Science News Science News Respective post owners and feed distributors Tue, 22 Jan 2013 09:53:08 -0600 Feed Informer Natural solutions can reduce global warming ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:14fda1b8-a9a8-be4a-0a01-eadcb30e7734 Wed, 14 Nov 2018 15:00:45 -0600 A new study found that 21 percentof the United States' greenhouse gas pollution (1.2 Pg CO2e year) could be removed through enhanced management of forest, grassland, agricultural, and coastal areas. An offset at this level would be the equivalent to pollution from every single US car and truck on the road. Massive impact crater from a kilometer-wide iron meteorite discovered in Greenland ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:8e8943d5-9ad7-ddf9-0197-cf9079776fe3 Wed, 14 Nov 2018 15:00:42 -0600 An international team has discovered a 31-km wide meteorite impact crater buried beneath the ice-sheet in the northern Greenland. This is the first time that a crater of any size has been found under one of Earth's continental ice sheets. Late Miocene ape maxilla (upper jaw) discovered in western India ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:81a4efd5-65b7-ef6c-6a60-bef7f52a6b0d Wed, 14 Nov 2018 15:00:36 -0600 An ape maxilla (upper jaw) from the Late Miocene found in the Kutch basin, in western India, significantly extends the southern range of ancient apes in the Indian Peninsula, according to a new study. How we use music as a possible sleep aid ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:6c855648-db20-feda-b64e-60900188e4c9 Wed, 14 Nov 2018 15:00:33 -0600 Many individuals use music in the hope that it fights sleep difficulties, according to a new study. Parents shouldn't worry if their infant doesn't sleep through the night by a year old ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:f55a6d6b-8e21-1114-1353-792c576f9e2c Wed, 14 Nov 2018 15:00:21 -0600 The authors of a study found that a large percentage of healthy babies don't start sleeping through the night even at a year old. The research team also examined whether infants who didn't sleep for six or eight consecutive hours were more likely to have problems with psychomotor and mental development, and found no association. The researchers also found no correlation between infants waking up at night and their mothers' postnatal mood. Symbiosis a driver of truffle diversity ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:4d4534e7-f6a9-24da-2557-dfe8de33c4da Wed, 14 Nov 2018 13:43:28 -0600 Truffles are the fruiting bodies of the ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungal symbionts residing on host plant roots. In many Ascomycota and Basidiomycota lineages, truffle-forming species have evolved independently in nearly every major group. This suggests that symbiosis drives evolution of truffle diversity and selects for specific traits. For arid, Mars-like Peruvian desert, rain brings death ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:a22a7e0a-7b0f-4490-50c6-00f8e5fca08e Wed, 14 Nov 2018 13:43:24 -0600 When rains fell on the arid Atacama Desert, it was reasonable to expect floral blooms to follow. Instead, the water brought death. Planetary astrobiologists has found that after encountering never-before-seen rainfall three years ago at the arid core of Peru's Atacama Desert, the heavy precipitation wiped out most of the microbes that had lived there. Deep-time evolution of animal life on islands ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:617ae63c-6d8f-cbb3-ebd5-352bd56d2292 Wed, 14 Nov 2018 13:43:18 -0600 A new article describes two new fossil relatives of marsupials that shed light on how a unique island ecosystem evolved some 43 million years ago during the Eocene. First tally of US-Russia polar bears finds a healthy population ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:b2b2d38c-0583-0732-53ef-f8c90ea1d1de Wed, 14 Nov 2018 13:43:15 -0600 The first scientific assessment of polar bears that live in the Chukchi Sea region that spans the US and Russia finds the population is healthy and does not yet appear to be suffering from declining sea ice. Competition for shrinking groundwater ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:2285cab7-4508-e521-16e6-1a236dca889d Wed, 14 Nov 2018 13:43:12 -0600 Groundwater, which has been used to irrigate crops, satiate livestock and quench thirst in general for thousands of years, continues to be a vital resource around the world. Cold Super-Earth found orbiting closest single star to Sun ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:355381d7-3b31-2b6d-53a8-ed3dc5dc85c3 Wed, 14 Nov 2018 12:20:40 -0600 The nearest single star to the Sun hosts an exoplanet at least 3.2 times as massive as Earth -- a so-called super-Earth. One of the largest observing campaigns to date using data from a world-wide array of telescopes has revealed this frozen, dimly lit world. The newly discovered planet is the second-closest known exoplanet to the Earth. Barnard's star is the fastest moving star in the night sky. Researchers discover novel 'to divide or to differentiate' switch in plants ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:39c1695f-2b1b-0623-2a8a-a2c02cc2473d Wed, 14 Nov 2018 12:20:28 -0600 Scientists have uncovered a novel mechanism in plants that controls an important decision step in stomatal lineage to divide asymmetrically or to differentiate. This is a decisive step for the formation of stomata, tiny pores on the plant surface, produced by asymmetric cell division. Tropical trees in the Andes are moving up -- toward extinction ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:56c1ea5e-cf7a-7c19-b806-14dc921e5e32 Wed, 14 Nov 2018 12:20:22 -0600 In the most comprehensive study of its kind, biologists have found that tropical and subtropical forests across South America's Andes Mountains are responding to warming temperatures by migrating to higher, cooler elevations, but probably not quickly enough to avoid the loss of their biodiversity, functional collapse, or even extinction. Climate simulations project wetter, windier hurricanes ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:a7371331-6e1e-47ef-c14a-531dc358a440 Wed, 14 Nov 2018 12:20:19 -0600 New supercomputer simulations by climate scientists have shown that climate change intensified the amount of rainfall in recent hurricanes such as Katrina, Irma, and Maria by 5 to 10 percent. They further found that if those hurricanes were to occur in a future world that is warmer than present, those storms would have even more rainfall and stronger winds. Large areas of the Brazilian rainforest at risk of losing protection ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:e918239b-26e7-8386-9728-6ff1aa36a0af Wed, 14 Nov 2018 12:20:17 -0600 Up to 15 million hectares of the Brazilian Amazon is at risk of losing its legal protection, according to a new study. Seismic study reveals huge amount of water dragged into Earth's interior ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:c7122283-f831-4fbd-dccd-f1eb6547dfec Wed, 14 Nov 2018 12:20:13 -0600 Slow-motion collisions of tectonic plates under the ocean drag about three times more water down into the deep Earth than previously estimated, according to a first-of-its-kind seismic study that spans the Mariana Trench. A new approach to detecting cancer earlier from blood tests ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:b7a9e87a-ec0d-ced4-36ff-c7133095f1a4 Wed, 14 Nov 2018 12:20:00 -0600 Cancer scientists have combined 'liquid biopsy,' epigenetic alterations and machine learning to develop a blood test to detect and classify cancer at its earliest stages. Houston's urban sprawl increased rainfall, flooding during Hurricane Harvey ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:039e51b3-a3d3-45b4-7ebc-06bbb0f8802f Wed, 14 Nov 2018 12:19:57 -0600 Researchers found that Houston's urban landscape directly contributed to the torrential rainfall and deadly flooding of Hurricane Harvey in 2017. Houston's risk for extreme flooding was 21 times greater due to urbanization. The results highlight the human role in extreme weather events and the need to consider urban and suburban development when calculating hurricane risk. Climate control of Earth's critical zone ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:bdfa5702-1e05-0561-1211-87972d6a8734 Wed, 14 Nov 2018 11:03:19 -0600 New research by geoscientists shines a light on this hidden world from ridgetops to valley floors and shows how rainfall shapes the part of our planet that is just beyond where we can see. Epoxy compound gets a graphene bump ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:626a037c-aa0c-c4fd-ff0c-e005da8cd257 Wed, 14 Nov 2018 11:03:08 -0600 Researchers combine epoxy with a tough graphene foam and carbon nanotube scaffold to build a resilient composite that's tougher and as conductive as other compounds but as light as pure epoxy. Bad Weather Forces NASA, Northrop Grumman to Delay Cargo Launch to Space Station urn:uuid:a634f357-904f-d603-145d-f3dddfb7ff8f Wed, 14 Nov 2018 10:37:00 -0600 The launch of a Northrop Grumman rocket carrying NASA's next cargo flight to the International Space Station has been delayed at least one day to Friday (Nov. 15) due to bad weather expected to pummel the mission's seaside launch site in Virginia. Gravitational waves from a merged hyper-massive neutron star ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:83d89c34-07ee-7147-ba85-9c4b6859fff0 Wed, 14 Nov 2018 09:44:08 -0600 For the first time astronomers have detected gravitational waves from a merged, hyper-massive neutron star. Nanotubes built from protein crystals: Breakthrough in biomolecular engineering ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:d7e942e2-ae97-418d-2f05-027dc9699551 Wed, 14 Nov 2018 09:40:35 -0600 Researchers at Tokyo Tech have succeeded in constructing protein nanotubes from tiny scaffolds made by cross-linking of engineered protein crystals. The achievement could accelerate the development of artificial enzymes, nano-sized carriers and delivery systems for a host of biomedical and biotechnological applications. Image of the Day urn:uuid:94353b31-c015-65c2-897a-d0b92f23e41d Wed, 14 Nov 2018 09:00:00 -0600 Earth's moon photobombs the sun in this view from NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory. On This Day in Space! Nov. 14, 1969: Apollo 12 Lands on the Moon urn:uuid:81927d08-e7ce-d90c-1b0f-d1fc70cc9529 Wed, 14 Nov 2018 06:30:00 -0600 On Nov. 14, 1969, the Apollo 12 mission landed on the moon. This was the second moon landing of the Apollo program. See how it happened in our On This Day in Space video series! On This Day in Space! Nov. 14, 1969: Apollo 12 Launches to the Moon urn:uuid:091d5bdf-0f77-9e20-b0ae-6941265dd8f1 Wed, 14 Nov 2018 06:30:00 -0600 On Nov. 14, 1969, the Apollo 12 mission launched to the moon. This mission was the second moon landing of the Apollo program. See how it happened in our On This Day in Space video series! What Does Sunrise on Mars Sound Like? Listen Here. urn:uuid:367287b4-9424-5bb1-cffc-8aaa321dfd3d Wed, 14 Nov 2018 06:01:00 -0600 Thanks to our robotic emissaries, we humans know what a sunrise on Mars looks like without ever having set foot on the Red Planet ourselves — but what does it sound like? These Organic-Inspired Planetary Landers Could Help NASA Reach Other Worlds urn:uuid:8d6ef5f3-b25b-42e2-7b92-e4884a32888c Wed, 14 Nov 2018 06:00:00 -0600 NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) and Autodesk, a software company, have engaged in a multiyear collaborative research project to investigate new approaches for building interplanetary landers. A Twilight Moon Takes a Peek at Historic Church in Barcelona (Photo) urn:uuid:b826b5db-6591-8cdf-1b7c-357a6235f4bc Wed, 14 Nov 2018 05:57:00 -0600 A twilight scene shows a 96 percent illuminated moon peeking through the clouds behind the Roman Catholic Church of La Sagrada Familia, in Barcelona. Watch Northrop Grumman Roll Its Antares Rocket to the Pad for Launch! (Time-Lapse Video) urn:uuid:550ca87d-dce8-73e9-ceec-fb92c9da8db1 Wed, 14 Nov 2018 03:42:00 -0600 It's almost launch time for Northrop Grumman's next Antares rocket, which rolled out to its seaside pad in Virginia late Monday (Nov. 12) for a NASA cargo mission to the International Space Station this week. In Pictures: The Giant Crater Beneath Greenland Explained urn:uuid:c51e86d1-b24c-da6d-10b9-b49e1d6e338a Wed, 14 Nov 2018 01:39:00 -0600 Scientists think they have spotted a giant impact crater hiding below Greenland's ice sheet. Here's how the discovery played out. Scientists Spot What May Be a Giant Impact Crater Hidden Under Greenland Ice urn:uuid:2034a9b3-3fad-db26-e80f-304697b59c3e Wed, 14 Nov 2018 01:31:00 -0600 Earth hides its scars well; the planet has endured countless millennia of eruptions and collisions, but scientists are still stumbling upon the evidence of all that geologic drama. Downlink! New Space Game Depicts Spacecraft Launches & Science urn:uuid:7482d1f5-ce4d-2347-56ff-f057fabea39f Wed, 14 Nov 2018 00:02:00 -0600 Xtronaut Enterprises' latest board game — Downlink — will take players on a journey across the solar system, where up to six international agencies will do space missions for science. Icy 'Super-Earth' Exoplanet Spotted Around Nearby Barnard's Star urn:uuid:f724cad6-4575-bfbd-518d-17626f18d8a2 Wed, 14 Nov 2018 00:00:00 -0600 Astronomers have found compelling evidence of a frigid alien world about 3.2 times more massive than Earth circling Barnard's Star, a dim red dwarf that lies just 6 light-years from the sun. Barnard's Star b: What We Know About Nearby 'Super-Earth' Planet Candidate urn:uuid:549be078-67b9-10bb-7dd1-970063a5306d Wed, 14 Nov 2018 00:00:00 -0600 There appears to be a cold "super-Earth" planet circling Barnard's Star, which lies just 6 light-years from the sun. Here's what you should know about the newfound planet candidate. So, you think you're good at remembering faces, but terrible with names? ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:893f82e5-08f1-96e3-0345-0cf6695e2012 Tue, 13 Nov 2018 20:59:06 -0600 The cringe-worthy experience of not being able to remember an acquaintance's name leads many of us to believe we are terrible with names. However, new research has revealed this intuition is misleading; we are actually better at remembering names than faces. Pain can be a self-fulfilling prophecy ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:be9498b5-53ae-4cf7-eb23-a1aa8e730101 Tue, 13 Nov 2018 16:13:38 -0600 A new brain imaging study of 34 people found that when people expect to feel intense pain, they do, even if they aren't subjected to painful stimuli. Surprisingly, these false expectations can persist even when reality demonstrates otherwise, the study found. If your diet fails, try again; your heart will thank you ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:11449830-c2d7-dae9-1bf4-6f028ad0e146 Tue, 13 Nov 2018 16:13:35 -0600 Risk factors for cardiovascular disease closely track with changes in eating patterns, even only after a month or so. Optimization of alloy materials: Diffusion processes in nano particles decoded ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:01071c85-a766-9f4c-c688-4ac79c28588b Tue, 13 Nov 2018 14:51:56 -0600 A research team discovers atomic-level processes which can provide new approaches to improving material properties. Visualizing 'unfurling' microtubule growth ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:327fa914-0d0b-96ce-2c00-8cbdc75ad0a8 Tue, 13 Nov 2018 14:51:53 -0600 Living cells depend absolutely on microtubules that form a scaffolding for moving materials inside the cell. Microtubule fibers are hollow rods made of much smaller tubulin subunits that spontaneously assemble at one end of the rod, but exactly how they do this inside the crowded environment of living cells has been a mystery. Now researchers have uncovered the mechanism that puts these blocks in place. Synthetic DNA-delivered antibodies protect against Ebola in preclinical studies ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:42efac08-c6cc-3a5d-35cf-d047429042af Tue, 13 Nov 2018 14:51:50 -0600 Scientists have successfully engineered novel DNA-encoded monoclonal antibodies (DMAbs) targeting Zaire Ebolavirus that were effective in preclinical models. Study results showed that DMAbs were expressed over a wide window of time and offered complete and long-term protection against lethal virus challenges. DMAbs may also provide a novel powerful platform for rapid screening of monoclonal antibodies enhancing preclinical development. Carbon emissions will start to dictate stock prices ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:dda86e81-a8e7-4da8-fc9b-364f64dea789 Tue, 13 Nov 2018 13:42:31 -0600 Companies that fail to curb their carbon output may eventually face the consequences of asset devaluation and stock price depreciation, according to a new study. Your heart hates air pollution; portable filters could help ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:6940c4f0-d749-c279-8a6f-b23c1a03d5d3 Tue, 13 Nov 2018 13:36:01 -0600 The fifth-leading risk factor for mortality worldwide, air pollution presents a major heart health risk. A simple intervention could help people breathe easier at home. Hands-only CPR training kiosks can increase bystander intervention, improve survival ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:eb6aa4c7-13f3-66fb-f275-2edfb6900092 Tue, 13 Nov 2018 13:18:23 -0600 Hands-Only CPR training kiosks are becoming more widespread and are an effective training tool, a new analysis finds. New methods to identify Alzheimer's drug candidates with anti-aging properties ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:36c57c52-a5c7-f47b-dfe5-3dc05ed8f8c2 Tue, 13 Nov 2018 13:18:14 -0600 Old age is the greatest risk factor for many diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD) and cancer. Geroprotectors are a recently identified class of anti-aging compounds. New research has now identified a unique subclass of these compounds, dubbed geroneuroprotectors (GNPs), which are AD drug candidates and slow the aging process in mice. Unintended consequences of dams and reservoirs ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:9d0cd6cf-3776-eaa0-7034-048e4730e34a Tue, 13 Nov 2018 13:18:04 -0600 An international team of drought scientists show that while many dams and reservoirs are built, or expanded, to alleviate droughts and water shortages, they can paradoxically contribute to making them worse. Overlooked trends in annual precipitation reveal underestimated risks worldwide ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:dd96b5fa-5937-c431-9803-d4dcf12bf5ca Tue, 13 Nov 2018 13:18:01 -0600 Researchers have reanalyzed global annual precipitation using quantile regression to reveal overlooked trends. Linear trends in US and global climate assessments reflect changes in mean annual precipitation, but these may not reflect changes across other quantiles in the precipitation probability distribution, including tails (very high and low precipitation levels), leading to systematic mischaracterization of climate risk. Applications in future climate studies could allow for risk assessment at more appropriate adaptation targets. Why your number of romantic partners mirrors your mother ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:4ad80618-06f8-6adc-079f-7e53e50a4a44 Tue, 13 Nov 2018 13:17:58 -0600 A new national study shows that people whose mothers had more partners -- married or cohabiting -- often follow the same path. Results suggest that mothers may pass on personality traits and relationship skills that make their children more or less likely to form stable relationships. Carbon goes with the flow ScienceDaily: Latest Science News urn:uuid:b6fb8073-ef93-eb84-6fad-7c165048a2b1 Tue, 13 Nov 2018 13:17:55 -0600 Many people see the carbon cycle as vertical -- CO2 moving up and down between soil, plants and the atmosphere. However, new research adds a dimension to the vertical perspective by showing how water moves massive amounts of carbon laterally through ecosystems -- especially during floods. These findings -- which analyzed more than 1,000 watersheds, covering about 75 percent of the contiguous US -- have implications for climate change and water quality. Devastation from Deadly Camp and Woolsey Fires Seen from Space urn:uuid:b38508fd-7571-9732-53c7-891d23ff2b28 Tue, 13 Nov 2018 11:00:00 -0600 Fire season in California doesn't seem to end anymore, as eerie satellite images of staggering smoke clouds looming over the state remind us.