacterial microcompartment, revealing at atomic-level resolution the structure and assembly of the organelle's protein shell. This work could benefit research in bioenergy and pathogenesis, and it could lead to new methods of bioengineering bacteria for beneficial purposes. Switchable DNA mini-machines store information ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:103bd169-36e8-b9a8-b50a-4d8da2f85ace Thu, 22 Jun 2017 13:29:31 -0500 Biomedical engineers have built simple machines out of DNA, consisting of arrays whose units switch reversibly between two different shapes. The arrays' inventors say they could be harnessed to make nanotech sensors or amplifiers. Potentially, they could be combined to form logic gates, the parts of a molecular computer. Today in Space! June 22, 2000: NASA Finds Evidence of Water on Mars urn:uuid:47568a50-52e9-6dc8-1a9c-a401b1e9507e Thu, 22 Jun 2017 11:30:00 -0500 Find out what happened today in space on June 22, 2000 when NASA's Mars Global Surveyor spacecraft found evidence of present-day liquid water on Mars. Battling infectious diseases with 3-D protein structures ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:04820654-5c87-09d6-d234-e29d4454d239 Thu, 22 Jun 2017 11:27:58 -0500 The 3-D atomic structures of more than 1,000 proteins are potential targets for drugs and vaccines to combat some of the world’s most dangerous emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases, an international team of scientists has determined. Paradox of pills: Tablet 'overload' may be causing harm and putting lives at risk, warn researchers ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:cb19daf9-50c2-0db0-35d4-01c69e3c3c3e Thu, 22 Jun 2017 11:24:13 -0500 Around three million people take multiple medicines, but no reliable systems exist to help patients and carers manage their pills. When medication management goes wrong, particularly with older people, the effect can be dreadful for everyone involved. A novel study linking the experiences of patients, carers and practitioners with a review of the scientific evidence, aims to find ways to improve medication management and the quality of life of older people and their carers. UV-sensing protein in brain of marine annelid zooplankton ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:f17615cf-b5eb-b417-7929-a6fa7111c47e Thu, 22 Jun 2017 11:20:19 -0500 Larvae of a marine ragworm Platynereis dumerilii have been studied as a zooplankton model, and possess photoreceptor cells in the brain to regulate circadian swimming behavior. This study revealed that a photoreceptive protein in the brain photoreceptor cells is UV (ultra-violet) sensitive. Since avoidance of UV irradiation is a major cause of a large-scale daily movement of zooplankton, the UV sensor in the brain would be important for physiology and ecology of the zooplankton model. Cells in fish's spinal discs repair themselves ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:de17b813-5675-d989-4681-16d48ace5ef4 Thu, 22 Jun 2017 11:20:08 -0500 A unique repair mechanism has been discovered in the developing backbone of zebrafish that could give insight into why spinal discs of longer-lived organisms like humans degenerate with age. The repair mechanism protects fluid-filled cells of the notochord, the precursor of the spine, from mechanical stress. Notochord cells eventually form the gelatinous center of intervertebral discs, the structures that often degenerate with age to cause back and neck pain. Long-read genome sequencing used for the first time in a patient ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:28d41c3a-57fc-94ed-ed2a-62daef5b9096 Thu, 22 Jun 2017 11:20:03 -0500 Researchers have used a next-generation technology called long-read sequencing to diagnose a patient's rare genetic condition that current technology failed to diagnose. Lab grown human colons change study of GI disease ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:00e4e41e-4a57-73af-cf51-1350660832d0 Thu, 22 Jun 2017 11:20:00 -0500 Scientists used human pluripotent stem cells to generate human embryonic colons in a laboratory that function much like natural human tissues when transplanted into mice, according to new research. The study is believed to be the first time human colon organoids have been successfully tissue engineered in this manner, according to researchers who led the project. Similarities between next-generation prostate cancer drugs discovered ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:8df57a85-6c41-06fa-7970-31a2fe83f396 Thu, 22 Jun 2017 11:19:51 -0500 For the first time, researchers have shown how a class of advanced prostate cancer drugs are processed in the body and how their anti-tumor activity might change depending on how they are metabolized. Their pre-clinical findings may lay the foundation for improving therapies for treatment-resistant, aggressive prostate cancer. Better use of current drugs to target cancer ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:6b924190-4dad-a805-a32d-ef61d0db7eda Thu, 22 Jun 2017 11:19:48 -0500 Researchers worked backwards, employing a series of drugs used in the clinic to understand a new way that cancer stem cells can be killed. Select memories can be erased, leaving others intact ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:00440353-ab11-9d2b-0bf4-b78ade420fd4 Thu, 22 Jun 2017 11:19:44 -0500 Different types of memories stored in the same neuron of the marine snail Aplysia can be selectively erased, according to a new study. Satellite data to map endangered monkey populations on Earth ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:021187fc-c121-7ca8-0a78-8b98dadef5da Thu, 22 Jun 2017 11:19:32 -0500 Using a combination of satellite and ground data, a research team can map multiple indicators of monkey distribution, including human activity zones as inferred from roads and settlements, direct detections from mosquito-derived iDNA, animal sound recordings, plus detections of other species that are usually found when monkeys are present, such as other large vertebrates. Authenticity key to landing a new job ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:2cd98b82-37f2-763b-da05-00cff2fdfef5 Thu, 22 Jun 2017 11:19:28 -0500 At job interviews, relax and be yourself -- if you're good, being yourself may be the best way to secure a job offer, according to a new study. Rare cells are 'window into the gut' for the nervous system ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:38f9ae2b-4510-899f-ee77-3c2f2fb54e27 Thu, 22 Jun 2017 11:19:16 -0500 Specialized cells in the gut sense potentially noxious chemicals and trigger electrical impulses in nearby nerve fibers, according to a new study, report scientists. The biology of uterine fluid: How it informs the fetus of mom's world ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:0eb76d61-838f-13b6-6e42-4fc2147d79b0 Thu, 22 Jun 2017 11:19:13 -0500 A developing fetus bathes in a mixture of cellular secretions and proteins unique to its mother's uterus. Before fertilization, the pH of uterine fluid helps create a conducive environment for sperm migration, and afterward, its volume supports the embryo as it implants onto the wall of the uterus. Recent evidence suggests that uterine fluid may play another role in embryonic development: communicating the mother's outside conditions to the fetus, High fat diet reduces gut bacteria, Crohn's disease symptoms ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:232d460e-0c77-40c9-58f4-3feef75f969a Thu, 22 Jun 2017 11:19:11 -0500 A high fat diet may lead to specific changes in gut bacteria that could fight harmful inflammation -- a major discovery for patients suffering from Crohn's disease, research indicates. Crohn's disease, a type of inflammatory bowel syndrome, causes debilitating intestinal swelling, cramping, and diarrhea. The disease affects half a million people in the United States, but its cause is yet unclear. How pythons regenerate their organs and other secrets of the snake genome ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:8aa0bbdc-fd02-0fc1-1424-501fd5a20198 Thu, 22 Jun 2017 11:19:06 -0500 Snakes exhibit incredible evolutionary adaptations, including the ability to rapidly regenerate their organs and produce venom. Scientists studied these adaptations using genetic sequencing and advanced computing. Supercomputers helped the team identify a number of genes associated with organ growth in Burmese pythons, study secondary contact in related rattlesnake species, and develop tools to recognize evolutionary changes caused by natural selection. Stratospheric Zinger! KFC Chicken Sandwich to Launch to Edge of Space Today urn:uuid:16d6b602-898d-d6b2-3d62-52adb4874c86 Thu, 22 Jun 2017 11:16:00 -0500 A Kentucky Fried Chicken sandwich is scheduled to travel into the stratosphere on Thursday (June 22) aboard one of World View Enterprise's Stratollite high-altitude balloon systems. Image of the Day urn:uuid:cc248a42-fcd7-dc58-9e91-e7dd8f14935d Thu, 22 Jun 2017 11:15:00 -0500 French astronaut Thomas Pesquet plays his saxophone in the Cupola observatory at the International Space Station. The instrument was delivered to the space station as a surprise birthday gift for the astronaut, who returned to Earth on June 2.